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Digital Design - Module 02 Semester 1, 2018 Jessica Mulovski - Gailey (916956) Junhang Foong + Studio 13


Week Three

Reading: Kolerevic B. 2003. Architecture in the Digital Age

Kolerevic described three fundamental type of fabrication techniques in the reading. Outline the three techniques and discuss the potential of Computer Numeric Controlled fabrication with parametric modelling. (150 words max)

The three fundamental types of fabrication techniques Kolerevic describes to are: - two dimensional fabrication - subtractive fabrication - additive fabrication. Computer Numeric Controlled fabrication with parametric modelling allows us to minimise the process of moving from digital to fabrication. CNC fabrication is controlled with the use of a computer system that works by referring to a set of codes. CNC production have also been used in the building industry which would ease the fabrication of curved structures such as Bernard Franken’s ‘bubble’ BMW pavilion.

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Week Three

Surface Creation

I formed the two iterations of surfaces following the grasshopper script displayed above. The script displays the way in which panelling can be applied to a surface. The images to the right are the four surface iterations I formed each consisting of two varying surfaces with different coordinates.

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Week Four Panels & Waffle

I have chosen to form a three dimensional and two dimensional surface. The square perforations of the three dimensional panel are pulled by the attraction point. The triangular perforations of the two dimensonal panel allow for light to transfer into the structure.

The waffle structure is visually appealing as well as being the structural element that supports the panels. The two waffle sides of the structure follow the curvature of the two panelled surfaces.

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Week Four

Laser Cutting

In order to create the laser cut file for my waffle structure I exported the linework from the initial rhino file into a new rhino file. I then placed the linework into the laser cutting file template where I arranged each piece close together to prevent wastage of material. I placed some of the pieces right next to each other and then use the Make2D command to turn each line into 2D lines. Placing these pieces right next to each other will reduce the amount of time it takes to be laser cut. I applied the same exporting process to the unrolled panels. With both the waffle and panel I labelled each piece with a number that I placed under the ‘etch’ layer. The etch layer does not completely cut through the material but allows for easier folding.

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Week Five

The grasshopper script above displays the final process taken in grasshopper in order to construct the boolean form. By grouping some of the containers it allows for a more organised script. The images to the right are four boolean iterations displaying each of the transformations I experimeted with.

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Week Five

Isometric

My final isometric consists of a large amount of perforations which decreased the overall size of the form as well as causing it to appear lightweight. I chose this boolean iteration as each face of the form has an interesting design where the boolean of the internal shapes have affected the initial box form. The many angles of the internal shape cause a variation of dark to light shadows. It appears as though there is more void than actual form due to the fact that the scale and close placement of the internal shape. In some areas of the model are perforations which allow light to transfer through creating interesting shadow patterns.

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Week Six Task 01

Lofts

1.1

1.2

1.3

{90,0,150}

{0,150,150} {25,150,150} {90,0,150}

Key

1.4

{150,150,150} {150,90,150}

{0,0,0}

Attractor / Control Points (X,Y,Z) Attractor / Control Curves

{150,0,150}

{125,150,150}

Grid Points

{150,90,150}

{25,150,150} {0,0,150}

{120,150,150}

{90,0,150} {150,0,150}

{0,150,50}

{150,60,0}

{0,0,0} {125,0,0}

{100,150,0}

{0,150,0}

{150,0,0}

{150,0,0}

{0,45,0}

{128,150,0}

{128,150,0} {0,30,0}

{0,25,0} {0,0,0}

{0,0,0}

{90,150,0} {125,150,0} {150,28,0}

Paneling Grid & Attractor Point

{Index Selection}

{Index Selection}

{Index Selection}

{Index Selection}

2.1

2.2

2.3

2.4

{150,150,150} {0,50,150}

{75,0,75}

{0,0,0}

Paneling

{Attractor Point Location}

{Attractor Point Location}

{Attractor Point Location}

{Index Selection}

3.1

3.2

3.3

3.4

Task 01 Matrix I selected further develop the surface iteration 1.1 due to the fact that the surfaces did not sit too closely together which would effect the waffle structure. The panelling surface I chose to develop is 3.4 as I created both a three dimensional and two dimensional surface to create a textural variation.

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MAGENTA = insert artwork in this area

Week Six Task 02

Grid Manipulation

1.1

1.2

1.3

Key

1.4

{0,0,0}

Attractor / Control Points (X,Y,Z) Attractor / Control Curves Grid Points

{75,75,150}

{120,50,90}

{150,75,0}

{0,0,0}

Distribution

{Point Attractor}

{Point Attractor}

{Point Attractor}

{Point Attractor}

2.1

2.2

2.3

2.4

{150,0,75}

{0,150,75}

{0,0,0}

Transformation

{Point Attractor}

{Curve Attractor}

{Random Attractor}

{Random Attractor}

3.1

3.2

3.3

3.4

{Consistent Scaling}

{Reverse Attractor}

{Random Scaling}

{Random Scaling}

Task 02 Matrix The final boolean iteration I chose to develop is 3.4. I selected this due to the fact that it contains an interesting shape which once sectioned would consist of numerous internal faces and voids.

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Week Six

Final Isometric Views

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Appendix

Process

These screenshots display one of the first processes of forming task 1. The image to the left show the grasshopper surface being formed which is displayed in red, this means that the surface does not yet exist in rhino as it has to be ‘baked’ first. The right image shows two surfaces with the coordinates I added to each of their corners.

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Appendix Process

The left image shows the process of offsetting the surface of the grid which contains a set of points, those which are later altered with the addition of an attractor point. The right image shows the process of creating the waffle structure between the two selected surfaces. The horizontal shapes were constructed first.

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Appendix

Process

The left image shows the development of the vertical structural elements which follow the contours of the selected surface. The right image shows the method used to flatten each of the individual piece of the waffle structure in order to prepare for laser cutting. Each piece is labelled in order to use as a reference whilst putting the laser cut model together.

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Appendix Process

The left image shows the two dimensional surface in preperation of setting up for laser cutting. Sections of the panel are grouped together unrolled as well as applying a colour to each individual group so it is easier to reference once unrolled. The right image shows the result of unrolling the developable surface where I have added tabs to the edges which require being fixed to another edge.


Appendix

Process

The images above show my developed waffle structure prior to placing the surfaces on its two sides. The left image is an internal view of the structure which has a spiraling affect and appears as though it is a tunnel.

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Appendix Process

The left image shows the process of creating the internal shapes which in this case I experimented with a simple sphere form. The right image shows the process of applying a curve attractor to the form.


Appendix

Process

The image to the left shows the affect the curve attractor has on the internal faces displayed by points. The right image shows the affect the random attractor has on the overall form.

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Appendix Process

The two images above show the two final boolean iterations containing the platonic icosahedron shape.

Module 2 - Generating Ideas Through Process  
Module 2 - Generating Ideas Through Process  
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