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jennifer wickham jwickham89@gmail.com | 509.200.1342 238-A S. Murat | New Orleans, LA 70119


rehabilitating the strip mall GrowDat Youth Farm facilities design GrowDat rainwater catchment research & design claiborne corridor plan civil rights musuem retreat & respite center children’s home & learning institution “Strawblurry Fields� installation competition barchan bench hand sketches graphic design

projects


This is my master’s thesis research and project exploring architecture as a language

and form of communication, and the implications of an architecture that fails to communicate at a human scale. How can failed and forgotten spaces be revived? Abstract:

The

complex

narrative messages

of of

human the

culture

spaces

we

is

most

create.

fully When

communicated architecture

in

rejects

the its

role as communication medium, people are unable to connect and interact with and within these spaces in a meaningful way. Lack of a richly communicative architecture is evidenced by the inappropriate design of many American public and commercial spaces; the strip mall typology was born in response to a social focus on efficiency, which forgot the human need for complexity and detail in our built environment. This reduced both formal and social patterns to an uncommunicative point, and leaves businesses relying on signage and branding. An abandoned strip mall on Jefferson Highway is a clear example where this was not enough. To become an economically, experientially, and environmentally desirable public space the site is redesigned for the human scale with high-information buildings and spaces.

rehabilitating the strip mall

thesis: information & language in architecture

jefferson, louisiana


scales of detail

x2 redundancy

reinforce by repeatng through multiple channels

contrast

in tone or in amount of detail

x2

hierarchy x2

more detail, more complex patterns in areas of higher importance

Mechanical Language

speed capacity reproducability

How far can the message be compressed without information loss?

simplify reduce group

0101010101 } 01 01001111011 } 0100111011

Human Language

5 senses perception choice

How can the message be conveyed so that it is certain to be understood?

patterns redundancy contrast

LOVE

words, gifts, behavior, ceremony

Aoccdrnigtotoaarscheearch rscheearchatat Aoccdrnig CmabrigdeUinervtisy, Uinervtisy,it itdeosn't deosn't Cmabrigde mttaerininwaht wahtoredr oredrthe theltteers ltteersinin mttaer iprmoetnt are,the theolny olnyiprmoetnt wrodare, aawrod fristand andlsat lsatltteer ltteer tihngisistaht tahtthe thefrist tihng beatatthe therghit rghitpclae. pclae.The Therset rsetcan can be beaatoatl toatlmses msesand andyou youcan cansitll sitll be raed raedititwouthit wouthitporbelm. porbelm.

language difference diagram, architectural examples of language components diagrams


urban syntax

contrast: low to high information

suburban syntax

contrast: qualities of information

complexity & context

redundancy

scales of detail


current facade, mappings highlighting nearby economic centers and institutions


panorama collage during carnival, sectional perspective of proposal


view from parking lot currently and proposed


Whitney Bank view from street corner

closed Frostop & remainder of drive-thru Daiquiri

potholes collect rainwater service alley ‘facade’

only used outdoor space, the AA meeting room, is occupied most hours of the day

service alley and solid-walled parking garage the only remaining open business

lodging for cancer patients

view from the levee walking path

current aerial, all phase plans


existing retail

existing retail

existing offices

grocery

cafe

lobby

office & lockers

workshop

information desk

dust collection

printing open lab

digital output lab

lockers

open retail

housing office

lobby

supply store

kung fu academy

ground floor

retail, grocery, cafe, housing entrance, kung fu adacemy, public technology institute 0 5 10

20

50


The GrowDat Youth Farm is a non-profit 3-acre farm in City

Park which employs at-risk high school students to work the farm & learn about healthy eating and running a business. My studio group worked as part of the Tulane City Center to design the farm and needed facilities: classroom, office, bathrooms, locker rooms, storage, food preparation/storage, and market space. Donors’ conditions that we use shipping containers, protected trees and wildlife, and misrepresented existing utilities documents presented challenges. The resulting design has the classroom framed by shipping containers with an open market space in the middle of the complex. The building was awarded a 2012 SEED Award for Excellence in Public Interest Design, presented at this year’s Structures for Inclusion Conference and

winner

of

the

conference

“People’s

Choice

Award.”

PROJECT LEADS: Scott Bernhard, Dan Etheridge, Abigail Feldman, Johanna Gilligan, Sam Richards, Emilie Taylor PROJECT TEAM: Mira Asher, Zin Min Aye, Steven Baker, Hee Cho, Sophie Dardant, Rachel Finkelstein, Sean Fisher, Pat Franke, Marianne Graffam, Seneca Gray, Ellen Hailey, Katie Healey, Natalia Hidalgo, Jade Jiambutr, Lindsey Kiefer, Mike Landry, Emile LeJeune, Vicky Leung, Sam Levin, Jason Levy, Marda Lugar, Mary Beth Luster, Jeremy Maloney, Rebecca Miller, Ian O’Cain, Ellanny Page, Justin Park, Robert Pekara, Fernando Polo, Allison Powell, Julie Sanders, Allison Schiller, Justin Siragusa, Chris Tellone, Ana Lucia Teran, Will Trakas, Claire Tritschler, Erin Vaughn, Nichole Woggon, Brad Watson, Mike Welsh, Jen Wickham. All photos, drawings, and renderings from the Tulane City Center.

GrowDat Youth Farm

new orleans, louisiana


elevations of facility, site plan of entire farm


construction photo & rendering, foundation drawing, construction photo


A video produced by Tulane of the summer construction:

51'-412"

http://tulane.edu/empowers/grow_dat.cfm

32'-112" 7'-6"

24'-712" 19'-3"

3'-0"

4'-212" 7'-6"

8'-112"

39'-5"

19'-3"

16'-11"

17'-3" 7'-6"

39'-5"

24'-5" 7'-6"

7'-6"

24'-6" 3'-112"

35'-112" 54'-412"

19'-3"


AAAAAAA the numbers AAAAAAAA new orleans rainfall: AAAAAAA 60.67 AAAAAAAA inches AAAAAAA per year AAAAAAAA Grow Dat 2,053 AAAAAAA roof area sq ft AAAAAAAA AAAAAAA 60.67 inches/year falling on a 2,053 sq foot roof gives us AAAAAAAA each year the ability to collect... AAAAAAA AAAAAAAA AAAAAAA gallons of water! AAAAAAAA 1 gallon of water = 8.34 lbs AAAAAAA 65,958 gallons equals the weight of 54.6 African Elephants AAAAAAAA january february march april may june july august september october november december

Supported by a grant from Tulane University,

collection travel

to

systems, see

water

case

policy

study

in

Louisiana,

systems

in

and

Austin,

TX.

We designed a collection system for the 2,000 sqft roof

of

the

GrowDat

Youth

Farm’s

classroom

facility. I calculated numbers for average rainfall and the

water

products Team

Members:

needed to Mira

for

produce Asher,

Will

a 2

Trakas,

variety posters &

Jen

of

activies

for

the

Wickham.

Advisor:

Scott

and

facility. Bernhard;

Catchment System Research & Design

48’6”

*85%collection efficiency

I was part of a team able to research rainwater

42’4”

}

5.12” 5.18” 5.13” 4.67” 4.81” 5.72” 6.38” 5.93” 5.45” 2.92” 4.39” 4.99”

65,958

g

EEEEEEE EEEEEEE EEEEEEE EEEEEEE EEEEEEE EEEEEEE EEEEEEE x EEEEEEE

E 54.6


This studio was a design exercise in urbanism and planning. The City

of New Orleans is considering the take down of an elevated 2-mile stretch of I-10 running from the Suderdome through the historic neighborhood of Treme. Since the Interstate’s construction in the 1960s, the neighborhood has fought a growing problem of blight. This proposal would reestablish Claiborne Ave at the street level and create a system of interconnected public spaces and building footprints that reach within the surrounding blocks. Already occuring nodes of activty could become transit stops for a lightrail system.

The south-eastern half of the corridor contains the Hospital District, which

has become a controversial area with the planning of a new University Medical Center. The new plan, which has required the demolition of 12 square blocks of buildings, has 6 blocks of surface parking and has come under fire for its suburban planning style in the middle of an area struggling to regain density from post-Katrina blight. I designed a detailed plan of what could happen if the surface parking was removed to a garage and those 6 blocks were allowed to contribute to downtown and the corridor. Studio taught by Jon Tate.

Claiborne Corridor Plan

new orleans, louisiana


buildings & new footprints

greenspace & new footprints

connected inter-block space

reinstated street grid


university medical center

lemann studios

lafitte greenway

lafitte housing

corridor mapping with UMC plan, proposed communal space network


network of inter-block public space

imagined growth footprints

neutral ground growth areas


This plan for the hospital site cre-

ates a mixed-use community. Within each block are public open spaces connecting the hospital to Claiborne and downtown via a series of wide, pedestrian-friendly paths lined by retail and residential programs. Establishing the public spaces first would create

a

series

of

footprints

of

vari-

ous scales which would loosly dictate programs:

larger

institutional

footprints

for the possible expansion of the hospital, a full-block parking garage with retail on the ground floor, townhomes, and mixed-use retail / office space / apartments. I developed one block at the intersection of Claiborne and Canal Streets in greater detail as an anchor for development.

mapping of continuous paved surfaces, proposed improved UMC area plan


0’

50’

100’

200’


detailed block perspective looking west, ground floor plan


1

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

5

3 4 2 16 14

12 10

9

6

7 11

13

0’

20’

50’

100’

15 8

claiborne avenue

canal street

2-story office cafe or restaurant grocery/convenience store large 2-story retail multi-story hotel restaurant 2nd story office entry cafe or restaurant retail service retail space medical office space 2-story bar/restaurant office space cafe or restaurant outdoor meeting spot water feature/meeting spot


images from UMC planning controversy, detailed block perspective looking north-east


Design for a Civil Rights Museum in Central City. The

3-story museum has a large lobby, exposition spaces, a series of smaller rooms for exhibits of different medias, a research library, and community meeting space. The design was influenced by the shotgun house typology found throughout the city. This was one of 6 projects selected to be presented to community stakeholders. Studio taught by Ed Gaskin.

Civil Rights Museum

new orleans, louisiana


Legend:

5

13

6

8

5

Entrance Cafe/Bookstore Information Desk Temporary Exhibition Space Exhibit Storage Community Room Courtyard

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Main Stairs

8

9

Permanent Exhibition Storage Rooms Administration Classroom Auditorium

9 10 11 12 13

9

Digital Library Library Archive Mechanical Room

14 15 16

16

9 7

10

9 10

7 4

7 9

15

9

10

7 9

9

7 9

3

9

9

8 1

First Floor

14

12

2

11

Second Floor

floor plans, interior perspective looking at garden

Third Floor

9


view on O.C. Haley Boulevard, lost density & parti diagrams, east elevation, section


1951 2010

Garden Elevation


A proposed retreat center and public respite area in Rome’s Colli Albani

neighborhood along a wide, busy boulevard. Small grottos with religious statues are a common sight at street corners throughout Italy. This proposal takes that idea a step further and creates a larger respite area with a series of quiet rooms of various sizes. With sloping paths down into the complex, a visitor would progress from chaos into quiet. The top (street) level is also occupiable. The above section cuts diagonally through the entire site and shows the existing level change with a large staircase, the grottos, sleeping rooms, and chapel. The surrounding buildings are apartments and the site is currently occupied by a car wash and parking lot. Studio taught by Marcella Del Signore & Tiffany Lin.

Retreat & Respite Center

rome, italy


section A


Colli Albani urban scale map, section B


enclosed vs open

private

semi-public

public

connected at street

site strategy short, grass short, grass

quiet

short, grass

quiet

diagrams, site plan

tall, concrete

noise

quiet

tall, concrete tall, concrete

noise

noise


A

B

C


section C, model photos


A design for a children’s group home in the San Lorenzo neighborhood of Rome. This block was

bombed in WWII and afterwards the Church built a playground for the children of this historically working-class area. Now it is a members-only athletic club owned by the Knight of Columbus. Instead of a private park, I proposed this home and play area as a social-justice ministry, a central tenet of the Catholic Church and more in tune with the park’s original purpose. There is a large population of homeless children in Rome and also a lack of acitivty space for young people. This facility has a small theater, retail spaces that could employ teenagers, a daycare center, housing for the adult caretakers and employees, a gym, classrooms, a small clinic, a library, arts center, and 2 stories of dorm-style rooms. These programs are placed along a semi-interior “street” with play and learning programs. Behind, there is play space and a soccer field. Studio taught by Marcella Del Signore & Tiffany Lin.

Youth Home & Learning Institute

rome, italy


section through the entrance, housing patio, and library


urban scale map, ground floor and first floor plans


GROUND FLOOR PLAN 0

6

STREET LEVEL PLAN 0

6


MAIN ENTRY

entrance view, site plan, area usage mapping, site proximity to schools/institutions mapping


apartments vacant school/library university charity church/government art/books club/music park restaurant grocery services retail

GENERAL SITE PLAN 0

60

apartments vacant school/library university charity church/government art/books club/music park restaurant grocery services retail


A design for a dance school next to the

(in)famous Moulin Rouge club. In addition to 6 dance studios there is a stage theater, black box theater, gift store, performance reception area, set shop, and large atrium. Replacing the iconic windmill and in an area of Paris full of neon lights, this proposal is centered around two sculptural staircases that twist up through all 7 floors. Studio taught by Kentaro Tsubaki.

Dance School

paris, france


urban scale map, interior perspective from 2nd floor


Courtyard Elevation 1’ : 1/8”

Street Elevation 1’ : 1/8”

street elevation, section


Longitudinal Section 1’ : 1/8”


A week long design-build on Tulane’s campus

using recyclable materials. My team created 2 curtains of drinking straws hung from tree branches that made suspended occupiable space; a tree house on ground level. They flitered light and made a sound in the breeze. This installation won the school-wide competition and was featured on the popular website ArchDaily. Team: Jazzy Li, Eric Baumgartner, Amelia Steelman, Beau Braddock, Chris Baker, Frank Xiong, James Ball, Kevin Franklin, Lexi Tammer, Robbie Mosby, Spencer Knight, Will Nemitof, & Jen Wickham. Photo by Jill Stoll. Advising architect: Jing Liu of SO-IL Architect

Strawblurry Fields Architect’s Week 2010

tulane university


A week long design-build for a bench pro-

totype. The design was influenced by the live oak trees on campus and tried to incorporate a variety of different resting postions. The seating surface is formed by stacked plywood profiles, making the bench better suited for the outdoors. Team: Luis Quinones, Lindsey Keifer, Mike Welsh, Nick Cusimano, Ali Kass, Mira Asher, Will Rosenthal, Dan Glynn, Elliot Barron, Mike Greene, & Jen Wickham. Photos by Luis Quinones. Advising architect: Dan Maginn of El Dorado Architects .

Barchan Bench

Architect’s Week 2009

tulane university


BARCHAN BENCHES PROBLEM:

CONCRETE SLAB BENCH: OUTWARDFACING

TYPICAL BENCH: PEOPLE FACE AHEAD, NOT EACH OTHER

SOLUTION:

INWARD-FACING BENCH: ANTISOCIAL TO OUTSIDERS

2 FACING SEATS: TOO INTIMATE, PEOPLE ONLY FACE EACH OTHER

OFFSET FACING SEATS: CREATE POSSIBILITY OF SOCIAL OR ANTISOCIAL CONDITIONS.

SERIAL PLANES ASSEMBLED IN A UNIFIED, UNDULATING FORMS

OCCUPATIONAL POSSIBILITIES

8’


Selected drawings from my semester

in Rome using both pencil and Conti crayon. Drawing

course

taught

by

Tiffany

Lin.

Hand Sketches


Left: A shirt based on experiences during a course abroad with the Rhode Island School of Design. It uses a window grate pattern seen in Venice to make a tree like those lining the roads in the Swiss Alps and several iconic Eames birds, which were in the Vitra Museum in Germany, were sewn on. Right: Album Artwork for The Acadias, a Louisiana Folk Rock band whose album was released in December 2011. The CD is sold at their shows and through the iTunes store, which features the cover. Photos by Ashley Bel.

Graphic Design Work


THE ACADIAS

Blackberries & Pine Needles (4:55)

Jude (4:24)

He’s counting days like rosary beads But Jude’s conflicted by all that he sees He’s making a list of all the pros and the cons But Jude knows by Sunday he’ll be moving on Jude loves this city though; he knows its flow He knows who’ll give him things and who would say no Jude loved a woman once, wish she’d come back for more He’d be all over her like misery on the poor The man is out to get him. He’s running from the law He prays he’d never seen all of those things he saw Even though he can’t pay he buys another round Later on they’re going to run him right out of town So run, Jude, run

Stopped (4:47) Slow driving on a short ride home. Mind racing, chasing memories & hopes. Sun sliding up starting this slow summer day. The sun chasing the moon away. A train pulls up right on my left, stretching more than I can see & up ahead there is no end for me. So why am I stopped? What is this life? Why am I stopped? Should I stay or should I go? What am I running so hard to? In a rush to get to nowhere, turn around or see it through? The roads all lead back to this place, & this dead pace my life has found. Back to here & here I’m stopped. Out there no one waits for me. No thing, no how, no holding me back What is this life? A string of days? To months to years they fade away, & here I am right where I was; unchanged, unmoving. Just like the year before I want much more. The roads all lead back to this place, & this dead pace my life has found. Back to here & here I go.

Firearms and Fireflies (5:33) There’s a difference between knowing & knowing better There’s a difference between knowing & knowing better In a shotgun in the shadow of a billboard She lives & daily senses to ask & answer all alone While colors bleed across the sky Clouds converge or they drift alone While cicadas scream & the river shines along. They sing: Oo de lally lullaby Oo de lally lullaby Firearms & fireflies. Flash & thunder in the night Freely falling rippled leaves in jagged motion Catch my throat & burn my eyes A noble savage haunts this place A trace of grace displaced with time Oo de lally lullaby Oo de lally lullaby I feel forever like Aurora sleeps, but I know she’ll be back again Amber lenses cleanse my eyes, the sky the trees now sigh Oo de lally lullaby Oo de lally lullaby and we struggle & we break and we give & we take and we do it all over I confess, undress, just bless me with your lullaby Oo de lally lullaby

Here We Go! (3:40) I pass knee-high iron fences with knee-high porcelain door knobs I drift floating in the heat fog in the night. The streetlight is broken & I can’t seem to find my car ‘Cause its I who’s small not Alice, & it’s me whose brain’s in clouds But the words I say aren’t malice, I just speak what I think out loud Mea culpa’s not my style, so let’s go here we go

THE ACADIAS

Washboard Mary (2:21) If I should lose sight Remind me of my life The beauty of the soul The individual If I should lose sight Remind me of my life The majesty of Earth The fires of the turf. That Emerald Road that runs to Mississippi Where you see the dirt turn from black to red I’m going there but I don’t think you’ll miss me There I won’t know those lies you said. Memories sitting there beside you, those moments now still haunt me Which start just staring at this campfire. The stars alone can fill my dreams. Blackberries and Pine Needles, They catch me and brush on by Blackberries and Pine Needles, Tear my skin and make me cry Blackberries and Pine Needles, They hurt me just like your lies Blackberries and Pine Needles, Tear my skin and I cry All alone on that old porch swing, it’s getting late but what can I do? I’ve thought it out, I know that when I leave here that Emerald Road won’t take me back to you... Back to you Jude’s a philosopher a man about town He sees and knows just what is all going down He’s got some troubles yea but don’t we all? His luck’s run out; he knew it had to fall The trouble started with a debt he couldn’t pay His best girl caught him with his second best today Jude got himself trapped in every kind of way and how to fix all this, he couldn’t say

THE ACADIAS

© P 2011 All rights reserved

www.theacadias.com

Inside panel & back panel photography by Ashley Bel Artwork designed with the help of Charlie Lade & Jen Wickham

The Acadias are: Many thanks for our families & friends including Grandma Lade for her generous support OFA TAG HERE Mary Truxillo | vocals,PASTE acoustic guitar All music written & performed by The Acadias except “Comes a Time” written by Neil Young. Mark Johnson | vocals, bass, electric guitar All lyrics written by Katherine Truxillo, except “Comes a Time” written by Neil Young Robert Speyrer | banjo, accordion & “Washboard Mary” written by Andy Lade Recorded and Produced by Ivan Klisanin and Andy Lade | percussion The Acadias in Lafayette, Louisiana

THE ACADIAS

PASTE OFA TAG HERE

© P 2011 All rights reserved

www.theacadias.com 9 When the Fog Rolls In 8 Summer Banjo 7 Comes a Time 6 Here We Go! 5 Firearms & Fireflies 4 Stopped 3 Jude 2 Blackberries & Pine Needles 1 Washboard Mary

© P 2011 All rights reserved

www.theacadias.com

9 When the Fog Rolls In 8 Summer Banjo 7 Comes a Time 6 Here We Go!

5 Firearms & Fireflies 4 Stopped 3 Jude

2 Blackberries & Pine Needles 1 Washboard Mary

I forgot what you were saying, but I don’t want to be your friend My hope and the truth just blend & now I just want to leave you But the night with me you’ll spend I slam shut my open window, bump my hip on the foot of the bed Then you mock all the books I’ve read so I tell you I hate you, & we just watch TV instead

When the Fog Rolls In (9:24) Evangeline in the bar unwinds. She saw her man Gabe her secret love so fine. But Gabe didn’t speak to Evangeline & her tears grow warm as the fog rolls in. From across the bar she says she’s fine. Thinking how he’d sing, Evangeline! She’s mine oh mine! He laughed with his friends while she was crying & he left the bar when the fog rolled in. She walks from the bar, she walks to her car. She opens the note that Gabe had wrote: Meet me tonight I’m sorry. I’ll be waiting for you love, please come get me.I know its late & hard to see. But I can’t take this misery now, please hurry dear. I’ll be waiting by that old oak tree. So she drove to the spot that once was theirs, where he carved a heart to prove he cared. Evangeline waited unaware oak trees look alike when the fog rolls in. For an hour or more she had waited, She prayed that this pain would soon be sated. Then Evangeline knew it was love she hated. So she gave up on Gabe when the fog rolled in. Her foot on the gas heavy as her heart. Those headlights can’t cut through the mist & dark. Holding back tears all alone in that car, in that runaway car when the fog rolled in. Gabe lay down tired against the tree. Without him there ain’t much a life for me. She didn’t brake, she just crashed right in to where Gabe fell asleep when the fog rolled in. Well together forever in peace to lay. The secret affair of the girl and her Gabe. Evangeline with her love will stay & you can still see their ghosts when the fog rolls in.


contact information: jennifer wickham jwickham89@gmail.com | 509.200.1342 238-A S. Murat | New Orleans, LA 70119

thank you


portfolio