The Pot Noodle Golden Wonder brought the meal that can be eaten away from the table to Britain.
Marks and Spencer released the pre packed sandwich which revolutionised lunchtime meals forever. There were 25 varieties of filling by 1986.
Crossing Cultural Boarders
People began to entertain at home, therefore foreign cuisine cooking became popular to impress guests.
Pizza Hut and Domino’s start home delivering pizzas, the perfect incarnation of 80s love for speed and choice.
A Complete, Pre-Made Meal Ready to Eat in 3 Minutes.
The PET plastic bottle was developed and then there was a huge revolution in food processing technology and the ultimate fast food was born. Families were now eating
The Pre Packed Sandwich
The Microwave Meal
Breakfasts as a family around the table are replaced by breakfast foods that have been manufactured to be able to eat on-the-go.
The Continental Breakfast
Britain’s Favourite Drink
This foreign breakfast grew popular with the British public.
Child Obesity Had Doubled over the Decade.
Supermarkets Now Stocked Foods from All over the World.
Perfect for the mass variety of foreign food that the British public were eating, 70% of people were taking wine home and drinking regularly.
Applied to all kinds of foods including crisps, artificial flavourings boomed onto the shelves in supermarkets.
Kitchens were opened up and filled with more cooking appliances than ever before and the kitchen became the place that families would spend most of their time.
Artificial Flavour Boom
6% of Homes Had a Microwave
Cooking book for men, to impress women when they have the flu.
Due to health concerns, a counter culture of healthy foods began, afraid of a diet consisting a lot of convenience foods.
Power cuts became a regular occurrence and families had no choice but to eat together around a candlelit dinner table, using camping stoves to cook food.
Pots & Pants
Compared to just 300 a decade earlier, and people were now enjoying international flavours when they ate out.
(Equivalent to £2 billion today)
1966 Millions tuned in to watch the culinary inspiration and first T.V celebrity chef.
Informal Eating Habits
½ of Britain
Owned a Freezer.
The amount of women going out to work rose from 35% in 1971 to almost 50% in 1972 as miners went on strike. Children and men could now prepare frozen meals and eat freely, adopting informal eating habits.
Not only do T.V sets now have remotes, but 13% of households now have VCRs which they can use to record T.V programmes to watch when they want.
Today over 40% of us grab breakfast on the way to work.
Learning to Cook Again
The British public were encouraged to learn how to cook again as fear of processed/pre-prepared foods created fear of losing the skills we once relied on.
T.V demystified wine for the ambitious public. Between 1980 - 1987 Britain’s wine consumption rose by 50%.
Have a Microwave
Nouvelle Cuisine Movement
Revolutionising British fine dining, this cuisine emphasised its ingredients, delicate colours and flavours in beautifully presented, but tiny portions.
The European sensation that was sweeping the nation and gave the British public customisable kitchens to fit unique specifications.
A 90s Kitchen
Helping Britain rediscover the joys of home cooking.
Spending Outside The Home By the end of the 90s almost 30% of our spending on food and drink was outside the home.
Between 1990 2000 The Number of Vegetarians Doubled. Cooking Time
There was an explosion of food programmes on T.V and food quickly became a form of entertainment for people at home.
½ of Homes
Pre packed salads and ready-made sauces hit the shops.
Popular at dinner parties for its sociability, the arrival of this Swiss dish allowed families and friends to participate together in an eating activity.
90% of Beer Was Consumed in Pubs, Compared to 50% Today.
3000 Indian Restaurants around Britain.
Aspiration to host dinner parties with well presented Nouvelle Cuisine. inspired food,
70% of a teenager’s wage was disposable income, more than it ever has been before or since 1963. Wages were spent on music, fashion and going out.
Extensions on properties made room for a duel-purpose kitchen-diner space within the home that allowed families to spend more time together.
Delia Smith’s book ‘How to Cheat at Dinner’ taught housewives shortcuts of preparing meals. Revolutionary foods like ‘Smash’ mashed potatoes became quick shortcuts for cooking.
The Fondue Set
7% of Britain is Obese.
New Youth Culture
On average, people were putting ½ kilo of sugar on their food a week.
Package holidays kick-started Britain’s appetite for foreign cuisine.
Convenience foods allowed kids to cook for themselves.
Cooking To Impress
The Rationing of Food is Over.
1 in 3 Households Now Had a Refrigerator
Cheating in The Kitchen
Food Was Still Rationed.
Almost 600 tons were sold in the first year that the fish finger was on sale, changing British eating habits forever.
Although most households didn’t own a fridge, 20% of homes found the money to purchase a T.V set.
As women were spending the majority of their time in the kitchen, families would often eat apart.
20% of Homes had a T.V Set
The Frozen Fish Finger Hit the Shelves
In this hit film, Michael Caine played spy and gourmet chef Harry Palmer. In Palmer’s hands, food was the ultimate tool of seduction, which helped to entice men into the kitchen.
The Viennetta Was Born.
The Ipcress File
Taught as part of every girl’s weekly education during the 1950s.
Many teenagers began to move into bedsits, sleeping, eating and cooking, all in one room.
Appliances like the mixer were marketed to women with idealised images of the home.
The National Food Survey (NFS) ran from 1940-2000 and was the longest running continuous survey of household food consumption and expenditure in the world.
Only 70 High Quality Restaurants Outside of London.
Labour saving devices meant that cooking was no longer a chore, but something for housewives to celebrate and take pride in.
4000 Restaurants Nationwide
£165 Million Spent on Frozen Food
1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s House Craft
The National Food Survey
With more disposable income, and 1 in 3 households now owning a car, Britain’s dining out habits were changing.
½ million boxes of Vesta instant meals were sold by Sainsbury’s.
32 million people tuned in to watch England play Germany in the World Cup final on T.V.
By 1953 only 5% of homes had invested in a fridge, that cost 11x the average weekly wage.
Vesta Instant Meals
60% of Men Returned Home for Their Mid-Day Meal
70% of Married Women are Full-Time Housewives.
Bigger kitchens were now much easier to keep clean as plastic surfaces and utensils began to appear in kitchens across Britain.
England vs Germany
86% of Households Were Now Wired for Electricity. 5% of Homes had a Fridge
The average wage had doubled since the start of the decade. People now had disposable income for the first time ever.
New Plastic Surfaces & Utensils
Women in 1950s spent 75hrs a week on domestic chores, compared to just 18 hours a week today.
The Consumer Culture was Born.
75hrs Spent on Domestic Chores
Economic, social and cultural changes that helped to shape the dining behaviours and attitudes of Britain.
DINING THROUGH TIME
Average time to prepare and cook a meal in the 90s was 33 minutes, compared to 1 hour in the 80s and 100 minutes in 1960.
Appliances were now integrated into the interiors of kitchens and the room was fast becoming multifunctional spaces with sofas and dining tables.
Food can be a lens on a whole set of other aspects of social life. Food Historian Polly Russell
Having a nice table setting affects your enjoyment of the meal which can even affect how well you digest your food. Vases/ candle holders are examples of the sorts of things which aren’t functional but add atmosphere to the dining experience.
Meals that are eaten around the dining room table tend to be more organised and formal. As a result of this the food is presented in a more appetising way, with the use of appropriate tableware.
Standing Up Relax The main reason for not getting away from the TV screen when eating is because it is now ‘just habit’ and a part of the regular routine.
Sitting on the floor and eating helps you to concentrate on every aspect of the food, its smell, taste, texture and how much you are eating which is very important to the whole experience.
Applies Pressure to the Lower Spine Which Facilitates Relaxation
A very positive effect on the digestion of the food we eat.
Standing up can result in quicker consumption of food. When you sit down to eat, you’re more likely to eat slowly. It takes about 20 minutes for feelings of fullness to reach your brain, and slowing down will allow you to get that message.
Breathing slows down, and muscular tension releases This allows the mind to calm down
62% of people surveyed rest the meal on their lap when eating a meal on the sofa.
Six out of ten meals consumed in British homes are eaten in front of the television.
On the Floor
When eating in front of the TV, one thing that is lost is the sense of occasion and ritual. Even the appreciation of food and flavours is lost.
The sofa is one of the dirtiest places in the house with 12x the amount of germs as a toilet. Even if food isn’t resting on the cushions directly, there is still a risk of picking germs up from idle hands.
Lighting The Table
30% of people surveyed only use their dining room table ‘once in a while’
The ideal sitting position for eating requires the hips, knees and feet to be at 90° with weight evenly distributed.
Conversations during the meal provide opportunities for the family to bond, plan, connect, and learn from one another. It can help ease day-to-day conflicts, as well as establish traditions and memories that can last a lifetime.
Research has revealed that millions of families have all but abandoned the dining table and now retire to the sofa to enjoy their meal.
Align your ear, shoulders and hips while eating and bring your food up to your mouth. This will encourage better control of head, neck and muscles in the tongue, jaw and mouth.
Studies have shown that we feel more alert in brighter rooms and tend to make more healthful, forward-thinking decisions. However eating food in a dimly lit environment can increases the enjoyment of the food and lead to eating in a slower pace.
DINING WITHIN THE HOME
Sitting on the floor while eating is an ancient culture of many Asian countries like India, Japan and China. This very simple ancient practice of sitting on the floor while eating is done with a unique asana (yoga posture of our body) which has many health benefits.
Exhibition material for the final major project exploration January 2018.