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LISTA DE VERBOS REGULARES EN INGLÉS

infinitive

past simple

past participle

spanish

1.

add

/æd/

added

added

añadir, sumar

2.

agree

/əˈgri:/

agreed

agreed

estar de acuerdo, acordar

3.

allow

/əˈlaʊ/

allowed

allowed

permitir

4.

answer

/ˈɑ:nsə(r)/

answered

answered

responder

5.

appear

/əˈpɪə(r)/

appeared

appeared

aparecer

6.

arrive

/əˈraɪv/

arrived

arrived

llegar

7.

ask

/ɑ:sk/

asked

asked

preguntar

8.

believe

/bɪˈli:v/

believed

believed

creer

9.

belong

/bɪˈlɔŋ/

belonged

belonged

pertenecer

10. borrow

/ˈbɒrəʊ/

borrowed

borrowed

pedir prestado

11. breathe

/bri:ð/

breathed

breathed

respirar

12. call

/kɔ:l/

called

called

llamar, telefonear

13. carry

/ˈkæri/

carried

carried

llevar, transportar

14. change

/ʧeɪnʤ/

changed

changed

cambiar

15. clean

/kli:n/

cleaned

cleaned

limpiar

16. close

/kləʊz/

closed

closed

cerrar

17. consider

/kəˈnsɪdə(r)/

considered

considered

considerar

18. cover

/ˈkʌvə(r)/

covered

covered

cubrir

19. cross

/krɒs/

crossed

crossed

cruzar

20. cry

/kraɪ/

cried

cried

llorar, gritar

21. dance

/dɑ:ns/

danced

danced

bailar

22. decide

/dɪˈsaɪd/

decided

decided

decidir

23. destroy

/dɪˈstrɔɪ/

destroyed

destroyed

destruir

24. develop

/dɪˈveləp/

developed

developed

desarrollar

25. die

/daɪ/

died

died

morirse

26. discover

/dɪˈskʌvə(r)/

discovered

discovered

descubrir

27. dress

/dres/

dressed

dressed

vestirse

28. drop

/drɒp/

dropped

dropped

dejar caer

29. earn

/ɜ:n/

earned

earned

percibir (salario)

30. end

/end/

ended

ended

finalizar, acabar, terminar

31. enjoy

/ɪnˈʤɔɪ/

enjoyed

enjoyed

disfrutar

32. enter

/ˈentə(r)/

entered

entered

entrar en, hacerse socio de

33. explain

/ɪkˈspleɪn/

explained

explained

explicar

34. fail

/feɪl/

failed

failed

fallar, fracasar, suspender

35. fill

/fil/

filled

filled

llenar

36. finish

/ˈfiniʃ/

finished

finished

terminar

37. follow

/ˈfɒləʊ/

followed

followed

seguir

38. form

/fɔ:m/

formed

formed

formar

39. happen

/ˈhæpən/

happened

happened

suceder, ocurrir

40. help

/help/

helped

helped

ayudar

41. hope

/həʊp/

hoped

hoped

anhelar, esperar

42. increase

/ɪnˈkri:s/

increased

increased

aumentar


infinitive

past simple

past participle

spanish

43. iron

/aɪən/

ironed

ironed

planchar

44. join

/ʤɔɪn/

joined

joined

unirse a

45. jump

/ʤʌmp/

jumped

jumped

saltar

46. kill

/kɪl/

killed

killed

matar, asesinar

47. kiss

/kɪs/

kissed

kissed

besar

48. knock

/nɒk/

knocked

knocked

llamar (a la puerta), golpear

49. last

/lɑ:st/

lasted

lasted

durar

50. laugh

/lɑ:f/

laughed

laughed

reir

51. lay

/leɪ/

layed

layed

poner, extender

52. like

/laɪk/

liked

liked

gustar

53. listen (to)

/ˈlɪsən tu:/

listened

listened

escuchar

54. live

/lɪv/

lived

lived

vivir

55. look after

/ˈlʊk ˌɑ:ftə(r)/

looked after

looked after

cuidar de

56. look at

/ˈlʊk ət/

looked at

looked at

mirar

57. look for

/ˈlʊk fə(r)/

looked for

looked for

buscar

58. look like

/ˈlʊk ˌlaɪk/

looked like

looked like

parecerse a

59. love

/lʌv/

loved

loved

amar

60. manage

/ˈmænɪʤ/

managed

managed

arreglárselas, ir tirando

61. marry

/ˈmæri/

married

married

casarse

62. melt

/melt/

melted

melted

derretir

63. mend

/mend/

mended

mended

reparar, arreglar

64. miss

/mɪs/

missed

missed

echar de menos, perder, errar

65. mix

/mɪks/

mixed

mixed

mezclar

66. move

/mu:v/

moved

moved

mover, mudarse, trasladarse

67. need

/ni:d/

needed

needed

necesitar

68. notice

/ˈnəʊtɪs/

noticed

noticed

darse cuenta, notar

69. obey

/ˈəbeɪ/

obeyed

obeyed

obedecer

70. open

/ˈəʊpən/

opened

opened

abrir

71. organize

/ˈɔ:gənaɪz/

organized

organized

organizar

72. pass

/pɑ:s/

passed

passed

aprobar, pasar

73. permit

/ˈpəmɪt/

permitted

permitted

permitir

74. phone

/fəʊn/

phoned

phoned

telefonear, llamar por teléfono

75. play

/pleɪ/

played

played

jugar, tocar un instrumento

76. post

/pəʊst/

posted

posted

mandar por correo

77. practise

/ˈpræktɪs/

practised

practised

practicar

78. pray

/preɪ/

prayed

prayed

rogar, rezar

79. prefer

/prɪˈfɜ:(r)/

prefered

prefered

preferir

80. prepare

/prɪˈpeə(r)/

prepared

prepared

preparar

81. prevent

/prɪˈvent/

prevented

prevented

impedir

82. produce

/prəˈdju:s/

produced

produced

producir

83. promise

/ˈprɒmɪs/

promised

promised

prometer

84. propose

/prəˈpəʊz/

proposed

proposed

proponer

85. provide

/prəˈvaɪd/

provided

provided

suministrar

86. pull

/pʊl/

pulled

pulled

tirar de


infinitive

past simple

past participle

spanish

87. push

/pʊʃ/

pushed

pushed

empujar

88. quarrel

/ˈkwɒrəl/

quarrelled

quarrelled

pelear

89. rain

/reɪn/

rained

rained

llover

90. raise

/reɪz/

raised

raised

alzar, subir (algo)

91. reach

/ri:ʧ/

reached

reached

alcanzar

92. realize

/ˈri:əlaɪz/

realized

realized

darse cuenta

93. receive

/rɪˈsi:v/

received

received

recibir

94. record

/rɪˈkɔ:d/

recorded

recorded

grabar

95. remain

/rɪˈmeɪn/

remained

remained

permanecer, quedarse

96. remember

/rɪˈmembə(r)/

remembered

remembered

recordar

97. repeat

/rɪˈpi:t/

repeated

repeated

repetir

98. reply

/ˌri:ˈpleɪ/

replied

replied

responder, replicar

99. rest

/rest/

rested

rested

descansar

save

/seɪv/

saved

saved

ahorrar

seem

/si:m/

seemed

seemed

parecer

shave

/ʃeɪv/

shaved

shaved

afeitarse

smile

/smaɪl/

smiled

smiled

sonreir

snore

/snɔ:(r)/

snored

snored

roncar

start

/stɑ:t/

started

started

comenzar, empezar

stay

/steɪ/

stayed

stayed

estar (en algún sitio)

step

/step/

stepped

stepped

dar un paso

stop

/stɒp/

stopped

stopped

parar

study

/ˈstʌdi/

studied

studied

estudiar

succeed

/səkˈsi:d/

succeeded

succeeded

triunfar, tener éxito

suffer

/ˈsʌfə(r)/

suffered

suffered

sufrir, padecer

suppose

/səˈpəʊz/

supposed

supposed

suponer

surround

/səˈraʊnd/

surrounded

surrounded

rodear

talk

/tɔ:k/

talked

talked

charlar, conversar

tease

/ti:z/

teased

teased

tomar el pelo

10 0. 10 1. 10 2. 10 3. 10 4. 10 5. 10 6. 10 7. 10 8. 10 9. 11 0. 11 1. 11 2. 11 3. 11 4. 11


infinitive 11 6. 11 7. 11 8. 11 9. 12 0. 12 1. 12 2. 12 3. 12 4. 12 5. 12 6. 12 7. 12 8. 12 9. 13 0. 13 1. 13 2.

past simple

past participle

spanish

tidy up

/taɪdi ʌp/

tidied up

tidied up

ordenar, poner en orden

touch

/tʌʧ/

touched

touched

tocar

travel

/ˈtrævl/

travelled

travelled

viajar

treat

/tri:t/

treated

treated

tratar

try

/traɪ/

tried

tried

intentar

turn

/tɜ:n/

turned

turned

girar, darse la vuelta

use

/ju:z/

used

used

usar, emplear

wait

/weɪt/

waited

waited

esperar, dejar pasar el tiempo

walk

/wɔ:k/

walked

walked

caminar, pasear

want

/wɒnt/

wanted

wanted

querer, desear

wash

/wɒʃ/

washed

washed

lavar

wash up

/ wɒʃ ʌp/

washed up

washed up

fregar los platos

watch

/wɒʧ/

watched

watched

ver la T.V., vigilar

wish

/wɪʃ/

wished

wished

desear

wonder

/ˈwʌndə(r)/

wondered

wondered

preguntarse, maravillarse

work

/wɜ:k/

worked

worked

trabajar

worry

/ˈwʌri/

worried

worried

preocuparse

REGLAS PARA LA ESCRITURA DEL PASADO SIMPLE Y PARTICIPIO DE PASADO DE LOS VERBOS REGULARES. El pasado simple y el participio de pasado de los verbos regulares se forma añadiendo ‘-ed’ ( o ‘-d’, en el caso de verbos acabados en -e) a la forma de infinitivo.

1. En palabras con una vocal corta y que terminan en consonante simple, la consonante se duplica,


e.g. stopped, planned. 2. En palabras que acaban en consonante + y, la -y cambia a -i, e.g. carried, hurried. 3. La -l se duplica en inglés británico (pero no en inglés americano), e.g. travelled. REGLAS PARA LA PRONUNCACIÓN DEL PASADO SIMPLE Y PARTICIPIO DE PASADO DE LOS VERBOS RECULARES. b

El sufijo -ed varía en su pronunciación de acuerdo con las reglas que a continuación se indican: 1. -ed se pronuncia /ɪd/ después de /t/ y /d/, e.g. wanted, mended.

2. -ed se pronuncia /d/ después de sonidos sonoros menos ‘d’: vocales y /m, n, ŋ, ʤ, ʒ, g.../, e. g. rained, covered, seemed.

2. -ed se pronuncia /t/ después de sonidos sordos menos ‘t’: /k, p, s, f, ʃ, ʧ, θ.../, e.g. Iooked, helped, crossed.

NOTA. Los siguientes verbos pueden ser tanto regulares como irregulares: Infinitive

Past simple

Past participle

BURN

BURNED o BURNT

BURNED o BURNT

DREAM

DREAMED o DREAMT

DREAMED o DREAMT

LEARN

LEARNED o LEARNT

LEARNED o LEARNT

SMELL

SMELLED o SMELT

SMELLED o SMELT

verbos ingles  

terminaciones verbos regulares en ingles

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