chapter 4: the values and characteristics of accidentals and inďŹ‚ection
accidentals and inďŹ‚ection
The key signature of any piece of music indicates which notes in the score will be ﬂat, natural and sharp every time they occur.
b ﬂat a ﬂat is when the note’s pitch is lowered by 1/2 step.
# sharp a sharp is when the note’s pitch is raised by 1/2 step.
Accidental refers to any instance in the score where the ﬂat, sharp or natural sign appears in front of a note. This indicates that the key signature has been “broken”. Accidentals are valid until the end of the measure, however, if the accidental note repeats in the measure (regardless of octave), the ﬂat, sharp or natural applies to that note as well.
natural when a natural sign appears in the notation, it cancels any ﬂats or sharps in the key signature.
Inﬂection is a musical tool used to infuse the notes and pitches with individual characteristics. Inﬂection can aﬀect the overall feel of the piece. Inﬂection can be notated within the musical score. No two musicians can play the exact same sound because of the eﬀects of inﬂection.
staccato Staccato refers to a pitch that is played crisply and precisely. The sound created resembles the sound of taking a breath between each note played.
legato Legato refers to a group of notes and pitches played very smoothly. These sections of a score are often played in a single breath.
A slur refers to the curved line that connects a group of notes. these notes are intended to be played in a legato style.
Accidentals are notated within the abstraction using a diﬀerent color.
When a note is recorded as “accidental” in the notation, that note’s pitch/note line is indicated in the abstraction. Additionally, deviations from the score can be notated using the same system if the artist chooses to do so. This allows the artist the freedom to interpret the musical notation individually.
mf Legato and slurred notes can be abstracted through the use of curves. When notes are connected through slurs, a steep curve is created. When individual legato notes occur, a slight curve forms. Staccato notes are indicated through points, as they represent the most precise and momentary form of playing.
Accidentals occur in spatial conditions when a portion of the space is untouchable, inaccessible, or otherwise restricted for any reason.
These spaces could be existing buildings, deviations from zoning ordinances, historically preserved spaces, geographic or natural limitations, etc.
musical characteristics: accidentals and inďŹ‚ection