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A Communicative Approach Bibliography Overviews of the Communicative Approach Brown, H.D (2001)Teaching by Principles: An interactive approach to Language Pedagogy, 2nd. ed, White Plains, NY:Longman esp. pp. 42-50) Nunan, D (1999) Second Language Teaching and Learning, Boston, MA: Heinle & Heinle esp. 3-26) Richards, J. (2001) Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching, 2nd ed., Cambridge pp. 153-177 Savignon, S. (1991) Communicative language teaching: State of the art ,TESOL Quarterly 25: 261-77 Early comprehensive description of CA Breen and Candlin (1980) The essential of a communicative curriculum in language teaching, Applied Linguistics 1(2): 89-112 The notion of Communicative Competence Hymes, D. (1972) On communicative competence, in Pride and Holmes, eds., Sociolinguistics Harmondsworth: Penguin, pp. 269-293 The Notional/Functional Syllabus Wilkins, D. (1976) Notional Syllabuses, Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press Recent History of Language Teaching Methods Brown, H.D (2001)Teaching by Principles: An interactive approach to Language Pedagogy, 2nd. ed, White Plains, NY:Longman esp. pp. 42-50) Richards, J. (2001) Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching, 2nd ed., Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press pp. 3-17 Authenticity: Kramsch, C (1993) Context and Culture in Language Teaching, Oxford,UK:Oxford University Press, pp.177-202 Prabhu (1990) Why there is no best method TESOL Quarterly 24:2 The significance and practice of learner centeredness Nunan (1988) Learner Center Curriculum, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press Interactionist/Negotiated Input Model of SLA Ellis (1994) The Study of Second Language Acquisition, Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press Long (1983) Native speaker/non-na誰ve speaker conversation and the negotiation of comprehensible input, Applied Linguistics 4:126-141


Needs Analysis (learning centered approach) Hutchinson & Waters (1987) English for Specific Purposes, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press (esp. 53-64) (the ultimate needs analysis system) Munby, J. Communicative Syllabus Design, Cambridge,UK: Cambridge University Press Problems with using the Communicative Approach in other educational cultures Burnaby and Sun (1989) “Chinese teachers’ views of Western language teaching: context informs paradigms” TESOL Quarterly 23(2): 219-238 Jin and Cortazzi (1998) “The culture the learner brings: a bridge or a barrier? in Byram and Flemming, eds. “Language Learning in Intercultural Perspective: Approaches through drama and ethnography” Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press Krashen’s theories Krashen (1982) Principles and Practice in Second Language Acquisition, Oxford,UK:Pergamon

Task Based Classroom Applications Nunan (1989) Designing Tasks for the Communicative Classroom, Cambridge



A Communicative Approach Bibliography