THE JEWISH HOME
NOVEMBER 6, 2014
december 9 – december 18
See Our Homeland Like You’ve Never Seen it Before • Learn why Judea and Samaria are called our “Biblical Heartland”
HigHligHts include: • 5-Star Hotel Accommodations • Join in VIP Briefings with Military, Political and Security Experts • Taste award-winning wines, organic cheeses, freshly pressed olive oil and delectable cuisine • Take a Historical Jeep Tour
• Shabbat in Jerusalem • Walk in the footsteps of the Maccabees and experience Chanukah like never before • Enjoy spectacular views in the Golan Heights and enjoy dinner at the world famous Decks on the Kinneret ...and so much more! cost: $2,349pp For double occupancy. airFare not included.
Early Bird Special
$2,199 with Full payment by november 7, 2014
For more inFormation or to make a reservation, call: 516-239-9202 x 10 or visit
THE JEWISH HOME NOVEMBER 6, 2014
THE JEWISH HOME
NOVEMBER 6, 2014
Community Happenings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
JEWISH THOUGHT It’s All About Being Relevant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Rabbi Berel Wein. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Parshas Noach. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 BOOK REVIEW - Circle, Arrow, Spiral: Exploring Gender in Judaism. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
COVER STORY Kever Rachel Through the Ages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 The Fall of the Wall: 25 Years since the Crumbling of the Berlin Wall. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
HUMOR & ENTERTAINMENT Quotes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
LIFESTYLES Travel Guide: Ottawa, Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Dr. Deb: When Parents Deal with Hard Subjects. 40 When Is It Worth Buying Organic Produce?. . . . . . 41 JWI Cookbook – A Sampling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
EDUCATION Real Estate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Illegal Deduction in the Backfield. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
NEWS Global News. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 National News. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 That’s Odd. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
ISRAEL Israel News . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Dear Readers, I was reminded this week that voting is our privilege. It used to be highly coveted. Now, it tends to weigh us down with a general apathy. Most electoral voters of my age, don’t think twice before passing on the opportunity to have their voice heard. This is a far cry from the years when my uncle would take his young children to the Iowa Caucus so they could be inspired by democracy in action. I’m told that after an election the candidates, both current and future, look at the list of who voted. While they can’t see who the person voted for they can see how many people with a Jewish sounding surname voted and they can design future campaigns accordingly. The Jewish community in Los Angeles deserves a stronger voice and it would definitely help if a majority of us took the time to place our vote! Sounds like crying over spilled milk because this election has passed, but there’s always the next election, including state and local ones which are equally important. More than this, a community which is politically active can expect and create public opinion when they need something in return. In a roundabout way this connects to the prevalent attitude that “LA is different than the East Coast”, “LA is a small community”. It’s as if our community is unimportant and insignificant but there are approximately 660,000 Jews in LA. As the Los Angeles population continues to grow we must view ourselves as an important element of our communities. We have a moral obligation to have our voice heard in our business networking and community alliances. Turning to this week’s Parshah our forefather Avrohom was tested to see if his morality was absolute and derived from the will of our creator, not just something that felt right. He passed the test and established for all future generations that G-d does not want human sacrifices. There are some who might be uncomfortable with Avrohom Avinu’s willingness to sacrifice his son. To think
like this is to miss the point. It was precisely this test that established murder as entirely wrong, no matter what. In order to reach that level of awareness, Avrohom had to subjugate his sense of morality and ethics to the creator. He changed his behavior from, “I feel it’s right,” to “I know it’s right!” It’s our believing Bubbies and Zaydes who lived the real moral life by knowing intrinsically that, “what’s wrong is wrong, period.” No amount of moralizing or spinning would get them see a value system presented otherwise. On a different note. Sometimes we jump to conclusions or subconsciously decide against the value of something until an experience shows us otherwise. When my family moved to Los Angeles we didn’t understand the importance of the Hatzolah organization, being that they can’t transport patients to the hospital. On a recent Erev Shabbos however we had a sample experience which gave a taste of the many benefits in having one; our son fell down and wouldn’t stand on his foot. We figured we’d have to take him to the emergency room. First, however, we thought to double check with Hatzolah and we called (their number is on the bottom of this page). They arrived within 45 seconds, performed a couple of tests and determined that we didn’t need a hospital visit. They are truly the fastest first responders who care for us and can give professional advice and opinion on how to treat an injury or sickness. Our community is very lucky to have them. We are coming from Rachel Imeinu’s Yahrtzeit. We can be sure she is still davening on behalf of her children and beseeching our father in heaven to continue watching over us ‘till the day He fulfills the promise made to her so many years ago, “Refrain thy voice from weeping, and thine eyes from tears; for thy work shall be rewarded… and the children shall return to their borders.” May we have a restful and enjoyable Shabbos,
T H E P R E M I E R J E W I S H N E W S PA P E R H I G H L I G H T I N G L A’ S O R T H O D OX C O M M U N I T Y The Jewish Home is an independent bi-weekly newspaper. Opinions expressed by writers are not necessarily the opinions of the publisher or editor. The Jewish Home is not responsible for typographical errors, or for the kashrus of any product or business advertised within. The Jewish Home contains words of Torah. Please treat accordingly. FOR HOME DELIVERY, OR TO HAVE THE LATEST ISSUE EMAILED TO YOU FREE OF CHARGE, SEND A MESSAGE TO EDITOR@JEWISHHOMELA.COM
hands-on approach to learning the Parsha is just one example of the way Yeshiva Ketana of Los Angeles focuses on teaching Torah, Mitzvos and Maasim Tovim in a memorable and enjoyable way. Now in its third year, the school has enrolled 60 students, under the leadership of Rabbi Aharon Rubenstein and Rabbi Aryeh Davidowitz. There are currently four grades, ranging from nursery to first grade, all located at the Yeshiva’s two Burbank Blvd locations, in Valley Village.
NOVEMBER 6, 2014
On Thursday, October 23rd, the students of Yeshiva Ketana of Los Angeles experienced a real taste of Parshas Noach when they took a school trip to the Los Angeles Zoo. In previous years, they have visited the Noah’s Ark Exhibit at the Skirball Museum and hosted a petting zoo. This year they tried something new by visiting the Griffith Park zoo, and it was a huge success! While the first graders had a private tour, the preschoolers roamed the zoo with their teachers, seeing and learning about the animals first-hand and even petting a few. The
Midreshet Torat Chessed A Unique and Transformative Seminary Experience in Israel By Rabbi Goldin
“Live what you learn”. This motto powers the unique program offered by Midreshet Torat Chessed, a seminary for post high school girls located on the campus of Bet Elazraki, a world renown Emunah Children’s Home. The partnership forged between the seminary and Bet Elazraki allows MTC to offer its students a unique combination of serious Torah study, and truly meaningful chessed opportunities. Mornings at MTC are spent in a wide range of classes with expert educators. Through these classes, each student gains a better understanding of herself and her Judaism. The students explore their Jewish roots, connect to their people’s history, and discover their place in the story of our people. Afternoons are dedicated to the children at the Bet Elezraki children’s home. Each student is assigned to a small group of children, with whom she works throughout the year. Under the weekly guidance and tutelage of trained social workers, they greet their kids every day after school, help them with their homework and share life’s ups and downs. These girls develop a deep connection with the BE children, and become an integral part of their lives. They learn the power of giving, and that giving is really receiving. Rounding out the program is the opportunity to experience the land of Israel as never before. Through fun and exciting tiyulim, they learn to connect with the land of their forefathers in a deep and meaningful way. These trips help their learning come alive, and foster a deep appreciation of their nations past, present, and future. Numerous shabbatonim in communities across the country introduce the students to Jews of all stripes and types, giving them a keen understanding
firstname.lastname@example.org or 1-856393-4749. Rabbi Goldin will be visiting high schools in the LA area Nov 9th & 10th, and is available to meet with inter-
of the beautiful tapestry of Israeli society. In addition, each student’s bond to Eretz Yisrael is further strengthened as she works hand-in-hand with bnot sheirut – Israeli girls her own age who are spending their year in national service, as counselors to the BE children. The MTC experience is a powerful one. The students learn to recognize their own singular talents and strengths within the context of Jewish life and the Jewish land, and also learn, in the most concrete way, the power of their ability to give. These two lessons which are experienced daily will complement and mutually enhance each other in a beautiful way, creating an experience that will last a lifetime. Sabrina Cohen, a Los Angeles resident and YULA Girls graduate, summed up her MTC experience very poignantly: “I have never really known the true definition of selflessness until I came to MTC and met my peers and the staff here. For the first time, I feel a part of truly bigger picture - and all I want to do is keep helping and giving to these children!” For more information about this program, please check our website at toratchessed.com, or contact us at mid-
THE JEWISH HOME
Yeshiva Ketana celebrates Parshas Noach at the LA Zoo
ested parents. He can be reached by email at email@example.com.
THE JEWISH HOME
NOVEMBER 6, 2014
Colonel Richard Kemp comes to Los Angeles by Alisa Roberts
Beth Jacob opened its Modern Minds on Jewish Matters series by welcoming Colonel Richard Kemp this past Wednesday. Colonel Kemp, a decorated commander from the British armed forces, is an expert in military ethics, laws of warfare, and military history. He gave an engaging talk on this summer’s conflict in Gaza and his expert opinion on the ethics of the IDF. He also explained his long relationship and respect for the IDF. “When I was working in Downing Street for the Prime Minister’s office ... I was told suddenly, ‘You’re going to command British forces in Afghanistan.’ I was given about two weeks’ notice that I was going to go over there for 6 months. And what immediately struck me, was this was the first time in my military career that I was going to be commanding troops who would be facing the threat of suicide bomb attack. I had been out of the army system for a while, working in Downing Street, which is not within the military. I spoke to the British training organization, and I said, ‘What can we do? How can we train soldiers to cope with the threat of suicide bombers?’ And the answer was, ‘You don’t. It’s too difficult. It’s very complicated. You can’t tell them what to do, you just send them out and tell them they have to do whatever they think.’ I knew this was ridiculous. So I spoke to one of my contacts who was the head of the Mossad station in London. I said to him, ‘Could you get the defense attaché from the Israeli embassy to come and tell me what the Israelis do about suicide attacks?’ And he said, ‘No, I’ll do better than that.’ And he sent to Israel for a Brigadier General who was considered to be the number one expert in Israel in countering suicide attacks. He brought him to London two days later, flew him in. He and I sat in a hotel lobby in West London. He spoke for four hours, I wrote for four hours. And from that discussion I produced the policy that’s used by the British Army up to this day in countering suicide bomb attacks. That saved the lives of many British soldiers. That was a very significant thing for me. Mossad didn’t need to help me like that; I’d have settled for the defense attaché.” Colonel Kemp began the evening’s topic by discussing rocket attacks. “People often ask me, ‘What would Britain do if it had rockets fired on it from…another country?’ I can tell you what they did do. In 1943, Winston Churchill received intelligence that the Nazis were preparing rocket attacks on Britain. The intelligence told him where the factory was where they were being manufactured, and it was a town called Peenemünde in North Germany. Did he say, “Oh, we’ve got to
wait and see if many get killed, we’ll see what the United Nations say…?” No. He immediately sent to Peenemünde, in one night, 600 bombers. And they destroyed the factory. During the destruction of the factory, they killed 723 innocent civilians nearby. Completely by mistake, but it was not a major issue, because Churchill knew that those rockets, when they were made, would threaten his civilian population. And he had to balance, as he did, the risk of killing civilians with protecting his own and, of course, the priority was clear.” Of course, Hitler did manage to build those rockets and fire them on Britain, leading to another interesting comparison: “The average number of rockets fired at the Israeli civilian population during the last Gaza conflict was 130 per day. The Nazis only managed 100 per day… So the rate of fire was even less by the Third Reich than it was by Hamas, that poor little downtrodden terrorist group.” Colonel Kemp spoke about a funeral he attended for one of the 66 Israeli soldiers who died in the conflict. “I don’t think we should forget the significance of a soldier laying down his life for his country. … The contribution that you make, or I make, to our society is nothing compared to the contribution made by a man who lays down his life for his country. He gives everything. That’s his contribution – everything he ever had, everything he ever hoped for, everything he ever dreamed of, everything he ever could be. He’s given it all away for his country.” He also reminded the audience of the personal loss; Israelis injured, Israeli civilians killed, as well as Palestinians killed. “But all those people who were killed, they were killed as a result of Hamas’ aggression. We mustn’t forget that either.” Colonel Kemp explained the morals and ethics of the Israeli war machine. He explained that he was in Israel for the duration of the conflict, and had access to all levels of the Israeli military. “The Security Cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Netanyahu, met every day. The first item on the agenda of every Security Cabinet meeting was Palestinian civilian casualties. Number one item.” Then he told a story of a young IDF pilot who had aborted the mission he was flying 17 times before cancelling it, because he could never get a shot clear of civilians. “And I said to him, ‘Wasn’t that very, very frustrating for you?’ And he said, ‘It is the best thing about the Israeli Air Force, that we will not attack a target knowing that there are civilian there. I’m a religious Jew. I’ve got a family. I’ve got children. How could I live with myself if I had knowingly and deliberately killed women and children? How would I serve as an example to my own children if I had done that?’ I spoke to
many soldiers, pilots, and members of the navy who shared that attitude.” In addition to the regular precautions to clear targets of civilians, including leaflets and ‘knock on the roof’ bombs, Colonel Kemp explained other precautions taken by the IDF, including the use of intelligence from inside Gaza, required approval of an attack by the commander of the IDF, or one of his two deputies, surveillance of the target, and the practice of having a secondary target so that even after a missile is launched the pilot can divert it if he suspects civilian presence at the original target. “The combination of all those things is quite remarkable.”
Surprisingly, he listed Israel’s own defense systems as part of these same precautions, because “If Israeli civilians were being killed by the dozen, as they would have been without Iron Dome, Israel would be far more ferocious, far less discriminating about its attacks. It would have to be more proactive. So Iron Dome not only protects Israeli civilians, it also protects Palestinian civilians.” Dismissing the 80% civilian casualty rate announced by Hamas, he numbered the civilian deaths at approximately 50% of those killed, which is far below average for civilian casualty rates in similar conflicts. “This is a very low rate. It’s a horrible number, but it’s a low rate.” Added to this is the fact that Hamas does everything it can to try to get Israel to kill Gazan civilians, as propaganda is their only effective weapon. “When you consider that the enemy’s aim is to lure Israeli’s to kill innocent civilians – the numbers are phenomenal.” His opinion on the close of the conflict was that continuing to destroy Hamas in Gaza would have meant thousands more
Israeli deaths and exponentially more Palestinian civilian deaths. In the end, it would have created a power vacuum that would have necessitated more Israeli resources than were practical. What were his conclusions about the IDF? That they were strikingly moral. While soldiers in other countries often join the armed forces out of an eagerness to fight, it’s entirely different in Israel. “You don’t join because you want to fight. You join the IDF because you have to protect and defend your country. You might want to, you might not want to. But you do it anyway. The second factor, I think, is Judaism. I know that the majority of Israeli people are not religious. But in Israel, Judaism permeates so much, and in a way it underpins most people one way or another. So I think that’s the second reason why Israeli soldiers have a greater degree of humanity, and a greater concern for saving the lives of civilians while killing their enemy, than other soldiers do.”
agency for teens, with the goal of helping troubled adolescents lead productive and meaningful lives. Soon, it was transformed into a mentoring program for at-risk teens and their parents. It has been immensely successful, and many of its former clients credit their current Torah observance and stable family life to Project Y.E.S. Through his work with troubled teens Rabbi Horowitz became aware of the heartbreaking fact that a significant percentage of at-risk adolescents were abused as children, often by adults they had known and trusted. Rabbi Horowitz became an advocate for victims of abuse, supporting victims and educating the Jewish community about the effects of childhood molestation. “Sometimes it takes ten minutes to ruin a child’s life,” says Rabbi Horowitz emotionally, “and it sometimes takes ten or twenty years to [rebuild] it.” Rabbi Horowitz is passionate about preventing abuse. He continues to disseminate information about abuse prevention through his website. In collaboration with Artscroll, Project Y.E.S. published a book entitled Let’s Stay Safe, which teaches young children about personal safety. Rabbi Horowitz speaks on the subject of abuse prevention to communities throughout the world, and he touched on this subject here in Los Angeles. The main topic of Rabbi Horowitz’ talk in Los Angeles, however, was “Raising Spiritual and Respectful Children”. He asked the audience to consider the barriers that stop our children from seeking our guidance. As the listeners suggested the possibilities – they are afraid of rejection or of disappointing the parents, they know what the parents will say, they think the parents won’t get it – Rabbi Horowitz encouraged us to remove each of the barriers
so that our children would feel comfortable
confiding in us, even if we might not like what they have to say. He said that parenting is about supervising children through their mistakes, and while sometimes it is necessary to assert our authority, it is important to develop the “third category”. This is when we say neither yes, nor no.
There are things that parents are not happy to hear but are willing to allow because the child is talking to them about what they are interested in, or how they are spending their time, rather than doing something behind their back. Rabbi Horowitz encouraged parents to involve their children in the process of rulemaking. The parents can list their concerns while the child can come up with rules that address those concerns and which they can agree to. Rabbi Horowitz spoke about the direct correlation of the quality of children’s home lives with their spirituality. He said that as parents we are marketing Torah values to our children. A relaxed and enjoyable Shabbos table creates a positive attitude towards Yiddishkeit. Parents need to have realistic and age appropriate expectations, and allow children to leave the Shabbos table or read a book on the couch if they find it difficult to participate for a longer stretch of time. Rabbi Horowitz also addressed the barriers to tefillah and suggested focusing on thanking Hashem rather than on listing our needs and requests, teaching children the meaning of prayers, encouraging them to compose their own tefillos, and shortening the tefillah for children who find the process is cumbersome. He also encouraged involving children in hands-on chessed activities. Rabbi Horowitz’s main advice to parents of struggling teens is to “stay in the game.” Parents of these teenagers need to remain flexible no matter what, and not to allow their relationship with the child to suffer or disintegrate. For more information on Rabbi Horowitz’ work please visit www.kosherjewishparenting.com
Hatzolah Protects and Prepares the Local Community As many people know, Hatzolah of Los Angeles is an all volunteer Emergency Medical Service whose primary mission is to provide rapid response to emergency medical situations within our communities. Hatzolah staff includes more than 60 volunteer EMTs and over 20 volunteer dispatchers. In addition to emergency medical calls, Hatzolah also responds to Critical Missing searches and is prepared to respond to a multitude of disaster scenarios.
Always available, Hatzolah of Los Angeles was requested to respond to a “Pediatric Trauma” call this past Shabbat morning, November 1st. When the EMTs arrived on scene they were rushed into the home to find a child lying on the floor with his hand stuck in a mouse trap, manufactured by Protecta EVO Circuit Bait Station. The child had mistakenly stuck their finger in the trap door and could not remove their hand because of the interior
trap, an alligator type claw. Once triggered, the trap closed tightly over the child’s fingers. The traps were key operated but the exterminator who had set the trap had not thought to leave the family with a spare key. Luckily one of the EMTs thought quickly and grabbed a bolt cutter from his vehicle. They were then able to cut off the lock and open the trap from the other end to free the child’s hand without injury. Given the scare that was caused
to the family, Hatzolah wants people to be aware that using these glorified mouse traps should only be with the availability of a spare key. If you face an emergency, G-d forbid, call Hatzolah at their emergency number 800-613-1911. For more information call 310-247-0584.
NOVEMBER 6, 2014
On Motzei Shabbos parshas Noach, we enjoyed a Shabbos full of community events in honor of the Shabbos Project. Later, many mothers and fathers filled the Adas Torah sanctuary to hear the words of Rabbi Yakov Horowitz, a noted parenting expert who was visiting from Monsey, NY. Rabbi Horowitz began teaching at age eighteen at a summer camp that offered a learning program. He volunteered to teach the weakest group of pre-teen boys. While the experience was challenging, Rabbi Horowitz loved every minute of it and soon realized that he had discovered his calling. He went on to become an eighth grade rebbi, choosing the weakest class year after year and reaching out to boys who were struggling not only with schoolwork, but with their observance and commitment to Yiddishkeit. He became an expert at teens-at-risk before the issue became widely recognized and addressed in the frum community. His articles in various Jewish newspapers and magazines brought to light the difficulties of working with underachieving yeshiva students, and he suggested changes and improvements in educational methods. More and more parents began turning to Rabbi Horowitz for help, and he saw the need for a new school where he could apply his educational approach and prevent the problems he was encountering in his work. In 1997 he founded Yeshiva Darchei Noam, in Suffern, NY. Rabbi Horowitz believes that at-risk behavior does not begin in adolescence. Appreciating each child’s individuality and treating them with respect in younger grades go a long way to prevent problematic behaviors in the teen years. In 1997 Rabbi Horowitz also founded Project Y.E.S. It began as an employment
THE JEWISH HOME
Rabbi Horowitz Shares Wisdom and Experience at Adas Torah
THE JEWISH HOME
NOVEMBER 6, 2014
Community Gathers to Support Holocaust Remembrance and Education in Los Angeles More than 700 guests, ranging in age from 9 to 96, gathered for the Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust (LAMOTH) Annual Gala Dinner on Sunday night, November 4. The evening raised a fabulous sum of nearly $1M and honored community leaders and philanthropists including Shelley Litvack and Dr. Frank Litvack; internationally recognized author and journalist, Kati Marton; and renowned concert pianist and author, Mona Golabek. All were celebrated for their community leadership and their commitment to Holocaust remembrance and education. The evening’s emcee was Jessica Yellin, former White House Correspondent for CNN. Museum Director, Samara Hutman, explained the importance of the event, “The evening was a poignant reminder of the importance of this community who gathered to carry on the legacy of memory. Holocaust Survivors, dignitaries, and so many from the Los Angeles
community participated in the Gala dinner which supports the Museum whose work remains critical in Holocaust Remembrance activities.” Honoree Frank Litvack highlighted the importance of the Museum, saying, “Today, LAMOTH is a vessel for history where the collective and individual stories of our parents, grandparents and neighbors can be preserved for all the future generations.” The Litvacks were awarded the Legacy Leadership Award. Dr. Litvack, who left full-time medical practice to concentrate on entrepreneurial activities in health care technology, accepted the honor in memory of his beloved mother, Erika Frankl Litvack, a survivor of the Holocaust who inspired her children to achieve, lead, and treat others with kindness and respect. Other awardees have impressive credentials including Shelley Curtis Litvack, a television producer and director and six-time Emmy award win-
ner for her work on day time Television shows. Kati Marton accepted the Humanitarian Award in honor of her parents Endre and Ilona Marton. She chaired the International Women’s Health Coalition and served as Chief Advocate for the Office of the Special Representative for
Children and Armed Conflict at the United Nations. Mona Golabek received the Righteous Conversations L’Dorot Award in honor of her parents Lisa and Michel Golabek. She is a successful concert pianist who has appeared with many leading orchestras. She also co-wrote the book, Children of Willesden Lane, that chronicles her mother’s experience with the Kindertransport. In 2003 she created the Hold on to Your Music Foundation to expand awareness and understanding of the ethical implications of world events such as the Holocaust, and the power of the arts, especially music, to embolden the human spirit in the face of adversity. A play titled The Pianist of Willesden Lane, based on her book, opened at the Geffen Playhouse in Los Angeles in April 2012. Ms. Golabek honored her mother’s legacy by performing a piano selection from the production, The Pianist of Willesden Lane.
Yeshivat Yavneh; Annual Chanukah Boutique Yeshivat Yavneh is getting ready for its 4th Annual Chanukah Boutique November 16th. Former PTA president and Yavneh mother, Rachel Greenfield, organizes the boutique alongside Jacqueline Kuppermann and spoke this week with LA resident Estee Cohen. Estee Cohen, (EC): I remember going to Chanukah boutiques as a little girl. A few big shuls and local organizations used to host them. We used to purchase necessary and seasonal items like Menorahs made out of spoons, and dancing light-up dreidels. I don’t recall any similar, whimsical merchandise at Yavneh’s boutique. Where has the whimsy gone? Rachel Greenfield, (RG): The whimsy is still there! I think Chanukah boutiques years ago used to take the event literally, and make it just about Chanukah. We have basically turned the idea of a traditional Chanukah boutique on its head. Jacqueline and I, along with our very hardworking committee, have recruited the best vendors across the country to create our dream shopping experience. EC: Like a live Etsy? (Etsy is an online marketplace for handmade products) RG: Yes, like a live Etsy. Or better yet, like a tailor-made shopping mall for our Jewish community. EC: Or a frum swap meet! So, bottom line: Will I be able to purchase a glow-in-the dark Latke themed sweater
from Yavneh’s boutique or not? RG: As you know there are dozens
of businesses run by Jewish entrepreneurs out of their homes, or online, or in small shops all over the country. Many of them do not have large marketing budgets and the Yavneh boutique is the exposure that can help take their business to the next level. We have vetted hundreds of vendors to give our shoppers the best experience possible, so to answer your question: no, you probably won’t find a glow in the dark Latke themed sweater, but you will find over 50 passionate vendors who have unique and practical products to suit your needs. EC: That’s great. When I moved here and needed yarmulkes, or hair bows for my kids, or a sheitel or shells for myself, I had no idea where to find them. Google does not solve this problem. I was introduced to many vendors that I now purchase from regularly, through Yavneh’s Chanukah boutique. RG: Yavneh’s boutique is the break out event for new businesses. The first year Jacqueline and I organized it there was a vendor who had just made her debut
on the Jewish clothing scene. She now runs a well-known and successful women’s clothing store. She credits Yavneh’s Chanukah boutique with jumpstarting her business. Aside from the amazing sales she achieved at the actual event, she gains a lot of exposure to people from all over the Los Angeles community that attend the Yavneh Boutique. EC: Is this a ladies-only shop till you drop event? Leave the males and wee ones at home? RG: Not at all! Another thing that makes the boutique unique is that it’s a family event. Admission is free! We encourage you to bring your kids and husbands and make it easy on everyone to spend the day together. We have vendors geared towards every member of the family EC: So we can bring the crew, sans babysitter? RG: Yes, we have moon bounces and art projects for the kids. Hatzolah is bringing their ambulance for the kids to explore. There’s also a delicious barbeque with Orange Delite’s famous burgers, hot dogs, chicken, and salads that will be sold, so plan to stay for the whole time. EC: Tell me about the history of the boutique. RG: Jacqueline Kuppermann went on a trip to New York and was able to attend the Manhattan Day School Chanukah Boutique. This was not your run of the mill boutique, this was a shopping experience. It was the place to see and be seen, with
vendors from all over. She wondered why this did not exist in LA- a multi-level large scale social shopping experience. As soon as we became PTA presidents at Yavneh we knew this was something we wanted to introduce to the LA community. We are so glad we did! It’s a great feeling to be able to raise money for your school while simultaneously supporting entrepreneurs and giving the community an amazing event. EC: And what have you changed for this year? RG: Well, for one, we found more vendors geared towards men. We also recruited more vendors from the East Coast. We try to look for gaps in the LA marketplace, and once we find those we reach out to vendors outside LA to fill those gaps. For example, lucite servingware and housewares (especially the sparkly glitterized kind) is very big in New York, but we found no one carrying that here in LA. So, we got ourselves a New York vendor to fly in and sell them. EC: Thank you so much, see you there! Yeshivat Yavneh is hosting its 4th Annual Chanukah Boutique on Sunday, November 16th from 12 PM to 5 PM at Yavneh Hebrew Academy 5353 W. 3rd Street, Los Angeles.
NOVEMBER 6, 2014
Congressional hopefuls Ted Lieu and Elan Carr faced off Tuesday night at the Jewish Community debate at Beth Jacob Congregation. Moderated by Rabbi Abraham Cooper, Associate Dean of the Simon Wiesenthal center, the debate covered a range of topics but centered largely on questions of anti-Semitism and US/ Israel relations. Carr and Lieu both presented impressive resumes, including active duty military service and years spent in various leadership roles. Carr, the Republican candidate, has served for the past years as a criminal gang prosecutor in the LA County District Attorney’s office while Lieu, the Democratic candidate, has served for years on city and state governments, including his current position as State Senator. Rabbi Cooper opened the debate by asking each candidate why they were running and what their top two issues were. “One issue that compels me to run for Congress at least as much as any of the others…is Israel,” said Carr, who listed education as his other top issue. Lieu also linked Israel to one of his top issues, “I believe that one of the great responsibilities of a member of Congress is America’s national security, [which is] inextricably linked with Israel’s national security, and I think the greatest threat facing Israel today is a nuclearized Iran.” Lieu cited the economy as his other priority. The candidates seemed to agree more than they disagreed. When asked what could be done about aggressive anti-Israel campaigners on college campuses, both candidates stressed that this was an issue of bigotry and anti-Semitism. “Now, in America we let people say bigoted things,” said Lieu, adding, “But if that crosses over into harassment or bullying, then you can take action on campuses.” Carr supported a more aggressive approach: “You enforce the regulations the universities already have in place,” he said, citing instances where federal funding was used to successfully exert pressure on campuses. Jews weren’t the only minority group under discussion; Rabbi Cooper asked what the candidates would do about the growing disaster for Christians in Syria and elsewhere. “I support the US airstrikes in Iraq,” said Lieu. “When you have folks like ISIS, they don’t just go after the Jews…I would support whatever the US would do to reduce that threat
THE JEWISH HOME
Beth Jacob hosts 33rd Congressional District Debate
and protect all religious minorities.” Carr began by saying that the US must be a leader. “The reason why they are in danger now is because the United States has disengaged from the Middle East,” he said. “We have to get back to rebuilding those relationships; we have to get back to leading.” In one of the briefest but also most charged moments of the evening, Rabbi Cooper asked the candidates if they support a two-state solution. Lieu’s answer was short and to the point: “I do. I support a two-state solution: a Jewish State and a Palestinian State,” and Carr’s response was only slightly longer: “I support a two-state solution only if that two-state solution results from negotiations between the two parties and would include a comprehensive end to the conflict, and would not involve US pressure on Israel to set terms.” The final question regarding Israel was what the candidates would do about constituent groups who question Israel’s right to exist. “I would tell them they’re wrong,” said Lieu, adding that he has done so publicly many times. “I tell them – just go read the charter of Hamas…to me it is unacceptable that people have that view.” Carr spoke about leadership. “People show their leadership not when it’s easy, but when it’s tough,” he began. “I happen to think it’s not tough at all to reject anybody who thinks Israel doesn’t have a right to exist.” He went on to tell a story about his time serving in Iraq. “I noticed there was a listing of services posted…it was very ecumenical, but there was something missing. So I went to the chaplain, a little irritated…and I said, ‘Sir, there are no Jewish services, is there a reason for that?’ And he said, ‘Yeah, there’s a reason for it. I had no one to lead them. Can you lead them?’” While he was warned that this could increase the danger he was already
facing, he accepted the challenge. “By the way, we had a minyan every week in the former Presidential Palace of Saddam Hussein.” Immigration, education, and raising the minimum wage were among the other topics covered, but when it came time for closing remarks, both candidates returned to Israel. After speaking about his bipartisan record, Carr said, “I represent leadership on Israel…We need
game changers in Congress.” Along with his bipartisan record, Lieu spoke about his history of support for Israel. “One of the principle uses of leadership is action, and I have taken action to protect Israel,” he said, listing bills he has co-authored in support of Israel and against Iran. “I was doing it not because it was politically helpful, but because it was the right thing to do.”
THE JEWISH HOME
NOVEMBER 6, 2014
Shabbos Project brings Challah Bake to Los Angeles Last week saw The Shabbos Project come to Los Angeles, a Shabbat that encouraged all Jewish people to participate wholly in the Shabbat holiday. It was celebrated in individual homes and with events throughout the city. On Thursday night, October 23rd, women and girls from all across the community joined together at Ohr Eliyahu for one massive challah bake event. Sponsored by Agudath Israel of California and organized by Tali Merewitz of Events Enchanted, the event drew over 300 enthusiastic bakers. Mrs. Estie Gradon welcomed the crowd, as attendees gathered around dozens of tables which were set up with huge bowls of dough, rolling pins, sesame seeds and everything else you might need in order to create your own special challah. Shifra Revach spoke, and Nava Ben Moshe ran a beautiful workshop filled with prayer, song, and creative bread making tips. “More than twenty-one different organizations participated,” said
Tali Merewitz, the event organizer. “There was such a wide range of women; totally observant, somewhat affiliated, and totally unaffiliated women who all joined in. I think that’s really powerful, an incredible show of unity.” Unity was the word of the evening. Women of all ages talked and laughed together as they shared out the dough. “Being a new mom and coming into my own – I was raised Reform, but now affiliate with a more Modern Orthodox lifestyle – I find some things so beautiful,” said Valerie Gottlieb, a participant. “I find the mitzvah of challah especially enjoyable, and tonight in particular. It’s not about where you live or what you’re wearing. It’s just a time to come together with other women and say a blessing for Klal Yisroel. Even the braiding of the challah seems to symbolize connection.” Volunteers from Bnos Devorah High School came early and stayed late to set up the event and greet guests. Fortunate-
ly their hard work paid off well. “I think it was a huge success,” agreed volunteer Basya Greenberg, 14. “It was inspirational.” Inspiration was also an essential part of the evening. “I believe it’s an important thing for the frum community to experience something to enhance their Shabbos, but also to participate in an event that helps unify different communities,” said Laya Jacobson, 14. “There is outreach, but at times people may be hesitant to invite strangers into their homes for Shabbos. When it’s a community gathering, it becomes something more approachable and hopefully sparks interest in the frum community as well as for those who aren’t yet affiliated to join for future Shabboses.” The challah bake certainly sparked something; 19 women immediately signed up for Shabbos Project meals after attending the event. “I’ve never made challah before,” explained another attendee. “I was a chef, but I’ve never baked bread.
As a Jewish woman, it’s a very meaningful ritual. I feel blessed to be here with so many women, taking part in this monumental weekend with women from across the globe.” Emily Jacobson agreed. “There are three mitzvot given directly to women, and baking challah is one of them,” she said. “Whenever I do this mitzvah, I try to envision myself linking hands with my mother, and with her mother before her, and with women throughout the generations all the way back to the tent of Sarah. And with this event, we are not only joining women through the generations, but also women at events like this one taking place all over the world.” When asked how she enjoyed the evening, Debbie Zakariaei was equally enthusiastic. “I felt like Jerusalem came right to the middle of LA. There was this feeling of Kedusha. It felt like home.”
LA’S LARGEST CHANUKAH BOUTIQUE SUNDAY NO V EMB ER 16 T H 12PM - 5PM LOCAT ED AT YESHIVAT YAV NE H 5353 WEST T HIRD STR E E T FR EE AD MI S S I ON FUN FOR THE WHOLE FAMILY:
ORANGE DELITE & GRILL RITA’S ICES TARZANA MOONBOUNCES DOOR PRIZES FREE ARTS & CRAFTS EXCITING NEW VENDORS & EXCLUSIVE DEALS INCLUDING VENDORS FROM NEW YORK AND FLORIDA CLOTHING JEWELRY ACCESSORIES TOYS JUDAICA SERVINGWARE KIPPAHS PERSONALIZED ITEMS AND MUCH MORE...
C A SH A ND C H E C KS O NLY NO PARKING ON MCCADDEN
NOVEMBER 6, 2014
THE JEWISH HOME
YESHIVAT YAVNEH PTA
THE JEWISH HOME
NOVEMBER 6, 2014
בכות , ידידנו עוז,ונכדה
הר"ר שלמה יהודה רכניץ ני"ו , והואיל לנו להקים בית ה' לתפארת,אשר היטיב לנו למעלה מן המשוער שיהא הבנין המפואר נקרא על שם זקנו,וחקק בזה זכות אבות
הר"ר יצחק צבי ז"ל ואשתו המנוחה רבקה ע"ה המקום ינחם אותם,יתן ה' ויחזקם ויאמצם ויעודדם וירפא שבריהם יראו עינינו וישמח לבנו ותגל נפשנו,בשאר אבילי ציון וירושלים ולא יוסיפו לדאבה עוד . ובא לציון גואל בב"א, וישיב שבות עמו, כשיאמר הקב"ה לצרותנו די,בישעותו באמת
, מנהלים ומנהלות ד לייקוואוד חדר ובית פייגא Chaya Aaron • Shula Ita Aaron • Racheli Abadi • Chana Shifra Abbott • Faiga Abbott • Kayla Abbott • Kayla Abbott • Chavi Abecasis • Devora Abrahamson • Raizel Abrahamson • Rivka Abrahamson • Shevy Abrahamson • Sara Rivka Abramowitz • Yocheved Abramowitz • Adina Ettel Acoca • Esther Acoca • Chayala Aderet • Hadassah T Aderet • Chayala Rus Adler • Gitty Adler • Rochel Leah Adler • Elisheva Akda • Chayala Akerman • Faiga Esther Akerman • Faigy Esther Akerman • Leah Akerman • Necha Akerman • Rivka Almaliach • Shaindel Alon • Yehudis Alon • Nechama Alster • Shoshana Altusky • Nechama Rochel Aminov • Rivka Aminov • Yael Amoyelle • Batsheva Amram • Rivka Amram • Henny Amsel • Leah Amsel • Yehudis Amsel • Aviva Antebi • Naomi Antebi • Penina Antebi • Rus Antebi • Bracha Liba Anteby • Esther Anteby • Rochel Anteby • Rochel Anteby • Sara Anteby • Rochel Applebaum • Tziporah Arking • Yaffa Arking • Chava Aron • Rivka Tchipah Aron • Esti Aryeh • Rena Bracha Aryeh • Chana Ashenberg • Deborah Ashkenazi • Esther Ashkenazi • Esther Ashkenazi • Leah Ashkenazi • Mazal Ashkenazi • Neima Ashkenazi • Rivkah Ashkenazi • Sarah Ashkenazi • Shoshana Ashkenazi • Simcha Ashkenazi • Chaya Shaina Atlas • Esther Atlas • Malka Raizel Atlas • Shaina Miriam Atlas • Raizy Augenbraun • Rivkah Augenbraun • Shaindel Esther Augenbraun • Shoshana Augenbraun • Esty Ausband • Malka Azar • Sara Azar • Chaya Leah Azoolay • Shani Azoolay • Shoshana Baalness • Yocheved Baalness • Sarah Ahuva Back • Deena Baddouch • Rachelli Baida • Dena Bak • Yehudis Bak • Perel Leah Balter • Zipora Balter • Miriam Bamberger • Ahuva Bandman • Leah Bandman • Nechama Tova Barenholtz • Chaya Ducie Basch • Perela Baskin • Devorah Basser • Chana Esther Bassman • Leah Bassman • Miriam Bassman • Sara Fraida Bassman • Elkah Baum • Devorah Beane • Bracha Leah Becker • Leba Becker • Malky Becker • Miriam Becker • Racheli Becker • Tova Becker • Bracha Beer • Chanie Beer • Gittel Beer • Hinda Beer • Rochel Dena Beer • Chavy Begal • Sarah Ben Ezra • Meira Benarroch • Ruthie Benarroch • Sara Benarroch • Shoshana Rose Benarroch • Bassie Bender • Hadassah Bender • Shulamis Bender • Bracha Tova Bendkowski • Chaya Bendkowski • Devora Benedikt • Tzivia Benedikt • Shira BenMashiach • Gila Berdugo • Peri Berelowitz • Ahuva Mindel Berger • Brachi Berger • Chana Berger • Gitty Tova Berger • Goldy Berger • Henny Berger • Kaila M. Berger • Leah Berger • Raizel Berger • Rochel Berger • Sara Miriam Berger • Shaindel Hinda Berger • Chana Berinstein • Racheli Berinstein • Tamar Berinstein • Chana Berkowitz • Esther Berkowitz • Faigy Berkowitz • Leah Berkowitz • Nechama Berkowitz • Toby Berkowitz • Basya Leah Berl • Chaya Berliner • Dina Berliner • Gitty Berliner • Malka Bayla Berliner • Mindy Berliner • Ruchama Berliner • Sari Berliner • Atara K. Berman • Chava Berman • Dubby Berman • Malky Berman • Miryam Berman • Nechama Berman • Rachel Yehudis Berman • Rivky Berman • Sarah Berman • Chavie Bernath • Esther Bernath • Malka Sara Bernath • Devorah Nechama Berney • Chana Bernfeld • Chana Bernikier • Sora Bernikier • Miriam Chinya Bernstein • Nechama Goldy Bernstein • Chaya Rivka Berzansky • Yehudis Berzansky • Chava Leah Bess • Sara Bess • A liza Beyda • Devora Beyda • Chaya Sarah Bick • Fraida Rivka Biegeleisen • Rivka Biegeleisen • Sara Menucha Biegeleisen • Basya Birnbaum • Chanah Birnbaum • Chaya Perel Birnbaum • Perel Birnbaum • Miri (Breindel) Biron • Aliza Bitton • Shulamis Bitton • Yehudis Bitton • Chava Blitz • Dena Blitz • Tova Blitz • Gittel Bludman • Devorah Blumenkrantz • Pesa Basha Blumenkrantz • Yenty Blumenkrantz • Yoch eved Blumenkrantz • Hadassa Bodenheimer • Sara Bodenheimer • Miriam Bogen • Chana Borenstein • Menucha Faiga Borenstein • Rechy Borenstein • Adina Braude • Brocha Braude • Dassi Braude • Shoshana Braun • Ahuva Brecher • Ettie Brecher • Fraidy Brecher • Leah Brecher • Nechama Naomi Brecher • Raizel Brecher • Shani Brecher • Chana Breskin • Chana Tzirel Bresler • Rachel Brisman • Sarah Brisman • Miriam Yehudis Brodie • Pesya Brodie • Kayla Brodsky • Chana Brody • Chaya Brody • Masha Brody • Miri Brody • Nechama Etel Brody • Rochel Brody • Shoshana Brody • Zlata Brody • Esther Bromberg • Sara Bromberg • Rivka Bronspigel • Rochel Brotsky • Shoshana Bracha Brotsky • Sora Blima Brotsky • Yocheved Brotsky • Chani Brown • Sara Leeba Brown • Leah Brownstein • Tzivia Brownstein • Ester Ettel Broyde • Leah Rayzel Broyde • Malky Broyde • Miriam Broyde • Sara Leah Broyde • Yehudis Broyde • Chava Devora Brull • Sarali Brull • Brocha Brustowsky • Chaya Sara Brustowsky • Hindy Brustowsky • Yehudis Brustowsky • Sara Buchler • Shaindy Burstein • Chava Bursztyn • Chaya Bursztyn • Devora Bursztyn • Devora Bursztyn • Fagela Bursztyn • Fraida Bursztyn • Gitel Bursztyn • Gitty Bursztyn • Hadassa Shira Bursztyn • Hindel Bursztyn • Hindy Bursztyn • Miriam Bursztyn • Rivka Rochel Bursztyn • Rivkah Bursztyn • Rochel Bursztyn • Sarah Bursztyn • Sheva Rivka Bursztyn • Shifra Roisa Bursztyn • Shoshana Bursztyn • Goldy Burton • Chaya Rella Busel • Miriam Busel • Rasia Busel • Rassi Busel • Chana Chaska Cagan • Gittel Cagan • Esther Carlebach • Leeba Rochel Carlebach • Shaindel Carlebach • Shira Carlebach • Sima Bracha Carlebach • Tzivia Carmen • Zahava Carmen • Esther Gittel Celnik • Sari Celnik • Zahava Celnik • Brocha Chapler • Chana Tzipora Chase • Devorah Chase • Hindy Chase • Miri Chase • Hadassa Checkanow • Hindy Checkanow • Leah Checkanow • Nechama Checkanow • Hadassah Chinn • Miriam Baila Chinn • Batsheva Choueka • Mazal Choueka • Ruchama Choueka • Hindy Cogan • Adina Cohen • Ahuva Cohen • Chana Cohen • Chana A Cohen • Chana Dina Cohen • Chaya Cohen • Chaya Baila Cohen • Devora Cohen • Dina Cohen • Esther Cohen • Hinda Cohen • Hudis Cohen • Mazal Cohen • Miriam Cohen • Miriam Cohen • Rachel Cohen • Rachel Cohen • Rachel Leah Cohen • Riki Cohen • Rivka Cohen • Rochel Cohen • Sarah Cohen • Sarah Cohen • Shoshana Raizel Cohen • Tzivia Cohen • Yocheved Cohen • Adina Tzerla Cohn • Shira Cohn • Adina Compton • Rochel Cook • Tzirel Ahuva Cook • Shifra Cukier • Leah Cweiber • Esther Dabbah • Mazal Dabbah • Ruthy Dabbah • Yehudit Dabbah • Brocha Dahari • Sara Dan • Perel Danziger • Rochel Devora Darabaner • Shoshana Roiza Darabaner • Fraida Davis • Henna Davis • Carolyn Dayon • Sarah Rivkah (Sharon) Dayon • Chava Rusi Deckelbaum • Faigy Deitel • Miriam Rivky Deitel • Malky Dembitzer • Sori Dembitzer • Chavi Deutsch • Elisheva Deutsch • Esther Deutsch • Fraidy Deutsch • Leah Deutsch • Malka Deutsch • Rachel Deutsch • Shira Deutsch • Shoshana Deutsch • Sorah Rivkah Deutsch • Brocha Dewick • Chava Esther Dewick • Sora Dewick • Yehudis Dewick • Leah Diamond • Nechama Diamond • Rachel Leah Diamond • Simone Simcha Diamond • Bracha Dick • Chava Esther Dick • Chaya Gittel Dick • Shira Dick • Esther Dickstein • Rochel Leah Dickstein • Leah Dinkels • Tziporah Dinkels • Miriam Dolgin • Devorah Leah Dombroff • Esther Aidel Donath • Esther Donnebaum • Faiga Donnebaum • Rivka Donnebaum • Baila Drebin • Hindy Dreyfuss • Yehudis Dreyfuss • Nechama Dwek • Gitty Edelson • Sarah Edelson • Sima Baila Edelson • Chani Edeltuch • Sori Edeltuch • Chaya Rivka Ehrlich • Devora Ehrlich • Devorah Ehrlich • Goldie Ehrlich • Menucha Ehrlich • Yehudis Eichorn • Kaila Eidelman • Rivka Eidelman • Rivka Eidelman • Shaindel Eidelman • Bassheva Eilenberg • Peri Eilenberg • Sori Eilenberg • Adina Einhorn • Miryl Lea Einstadter • Tova Einstadter • Avigail Miriam Eisemann • Miriam Eisemann • Sara Shaindel Eisemann • Devorah Eisenberg • Hadassah Eisenberg • Nechama Eisenberg • Miri Eisenberger • Rochel Eisenberger • Elisheva Eisenstadt • Mattie Eisenstadt • Hadassah Eisenstein • Miriam Eisenstein • Sarah Dena Eisenstein • Chani Eisgrau • Tzippy Eisgrau • Charna Eisner • Chaya Suri Eisner • Baila Elbaz • Devorah Elbaz • Miriam Elbaz • Shifra Elbaz • Esther Ellinson • Nechama Ellinson • Raizy Ellinson • Bracha Leah Engel • Chava Engel • Faigy Engel • Leah Engel • Miriam Engel • Miriam P. Engel • Rifky Engel • Yehudis Engel • Miri Enock • Pessy Enock • Sara Baila Enock • Chava Epstein • Esther Yehudis Epstein • Hadassah Lesha Epstein • Leah Epstein • Miri Epstein • Rivka Epstein • Rivky Epstein • Sari Epstein • Shani Epstein • Shayna Epstein • Chana Erlanger • Shaindel Erlanger • Chaya Faivushevitz • Miriam Falik • Chaya Sora Falk • Esther Falk • Leah Fallas • Hinda Farkas • Rachel Leah Farkas • Rivka Tzerka Farkas • Sara Farkas • Basya Feder • Baila Feigelstock • Chana Feiler • Rivka Feiler • Tamar Feiner • Esther Malka Feinroth • Sarah Feinroth • Chanie Feinzeig • Fraida Brocha Feinzeig • Sarala Felder • Chumi Feldheim • Chavie Feldman • Deena Feldman • Frumi Feldman • Hadassah Feldman • Lieba Feldman • Miriam Feldman • Rivka Rochel Feldman • Sari Feldman • Chava Feller • Rosie Feller • Elisheva Felsenburg • Zlata Hadassa Fensterheim • Ahuva Feuer • Rechel Feuer • Rivky Fiddle • Devora Finer • Gittel Finer • Sarah Baila Finer • Chavi Fingerer • Simi Fingerer • Ettel Malka Finkel • Miriam Finkel • Nechama Yetty Finkel • Rivka Finkel • Shani R. Finkel • Chaya Rochel Finkelstein • Hadassah B. Finkelstein • Risa Fireworker • Chani Fischer • Esther Fischer • Hindy Fischer • Leah Fisher • Shoshana Fisher • Adina Fishman • Atara Kraindel Fishman • Chani Fishman • Chavi Fishman • Elisheva Fishman • Esther Fishman • Adina Flagler • Esti Flam • Ruchamy Flam • Rivky Fleischmann • Avigail Fligman • Sara Florans • Shira Florans • Temima Florans • Tova Florans • Zahava Florans • Miriam Golda Foutorian • Pesya Foutorian • Sara Yenta Foutorian • Nechama Franco • Rachel Franco • Sarah Franco • Shoshana Franco • Sippora Franco • Ahuva Bracha Frankel • Ahuvah Pesha Frankel • Malka Lesha Frankel • Malkie Frankel • Nechama Frankel • Perel Frankel • Rivky Frankel • Sora Itta Frankel • Sara Freifeld • Adina Freilich • Malka Freilich • Miriam Freimark • Sora Freimark • Atara Kreindel Freitag • Shifra Freitag • Sorah Freitag • Faigy Frenkel • Leah Frenkel • Sara Dina Fried • Pessy Friedlander • Elisheva Friedman • Miri Friedman • Rivka Friedman • Sara Friedman • Sarah Friedman • Tzipora Friedman • Batya Fuller • Mikhal Gabay • Sarah Gabay • Chava Galinsky • Rivky Galinsky • Aliza Galy • Malka Leeba Galy • Tamar Galy • Gitel Garfein • Miriam Garfein • Chava Yehudis Garfinkel • Elisheva Garfinkel • Nechama Garfinkel • Rivka Garfinkel • Chani Garfunkel • Bracha Gartenberg • Faiga Rochel Gartenberg • Rivky Gartenberg • Esther Malka Gartenhaus • Leah Gartenhaus • Leeba Gartenhaus • Malky (Chaya) Gartenhaus • Rivka Gartenhaus • Rochel Gartenhaus • Sara Rivka Gartenhaus • Sarah Baila Gartenhaus • Chaya Gartner • Sarah Gartner • Chaya Geisler • Bassheva Gelb • Batsheva Gelb • Esther Gelb • Esther Yita Gelb • Miriam Gelb • Pessy Gelb • Rachel Gelb • Racheli Gelb • Shifra Gelb • Miriam Gelbhauer • Nomi Gelbhauer • Raizel Gelbhauer • Ahuva Gelbman • Racheli Gelbman • Sori Gelbman • Gitty Gelbwachs • Henny Miriam Gelbwachs • Hadassah Gelfand • Leah Geller • Miriam Basya Geller • Devora Gellerman • Esther Gellis • Sara Pessa Gellis • Ahuva Gershbaum • Shana Gershbaum • Tzipora Gersten • Goldie Gestetner • Chana Leah Gewirtz • Chana Perel Gibber • Esther Gibber • Mattel Yehudis Gindo ff • Mindel Gindoff • Devora Ginsburg • Malki Ginsburg • Rivka Ginsburg • Sarah Ginsburg • Esty Kaila Gisis • Gitty Glanzman • Chayala Glatzer • Chava M. Gleiberman • Tova Gleiberman • Toby Glustein • Fraidy Gobioff • Miriam Gobioff • Rivky Breindel Gobioff • Ruchoma Gobioff • Sarah Gobioff • Bassy Godfrey • Shoshana Godfrey • Penina Gold • Basya Goldberg • Batsheva Goldberg • Chana Yocheved Goldbe rg • Esther Goldberg • Leah Rivka Goldberg • Mindy Goldberg • Nechama Raizel Goldberg • Rivka Goldberg • Rochel Goldberg • Rochel Goldberg • Rochel Goldberg • Rochela Goldberg • Ruchama Goldberg • Sarala Goldberg • Toba Miriam Goldberg • Tzipora Goldberg • Tziporah Goldberg • Tzivia Goldberg • Faigy Goldberger • Kayla Goldberger • Raizel Goldberger • Henny Goldblatt • Zehava Goldblatt • Frumit Goldgrab • Gittel Goldman • Rivka Perel Goldman • Rivky Goldman • Shira Tzivia Goldman • Shaindel Goldschmidt • Chani Goldstein • Chayala Goldstein • Leah Goldstein • Mindy Goldstein • Nechama Bryna Goldstein • Rachelle Goldwasser • Rochie Goldwasser • Leah Golombeck • Miriam Golombeck • Rochel Leah Golombeck • Chana Golovenzitz • Chava Golovenzitz • Rochi Goodman • Basya Gordon • Elisheva Gordon • Simi Gordon • Toby Gordon • Aliza Leah Gottlieb • Chana Rena Gottlieb • Leah Gottlieb • Shoshana Raizel Gottlieb • Esther Green • Etti Green • Miriam Green • Rivky Green • Sarala Green • Shifra Green • Sorah Green • Sori Green • Yehudis Green • Shira Greenbaum • Dassy Greenberg • Esther Greenberg • Shifralee Greenberg • Shira Greenberg • Zlata Malka Greenberg • Raizel Greenebaum • Yehudis Greenebaum • Shira Basha Greenes • Esther Greenfeld • Gittel Greenfeld • Sara Gitty Greenfeld • Sima Greenfeld • Sima Greenfeld • Simi Greenfeld • Tamar Greenfield • Esty Greenspan • Nechama Greenspan • Esther Greenwald • Leah Greenwald • Rivky Greenwald • Aviva Greher • Miriam Devora Gringras • Avigail Gross • Chana Gross • Chana Perel Gross • Chayala Gross • Rachel Gross • Sara Gross • Sara Gross • Shoshana Gross • Yehudis S Gross • Zeldy Gross • Devora Grossman • Mirel Leah Grossman • Rivky Grossman • Rochel Leah Grossman • Adina Tzivia Gruber • Perel Gruber • Sarah Malka Gruber • Rachel Grubin • Ahuva Gruen • Brocha Gruenebaum • Esther Gruenebaum • Kayla Rochel Gruenebaum • Leah Gruenebaum • Miriam Yehudis Gruenebaum • Rivka Gruenebaum • Sara Gruenebaum • Chava Rochel Grunfeld • Chana Aliza Grunhut • Ciporah Leah Grunhut • Shira Rivka Grunhut • Baila Rus Grunwald • Esther Golda Grunwald • Shoshana Ita Grunwald • Chayala Gugenheim • Leah Gutman • Esther Gutterman • Shayna Rochel Gutterman • E. Sarah Halberg • Ahuva Halberstadt • Leah Halberstadt • Malky Halberstadt • Rochel Halberstadt • Faigy Haller • Ahuva Yehudis Halon • Avigail Reena Halon • Mindy Halperin • Rivka Halperin • Esther Halpern • Perela Halpern • Batya Harari • Frieda Harari • Sarah Harari • Shoshana Harari • Esther Harari-Raful • Devorah Harrar • Leah Basya Harrar • Chaya Devora Harris • Tzivia Harris • Rochel Leah Hartman • Chaya Hass • Miriam Hassan • Bylee Hauben • Shoshana Hauben • Sarah Dina Hauptman • Batsheva Hebel • Esther Devora Heiman • Elisheva Heinemann • Numi Heinemann • Rochie Heinemann • Shaindy Heinemann • Esther Hadassah Heiney • Meira Heiney • Rivka Heiney • Shira Heiney • Ahuva Heisler • Dina Helmreich • Rochel Helmreich • Shevi Helmreich • Nechama Hendler • Adina Hershberg • Chaya Raizel Hershkowitz • Yocheved Hershkowitz • Faiga Brocha Herskowitz • Henya Faiga Herskowitz • Basya Hertz • Chava Miriam Hertz • Chaya Devora Hertz • Chana Yehudis Herzka • Chavi Herzka • Chaya Herzka • Devora Herzka • Miriam Herzka • Rachel Herzka • Rochela Herzka • Shaina Sara Hettleman • Perel Hildeshaim • Rochel Hilman • Tzivya Hilman • Avigail Hirsch • Batsheva Hirsch • Chaya Shoshana Hirsch • Faigy Hirsch • Shalva Hirsch • Chaya Hirschfeld • Chana Tzirel Hirschman • Rivka Hirschman • Avigail Hirth • Bracha Hirth • Chaya Yocheved Hirth • Faiga Leah Hirth • Henny Hirth • Malka Hirth • Mindy Hirth • Nechoma Miriam Hirth • Rivka Hirth • Shira Laya Hirth • Esther Hisiger • Rivka Hisiger • Sara Hisiger • Shifra Hisiger • Mindy Hoch • Devorah Hodgbi • Nechama Hodgbi • Tirtzah Hodgbi • Chava Leah Hoffberg • Chana Michal Homnick • Shayna Homnick • Sarah Kayla Hyman • Yocheved Yael Indik • Chaya Faiga Irons • Sarah Malka Irons • Tziporah Irons • Esther Isaacs • Nechama Isaacs • Chana Malka Jacobovics • Bashi Jacobovitch • Bassie Jacobovitch • Chaya Raizel Jacobovitch • Batsheva Jacobovits • Rivka Kreindel Jacobowitz • Yehudis Jacobowitz • Chana Jacobs • Hadassa Jacobs • Leah Jacobs • Fruma Jaffa • Naomi Baila Jakobovits • Rochel Jakubovics • Yehudis Jakubovics • Esther Jenah • Sara Jenah • Bracha Rifka Jeremias • Chana Perel Joseph • Rivky Joseph • Rochel Joseph • Rochel Leah Joseph • Miriam Sara Josephs • Rivka Josephs • Chanie Jundef • Goldie Jundef • Rochel Jundef • Leah Juravel • Chani Kaganoff • Shoshana Kaganoff • Chava Kahan • Esther Kahan • Rochel Kahan • Shoshana Kahan • Ariella Kahanow • Hadassah Kahanow • Hindy Kahanow • Rivka Kahanow • Sara Leeba Kahanow • Rivka Dina Kalatsky • Yehudit Kalmanowitz • Shoshana Kamenetsky • Basya Kaplan • Chana Miriam Kaplan • Chaya Karmel • Chaya Esther Karolitzky • Bruchie Katz • Devorah Leah Katz • Elisheva Katz • Esther Katz • Hindy Katz • Shira Katz • Shoshana Katz • Chavi Katzman • Vichna Kaplan • Nechama Chasya Kaplan • Shayna Kaplan • Chava Esther Kaplovitz • Chaya Bas-sheva Kaplovitz • Rivka Mattie Kaplovitz • Nomi Kaplun • Adele Kayla Kellner • Brocha Kenzer • Hadassa Kesserman • Aliza Brocha Kettner • Rochel Khiyayev • Basya Kilberg • Chana Leah Kilberg • Tzipora Kilberg • Batsheva Raizy Katzman • Batsheva Kaufman • Brocha Kaufman • Laya Kaufman • Mazal Kaye • Rochel Leah Kaye • Reva Keller • Tzipa Keller • Devorah Leah Kellner • Sarah Kilian • S’firah Nerel Kilian • Fraidy King • Miriam King • Rochel King • Chana Bracha Kirzner • Ella Chaya Kirzner • Vichna Kirzner • Brocha Kitay • Nechama Kitay • Sara Kitay • Leah Kitevits • Rochel Kitevits • Esther Klang • Henny Klang • Rivka Klang • Rochel Klang • Chana Bas Sheva Klein • Chava Klein • Chaya Devorah Klein • Malka Klein • Malka Leah Klein • Malkie Klein • Riki Klein • Tova Chaya Klein • Hadassah Kleinbard • Perel Kleinbard • Chaya Kliger • Meira Kliger • Henny Klor • Rochel Klor • Sara Klor • Chayala Klugman • Hadassah Klugman • Rivkah Rochel Klugman • Mati Kohn • Chava Kokis • Malka Kokis • Rachel Kolko • Fraidy Ita Koplowitz • Nechama Koplowitz • Riza Koppenheim • Batsheva Koslowitz • Chaya Koslowitz • Devora Koslowitz • Henny Koslowitz • Sara Koslowitz • Sara Koslowitz • Shoshana Raizel Koslowitz • Mali Kotler • Sara Ahuva Kotler • Sara Yehudis Kotler • Tzipora B Kotler • Ester Kotzen • Faiga Kraftmann • Hinda Devora Kramer • Shaina Leah Kramer • Tova Kramer • Esther Gittel Krancer • Rifka Krancer • Sara Leah Krancer • Tzipora Krancer • Na’ami Perel Krasne • Aliza Krause • Miriam Kraushar • Nechama Tova Kraushar • Adina Aidel Kravetz • Chana Ettel Kravetz • Devorah Kravetz • Mindy Kravetz • Shira Kreisman • Nechama Ettel Krieger • Chana Perel Krupenia • Esther Krupenia • Nechama Krupenia • Sara Krupenia • Sara Y Krupenia • Odelya Kubani • Dina Kuessous • Shoshana Kuessous • Blimi Roza Kugielsky • Esther Kugielsky • Dina Kugler • Shoshana Kugler • Aidel Kuperman • Henna Kuperman • Hinda Kuperman • Rivka Kuperman • Rochel Kuperman • Chaya Esther Kuperwasser • Leah Kuperwasser • Leah Kuperwasser • Malky Kuperwasser • Miriam Kuperwasser • Zahava Kuperwasser • Hendy Kupfer • Rochel Kupfer • Sarah Rissel Kurland • Miriam Kurtz • Raizy Kurtz • Nechama Kushner • Tziporah Kushner • Chaya Lamm • Tzivia Lamm • Avigayil Lancz • Elisheva Lancz • Miriam Lancz • Sara Shoshana Lancz • Yehudis Landau • Hinda Rivka Landsman • Kayla Landwirt • Nechama Landwirt • Tova Lang • Hadassah Malka Lansky • Sarah Leah Lansky • Devorah Lapides • Pessie Devora Lapidot • Chavi Laskin • Esther Laskin • Malka Laskin • Mirel Leah Laskin • Tehilla Ras Laskin • Miriam Yenta Leeder • Adina Lefkowitz • Nomi Lefkowitz • Chaya Esther Lehmann • Raizy Leibel • Rochel Leibel • Shaindy Leibel • Chana Leibowitz • Shira Leiman • Adina Leiser • Elisheva Leiser • Malka Leiser • Chaya’la Leizerson • Esther Lemberger • Esther Lench • Chayala Lerman • Esther Lerman • Leah Lerman • Ruchama M. Lerman • Sara Lerman • Tehila Lerman • Yehudis Lerman • Leah Lerner • Brocha Golda Leshinsky • Chana Ettel Leshinsky • Rivka Leshinsky • Esther Yehudis Lesser • Yocheved Lesser • Devorah Levenberg • Ahuva Levenson • Rena Levenson • Michal Levi • Miriam Levi • Nechama Rivka Levi • Racheli Levi • Rivky Levi • Baila Levin • Esther Levin • Esther Levin • Faiga Levin • Fraidel Levin • Leah Levin • Nechama Levin • Rochel Levin • Sara Sheva Levin • Sarah Reva Levin • Sari Levin • Devorah Levine • Hadassah Levine • Nechama Levine • Rachelli Sima Levine • Rassia Levine • Rivka Levine • Rochel Levine • Malka Levinson • Ahuva Levitansky • Bracha Levitansky • Miriam Levitz • Rivky Levitz • Sara’la Levitz • Chana Levovitz • Dubbie Levovitz • Shainy Levovitz • Shulamis Levovitz • Shulamith Levovitz • Shulamith Levovitz • Adina Levy • Chana Levy • Devoiry Levy • Esther Levy • Frieda Levy • Mindy Levy • Rivkah Levy • Tzipora Levy • Chana Leah Lewenstein • Leah Lewin • Miriam Lewin • Chanie Lichtenstein • Devora Lichtenstein • Dina Lichtenstein • Rochel Lichtschein • Shayna Menucha Liebb • Chanie Lieberman • Chava Lieberman • Esther Lieberman • Fraidy Lieberman • Hindy Lieberman • Ita Rechel Lieberman • Nechama Lieberman • Nechama Lieberman • Sori Lieberman • Tova Lieberman • Baila Liebes • Hadassa Lipshitz • Malky Lipshitz • Chani Lobel • Faigy Lobel • Leah Lobel • Sori Lobel • Chana Lock • Faiga Lock • Zipora Locker • Chaya Blima Loebenstein • Chaya Sara Londinski • Yehudis Londinski • Esther Lopian • Shoshana Lopian • Fraidy Lover • Raizy Lover • Batsheva Lowenthal • Miri Lowenthal • Leba Lowy • Aviva Lubet • Tamar Devorah Lubet • Chana Tzivia Lubin • Nechama Lubin • Tzirel Lubin • Malky Lubowsky • Perel Lubowsky • Rochel Leah Lubowsky • Brocha Lurie • Miriam Devorah Magid • Zipporah Magid • Devorah Naomi Maimon • Chani Makovsky • Yocheved Makovsky • Simcha Malakh • Esther Mandel • Esti Mandel • Frumie Mandel • Sora Mandel • Tzivia Mandel • Tzivia Bracha Mandel • Chana Mandelbaum • Baila Manies • Bassi Marcus • Rochel Marcus • Ruchama Baila Marcus • Sara Aliza Markin • Dina Maslaton • Rivkah Maslaton • Ruthie Maslaton • Gitty Maybloom • Miriam Menache • Miriam Menahem • Sarah Menahem • Yehudit Menahem • Rachel Mendlovitz • Goldy Mermelstein • Chaya Metzger • Esti Metzger • Rochel Metzger • Ahuva Michael • Toby Michael • Chavala Michaeli • Sara Michaeli • Miriam Miller • Naomi Miller • Sori Miller • Rivka Millet • Chaya Sarah Minzer • Henna Minzer • Sima Minzer • Adina Mizrahi • Chana Henya Moerman • Rochel Basya Moerman • Rochel Montag • Rochel Moskovits • Chaya Esther Moskovitz • Miriam Moskowitz • Nechama Yittel Moskowitz • Rochel Esther Moskowitz • Rochel Muehlgay • Kaila Ahuva Mueller • Yocheved Mueller • Chani Munk • Chava Munk • Shoshana Munk • Chaya Murakhovskiy • Nechama Murakhovskiy • Sarah Murakhovskiy • Rivka Mykoff • Aviva Nachumson • Michal Nachumson • Sarala Nadborny • Shevy Nadborny • Asna Nadoff • Miriam Nadoff • Shoshana Nadoff • Tova Nadoff • Nechama Nagar • Rina Nagar • Sarah Nagar • Esther Nahem • Yael Nahem • Leah Neiman • Zehava Neiman • Leeba Nelkenbaum • Esther Nelkin • Rivka Nelkin • Sara Nelkin • Tzipora Nelkin • Ahuva Neuhaus • Brocha Zissel Neuhaus • Goldy Neuhaus • Pessa Basha Neuhaus • Racheli Neuhaus • Rivka Neuhaus • Chaya Bat-Sheva Neuman • Dina Neumann • Rochel Neumann • Shaindy Neumann • Rochel Neustadt • Faigy Neuwirth • Gittel Neuwirth • Kayla Neuwirth • Rus Neuwirth • Batsheva Newhouse • Chana Newhouse • Ciporah Newhouse • Miriam Leah (Miri) Newhouse • Sarah Newhouse • Rivka Bracha Newman • Shira Miriam Newman • Chani Newmark • Nechama Shira Newmark • Malka Ney • Shani Niasoff • Nechama Nierenberg • Chana lieba Nisenbaum • Yael Nisenbaum • Nechama Notis • Esther Golda Nusbaum • Bassheva Nussbaum • Chaya Sara Nussbaum • Leah Nussbaum • Rivka S Nussbaum • Devorah Obstfeld • Esther Obstfeld • Chaya Faiga Oelbaum • Henny Oelbaum • Leah Oelbaum • Malka Oelbaum • Rina Oiknine • Shira Oiknine • Esther Fraida Osina • Shira Rus Ottensoser • Chana Pachtman • Shoshana Raizel Pachtman • Bracha Pam • Brochie Pam • Devorah Pam • Esther Pam • Esther Malka Pam • Rivka Pam • Rochel Pam • Tzirel Pam • Hadassa Papelow • Basya Paretzky • Sara Paretzky • Sari Peker • Ettie Penstein • Hadassah Penstein • Leah Penstein • Yehudis Penstein • Rochel Yehudis Pereira • Sara Nechamah Pereira • Chama Perlow • Tzipa Perlow • Hindy Perlstein • Leah Perr • Brocha Baila Peymer • Menucha Peymer • Malkie Baila Pick • Chaylee(Heli) Pilz • Dassy Pilz • Tzippy Pilz • Chava Leah Pincus • Chana Pinter • Devora Pinter • Henny Numi Pinter • Malka Pinter • Rachel Pinter • Rudi Bayla Pinter • Simi Pinter • Tehila Pinter • Nechama Pliver • Leah Plopper • Miriam Yehudis Plopper • Raizel Tzipporah Plopper • Shaindy Plotzker • Baila Pollack • Chaya Rochel Pollak • Devorah Pollak • Esther Baila Pollak • Mirel Brocha Pollak • Miriam Pollak • Shira Pollak • Zahava Pollak • Bracha Portnoy • Sarala Portnoy • Miriam Posen • Riki Posen • Rivka Posen • Chavi Prager • Chava Bracha Press • Rivka Press • Ahuva Presser • Chayala Pruzansky • Malky Pruzansky • Miriam Pruzansky • Blimi Rabinowitz • Chana Rabinowitz • Hadassah Rabinowitz • Ahuva B Raitzik • Esther Gitel Raitzik • Chava Rapaport • Chaya Sara Rapaport • Michal Rapaport • Rochel Rapaport • Toby Rapaport • Zlata Rapaport • Naomi Razak • Bluma Reich • Chaya Reich • Esther Rivka Reich • Ita R Reich • Miriam Reich • Tzivya Reich • Chaya Reifman • Miriam Reiner • Sara Dvora Reiner • Gitty Reinman • Blima Reisman • Gittel Reisman • Rivka Reisman • Chanie Reiss • Esther Bayla Reiss • Nechama Reiss • Rena Reiss • Rina Reiss • Hinda Rennert • Malky Rennert • Peri (Perel) Rennert • Rochel Rennert • Miriam Resnick • Osnas Resnicoff • Rikki Retkinski • Zehava Golda Retter • Michal Tamar Rex • Fradie Ahuva Rhine • Dubba Leah Ribiat • Dubby Ribiat • Leah Ribiat • Raizy Ribiat • Batsheva Ribner • Esther Ribner • Esty Richt • Ita Brocha Richt • Malka Richter • Nechama Richter • Sara Bracha Richter • Rivka Shayna Roberg • Mirel Nechama Roberts • Adina Robinson • Elisheva Robinson • Hadassah Robinson • Michal Robinson • Brocha Rochwarger • Leah Rochwarger • Rochel Rochwarger • Chaya Sorah Rockove • Golda Rockove • Rivka Leah Rockove • Shula Ita Rockove • Chaya Rokeach • Goldie Rokeach • Baila Rokowsky • Bas-Sheva Rokowsky • Naomi Rokowsky • Shoshana Rokowsky • Baila Rosen • Baila Rosen • Basya Rosen • Miriam Rosen • Yocheved Perel Rosen • Shulamis Tova Rosenbaum • Chava Rosenberg • Chaya Miriam Rosenberg • Esther Rosenberg • Esther Rosenberg • Malka Rosenberg • Racheli Rosenberg • Rochel Rosenberg • Tzipa Rosenberg • Ahuva Rosenblatt • Batsheva Rosenblatt • Miriam Ahuva Rosenblatt • Shira Rosenblatt • Bracha Rosengarten • Chaya Vichna Rosengarten • Esti Rosengarten • Chaya Gitty Rosenhan • Chana Rosmarin • Rachel Rosmarin • Aliza Rotberg • Miriam Rotberg • Shoshana Rotberg • Tova Rotberg • Eliana Henna Roth • Esther Roth • Yehudis Roth • Yetti Roth • Rachelle Rothenberg • Chaya Sora Rotkin • Rivka Rotkin • Baila Ahuva Rottenberg • Suri Rottenberg • Sarah Rottenstreich • Frumy Rowner • Malka Hinda Rowner • Tzivia Rowner • Bracha Rubin • Esther Miriam Rubin • Leah Rubin • Sara Chinya Rubin • Shira Rubin • Chaya Rubinfeld • Chavy Rubnitz • Mindy Rubnitz • Rivka Hadassah Rub nitz • Rochel Rudnicki • Ruchama Ryback • Rivka Saks • Chava Salamon • Sarah Salel • Miriam Saltz • Chavi Samson • Minna Samson • Aviva Sandler • Malka Devorah Sandler • Batsheva Zahava Sasooni • Naomi Yael Sasooni • Tehila Leah Sasooni • Rachel Sasson • Rivka Sasson • Sara Sasson • Simcha Sasson • Naomi Saurymper • Shani Saurymper • Sarala Schachner • Chani Schachter • Chavie Schaffer • Shoshana S chaffer • Chaya Schapiro • Devorah Leah Schapiro • Gnesha Sara Schapiro • Chana Rochel Schaum • Bashie Schechter • Rochel Yehudis Schechter • Temi Schecter • Faiga Rochel Scheinbaum • Fraidy Scheinerman • Raizel Scheinerman • Chanala Schiff • Chavi Schiff • Dena Schiff • Leah Schiff • Nechama Leeba Schiff • Chava Schmuckler • Chava Schmuckler • Devora Schmuckler • Dubby Schmuckler • Miriam Schmuckler • Sarah Brocha Schmuckler • Tzirel Esther Schmuckler • Kaila Schnurmann • Hindy Schoenblum • Chaya Sara Schondorf • Henna Rivka Schondorf • Rikki Schonfeld • Bracha Schorr • Devora Schreiber • Hindy Schreiber • Michal Schreiber • Rochel Schreiber • Rochel Leah Schreiber • Sara Schreiber • Shira Schreiber • Yehudis Schreiber • Brocha Schron • Chana Perel Schron • Esther Schron • Naomi Schron • Naomi Schubert • Rachelli Schubert • Reena Schubert • Basya Schulgasser • Gitel Schulgasser • Toba Schulgasser • Blima Rivka Schustal • Chana Perel Schustal • Chasya Schustal • Chaya Miriam Schustal • Esther Schustal • Esti Schustal • Henya Schustal • Leah Schustal • Leeba Schustal • Rochel Schustal • Leah Schuster • Baila Schwab • Leah Schwab • Malka Schwab • Esther Schwadron • Beila Schwartz • Chaya Leah Schwartz • Goldy Schwartz • Hadassah Schwartz • Hindy Schwartz • Mashy Schwartz • Miri Schwartz • Perel Schwartz • Sarah Gittel Schwartz • Esther Schwebel • Malky Schwebel • Dina Schweky • Simcha Schweky • Chana E Schwob • Mindy Schwob • Tzipa Schwob • Rachel Segal • Shoshana Segal • Yocheved Rivkah Segal • Sara Chana Segall • Malka Selengut • Batya Semah • Deborah Semah • Irah Irene Semah • Rachel Semah • Rena Semah • Simcha Semah • Yehudis Sender • Esther Senderovits • Yehudis Senderovits • Naomi Serebrowski • Rivka Serebrowski • Dina Serruya • Devorah Shachar • Rivky Shachar • Baila Rina Shain • Bracha Shain • Esther Dina Shain • Faigy Shain • Chana (Adrienne) Shalom • Dina Shapiro • Esther Shaindel Shapiro • Faiga Shapiro • Kayla Shapiro • Malka Shapiro • Rochel Dina Shapiro • Sara Hitzel Shapiro • Tzippy Shapiro • Yehudis Bracha Shapiro • Yocheved Shapiro • Yocheved Shapiro • Shulamis Sharabany • Nechama Shayovich • Simone Shemueli • Baila Sher • Rivka Sher • Rochel Sher • Sara Esther Sher • Henna Shkarofsky • Sarah Shlomowitz • Shaina Leah Shlomowitz • Shoshana Shlomowitz • Chava C Shmurak • Miriam Malka Shmurak • Adina Shoner • Rachel Shoner • Rivka Shoner • Chana Shoshana • Tzipora Shoshana • Buna Shulman • Rochel Shulman • Sara Shulman • Goldy Shur • Malky Shur • Miriam Shur • Sara Shur • Zelda Sicker • Bracha Silberman • Miriam Silverman • Chaya Rochel Silverstein • Devora Leah Silverstein • Miriam Silverstein • Sarah Rivkah Silverstein • Sara Sitko • Bracha Sitorsky • Chana Sitorsky • Zissi Sitorsky • Mindy Sivak • Chava Slomovits • Devorah Slomovits • Esther Rochel Slomovits • Rivkah Slomovits • Sara Miriam Slomovits • Tehila Slomovits • Esther Smith • Nechama Smith • Rivka Ahuva Smith • Rikki Sochet • Esther Soleimani • Esther Soleimani • Malka Soleimani • Margalit Soleimani • Shoshana Soleimani • Simi Soleimani • Chana Rechel Solkowitz • Perel Solkowitz • Bracha Solomon • Mimi Solomon • Chaya Soloveitchik • Miriam Soloveitchik • Batya Somerstein • Tzippy Somerstein • Rivka Lesha Sonenzon • Raizy Soroka • Rivky Soroka • Hadassah Chasya Sorotzkin • Mimi Spanier • Mindel Spanier • Deena Buna Spector • Etty Spiegel • Sara Spiegel • Adina Srour • Esther Srour • Simcha Srour • Simi Srour • Rivka Stahl • Devorah Rochel Stareshefsky • Tzivia Stareshefsky • Tzivia Stareshefsky • Chanie Stefansky • Chaya Sara Stefansky • Hindy Stefansky • Miriam Stefansky • Miriam Stefansky • Sara Stefansky • Yehudis Stefansky • Bassie Steger • Bracha Steger • Chanie Steger • Malky Steger • Pessy Steger • Chana Rochel Stein • Gitti Stein • Rikki Stein • Chana Golda Steinberg • Chavi Steinberg • Chayala Steinberg • Gittel Steinberg • Miriam Chaya Steinberg • Rivka Steinberg • Baila Steinfeld • Dassi Steinharter • Pessie Steinharter • Shoshana Steinharter • Shoshan a Steinharter • Yocheved Steinmetz • Blimi Stern • Brocha Stern • Chana Stern • Chaya Stern • Devorah Stern • Frumi Stern • Henny Stern • Malky Stern • Nechama Stern • Nechama Stern • Nechama Stern • Perel Stern • Rivky Stern • Rochel Stern • Sara Liba Stern • Shoshana Stern • Yehudis Stern • Zehava (Goldy) Stern • Bracha Zehava Stimler • Chani Storch • Rivky Strassfeld • Chana Strauss • Sara Faiga Strickman • Chava Sturman • Chaya Rena Sturman • Chaya Charne Sukenik • Malka Shaindel Susholz • Pessy Susholz • Rivky Susholz • Batsheva Sutton • Chana Sutton • Yocheved Sutton • Bas-Sheva Svei • Bracha Svei • Chana Svei • Nechama Svei • Chaya Brocha Szanzer • Henny Szanzer • Sara Leah Szanzer • Liba Tabak • Peri Tabak • Atara Tashman • Miri Tashman • Miriam Tashman • Miriam Tashman • Ruchama Tashman • Yehudis Taub • Yocheved Bracha Teichman • Basya Teitelbaum • Chana Leah Teitelbaum • Chaya Yitty Teitelbaum • Fradel Teitelbaum • Kayla Teitelbaum • Nechama Leeba Teitelbaum • Rivka Rila Teitelbaum • Rochel Leah Teitelbaum • Tzippy Teitelbaum • Yitty Teitelbaum • Adina Teitz • Basya Teitz • Tziza Teitz • Devora Teller • Nechama Teller • Rochel Teller • Yehudis Bracha Teller • Chaya Rivka Tendler • Tenenbaum • Leah Tenenbaum • Yehudis Tepper • Basya Terebelo • Chana B. Tesser • Henny Tesser • Toby Tesser • Esther Tessler • Malky Tessler • Perel Thaler • Sima Thaler • Tzipora Thau • Hadassah Thumim • Shira Leah Thumim • Brocha Tikotzky • Michal Tikotzky • Devora Tillim • Reena Tillim • Esther Malka Tobal • Chaya Sara Tober • Esther Tober • Rochel Leah Tober • Rachely Tombak • Esther Toplan • Gittel Bracha Toplan • Leeba Rochel Toplan • Miriam Devora Toplan • Chaya Devorah Treff • Vichna Treff • Tova Bracha Treisser • Bas Sheva Trenk • Toby Tress • Malka Tropper • Menucha Tropper • Rivka Tropper • Tzirel Tropper • Yehudis Tropper • Esther Tzipa Turin • Nechama Turin • Leah Twersky • Nechama Twersky • Shayna Rochel Twersky • Miriam Tyk • Rivka Tyner • Tova Tyner • Tzipora Gita Ullman • Tzvia Ullman • Yocheved Ungar • Malkie Ungarischer • Leah Vann • Dina Wadiche • Simi Sophia Wadiche • Sophia Wadiche • Chava Wadler • Malka Wadler • Tova Leah Wadler • Esther Wajsbort • Malka Raizel Wajsbort • Sara Wajsbort • Hadassah Waldman • Yocheved Waldman • Michal Walfish • Esther Warman • Malky Warman • Chaya Sara Wasser • Baila Devorah Wasserman • Elisheva Wasserman • Leah Wasserman • Miriam Tova Wasserman • Sara Wasserman • Zelda Wasserman • Basya Waxman • Charna Raizel Waxman • Chaya Nechama Waxman • Fraidy Brocha Waxman • Hadassah Waxman • Miriam Devorah Waxman • Rochel Waxman • Sara Waxman • Sarala Waxman • Kreindel Rochel Weber • Leah Weber • Tzipporah Weber • Nechama Weil • Sarah Weil • Zeesy Weil • Bluma Weinberg • Chava Tova Weinberger • Chaya Weinberger • Esther Weinberger • Leah Weinberger • Miriam Weinberger • Perel Weinberger • Sara Weinberger • Tzipora Weinberger • Baila Weiner • Nechama Weiner • Shira Weiner • Elisheva Weingarten • Shifra Weingarten • Chava Brocha Weinreb • Miriam Weinreb • Pessil Rivka Weinreb • Toba Gittel Weinreb • Toba Shira Weinreb • Basha Weinstock • Shoshana R Weinstock • Tziporah Weinstock • Faige Weintraub • Nechama Weintraub • Sara Rivka Weintraub • Sarah Rivkah Weisberg • Malka Weisberger • Shira Weisberger • Chaya Weiss • Chaya Weiss • Fraida Weiss • Gitty Weiss • Leah Weiss • Leeba Weiss • Miriam Weiss • Rivka Weiss • Rochel Weiss • Sara Gittel Weiss • Sara Tzirel Weiss • Baila rochela Weissler • Devorah Weissler • Hadassah Weissler • Ahuva Miriam Weissman • Chaya Rus Weissman • Hadassah Weissman • Tzipora Weissman • Esther Weissmandl • Fraidy Weissmandl • Yitty Weiswasser • Esty Weisz • Racheli Weisz • Ester Chaya Wellson • Pennina Rochel Wellson • Yael Leah Wellson • Chana Leah Wenger • Rochel Wenger • Tzivya Wenger • Sora Malky Werner • Basya Westreich • Rochel Westreich • Henna Whiter • Rochel Whiter • Sora Malka Whiter • Adina Whitman • Leah Whitman • Tzirel Wicentowsky • Nechama Wilhelm • Rivka Maryam Wilhelm • Rochel Wilhelm • Zipora Wilhelm • Chaya Esther Willner • Rochel Willner • Aliza Wittels • Chaya Yehudis Wolf • Penina Wolf • Miriam Wolfe • Malka Wolmark • Baila Wolpin • Esther Wolpin • Kaila Wolpin • Ruchama Wolpin • Tehila Wrona • Rochel Yaged • Sarala Yagen • Bryna Yagid • Rochel Yagid • Chayala Yakubovsky • Nechama Rickel Yanes • Chana Esty Yankelewitz • Chaya Brocha Yankelewitz • Devorah Yankelewitz • Rivka Yankelewitz • Gittel Yardley • Shaindel Yarmush • Faige Yaroslawitz • Toba Rivka Yaroslawitz • Rivka Yelen • Basya Yoffe • Chanie Yoffe • Dina Bracha Yoffe • Rivka Laya Yoffe • Sori Yoffe • Leah Yosopov • Rachel Yosopov • Yocheved Zachai • Mazal Zafarani • Deborah Zafrani • Leah Zafrani • Leah Zafrani • Esther Zager • Henya Chaya Zager • Nechoma Zager • Rochel Zager • Chani Zeldes • Itta Ettil Zeldes • Perri Zelikovitz • Rikki Zelikovitz • Faiga Zell • Mindy Zell • Itta Leah Zidell • Chana Roiza Zimberg • Sima Yehudis Zimberg • Adina Y Zimmerman • Esther Zimmerman • Malky Zimmerman • Michal Zimmerman • Rifky Zimmerman • Rikki Zimmerman • Rochel Zimmerman • Sara Leah Zimmerman • Sarala Zimmerman • Shayna Rochel Zimmerman • Yocheved Zimmerman • Shira Zions • Miriam Ziskind • Adina Zisowitz • Chana Leeba Zoberman • Sara Devorah Zoberman • Brocha Zucker • Devorah Leah Zucker • Frumi Zucker • Hindy Zucker • Huvi Zucker • Rivka Zucker • Asna Zuckerman • Ayala Zuckerman • Ella Chaya Zuckerman
B A I S FA I G A
L A K E W O O D
C H E D
נזדעזענו ונדהמנו מאד לקראת השמועה לא טובה אשר קבלנו בלב קרוע ומורתח .בהסתלקותה של האשה החשובה והצנועה עטרת תפארת למשפחת רכניץ הכבודה
אשת הר"ר יצחק צבי רכניץ ז"ל
,משפחה מפוארה- שהשאירה אחריה ברכה מרובה,אבל זאת נחמתנו , בנה, הלא המה ידידנו הדגול,ממשיכים דרכה בכל עוז
הר"ר יעקב ני"ו
, , , ר יוסף פאזען וועד החדר רבנן ותלמידיהון Ezra Abadi • Tzion Abadi • Menachem Abayev • Asher Zelig Abbott • Yisroel Meir Abbott • Yitzy Abbott • Akiva Abboudi • Yehoshua Abboudi • Moshe Tzvi Aberbach • Zev Aberbach • Daniel Abraham • Efraim Abraham • Meir Abraham • Nechemya Abraham • Yakov Moshe Abraham • Yehuda Abraham • Yitzchok Zev Abraham • Moshe Abramowitz • Yaakov Mordechai Abramowitz • Chaim Shabsi Adams • Moshe Yisroel Adams • Elazar Yechiel Adler • Yitzchok Adler • Zev Adler • Bentzion Akda • Zecharia Mordechai Akda • Shlomo Akerman • Avrohom Meir Allison • Yehuda Leib Allison • Moshe Almaliach • Dovid Alster • Elimelech Yisroel Alster • Yehuda Alster • Zevi Altusky • Netanel Amram • Yehuda Aryeh Applebaum • Moshe Arking • Chaim Avigdor Arnstein • Moshe Zev Arnstein • Shimon Arnstein • Dovid Menachem Aron • Aharon Aryeh • Efriam Ashkenazi • Moshe Ashkenazi • Reuben Ashkenazi • Yaakov Ashkenazi • Aharon Tzvi Atlas • Aryeh Leib Atlas • Chaim Atlas • Moshe Atlas • Yehuda Atlas • Yechezkel Ausband • Shlomo Aviv • Sion Azoolay • Shmuel Zelig Babad • Sruli Babad • Tzvi Elimelech Babad • Avrohom Baddouch • Dovid Baddouch • Yehuda Baddouch • Ahron Bak • Chaim Uri Bak • Mordechai Bak • Mordechai Osher Bak • Naftali Bak • Boruch Baker • Mordechai Baker • Shmuelly Baker • Zalmen Noach Baker • Tzvi Aryeh Balser • Yaakov Yehoshua Balser • Yeshaya Balser • Elazer Menachem Bandman • Yaakov Bandman • Shlomo Zalman Barenholtz • Dov Barkin • Uriel Barkin • Avrohom Boruch Basch • Chaim Yehoshua Basch • Chaim Yehoshua Basch • Eliyahu Basch • Levi Yitzchok Basch • Mordechai Basch • Yossi Basch • Shloime Bassman • Aryeh Leib Baum • Elazar Menachem Baum • Shmuel Baum • Simcha Baum • Yosef Dov Baum • Aryeh Bechhofer • Moshe Becker • Rafael Yehuda Leib Beeber • Yaakov Yisroel Beeber • Chaim Beer • Meir Beer • Mordechai Beer • Moshe Beer • Yisroel Beer • Yonah Beer • Yosef Leib Beer • Shlomo Begal • Yisroel Zalman Begal • Avrohom Bender • Dovid Bender • Moshe Bender • Shmuel Bender • Chanoch Zev Bendkowski • Azaria Berelowitz • Moshe Betzalel Berelowitz • Shloimy Berelowitz • Doniel Beren • Sheftal Yekusiel Beren • Aaron Berenbaum • Isser Zalmen Berenbaum • Moshe Berkovits • Avromi Berliner • Eliyohu Berliner • Moshe Eliyahu Berliner • Yaakov Berliner • Yacov Berliner • Binyomin Berman • Moshe Shmuel Berman • Yechezkel Dovid Berman • Yechiel Berman • Yehuda Berman • Yehuda Berman • Dovid Berney • Elozer Bernikier • Aaron Beyda • Shmuel Beyda • Yaakov David Beyda • Avrohom Moshe Bick • Yosef Chaim Bick • Binyomin Biegeleisen • Dov Biegeleisen • Yaakov Yitzchok Biegeleisen • Yakov Biegeleisen • Moshe Bijou • Yosef Bijou • Don Birnbaum • Moshe Birnbaum • Shlomo Zalman Birnbaum • Tzvi Elimelech Birnbaum • Yehuda D. Birnbaum • Yeruchem Birnbaum • Eliyahu Biron • Naftali Biron • Yisroel Aryeh Biron • Shalom Blachorsky • Tzvi Aryeh (Ari) Blachorsky • Yaakov Blachorsky • Yitzchok Blachorsky • Yehuda Blaustein • Yitzchak Meir Blaustein • Aryeh Blech • Moshe Blech • Shamshon Refael Blitz • Yechezkel Leib Blitz • Tzvi Avraham Bludman • Menachem Mendel Blumenfeld • Yehuda Aryeh Blumenfeld • Yissocher Dov Blumenfeld • Chaim M. Blumenkrantz • Yechiel Pesach Blumenkrantz • Avrohom Abba Bodenheimer • Chaim Bodenheimer • Uri Bodenheimer • Yechezkel Bodenheimer • Yehuda Bodenheimer • Yehuda Bodenheimer • Eli Bodner • Yeruchom Bodner • Naftoli Boim • Avrohom Yaakov Bojman • Dovid Zev Bojman • Menachem Bojman • Moshe Bojman • Boruch Braun • Dovid Braun • Yosef Braun • Avrohom Braunfeld • Shimon Braunfeld • Aharon Zev Brecher • Aryeh Eliyahu Brecher • Shlomo Yehuda Brecher • Yehoshua Brecher • Yisroel Dovid Brecher • Chaim Yaakov Bressler • Avrohom Brieger • Binyomin Pesach Brieger • Mordechai Brisman • Reuven Brisman • Yehoshua Aryeh Brisman • Avrohom Abba Brodsky • Avrohom Brody • Meir Brody • Mordechai Zalman Brody • Sholom Shachna Brody • Yosef Brody • Arye Leib Bronspigel • Binyomin Bronspigel • Eliyahu Bronspigel • Meir Bronspigel • Moshe Bronspigel • Tzvi Dov Bronspigel • Yehuda Bronspigel • Naftoli Brownstein • Yitzchok Dov Brownstein • Chaim Brull • Tzvi Yaakov Brustowsky • Avraham Menashe Burstein • Mordechai Burstein • Yosef Gedaliah Burstein • Dovid Shloma Bursztyn • Moshe Chaim Bursztyn • Avrohom Yitzchok Busel • Chaim Busel • Eliezer Busel • Mordechai Busel • Pesach Busel • Refoel Boruch Busel • Yehoshua Busel • Yehoshua Abba Busel • Yehoshua Abba Busel • Yitzchok Busel • Yisroel Meir Cagan • Yonah Ephraim Caplan • Naftali Carlebach • Aaron Chase • Aron Chase • Moshe Yosef Chase • Shalom Chase • Yenon Chen • Shmuel Choueka • Yosef Eliezer Choueka • Chaim Citron • Zalman Hillel Citron • Aharon Cohen • Aharon Dovid Cohen • Aryeh Cohen • Asher Cohen • Avraham Cohen • Avraham Shalom Cohen • Binyomin Cohen • Binyomin Cohen • Chaim Cohen • Chaim Cohen • David Cohen • Dovid Cohen • Dovid Cohen • Eliezer Cohen • Eliezer Cohen • Eliezer Yosef Cohen • Hayim Cohen • Meir Simcha Cohen • Moshe Cohen • Moshe Menachem (Menachem) Cohen • Moshe Yitzchok Cohen • Nosson Tzvi Cohen • Shimon Cohen • Shlomo Cohen • Shmuel Yosef Cohen • Shragie Cohen • Sruly Y. Cohen • Yaakov Cohen • Yaakov Cohen • Yaakov Cohen • Yehuda Cohen • Yehuda Cohen • Yehuda Aryeh Cohen • Yitzchok Eizik Cohen • Yosef Menachem Cohen • Yoseph Tzvi Cohen • Zalman Noach Cohen • Menachem Cook • Yosef Chaim Cook • Aryeh Cweiber • Yaakov Cweiber • Itamar Dahari • Yoni Dahari • Binyomin Chaim Danziger • Tzvi Darabaner • Efraim Zalman David • Mordechai David • Shmuel David • Yehuda David • Aryeh Leib Davis • Yehuda Davis • Eliyahu Deckelbaum • Shmuel Yehuda Deckelbaum • Yaakov Yitzchok Deckelbaum • Zalman H Deckelbaum • Zev Deckelbaum • Yechiel Michel deFreudiger • Avrohom Yaakov Deitel • Shimon Deitel • Aryeh Leib Dessler • Daniel Dessler • Elchonon Deutsch • Eliyahu Deutsch • Ezi Deutsch • Nachman Deutsch • Nachman Simcha Deutsch • Yitzchok Deutsch • Yitzchok Meir Deutsch • Zorach Deutsch • Binyamin Ezrial Devries • Pinchas Dewick • Yissochor Dewick • Yehuda Diamond • Dovid Tzvi Dick • Moshe Dick • Sholom Dick • Tzvi Hersh Dick • Yehuda Dick • Dov Shalom Dicker • Gedalya Dickstein • Hillel Dickstein • Kalman Yehuda Dickstein • Mordechai Dinkels • Shragie Diskind • Shraga Moshe Dolgin • Shalom Betzalel Dombroff • Aharon Donner • Shalom Yehuda Leib Donner • Shmuel Boruch Donner • Elchonon Dreyfuss • Elozer Menachem Dreyfuss • Nosson Yechezkel Dreyfuss • Akiva Drillman • Yehuda Zev Drillman • Aharon Durst • Avrohom Eckstein • Menachem Mendel Eckstein • Menachem Mendel Eckstein • Yisroel Meir Eckstein • Yitzchok Meir Eckstein • Avrohom Yitzchok Edelson • Uri Meir Edelson • Mordechai Edelstein • Avrohom Edeltuch • Dov Ber Edeltuch • Shmuel Edeltuch • Avraham Pinchos Egert • Eliezer Egert • Eliezer Egert • Menachem Egert • Moshe Shmuel Egert • Naftali Egert • Shalom Egert • Shalom Shachna Egert • Yaakov Egert • Elimelech Gavriel Ehrlich • Moshe Chaim Ehrlich • Bentzion Eidelman • Bentzion Eidelman • Chaim Eidelman • Ephraim Eidelman • Moishy Eidelman • Shragi Eidelman • Yitzchok Eidelman • Bentzion Eidensohn • Sholom Yosef Eidensohn • Avrohom Osher Eider • Pinchos Shlomo Eider • Shimon Dovid Eider • Yaakov Eider • Yechezkel Shraga Eider • Avigdor Eilenberg • Gavriel Eilenberg • Shimon Eilenberg • Alexander Eisemann • Eliyohu Meir Eisemann • Moshe Eisemann • Moshe Eisemann • Moshe Yehuda Eisemann • Shraga Eisemann • Yakov Eliyahu Eisemann • Efraim Eisenberg • Eliyahu Eisenberg • Mordechai Eisenberg • Avrohom Eisenberger • Dovid Yitzchok Eisenberger • Yaakov Yehuda Eisenberger • Moshe Dov Eisenstein • Yaakov Mordechai Eisenstein • Yosef Eisenstein • Avrohom Meir Eisgrau • Eliyahu Eisgrau • Yehoshua Eisgrau • Yehuda Eisgrau • Yisroel Yosef Ellman • Bentzion Engel • Yehuda Aryeh Engel • Yitzchok Baruch Engel • Moshe Englard • Ahron Dovid Epstein • Avrohom Epstein • Avrohom Yaakov Epstein • Avrohom Yaakov Epstein • Eliyahu Epstein • Eliyahu Tzvi Epstein • Meir Epstein • Moshe Yosef Epstein • Nosson Meir Epstein • Shlomo Aharon Epstein • Shlomo Ahron Epstein • Shmuel Tzvi Epstein • Yechiel Michel Epstein • Yehoshua Shlomo Epstein • Yisroel Epstein • Yosef Dovid Epstein • Zev Epstein • Binyomin Zev Faivushevitz • Shmuel Faivushevitz • Yaakob Falack • Mendel Falik • Zev Falik • Yehuda Fallas • Chanoch Menachem Farkas • Moshe Farkas • Yehuda Farkas • Yosef Feder • Chaim Mordechai Feifer • Yisroel Yissachar Feifer • Avrohom Yaakov Feigenbaum • Ahron Feinroth • Elozor Menachem Feinroth • Shimon Yehuda Feinroth • Bentzi Feinzeig • Dovid Feinzeig • Alter G.C.H. Felder • Avrohom Dovid Felder • Sholom Felder • Yirmiya Chaim Felder • Avromi Feldman • Noach Feldman • Yosef Feldman • Moshe Feldstein • Asher Feuer • Mordechai Feuer • Shlomo Feuer • Eliyahu Fiddle • Tuvya Shmuel Fiddle • Chezky Finer • Avigdor Fingerer • Eliyahu Fingerer • Yaakov Yisroel Fingerer • Dovid Shmaryahu Fink • Menachem Manis Finkel • Naftoli Finkel • Yissochor Finkel • Dov Finkelman • Moshe Finkelman • Yirmiya Finkelman • Menachem Zev Fischer • Moshe Aryeh Fischer • Shimon Fischer • Tzvi Yehuda Fischer • Yisroel Isser Fischer • Chaim Dov Fisher • Dovid Fisher • Yitzchok Fisher • Eliezer Meir Fishman • Eliyahu Fishman • Mordechai Fishman • Yaakov Dov Fishman • Yeshaya Fishman • Yossi Fishman • Chaim Y. Flamm • Chaim Shabsi Fleischmann • Uri Fleischmann • Shlomo Dovid Florans • Chaim Pesach Foutorian • Meir Simcha Foutorian • Shaul Foutorian • Moshe Franco • Moshe Franco • Moshe Franco • Noach Frank • Avrohom Frankel • Chaim Frankel • Ephraim Yisroel Frankel • Moshe Yakov Frankel • Peretz Yehuda Frankel • Shmuel Frankel • Yaakov Nosson Frankel • Yosef Frankel • Aryeh Leib Freitag • Shmuel Friedlander • Yechezkel Shraga Friedlander • Chaim Friedman • Chaim Friedman • Chaim Meir Friedman • Eliezer Friedman • Moshe Friedman • Shmuel Friedman • Tzvi Yehuda Friedman • Yisroel Friedman • Yisroel (Sruli) Friedman • Elazar Menachem Fuhrer • Michael Fuhrer • Shlomo Fuhrer • Yaakov Fuhrer • Yaakov Fuhrer • Yehuda Fuhrer • Avrohom Galinsky • Yaakov Galinsky • Aryeh Ganz • Boruch Ganz • Mordechai Eliezer Ganz • Yaakov Meir Garfinkel • Dovid Gartenberg • Shlomo Yehoshua Gartenberg • Avrohom Aba Gartenhaus • Elchonon Tzvi Gartenhaus • Elozor Menachem Gartenhaus • Nosson Meir Gartenhaus • Yisroel Chaim Gartenhaus • Yissochor Gartner • Yaakov Gastfreund • Ahron Geisler • Eliyohu Geisler • Yehuda Geisler • Ashi Gelb • Avigdor Gelb • Boruch Gelb • Chaim Gelb • Yirmeyahu Yochanon Gelb • Avigdor Gelfand • Elazar Gelfand • Shmuli Gelfand • Yosef Yitzchak Gelfand • Chanoch Zundel Gellerman • Moshe Dovid Gellerman • Dovid Gellis • Eliyahu Tzvi Gellis • Yakov Meir Gellis • Chaim Yitzchok Gershbaum • Menachem Mendel Gershbaum • Nosson Meir Gershbaum • Yaakov Gershbaum • Simcha Gadol Gewirtz • Yosef Gewirtz • Chaim Eliezer Gewirtzman • Dovid Shloima Gewirtzman • Mayer Gewirtzman • Yosef Gewirtzman • Yosef Ghodsi • Yosef Boruch Ghoori • Avrohom Yitzchak Gibber • Mordechai Yaakov Glantz • Shlomo Yosef Glantz • Moshe Glassenberg • Akiva Glatzer • Binyamin Zev Glatzer • Avi Gleiberman • Avrohom Yeshaya Glustein • Elchonon Glustein • Yehuda Glustein • Yissochor Glustein • Yitzchok Zev Glustein • Yisroel Moshe Gobioff • Shimon Gold • Yosef Goldbaum • Bentzi Goldberg • Chaim Meir Goldberg • Gavriel Goldberg • Mordechai Menachem Goldberg • Pinchos Goldberg • Shlomo Avrohom Goldberg • Yedidya Yehuda Goldberg • Yehuda Benzion Goldberg • Yitzchok Goldberg • Avrohom Yosef Goldberger • Levi Goldberger • Goldblatt • Aron Goldblatt • Yosef Goldblatt • Yosef Chaim Goldfischer • Yehuda Goldkrantz • Pinchos Shalom Goldman • Eliyahu Goldmann • Tzvi Goldmann • Yehuda Goldmann • Avrohom Dovid Goldstein • Chaim Yitzchok Goldstein • Shimmy Goldstein • Yekusiel Goldstein • Yisroel Meir Goldstein • Zalman Goldstein • Eliezer Goldstone • Moshe Menachem Goldstone • Shlomo Goldstone • Dov Ber Goldwasser • Avrahom Yitzchok Golovenzitz • Tzvi Yehuda Golovenzitz • Mordechai Gonsky • Noach Tzvi Gonsky • Alter Shlomo Yitzchok Goodman • Chaim Mordechai Goodman • Dovid Tzvi Goodman • Eliyahu Goodman • Kalman Yehuda Goodman • Menachem Goodman • Menachem Mendel Goodman • Menachem Mendel Goodman • Moshe Goodman • Moshe Goodman • Moshe Goodman • Nachum Goodman • Yehuda Goodman • Yeshaya Goodman • Yitzy Goodman • Noach Naftoli Gordon • Yehuda Gordon • Yisrael Binyamin Gordon • Yosi Gordon • Binyomin Gorelick • Meir Simcha Gorelick • Mordechai Gorelick • Shmuel Hillel Gorelick • Yaakov Gorelick • Pinchos Gornish • Shlomo Zalman Gornish • Yisroel Gornish • Yosef Dov Gornish • Ahron Gottesman • Moshe Gottlieb • Yossi Gottlieb • Yehuda Gradman • Yitzchok Gradman • Binyomin Zorach Grama • Boruch Dov Grama • Mordechai E Grama • Shmuel Grama • Yehudah Grama • Avrohom Chaim Green • Dovi Green • Eliyahu Green • Nachum Yehuda Green • Pinny Green • Shalom Yehuda Green • Shlomo Zalman Green • Shmuel Green • Yaakov Pesach Green • Yisroel Aryeh Green • Yosef Green • Shmaya Greenbaum • Chaim Greenberg • Efraim Mordechai Greenberg • Eliezer Greenberg • Pinchos Greenberg • Shimon Moshe Greenberg • Yehuda Leib Greenberg • Yosef Greenberg • Asher Greenebaum • Avrohom Greenebaum • Eliezer Greenebaum • Nosson Yechezkel Greenebaum • Yechiel Greenebaum • Yechiel Greenebaum • Yitzchok Zev Greenebaum • Yosef Greenebaum • Yosef Greenebaum • Mordechai Shraga Greenfeld • Sholom Shachna Greenfeld • Yehuda Eliezer (Laizer) Greenspan • Yosef Greenspan • Yisroel Greenwald • Asher Anshel Greisman • Boruch Yedidya Gronstein • Menachem Mendel Gross • Moshe Leib Gross • Yechiel Mechel Gross • Avrohom Yitzchak Grossman • Shmuel Menachem Grossman • Yisroel Mordechai Grossman • Akiva Gruber • Tzvi Gruber • Hillel Gruenebaum • Yechiel Yehuda Gruenebaum • Yehuda Gruenebaum • Aryeh Grunberger • Raphael Ahron Grunberger • Zalman Noach Grunberger • Elozar Menachem Gruskin • Levi (Aaron) Gruskin • Shlomo Chaim Gruskin • Shlomo Chaim Gruskin • Shlomo Chaim Gruskin • Tuvia Nochum Gruskin • Yehuda Tzvi Gruskin • Yaakov Gruss • Yosef Gugenheim • Arya Leib Gutman • Binyamin Gutman • Chaim Gutman • Nachum Hillel Gutterman • Shmuel Tzvi Gutterman • Shragy Feivel Gutterman • Yisroel Gutterman • Yitzchok Dovid Gutterman • Simcha G Guzik • Eliyahu Haddad-Simantov • Moshe Chaim Haddad-Simantov • Shlomo Haddad-Simantov • Avigdor Haikins • Azriel Halon • Dov Ber Halperin • Nachum Binyamin Halpert • Yonason Halpert • Yosef Halpert • Asher Hamburger • Avigdor Hamburger • Tuvia Hamedani • Eliezer Harari • Bentzion Harrar • Eizik Eliyahu Harrar • Pinchos Harrar • Pinchos Harrar • Refoel Shmuel Harrar • Shmuel Harrar • Yehuda Aryeh Harrar • Yisroel Harrar • Bentzion Hartman • Gershon Chanoch Henach Hass • Lippy Hass • Yackov Hass • Meir Hassan • Moishy Hassan • Tzvi Hassan • Zev Hassan • Moshe Hauben • Tzvi Hersh Hauben • Akiva Yechiel Hauptman • Avraham Yehuda Hauptman • Sholom Hauptman • Yisroel Zev Hauptman • Yaakov Noach Hebel • Ephraim Hefter • Gavriel Hefter • Yisroel Hefter • Boruch Gedalya Heinemann • Chaim Heisler • Elchonon Heisler • Eliezer Heisler • Eliyahu Heisler • Yehuda Heisler • Menachem Heitner • Shlomo Yaakov Heitner • Yerachmiel Heitner • Dovid Hellmann • Benzion Helmreich • Boruch Hershfeld • Nesanel Hershfeld • Yechezkel (Chesky) Hershkowitz • Yosef Hershkowitz • Avrohom Herskowitz • Avrohom Meir Herskowitz • Menachem Herskowitz • Moishe Herskowitz • Shmuel Yosef Herskowitz • Yehuda Herskowitz • Yossi Herz • Avromi Herzka • Pinchas Herzka • Yehuda Herzka • Pesach Yitzchak Hess • Shimon Yehuda Hess • Yosef Dov Hess • Yosef Dov Hess • Avrohom Tzvi Hettleman • Shmuel Gavriel Heyman • Yakov Sholom Hildeshaim • Yechezkel Hildeshaim • Yisochor Hilman • Levi Yitzchok Himes • Avrohom Himy • Moshe Himy • Pinchos Himy • Yehuda Himy • Yisroel Zev Himy • Avrohom Hirsch • Binyomin Hirsch • Meir Hirsch • Shamshon Refoel Hirsch • Yehuda Alexander Hirsch • Binyomin Hirschman • Dovy Hirschman • Efraim Hirschman • Meshulom Hirschman • Shimon Hirschman • Yehoshua Hirschman • Avrohom Hirth • Chaim Boruch Hirth • Chaim Buroch Hirth • Moshe Aaron Hirth • Yisroel Hirth • Baruch Hoberman • Moshe Hoberman • Yehuda Nosson Hoberman • Yitzchok Hoberman • Bentzion Yitzchok Hoch • Akiva Shmuel Hochman • Avrohom Hochman • Yosef Meir Hochman • Aryeh Holtz • Tzvi Yehuda Holtz • Avrohom Irons • Eliezer Irons • Moshe Irons • Yitzchok A Irons • Moshe Reuven Jacob • Yosef Jacobovics • Chaim Yeshaya Jacobovitch • Eliyahu Chaim Jacobovitch • Moshe Jacobovitch • Shalom Jacobovitch • Yehonason Dovid Jacobovitch • Dovid Jacobowitz • Aaron Tzvi Jacobs • Ahron Jacobs • Michoel Chaim Jacobs • Mordechai Jacobs • Moshe Naftali Jacobs • Shmuel Yehuda Jacobs • Sholom Jacobs • Yisroel Meir Jacobs • Yosef Aryeh Jaffe • Mordechai Jakubovics • Tzvi Jakubovics • Shlomo Elyakum Jankelovits • Yekusiel Yehuda Jankelovits • Aharon Jenah • Moshe Jenah • Menachem Josephson • Leyma Chaim Jundef • Mordechai Jundef • Aahron Juravel • Yosef Eliezer Juravel • Aharon Jurkansky • Aryeh Leib Kagan • Chaim Ozer Kagan • Eliyohu Kagan • Yeruchem Shaul Kagan • Chaim Yitzchok Kaganoff • Dov Kahanow • Elazar Kahanow • Yisroel Aryeh Kahanow • Yakov Eluzar Kahn • Kaisler • Avrohom Kalatsky • Moshe Kalatsky • Menachem Mendel Kalish • Moshe Kaluszyner • Shmuel Kaluszyner • Yehuda Zev Kaluszyner • Gavriel Kamenetsky • Avrohom Kaminsky • Shalom Shachna Kaminsky • Yitzchok Kaminsky • Elazar Menachem Kanarek • Shaul Kanarek • Shaul Kanarek • Shmuel Kanarek • Yisroel Eliezer Kanarek • Yosef Yehuda Leib Kanarek • Aryeh Moshe Eliyah Kaplan • Avigdor Eliyahu Kaplan • Avrohom Shimon Kaplan • Moshe Kaplan • Reuven Yehoshua Kaplan • Shabsy Kaplan • Yechezkel Yehuda Kaplan • Yehuda Tzvi Kaplan • Yisroel Chaim Kaplan • Yisroel Mordechai Kaplan • Tzvi Kaplinsky • Avraham Karelitz • Eliyahu Dovid Karelitz • Avraham Yitzchok Karmel • Gershon Karmel • Yehuda Dov Karmel • Aaron Moshe (Chaim) Karp • Chaim Kass • Aaron Dov Katz • Avigdor Katz • Avraham (Avrami) Katz • Boruch Mordechai Katz • Chaim Katz • Dovid Katz • Dovy Katz • Eliezer Katz • Eliyahu Katz • Menachem Mendel Katz • Menachem Yehudah Katz • Tzvi Katz • Yisroel Meir Katz • Yitzchok Avrohom Katz • Aryeh Katzenstein • Avigdor Kaufman • Shmuel Kaufman • Yisroel Dov Keisler • Eli Kempler • Eliezer Kempler • Yaakov Kenzer • Zev Kenzer • Yehuda Kesserman • Nesanel Kettner • Binyomin Kilberg • Binyomin Kilberg • Moshe Kilberg • Nochum Kilberg • Simcha Kilberg • Yaakov Kilberg • Yehuda Kilberg • Yissachar Dov Kilberg • Yissachar Dov Kilberg • Binyomin King • Dov King • Tzvi King • Yaakov King • Yosef N. King • Yisroel Tzvi Kipper • Binyomin Kirshenbaum • Menachem Mendel Kirshenbaum • Yakov Kirshenbaum • Yosef Kirshenbaum • Yossi Kirshenbaum • Aharon Kirzner • Chaim Kirzner • Simcha Zelig Kirzner • Zelig Kirzner • Eliezer Klang • Menachem Klang • Pinchas Klang • Binyamin Klein • Rafael Klein • Yaakov Boruch Kleinkaufman • Zvi Kleinkaufman • Shmuel Chaim Klor • Binyomin Klughaupt • Eliezer Tzvi Klughaupt • Moshe Klugman • Yona Knopf • Asher Zelig Kohn • Avraham Yeshaya Kohn • Chaim Kohn • Eliyahu Kohn • Moshe Tzvi Kohn • Nosson Tzvi Kohn • Ahron Koplowitz • Dov Ber Koplowitz • Elimelech Koplowitz • Eliyahu Koplowitz • Moshe Yehuda Koplowitz • Chaim Yehuda Kopp • Yosef Kopp • Avrohom Koppenheim • Ephraim Koppenheim • Moshe Tzvi Koppenheim • Shammai Koppenheim • Yaakov Shmuel Koppenheim • Yona Koppenheim • Gedalia Kornblau • Avrohom Mordechai Koslowitz • Chaim Koslowitz • Eliyahu Koslowitz • Moshe A. Koslowitz • Moshe Ahron Koslowitz • Naftali Koslowitz • Yechezkel Koslowitz • Avrohom Koster • Yehuda Koster • Yehoshua M.R. Kraftmann • Aryeh Kramer • Akiva Kranz • Avrohom Shraga Kranz • Eliyohu Kranz • Shlomo Zalman Kranz • Avrohom Moshe Krasnow • Eli Meir Krasnow • Menachem Krasnow • Menachem Yehoshua Krauss • Moshe Dovid Krauss • Shimon Eliyahu Krauss • Dovid Kravetz • Aron Gedalya Kreiser • Avrohom Kreiser • Shmuel Kreiser • Ezriel Gedalya Kriger • Yisroel Kriger • Menachem Krohn • Avrohom Krohner • Chaim Yehuda Kronenberg • Boruch Chaim Krupenia • Levi Krupenia • Levi Krupenia • Tzvi Krupenia • Aharon Kuessous • Chaim Kuessous • Mordechai Kugielsky • Akiva Kugler • Avroham Chaim Kugler • Meir Kugler • Yisroel Yitzchok Kugler • Mordechai N. Kuperman • Moshe Kuperman • Usher Aharon Kuperman • Yehuda Kuperman • Dovid Kuperwasser • Moshe Kuperwasser • Yanky Kuperwasser • Zalman Kupfer • Eliezer Lachman • Moshe Yehoshua Lachman • Tzvi Hersh Lamm • Yosef Chaim Lamm • Avigdor Landau • Eliyahu Landau • Menachem Mendel Landau • Nosson Landau • Yosef Landau • Akiva Simcha Landman • Yanky Landwirt • Mordechai Langer • Shimshon Zelig Langer • Moshe Lansky • Yeshaya Lansky • Baruch Lapides • Yisroel Dov Lapides • Yosef Dov Laskin • Yosef Lebovits • Moshe Zev Lederer • Eliyahu Leff • Zev Leff • Chaim Lefkowitz • Shloimy Leibel • Dov Leibowitz • Shimon Leibowitz • Shmuel Leibowitz • Chaim Leiman • Pesach Leiman • Chaim Leiser • Mendel Yitzchok Leiser • Mordechai Leiser • Avrohom Asher Leizerson • Shaul Lenchitz • Benzion Lerner • Eliyohu Nochum Lerner • Nosson Meir Lerner • Dovi Lesin • Chaim Levenberg • Moshe Levi • Aharon Levin • Avraham Levin • Binyomin Levin • Binyomin Zev Levin • Menashe Levin • Mordechai Levin • Moshe Levin • Nosson Levin • Uri Levin • Refael Levine • Yitzchok Tzvi Levine • Mordechai Levinson • Mordechai Levitansky • Shmuel Levitansky • Aharon Tzvi Levovitz • Avromi Levovitz • Binyomin Tzvi Levovitz • Chaim Levovitz • Chaim Levovitz • Eliyohu Chaim Levovitz • Eliyohu Eliezer Levovitz • Lipa Levovitz • Moshe Levovitz • Moshe Levovitz • Moshe Leib Levovitz • Shamshon Raphael Levovitz • Shmuel Levovitz • Shmuel Eliyahu Levovitz • Simcha Yehoshua Levovitz • Yehoshua Levovitz • Alter Levy • Aryeh Leib Levy • Avraham Levy • Avrohom Levy • Baruch Levy • Chaim Moshe Levy • Daniel Levy • Daniel Levy • Ezra Levy • Shmuel Levy • Yitzchok Levy • Yosef Levy • Eliezer Lewin • Shaul Zalman Lewin • Tzvi Lewin • Eliezer Liberman • Boruch Moshe Lichtenstein • Elchonon Tzvi Lichtenstein • Yehoshua Lichtenstein • Yehuda Lichtenstein • Zalman Hillel Lichtenstein • Zev Lichtenstein • Avrohom Yacov Lichtschein • Yehoshua Lichtschein • Shlomo Yom Tov Lieberman • Yitzy Lieberman • Ezriel Lipshitz • Yehuda Leib Lipshitz • Chaim Meshulim Lisker • Shraga Feivel Lisker • Mordechai Littman • Avrohom Lobel • Dov Ber Lobel • Yitzchok Lobel • Raphael Shmuel Lock • Yisroel Lock • Yitzchok M. Loebenberg • Shneur Loebenstein • Moishe Loewi • Naftoli Zvi Londinski • Yaakov Arye Londinski • Yitzchok Londinski • Mutti Lover • Chananel Lowenthal • Nochum Hillel Lowenthal • Moshe Dov Lowi • Yaakov Akiva Lowinger • Tzvi Lowy • Zevy Lowy • Moshe Yitzchok Lubin • Tzvi Lubin • Yehuda Zev Lubin • Yaakov Lubling • Chaim Baruch Lubowsky • Nesanel Tzvi Lubowsky • Dovid Makovsky • Chaim Malka • Eliyahu Mandel • Levi Mandel • Nochum Tzvi Mandel • Shmuel Mandel • Yitzchok Mandel • Zev Mandel • Zvi Pinchas Mandelbaum • Avrohom Aharon Manies • Rafael Manies • Eliezer Ahron Mannes • Eliezer Mansbach • Sholom S. Mansbach • Yehuda Mansbach • Chaim Tzvi Marburger • Avrohom Marcus • Benzion Marcus • Binyomin Marcus • Dovid Yosef Marcus • Gershon Marcus • Moshe Marcus • Yehuda Marcus • Moshe Marder • Shmuel Marder • Ahron Margareten • Arye Leib Markin • Nesanel Markin • Shaya Marmorstein • Yitzy Marmorstein • Abraham Maslaton • Eliyahu Maslaton • Nosson Tzvi Matzliach • Yehuda Avigdor Matzliach • Yisroel Meir Matzliach • Moshe Yehuda Maybloom • Yitzchok Maybloom • Moshe Mayer • Pinchos Mayer • Yaakov Elimelech Mayer • Yehuda Mayer • Yosef Mayer • Yechiel Mayerfeld • Chaim Mehler • Sruly Mehler • Avraham Menahem • Ezra Menahem • Natan Menahem • Yona Dov Menahem • Menashe Mendlowitz • Aron Zelig Mermelstein • Dov Berish Mermelstein • Eliyahu Mermelstein • Meir Yechiel Mermelstein • Mordechai Meth • Tzvi Meth • Yirmiah Meth • Avrohom Mikel • Chaim Mikel • Yaakov Mikel • Ahron Miller • Avraham Chaim Miller • Benzion Miller • Chaim (Ezra) Miller • Meir Miller • Zev (Zev Shamshon) Miller • Eliezer Millet • Ephraim Millet • Shloimy Millet • Chaim Mintz • Michoel Minzer • Yosef Mizrahi • Yosef Mochon • Elozer Tzodok Moerman • Yitzchok Moerman • Moshe Moses • Yosef Shmuel Moskovits • Moshe Moskovitz • Naftaly Eliyahu Moskovitz • Shimon Moskovitz • Avrohom Muehlgay • Aron Munk • Chaim Munk • Eliyahu Munk • Yisroel Meir Munk • Moshe Naftali Mykoff • Yisroel Mykoff • Eliyahu Nahem • Moshe Nahem • Mayer Nehmad • Mayer N Nehmad • Yehuda Neiman • Yossi Neiman • Chaim Nelkin • Sholom Ahron Nelkin • Shaya Baruch Neuhaus • Shraga Feivel Neuhaus • Avraham Eliezer Neuman • Chaim Yehushua Neuman • Yechezkel Neuman • Aharon Neumann • Avrohom Y. Neumann • Avromi Neumann • Dovid Neumann • Dovid Neumann • Leyman Chaim Neumann • Meir Neumann • Moshe Neumann • Naftali Neumann • Rafael Aryeh Neumann • Yaakov Neumann • Yeshaya Neumann • Yitzchak Neumann • Yonah Neumann • Zalman Ahron Neumann • Aryeh Newhouse • Aryeh Newhouse • Aryeh Newhouse • Avrohom Newhouse • Avrohom Tzvi Newhouse • Binyomin Newhouse • Chaim Tzvi Newhouse • Refoel Newhouse • Shimon Newhouse • Yaakov Newhouse • Yechiel Newhouse • Yehuda Newhouse • Yehuda Leib Newhouse • Yisroel Newhouse • Aaron Newman • Chezky Newmark • Yehuda Shalom Nisenbaum • Chaim Nojovitz • Zev Nojovitz • Ari Leib Notis • Shimon Notis • Dovid Novoseller • Avrohom Tzvi Nusbaum • Yaakov Moshe Nusbaum • Ari Nussbaum • Mattisyahu Nussbaum • Mordechai Yehuda Nussbaum • Shmuel Nussbaum • Shraga Moshe Nussbaum • Tanchum Nussbaum • Yaakov Nussbaum • Avrohom Yehoshua Oelbaum • Chaim Oelbaum • Yecheskel (Nachman) Oelbaum • Yisroel Meir Oelbaum • Yosef Chaim Oelbaum • Aaron Olshin • Avrohom Yitzchoki Olshin • Chaim Boruch Olshin • Abba Moshe Oppenheim • Dovid Oppenheim • Reuvan Binyomin (Binyomin) Oppenheim • Yosef Oppenheim • Yosef Oppenheimer • Yaakov Oratz • Avrohom Aron Orlansky • Shloimy Osina • Ephraim Ottensoser • Yisroel Eliyahu Ozur • Yisroel Pachtman • Zev Pachtman • Dov Pam • Moshe Pam • Eliezer Paretzky • Mordechai Paretzky • Raphael Moshe Paretzky • Shraga Paretzky • Shaul Pavlov • Shmuel Pavlov • Yehuda Leib Pepper • Yerachmiel Shabsi Pepper • Daniel Yehoshua (Shuey) Perelson • Avraham Simcha(Avrumi) Perl • Avrumy Perl • Moshe Perl • Shimon Perl • Simcha Bunim Perl • Zevy Perl • Chaim Perlow • Aharon Perlstein • Elimelech Perlstein • Shalom Perlstein • Tzvi Aryeh Perlstein • Nosson Meir Peymer • Yisroel Leib Peymer • Ari Pilz • Yitzchok Avrohom Pilz • Pinchus Pinter • Yaakov Moshe Pinter • Yehoshua Dovid Pinter • Chaim Moshe Plonczak • Nosson Plonczak • Tzvi Aryeh Plonczak • Chaim Pohrille • Shmuel Pohrille • Pesach Yitzchok Pollack • Reuven Pollack • Shmuel Pollack • Asher Yeshayah Pollak • Pinchas Sholom Pollak • Pinny Pollak • Yitzy Pollak • Yosef Pollak • Dovid Portnoy • Moshe Portnoy • Yisroel Portnoy • Dovid Prag • Eliezer Chaim Prag • Michoel Press • Simcha Bunim Press • Moshe Yaakov Presser • Betzalel Privalsky • Binyomin Privalsky • Nochum Privalsky • Shlomo Privalsky • Avram Yakov Pruzansky • Simcha Pruzansky • Tzvi Pruzansky • Aryeh Leib Raber • Avrohom Zev Raber • Chaim Raber • Shmuel Tzvi Raber • Yehuda Raber • Eliyahu Rabinowitz • Shaul Rabinowitz • Yisroel Rabinowitz • Raphael Rajchgod • Zev Rajchgod • Boruch Meir Rapaport • Chanina Rapaport • Eliyohu Eliezer Rapaport • Mordechai Rapaport • Mordechai Rapaport • Moshe Rapaport • Reuven Dov Rapaport • Shlomo Rapaport • Yosef Rapaport • Tzviki Redisch • Yaakov Akiva Redisch • Boruch Yehudah Reich • Dovid Tzvi Reich • Meir Yaakov Reich • Mordechai Menachem Reich • Nochum Dov Reich • Yaakov Reich • Tzvi Reisman • Pesach Zev Reiss • Boruch Reit • Shlomy Reit • Avraham Yehuda Rennert • Menachem Rennert • Tzvi Aryeh Rennert • Yehoshua Resnick • Eliezer Chaim Resnicoff • Shragi Retkinski • Boruch Retter • Moshe Retter • Tzvi Eli Retter • Yitzchok Retter • Avrohom Ashar Ribiat • Shlomo Eliyahu Ribiat • Shmaya Ribiat • Meir Shlomo Ribowsky • Yosef Ribowsky • Asher Richter • Shimon Richter • Shlomo Simcha Richter • Avrohom Ringel • Moshe Ringel • Elazar Ritterman • Chaim Tzvi Roberg • Ezriel Roberg • Yehoshua Roberg • Ephraim Robinson • Asher Yehuda Rochwarger • Dovid Shloima Rochwarger • Mordechai Rockove • Avrohom Rokowsky • Dovid Rokowsky • Mordechai Rokowsky • Zalman Rokowsky • Chaim Roseman • Dovid Akiva Roseman • Yakov Dov Roseman • Avrohom Rosen • Yitzchok Rosen • Yosef Rosen • Menachem Rosenberg • Moshe Rosenberg • Shlomo Rosenberg • Yacov Rosenberg • Yisroel Rosenberg • Yochanan Rosenberg • Yisroel Rosenblatt • Shalom Rosenfeld • Shlomo Rosenfeld • Avraham Yeshaya Rotberg • Dovid Rotberg • Dovid Rotberg • Dovid Rotberg • Meyer Rotberg • Shalom Dovy Rotberg • Shimon Yehuda Rotberg • Zev Rotberg • Yisrael Roth • Yitzchok I Roth • Avrumy Rothberg • Yisroel Eliezer Rothberg • Mordechai Rothenberg • Yosef Rothenberg • Binyomin Rothschild • Nosson Rothschild • Yehuda Rothschild • Meir Rottenberg • Menachem Rottenberg • Shimon Rottenberg • Yehuda Tzvi Rottenberg • Avrohom Abba Rottenstreich • Binyomin Rottenstreich • Menachem Rottenstreich • Naftali Rottenstreich • Shamshin Rottenstreich • Ahron Yaakov Rubelow • Binyomin Rubelow • Levi Chaim Rubin • Moshe Rubin • Refoel Shmuel Rubin • Akiva Rubinstein • Tzvi Rubnitz • Zalman Rubnitz • Avrohom Dovid Ruzohorsky • Meir Simcha Ruzohorsky • Pinchos Ruzohorsky • Aryeh Ryback • Shmuel Ryback • Dovid Sabo • Yisroel Sabo • Mayer Zelig Saks • Mordechai Salamon • Shlomo Yehuda Salamon • Aaron Saltz • Binyomin Saltz • Shlomo Yitzchok Salzman • Levi Yitzchak Samel • Yisrael Aryeh Samel • Tzvi Aryeh Sanders • Binyomin Sandler • Avigdor M. Saslow • Yaakov Saslow • Yisroel Saslow • Yisroel Dovid Saslow • Boruch Leib Sasoon • Yosef Zalman Sasoon • Avigdor Sasson • Mordechai Sasson • Moshe Sasson • Yaakov Sasson • Dovid Savitz • Mordechai Savitz • Yitzchok Savitz • Dov Ber Schamovic • Dovid Aryeh Schamovic • Yehuda Schaum • Gershon Schechter • Shmuel Mordechai (Mutty) Schechter • Tzvi Aryeh Schechter • Dovid Eliezer Schecter • Mendy Scheinbaum • Boruch Scheiner • Mordechai Scheiner • Shmuel YomTov Scheiner • Dovi Scheinerman • Yitzchak Scher • Yosef Elimelech Scher • Moshe Schiff • Aryeh Leib Schmuckler • Avrohom Schmuckler • Eliezer Tzadok Schmuckler • Moshe Chaim Schmuckler • Dovid Schnaidman • Moshe Schnaidman • Yecheskel Schnaidman • Eliezer Meir Schneck • Aryeh Leib Schonbrun • Shaul Schonbrun • Chaim Schondorf • Aaron Schorr • Dovid Schorr • Eliezer Yitzchok Meir Schorr • Elimelech Dovid Schorr • Menachem Mordechai Schorr • Mordechai Yoel Schorr • Yitzchok Schorr • Aba Schreiber • Yisroel Schreiber • Mayer Schulgasser • Moshe Schulgasser • Akiva Schur • Amrom Schustal • Aryeh Leib Schustal • Avrohom Abish Schustal • Shmuel Schustal • Shneur Schustal • Tovia Schustal • Yechiel Bentzion Schustal • Yechiel Mordechai Schustal • Yisroel Chaim Schustal • Yosef Schustal • Zev Schustal • Mordechai Menachem Schwab • Yeshaya Schwab • Yosef Yehoshua Schwab • Motty Schwarcz • Chaim Schwartz • Eliezer Schwartz • Elimelech Schwartz • Gavriel Schwartz • Moshe Schwartz • Moshe Y Schwartz • Shlomo Yitzchok Schwartz • Shmuel Elimelech Schwartz • Yakov Schwartz • Yehuda Schwartz • Yisroel Schwartz • Yosef Schwartz • Chaim Schwebel • Chaim Schwebel • Elazar Menachem Schwebel • Eliyahu Betzalel Schwebel • Naftoli Schwebel • Yehuda Schwebel • Yosef Schwebel • Zev Schwebel • David Schweky • Rachamim Schweky • Yoseph Schweky • Elchonon Schwob • Simcha Nissim Sebbag • Asher Segal • Elazar Segal • Shimon Akiva Segal • Chaim Uri Seitler • Moshe Selengut • Aharon Semah • Avraham Semah • Dovid Semah • Eliyahu Semah • Mordechai Semah • Reuven Semah • Reuven Semah • Reuven Semah • Shmuel Semah • Yitzchak Semah • Yitzchak Semah • Yosef Semah • Menachem Sender • Shragie Sender • Yisroel Meir Sender • Aaron Serebrowski • Moshe Serebrowski • Menachem Mendel Shachar • Ahron Shain • Dov Shain • Meir Shain • Menachem Mendel Shain • Moshe Eliyahu Shain • Noach Shain • Shimon Shain • Avrohom Shapiro • Avrohom Dovid Shapiro • Avrohom Yitzchok Shapiro • Dovid Shapiro • Dovid Shapiro • Eli Shapiro • Yaakov Dov Shapiro • Yisroel Shapiro • Yisroel Meir Shapiro • Yosef Shapiro • Moshe Sharabany • Shlomo Sharabany • Yosef Sharabany • Mayer Simcha Shatzkes • Avremel Shechet • Yosef Dov Shechet • Mordechai Shemesh • Michael Shemueli • Yosef Shemueli • Chaim Shereshevsky • Eliezer Menachem Shmurak • Yisroel Yaakov Shmurak • Ahron Shnidman • Avraham Shnidman • Elazar Memachem M. Shnidman • Mordechai Shnidman • Yakov Nosson Shnidman • Yehuda Leib Shnidman • Chaim Asher Shoshana • Zevulun Shoshana • Elazar Gad Shulman • Eliyahu Shulman • Dovid Silberberg • Zev Aryeh Silberberg • Elazar Yechiel Silberman • Michael Silberman • Reuven Silverman • Avrohom Simon • Dovid Singer • Moshe Singer • Yitzy Sirota • Yosef Sirota • Asher Sitko • Avrohom Abba Sitorsky • Meir Sitorsky • Dov Ber Slomovits • Eliyahu B Slomovits • Eliyahu Betzalel Slomovits • Sholom Slomovits • Tzvi Dov Slomovits • Aharon Shlomo Smith • Baruch Smith • Moshe Smith • Yisroel Smith • Yitzchok Smith • Nosson Meir Snyder • Yechiel Sofer • Eliyahu Soffer • Noach Soffer • Shlomo Zalman Soffer • Yehoshua Soleimani • Aharon Somerstein • Shaya Somerstein • Mordechai Sommers • Mordechai Sommers • Shmuel Sommers • Tzvi Aryeh Sommers • Yosef Boruch Sonenzon • Boruch Sorotzkin • Boruch Sorotzkin • Yisroel Sorotzkin • Dovi Spitzer • Shraga Moshe Spitzer • Chaim Mordechai Stareshefsky • Elimelech Aryeh Stareshefsky • Elimelech Aryeh Stareshefsky • Pinchos Stareshefsky • Shraga Feivel Stareshefsky • Yisroel Stareshefsky • Shimon Dovid Stavsky • Yaakov Yosef Stavsky • Mordechai Steier • Moshe Dovid Steif • Shmuel Steif • Ahron Yehoshua Stein • Eliyahu Stein • Meir Stein • Nechemia Binyomin Stein • Nosson Nota Stein • Shlomo Zalman Stein • Tzvi Stein • Yaakov Stein • Yaakov Yitzchok Stein • Yehoshua Aryeh Leib Stein • Yehuda Stein • Dovid Steinberg • Moshe Dov Steinberg • Yerachmiel Yisroel Dov Steinberg • Yosef Steinberg • Yosef Steinberg • Asher Steinfeld • Binyomin Zev Steinfeld • Chaim Tzvi Steinharter • Dovid Steinharter • Simcha Bunim Steinharter • Yaakov Steinharter • Yaakov Steinharter • Yitzchok Menachem Steinharter • Shimon Avigdor Steinman • Aharon Stern • Chaim Stern • Eliyahu Stern • Moshe Stern • Pinchos Stern • Pinchos Peretz Stern • Refoel Stern • Shamshon Stern • Shimon Yehuda Stern • Shmuel Pinchos Stern • Yaakov Stern • Yisroel Meir Stern • Yitzchok Stern • Yitzchok Yaakov Stern • Yosef Stern • Moshie Stimler • Naftali Tzvi Stimler • Moshe Storch • Kalmen Yehudah Strauss • Shlomo Z Strauss • Yitzchok Strauss • Shlomie Streicher • Aaron Sturman • Chaim Sturman • Yehuda Sturman • Yisroel Peretz Sturman • Yitzchok Sturman • Shloimie Sukenik • Yitzchok Sukenik • Zev Sukenik • Eliezer Sultan • Mordechai Sultan • Yehuda Sultan • Avrohom Eliezer Sussman • Moshe Yehuda Sussman • Shmuel Sutton • Yehoshua Yehuda Sutton • Avrohom Szanzer • Aaron Szmidt • Bentzion Szmidt • Aharon Tannenbaum • Mordechai Tannenbaum • Shlomo Yaakov Tannenbaum • Shmuel Dov Tannenbaum • Avrohom Yeshaya Taplin • Chaim Tashman • Dovid Tashman • Moshe Tashman • Shmuel Tashman • Yehuda Tashman • David Michael Tawil • Eliyahu Tawil • Nissim Tawil • Yitzchok Tawil • Aharon Teichman • Shalom Yehuda Leib Teichman • Yitzchok Teichman • Avrohom Yaakov Teitelbaum • Chaim Mordechai Moshe Teitelbaum • Elchonon Zev Teitz • Shlomo Teitz • Betzalel Tenenbaum • Moshe Tenenbaum • Naftoli Tenenbaum • Boruch Yehuda Terebelo • Yosef Terebelo • Chaim Moshe Thaler • Aryeh Zev Thau • Avrumy Tillim • Eliezer Tillim • Yisroel Tillim • Yehuda Aharon Tober • Eli Tombak • Asher Chaim Tomor • Shlomo Tomor • Dovi Toplan • Tzvi Treisser • Avrohom Gershon Tress • Elimelech Gavriel Tress • Elozor Menachem Tress • Ephraim Tress • Yeshaya Tress • Eliyohu Meir Turin • Boruch Bentzion Twersky • Chaim Meir Twersky • Moshe Shmuel Twersky • Pinchas Shalom Twersky • Ahron Ullman • Ephraim Ullman • Chezky Ungar • Elazar Menachem Ungar • Meir Ungar • Yisroel Ungar • Avigdor Wachmann • Shlomo Wadiche • Shlomo Wadiche • Dov Dovid Wajsbort • Yaakov Wajsbort • Shimshon Waknin • Eliyahu Betzalel Walden • Moshe Walden • Binyomin Waldman • Naftali Walfish • Tzvi Walfish • Yissochor Dov Warman • Avrohom Wasser • Aryeh Zev Wasserman • Meir Elchonon Wasserman • Nissan Wasserman • Yisroel Eliezer Wasserman • Yosef Chaim Wasserman • Zimcha Zisel Wasserman • Avrohom Waxman • Chaim Yeshaya Waxman • Moshe Yehuda Waxman • Nesanel Waxman • Yechiel Meir Waxman • Yechiel Meir Waxman • Yechiel Meir Waxman • Yechiel Meir Waxman • Avigdor Weber • Menachem Weber • Eliyahu M. Wechsler • Moshe Wechsler • Yisroel Weil • Nachman Weinberg • Yitzchok Weinberger • Chaim Mordechai Weiner • Shmuel Weiner • Binyomin Tzvi Weingarden • Shmuel Chaim Weingarden • Chaim Weingarten • Chaim Boruch Weingarten • Dovid Menachem Weingarten • Mordechai Weingarten • Yaakov Gershon(Yanky) Weingarten • Binyomin Weinman • Meir Yehuda Weinman • Pinchos Weinman • Shimon Tzvi Weinman • Shlomo Zalman Weinman • Yaakov Weinman • Moshe Weinreb • Meir Weinstein • Menachem Nochum Weinstein • Moshe Abba Weinstein • Tzvi Weinstein • Yosef Weinstein • Eliyahu Menachem Weinstock • Ahron Weintraub • Moishe Weintraub • Moshe Weintraub • Shmuel Y. Weintraub • Yaakov Weintraub • Binyomin Weisberg • Binyomin Weisberg • Boruch Menachem Weisberg • Eliezer Weisberg • Menachem N Weisberg • Mordechai Eliezer Weisberg • Moshe Weisberg • Raphael Boruch Weisberg • Yaakov Weisberg • Yaakov Weisberg • Yaakov Weisberg • Yechiel Meir Weisberg • Yisroel Leib Weisberg • Yitzchok Weisberg • Eliezer Weiss • Eliyahu Weiss • Tzvi Weiss • Ahron Weissler • Eliyohu Shmuel Weissler • Mordechai Weissler • Yaakov Moshe Weissler • Yecheskel Weissler • Yechiel Meir Weissler • Chaim Weissman • Chanuch Weissman • Dovid Weissman • Simcha Yehoshua Weissman • Yisroel Meir Weissman • Moshe Weitzner • Yakov Yehuda Wellson • Mordechai Wenger • Aron Werner • Shimon Yitzchok Whiter • Yeruchom Dovid Whiter • Akiva Wiesenfeld • Shmuel Menachem Wiesenfeld • Yitzchok Elchonon Wiesenfeld • Dovi Wikler • Shloimy Wikler • Yaakov Yitzchok Willner • Yaakov Willroth • Yosef Willroth • Yehuda Zelig Winkler • Shimon Witty • Yehuda Wolf • Yehuda Leib Wolff • Azi Wolmark • Aryeh Lieb Wolpin • Ephraim Ben Zion Wolpin • Ephraim Bentzion Wolpin • Meir Wolpin • Moshe Wolpin • Naftoli Hertzel Wolpin • Refoel Worcman • Chaim Tzvi Wosner • Sholom Wosner • Zalman Wosner • Aron Yagid • Yakov Yagid • Dovid A. Yakubovsky • Eliyahu Mendel Yakubovsky • Gedalia Yarmush • Yechiel Yarmush • Yeshaya Yarmush • Shlomo Dov Yaroslawitz • Elazar Yelen • Yechezkel Yelen • Alter Shlomo Yoffe • Chaim Yoffe • Dovid Yoffe • Mordechai Yoffe • Mordechai Yoffe • Moshe Yoffe • Noach Yoffe • Noach Yoffe • Pinchos Yoffe • Shmuel Yoffe • Yehuda Yoffe • Yehuda Yoffe • Yehuda Yoffe • Yekusiel Yoffe • Shlomo Nissen Zachai • Yaakov Zafarani • Aharon Zafrani • Aharon Zafrani • Shmuel Zafrani • Yitzchok Zafrani • Avrohom Zaks • Mordechai Simcha Zamel • Moshe Eliyahu Zamel • Ahron(Ari) Zelcer • Avrohom Nechemya Zelcer • Nochim Zeldes • Dovid Zelikovitz • Shimi Zelikovitz • Rephoel Shmuel Zell • Avraham Zelmanowitz • Avrohom Zimmerman • Avrohom Asher Zimmerman • Dovid Zimmerman • Elozor Yehuda Zimmerman • Yechezkel Ahron Zimmerman • Yosef Yehoshua Zimmerman • Yosef Yehoshua Zimmerman • Yosef Yehoshua Zimmerman • Shlomo Zirkin • Shalom Ziskind • Shalom Ziskind • Sholom Ziskind • Yisroel Eliyahu Ziskind • Zev Ziskind • Mordechai Zisow • Moshe Zev Zisow • Yehuda Zisow • Aharon Tzvi Zoberman • Avrohom Yitzchok Zoberman • Yirmi Zoberman • Avraham Abba Zucker • Yeruchem Zuckerman • Avrohom Yeshaya Zylberberg • Chaim Rephael Zylberberg • Nosson Tzvi Zylberberg
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NOVEMBER 6, 2014
מרת רבקה בת הר"ר יעקב יצחק ע"ה
THE JEWISH HOME
THE JEWISH HOME
NOVEMBER 6, 2014
Y M Rabbi Yisroel Meir Rubinfeld
Mrs. Rochel Zimmerman Addressing the Special Needs Student in the Mainstream Classroom
Dr. Jerry Lob
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NOVEMBER 6, 2014
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THE JEWISH HOME
NOVEMBER 6, 2014
Kever Rachel Through the Ages
Located just south of Jerusalem on the outskirts of Bethlehem, Rachel’s Tomb is Judaism’s third holiest site after the Temple Mount and the Cave of Machpelah. Except for the period of 1948-1967 when Jordan illegally occupied the West Bank, Jews have continuously made pilgrimage to this site since at least the beginning of
16th century drawing
the Byzantine era (324-638 C.E.). On 11 Cheshvan, Rachel’s yahrzeit, thousands of pilgrims come to her tomb to pray. The story behind this custom is found, naturally, in the Tanakh. As Bereshis 35:16-21 recounts: They set out from Bayt-El; but when they were still some distance from Efrat; Rachel went into childbirth, and she had hard labor. When her labor was at its hardest, the midwife said to her, “Have no fear, for it’s another boy for you.” But as she breathed her last –as she was dying– she named him Ben-Oni, but his father called him Benyamin. So Rachel died. She was buried on the road to Efrat — now Bethlehem. Over her grave Ya’akov set up a pillar, it is the pillar at Rachel’s grave to this day.” A Midrash states that as Rachel’s son Yosef was being carted to Egypt after being sold into slavery, he broke away from his captors as the caravan crossed Bethlehem and cried out at his mother’s grave. Yosef heard his mother’s voice saying “Do not fear. Go with them, and G-d will be with you.” One tradition tells us that Ya’akov buried Rachel in Bethlehem, rather than the Cave of Machpelah, because he foretold that the generation of the Babylonian Exile would need her prayers as they crossed on the road to leave their homeland. As Yirmiyahu 31:15-17 states: “Rachel, weeping for her children, she refuses to be comforted for her children who are gone.” Thus was born the custom of praying for Rachel to cry for the Jewish people when they’re faced with adversity and
sorrows, especially for women who come to pray for a successful pregnancy, or to have children if they are barren. Complementing these prayers is the tying of a red string around one’s neck or wrist, an ancient segulah meant to ward off danger and increase fertility. Another segulah associated with Rachel’s Tomb is the key that un-
see today. The Galilee earthquake of 1837 devastated the Tomb which had already been in a state of disrepair. Jewish-British financier and philanthropist Sir Moses Montefiore purchased the site in 1841 and made extensive renovations. He repaired the white dome and constructed an antechamber
17th century engraving
locks the tomb. When an expectant mother was having labor pains, a messenger would rush over to the gabbai and request the key. The key would then be placed under the mother’s pillow and the pains would immediately cease and the delivery would be successful. The building that houses the tomb has undergone many changes throughout the centuries. A report from the late 7th century says it was only a stone pyramid with no decoration. The tomb seems to have been forgotten about for several centuries until the Crusaders revived its importance in the 11th and 12th centuries. Later, Petachiah of Regensburg, a notable rabbi and explorer, wrote that the tomb had a pillar made of 11 stones, each representing the Tribes except for Benyamin since Rachel died giving birth to him. From at least the 15th century the tomb came under the control of the Muslim Ottoman authorities, who converted it into a mosque. However, Muhmmad Pasha, governor of Jerusalem, granted the Jews exclusive rights over the tomb in 1615. The royal decree was renewed in 1830 at the behest of a representative of the Jewish community, Avraham Behar Avraham. This reflects the fact that, unlike today, Muslims at that time did not dispute the Jews’ ownership of Rachel’s Tomb. Indeed, Arab historian Mujir al-Din (1456-1522) regarded the tomb as a Jewish holy place. In 1622, Pasha gave the caretakers permission to wall off the four pillars that supported the dome, thus making Rachel’s Tomb a closed building and giving it the distinctive shape we
want. Yesterday I felt that they were afraid. They saw many Jews, so they didn’t bring the dead person inside.” The issue of ownership was brought out in the open after the Jordanian occupation of the West Bank in 1948. U.N. Resolution 194 called on free access to holy places in Israel, but Jordan refused access to Israeli
Etz Chaim students at Kever Rachel, 1932
for Muslim prayer and burial preparation, likely as an olive branch to the Muslim community which had already built an extensive cemetery near the building. However, even after this conciliatory gesture, a report by James Finn, the British consul, in 1856 noted that Jews were forced to pay “100 lira a year to the Taamra Arabs for not wrecking Rachel’s Tomb near Bethlehem.” Even the issue of repairs to the site became politicized. For example, the Chief Rabbinate made a repair request in 1921 to the Municipality of Bethlehem but local Muslims objected and British authorities ruled that all repairs should be undertaken by the government. However, neither Jews nor Muslims wanted that so the issue was dropped. In 1929, the year of the infamous Arab riots, the Islamic Waqf demanded for the first time control over the site, claiming it was part of the nearby Muslim cemetery. Shlomo Freiman, the tomb’s last Ashkenazi caretaker, illustrates in his diary the tension between Muslims and Jews over Rachel’s Tomb. In one entry he notes: “Elul 5706: Most of the (Muslim) dead do not enter inside (the anteroom). Only in isolated cases where they bring a slain person from Jerusalem, or a dead person from the hospital, and have not managed to pray at the spot, they bring the dead body into the corridor and pray. Many times they bring the dead deliberately in order to disturb the prayers, for they as well recite a long prayer. Many times they sit for hours upon hours without disturbance….I think that one has to correct this distortion and must not allow them to do as they
citizens. Israel gained control over the Tomb after its victory over Jordan in the 1967 war. In 1993, Israel decided to bar Muslims from using the cemetery. Terrorist attacks in the early 1990’s led the IDF to ramp up security at the Tomb. This proved to be a wise move as hundreds of Palestinian protesters led by the Palestinian Authority-appointed Governor of Bethlehem attacked the Tomb in 1996. Another attack occurred in 2000 and Jews were subsequently barred for 41 days from visiting the site due to security concerns. Also in 2000, Palestinian publications began to make the absurd claim that Rachel’s Tomb is actually the “Bilal ibn Rabah mosque.” According to Islamic tradition, Bilal ibn Rabah was an Ethiopian slave who served in Muhammad’s household as the first muezzin or one who calls Muslims to prayer. After Muhammad’s death, ibn Rabah fought in various Muslim wars in Syria and was buried in either Aleppo or Damascus. There is simply no precedent in the Islamic tradition for ibn Rabah being buried anywhere in Israel. In fact, Islamic tradition reveres Rachel and has regarded the site as her tomb. According to Israeli historian Professor Yehoshua Porath, the Arabic name of the site was “the Dome of Rachel, a place where the Jews prayed.” Numerous pre-2000 Palestinian publications recognize the site as Rachel’s Tomb, not that of ibn Rabah or as a mosque. For example, the book Palestine the Holy Land states that “At the northern entrance to the city the Tomb of Rachel
forces, the latter of which were tasked with safeguarding the Tomb but instead took up arms and attacked it. Responding to the need for additional security, the Israeli Supreme Court in 2005 rejected a Palestinian request to alter the route of the security barrier near the Tomb. However, attacks still continue. Just last month, an attack injured an IDF soldier providing security at the Tomb.
and “Bilal ibn Rabah Mosque.” Netanyahu countered the resolution, saying, “It is unfortunate that an organization established in order to promote historic heritage sites around the world is trying, for political reasons, to uproot the connection between Israel and its heritage.” Sadly, playing politics with the Jewish people’s heritage isn’t anything new for the U.N. or the Palestinian leadership. (See
Israel-West Bank border, you will have to take a bulletproof bus. Six buses leave daily from the Central Bus Station in Jerusalem. The only days the Tomb is closed are Shabbos and Yom Tov. Entry and parking are free. Despite the attacks, none have occurred inside the Tomb so it’s still very safe. It’s protected by 25 foot high concrete walls and a heavy guard presence that constantly monitors every part of the Tomb.
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appears, the mother of the matriarchs, who died while giving life to Benjamin.” Contrast this historically accurate claim with the one made in Palestinian newspaper Al-Hayat al-Jadida in 2000, namely that “Bethlehem - ‘the Tomb of Rachel,’ or the Bilal ibn Rabah mosque, is one of the nails the occupation government and the Zionist movement hammered into many Palestinian cities....The tomb is false and was orig-
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Kever Rachel circa 1910
The Jewish brigade, 1944
inally a Muslim mosque.” These baseless allegations have had the effect of prompting more attacks on worshippers and guards at Rachel’s Tomb during the Second Intifada right up to the present. On numerous occasions, Palestinian terrorists threw bombs and rocks at the tomb. At one point, 50 Jewish pilgrims were trapped in the middle of a battle between the IDF and Palestinian Authority
In 2010, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu announced that Rachel’s Tomb would become an official national Jewish heritage site. Not surprisingly, both the Palestinian Authority and UNESCO, a U.N.-affiliated body, condemned this move - the latter claiming that the Tomb is “an integral part of the occupied Palestinian territories.” Strangely, a UNESCO resolution declared the site to be both Rachel’s Tomb
“UNESCO against the Jews” on ynetnews. com) Nevertheless, the Tomb is recognized around the world as one of the most famous symbols of the Land of Israel and the Jewish people, appearing on photos, paintings, postcards, and more. The Zohar states that at the time of redemption (may it happen soon), the Shechina will rest on Rachel’s Tomb. To get to the Tomb, located along the
Israeli checkpoint near Kever Rachel
For more info on how to get there, as well as the rules of visiting the site, consult the website of The Friends of Rachel’s Tomb at www.rachelstomb.org (Sources: Jewish Virtual Library, sacred-destinations.com, Go Israel, “Tomb of Rachel” by David Rossoff, Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, Jewish Encyclopedia, Ynet News, TRCB News)
SAVE THE DATE Stanley M.Lintz
VallEy TOraH HigH ScHOOl Menlo Family Boys Division
invites you and your son to our OPEN HOUSE
NOVEMBER 2014 S
Wednesday, November 12, 2014 Valley Torah High School Boys Division Campus 12517 Chandler Blvd.
7:00 pm Doors open for registration and School Tour 7:30 pm Program begins If you have any questions, please free to call 818-505-7991
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NOVEMBER 6, 2014
It’s All About Being Relevant
In the opening posuk of this week’s parsha, we meet Mamrei who achieves enduring relevance through his inclusion in one of the most fundamental mitzvos. Hashem appeared in his area upon visiting Avrohom Avinu following his milah. The posuk relates that the visit took place in Eilonei Mamrei. Rashi explains that Avrohom consulted with Mamrei after he was commanded to perform the milah, and thus Hashem revealed Himself to Avrohom in Mamrei’s property. What did Avrohom ask Mamrei? Hashem appeared to Avrohom (Bereishis 17), creating a covenant with him and promising all sorts of blessings if he would perform the circumcision. If he would, Hashem promised, he and his children would take ownership of the Holy Land and Avrohom would be an “av hamon goyim.” Avrohom, the premier paragon of loyalty and devotion, certainly couldn’t have been asking advice about whether to perform the first mitzvah he was told to complete by the Ribbono Shel Olam, whose existence he had discovered. What was the discussion about? Perhaps we can understand the conversation with Mamrei by analyzing Bris Milah. While we refer to milah as a bris, essentially they are two separate things. Hashem created a bris – covenant with Avrohom, telling him that if he would perform milah he would be a father to the nations. Avrohom took that as a mandate. We know that he took his mission of spreading belief in Hashem most seriously. He and his wife, Sarah, reached out to the multitudes, opening their tent to all and
spreading goodness in the world. Avrohom Avinu was the first tzaddik who belonged to the people. He lived on a higher plane, yet there burned within him a sense of mission to reach as many people as possible. Having received the mitzvah of milah, he wanted to ascertain what would be the best way to go about performing the mitzvah in a fashion that would enable him to spread Hashem’s message throughout the world, in accordance with his mandate in the bris of being an av hamon goyim. Avrohom had no doubt that he would perform the mitzvah, but he wanted to ensure that people could understand and appreciate what he was doing. Because he wished to connect with the people on a level they could comprehend and in a language they could understand, he spoke about the mitzvah with Mamrei to gauge how to maximize the opportunity and best reach the hearts and minds of the people all around him. Hashem’s brachos were for the future and thus Avrohom was focused on the future. He was looking to impact the future and wanted to find the best way to achieve this. His concerns weren’t for that actual
wouldn’t be able to understand the ideas he expressed during his speech. Thus, his only chance to make an impression on the American youth would be via his appearance. He didn’t want to squander that opportunity. If he would look prestigious and dignified, perhaps that alone would break the language barrier and impact them in a memorable fashion. They would remain with a positive view of European rabbonim and authentic Yiddishkeit instead of viewing Rav Shapiro as a greenhorn, a new comer to American society. His mandate was to reach people and influence them. His genius in accomplishing this goal led him to share and popularize the concept of Daf Yomi, opening up Shas to the masses. Decades later, the idea still gains adherents and the world becomes a better and more holy place every day because of his foresight. Many wonder about the brocha that Hashem gave Avrohom. “Va’agadlah shemecha,” Hashem told Avrohom that if he would follow Hashem’s instruction and leave his home for places unknown, his reputation would spread, despite the anonymity that is often synonymous with
It is a constant challenge to find the right words and convey the proper nuances. Our daily nisayon is to remain relevant. moment, but for the many subsequent moments and opportunities. Gedolim and mashpiim throughout the generations embodied this concept. Although they were lofty individuals, they did not lose sight of their responsibility to reach the people. They endeavored to reach and teach them and their children and bring them closer to the Shechinah. Last week was the 81st yahrtzeit of the Lubliner rov and rosh yeshiva, Rav Meir Shapiro zt”l. During his visit to America in the 1920s, Rav Shapiro’s hosts noticed that before he left the house to deliver speeches and shiurim, he would stand in front of a mirror and brush his beard. The rov explained that he assumed that the European immigrants would bring their children to see him. He knew that they
travel. Are we to assume that Avrohom Avinu was concerned about his name being made great? Why would he care about public relations and his proverbial poll numbers? Why was that egoistic prophecy a motivator for Avrohom? The answer might well be that in light of his responsibility to his mission, he understood that his success would be proportionate to how he was perceived. If his name and reputation would be enhanced, he would be able to reach more people and accomplish even more. Thus, Hashem told him not to fear moving to a new place, because his ability to accomplish would be enhanced, not diminished. Avrohom Avinu wasn’t content with serving Hashem himself. He wanted to cause others to follow his example, and for
that he required the attention and respect of the public. My grandfather, Rav Eliezer Levin zt”l, was a rov in Lita for many years before escaping to this country in 1938. He went on to experience a sterling career in the rabbonus in Detroit. By the time he was in his high eighties, most of the people in his shul were American-born English speakers. He noticed that his Yiddish speeches were not reaching them. So, he began speaking in English. It was far from perfect and it was heavily accented, but his words emanated from his great heart and neshomah. His mission of speaking to Yidden in a way that would touch and affect them continued to impact his congregation. One of the first goals that my rebbi, Rav Mendel Kaplan zt”l, set for himself after he arrived in America was to learn English. He made a deal with his talmidim in Chicago when he first came. “You will teach me to read the paper and I will teach you how to understand it.” They told him what was written in the lines and he explained to them what was between the lines. He learned how to read and speak English, while they learned a whole new appreciation for what was going on in the world. They began to respect and admire him as he opened their eyes and minds, charting a path to their souls. They were in his class for one year, but he changed them for life. For many years after that first one, Rav Mendel enlightened and enlivened young minds, instilling in them an appreciation for what is important and what isn’t and how to tell the two paths apart. His mission was to teach Torah and inspire greatness. All who merited being in his shiur room are eternally grateful for the opportunity. Everyone knew that you could not approach Maran Rav Elazar Menachem Man Shach zt”l, whose yahrtzeit is this coming week, to discuss anything while he prepared for his weekly Tuesday shiur kloli. Although he was well-versed in the sugya and the topics he covered in the shiur, he exerted himself to the greatest extent possible in order to transmit Torah to the next generation as best he could. On Monday night, he would barely sleep. He would pace back and forth in
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be the end of his hopes for the future. The message would die with him. The nisayon was thus singular. His whole life was dedicated to the future. Here he was challenged to give up his future and, with it, his past and present. A hint to this answer is given by Chazal, who derive from the Torah’s depiction of the Akeidah that akum are compared to donkeys. The posuk (Bereishis 22) states that Hashem told Avrohom to offer up his only son, whom he dearly loved. The posuk says that Hashem told him to head towards Har Hamoriah, to the mountain that He would show him. Avrohom awoke early the next day, saddled his donkey, and set forth together with Yitzchok and two assistants. On the third day, “vayar es hamakom meirachok,” Avrohom saw the place from a distance. He told his assistants to stay behind with the donkey and went ahead with Yitzchok. The Medrash (Bereishis Rabbah 56) states that Avrohom saw a cloud hovering over the mountain. He asked Yitzchok what he saw. Yitzchok related that he had witnessed the same phenomenon as his father. He asked his assistants what they saw and they said that they had seen nothing. Avrohom said to them, “The donkey doesn’t see anything and you don’t see anything? Stay behind with the donkey.” What was their sin that they are compared to donkeys? Did their inability to see a cloud off in the distance diminish them as people? Avrohom and Chazal are teaching us is to always look to the future. Avrohom saw the cloud because he was focused on looking ahead and the future. The entire beings
of Avrohom and Yitzchok were wrapped up in fulfilling Hashem’s mission. They were thus able to perceive the cloud that hovered in the distance. The donkey concentrates on its next step, never looking ahead and contemplating what is in store. People who don’t look ahead and don’t look to the future are consumed with the present. They take one step at a time, like donkeys. They are beings with the gift of speech, but they won’t accomplish much with their lives. If you have a mission in life, if you want to follow Hashem’s word, if you seek eternity, then you are an “ish.” Otherwise, you are a chamor. We must constantly look to the future, planning and plotting the way forward to eternity, for ourselves and our family and those who fall under our influence. We have to continually seek to improve ourselves and inspire others. As the eras evolve, as styles change, as new languages crop up, and as we are confronted by new challenges, we must find a way to remain consistent with Hashem’s word while continuing to influence others, using jargon that they can understand. We are charged with speaking in a way that people comprehend. If people don’t know what we are saying, and if we lose touch with our audience, then we have failed. It is a constant challenge to find the right words and convey the proper nuances. Our daily nisayon is to remain relevant. May Hashem give us the wisdom and patience to be heard, understood and have a lasting impact.
Torah Thought Rabbi Berel Wein
or the Jewish people, one of the hallmarks of our great founding parents was their ability to maintain communication with their Creator. G-d, so to speak, was a constant living presence in their lives, thoughts and actions. And they were able to hear G-d’s voice, though G-d has no voice, and to visualize G-d even though G-d has no physical appearance. G-d spoke to them through the inner voice of their own souls which was always longing to reunite with the source of life from which it came. When the stranger/angel guest informs Avraham and Sarah about the forthcoming birth of their son, this serves to confirm to Avraham the promise that he heard from G-d earlier regarding the same event. Previously Avraham heard it through his own inner voice of faith and attachment to G-d and now he and Sarah hear it in a literal sense, from the lips of the stranger/an-
Parshas Vayera gel who stands before them in their tent. The midrash explains and reinforces this idea of hearing G-d through one’s own soul and spirit. When Moshe was
Sarah, on the other hand, who did not spiritually “hear” these tidings beforehand, casts doubt and wonderment at the words of the stranger/angel. Avra-
WE HEAR G-D, SO TO SPEAK, THROUGH FAMILIAR VOICES THAT REVERBERATE WITHIN OUR SOUL AND HEART.
sent on his mission to redeem Israel from Egypt and to teach them Torah, he heard that call emanate from Heaven in the voice of his father Amram. We hear G-d, so to speak, through familiar voices that reverberate within our soul and heart. First, Avraham himself believes that he will have a son with Sarah and later he has no doubts when that message is communicated to him by the stranger/angel.
ham is made aware of this and explains to Sarah the source of her consternation. I feel that many times in our lives we sense within ourselves a divine message and voice. It is this combination of soul and intellect that drives all human hopes forward. But, since we are not at the level of constant communication with our soul and our Creator, we do not always hearken to that voice nor do we attribute it to its correct source.
Jewish tradition teaches us that somehow the prophet Elijah appears regularly and constantly to human beings. He comes in different guises, forms and costumes. The truly righteous are able to identify him when he appears, while we ordinary human beings are mostly unaware of his presence even as he stands before us. Avraham, in his righteousness and faith, is constantly prepared for such encounters with G-d. Ordinary human beings, to whom G-d is at best an abstract idea, certainly are unable to truly sense His presence. That is what the great rebbe of Kotzk meant when he said that when G-d said, “Go forth from your land and home and family,” any human being had the potential to hear that message, not just Avraham. But unless one is attuned to “hear” G-d regularly through one’s own inner soul, all heavenly messages will fall on deaf ears. Shabbat shalom.
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strive for. Each of us, in our homes, with our spouses and our children, and with our friends, students and neighbors, has a similar responsibility. Avrohom Avinu was a father to his generation, to those who followed, and to all of us. In the parsha, he teaches us what it means to be an effective father, teacher, leader and rebbi. By speaking to Mamrei and others, he taught what it means to endeavor to understand and appreciate his audience, connecting with them in order to influence the present and the future. The parsha ends with Avrohom Avinu being challenged with the ultimate nisayon of the Akeidah. No doubt, being asked to offer his beloved son as a sacrifice was something incredibly difficult, but if Avrohom heard the directive from Hashem, how could he have failed to comply? Additionally, throughout the millennia, even seemingly simple Jews have had to pay the ultimate sacrifice. Avrohom may have been the first, but he was the first of millions, so why is his action so exalted? Many answers have been given over the ages. Some explained that it was Avrohom who enabled his progeny to give up their lives al kiddush Hashem and to watch others do so and still maintain their faith. Rav Elchonon Wasserman zt”l explained that what was outstanding about the nisayon of the Akeidah was that it seemed to run counter to Avrohom’s essence. He and Sarah had given up everything so that they might influence others. His entire life was dedicated to perpetuating the fact of Hashem’s existence. If he were to lose his son Yitzchok, that would
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his room, reviewing and preparing, making sure that his words would fit together and were correct. He would awaken early Tuesday morning and daven Shacharis. He would go to the mikvah, recite Tehillim and the tefillah of Rav Nechunya ben Hakanah, and then painstakingly walk to his shtender and begin the shiur, a culmination of much effort. Rav Shach would stand there and begin speaking, reviewing the Gemara, Rishonim and Acharonim, laying the groundwork for his kushyos and tirutzim that would follow. He posed questions, and the talmidim, many decades his junior, would pounce on what he said. A lively give-and-take ensued. He was the happiest man alive as he engaged his talmidim in rischa de’Oraisa. His entire being was involved in passing the Torah on to future generations. As the talmidim became more engaged in the discussion, he knew that he had succeeded for that day in bringing the world closer to the time of “umalah ha’aretz dei’ah es Hashem kamayim layom mechasim.” Avrohom Avinu had the task of illuminating the world. Rav Meir Shapiro, Rav Shach, Rav Mendel Kaplan and Rav Leizer Levin were gedolei Torah who were charged with transmitting the devar Hashem to the younger generation. It would be a grave mistake to believe that their example doesn’t obligate us. These days, any visible Jew who walks the street has to play that role and be aware of his role. We must always be neat, clean and presentable; speak and communicate clearly and finely. There is nothing cool about being a shloomp, and mumbling and speaking unclearly are not attributes we
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The Wonder and Triumph of the Yad Eliezer Bar Mitzvah Twinning Program Mazel Tov! Your son’s bar mitzvah is fast approaching! Your planner is filled with lists: menus, guest lists, schedules, and myriad other details. Clothing has been purchased, tefillin have been ordered, family and friends have been invited. Yet lately you have been feeling that something is missing. You can’t quite put your finger on it. Is there someone that you forgot to invite? No, you’ve combed through your contact lists multiple times. It must be something else. The next day, as you wrap up your tefillin after davening, it occurs to you. How can you be sure that in the excitement of the celebration, with all the guests, fashionable clothing and delectable recipes, the main point of the bar mitzvah won’t be lost on your son? He is becoming a young man, taking upon himself the responsibility of being a Jew, a part of the community, an adult. You have discussed these ideas with your son numerous times, but still you doubt yourself. Have you brought your son to a place where he understands the true meaning of his bar Mitzvah or is he more interested in the celebration than in the responsibility that it signifies? You exhale deeply. You know, this is a different generation. How much can you do? Yad Eliezer, a well-known poverty relief organization, offers a unique solution to this dilemma. The Yad Eliezer Bar Mitzvah Twinning Program allows boys from America to ‘twin’ with a low income Israeli boy who will be celebrating his bar mitzvah the same week. Many of the Israeli bar mitzvah twins are dealing with very difficult family situations – a parent who is absent or physically or mentally unhealthy, or a sibling struggling with a life threatening disease. Some boys have celebrated their bar mitzvahs while their fathers were in a hospital or in jail. There are numerous orphans who would have no bar mitzvah celebration at all if not for Yad Eliezer. Does the Bar Mitzvah Twinning program have a greater influence on the life of the donor ‘twin’ or the recipient ‘twin’? I’ll let you decide. Meir knew that he had a father. He even had some vague memories of him from when he was a small child, but that was a long time ago. It seemed that he and his mother had lived alone in their small apartment forever. Sometimes it wasn’t a big deal, but sometimes it was really hard. Like now. His Bar Mitzvah was a month away, yet nothing at all was prepared. No invitations printed, no tefillin ordered, not even a new piece of clothing for the occasion. Each Shabbos morning he would go to shul alone, and listen carefully as the blessings before and after each Ali-
ya were recited. Would he have his turn? Meir’s sadness and worry welled up in his heart. He couldn’t tell his Mother. He saw the stress and worries on her face. He knew how hard she worked, standing all day as she cooked for a yeshiva. He knew there was no extra money in the bank. He remembered the bitter cold that they had felt only months earlier when the electricity had been cut off due to
since he had heard that they help in such situations. Miriam took note of the Yad Eliezer address, which was only blocks away from the yeshiva where she worked. When she was able to take a break she ran over to the office, feeling fear and hope simultaneously with each step. When she arrived, she was greeted warmly by Milka. As Milka asked how she could be helpful, Miriam was
“Dear Friends and Family, On the upcoming event of my becoming a Bar Mitzvah, I have decided to take upon myself the mitzvah of helping a less fortunate Bar Mitzvah boy in Israel have his Bar Mitzvah with dignity. Through Yad Eliezer, an organization which supports Bar Mitzvah aged boys who are very poor, do not have a father, or live in other unfortunate circumstances, I will be able to “adopt” a boy my age, correspond with him, and make sure that he receives a pair of tefillin, has a modest seudah (meal), and is able to buy respectable, new clothing for his celebration. I want to know that at least one other, less fortunate Jewish boy will feel as special as I am going to feel on my Bar Mitzvah. Through Yad Eliezer’s subsidized program, a pair of tefillin is $500.00, a modest meal is $300.00 and a new suit is $200.00. My parents have committed to pay some of the amount, and I have some savings, but I have a long way to go.
lack of payment. The last thing he wanted to do was cause her more pain. Meir’s mother Miriam knew very well that a big date was approaching, but what could she do? Her meager income barely covered her rent and utilities; she was lucky to be able to bring home some leftovers from the Yeshiva for them to eat. How could she begin to think of planning a Bar Mitzvah? Miriam lay awake at night wondering what would happen when Meir had to go to school the day after his bar mitzvah and would not even have his own pair of tefillin, never mind new clothing or a modest celebration. She was too preoccupied with worry to notice that Meir was soaking his pillow each night consumed by the very same thoughts. He would imagine the humiliation at having to pray without his own pair of tefillin, and imagine which of his classmates he might ask to borrow his tefillin when he was done. His cheeks would burn with shame at the thought. Meir’s teacher, who knew some of the details of the situation at home, contacted Miriam and asked her if any plans had been made to celebrate Meir’s Bar Mitzvah. Miriam held back her tears as she replied in the negative. The teacher suggested that she contact Yad Eliezer,
so surprised and relieved to feel the real care and concern; her story tumbled out between choked sobs. “The Bar Mitzvah is a month away… and we have no tefillin, and no new clothing… I haven’t even thought about making a seuda…” Milka offered Miriam some tissues and cup of water, then had her fill out a Bar Mitzvah twinning request form. Milka assured her that she would be in touch. When Miriam returned to work she felt a novel sense of relief; the hope in her heart far outweighed the fear. That same week, Aryeh’s parents in the New York area had decided that they wanted to add a spiritual component to their son’s Bar Mitzvah celebration. The reception that they had prepared for would be a lovely event for their family and friends, and they realized that for a small fraction of what they were spending, they could teach their son a lifelong lesson about the true Torah heritage. After contacting Yad Eliezer, they learned that a donation of a thousand dollars would provide tefillin, a new suit, and a modest celebration for an impoverished boy in Israel. When they discussed the idea with Aryeh, he got excited and decided to take it to the next level. The following day he sent this letter to his friends and family,
I would prefer that my family and friends make a donation to this organization instead of a Bar Mitzvah gift for myself.” Donation details were included at the end of the letter. By the time Aryeh’s Bar Mitzvah had arrived, the full sum was raised. Yad Eliezer bentchers decorated the artfully set tables, adding a spiritual dimension to the celebration, making it beautiful in every way. What about Meir? Milka called Miriam and arranged for her to pick up her son’s new tefillin. She also gave a voucher for a suit at a local clothing store, and arranged for a modest meal at her son’s yeshiva on the day of his Bar Mitzvah. The day that Meir had dreaded turned out to be a lovely, heartfelt celebration. Again cheeks were flushed, but this time from joy and not shame. A few weeks after the excitement, Aryeh’s father asked him if he had gotten used to putting on tefillin each morning. Aryeh thought for a moment and then replied. “It no longer feels as awkward as it did in the beginning, but I still get excited each time. But you know what excites me most? The thought that there is a boy in Israel who might not have even had his own pair of tefillin, and he too is putting them on every morning and experiencing the same spiritual connection that I am. The gift that we gave him will last every day for the rest of his life, and it will also last the rest of mine.”
Reaching the age of Bar Mitzvah – A milestone of Jewish life; A reason to rejoice.
But what of a boy from one of Israel’s poorest families? For hundreds of boys, whose parents must choose between Tefillin for their son and essentials for the whole family... There will be no new Tefillin, no festive celebration – Unless You make it happen.
The Yad Eliezer Bar Mitzvah Project enables thirteen-year-olds from around the world to share their special occasion with their fellow Bar Mitzvah boys in Israel – to ensure that each one can take his place as a member of the Jewish nation with pride.
You can sponsor a needy boy’s first pair of Tefillin for $500. A modest celebration – $300; New clothing for the Bar Mitzvah boy – $200. Sponsor the entire Bar Mitzvah for just $1,000! Thanks to you – a Bar Mitzvah boy in need will celebrate his “big day” with joy.
Twin Your Bar Mitzvah Today! ADOPT-A-BAR MITZVAH FUND – For more details and sponsorship information: USA: American Friends of Yad Eliezer, 1102 East 26th Street Brooklyn, NY 11210 Toll Free: 1-888-354-3737 • Tel: 718-258-1580 Israel: Yad Eliezer PO Box 41074 Jerusalem 91410 • Tel: 02-591-2200 www.YadEliezer.org firstname.lastname@example.org
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The Fall of the Wall 25 Years since the Crumbling of the Berlin Wall BY SUSAN SCHWAMM
ON JUNE 12, 1987, PRESIDENT RONALD REAGAN STOOD AT BRANDENBURG GATE NEAR THE BERLIN WALL AND DEMANDED, “MR. GORBACHEV, TEAR DOWN THIS WALL!”—A CHALLENGE TO THE SOVIET UNION LEADER, MIKHAIL GORBACHEV. THESE WORDS WERE UTTERED DURING A CEREMONY COMMEMORATING THE 750TH ANNIVERSARY OF BERLIN, A CITY THAT WAS DIVIDED BY EASTERN AND WESTERN POWERS AT THE TIME. TWO YEARS LATER, ON NOVEMBER 9, 1989, THE BERLIN WALL STARTED TO CRUMBLE AND THE PEOPLE OF BERLIN WERE ONCE AGAIN REUNITED. IT’S BEEN 25 YEARS SINCE THE FALL OF THE BERLIN WALL, A SYMBOL OF THE CRUMBLING OF THE IRON CURTAIN. SEEING THE WALL TORN DOWN—NOT BY TANKS OR WITH GUNFIRE, BUT BY PEOPLE—WAS ONE OF THE MOST ICONIC IMAGES OF THAT GENERATION. FREEDOM AND DEMOCRACY FINALLY EMERGED VICTORIOUS OVER DICTATORSHIP AND TYRANNY.
Potsdam Agreement between the United Kingdom, the United States and Union of Soviet Socialist Republics after World War II was the agreement between these three Allied nations for the military occupation and reconstruction of Germany. It also included plans for Germany’s demilitarization, reparations and prosecution of war criminals. Germany was divided into four occupation zones, each one controlled by the United States, the United Kingdom, France and the Soviet Union. The capital of Berlin was similarly divided among the four powers, even though it was located within the Soviet zone. But within a few years, it became difficult to deal with the Soviets. The Communist country refused to agree to reconstruction plans to make Germany selfsufficient and to a detailed accounting of the industrial plants, goods and infrastructure already removed by the Soviets. Eventually, Britain, France and the United
States moved to combine the non-Soviet zones of the country into one zone for reconstruction. Joseph Stalin did not keep his desire for a united Soviet-controlled bloc in Europe a secret after World War II. As early as 1945, Stalin revealed to German Communist leaders that he expected to slowly undermine the British position within the British occupation zone, that the United States would withdraw within a year or two, and that nothing would then stand in the way of a united Communist Germany within the bloc. Eventually, property and industry was nationalized in the East German zone. Speaking against the state was prohibited and punishable with imprisonment, torture and even death. Schools were forced to teach students the Marxist philosophy and a political police force kept the population under close surveillance. Professors and students looking for freedom of expression and ideas fled to the West. By 1948, the Western powers began to see Stalin’s
vision. Stalin instituted the Berlin Blockade, one of the first major international crises of the Cold War, preventing food, materials, and supplies from arriving in West Berlin. The United States, Britain, France, Canada, Australia and New Zealand responded with a massive airlift, providing West Berlin with muchneed food and supplies. Along with the blockade, the Soviets mounted a public relations campaign against the West. Communists attempted to disrupt the 1948 elections; 300,000 Berliners demonstrated for the international airlift to continue. By May 1949, Stalin lifted the blockade, allowing the Western powers to ship supplies into Berlin. On October 7, 1949, the German Democratic Republic (GDR) of East Germany was declared. By secret treaty, the Soviet Ministry of Foreign Affairs accorded the East German state administrative authority, but not autonomy. In essence, it was a Communist state; the Soviets penetrated East German administrative, military and secret police structures and had full control. That day marked the demarcation between East Germany and West Germany. West Germany eventually developed into a Western, capitalistic country with a social market economy and a democratic, parliamentary government. Economic growth flourished, fueled by a 20 year “economic miracle.” Those on the other side of the capital gazed longingly at the opportunities afforded to those living in the West. Many East Germans flocked to the West. In 1950, 187,000 people made the move. In 1953, 331,000 people from the East fled to West Germany, spurred on by Stalin’s increasingly paranoid actions. On April 1, 1952, East German leaders met with Stalin in Moscow. During the meeting, foreign minister Vyacheslav Molotvo proposed instituting a system of passes for visits of West Berlin residents to East Berlin to stop the “free movement of Western agents” into the GDR. The Communist leader agreed and advised East Germans to build up their defense borders.
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“The demarcation line between East and West Germany should be considered a border—and not just any border, but a dangerous one ... The Germans will guard the line of defense with their lives,” he thundered. At that point, the inner German border between the two German states was closed; a barbed wire fence was erected to prevent migration. But the border between the Western and Eastern blocs of Berlin remained open, although traffic was restricted. Berlin become a magnet for East Germans desperate to escape life under Communist rule.
serve the deadly enemy of the German people, the imperialist and militarists.” For years, East German leader Walter Ulbricht was quietly working on closing down the border between East and West Berlin. Surprisingly, it was the Soviets that were stalling. They feared that sealing the border
1956, it was obvious that immigration was clearly going in the direction of West Berlin, and travel to the West was practically halted. In a candid moment, Soviet East German ambassador Mikhail Pervukhin observed, “The presence in Berlin of an open and essentially uncontrolled border between the socialist and capitalist worlds unwittingly prompts the population to make a comparison between both parts of the city, which unfortunately, does not always turn out in favor of the Democratic [East] Berlin.” Some say that the gateway between East and West Berlin was left open for so long because much of the railway traffic in East Germany had to go through West Berlin. Construction of a new railway, bypassing West Berlin, commenced in 1951 and was completed in 1961. At that time, 3.5 million residents of East Germany had already left the country, approximately 20% of the entire East German population. Many of those who fled the country were young and well-educated, resulting in a catastrophic brain drain in East Germany. Engineers, technicians, physicians, teachers, lawyers and skilled workers ran away from the Communist dream. In 1958, Yuri Andropov, director of Relations with Communist and Workers Parties of Socialist Countries, pointed out, “The flight of the intelligentsia has reached a particularly critical phase.” A propaganda booklet published in 1955 highlighted the brain drain trend. “Is it not despicable when for the sake of a few alluring job offers or other false promises about a ‘guaranteed future’ one leaves a country in which the seed for a new and more beautiful life is sprouting and is already showing the first fruits?...Workers throughout Germany will demand punishment for those who today leave the Democratic Republic, the strong bastion of the fight for peace, to
West Berliners chipping away at the Wall in 1989
would make the regime look brutal in the eyes of the world and they also sensed that it would be impossible. But after eight years, it was thought that Kremlin leader Nikita Khrushchev would agree with their belief in sealing the border between East and West Berlin. Ulbricht and other leaders began to stockpile barbed wire and cement posts and formed a top-secret working group to plan for closing streets, railroads and subways. On June 15, Ulbricht declared at an international press conference, “No one has the intention of erecting a wall!” It was the first time the word “mauer,” wall, was used in this context. Obviously, Ulbricht had this particular structure on his mind.
a hot summer day in August, when more than 1,000 East Germans were leaving every day via West Berlin, Khrushchev gave Ulbricht the go-ahead to seal the border. He was surprised to learn how prepared Ulbricht was to act quickly. The East German leader swiftly signed the order to close the border and erect a wall. That night of August 12, at the stroke of midnight, the police and units of the East German army began to close the border, and by Sunday morning, August 13,
the border with West Berlin was closed. East German troops and workers began to tear up streets running alongside the border to make them impassable to most vehicles and to install barbed wire entanglements and fences along the border around the three western sectors and the border that divided West and East Berlin. The first concrete blocks were laid on August 17. Members of the army stood guard, shooting anyone who chose to defect. East Germany was now closed off from the world and families remained divided, separated by a concrete fence. Although it was known as the Berlin Wall, the wall was, in fact, two walls separated by up to 160 yards. The walls were topped with a round, tube-like structure to prevent people from being able to gain a handhold. Between the two walls was a “death strip,” an empty zone with dogs, guard towers, floodlights, tripwires and soldiers ready to shoot and kill anyone attempting an escape. There were 116 watchtowers on the wall, and they were manned 24 hours a day by armed guards. It took a force of 10,000 guards to maintain the watch. The wall was painted white so escapees would be noticed. On the West side of the wall, West Germans painted the walls in colorful graffiti. East Germans were being kept hostage from the rest of the world. But despite the almost impossibility of survival, it is estimated that more than 5,000 people managed to escape. Some hid in secret compartments in cars, a few flew over the wall in hot air balloons, some swam through canals or rivers, and others escaped through a tunnel that West Berliners dug under the wall. Those who weren’t lucky were killed attempting to escape or were captured and imprisoned. Peter Fechter, 18, attempted to escape on August 17, 1962, but he was shot before he managed to get to the West and lay bleeding in the death strip, in full view of the Western media. For fear of triggering enemy fire, no one came to Peter’s aid and he bled to death just a few hundred feet from freedom and survival. His death created an international outcry which led Eastern leaders to place restrictions on shooting in public places and providing medical aid to “would-be escapers.”
President John F. Kennedy only heard about the erection of the Berlin Wall on August 13, although the NSA did receive warning about the possible sealing of the border on
Kennedy declaring his support, “Ich bin ein Berliner” Euphoria as the wall fell Barbed wire and armed East German guards in front of Brandenburg Gate
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West Berliners were building up their economy, heading to productive jobs and enjoying Western culture, their brothers on the other side of the wall were living in fear. The dreaded Stasi, or the state secret police, pervaded every element of life; no one knew who was their true friend and who would report them to the police. Communications were monitored, and large reports and files were amassed on individuals. Life in East Germany was all about waiting on line. Perhaps it was for flour one day, maybe it was for oranges another day. Regardless of what was being sold that day, residents would queue for hours on end for what was offered. Later, they would be able to barter what they bought that day. Of course, good connections were more important than currency in East Berlin. Interestingly, rents for apartments were not expensive but materials to fix up homes were almost always unavailable. People would live in apartments without bathtubs or with coal heaters because there was no way to renovate them. Having children was encouraged and the government offered a monetary reward system for a growing family. Women were given their jobs back after a few years at home to raise their family. Free kindergartens and medical care was available for residents. Educa-
Conrad Schumann was the first East German border guard to defect to the West by jumping over the barbed wire on August 15, 1961
tion, rampant with propaganda, was free to members of the Communist party, although members of the FDJ, Freie Deutsche Jugend, were given priority. The FDJ was a social club, a type of boys’ scout association with members wearing blue uniforms, reminiscent of the Hitler Youth. Once proven to be a good member of FDJ, members were assured of a privileged future. Despite the barrier between East and West, East Germans were aware of the oppression they were living under and the freedoms those in the West enjoyed. On July 19, 1988, 16 months before the fall of the Berlin Wall, East German leaders invited Bruce Springsteen and his band to perform a live concert in East Berlin in the hopes of endearing themselves to the younger generation. 300,000 people attended the concert at which Springsteen spoke to the crowd in German, “I’m not here for or against any government. I’ve come to play rock ‘n’ roll for you in the hope that one day all the barriers will be torn down.” His concert did little to quell their desire to join in the liberties afforded to those living in the West.
wall did not fall in one day. Mikhail Gorbachev, who took over control of the Soviet Union in 1985, instituted several, stimulating economic policies. One reform, glasnost, allowed Soviets to voice their discontent with their government. This was the first crack in the impenetrable barrier separating East and West. The Sinatra Doctrine, named for singer Frank Sinatra’s song “My Way,” allowed Eastern bloc governments to mostly make their own decisions, leading to Hungary opening its border. Previously, the Hungarian government shared a sealed border with its western neighbor, Austria. In August of 1989, Hungary opened its border and more than 13,000 East Germans crossed into Hungary via Czechoslovakia and then to Austria and West Germany. East Germans didn’t just protest with their feet. Many demonstrated against the ruling party over the faking of the results of local government elections in the spring. In churches throughout East Germany, small groups gathered to discuss their opposition to the Soviet regime. Small protests grew until almost every city in East Germany was thronged with tens of thousands of peaceful protesters. East Germany was ready for democracy and the Cold War was starting to thaw. The official fall of the Berlin Wall came about
because of a misunderstanding. Because of the rumblings on the streets, East German leaders decided to waive old visa rules and allow for quick granting of visas for those wishing to leave the country. On November 9, 1989, a Communist Party official, Guenter Schabowski, came unprepared for a news conference and announced that East Germans would be allowed “permanent departure” or travel abroad. He said they could get passports or exit visas freely. When asked by reporters when the new law would take effect, he responded, “Immediately, without delay,” referring to the application of visas. But things weren’t clear and the German media picked up that East Germans would now be able to travel freely. Within hours, thousands of East Berliners showed up at the wall, waiting at the gates, pushing forward as the crowd grew. The guards, with no official command, eventually allowed the crowd to surge forward to prevent riots or further injury. For the first time in almost 30 years, thousands of East Germans crossed over to West Berlin freely. What followed was people taking freedom into their own hands—literally. Citizens smashed out stone and cement from the Berlin Wall with hammers and chisels, tearing it down piece by piece. Thousands and thousands of hammers rained down on the symbol of oppression and separation until finally Germany was reunited. It took almost two years to remove all of the border fortifications around Berlin, and four years to dismantle them along the German border. Despite the excitement of the crumbling of Communism, there were many problems to overcome in merging the two Germanys. The West had to reabsorb the East’s financial and economic woes; its nearly worthless currency had to be converted into West German marks. Even today, unemployment is still higher in the East, incomes are higher in the West, and there is slight animosity between the two halves. Today, sections of the Berlin Wall still exist, brought out occasionally as art exhibits or museum pieces. The small shack used by American soldiers to guard Checkpoint Charlie stands as the only memorial to that border crossing, while the neoclassical columns of the Brandenburg Gate no longer stand within a barbed wire “death zone.” This year, on November 9, 8,000 illuminated balloons will form a “border of light” along the wall’s former path in Berlin. They will be released into the night sky as strains of “Ode to Joy” will be heard by the thousands of citizens united below. TJH
President Ronald Reagan speaking at Brandenburg Gate, “Tear down this wall!” Tearing down the wall
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August 9. Although the president was upset about the lack of advance warning, he was relieved that there was no action taken against West Berlin’s access to the West. He expressed his ire against the wall, whose construction only worsened the already strained relations between the United States and the Soviet Union. 22 months later, on June 26, 1963, Kennedy visited West Berlin and stood on the steps of Rathaus Schöneberg to an enraptured crowd of 450,000, lending his support for West Germany and the people of West Berlin. “Two thousand years ago, the proudest boast was civis romanus sum [I am a Roman citizen]. Today, in the world of freedom, the proudest boast is ‘Ich bin ein Berliner!’… All free men, wherever they may live, are citizens of Berlin, and therefore, as a free man, I take pride in the words, ‘Ich bin ein Berliner!’” His words symbolized the strength of democracy and bolstered West Berliners, who were living under fear of possible East German occupation. The Cold War was just getting colder.
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THET HJEWISH E J E W IHOME S H H O MNOVEMBER E n M AY 6, 2 42014 , 2012
Compiled by Nate Davis
“Say What?” Daylight Saving Time ends this weekend. Don’t forget to change the clocks in your house on Sunday, and the one in your car sometime in the next six to eight weeks. - Jimmy Kimmel
Queen Elizabeth recently sent her first tweet. Prince Charles commented, “Call me when she sends her LAST tweet.” - Jimmy Fallon
With anger, we have received the news of the vicious assassination crime committed by the terrorists of the Israeli occupation army against [your] son Mu’taz Ibrahim Khalil Hijazi, who will go to heaven as a martyr defending the rights of our people and its holy places. This act won’t intimidate our people, but would increase its steadfastness in its homeland. - From a letter sent by Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas to the family of the terrorist who was killed after shooting Yehuda Glick
I think that a good victory for Democrats on Tuesday, you know, should be rewarded with some fried chicken. – First Lady Michelle Obama on Roland Martin’s radio show
If anyone can show just cause why they might not lawfully be joined together, let them push their flight attendant call button now. – The marriage officiant presiding over the marriage of Dottie Coven and Keith Stewart which took place onboard a Southwest Airlines flight from Nashville to Dallas’ Love Field Airport
Over the weekend another guy jumped the fence at the White House. This time he was tackled by three security guards. They released him and then later in the day he was signed by the Jets. - David Letterman
During a campaign event, former presidential nominee Bob Dole told the crowd that Mitt Romney should run for president in 2016. If there’s anyone who knows that the third time is a charm, it’s a guy who lost three times. - Jimmy Fallon
Next month, Joe Biden is scheduled to make stops in Turkey, Ukraine, and Morocco to discuss foreign policy issues — while his advisers are learning how to say “We’re sorry” in all three languages. - Jimmy Fallon
I came to the conclusion that what is the difference between playing in front of three people instead of 300? - 97-year-old Emily Kessler, a Holocaust survivor, when asked whether she is nervous about her upcoming debut performance at Lincoln Center’s Avery Fisher Hall where she will play the mandolin
A man in a President Obama mask robbed a store recently… After[wards]… someone in a Hillary Clinton mask came in and promised to clean up the mess he left behind. - Craig Ferguson
Sources are saying Russia may have hacked into the White House Internet system. The problem was discovered this morning when suddenly Obama’s screen saver was a shirtless Vladimir Putin. – Conan O’Brien
The Swedish government must understand that relations in the Middle East are a lot more complex than the self-assembly furniture of IKEA and that they have to act with responsibility and sensitivity. - Israeli Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman after Sweden voted to recognize a Palestinian state on the West Bank
Are you Taliban? Just kidding. - Chairman of the Joint Chief of Staff Gen. Martin Dempsey during a speech at Syracuse University last Friday morning when a bearded Muslim man named Yusuf Soule stood up to ask a question Google is working on a pill that will detect cancer and other diseases in the human body. It contains tiny magnetic particles that would travel through your bloodstream to search for malignant cells. We spent years searching Google, and now they are going to search us. - Jimmy Kimmel A pill like this would give Google access to very sensitive personal information, but Google says they have no intention of using that information for commercial purposes — and that promise is good enough for me. - Ibid.
There’s no time for fear; I have to stay focused on what I’m doing. If I let fear enter into my body that’s when an accident can happen. I try to remain very positive and very focused. - Nik Wallenda explaining how he completed two death-defying high-wire walks between skyscrapers in Chicago last weekend
And then we have this guy [Greg Abbott} who just kinda rolls around thinking that he can get tort reform for himself but take it away from everybody else in the state of Texas. - Texas State Representative Dawna Dukes (D-TX) while giving a stump speech on behalf of Democrat gubernatorial candidate Wendy Davis, mocking Davis’s Republican opponent Greg Abbott, a wheelchairbound paraplegic
While Mitt Romney was in Nebraska at a campaign rally to support a local Senate candidate this week, the crowd started chanting, “Run, Mitt, run.” And now, nobody can find Mitt Romney. - Seth Myers
There is no reason to give in to U.S. pressure. After all, not even a chicken is scared of a lame duck. - Zev Chafets responding to an anonymous Obama official using a curse word and the word “chicken” to refer to PM Netanyahu, while talking to Jeffery Goldberg of the Atlantic Obama and/or his administration never called Qaddafi or Putin or Assad or Mashaal or Sisi or Morsi or the leader of the Islamic State a [curse word], but the Jew in charge of the Jewish state – he’s a [curse word] - Pamela Geller on Breitbart, responding to the anonymous Obama official’s comments When Israel is pressured to make concessions on its security it is very easy to give in. There are ovations and ceremonies on lawns and afterwards come the missiles and the tunnels. As prime minister I am responsible for Israel’s security. I care about the lives of every civilian and soldier. I have been on the battlefield many times. I have risked my life for the country, and I am not prepared to make concessions that will endanger our state. It must be understood that our supreme interests with security and the unity of Jerusalem first and foremost are not among the top concerns of those anonymous elements that are attacking us and me personally, because the attack on me comes only because I am defending the State of Israel. - Prime Minister Netanyahu responding to the anonymous Obama official’s comments Last night, daredevil Nik Wallenda successfully completed a tightrope walk of 500 feet between two Chicago skyscrapers. And then he took part in an even more dangerous stunt — walking through Chicago on the ground. – Jimmy Fallon Last night, daredevil Nik Wallenda walked blindfolded between two Chicago skyscrapers. The Discovery Channel used a 10-second delay so producers would have time to cut away if anything went wrong — thereby depriving viewers of the reason they were tuning in. – Jimmy Kimmel Today is the day I wait for. It’s National Cat Day. It’s the one day of the year we can ignore the fact that if cats were any bigger, they would kill us all. - Craig Ferguson
The city of Detroit says it has come up with a plan that could finally get it out of bankruptcy. The plan involves Detroit getting on a bus and moving back with its parents in Ohio. - Conan O’Brien
We will raze Lebanon to the ground! We will return it to the Stone Age and bury [Nasrallah] under the rocks. - Israel’s Transportation Minister Yisrael Katz responding to a threat by Hezbollah’s leader that they will start sending rockets into Israel and will cause Ben Gurion Airport to close down
I’m going to run like this until I am 120 and drop dead. I feel like I am 28. I’m never going to age. - Dennis Marsella, 63, who ran in his 29th New York City Marathon last Sunday while dressed in a coat and tie and holding a mock drink-topped waiter’s tray Mayor de Blasio said New Yorkers will not get Ebola from riding the subway. He said, “Let’s focus on actual things you might catch on the subway. There’s the SARS virus, bird flu, rat flu, West Nile, East Nile — plenty to choose from. Ebola’s way down the list.” - Jimmy Fallon I resent you calling me a denier, that is a word meant to put me down; I am a skeptic about climate change, not a denier… CNN has taken a very strong position on global warming, [saying] that it is a consensus. Well, there is no consensus in science. Science isn’t a vote. Science is about facts… [Man-made climate change] has been become a big political point of the Democratic Party and part of their platform, but the science is on my side. -John Coleman, founder of the Weather Channel, on CNN, after he was introduced as a climatechange denier He thought I was teasing him. When I told him I had won, he asked if it was $500, and I said, “No, $4 million!” - Deisi Ocampo of Chicago recounting the conversation she had with her father after the scratch-off lottery ticket he bought her for her birthday last month was a $4 million winner
29 91 2014 T THE H E JJEWISH E W I S HHOME H O M E nNOVEMBER M AY 2 4 , 6, 2012
One week, Wisconsin. One week. One week from today you get to choose a new governor. And because early voting runs through this Friday, you don’t have to wait until Election Day. You can vote all week…I mean you can only vote once, this isn’t Chicago now…I’m teasing Chicago, I’m messing with you. That was a long time ago. - President Obama while campaigning in Wisconsin last week
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Travel Guide: Ottawa, Canada By Aaron Feigenbaum
Ottawa, Canada’s capital, is a thriving metropolis that boasts world-class museums, stunning architectural landmarks, numerous parks and hiking trails, and outdoor activities for every season. The city’s low crime, cleanliness, high stan-
River, thus giving rise to the Rideau Canal that bisects Ottawa today. John By also laid out a village for the project’s laborers. The village came to be known as Bytown and was officially incorporated in 1850. It then became the city of Ottawa in 1855.
Boeing Vertol CH-113 Labrador at the Canada Aviation Museum
dard of living, and strong tech sector have attracted tourists, residents, and businesses alike. Surrounded by a green belt of forests, farms, and recreational sites, Ottawa is a city that values ecology like few other cities do. Ottawa is also the political and cultural nexus of Canada. Not only does it house the seat of government, but it’s also a highly diverse and vibrant city. Located right next to Gatineau, Quebec, Ottawa ties together Canada’s two main cultures: English and French. Colonial-era buildings sit side by side with their modern counterparts in a harmonious coexistence. From touring the majestic Gothic architecture of Parliament Hill to a relaxing cruise on the Rideau Canal which cuts right through the middle of the city, Ottawa has plenty of unforgettable adventures for the whole family. Once you experience Ottawa firsthand, you’ll soon see why this city at the intersection of three rivers deserves its place as the heart of Canada. Before European settlement, the area now known as Ottawa was inhabited by the Algonquin people. The name Ottawa is said to derive from an Algonquin word meaning “to trade.” The French explorer Samuel de Champlain, also the founder of Quebec, first described the future site of Ottawa in 1613. The French colonial government build a trading post around the rivers that run through the valley. After New France was surrendered to the British in 1763, the area became a hub for the timber industry in large part due to Britain’s increased need for shipbuilding in the Napoleonic Wars of the late 18th and early 19th centuries. The War of 1812 convinced British authorities that the St. Lawrence River between Montreal and Kingston was no longer a secure shipping and transportation route. Lt. Col. John By of the Royal Engineers was charged with creating an alternate route on the Rideau
a few steps away from Parliament is the National War Memorial which commemorates Canadian lives lost in various wars. Canadian War Museum: One of the country’s top rated museums, the War Museum tells the history of Canada’s wars
Canadien Tulip Festival
Britain’s unification of Upper and Lower Canada in 1841 begged the question of which city was to be the colony’s capital. As each city claimed it should receive the honor, the matter was brought to Queen Victoria who decided on Ottawa in 1857. After Canadian independence, Ottawa became known as a gritty industrial town with smokestacks, railways, and the smell of paper mills. In 1937 Prime Minister Mackenzie King embarked on a beautification plan for the nation’s capital. Industry and railways were moved out of the city center, greenery filled both the inside and outside of the city, and federal buildings were moved out to lie along both sides of the river. Today Ottawa is one of Canada’s largest cities, attracting over 7 million visitors a year and serving as one of the country’s major historical, transportation, educational, and political centers. Things to See and Do: Parliament Hill: Standing majestically on a bank of the Ottawa River, Parliament Hill is home to Canada’s national legislature. It is Ottawa’s most popular and most recognizable attraction. A free guided tour takes you through the British-style House of Commons, the Senate, and the lavishly appointed Library of Parliament. The tour’s final destination is the Peace Tower in the center of Parliament Hill. You can see the beautiful clock tower (likely inspired by Big Ben) and get a great view of the city from the observation deck. From July through September you can witness MosAika, a free nightly presentation that tells the story of Canada through a dazzling light show projected right onto the Parliament building. Summer is also the only time you can catch the daily changing of the Ceremonial Guard whose members are decked out exactly like their British counterparts at Buckingham Palace. Just
tell the story of Canada from its prehistoric beginnings to the present. You can see everything from recreations of aboriginal homes to magnificent totem poles to a hall that displays every stamp Canada has ever issued. Special exhibits include the tragic
Changing of the guard at Parliament Hill
and the brave men and women who fought in them. The museum boasts over 2,500 displays ranging from tanks, airplanes, artillery, and guns to war art and uniforms. The archives though are the real treasure trove with around 500,000 military artifacts. You’ll learn about Canada’s military past starting with the Seven Years War that pitted the British against the French, right up to Canada’s current involvement in the NATO-led mission in Afghanistan. Special exhibits include “Fighting in Flanders,” telling the story of Canadian soldiers in Belgium during WWI, and “Behind the Battles” which gives a firsthand
Winterlude violin snow scultpture
look at WWI soldiers’ clothing and equipment. Adults are C$13 , children C$8, and students C$11 Canadian Museum of History: Formerly the Museum of Civilization, this is Canada’s most popular museum and one of its oldest. It’s located directly across the river from Parliament Hill in the Hull quarter of Gatineau. The museum’s purpose is to
story of the S.S. Empress of Ireland (aka “Canada’s Titanic”) and a journey through the 150 year history of the Canadian onecent piece. If you’re bringing kids, be sure to take them to the Children’s Museum which features fun exhibits about different cultures of the world. There are toys, props, costumes, and even a replica of Pakistani bus that the kids can climb on. Admission fees are the same as those for the War Museum, but you can bundle the two together for the cost of C$20 per adult, C$12 per child, and C$15 per student. Canada Aviation and Space Museum: This impressive museum located at the Ottawa/Rockcliffe Airport shows off the best of Canada’s 105 year-old aviation history. Boasting over 130 aircraft and aircraft parts, this museum’s collection is considered by many to be one of the finest in the world. You can view WWI and WWII-era prop planes, fighter jets, and helicopters. A special exhibit explores how astronauts adapt to the demanding conditions aboard the International Space Station. There’s also a flight simulator which costs from C$20 to C$80 depending on how long you want to spend in it. Admission is C$13 for adults, C$8 for children ages 3-12, and C$10 for students. If you have some extra cash to spend and are feeling adventurous, you can take a museum-sponsored ride on either a vintage biplane or helicopter and take in sweeping views of Parliament Hill, downtown Ottawa, and the beautiful lakes and forests surrounding the city. Aerial tour prices range from C$65 to C$300. Canadian Supreme Court Building: It may not have the grandeur or popularity of Parliament Hill, but the Supreme Court Building offers a fascinating look at Canada’s judicial system and shouldn’t be missed. Tours are free and only take about 20 minutes. Canada Agriculture and Food Mu-
and gardens. Admission to the museum is C$10 for adults, C$ for students, and C$ for children 3-12. Laurier House: Before the official residence of the Prime Minister of Canada was switched to 24 Sussex Drive, the Laurier House was the residence of two Canadian prime ministers, Sir Wilfrid Laurier and Mackenzie King. The house was designated as a National Historical Site in 1956 after King’s death in 1950. Laurier House is notable for the guests it has had over the years including F.D.R., Churchill, and King George VI. Free tours educate visitors about the history of the house and the prime ministers who lived in it. Royal Canadian Mint: The Mint’s Ottawa facility is one of two (the other’s in Winnipeg) that has been making Canadian circulation coins since 1908. The Mint also produces silver and gold bullion, special collector’s coins, and regularly contracts with other countries to produce their currency for them. Tours take visitors through the coin-making process and let them hold a real 24 carat, 25 pound gold bar worth around C$3 million. Admission is cheap at C$6 per adult and C$3 for kids 5-17. Canadian Nature Museum: Set in a beautiful Victorian building, this museum is Canada’s national natural history museum. It features displays on dinosaurs, grizzly bears, rocks and minerals, insects and arachnids, and a real blue whale skeleton. The bird collection alone has over 500 specimens representing 450 different species. Current special exhibits include Arctic wildlife and X-ray images of fish. Interactive displays are sure to please kids. Admission is C$12.50 for adults, C$10.50 for students, and C$8.50 for children. Diefenbunker: For one of the world’s most unique museums, check out the Diefenbunker, the Canadian government’s former Cold War bunker. Officially des-
email@example.com) Chabad of Centrepointe at 13 Cedar Grove Ct. (613-224-7050, Rabbi@ ChabadCentrepointe.com Kosher food can be found at the following locations: Rideau Bakery at 384 Rideau St. (613 789-1019) Ottawa Bagelshop & Deli at 1321 Wellington St. (613-722-8753) United Kosher Deli at the Soloway
The Royal Canadian Mint
ister’s quarters. As you walk past the thick metal doors and through the cavernous, eerie halls of the bunker, you’ll get a real sense of the fear that pervaded Canadian society during the Cold War. Admission is C$14 per adult, C$10 per student, and C$8 per youth 6-18. Seasonal activites: Don’t think that Ottawa’s only claims to fame are its buildings and politics. The city is also renowned for its outdoor attraction, the most popular of which is the Winterlude. Taking place on the first three weekends in February, Winterlude offers tons of family fun including an ice sculpture competition in Confederation Park, ice skating shows, and interactive art displays. But the real highlight is skating on the frozen Rideau Canal. At 5 miles long, the Rideau Canal Skateway is the world’s largest skating rink. In May you can experience the Tulip Festival which commemorates the Dutch royal family’s donation of 100,000 tulips to Canada in gratitude for having sheltered Princess Juliana and her family during WWII. The sight of countless tulips blooming in the backdrop of the Rideau Canal and Parliament Hill is something not to be missed. Finally, come on July 1 to celebrate Canada Day, marking the anniversary of the creation of Canada in 1867. Witness Canadians coming out to support their country with massive street festivals, concerts, jet fly-overs, and a spectacular fireworks display at night. Daven and Eat: Ottawa has many great shuls to choose from. Some of these include: Ohev Yisrael at 516 Rideau St. (613565-6194, firstname.lastname@example.org) Congregation Machzikei Hadas at 2310 Virginia Dr. (613-521-9700, office@ cmhottawa.com) Young Israel of Ottawa at 627 Kirkwood Ave. (613-722-8394, youngisraelot-
Ottawa is served by the Ottawa MacDonald-Cartier International Airport. Airfare from L.A. costs around $500 per person round trip. Driving there will take about 3 days. You can also take an Amtrak train to Rochester, NY and then take a four-hour drive to Ottawa. Greyhound offers a direct, 3 day bus route to Ottawa for just under $300. (Sources: Ottawa Tourism, Wikitravel,
The skeleton of a blue whale on display at the Canadian Museum of Nature
JCC at 21 Nadolny Sachs Private (613798-9818) Loblaws Supermarket at 1980 Baseline Rd. (613-723-3200) Getting There:
Tripadvisor, Encyclopedia Britannica)
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Rideau Canal in the winter
ignated as CFS Carp, Diefenbunker was built between 1959 and 1961 as part of a government continuity plan in case of a nuclear attack. At four stories, 300 rooms, and a total of 100,000 square feet this was an incredible engineering marvel for its time. The bunker was made a National Historic Site in 1994 and became a museum in 1997. Some of the highlights of the tour include the government conference room and a re-creation of the Prime Min-
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seum/Arboretum: You may surprised to learn that the modern metropolis of Ottawa has a working farm within its limits. On it you can get a firsthand view of farm life, learn about Canada’s agricultural past through interactive exhibits, and your kids can have fun petting the animals. There are great exhibits about food safety, beekeeping, tractors, and more. Afterwards, take a stroll through the Dominion Arboretum, one of Ottawa’s finest parks
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GLOBAL Many of Russia’s Richest are Jewish
Russia is home to a lot of wealthy Jews. Of the country’s 200 richest, close to one quarter are Jewish, according to a report by Russian banking website lanta.ru. The 48 Jews on the list are worth a combined net worth of $132.9 billion. Only 89 of the 200 billionaires are ethnic Russians. Alex Tenzer, an activist in the Russian Jewish community, cautioned that the publication of the list is potentially dangerous and could spark xenophobia
and anti-Semitism. He emphasized the fact that Russia has recently seen its first downturn in the quality of living in five years, as a result of the economic sanctions imposed over the crisis in Ukraine. “The ruble has decreased 20% compared to the dollar, and after a long term there is a decrease in Putin’s popularity,” Tenzer pointed out. “I’m concerned this could lead to a hatred of foreigners in Russia. If you sum up the Russian elite, you can say that most of the funds and most of the wealth in Russia belongs to a population of people who are not Russian, and this is a real danger, especially now,” Tenzer said. Although Jews were the largest representation on the list aside from Russians, there were twenty-two different ethnicities included on the listing. Compared to their general population size, the Jews are clearly the most economically successful group. The Jews on the list were classified into two groups: Ashkenazis, who originate from Central and Eastern Europe, and Kavkazis, descendants of Persian Jews from Iran. Among the 48 Jews, 42 are Ashkenazi and together have a net worth of $122.3 billion; the average net worth of each Ashkenazi billionaire stands at $2.9 billion. The wealthiest Ashkenazi and Rus-
sia’s second richest man is Mikhail Fridman who has a net worth is $17.6 billion. Jewish Ashkenazis represent 21% of all the billionaires in Russia, even though they comprise only 0.11% of the population. The Ashkenazi billionaires include Viktor Vekselberg (net worth of $17.2 billion), Leonid Michelson (net worth of $15.6 billion), German Khan (net worth of $11.3 billion), Mikhail Prokhorov (net worth of $10.9 billion), and Roman Abramovich (net worth of $9.1 billion). Six Kavkazi Jews appear on the list, with a combined net worth of $10.6 billion, and an average individual net worth of $1.8 billion. The richest Kavkazi Jew has a net worth of $3.6 billion, and the least wealthy is valued at $500 million. According to the Russian Bureau of Statistics, there are 762 Russian citizens classified as Kavkazi Jews and they represent 0.00035% percent of the population. Compared to the overall population, the Kavkazi Jews of Russia are the wealthiest ethnic group in the entire country. The net worth of the remaining people on the list stands at $165 billion. The list is comprised of 24 Ukrainians, 8 Tatars, 7 Armenians, 3 of local origin, 3 from Ingushetia, 2 Uzbeks, and a handful of other nationalities.
Arbeit Macht Frei Stolen from Dachau
Dachau was the Nazi’s first concentration camp during WWII. Prisoners entering the camp would be greeted with the words, “Arbeit macht frei,” or “Work sets you free,” written on the black iron gate at the entrance. This derisive phrase was mockingly placed over the entrances to several concentration camps, including Auschwitz, where it was crafted by prisoners with metalwork skills and erected by order of the Nazis in June 1940. The wrought-iron gate bearing the infamous slogan has been stolen from the former Dachau concentration camp, police said on Sunday. It was first noticed
Sistine Chapel gets Pristine Overhaul
A revolutionary new lighting system has been installed in the Vatican’s Sistine Chapel. 7,000 LED lamps designed specifically for the chapel now illuminate the world’s most famous ceiling. The two million dollar lights are only part of the chapel/museum’s $3.77 million facelift. A state of the art ventilation system has also been installed to protect the frescoes from humidity, enabling up to 2,000 people at a time to safely visit one of the world’s top tourist attractions, which draws over six million people a year. The venture was funded in part by European Union funds,
with the rest donated to the Vatican in expertise, technology and man-hours by the various companies taking part. “The LEDs have a color spectrum specifically designed with the pigmentation of the frescos in mind to ensure the light faithfully reflects the original colors, as the artists intended,” said Marco Frascarolo, who works for Fabertechnica, one of the companies behind the new system. “As each LED can be tuned to a different color, we spent long nights in the chapel with the Vatican Museum curators, trying out different mixes of red, blues, whites...trying to get it just right,” he said. The sunlight that had streamed through the windows for centuries was shut out in the 1980s, when conservators realized ultraviolet radiation was damaging the masterpieces, causing the frescoes that cover the chapel’s ceiling and walls to fade. The lighting system put in place at the time was criticized for casting an unnatural glow and throwing some of the lesser known works by artists such as Botticelli, Ghirlandaio and Perugino into shadow. The Vatican museums said they were also exploring a project for next year whereby visitors craning their necks could be given disposable “intelligent glasses” like Google Glass during their visit.
Michelangelo painted the Sistine Chapel ceiling between the years of 1508 and 1512. It was a masterpiece without precedent that changed the course of Western art.
ISRAEL Terrorist Rams Car into Crowd Killing 1
On Wednesday, a Palestinian man rammed a white minivan into a crowded train stop in east Jerusalem and then attacked people with an iron bar, killing a
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the memory of the Holocaust.” A similar incident occurred in December 2009 when the “Arbeit macht frei” sign was stolen from the Auschwitz death camp. Police found it three days later cut into pieces in a forest on the other side of Poland. A Swedish man with a neo-Nazi past was found guilty of instigating that theft and was jailed in his homeland. Five Poles also were convicted of involvement and imprisoned.
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as missing early Sunday morning; it is believed to have been stolen at night and the culprit would have had to climb over another gate to reach it. The gate, measuring 190 by 95 centimeters (75 by 37 inches), is set into a larger iron gate, which is missing. More than 200,000 prisoners were held in Dachau, located near Munich, and over 40,000 prisoners were murdered there before it was liberated by U.S. forces on April 29, 1945. The camp is now a memorial to the horrors of the Holocaust and the atrocities committed by Hitler ym”sh and his willing executioners. Memorial director Gabriele Hammermann condemned the theft of the gate, which she described as “the central symbol for the prisoners’ ordeal.” Hammermann said a private security service supervises the site but officials had decided against surveillance of the former camp with video cameras because they didn’t want to turn it into a “maximum-security unit.” That decision may now have to be reviewed, she added. Israel’s Yad Vashem Holocaust memorial condemned the theft, writing in a statement, “While we do not know who is behind the theft of the sign, the theft of such a symbolic object is an offensive attack on
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Druze Border Police officer and injuring 13 before he was shot dead by police. Hamas immediately took responsibility for the attack—the second such attack in east Jerusalem in the past two weeks. Authorities say Ibrahim al-Akari, 48, slammed his vehicle into the train stop first, backed out and proceeded to drive off, hitting several cars along the way. He
then got out of the car and attacked a group of civilians and police officers on the side of the road with a metal bar before he was shot and killed. He had recently been released from prison after serving time for security offenses. Hamas, which controls the Gaza Strip, said al-Akari, “whose blood watered the land of the occupied holy city of Jerusa-
lem, preferred but to retaliate for the blood of his people and the sacredness of the Al-Aqsa Mosque and Jerusalem.” Hamas official Fawzi Barhoum praised the “glorious operation” and called for more such attacks. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu condemned the attack, placing blame on Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas
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who has called on Palestinians to guard sensitive holy sites from visiting Jews. The attack was almost identical to one two weeks ago, also committed by a Palestinian from east Jerusalem who rammed his car into a crowded train station, killing a 3-month-old Israeli-American girl and a woman from Ecuador — not far from the scene of Wednesday’s attack. The officer who was killed in this week’s attack was Jedan Assad, 38, from Beit Jann. Assad was a father to a threeyear-old boy; his wife is five months pregnant.
New Law Prevents Prisoner Exchange
The Knesset has taken steps this week to prevent prisoner exchanges for prisoners serving life sentences. Final approval was given to a new bill that effectively removes the option to use prisoners as bargaining chips with the Palestinians. The bill was heavily supported; thirty-five Knesset members voted in favor of the bill, with 15 MKs opposing.
The measure dictates that courts will henceforth be allowed to convict murderers under “aggravating circumstances,” in which case discussion of sentence commutation shall not occur before 15 years of imprisonment, and at any rate, sentences will not be reduced to less than 40 years. The law only applies to prisoners convicted from this point onwards, however, and not to those already incarcerated for their crimes. The release of Palestinian security prisoners, most of them convicted murderers, became one of the most divisive issues within Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s ruling coalition over the past year after he agreed to release over 100 such prisoners at the outset of the most recent round of peace talks with the Palestinians. The talks collapsed in the spring, in part because of a dispute over the fourth and final batch of prisoner releases, with the Palestinians demanding the release of Israeli Arab inmates, and Netanyahu saying he had never agreed to do so.
Vet Released From Mexican Jail
There are few details known about the case, including which hospital is treating the woman. The 60-year-old patient, who was not named in the recent news report or by medical officials, suffers from advanced-stage cancer. Her condition is critical, and she remains hospitalized in Israel, according to the report. Marzouk, her brother, is one of Hamas’s top officials and has served as its main Gaza spokesman in recent years. Despite the ongoing state of war between Israel and Hamas, Israel has allowed Palestinians to enter Israel for medical treatments not available in Gaza. This policy has meant that the family members of Hamas leaders often receive medical treatments and care in the Jewish state. Hamas leader Ismail Haniyeh has seen his mother-in-law, daughter and granddaughter all treated in Israeli hospitals. Last month, Haniyeh’s daughter was hospitalized at Tel Aviv’s Ichilov Hospital for “a number of days,” according to a hospital spokesman. In June, Haniyeh’s 68-year-old mother-in-law was treated in Augusta Victoria Hospital, near Jerusalem’s Mount of Olives. And in November 2013, Haniyeh’s
This was a bad turn that a U.S. Marine veteran could not take back. Marine Sgt. Andrew Tahmooressi has just come home after serving eight months in a Mexican prison. He was serving time for crossing the border with loaded guns after getting in the wrong lane and ending up at the Mexican border.
Virgin Galactic SpaceShip Two Explodes
Commercial space tourism suffered a huge setback recently when a prototype passenger rocket exploded during a test flight. The crash killed one pilot, seriously injuring the other, and scattered debris all over the Mojave Desert.
The Afghanistan veteran’s case led U.S. politicians to bring intense pressure on Mexico to release him. Family spokesman Jon Franks announced that a private plane carrying his mother and supporters — including former New Mexico Gov. Bill Richardson — landed at a South Florida airport this week. “They’re just spending time together, trying to figure out what’s next,” Franks told reporters. “They need some time to decompress.” Tahmooressi, 26, said he took a
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A couple weeks ago, we reported on a senior Hamas official’s daughter being treated in an Israeli hospital. Well, the trend now continues this week, as another senior Hamas member’s sister is in the cancer ward at a major hospital in Israel. The hospitalization of the sister of Abu Marzouk is the latest case of a relative of a member of the terror group being treated in Israel despite a toxic relationship with the Jewish state.
wrong turn on a California freeway that funneled him into a Tijuana port of entry with no way to turn back and that he had no intention of illegally bringing guns into Mexico. His detention brought calls for his freedom from U.S. politicians, veterans groups, and social media campaigns. A U.S. congressional committee held a hearing on the case. In Mexico, possession of weapons restricted for use by the Army is a federal crime, and the country has been tightening up its border checks to stop the flow of U.S. weapons that have been used by drug cartels. In his order on Friday, the Mexican judge did not make a determination on the illegal arms charges against Tahmooressi but freed him because of his mental state. Tahmooressi suffers from post-traumatic stress disorder, treatment for which Franks said would be the first order of business now that he is back in the U.S. In his truck when he crossed the U.S.-Mexico border, Tahmooressi was carrying a rifle, a shotgun, a pistol and hundreds of rounds of ammunition. His attorney, Fernando Benitez, argued that Tahmooressi carries loaded guns with him because his weapons, which were bought legally in the U.S., make him feel safer. He added that the veteran is often distracted, which could have contributed to him becoming lost.
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Another Hamas Relative Hospitalized in Israel
one-year-old granddaughter received treatment in Israel for an infection in her digestive tract. She was evacuated to an Israeli hospital in critical condition, but was returned to her family in Gaza after her condition was deemed incurable, an Israeli military spokesman said. The girl later died of her condition. Ahmed Yousef, a senior Hamas official in Gaza, said at the time that Haniyeh was left with little choice. He said the girl’s case was life threatening, and with Gaza’s borders virtually sealed by Israel and Egypt, there was no other place to go. “If you are on the verge of death, and your enemy is the only one to treat you, of course you will resort to him,” he said. “Children of Hamas leaders are human beings.”
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a carrier aircraft at high altitude. British billionaire Richard Branson, founder of Virgin Galactic, has been the front-runner in the fledgling race to send large numbers of paying civilians beyond the atmosphere to give them the feeling of weightlessness and a spectacular view of Earth below. Branson tweeted that he was flying to Mojave immediately after the explosion. After a period of development that lasted far longer than hundreds of prospective passengers had expected, the accident occurred just as it seemed space flights were near. SpaceShipTwo, which is typically flown by two pilots, was designed to provide a suborbital thrill ride into space before it returns to Earth as a glider. Officials said they didn’t know what caused Friday’s accident and had not noticed anything wrong beforehand. “I detected nothing that appeared abnormal,” said Stuart Witt, CEO of the Mojave Air and Space Port. Friday’s flight marked the 55th for the spaceship, which was intended to be the first of a line of craft. At 60 feet long, SpaceShipTwo features two large windows for each of up to six passengers, one on the side and one overhead. Debris from the aircraft was found 35 miles away from the initial crash site. Although investigators don’t know the actual cause of the crash, it is thought that the pilot, Michael Tyner Alsbury, who was killed in the disaster, moved an unlocking device earlier than he should have. Officials say there may have been a problem with the vessel’s “feathering,” a process used to slow down the spacecraft upon its descent to Earth. In order for feathering to start, the feathering system has to be unlocked and then someone has to activate the system with a different handle. Alsbury unlocked the device too early, although experts don’t yet know why the feathering process commenced if someone did not yet activate the system with the other handle. Virgin Galactic sells seats on each prospective journey for $250,000, with full payment due at the time of booking. The company says that “future astronauts,” as it calls customers, have visited Branson’s Caribbean home, Necker Island, and have gone through G-force training. Virgin Galactic reports taking deposits totaling more than $80 million from about 700 people.
Cop Killer Finally Captured
A massive, seven-week long manhunt has come to a close with the capture of Eric Frein. Frein is accused of the first degree murder of a Pennsylvania trooper, among other charges. The 31-year-old survivalist, who prosecutors say will face the death penalty if convicted, was caught after a methodical search using a grid system
and hundreds of law enforcement officers. A group of U.S. marshals found Frein outside an abandoned airplane hangar in Tannersville, Pennsylvania, about 100 miles north of Philadelphia, and near the heart of the area where authorities focused their 48-day search. Frein arrived at the Pike County Courthouse in a police cruiser and handcuffs used by Corporal Bryon Dickson, 38, whom he killed in a sniper attack on September 12. Frein is also charged with wounding Trooper Alex Douglass, 31, in the brutal shooting.
The heavy police presence and the aggressive tactics employed during the manhunt rattled many residents of the normally peaceful area of northeastern Pennsylvania, even as the shootings appalled the community. His arrest brought a palpable sense of relief to the picturesque area. State Police Lieutenant Colonel George Bivens estimated a cost of $10 million for the manhunt, which involved hundreds of officers from state, local and federal agencies, using helicopters, armored vehicles and sophisticated tracking technology. Frein, who was on the FBI’s Most Wanted list, surrendered without incident when he was finally found. Two firearms were found in the hangar but Frein was carrying no weapons. Police have said the suspect, an expert marksman whose hobbies included dressing like a Serbian soldier in a war reenactment group, held a longstanding grudge against law enforcement and was not targeting any individual officer.
Americans Renouncing Citizenship in Droves
Some Americans are not that proud to be American after all, at least when it comes to paying overseas taxes. Many U.S. citizens residing in other countries are so frustrated by the regulations of the Internal Revenue Service that they’ve decided to renounce their citizenship. In the last three months (ending in September), 776 Americans renounced their citizenship, according to new Treasury Department data. In the year 2014 so far,
there have been a total of 2,353 renunciations. The forecast seems to imply that this year’s number will surpass last year’s record number of 2,999 renouncers. In the last few years there have been new tax regulations put into place making it extremely difficult for citizens abroad to conduct basic financial transactions. For example, the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA) passed by Congress in 2010 and in effect since July 2014 requires all foreign banks to report all Americans with accounts over $50,000 or face a 30 percent surcharge on the accounts. As a result, many foreign banks avoid relationships with Americans in order dodge the hassle and headache. Marylouise Serrato, the executive director of American Citizens Abroad, an advocacy group, cited a 2014 poll conducted by the group Democrats Abroad that found an average of 12.7 percent of applicants for various foreign financial services were denied by their banks. “The problem is not paying taxes or not wanting to pay taxes, the problem is that they’re having an inability to find financial providers and people who are still willing to deal with them as American citizens,” Serrato pointed out. Recent estimates say there are about 6.32 million Americans living out of the country. Even so-called “accidental Americans” have to deal with the annoyance; someone who was born in the United States but lives in another country for majority of their life is still considered American for tax purposes. Tax law mandates that all citizens pay U.S. taxes regardless of the country in which they reside or amount of time. Even if you decide to renounce your citizenship, the State Department won’t just let you go for free; before they say sayonara, they want some of your money. Previously, there was price tag of $450 but now there is a onetime fee of $2,350 to renounce citizenship in order to cover the cost of processing a renunciation. A State Department spokesperson said the fee was increased to reflect the real, unsubsidized cost of providing the service. “In addition to the work done at the embassy or consulate, the case comes back to the department for a final review and decision, which involves additional resources. A renunciation is a serious decision, and we need to be certain that the person renouncing fully understands the consequences,” the spokesperson revealed.
Volcano Continues to Erupt in Hawaii
Lava from an erupting volcano in Hawaii has been streaming down the volcano’s flank toward the northeast since June. Last weekend, it crossed a country road,
destroying part of a cemetery, toppling trees and burning a shed, tires and grass. But scientists say that the lava stopped just before hitting the town’s main road. Darryl Oliveira, director of Hawaii County civil defense, said, “At this point, there’s very little activity taking place that’s posing any increased threat to the residents or the community,” Oliveira said. Despite the lack of immediate danger, on Monday, President Obama signed a Disaster Declaration for Public Assistance to help the small Hawaiian town cope with the lava flow.
The flow from Kilauea Volcano stalled about 480 feet from the main road in and out of Pahoa, a town of about 1,000 residents. Authorities have warned about 50 households in Pahoa they should be ready to evacuate immediately if necessary. Small fires that were sparked by the lava were generating light to moderate amounts of smoke on Saturday. Trade winds have been pushing the smoke toward the south and southwest. “We can definitely see a bit of a glow, smell the smoke and the burning vegetation,” said Eric Johnson, a teacher at the Hawaii Academy of Arts and Science (HAAS), located one road down. “On occasions, I’ve heard loud booms, like shotgun blasts, when methane pockets in the ground explode.” Oliveira warned residents of opportunists posing as officials. Someone posing as a government inspector approached a resident living within a blocked-off zone on Friday and asked for access to a private property. No government official is going door-to-door to conduct damage assessments, Oliveria said. He advised residents to ask for identification if they are suspicious and to call police if they notice any suspicious behavior. The Kīlauea volcano is a hyperactive shield volcano currently erupting in the Hawaiian Islands. It is the most active of the five volcanoes that together form the island of Hawaii, and, perhaps the most active volcano on earth. Diverting lava flows is viewed in traditional Hawaiian culture as disrespecting the volcano goddess Pele. “The lava flow is very unpredictable, but Hawaiians have always lived with volcanoes,” Johnson pointed out.
Walking High in the Sky
A Million Dollar Present
THAT’S ODD Flying High with a Marriage in the Sky
Dottie Coven and Keith Stewart were in the clouds when they got married…literally. They got hitched at an altitude of 32,000 feet onboard a Southwest Airlines flight from Nashville, Tennessee, to Dal-
two skyscrapers more than 500 feet above the Chicago River at a 19-degree incline. After completing that walk in close to seven minutes, he donned a blindfold and completed another walk between Chicago’s famous Marina City towers. The second walk took a bit more than one minute. Both walks set new Guinness World Records: the first for highest tightrope walk at an incline, the second for highest blindfolded tightrope walk. The events were broadcast by the Discovery Channel on a ten seconds delay, just in case Nik, who was not harnessed, would fall. In addition, more than 50,000 people took to the streets and surrounding buildings to watch the amazing feat. Nik, 35, is not simply some crazy daredevil—he’s a seventh-generation tightrope walker. But that doesn’t mean that he is guaranteed success. In fact, his great-grandfather plummeted to his death at age 73 during a tightrope walking stunt which was being broadcasted on live TV in Puerto Rico. As to what the key to Nik’s success is, he says it is having the support of his family. “If I didn’t have my mom and dad’s support and my wife’s support, I wouldn’t be able to make that walk. If they came up to me moments before I was getting on that cable, even though 220 plus countries around the world are watching live, and said, ‘You know what? I don’t want you doing it,’ I wouldn’t do it.” His family obviously didn’t object to his taking on this challenge, which means that either his family is really confident in his endeavors or they really just don’t like him.
Talking about risky propositions up in the air… Last week, tightrope walker Nik Wallenda certainly pushed the envelope in Chicago by performing a two-part death defying walk. The first wire was suspended between
Deisi Ocampo woke on October 6, excited to open her birthday present, but she had no idea how amazing her gift would be. “I rarely play the lottery,” Ocampo, 19, of Chicago, related. “My dad buys tickets once in a while and thought it would fun to get me two tickets for my birthday.” Well, it was more than fun when Deisi scratched off the second ticket. “I began to shake and sweat out of nervousness,” she said. “I
just couldn’t believe it was real.” The birthday girl had won $4 million. Her dad also couldn’t believe her amazing luck. He thought she was teasing him when he heard the news. “When I told him I had won, he asked if it was $500, and I said, ‘No, $4 million!’”
Despite being a millionaire while still a teen, Deisi plans on keeping things simple. She wants to continue working at a clothing store because her family “is humble and believes in a strong work ethic.” Of course, the happy birthday girl is sharing her newfound wealth. “I will share with my dad so he can buy a new home for my mom, dad and sister,” she said. “I plan to use a portion to pay for college since I want to become a nurse and take care of babies.” When asked if this was the best birthday she’s ever had, Deisi simply replied, “Definitely!” She certainly has a million reasons to remember this birthday forever.
Being Paid to Exercise
Heading to the gym may be tough, but what if you were paid to work out? Employees at Clif Bar and Company are given 2.5 hours a week to work out during company time; essentially, these workers are being paid to hit the gym. Sounds great, right? Well, this perk is something that CEO Kevin Cleary models. The father of three young sons is extremely active. “We have a great gym,” Cleary shared. “We encourage everyone to get out and exercise.” The CEO himself runs 20 miles a week and his workout times are not haphazard. “I sit down on Sundays and I map out my week,” Cleary said. “This sounds ridiculous, but I look at my week from Monday
NOVEMBER 6, 2014
Hope you’ve got your sleeping bags and tents ready because Black Friday is just weeks away. Supposedly it is the day of the year when the cheapest prices are available on merchandise, creating a holiday shopping frenzy. The day after Thanksgiving, many stores open their doors at the crack of dawn, some even at midnight, and shoppers scramble in, hoping to score a good deal. This year, major retailers like Macy’s, Walmart, Kohl’s, and Target are staying open for business on Thanksgiving Day, a move many are dubbing “Gray Thursday.” Gray will be the faces of their employees, who will be forced to work on their holiday. In defense, Macy’s, which plans to open on Thanksgiving evening at 6pm, informed their staff that most of the shifts were filled voluntarily with those who are okay with working on Thanksgiving so that their Black Friday calendars are clear. But some stores are not onboard with opening on the national holiday. Retailers that will not be open on Thursday of Thanksgiving include Costco, Barnes & Noble, Sam’s Club, Home Depot, Nordstrom, TJ Maxx, Marshall’s, DSW, Pier 1 Imports, Burlington Coat Factory, Petco, Radioshack, GameStop, Patagonia, REI, Dillard’s, and American Girl. Businesses in Rhode Island, Maine, and Massachusetts will be closed for business due to laws dating back to the 17th century that make it illegal for retailers to open on Thanksgiving but there’s always time to stuff your shopping bags online after you’re stuffed from too much stuffing.
No, this is not a story of two drunken people on a plane deciding to be spontaneous. Dottie and Keith have been planning this event for 2 years. They both have jobs which require lots of travel so they decided that for a change they would “fly for fun.” The onboard wedding was planned in advance with Southwest Airlines. The couple, who had accumulated over a million Rapid Rewards points on Southwest, used those points to secure 30 seats for family and friends, while the 111 other guests at the sky-high reception were complete strangers. When the plane was at cruising altitude, packets of peanuts were dished out as wedding confetti. The music was then cued, and Dottie danced down the aisle in her white wedding dress and veil towards a beaming Keith. The marriage officiant told attendees to “push their flight attendant call button now” if they knew of any reason why the couple should not be wed. Well, nobody pushed the button and the marriage was made official. The party lasted until the plane landed in Dallas. Which airport in Dallas? Love Field Airport, of course. As for how they will celebrate when they have a child…I guess that’s up in the air for now.
THE JEWISH HOME
No Rest on Gray Thursday
THE JEWISH HOME
NOVEMBER 6, 2014
to Sunday and I carve out the time: when can I get rides in, when can I get runs in, then I plan it right then. I’ve got them on Excel spreadsheets since 1999.” Sometimes, his workouts take place during the day. And Cleary feels that his exercise regimen encourages his employees to get fit as well. “It’s a good example for me to set for people at the company,” he said. “There’s a lot of times I’ll go out for a run then I’ll walk back through the company; and I’m going to a meeting and I’m still sweating, because I’m squeezing the workout in.”
Sometimes, Cleary uses his commute time to exercise, when he bikes to work. “I try to do this once or twice a week where I leave the house around 7 and I commute. It’s about 25 miles to work on bike. Then
at the end of the day, I’m back on my bike, getting back home. It’s a great way to just think about things, think about business, think about my life. It’s my time,” Cleary said. “It takes about 1 hour, 20 minutes each way.” Cleary really has his priorities straight. “I don’t send out emails at night,” he told ABC. “I don’t send them out on the weekend. I may do work, but I won’t send out an email,” Cleary said. “I don’t want to set the expectation that people should be working at 7 or 8 at night. I get home at 6:30. I put the phone in my home office. I leave it there, then I’m just dedicated to my kids. Once a week, I cut out of work early and I’m coaching my twins – they are 6 – their soccer team, and I coach their baseball team. It’s important for people to see me doing that and see it’s okay.” Hmmm, getting paid to exercise and no emails on weekends. Sounds like a job that I’d jump over a cliff to get.
Japan’s Whisky Takes over the World
Want the best Scotch in the world?
Head to Japan. This week, a Japanese whisky was named the “best in the world,” upstaging traditionally favored Scottish brands—which unbelievably didn’t make it to the top five.
The Yamazaki Single Malt Sherry Cask 2013 was awarded the title of best Scotch whisky by whisky connoisseur Jim Murray, whose 2015 edition of the Whisky Bible will be published next week. Yamazaki is Japan’s first and oldest distillery, established in 1923 by Suntory’s founder Shinjiro Torii. Described as “near incredible genius” for its “nose of exquisite boldness” and finish of “light, teasing spice,” Murray gave the drink 97.5 marks out of 100. For the first time, no Scottish distillery was ranked in the top five. Varieties of Scotch whisky have been crowned best in the world in two of the last three years – Old Pulteney’s 21 year-old single malt in 2012 and Glenmorangie Ealanta in 2014. Julien Nicolay, general manager at La Maison du Whisky, a Singapore-based whisky retailer and distributor, says appetite for Japanese whiskies has grown significantly over the past three years. “There’s been massive demand,” Nicolay said. “This can be attributed to strong marketing campaigns and the quality of the whisky; the Japanese are very good at making a product desirable, and of course making it good,” he related. Despite the accolades, Scotch whisky is still in high demand. “There’s a misunderstanding of what it means for Scottish whiskies. While there’s a massive rise in demand for Japanese whiskies, the same can be said for Scottish whiskies,” Nicolay said, noting that demand for Glendronach is “going through the roof.” I’ll drink to that.
Ronald the Robot “Hel-lo, how may I help you?” Ever call a business just to connect with a robot answering the phones? Well, a New York City Health Department worker on the computer help desk recently decided that he wanted to head to the age of the Jetsons, when robots rule the world.
The worker answered the phones at least five times using a “robot voice” even after his boss requested that he start talking like a human. He has now been suspended for 20 days. The suspension decision, issued by the Office of Administrative Trials and Hearings, states that Ronald Dillon spoke to a customer in a “slow, monotone and over-enunciated manner” and said, “You have reached the Help Desk. This is Mr. Dillon. How may I help you?” At least one caller complained about “the robot” and asked to speak to a human, according to the report. For his part, Dillon told the judge he was not a “people person” and was only trying to please his boss. “They objected to the tone of my voice so I made it atonal,” he related. Now, the faux robot has gotten the boot.
Jetting out for a Cold One
“Honey, I’m taking the plane. I’ll be back in a few minutes.” An Australian man decided to head to the local pub in style. The 37-year-old taxied his wingless two-seater aircraft down the main street in the rural mining town of Newman, Western Australia, last week. He then clambered out of the small plane when he reached his favorite bar and ordered a beer at the Purple Pub. Over 200 locals gawked at the plane and took photos as they dubbed the pilot a “legend” for his actions. Police, though, were less than impressed. “It was a pretty stupid thing to do,” Sgt. Mark McKenzie said of the man, who did not have a pilot’s license. “Kids were coming home from school. It could have been very ugly,” the officer said. “All he needed was one gust of wind … because without the wings it’s not stable.” Despite the beer he downed at the pub, the pilot passed a Breathalyzer test.
Aaron Revere, Realtor Sometimes people think they can make an offer on a house and there is nothing to lose because they can pull out of the deal at any time. This is not true and worse yet you are risking your deposit. Once you settle on the home that you want to buy, and after you have reached an agreement with the seller, one of your next steps will be to send your deposit to the designated escrow account. A typical payment is 3% of the purchase price and is sometimes called a Good Faith Deposit or Earnest Money Deposit because the intent of the payment is to certify to the seller that you are earnest in your intention to complete the deal. But be careful. If you later decide that you want out of the deal you may be putting your Money in jeopardy. Depending on where you are holding in the transaction, the seller may want “liquidated damages” or compensation for having their property off the market while you were deciding if you wanted it or not. Technically, once you have a signed agreement, the seller could claim your earnest money deposit if you cancel. Fortunately, that rarely happens if you still have your contingencies. Your contingencies are typically the right to an inspection and a loan contingency. These clauses give you the right to inspect the property’s condition first, and the right to make sure that the bank is going to fund your loan. If the property turns out to be in much worse shape than you anticipated, or you can’t get the loan you were promised, or if the property appraises lower than you expected, you retain the right to cancel the deal. Of course, it’s likely that in these situations you will see if the seller will come down on the price. If they refuse, you may withdraw from the transaction and you usually can get your deposit returned without too much fuss. However, if you removed contingencies and then had to back out of the deal for any reason, you may have a lawsuit on your hands. I cannot recommend making your deposit less than 3% because the listing agent will correctly advise the seller that anything less than a 3% deposit is sub-standard. I have had clients lose a deal because they tried to get by with
a 2% deposit. The trouble is that in the seller’s eyes you come off as a flight risk when you have so little invested. At any moment they are afraid you will back out of the deal and they don’t have much to collect in terms of damages. The best way you can protect your deposit is to do a full due diligence before you release any contingencies. You are not guaranteed to get out of escrow without a fight but you have a much better chance than if you had already removed contingencies. Meanwhile, don’t skimp on inspections; inspect everything that could lead to pricy repairs so there are no surprises down the line. If you have released contingencies and need to back out of the deal you might still be ok. This will depend on the reason for the cancellation. If, for example, 5 days before the close of escrow, you go to the new house and suddenly find there is massive hole in the roof because a comet came crashing through, or even just a tree fell down, then you could likely cancel and still keep your deposit. This is because of an important clause in the residential purchase agreement created by the California Association of Realtors. It states that you have 5 days, even after contingencies, where if something serious happens to the physical structure of the property, you retain the right to reevaluate your decision to purchase. You’d better cancel escrow in those 5 days or your deposit is back in the danger zone. In other eventualities you will need to be prepared with an aggressive attorney who will make a strong case, or at least enough threats to make the seller feel that it’s not worth their effort going after your deposit. In conclusion, be careful with your deposit by being diligent in inspecting the property so that you can sleep easy at night until that house is yours!
If you have questions about real estate write to me on twitter @revererealtor or search for Aaron Revere-Realtor on facebook.
he 1985 Chicago Bears were one of the greatest teams in NFL history — in fact, ESPN ranked them the greatest ever. Quarterback Jim McMahon, Hall-of-Fame running back Walter Payton, defensive tackle William “Refrigerator” Perry, and the rest of the team captured America’s heart as they sent nine players to the Pro Bowl and shuffled their way to victory in Super Bowl XX. Hard to believe that was just 29 short years ago. Today’s “Monsters of the Midway” are 3-5 after going into hibernation against the New England Patriots this week. They’ve lost to the Bills, the Packers, the Panthers, and the Dolphins. They’re even losing to the Cook County Revenue Department! And that contest illustrates the sort of hair-splitting that seems to define so much of tax law. In 2003, the Chicago Park District renovated the team’s home at Soldier Field. The new venue includes 8,000 “club seats” on the Lake Michigan side of the field that come with all sorts of extra goodies like access to the heated “Club Lounge,” parking, and game day programs. There are also 133 luxury suites that rent for up to $300,000 per year and include private seating, private bathrooms, food and drinks, and even individual temperature controls. (If you’ve ever shivered through a December game at “the Eyesore on the Lake Shore,” you’ll realize that heat may be the most valuable perk of all!) Cook County, where the stadium sits, levies an amusement tax equal to “three percent of the admission fee or other charges paid for the privilege to enter, to witness or to view such amusement.” (We’re not sure how “amusing” it is to watch Da Bears fall to the lowly Carolina Panthers, but that’s a topic for a different day.) However, that tax specifically excludes “any separately stated charges for non-amusement services or sales of tangible personal property.” And that’s where it starts getting
tricky. How much of the premium ticket price should be subject to that tax and how much should be exempt? The team broke out a separate “club privilege fee” from the price of the club seats and argued that it shouldn’t be taxable because it’s separate from the right to enter the stadium and watch the game. As for the luxury suites however, they did not break out a separate fee for the extras, but assigned those seats a flat $104 value and paid the tax on that amount. In 2007, the county threw a penalty flag, holding that it’s impossible to separate the extra perks from the price of a seat, and sacked the team for $4.1 million in extra taxes. Naturally, the Bears challenged the ruling on the field. They took it to an administrative law judge, who sided with the county. If this had been an on-field call, the Bears would have been allowed just one challenge — and they would have been charged with a timeout too, for losing it! But that’s not how it works with taxes. So the team appealed to the replay judges at the Cook County Circuit Court, and won. But now the county had possession. They advanced the ball to the First District Appellate Court, which re-affirmed the tax. (Don’t rule out a Hail Mary to the Illinois Supreme Court. And you thought football games have gotten too long!) Coach Mike Ditka would never have led his ‘85 Bears to the field without a game plan to minimize his opponents’ strengths and take advantage of their weaknesses. It works the same way with your taxes. Make sure you’re ready with your own plan. And do it fast! December 31 is closer than you think, and the clock is about to run out on some of the most valuable strategies! Allan J Rolnick is a CPA who has been in practice for over 30 years in Queens, NY. He welcomes your comments and can be reached at 718-896-8715 or at email@example.com.
NOVEMBER 6, 2014
Protecting your Earnest Money Deposit when Buying your Home
Illegal Deduction in the Backfield
THE JEWISH HOME
Allan J. Rolnick, CPA
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THE JEWISH T H E J EHOME W I S H HNOVEMBER O M E n M AY6,22014 4 , 2012
Deb Hirschhorn, Ph.D.
When Parents Deal with Hard Subjects
hat do you mean this design is no good?” Avi said to his boss. He was absolutely dumbfounded. He’d worked hard on it and tested it every which way. It was strong, reliable, easy to manufacture. Why was his work passed over? The question just hung in the air. The drive home was difficult. Avi was so distracted he almost went through a red light. Someone cut him off and there was a near collision. When he walked in the door of his home, he should have taken delight in just laying eyes on his children. Theoretically. But Mordy was pounding Shimmy and there’s nothing delightful in that. “Whatsa matter with you?” he blasted Mordy instead of saying, “Hello.” In fact, to demonstrate how bad physical violence was, he grabbed Mordy’s arm roughly and tugged him away from his brother. At that moment, Shevie, his wife, walked into the room. She sized things up quickly and knew better than to say anything. Having worked all day, she, too, was tired and ready for some shalom. She went to the fridge where the main course was left overnight and popped it in the oven. Avi dutifully went over to the fridge and took out the lettuce and tomatoes for salad. Quietly, he started chopping. The repetitive, meditative action brought him a sense of calm. When the food was hot, he called the kids to the table. They all sat down. Then it was time for Avi to do the hardest thing: apologize. Avi looked over at Mordy, saying gently, “Mordy.” His son looked at him with downcast eyes. “Whatever you were doing, Mordy, however wrong it might have been,” Avi started, “I was wrong, too. Violence should not lead to violence. I’m sorry I was rough with you. You want to tell me what happened?” Mordy looked sternly at Shimmy. But Avi had changed the tone and tenor of the house. “I’m sorry I hit you, Shim,” Mordy mumbled, “even though you were not nice to me.” Now it was Shimmy’s turn to take a deep breath and half whisper, “I’m sorry I ripped up your drawing.” Oddly enough, Avi was not told – directly – what happened but now he knew. Quietly, again, Avi looked at
Shimmy. “So why did you rip Mordy’s drawing?” Why does one child aggress against another? When each person feels satisfied with whom he is, he doesn’t need to cut another one down. But school-age children don’t usually know their inner workings. He shrugged and looked down at his plate. Shevie decided to take a different tack. She appreciated the gadlos (greatness) of her husband for admitting his error. Clearly, it paid off. But she wondered about her usually-goodhearted younger son. “So, tell us, boys, what was the best thing that happened today at school?” Both boys brightened up and called out simultaneously. Mordy said, “Recess!” and Shimmy said, “Lunch!” Shevie smiled. Nonchalantly, she asked, “And what was the worst?” She was met with blistering silence and then Avi answered. “Well, I will tell you the worst part of my day,” he volunteered. The boys looked up at him expectantly. “In fact, it is the reason I came in the door in a bad mood,” he continued. “My boss did not like my design.” “The one you spent all day Sunday on so we couldn’t go with you to the game?” Mordy wanted to know. “Yes, that one,” Avi sighed. “Why?” Mordy asked. “I don’t know why, Mordy. I did a very careful job. I did my best. I thought it came out quite well,” Avi answered. The beauty of parenting is that so very often you don’t have to explain to children what to do. All you have to do is do it – and children follow. “You must have felt bad,” Shimmy said. Clearly, that book they had bought for the children about feelings last year gave a good return on the few dollars it cost. “Yes, I did,” Avi said simply. “The same thing happened to me!” Shimmy burst out. “I was not picked for
the play.” At this point, he started to cry. He ran upstairs to his room and slammed the door. Avi and Shevie exchanged a look. Avi decided to go up after him. So would you say it was a good thing or a bad thing that the source of pain was exposed? Wouldn’t it have been better to let Shimmy just forget it and let it go? Doesn’t thinking about it make it worse? And doesn’t the parent’s attention to it make it worse, too? In his shiur this week, Rabbi David Fohrman suggested that birchas kohanim (Blessing of the Priests) offers a template for parents in how to raise their children. After all, we are supposed to emulate G-d and He is our Father. The first of the three verses asks that Hashem “bless” us and “guard” us. Blessings are the spiritual gifts that nourish us and enable us to do our work here on Earth. Guarding us means keeping us safe. Parents certainly must do both for their children and it seems to me that in this scenario, they were doing just that. While it is true that Shimmy felt his pain more forcefully when he expressed what happened at school, by putting the topic on the table and crying, he was telling his parents to help him with his pain. Isn’t this better than stuffing it inside and assuming there is no way to get any help? Avi went upstairs and gently opened his son’s door. Shimmy was on the bed, the tears gone, but silently grieving over his lost part. Avi rubbed Shimmy’s back gently. In the quiet of the room, Avi’s touch let Shimmy know they shared something – and that Avi understood. Bereshis 38:20, in describing Yehuda’s search for a strange woman that he did not know was Tamar, notes that Yehuda sent Chirah re’eihu (Chirah, his friend) looking for her. This had to be a really awkward position for Yehuda to be in. Yet, he must have felt comfortable to describe the situation to Chirah. Rav Shimon Schwab, zt”l, notes that this is
the first time the Torah uses the word re’ah (friend). A friend is someone to whom you can tell your most painful struggles. This point was raised by Rav Schwab, zt”l, in an article called “On Being a Friend to Your Child.” Just as Yehuda could tell this embarrassing story to Chirah, so too a child should feel safe – a return to Rabbi Fohrman’s application of birchas kohanim to parenting – to confide his pain to his parents. The Yehuda story indicates that sharing a troubling secret is the job of a friend and Rav Schwab’s comment indicates that that is also the role of a parent. Research bears this out. A field of study called “Attachment Theory” begun by John Bowlby is based on the idea that “children have a basic instinct to seek out parents for care and protection” – Rabbi Fohrman’s point, again. Furthermore, this need is fulfilled by “supportive and emotionally attuned parenting. . . If parents are consistently available and responsive, children develop confident expectations that parents will provide safety and comfort, and they are more likely to turn to parents for help when they feel threatened or scared.” (From the Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, October 2014) Researchers have applied these principles to helping parents to be more like Avi in our story. In a recent article, training parents in this manner turned around the suicidal feelings of a 13 year old girl. Both research and Torah tell us that we need to listen to, understand, and support our children. And sometimes, we have to apologize for not having done so. It’s our job. Dr. Deb Hirschhorn, a Marriage & Family Therapist and best-selling author of The Dr. Deb Hirschorn is a marriage & Healing Is Mutual: Marriage Empowerment family therapist and best selling author Tools to Rebuild Respect—Togethof The HealingTrust Is and Mutual: Marriage er, is proud to announce that readers Trust of The Empowerment Tools to Rebuild Jewish Home will receive a $50 discount on and Respect. Please visit www.drdeb. every visit to her Woodmere office. Listen to com for further info. her new show called “Kids and Parents” on Chazaq Radio live from 3-4 on Thursdays. The call in phone number is 718-285-9132. Attend the Food For Thought lectures at Cravingz Cafe, 410 Central Ave, Cedarhurst, on Wednesdays at 10 AM. Any questions, call 646-54-DRDEB or check out her website at http://drdeb.com.
41 THE JEWISH HOME
When Is It Worth Buying Organic Produce?
NOVEMBER 6, 2014
By Ilana Muhlstein, R.D.
Registered Dietitian in Private Practice and at UCLA
One of the questions I am frequently asked is whether it is worth splurging on organic produce. When organic foods cost 20% -100% more than non-organic foods, we must prioritize and decide whether it’s worth the extra ticket price. A Stanford University study conducted a meta-analysis of organic produce and found no significant difference between the nutrient profiles of organic and conventionally-grown produce. Aside from slightly more phosphorous and vitamin C in a few fruits and vegetables, there was no significant benefit of purchasing organic produce when considering nutrition alone. Interestingly enough, the reason why there is slightly more vitamin C in organic produce, such as dark leafy greens and potatoes, is because organic plants have to defend themselves against pests and diseases without the use of manmade chemicals which forces them to amp up their defense system and thus boost their antioxidant power. Although this study unsettled organic food purists, it was an important eye opener for those who believe an “organic” label guarantees a greater healthiness. This is not necessarily true. Organic labelling refers to the farming mechanism used in the growing or manufacturing of the product. An organic cookie, for example, will likely have just as much sugar and calories as a non-organic cookie. Even though there is insignificant difference in nutritional content, there are still endless benefits of purchasing organic foods. First, organic produce is far more
environmentally conscious and sustainable by lowering carbon emissions. Also, according to the USDA, in order to be labeled organic, foods need to conserve biodiversity and producers are forbidden from using synthetic fertilizers, pesticides and radiation. Research has found organic produce to have 7% pesticide residue versus 38% in conventionally grown produce. Although, 38% pesticide residue is still considered “acceptable” by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), studies have shown overwhelming benefits of lower pesticide exposure. Buying organic is a great way to avoid excess toxins, promote environmentally friendly farms, help support small and local farmers, avoid genetically modified foods, and involve yourself in the overall world of clean, green produce. Additionally, the EPA and National Institutes of Health found that pregnant women who had lower pesticide exposure during their pregnancy, had birthed children who have higher IQ scores. So how do we choose how to partake in the benefits of organic produce without breaking the bank? We need to refer to the Dirty Dozen list below. The Environmental Working Group classified produce into the twelve fruits and vegetables that have the highest pesticide residue, and named these key vegetables as, “The Dirty Dozen.” At the same time, the fifteen cleanest fruits and vegetables that aren’t so clearly impacted by pesticide exposure, are categorized as, “The Clean Fifteen.” An easy way to remember the details of the chart pictured below, if you don’t have the information with you at the grocery store, is to use some common sense. As you can imagine, the dirty
dozen tends to consist of fruits and vegetables that come directly from the ground and are directly exposed to fertilizers and chemicals. The list includes celery, spinach and kale, and certain fruits that can’t be scrubbed clean so easily, such as strawberries and grapes. Apples are also on the dirty dozen list, because apples like to cross pollinate and create their own varieties, however, consumers tend to choose specific varieties of apples, such as Pink Lady, Macintosh or Fuji. Therefore, conventional farmers need to heavily spray apple trees with chemicals to prevent the trees from cross-pollinating. By way of contrast, the clean fifteen tends to consist of produce that has thick smooth, protective and somewhat inedible shells that you can clean and easily remove, such as corn, onions, avocados, mangoes, papaya and grapefruit. Despite these lists, please note that it is still always better to eat fruits and vegeta-
bles than not eat them! Non-organic Kale is a far better choice than fried plaintain or potato chips. Too often people tell me that they go someplace where they become hungry, perhaps an airport. In lieu of finding an organic apple, they purchase a highly processed chocolate brownie! In conclusion, if you cannot afford to purchase all your food organically, please refer to the list below and let it help guide you through the best choices in the organic produce aisle. Ilana Muhlstein, R.D., is a Registered Dietitian Nutritionist with a Private Practice in Los Angeles. She also works at UCLA where she meets with patients and leads a weekly seminar on weight loss and health promotion. ilanamuhlstein.com
THE JEWISH HOME NOVEMBER 6, 2014 42
THE JEWISH HOME NOVEMBER 6, 2014
Chazan Arik Wollheim & Beth Jacob Congregation Present
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Sunday January 11 6:30 pm
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