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Service & Wellbeing | Neglecting Animals, Neglecting Community | Two-Way Natural Remedy

Fall 2011

— Theodore Roosevelt


Service & Wellbeing Neglecting Animals, Neglecting Community Two-Way Natural Remedy


Editor’s Message


Movie Overview – Water for Elephants


Everyday Deed – Autumn


Be Inspired – Theodore Roosevelt


Contributors & Sources


For the theme of this issue of MIAD Bridge, I was inspired by a Theodore Roosevelt quote, “Keep your eyes on the stars and your feet on the ground.” I believe that it is important to work as hard as one can to reach for one’s goals and not let anything get in the way. But in the midst of accomplishing all one has set one’s heart to, we have to remember that taking care of the people and things around us, affects us directly. Helping others is gratifying and positively affects one’s wellbeing. After reading the articles I have chosen for you to explore in this issue, I hope you, too, realize the humbling importance of helping others. You might find a weight lifted off your shoulders or a heavy heart made light.

Jessica L. Schetter



Director - Francis Lawrence Novel writer - Sara Gruen Screenplay writer -Richard La Gravenese

Article Written By J E S S I C A S C H E T T E R After Jacob Jankowski, a twenty-three year old Polish American, receives the devastating news that his parents were killed in a car accident, he breaks down and leaves his Cornell veterinary education behind just short of graduation. Jacob jumps a train in the dark of night, only to learn he jumped a circus train belonging to the Benzini Brothers. When August, the owner and head trainer of the circus, learns Jacob was a veterinary student from Cornell, he hires him to take care of the circus animals. Jacob soon finds out that August, is abusive to the animals and also his wife, Maralena. August purchases an elephant, Rosie, in hopes of bringing in larger crowds to see his show. August assigns Jacob to help his wife Maralena train the elephant to do tricks. Jacob learns that Rosie follows commands said in the Polish language. As the story climaxes, August’s abuse drives Maralena away. Jacob and Maralena bond over training the elephant and fall in love with one another. August learns of their side-line romance and his rage eventually drives him to his death, leaving Maralena and Jacob to live their lives together away from the circus.

Article Written By J E S S I C A S C H E T T E R


n 2007, Chhouk, an orphaned and endangered baby Asian

become secure, his long term care was now a concern. Without

posed certain death for a young elephant alone in the forest. The

SeaWorld & Busch Gardens Conservation Fund combined with

elephant who lost his leg due to a poacher’s trap, was found

wandering the forests of Cambodia. The severity of infection

Cambodian government requested the assistance of Wildlife Alliance and wildlife rescue and care director Nick Marx, who

made the incredible journey and stayed alongside Chhouk for more than a week while his immediate injuries were tended to.

After Chhouk had been stabilized, the elephant was transported by truck on a treacherous 26-hour journey to Phnom Tamao Wildlife Rescue Center. Chhouk was malnourished and his stump was badly infected resulting in a removal of nearly 5 inches of

infected tissue and bone. Though his immediate survival had

a foot, Chhouk was suffering severe balance issues causing

strain on his hips and back. With funding assistance from

technical support from the Cambodian School of Prosthetics and Orthotics, Chhouk was fitted with his first prosthetic foot

in 2009. Until Chhouk matures into adolescence, he requires new prosthetics to fit his growing frame and replace those lost to wear and tear. Because of his injuries, Chhouk will never be a candidate for release into the forest, however, he serves as a

messenger to the world about the need to save Asia’s wildlife and forests. (Huffington Post/Wildlife Alliance)

Article Written By I S A B E L K E N T Edited By J E S S I C A S C H E T T E R




ife is not simply lived for one’s

terms, however, the word’s use has a

own inertia, but is also subject to force

that is, without pay or reciprocation, at

self. One is always aiming for

something, propelled by one’s

exerted from the outside. From another perspective, one may ask, are these two

apparently disparate forces actually one and the same? In this sense, one’s entire life is comprised of service. One

may do something to achieve one’s own ends, but it could also be of help to others. Or, helping others may in the end

lead to a greater sense of wellbeing in one’s self.

Put more simply, service involves helping

people, or acting to benefit something other than only one’s self. This is crucial

to life because we are not autonomous beings, but rather are connected to

everything around us. And if our surroundings are in an ill state, it affects

us, and the cycle continues. Specifically, there are those who can truely not

support themselves, therefore service

to them is crucial to life. Karma ­­— what goes around will come around. Also, having both emotional and engaging

relationships with others is crucial to human happiness.

The description I have given of service does not differ significantly from those I’ve come across elsewhere, including

those of the individuals I’ve interviewed.

Each stated that essentially, service is

another word for helping, or that its result is the betterment of something else. If interpreted in more conventional

broad and more specific connotation. One who volunteers time and effort,

an organization, is a familiar example. According to this definition, and even so,

just barely making it in, the only service in which I have participated has involved playing my violin at fairs, festivals,

and organizations. People listened to the music I produced and most likely derived pleasure from it, which I think is enough. But at the end of the day, these events did not deal with what

are considered society’s most pressing, life-or-death issues.

Turning it around, service I have received

from others, on a broad scale, could include areas such as medical aid. This,

however, is a service-based job, and therefore the providers of service are

receiving pay. By some standards, this

fact would exclude such situations from falling under the category of service. But

I would say that if it is done well, and if

the individual providing the aid cares

about what he or she is doing, it should still be considered. It might also be said that holding open a door for someone is a sort of service. But on the other hand, what is the difference between this

and being a “good Samaritan?” It really depends upon how the term is being used, but ultimately I think it is safe to

say that when it comes down to it, any act that is meant to be of help can be considered a service.

Milwaukee Institute of Art and Design | Bridge | Fall 2011


The service I have given, then, can

She defined service as a deed that

I have held doors open for people,

that is positive. To her, it is important

only really be described as such within

the latter classification of the term. among other small acts of kindness. I

also have played music for people, which is equally as satisfying, but perhaps

in a different way. One circumstance I clearly remember as being particularly

meaningful was when I performed with a pianist at Joyce Parker Studio Productions in Bay View my sophomore year of high school. I was nervous, but after practicing a few times I fell into

the mode of just playing the music. The theater was very small and old, and the

crowd was almost entirely comprised of the elderly. When everything was silent in the dark beyond the stage, I began my performance of Nocturne by Aram

Katchaturian. The listeners were pleased. Afterward, little old couples came up to me and told me how lovely they thought it was. And I can honestly say it made me

feel good too. I connected with others

via music, and bridged the gap between generations. I would like to think that I felt

what they felt. I interviewed two other on their thoughts about service. The first was my mother, Christabel Kent, and as always,

she had some very wise things to say.


involves helping, that is a means toward betterment, and that has an end result because it is a means to learn “how the other half lives.” It can potentially

make one more appreciative of what

one already possesses, and amplify empathy. But she also states that

these are lessons one really should know without having to be involved

in conventional “volunteering/service.”

They are values that should be taught

from childhood onward, and moreover, are essentially common sense.

My mother does not proclaim to have

served others through volunteer service, but her job is service-based and she helps others through small courtesies daily.

She works as a medical technician, which involves testing patient samples in order to determine a diagnosis. Outside of work,

a recent instance occurred during which she drove two little boys and their father

from their stalled truck on the Hoan

Bridge to a gas station. It really made her happy, in the truest sense of the word, not because these people had to go through

with such an unpleasant circumstance,

but that she was able to help others in a

time of trouble. She saw that they were

“the act or event of doing something to

personal boost to know that she had done

both interviewees, service is essentially

struggling and it made her feel good to relieve them of that, and it also gave her a something good.

In terms of how she has been helped,

on the other hand, she was unable to produce any other example than when she was pregnant and hospitalized and was brought some “awful chicken casserole” by a coworker. But despite some less than pleasing episodes, my mother does believe that service can

encourage understanding, appreciation, and empathy. It is reciprocal – you give, and others give to you. And in the end,

help somebody else.” Immediately, a

commonality can be seen. According to an act of helping. The next response, however, is quite a bit different, but also

very interesting. When asked how or why

service may be important, Tristan replied that theoretically, it is not important at all. His argument was that each human

could potentially be self-supporting. He“WE even referenced medieval society, FEEL BETTER JUST BEING

AROUND OTHER PEOPLE during which most people were quite AND WE REQUIRE CLOSER,

isolated did not FOR usually rely on CARINGand RELATIONSHIPS OUR OWN WELLBEING”

others to aid them in survival. Tristan

it just makes you feel better. Following

this, I thought it would be interesting to see the viewpoint of someone of a different generation. I ended up have

a discussion with my fifteen-year-old

brother, Tristan Kent, who proved to be a good candidate, as he provided the

outlook of an individual in the midst of growing and learning in today’s society.

acknowledged that in the contemporary

but there was also still and underlying

larger expanses of time and space,

There were definitely many differences between his responses and my mother’s, sameness. Tristan defined service as,

world this just doesn’t happen. Humans

are arguably more connected, over than they ever have been. Nonetheless,

Milwaukee Institute of Art and Design | Bridge | Fall 2011


looking at from a broad perspective,

at various other venues. When asked

such a way that did not require much

umms and uhhs, he replied, “a teacher

what he is saying does make some sense.

A human could live out his or her life in interjection by others in terms of aid.

What this does not mean, however, is living one’s life entirely alone. Beyond

the fact that there truly are some who are in such a poor state that they cannot survive without significant aid, living

all alone may not be possible at all because we are inherently social. It is

arguable that humans need some form of interaction to survive. But obviously

Tristan has posited an extreme scenario, and there is no need to get into the philosophical underpinnings of this issue at the moment. It will suffice enough

to say that need of humans for other

humans has significant implications for

the role of “service,” or helping others, in our lives.

After this heavy conversation, I asked

Tristan to give some examples of when he had served others. Among his many responses were that he rinsed the orange

juice residue from his cups so that his parents would have scrub slightly less

when doing the dishes, and that he went to school everyday so that others could enjoy his presence. Besides these,

however, he also mentioned his position

as a bassist in both his school orchestra and jazz band, participating in various non-profit concerts, at the school and


when others have served him, Tristan

was a little more tentative. After some has taught me.” Whether meant to be sarcastic or not, I thought this was a

good answer. Teaching can definitely be classified as service because it involves

giving to others in a way that is to

benefit their lives. Teachers, including individuals such as parents, friends,

and any who somehow catalyze another to learn, have an incredibly important

role. They are responsible for passing on knowledge. Who knows where we would be without that.

In the end, Tristan’s thoughts on the

impact of service on health and wellbeing

were nearly identical to his mother’s. Whether or not this is simply a result

of her teaching I do not know, but I am inclined to believe that it is a combination

of things. Tristan most likely learned values that his mother passed on to him,

but, especially at this rebellious stage

in his life, these were also probably synthesized with beliefs he had derived from his own experience outside of the home. Both mother and son agreed that

“service,” as defined as helping others or acting to benefit something outside of one’s self, also provides a reciprocating

boost to the giver. I think it all comes down to empathy, and I also think we all really are aware of this. Current


research suggests that this impulse

just being around other people and we

for example, which are believed to

Altruism in particular has been shown

is innately human. Within our brains are structures called mirror neurons, be






immediately understand what another is

experiencing (Society for Neuroscience). Brain scans have shown that some of the

same areas of the brain light up when

one is experiencing an emotion as when one is viewing the facial expression of another who is feeling that same emotion (Society for Neuroscience). The fact that

we possess such abilities at all insinuates that empathy is somehow essential for human survival, and in fact, it has

been found that human connection is a

fundamental necessity. We feel better

require closer, caring relationships for our own wellbeing (This Emotional Life). to establish closer relationships and a

greater sense of community. Giving to others involves positive emotions like generosity, compassion, and gratitude,

all of which actually increase happiness. Even so, we do not need science to tell us this. We can just look around us, and within ourselves. Each human is

distinct, but is also dependent upon the

whole. If what surrounds us is in a poor state, we will be too. We truly know that being of help to something beyond ourselves is inherently good, because we also feel it.

Milwaukee Institute of Art and Design | Bridge | Fall 2011


Article Written By E R I N W E A V E R Illustrations By B R I T T A N Y L O N G



et me introduce the service course

entering the strange and surprisingly

‘volunteer-ism’. It all begins with the class

After sorting through various contact

and the terms in which I have come to find myself in the field of

Hs380cSU11, as it is formally known as

Service Learning: Building Community,

which I am taking at MIAD, the Milwaukee

Institute of Art and Design. Having taken this course once prior to taking this one, and consequently failing it for not

being able to acquire “enough” volunteer hours, I was not enthusiastic to say the

least. The very idea of forcing people to volunteer seemed quite contrary to me,

let alone needing to acquire 35 hours to receive an “A” in the course. If you are

rewarding world of the volunteer, do not be frightened. It is not as bad as you think.

lists, phone numbers, e-mail addresses, faxes and application forms, you are

ready to dedicate your precious time to help others who you may or may not know for no profit whatsoever.

From volunteering at Happy Endings I

have learned several things about the hard work and dedication it takes to run a nonprofit organization, especially an animal shelter. I have also learned a few things

about myself. Originally, I was skeptical

Milwaukee Institute of Art and Design | Bridge | Fall 2011


about the work and my initial thoughts

that is a Swiffer style steam cleaner. By

then call it a day. This was far from the

drained. But I also leave with a wonderful

were that I would clean a little here and there, mostly just play with the cats, and

reality of the work at hand. Volunteering is hard work. Every Thursday, I start the day by taking a Benadryl, for the irony

in all of this is that I am allergic to cats.

So, while I clean, I have to battle the uncomfortable nature of my allergies as well as the crippling drowsiness that

comes with taking Benadryl. Every cage

has to be cleaned. This is a task that

includes taking out and cleaning all of the bedding and mats, dumping the water, taking out the litter box and cleaning it,

removing old and dirty toys, wiping down the empty cage with cleaning solution, and then finally putting everything back.

After that is finished, there is laundry and dishes to be done. After that, the entire shelter needs to be systematically swept, trash taken out, and “sharked,”


the time I clock out after about four or five hours I am physically and mentally feeling of accomplishment, something that is helping others and I did it without making a profit.

Even though the work is mandatory in order for me to graduate MIAD, and this is the second time I have taken the

course, somehow I can push my bitter

feelings of “this isn’t fair” aside and feel

good at the end of the day. It is especially rewarding for me to see the cats and kittens that have since been adopted while I volunteer there. Knowing that they have a home and they are being

loved and bringing love to a family is a really satisfying feeling. All adult cats are

spayed or neutered before being adopted. Happy Endings places an average of 200 cats per year. The process of adopting

is more detailed and difficult for Happy

is that feeding two is expensive enough.

aren’t put into shelters again. All potential

keep the animals fed and the building






because they want to make sure the cats adopters fill out an application and go

through an interview process. Adoption facilitators




through the shelter and help them find

a feline friend that will touch their

heart and fill an empty space in their home and life. Many of the cats are strays

or have been mistreated during their

lives. Some are quite shy and considered “un-adoptable� by other shelters. At Happy Endings, volunteers work with

these cats daily to build a trust in people

and offer a secure environment until they are ready to be adopted. Something that I find difficult is seeing a loving cat get left behind day after day and never get

adopted. Everyday I wish I could take one of them home, to give them a taste of a

happy normal life outside of their small wired cages. Cats who are not adopted

are either fostered by our volunteers or become residents at Happy Endings until

the right home comes along. Adopters sometimes




special needs (handicapped, physical imperfection or behavioral problems);

This is why fund-raisers and donations

are so important for Happy Endings; to

running. Every month, the cats eat over 300 pounds of dry food, 300 cans of

canned food & 120 pounds of special diet

food. Also, every month over 750 pounds of litter is used. This is an astronomical amount of food and litter.

Shelters are vital institutions for both animals





together, teaching hope and compassion in a time of, what seems to be, unending hopelessness. Animals are a reflection

of humanity and how we treat them is

directly related to how we treat each other. My volunteer work, though hard

and sometimes emotional, is invaluable to me and I would not take back a moment that I was able to help the cats and the

people involved. I hope that one day, the

pet population is curbed and that we will no longer need shelters, but until that

day comes the shelters are the ones in

need of extra hands to care for them and keep them running.

Happy Endings will always offer these

cats a loving home. Another issue, which I experience first hand living with two cats,

Milwaukee Institute of Art and Design | Bridge | Fall 2011

XI 12


We are all aware of how busy everyone’s daily lives are. Adding a committed volunteer position to your busy schedule doesn’t always seem like the most flexible thing to do. But there are little things you can do that can change someone’s life in the grandest way. That is why every season, we highlight different deeds you can do for people around you that will make you feel great about yourself, and above all, change the life of someone else for the better.

Rake Leaves for your neighbor.

Bake Pumpkin Pies for the local food pantry.

Clean Gutters for an elderly neighbor.


to walk the neighbor’s dog.


an old coat to the local shelter.


Article Written By J U L I A K O Z E R S K I Edited By J E S S I C A S C H E T T E R

Mother Nature always has a way of working her magic.

A student talks about her experience volunteering at Schlitz Audubon Nature Center and how her experience with nature helped her get through a tough time in her life. Photographs Taken By J E S S I C A S C H E T T E R


y placement for my semester

the Land Manager and Assistant Land

invasive species of plants and working

Audubon Nature Center. To date, I have

a wide variety of tasks. The majority of

a few occasions I had the privilege of

of Service Learning volunteer work was with the Schlitz

completed a total of 41.5 service hours. For the entirety of the experience, I

reported to the Volunteer coordinator,

Laurie Haig and, then, when my services

were required for more specialized tasks, I would report to others such as Matt

Smith and Phyllis McKenzie who are

Steward respectively. Throughout the

semester-long experience, I performed my volunteer-ism was spent attending

to the needs of the Land Stewardship department. As a Land Steward, I took part in many unique assignments such

as “cleaning� and preparing plant seeds for future use as well as spending time in

the great outdoors physically removing

towards promoting the continued health

and prosperity of native trees. Also, on volunteering my time alongside the strong

community of individuals and families

who utilize all that the Schlitz Audubon Nature Center has to offer.

The Schlitz Audubon Nature Center (SANC) is a 185-acre stretch of untouched

land along the shore of Lake Michigan.

never know when you’ll come across

(Schlitz Audubon Nature Center) The

beach, and enjoy the spectacular view

children per year and has one of the only

with nature and inspiring them to

Escape from the world of concrete to hike six miles of trails, walk along the

from their sixty-foot observation tower. Attend programs and workshops, see

nature exhibits, meet their resident

raptors(eagles, owls, and more!), or

go hiking, snowshoeing, cross-country skiing, or geocaching. Remember to bring your binoculars because you

SANC’s resident wildlife! SANC teaches

environmental education to over 35,000 nature preschools in the country. Schlitz

Audubon also has a LEED (Leadership

in Energy and Environmental Design) award green building with beautiful indoor





green weddings, green meetings & retreats, and other special occasions”

Schlitz Audubon Nature Center fulfills it’s





become responsible stewards of the natural world” by connecting with the community and offering low and no cost

opportunities. Such opportunities are not only entertaining but also promote active participation in and education in

all aspects of the natural world. By their

Milwaukee Institute of Art and Design | Bridge | Fall 2011


Trail lined with fallen leaves on an autumn day at Schlitz Audubon Nature Center.

offerings of activities and education for pre-school students through high

school aged students, as well as their opportunities geared towards parent and adult involvement, it is clear that the

SANC intends to foster such ideals from a very early age in hopes that individuals

will continue to grow and build upon

their dedication and engagement in the promotion of positive environmental as well as natural practices throughout their lifetimes.

The problems that the Schlitz Audubon

Nature Center tries to solve are ignorance

and miseducation; which are solved through active participation and proper

education lead by individuals who have not only received training in various fields of science and of natural history,

but have also dedicated their lives to the

positive practices they share with others. Physically, the Center works tirelessly to

maintain and, in some cases, improve the

land which belongs to them. They create plans for future planting and cultivation

of species of plants while always keeping in mind the current growth and animal

inhabitants. There is an active interest

in promoting the natural heritage of

the Wisconsin landscape as well as the determination to eradicate non-native species. All of these facets are executed

while also keeping abreast of current

decision to immerse themselves within

enroll your children in the preschool,

and proactive against concerns (such as

has been/is extremely successful in

context of this Service Learning course,)

technologies, trends, and environmental standards as well as remaining vigilant

the Emerald Ash Borer) which threaten the local landscape.

After having spent a good amount of time

with both volunteers and employees of the Schlitz Audubon Nature Center,

working out in “the field” as well as working “behind the scenes,” I feel like I have a solid grasp as to the relationship

between the Center’s stated intentions

and the reality of what the Center realistically accomplishes. Fortunately,

by adopting a well-rounded approach to the tasks at hand and by their conscious

a community of like-minded individuals,

the Schlitz Audubon Nature Center

fulfilling their mission. Unfortunately, while





made, the SANC, as with most other non-profit organizations, faces some barriers built upon the roots of financial

hardship. On the bright side, because of the wide-spread understanding,positive associations, and excellent reputation

of the SANC, financially-based struggles

seem to be lessening somewhat. It is encouraging to know that participating

in the causes put forth by the Audubon Center does not have to be daunting.

Whether you donate your spare change,

take a trail tour, attend a workshop, or volunteer your time (as I did within the every action, no matter how small, is

greatly appreciated and put towards the fulfillment of the Schlitz Audubon Nature Center’s mission. My






frustrating/challenging moments in my

service at the Schlitz Audubon Nature

Center occurred on the same day. Midway through my volunteer-ism, a small

group of us had gathered early one Saturday morning and made the decision

to tackle one of the biggest and most

daunting chores around the property:

Milwaukee Institute of Art and Design | Bridge | Fall 2011


that when the five of us in the group outstretched our hands around tree’s

trunk, our hands did not touch. This

was the largest Buckthorn plant any of us had ever encountered. Excitedly we took turns photographing one another, and the group as a whole, standing in

front of the epic beast. After the high of

our discovery wore off, we realized that

this tree, having been producing berries which contain seeds, has been one cause

for the continued growth and spread of this invasive species.

After an hour or so of discussion and planning, Matt and our group were hellbent





down of the giant Buckthorn tree we

One of many beautiful trails at the nature center.

had discovered. Armed with a safety

gear, ropes, and a chain saw our group

of volunteers toppled our enormous adversary. Once the coast was clear

we applied herbicide to the exposed wood and then collectively joined in a private celebration. We reveled in the

accomplishment of, not only removing the tree from the landscape, but also in the fact that because we had done so, we had deterred and prevented further growth of this invasive species in this area of the

property. For all of us in the group, this cutting down Buckthorn. Although, for

by it’s visual characteristics, using a

thickness of a pencil,) the species of tree

exposed wood in hopes of preventing

the most part, the trees are small in size (most of them no thicker then the

is extremely invasive and had literally taken over a good portion of the local

landscape. On this particular frigid day the group decided to trudge through the

knee-high snow and ice to the densely wooded property behind the Land Manager’s house. We began our cutting as

we had so many times before. The day’s work seemed just as ordinary as any

other; determining each tree’s species


saw or clipper to cut the Buckthorn, and then applying an herbicide to the further spreading and gemination of the

plant. About half-way through the day our group heard Matt Smith, the Land

Manager at the SANC loudly exclaim the

words “Oh my gosh!” We ran over to him

to find him in perfect health, although maybe in some state of shock, standing

in front of a humongous Buckthorn tree. Quite literally the tree was so tall that

we could barely see the top and so wide

day would go down in the record books. We had really made a difference! (Plus

we had a great story to tell our friends and our future generations; the story of how we defeated a giant Buckthorn.) In

juxtaposition to the empowerment I felt that morning came an overwhelming

feeling of frustration and hopelessness.

During the celebration following the Buckthorn’s fall, we took turns counting

the tree’s rings. In the end, we come to the general condenses that this particular plant was over 60 years old. While

knowing the tree’s age may not seem frightening to many, our group knew the

significance. That day was the first time

any of us had ever seen or heard of the tree. For at least 60 years that particular

tree had been growing taller and taller

and, with each passing year, had been spreading the seeds and sprouting new

Buckthorn plants. It’s not that the terrain or that the task of Buckthorn removal had been neglected, it was the fact that the

Nature Center sprawls an impressive 185 acres and that it is nearly impossible, given

limited funds, to be fully eradicate and completely prevent this non-native plant from the property.

So there we were, Matt, myself, and four





excitement over a victory for the Schlitz

Audubon Nature Center but likewise

filled with the acknowledgement that their may be other plants, possibly bigger, taller, older Buckthorn trees

growing (not to mention the hundreds of thousands of smaller Buckthorn plants in various stages of growth and

reproduction) around the property. With

that acknowledgement, we gave each other one last high-five and returned

to the task at hand; the never ending Buckthorn




Throughout my placement at the Schlitz Audubon Nature Center, I witnessed

a lot of positivity and optimism. I feel

that the organization as a whole has a fantastic grasp on their mission and

has implemented realistic goals and sensible plans of action to reach those goals. Because I worked mainly in the “front of the house� as a land steward,

and not very much behind the scenes in the areas of marketing and finances, I can only suggest changes related to

my current knowledge. With the stated plans for the land which include the removal of specific species, the planting

of new species, the general maintenance and upkeep of the property, as well as the specific attention to being proactive

Lookout tower at Schlitz Audubon Nature Center.

Milwaukee Institute of Art and Design | Bridge | Fall 2011


against the Emerald Ash Borer, it is clear

My first suggestion is quite general. The

was a bit of lag between our meet-up time

the Center’s mission against the fact

in Milwaukee all of my life and have

land stewards are mainly made up of

that the Land Stewards at the SANC have a lot of responsibility. Weighing that they only employ one paid Land

Manager and one paid Assistant Land

Steward, it can be daunting to think of

the amount of work that each of these individuals will have to accomplish (and

the time it would take to make any real

progress; seeing as they must tend to nearly 150 acres of land.) Obviously it

is unreasonable to assume that these two individuals would/should be held accountable for all of the tasks at hand.

The Nature Center’s well-being literally

depends on people like me; volunteers. Like I stated before, I believe that the SANC is doing a fantastic job given

their financial restraints. But, with the analysis of my experience both on the

inside and the outside of the Center,

I would like to offer recommendations to

the nature center for improving efficiency towards furthering their mission as well as streamlining their current workloads.


Schlitz Audubon Nature Center needs more advertising. I have literally lived been fairly active within the community

however, I had never heard of the SANC before seeking placement for this class (at age 26!) The Nature Center is such

an asset to our community and our

state as a whole. We need to spread the

and the actual time in which we began

our physical labor. I understand that the volunteers and therefore the atmosphere

tends to be more casual and relaxed but, realistically, that 15-20 minutes of conversation that takes place before we

word of all that the organization has to offer. From preschool classes to middleschool field trips, to hiking trails and bird watching, even it’s uses for special events

and weddings, the Center is accessible to all ages, genders, races, etc. There is no

discrimination found within the confines

head outdoors could be better spent

spread the word of the wonder that is

vs. the overwhelming amount of work

of this organization and therefore would

appeal to almost everyone. We need to the Schlitz Audubon Nature Center. My

second suggestion is more specific to my

time working with the Land Stewards; it is very minor. On weekdays we would

gather at 9:00am and on Saturday’s we

would gather at 9:30am however there

completing the task at hand. When it comes to a nearly all volunteer task force

that needs to be accomplished around

the property, it would be wise to better utilize that “down” time. Also, it seemed that the Land Managers never knew

how many volunteers (or who) would be showing up to work on any particular day.

Some volunteers such as myself came on

they could look to in a situation. I think

Audubon Nature Center. I met very small

a bit of a guessing game as to what tasks

organization however, streamlining their

I met retirees (I even “met” a handful

a regimented basis while others trickled in randomly. Because of this, there was

we would be doing that day dependent on the ages, skills, and abilities of those

who showed up on any given day. For this,

I would recommend an online “check in” system where you could log in and just say

“yes’ or “no” to whether or not you would be volunteering your time on certain

days. Having a better understanding of who will be there would allow a more streamlined approach to completing tasks. For instance, if they knew that

there would be a group of 10 students, 3 outside volunteers (retirees, etc.,) and

one land manager ahead of time, they could plan to initiate a controlled burn or mass Buckthorn removal that day rather than assume that only a few would show

and then scramble (wasting time and

resources) that morning. If a check-in

system is not realistic, maybe then make

a written list of activities categorized by skill and number of needed workers that

the Schlitz Audubon Nature Center has

a good grasp on how to operate their efficiency may be in their best interest

especially when it comes to utilizing

their volunteer workforce to their best advantage. My time at the Schlitz Audubon

Nature Center was actually quite amazing.

To be honest, given my personal situation this semester, the idea of volunteering 40 hours within the context of my

schooling and home life was daunting. In the end, I could not have imagined a

better placement for my volunteer-ism. I know that I was able to make a physical

difference within the landscape as well

as had the pleasure of not only sharing

my stories with others but also learning about the backgrounds, interests, and ideas of others. Keeping physically and mentally busy during these weekly

children, I met students from local high schools, parents and grandparents and of deer and a few wild turkeys.) I met

a wide variety of people, people who I

thought were outside of my “community” because they didn’t live near me. What

I discovered during my volunteer-ism is that “community” can represent a

physicality like my neighborhood or even the grounds of the Nature Center, but

it can also stand for a grouping of likeminded individuals. In the context of my volunteering, “community” stood for a

cause, the mission of the SANC. I now feel

like I belong to a community of people

interested in and inspired by the need “to become responsible stewards of the natural world”. (SANC)

visits was almost like therapy for me. Bringing my experience of volunteer-

ism back to the idea of community, I met so many great people at the Schlitz

View of Lake Michigan on an autumn afternoon from the lookout tower at Schlitz Audubon Nature Center.

Milwaukee Institute of Art and Design | Bridge | Fall 2011



Theodore Roosevelt had a larger than life personality. Though the people in his life had been cursed with ill health, he remained positive. He had a passion for life. Aside of being the 26th President of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt had a spirit of adventure and love for the outdoors. His most beloved passions were hunting and reading. Writing, was a lifelong compulsion. He wrote more than three dozen books on topics as broad as naval history to African big game. From 1909-1910, Theodore Roosevelt went looking for adventure on a Safari in Africa. He was fascinated with all of the different species of animals that lived on earth. He brought back hundreds of species to be identified and preserved for the Smithsonian and the American Museum of Natural History. Whatever his interest, Roosevelt pursued them with great energy and enthusiasm and let nothing get in his way. “I always believe in going hard at everything.” He believed that this was the basis for living what he referred to as the “strenuous life,” and he lived by that motto for both the individual and the nation. (White House)


CONTRIBUTORS WRITERS Isabel Kent - Service & Wellbeing Erin Weaver - Neglecting Animals, Neglecting Community Julia Kozerski - Two-Way Natural Remedy Jessica Schetter - Movie Overview: Water for Elephants, Foot for Thought, Be Inspired: Theodore Roosevelt ILLUSTRATOR: Neglecting Animals, Neglecting Community Brittany Long PHOTOGRAPHER: Two-Way Natural Remedy Jessica Schetter DESIGNER/EDITOR Jessica Schetter



1. Kent, Christabel. Personal Interview. 7 Feb. 2011.

1. “ Our Presidents.” The White House. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Nov 2011.

2. Kent, Tristan. Personal Interview. 7 Feb. 2011.


3. PBS: This Emotional life. NOVA/WGBH Science Unit & Vulcan Productions, Inc. Copyright 2011. Online. 10 Feb. 2011. http:// 4. “November 2008: Brain Briefings.” Society for Neuroscience. Society

FOOT FOR THOUGHT 1. “Elephant With Prosthetic Foot In Cambodia.” Wildlife Alliance/Huffington Post. (2011): n. page. Web. 6 Nov. 2011.

for Neuroscience. Copyright 2011. Online. 10 Feb. 2011. http://



TWO-WAY NATURAL REMEDY 1. “Pull for the Good Guys - JSOnline.” Milwaukee Journal Sentinel Breaking News, Sports, Business, Watchdog Journalism, Multimedia in Wisconsin. Web. 21 Apr. 2011. < features/homeandgarden/45871167.html>. 2. Schlitz Audubon Nature Center. Web. 21 Apr. 2011. <http://www.>. 3. “Pull for the Good Guys - JSOnline.” Milwaukee Journal Sentinel Breaking News, Sports, Business, Watchdog Journalism, Multimedia in Wisconsin. Web. 21 Apr. 2011. < features/homeandgarden/45871167.html>.

Milwaukee Institute of Art and Design | Bridge | Fall 2011


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2011 MIAD Bridge: Keep your eyes on the stars and your feet on the ground.

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