Issuu on Google+

 

 



0234560789 4 56080 3

03945 08!"560



0234560789 4 56080  #$%&'()*+,+(-%+.(








0234560789 4 56080 3 

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``+;<7+ *+=<>+*2<*9*+/8:8+<:*+81@*+7:+ 97>+@7+<:*+/8--7127+@7+6*-2O/<=*5N+ a:+bcde4+fL8:*5+g8<13+-728:8<+ *+278-0*+@7+[<\37154+:852-*1@8+ ;<7+;<*1@8+*+=<>+6*55*+68-+<:*+ *M7-2<-*+ M7:+ 752-702*4+ 7=*+ /81573<7+57+756*=L*-+7+0127-?7-0-+ 1*+=<>+;<7+752097-+6*55*1@8+68-+ 8<2-*+*M7-2<-*N+g8<13+0=<:018<+ <:*+?71@*+M*52*127+752-702*+7+8+;<7+7=7+90<+?80+<:*+M-0=L*127+M*--*+@7+=<>+;<7+ /8--75681@0*+h+?71@*4+:*5+7=7+1i8+90<+5j+0528N+a=7+2*:M.:+1828<+=<>+*@0/081*=4+1i8+2i8+ M-0=L*1274+*8+-7@8-+@*+M*--*N+k7+*+=<>+?8557+<:*+/8--7127+@7+6*-2O/<=*54+752*+=<>+ *@0/081*=+1i8+752*-0*+*=0N+a52*+7Q67-0R1/0*+5<37-0<+;<7+*+=<>+57+756*=L*9*+/8:8+<:*+ 81@*N+)*+97-@*@74+<:+-*08+@7+=<>+57:6-7+lCCBVlBWABCBWmTCBN++ S=M7-2+a0152701+*9*1n8<+*01@*+:*05+1*+278-0*+@*+=<>+7:+bodpN+a=7+-7?=720<+ 58M-7+8+XmXlDTWmTDTXHqDClFT4+18+;<*=+*+=<>+<=2-*908=72*+*20137+<:*+5<67-?O/07+7+?*>+/8:+;<7+ 7=.2-815+57K*:+7:020@85+@*+5<67-?O/07N+S+7Q6=0/*ni8+@7+a0152701+?80+*+@7+;<7+*+=<>+7-*+ ?702*+@7+<:*+/8--7127+@7+6*/8275+@7+717-30*+/L*:*@85+mrDTUIN++ s5+?O50/85+:8@7-185+*/-7@02*:+;<7+*+=<>+68@7+57+/8:68-2*-+2*128+/8:8+ 6*-2O/<=*+;<*128+/8:8+81@*4+:*5+2*:M.:+-7/81L7/7:+;<7+752*+905i8+.+<:*+ 7Q6=0/*ni8+50:6=052*+@7+*=38+:*05+/8:6=7Q8N+)752*+*68520=*+0-7:85+752<@*-+*=3<:*5+ 67/<=0*-0@*@75+@*+=<>4+7+@75/8M-0-+*+:*08-0*+@85+?71]:7185+;<7+85+185585+8=L85+ 68@7:+97-N+   






0234560789 4 56080 3 !"#$%&'"$()!*+!"#("+,+-.(!*+!/012 2 !"34567849!:;!8398;<;=>9!3?@4A75?;22 B2CDEFGHIDEFJDGDKLMHDEFHFNOPMEQPOHMNHEFPFRSTFEHFQODQPKPFHGFRIMJPFOHNPUF VWXY2Z[\]^_Z\`2a2bc^\deY]XY2 `fWY[gch`2]`2]`WW`2^`X\h\c]`i2`2bY\jY2 hY2dkl2Z[`gY]\Y]XY2hY2ke2m`d`b`XYn2 okcdokY[2Z[`^YWW`2hY2cd\]mceY]X`n2e\[c2 Zc[c2cX\[c[2Ye2ke2cdg`n2b`[ecpq`2hY2 W`ef[cWn2b`[ecpq`2hY2\ecrY]W2Y2 `kX[`Ws2Ve2eY\`W2mYXY[`rt]Y`W2c2dkl2 ]q`2WY2Z[`Zcrc2]Y^YWWc[\ceY]XY2Ye2 d\]mc2[YXcs2u`e`2YjYeZd`2XYe`W2c2 cXe`WbY[c2XY[[YWX[Y2okY2ckeY]Xc2c2hY]W\hchY2^`e2c2cdX\XkhY2hY^[YW^Y]XYn2Ye2 ^`]WYokt]^\c2h\WW`2`W2[c\`W2Z[`gY]\Y]XYW2h`W2cWX[`W2WY2Y]^k[gce2c`2WY2cZ[`j\ec[Ye2 hc2WkZY[b_^\Y2XY[[YWX[Yv2bY]weY]`2^`]mY^\h`2^`e`2[Yb[cpq`2cXe`Wba[\^c2xWY[y2YWXkhchc2 Ye2[Yb[cpq`zs22 2 {!"34567849!:;!45:?8?5:|564;!:9}!3;49}!:?!A~! B2€FQODQPKP‚DFƒPFRSTFIMƒHQHMƒHFƒPFH„IENLM…IPFƒHFDSNODEFOPIDEFƒHFRSTFMPFOHKI‚DF†SHF PNOP‡HEEPUFF VWXY2Z[\]^_Z\`2g`^t2`fWY[gc2okc]h`2ke2Zcd^`2a2\dke\]ch`2Z`[2h`\W2bY\jYW2hY2 dkl2Z[`gY]\Y]XYW2hY2h`\W2m`d`b`XYWs2ˆ2X[c‰YXŠ[\c2hY2ke2[c\`2hY2dkl2]q`2a2e`h\b\^chc2ZYdc2 Z[YWY]pc2hY2`kX[`Wi2^chc2ke2WYrkY2Wkc2X[c‰YXŠ[\c2^`e`2WY2`W2`kX[`W2]q`2Yj\WX\WWYe2 xb\rs2‹sŒzs22

2 






0234560789 4 56080 3 !"#$"%#&'()*+,#-.#(-/+/(-0().#-,1#'.,1#-/#234#

567689:;<=>?;@8AB8:CDC:E;F;G;ABAC8AC8:B;@E8GHI;<@E@E8 J,(1-/'/#K3/#3L#'.,#M.4#,#+/')3'1,#NOJ#P.(P,#(,#M/(QL/(,#-.#'/M2/RS,# TM!"#$"U.V#),L,#(.#'/M'.WS,#TM!"$"UXV"#Y/#,#'.,#-/#234#M4/'#,#+/')3'1,#(,#1/(P-,# ),(P'Z',#JON[#.#P'.\/P]'.#-,#'.,#1/'Z#.#L/1L."## #

# #

8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 

# !"$"%#^/_/'1X2-.-/#-,1#'.,1#23L(,1,1# T.V#^/M2/RS,#/#TXV#^/M'.WS,# `1P/#a#,#+'()*+,#-.#'/_/'1X2-.-/#-/#'.,1#23L(,1,1#,3#+'()*+,#-,# ).L (b,#(_/'1,[#K3/#+,-/#1/'#/(3().-,#),L,c## d#efghijkglhmifnkopmqifrkstfhimtfspumvtntfmvqkrkvqkfqtfnkvgmqtfqtfrkhwphntxff




A Óptica Geometrica e a luz - Cap 1