Life Before Us Jessica Owen
The Start of a Machine World • Industrialization is the move from producing goods by hand, to producing them by machine • Slater’s mill marked the beginning of industrialization • The country was also expanding, and between 1790 and 1800, three new states were born. Kentucky, Tennessee, and Vermont.
Abolition Is Here • Abolition was the official end to the process of slavery • Congress banned the importance of slavery in 1808, and opponents of slavery hoped it would eventually die out • That wasn’t the case, mobs started attacking abolitionists, burn their homes, and destroyed their printing presses
The Missouri Compromise • It was measures passed in 1820 to admit Missouri in the Union as a slave state, and Maine as a free state • The Missouri Compromise broke the deadlock on congress. And it didn’t please anyone. • Nothing was settled for the future of slavery.
Let The People Decide • The Kansas-Nebraska Act was a law passed in 1854 to establish Kansas & Nebraska as territories with popular sovereignty. • The new republican party took a firm stand against the fugitive slave law & the Kansas-Nebraska Act • On May 21st, 1856, pro-slavery forces raided the free-soil town of Lawrence, Kansas
The Dredd Scott Case • In 1857, the court issued the Dredd Scott decision • It begins reviewing the Declaration of Independence’s words “All men are created equal” • The courts decision invalidated the idea of “Free-Soil” & opened all territories to slavery
The War Effected All • Black leaders, and abolitionist favored the idea of recruiting African Americans, since the beginning of the war. • Congress authorized African American recruitment in 1862 • The most famous black unit is 54th Massachusetts Regiment, they played a critical role in winning acceptance for black soldiers
Unclean Conditions • Soldiers would bathe in the same water they drank, spreading diseases • Diseases from the Civil War would be shared between patience since the doctors, wouldn’t change, and were covered in blood • For every soldier who died in battle, 2 or 3 more would die from diseases on the medical table
The Emancipation Proclamation • The Emancipation Proclamation, Doesn’t free the slaves, but it does cause joy for the slaves in the north. • It declares, all slaves living in the U.S, “in rebellion against the U.S.” were to be, “Thence forward, and forever free” • Gives the Union, a great sense of pride, and great moral purpose, to keep on fighting.
The March Begins • The March to Sea campaign began with Sherman’s troops leaving the captured city of Atlanta, Georgia • Their were 60,000 troops involved, and destroyed everything in their way • They looted houses, killed live stock, and burned fields
Union and the Confederacy • As the war began, the north and south were confident, that they’d come out victorious • The Anaconda Plan, the north wanted to surround the south and squeeze them to death. • April 9th, 1865 Grant offered Lee a term for surrender, the civil war was finally over.
Proof Reader ; Jessica Owen