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THE INCREDIBLE LIFE OF MARCUS PONCIUS EUROPAEUS—TILMPE

STUDENT’S TRAVEL BOOK COMENIUS PROJECT 2013-1-ES1-COM06-67717-3

BARI

CATANIA AMYNTAIO

ZONGULDAK

MONTIJO

GORZÓW WIELKOPOLSKI

AURAY

CODOGNO 1


Our project: The incredible life of marcus poncius

It is an eTwinning-Comenius project. We aim to create the biography of a fictional character who travels around Europe in Roman times using the language of contemporary mass media. In his biography pupils will deal with modern problems that affect our European society. The main focus of our students, who belong to different High Secondary Schools in different European countries, is to work together and communicate with one another, to become fully aware of the difficulties of our contemporary Europe. Each school will develop a chapter of the character's life, creating a story through interviews, TV or radio programmes, short plays, comics, films, etc. In each story, pupils will refer to a social problem that directly involves them. We will eventually try to shoot scenes in our respective places where Romans left their marks.

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COMENIUS SCHOOLS’ HM Liceo Ginnasio Statale “Q. Orazio Flacco”. BARI Our HM, Antonio d’Itollo, promotes learning initiatives in a European dimension. That’s why he especially appreciates the Comenius project that give our pupils the opportunity to meet people from other countries and improve their English. Moreover it combines a traditional language like Latin with multimedia technology. Our school focuses on tradition and innovation, as they aim to demonstrate the importance of antiquity in contemporary life. The wish is that the cooperation among the schools involved in this Comenius project can be successful. Liceo Statale “G. Lombardo Radice”, CATANIA Our HM Pietrina Paladino thinks that the Comenius Project is really interesting because it projects our students towards Europe. Thanks to it they will improve their communicative competence and learn web 2 tools. They will be able to visit and explore countries where their partner friends live. Through it they will hopefully investigate our common Latin root to rediscover the precious link between our past and present, becoming aware of their European Citizenship. She

Mehmet Celikel Lisesi, ZONGULDAK The destiny of a school depends on the captain who mans it.The same is true for the school.Its success and failure depends upon the Headmaster.Hasan Koca has been our Headmaster since 2011.He had been working as a teacher of English before he was appointed as the HM 25 years ago.He is married with two children and a granddaughter.He is interested in curricular activities such as games,dramas,debates and lectures. He believes in strict discipline and good manners. I.E.S. Vegas Bajas, MONTIJO Our headmaster is José Luis Pérez Romero, a middle-aged man who has lived in Montijo for all his life. Jose Luis has been working in the institute for more than ten years and he likes his job very much Jose Luis organizes lots of activities for the institute and he has created with some students our personal channel: “Vegas Bajas Channel” where they broadcast programmes, interviews about significant issues for our institute. He is also a music teacher and he has received some prizes in Extremadura. Licée Benjamin Franklin, AURAY Our Comenius project is important for three main reasons. It gives the opportunity of meeting people from other countries to generate common learning initiatives and links Antiquity and contemporary life. It also incites our educational team and the staff to be efficient in the communication. It is a challenge. Our school focuses on every student’s success. Our students are not townspeople, so they have to trust themselves, in order to study and work later far away. It is necessary to get all opportunities for their career. I hope the project will give good results.

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BA RI

Liceo Ginnasio Statale “Q. Orazio Flacco�. Our High School, your home "Quinto Orazio Flacco" high school is specialized in classical studies like Greek and Latin. Our high school is one of the most beautiful in Bari, certainly the most important one because it is the oldest of the city. The school is made up of three floors; on the first one there is a long corridor with the most important and rappresentative rooms, like the Office of the Headmaster, the Aula Magna, the biggest class of the school, and the library. On the second floor there are lots of classrooms and bookcases. The third floor is the smaller one and there only are five classrooms, but we like it because from there we can see the sea. Moreover in our school there is a bar, where we guys can a snack. There are also a science Lab and ICT labs. For the physical education exercise we go twice a week to the gym, but when it is sunny we enjoy the courtyard.

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CA TA NIA

Liceo Statale “G. Lombardo Radice”. Our school was born 70 years ago in 1942 as a male Magistrale to train students to become teachers later welcomed also women. In the 90s joined Project Brocca and became an experimental school introducing the Psycho-Pedagogic Liceo and afterwards the Linguistic and Social Sciences Liceo . Since its beginning the number of students has notably increased to reach the number of 1300 students with a branch on the outskirts of Catania. The school boasts a linguistic, two informatics and Physics Chemistry labs a library which hosts 2500 volumes. Our Liceo has always been charcterised by its thrust/projection towards Europe (cultural exchanges, Stages, Intercultura and Comenius Projects). It has been on the forefront in managing projects; it has obtained PON projects to help students improve language and maths competences. Our Liceo has won prestigious awards like Premio Pirandello (thesis and theatre, Francophone Theatre, it has been shortlisted in National Conferences and has lately joined the great international platform of Etwinning which has led us to embark on this unique adventure of "The Incredible Life of Marcus Poncius Europaeus “ The "G. Lombardo Radice" distinguished itself for its complete cultural training, giving a particular attention to forms of artistic expressions like Music, Art and Literature.

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ZO NG UL DA K

Mehmet Çelikel High School In 1938,it was built as the first donation school in Turkey by Mehmet Çelikel. Mehmet Çelikel High School is a co- educational high school founded in 1938.Admission is based on the standardized high school entrance exam developed by the Ministry of National Education.Students are between 14 to 18. Education is in Turkish but students also learn English and German as a second language The school aims to educate students to strive to become leaders in their chosen fields.It has a good pedigree and many alumni from its earliest days up to today have played instrumental roles in areas like politics,arts and education in Turkey. The classrooms,offices and the library are continuously renovated to meet the newly arising needs.Classes are equipped with the IWBs,internet and labtops. The school has a formal alumni association which enables former graduates to be reunited with Annual Rice Day and they perpetuate ties of affection and esteem that they formed during their school days. And in spring, there is an organization which is about fun, music and fast food.

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MO NTI JO

I.E:S. Vegas Bajas Hello I´m Carlos Campón , and now I am going to describe my actual school. Its name is “ IES VEGAS BAJAS” . Well I really like it because it´s so big and there are many interesting places inside. My favourite place is the gym where I play football with my friends , it's huge: there are two football goals and two baskets . Other places like the library are interesting not only for studying , you can surf the internet and play some computer games. The classromms are broad and they have many windows , in all the classromms there is a electric blackboard and the chairs are confortable. The playground is the place where people eats food or drink some water o juice , is the biggest place in the school , where all friends meet to spend their time together. We have an electronic key which allows us to go out the school , but only in the brake. I like my school and I hope that you will enjoy it too. See you soon.

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AU RA Y

LycĂŠe GĂŠnĂŠral et technologique Benjamin Franklin Benjamin Franklin High School hosts 950 students from 60 small towns. Pupils live in a rural environment and it is not so easy for us to travel and to guess they will be able to study and work far from home. The main objectives are: to promote open culture and international dimension, to differentiate instructional practices and help students prepare for their social and professional integration. So every project that involves many subjects is supported. The Comenius project is envisaged as a means of improving investment students, their independence, self-esteem and openness to others. Momentum is built around several teachers (Latin, French, Visual Arts, English, Spanish, Documentation), technical staff and management ( Manager, Principal Education Advisor). The school has computer facilities, funded by the Brittany Region and the training of personnel in this area, supported by the Office of the Rector of the Academy of Rennes. Furthermore our school devotes great space to Art- there is a gallery that allows expositions- and enhances visual, multimedia and artistic languages. Teacher 's team is energic and have a good experience in travel's organization. (Last years, two exchanges allowed to welcome pupil o f Spain and Holland). The Gulf of Morbihan offers a natural and cultural heritage. In fact, the history of Brittany, like many other peoples, is made of exile, travel, hospitality.

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AM YN TAI O

Γενικό Λύκειο Αμυνταίου Our school is found for us in Amyntaio, in the Regional Unit Florina of Region Dytiκi (Western) Μαcedonia, a small town, centre of homonym Municipality with rich tradition. Concretely it is found roughly in the centre of basin between four lakes, the bigger Vegoritis, the lake of Stones, the lake Cheimaditidas and the lake Zazaris. Around unfold mountainous volumes: north-westernly Bitsiou, northeasternly Kaimaktsalan, southly-eastern Bermiou and southly-western Askiou.http://lyk-amynt.flo.sch.gr/cms/?page_id=13 It is a small upper secondary school with 185 students and 17 teachers. Our region faces a lot of problems due partially to the crisis and environmental problems. The students make a big effort to confront the problems, although they study very hard. The etwinning project is new for them, as for me, but we are happy with it and we love you all.

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GO RZ ÓW

IV Liceum Ogólnokształcące im. Tadeusza Kotarbińskiego IV LiceumOgólnoksztalcace is one of the best schools in the city. It’s located in a very convenient place. It’s very close to main station, old town, The Park of Roses and a big shopping center. The school has 540 pupils and they are very active. We have a lot of sport teams and interest circles. Our student council is working very hard on organizing fantastic events, so we never get bored. An important part of the activity is the activity of our youth to the other - volunteering for example, working with the Red Cross , the action " Top Penny ", the Great Orchestra of Christmas Charity , " Family Family " for Christmas , Concerts charitable fund-raising street to the Hospice of St . Kamila . In our school you can achieve good results in the study, to be socially active and have fun , ranging from " hazing first classes " to the prom matriculation classes and solemn farewell graduates.

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CO DO GN O

Liceo Scientifico Statale "Novello" con annessa sez. Classica e sez. Liceo Linguistico Brief History of Our School The Lyceum is characterized in the territory as a center for courses "Citizenship, Legality , Europe " and approve a didactic education law . 1975 : The Liceo Novello works via St. Frances Cabrini in Codogno as a branch of High School Gandini of Lodi 1984: The College moved to Via Papa Giovanni XXIII (the current site ) 1987: The Lyceum acquires autonomy . There is an increase in enrollment and a new section is added to the two existing ones. 1989/90: Annexation to the High School of Lodi Verri (which already accorpava the detached section of the High School of Codogno ) . The educational activities of the College focuses on the issues of planning : the school adheres to the Youth Project , experimented for a couple of years, the Program Pitcher of the Italian two-year period and during the school year 1992/93 shall, in a section, the PNI ( National Plan for Information Technology) in physics; starts Moreover, even the linguistic experiment which consists in placing the study of the English language to that of the French language in one section of the course. Consequently, two new laboratories are set up ( multimedia and physical ) that will enhance the existing structures. 1994/95: The high school with the classical section of Codogno regains autonomy and attaches the classic Lodi for one year. 1995/96: The School takes on the shape of the current high school science state with classical section , and always from that year , they take start trials of the natural sciences and computer science . 1996/97: The College is named after Giuseppe Novello, artist Codogno . 1998/99: The sect. Classic is transferred to the headquarters in Via Giovanni XXIII, following the enlargement of the building made by the Provincial Administration . 2006/2007: The high school in the area is characterized as a center for courses "Citizenship, Legality , Europe " and approve a didactic education law 2007/2008: It Is added to the section with the languages English Language High School ( first ), French or German (second ) and Spanish ( third ) .

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St. Nicholas Cathedral The basilica built between 1087 and 1197, during the Italo-Norman domination of Apulia the area previously occupied by the Byzantine Catapan of which Bari was the seat. Its foundation is related to the stealing of some of the relics of St. Nicholas from the saint’s original shrine in Myra, Turkey. When Myra passed into the hands of the Saracens , some saw it as an opportunity to move the saint's relics to a more hospitable location. According to the justifying legend, the saint, passing by the city on his way to Rome, had chosen Bari as his burial place. There was great competition for the relics between Venice and Bari. The latter won, the relics were carried off under the noses of the lawful Greek custodians and their Muslim masters, and on May 9, 1087, were safely landed at Bari. A new church was built to shelter Nicholas' remains and Pope Urban II was present at the consecration of the crypt (1089). The edifice was officially consecrated in 1197, in the presence of the Imperial Vicar, bishops, prelates and n o b le me n . El i a s, abbot of the nearby monastery of St Benedict, was named as first archbishop His cathedra (bishop's throne) still stands in the church to this day.

BARI SIGHTS Bari is a beautiful city in Southern Italy. The “ jewels” of our city are the weather and the sea, in fact many people love staying and walking on our sea promenade, the “Lungomare”. The ancient city “Bari Vecchia” is very picturesque and there are the Cathedral and the main church of Bari, Saint Nicholas’ Church, built in honor of Saint Nicholas, our patron saint. Both the churches are built in Romanesque style. Another Bari’s icon is the castle. It was built by Frederick of Swabia, in fact we call it Swabian Castle. Another important monument of Bari is the Petruzzelli Theatre: it is the most important theater in Bari, and also one of the most important Italian theaters.

Petruzzelli Theatre The history of the Teatro Petruzzelli of Bari begins when Onofrio and Antonio Petruzzelli, traders and ship builders of Trieste presented the designs for the theatre to the city of Bari. The proposal for building the Petruzzelli was accepted and, on 29 January 1896, a contract was signed between the family and the city administration. Two years later, in October 1898, work began and it ended in 1903. The inside was painted by Raffalele Carmenise. The theatre was inaugurated on Saturday, 14 February 1903 with Meyerbeer’s Les Huguenots. In 1779 it staged the Neapolitan version of Bellini’s I Puritani, making the city world famous.In addition to operas, ballets and big concerts were presented. Many great international artists have performed at the Petruzzelli: Tito Schipa, Herbert Von Karayan, Rudolf Nureyev, Frank Sinatra, Liza Minnelli, Juliette Greco Riccardo Muti, Carla Fracci)Eduardo De Filippo.Unfortunately during the night of 26 and 27 October 1991 the theatre was completely destroyed by fire, the result of arson. The last opera presented was Norma. The Petruzzelli, reconstructed entirely with public money in 2008, was returned to the City of Bari on 7 September 2009. 12


CATANIA SIGHTS The Benedictine Monastery

University Palace

One of the largest in Europe, is more like a palace than a religious building, this is probably due to the links of the monks with the nobility. In the Xvii cent. It was one of the most important cultural centres in the whole Sicily attracting many visitors. It is now the Faculty of Literature and Philosophy of the University of Catania. It was built in 1558, but ipartially destroyed by the eruption of Mt Etna in 1669. After it the was rebuilt, bigger, indeed, with its 10 acres (now just 4,5 ) is the second largest Benedictine monastery in Europe. Today it has two beautiful cloisters. From the 2nd floor, you can reach the hanging garden, “the novice garden” built on the lava flow of 1669, and the daily area of the monastery designed by the architect G.B. Vaccarini. in this area we can find the “Big Refectory”, the Library and the famous kitchen;

It was founded in in 1434 by Alfonsus the Magnanimous. The Pope Eugenio IV authorized its constitution in 1444. The cpurses started in 14445. They were held by 6 Teachers in Duomo Square. The actual palace was built after the earthquake in 1696. its architects were Antonino Battaglia and Giovan Battista Vaccarini, The building covers an entire block, like the Town Hall, with a courtyard as Ia cloister. It originally had four doors opening on the four sides of the palace. The Assembly Hall features a fresco by G.B. Piparo. The Library houses more than 200.000 volumes and famous manuscripts.

Under the finely decorated kitchen tunnels were built as foundations to support the north wing of the Monastery. Inside these tunnels there is the Museum “Della Fabbrica”. In the Basement, the only area that survived the earthquake, there is now a modern library. Inside, because of the presence of two roman houses (one from the second century AD and the other one from the second century BC), two thousand years of history live together in harmony. Today the building hosts the Department of Humanities of the University of Catania; the project to adapt the monastery to the needs of the University (with respect and carefulness, because of the importance of the site) was designed in the ’70 by Giancarlo De Carlo.

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MONTIJO SIGHTS The Monastery of St. Maria de Guadalupe The Royal Monastery of Santa Maria de Guadalupe (Spanish: Real Monasterio de Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe) is a Roman Catholic monastic establishment in Guadalupe, Cáceres, a province of the Extremadura autonomous community of Spain. It is located at the feet of the eastern side of the Sierra de las Villuercas and was one of the most important monasteries in the country for more than four centuries. UNESCO declared it a World Heritage Site in 1993. The monastery had its origins in the late 13th century, when a shepherd from Cáceres, named Gil Cordero, discovered on the bank of the Guadalupe River a statue of the Blessed Virgin, which had been apparently hidden by local inhabitants from Moorish invaders in 714. On the site of his discovery a chapel was built, dedicated to Our Lady of Guadalupe.

Church of St Peter At the center of Montijo you can find the church of Saint Peter apostle. It is a gothic church which was built in 1574. The temple was restored at the VXII century leaving intact the shed drop, lower arm of the Latin cross, whose form takes the shape of the temple today, adding the transept and the header or chapel. Inside the temple there are many chapels and altarpieces, among which include the following: Shrine of the Immaculate Conception, altarpiece of the Virgin of Carmen, Altarpiece of San Blas, Altarpiece, Altarpiece of Saint Vincent de Paul, Altarpiece of Our Lady of the Rosary and Altar of Souls.

King Alfonso XI, who visited the chapel more than once, invoked Santa Maria de Guadalupe in the Battle of Rio Salado. After gaining the victory, he ascribed it to the Madonna's intercession, declared the church at Guadalupe a royal sanctuary and undertook an extensive rebuilding program. The monastery, whose architecture evolved throughout many centuries, is still dominated by the templo mayor, or the main church, built by Alfonso XI and his immediate successors in the 14th and 15th centuries. The square chapel of Santa Catalina is also of the 15th century; it is known for a cluster of ornate 17th-century tombs. The 16th-century reliquaries chapel connects Santa Catalina with the baroque sacristy (1638–47), lavishly decorated and boasting a series of paintings by Zurbarán. Behind the basilica is Camarin de la Virgen, an octagonal baroque structure (1687–96) with the impressive stuccoed Chamber of the Virgin and nine paintings by Luca Giordano. The jewel of this profusely ornamented hall is a throne containing the statue of the Madonna which gave the monastery its name.

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ZONGULDAK SIGHTS Tios

Gokgol cave

In ancient sources the city is spelt in various ways, including Tios, Tieion, Teion and Tion. In the second half of the seventh century BC the city was founded as a Milesian colony by the priest named Tios. It depended on various kingdoms throughout the Hellenistic period and the city fell under Roman control in AD 70. In the Roman Imperial period Roman emperors and proconsuls encouraged the development of the city. In the Byzantine period the city was a bishopric and we find the names of bishops of Tios on lead seals." We have relatively limited knowledge both in ancient records and in contemporary archaeological research. In the Roman period coastal defensive walls, acquaduct, theatre, defensive tower and the port with its breakwater are the only visible remains of the city. The acropolis of the ancient city is located immediately to the east of the present Filyos township on a hill. A partially destroyed stone building is another remaining ruin in the acropolis .The Roman period theatre of Tios is located in the north of the road leading into Filyos. Built on a sloping land, local stones were used in its construction. Only a few of the arches of the aquaduct, located to the north of the theatre, are still standing. There are the remains of another structure which could have been a defensive tower located in 200 meters to the west of the theatre.

Gรถkgรถl cave is a rather young show cave.It is located in the vicinity of the coal mining city Zonguldak.The cave was discovered in 1976 by Temuรงen Aygen.Between 1997 and 2001 it was arranged for tourists visits.Due to its vicinity to main road the number of visitor is quite high.gallery is open to visits.The gallery in this part is quite level and easily be accessed.The width of the gallery is 2 to 15 metres and the highest is 1 to 18 metres.The cave is full of stalactites and stalagmites.The cave is well developed with concrete paths and electric light.It has numerous impressive speleothems and huge chambers.

To the west of the acropolis and within the ancient port, there are the under water remains of a breakwater.

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AURAY SIGHTS Quiberon—Wild Coast

Saint Goustan

There is a long coast on the western side of the peninsula of Quiberon whose name is the Wild Coast.

The port of Saint-Goustan is an old fishing port and trading centre situated near the river Auray (or river Loc'h.) In modern times it has become one of the quarters of the village of Auray in the department of Morbihan .

It is spread over 5 miles. It's a beautiful natural view: erosion has formed a lot of coves, reefs, caves and arches. When there is a storm in Brittany, the Wild Coast is the best place to watch big waves break on the rocks. The coast is preserved by rules. Indeed, we can't walk away from the coast path. It's a national reservation of flowers. Swimming isn't allowed: the currents are very strong.

The main activity in Saint Goustan is tourism with many bars and restaurants. Especially we can find there the best pub in the world, « The Phoenix ». There are also many artists who expose their works on the port.

The wild coast is a famous place to practice surfing. We have a lot of places, with beautiful waves. People come from all over the world to surf our waves. In Quiberon, on the Wild Coast we pratice kitesurfing and windsurfing because we have a lot of wind. In 2012 the French Racing Championship was organised in this place and in October 2014 we have the French Wave Championship again there. On the peninsula, we have the National French Center of Sailing. There, the Olympic French team is training all year long .

The Bono The bono is a little town in Brittany where the density of teens is the most important. In summer the old bridge is place where they can chat, they can meet themselves. It's a place ,in summer, where they bathe and part of them jump over the old bridge, or do tricks from there. Therefore, it's too a place for walking and for strolling all around the gulf and discover this beautiful place.

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AMYNTAIO SIGHTS Amyndeo Amyntaio (Αμύνταιο) is a town and municipality in the Florina regional unit of Macedonia. It Is a very small town (3636 citizens (2001), with around 20 villages nearby. The municipal unit of Amyntaio is divided into the following communities: Agios Panteleimonas, Amyntaio, Kella, Kleidi, Petres, Rodonas, Fanos and Xino Nero. Archaeological excavations On March 4, 2007, an unknown civilization around four lakes that lasted from 6000 BC to 60 BC has been uncovered in two important excavations of a Neolithic and an Iron Age settlement in the Amyntaio district of Florina, northern Greece.

Thessaloniki has been a commercial centre during the ages of the Byzantine Empire, and thus is closely connected to Christian Orthodox tradition. There are many byzantine monuments in Thessaloniki, such as the White Tower, which was used as a fortress and generally all the walls and towers from the era of Constantine the Great onwards. There are numerous byzantine churches still in existence, all of which are among the monuments of the World Heritage Catalogue of UNESCO. Some notable churches from the byzantine ages are that of Hagia Sofia (i.e. The Church of the Wisdom of God) and the basilica of Saint Demetrius. All these byzantine churches still serve as places of worship, which means that many events of the Orthodox calendar take place in them.

A 7,300-year-old home with a timber floor, remnants of food supplies and blackberry seeds are among the findings in a Neolithic settlement near the lakes of Vegoritida, Petres, Heimatitida and Zazari. Garments, women’s fashions and burial customs in northern Eordaia 3,000 years ago are coming to light among the hundreds of funeral offerings in a forgotten necropolis dating from the Iron Age in western Macedonia. Although the first discovery in 1898 of 376 graves produced many findings, now in the Istanbul Museum, the necropolis between the lakes of Heimatitida and Petres has revealed hundreds more graves.

Nearby Amyntaio: Thessaloniki Thessaloniki (Θεσσαλονίκη) is the second largest city of Greece with 1.104.460 citizens (2011 census of the Thessaloniki metropolitan area). It is situated on the northern part of Greece and is the largest city of the Greek north. Thessaloniki has been established at 310 BC, and therefore it has a rich history from Antiquity to the present days. The patron Saint of Thessaloniki is Saint Demetrius of Thessaloniki, whose memory is feasted with a number of events called Demetria, lasting from September to December. Up until 2013, Demetria have been feasted 48 times. As far as traditional food is concerned, Thessaloniki is proud mainly of 2 products: firstly the triangles of Panorama, which are sweets made of crunchy leaves of pastry covered with syrup (recipe probably inspired from Ottoman Empire) and secondly the famous cream pie of Thessaloniki (Greek: bougatsa), made of crunchy leaves of pastry, between which is added cream.

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GORZÓW WIELKOPOLSKI SIGHTS Main atractions Gorzów Wielkopolski is a small and peaceful town. It’s located in the west of Poland, on the bank of the Warta river, near the border with Germany. Characteristic symbol of our city is the cathedral from the 13th century, which is situated in the very center of the old town. Cultural and party life of residents of Gorzów takes place on the boulevard. It’s a quiet new investment which won a few awards for the most beautiful urban project in whole Poland. Our boulevard has its own beach, restaurants, clubs and frequent outdoors concerts. On sunny days a lot of young people go there to hang around and spend some time.

The Old Town was almost completely destroyed, but the New Town (1800s) has survived in good condition as a complex of hundreds of buildings and is in the Heritage Register. For the past few years, historical tenements have been successfully undergoing renovation.

The Jewish cemetery of Gorzów is located on the western edge of the city. Although the cemetery was vandalised in the 1930s, a number of graves still remain intact.

Gorzów is also popular for its amount of green parks. We have three big parks. One is in the center of city – Park of Roses, and the rest on the outskirts. The Park of Roses is really beautiful! In the middle of it there’s a big pond with ducks and swans, and near that there’s playground for kids, which make this place perfect for romantic walks.

The city also contains the museum of Lubusz Voivodeship, which is divided between two sites. The Spichlerz or 'granary' dates from the 1700s and can be found on the left bank of the Warta. The museum, housed inside, frequently plays host to art exhibitions and has a permanent collection of artifacts and photographs relating to the history of the city. The other part of the museum, on Warszawska street, is housed in the secessionist villa of Gustav Schroeder. This section contains a wide range of artifacts, ranging from portraits of the 1600s, to weapons, pottery, and the biedermeier interior furnishings of the villa itself.

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CODOGNO SIGHTS History There is evidence of a settlement dating back to Roman penetration of Gaul, where it is thought to have been used as a castrum. The Latin form of the name Codogna was "Cothoneum" and is believed to derive from the name of the consul Aurelius Cotta, conqueror of the Gauls, who inhabited these lands at that time. However, it is not until 997 C.E. that the name of the town is found in print. It is mentioned in a charter of Emperor Otto II. It has also been suggested that the name may be derived from the cydonia apple, or the melo cotogno, a species of quince, both common in this region.

Artistically, the city has buildings of great interest, which arose in parallel with the economic and agricultural development, which in the past had characterized Codogno. It should be mentioned in this regard: The parish church of San Biagio (1511), the most important religious building, school of Leonardo with his concert 9 (8 +1) bells Sib2 Ottolina; The two new parishes of St. Frances Cabrini and St. John Bosco, built in the eighties - nineties The shrine of Our Lady of Caravaggio (1711-1714); The neoclassical "Civil Hospital" (1779-1781); Church of Grace, by the seventeenth century, which was added a century later a classical arched cloister to 14; Palaces "Trivulzio" and "Lamberti." The monumental cemetery; Many Art Nouveau villas and neo-medieval, including the Villa Biancardi International Baseball Stadium.

In 1441, after long jurisdiction by the bishops of Lodi, the settlement was sold to the Venetian family Fagnani by Filippo Maria Visconti, the Duke of Milan and subsequently, in 1450, to Gian Giacomo Trivulzio under whom it was granted the status of borgo ("burg", a fortified town) by Francesco I Sforza.

During this time, Codogno had developed a thriving commercial life, and having a fiercely autonomous spirit, they wished to be independent of Trivulzio. The Codognesi sought inclusion in the jurisdiction of Piacenza in order to have a wider and freer market. Thus, by an act ratified on April 21, 1492, they became citizens of Piacenza. To demonstrate their gratitude, they altered their coat-of-arms to show the Roman she-wolf (the symbol of Piacenza), tied to a quince tree (the symbol of Codogno) with a gold chain.

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BARI HISTORY Bari was probably founded by the Peucetians. Once it passed under Roman rule (3rd cent. B.C), it became strategic as the point of junction between the coast road and the Via Traiana and as a port for eastward trade. Its harbor was probably the main one of the district in ancient times and it was the centre of a fishery. The first Bishop of Bari was Gervasio. Until the Normans arrived, Bari was governed by the Byzantines. Throughout the Middle Age, Bari served as one of the major slave depots of the Mediterranean. The slaves were mostly captured by Venice from Dalmatia, and by the Byzantines from elsewhere in the Balkans. For 20 years, Bari was captured by Islamic invaders and became the Emirate of Bari under the emir Kalfun in 847. The city was reconquered by the Byzantines in 871, and In 885, it became the residence of the local Byzantine governor. In 1025, under the Archbishop of Byzantium, Bari was granted "provincial" status. In 1071, Bari was conquered by Robert Guiscard, after a three-year siege. In 1095 Peter the Hermit preached the first crusade there. In October 1098, Urban II convened the Council of Bari, one of a series of synods. A civil war broke out in Bari in 1117. Bari was occupied by Manuel I Komnenos (1155–1158). In 1246, Bari was sacked and razed to the ground. Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Sicily, repaired the fortress of Bari which was subsequently destroyed several times. Isabel of Aragon and Gian Galeazzo Sforza rebuilt the Swabian Castle (1499 -1524). In 1808 Murat ordered the building of a new section of the city, which bears his name today. In this period, Bari developed into the most important port city of the region.

History of the Port On the night of 2nd December 1943, German bombers attacked the port of Bari, which was a key center for Allied forces. Several allied ships were sunk in the overcrowded harbor, the ships were carrying mustard gas. The chemical agent had to be used, if German forces began chemical warfare. The presence of the gas was highly classified. This increased the number of fatalities, people died with the effects of mustard gas. On the orders of allied leaders Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and Dwight D. Eisenhower, documents were destroyed and the whole affair was kept secret for many years after the war. The U.S. records of the attack were declassified in 1959, but the episode remained obscure until 1967. Indeed, even today, many inhabitants of Bari are still unaware of what happened and why.

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SICILY HISTORY Archaeologists suggest that the earliest known inhabitants of Sicily left their imprint in cave paintings and incised drawings such as at the Grotta dell’Addaura on the north side of Monte Pellegrino, near Palermo on the island’s northern coast during the last stage of the Ice Age (7000BC). These earliest settlers did not move inland from the coast of Sicily, but we know little else about them. The earliest people of Sicily whose lifestyles and cultures are understood, and from whom the name of the island derives, were the Sicanians and the Sikels, and the Elymians and the Phoenicians, who together inhabited Sicily from about 1500-800BC. The Sicanians inhabited the north and the interior, Sikels the east, the Elymi the northwestern tip, and the Semitic Phoenicians, the west and rest of the north-west. These peoples were themselves settlers rather than indigenous to the island, variously coming to Sicily as Etruscans from the Italian mainland, Greece, Anatolia, and northern Africa (from what is now Tunisia), the last of these perhaps driven here by the progressive desiccation of the Sahara region. Although the Sicans were more belligerent than the generally pacific Sikels and Elymians, and the Phoenicians in Sicily more interested in trade than colonization, these culturally and racially diverse peoples lived in comparative harmony in their respective areas of the island. Their existence the beginnings of Sicilian Italian history. They were almost certainly the traders and adventurers on the island referred to by Virgil in the Odyssey.

History of Catania The population of Sicels named their village after geographical attributes of the places. The Sicilian word, katane, means "grater, skinning place". This name was adopted by Greek colonists. Other translations: "harsh lands", sharp stones",The latter etymologies are easily justifiable since, for many centuries, the Metropolis of Etna has always been rebuilt within its typical black-lava landscape. Around 729 BC, the archaic village of Katane became the Chalcidian colony of Katánē where the native population was rapidly hellenized Around 263 BC, the Etnean Decuman City was famous as Catĭna and Catăna. The former is the female noun of Catinus. It suggests two meanings: “a gulf , a bay”and "a bowl,". Both admissible, due to the city’s topography. In 900, Catania was part of the emirate of Sicily, it was known as Balad-AlFil or Medinat-Al-Fil : "The Village of the Elephant", The City of the Elephant". The Elephant is the lava sculpture of Piazza Duomo’s Fountain. Perhaps it was a prehistoric sculpture reforged in the Byzantine Era. It appeared to be powerful enough to protect the city from enemies or natural calamities. The most important monuments of the city date back to Roman times when she was really important during the Empire. She was honoured with a Theatre, a Circus, Thermae and Naumachia, forum and other important temples, the remains of which are s

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ZONGULDAK HISTORY According to archaeological proofs, the history of Zonguldak dates back to 2500 BC.Fistly, Hattians settled in the district and then the Hittites did.The first residents were Bithins, Mariandyns and Migdons from Phrygians tribes.During the Greek colonization in Western Anatolia in 7 BC, harbours were built in order to do trade.The district ,which was under the control of Persians until 334 BC, was governed by Macedonian officers for a while after the military campaign by Alexander the Great to Anatolia.Byzantine conquered Kingdom of Pontus and then Zonguldak ,which was a part of Pontus, became Byzantine territory after the division of Roman Empire.Ereğli Region was one of the places that Christianity was spreading rapidly.In this period, one of the Apostles ,Andreas, set rituals in the Holy Worship Caves in Ereğli. In 1084, Seljuk Sultanate conquered Zonguldak.Then Republic of Genova attacked the region.Isfendiyarids governed the area between 1292-1461.Mehmed the Conqueror invaded the disrict and Ottoman Empire dominated the territory. During the period of Mahmud II, coal was discovered in the region.Coal mines were established in 1848.Belgian and French companies run the mines. Zonguldak Harbour hosted warships and ammunition during the World War I. It had a role in relationships with USSR at Independence War. Under color of saving French companies’ rights, France occupied Zonguldak and then Ereğli in 1919.Community forces resisted the attacks and French soldiers had to leave the area on 21st June 1920.

The Republic of Turkey. The occupation of some parts of the country by the Allies in the aftermath of World War I prompted the establishment of the Turkish national movement.Under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal, a military commander who had distinguished himself during the Battle of Gallipoli, the Turkish War of Independencewas waged with the aim of revoking the terms of the Treaty of Sèvres. By September 18, 1922, the occupying armies were expelled. On November 1, then ewly founded parliament formally abolished the Sultanate, thus ending 623 years of Ottoman rule. The Treaty of Lausanne of July 24, 1923, led to the international recognition of the sovereignty of the newly formed "Republic of Turkey" as the successor state of the Ottoman Empire, and the republic was officially proclaimed on October 29, 1923, in the new capital of Ankara. Mustafa Kemal became the republic's first President of Turkey and subsequently introduced many radical reforms with the aim of founding a new secular republic from the remnants of its Ottoman past. The Ottoman fez was abolished, full rights for women politically were established, and new writing system for Turkish based upon the Latin alphabet was created.According to the Law on Family Names, the Turkish parliament presented Mustafa Kemal with the honorific surname "Atatürk" (Father of the Turks) in 1934. 22


MONTIJO HISTORY It is believed that Paleolithic men dwelled in Montijo, and in El Pedregal appeared polished axes housed in the Archaeological Museum of Badajoz. It was conquered by the Romans who in 25 a. C. built the road from Mérida to Lisbon crossing lands of Montijo. According to the historian Bernabé Moreno de Vargas the Roman vicus, called AGLA originated Montijo. Later the Goths took the ancient Roman villa to build farmhouses. In our Plaza of Spain there was a Visigoth construction pit that led to the centre of the village. When they arrived the agarenas, villagers fled to Merida. In 1230 Merida was conquered by Alfonso IX. The King granted the Order of Santiago The Order founded the feud of Montijo. The Knights Santiaguista named the place Montejo, as it is located at the foot of a hill. The house– palace of the Commander was built in the highest part of the town, (now destroyed), by the Counts. On January 1, 1550 the villa was sold to the Marquis de Villanueva Del Fresno, D. Pedro Portocarrero, who founded the Lordship of Montijo. On December 13, 1599, by Royal Decree of Philip III, the Lordship of Montijo became County. In the war with Portugal in 1644, the Portuguese invaded Montijo, but at the Montijo battle, the Portuguese had a great defeat. The early XIX cent. brought the war of independence with France. In 1812 the French left Montijo a desolate and ruined village. In1834, Montijo passed under the Governor of Badajoz, thus ending the jurisdiction of the counts on the Villa. The inhumane conditions of hygiene led to the death of 1,854 people by cholera. There were also years marked by locusts and drought. As a result at the end of the century there was a high rate of unemployement, which led to the first peasant movements in the XX century. From 13 August 1936 Montijo was ruled by the Dictator General Franco. In the 50's began Badajoz Plan with the construction of the Canal de Montijo for political prisoners in penal colonies. After the arrival of democracy free elections brought the normal alternation of municipal power.

History of Extremadura Lusitania was an ancient Roman province that included current Portugal (except for the northern area ) and a central western portion of Spain, today's Autonomous Community of Extremadura. Mérida, now its capital, became the capital of the Roman Lusitania, and one of the most important cities in the Roman Empire. During the Andalusian period as of 711, present-day Extremadura was on the north-western marches—extremadura in Latin, meaning literally "outermost hard", the outermost secure border of an occupied territory—with Mérida being its head city. It was part of the Umayyad Caliphate of Córdoba, but after its definite collapse in 1031 it fragmented into small regional kingdoms, and the lands of Extremadura were included in the Taifa of Badajoz on two taifa periods. The kingdom in turn broke up twice under Almoravid and Almohad push (1094 and 1151). After the Almohad disaster in Navas de Tolosa (1212), Extremadura was defeated by troops Alfonso IX of León in 1230. 23


AURAY HISTORY Which people lived in the « Gaul » territory ? To know that, we have only monuments as menhirs, cromlech, dolmens, built between the 5th and the 2th millenium. Then, during the 4th century B.C., the Celts, who came from beyond the Rhin river, moved and mingled with the population who lived there. Some of them will go away to win Roma (in 380 B.C.) an loot Delphes (in 279 B.C.) and will go until Anatolia (in Turkey) to found the Galatia. Moreover, the roman historian Ammianus Marcellinus said that, according to the druids, some strangers, come from the northern seas, had immigrated in Gaul too, or, Trojans people, fleeing the Greeks after the Trojan's great fire. He told too that Hercules, in another version, came through Massilia and had a lot of children in Gaul. So what amazing stories! Finally, we can think that legends explain that people move a lot for milleniums... On the other hand, according to Julius Caesar and Plinius Maior, we know that people of Gaul, named Gallics, Celtics or Galatians in Antiquity, were really numbered and very various (they counted more than a hundred). They had not the same language, neither the same laws. Then, Romans, Francs, Normans, Saxons, Moorishes, spanishes and many other yet, had peopled this territory. Our ancestors are very various, aren't they ?

Benjamin Franklin Benjamin Franklin was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. He was a principal figure in the American Enlightenment and he is known for the lightning rod, and bifocals among other inventions. In 1776, in aim to be an unofficial diplomat in France, he crossed the Atlantic ocean and accosted in the Morbihan, in the Port of Saint Goustan, in Auray. He was sick and malnourished. As people of “Bretagne” didn't know to speak english, neither french, he spoke in latin with the priest , and then he could be helped and hosted.Then he went to Nantes, and Paris. Today, one embankment in the St Goustan area is called “Quai Benjamin Franklin” In 2012, to commemorate the creation of our school, built for 32 years now, one original picture was made, collecting all faces of students and showing Benjamin Franklin himself.

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MYTHS AND HEROES

BARI

Fabrizio De Andrè Fabrizio De Andrè was one of the biggest Italian singers and song-writers of all times. He was born in Genova in 1940 by a bourgeois family. When he was a child, he showed an innate desire to carry out his ideas. When he was only seventeen years old, he wrote his first song: “La canzone di Marinella”(“The song of Marinella”). Soon De Andrè was interested in the problems of society. Then, in 1972, he published one of his most important albums : “La storia di un impiegato” (“The story of an employee”). After three years , he made his first concert. In 1984 and in 1986 he recorded two live-albums. In 1999 De Andrè left the world for which he fought a lot, but he also left a great number of exciting and amazing songs that also today told us the values of life. He is also well known for his ballad inspired by Lee Masters, “L’antologia di Spoon River”

Phalanthus - Taras In the beautiful city of Tarentum, Apulia’s chief town, a lot of myths were born. Spartans attributed the foundation to Phalantus who, leaving for Apulia, received a prediction from the oracle: he would build a city where the rain of a shining sky would wet him; his wife, in effect, wet his face crying. Others consider as founder of Tarentum Poseidon’s son, Taras, who built the city near the homonymous river and dedicated the city of Saturo to his wife Satureia. So Tarentum became devoted to his father Poseidon.

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MYTHS AND HEROES

SICILY

Vincenzo Bellini (b. 3 November 1801 – d. 23 September 1835) was an Italian opera composer. A native of Catania, Sicily, his greatest works are: Capuleti & Montecchi (1830),La Sonnambula, (1831), Norma (1831) and I Puritani (1835) Known for his long-flowing melodic lines, for which he was named "the Swan of Catania", Bellini was the quintessential composer of bel canto opera; his work has been summed up by the London critic Tim Ashley as:...also hugely influential, as much admired by other composers as he was by the public. Verdi raved about his "long, long, long melodies such as no one before had written". Wagner, who rarely liked anyone but himself, was spellbound by Bellini's almost uncanny ability to match music with text and psychology. Liszt and Chopin professed themselves fans. Born in Catania, during the last period of the Kingdom of Sicily, Bellini was a child prodigy from a highly musical family. He began studying music theory at two, the piano at three, and by the age of five could apparently play well. Bellini's first five pieces were composed when he was just six years old. Regardless of the veracity of these claims, it is certain that Bellini grew up in a musical household and that his career as a musician was never in doubt.Having learned from his grandfather, Bellini left provincial Catania in June 1819 to study at the conservatory in Naples with a stipend from the municipal government of Catania. By 1822 he was in the class of the director Nicolò Zingarelli studying the orchestral works of Haydn and Mozart. Bellini's first operas in Teatro S. Carlo led him to La Scala in Milan In Milan, Il pirata was a resounding immediate success and it began Bellini's faithful and fruitful collaboration with the librettist and poet Felice Romani. Like Oscar Wilde, he showed the taste for social life and dandyism. All doors were open to him. From 1830-1835 he had his most triumphing years with La Sonnambula and Norma. He died in Paris and in Père Lachais Cemetery there is still extant his magnificent cenotaph.

Arethusa (Ἀρέθουσα) means "the waterer". In Greek mythology, she was a nymph and daughter of Nereus and later became a fountain on the island of Ortygia in Syracuse. The myth of her transformation begins when she came across a clear stream and began bathing, not knowing it was the river god Alphaeus. He fell in love during their encounter, but she fled after discovering his presence and intentions, as she wished to remain a chaste attendant of Artemis . After a long chase, she prayed to her goddess to ask for protection. Artemis hid her in a cloud, but Alpheus was persistent. She began to perspire profusely from fear, and soon transformed into a stream. Artemis then broke the ground allowing Arethusa another attempt to flee. Her stream traveled under the earth to the island of Ortygia, but Alpheus flowed through the sea to reach her and mingle with her waters.Arethusa occasionally appeared on coins as a young girl with a net in her hair and dolphinss around her head. These coins were common around Ortygia, the location in which she ends up after fleeing from Alpheus. The Roman writer Ovid called Arethusa by the name "Alpheias", because her stream was believed to have a subterranean communication with the river Alpheius, in Peloponnesus, in Greece. 26


MYTHS AND HEROES

TURKEY

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of the Turkish Republic and its first President, stands as a towering figure of the 20th Century. Among the great leaders of history, few have achieved so much in so short period, transformed the life of a nation as decisively, and given such profound inspiration to the world at large. Emerging as a military hero at the Dardanelles in 1915, he became the charismatic leader of the Turkish national liberation struggle in 1919. He blazed across the worldscene in the early 1920s as a triumphant commander who crushed the invaders of his country. Following a series of impressive victories against all odds, he led his nation to full independence. He put an end to the antiquated Ottoman dynasty whose tale had lasted more than six centuries - and created the Republic of Turkey in 1923, establishing a new government truly representative of the nation's will. As President for 15 years, until his death in 1938, Atatürk introduced a broad range of swift and sweeping reforms - in the political, social, legal, economic, and cultural spheres - virtually unparalleled in any other country. His achievements in Turkey are an enduring monument to Atatürk. Emerging nations admire him as a pioneer of national liberation. The world honors his memory as a foremost peacemaker who upheld the principles of humanism and the vision of a united humanity.Tributes have been offered to him through the decades by such world statesmen as LloydGeorge, Churchill, Roosevelt, Nehru, de Gaulle, Adenauer, Bourguiba, Nasser, Kennedy, and countless others. A White House statement, issued on the occasion of "The AtatürkCentennial" in 1981, pays homage to him as "a great leader in times ofwar and peace". It is fitting that there should be high praise for Atatürk, anextraordinary leader of modern times, who said in 1933: "I look to the world with an open heart full of pure feelings and friendship".

HERCULES The most dangerous labor of Hercules took place in Eregli.It was the 12th and final one. Eurystheus ordered Hercules to go to the Underworld and kidnap the beast called Cerberus . Eurystheus was sure Hercules would never succeed in this impossible task.The ancient Greeks believed that after a person died, his or her spirit went to the Underworld which was the kingdom of Hades. Cerberus was a beast that guarded the entrance to Hades and kept the living from entering the world of the dead. According to Aploodorus Cerberus had three heads of wild dogs, a dragon or serpent for a tail, and heads of snakes all over his back. In Laconia, through a deep, rocky cave, Hercules made his way down to the Underworld. He asked Pluto for Cerberus and he replied that Hercules could take Cerberus with him, but only if he beat the beast weaponless. He set off to find Cerberus and found him near the gates of Acheron. Courageously, the hero threw his strong arms around the beast and wrestled Cerberus into submission. Hercules brought him to Eurystheus. Unlike other monsters Cerberus was returned safely to Hades. Hercules inflicted no lasting damage on Cerberus, except, of course, the wound to his pride! 27


MYTHS AND HEROES

MONTIJO

La Serrana In the mountains of Tormantos, La Vera or MonfragĂźe exists a character that is a widespread myth throughout Extremadura It would be a beautiful woman-look jacket or rider of superhuman strength and supernatural certain features that lives in the mountains and brings death to the men who pass by her cave (often after drinking or lovemaking ) and then keeps the bones in the cave.This myth is the origin of the medieval "serranillas" tradition. Other mythical components were added to shape the current myth of Serrana. Famous in my region Ivan Perez Seville (1974) known as Huecco is a Spanish singer born in Plasencia (CĂĄceres) was known as Ivan and shot to fame in 2006 as a solo singer with his song pa 'mi war. After leaving the group presented to him, in 2006 he released an album entitled his own name. Huecco is a singer who fused and blended lot of genres and musical styles. In his songs appreciated touches and influences ranging from rock to rumba, to pop, mambo, ska and hip hop. Sugarless stage: With this band he recorded three albums Huecco Step by yourself: With Huecco, his first and eponymous album met Sugarless voice alone.

Javier Cienfuegos, is a Spanish athlete specializing in hammer throw. He has been with the Spanish selection four times and is the national record holder at senior level. Date of Birth: July 15, 1990 (age 23), Montijo Height: 1.93 m Weight: 134 kg

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MYTHS AND HEROES

AURAY

Goustan is the patron of sailors and fishermen. Born in the year 974 in Cornwall, he was kidnapped at the age of 18 by pirates who abandoned him on the island of Houat. Hungry and hurt, Saint Goustan was contented every day by a part of a big fish he had sinned. And every day, the fish completely was recomposed. Thereby Saint Goustan is often depicted with a fish in his hand.

He became a monk in the monastery of Saint Gildas of Rhuys. It was founded at that time upon the peninsula of Morbihan, by one of the most distinguished British emigrants, Abbot Gildas, called the Wise, and this abbey reckoned among its monks the Saxon Dunstan, who had been carried away from his native island by pirates, and became, under the name of Goustan, the special patron of sailors, as is shown by the verses still sung by the sailors' wives of Croisic: " " St: Goustan Notre ami, Ramenez nosmaris: St. Goustan Notre amant, Raraenez nos parents." At the extreme point of the peninsula and of Gaul, on the height of the promontory so fitly named Finisterre, rose aji abbey in honor of St. Matthew the Evangelist, whose head St. Mathad been stolen from Egypt by the Armorican navigators.

Georges Cadoudal was born in Brech near Auray (1 January 1771 – 25 June 1804). He is sometimes called simply Georges, was leader of the Chouannerie during the French Revolution Cadoudal means in Breton language "warrior returning from the fight" From 1793 he started fighting against the National Convention of the First Republic. He joined the army of the Vendée insurrection, Then returning back to Morbihan he wan a lot of places, but he was arrested, and imprisoned at Brest. He succeeded, however, in escaping, and started again the struggle against the Revolution. In spite of the defeat of his party, and of the fact that he was forced several times to take refuge in England, he always kept the same convictions and he refused to come to any understanding with the government, although offers were made to him by Napoleon Bonaparte, who admired his skill and his obstinate energy. Before being executed (with the « guillotine » he shouted to the crowd: "And now, it's time to show to the Parisians how Christians, Royalists and Bretons die". 29


BARI MOVIE “Focaccia blues”

“Focaccia blues” is the true story of the "focaccia that ate the burger ". The movie is about a bakery of Altamura, which in 2002 caused the closing of a McDonald's thanks to its focaccia, pizza and bread. Around the main story various parallel events develop. We assist to the trip to America of the journalist Onofrio Pepe, who wants to export Apulian focaccia into the reign of fast food. We enjoy the romantic tale of love of a greengrocer and the story of a beautiful woman seduced by a stranger driving a yellow Corvette . Within these frames several comic interludes are inserted and they are animated by famous musicians and actors like Renzo Arbore and Lino Banfi or by special guests such as Nichi Vendola and Michele Placido.

This film is made as a documentary. At the time, McDonald's was planning to open a store in Altamura, Italy. The citizens thought it's a terrible idea. The filmmaker follows several of them as the story progresses. The pplae town is place is apparently renowned for its “focaccia”. The townspeople can't imagine why anyone would want to eat "fast “fast food" when their town provides such good food. A subplot involves a stranger, Manuel, who arrives in a yellow s in his sports car, wearing a bright red jacket (note the color). He tries to win the affections of Ms Rosa, but annoys everybody. The scene switches back and forth a few times between Altamura and New York, where we see the McDonalds Headquarters and Museum. There are "interviews" with many of the local inhabitants - shop owners, bakers, restaurant owners, a movie theater owner, the local chief of police. In the end, McDonald's just cancels the deal and goes away, and Manuel loses Rosa, when he doesn't like her focaccia (one of the best scenes in the movie). It's a good look at Italian culture. One bit through the interviews shows the city rivalry between two men from different cities. 30


CATANIA MOVIE http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Film_girati_nella_provincia_di_Catania

The story takes place in Aci Trezza, a small fishing village on the east coast of Sicily , next to Catania. It is inspired by Giovanni Verga’s novel “I Malavoglia�, it tells about the exploitation of working-class fishermen, specifically that of the eldest son of a very traditional village family, the Valastros. 'Padron Ntoni convinces his family to mortgage their house in order to catch and sell fish themselves and make more money than they were already receiving from the wholesalers who had controlled the market with their low prices for a long time. Everything goes well until a storm ruins the family's boat, leaving them with nothing to keep the new business going. Following this disaster, the family experiences several awful events such as having to leave the house, the death of the grandfather, and 'Ntoni and his brothers being obliged to return to fish for the wholesalers.

T

Non professional actors are employed ! The use of fades and dissolves creates an almost solemn effect of time passing while people are engaged in their various tasks. The everyday theme, even the love, is shown by long takes. The sunrise and the boats coming back from fishing, the first scene at the market where the city is still quiet and peaceful, everything is working like it should be. The length of the takes help to convey the feeling of tranquility. It is present until the family's economic downfall. Visconti keeps the spectator at a slight distance from the characters and events, and it is both an aesthetic and ethical choice, a gesture of respect for the life of the people of Aci Trezza.After the film was completed, a voice-over commentary written by Antonio Pietrangeli had to be added, since no Italian was spoken by the participants. At the beginning of the film he states that "...Italian is not a language of the poor." Also, the commentary takes an important narrative and thematic function. The poetic quality of the voice and the words are a part of the classical unity of the film, being a crucial part of its structure.

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ZONGULDAK MOVIE The movie “The Butterfly’s Dream” has been filmed in the province of Zonguldak. Yilmaz Erdogan's romance is set against the backdrop of wartime Turkey, when the neutral country struggled to maintain its economy and introduced labor conscription.

Two young poets in their 18s (who were at that time students at Mehmet Çelikel High School) are among the men forced to work in a coal mine, but their lives are lightened when Suzan, the beautiful daughter of a wealthy businessman, appears. They make a bet: Each will write a poem, and they will ask Suzan to read them. The one she likes better will win her. And in love, the winner takes all. The $15 million-budget film has been a winner with Turkish audiences at home and in Europe, notching up 2.5 million admissions since its February release. The film has been nominated as Turkey's Oscar submission in the foreign language film category. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AtHirtYl0v0

Crafted with the splendor of any Western period film, Yılmaz Erdoğan’s historical feature is classically stunning. Its impeccable photography adorns the frames with a delightful color palette and displays the elaborate sets and production d visual exuberance and delicate storytelling. Irresistibly lyrical from start to finish, The Butterfly’s Dream is ravishingly elegant, and it is propelled by the rapturous aesthetic bestowed onto every aspect of the piece. Like the most uplifting, yet heartbreaking lines ever written about love, the film entrances the viewer and pays esign. This is top-notch filmmaking utilized to retell profoundly meaningful material, it is the perfect mix ofrespect to its powerful characters, to their sadness, and beautiful unfulfilled hopes. The Butterfly's Dream, Turkey's Submission for the Academy Award Nomination for Best Foreign Language Film. U.S. : None Yet. Production Company: BKM Film

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MONTIJO MOVIE Movies in Extremadura In Montijo, was recorded a part of “Un Novio Para Yasmina”, a comedy movie that lasts 93 minutes and involves actors like Sanaa Alaqui, José Luis García Pérez and María Luisa Borruel. It's about Yasmina and she wants to marry Javi, her boyfriend,as soon as possible, but he doesn't trust to much in her, so Lola, one of her friends, helps her to look for a boyfriend. http://www.unnovioparayasmina.com/

In Extremadura, were filmed three chapters of the famous serieS “Isabel” that tells us a story about Isabel's struggle for the throne. Comprises two seasons with 22 chapters.

Lola loves weddings, even though her marriage is on the rocks and she suspects that her fiancé Jorge, has fallen in love with Yasmina. Yasmina is in a hurry to get married to Javi, a policeman who prefers to take his time. Alfredo is against the marriage, but would be ready to get married for friendship...or for money.

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AURAY MOVIE Romain Duris played several scene in 2009 in The Bono, next the Auray river. "A big picture, 2010", from Eric Lartigau, is based upon a thiller shot from one of the best-selling American novelist Douglas Kennedy, "The man who wanted to live his life," published in 1998.

Paul, a successful Paris lawyer with a seemingly perfect life discovers that his wife is having an affair and accidentally kills her lover in a moment of madness. He escapes the law by faking his own death, assuming his victim's identity, and making a fresh start on the Adriatic coast as a photographer. This eventually leads him to realise what was missing in his life before: he finally sees the big picture.

...

As Douglas Keneddy said himself, "transposing the plot in a French context, Eric Lartigau has changed its cultural atmosphere and used beautifully Paris, Brittany and Montenegro to give different visual landscapes to a story that is basically a quest for identity"... He enjoyed how the movie shows one idea, very important in all his books : one decision you take in a moment can change radically all your life.

Will we get to really know ourselves, one day ? Will we know really what we expect from the life ? . .

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BARI CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS

The Carnival of Putignano is one

“PIZZICA SALENTINA”

of the longest. In fact it begins on the 26th of December with

Pizzica is a popular Italian folk dance, originally derived from Salentine tarantella.

the ceremony of the exchange of the candles. Here people offer a candle to the church to ask for forgiveness of the sins commit ted during Carnival. It continues in the evening with the “ St. Nicholas

propaggini”."It consists in the recitation of verses rhyming in the local dialect. The carnival itself typically starts three Sundays before Ash Wednesday, more or less every Sunday it shows a parade of papier-mâché floats representing the world of politics, culture or society. It concludes on Fat Tuesday, with an evening parade and the celebration of the funeral of Carnival , represented as a pig. At the end of the funeral a great feast takes place and you can eat pasta, meat and other delicacies. The mask of Putignano is Farinella.

Is one of the most venerated saints in the Christian world. He is known for some miracles N. was born in Patara, in Turkey, in 270, when the message of Jesus began to spread, although the Christians were often persecuted for their faith by the Roman Emperors. N. was born into a Christian family When the Emperor Constantine allowed Christians to practice their faith freely, N. became Bishop of Myra. He died in 352 an 62 sailors from Bari took his body and transported it in their city. The population of Bari triumphantlywelcomed the relics, which are still preserved in a crypt, over which St Nicholas’ Church was erected in honor of the saint.

The first written source, that is known today, dates back to April 1797 and it refers to the “Dance Party” that the nobility of Tarentum offered to the king Ferdinand of Borbone in occasion of his diplomatic visit to the city. The Pizzica, as well as being played in moments of celebration of singular family groups or of entire local communities, was the main accompaniment of the rite of tarantism. It was performed by orchestras composed of various instruments, including tambourine and violin for their rhythmic and melodic characteristics. This dance had the aim to heal “tarantate” women from their illness. The “Tarantola Party” is celebrated in Salento. Since 1998, in summer, there is the “Notte della Taranta” consisting of a whole night where many famous musicians alternate their performances with pizzica orchestras.The pizzica is danced

while embracing a partner. It does not necessarily involve two individuals of opposite sexes, Nowadays It has become rare to see two men dancing an entire pizzica. An exception can still be found in the town of Ostuni, where one of the two men who dance jokingly pretends to be a woman. 35


U pisci a mari”24 June, Feast of St John (Acitrezza) characterised by “ a traditional, pantomime performed by local fishermen, a parody of fishing for sword fish. It is one of the most spectacular events in Sicily. The simple performance ransmits the depth of the relationship between the fisherman and the sea from Verga

Caltagirone The City of Ceramics. Lights up with the Santa Maria Del Monte 142 Steps of Artisan Majolica lit for St James Feast on the 24-25 July. The city’s name is derived from the Arabic “qal’at-alghiran” meaning “Hill of Vases.” In July it is a tradition

to light the Steps celebrating the Saint. On the evening of July 23rd, the Russo Family places candles along the steps to form a design of a sacred image with coloured “coppi”, candles. They are filled with olive oil and then lit up.

CATANIA CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS S. Fratello’s Feast of the Jews

The Hundred Horse Chestnut is the largest and oldest known chestnut tree in the world. Located in Sant’Alfio,a small town on the Linguaglossa Road, only 8 km from the volcano's crater it is generally believed to be 2,000 to 4,000 years old. It has a legendary story tied to the Aragona Dinasty. Guinnes World Records has listed it for the record of "Greatest Tree Girth Ever", as it had a circumference of 57.9 m when measured in 1780. Aboveground the tree has since split into multiple large trunks, but below-ground these trunks still share the same roots.The tree's name originated from a legend in which a queen of Aragon and her company of one hundred knights, during a trip to Mount

Of medieval origin, the representation is extremely suggestive and recalls the JEWS beating Jesus on the way to his martyrdom on Mt Cavary. S. Fratello’s character is not only a folk symbol, with his annoying trumpet, but he represents the one who crucifies, flagellates Christ, the soldier who lacerated Christ ‘s chest. So he must be seen as a grotesque, mad emotional figure. Lots of people from the village accurately look after their costume which has been handed down for generations. It has a red jacket and red muslin trousers with stripes of different colours, generally yellow or white. Their head is covered by the sbirrjan mask (gallo-italic language) which ends with a thin rope as a tail. It recalls old medieval congregations , confraternities such as the Mercy Confraternity. Their aspect is unusual under other points of view they have a shiny skin with long-arched and thick eyebrows, a long black tongue, they wear hide shoes, carry chains in their left hand and trumpets;. Decorations of coloured and embroidered threads on their jackets recall Arabic traditions. Wearing these costumes and making terrible noise the Jews raid the streets of the village.

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On the day of the wedding, the bride should respect traditions in order to have a successful union. She has to wear 4 specifics items and this is actually similar to the English tradition of "something old, something borrowed, something new and

One of these items must be old (it is often a family jewel)The other one must be brand newThe next one must be borrowedAnd the last one has to be blue.The meaning of this tradition is the following: The old element characterizes the family link of the bride and her life until the wedding.The brand new characterizes the success for the life which is beginning.The borrowed element symbolizes luck and happiness for the couple.The blue symbolizes fidelity and pureness in the couple. It is usual that the bride should stay on the left of her future husband during all the steps of the wedding. This tradition is very old. It comes from the time when the man put a cloth on the head of the woman he chose to kidnap.

AURAY CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS Fest-Noz In French fest-noz means festival night. It's a party of Celtic origin. He was created in 1950. On 5th December 2012, the fest noz was listed as an Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity by the UNESCO.

A bagad is a Breton band, composedof bagpipes (Breton: b inioù, French:Cornemuse), bom bards and drums (including snar e, tenor and bass drums). The pipe band tradition in Brittany was inspired by the Scottish example and has developed since the mid-20th century. A bagad plays mainly Breton music, but new forms and musical ideas are experimented with at each annual national competition.The plural for bagad is unusual in that many are referred to as bagadoù but for two, three or any other specified number they are simply referred to as bagad.

In fest noz, there are the musicians and the dancers. The musicians play different musics, like andro, hanter dro, scotisch, ridée.

The Britain Language “Breton” is a Celtic language , we think it comes from the immigration from Ireland and Great Britain's population. This language is similar to Welsh and Cornic. “Breton” can be learned in primary school and in high school. Breton is also used during fest noz and in some songs, and the signs on the roads are written in the two languages. 37


Romeria de San Isidro begins on May 15 from the morning. After the religious acts, organizes the parade of the dozens of floats and the high number of riders on horseback, who start a massive parade through the main streets of the population between popular songs and

MONTIJO CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS Traditions Most of the preserved traditions are related to popular religiosity. a) May Crosses: they are still produced with altars, in villarta there is the tradition of singing the Mayos, custom deeply rooted in La Mancha.

Laguna de las Encantadas.

El Cerezo en Flor This celebration is described as a natural wonder. The whole valley turns into white due to the cherry trees white flowers, over a million cherry trees showing their flowers at the same time.It is, above all, a popular celebration which tries to capture the life of an entire region. All kind of activities are organized to serve as a showcase for our culture, gastronomy, traditions and way of life. To contemplate this event, people come from all over the world to this valley.

In Montijo, there is a legend that has been transmitted orally . The legend tells the story of three women called “María”. On San Juan´s night (23rd June) , the sisters watched the stars, which looked big and bright. They approached, curious to see them reflected in the waters of t h e lag oon an d ch arm immediately occurred. They decided to bathe in that bottomless lake, never came back out to the surface. Since that night, they sleep in the pond, and they only emerge on San Juan´s night to fulfill the wishes of those who arrive there from Montijo walking with a glass of water, which has not spilled a drop.

b) Dances:are preserved in Garbayuela paloteo and Villarta, in Peloche (for San Anton) and Helechosa (by Corpus). Also, can stand the Jack of Siberia (assembly of several jotillas), the Jack of Esparragosa (one and the oldest of Extremadura), Triangle or Jack and The Three Rondeña Castilblanco. c) Carnival, dancing blind (Villarta: offered money for a person to dance, if not, has to pay), in Holy Week, the pines standing in the square (Carlitos and Tamurejo) arcs that build fifths (Peloche and Valdecaballeros) and Enramás for brides in May (Garbayuela, Tamurejo, Herrera and Peloche, for San Juan in Esparragosa) in June, that of writing messages on the walls of houses (Castilblanco and Siruela) etc.. d) the spring festivals: Carnival, tours, pilgrimages ... strong migration has also obliged to generalize summer parties, in some cases, such as the Emigrant parties, instituted as true acts of reunion with emigrants groups. Feature pastoral culture is the development, present in all locations of various objects of wood and animal horns and antlers: spoons, forks, amulets, pendants, etc. .., beautifully made and decorated at knifepoint.

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ZONGULDAK CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS ‘Hamam’ Anywhere you go in Turkey, you’ll find at least one Turkish bath. There’re numerous historical and modern Turkish baths. A typical Turkish bath, also known as Hamam, has three rooms. First, the room with a steamy hot bath. Second a room for washing with soap (also you can bring your own soap or shampoo) and water

Third a cool room for resting afterwards.You can bring your own soap or shampoo. Hamams have always been used not only for cleanliness,also for socializing. .In the mid 1800’s the Turkish baths became popular in Britain.Over the next 150 years more than 600 hammams were opened in Britain.

Blue bead ‘Nazar Boncugu’ The Blue bead which is named Nazar Boncugu is a blue halftransparent glass made amulet. In Turkey, you can find it everywhere. The Turkish hang on it on the wall in their homes, offices and in cars; women wear it as bracelet, necklace, earrings etc., babies have it on their clothes because it’s one of the most common and famous superstition in Turkey. Most people believe that jealous eyes always bring bad luck.That’s why people hang it on everywhere but people do not completely believe it, just hope that it might protect everyone

Hidrellez is a seasonal festival in Turkey for the celebration of spring and awakening of nature. As Hızır is believed to be a healer, some ritual practices as regards to health issues can be seen on Hıdırellez Day. One ritual practice for seeking health and cure is the ritual of jumping over the fire which is built by old belongings or bushes. While uttering prayers and riddles, people jump over the fire at least three times. That fire is called Hıdırellez fire; hence, it is believed that all illnesses or diseases are warded off all the year long. Another ritual practice for having good health on Hıdırellez Day is to be awash or bath by water brought from some holy places. It is believed that all the wishes and prayers come true on the eve and the very day of Hıdırellez. If one wishes to have more properties, s/he makes a small rough model of it onto the ground in the garden and Hıdırlık. Occasionally, the wishes or prayers are written on a piece of paper and thrown at a river or sea nearby. Asure or Noah's Pudding is a must.It's a mixofgrains,beans,chickpeas,fruit and spices. The legend says that when Noah's ark finally landed on Mt.Ararat he wanted to celebrate it,but the cupboards were almost empty.So he threw together whatever had been left and boiled them with sugar.In Turkish culture,Asure is a symbol of friendship and unity.When we make it we give it to as many friends and neighbours as possible.You must try itand get the feeling of community and 39 friendship.


BARI RECIPES Orecchiette with the crown of turnips

Rice, Potatoes and Mussels

Among Apulia's typical products, we remember the traditional "orecchiette" with the crown of turnips; they are famous in the world because they are original and particular. In all the types, the "orecchiette" can be made with water, salt and strong corn flour. The "orecchiette" with crown of turnips are a typical Apulia's recipe which was born at the end of the 14th century.

For 4 people:

Rice, potatoes and mussels Rice, potatoes and mussels is the other typical first course. You have to taste the most important product of Apulia, which was created during the Spanish domination period in Apulia.

1kg mussels oil 250g rice garlic 500g potatoes parsley 2 great onions salt 100g zucchini pepper Clean the potatoes, cut into thick slices and place in a pan, cover with water so that they do not blacken. Remove the mussels from the cane, wash them well, scrape the shells to clean them from impurities. Take them one at a time and open them so that the fruit remains all in one valve and put them in a separate dish .Wash the rice. Chop parsley, a clove of garlic and wipe a slice of onion. When everything is ready, begin to cover the bottom of a pan with chopped tomatoes and sliced onions, season with garlic and finely chopped parsley, a pinch of salt, olive oil,

On this layer of seasoning arrange a row of potatoes and then the mussels in their shells at the bottom. On mussels spread the rice and season again with tomatoes, parsley, garlic, cheese and olive oil. Lastly, put another layerpotatoes, then sprinkle with sliced zucchini and grated bread crumbs . Add mussels water. While cooking in the oven for 35 minutes, check that there is always liquid enough, add a little water when necessary, avoiding the pan gets too soupy . This dish should not be eaten very hot. Carnival biscuits of Putignano The symbol of the Carnevale di Putignano is the mask of Farinella. The name derives from a dish called 'farinella' or 'povele' in local vernacular.This ancient food from peasant tradition is made with chick pea flour and roasted barley and enjoyed with sauces or fresh figs

550g of butter, 350g of sugar, 5 00g of chick pea flour, 500g of barley flour, 4 eggs, 2 egg,yolks, grated lemon and orange peel, cinnamon, milk. N.B. Use very finely ground 'farinelle flour'; the butter can also be substituted by 'olio extravergine di oliva'.In a bowl, cream the butter and add the sugar, eggs, fruit peel and cinnamon.Mix together and pour the liquid into the center of the flour shaped into a round crown on the table. Knead well.Let the dough rest for an hour, then use your imagine to make shapes suitable for a carnival.Cook in an oven at 160째 for 15 minutes.

pepper and goat cheese.

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CATANIA RECIPES Pasta alla Norma

Sarde a Beccafico

(4 people)

(4 people)

Ingredients:

Ingredients:

- 400grams spaghetti 1kg ripe tomatoes 1 aubergine - basil - 2 garlic cloves - grated salted ricotta cheese extravirgin olive oil - fine salt and poarse salt (for brine).

800grams sardines.

Step 1: cut the tomatoes,place in an alluminium poat and mash with your hands,turn the heat to high and boil for approximately 20 minutes. Step 2: sieve the tomatoes,adding the garlic and basil. Step 3: reduce the flame,turn off the heat and add the oil. Step 4: separately, finally,slice the aubergines dip in cold wáter and salt. Leave under a weight for approximately 1 hour. Then drain and squeeze dry. Step 5: fry the aubergines in hot oil and place on absorbent paper. Cook the spaghetti in ample salted water,living quite “al dente”. Step 6. drain and add the tomatoes sauce and slice off fried aubergines. Sprinkle with plenty of grated salted ricotta.

100grams brad with crusts removed. 00grams aged pecorino cheese grated. italian parsley 00 flour maize or sunflower oil red wine vinegar

Preparation Bone the sardines and soak in vinegar for approximately 20 minutes. Dry and lay flat. Separately soak the bread in the vinegar. Wring out and mix with cheese and chopped parsley. Spread a little of the stuffing on the flash side of the sardines. Lie another sardine on the top, forming a kind of sandwich and seal thoroughly. Flour and fry in vegetable oil.

Sicilian Pastries’s Rural and Religious Tradition This tradition was born in peasant families. Women on the occasion of religious and family festivals made them. The birth of the first son was celebrated by giving candied pumpkins braids tied with a red ribbon, it was a sign against the devil eye. Still in peasants families, the “cake” originated from a “special bread” other than daily, prepared for a variety of food and to celebrate the day of rest, Sunday. Another source of inspiration of the Sicilian pastry was the monastic setting: cakes were invented by nuns in Sicily and were handed down from generation to generation up to the present day. Their pastry was designed for the occasions of Easter and the Holy Week, the Dead’s commemoration on the first week of November and Christmas.

Rame di Napoli The “Rame di Napoli” are a typical catanese pastry food which is produced only in Sicily for the period of the “Dead’s Commemoration” 1st2nd November). Probably their birth dates back to the “Two Sicily Kingdom” . King Charles of Bourbon, not being able to issue gold and silver coins, thought it best to issue certain types of coins using the copper alloy. These coins represented the poorest and smallest coins in the scale of values of the currency units. People reproduced them in the kitchen, using poor material for the recipe. Although today the recipe has been changed, both in size, now bigger, and in content, the ancient recipe called for : flour, cocoa, powder, sugar, ammonia, potatoes, lard, and orange or figs jam. Today were added pistaches and sometimes even Nutella!

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ZONGULDAK RECIPES Typical Dishes

Menemen

If you want to try some traditional food in Turkey, you will discover a wide range of starters, main courses and deserts that are quite unlike any other dishes in the world. A lot of traditional Turkish food is based on the old ancient Ottoman cuisine; that drew inspiration from Arab, Armenian, Greek and Turkish cuisines combined. Olive oil is one of the musts of Turkish kitchens.

Menemen is sometimes called a breakfast dish however it can be eaten at any time throughout the day. It is a basic meal and great for those who are traveling on a budget. It consists of onions, peppers and tomatoes slowly heated in a hot pan. Eggs are then cracked into the pan and either left as fried egg or mixed with the onions and peppers. Throw in some spices such as paprika and black pepper, accompany with a simple piece of bread and you are ready to eat a satisfying dish

Adana Kebab Adana kebab is a large, delicious oblong meatball that also has a variety of specific spices and herbs used in the recipe. It is traditionally served with a salad, thin bread and rice. For those who are new to Turkish cuisine this dish is the perfect introduction as it is very close to western food. Alternatively, instead of serving it with rice you can also wrap it in some kebab bread and make food for when you are on the go.

Manti Manti traditionally comes from the Kayseri area of Turkey and is mincemeat inside of special dough. The Manti is boiled at a high heat and then served to the table covered with yogurt. You will not find this dish served in any of the restaurants aimed at tourists so be sure to look for it when visiting a traditional lokanta.

Dolma Dolma is a variety of vegetables that have been stuffed with a rice and herb mixture. The most popular is stuffed peppers. Chances are that you will not see this dish sold in many restaurants as it takes a long time to prepare however if you get offered dolma by Turkish friends or neighbors then definitely accept them as dolma is a mouthwatering versatile dish. Lahmacun & Pide If you are traveling to Turkey, you will be delighted to learn about Lahmacun and Pide. These two types of food are the equivalent to a pizza however the base is a lot thinner and the choices of toppings are amazing. A popular choice is cheese and onion or finely minced meat with peppers, onions and tomatoes. Traditionally they are also served with a salad which means you are

Tarhana Soup It needs some effort and preliminary preparation. However result is worth while. Tarhana main ingredient of this soup is a kind of flour like powder. In our kitchens this powder is prepared in autumn so that in times of need powder is ready to cook. Here is the recipe of Tarhana. .Ingredients

1 spoon butter1 spoon tomato paste 1 water glass tarhana 1 tea spoon peppermint 1 tea spoon red pepper Flakes salt Put butter into the saucepan after melting add tomato paste then add 5 glasses of water. In another bowl put powder of tarhana and add one glass of water. Stir them until tarhana liquid becomes even. Add itinto the water that boils in the saucepan. Cook for 15-20 minutes flavor with salt, pepperm int and pepper. Serve it hot.

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MONTIJO RECIPES Migas (4 people)

Paella (4-6 people)

Second courses

“Técula Mécula ”

Fried Breadcrumbs with Ham and Peppers

Ingredients:

The main protagonist of the second course of Extremadura is meat, both lamb and poultry, which is slowly becoming more important. Quality dishes as recognized as the " chanfaina ", a stew made with lamb offal and accompanied by various vegetables, lamb stew or green sheep, prepared with parsley, mint and shredded lettuce are some of the examples of the great dishes can be made with meat quality offered by the region.

It is a cake that has a past and a present worth knowing. The history of this iconic cake comes when a very old lady (back in 1930), a resident of Olivenza (Badajoz, Extremadura), found the recipe for this cake in a chest that had belonged to her mother, whose name was TéculaMécula. This cake seems to have an Arabic origin, first for his ingredients and second because the name means "for you, for me."

Migas are a popular supper or snack at any time of the day, usually served with a fried red chorizo sausage, or with fried eggs with paprika and a little vinegar. This version can be used to stuff a chicken to roast. 20 minutes + 1 hour to prepare the bread. Ingredients: 4 thick slices stale country bread Salt and black pepper 2-3 spoons bacon fat 2-4 spoons olive oil 2 garlic cloves, bruised 4 spoons diced raw ham, bacon or gammon + 1 small red pepper, seeded and diced Preparation: Remove the crusts and cube the bread. Sprinkle with water, season with salt and pepper and wrap in a tea towel for at least an hour. Heat the bacon fat and oil with the garlic cloves. When it smokes, discard the garlic and fry the ham, bacon or gammon and pepper.When they are done, remove them and add the cubes of bread. Cook these for 12-15 minutes, moving them constantly. When crisp, return the ham, pepper and season.

600 grams of rice -Half of chicken pieces -2 artichokes—2 med. Red peppers—2 ripe tomatoes - Ground pepper - Salt - A clove of garlic -Parsley -1 strand of saffronOlive oil - 1 glass-½ lemon- Sprigs of rosemary and thyme Step 1 : Fry the chicken. Once fried boil with 8 glasses of water. Step 2 : Saute the artichokes, peppers Fry the tomatoes and garlic. Step 3: throw the rice and give it a few turns with tomato and garlic and stir-fry. Step 4: add the boiled chicken and broth to the rice with tomato and garlic. Then add artichokes and pepper, the juice of half a lemon, a little pepper, some parsley, thyme, rosemary, chopped strand saffron and salt. Step 5: This is all in the pan. Initially high heat halfway through cooking medium heat is lowered and after about 20 minutes in total, we’re ready to serve.

Poultry is increasingly coming into a greater role in the tables because there Extremadura recognized dishes such as truffled chicken , in addition to cooking with truffles is also accompanied by hash , eggs , crumbs and different vegetables, or partridge mode Alcantara, who is also prepared with truffles in addition to other foods as special as the livers of ducks or Porto wine and can accompany almonds or grapes.

The round cake about 20 cm. in diameter, 5 cm. height and weight 1.5 kg, is cooked as follows: the base and the edge are made of a very thin layer of puff pastry, the top layer is covered by an egg yolk and a layer of sugar over toasted . Then, it takes up chocolate letters. The cake is delicious!!!!

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AURAY RECIPES Far breton :

Kouign Aman

Crèpes

Ingredients (for 4 people)

Ingredients (for 6 people),

50 c milk

25 g yeast -20 cl tepid water250 g granulated sugar 500 g flour 250 g half-salted butter1 beaten egg Preparation

500 gr plain flour 1 litre of milk 4 eggs 2 tblsps oil or melted butter 1 pinch of salt Preparation:

100 g flour 3 eggs 125 g sugar 40 g butter 125 g stoned prunes 30 cl rum a pinch of salt cinnamon powder Procedure Macerate the prunes in rum for un hour. Put the the flour in a bowl and make a small pit in the center. Add the sugar, salt, eggs. Slowly add the milk while constantly stirring+ Like when you're making pancakes. Butter a mould with half of the butter. Put the drained prunes on the bottom. Pour the batter over the prunes. Powder with cinnamon and put

Mix tepid water with the yeast and a pinch of salt In a mixing bowl, add the flour to the tepid water and knead it until you have obtained a homogenous pastry. Leave the pastry to rise for 30 minutes in a moderately warm place. Roll out the pastry and distribute the butter over the whole surface. Powder with sugar and fold the sides over the dough, just like you do when making puff pastry. Roll out the pastry again and repeat this operation four more times. Butter a mould and place the pastry in it. brush the surface with yolk. Put in the oven for 25 minutes at

200°C.

Put the flour at the bottom of a mixing bowl and make a hole in the middle where you put the eggs, the oil, or the butter, the salt and a bit of milk.

60 seconds until the

cooked side looks like the moon surface, then turn it over to cook the other side, with some practice you may flip in the air by swinging the pan. Serve with caster sugar, jam, spreads etc. Or for a rich treat, try Nutella and slices of banana.

Mix them and slowly incorporate the flour, you should get a thick paste. Then continue mixing and slowly add the rest of the milk, mix well to avoid making lumps. You may add a bit of liqueur (traditionally Brandy or fleur d’oranger) You may even replace part or all of the milk with beer! Some people use the blender on the batter and let it refrigerate overnight. Heat a flat cooking pan (non-stick recommended), grease it with some butter, and pour some batter while rolling the pan to make the crèpes as thin as possible . Cooking may take 30F a r b r e t

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BARI SHOPPING HOW TO BEHAVE How To Behave in Bari It is forbidden to park in the second row; it is advisable to park the car in a safe and controlled place; ⦁ it is good to navigate through maps and guides to avoid getting lost in the old city; ⦁ it is essential to have a tourist guide to better understand the city's history; ⦁ it is necessary to cross the road at pedestrian crossings that sometimes are not met; if you are invited to lunch or dinner, it is always preferable to accept their portion to avoid offending the pride of the cook; ⦁ it is important to respect the environment, monuments and museums.⦁

Shopping If you visit the old town, you could buy some souvenirs and typical products of Apulian handcraft: ceramic cups and plates decorated with a cock symbol of our city, piggy banks, whistles, wicker and m o r e . Do not forget to stop at a bakery to enjoy a piece of focaccia or to buy the bread of Altamura, taralli, friselle and the typical homemade pasta like orecchiette and cavatelli. …and finally don’t forget: the olive oil is the gold of Apulia! It is olden and precious food. The olive trees are some sort of natural monuments, they grow thanks to the Mediterranean climate and the farmers’ work. What you should buy as souvenir in BARI Like any big city, Bari offers lots of opportunities for shopping. Fashion and new t r e n d s . The most elegant street in Bari is Via Sparano, a nice pedestrian area in the heart of the new city. Here you can find many shops and boutiques and enjoy your purchases in a serene and relaxed atmosphere.

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CATANIA SHOPPING HOW TO BEHAVE How to behave in Catania

Shopping

Don't care about loud voice of people, it's quite an everyday thing, If you go to Sicily, you must forget about eating at fast food "restaurant" chains like McDonalds. If you visit Catania, it is almost a crime to eat at a fast food "restaurant". You have to go to a “tavola calda” (warm table) and taste

In the heart of the city, there are quaint local markets, close to the well-known shopping streets. The most famous are Via Etnea, Corso Italia, Via Umberto, Via Garibaldi , Viale Jonio, Via G. Leopardi, Viale Libertà, Via G. D’Annunzio. Just here it’s possible to find shops which can meet needs and tastes within everybody’s reach: chic c lo th ing , spo rt in g goods, jewellery, house - hold goods, chain and general store. If you love street market you can’t give up he pleasure of a walk through the sounds and colors of the historical fish market “La Pescheria” and “La Fera o Luni”, which are set respectively one be-hind Duomo Square and the other in Carlo Alberto Square. The craft objects made from lava stone following traditional techniques are extremely characteristic as well as the ceramic ware, the famous Catania Pupi and other souvenirs and local handicraft, which can be found in any gift shop in the area of Duomo Square.

“arancini”, “crispelle” and “pizzette”. Don’t leave unattended mobile phones, bags, cameras or other things that could easily be stolen. Be careful when you cross the street, do it at the traffic lights or on the zebra crossing, this does not necessarily mean drivers will always slow down to let you pass, but if you cross anywhere else this will also mean that they will stop for you. At the restaurant, be patient if the waiters don’t come immediately for your orders, they wait for you to socialize with your friends. Tip them if you feel like and if the service was satisfactory, but it’s not compulsory.

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ZONGULDAK SHOPPING HOW TO BEHAVE How to behave in Turkey

Shopping

Turkish people are really hospitable towards visitors .You can feel at home in Turkey.But it is important for you to know national traditions and customs.Firstly,If you know some basic Turkish words, use them.If you don’t know the words, nod your head to say‘’Yes!’’ and if you lift your head up and backward, it means ‘’No!’’The word of greeting is ‘’Merhaba’’. It is usual to shake hands when you meet Turks. People respect the older generation so , when they meet an old person,they kiss the person’s right hand and then put his hand on the forehead.

is best done in the morning when the salesmen have more time. Don’t begin your shopping before the fourth day of your visit. Try to be the first customer because Turkish shopkeepers believe that the first customer is sent by God and pleasing him brings good luck. You may strike a good bargainhere.Bargaining is quite customary, but make sure you know the price of the article before you begin. You may be offered water, coffee or tea to drink at the shop. Bargaining is a skill you must master for shopping in Turkey. Be careful as the shopkeeper may hike up the price knowing you may bargain. As a thumb rule you should start with 25% of the price you are willing to pay. You must hold back your real offer for as long as you can.The best destination for shoppingisMahmutpaşa The covered Bazaar is one of the largest and oldest covered markets in the world with 61 covered streets, and 3 0 0 0 sh o ps . Don’t forget to buy a hand made “iğne oyası”, hand made flowers with needles

When you are invited to a Turkish home,take your shoes off before entering. In the street,it is better not to point at things or people with your finger.If you want to take some pictures of people,ask them first. Before visiting a mosque, women must cover their hair and their body and men mustn’t wear shorts and you have to take your shoes off.You shouldn’t take photos and you should be quiet. In public place(cinema,restaurants,hospitals and etc.),you can’t smoke because it is forbidden.If you smoke,you’ll have problems.Finally,it is better for you to have some cash.Exchange currency only in banks or in special offices.Don’t buy currency in so called ‘’black markets’’

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MONTIJO SHOPPING HOW TO BEHAVE How do you behave in Spain

Shopping

Spain, when you meet a new person of the opposite sex, you have to give two kisses on the cheeks. Only if you’re a boy, to another boy, you have to shake hands. Spaniards are not shy. We are very outgoing and friendly, and we usually are at ease with new people immediately, and we treat them as friends.

If you come to Spain, one of the most important things you have to buy is a t-shirt from the Spanish Football Team. Football is like a symbol of Spain, we are very proud of having won the Euro 2008 tournament. Many guys are really mad about football and most of the boys and some girls are practicing this sport every day.

Spaniards love chatting and can be very expressive; we express ourselves in a cheerful manner, we are very talkative.

If you are in a crowded place, or at someone’s home, don’t worry too much. Be yourself, and always respect the others. When ordering something, as a coffee in a café or something in a shop… the only thing you have to do is to ask and pay, no worries. At farewells, we usually do the same as in greetings: two kisses, or shaking hands. That's the way to behave in Spain.

It’s true that we usually argue about the final results of every match, but it is not something serious; we all are like a big family (a big ‘pineapple’ as we say here.). So enjoy Spain and buy a t-shirt!

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AURAY SHOPPING HOW TO BEHAVE How to behave in Auray When someone introduces you to someone you should shake hands with the other person , whether that person is a man or a woman. If the other person is a woman and offers you her cheek you can exchange two kisses. Personal space in France is not small when people speak together . In the same way French people show reserve and are not used to touch the body of others during usual conversations. This doesn’t mean they are not friendly of course. French people do not waste food. It is better to decline food rather than lave it on your plate in other words, do not put on your plate anything you cannot finish. A lot of families eat organic food. Girls enjoy fashion style and they can wear at school clothes that Europeans wouldn’t wear at parties. It is forbidden to use your phone inside the school. Students can get out of the school on the street if they want to have a cigarette during the break.

Shopping How to buy in Auray or Vannes of course you can look at many celtic shops, celtic jewelry where you can find and buy presents, gift cards., celtic magnets, celtic cups where is inscribed: “BREIZH” that means BRETAGNE and many other things for your friends and family. You can buy too some biscuits “galettes” and salted buttered caramel! There is also liquid caramel named “SALIDOU” that you can use to spread on your bread or creap.

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GLOSSARY Hi

Ciao

Merhaba

Bonjour

Hola

Yes, no

Sí, no

Evet, Hayır

Oui, non

Sí, no

How do you

Come si dice...?

... nasıl söylersiniz? Comment dit-on?

¿Cómo se dice…?

Good morning

Buon giorno

Günaydın

Bonjour

Buenos días

How much is it?

Quanto costa?

Ne kadar?

Combien cela coûte?

¿Cuánto cuesta?

What time is it?

Che ora è?

Saat kaç?

Quelle heur est il?

¿Qué hora es?

Good evening

Buona sera

İyi akşamlar

Bonsoir

Buenas tardes

How old are you?

Quanti anni hai?

Kaç yaşınızdasınız?

Quel âge as-tu?

¿Cuántos años tienes?

Where is....street? Dov’è via...?

Cadde nerede...?

Où est la rue ....?

¿Dónde está la calle…?

Nice to meet you

Piacere di conoscerTi (La)

Tanıştığıma memnun oldum

Enchanté

Encantado de conocerte

Can you help me, please ?

Può aiutarmi, per favore?

Bana yardım eder misiniz, lütfen?

pouvez-vous m'aider, s'il vous plaît

¿Puede ayudarme, por favor?

Thanks

Grazie

Teşekkürler

Merci

Gracias

You are welcome

Prego

Karşılama

De rien

De nada

Do you speak English

Parla inglese?

İngilizce konuşuyor Parlez vous musunuz? anglais?

¿Habla usted inglés?

Please slow down Per favore, parli più Lütfen daha yavaş piano konuşun

Parlez plus lentePor favor, hable ments s'il vous plaît más despacio

Breakfast

Colazione

Kahvaltı

Petit dejuner

Desayuno

Lunch

Pranzo

Öğlen yemeği

Dejuner

Comida

Dinner

Cena

Akşam yemeği

Dîner

Cena

Cheap/ expensive

Economico/ caro

Ucuz/ pahalı

Economique/cher

Barato/ caro

I’m Hungry

Ho fame

Açım

J’ai faim

Tengo hambre

Good/ bad

Buono/ cattivo

İyi / kötü

Bien/mal

Bueno/ malo

I would like...

Vorrei ...

İsterim...

Je voudrais

Me gustaría...

I got lost

Mi sono perso

Kayboldum

Je me suis perdu

Me he perdido

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USEFUL TIPS

Calls from abroad to France : CODE: 0033 To Italy: Code: 0039

Liceo Statale “G. Lombardo Radice”Via Imperia 21, 95128 Catania—Italy Phone: 0039 –095 431101

To Spain: Code: 0034 To Turkey: Code: 0090

Liceo Ginnasio “Q.Orazio Flacco” Via Pizzoli, 58, 70123 Bari-Italy

Smoke in our countries

Phone 0039-0805211809

In Spain, France, Turkey and Italy smoke is forbiden in public places as hotel, bars, restaurants, pubs, transports and cinemas.

Mehmet Celikeli Lisesi Terakki Mahallesi Sokak: Zonguldak (Turkey)

Alcohol

Phone 00903722577575

You are not allowed to drink alcoholic drinks if you are not 18.

I.E.S Vegas Bajas Avenida Virgen de Barbano s/n 06480 Montijo (Badajoz) Spain Phone 0034– 924450454

Lycèe Benjamin Franklin 1 Rue de la forèt 56400 Auray (France) Phone 0033 –2– 97 24 2030

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