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Barns of Rose Hill Then and Now


JULY 20 21

Love at First Bite Catering & events Creative Menus Adorned with Flair 30+ Years of Experience


A Sound Of Summer: The Wood Pewee Story and illustration by Doug Pifer

Lisa Trumbower-Sheppard loveatfirstbitecatering.com



A wood pewee sits in its nest in the fork of a horizonal branch high in a shade tree, where it lays 3 to 5 brown-speckled eggs.

As spring turns into summer, I listen for a bird song I’ve loved since childhood. I remember hearing, as soon as school closed for the summer, a rather lazy, sentimental birdsong coming from the woods across the road. Whenever I hear it now, it evokes memories of long summer days. A member of the flycatcher family, the wood pewee derives its common name from the English rendition of its distinctive song. I find it’s always tricky to start putting bird sounds into words. Everyone hears something different. What I hear from a pewee sounds more like “piddy-youwee,” all run together with the last part slurred upward. The answering alternate song ends in a long, downward slurred note, “we-doooo.” Wood pewees are late migrants that seldom show up around here before the first of May. They winter in Central and South America and seem to be in no hurry to leave the tropics until March or April. But as soon as they get here the males start singing. Their serenade begins at dawn and ends at dusk. Their song persists throughout the day even in July and August, as the nesting season winds down. Most birds go quiet around then, as they replace their old feathers with a new suit of fall plumage. But the wood pewee keeps on singing. It’s easier to see wood pewees at our place in August, when abundant insects in our fields and pastures tempt them to leave the treetops to perch on our fence. A scant five and a half inches long, a pewee is as plain as can be. A medium shade of gray on the back becomes slightly browner on the head, wings and tail. There are

two white wing bars. The underside, from throat to tail, is creamy-white tinged with olive-gray up the sides. The only touch of color is an orange tinge on the lower half of its beak. The eastern wood pewee is a denizen of woods, parks, or wherever there are large shade trees. It perches in a characteristic upright posture, turning its head constantly seeking flying insects. Spotting an airborne arthropod, the bird flies off in pursuit and latches onto the insect with an audible “snap.” In June, I saw a pewee return to its perch with a cicada in its mouth. Holding the insect in its bill, the pewee bashed it against the branch repeatedly until the cicada’s wings fell off, and then swallowed it whole. I’m amazed how easily flycatchers capture insects. They have a wide mouth and flattened beak especially adapted for the job. I once examined the bill of a wood pewee that had killed itself flying into somebody’s window. Seen from the side, the beak looked slender and straight except for a slight hook at the tip. Seen from above or below, it was roughly triangular. From the pointed, hooked tip it widened towards the bird’s mouth. Surrounding the mouth was a fine moustache of stiff bristle-like feathers, as if the bird had whiskers. As the bird overtakes a flying insect, these springy bristles act like a net to “bounce” a hapless insect towards the trap-like mouth. By the middle of September, the pewees will be gone. But I’ll remember that lazy-sounding song until next spring. Illustration by Doug Pifer courtesy the Pennsylvania Game Commission.

JU LY 20 21





David Lillard, Editor/Publisher Jennifer Welliver, Associate Publisher Aundrea Humphreys, Art Director Hali Taylor, Proofreader

Notes and News


Bristow historical marker JULY CONTRIBUTORS Cathy Kuehner Doug Pifer JiJi Russell Claire Stuart Brenda Waugh

COVER IMAGE The Barns Then and Now, created by Cathy Kuehner


Jennifer Welliver, 540-398-1450

Advertising Information: 540-398-1450 (Mon-Fri, 9-5)


Clarke prints signed letters-to-the-editor of uniquely local interest. Letters containing personal attacks or polarizing language will not be published. Letters may be edited. Send letters to the editor of 300 or fewer words to: editor@clarkeva.com.





A Virginia Department of Historic Resources historical marker will be unveiled at Bristow in Clarke County at 11 a.m. Saturday, July 17. The marker recognizes the significance of the African-American community that developed there after the Civil War. The area was known by various names — Bristow, Brister Station, Bristow Station, Bristoe and Bristo — but is named for Brister (or Bristol) Holmes, who purchased the original tract of land where homes, a public school, and church became a vibrant community. Bristow is located near the intersection of Shepherds Mill Road (Rt. 612) and Castleman Road (Rt. 603). The marker text reads, “The African American community of Bristow originated in 1869 when Brister (or Bristol) Holmes purchased land near here. A public school (ca. 1883) and Bethel Baptist Church (ca. 1928) became centers of community life. Emancipated African Americans, exercising their newfound autonomy, established or settled in nearly 20 villages across Clarke County after the Civil War. Almost half of Clarke’s population had been enslaved in 1860, a much higher percentage than in other Shenandoah Valley counties, reflecting this area’s Tidewater-style plantation economy. Freedom for African Americans therefore led to a substantial reconfigu-

ration of the county’s settlement patterns and built environment.” Relatives of Brister Holmes as well as David Edwards, director of the DHR Community Services Division, plan to attend the July 17 event. For more information, contact architectural historian Maral Kalbian at 540-955-1231 or maral@mkalbian.com.

Correction and apology

In June’s edition, we incorrectly identified Trysten Jackson as Trysten Dovel. We’re very sorry, and pleased to publish her entry again. Trysten was involved in CCHS cheerleading and did varsity sideline and competition all four years. She was SCA president her freshman and sophomore years, and is planning on attending George Mason University to study forensic psychology. "I'll also continue to cheer on my worlds cheer team at Maryland Twisters Virginia!" she said. Trysten hopes to join a sorority and her biggest goal is to one day join the FBI. "I think what stood out to me the most [at CCHS] were the bonds I made with my friends. Seeing people every day at school really makes them more family than friends. I also had some teachers that were huge role models and helped shape me into who I am today," she said.


JULY 20 21

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For Our Ancestors, Breakfast Was Truly Break Fast How choosing when to eat can be almost as healthful as what to eat by JiJi Russell As the chatter rises around “intermittent fasting” within health and wellness circles, I decided to sit down with Dr. Nicholas Snow, a recently-retired gastroenterologist, to find out his opinion on the matter. Many have heard of or visited Dr. Snow through his practice with Winchester Gastroenterology Associates, a post he served in for 25 years. When I communicated with him via email to let him know the subject of my inquiry, Snow was enthusiastic to talk about a health habit which he practices regularly himself. And to meet him in person is to witness a vibrant person who certainly appears to “walk the talk.” Intermittent fasting is a practice of incorporating a 14to 20-hour time period of fasting (not eating) into one’s day one or more times a week. This time period can, and should, coincide with nighttime sleep.

Dr. Nick Snow. An example would be to stop eating at 6pm and not eat again until 8am or 10am (14 to 16 hours). Allowing the digestive system to take a break can lead to good health outcomes like improved blood sugar levels and the attainment of a health-

ier bodyweight, according to Snow. Snow points out, “From yeast to primates, a reduced caloric intake is connected with a longer lifespan.” And unlike super-restrictive diets, intermittent fasting does not dictate

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JU LY 20 21 what one eats, rather when one eats. Limiting the time window for eating “provides a practice people can maintain for all their lives,” Snow said. Of course, he recommends avoiding sugar as well as eating whole, real food (see sidebar), but intermittent fasting can provide a starting point around which healthier eating habits can be shaped. Through my own studies on women’s health and hormone balancing, I came across Dr. Amy Shah, an Instagram-famous MD and author of I’m So Effing Tired. Shah advocates for “circadian fasting,” a strain of intermittent fasting that honors our circadian rhythms, or internal rhythms of sleep and activity that correlate with day and night. According to Shah, circadian fasting helps us become more efficient at metabolizing our food; helps maintain healthy insulin levels; increases human growth hormone, which can aid in weight loss and disease prevention; reduces inflammation; improves immune function; and boosts energy levels. She suggests beginners try fasting with a 7pm to 7am window, and scale up from there, only if and when it feels relatively easy. Snow said that in his 25 years of clinical practice, he spent a lot of time dealing with issues of excessive sugar in patients’ diets. As a matter of course, he

would recommend that a patient cut the amount of sweetener in a given food or meal in half and stick with it until it became normal or even pleasant to taste. If one drinks sweet iced tea, for example, cut the sugar in half, or cut the sweet tea with half unsweet tea. Drink that for a while, and then cut the sugar in half again. This can help to retrain the palate toward a less-sweet preference. Snow said he would not necessarily ask those using artificial sweeteners to switch to regular sugar, because he aimed to change just one habit at a time (cutting sweetener) rather than changing more than one habit (cutting sweetener and changing the type of sweetener). Snow referenced one of his go-to books, The Power of Habit, which explores the nature of habit formation and strategies for making lasting changes. A common saying in the world of wellness goes like this: “It’s simple, but not easy.” Sometimes the most simple of acts, like taking a long, slow breath, or refraining from eating from 7pm till 7am, can produce the most lasting changes. Maybe it’s worth a go. JiJi Russell, certified personal trainer and registered yoga teacher, can be reached at www.jijirussell.com.


Dr. Nick Snow’s Top Recommendations 1. Avoid sugar and artificial sweeteners as much as possible, progressively cutting the amount consumed in half. 2. Follow writer/ researcher Michael Pollan’s top 6 Rules for Food: Eat food [real, nonprocessed food]. 3. Don’t eat anything your great grandmother wouldn’t recognize as food. 4. Avoid food products that no ordinary human would keep in the pantry. 5. Avoid food products that contain high-fructose corn syrup. 6. Avoid food products that have some form of sugar (or sweetener) listed among the top three ingredients.

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7. Avoid food products that have more than 5 ingredients. 8. Check out The Power of Habit, a book by journalist Charles Duhigg.

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JULY 20 21


Around Clarke County Promote your event in Clarke.

Send notices by the 1st of the preceding month to jennifer@clarkeva.com. Keep event descriptions to 125 words, following the format of these pages. One or two CMYK photos, saved as tiff or jpg at 200 dpi, are always welcome.



Outdoor Movie Night: Secretariat

Long Branch Historic House and Farm. 830 Long Branch Lane. Millwood. Join Long Branch and the Clarke County Historical Association for family fun movies outdoors every Wednesday in July, with refreshments for purchase. Bring a lawn chair and blanket and enjoy a movie night under the stars. Free; donations welcome. Dusk. www.clarkehistory.org.


Poker Run

Boyce Volunteer Fire Company Social Hall. 1 S. Greenway Ave. Rain date July 31. Drive through the beautiful Shenandoah Valley to collect your cards. Meet back at the social hall for food, music, fun and to see if you have a winning hand. First prize $100, second prize $75, third prize $50. All

vehicles welcome. Entry fee is $25 for drivers and $15 for passengers. Pre-registration encouraged. Email name, phone and number of people in party, boycefireco4@gmail.com or visit www.BoyceFire.org. 9am. 703-470-4236.


Firefly Walk

Blandy Experimental Farm. 400 Blandy Farm Lane. Boyce. Walk about a mile over gently rolling terrain, bring flashlight if desired. Enjoy the light show while learning about these fascinating creatures. Reservations required. FOSA members/UVa alumni $10, nonmembers $15, FOSA and UVa families $20, nonmember families $25. Dusk. 540-8371758. www.blandy.virginia.edu.


Outdoor Yoga

Sanctuary Wellness Center. 208 N. Buckmarsh St. Berryville. Led by Amy

Hope-Gentry. 9:45–10:45am. amyhopegentry.com/events.


Meet the Beekeepers

Sky Meadows State Park. 11012 Edmonds Lane. Delaplane. Meet with local apiarists of the Beekeepers of Northern Shenandoah and discover the art of beekeeping. 1–3pm. 540-592-3556.


Social Bridge Night

Long Branch Historic House and Farm. 830 Long Branch Lane. Millwood. Every Tuesday. Wine, soft drinks and light snacks provided. Limited seating; RSVP. $15 per person. 5–7pm. 540-837-1856.


Outdoor Movie Night: Night at the Museum

Long Branch Historic House and Farm. 830 Long Branch Lane. Millwood. Join Long Branch and the Clarke County

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We smoke Beef Brisket, Pork, Chicken, Ribs and more and make delicious homemade sides and sweet treats every day.

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Historical Association for family fun movies outdoors every Wednesday in July, with refreshments for purchase. Bring

a lawn chair and blanket and enjoy a movie night under the stars. Free; donations welcome. Dusk. www.clarkehistory.org.


JU LY 20 21



Rose Hill Park. E. Main St. Berryville. Traditional folk and gospel sing along with Nita and friends. 6:30–8pm, with dinners available for purchase. 9 E. Main St., Berryville. 540-955-4317.

Rose Hill Park. E. Main St. Berryville. Robbie Limon Band performs. Sponsored by Bank of Clarke County. Free. 6–9pm. 540-955-5143.

Music and Dinner in the Park with Nita and Friends


–25 Shenandoah Valley Steam Show

Clarke County Fairgrounds. 890 W. Main St. Berryville. Steam engines, threshers, oil pulls, shingle mill, gas engines, saw mill and balers. Flea market, consignment sale, live music, food trucks and more. Church service 9am Sunday. Free parking; no pets allowed. Adults $7 Friday and Saturday, $5 Sunday, children younger than 12 free. www.svsgea.org.


Long Branch Summer Celebration

Long Branch Historic House and Farm. 830 Long Branch Lane. Millwood. Elegant summer cocktail party with light fare, open bar and live music, Caleb Nei Quartet featuring Ariana Harbin. Limited seating; RSVP. 5:30–8pm. $75 per person. 540-837-1856.


–29 Berryville Baptist Rascals Performances Rose Hill Park. E. Main St. Berryville. The puppet and music theatrical group led by Joan Houck will perform for the first time since before the pandemic. Free and open to the community. 6–8pm. 540-664-6950.


Social Bridge Night

Long Branch Historic House and Farm. 830 Long Branch Lane. Millwood. Every Tuesday. Wine, soft drinks and light snacks provided. Limited seating; RSVP. $15 per person. 5–7pm. 540-837-1856.

Summer Concert Series: Robbie Limon Band


Outdoor Movie Night: Hidden Figures Long Branch Historic House and Farm. 830 Long Branch Lane. Millwood. Join Long Branch and the Clarke County Historical Association for family fun movies outdoors every Wednesday in July, with refreshments for purchase. Bring a lawn chair and blanket and enjoy a movie night under the stars. Free; donations welcome. Dusk. www.clarkehistory.org.


10-Year Barns of Rose Hill Celebration

Barns of Rose Hill. 95 Chalmers Ct. Berryville. As a thank you to the public for their support, Barns of Rose Hill is hosting a 10 year anniversary celebration with music, food trucks, free ice cream, magic, balloon animals, face painting, arts and crafts and an instrument petting zoo. 5pm. Free admission. www.barnsofrosehill.org. 540-955-2004.


“In the Life of Lord Fairfax” Lecture

Burwell-Morgan Mill. 15 Tannery Lane. Millwood. Join Nathan Stalvey and Travis Shaw as they talk about Lord Fairfax, Virginia’s only resident English peer, who brought fox hunting, wealth and George Washington to the frontier, all of which continue to shape Clarke County today. 2–4pm. www.clarkehistory.org.



Clarke County Community Health Expo

Chet Hobart Park. 225 Al Smith Circle. Berryville. Oneday event organized by HopeLives365, an organization dedicated to providing hope for body, mind and soul. In partnership with Hartland Lifestyle Center, free community event designed to encourage healthy lifestyles, prevent and manage disease and connect you to resources. 10am–4pm. info@hopelives365.com.


Trivia Night

Barns of Rose Hill. 95 Chalmers Ct. Berryville. Clarke County Historical Association and Clarke County Library team up once again to bring live team trivia. Categories include History, Movies, Literature, Science and more. Prizes donated by local area businesses. Barn doors open at 6:30p.m., trivia begins at 7pm. Free. 540-955-2004. www.barnsofrosehill.org.


Social Bridge Night

Long Branch Historic House and Farm. 830 Long Branch Lane. Millwood. Every Tuesday. Wine, soft drinks and light snacks provided. Limited seating; RSVP. $15 per person. 5–7pm. 540-837-1856.


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Outdoor Movie Night

Long Branch Historic House and Farm. 830 Long Branch Lane. Millwood. Join Long Branch and the Clarke County Historical Association for family fun movies outdoors, with refreshments for purchase. Bring a lawn chair and blanket and enjoy a movie night under the stars. Free; donations welcome. Dusk. www.clarkehistory.org.

Sept 10-25 Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson must crack the mystery of “The Hound of the Baskervilles” before a family curse dooms its newest heir. Can our heroes discover the truth in time? Join the fun and see how far from elementary the truth can be.

winchesterlittletheatre.org • 540-662-3331


JULY 20 21


Music in the Park with Clarke County Community Band Rose Hill Park. E. Main St. Berryville. Clarke County Community Band performs. Free. 6:30–8pm. clarkecountycommunityband.com.


The Farmer’s Forge


Astronomy for Everyone

Sky Meadows State Park. 11012 Edmonds Lane. Delaplane. See members of the Blacksmith Guild of the Potomac show off their skills. 12–3pm. 540-592-3556. skymeadows@dcr.virginia.gov.

program is followed by a discussion about the importance of dark skies and light conservation. Bring telescope or binoculars if desired. 8–11pm. Parking fees apply. 540-592-3556. skymeadows@dcr.virginia.gov.

apiarists of the Beekeepers of Northern Shenandoah and discover the art of beekeeping. 1–3pm. 540-592-3556.



Emi Sunshine Concert

Clarke County Ruritan Fairgrounds. 890 W. Main St. Berryville. Animals, horticulture, crafts, baked goods, games, rides and more. See fair schedule online. Admission is $7 for adults, $2 for children 5-15, and free for preschoolers. 540-955-1947. www.clarkecountyfair.org.



–15 Clarke County Fair

Social Bridge Night

Sky Meadows State Park. 11012 Edmonds Lane. Delaplane. Junior astronomer

Tuesday. Wine, soft drinks and light snacks provided. Limited seating; RSVP. $15 per person. 5–7pm. 540-837-1856.

Barns of Rose Hill. 95 Chalmers Ct. Berryville. Rolling Stone once named 15-yearold Emi Sunshine among “10 new country artists you need to know.” Her music addresses domestic violence, dysfunctional families, political corruption, mass murder, lost love and freedom. 7pm. $25 in advance, $30 at door. www.barnsofrosehill.org. 540-955-2004.


Long Branch Historic House and Farm. 830 Long Branch Lane. Millwood. Every

John H. Enders Fire Co.

70th Annual

Firefighters’ Yard Party & Chicken BBQ


Meet the Beekeepers

Sky Meadows State Park. 11012 Edmonds Lane. Delaplane. Meet with local

Appalachian Chamber Music Festival: New Beginnings Barns of Rose Hill. 95 Chalmers Ct. Berryville. Festival celebrates the rich history, nature and culture of the area through poignant and powerful chamber music experiences that are both meaningful and relevant to our times. ACMF brings together fresh and exciting talent, internationally-recognized artists from near and far who are united by camaraderie and cause for an evening of world-class music.7pm. $20 in advance, $25 at door. www.barnsofrosehill.org. 540-955-2004.

The Fox & Pheasant Antiques • Décor • Interiors

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Menu Includes:

$15 • Children under 6 eat free.

Clarke County Farmers’ Market 317 W. Main St. (Berryville Primary – Clarke County School Board office). Customer entrance and parking is off West Main Street. All patrons are asked to comply with statemandated requirements related to COVID-19, including social distancing and face coverings. Find a list of vendors at clarkecountyfarmersmarket. com/meet-our-vendors/ 8am– 12pm every Saturday through the end of October. manager@ clarkecountyfarmersmarket. com.


Open House and Silent Auction start at 12:00 Funnel Cakes 12-4pm! Meal starts at 4:00 • dine in or carry out Annual Cake Sale starts at 6:00 BBQ Chicken, Country Ham, Apple Sauce, Green Beans, Cole Slaw, Mac and Cheese, Drinks, and Homemade Desserts


114 East Main Street Boyce, Virginia

Thursday - Saturday 10 - 5 Sunday 12 - 5




JU LY 20 21


Can You Grow Morels at Home? By Claire Stuart

ua l nn hA t 7 1 ns o ti c

n LO E

noticed a relationship between the location of our apiary and where mushrooms popped out.” The Foxes have around 60 honey bee colonies. Carrie explained that when they need to supplement small colonies to build them up, they feed the bees a sugar-water mixture and a pollen patty supplement. Any excess sugar water and pollen that the bees don’t take is dumped around the tree line. Bees often build extra comb on top of or between the wooden frames, sometimes filling them with drone cells. Beekeepers must scrape it off to keep the frames clean, and these scrapings (high in proteins, fats and carbohydrates) are also dumped. The Foxes found morels popping up in those areas. Carrie hopes that their results will encourage further research and give potential morel growers a reason for optimism. The Foxes are creating online con-


SSh heepph heerr d d’’ss FFo orr d d


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home kitchen. We prepare jars in the pressure canner and buy grain at the Berryville feed store. People can do it in their own homes. The people at the first workshop could see mycelium growing in the grain spawn jars. “We tend the jars through the hot summer—timing is so important. We plant in fall because they require a winter to produce in the spring. We prepare the bed site with things that saprophytic mushrooms enjoy: kitchen scraps, compost, dead leaves, wood shavings, and ashes from the wood stove. We dig a trench, put the mycelium in, water it well, and let it overwinter. The mycelium feeds off dead and decaying vegetable matter. Some morels have a mycorrhizal relationship with living trees and other plants for food.” Carrie suspects that their beekeeping practices contributed to the successful growth of the morels. “We

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ER st Fe S’

If you have ever eaten morels, you know why these odd-looking, wrinkled mushrooms are so sought after. They grow wild in our area, and they are only found at a certain time of year in certain habitats. Their locations are closely-guarded secrets kept by knowledgeable foragers, often for generations. But what if you could reliably grow morels in your own yard? Impossible, say the skeptics! It’s been tried, using all sorts of experimental methods, for years and years, with virtually no success. Morels simply grow where they want to grow. Here in Clarke County, Nate and Carrie Fox of Riverfox Farm are surprising the skeptics. The Foxes operate a small Berryville farm where they raise bees, heritage poultry, and cut flowers. Carrie recalls that Nate, who had been a morel hunter for years, introduced her to morels when they were dating. “It was sort of a courtship gift,” she laughed. He had tried to grow his own over the years, using locally foraged mushrooms, but had been unsuccessful. This year, the Foxes finally succeeded in producing a carpet of hundreds of precious morels. Dozens of participants in their two morel workshops in May had a chance to see morels growing — and taste them, too. “In 2019, we tried a different method,” Carrie reported. “We used grain spawn and inoculated the soil with a mixture of local morels. In 2020, only about five or six mushrooms grew. Then, this year, hundreds suddenly appeared at night. We went down at night with headlamps and saw them! Over the next two weeks, they were emerging and spreading. It was so exciting! We wondered if we should keep it a secret, then we said, ‘No, let’s do a workshop. Let people see the area, the moisture of the soil, the light, and other conditions.’” This year’s first workshop was held on May 1, and about 30 people participated. It was followed by another on May 15 with about 40 people, and all went home with jars of inoculated grain spawn. The Foxes are going to try to make it an annual event. Carrie explained that their methods and timing are different from what most people try — making a slurry in a bucket with ashes, etc., and dumping it in the garden. While spores are very hardy, once you trigger growth, it is fussy. “We’re giving Mother Nature a hand. From our harvest, we use spores to prepare grain spawn jars. We don’t have a fancy lab; we work out of our

Béla Fleck My Bluegrass Heart featuring Michael Cleveland, Sierra Hull, Justin Moses, Mark Schatz, & Bryan Sutton

The Infamous Stringdusters Keller & the keels CHARLEY CROCKETT Town Mountain Cedric Watson and Bijou Creole NO BS! BRASS Larry Keel Experience Daryl Davis

Clarke County Fairgrounds 890 W Main St, Berryville, VA 22611

Furnace Mountain & the City Stompers The Bumper Jacksons

Gina Furtado Project

The Woodshedders

Charm City Junction

The Plate Scrapers

Serene Green

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tent and instructions; a tutorial is in the works, and they are planning for a 2022 spring morel workshop. If you are thinking of beekeeping, have your first colony, need tips and pointers, or just want to learn about bees, visit their website for information about their hands-on honey bee days, starter colonies and queen bees for sale. Visit them online at riverfoxfarm.com

Things to Know About Mushrooms: • Mushrooms are fungi and do not have chlorophyll, so they need to absorb food from their environment, and most do not need light to grow. • Saprophytic fungi grow on dead and decaying organic matter. • Mycorrhizal fungi have a symbiotic partnership with living green plants (usually trees), living in and around their roots and sharing nutrients.

• Most of a mushroom is underground in the form of root-like mycelium, which is made of fibers called hyphae that absorb food. • The familiar mushrooms that we eat are the fruiting bodies of the fungus. The mycelium can stay dormant for years before sending up fruiting bodies. • Microscopic spores that serve as seeds are produced on gills under the mushroom’s cap. • Grain Spawn: Wheat, rye, millet, etc., is cooked with water and sterilized, and mycelium is added and will grow on the grain. • Substrate is the material the fungus will live and grow on, such as compost, dead wood, sawdust, rotting leaves, etc. • Inoculation is introducing spores or mycelium culture to a substrate.



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JULY 20 21


The Barns of Rose Hill: A Brief History By Cathy Kuehner

It may be difficult for some to imagine a farm with a grand home in the center of Berryville. Those who lived in Clarke County in the 1960s and ’70s may remember the property being gifted to the town, its gradual development into a park, and the spring day in 1978 when an arsonist destroyed the mansion before plans to create a community center could be realized. Fortunately, the circa 1910 barns on the property were unscathed by the fire. Today, they are the much loved Barns of Rose Hill — a community, tourism, and arts center that has hosted countless exhibits, concerts, movies, and educational programs since opening in September 2011. But the transformation from livestock barns last used in the 1950s to a contemporary cultural center took decades, and would not have happened at all without a community of dedicated and passionate volunteers. Originally a 100-acre estate, Rose Hill was built in the mid19th century by S.S. Neill, a sur-

This is the Rose Hill mansion at the turn of the 20th century when it was the center of a large estate. geon for the Confederate Army. Following the war, the property was sold to Marshall McCormick, a lawyer who later served as Berryville mayor, Clarke County Commonwealth’s Attorney, and Virginia senator. McCormick owned other large farms in the county, too, including adjoining Clermont as well as Annfield and Norwood. McCormick’s daughter Rosalie married Horace Gilbert Smithy in 1911, and soon after, Smithy purchased Rose Hill from his father-in-law.

Rosalie died in 1963 and, in 1964, Smithy donated their Rose Hill estate to the town. By then it was only a few acres, the mansion, the barns, and a small house. To honor his wife’s interests, Horace stipulated that the Rose Hill property be used for “the educational, recreational, and cultural benefit of the community.” For a while the mansion was used sporadically for community events. By 1968, it was the Clarke County School Board leading discussions about converting

This image shows the Rose Hill mansion after the Smithy property was given to the Town of Berryville. A couple walks to an art exhibit there. Photo was published in the Sept. 30, 1965, edition of the Clarke Courier newspaper.

The circa-1910 dairy barns at the Rose Hill property were untouched by the fire that consumed the mansion in May 1978. Photo was published in the book “Berryville Celebrates: 1798 to 1998.”

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Family Friendly Movie Nights at Long Branch In conjunction with Clarke County Historical Association After years of fundraising, a crowd gathered in July 2010 for a groundbreaking ceremony, officially beginning the transformation of old dairy barns into a contemporary fine and performing arts center. Smithy mansion into an educational and cultural center, including a library and space for teenagers to hang out. The Board obtained grants, plans were made, but time and again the project stalled. The fire in 1978 put an apparent end to the proposed “Clarke County Community Center.” Meanwhile, the Town of Berryville developed Rose Hill Park, adding its iconic gazebo in 1985. In 1989, the Berryville-Clarke County Chamber of Commerce was given permission to renovate the barns for its offices, a tourism center, and art gallery. Turns out, renovating two barns that sat unused for almost four decades was not easy or inexpensive. By 2001, Rose Hill Park was well established, and the Town of Berryville and Clarke County together purchased 3.56 acres of vacant land next to it to enlarge the park and create additional access to the barns. The land also provided space for the Berryville-Clarke County Government Center that opened in December 2008. The same year, Downtown Berryville Inc. (a Virginia Main Street program) began organizing fundraising events to support the restoration of the barns. It took years. A nonprofit organization — Barns of Rose Hill, Inc. — was officially formed in September 2004, and it launched a capi-

tal campaign to continue the fundraising efforts. Community members and donors were affectionately called “Barns Raisers,” and the Berryville-based architectural firm of Carter+Burton was hired to design the building. Carter+Burton sensitively preserved a lot of the early20th century barns’ original character and structure — including much of its wood, red standing-seam metal roof, and venting cupolas — while creating a beautiful, functional 21st century facility. Construction began in 2010 after more than $2 million in

public and private funds had been raised, and the project was completed in late summer 2011. “Saving the barns mattered to a lot of people,” said Diana Kincannon, who helped form the nonprofit organization in 2004 and served as the first president of its board of directors. “We knew we had these wonderful old barns, and this was our last chance to save them.” The Barns of Rose Hill exist today because enough people cared to give as little as $5 or as much as $100,000 so the community may enjoy the fine and performing arts well into the next century.

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The Barns of Rose Hill: Celebrating a Milestone Anniversary and Decades of Support By Cathy Kuehner Hundreds of people have played significant roles over the decades, working to build a contemporary cultural arts and community center out of two old dairy barns in downtown Berryville. They gave creativity, time, money and — quite literally — blood, sweat, and tears to build the Barns of Rose Hill. “Given the small size of our community, it’s kind of amazing that the Barns happened at all,” said Michael Hobert, a longtime supporter of the Barns and a member of its Board for the past six years. Hobert, who grew up in Berryville, remembers the Smithy property known as Rose Hill,

its development into Rose Hill Park, and the old barns there. “When I was growing up, we went to the community building for events,” he said, referring to the American Legion building that is now used by Dollar General on Church Street. After the town was given the Smithy property in the 1960s, Hobert said there were “a lot of false starts as people tried to do something with it.” He always believed the circa-1910 barns last occupied by livestock in the 1950s could be “a center where people come together to enjoy music and art.” Hobert said the Barns of

Rose Hill became a reality 10 years ago thanks to visionaries like Diana Kincannon. In 2004, Kincannon was asked to help with the barns community center project. The first thing she did was seek counsel to establish it as a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization to provide for a Board of Directors, a clear mission and vision, and the ability to apply for much-needed grants. With Barns of Rose Hill, Inc., established, the board focused on a $2 million fundraising campaign. “We developed a clear vision for the barns,” said Kincannon, who served as the board’s first

Furnace Mountain are (from left) Dave Van Deventer, Morgan Morrison, Aimee Curl, and Danny Knicely. president. “We articulated the intangible benefits to the community: the power of the arts

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CC Community Band, 2019. Those associated with the project were known as “Barns Raisers,” and they kept on that message for six years. “We pursued every avenue we could,” Kincannon said. Gifts came in all sizes — $5 to $100,000 — as did grant money. The Town of Berryville and Clarke County governments contributed, too, so the Barns of Rose Hill could also serve as a tourism center. “When the Barns finally opened in September 2011, it was exactly what we envisioned,” Kincannon said. “There was classical music, bluegrass, jazz, theater, and so much visual art. Ten years later, the Barns continues to fulfill our vision, and it has exceeded my expectations.” Like Hobert, Susi Bailey was born and raised in Clarke County, and over the years she has owned a business along Berryville’s Main Street and served in many civic organizations, including Downtown Berryville Inc. “This is my community, and the Barns project was a community effort, so of course I helped.” In a predominantly agricultural area, one hurdle was explaining the

Clarke need for a cultural center. “Do we need art and music?” The question was often asked, Bailey said, but the movement to preserve the historic barns and create a place for art and music grew and grew. “When we broke ground for the Barns in 2010, I felt like I had been pregnant for 10 years and had finally given birth,” Bailey said, laughing. After opening, the board served as management until it could find money for a small staff, and it took the Barns a while to find its audience and attract the recognized artists and musicians it does today. “We’ve been pretty stable since 2014,” Bailey said, adding, “We have a good 13-member board, good staff, and every year more people come for the shows.” In 2019 almost 10,000 people passed through the Barns’ doors, Kincannon said, noting visitors were coming from Northern Virginia, the Shenandoah Valley, and West Virginia’s Eastern Panhandle. “Momentum was building for a better year in 2020.” Then came the coronavirus. Businesses everywhere — especially performance venues — were hit hard financially by the global pandemic. Sarah Ames, who began as the Barns’ office manager in 2017, was named executive director in January 2020, just as the world was beginning to hear about COVID-19. “Our 2020 schedule was fully booked with about 40 concerts, 30 community events, and weekly programs like music jams and art classes. Then, we had to shut down for months.” Its small staff — Ames, program director Morgan Morrison, director of operations Nathan Borger, and parttime office manager Tiwana Brooks —





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had to be more creative than usual and adapt to broadcasting concerts and classes on YouTube and Facebook. “In a good year, 30 percent of our income is ticket sales,” Ames said. Fortunately, enough folks paid for online offerings or made donations to help the Barns get through 2020. Ten years on, the community sees the value of the Barns. Morrison joined the Barns small staff in 2012. She had performed there before with Furnace Mountain, and she continues to perform there with the band and at the bi-weekly Thursday night old-time music jams. “As a musician, I enjoy bringing people together for a common experience,” she said. Morrison says programming continues to evolve as staff determines what the community wants and as performers learn of the Barns’ intimate performance space with outstanding acoustics. “We want

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Oil painting class with Jordan Xu. to introduce audiences to new experiences, and that needs to be balanced with the familiar,” she said. A thriving cultural arts center in an agricultural area is a significant accomplishment, Ames added. “It’s a great place for people to come together — and we especially need that in this post-pandemic time.” Bailey believes more and more people recognize the Barns as a community resource.

“The Barns attract people from all over Clarke County and even farther away,” Hobert said. “I hope the Barns continue to grow and engage more people.” “I see the Barns of Rose Hill as a promise fulfilled to the Smithy family,” Ames said. “It was important to the family that their property benefit everyone, and the Barns do that.” Said Bailey, “I still get chills when I’m standing in the Barns at a sold-out show and think about how far we’ve come.” The Barns of Rose Hill is located at 95 Chalmers Ct. in Berryville. Hours are noon to 3pm Tuesday through Saturday for exhibits, tours, and the tourism center and at other times for performances, events, and classes. Contact the Barns at (540) 955-2004 or info@ borh.org. Follow “Barns of Rose Hill” on Facebook. Find more information at barnsofrosehill.org.

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The Barns of Rose Hill: Be Part of the 10 Year Celebration






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Cosmic Harvest Gallery Located in Berryville, VA To mark its 10th anniversary, the Barns of Rose Hill hosts a free event for the community on July 31, an historical exhibition throughout October, and a gala event on Oct. 16. Follow “Barns of Rose Hill” on Facebook or go to barnsofrosehill.org for details, updates, and additional events.


10-Year Celebration on Saturday, July 31

The Barns of Rose Hill invites everyone to meet in Berryville’s Rose Hill Park at 5 p.m. Saturday, July 31, for a free outdoor concert, kid-friendly activities, and a petting zoo. Hog-it-Up BBQ and Generations Gourmet food trucks will be on site. At 7 p.m., Grammy nominee Cheick Hamala Diabaté and his band present a free concert of West African music that will have everyone on their feet and dancing.

Interactive Exhibit in October

The Barns staff has been busy this year gathering archival photos, newspaper articles, and memorabilia that tell the story of how two old dairy barns were transformed into a contemporary cultural arts and community center. People new to the area, people who love history, and everyone who appreciates the Barns of Rose Hill will be fascinated by this month-long exhibit.

Fundraising Gala on Saturday, Oct. 16

The global coronavirus pandemic disrupted just about everything for everyone. Non-profit organizations like the Barns of Rose Hill did all they could to keep the lights on and continue presenting art and music in some form. The Barns held an online fundraising event in 2020, but staff is planning an in-person gala later this fall.

Buy an Anniversary Brick!

The traditional 10-year anniversary gift is tin or aluminum, but perhaps you’ll consider an engraved brick for the patio leading into the Barns. This year, the Barns is offering a special 8-by-8-inch commemorative brick for $250. These bricks can be inscribed with three lines of text; each line up to 18 characters including spaces and punctuation. A standard-sized 8-by-4-inch brick is available for $100. It can accommodate up to three lines of text; each with 21 characters including spaces and punctuation. Contact the Barns at (540) 955-2004 or info@borh.org., or go to barnsofrosehill.org.

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Keeping Peace in the Family Adult Children, Parents, and Planning for the Future

16 The song the mother sings in Robert Munsch and Sheila McGraw’s, “I Will Love You Forever” has stuck with me since I first read the book with one of my children a couple of decades ago.

By Brenda Waugh In a previous article, I outlined strategies to keep the peace within the family when the parents divorce. This article is also about keeping the peace in the family, but at a much different stage in life. Is “I will love you forever” possible? Does a parents’ love extend into the child’s adulthood? Can parents make decisions to encourage healthy relationships among their adult children? Can a parents’ love expand beyond their own life to create an opportunity for their children and grandchildren to enjoy not only a financial legacy, but also a legacy in relationships? Yes, but just like the situation with parents who are divorcing, it requires intention and hard work. Parents can minimize conflict between adult children by involving them in the creation of a power of attorney and a medical directive. A durable power of attorney permits a designated person to sign checks, manage credit, and conduct business on behalf of another. An advanced directive appoints an agent to make medical decisions and provides directions as to how to make the decisions. This provides guidance and creates authority to make

medical decisions if the parent is unable to make them independently. The power of attorney and advanced directives may help to keep the peace among siblings when the parents are unable to make legal or medical decisions. They usually prevent the necessity of going to court to have one child, or another person, appointed to make these decisions. Families have a very difficult time maintaining unity when, during a time of crisis, they must involve the legal institutions to select which child is best situated to perform these roles. Another way to lessen conflict between adult children is for parents to create a comprehensive estate plan within which they designate beneficiaries for investment or bank accounts, deed real property, draft a will or create a trust. For many parents, the focus of their estate plan is to avoid paying taxes. This becomes more important and challenging, as state and federal laws change from time to time. However, simply creating the documents and working to minimize tax consequences is not enough. Too often

parents of adult children make decisions in private meetings with their attorneys, without informing the children until the documents are needed. Other parents may inform the family but fail to discuss plans in sufficient depth to determine how the decisions could impact harmony within the family. There is a better way. To minimize the potential disagreement, many families engage a mediator trained in elder mediation. During family meetings, participants reach consensus on who may best accept the duties of the legal and medical power of attorney. The parents may also outline the beneficiaries, wills, and trusts they are considering, and consider input from their beneficiaries. These meetings will prevent the shock of a parents’ passing when they have not communicated the information. It may also permit the parent to consider the adult children’s concerns when constructing these essential documents. In working to maintain harmony within the family when creating an estate plan or power of attorney, a few dos and don’ts provide guidance.

“I’ll love you forever I’ll like you for always As long as I’m living My baby, you’ll be.” Don’t: Don’t ignore the necessity of executing a power of attorney, medical directive and an estate plan. Without these documents the family must go to court to establish guardianship or conservatorship, often increasing potential conflict among family members. Don’t rely on forms to create documents from the internet or an office supply store. Documents that do not meet the requirements of your state or the needs of your family may wind up being costly and damaging to your family. Don’t focus on taxes to the exclusion of relationships. Including your family in the decision-making process and creating plans to meet everyone’s needs will reduce the potential for conflict in the future. Do: Retain authority over making decisions about your estate plan and power of attorney, but include anyone who is impacted in a collaborative and healthy way. Allow them to participate in discussions to address disagreements in a suitable environment.

Consider working with a mediator, a family therapist, or a facilitator to help your family reach mutual understandings before having documents professionally prepared. DISCUSS long and short-term plans of each family member before deciding how to structure an inheritance, create a trust, or make a will. Looking at each family member’s long- and short-term desires and needs will minimize future conflict. Include provisions in all documents, as much as possible, to require beneficiaries to participate in mediation prior to engaging in legal action to resolve conflicts and provide for the costs to be paid by the estate, or equally between parties. Families can provide a great comfort and resource when challenged with difficult times. Proper thought and planning, with the family relationship being the focus of the plan, can maintain lifelong relationships that will provide future generations with more than financial security. Brenda Waugh is a lawyer/mediator with Waugh Law & Mediation, serving clients in the Blue Ridge region of Virginia and Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia.

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Clarke Monthly July 2021  

A Free, monthly publication that is mailed directly to everyone in Clarke County, Virginia.

Clarke Monthly July 2021  

A Free, monthly publication that is mailed directly to everyone in Clarke County, Virginia.


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