Issuu on Google+

Chimborazo National University

AgroindustriAl engineering 3rd “B” nAme: JessicA guAmAngAllo summAry unit 11, 12, 1 And 2


Unit 11


MY FIRST‌ My first day in the university was inglorious because I remember that lag me. I don’t know neither and everybody looked me, this day went terrible for me. This day I knowed a my best friend, she is Vilma. My classroom was very small and my parents were very friendlies and gracious. I remember that the engineers were very estrictous and I had much nerves. The first day in University was unforgettable return my house and go to sleep.


grAmmAr simple pAst of Be


The simple past tense of the verb to be: The AFFIRMATIVE form: I, he, she, it

was.

you, we, they

were.

Examples: I was in London in 1999. Pam was in London in 1999, too. We were together. She was my girlfriend.


The INTERROGATIVE form: Was

I, he, she, it?

Were

you, we, they?

Examples: Were you in London last year? Was Pam with you? Were you together?


The NEGATIVE form: I, you, he, she You, we, they

Examples: I wasn't in Paris in 1999. Pam wasn't in Paris in 1999. We weren't in Paris.

was not. wasn't. were not. weren't.


REMEMEBER: •

wasn't is the short form of was not. You can say either:

I was not in Paris, or I wasn't in Paris. • weren't is the short form of were not. You can say either: we were not in Paris, or we weren't in Paris.


Grammar Simple Past Information Questions


Wh- questions are questions that require more information in their answers. Typical wh- words are what, where, when, why, who, how, how many, how much. Question word

to be

Subject

Complement

Answer

Where

were

you

yesterday?

I was at the cinema.

Why was I sleepy? Where were you? When was he at the cinema? How was she? How was it? Why were we hungry? When were they at work?

wh


ANYWAY Anyway can be used to mean in any case. This adverb is acceptable in formal writing, but intentions may be better expressed by the use of a variation of in any case.

Example: Paris is expensive, but many people would like to vacation there, anyway.


Example unit 11:


MY FIRST‌ My first day in the university was inglorious because I remember that lag me. I don’t know neither and everybody looked me, this day went terrible for me. This day I knowed a my best friend, she is Vilma. My classroom was very small and my parents were very friendlies and gracious. I remember that the engineers were very estrictous and I had much nerves. The first day in University was unforgettable return my house and go to sleep.


Unit 12 Fabulous food


Grammar countable and uncountable


countABl e

• Nouns you can count

• You can use a / an in front of countable nouns. • Nouns that have a plural form. How many + countable noun Example: How many rashers and sausages


Uncountable •Nouns you can ́t count

•Normally, you can ́ t use a / an in front of uncountable nouns •Nouns that normally don t́ have a plural form How much+ uncountable noun Example: How much ham?


VocABulAry


Grammar Would you like, Some and Any


use: • Would like means want, but it is more polite. You can use it in sentences and questions. I’d like a biscuit. Would you like some tea? •

You can also use it to talk about your dreams and ambitions. I’d like to go to Japan. I wouldn’t like to live here!

You can also use I’d love and I’d hate to talk about dreams. I’d hate to live in the countryside. I’d love to work with Simon.


some/Any The words some and any are used when the speaker cannot specify or does not need/want to specify a number or an exact amount. Compare the following sentences:


In general, some is used in positive sentences: Examples: I got some nice presents for Christmas this year. This job is going to take some time. Look! There are some large black birds on the roof of the church. If you are hungry, there are some biscuits in the cupboard. I'm sure I'll return to Japan some day.


In general, any is used in negative sentences and questions Examples: I looked in the cupboard but I couldn't find any biscuits. I don't need any help. She's so rude. No wonder she doesn't have any friends. Do you have any brothers or sisters? Did you catch any fish? Have you seen any good films recently?


EXAMPLE UNIT 12:


my fAVorite food …… My favorite foods are the fish with rice and salad because is very delicious. I love the apples and watermelon because are very goods. I don’t like the broccoli, cauliflower, onions and garlic, because I hate. In the morning I drink one cup the milk, a bread y I eat a banana. In the lunch I eat rice and sup with juice the orange. evening I would like the some tea with lemon.

In the


Video


Unit 1 Making friends


Grammar Simple Present and Present of be


Questions without question words in the Simple Present

Auxiliary

Subject

Verb

Rest

Do

you

read

books?

Does

Peter

play

football?

Yes/No

Subject

Auxiliary (+ n't)

Yes,

I

do.

No,

I

don't.

Yes,

he

does.


Questions with question words in the Simple Present Question word What

When

Where

Auxiliary do

does

do

Subject you

your mother

you

Verb

Rest

Answer

play

on your computer?

I play games on my computer.

go

to work?

She goes to work at 6 o'clock.

meet

your friends?

I meet them at the bus stop.


structure of present simple Structure of present simple positive

negative

question

I work in a bank. You work in a bank. We work in a bank. They work in a bank.

I don't (do not) work. You don't (do not) work. We don't (do not) work. They don't (do not) work.

Do I work in a bank? Do you work in a bank? Do we work in a bank? Do they work in a bank?

He works in a bank. She works in a bank. The bank opens at 9 o'clock.

He doesn't (does not) work. She doesn't (does not) work. It doesn't (does not) open at 9 o'clock.

Does he work? Does she work? Does it open at 9 o'clock?


Grammar responses with too and either


We can also use 'I do too' and 'I don't either', which mean the same as 'so do I' and 'neither do I‘ Examples: John: I hate mushrooms. Me: I do too (=I also hate mushrooms). Lucy: I don't live in London. Me: I don't either (=I also don't live in London).


'me too' And 'me neither': • We can also use 'me too' and 'me neither'. 'Me too' has the same meaning as 'so + auxiliary verb + I' and 'me neither' has the same meaning as 'neither + auxiliary verb + I'. 'Me too' and 'me neither' are very informal: John: I hate mushrooms. Me: Me too (=I also hate mushrooms). Lucy: I don't live in London. Me: Me neither (=I also don't live in London).


VOCABULARY My favorite‌ Weekend activities

Tv shows

Foods

Clothes


Actually You can use Actually to give new or surprising information. You can also use Actually to “correct” things people say or think.


Unit 2 Interests


Grammar Verbs forms


verb

To + verb

Verb + ing

Preposition+verb+ing

I can play the piano

I love to swim

I love swimming

I’m good at drawing

I can’t play very well

I like to play pool

I like playing pool

I’m not interested in skiing

I can’t sing at all

I hate to work out

I hate working out

I prefer to watch TV

I prefer watching TV

I’d like to play jazz

I enjoy reading


Vocabulary rock music

clAssicAl music

hip-hop

JAzz

pop music

lAtin music


Grammar Everybody, Nobody I’m a singer. That’s me on the CD.

It’s a nice song. I like it.

everybody

You’re a musician? I’d like to her you.

We play in a band. Come listen to us.

everyone

She’s pretty good. I like her.

They're local guys. Do you like them?

nobody

He’s not a good singer. I don’t like him.

No one

Likes pop



English 3rd