portfolio Jessica Perreault
design for life
Americana: Des Moines, Iowa Vondrak Residence: Lincoln, Nebraska Plinywood: Rome, Italy Desert Verde: Lima, Peru Breaking Cycles: South Sioux City, Nebraska Relieving Food Uncertainity: Des Moines, Iowa Drawings & Paintings Graphic Design Photography
americana Des Moines, Iowa Advanced Construction Materials Class Assignment: Design an outdoor eatting area for Americana Restaurant & Lounge in a place of a current parking lot area. The size of the site was 46’ x 77’. Project Requirements: 1. A minimum 1’ sunken coversations area/ outdoor living aera with American Disabilities Act (ADA) -compliant access 2. Provide seating for at least 50 guests 3. Minimum 5’ planting buffer on the west side of the project site 4. Seamless transition between the interior and exterior details, colors, imagery, etc. 5. Fence enclosure around site
Photos and Ad via: www.americanadsm.com/gallery
analysis understanding identity An essential component of this project was to understand the identity of the site. Working on this project, I looked extensively at photography as well as ads. 1. Street view of Americana: I really liked the brick facade and wanted to pull that materiality into the final design. 2 & 3. Interior shots of the restaurant on opposite sides: Like in their logo the color red is used as an accent color in the interior. From these photos, I wanted to bring in the same styling of chairs, tables, bar countertop, and fabrics 4. This is a typical style of ad produced by Americana that is styled in a 1940s fashion. This era is also referenced by their imagergry inside the restaurant. It is an era that I wanted to reference in the conversations area.
initial concept plan
final concept plan
Primary concern was the follow people through the project site
Three groups of people addressed: •
People that have physical disabilities (ADA* Accessbile)
People without physical disabilities (Other People)
brick & stone
Supplier: Boral Brick Color: Vintage Size: 7 5/8” x 2 1/4” x 3 5/8” Pattern: Running Bond with Concave Joint
Supplier: Boral Brick Color: Old Salem Size: 7 5/8” x 2 1/4” x 3 5/8” Pattern: Running Bond with Concave Joint
Outdoor Wall Sconces Color: Corten Steel Quantity: 9
Supplier: Indiana Limestone Company Type: Limestone Flagstone Size: 2’ x 2’ Pattern: Stackbond with Sand Swept Joints
Supplier: Natural Stone Pavers Type: Arizona Red Travertine Size: 8” x 8” x 1/2” Pattern: Stackbond Style: Sealed
In Ground Light Color: Black Quantity: 16
Lounge Couch Style: Wood with Cushion Color: Dark Brown Quantity: 6
4 other materials
Supplier: Indiana Limestone Company Type: Limestone Wall Cap Size: H: 6” D: 8” L: 48” & H: 6” D: 1’8” L: 48’ Pattern: Stackbond Style: Rough Squared
Supplier: Terrazzo & Marble Supply Company Type: Vermont Verde Antique Size: 27’ x 1’ 10” Style: Polished
Lounge Chair Style: Wood with Cushion Color: Dark Brown Quantity: 15
Supplier: Stone Contact Type: Slate River Stone Size: 1” to 3” Color: Black Style: Polished
Bar Stool Style: Wood Color: Dark Brown Quantity: 8
Supplier: Bluworld of Water Type: Glass Size: 17’ 6” x 9’ 3” & 16’ 4” x 9’4” Style: Clear Rough Rolled
Dining Chair Style: Wood with Cushion Color: Dark Brown Quantity: 48
Supplier: Bluworld of Water Type: Corten Steel Trim for Waterwall
Coffee Table Style: Wood with Glass Top Color: Dark Brown Quantity: 3
Supplier: Woodland Direct Type: Smooth Fire Glass Size: 1” Color: Black
EndTable Style: Wood with Glass Top Color: Dark Brown Quantity: 7
Space Stick Divider Style: Wood Color: Red Sticks, Dark Wood Base Quantity: 4
Imperata cylindrica ‘Rubra’ Japanese Blood Grass Height: 2’ to 4’ Width: 2’ to 4’ Quantity: 21
Planters Style: Corten Steel Quantity: 3
Andropogon gerardii ‘Red Bull’ Red Bull Big Bluestem Height: 5’ to 6’ Width: 1.5’ to 2’ Quantity: 7
Dining Table with Removable Umbrella Style: Dark Wood and Red Canvas Quantity: 15
Vondrak residence Lincoln, Nebraska Residential Design Premise of Project: The Vondrak family moved to a new home. When they moved in the home had been sitting on the market for over a year, and the yard had been unattended. As one might expect it had become grossly overgrown. So much so, it was difficult to see where one plant began and the other ended. Originally the home had been on the Tour of Homes, and the yard was quite spectacular. It is the desire of the Vondrak’s to return the yard back into a showcase quality yard.
analysis Client’s Concerns & Desires • • • •
Privacy, especially in the winter Drought Wishes to have a raised bed vegetable garden For hostas, peonies to be included as well as incorporating existing plants when possible Firepit area to be better designed
Overall Issues: •
• • • •
Lack of visual clarity with all the planting areas No continuity with different planting areas Very shaded Little interest late summer through winter Poor transition from the front yard to the backyard Space under deck is slightly cut off from yard
conceptual idea vignettes
concept strategy Main Strategy Moves: •
Widen the stairs to create a more inviting transition between the front and back yard
Create better continuity by using the same hardscaping throughout the yard & reducing the planting pallet
Make a screen to the south of the yard making use of primarily of evergreens
Minimize the type of genuses of plants and create interest through variety of genuses.
Vondrak Residence continued new plants list Common Name
30 & 32 37 31 33 35 & 36 34 11 23
25 20 19 41
Trees: 1. Emerald Green Aborviaete 2. Paperbark Maple
Thuja occidentalis ‘Emerald Green’ Acer grisium
H: 12’ to 14’ // W: 3’ to 4’ H: 20 to 30’ // W: 15’ to 25’
Shrubs: 3. Star Magnolia 4. Gold Spreader Spruce 5. Carsten Winter Dwarf Mugo Pine 6. Glitzer’s Weeping Dwarf Pine 7. Gold Coin Scotch Pine 8. Blue Star Juniper 9. Common Lady Fern 10. Lady Fern
Magnolia stellata Abies nordmanniana ‘Gold Spreader Pinus mugo ‘Carstens Winter Gold’ Pinus densiflora ‘Glitzer’s Weeping* Pinus sylvestris ‘Gold Coin’ Juniperus squamata ‘Blue Star’ Athyrium Filix-femina Athyrium Filix-femina ‘Encurage’
H&W: 6’ to 8’ H&W: 4’ to 5’ H&W: 1.5’ to 2’ H&W: 2’ to 3’ H&W: 6’ to 8’ H: 1’ to 3’ // W 1 to 4’ H: 1’ to 3’ // W 1 to 2.5’ H: 1’ to 1.5’ // W .75’ to 1’
Perrenials: 11. Common Arrowhead 12. Mini Blue Lavender 13. Russian Sage
Sagittaria latifolia Lavandula angustifolia ‘Mini Blue’ Peroskia atriplicfolia
H: 2’ H: 10” H & W: 2’ to 4’
Crocuses: 15. Autumn Crocus 16. Flower Record Crocus 17. Giant Dutch Crocus 18. Kotschy’s Crocus
Crocus pulchellus Crocus vernus ‘Flower Record’ Crocus vernus ‘Grand Maitre’ Crocus kotschyanus
H: under 6” H: up to 1’ H: under 6” H: under 6”
Daylilies: 18. Berry Cheesecake Daylily 19. Cranberry Cove Daylily 20. Forever Blowing Bubbles Daylily 21. Michaela Daylily 22. Royal Regency Daylily
Hemerocallis ‘Berry Cheesecake’ Hemerocallis ‘Cranberry Cove Hemerocallis ‘Forever Blowing Bubbles’ Hemerocallis ‘Michaela Hemerocallis ‘Royal Regency’
H: 30” H: 28” H: 21” H: 24” H: 35”
Hostas: 23. Big Daddy Hosta 24. Blueberry Muffin Hosta 25. Fire Island Hosta 26. First Frost Hosta 27. Fragrant Queen Hosta 28. Halcyon Hosta 29. Regal Splendor Hosta
Hosta ‘Big Daddy’ Hosta ‘Blueberry Muffin’ Hosta ‘Fire Island’ Hosta ‘First Frost’ Hosta ‘Fragrant Queen’ Hosta ‘Halcyon’ Hosta ‘Regal Splendor’
H: 18” to 28” // W: 3’ to 4’ H: 14” to 1.5’’ // W: 3’ H: 10” to 1.5’ // W: 1.5’ to 1.75’ H: 12” to 15” // W: 3’ H: 1.5’ // W: 2’ H: 2’ // W: 3’ H: 2’ to 3’ // W: 2’ to 3’
Irises: 30. Candy Apple iris 31. Celtic Glory Iris 32. Hellcat Iris 33. Histriodes Iris 34. Prom Night Iris 35. Swingtown Iris 36. Waimea Canyon Sunrise Iris 37 What Again Iris
Iris ‘Candy Apple’ Iris ‘Celtic Glory’ Iris ‘Hellcat’ Iris ‘Histriodes’ Iris ‘Prom Night’ Iris ‘Swing Town’ Iris ‘Waimea Canyon Sunrise’ Iris ‘What Again’
H: 12” H: 33” H: 16” H: 4” H: 40” H: 36* H: 36” H: 10”
Ornamental Grasses: 38. Elijah Blue Festuca 39. Japanese Blood Grass 40. Maiden Grass
Festuca glauca ‘Elijah Blue’ Imperata cylindrica ‘Ruba’ Miscanthus sinensis
H: 8” to 10” H: 2 to 4’ H: 6’
Ground Cover: 41. Fuldaglut Sedum 42. Wiltonii Juniper
Sedum sprium ‘Fuldaglut’ Juniperus horizontalis ‘Wiltonii’
H: 4” to 6” // W: 10” to 14” H: .25’ to .5’ // W 6 to 8’
plinywood Rome, Italy
inspiration These three photos are from Bosco Sacro in Bomarzo, Italy. As a person wanders through the site, they randomly come upon these giant stone statues. The garden was created to astonish people and give them wonder. This site opened up a new way of viewing and thinking of an “amusement” park. Amusement park could be a place of discoveries, and a place that engages the mind.
Urban Design Studio Assignment: Redesign the Villa Sciarra into an “amusement” park inspired by Pliny the Elder’s writings of his Tuscan Villa. Additionally, we were to incorporate a living and commercialized area, as well as a landmark from around Rome. Note on the Villa Sciarra’s Background: The last owners of the Villa Sciarra were George and Henrietta Wurts. When Henrietta was widowed, she gave the villa to Benito Mussolini in 1932, on the one condition that it was to be a public park. Since then, it has remained so, and is greatly used by residents of the Trastevere area. Project Goals: 1. Maintain the site’s function as a public park and to expand upon activities available. 2. Create a place discoveries where people can “uncover the past” of the Tuscan Villa.
site plan with proposed grading
Interior of Villa Upper terrace showing stairs down to lower terrace area.
Villa house would function as a museum, which could also be rented out to hold wedding receptions, or other events to serve as a means of creating extra funding for the park.
Exterior of Villa, showing entrance and some of the formal gardens
Provides optimal area for viewing the central Rome and the “wild nature.”
Formal Gardens as described in Pliny’s writings on either side of the main path leading up to the main villa. Trees serve to help create a stronger axis between water fountain and villa. Grassy hill with the two terraces over looking them and Rome.
D1 Formal Gardens by the Main Villa Villa’s terraces overlooking grassy hill
Stone Pine Trees
B1 A2 More Formal Gardens, with the wall surrounding wall. 15’ 5’ 0’
B2 Lightly Wooded Area
Hippodrome with public orchard planted between the two sides
D2 Summer Home
Grassy Hill leading down into the Grove of Stone Pine Trees
Grove of Stone Pine Trees 0’
E1 Scaled aqueduct wall with waterfall made from diverted water coming down creating a grotto in wooded area with seating.
vertical scale [10 scale] 5’ 10’
Cypress lined pathway to help lead one to area’s of interest
Backside of mixed use building space, (res. and comm.) with loggia in front to provide a transition and lookout to site
horizontal scale [20 scale]
vertical scale [10 scale] 5’ 10’
0’ 10’ 20’ horizontal scale [20 scale]
Free lemon and orange orchard provide a tasty treat, shade, activity, and color
Water fountain at the center of a node, in line with the Four Rivers Fountain. Functions as a point of redirection.
Triple Arch Walkway, acts as the threshold into the rest of the park
Four Rivers Fountain in Piazza. Ground level of buildings is commercial space, levels above serve as apartments or condos Trees with a fine texture to allow light to filter through while providing some shade from the hot southern sun
Terraced side walk as the uphill walk and allow for better and more welcoming street access vertical scale [10 scale] 5’ 10’
0’ 10’ 20’ horizontal scale [20 scale]
Open aqueduct allows for easy store access Architectural style is responsive of architectural style across the street
Piazza with Four Rivers Fountain. Piazza emphasized by use of the triumphant arch.
Steps that meet grade periodically to allow access to street facing stores
Loggia walk way along buildings sides and back
on Lima quick facts
Informal Urbanism Studio Studying in Rome, Italy was an eye opening experience in many ways. For the first time, I knew what it was like to live in a city that never truly never slept. At times, it felt there was no escape from the chaos. On a hot summer day, I visited the Villa Borghese. The sounds of the city faded, singing the trees above I felt my mind relaxed in a way, I had never felt before in my life. Parks were always a nice, but for the first time I truly understood the importance of the role they played especially in highly urbanized areas. Lima, Peru, similar to Rome, is a highly urbanized city. Everyday more people leave everything behind and move to Lima to improve their lives. Getting to Lima, is just the tip of the iceberg for them. Amongst the challenges people living in informal settlements face there were two which stood out to me: lack of access to public places because of social discrimination, and loss of identity due to displacement. During the development of this project, there were a couple of objectives that shaped the project: 1. The project would function as a participatory design project, where the people would be given the assistance and tools they needed, but allowed to make it their own. 2. The project would help improve the quality of the life through providing opportunities for individual empowerment, creating places people can recreate and relax in, as well an “altered version” of home.
Located in the Sechura Desert • Rainfall average is 2 inches a year 2nd largest capital to be located in a desert Lima has 43 districts. • Ate-Vitarte, colored in grey, is the district where Huaycan Q is located.
Issue: Plants need to be adaptive to an extremely dry climate.
population statistics Portion of the population living without running water.
Portion of the population living informally.
Lima’s most important source of potable water.
= 100,000 Inhabitants in Ate-Vitarte District
Issue: Water is a valuable resource - Rímac River’s water needs to be conserved - Lima is becoming more densified = safety is a intensifying issue
= 100,000 Inhabitants in Lima
on the residents in informal settlements • • •
Many come from rural areas A great number of them are indigenous people As shown in the picture the areas are very lush, with distinguishing features that create a strong sense of place • These places are not only “home,” but are a part of their identity
Opportunity: People are motivated, creative, and eager to learn to improve their and their family’s lives
challenges new residents face
why people move to Lima “Cities don’t make people poor; they attract poor people. The flow of less advantaged people into cities from Rio to Rotterdam demonstrates urban strength, not weakness.” - Edward Glaeser, Triumph of the City
Social discrimination •
Many have no knowledge of Spanish or may be illiterate
Language Barriers, •
Many want their children to
People wish to get away from guerilla warfare
Lack of access to public places, including city parks
Displacement, loss of a sense of identity •
End up settling on the empty, desert sides of the mountains.
analysis of demonstration site: Huaycan Q topographic model
idealized ecology in Lima
figure ground diagram
Neighborhood district Huaycan Z 1500 m
Main unpaved road connecting Huaycan Q to the surrounding districts
No Fog Zone 800 m to 1000 m
900 m 800 m
Border line of Huyacan Q
Opportunity: There are still open spaces and corridors within Huaycan Q which could be utilized.
Huaycan Q’s elevation ranges from 500 m to 900 m
Neighborhood district Huaycan D
Opportunity: Fog Harvesting would be a viable option as a water source to support plant life.
Desert Verde continued
Open spaces throughout the district are identified and transformed into community parks and gathering spaces
Functions: Place where plants are kept & grown, tools and other equipment are stored. Information center for people Community center outreach point.
Through participatory design individuals or families are engaged. Their efforts create corridors which connect the transformed open spaces
Living in Rome, I saw right away that there was hardly any green grass, aside from in parks. It took much longer before I noticed that there wasn’t grass, and I missed it. A huge part of this was a result of how people put plants where ever they could. Through individuals effort combined, an entire street is transformed.
educational outreach More people are engaged into the project and the corridors are extended and connected
Primary Ways of Getting Information Out: 1. Murals - Painted on built up walls outside of the Hub. 2. Speaking 3. Pamphlets.
Total area that is impacted through the design project
transforming brown into green fog harvesting
plants without water In Studies: • 2000m2, surface area yielded approximately 18,000L per day for 8 months of a year.* • Excess water can be stored, for the drier times a year.
Via: www.climatetechwiki.org/content/ fog-harvesting
In Practice: • Water collected from the harvesting would be stored in cisterns
In Practice: • Water from cisterns is directed through a drip water system to the plants. • Plants only need to be watered a couple times a week. Benefits: • Easy to use • Most cost effective system • Least amount of water is wasted
Botanical Name Size Washingtonia robusta Casuarina equisetifolia Phoenix canariensis Melia azedarach
H: 48’ to 96’ H: 48’ to 64’ // D: 13’ H: 38’ to 48’ // D: 19’ to 32’ H: 26’ to 48’ // D: 26’
Parkinsonia aculeata Tamarix aphylla Acacia macracantha Trichocereus pachnoi/ Trichocerus peruvianus
H: 26’ to 32’ // D: 19’ H: 19’ to 48’ // D: 19’ H: 19’ // D: 38’ H: 13’ to 19’
Agave americana Chrysanthemum frutescens Juniperus horizontalis “wittonii” oj. prostrata Catharanthus roseus
H: 4’ H: 3’ H: 2’ H: 1’ to 2’
Carpobrotus edulis Wedelia trilobata Verbena peruviana Tecomaria capensis
H: 1’ H: 1’ H: 6” H: 1” to 3”
On the Selected Plants: •
These plants are known to grow in Lima, Peru
Plants are able to survive without watering once established.
Adapted to take moisture from air
By using plants which are adapted, you are able to bring color and life to a seemnigly “desert waste land” that Lima may appear to be to an outsider. They will not recreate the lush landscape many of the people coming to Lima are from, but they will create a landscape which is different type of lush, and different hues of green, which are also beautiful. Plant photos via: “Paisajes Verdes con Poca Agua : Jardines para Lima y Ciudades de Regiones Secas” by Rosa Brescia de Fort, Rosa Dibós de Boza; Floralíes Club de Jardines del Perú. Studies conducted by FogQuest: Sustainable Water Solutions.
A person from the hub will go door to door to people living in the area of the current phase being worked on.
The person or family will be invited to come down to the hub.
They will be able to select the plants that they would like to use and are lent the proper tools to complete the project.
Individual goes back to their home and plants the plants however they want.
The tools are returned to the hub.
The person goes to the next group of homes within the current phase area.
large scale implementation Relationship Between implementation processes: 1. Large scale dictates area being developed 2. Individual scale process is what causes the large scale implementation to be realized
Phase in Progress Path Completed Phase Path Purposed Community Space Implimented Community Space
Desert Verde continued
locations on site 3 2
1. street view
2. individual’s home
Outcomes for Community:
Outcomes for Individual:
Helps improve overall sense of community as a result of everyone’s individual input.
Adds color to an otherwise brown and tan landscape
Emphasizes and improves borders along paths • •
Safety is improved Creates corridors that air is able to easily circulate through
Empowers people • •
Gives them something to take pride in Provides something that they can take ownership for
3. community park Outcomes for Community:
Provides relief from the sun that beats down overhead majority of the day
Gives community members a place to go and relax and not experience social discrimination
Helps the community develop a unique sense of identity
Provides a space to hold gatherings
Potential for space to be used as a community garden
South Sioux City, Nebraska Community Design Studio Premise of Project: Geographically, South Sioux City is situated by Missouri River, across from the Loess Hills. The city is part of a tri-state region. While the cities are interdependent to each other, many resources are located within the city limits of Sioux City making the cities more heavily dependant upon Sioux City. During the floods of 2011, along the Missouri River, their dependency became even more apparent as places such as city parks became overly crowded.
This was not the first time this area has experienced massive flooding, nor is it the last. This time the majority of the residents living in the northern part of the city, a lower income area, were lucky because of the sandbagging efforts. It did not stop questions such as, what if the sand bagging efforts were not enough and the area had been flooded? Should money be given so they can build again, as they wait for the next flood? Or, could the city take a proactive approach instead?
State Park or Large City Park
1. Further develop the relationship between South Sioux City and the rest of the tri-state area.
2. Break cycles residents face by improving living standards of residents through promotion of alternative forms of transportation, increased access to quality food, creation of walkable community, and educational opportunities
population density by city block**
*Information was gathered from the 2010 US Census **City Block as defined by the 2010 Census
flooding of 2011 0’ - 2’
2’ - 4’
4’ - 6’
6’ - 8’
8’ - 10’
View from Sioux City
Views from Both Sides
Existing Sports Fields Urban Edge
View from South Sioux City
17 min. 20 min. 9 min. 16 min. 11 min. Starting Point
Stone State Park
Bacon Creek Park
Primary Shopping Center
Pedestrian Accessible Existing Bike Path Future Bike Path
living in cycles
by the numbers* 14.1% 73.5%
Families Below Poverty Line is
4.2% higher than
Minority Population is
National Average 17%
than 2000 Census
Little to no Exercise Due to Cost of Gyms, Personal Choices, LimitedTime
Individuals Below the Poverty Line is
3.5% lower than
Flood Prone Area = Lower Value Housing Built Gov. relief or insurance to rebuild
House is Bought by Lower Income Individual or Family Disaster Strikes [Flood]
of Residents are at 300% Poverty Level
Over 25% 26.5%
Limited Access to Unprocessed Food Due to Cost
at least 43.8%
the National Average
of Population is Obese
Higher Risk: Obesity Diabetes Arthritis
Low Income Household
People living in the 300% Poverty Level are only “a flat tire away” from needing government assistance.
Spending money to rebuild is in the same location does not solve the underlying problem.
Opportunity: Increase access to quality food, and create opportunities to make biking a part of daily routines.
Opportunity: Redirect money to build on higher elevation to stop the inevitable cycle.
Breaking Cycles continued
strategy at work Move northern residential area higher ground.
Take advantage of open area to further expand upon and further develop South Sioux Cityâ€™s relationship with surrounding area.
Expand upon the existing bike trail system within Sioux City and connect with city grid.
Reduce and limit the type of infrastructure along the riverâ€™s edge.
Bring resources closer by creating new opportunities within the city limits.
Relocated Neighborhood Camping Ground RV Accessible Formal Riverfront Park
Community Orchard Large Outdoor Stage Small Outdoor Stage Outdoor Exercise Location
Preexisting Baseball Fields Preexisting Soccer Fields Multi-sports fields & courts
Prairie Demonstration Prairie Garden
Park Shelter Limited Access Camping
Urban Agriculture Park
Mixed Variety of Trees
Breaking Cycles continued
river front park
1. Camping Site, moved from original location, to maintain riverfront location, and to maintain activity.
2. Bike path both along the river and rest of area allowing for further development of the bike path. 3. Prairie Grass 4. Formal Riverfront Park, reflective of Sioux Cityâ€™s. Allowing for opportunities of events to take place expand to both sides. With ability to facilitate new opportunities.
5. Pre-existing Softball & Baseball Fields
6. Designated area for new development of other sports complexes (i.e. sand volleyball, tennis courts), and skate park. Making area usable beyond a certain sports season. 7. Pre-existing Soccer Fields used by tri-state area.
the connector 1 2
Existing underpass under train bridge
Existing Trees on Site
Bike paths connected to city grid to promote biking as both a recreational activity and an alternative form of transportation.
3 c d
6 7 8 9 10
Community orchards to serve as a transition form the city grid into the prairie. Provides educational opportunity for school children.
Demonstration prairie to allow people to learn about native prairie grasses. and ecology.
Prairie is to improve soil erosion control, improve water infiltration & reduce runoff
Exercise Stations to provide opportunities to exercise.
Urban Agriculture Park, provide educational opportunity for school children. Increases access to quality food to residents.
Access to relocated community over highway.
10. Access to relocated community under highway.
Breaking Cycles continued
close up on new community
Pedestrian bridges to create safer community.
Backside of mix-use buildings to allow for outdoor space for small businesses.
Solar Panels to use alternative source of energy and to offset energy costs.
Separated zones for walking, biking, and driving.
Mix-use residential and commercial buildings.
Path of Sun Two-Way Traffic One-way Traffic
relieving food uncertainty Des Moines, IA Community Design Studio
user demographics This information is based on interview with 68 different food pantry users. This research was done by Drake University and provided us an insight on the issues facing people in need. From this data we realized multi modal transportation is important for pantry users, many of them don’t receive federal aid, very few are college educated and most experience health problems
34/68: Has Car - Doesn’t run - Can’t afford gas
- Friends - Relatives
- Bus - Trolley
Project Premise: Many people in the United States are uncertain where their next meal is coming from. The Des Moines Area Religious Council (DMARC) works to supply food for 12 Des Moines area food pantries in effort to relieve food uncertainty and hunger.
4/68: Mental Illness
4/68: Renal Failure
2/68: Gall Bladder
2/68: Kidney Failure
High Blood Pressure
Group Members: Ryan Ballman, Adam Covington, Colby Fangman, Annie Glawe, Adam Hageman, Caitlin Henricksen, Jackie Kolpek*, Tyler Pestien, Abby Rodewald, Spencer Sneller, Jeff Steen, Drew Sturm, and John Tipton * Sub-group member Specific Group Contributions: • Lead and Organized Cash Out Hunger Fundraiser • Assisted with initial concept and research work for the Urban Agriculture sub-group • Started Multimodal Transportation sub-group, helped with research and putting proposals
No Health Problems
8/68: 45/68: Age 15/68: Age 8/68: Age 30-60 years
Under 30 years
Over 60 years
40/68: Receives Federal Aid
28/68: Doesn’t Receive Federal Aid
College degree or some college experience
High school grad or GED
Less than high school
DMARC promotes local citizenry Part of Our Community: •
Awards: 2012 American Society of Landscape Architecture Central States Conference • Honor Award Student category for Planning and Analysis • Award of Excellence
= 1 Million U.S. Citizens
= Citizens in Need of Local Support
1 in 6 Americans couldn’t provide food at every meal for themselves during 2010. Only 6 out of 10 struggling households use federal government support through various government programs. The remaining households rely on local support.
= Citizens in Need Who Receive Federal Government Support
where the federal money goes
Collect and Redistribute Donations Locally
Food Desert Analysis Areas where poverty and food desert map overlap indicate opportunities for suggested programming.
Collaborate with Community Supported Agriculutre (CSA) Groups
$1 Million Goes to Iowa’s Local Food System
Federal Government Assistance: $700 Million Annually in Iowa
DMARC’s Role in Iowa’s Local Food System • This includes $ spend at • Farmer’s Markets: $383,508 WIC $71,782 EBT $544,710 Other
At end of a farmer’s market instead of hauling crops back to farms, which would probably go uneaten venders can donate them to DMARC.
• • • •
DMARC saved 300,000 Lbs of Produced in 2011
Proximity to Fresh Food Outlets and Access to Public Transportation 1/8 to 1/4 Miles to Bus Stops 1/4 to 1/2 Miles to Food Access Fast Food Excluded Relation to Roads and Bike Trails
Cash donations go further towards providing quality food due to DMARC’s ability to buy in bulk at wholesale costs and opportunity to buy the right food needed to fit the health needs of users.
volunteering for DMARC Group members volunteered at the warehouse distribution center to get a better idea of the food pantry process.
Cash-Out Hunger Fundraiser
Final Cash Count = $600.01
A fundraiser was organized during homecoming week and served as a research tool to analyze fundraising strategies. Cash donations were solicited in place of food donations because the cash goes further in DMARC’s hands towards buying food. It is also more convenient for potential donors if they do not have prior notice to bring cans. Donors were given plates to decorate which were then displayed on campus as an art installation.
Relieving Food Uncertainity continued
fresh express in action
fresh express Food pantries are limited in the areas they can reach, and also limited as far as supplying and storing fresh produce. The following business models different areas of the community are utilized to help and transport fresh produce to local food pantries while creating revenue to improve funding to DMARC.
edible urban garden business
Edible gardens installed and maintained for any interested homeowners
The majority of the harvest goes to the homeowners with the rest going to pantries and mobile pantries
Income from projects creates another source of income
Homeowners can save money through the gardens reducing their trips to grocery store for produce
produce delivery system •
permaculture strategy: victory gardens Takes place in open areas in neighborhoods •
Outreach center for surrounding area
Land surrounding volunteer location would be converted into a Victory Garden.
People taught how to can fresh produce to extend the period that quality food is accessible to pantry users
Gardens cared for and harvested by volunteers of DMARC
mobile food pantry
Produce grown from the edible gardens could be shipped via bike to homeowners wanting fresh locally grown produce Schools and community church involvement will help educate younger generations on current food issues and over help supply the system Raise income for DMARC by creating a service which caters to the needs of busy families who need produce
How the system works:
Can reach areas where pantries do not exist
Mobile pantries would be cheaper than building a new pantry
Can carry perishable items which most pantries can’t keep
vans/ trucks (i.e. Pepsi trucks) reused to transport perishable items such as dairy, fresh fruits, vegetables, and meat
Located at specific locations (church lots, parks, etc.) at specific times which would be specified on the DMARC website
Trucks also used a portable kitchen on how to prepare fresh produce while exposing cultural cuisines
intergrating food pantries the cupboard
A area of store dedicated to food storage and dispersal to food assistance clients
GIS targeted supermarkets
the shelf A section of the store shelving dedicated to healthy food available for food assistance
Benefits for The Cupboard and The Shelf •
One stop shopping
Eliminating separation between classes
Being able to leave without boxes in hand (reusable bags
Ability to participate in store sales
Cutting down overhead costs
the card Food assistance clients can choose from the regular aisle items marked with blue dots •
Ask if customers would like to purchase 1 to 2 dollars at checkout for hunger.
Blue colored dots to represent what the card members can buy and informs customers of which ones Card Members are in need of.
The Card is distributed to the members in the mail after food emergency application
Card Members will be given the same amount of food per month as the current food pantry’s distribute.
Having The Card helps blend social classes
Giving the Card Members the ability to shop for other things needed within grocery stores.
Legend Suitability Low
High Chosen Supermarkets
Supermarkets Not Visited
Suitability Chart Supermarkets
The Card The Cupboard
Relieving Food Uncertainity continued
research cities studied U.S. Cities
B-Express: filling in the gap
B-Express improves, expands, and integrates the existing public transportation system. It also increases accessibility to DMARC services while creating revenue.
Carrying heavy food boxes, even short distances, is difficult for most, and for some DMARC users, impossible
The current public transportation system fails to meet DMARC users’ needs.
DMARC has unreliable source of revenue
Obesity rates among DMARC users are high
current accessibility to DMARC services
Asian Cities •
explored costs Smart Card Bike System: $4,500 - $5,000 per Station • Includes cost of docking station, computer software, licensing bicycles, and other capital expenditures
Operation Costs: $1,250 - $2,300 per bicycles Cell Phone Activated Systems: $1,000 $2,500 per Bicycle • Requires more staffing
covering costs •
US cities have access to large grants to cover costs of systems
Sponsorship, revenues from users, and city money is also used
similarities among successful programs •
Convenient, Self-serviced with Smart Card Technology
Progressive Rate System with the First Half Hour Free
Bicycle are Readily Available
Part of an Expansive Transit System
suiting up a bike This is an image of a typical bike used in bike share systems in the US
The average American will only walk a quarter mile otherwise they will opt to take a car.
Front basket not large enough for food box
Many pantry users have health issues that inhibit them from using a typical bike
Some elders have issues with balance - possibly tricycle instead
Could put a back rack or basket to carry food
bicycle share system program
B-Express suitability map
Bike system implemented into surrounding Des Moines Area
Bikes designed with intentions of transporting goods from place to place
Provides mode of transportation to the public, food pantry volunteers and those without transportation
Located downtown Des Moines and Greater area neighborhoods
Crates, baskets, or large bins built into the design of bikes to allow for easy transportation
Electric bikes enables transportation for people with limited physical strength
Expands Des Moines B-cycle program into neighborhoods
Integrates the bicycle share program by aligning bus and bicycle stations
Creates a source of revenue from non-DMARC users through user fees
Provides a form of exercise by means of bicycling
Empowers people by providing opportunities to be independent
B-Express Suitability Low Suitability
High Suitability DMARC Locations Bus Stops Bike Trails Roads
Food pantries utilize bike system program as source of income and fundraising
Pantry users and Pantry Volunteers able to use bikes for free
Several locations of bike racks will be placed through greater Des Moines area
For income general public can purchase different memberships levels - Annual, 3-day, and 24-hour
Downtown locations focused with public transportation currently exists & along bike routes
Surrounding neighborhoods bike locations placed in popular areas i.e. grocery stores, community centers, schools, libraries, & large box stores
City of Des Moines will fund majority of costs need to implement and upkeep system
Local business are encouraged to support system through providing bike racks at their destinations
Target businesses include grocery stores, restaurants, clubs/gyms, hotels, etc
users: target groups •
People that need to access food pantries
Food Pantry Volunteers to transport food
General Public for daily errands, commuting to work, and recreational purposes
Large Crate Design • Large storage area in the bike enables easy transport of food • Tricycle makes it easier for elderly residents to use
Basket Design • Design Allows for easy transport of goods • Still functions as a recreational Bike • Large amount of crate spaces provides ample room for food pantry users to transfer food to their home
Electric Design • Enables elderly and disabled pantry users to transport themselves to food pantries •
No physical movements needed to drive bike
drawings & paintings Sketches in the Field 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.
Park by Jens Jensen in Chicago, Illinois Hot Springs, Arkansas Riverwalk, San Antonio, Texas Country Plaza, Kansas City, Missouri Piazza di San Calisto, Rome Italy An Urban Villa, Rome Italy Capital Hill in Rome, Italy Piazza di San Calisto, Rome Italy Sketches from around Dallas, Texas
Watercolor 1. 2. 3. 4.
Falun, Sweden Conceptual Perspective from a Project Bakklandet, Trondheim, Norway Falun, Sweden
graphic design A. Invitation for Gala at the Library of Congress B. Art work for Post-it Notes Cubes C. Cup Artwork for the Ground Btreaking of a New Building D. Promotional Material for IAAS Club at Iowa State University • Banner • Informational Brochure E. Concert on the Green Marketing Material • Poster • T-shirt Design • Banner
F. United Way Fundraiser at Ameritas • Desk Drop • Sample Desk Drop Done in the Style of Movie Tickets., 2 fronts and the backt G. Branding Idea for a Coffee Shop • Cover Page and Letter Head • Business Card • Seasonal Coffee Bag Design
photography Travel Photography 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.
Spydeberg, Norway Oslo, Norway Oslo, Norway Outside of Agua Calientes, Peru Ulm Münster Church, Ulm, Germany Rome, Italy Agua Calientes, Peru Machu Picchu, Peru Vernazza, Italy
Photomontage This was part of a project of a group project I did. The montage was done in the style of David Hockney’s photo collage.