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VOLUME XII, NUMBER 17
AUGUST 28, 2014
An open letter to the Jewish communities of Northeastern Pennsylvania Dear Friends: Once again, we are embarking on one of the noblest enterprises in Jewish life – that of raising the necessary funds to continue actively building and strengthening Israel, our Jewish communities here in Northeastern Pennsylvania, and the Jewish world. Our people, here and abroad, will face extraordinary challenges in the coming year: existential threats to Israel as we’ve seen in Israel’s recent war with Hamas; Israel’s emotional and financial recovery from the social and economic consequences of that war; a rising wave of antisemitism now sweeping Britain,
France and the rest of continental Europe; the world economic downturn; the struggle for Jewish identity and meaning in North America; and the building and nurturing of vital and viable Jewish communities here in Northeastern Pennsylvania and around the world. This year, many dedicated volunteers and generous UJA Campaign contributors in Northeastern Pennsylvania will join with us to make a difference in the lives of literally millions of our people. It’s because of our historical generosity to Jewish causes – local, regional, national and international – that we are in a position to offer such a wide range
In Memoriam Shirley Feibus Alperin As Women’s Division By Seymour Brotman chairwoman and Campaign When I was hired in 1978 leader in so many capacities, as the Jewish Federation exshe recruited and motivated ecutive, I was aware of our our large community of womcommunity’s vibrant annual en to become not only donors, United Jewish Appeal Cambut leaders. This led my wife, paigns, but had never directed Kathy, to become Women’s a Federation. Fortunately, Division chairwoman for I worked during a time of several years and eventually extensive great leadership, Campaign associate. She ofmale and female. ten speaks of the work she Shirley Feibus The latter included a very strong and dedicated Alperin (photo by did as the most memorable of her life to a great degree Federation president, NatJim Alperin) thanks to her mentor, Shirley, tie Bachman, and Shirley Feibus, who commanded high regard who always proclaimed: “I march to the by all in our community. I always ap- beat of a different drummer.” For her, preciated the great guidance she offered nothing was impossible in order for me. The first year, we went to a UJA our community to provide the strongest conference where she provided a com- possible support for Israel, as well as for plete analysis of how the Federation our local agencies. Indeed, one year we raised $1.7 miloperated and the key players – usually lion, continuing as a million-dollar plus the major donors. Her devotion to Israel was legendary, community for many years. Several sad events in Shirley’s life demonstrating through personal example that giving to one’s maximum ability was made it necessary for her to discontinue not only necessary for Israel’s security, her involvement. However, she created but a manifestation of one’s commitment a legacy that motivated many women in our community to continue today what to Jewish life. She was, in a very real sense, our they did as young adults, and by doing Golda Meir, who demanded sacrifice by so, to encourage a new generation to being the first to step up to the plate. It was join their ranks. The Federation today remains vibrant through Shirley’s efforts that, in 1980, we had one of our most productive Israel and strong thanks to the communityMissions, when 40 major contributors building skills and devotion to Israel to joined together to assure that Scranton, which Shirley gave so much of her life, although a small community, remained energy and personal resources, always the highest per capita giving Federation supported by her husband, Myer Alperin, and late husband, Sam Feibus. in the nation. May she be a blessing for all as she At a musical reception held by multicultural Israel youth upon our arrival, was for so long during her distinguished I vividly recall her tears of joy to be life. Seymour Brotman is the executive back in our homeland, and that dedication inspired all privileged to know and director emeritus of the Jewish Federation of Northeastern Pennsylvania. work with her.
of social, cultural, educational and recreational programs and services through our many UJA Campaign-funded agencies in Northeastern Pennsylvania – programs and services that simply don’t exist in other Federations our size in this country. Our funded agencies in Northeastern Pennsylvania include the Scranton Jewish Community Center, Jewish Family Services of Northeastern Pennsylvania, Scranton Hebrew Day School, Scranton Ritualarium (mikvah), Temple Hesed Religious School, Scranton Temple Israel Religious School, Yeshiva Beth Moshe, Bais Yaakov, B’nai Harim Religious School, Jewish Fellowship of Hemlock Farms Religious School, Chabad of the Abingtons/Jewish Discovery Center, Bnos Yisroel of Scranton, Jewish Resource Center of the Poconos and Temple Israel of the Poconos Hebrew School. Each of our agencies is grateful for your support. It is on their behalf that we ask for your help during our 2015 UJA Campaign. Rising European antisemitism We are fortunate to live in freedom in America, but as you know, many of our people do not, and they are imperiled due to circumstances beyond their control. Overseas, antisemitism is on the rise across Europe due in part to increasing radical Islamic influence in many European countries and rising antisemitism in the wake of the current Israeli-Hamas conflict. Today, it is unsafe to walk the streets of France, home to 600,000 Jews. Observant Jews have been told by French authorities, for their own safety, not to wear the outward trappings of their religion in public. In the past year, in Lyon, a car was rammed into a synagogue and set on fire. In Montpellier, the Jewish religious center was firebombed, as were synagogues in Strasbourg and Marseilles, as was a Jewish school in Creteil. A Jewish sports club in Toulouse was attacked with Molotov cocktails, and on the statue of Alfred Dreyfus in Paris, the words “Dirty Jew” were painted. In Bondy, 15 men beat up members of a Jewish football team with sticks and metal bars. A bus carrying Jewish children to Hebrew school in Aubervilliers has been attacked three times in the last 14 months. According to the police reports, metropolitan Paris has seen 10-12 anti-Jewish incidents per day in the past two months alone. Walls in Jewish neighborhoods have been defaced with slogans proclaiming “Jews to the gas chambers” and “Death to the Jews.” A gunman opened fire on a kosher butcher shop in Toulouse, France. A Jewish couple in their 20s were beaten up by five men in Villeurbanne – the woman was pregnant – and a Jewish
INSIDE THIS ISSUE From sea to sink
Under the radar
With the help of Israeli expertise, In the midst of the Gaza-Israel San Diego is building a desali- conflict, Israelis step up to support nation plant to meet water needs. soldiers and each other. Story on page 13 Story on page 14
Exodus to Egypt
Mark and Joan Davis, co-chairmen of the 2015 UJA Campaign school was broken into and vandalized in Sarcelles. In Britain, home to 300,000 Jews, at least 130 antisemitic incidents were reported during the months of July and August. Hate crimes are skyrocketing. A rabbi was the target of a gang attack. Chants of “Heil Hitler” are defiling Jewish neighborhoods. There has also been an explosion of antisemitic abuse on social networks, including Facebook and Twitter, compounded by comments made recently by John Prescott, the former Deputy Prime Minister of Britain, in the Daily Mirror trivializing the Holocaust and comparing Gaza to a Nazi concentration camp. In the Netherlands, the chief rabbi declared last month that a growing number of Jewish families want to leave the Netherlands because of the increase in antisemitism. He explained that they feel unsafe and are being threatened and insulted on the streets. Frits Bolkestein, a leader of the Dutch Liberal Party, defense minister and EU commissioner, acknowledged that the Jews should realize that there is no future for them in the Netherlands and should advise their children to immigrate to the United States or Israel. Bolkestein foresaw a problematic future for the Netherlands as a whole, due to the failed integration of mainly Muslim immigrants and the problems that would create for those identifying with Judaism. Nor is Belgium any different. In Liege, a café owner put up a sign saying dogs were See “Letter” on page 4
Federation on Facebook
The Jewish Federation of Northeastern Pennsylvania now has a page on Facebook to let community members know about upcoming events and keep connected.
Candle lighting August 29..................................... 7:22 pm September 5................................. 7:11 pm September 12.............................. 6:59 pm
On its 100th anniversary, a look PLUS at the deportation of Jews from Opinion........................................................2 Turkish-ruled Palestine to Egypt. D’var Torah................................................8 Story on page 15 Film Review.............................................16
THE REPORTER ■ august 28, 2014
a matter of opinion Geneva meets jihad: the new rules of war Reprinted courtesy of Arutz Sheva – Israel National News Despite thousands of rockets being fired at Israeli cities, towns and kibbutzim during Israel’s current conflict with Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad terrorists in Gaza, the European Union recently condemned Israel’s “disproportionate use of force” and issued a communiqué urging Israel to “refrain from all activities that endanger civilians” in Gaza on the grounds that “such activities are contrary to international law.” U.N. SecretaryGeneral Ban Ki-Moon has called Israeli actions “outrageous” and “indefensible,” and his reaction has fueled demands that Israel be dragged before the International Criminal Court in The Hague. Human Rights Watch has issued similar statements, noting that civilians acting as human shields do not pose a direct threat to opposing forces and therefore retain their immunity from attack because they are not directly engaged in hostilities against an adversary. By this standard, even a targeted killing or an attempt to arrest a terrorist “endangers” civilians. Translated into practical terms, these statements suggest that it is a violation of international humanitarian law (and conceivably a war crime as well) for Israel to attack any of Hamas’ terrorist infrastructures or leaders when those infrastructures and/or leaders
are being protected by human shields. If true, we have handed our enemies a valuable weapon in their war against us, and we have given them an enormous tactical advantage that rewards them for reprehensible behavior.*
from the desk of the executive director
“ The Reporter” (USPS #482) is published bi-weekly by the Jewish Federation of Northeastern Pennsylvania, 601 Jefferson Ave., Scranton, PA 18510.
President: Michael Greenstein Executive Director: Mark Silverberg Executive Editor: Rabbi Rachel Esserman Layout Editor: Diana Sochor Assistant Editor: Michael Nassberg Production Coordinator: Jenn DePersis Graphic Artist: Alaina Cardarelli Advertising Representative: Bonnie Rozen Bookkeeper: Gregory Senger
Opinions The views expressed in editorials and opinion pieces are those of each author and not necessarily the views of the Jewish Federation of Northeastern Pennsylvania. Letters The Reporter welcomes letters on subjects of interest to the Jewish community. All letters must be signed and include a phone number. The editor may withhold the name upon request. ADS The Reporter does not necessarily endorse any advertised products and services. In addition, the paper is not responsible for the kashruth of any advertiser’s product or establishment. Deadline Regular deadline is two weeks prior to the publication date. Federation website: www.jewishnepa.org How to SUBMIT ARTICLES: Mail: 601 Jefferson Ave., Scranton, PA 18510 E-mail: email@example.com Fax: (570) 346-6147 Phone: (570) 961-2300 How to reach the advertising Representative: Phone: (800) 779-7896, ext. 244 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Subscription Information: Phone: (570) 961-2300
Mark silverberG What is at stake are the very rules of war that underpin our entire international order – the most important rule of which is the distinction between combatants and non-combatants – an ambiguity promoted by jihadists in this new era of asymmetric warfare. While Israel and the U.S. endanger themselves to protect civilians in times of war and mourn their deaths when they become victims, our jihadist enemies consciously place civilians in harms’ way to protect themselves and their weapons systems. Jihadists are fanatics, but they are not fools. If the tactic of using human shields assists them in achieving their military objectives (by forcing us to refrain from attacking them) and their actions are not universally condemned, they will utilize them. Lacking our respect for human life and celebrating their deaths as “martyrs,” they perceive our sense of morality and humanity as weakness and use it to their military advantage. During Israel’s Operation Protective Edge in Gaza, Israeli soldiers seized a Hamas training manual – “Introduction to the City War” produced by the Shuja’iya
Brigade of Hamas’ military wing (the Al-Qassam Brigades) – that extols the benefits of Palestinian civilian deaths and the destruction of Palestinian property for propaganda purposes, and openly admits that Israel tries to avoid both. It also advises its combatants to use civilians as human shields wherever possible. Hamas’ war strategy works like this: Attack Israeli civilians in such a manner as to provoke a counter-response from Israel. Use Palestinian civilians as human shields – preferably in crowded neighborhoods, schools and hospitals – while encouraging or forcing them to stay where they are, thereby guaranteeing that Israeli return fire will wound or kill civilians and damage civilian structures. Encourage the Western news media to promote Palestinian civilian suffering, play down Hamas’ role in using civilians as human shields by preventing the media from reporting it and accuse Israel of committing war crimes. Promote a firestorm of outrage around the world to pressure Israel into desisting from taking counter-offensive measures. Utilize the propaganda victory to prepare for the next round of strikes against Israeli civilians. Repeat the process, utilizing international news coverage to further savage Israel’s international reputation. In this war of public perceptions, Hamas’ human shield tactics have given its leaders a win-win strategy, even if the result is tragedy for their own people. If the Israelis abort a strike to avoid civilian casualties, as they often do, then Hamas wins. If an Israeli strike causes civilian
casualties, then Hamas uses the bodies of dead Palestinian children to parade before the Western media, which is all to eager to place these photos on its front pages, thereby creating the impression that Israelis are monsters who are committing war crimes in Gaza. If the military assets of our enemies are deemed invulnerable because they are protected by human shields, Western democracies are presented with a Hobbesian choice. By failing to respond to a terror attack or by failing to destroy a significant terrorist asset (human or otherwise), we endanger our own war objectives and, in the end, our own citizens. By responding, the Western world (not just the Israelis) runs the risk of killing civilians, reaping international condemnation and inviting diplomatic pressure to end military operations before having achieved its military objectives. Israel now finds itself in that position. Our enemies understand this. That’s why, in many regions of the world, militias continue to use human shields as a viable military tactic. They wage war using highdensity residential areas as launching pads for their rockets and heavy-caliber weapons; build their headquarters in densely populated areas; embed their terrorists in cities and towns; deliberately fire rockets and build their tunnel entrances in or near private homes, mosques, apartment buildings, hospitals, playgrounds, schools and U.N. facilities like UNRWA; and use children to retrieve used missile launchers, knowing they will not be targeted by retaliatory strikes or, if they are, that their deaths will be condemned by the Western media. See “War” on page 12
Ugly times By Rabbi Avi Shafran Reprinted with permission from the Hamodia newspaper. It could well be, as some have charged, that The New York Times’ choice of photographs to accompany its reportage from Israel and Gaza has been skewed to emphasize Hamas’ grievances; or it could be that the imbalance of photos is merely a manifestation of the old journalistic adage “If it bleeds, it leads.” Despite my general satisfaction with the paper’s actual reportage on the conflict, I lean to the former judgment. And I have similar misgivings about headlines that are created for dispatches. It’s not widely known that media have “headline writers” over whom reporters have no control. There have been several examples of headlines that didn’t truly reflect the articles beneath them, and in ways that led readers (of the headlines alone, at least – and that’s a lot of readers) to regard Israel negatively. A recent Times report began with the following sentences: “Militant rockets can be seen launching from crowded neighborhoods, near apartment buildings, schools and hotels. Hamas fighters have set traps for Israeli soldiers in civilian homes and stored weapons in mosques and schools. Tunnels have been dug beneath private property.” Its headline? “Israel Says That Hamas Uses Civilian Shields, Reviving Debate,” as if the technical issue of the legal definition of a human shield under international law (and what “Israel Says” about it) were more compelling than the undisputed facts that open it. The technical definition debate is part of the piece, to be sure, but the more essential facts that the headline might well have synopsized were what the piece’s first sentences describe. Another head of the hydra that is the Old Grey Lady is its business department, which recently demonstrated an
astoundingly deficient judgment. In an advertisement in its July 20 travel section touting a New York Times tour package to Israel and the West Bank, the paper touts how participants in its offering will experience “a fascinating journey through the geographical, cultural, historical and political landscapes of the region.” And the “featured expert” for, presumably, the latter landscape is... Hanan Ashrawi. Ashrawi, of course is a well-known Palestinian activist, legislator and member of the PLO’s Executive Committee, and her portrayals of Israel are little short of rabid. Citing her denial (in Arabic, in an Arab periodical) that there were ever any Jewish refugees from Arab countries, the American Jewish Committee’s David Harris remarked that “Hanan Ashrawi is to truth what smoking is to health.” The articulate, but malign, Ashrawi regularly uses terms like “ethnic cleansing,” “apartheid” and “the premeditated killing of civilians” with regard to Israel. “Israel’s calculated crimes” is one of her particularly cherished phrases. Back in 2000, when two Israeli reservists, having mistakenly entered Ramallah, were captured, killed and grossly mutilated to the cheers of crowds (remember the fellow elatedly displaying his bloody hands for all to see?), Ashrawi asserted, defensively and falsely, that the pair of soldiers (who were wearing army fatigues and whose car bore Israeli plates) were “undercover Israeli agents that had infiltrated” the town and were recognized by her fellow Palestinians “as members of the Death Squads that had been responsible for assassinations and provocations” (Jordan Times, October 29, 2000). Two years earlier, Ashrawi founded MIFTAH – the “Palestinian Initiative for the Promotion of Global Dialogue and Democracy,” which was caught a number of times offering alleged quotes
of Israeli leaders that turned out to be invented. Last year it was forced to remove an article from its website that, in the context of attacking President Obama for hosting Pesach sedarim in the White House, accused Jews of using “the blood of Christians in the Jewish Passover.” (The group, graciously, later offered its “sincerest regret” for the error.) More recently, the Palestinian propagandist said that “Israel’s military assault on Gaza constitutes an act of state terror and a deliberate war crime,” and that Israel’s building in the West Bank and Jerusalem “constitute another aspect of Israel’s aggression and impunity.” So, to put it most mildly, Ashrawi is about the least objective observer one might choose to feature as the “expert” to enlighten tourists seeking an objective and factual lesson about the region’s political situation. But she was the Times’ choice. One has to wonder if the newspaper would ever have dared offer, say, a rightwing member of the Knesset (whose most extreme member would pale in radicalism next to the choice the paper made) for the edification of American visitors partaking of one of its tourism packages. Alerted to the advertisement by an Agudath Israel constituent, I immediately wrote the paper’s “public editor” or ombudsman, to ask about the wisdom of the choice of “expert” for the tour. On July 21, her assistant, Jonah Bromwich, replied that although ads are not part of the public editor’s bailiwick he would pass on my note to an executive in the paper’s advertising department. Despite several follow-up inquiries, Bromwich informed me that my communications had all been forwarded to the advertising department, but that “unfortunately,” he “cannot compel them to respond.”
august 28, 2014 ■
community news Congregation B’nai Harim celebrates “18 years of life” By Lee Emerson Congregation B’nai Harim celebrated its 18th anniversary on August 3. Dan Ferguson, a representative of Mario M. Scavello, of the House of Representatives, presented a citation in recognition of the contributions to the well-being of the surrounding community by the congregation and its members. Ferguson stated that “the contributions and enthusiasm, generosity and love that continues is a witness to the strong faith in God” and the congregation’s commitment to the region. “So much has occurred in the 18 years since a few families were gathered on the mountain to consider establishing a Jewish presence in the region,” said a CBH representative. Members met in homes and fire houses to begin planning and starting to function as a temple.
As time went by, Father John Boyle, of Lady of the Lake Catholic Church, Pocono Pines, offered the small group a place to worship and conduct social dinners in the church social hall. Later, the group purchased land and build its own B’nai Harim home. Boyle carried the Torah to its new permanent home. At the door, he handed it to Rabbi Helene Ettinger, who carried it to the new sanctuary. “It had traveled for many years and finally we were home,” said the representative of congregation. The first services were held for Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur in 2004. In the years that followed, there have been many life cycle events celebrated, many meals See “Harim” on page 4
Jewish Home cantorial concert postponed
Event organizers have postponed the Cantorial Concert originally scheduled for Sunday, September 7, at 2 pm, in the Friedman Auditorium of the Jewish Home of Eastern Pennylvania. Organizers will announce a new date in the future.
The following are deadlines for all articles and photos for upcoming Reporter issues.
Thursday, August 38................September 11 Thursday, September 11.......... September 25 Tuesday, September 23, early........October 9 Tuesday, October 7, early............October 23
Skip Spady and Honi Gruenberg celebrated at the Congregation B’nai Harim luncheon.
A service was held on August 2 as part of Congregation B’nai Harim’s 18th anniversary celebration. L-r: Rabbi Peg Kershenbaum; Dan Ferguson, appearing for Representative Mario Scavello; and Al Wismer, president.
Summer is here and the heating bills keep coming. Time to take a look at
AMOS TOWERS 525 Jefferson Avenue, Scranton PA 18510
L-r: Meredith Stemple (on piano) and Skip Spady (in back) performed with B’nai Harim singers Peggie Hannan, Maddie Kane, Honi Gruenberg and Barbara Horan.
Lee Emerson presented a slide show on the history of Congregation B’nai Harim.
High Holy Days Favorites For the High Holy Days, TEMPLE ISRAEL SISTERHOOD is pleased to offer a selection of Holiday favorites. 8 inch parve pineapple noodle kugel .................... $7.00 8 inch potato kugel ............................................... $7.00 Quart of chicken soup with 2 matzah balls ......... $6.00 Quart parve mushroom/barley soup..................... $6.00 1/2 baked chicken.................................................. $7.00
Call today for a tour 570.347.6551 or TTD#: 1.800.927.9275
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Scranton Hebrew Day School Conducts Annual
Sweet Sensations Rosh Hashana Bake Sale The Scranton Hebrew Day School is once again offering their Special Order Rosh Hashana Bake Sale! This annual project features a wide assortment of sweet and tasty homemade goodies for the upcoming holidays, like honey cake and cookies, apple cake, marble cake, noodle and potato and cranberry kugel, soups, salads, meat knishes and a number of other tasty goodies. Quantities are limited - order early by calling the school office, 570-346-1576 ext. 2. Order deadline is September 10th.
3 stuffed cabbage rolls .......................................... $7.00 3 VEGETARIAN stuffed cabbage rolls .................... $7.00 Applesauce loaf cake............................................. $6.00 Please place your orders by Sept 12th, and pick up by Sept 21st For orders call Shelley Garber at 570-347-4042.
All proceeds benefit the school’s Scholarship Fund. Jodi Herber, chairperson
ÊVisit the Jewish Federation of Northeastern Pennsylvania on the web at www.jewishnepa.org or on Facebook
THE REPORTER ■ august 28, 2014
By Anat Litwok Reprinted with permission.
An American Child’s Bad Summer Day
There is a storm outside today, so I can’t go out and play. Raindrops keep falling by my house, I wish they’d go away. Puddles are forming on the ground where the raindrops hit.
Cont. from page 3 eaten together and educational events presented. The congregation continues to hold services and continues to educate its children in the Barbara Kapitansky Religious School. Members of the congregation have said they are “very proud” of the accomplishments and the growing temple family. “It all started 18 years ago with just a few families, but we all knew how important it was to have a presence on the Plateau,” said a temple representative. Rabbi Peg Kershenbaum and Cantor Dr. Daniel Schidlow, a trained baritone, conducted a special service on August 2, with an oneg brunch following. A luncheon was held on August 3 at the Lake Naomi Club. Lee Emerson presented a memory slide show with a history lesson on the growth and formation of the congregation. Maddie Kane read an original “Ode to B’nai Harim,” and Meredith Stemple and the B’nai Harim singers sang an original adaptation to “Anatekva,” citing all the accomplishments. After dessert, Schidlow sang songs from Israel to opera. For information, call 570-646-0100 or visit www.bnaiharimpoconos.org.
Thunder just roared and a couple seconds later the whole sky was lit. Lightning struck an electrical wire, and a tree fell near a jeep. There’s nothing to do around the house, so I’ll stay in bed and sleep. I wake up to my alarm and the calm of the rain against my door. I wonder when the rain will stop, I can’t take it anymore. There is a storm outside today, so I can’t go out and play. Hopefully tomorrow will be a sunny day.
An Israeli Child’s Bad Summer Day
There is a war outside today, so I can’t go out and play. Rockets keep falling by my house, I wish they’d go away. There are huge holes in the ground where the rockets hit. I heard the Iron Dome go off and a couple seconds later the whole sky was lit. A rocket struck my friend’s house, and one hit near my school. Everyone around is so tense, I’m just trying to keep cool. I’m awoken suddenly by a siren, and my younger sister’s scream. Even when I’m awake I feel like I’m living in a bad dream. There is a war outside today, so I can’t go out and play. Hopefully tomorrow will be a peaceful day. Anat Litwok is a former member of Congregation Sons of Israel, in Manalapan, NJ. She completed her IDF service in December and lives in Kibbutz Dan in the Galil.
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welcome, but Jews were not allowed. One weekend in May seemed to epitomize the darkness. On May 24, a gunman pulled out a Kalashnikov assault rifle at the Jewish Museum in Brussels and opened fire, killing four people. The next day, the results of the elections to the European parliament showed a surge in support for extreme-right parties in France, Greece, Hungary and Germany. Seventy years after the Holocaust, from Amiens to Athens, the world’s oldest hatred flourishes anew. We know where such passions come from and we know where they can lead. As a result, a massive European Jewish exodus is under way to Israel, and it is being funded by our UJA donations (through the Jewish Agency for Israel and the Joint Distribution Committee) and the government of Israel. The European Jewish exodus and their integration into Israeli society Our UJA dollars are becoming more critical each and every day. Our gifts have built many absorption centers throughout Israel that will provide these new European olim with temporary apartments for their families, as well as free medical coverage, food allowances, Hebrew immersion classes, counseling and job placement assistance – all of which will facilitate their integration into Israeli society. On a recent Northeastern Pennsylvania Federation Israel Mission, our mission participants visited an absorption center at Mevaseret Zion (near Jerusalem) and had an opportunity to speak with representatives of the Jewish Agency and several immigrants who had recently made aliyah from Ethiopia. Their gratitude to us for having funded their aliyah and the absorption center defies words. As we have done since the birth of the state of Israel, our gifts to UJA have facilitated the aliyah of Jews from Iran, from Arab lands, from the former Soviet Union and from Ethiopia. Now, our dollars will fund the aliyah and absorption of thousands of European Jews who will be arriving on Israel’s shores throughout the next several years, and who, in time, will become contributing members to Israeli society. Continuing needs from Operation Protective Edge The ongoing war in Gaza has also
Continued from page 1 had a traumatizing effect on Israelis. Beyond the funds raised in our Israel Emergency Appeal, Israel continues to require funds to relocate and care for families and children in danger, strengthen post-traumatic stress services throughout the country, provide safe havens for all who are in harm’s way and provide financial assistance to Israeli organizations that are providing continuing medical services and counseling to a nation traumatized by warning sirens, terrorist infiltrations and an unending barrage of rockets. Our UJA funds will assist in financing these important functions.
UJA funding of HESED centers through the Joint Distribution Committee Over and above all this, our UJA dollars will continue to be channeled to hundreds of thousands of Jews around the world who receive food, familyoriented programs, companionship, free medicines and health care, shelter and numerous other social services at UJAfunded Hesed centers situated in Jewish communities from Bangkok, Thailand, to Mumbai, India, to Santiago, Chile, to Budapest, Hungary. While these staples are crucial for survival, it’s the comfort and companionship provided by these Hesed centers that fuels their will to live. In sum, it is not a question of how much you contribute to our 2015 UJA Campaign, but your act of giving and your recognition that you are part of our family. Your financial commitment will enable us to write the next chapter in Jewish history, a history that has always reflected itself in the caring of one Jew for another. Please be part of this critical effort when you are asked to contribute this year. If you wish to make your 2015 UJA gift by mail, please direct it to the Federation at Jewish Federation of Northeastern Pennsylvania, 601 Jefferson Ave., Scranton, PA 18510. In the memo section write “2015 UJA Campaign.” Alternatively, if you would like to make a pledge to this year’s 2015 UJA Campaign, please call the Federation office at 570-961-2300, ext. 1, and we will assist you. Thank you so much for being part of our effort. With best regards, Mark and Joan Davis, Co-chairmen, 2015 UJA Campaign
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august 28, 2014 ■
The Pennsylvania Jewish Coalition
HB 1424 (Holocaust Education Bill) signed by the governor The following statement was issued by the Pennsylvania Jewish Coalition in August: “The Pennsylvania Jewish Coalition praises the Pennsylvania House of Representatives and Senate for passing legislation to encourage Pennsylvania schools to teach the Holocaust, genocide and human rights violations.” HB 1424 amends the Public School Code by encouraging schools to teach their students about the Holocaust, genocide and human rights violations beginning in the 2015-16 school year by helping the state to develop “strong curriculum options” to teach the subjects, distribute curriculum options to all school districts, train teachers to teach the subject effectively, assess schools’ use of these resources and assure that every school district
is offering the subjects to its students. If a school chooses to provide instruction in this subject area, the instruction must be integrated within the social studies and language arts courses. The material taught must also be age-appropriate, and should communicate the connection between intolerance and these events, as well as the impact of personal responsibility, civic engagement and societal response. “Pennsylvania’s Jewish community very much appreciates the hard work and support of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives and Senate for passing House Bill 1424, and especially thanks Representative Paul Clymer for introducing this bill,” said Matt Handel, chairman of the Pennsylvania Jewish Coalition. “HB 1424 ensures
that Pennsylvania students will receive the best possible education about the Holocaust, genocide and human rights violations. This curriculum will be developed with experts in the field and teachers will be trained to use it well. The Pennsylvania Jewish Coalition wishes to thank the many senators and representatives who have played an essential role in helping to move this legislation to Governor Corbett’s desk for his consideration.” Added Handel, “Educating our students about our world’s historic atrocities creates an understanding of the need for tolerance and an understanding of the consequences of bigotry and hate. We must never forget the horrors of what has happened, so that we do not allow these tragic chapters of history to be repeated.”
NEWS IN bRIEF from Israel From JTA
Mom of 4-year-old killed by Gaza mortar grieves: “I just cannot come to grips” with his death
Hundreds attended the funeral for Daniel Tregerman, the 4-year-old who who was killed in a mortar attack outside his home near the Gaza border. “We were the happiest family in the world and I just cannot come to grips with it,” Daniel’s mother, Gila Tregerman, said between sobs at the funeral on the morning of Aug. 24 at a cemetery in the Eshkol Region, near the family home in Kibbutz Nahal Oz. “We wanted to protect you, but even the Code Red siren failed to save you. You would always run first and call your little brother [to the shelter], and then in a second it ended.” Israeli President Reuven Rivlin also spoke at the funeral. “He was too young to cross the street by himself because it was dangerous, but old enough to know what the Code Red siren means because that too is dangerous,” Rivlin told the mourners. “You are everyone’s child. We are burying a child for whose sake we were fighting.” The Tregerman family reportedly had left their home during
the first three weeks of Israel’s operation in Gaza, but returned the week of Aug. 18 after security officials told residents it would be safe. However, rockets began hitting the area again when the cease-fire was broken on Aug. 19. The family reportedly had planned to leave the kibbutz later on Aug. 22, the day Daniel was killed by shrapnel from the mortar attack. The Israel Defense Forces said in a statement on Aug. 24 that the mortar that killed Daniel was fired from a launching site located adjacent to the Jafar Ali Ibn Taleb School in the neighborhood of Gaza City, which is serving as a shelter for displaced Palestinians. Meanwhile, the Times of Israel reported that most of the families living in Nahal Oz had left by Aug. 23, and that most of those remaining were kibbutz employees. A mortar shell scored a direct hit on the kibbutz dining hall on the morning of Aug. 23. Defense Minister Moshe Yaalon said on Aug. 23 in a visit to southern Israel that the IDF would provide assistance to civilians leaving the area. He had been scheduled to visit Nahal Oz, but his visit was canceled by his security advisers due to the large number of rockets and mortars that struck the kibbutz over the Aug. 24 weekend.
Israel shuts Erez border crossing with Gaza following attacks on it
Israel closed the Erez border crossing with Gaza after sustained attacks on the crossing that injured three civilians. At least a dozen mortars were fired the afternoon of Aug. 24 on the crossing, which is used by sick and injured Gazan civilians to receive medical treatment in Israel. The crossing is closed “until further notice,” Israel’s Ministry of Defense said in a statement, “except for life-saving action.” The three injured reportedly were Israeli-Arabs waiting to take people injured in Gaza to Israel for medical assistance, Ynet reported. The injured are in serious to moderate condition, according to Israel Police. Fifty people had been expected to cross into Israel via Erez on Aug. 24, according to the Defense Ministry said.
Israel hits Gaza apartment building, says it housed Hamas op
Israel said an airstrike leveled a 12-story apartment building in Gaza that housed a Hamas operations room. No one was killed in the Gaza City attack, but at least 18 people were injured, the Palestinian Maan news agency reported.
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THE REPORTER ■ august 28, 2014
Catholic teen finds spiritual home in Judaism
By Elaine Durbach Reprinted with permission of New Jersey Jewish News As a little girl, Rachel Card decided she wanted to be a nun – until a teacher mentioned that she would need to believe in Jesus. “That kind of killed that career opportunity for me,” she said. Though her family is Catholic and she had profound spiritual feelings, for some reason Christianity never clicked for her. “I can’t remember a time when I willingly cracked open a New Testament, unless it was to stir the pot in my Catholic grammar school,” she wrote in an e-mail exchange earlier this month. “I was always heavily intrigued by Judaism and the Jewish people.” Now 19, Card continues to stir the pot, but this time as an observant Jew. Following the discovery of a surprising family connection, and based on her own religious explorations, she is entering her second year in the Mechina program at Yeshiva University’s Stern College for Women in New York City. A self-described extrovert with a buoyant sense of humor, she described a religious journey unusual for most adolescents. Fascinated by the Old Testament, she was fortunate to have parents who encouraged open-minded inquiry and were completely supportive of her. Basically, she said, they encouraged her “to be a mensch.” She was 16 when she discovered that her maternal grandmother was born Jewish, something the family had never discussed. According to halachah, or Jewish law, that makes her Jewish as well. When it came to practicing Judaism, however, she faced some practical questions. “History facts I could memorize. Places I could find on a map. But how was I supposed to know what to do when someone in your family heats up clam chowder in your coffee cup?” Rachel’s solution? True to her generation, she Googled “Jewish apps.” YUTorah Mobile, featuring videos and tutorials by YU faculty, was one of her first hits. “It was a treasure trove that fascinated me for hours,” she said. “From intro level to advanced stuff that made me stare at my phone like E.T. was trying to make contact through it, there was everything. I didn’t have a definitive thing that moved me from Catholicism, because I never felt as though I belonged, but finding YUTorah Mobile let me know ‘I have arrived’ at where
Rachel Card (left), a Catholic-born Yeshiva University student, met IDF soldiers, including Itay (right), on a Birthright trip to Israel this summer. I was supposed to be: Judaism.” Stern’s Mechina track is for young women, like Card, who are new to Hebrew language and textual study. She said her parents “lovingly think I’m a nut when I cease interaction with electronics for 25 hours once a week” for Shabbat. “I think it can all be summarized by what my mother once told me: ‘Be observant, not obnoxious.’ As long as I’m dedicated to shalom bayit (peace in the home), so are they. Which means I can’t give away all the pork in the house, but hey, you win some, you lose some.” “Confused about Jews” Until Rachel enrolled at Stern, most of the Jews she knew were older than 50. She had no close Jewish friends. She used to think of Judaism as “academic, an ancient truth.” Things have changed – a lot. “Somehow, Judaism morphed,” she said. “Judaism is faces, smiles, laughter, music, food and warmth. It’s the enthusiasm Mrs. [Shoshana] Schechter [the assistant professor of Bible and coordinator of Stern’s Basic Jewish Studies Program] has no matter what she’s discussing; it’s the shared lattes with friends Motzi Shabbat; it’s singing and dancing in the street of New York City at any time of day or night because some apartment is blaring
Friends of The Reporter Dear Friend of The Reporter, Each year at this time the Jewish Federation of Northeastern Pennsylvania calls upon members of our community to assist in defraying the expense of issuing our regional Jewish newspaper, The Reporter. The newspaper is delivered twice of month (except for December and July which are single issue months) to each and every identifiable Jewish home in Northeastern Pennsylvania.
columns that cover everything from food to entertainment. The Federation assumes the financial responsibility for funding the enterprise at a cost of $26,400 per year and asks only that we undertake a small letter writing mail campaign to our recipients in the hope of raising $10,000 from our readership to alleviate a share of that responsibility.
As always, your comments, opinions and suggestions are always welcome. With best wishes, Mark Silverberg, Executive Director Jewish Federation of NE Pennsylvania 601 Jefferson Avenue Scranton, PA 18510
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Art exhibit about Garden of Eden
The Museum of Biblical Art in New York City is holding the exhibit “Back to Eden: Contemporary Artists Wander the Garden” through September 28. The exhibit features the works of contemporary artists who examine the biblical story of the Garden of Eden. For more information, visit http://mobia.org or contact the museum at email@example.com or 212-408-1500.
Exhibit on baseball
The exhibit “Chasing Dreams: Baseball and Becoming American” will be at the National Museum of American Jewish History, in Philadelphia, until October. This will be the first large-scale exhibit to weave together the history of American sport, leisure and national identity with the story of Jewish immigration and integration into American life. It will also focus on how baseball has served as a path for immigrants to understand American values. The exhibit features more than 130 original objects, including game-worn uniforms, game-used objects, correspondence, newspaper accounts, board games, awards, baseball cards, signed baseballs, Jewish ritual objects, ballpark giveaways, stadium seats, Little League memorabilia and more. For more information, visit www.nmajh.org/SpecialExhibitions or call 215-923-3811.
We would be grateful if you would care enough to take the time to make a donation for our efforts in bringing The Reporter to your door.
As the primary Jewish newspaper of our region, we have tried to produce a quality publication for you that offers our readership something on everythingfrom opinions and columns on controversial issues that affect our people and our times, to publicity for the events of our affiliated agencies and organizations to life cycle events, teen columns, personality profiles, letters to the editor, the Jewish community calendar and other $36
a Hebrew song someone knows.” Not being a typical “Stern girl” hasn’t been a problem. “If anything, sometimes I feel like a bit of a rock star,” Rachel admitted. “But I think that just goes with the territory of having a completely different background and being an extrovert.” But it hasn’t all been easy. “I’ve lost friends over it, I’m not going to lie, and sometimes the transition clashes in weird ways.” Along the way, Rachel has had some “surreal” experiences. “Overall, though,” she said, “I have to admit people are mostly just confused about Jews, and in particular Orthodox Judaism. People generally want to be supportive; they just need someone to meet them halfway. And maybe throw them a Yiddish-to-English dictionary.” This summer, she went to Israel on the Birthright program, and next year she plans to spend a longer stretch there, with Mechina’s July in Jerusalem seminary program. Her desire to serve God and humanity is still strong, but has shifted a bit. “I’ve subtracted the Jesus and added some gefilte fish,” Rachel said, “so I’m telling people I want to be a chaplain instead of a nun.”
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august 28, 2014 ■
THE REPORTER ■ august 28, 2014
ABINGTON TORAH CENTER
Rabbi Dovid Saks President: Richard Rutta Jewish Heritage Connection 108 North Abington Rd., Clarks Summit, PA 18411 570-346-1321 • Website: www.jewishheritageconnection.org Sunday morning services at 8:30 am Call for other scheduled services throughout the week.
BETH SHALOM CONGREGATION
Rabbi Yisroel Brotsky 1025 Vine St., Scranton, PA 18510, (corner of Vine & Clay Ave.) 570-346-0502 • fax: 570-346-8800 Weekday – Shacharit: Sun 8 am; Mon, Thurs. & Rosh Chodesh, 6:30 am; Tue, Wed & Fri, 6:45 am; Sat & Holidays, 8:45 am. Mincha during the week is approx. 10 minutes before sunset, followed by Maariv.
BICHOR CHOLEM CONGREGATION/ CHABAD OF THE ABINGTONS Rabbi Benny Rapoport President: Richard I. Schwartz 216 Miller Road, Waverly, PA 18471 570-587-3300 • Website: www.JewishNEPA.com Saturday morning Shabbat Service 9:30 am. Call or visit us online for our bi-weekly schedule
CHABAD LUBAVITCH OF THE POCONOS Rabbi Mendel Bendet 570-420-8655 • Website: www.chabadpoconos.com Please contact us for schedules and locations.
CONGREGATION BETH ISRAEL
Affiliation: Union for Reform Judaism Rabbi Allan L. Smith President: Henry M. Skier Contact Person: Cheryl Badner, Congregation Administrator (570) 253-2222 615 Court Street, Honesdale, PA 18431 570-253-2222 • fax: 570-226-1105
CONGREGATION B’NAI HARIM
Affiliation: Union for Reform Judaism Rabbi Peg Kershenbaum President: Alan S. Wismer P.O. Box 757 Sullivan Rd., Pocono Pines, PA 18350 (located at RT 940 and Pocono Crest Rd at Sullivan Trail 570-646-0100 • Website: www.bnaiharimpoconos.org Shabbat Morning Services, 10 am – noon; every other Saturday Potluck Shabbat Dinner with blessings and program of varying topics, one Friday every month – call for schedule.
Model legal system by RABBI BARBARA GOLDMAN-WARTELL, TEMPLE CONCORD OF BINGHAMTON Shoftim, Deuteronomy 16:18-21:9 The Torah portion Shoftim sets up the legal system for the Israelites and a model for us to continue to follow to this day. Only a few months ago, we learned in Yitro, in Exodus, that it took Yitro, Moses’ father-in-law, observing Moses being overburdened by judging all matters of the people and answering their difficult questions (with God’s help of course) to suggest that he delegate authority and appoint others to help him judge. We continue this week in Deuteronomy, setting the responsibility of judges to adhere to a high standard: They are to be fair and impartial to all, to avoid favoritism. They are to judge the rich and poor the same, not to bend laws or to take bribes. Judaism tells us not to overcompensate for the disadvantaged or against the disadvantaged. We are to look at each situation and judge it fairly with righteousness. These are high standards, still hard today for people to meet – just witness the many cases we hear about in the media. In many states, there is a moratorium on the death penalty, as further investigation found many on death row had not committed the crimes for which they had been sentenced to die. We need to continue to strive to maintain our standard of justice. The most famous line from this Torah portion is “Tzedek, tzedek tirdof” – “Justice, justice shall you pursue.” The text doesn’t say you should attain justice, but pursue it. We can learn from this that we can’t take justice for granted. There are many ways to understand the double tzedek and the commentators have been exploring this for centuries. One line suggests that the word “justice” is repeated because in matters of justice, one may never stand still. We are not to turn away from a situation and leave it up to someone else, but we are to actively pursue justice. The Talmud teaches us that the principle applies
Your gift to the Annual Campaign DOES A WORLD OF GOOD. Endowing your gift allows you to be there for the Jewish community of NEPA forever.
MACHZIKEH HADAS SYNAGOGUE Rabbi Mordechai Fine President: Moshe Fink 600 Monroe Ave., Scranton, PA 18510 570-342-6271
Union of Reform Judaism Rabbi Daniel J. Swartz President: Ken Miller 1 Knox Street, Scranton, PA 18505, (off Lake Scranton Rd.) 570-344-7201 Friday evening Shabbat, 8 pm; Saturday Morning , when Shabbat School is in session, at 11 am
TEMPLE ISRAEL OF DUNMORE
President: Isadore Steckel 515 East Drinker St., Dunmore, PA 18512 Saturday morning Shabbat 7:30 am; also services for Yizkor
TEMPLE ISRAEL OF THE POCONOS
Affiliation: United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism Rabbi Baruch Melman President: Dr. Sandra Alfonsi Contact person: Dr. Sandra Alfonsi 570-223-7062 711 Wallace St., Stroudsburg, PA, 18360 (one block off Rte. 191 (5th Street) at Avenue A) 570-421-8781 • Website: www.templeisraelofthepoconos.org E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Friday evening Shabbat, 7pm; Saturday morning Shabbat, 9 am
TEMPLE ISRAEL OF SCRANTON
Affiliation: United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism Rabbi Moshe Saks 918 East Gibson St., Scranton, PA, 18510 (located at the corner of Gibson & Monroe Sts.) 570-342-0350 Fax: 570-342-7250 • E-Mail: email@example.com Sunday, 8 am; Mon & Thurs, 7:15 am; Tue, Wed & Fri, 7:25 am; Rosh Hodesh & Chagim weekdays, 7 am; Shabbat Morning Service, 8:45 am; evening services: Sun – Thurs, 5:45 pm; Friday Shabbat and Saturday Havdalah services, call for times.
The Soapbox Gallery in Brooklyn is holding the exhibit “BE!: Installations, sculptures, and video work by Sara Erenthal” until September 13. Sara Erenthal, a visual artist and performer, left her ultra-Orthodox community in order to avoid an arranged marriage. The installations and multi-media pieces show her artistic journey. They also explore the themes of censorship and battle for free speech. For more information, visit http://soapboxgallery.org/ or contact the gallery at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Perpetual Annual Campaign Endowment
Rabbi Steve Nathan President: Steve Natt Forest Drive 1516 Hemlock Farms, Lords Valley, PA 18428 570-775-7497 • E-Mail: email@example.com Friday evening Shabbat service 8:00 pm, Saturday morning Shabbat Service 9:30 am.
Rabbi Mordechai Fine 1432 Mulberry St, Scranton, PA 18510 Contact person: Michael Mellner - 570-343-3183
Erenthal in Brooklyn
P A C E
JEWISH FELLOWSHIP OF HEMLOCK FARMS
OHEV ZEDEK CONGREGATION
both to a judgment and a compromise. A compromise must also be guided by the same principle of justice. Other scholars and sages suggest that it means justice under all circumstances, whether to your profit or loss, in word or action, to Jew or non-Jew. It also means not using unjust means to secure justice; the ends cannot justify the means. May we be able to rise to the continuing challenge of living our lives justly and righteously, as well as challenging and expecting others to join us in living up to these standards. May justice, judgment and compromise prevail in the Middle East, and may we live to see peace come to that region and beyond. Justice and righteousness we shall pursue.
A Perpetual Annual Campaign Endowment (PACE) is a permanent fund that endows your Jewish community Annual Campaign gift as a lasting legacy. A PACE fund will continue to make an annual gift in perpetuity on your behalf. To determine the amount you need to endow your entire campaign gift, multiply your current annual gift by 20. You can fund your PACE by adding the JEWISH FEDERATION OF NORTHEASTERN PENNSYLVANIA to your will, or by making the Federation a beneficiary of your IRA. All contributions to establish a PACE are tax deductible.
Let your name be remembered as a blessing. Endowments can be created through a variety of vehicles, some of which do not necessitate funding during your lifetime yet still provide your estate with considerable tax benefits. They also enable you to perpetuate your commitment to the Annual Campaign in a way that best achieves your own personal financial and estate planning goals.
Examples Of Ways To Fund Your Pace Gift Are:
* outright contribution of cash, appreciated securities or other long-term * capital gain property such as real estate * charitable remainder trust * gift of life insurance * charitable lead trust * gift of IRA or pension plan assets * grant from your foundation * reserved life estate in your residence * bequest
Using appreciated property, such as securities or real estate, affords you the opportunity to eliminate the income tax on the long-term capital gain, will in some instances generate a full income tax charitable deduction and will remove those assets from your estate for estate tax purposes. For more information contact Mark Silverberg at Mark.Silverberg@jewishnepa.org or call 570-961-2300, ext. 1.
august 28, 2014 ■
Defying European antisemitism, Hungarian camp points to renewal of Jewish life By Maayan Jaffe JNS.org The 70-year-old, post-Holocaust taboo of expressing antisemitic views started to break down over the last several years in Hungary, where 100,000 Jews live among a population of one million. Stoked by the rise of the neo-Nazi political party Jobbik, that flame has been fueled to greater heights during the latest conflict between Israel and Hamas. But roughly 100 miles from Budapest, on a 17-acre patch of land between a forest and a lake in rural Hungary, lies a camp that for 25 years has given young Jews from central and eastern Europe the strength to be proud of their religion and to shape their communities. Camp Szarvas, an international Jewish summer camp funded by the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee and the Ronald S. Lauder Foundation, is completing its 25th summer this month. Those involved say that despite the increase in European antisemitism, there is a continuing and remarkable resurgence of Jewish life in the area – and much of it starts at Camp Szarvas. “Young people, former campers, they are becoming rabbis and counselors and community professionals,” said Diego Ornique, director of JDC Europe. “Here campers learn more, engage more, lead more.” Ornique, who has been working in the field for the past 11 years, said the testament to the camp’s success is that today the majority of the people who work and teach there are from Europe. When the camp was launched 25 years ago, staffers came mostly from Israel, and some came from the U.S. “It’s a renewal of Jewish life, where Europeans are engaged in Jewish culture and thinking,” Ornique told JNS.org. “Local people have the right tools to lead – this is a remarkable outcome.”
Prayer services at Camp Szarvas in Hungary in July 2011. (Photo by Zoltan Szabo) Each summer, between 1,200 and 1,600 children between the ages of 6 and 18 attend Camp Szarvas. Youths from two or three countries participated when the camp was founded, said the current director, Alexander “Sasha” Friedman. Today, children come from 26 countries (including the U.S. and Israel) to learn about each other, to engage with what it means to be Jewish around the world, and to express their Jewish identity through words, song and dance. Every day is a life-changing experience, many of the campers say. Friedman, who was a Szarvas camper and counselor, said the summer experience has a ripple effect. When campers return to their hometowns, they teach their families and friends about Judaism and encourage community growth. New synagogues, JCCs and cultural centers are being built, usually with the support of current and former Szarvas campers. “They are proud Jews,” Friedman said. A hallmark of the camp is its pluralistic perspective. Jews from all denominations come together to form a
family. Campers that come from non-structured communities see hope in a Jewish future. Others build their Jewish future as a result of the summer at Szarvas. “There is a good chance you will find someone who will be your partner for life here,” Friedman told JNS.org. “We have had many Szarvas weddings. Just last year, a wedding took place on the camp grounds. The campers met at camp, were counselors together and 10 years later got married here. Their journey started here.” In recent years, Szarvas has served as a model for similar camps. According to Friedman, there are now six other Jewish immersion camps across central and eastern Europe, all of which use the Szarvas methodology. The camp also has a Zionist agenda, promoting Hebrew words and a love of the land of Israel. Still, noted Ornique, campers are not pushed to make aliyah. He said that is a personal decision and that the camp, as well as JDC, are more focused on creating a strong Jewish community on the ground in Europe. Martin Levi is a Szarvas alumnus who now heads JDC youth programming in Latvia. He told JNS.org that while the recent surge in European antisemitism has struck a difficult chord with him, he is still glad he reconnected to his Jewish identity. “I have never questioned the decision of being Jewish...I have no regrets,” he said. Levi said he is grateful to Szarvas and believes that the community of current and former campers can look forward to another quarter-century of success. “Today’s campers will take over at some point,” said Levi. “We are creating generation after generation of kids… who can express their Jewish identities.” Maayan Jaffe is a freelance writer in Overland Park, KS. Reach her at firstname.lastname@example.org or follow her on Twitter, @MaayanJaffe.
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THE REPORTER ■ august 28, 2014
Men’s 2014 Campaign Honor Roll Humanitarian Division $50,000+ Mr. Donald Bernstein Moe Cohen Bequest Heritage Builders $20,000 - $49,999 Grossman & Atlas The Kaplan Family Nivert Metal Supply Mr. Alfred Reich Legacy Builders $10,000 - $19,999 Lester G. Abeloff Foundation Arley Wholesale Mr. & Mrs. Donald Dembert Jerome Giles PACE Fund Mr. Harold Kaplan* Mr. & Mrs. Herb Rosen Dr. & Mrs. David Rutta Mr. & Mrs. Richard Rutta Mr. Gilbert Weinberger Founders Circle $5,000 - $9,999 Mr. David Adler Mr. & Mrs. James Alperin Mr. & Mrs. Gerard Brisman Deutsch Family Foundation Mr. David Feibus J. & R. Friedman Endowment Fund Mr. & Mrs. Alan Glassman Mr. Ken Green Mr. Richard Jacobson Jacobson Hat Co. Mr. Kenneth Levine Mr. Richard Levy Jacob & Mary Levy Fdn Atty. Samuel Newman The Oppenheim Family Morris & Esther Waldman Memorial Fund President’s Circle $3,000 - $4,999 Abeloff Family Fund Brucelli Advertising Company A. B. & Dora Cohen Fund Albert A & Bertram N Linder Fdn Myron & Anita Pinkus Charitable Fdn Mr. Robert Rosenberg Mr. & Mrs. Paul Schuchman Atty. Jerry Weinberger Dr. Howard Wimmer Vanguard Division $1,000 - $2,999 Atty. John Appleton Mr. & Mrs. Norman Ben Ezra Mr. Jack Bernbaum B’nai B’rith Amos Lodge Mr & Mrs Steve Bram Laura Sonneberg & Werner Brodman Fdn Mr Charles Cahn Mr. Jerry Chazan Chevra Kadisha Atty. Donald Douglass Mr. & Mrs. Mark Entenberg Atty. & Mrs. David Fallk Atty. Richard Fine Mr. Douglas Fink Atty. Joseph Fisch Morris Gelb Endowment Mr. Seth Gross Mr. Samuel Harris Atty. Scott Herlands Mr. Lee Jaffe Mr. & Mrs. Howard Kaufman Mr. Sidney Kaufman Mr. & Mrs. Alan Levy Dr. & Mrs. David Malinov Mr. Michael Mardo Mc Grail, Merkel, Quinn Assocs. Dr. Kenneth Miller Mr. & Mrs. Melvin Mogel Mr. I. Leo Moskovitz Atty. Morey Myers Mr. Mark Noble Mr. Arthur Pachter Mr. Sam Rosen* Mr. Jamy Rosenstein Mr. Jeffrey Rosenstein Atty. & Mrs. Michael Roth Mr. & Mrs. Leonard Scheck Dr. Joseph Schectman Mr. Steven Seitchik Dr. Edward Sherwin Mr. & Mrs. Mark Silverberg Mr. & Mrs. Henry Skier Dr. Paul Solomon
The Jewish Federation of Northeastern Pennsylvania would like to thank those com to continue our community’s tradition of tzedakah. In these difficult times, especially when othe and resettle those oppressed or in need in other lands, and otherwise help guarantee the continuance of our community here, in I Jews… and doing something about it. To the fullest extent possible, we have tried to include all donors and volunteers in our Honor omitted, please notify the Federation office at 570-961-2300, and allow us the privil
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Challenger Division $500 - $999 Beth Israel Congregation Atty. Richard Bishop The Dime Bank Mr Julian Falk Mr. Shlomo Fink Dr Vitaly Geyfman Mr Richard Goldenziel Mr. Alan Goldstein Dr. Scott Gordon D. & B. Greenberger Endow Fund Mr. Michael Greenstein Mr. Leonard Hopkins Dr. Kenneth Jacobs Mr. Harold Kornfeld Mr. Jeffrey Leventhal Dr. & Mrs. John Lewy Rabbi Baruch Melman Atty. Edward Monsky Dr. Mordekhai Moritz Atty. Jacob Nogi Atty. & Mrs Morris Raub Milt & Lillian Rosenzweig Pace Fund Mr. Barth Rubin Rabbi Samuel Sandhaus Mr. & Mrs. Phil Schneiderman Atty. Ben Schnessel Mr. & Mrs Louis Shapiro Dr. Douglas Sheldon Mr. Alan Silverman Mr. & Mrs. Barry Tremper Mr. & Mrs. Larry Weinberger Dr. Jeffrey Weiss Dr. & Mrs. Leonard Weiss Mr. Ruben Witkowski Mr. & Mrs. Phillip Wizwer General Division $100 - $499 Mr. Irwin Adler Mr. & Mrs. Herbert Appel Mr. & Mrs. Joseph Balaban Dr. & Mrs. Shaya Barax Mr & Mrs Joseph Bedrick Mr. Mark Berger Dr. & Mrs. Abraham Berman Dr. & Mrs. Eli Berman Dr Lee Besen Mr. & Mrs. Jeffrey Blau Mr. & Mrs. Steven Bleier Mr & Mrs John Brezack Mr. & Mrs. Seymour Brotman Dr. & Mrs. Bruce Brownstein Mr. & Mrs. Daniel Cardonick Chatiner Hatikvoh Ferein Mr. Lawrence Chimerine Dr. & Mrs. Mitchell Cohen Mr. Sanford Cohen Mr. Jon Crane Mr. Gary Davis Mr. & Mrs. Mark Davis Dr. Leonard Denis Mr. Michael Diamond Mr. Irving Effross Dr. Steven Eisner Rabbi Mayer Elefant Mr. James Ellenbogen Dr. Scott Epstein Mr. Richard Feibus Mr. Howard Feinberg Mr. & Mrs. William Fiegleman Rabbi Mordechai Fine Mr. Moshe Fink Dr & Mrs Gerald Fragin Mr. & Mrs. Nicholas Fredericks
Mr. & Mrs Paul Fried Mr. & Mrs. Gerald Friedman Mr. Jack Friedman Carlucci,Golden,Desantis Funeral Home Mr. Alex Gans Mr. Jeffrey Ganz Mr. Ricky Gelb Mr. & Mrs. Peter Gelbart Dr. & Mrs. Jerry Gilbert Mr. Eugene/Art Glantz Mr. & Mrs. Martin Gold Mr. Sheldon Goldstein Mr Ward Goodman Mr Sam Goosay Dr. Larry Grossinger Ms Honi Lynn Gruenberg Mr. & Mrs. Martin Hainer Hebrew Orthodox Center Mr. Joseph Hollander Dr Milton Hollander Mr. Herbert Hollenberg Honesdale Nat’l Bank Jewish War Veterans Mr. Joel Joseph Mr. Irwin Kalisher* Mr. & Mrs. Stanley Kapitansky Mr Wallace Katz Mr. Bernard Kaufman Mr David Kellerman Atty. & Mrs. Edwin Krawitz Mr. & Mrs. Charles Kudosh Dr. Barry Kurtzer Dr. & Mrs. Gerald Larar Dr. Joel Laury Mr. Meyer Levine Mr. & Mrs. Steve Levine Mr. Albert Levy Mr.& Mrs. Alan Lipschutz Mr. & Mrs. Larry Mandel Dr. & Mrs. Ronald Manglaviti Mr. & Mrs. Avrum Marcus Mr. Sidney Markowitz Mr. & Mrs. Alan Meyerowitz Mr. & Mrs. Larry Milliken Mr. Jerry Mizrachi Mr. Michael Morrow Mr. & Mrs. Mark Myers Mr. & Mrs. David Nagelberg Mr. & Mrs. Steven Natt Mr. & Mrs. Roman Novak Mr. & Mrs. Harry Olenberg Mr. & Mrs. Stephen Oliveri Mr. & Mrs. Joel Ostro Mr Alvin Pachter Mr. Howard Pachter Mr. & Mrs. Jeffrey Pallas Mr. & Mrs. Harold Plotkin Mr. Marvin Pollack Mr. Robert Pollack Mr. & Mrs. Alfred Rice, Jr. Mr. Filmore Rosenstein Mr. Howard Rosenstein Mr Melvin Rosenthal Atty. Howard Rothenberg Mr. & Mrs. Stanley Rothman Mr. David Rubinow Mr. & Mrs. Vernon Schlamowitz Rabbi Jacob Schnaidman Mr. & Mrs. Eugene Schneider Mr. & Mrs. Philip Schulder Mr. Richard Schwartz Scranton Printing Company Mr. & Mrs. Al Silverstein Mr. Alan Smertz Mr. Gary Smertz Mr. & Mrs. Lewis Stolzenberg Mr. Stephen Sugarman Mr. Jack Suravitz Mr. & Mrs. Allan Trynz Mr. & Mrs. Joel Vener Mr. & Mrs. Eric Weinberg Mr. & Mrs. Michael Weinberg Mr. Barry Weiss
Mr. Jay Weiss Mr. Jack Weissberger Mr. Seymour Weissberger Atty. & Mrs. Marc Wolfe Mr. & Mrs. Irwin Wolfson Cantor/Mrs Marshal Wolkenstein Mr. & Mrs. Jerome Yates Dr. & Mrs. Barry Yoss Mr. Irving Zlatin
Super Sunday $1 - $99 Dr. Neill Ackerman Rabbi & Mrs Jeff Aichenbaum Mr. A. Albert Dr & Mrs. P Bachman Mr. & Mrs. Philip Barr Mrs. Barbara Bashe Mr. Mikhail Berlin Rabbi Yaakov Bilus Mr. Leonid Boguslavsky Mr. & Mrs. Martin Brandt Mr. Jack Braunstein Rabbi & Mrs Chaim Bressler Rabbi & Mrs. Yisroel Brotsky Mr. & Mrs. Barry Brown Mr. & Mrs. Marvin Cohen Rabbi & Mrs Eli Deutsch Mr. & Mrs. Alvin Dichter Mr. & Mrs. Dennis Eckstein Mr. & Mrs. Samuel Einhorn Mr. Isaak Epshteyn Mr. & Mrs. Meshulem Epstein Mr. & Mrs. Leonard Feinman Mr. & Mrs. Howard Feltman Atty. & Mrs Allen Finkelstein Rabbi Shmuel Flam Mr & Mrs Morris Frank Mr. & Mrs. Michael Friedman Mr. Leyzer Gelberg Mr & Mrs Marc Gerson Mr. Yuriy Gidalevich Dr. & Mrs. Daniel Ginsberg Alan/Laurel Glassman Family Fund Mr. & Mrs. Theodore Goldberg Mr. & Mrs. Gilbert Goldstein Mr. & Mrs. Howard Goldstein Mr. Morris Goldstein Mr. & Mrs Samuel Green Mr. & Mrs. Jonathan Greenfield Mr. & Mrs. Martin Hamer Mr. & Mrs. Leonard Hirshman Rabbi & Mrs Yehuda Itkin Mr. & Mrs. Alan Kagan Rabbi & Mrs Avrum Karp Mr. & Mrs. Richard Katz Mr. & Mrs. Russell Kaufman Mr. & Mrs. Nathan Kusnitz Mr. & Mrs. Lawrence Landon Mr & Mrs George Lauscher Mr & Mrs Gerald Leisten Mr. & Mrs. Paul Levande Mr. & Mrs. Sheldon Levenson Prof. Michael Liberman Mr. Sheldon Liberman Mr. & Mrs. Joseph Loewenberg Mr/Mrs Mark Love Rabbi Joseph Luchins Mr. & Mrs. Dan Marcus Mr. Ivan Margolies Mr. Joseph Moskowitz Samuel Myers Memorial Fund Mr. Marshall Needle Mr. & Mrs. Jeffrey Newman Mr/Mrs Irving Norkin Mr Allan Pisarz Atty. & Mrs. Jeff Raider Rabbi & Mrs. Benny Rapoport Dr. & Mrs. Steven Ratner Rabbi & Mrs Isaac Ringel Mr. & Mrs. Martin Rosenberg Mr. & Mrs. Jay B. Rosenstein Mr. Joel Roth Mr & Mrs Kenneth Rudin
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Mr. & Mrs. Leonard Rudner Rabbi David Saks Mr. & Mrs. Al Schips Mr. Steve Selincourt Senior Adult Club Mr Steven Sherman Mr./Mrs Alexander Shtekhman Mr Joel Silberstein Dr. Gary Silverstein Rabbi Hillel Sittner Mr. & Mrs. Peter Slipak Mr. & Mrs. Shawn Smith Mr. & Mrs. Stanley Spira Mr. & Mrs. Steven Strauchler Rabbi Daniel Swartz Mr. & Mrs. Peter Talman Dr. & Mrs. Morton Tener Mr. Al Tragis Rabbi/Mrs Eliezer Vann Mr. & Mrs. Kenneth Waite Rabbi/Mrs Chaim Weg Mr. Alfred Weinberg Mr. Neil Weinberg Mr Martin Weiss Dr. & Mrs. Alan Westheim Mr. Gary Wilmet Mr. & Mrs. Harold Wilshinsky Mr. & Mrs. Alan Wismer
Women’s 2014 Campaign Honor Roll Lion of Judah 2 $10,000 - $19,999 The Sare Family Fund Lion of Judah 1 $5,000 - $9,999 Arley Wholesale Mrs. Jeanne Atlas Mrs. Eileen Feibus Mrs. Marion Glassman Mrs. Susan Jacobson Mrs. Nancy Kaplan Mrs. Beverly Gelb Klein Mrs. Sondra Myers Dr. Margaret Sheldon Mrs. Goldye Weinberger Guardian Division $3,000 - $4,999 Betty Goldsmith Endow Mrs. Lillian Levy Hineni Division $1,000 - $2,999 Mrs. Claire Dubin Mrs. Lois Dubin Dr Jennifer Gell Mrs. Dorothy Gordon Mrs. Bonnie Green Mrs. Susan Herlands Jaffe Family Fund Mrs. Audrey Kaufman Mrs. Rose Levine Mrs. Jennie Levy Schwartz Mack Fndn Mrs. Sara Morris Mrs. Barbara Nivert Mrs. Faye Rosenberg Ida Rosenbluth Trust Mrs. Betty Stahler Bessie Todres Starr Mem Fund Dr Meredith Stempel Mrs. Laney Ufberg Mrs. Elaine Utan* Gussie Weinberger Memorial* Pacesetters Division $500 - $999 Mrs. Emily Adler Mrs. Harlene Arenberg Mrs. Joyce Douglass Mrs. Ruth Fallick Ms. Judith Ginsberg Mrs. Sheryl Gross Mrs. Mildred Harris Mrs. Shirley Hollenberg*
The Hyers Family Mrs. Claire Jacobson Mrs. Helene Kornfeld Mrs. Leah Laury Mrs. Dale Miller Mrs. Sheila Nudelman-Abdo Mrs. Nettie Pinkus Mr. & Mrs. Daniel Pollock Dora Troy Memorial Fund Mrs. Gail Ufberg Mrs. Ingrid Warshaw Mrs. Paula Wasser Anne Wertheimer Phil Fund Mrs. Mary Ziman
Kadima Division $200 - $499 Mrs. Rose Brody Mrs. Phyllis Chazan Mrs. Susan Colombo Diamond Mrs. Gail Dickstein Mrs. Gloria Dinner* Mrs. Nancy Dressel Mrs. Marylu Eisner Mrs. Rosalie Engelmyer Mrs. Shirley Friedman Ms. Natalie Gelb Ms. Carol Gordon Mrs. Molly Grossinger Honorial Memorial Mrs. Helene Hughes Mrs. Madeline Jacobs Mrs. Carol Leventhal Mrs. Odessa Levine Mrs Iris Liebman Mrs. Jill Linder Mrs. Helen Masowicki* Mrs. Beverly Meil Mrs. Sheila Miller Mrs. Ann Monsky Mrs. Tamar Moritz Mrs. Mildred Myers* Ms Gail Neldon Mrs. Harriet Noble Mrs. Carol Nogi Miss Lynn Pearl Mrs. Ilise Rubinow Mrs. Molly Rutta Mrs. Renee Schectman Atty. Elizabeth Schneider Mrs. Anne Silverman Mrs. Elma Starr Mrs. Lisa Starr Mrs. Judy Warshal Mrs. Judy Weinberger* Mrs Nancy Weinberger Ben Dov Mrs. Arnine Weiss Mrs. Jan Weiss Dr. Nancy Willis Bereshit Division $100 - $199 Ms. Esther Adelman Mrs. Eileen Baine Mrs. Adele Baldinger Mrs. Harriet Brotter Mrs. Susan Connors Mrs. Lainey Denis Mrs. Bertye Dietrick Mrs. Syvia Eisenberg Mrs. Sandra Epstein Mrs. Ella Ettinger Mrs. Donna Fiegleman Mrs. Doris Fine Mrs. Deborah Fink Mrs. Nancy Friedman Mrs. Esther Friedmann Gelb Family Fund Ms. Rose Gelbard Mrs. Marian Goldstein-Beckhorn Mrs. Ellen Goodman Mrs. Doreen Henstell Ms. Irene Hochman
Mrs. Robin Jacobson Mrs. Nancy Johnson Mrs. Miriam Joseph Mrs. Denise Krafchin Mrs. Esther Kurlancheek Mrs. Hannah Leiter Mrs. Mitzie Levy Mrs. Claire Morrow Mrs. Ann Moskovitz Mrs. Sally Moskovitz Mrs Vivian Needle Mrs. Shirley Nudelman Mrs. Lee Pachter Mrs. Helen Pinkus Ms. Ellen Raffman Mrs. Sonia Sandhaus Ms Elaine Shepard Ms. Sydell Spinner Ms. Michelle Star Mrs. Gladys Suravitz Ms. Naomi Teppich Mrs. Mildred Weinberg Mrs. Gail Weinberger Miss Evelyn Wolfe Mrs. Lila Zipay
Super Sunday $1 - $99 Mrs. Michele Ackerman Mrs. Dolly Baron Mrs. Grace Bass Mrs. Svetlana Berlin Mrs. Penina Bilus Mrs. Fern Blum Ms Joanne Blum Mrs. Lyudmila Boguslavsky Mrs. Rose Chaskin Ms Deborah Costanza Mrs. Eileen Coyne Mrs. Mildred Davis Bernice Dubin Mem Fd Mrs. Bernice Ecker Ms Deborah Eisenberg Mrs. Vera Epshteyn Ms Harriet Feitelberg Mrs. Esther Flam Ms Lillian Freidlin Mrs. Leah Gans Mrs. Dassie Ganz Mrs. Shelly Garber Mrs. Mira Gelberg Ms. Klara Gervits Mrs. Lida Glaser Mrs Marsha Glick Ms. Esther Graves Mrs. Gayle Greenstein Mrs. Joy Greenwald Mrs. Bella Groysman Ms. Iris Grubler Mrs. Charlotta Gurevitz Mrs. Dale Hersh Mrs. Ruth Hollander Ms Helen Kaminski Mr. & Mrs. James Kane Mrs. Beverly Klein Mrs. Ellen Kline Mr/Mrs Charles Koloski Mrs. Donna Kostiak Ms Gladys Kremen Mrs. Ruth Kurzweil Ms. Paula Kuzmiak Ms Myra Kyle Ms. Lindsay Leventhal Mrs. Eleanor Liberman Mrs. Anna Lisak Mrs Miriam Litvak Mr & Mrs Radcliffe McGowan Mrs. Marlene Meyer Miss Marcia Myers Miss Ann Nathan Ms. Roberta Nelson
Dr. Frances Olick Mrs. Elaine Pachter Mrs. Marylyn Preven Mrs. Lorraine Rosenthal Mrs. Joan Ruben* Mrs. Malka Saks Mrs. Rika Schaffer Mrs. Pearl Schnaidman Ms Marilyn Schwab Mrs. Ellen Seitchik Mrs. Lynn Shaffer Mrs. Malca Shapiro Mrs. Shira Silverberg Mrs. Dorothy Silverman Mrs. Nina Silverman Mrs. Rochelle Sittner Mrs. Rhonda Sugarman Mrs Vered Thacker Mr. & Mrs. Tom Tschampel Mrs. Arlene Walker Ms. Mary Lil Walsh Mrs. Arlene Weinberg Mrs. Rachel Weisberger Ms Mikki (Miriam) Weiss Mrs. Tova Weiss Miss Rachelle Werbin Mrs. Phyllis Wint
Community Division 2014 Honor Roll
Dr. Linda Barrasse Mrs. Jean Blom Mrs. Sally Bohlin Mr. William Bowen Breig Bros Inc Contractors Dr Harmar Brereton Burkavage Design Assoc. Atty. Brian Cali Caljean Vending Machine Serv Carpenters Local 645 Mr. Stephen Casey Chamberlin & Reinheimer Ins, Inc Citizens Saving Bank Mr. James Clauss Community Bank, N.A. Diamond K Incorporated Diocese of Scranton Dunmore Roofing & Supply Co Mr. & Mrs. Stephen Earl Mr. John Egan First Nat’l Community Bank Ginader Jones & Company W D Iacono & Company Jesuit Community Keystone Community Resources, Inc Landmark Community Bank Mrs. Anne Lavelle Mr. William Lees Atty. John Lenahan M & T Bank Corp Dr. Kenneth Miller Atty. Joseph Murphy NBT Bank Mr. Jamie O’Donnell Mr. Peter O’Donnell Mrs. Arlene O’Hara One Point Partridge Wirth Company PDQ Print Center Pennstar Bank/NBT F Pesavento & Sons Pioneer Dist Co PNC Bank Dr. & Mrs. J Anthony Quinn Atty. James Reid RJ Burne Olds Cadillac Inc Mr. James Ross Mr. Robert Rossi Ms. Olga Rupinski Gov. William Scranton* Scranton CLU Scranton Label Scranton Rent All Center Scranton Times-Sunday Times Sibio’s Restaurant Ms. Kathryn Smith Steamfitters Local #524 Mr. & Mrs. David Tressler University of Scranton Atty. Myles Wren *Of Blessed Memory
THE REPORTER ■ august 28, 2014
Continued from page 2
Bosnian Serbs used human shields against Muslim and Croat forces to immunize themselves from indirect and direct fire. Cambodian government forces used ethnic Vietnamese civilians as human shields as they advanced on Vietnamese positions. Throughout the civil war in Sierra Leone during the 1990s, members of the Revolutionary United Front routinely abducted children and used them as human shields against government forces. Chechen rebels used ethnic Russian civilians as human shields during the brutal war in Chechnya. In 1993, the United States attempted to apprehend warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid in Somalia in order to restore order to the country. Somali gunmen (interspersed among the crowd) engaged U.S. forces by stepping out of large crowds of civilians, firing, then retreating into the crowd using their own people as human shields. They also used hospitals and other civilian buildings as places from which to direct fire at U.S. forces. During Israel’s Second Lebanon War, in the summer of 2006, Hezbollah – like Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad in the current Gaza conflict – prevented civilians from leaving their homes, anticipating Israeli military strikes; used their mosques to stockpile weapons; and used civilian residences as their bases of operations, arguing all the while that the use of human shields is a legitimate tactical military strategy under Islam, Geneva Conventions be damned. The Geneva Conventions and Protocols were designed
Exhibit on Florida and food
The Jewish Museum of Florida-FIU is holding the exhibit “Growers, Grocers and Gefilte Fish: A Gastronomic Look at Florida Jews and Food” through October 5. The exhibit looks at a wide range of historic items that tell the story of Floridian Jews in the food industry. For more information, visit http://jmof.fiu.edu/ or contact the museum at 305-672-5044 or email@example.com.
for traditional warfare in an earlier era, at a time when soldiers fought soldiers and tanks fought tanks; when there were clear distinctions between combatants and non-combatants; when civilians wore civilian clothing and the military wore uniforms, and when organized military forces operated largely outside of heavily populated areas. The tactics of war, however, have changed in the post-modern era. Rather than protect non-combatants, terrorists incorporate them into their tactical war strategy and, in the case of Salafi jihadists, these “civilians” often willingly sacrifice their lives as human shields in the name of “martyrdom.” As we see in Operation Protective Edge in Gaza, Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad supporters continue to use ambulances, humanitarian relief shipments, pregnant women and even children as weapons of war. As a consequence, post-World War II democracies find themselves handicapped in battling post-modern enemies whose regard for human life is vastly different from our own. Unfortunately, the Geneva Conventions have worked against modern democracies and now favor the strategy of terrorists for whom no distinction exists between combatants and non-combatants. As Alan Dershowitz wrote several years ago, “The Geneva Conventions have become a sword used by terrorists to kill civilians, rather than a shield to protect civilians from terrorists... terrorists who do not care about the laws of warfare and target innocent non-combatants. Indeed, their goal is to maximize the number of deaths and injuries among vulnerable civilians (for propaganda purposes). The terrorist leaders – who do not wear military uniforms – deliberately hide among non-combatants. They have also used ambulances, women pretending to be sick or pregnant and even children as carriers of lethal explosives.” Democracies must recognize that death or injury to “civilian” human shields who voluntarily take up positions at the site of legitimate military objectives should not constitute “civilian collateral damage,” since they have assumed the risk of combat and have compromised their non-combatant immunity. Moreover, democracies should be legally empowered to attack terrorists who hide among civilians, so long as proportional force is employed. The fault for their deaths should lie with those who have chosen to use them as human shields; the law should reflect this, if it does not
do so already, and the international media must recognize this perverse military tactic as the war crime it is. Unfortunately, many human rights organizations, NGOs and especially the media constantly play into the hands of terrorists. If we want to live in a world where civilians are never used as human shields, then there must be unequivocal international condemnation of those who use them as a deliberate military tactic. Until our laws and attitudes change on this subject, our enemies will continue to use such tactics as they clearly see enormous military dividends in doing so. Prime Minister Netanyahu has insisted throughout Operation Protective Edge that the international reactions to the Gaza war are a test for the entire free world and not for Israel alone. He is correct. Failing to recognize our enemies’ perverse war tactics as the war crimes they are will only serve to endanger civilians everywhere and place in peril any future war effort we ourselves undertake. As Eli Wiesel has written, “What we are suffering through today is not a battle of Jew versus Arab or Israeli versus Palestinian. Rather, it is a battle between those who celebrate life and those who champion death. It is a battle of civilization versus barbarism.” Endnote *International law is quite clear on this point. Article 28 of the Fourth Geneva Convention provides that “The presence of a protected person (i.e.: a civilian) may not be used to render certain... areas immune from military operations.” To this was added Article 51 (7) of the June 1977 amendment to the 1949 Geneva Convention that elaborated on the latter by adding, “The presence... of the civilian population or individual civilians shall not be used to render certain... areas immune from military operations, in particular in attempts to shield military objects from attacks or to shield, favor or impede military operations.” The problem is much of the international media and many international human rights organizations choose to overlook this provision. As a result, the distorted and misleading coverage of the Gaza conflict has contributed to the calls made by political leaders, U.N. officials and NGOs to prosecute Israel for war crimes and to the mass hate demonstrations in Europe and the sharp rise in antisemitic incidents. Israel, the victim, is thus portrayed as the aggressor, while Hamas, the aggressor, is portrayed as the victim.
2015 UJA POCONO DINNER Please join the Jewish Federation of NEPA on Sunday, when internationally respected analyst, Micah Halpern, will address us.
Sunday, September 14 • Buﬀet Dinner at 5:30 PM • $15/pp at Temple Israel of the Poconos, 711 Wallace St., Stroudsburg, PA
Micah D. Halpern has a track record. He is a frequent analyst on network television and radio in the areas of terror, the Middle East and Muslim Fundamentalism. He is the author of the recently released, best selling, book THUGS. His voice is recognized by listeners to talk radio across America and to his weekly feature, A Safer World, on USA Radio Network. His face is familiar to viewers on CBS, FOX, MSNBC and to those who watch documentaries on PBS, The Learning Channel, The History Channel, Discovery and the Food Network. Following 9-11 he was the CBS-2 commentator on terror. On 9-11, 2003 he was the guest expert on ABC's The View. He is the author of What You Need To Know About: Terror (Toby Press, 2003) an accessible book that clearly and succinctly answers the questions we are afraid to ask. Halpern, a syndicated columnist, is also a well-known social and political commentator, educator, and historian. He lectures frequently, both in the United States and Israel, on issues relating to terror, foreign affairs, Israel and the Middle East, as well as wine history, and popular culture. In 1997, Micah Halpern was appointed Israel columnist for America Online and continues, until today, to write a weekly, now syndicated, column on foreign affairs, the Middle East and terror. Micah's weekly column is read by hundreds of thousands if not millions on the internet and in papers and websites around the world from the American Enterprise Institute to Israelinsider.com. His weekly radio spot is featured on 28 radio stations nationally on the USA Radio Network. An expert on terrorism, Halpern has been invited for consultations in the White House with terror analysts and has addressed conferences sponsored by the Justice Department. His expertise as a historian was called on by PBS for their 4 part series on Herod and by The History Channel for the documentary film entitled Masada in which he also appears. He has also contributed religious commentary for CNN and ABC television. His essays, published in book form, heralded the millennium and are entitled On-Line with Israel at the Millennium: Insights into Life and Religion (Urim, 2000). Halpern also conducted a weekly radio program entitled This Week in History for Jerusalem Radio. Micah was a lecturer at Yale University and a long-standing educator with Young Judaea. He has also taught at Brandeis University and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Halpern continues to lecture to student groups in the fields of political terror and world terrorism, Middle East dynamics, Jewish history, Holocaust, Zionism and philosophy and Israeli society and politics. For fun, Micah Halpern writes a column on Kosher wines. He is the only exclusively kosher wine reviewer in the Western world. A native of Annapolis, he currently divides his time between Jerusalem and New York City.
Please RSVP to 570-961-2300 x2 or firstname.lastname@example.org
august 28, 2014 ■
With Israeli expertise, San Diego going from sea to shining sink By Natalie Jacobs JNS.org In the early 1990s, San Diego was experiencing drought conditions similar to those it faces today. At that time, the Metropolitan Water District of Southern California, a water distribution center in Los Angeles, was essentially San Diego County’s only source of water. In 1991, MWD cut San Diego’s supply by 31 percent. With that, the San Diego business community started looking for other sources of water for the three million people and hundreds of acres of farmland in the region. That’s where Israel enters the picture. Starting in November 2015, a desalination plant in Carlsbad, CA, built and operated by the Israeli company IDE Technologies, will produce 50 million gallons of water per day. The plant will provide 7-10 percent of the San Diego region’s needs. Today, 90 percent of San Diego’s water is still piped in from northern California, sourced by the Colorado River and sold through MWD. Local reservoirs provide 5-10 percent of the water San Diego uses, depending on the amount of rainfall in a given year. There are also a handful of reclamation plants that treat wastewater for use in irrigating agriculture, parks and golf courses. “Ultimately,” says Robert Yamada, water resources manager for the San Diego County Water Authority, “the primary reason [for developing the Carlsbad desalination plant] is that we see desalination as a highly reliable part of the overall water supply portfolio. We’ve been planning on adding desalination, noted in our planning documents, since the early 2000s.” The Carlsbad project has been in development in some form or another since 1998. Understanding that the water situation in San Diego County was unsustainable, the privately held seawater desalination company Poseidon Water, headquartered in Boston, conducted a feasibility study for the plant in 2000. It looked at options for both a plant that would meet only the needs of the city of Carlsbad, and one that would serve the entire region. Two years of discussions followed and,
An aerial view of the desalination plant in Carlsbad, CA, which will become operational in November 2015. (Photo courtesy IDE Technologies) by 2002, agreements were made with Carlsbad and the county’s Water Authority to move forward with permitting activities, designs and construction contracts for a large regional plant. Since nothing like this had been done in the area, obtaining permits proved a challenge and the process took 10 years. Finally, in 2012, the Water Authority entered into a 30-year performance-based purchase agreement with Poseidon Water. It stated, essentially, that if Poseidon builds the plant in Carlsbad and delivers 50 million gallons of potable desalinated water per day, the Water Authority will buy it at a fixed price until 2046 (the fixed price will increase with inflation, at a rate of about 2.5 percent per year). Before embarking on the project, Yamada says, the Water Authority conducted a survey of San Diego County residents to “ascertain the public’s interest in paying more for a reliable water supply like desalination.” The result: 82 percent of respondents felt it was important to add desalination to the water supply and 58 percent supported a rate increase of $5 or more to support it. Desalination is the process of taking the salt and minerals out of ocean water. Traditionally, the technology to do this has been very expensive and energy intensive, and
consequently desalination hasn’t been widely viewed as a viable solution to the water problem in the U.S. “It’s because of the perceived value of water,” says Mark Lambert, CEO of the Americas for Israel’s IDE Technologies. “It’s taken a long time to really consider how water should be priced and valued,” he adds. “When you think about the economics of the value of water, you think of value differently.” The Water Authority’s Yamada says the desalinated water will cost about twice as much as imported water, but based on the projected price increases of imported water, that price gap is expected to close out by the mid 2020s (as the cost of the imported water is expected to rise more quickly than the cost of the desalinated water). Both IDE’s Lambert and Peter McLaggan, Poseidon vice president and lead for the Carlsbad project, underscore that the goal of the desalination plant is to lower the future cost of water and ultimately make San Diego County water independent. “It’s part of a diversified water supply portfolio where the desalination component is your one truly droughtproof component,” McLaggan says. While desalination is just getting started in the U.S., the process has proven a reliable source of water for Europe, Australia and the Middle East for years. Around the time that Poseidon started looking to southern California for its next desalination project, Israel began pumping water from the Mediterranean through its first desalination plant in Ashkelon, a seaside town just north of the Gaza Strip. IDE Technologies built and operates the plant. Commissioned in 2005, it was the world’s largest and most advanced desalination plants at the time, producing 86 million gallons of water per day. Today, IDE has completed two other projects in Israel – one in Hadera, producing 96 million gallons per day, and one in Sorek, which produces 120 million gallons per day. With those three plants in operation, Israel now gets more than 50 percent of its water from See “Sea” on page 18
2015 UJA CAMPAIGN Major Gifts Event
An Evening With News Correspondent Linda Scherzer The Media and the Middle East: Biased or Balanced?
Thursday September 18, 7PM
At the home of Bob and Laney Ufberg, 1312 N. Abington Rd., Waverly, PA LINDA SCHERZER is a former Mideast correspondent for CNN and Israel Television with extensive experience covering the Arab-Israeli conflict. During her years with CNN, Linda covered the first Palestinian uprising or "intifada," the Gulf War and the Mideast peace process. She is probably best remembered for her interview with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu through a gas mask during an Iraqi scud missile attack. Linda was the only North American ever to work as an on-air correspondent for Mabat, Israel Television’s Hebrew news program, where she covered Arab and Palestinian affairs. She traveled to Damascus twice to report on Syrian attitudes towards the peace process and produced a one-hour documentary, "Through the Eyes of Enemies: Is the Middle East Ready for Peace" which explores opinion in Jordan, Syria, Lebanon and Egypt towards Israel. Today, Linda is the director of a program called "Write On For Israel," which trains top high school students how to become defenders of Israel when they get to college. She is also a media and public relations consultant and advises the Jewish community on how to engage in constructive dialogue with the press.
For further information or to make your reservation please call 570-961-2300 x4
THE REPORTER ■ august 28, 2014
israel under the radar Amid strife of Gaza-Israel conflict, some tales to warm the heart
soldier Gilad Shalit, for whom the government traded more than 1,000 Palestinian prisoners. Eitan left Gaza when the 72-hour cease-fire began and visited Goldin’s home to pay a shiva call even before returning to see his parents, emigres from New York, in Jerusalem. One person at the meeting described it to Ynet as “chilling and emotional” as Eitan returned to Hadar’s parents some of his personal effects, including his siddur, tefillin and cellphone. Eitan told the parents about the events leading up to their son’s death and that Goldin was a valued officer. The parents thanked Eitan for the information and for putting his life in danger in the tunnel to retrieve their son. Personal thanks from soldiers Israeli children sent thousands of letters to soldiers serving in and around Gaza to raise their spirits. Late Solomon Cohen, second from right, and his daughter, Penina, last month, an army jeep stopped in front of a home at Cohen’s store in Sderot with Avichai Amusi, left, of Mercaz in central Israel looking for the family’s 9-year-old Hachesed and Yedidya Rosenberg of Leket Israel on August daughter. The concerned family asked what the solders wanted. They replied that they wanted to thank the girl 3. (Photo by Guy Yehoshua) personally for the letter she had sent. The soldiers met the girl and left with as many baked goodies from the JFS VEHICLE DONATION PROGRAM house as they could carry. My soldier watches over me Support JFS with a donation A 5-year-old boy named Gabi from Karmiel sent a letof your car, truck, RV, boat or motorcycle ter accompanied by an action figure to a soldier serving in Gaza. “I’m sending you my soldier,” said the letter, which • Fast, Free Pick-up and Towing was posted on Facebook. “He watches over me at night so I • Receive a Tax Deduction for your Donation won’t be afraid, but you have it much harder, so I am send• All Vehicles Accepted Running or Not! ing it to you so that he will watch over you guys. If you get sad, you can also play with him. Thank you for protecting Visit Us on the me and my family. When I’m older I’ll protect you.” Web at: The soldier is trying to locate Gabi to thank him Jewish Family Service www.jfsoflackawanna.org personally. of Northeastern Pennsylvania Powering up The soldiers serving in Gaza could not call home from Donate, Call Today Toll Free: 1-877-537-4227 the combat zone, but even when they could leave the area and make a call, they often found their cellphone batteries were dead with no way to recharge them. Tzohar, a religious Zionist rabbinical organization in Israel, purchased the stock of 4,000 cellphone stick chargers from the one Israeli company that provides them already fully charged and sent them to the front lines on a recent Friday. It allowed the soldiers to call home before the Sabbath and alleviate the anxiety of their families. “Being able to call home to wish a Shabbat Shalom to my mother will not only make her feel better, but renews my strength in this important mission,” Ophir, an officer in the Golani Brigade, said upon receiving a charger, according to Tzohar. “You have no idea how much this means to us.” Hear the one about ...? American comedians Ari Teman and Danny Cohen brought their talents to Israel to cheer up civilians in bomb shelters and neighborhoods in southern Israel. The comics called their week of stand-up shows Rocket Shelter Comedy. They also performed free shows in Tel Aviv, Modi’in and Jerusalem joined by Israeli comedians Benji Lovitt and Yossi Tarablus, though they requested donations for lone soldiers. Supporting the South, feeding the needy Leket Israel-The National Food Bank purchased hundreds of thousands of shekels worth of food products from vendors in southern Israel hard hit by the conflict and delivered the goods to people living in communities surrounding Gaza. While providing the needy with basic necessities, the organization was supporting businesses in the South that have been slammed financially by the barrage of rockets fired on their communities in recent weeks. Leket Israel, also the country’s largest food-rescue organization, bought the goods from vendors in Sderot, Ofakim, Ashdod, Ashkelon, Nitzan and Netivot, some of the areas hit hardest by the conflict. One was Solomon Cohen, the owner of Super Cohen, a mini-market in Sderot. “Because my shop is located on the outskirts of Sderot, where mostly young families live, we have been suffering terribly since more than 70 percent of the community left at the beginning of the war for the center and the north of the country,” he said. Cohen has lived in Sderot for 55 years, since making aliyah from Morocco, and said he could not recall a time as difficult as the past few weeks. 2015 The kindness of strangers Israelis love their soldiers, especially during conflict. Please be a part of it. During Operation Protective Edge, Israelis went above and beyond in sending food, goodies and toiletries to Federation/ the soldiers at the front – even socks and underwear. UJA Campaign 2015 The public also sent thousands of pizzas and bottles of 601 Jefferson Avenue soda. Communities, municipalities and volunteer comScranton, PA 18510 mittees delivered challahs or flowers or cakes to the
By MARCY OSTER JERUSALEM (JTA) – Perhaps with the worries about rockets flying and death tolls mounting during the Gaza operation, many lost sight of the myriad heartwarming stories from the conflict. Here are some you may have missed in recent days. Meet Lt. Eitan, hero Israelis held their collective breath recently after learning that an Israeli soldier was believed to have been taken captive through one of the tunnels leading from Gaza to Israel. Lt. Hadar Goldin was later declared dead based on several factors. One consideration included the partial remains that had been snatched from the kidnappers by a soldier identified as 2nd Lt. Eitan. At risk to his life and well aware it was against protocol, Eitan chased the kidnappers through the Gaza tunnel that his Givati Brigade company was in the process of destroying when confronted by the terrorists. His actions prevented Israel from being caught in a new hostage situation, like the one with
See “Radar” on page 17
august 28, 2014 ■
Exodus to Egypt: 100 years since the Turkish expulsion of the Jews By Rafael Medoff JNS.org This year marks the 100th anniversary of the expulsion of thousands of Jews from Turkish-ruled Palestine to Egypt, in a dramatic reversal of the historic exodus from the land of the Pharaohs to the land of Israel. But from that tragic episode in 1914 would emerge a Jewish fighting force that would help liberate the Holy Land from the Turks. Turkey entered World War I in October 1914, joining Germany in its fight against Russia, England and France. In Turkey’s eyes, all Russian citizens, including the many Russian-born Jews living in Palestine, were now enemy nationals. Fueled by wartime hysteria and Muslim religious sentiment, the Turkish authorities in the Holy Land turned against the country’s foreign-born Jews. On December 17, the Turkish governor of Jaffa, Beha A-Din, ordered the mass expulsion of the 6,000 Russian-born Jewish residents of that city. Over the course of the next three months, thousands more Russian-born Jews were expelled from Palestine or fled just ahead of the deportations. By the spring of 1915, more than 11,000 Russian Jewish exiles were living in British-occupied Egypt. Yaakov and Frieda Brodetzky were among the deportees. “My parents were newlyweds when the expulsion was ordered,” Moshe Brodetzky, 88, of Los Angeles, told JNS.org. “They spent their ‘honeymoon’ – and the next three years – in exile in Egypt.” With generous support from the Egyptian Jewish community, the exiled family built a new life for itself in the Mafruza and Gabbari refugee camps near Alexandria. “My father earned a living by becoming a teacher in a Talmud Torah that the refugees established for their children,” Brodetzky noted. Meanwhile, back in Turkish Palestine, the rest of the local Jewish community struggled to survive. Some, including two of Frieda’s brothers, went into hiding to avoid being inducted into the Turkish army, where anti-Jewish discrimination was rife. Others, such as future Israel Prime Minister Moshe Shertok (Sharett), sought to ingratiate themselves with the authorities by volunteering to serve in the armed forces. Frieda’s father devised a unique way to elude the Turkish censors and communicate with his exiled daughter. “He would write a message on the inside of a bandage, which would be wrapped around the arm of someone who was traveling from Jerusalem to Egypt,” Moshe Brodetzky explained. “My mother saved those bandages for the rest of her life. When she passed away more than a half-century later, we found some of them among her treasured possessions.” A number of Palestine’s Jews were forced into Turkish labor brigades, where they paved roads and worked in stone quarries without pay, barely subsisting on meager food rations. Zionist political parties were outlawed and newspapers were shut down. When David Ben-Gurion – who would later become Israel’s first prime minister – protested these measures, he, too, was deported to Egypt. With thousands of Palestine’s Jewish farmers trapped in Egypt, their crops back home withered on the vine. To make matters worse, wartime naval blockades prevented
At right: Jewish refugee camps in Egypt became the birthplace of a Jewish armed force that would help take back Israel from the Turks. These recruiting efforts were spearheaded by, among others, Russian Zionist leader Vladimir Ze’ev Jabotinsky (pictured). (Photo courtesy of the David S. Wyman Institute for Holocaust Studies) the importation of many foods. As a result, from 19151916, thousands of Jews in Palestine died of starvation or diseases aggravated by the lack of food. Henry Morgenthau Sr., America’s ambassador to Turkey, played a critical role in rescuing Palestine Jewry from utter devastation. He persuaded President Woodrow Wilson to let U.S. ships bring food and medicine to the Palestine Jewish community, even though that technically meant providing supplies to a country with which
the U.S. was at war. By contrast, his son, Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau Jr., was unsuccessful in his attempt, 25 years later, to convince President Franklin D. Roosevelt to permit food shipments to Jews who were starving in the Warsaw Ghetto and elsewhere in Nazi-occupied Europe. The Roosevelt administration said it could not permit shipping supplies to a country with which the U.S. was at war. In a remarkable historical twist, the Jewish refugee camps in Egypt became the birthplace of a Jewish armed force that would help take back the land of Israel from the Turks. Advocates of the creation of a modern-day Jewish army found large numbers of eager volunteers among those exiled. These recruiting efforts were spearheaded by Russian Zionist leader Vladimir Ze’ev Jabotinsky, war hero and Zionist pioneer Yosef Trumpeldor, and a Christian Zionist, the British lion-hunter Col. John Henry Patterson. The latter personally signed up the first 500 volunteers in the See “Exodus” on page 18
h a l a l n a d H , Hone d e s y He Continuing a Rosh Hashana fundraising tradition started by Roseann Smith Alperin (O.B.M.), as we begin 5775. • Proceeds benefit Youth Religious Education •
Gift Bag $20 • Mums $22
• The Gift Bag — contains a challah, container of honey, yom tov candles, an apple and candies. ——$20 delivered • Flowering Plant — A beautiful Mum in a basket. Perfect for those who cannot ac-cept gifts of foods. ——$22 delivered To order: Please make checks payable to “Temple Hesed Sisterhood”. Specify plain or raisin challah or the flowering mum. Mail to: Carol Leventhal, 125 Welsh Hill Road, Clarks Summit, PA 18411. For more information, call Carol at 570-587-2931 or email email@example.com.
We are delivering the gift bags and plants on Erev Rosh Hashanah: Wednesday, September 24. DELIVERIES WILL BE MADE TO ANY ADDRESS IN SCRANTON OR THE ABINGTONS All Orders Must Be In By September 17, 2014
Volunteers Needed! To assemble gift bags at 1 pm, Tuesday, Sept. 23 at the Leventhal residence located at 125 Welsh Hill Road in Clarks Summit. To make deliveries on Wednesday morning, September 4 Call Carol or Jeff at 570-587-2931 to volunteer.
Hesed, Hallah and Honey Order Form Order before Sept. 17 • Delivered September 24 YOUR NAME
Name___________________________________________ Address__________________________________________ ________________________________________________ Phone___________________________________________ Name___________________________________________ Address__________________________________________ ________________________________________________
Enclose check, made payable to: Temple Hesed Sisterhood Mail order to: Carol Leventhal 125 Welch Hill Road Clarks Summit PA 18411
¨ Challah______ = $20/each ____ Plain _____Raisin ¨
Phone___________________________________________ GETTING G IFTS
U.S. Ambassador to Turkey Henry Morgenthau Sr. pictured in Turkish-ruled Palestine. From 1915-1916, thousands of Jews in Palestine died of starvation or diseases aggravated by the lack of food, but Morgenthau played a critical role in rescuing Palestine Jewry from utter devastation. (Photo courtesy of the World’s Work via Wikimedia Commons)
¨ Challah______ = $20/each ____ Plain _____Raisin
Phone___________________________________________ Name___________________________________________ Address__________________________________________
¨ Challah______ = $20/each ____ Plain _____Raisin
THE REPORTER ■ august 28, 2014
On camera and off, Braff bests reality with “Wish” by MICHAEL NASSBERG A comforting message wrapped in crowd-pleasing comedy, “Scrubs” and “Garden State” star Zach Braff famously called on the public to fund his sophomore film effort, “Wish I Was Here.” The unlikely success allowed him to present on-screen the road to maturity. Despite the inevitable bumps and jams, Braff asserts, perhaps naively, that having a good heart will result in life working out more or less as it should. Ten years after the release of his directorial debut, indie gem “Garden State,” his follow-up treads much familiar territory. Both present a Jewish actor facing personal crises, both in relation to the process of losing a parent. While Andrew Largeman, Braff’s character in “Garden State,” was waking from a lifelong prescription-induced numbness, Braff’s current incarnation,Aidan Bloom, is contending with career stagnation – he hasn’t had a role since a dandruff commercial – that threatens his marriage, his children’s education and his dream of being an actor. Ominous news that his father’s cancer has returned sets in motion a series of trials for Aidan. His father, Gabe, played somberly by Mandy Patinkin, asks that Aidan try to convince his other son, Noah (Josh Gad), to break their estrangement before he dies. At the same time, with Gabe unable to pay for his grandchildren’s yeshiva tuition, Aidan sets about trying to keep his children enrolled. Grace (Joey King), the older daughter, who enjoys Orthodox Judaism and looks forward to donning her first sheitel, would be devastated to have to leave. Tucker (Pierce Gagnon), the much younger sibling, forgets his tzitzit and falls asleep in prayer practice. Meanwhile, Aidan’s non-Jewish wife, Sarah (Kate Hudson), feels pressured as the family’s sole breadwinner, especially when the office environment turns hostile. Aidan’s conundrum in “Wish I Was Here” will most likely split audiences on a central issue: is Aidan’s dream of acting vital to maintaining his own identity, or is it a vestige of youthful immaturity, unimportant compared to the needs of his family? When the yeshiva’s head rabbi scoffs at Aidan’s plea for tzedakah to keep his kids in attendance, he asks, what about my dreams, my pursuit of
would be unfair, but did Braff choose the proper way to conclude a film about accepting reality? Ironically, the fact that “Wish I Was Here” arrived in theaters at all is an example of realism turned on its head. Who would have expected that the Internet would collectively support Braff’s picture when the film studios would not? More than 46,000 people pledged more than $3 million to help ensure this project reached fruition. If Braff’s campaign were a movie plot, critics would have written it off as fantasy. There is a saying that good writing has to make sense, even if reality does not – maybe in this instance Braff has earned a little indulgence.
L-r: Zach Braff as Aiden, Mandy Patinkin as Gabe, Joey King as Grace and Pierce Gagnon as Tucker in Braff’s “Wish I Was Here.” (Photo by Merie Weismiller Wallace, SMPSP/Focus Features) happiness? “That was the Declaration of Independence,” he is told. “Thomas Jefferson believed in your happiness. God wants you to provide for your family.” Though this is a good point, Braff juxtaposes it with Sarah’s plight: a thankless, meaningless drudge of data entry and sexual harassment, good for nothing beyond a paycheck. Are people really put on Earth to endure decades of tedium so that their offspring survive long enough to secure a similar fate, or is this supposed to be a world of beauty and discovery, limited only by the imagination? Aidan, like everyone, has to find a middle ground. The best moments of “Wish I Was Here” come from Aidan’s interaction between his father and his daughter. Lacking maturity himself, he understands Grace’s insecurities. Having children of his own, he empathizes with his father’s regrets. Helping them through this difficult period provides an opportunity for him to grow, and while adulthood is an ongoing theme throughout, the picture never fully dispenses with naivete. By the end, Aidan’s efforts are rewarded in ways that are only possible in the movies. Calling it a full-blown Hollywood ending
Yiddish educational website
The website Leyenzal, http://leyenzal.org, serves as an educational resource for readers and students interested in Yiddish. The site offers biweekly downloads of material written in Yiddish – including short stories, poems and excerpts from novel – on addition to an Yiddish language lecture about the text.
Yiddish archives online
Indiana University, Bloomington, sponsors the Archives of Historical and Ethnographic Yiddish Memories. AHEYM, located at www.aheym.org, looks at Jewish life in Eastern Europe, focusing on the years before, during and after World War II. It contains almost 400 interviews with the subjects discussing religious customs and songs and offering testimony about the Holocaust. Most of the interviews were conducted in Yiddish. The stories focus not only on how people survived the World War II, but rebuilt their lives in those same places after the war.
Grandma’s purse was never full. ̶ But it was never too empty for giving. There weren’t any credit cards back then. And with grandpa making $12.50 a week, there wasn’t much cash. But somehow, there was always enough to help another Jew who had less. And when there were no organized charities to help Jews in need, she and Grandpa worked to organize them - the kind of charities the Jewish Federation helps support today; services to children and families in need; care for our poor and our elderly; and Hebrew schools and educational services and programs for our youth. Your grandparents may not be here anymore, but the need for help still is. For daycare for kids of single Jewish parents to hot meals and transportation for the elderly. Yet in spite of some very generous gifts to Federation, the average pledge is barely more than the price of a dinner out for two. So this year, when the Federation volunteer calls, please open your checkbook the way your grandmother would open her purse. She can’t do it for you.
Now it’s your turn. Mark Silverberg, Executive Director Jewish Federation of Northeastern Pennsylvania 601 Jefferson Avenue Scranton, PA 18510 570-961-2300 570-346-6147 (fax)
august 28, 2014 ■
NEWS IN bRIEF from Israel From JTA
Netanyahu: “No immunity” for those who fire at Israel
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu warned that any building from which Hamas carries out terrorist activities is a target for Israel. Netanyahu, speaking at the beginning of the weekly Cabinet meeting on the morning of Aug. 24, said the Gaza operation will continue “until its goals are achieved.” As he did earlier in August, the Israeli leader again equated Hamas to the jihadist group ISIS. He called on the residents of Gaza “to immediately evacuate any building from which Hamas is carrying out terrorist activity. Any such place is a target for us. In recent days we have proven there is no immunity for those who fire at Israel’s citizens,” Netanyahu said. “This is true in all sectors and regarding all borders.” Several hours earlier, Israel had leveled a 12-story apartment building with an airstrike that its military said housed Hamas operations. Addressing directly the Israeli citizens living in areas on the border with Gaza, Netanyahu said, “I appreciate your resilience. I appreciate your suffering and I share your pain.” He promised that the government would approve a package of assistance for southern Israeli communities for during and after the operation. Netanyahu also said, “Hamas is ISIS and ISIS is Hamas. They act in the same way. They are branches of the same poisonous tree. They are two extremist Islamic terrorist movements that abduct and murder innocents, that execute their own people, that shrink at nothing, including the willful murder of children.” The Gaza operation could extend into the start of the school year, the prime minister said.
Rockets fired from Syria, Lebanon strike northern Israel
Rockets fired from Syria and Lebanon struck northern Israel. At least five rockets fired from Syria landed in areas across the Golan Heights early Aug. 24, the Israel Defense Forces confirmed. No one was injured in the rocket attack from Syria, which occurred at about 1:30 am on Aug. 24 amid a series of Code Red rocket alerts. Late on Aug. 23, a rocket
fired from Lebanon landed on an empty house in the upper Galilee region of northern Israel; Israeli media reported that two children were injured. Israel did not return fire, but lodged a protest with the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon.
Poll: Israeli Jews, Arabs oppose intermarriage
Three-quarters of Israeli Jews and nearly two-thirds of Israeli Arabs would not marry someone from a different religion, according to a poll. Conducted by Haaretz and the Dialog company on Aug. 19-20, the poll found that opposition to interfaith relationships was highest among haredi Orthodox Jews, at 95 percent. But 88 percent of traditional and religious Jews, as well as 64 percent of secular Jews, also opposed interdating. Seventy-one percent of Muslim Israeli Arabs opposed interfaith relationships, but only half of Christian Israeli Arabs were opposed. Across religious denominations, Israeli Jews would
thousands of families who had a father or son called up for the war effort. In fact, so much stuff was sent that the Israel Defense Forces called on the public to stop, saying it “could interfere with operational alertness or the fighters’ health.” The donations were directed to the Association for the Wellbeing of Israel’s Soldiers or the Libi Fund. Some $4.6 million was donated to the association throughout the operation and $725,000 to other funds. Wounded soldiers were swamped with love, including an overwhelming number of hospital visitors who were mostly unknown to them. Soldiers in uniform throughout the country also reported being treated to cups of coffee, breakfasts and other treats, also by strangers. Looking out for the women left behind Two soldiers who were killed the week of August 3 in the Gaza operation were to be married in the coming weeks. Their fiancees stood with the soldiers’ families at the funerals and shiva. Several other slain soldiers left
be much more opposed to their relatives marrying Arabs than they would be to relatives marrying nonArab Gentiles. Only a third of secular Jewish Israelis would be opposed to a relative marrying an American or European Christian, but a majority would oppose a relative marrying an Arab. Seventy-two percent of Israeli Jews overall would be opposed to a relative marrying an Arab. Opposition to intermarriage was lowest among immigrants from the former Soviet Union. More than half would avoid having a relationship with a non-Jew, but if they were to fall in love with a non-Jew, only 35 percent would insist their spouse convert. Two-thirds of Israeli Jews see intermarriage as a serious threat to Jews worldwide and one-third see it as a serious threat to Jews in Israel. The poll questioned 505 respondents and had a 4.4 percent margin of error. On Aug. 17, a small far-right group protested in Rishon Lezion outside the wedding of an Israeli-Arab and a Jewish-born Israeli who converted to Islam.
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behind longtime girlfriends who were devastated by the deaths. These women deserve recognition and support from the Defense Ministry, lawmaker Aliza Lavie of the Yesh Atid party said recently. The Israel Defense Forces and the Defense Ministry show support and tend to the families of the fallen soldiers, and must do the same for the fiancees and girlfriends, Lavie asserted in a letter to Defense Minister Moshe Yaalon, whose cousin, Hadar Goldin, was engaged to be married. Lavie said officers should visit the women to tell them of their loved one’s death, just as they do for the immediate family, and employers should be required to provide time off to attend the shiva. Psychological assistance should be provided as needed, too. Twenty-seven of the girlfriends of fallen soldiers in the Gaza operation are soldiers themselves, Lavie noted, and should have had an official escort from their company to the funeral.
THE REPORTER ■ august 28, 2014
• Non-Feature Films •
*NEW* Everything is a Present: The Wonder and Grace of Alice Sommer Hertz - This is the uplifting true story of the gifted pianist Alice Sommer Hertz who survived the Theresienstat concentration camp by playing classical piano concerts for Nazi dignitaries. Alice Sommer Hertz lived to the age of 106. Her story is an inspiration. Follow Me: The Yoni Netanyahu Story - Yoni Netanyahu was a complex, passionate individual thrust into defending his country in a time of war and violence. The older brother of Benjamin Natanyahu, the current Israel Prime Minister, Yoni led the miraculous raid on Entebbe in 1976. Although almost all of the Entebbe hostages were saved, Yoni was the lone military fatality. Featuring three Israeli Prime Ministers and recently released audio from the Entebbe raid itself. Hava Nagila (The Movie) - A documentary romp through the history, mystery and meaning of the great Jewish standard. Featuring interviews with Harry Belafonte, Leonard Nimoy and more, the film follows the ubiquitous party song on its fascinating journey from the shtetls of Eastern Europe to the kibbutzim of Palestine to the cul-de-sacs of America. Inside Hana’s Suitcase - The delivery of a battered suitcase to Fumiko Ishioka at the Tokyo Holocaust Museum begins the true-life mystery that became the subject of Karen Levine’s best-selling book Hana’s Suitcase. The film follows Fumiko’s search to discover the details of Hana’s life, which leads to the discovery of her brother George in Toronto. *NEW* Israel: The Royal Tour - Travel editor Peter Greenberg (CBS News) takes us on magnificent tour of the Jewish homeland, Israel. The tour guide is none other than Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. The viewer gets a chance to visit the land of Israel from his own home! Jews and Baseball: An American Love Story (narrated by Dustin Hoffman) - This documentary portrays the contributions of Jewish major leaguers and the special meaning that baseball has had in the lives of American Jews. More than a film about sports, this is a story of immigration, assimilation, bigotry, heroism, the passing on of traditions, the shattering of stereotypes and, most of all, the greatest American pastime. *NEW* Nicky’s Family - An enthralling documentary that artfully tells the story of how Sir Nicholas Winton, now 104, a British stockbroker, gave up a 1938 skiing holiday to answer a friend’s request for help in Prague and didn’t stop helping until the war’s beginning stopped him. He had saved the lives of 669 children in his own personal Kindertransport. *NEW*Shanghai Ghetto - One of the most amazing and captivating survival tales of WWII, this documentary recalls the strange-but-true story of thousands of European Jews who were shut out of country after country while trying to escape Nazi persecution. Left without options or entrance visa, a beacon of hope materialized for them on the other side of the world, and in the unlikeliest of places, Japanese-controlled Shanghai. The Case for Israel - Democracy’s Outpost - This documentary presents a vigorous case for Israel- for its basic right to exist, to protect its citizens from terrorism, and to defend its borders from hostile enemies. *NEW* The Jewish Cardinal - This is the amazing true story of Jean-Marie Lustiger, the son of PolishJewish immigrants, who maintained his cultural identity as a Jew even after converting to Catholicism at a young age, and later joining the priesthood. The Life and Times of Hank Greenberg - As baseball’s first Jewish star, Hammerin’ Hank Greenberg’s career contains all the makings of a true American success story. Unmasked: Judaophobia - The Threat to Civilization – This documentary exposes the current political assault against the State of Israel fundamentally as a war against the Jewish people and their right to self-determination.
• Feature Films •
Fill the Void - This is the story of an eighteen-year-old, Shira, who is the youngest daughter of her family. Her dreams are about to come true as she is set to be married. Unexpectedly, her sister dies while giving birth to her first child. The drama of the story reaches its peak when the girls’ mother proposes a match between Shira and the young widower. Shira will have to choose between her heart’s wish and her family duty. Footnote - The winner of the Cannes Film Festival (Best Screenplay) is the tale of a great rivalry between a father and son, two eccentric professors, who have both dedicated their lives to work in Talmudic Studies. Each has a need for recognition in his chosen field and the day comes when father and son must look deeply inside themselves for the truth- advancement of his own career or of the others. Hidden in Silence - Przemysl, Poland, WWII. Germany emerges victorious over the Russians and the city comes under Nazi control. The Jews are sent to the ghettos. While some stand silent, Catholic teenager, Stefania Podgorska, chose the role of a savior and sneaks 13 Jews into her attic. Noodle (compatible only on PAL – DVD players - Hebrew with English subtitles) This film was a beloved entry in the Jewish Federation of NEPA’s Jewish Film Festival. It tells the heartwarming story of an Israeli stewardess, Miri, whose personal life as a war widow leaves her without much joy. Everything changes for Miri when her Oriental housemaid disappears one day leaving her with her young Oriental child! The Boy in the Striped Pajamas - Based on the best- selling novel, this movie is unforgettable. Set during WWII, the movie introduces us to Bruno, an innocent eight-year-old, ignores his mother and sets of on an adventure in the woods. Soon he meets a young boy and a surprising friendship develops. *NEW* The Concert - Andrei Filipov was prodigy- at 20 he was the celebrated conductior for Russia’s renowned Bolshoi Orchestra. Thirty years later, still at the Bolshoi, he works as a janitor. Ousted during the communist era when he refused to fire the Jewish members of the orchestra, a broken Andrei now cleans the auditorium where he once performed in front of thousands. The Debt - In 1966, three Mossad agents were assigned to track down a feared Nazi war criminal hiding in East Berlin, a mission accomplished at great risk and personal cost- or was it? The Other Son - As he is preparing to join the Israeli army for his national service, Joseph discovers he is not his parents’ biological son and that he was inadvertently switched at birth with Yacine, the son of a Palestinian family from the West Bank. This revelation turns the lives of these two families upsidedown, forcing them to reassess their respective identities, their values and beliefs. *Just added to the Jewish Federation’s Film Lending Library!
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Gabbari camp. “Even many years later, my father still vividly recalled, and told me about, the stirring speeches that Jabotinsky gave, to inspire the refugees to sign up,” Brodetzky recalled. The British agreed to create a relatively small unit known as the Zion Mule Corps, then expanded it into the Jewish Legion, consisting of five full battalions. It was the first Jewish army in nearly 2,000 years. The legion played an important role in the battles that brought about the liberation of Palestine from the Turks in 1918. Jabotinsky served as a lieutenant in the Jewish Legion. Other legionnaires included David Ben-Gurion, future Prime Minister Levi Eshkol, Zionist leader Berl Katznelson and future Jerusalem Mayor Gershon Agron. Jewish Legion members took part in the defense of Jerusalem against Arab rioters in 1920. After the British disbanded the legion, some of its veterans joined up with the Jewish underground militias that ultimately fought for the creation of Israel. The Brodetzky family, for its part, in the 1920s lived in Michigan City (Indiana), Chicago and Brooklyn, where young Moshe became active in Hashomer Hadati, the youth wing of the Mizrachi movement (today known as the Religious Zionists of America). The family returned to British Palestine in 1934 and Moshe later served with the Irgun Zvai Leumi, headed by Menachem Begin, in Israel’s 1948 War of Independence. It was historical irony, twice over: the first generation of Jews exiled to Egypt had helped bring about the liberation of Palestine from the Turks, and the second generation played its own part in freeing the land of Israel from the British three decades later. Dr. Rafael Medoff is director of the David S. Wyman Institute for Holocaust Studies (www.WymanInstitute. org).
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the Mediterranean, whereas 12 years ago no water was sourced from there. “This is quite a change that has strengthened the country tremendously,” says McLaggan, who visited the Israeli plants during the design phase of the Carlsbad project. “They are no longer relying on their neighbors, they are self-sufficient at least for half of their water.” Both water executives, however, caution that desalination alone isn’t a magic bullet for water independence. “It’s a mixed part of the whole bag,” IDE’s Lambert says. “But the goal is for independence from imported water. And the ocean is the largest reservoir on the planet.” Poseidon hired IDE to build the Carlsbad plant with similar specs to the ones IDE completed in Israel, because of the Carlsbad plant’s high-production needs. “In Carlsbad,” McLaggan explains, “we’re the fourth generation of that series [of IDE’s desalination plants in Israel] so we feel very confident that with IDE’s expertise we’re building a plant using proven technology at a new location. And we get the benefits of the innovation and lessons learned over [IDE’s] many years of doing this sort of thing.” In addition to the three plants in Israel, IDE has completed 400 desalination projects throughout the world since opening up shop in the mid-1960s. Poseidon has built another desalination plant in Tampa Bay, FL, which produces 25 million gallons per day. The company is also in talks with Texas water authorities to get a plant going there. But for now, once the Carlsbad project is up and running, it will be the largest desalination plant in the Western Hemisphere. “We’re only going to satisfy seven percent of the regional demand,” McLaggan says. “It’s not [actually big]. In terms of the local needs, it sounds like a small number. But in terms of the scale at which this has been done elsewhere in the U.S., it is considerably larger.” As the developer, Poseidon bears the cost of the construction, financed through private equity investment and private activity bonds. That cost, $922 million plus interest, will be recouped as the Water Authority buys water through the lifespan of the contract. Aside from the annual water purchases, the Water Authority is responsible for coming up with $80 million to create a 10-mile pipeline from the plant to the existing piping system. Most of the pipes that have been pumping the water from northern California out to San Diego faucets were built in the 1960s and ‘70s. The youngest pipe was laid in 1985. The desalinated water from Carlsbad will be injected into those existing pathways through the new pipe. “If you can imagine,” McLaggan explains, “there are two rivers underneath San Diego County that nobody ever sees. There’s about 700 million gallons of water piped into the county every day, just to meet the needs of the three million residents here.” A similar version of the story was originally published by the San Diego Jewish Journal.
august 28, 2014 ■
NEWS IN bRIEF From JTA
Iran says it shot down Israeli drone near Natanz nuclear facility
Iran claimed that it shot down an Israeli drone near its Natanz uranium enrichment facility. The drone was targeted by a ground-to-air missile before it entered the Natanz site, Iran’s state news agency ISNA reported on Aug. 24. Natanz, Iran’s main uranium enrichment site with more than 10,000 centrifuges, is located southeast of Tehran. “This act demonstrates a new adventurism by the Zionist regime,” Iran’s Revolutionary Guard said in a statement on its official website, the AFP news agency reported. “The Revolutionary Guard and the other armed forces reserve the right to respond to this act.” Israel has not commented on the statement. Iran and the major powers, led by the United States, agreed in July to extend the talks on Iran’s nuclear program for another four months, citing progress in a number of areas. Iran has said it does not want to reduce its number of its centrifuges, and the world powers will not accept Iran maintaining its current capacity for uranium enrichment. An interim deal that facilitated the talks in January rolled back some sanctions placed on Iran in exchange for reducing some of its nuclear capability.
that brings peace to the region.” Several Hollywood figures have offered statements on Twitter and Facebook in support of Gaza and the Palestinians.
Pro-Israel groups condemn attack on Temple student
A dozen pro-Israel groups issued a joint statement deploring the attack on a Jewish student at Temple University and asking for the monitoring of a pro-Palestinian campus organization. In their statement released on Aug. 22, the groups urged universities to monitor Students for Justice in Palestine and other like-minded groups. Among the 12 organizations that signed on to the statement were StandWithUs, the Zionist Organization of America and the Committee for Accuracy in Middle East Reporting, or CAMERA. The groups condemned the incident at the Philadelphia university in which Daniel Vessal, a fellow with CAMERA, was struck in the face on Aug. 20 by someone at an SJP informational booth. Students at the booth, set up at a campus fair, also allegedly shouted antisemitic slurs at Vessal. Students for Justice in Palestine, the groups said, “has a proven track record of intimidation, harassment and incitement merging into antisemitism against Israel and its supporters on campus.” The statement also called on Temple to condemn the attack; the university had issued such a statement the previous day. SJP issued a statement condemning the attack while denying the assailant was a member of the organization or that any antisemitic slurs were used.
Mashal vow: With more precise weapons, Hamas will aim only at military targets Vandals target Jewish school in Denmark Hamas political leader Khaled Mashal vowed that Hamas would aim only at Israeli military targets if it can get more sophisticated weapons. Mashal in an hour-long interview on Aug. 22 with Yahoo News in Doha, Qatar, also said his group is nothing like ISIS and admitted that Hamas members killed three kidnapped Israeli teens in June. He said Hamas rejects the killing of civilians and journalists, unlike ISIS, an Islamist group that distributed a video of the beheading of an American journalist in recent days. Asking the interviewer, “The question is, who is killing the civilians?” Mashal asserted that Israel has killed 15 journalists during attacks on Gaza. “We do not target civilians, and we try most of the time to aim at military targets and Israeli bases,” he said, adding that Hamas’ “problem” is that it does not have the sophisticated military equipment that Israel has, “so aiming is difficult. We promise that if we get more precise weapons, we will only target military targets,” Mashal said. The interview occurred after a 4-year-old Israeli boy living near the Gaza border was killed in a mortar attack outside his home. The four-minute segment presented on Yahoo did not mention the attack. Mashal called the comparison between Hamas and ISIS, which has been made repeatedly by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, a “lie” designed to “trick” the American public. “We are not a religious, violent group,” Mashal said. “We are fighting against aggression in our land.” Mashal acknowledged during the interview that Hamas members kidnapped and murdered the three Israeli teens, though he said the Hamas organization did not know about the kidnapping in advance. He called the murders a legitimate form of protest against Israel. “We understand people are frustrated under the occupation and the oppression, and they take all kinds of action,” he said. The interview took place after two days of talks in the Qatari capital between Mashal and Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas.
Time magazine takes back charge that IDF harvests Palestinian organs
Time magazine retracted allegations that Israeli soldiers harvested and sold Palestinian organs. On Aug. 24, the magazine deleted the allegations from a two-minute video on its website about the Israel Defense Forces and added a correction, writing at the end, “Correction: The original version of this video cited a contested allegation in a 2009 Swedish newspaper report as fact. The allegation has been removed from the video.” The video, titled “The IDF: A look inside Israel’s powerful military,” said the “IDF is not without controversy,” reporting that “in 2009 a Swedish report came out exposing some Israeli troops of selling organs of Palestinians who died in their custody.” According to the watchdog website Honest Reporting, “The reference is to a completely made up tabloid-style article in an obscure Swedish paper that even the author admitted was not based on any evidence.” The allegation appeared in the Swedish newspaper Aftonbladet. Of the allegation, the author of the piece said, “But whether it’s true or not – I have no idea, I have no clue,” according to Honest Reporting.
A Jewish school in Denmark’s capital city had its windows broken and antisemitic graffiti spray-painted on the building. “No peace in Gaza” and “No peace to you Zionist pigs” were scrawled the week of Aug. 22 on the walls of the historic Caroline school in Copenhagen, the French news agency AFP reported. Headmaster Jan Hansen told the news agency that some parents kept their children home from school on Aug. 22. He also said that some of the students who “were sad and a bit afraid we had to send home.” The incident comes a few weeks after Hansen, citing security concerns, asked students to refrain from wearing religious symbols near school grounds. The Caroline school was founded in 1805 and bills itself as the world’s oldest still functioning school. Europe has seen a rise of anti-Jewish sentiment and incidents since the start of the latest Israel-Gaza conflict. The week of Aug. 22, hundreds of demonstrators – many wearing traditional Jewish head coverings and other religious symbols – took to the streets in a heavily Muslim neighborhood of Copenhagen to protest antisemitism. Organizers called the demonstration the “yarmulke protest.”
Colleges truncate Israel, West Bank programs due to conflict
Several colleges have pulled students early from summer study abroad programs in Israel and the West Bank due to the conflict between Israel and Hamas. Other programs have continued because their students live in Jerusalem and the Palestinian city of Ramallah, which are far from the fighting in Gaza and southern Israel, according to the Associated Press. But at least seven schools have ended their programs based on State Department travel advisories cautioning against travel to Israel, along with warnings from insurance companies. Claremont McKenna College, the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, the University of Iowa, Trinity College, Michigan State, George Mason University and Penn State have all ended programs early, AP reported. New York University and UMass Amherst also canceled their fall study abroad programs here. “On the one hand, we want to introduce students to the dimensions of conflict,” said Yehuda Lukacs, director of the Center for Global Education at George Mason, according to AP. “But this was too much because their safety and security were challenged.”
Turkish Jewish couple found murdered
A Turkish Jewish couple were found murdered in their Istanbul home. Police discovered the bodies of husband and wife, Jak Karako, 77, and Georgia Karako, 69, inside their apartment on Aug. 22. They had been stabbed multiple times. The Karakos were the former owners of Oren Bayan, a leading textile company in Turkey. According to media reports, the police are searching for the couple’s caretaker, whom they suspect of committing the crime. Police entered the apartment after relatives were unable to contact the couple, the Daily Sabah newspaper reported.
Earthquake damages Napa Valley Chabad Center
The Napa Valley Chabad Jewish Center suffered damage in a 6.1 magnitude earthquake. The quake hit early Aug. 24 and Napa was declared a disaster area by California Gov. Jerry Brown. Rabbi Elchonon Tenenbaum, who has directed the Chabad House since 2006, told the Chabad.org website that he found broken glass and furniture strewn everywhere, as did most of his neighbors. Tenenbaum said he waited outside with his neighbors until the light of day before entering the center, which also is his home, to view the damage. “I went to check up on people in the area and found that they were in a similar situation,” Tenenbaum told Chabad.org. “Their houses are standing but everything inside has been ruined. Thank God, this happened in the middle of the night when we were in our beds, and not in other parts of our homes where heavy bookcases fell over.” Many homes in the area, including Chabad, remain without power.
Stallone, Rogen among Hollywood elite to slam Hamas
Nearly 200 Hollywood elite, including Sylvester Stallone and Seth Rogen, signed a statement condemning Hamas as its conflict with Israel continues. Actors, directors and studio heads signed the statement by members of the Creative Community for Peace and posted on its website on Aug. 23. The signers also included Aaron Sorkin, Roseanne Barr, Sherry Lansing and Kathy Ireland. “Hamas cannot be allowed to rain rockets on Israeli cities, nor can it be allowed to hold its own people hostage,” the statement reads. “Hospitals are for healing, not for hiding weapons. Schools are for learning, not for launching missiles. Children are our hope, not our human shields.” The statement will appear as an ad in Hollywood publications including Billboard, The Hollywood Reporter and Variety. The statement also said that the signatories “are saddened by the devastating loss of life endured by Israelis and Palestinians in Gaza. We are pained by the suffering on both sides of the conflict and hope for a solution
THE REPORTER ■ august 28, 2014
2015 UJA COMMUNITY
opening Thursday, September 11 at 7pm Scranton JCC 601 Jefferson Ave., Scranton, PA 18510 Featuring a screening of the 2014 PBS special
Israel: The Royal Tour
This nonstop, groundbreaking adventure takes you on a historic journey throughout Israel, at the intersection of the world’s three great religions. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Peter Greenberg explore Israel as you’ve never seen it before- through the eyes of its leader. They visit the stunning grottoes of Rosh Hanikra and share the epic story of Masada. They travel the Sea of Galilee and raft he Jordan River. They discover hidden gems beneath the Old City of Jerusalem, experience the natural wonders of the Dead Sea and play a fast-paced match with a joint Israeli-Arab soccer team. Netanyahu and Greenberg also venture into locations not in guidebooks that hold special meaning to the Prime Minister and yet they are entirely accessible to any traveler. Also, Greenberg sits down with the Prime Minister for a candid and unrehearsed discussion about the ever-changing state of affairs in the Middle East. Light Refreshments will be served. For further information, please call 570-961-2300 x2 or email firstname.lastname@example.org
All are welcome to help kick off the new season of programming and community involvement sponsored by The Jewish Federation of Northeastern Pennsylvania Mark Silverberg, executive director • Michael Greenstein, president • Mark and Joan Davis, 2015 Campaign Chairs
August 28 2014 edition of The Reporter