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VOCOABULARY

Section 4 Living with Diabetes

Chapter 14 Preventing Infectious Diseases 1)

In this brochure you will be learning about lifestyle

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diseases 4)

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I have abided by the HFA honor code in completing this assignment.

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Lifestyle Diseases: Diseases that are caused partly by unhealthy behaviors and partly by other factors. Cardiovascular Diseases: Progressive damage to the heart and blood vessels. Strokes: Sudden attacks of weakness or paralysis that occur when a blood vessel in the brain bursts or becomes clogged. Blood Pressure: The force the blood exerts against the inside walls of a blood vessel. Heart Attack: Sudden loss of blood flow to the heart muscle. Atherosclerosis: The buildup of fatty materials on the inside walls of the arteries. Cancer: Disease caused by uncontrollable cell growth. Malignant Tumor: A mass of cells that invades and destroys healthy tissue. Brain Tumor: Harmless cell mass. Chemotherapy: The use of drugs to destroy cancer cells. Insulin: A hormone that causes cells to remove the glucose in your bloodstream. Diabetes: A disorder in which cells are unable to obtain glucose from the blood such that high blood glucose levels result. Diabetic Coma: The loss of consciousness that happens when there is too much blood sugar and a buildup of toxic substances in the blood.

Insulin: the body can’t use glucose without insulin. Insulin is a hormone that causes cells to remove glucose from the bloodstream. Type 1: Develops when the immune system attacks the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas. `Type 2: The pancreas makes insulin, but the body’s cells fail to respond to it. How to Detect Diabetes: `See your doctor if you have symptoms. Your doctor will do a variety of lab tests. Treat Diabetes: `Type 1: Keep your blood-glucose levels as close to normal as possible. `Type 2: keep your diet as healthy as possible, don’t eat as much glucose. Preventing Diabetes: ` Maintain a healthy weight. Exercise regularly and eat a healthy diet. Physical activity and a healthy diet can greatly reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes in people who are overweight. `Reduce the amount of stress in your life.


Section 1 Lifestyle and Lifestyle Diseases

Section 2 Cardiovascular Diseases

Lifestyle can lead to lifestyle diseases by having unhealthy lives, if you don’t exercise regularly, then you are more likely to have a disease. Controllable: `Your diet and body weight `Your daily levels of physical activity `Your level on sun exposer Uncontrollable: `Age `Gender `Heredity How to Lower Your Chances of Developing:

To lower your rick for diseases you must make healthy food choices, and you should exercise regularly.

Genetic differences between people are one reason, but whether you develop a cardiovascular disease and how serious it becomes also depend on how you live. Types of Cardiovascular Diseases: `Stroke: sudden attacks of weakness or paralysis that occur when a blood vessel in the brain bursts or becomes blocked. `Blood Pressure: the force that blood exerts against the inside walls of a blood vessel. `Heart Attack: a sudden loss of blood flow to the heart muscle. `Atherosclerosis: it can reproduce or stop blood flow to certain parts of the body, and it can break free and release clots into the bloodstream. Detect and Treat Cardiovascular Diseases: `Blood pressure `Ultrasound Treat Cardiovascular Diseases `Diet and Exercise ` Surgery Lower Your Risk `Trim the fat and hold the salt `Don’t smoke `Relax `Get moving

Section 3 Cancer

Cancer is a disease caused by uncontrollable cell growth. Causes of Cancer: `Certain viruses, such as human papilloma viruses `Radioactivity and ultraviolet radiation, an invisible type of energy from the sun. `Chemicals found in tobacco Types of Cancer `Skin: Cancer that affects the skin `Chemical: Cancer that affects the female reproductive system `Nervous System: Cancer of the brain, spinal cord, and other parts of the nervous system Ovarian: Cancer that affects the ovaries How to Detect and Treat Cancer `Self-exams `Biopsy `X rays Treat Cancer `Surgery `Chemotherapy `Radiation Therapy Preventing Cancer `DON’T SMOKE `Safeguard your skin `Eat your veggies, and cut the fat `Stay active, and maintain a healthy weight `Get regular medical checkups


chapter 14