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Energia Konsiente March 2012 jan.ebbing@tno.nl

Innovations fit for tropical islands Caribbean Branch Office TNO


Energia Konsiente March 2012 jan.ebbing@tno.nl

TNO ?


Energia Konsiente March 2012 jan.ebbing@tno.nl

Key Figures: Founded 1930 Turnover 550 Meuro Government 180 Meuro Market 370 Meuro Employees 4200


Energia Konsiente March 2012 jan.ebbing@tno.nl

TNO: 7 themes Health Safety Energy Mobility Industrial Innovation Build Environment ICT


Energia Konsiente March 2012 jan.ebbing@tno.nl

TNO = Independent & Not for Profit


Energia Konsiente March 2012 jan.ebbing@tno.nl

TNO in the Cariben = CBOT But, why in the tropics ?


Energia Konsiente March 2012 jan.ebbing@tno.nl


Energia Konsiente March 2012 jan.ebbing@tno.nl


Energia Konsiente March 2012 jan.ebbing@tno.nl


Energia Konsiente March 2012 jan.ebbing@tno.nl

Mission statement “Caribbean branch office TNO�

Take advantage of the nearly constant extreme supply of sun, wind, waves and salt spray in the Cariben in conducting research and field testing of renewable energy technology to make them fitter for the tropics.


Energia Konsiente March 2012 jan.ebbing@tno.nl

Caribbean Branch Office TNO has four pillars Green Faculty

R&D sustainable energy technology in a living lab (field lab)

Testing & certification of sustainable energy technology (Geological) advice regarding sustainable use of natural resources (incl. groundwater).


Energia Konsiente March 2012 jan.ebbing@tno.nl

Wind Energy


Energia Konsiente March 2012 jan.ebbing@tno.nl

Wind power Challenges


Energia Konsiente March 2012 jan.ebbing@tno.nl

Solar Energy


Energia Konsiente March 2012 jan.ebbing@tno.nl

PV Solar power Challenges


Energia Konsiente March 2012 jan.ebbing@tno.nl

PV Solar power challenges


Energia Konsiente March 2012 jan.ebbing@tno.nl

Sustainable housing


Energia Konsiente March 2012 jan.ebbing@tno.nl

Sustainable housing Challenges: • Re-use common sense in modern houses • Upgrade old technology for more comfort • Within building budgets • Accessible for everybody (social housing)


Energia Konsiente March 2012 jan.ebbing@tno.nl

SeaWater Air Conditioning, SWAC Cooling


Energia Konsiente March 2012 jan.ebbing@tno.nl

SWAC Cooling

Challenges: • Built cooperation's • Multiple use of cold water • Back-up system if failure


Energia Konsiente March 2012 jan.ebbing@tno.nl

Biogas from Biomass


Energia Konsiente March 2012 jan.ebbing@tno.nl

Biogas from Biomass

Challenges: • Constant quality biomass • Constant quality digestion (biogas) • Waste separation at the source or at the plant needed


Energia Konsiente March 2012 jan.ebbing@tno.nl

Wave-energy


Energia Konsiente March 2012 jan.ebbing@tno.nl

Wave-energy

Challenges: • Less than e.g. in the North Sea • Maintenance (fast replacement), serial system • Secured offshore area • Still pilot phase


Energia Konsiente March 2012 jan.ebbing@tno.nl

Smart Grids


Energia Konsiente March 2012 jan.ebbing@tno.nl

Smart Grids Little experience, but the most critical detail for island grids: • Guarantee grid stability, with decentralize energy sources • Guarantee electrical current quality (variable frequencies) • Need for demand side management • Buffering (no batteries !)


Energia Konsiente March 2012 jan.ebbing@tno.nl


Energia Konsiente March 2012 jan.ebbing@tno.nl


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