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The Pot Noodle Golden Wonder brought the meal that can be eaten away from the table to Britain.

Marks and Spencer released the pre packed sandwich which revolutionised lunchtime meals forever. There were 25 varieties of filling by 1986.

Crossing Cultural Boarders

Pizza

People began to entertain at home, therefore foreign cuisine cooking became popular to impress guests.

Pizza Hut and Domino’s start home delivering pizzas, the perfect incarnation of 80s love for speed and choice.

1997

1987

A Complete, Pre-Made Meal Ready to Eat in 3 Minutes.

The PET plastic bottle was developed and then there was a huge revolution in food processing technology and the ultimate fast food was born. Families were now eating

1993

The Pre Packed Sandwich

Breakfast On-The-Go

The Microwave Meal

Breakfasts as a family around the table are replaced by breakfast foods that have been manufactured to be able to eat on-the-go.

The Continental Breakfast

Britain’s Favourite Drink

This foreign breakfast grew popular with the British public.

Child Obesity Had Doubled over the Decade.

Supermarkets Now Stocked Foods from All over the World.

Perfect for the mass variety of foreign food that the British public were eating, 70% of people were taking wine home and drinking regularly.

1998

Applied to all kinds of foods including crisps, artificial flavourings boomed onto the shelves in supermarkets.

Kitchens were opened up and filled with more cooking appliances than ever before and the kitchen became the place that families would spend most of their time.

1984

Artificial Flavour Boom

6% of Homes Had a Microwave

1981

1976

Cooking book for men, to impress women when they have the flu.

Due to health concerns, a counter culture of healthy foods began, afraid of a diet consisting a lot of convenience foods.

1978

60s Bedsit

Power cuts became a regular occurrence and families had no choice but to eat together around a candlelit dinner table, using camping stoves to cook food.

Pots & Pants

Counter Culture

1977

Compared to just 300 a decade earlier, and people were now enjoying international flavours when they ate out.

Miners Strikes

1974

1971

(Equivalent to £2 billion today)

1972

1967

1966 Millions tuned in to watch the culinary inspiration and first T.V celebrity chef.

Informal Eating Habits

½ of Britain

Owned a Freezer.

The amount of women going out to work rose from 35% in 1971 to almost 50% in 1972 as miners went on strike. Children and men could now prepare frozen meals and eat freely, adopting informal eating habits.

T.V Sets

Not only do T.V sets now have remotes, but 13% of households now have VCRs which they can use to record T.V programmes to watch when they want.

Today over 40% of us grab breakfast on the way to work.

Learning to Cook Again

The British public were encouraged to learn how to cook again as fear of processed/pre-prepared foods created fear of losing the skills we once relied on.

T.V demystified wine for the ambitious public. Between 1980 - 1987 Britain’s wine consumption rose by 50%.

Have a Microwave

Nouvelle Cuisine Movement

Revolutionising British fine dining, this cuisine emphasised its ingredients, delicate colours and flavours in beautifully presented, but tiny portions.

1996

The European sensation that was sweeping the nation and gave the British public customisable kitchens to fit unique specifications.

A 90s Kitchen

Jamie Oliver

Helping Britain rediscover the joys of home cooking.

Spending Outside The Home By the end of the 90s almost 30% of our spending on food and drink was outside the home.

Between 1990 2000 The Number of Vegetarians Doubled. Cooking Time

T.V Cooking

There was an explosion of food programmes on T.V and food quickly became a form of entertainment for people at home.

1999

1994

Aspirational Public

½ of Homes

Pre packed salads and ready-made sauces hit the shops.

IKEA

1992

1986

Popular at dinner parties for its sociability, the arrival of this Swiss dish allowed families and friends to participate together in an eating activity.

Ready-Made

1995

90% of Beer Was Consumed in Pubs, Compared to 50% Today.

3000 Indian Restaurants around Britain.

Aspiration to host dinner parties with well presented Nouvelle Cuisine. inspired food,

1991

70% of a teenager’s wage was disposable income, more than it ever has been before or since 1963. Wages were spent on music, fashion and going out.

Extensions on properties made room for a duel-purpose kitchen-diner space within the home that allowed families to spend more time together.

Delia Smith’s book ‘How to Cheat at Dinner’ taught housewives shortcuts of preparing meals. Revolutionary foods like ‘Smash’ mashed potatoes became quick shortcuts for cooking.

The Fondue Set

7% of Britain is Obese.

1985

New Youth Culture

On average, people were putting ½ kilo of sugar on their food a week.

1973

1965

1963

1955

1954

Package holidays kick-started Britain’s appetite for foreign cuisine.

Convenience foods allowed kids to cook for themselves.

Cooking To Impress

1988

The Rationing of Food is Over.

1 in 3 Households Now Had a Refrigerator

KitchenDiner Spaces

Cheating in The Kitchen

Cooking Kids

1979

Food Was Still Rationed.

Almost 600 tons were sold in the first year that the fish finger was on sale, changing British eating habits forever.

1959

Although most households didn’t own a fridge, 20% of homes found the money to purchase a T.V set.

As women were spending the majority of their time in the kitchen, families would often eat apart.

Sugar

1969

20% of Homes had a T.V Set

Eating Apart

Foreign Cuisine

1962

The Frozen Fish Finger Hit the Shelves

In this hit film, Michael Caine played spy and gourmet chef Harry Palmer. In Palmer’s hands, food was the ultimate tool of seduction, which helped to entice men into the kitchen.

The Viennetta Was Born.

1982

The Ipcress File

1958

Taught as part of every girl’s weekly education during the 1950s.

Many teenagers began to move into bedsits, sleeping, eating and cooking, all in one room.

1975

The Mixer

Appliances like the mixer were marketed to women with idealised images of the home.

1952

The National Food Survey (NFS) ran from 1940-2000 and was the longest running continuous survey of household food consumption and expenditure in the world.

Only 70 High Quality Restaurants Outside of London.

Labour saving devices meant that cooking was no longer a chore, but something for housewives to celebrate and take pride in.

Fanny Cradock

4000 Restaurants Nationwide

£165 Million Spent on Frozen Food

1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s House Craft

The National Food Survey

With more disposable income, and 1 in 3 households now owning a car, Britain’s dining out habits were changing.

½ million boxes of Vesta instant meals were sold by Sainsbury’s.

32 million people tuned in to watch England play Germany in the World Cup final on T.V.

1968

By 1953 only 5% of homes had invested in a fridge, that cost 11x the average weekly wage.

New Gadgets

Dining Out

Vesta Instant Meals

1964

1953

60% of Men Returned Home for Their Mid-Day Meal

70% of Married Women are Full-Time Housewives.

Bigger kitchens were now much easier to keep clean as plastic surfaces and utensils began to appear in kitchens across Britain.

England vs Germany

1989

86% of Households Were Now Wired for Electricity. 5% of Homes had a Fridge

The average wage had doubled since the start of the decade. People now had disposable income for the first time ever.

New Plastic Surfaces & Utensils

1961

Women in 1950s spent 75hrs a week on domestic chores, compared to just 18 hours a week today.

The Consumer Culture was Born.

1957

1956

75hrs Spent on Domestic Chores

1983

Economic, social and cultural changes that helped to shape the dining behaviours and attitudes of Britain.

1951

DINING THROUGH TIME

Average time to prepare and cook a meal in the 90s was 33 minutes, compared to 1 hour in the 80s and 100 minutes in 1960.

Appliances were now integrated into the interiors of kitchens and the room was fast becoming multifunctional spaces with sofas and dining tables.

Food can be a lens on a whole set of other aspects of social life. Food Historian Polly Russell


Having a nice table setting affects your enjoyment of the meal which can even affect how well you digest your food. Vases/ candle holders are examples of the sorts of things which aren’t functional but add atmosphere to the dining experience.

Meals that are eaten around the dining room table tend to be more organised and formal. As a result of this the food is presented in a more appetising way, with the use of appropriate tableware.

Standing Up Relax The main reason for not getting away from the TV screen when eating is because it is now ‘just habit’ and a part of the regular routine.

Sitting on the floor and eating helps you to concentrate on every aspect of the food, its smell, taste, texture and how much you are eating which is very important to the whole experience.

Applies Pressure to the Lower Spine Which Facilitates Relaxation

A very positive effect on the digestion of the food we eat.

Standing up can result in quicker consumption of food. When you sit down to eat, you’re more likely to eat slowly. It takes about 20 minutes for feelings of fullness to reach your brain, and slowing down will allow you to get that message.

20

Breathing slows down, and muscular tension releases This allows the mind to calm down

Cultural

62% of people surveyed rest the meal on their lap when eating a meal on the sofa.

Six out of ten meals consumed in British homes are eaten in front of the television.

On the Floor

When eating in front of the TV, one thing that is lost is the sense of occasion and ritual. Even the appreciation of food and flavours is lost.

The sofa is one of the dirtiest places in the house with 12x the amount of germs as a toilet. Even if food isn’t resting on the cushions directly, there is still a risk of picking germs up from idle hands.

Habits

The Sofa

MY INSIGHT

Method

Social

Seated

Lighting The Table

90°

30% of people surveyed only use their dining room table ‘once in a while’

Setting

Posture

The ideal sitting position for eating requires the hips, knees and feet to be at 90° with weight evenly distributed.

Conversations during the meal provide opportunities for the family to bond, plan, connect, and learn from one another. It can help ease day-to-day conflicts, as well as establish traditions and memories that can last a lifetime.

Research has revealed that millions of families have all but abandoned the dining table and now retire to the sofa to enjoy their meal.

Television

Align your ear, shoulders and hips while eating and bring your food up to your mouth. This will encourage better control of head, neck and muscles in the tongue, jaw and mouth.

Studies have shown that we feel more alert in brighter rooms and tend to make more healthful, forward-thinking decisions. However eating food in a dimly lit environment can increases the enjoyment of the food and lead to eating in a slower pace.

Germs

DINING WITHIN THE HOME

Sitting on the floor while eating is an ancient culture of many Asian countries like India, Japan and China. This very simple ancient practice of sitting on the floor while eating is done with a unique asana (yoga posture of our body) which has many health benefits.

Exploration Exhibition Jan 2018  

Exhibition material for the final major project exploration January 2018.

Exploration Exhibition Jan 2018  

Exhibition material for the final major project exploration January 2018.

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