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Vernacular Buildings Survey: Energy Retrofit Potential UNCC Graduate Preservation Green Lab Charlotte, North Carolina


In cooperation with

NTHP Preservation Green Lab “Getting to 50” - University of North Carolina Charlotte School of Art + Architecture (Center for Integrated Building Design Research) Team Members Group 1: Group 2: Group 3: Group 4: Group 5: Group 6: Permit Research:

William Allen and Nicole Rivera Cortney Albert and Kareem Mansour Yashika Gulati and Jigisha Mehta Rebecca Breffeilh and Dmitriy Lednev Anne Schneider and Lindsay Shelton Garrett Lapping and Samantha Stone Dylan McKnight

Team Leader: Faculty Advisor:

Jennifer L. Caldwell Dale Brentrup, AIA, IES

NTHP Research Fellow Coordinator: Jeana C. Wiser NTHP Project Director: Ric Cochrane


1 1.1 1.2

NTHP Overview and Introduction About General Building Information

2

Site

2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4

General Building Information First Floor Windows Upper Floor Windows Exterior Shading Devices

3

Building Use Sections

3.1 3.2 3.3

General Section Information Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) Domestic Hot Water

4

Narratives

5

Photography

7.1.2 7.1.3

Post-WWII Grocery

7.2 2+ Story, Attached; Converted Warehouse or Showroom 7.2.1 Pre-WWII 7.2.2 Other / Post-WWII 7.3

2+ Story; Office

7.4 Main Street 7.4.1 2+ Story 7.4.2 1-Story 7.4.3 Religious 7.5

Lodging

7.6 School; Freestanding 7.6.1 Pre-WWII 7.6.2 Post-WWII

6

Site and Context

7.7 1-Story Retail Strip 7.7.1 Strip Mall 7.7.2 Neighborhood Storefront Rows

6.1 6.2 6.3

Overview Central / Plaza District Elizabeth District

7.8

7

Survey Collection Data

7.1 1-Story Freestanding 7.1.1 Pre-WWII

Other; Converted Residence


1

NTHP Overview and Introduction


O u r C o o r d i n at o r s The National Trust for Historic Preservation is a private, nonprofit membership organization dedicated to protecting the irreplaceable. Recipient of the National Humanities Medal, the National Trust was founded in 1949 and provides leadership, education, advocacy, and resources to save America’s diverse historic places and revitalize communities. New Buildings Institute (NBI) and the Preservation Green lab (PGL) of the National Trust for Historic Preservation have joined together to develop tools and strategies to better understand current building performance and simplify the path forward into deep savings. This initiative is called Getting to 50 (GT50) - a target of 50% savings for existing buildings. GT50 will enable deep energy savings (40% to 60%) by disseminating best practices and technical tools to support building upgrades. NBI is leading the national effort, conducting the technical analysis and tool development. These tools and strategies will help the market better understand current building performance and simplify the path to deep savings. PGL is providing experience on the existing buildings database and helping connect the tool to the marketplace. A major focus of this work is characterization of the existing building stock smaller than 50,000 square feet - the large majority of buildings by number, but an overlooked segment of the building stock due to the diversity of physical building types, ownership patterns, and other factors. This segmentation will prove useful to policy-makers trying to understand the potential for deep energy savings in an underserved market sector. Additionally, the research will aid in the development of design tools that can respond to the unique characteristics of small buildings. PGL has identified a set number of building typologies of interest and has defined these typologies to the extent that existing data allows. The final step in this segmentation effort is a national survey of the selected building typologies, with a target of One Thousand (1,000) buildings in ten geograhically distributed regions of the country. PGL is providing survey guidelines and an online submission mechanism.


About Us

1.1 The University of North Carolina at Charlotte was approached by the National Trust for Historic Preservation, requesting student surveyors to participate in a ‘nation-wide’ building survey of older, smaller, commercial and mixed-use buildings. The surveyors volunteered for the position with a return of 3 credit hours earned toward their education. All students were or currently are seeking their Masters of Architecture, “with a strong interest in building classification, preservation, building reuse and/or sustainability”. The surveyors conducted the building survey using the survey website (www.greenlabsurvey.org) in combination with a printable copy of the survey and other associated supporting documents, including a survey handbook. The course titled Graduate Preservation Green Lab (ARCH6050-T05) students we asked to create teams of two, which made six Groups including an individual volunteer for Permit Research only. The teams conducted the surveys over the Spring semester course in 2012 and was coordinated in Charlotte by a volunteer student Team Leader. Field surveys were conducted for mixed-use buildings in the area chosen districts, Elizabeth and Central, that would serve useful for evaluating Energy Retrofit Potentials. All images are original to the students in the course including, but not limited to the photograph, diagram, graph, etc., unless otherwise noted, public, or by signed waiver release. Any and/or all data is not ensured to be accurate since the data collected was retrieved by means of Internet research, library catalogs, interviews, etc. A well deserved “Thank You” goes to the surveyors and their hard work for obtaining the hard-to-find data and their great productivity throughout the semester. Congratulations to our team, we won 3rd Place in the national effort of teams from: --University of Pennsylvania --University of Kentucky --University of North Carolina --University of Texas-Austin

--School of the Art Institute of Chicago --The New School --University of Colorado-Denver --Arizona State University


G e n e ra l B u i l d i n g I n f o r m at i o n

1.2

Figure 1.2.1

The first section of this report (1-5) documents the survey collection questions published by the National Trust for Historic Preservation. Information or images contained under a heading “Survey Analysis” under this section are survey results and/or analyses obtained from UNCC’s Graduate Green Lab data. Some typologies are variable across regions and the Charlotte building stock produced inadequacies for some of the building types outlined. Not every section has a district-specific or associated questions image. Chapter Six describes the Charlotte districts chosen for the survey. Specific building surveys were chosen to illustrate in this document to best depict each typology listed and described in Chapter Seven. General comments and conclusions are made in Chapter 8 with References and Notes following in Chapter 9.


S u r v e y A n a ly s i s

1.1.1 Category Results of Survey


Central Elizabeth

S u r v e y A n a ly s i s

1.1.5 Number of Buildings Constructed


S u r v e y A n a ly s i s

1.1.9 Overall Gross Square Footage Percentage


2

SITE


2.1.4 Building Exterior Cladding Percentage Results


S u r v e y A n a ly s i s

2.1.7 Percentage of Buildings Orientation Direction


S u r v e y A n a ly s i s

2.1.11 Glazing Percentage Results

2.1.12 Building Roof Shape Results

2.1.13 Building Roof Material Results


S u r v e y A n a ly s i s

Percentage of Horizontal Shading Devices

2.2.4 Percentage of Vertical Shading Devices


S u r v e y A n a ly s i s

2.2.7 Percentage of Horizontal Shading Devices

2.2.7 Percentage of Vertical Shading Devices


3

BUILDING USE SECTIONS


S u r v e y A n a ly s i s

Primary Fuel Type Results


S u r v e y A n a ly s i s

Primary Fuel Type - Domestic HW Results


4

N A R RAT I V E S


5

PHOTOGRAPHY


6

Site and Context


INTR O D U C T IO N As the second largest financial center in the nation, Charlotte has evolved from unsteady economic conditions by improving its research centers and networking across societal divides. Charlotte has also grown substantially in the international markets proving its national status among other great American cities.

Graph 6a Overall Buildings Constructed Pre - WWII

Graph 6b Overall Buildings Constructed Post WWII

The following graphs chart the number of buildings built from the chosen stock surveyed.

TOTAL PRE-WWII

30

TOTAL POST-WWII

53


Graph 6c Overall Buildings Constructed 1900 - 2000


Central / Plaza District 6.1 The neighborhood is historically comprised of local textile mill owners and management. Plaza Midwood is a vibrant neighborhood occupied by young professionals and established middle class families. The life of the neighborhood flourishes day and night as many shops revitalize Central Avenue as a place to congregate and hangout. At night there are numerous restaurants and bars that attract crowds to activate the social side of Charlotte.

The Oakland land company was responsible for the layout of the roads within the neighborhood.

Plaza Midwood thrived during the Great Depression and began to decline around 1950. Around 1975, the Plaza Midwood Neighborhood Association was established to protect and preserve the neighborhood. Since the mid 1990’s the area has seen dramatic comeback as reinvestment has transformed dilapidated All-in-all, Plaza Midwood is successful as an homes into funky, urban dwellings. The redeurban neighborhood that has maintained its velopment has continued to this day and spilled identity as a cool place to socialize. Plaza Mid- over into surrounding neighborhoods, which wood was first established in 1910, as a street- has contributed to the overall renaissance of car suburb of Charlotte. the former inner-ring suburbs of old Charlotte.


Figure 6.1.1 Buildings Surveyed in Central District


Elizabeth District The Elizabeth neighborhood is just a few minutes outside of uptown Charlotte. This neighborhood is quite similar to Plaza Midwood neighborhood, but is a bit wealthier. It is assumed that Plaza Midwood, which is considered “in transition”, will end up being more similar to Elizabeth in the future.

6.2

the American Legion Memorial Stadium. After the first public park opened, Elizabeth became one of the most fashionable residential areas in Charlotte. Currently (as of 2006) the population for the neighborhood was 3,908 persons. The district appearance consists of mature trees and a pedestrian friendly-environment; most roads have sidewalks and there are many busiElizabeth College was a small Lutheran women’s nesses and residences in close proximity to one college founded in 1987 on the present-day site another. The current boundaries are roughly of Presbyterian Hospital. Similar to Charlotte’s Randolph Road/4th Street to the Southwest; name origination, the Elizabeth neighbor- Independence Boulevard to the West and hood is also named after a woman. She was North; and a creek to the East. Major avenues Anne Elizabeth Watts, whose husband, Gerard include Elizabeth Avenue and 7th Street. A subSnowden Watts, was in the tobacco business in stantial portion of the neighborhood is listed Durham. The area developed rapidly starting in on the national record of historic places, as the the early 1900’s and was boosted by a trolly an- “Elizabeth Historic District”. The neigborhood nex in 1907. Elizabeth has changed drastically contains two major hospitals (Presbyterian and since the turn of the century . The most impor- Mercy) and numerous medical offices. There tant reasons have been the growth and expan- are also many old houses located along 7th sion of the medical complex in the neighbor- Street that have been converted to shops, offichood and the building of Independence Blvd. in es, and restaurants. A redevelopment project the late 1940s. The area is also home to Char- is currently underway for the surrounding area. lottes first public park, Independence Park and


Figure 6.2.1 Buildings Surveyed in Elizabeth District


7

S u rv e y C o l l e c t i o n D ata


OVERVIEW

7.0 The chosen 83 buildings were selected with a typology structure dependent upon various factors including occupant use and original built date. Typology information within both neighborhoods is quantified in Table 7.0. Each building was assigned to one of the 33 typologies (includes the 26 original NTHP types). Preliminary attempts were made to include at least one building within each typology, in addition to an even distribution between the two neighborhoods/districts; however, limited resources and time constraints only permitted what was “best available” within each district. A significant stock of “1-story Freestanding” masonry and concrete structures are built within both neighborhoods - including at least 15 buildings from the Elizabeth area and the Central District area holds at least 21 structures within the first typology. The oldest building under this survey is The Fig Tree Restaurant constructed in 1905 and a strip mall owned by the Rodgers Family is the youngest built in 1996. A total of 27 buildings were built Pre-WWII and a total of 74 buildings surveyed (89%) were built prior to 1970 - this was the NTHP preferred benchmark year because many old buildings are often the overlooked segment within the national building stock.

Figure 7a Overall Typology 1 Breakdown


TYPOLOGY STRUCTURE

Figure 7b Typology Structure of Survey


Graph 7.1.1 Overall Typology 1 Breakdown


1 - S t o ry Fr e e s ta n d i n g

7.1

One-Story buildings are undoubtedly the most prevalent types of construction within the surveyed Central and Elizabeth neighborhoods. Even though more “total� buildings were surveyed in the Elizabeth district, its neighboring Central/Plaza Midwood district to the North exhibits a higher overall number of 1-story freestanding buildings. This typology is seen in 37% of the Elizabeth building stock (EBS) and 57% in Central building stock (CBS).

Graph 7.1.2 Elizabeth District - Typology 1 Breakdown

Graph 7.1.3 Central District - Typology 1 Breakdown


Case Study 7.1.1a GT50 Building Typology: 1A1 (1-story, freestanding, Pre-WWII, Masonry & Concrete) Current name: Current use: Year of Construction:

Fuel Pizza Restaurant 1930

Street address: Building’s parcel ID:

1501 Central Ave Charlotte, NC 28205-5013 08117408

Gross Square Footage: Net Square Footage:

1,478 sq. ft. 1,148 sq. ft.

Current owner: Original/Historic Name: Original Use: Passive Features:

Figure 7.1.4 South Facade David E. and Shirley B. Garmon Not owner-occupied (owner managed) Joint Ownership: Property owned by two or more people/companies at the same time in equal shares or equal influence on decision making specific to the property Pure Oil Fueling Station Auto Garage / Parking - Gas Station Operating garage door for natural ventilation, large covered outdoor eating area on the southern facade provides shading.

Building Height: First Floor Height: Cladding Material: Building Shape: Front Door Faces: Structural System: Glazing Percentage: Roof Shape: Roof Material: # Gas Meters: Ventilation System: First Floor Windows: Glazing/Window Height: Head Height: Thickness/Material:

24 feet 9-11 feet Wood L-Shape South Wood-Frame 11-25% Gable Asphalt Shingle 1 Mechanical / Forced Not operable, punched 3 - 6 feet 7 - 9 feet Single / Wood

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Exterior Shading Devices: South Horizontal >4 feet Permit History: 1965 - Heating/cooling equipment replaced/added 1966 - Roofing material replacement 1974 - Heating/cooling equipment replaced/added 1996 - Change of Use /unconditioned to conditioned (commercial) Balzers Restaurant 3 Doors Total: 1 main entrance 1 back entrance 1 roll-up, on grade Figure 7.1.5 Door Schedule


Central District

Figure 7.1.6 North Facade

Equipment + Distribution: Heating AND Cooling (ducted central sys tem/forced air with electric heat pump at exterior) Y N Combustion Equipment (gas, oil, propane, or coal) District Energy System Water Pipes (heating + cooling) Air Distribution Ducts A/C Primary Fuel Type: Secondary Fuel Source: Equipment: Fuel Type:

Figure 7.1.7 East Facade

Figure 7.1.8 West Facade

Electricity N/A

Hot water tank(s) serve the entire building Gas

Residential/Apartment/Condominium Units: 0

Basement: 0

Figure 7.1.9 Street / Neighborhood Context

During the year 1936, the neighborhood saw the opening of Pure Oil gas station at Central and Pecan, which currently remains a historical landmark. The facility was built to resemble a small Tudor Revival cottage, complete with a steep-pitched roof and wood/stucco “half timbering.” It was part of Pure Oil’s national policy to try to fit their stations into residential neighborhoods and give this new land use an added respectability. Today, the Plaza-Midwood structure is Charlotte’s best surviving example of the company’s effort.


Case Study 7.1.1b GT50 Building Typology: 1A2 (1-story, freestanding, Pre-WWII, Masonry & Concrete) Current name: Current use: Year of Construction:

Queen’s Gallery & Fazio’s Art Office / Retail Bldg. (1) 1952; and Bldg. (2) 1936

Street address: Building’s parcel ID:

1212 The Plaza Charlotte, NC 28205 12901201

Gross Square Footage: Net Square Footage:

(1) 5,440; (2) 2,699 sq. ft. (1) 5,440; (2) 1,256 sq. ft.

Current owner: Original/Historic Name: Original Use: Passive Features:

Figure 7.1.10 South Facade Joel Ostrow Owner Occupied Sole Ownership: Individual/Family Church of Christ Public Assembly The building has large operable windows and tall ceilings to encourage passive ventila tion. There are also shutters on the windows to mitigate summer heat gain and glare to reduce cooling loads.

Building Height: First Floor Height: Cladding Material: Building Shape: Front Door Faces: Structural System: Glazing Percentage: Roof Shape: Roof Material: # Gas Meters: Ventilation System: First Floor Windows: Glazing/Window Height: Head Height:

(1) 25 feet; (2) 18 feet >= 12 feet Brick/Masonry Wide rectangle West Reinforced Brick/Masonry 11-25% Gable Asphalt Shingle 0 Mechanical / Forced Operable, punched > 6 feet > 9 feet

Thickness/Material: Single / Wood Exterior Shading Devices: N/A Permit History: 1979 Electrical Fixtures 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Main entry door to Retail Store, double door, glass basement door, single, wood porch door, single, wood Main entry door to Fazios art store (closed), single, wood basement door, single, wood porch door, single, wood (extreme disrepair) Figure 7.1.11 Door Schedule


Central District

Figure 7.1.12 North Facade

Equipment + Distribution: Heating AND Cooling (ducted central system/forced air with combustion furnace) Y N Combustion Equipment (gas, oil, propane, or coal) District Energy System Water Pipes (heating + cooling) Air Distribution Ducts A/C Primary Fuel Type: Secondary Fuel Source: Equipment: Fuel Type:

Combustion: fuel oil N/A

Hot water tank(s) serve the entire building Electric

Figure 7.1.13 East Facade

Residential/Apartment/Condominium Units: 0

Figure 7.1.14 West Facade

Basement: 1

Figure 7.1.15 Street / Neighborhood Context

Building 2 was originally the Church of Christ. As the church grew another larger building was constructed to service the church needs. In 1980 the church was bought and converted into an antique store which is its current use. There is no parking for the retail antique store because of the building’s history as a church. The doors to these two buildings are all single wooden doors with the exception of the maine entry to building 1. The main entry to building 1 on the Northwestern facade is a double glass storefront door leading into the retail antique store. One of the accessory doors of building 2 leads to a small porch to the east which is in severe disrepair.


Case Study 7.1.1c GT50 Building Typology: 1A3 (1-story, freestanding, Pre-WWII, Masonry & Concrete) Current name: Current use: Year of Construction:

American Billard Retail 1920

Street address: Building’s parcel ID:

1428 E 4th Street Charlotte, NC 12510410

Gross Square Footage: Net Square Footage:

3,250 sq. ft. 3,250 sq. ft.

Current owner: Original/Historic Name: Original Use: Passive Features:

Roy T Number Five LLC Owner Occupied Sole Ownership: Individual/Family Linton Beauty Shop Retail N/A

Building Height: First Floor Height: Cladding Material: Building Shape: Front Door Faces: Structural System: Glazing Percentage: Roof Shape: Roof Material: # Gas Meters: Ventilation System: First Floor Windows: Glazing/Window Height: Head Height: Thickness/Material: Exterior Shading Devices:

15 feet 9 - 11 feet Stucco Wide rectangle East Reinforced Concrete 51 - 75% Flat Built-up 2 Mechanical / Forced Not Operable 6 feet 7 - 9 feet Double / Metal SE & SW Horizontal < 2 feet Not movable/adjustable

Figure 7.1.16 South Facade

Permit History: 1979 Heating/cooling equipment replaced/added 1971 Heating/cooling equipment replaced/added

Figure 7.1.17 Door Schedule


Elizabeth District

Figure 7.1.18 North Facade

Equipment + Distribution: Heating AND Cooling (ducted central system/forced air with combustion furnace for heating and exterior air condtioner unit or heat pump for cooling) Y N Combustion Equipment (gas, oil, propane, or coal) District Energy System Water Pipes (heating + cooling) Air Distribution Ducts A/C

Primary Fuel Type: Secondary Fuel Source:

Figure 7.1.19 East Facade

Equipment: Fuel Type:

Combustion: natural gas N/A

Hot water tank(s) serve the entire building - 1960 Electric

Residential/Apartment/Condominium Units: 0

Figure 7.1.20 West Facade

Basement: 0

Figure 7.1.21 Street / Neighborhood Context

In the 1960’s for a brief time this was a beauty shop. In the late 70’s it turned into an electronics store. Today it is a vacant building that was once American Billiards Company. This building is situated on a corner of two streets that follow the regular grid of Charlotte. The grid is about 45 degrees off due north. American Billiards has two main facades, the ones facing the streets where as the other two are more “back of house.”


Case Study 7.1.2a GT50 Building Typology: 1B1 (1-story, freestanding, Post-WWII, Masonry & Concrete) Current name: Current use: Year of Construction:

Thomas Street Tavern Restaurant 1950

Street address: Buildingâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s parcel ID:

1218 Thomas Avenue Charlotte, NC 28205 08117637

Gross Square Footage: Net Square Footage:

3,869 sq. ft. 2,940 sq. ft.

Figure 7.1.22 West Facade Current owner: Thomas Street Prop LLC Owner Occupied Sole Ownership: Real Estate Investor/Fund Original/Historic Name: Post Office Original Use: Other Passive Features: The buildingâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s primary use of passive features is in the use of natural ventilation. With doors on the east and west facades, when open and with the help of ceiling fans there is good cross ventilation to keep the dining areas cool. There are also operable windows in the dining area on the north facade which contribute to passive cooling as well. Interior blinds on the windows of the western facade help to mitigate heat gain and glare.

Building Height: 18 feet First Floor Height: >=12 feet Cladding Material: Brick/Masonry Building Shape: Wide rectangle Front Door Faces: West Structural System: Reinforced Brick/Masonry Glazing Percentage: 11-25% Roof Shape: Flat Roof Material: Built-up # Gas Meters: 1 Ventilation System: Combination (both mechanical/forced + natural/passive)

First Floor Windows: Operable, punched Glazing/Window Height: 3 - 6 feet Head Height: 7 - 9 feet Thickness/Material: Single / Wood Exterior Shading Devices: N/A Permit History: 1968 - Heating/cooling equipment replaced/added 1. 2. 3.

Main entry door, single, wood, half glass Patio door, double, wood, glass inserts Maintenance door, single, metal Figure 7.1.23 Door Schedule


Central District

Figure 7.1.24 South Facade

Equipment + Distribution: Heating AND Cooling (ducted central system/forced air with combustion furnace for heating and exterior air conditioner unit or heat pump for cooling Y N Combustion Equipment (gas, oil, propane, or coal) District Energy System Water Pipes (heating + cooling) Air Distribution Ducts A/C Primary Fuel Type: Secondary Fuel Source:

Figure 7.1.25 East Facade

Equipment: Fuel Type:

Combustion: natural gas N/A

Hot water tank(s) serve the entire building Electric

Residential/Apartment/Condominium Units: 0

Basement: 0

Figure 7.1.26 North Facade Figure 7.1.27 Street / Neighborhood Context

There is little information available about this buildingâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s history. What is known is that the building was once a post office serving the Plaza Midwood Community. The building was later converted for its current use as a restaurant. The main entry door on the West facade is a single wood door with a half glass insert. On the rear of the building on the East facade is a set of wood double doors with glass inserts that provides access to an outdoor porch area. Another door on the East facade functions as maintenance access and is a single metal door. Remodeled 2001.


Case Study 7.1.2b GT50 Building Typology: 1B2 (1-story, freestanding, Post-WWII, Masonry & Concrete) Current name: Current use: Year of Construction:

Happy Box Architecture Office 1955

Street address: Building’s parcel ID:

927 Central Ave Charlotte, NC 28204 08021111

Gross Square Footage: Net Square Footage:

1,400 sq. ft. 1,400 sq. ft.

Figure 7.1.28 Floor Plan Current owner: Happy Box LLC; Carrie Gault Owner Occupied Joint Ownership: Property owned by two or more people/companies at the same time in equal shares or equal influence on decision-making specific to the property. Original/Historic Name: Amoco (Service Station) Original Use: Other (Garage/Gas Station) Passive Features: The walls are masonry with brick veneer, so the thermal mass should help a little with heating and cooling. Also, the two curtain wall windows on the East façade are oper able, which provides natural ventilation. There is only one exterior door to the building, which is located on the East façade. It enters directly into the entry/sitting area of the architecture firm. Originally, there were two roll-up doors also located on the East façade, but those have now been replace with curtain wall windows.

Building Height: First Floor Height: Cladding Material: Building Shape: Front Door Faces: Structural System: Glazing Percentage: Roof Shape: Roof Material:

14 feet >=12 feet Brick Veneer Wide rectangle East Reinforced Brick/Masonry 11-25% Flat Built-up

# Gas Meters: Ventilation System: First Floor Windows: Glazing/Window Height: Head Height: Thickness/Material: Exterior Shading Devices: Permit History:

0 Natural/Passive Operable, half punched half curatin wall 6 feet 9 feet Double/Metal N/A Figure 7.1.29 Door Schedule


Central District

Figure 7.1.30 Original Use / Historic Photo

Equipment + Distribution: Heating AND Cooling (individual fan unit(s) in occupied space connected by refrigerant piping to electric heat exchanger(s) located at exterior; “split system”). [2008] Y N Combustion Equipment (gas, oil, propane, or coal) District Energy System Water Pipes (heating + cooling) Air Distribution Ducts A/C Primary Fuel Type: Secondary Fuel Source:

Figure 7.1.31 East Facade

Equipment: Fuel Type:

Electricity N/A

Demand hot water at point of use (no tanks) Electric

Residential/Apartment/Condominium Units: 0

Figure 7.1.32 West Facade

Basement: 0

Figure 7.1.33 East Facade

Figure 7.1.34 North Facade

The building is located on a small, triangular site sandwiched in between Central Ave. and E. 10th Street. Most of the buildings that surround this site are also older, brick buildings that have been adaptively reused. Directly behind the site is a dry cleaner. Across 10th Street is a popular, local Serbian restaurant called Intermezzo Pizzeria & Café. Finally, across Central Ave. is a family owned neighborhood coffeehouse called Central Coffee Company that also hand-makes its own pastries. It is another local favorite! The building was first built and used as an Amoco gas station (see pictures below). After it was a gas station, it was an inspection station, a car dealership, and then the current architecture studio. The brick veneer is also not original to the building – it was likely installed in the 1950s.


Case Study 7.1.2c GT50 Building Typology: 1B3 (1-story, freestanding, Post-WWII, Masonry & Concrete) Current name: Sherwin Williams Warehouse Current use: Retail Year of Construction: 1966 Street address: 1218 Gordon Street Charlotte, NC 28205 Buildingâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s parcel ID: 08117653 Gross Square Footage: 9,543 sq. ft. Net Square Footage: 8,362 sq. ft. Current owner: Sherwin-Williams Company Owner Occupied Sole Ownership: Other Company Figure 7.1.35 South Facade Original/Historic Name: Duron Paint Original Use: Retail Passive Features: Horizontal shading over the south and west glazed facade. The entrance to the building is also from the same glazed facade on the south side.

Building Height: First Floor Height: Cladding Material: Building Shape: Front Door Faces: Structural System: Glazing Percentage: Roof Shape: Roof Material: # Gas Meters: Ventilation System: First Floor Windows: Glazing/Window Height: Head Height: Thickness/Material: Exterior Shading Devices:

25 feet >= 12 feet Precast Concrete Panel Wide Rectangle South Steel Frame 11-25% Flat Metal 1 Mechanical / Forced Not operable, curtain wall > 6 feet 9 feet Single / Metal South & West Horizontal; 2-4 feet; not movable

Permit History: 2009 - heating/cooling equipment replaced/added Initially the structure supported a wooden ceiling having heating system in the false ceiling. In 2007, the heating system was overheated and set the wooden roof on fire. So the whole roofing was redone and new HVAC equipments were installed. The only old construction is the wall. Rest everything had to be redone.

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Central District

Equipment + Distribution: Heating AND Cooling: ducted central system (forced air) with combustion furnace for heating and exterior air conditioner unit or heat pump for cooling Figure 7.1.36 North Facade

Y

N Combustion Equipment (gas, oil, propane, or coal) District Energy System Water Pipes (heating + cooling) Air Distribution Ducts A/C

Primary Fuel Type: Secondary Fuel Source:

Figure 7.1.37 East Facade

Equipment: Fuel Type:

Combustion (natural gas) N/A

Hot water tank(s) serve the entire building Electric (2007)

Residential/Apartment/Condominium Units: 0

Figure 7.1.38 West Facade

Basement: 0

It is a free standing building with the service lane on the back side(north facade) and an entrance on south side with a small parking area in front. The west side has an access road that joins to Central Avenue. The east side is again flanked by a parking lot which serves the restaurant on the other side of the road. The east facade also house the HVAC equipments on the first floor. The loading area where the aluminum shutter is located is on the south facade of first floor .


Case Study 7.1.3 GT50 Building Typology: 1D (1-story, freestanding, Pre-WWII, Masonry & Concrete) Current name: Current use: Year of Construction: Street address: Building’s parcel ID: Gross Square Footage: Net Square Footage: Current owner: Original/Historic Name: Original Use: Passive Features: Building Height: First Floor Height: Cladding Material: Building Shape: Front Door Faces: Structural System: Glazing Percentage: Roof Shape: Roof Material: # Gas Meters: Ventilation System: First Floor Windows: Glazing/Window Height: Head Height: Thickness/Material: Exterior Shading Devices:

Harris Teeter Supermarket / Grocery 1950 1704 Central Ave Charlotte, NC 28205 12901102 29,736 sq. ft. 28,286 sq. ft. HTP Plaza, LLC Not Owner Occupied (professionally managed) Figure 7.1.39 West Facade Sole Ownership: Other Company Harris Super Market Supermarket / Grocery The only passive component is the vestibule you enter between the parking-lot and inte rior of the building. This alone is not exactly passive, instead it primarily satisfies the typology of a grocery store. +/- 25 feet >= 12 feet Brick Veneer L Shaped West CMU Masonry 2-10% Flat Built-Up 1 Mechanical / Forced Not operable, punched 3 - 6 feet 7 - 9 feet Double / Metal N/A Figure 7.1.40 Door Schedule  


Central District

Figure 7.1.41 North Facade

Equipment + Distribution: Heating AND Cooling (ducted system-forced air with combustion furnace for heating and exterior air conditioner unit or heat pump for cooling) Y N Combustion Equipment (gas, oil, propane, or coal) District Energy System Water Pipes (heating + cooling) Air Distribution Ducts A/C Primary Fuel Type: Secondary Fuel Source:

Electricity & Combustion (natural gas) N/A

Figure 7.1.42 East Facade

Equipment: Fuel Type:

Hot water tank(s) serve individual units/spaces Electric

Residential/Apartment/Condominium Units: 0

Figure 7.1.43 Interior View

Figure 7.1.44 Street / Neighborhood Context

Basement: 0

Permit History: 1975 – Mechanical Ductwork and installation 1975 – Mechanical Controller system 1974 – Building Occupancy Permit Type IV construction Occupancy B 1963 – Heaters and Mechanical system install 1963 – Water Heater Gas burner 1963 – Building permit for construction

This is the first supermarket established by W. T. Harris and it was the first grocery that featured air-conditioning. It also stayed open late until 9 p.m. on Friday nights.


Figure 7.2.1 Overall Typology 2 Breakdown


2 + S t o ry Fr e e s ta n d i n g

7.2

Figure 7.2.2 Elizabeth District - Typology 2 Breakdown

Figure 7.2.3 Central District - Typology 2 Breakdown


Case Study 7.2.1a GT50 Building Typology: 2A1 (2-story, freestanding, Pre-WWII, Converted Warehouse or Showroom) Current name: Current use: Year of Construction:

The Terry Building Office 1925

Street address: 1801 E 5th Street Charlotte, NC 28204 Building’s parcel ID: 12703702 Gross Square Footage: 15,554 sq. ft. Net Square Footage: 15,594 sq. ft. Current owner: Mary Grose Slominski Figure 7.2.4 South Facade Not Owner Occupied - Owner Managed Sole Ownership: Other Company Original/Historic Name: The Terry Building Original Use: Other (Dormitory) Passive Features: This building has a perforated wall along the south façade that acts as a shading device for the unit windows behind it. It also has an interior courtyard with a small pond that helps with evaporative cooling and shading. The operable windows can utilize cross ventilation as well. Building Height: First Floor Height: Cladding Material: Building Shape: Front Door Faces: Structural System: Glazing Percentage: Roof Shape: Roof Material: # Gas Meters: Ventilation System: First Floor Windows: Glazing/Window Height: Head Height: Thickness/Material: Exterior Shading Devices:

28 feet >= 12 feet Brick / Masonry U Shape Southwest Unreinforced Brick/masonry 26-50% Flat Built-up 1 Mechanical / Forced Operable / Punched < 3 feet < 7 feet Single / Metal & Wood South Vertical; 2-4 feet Not movalbe/adjustable

Figure 7.2.5 Building Footprint


Elizabeth District

Figure 7.2.6 South Facade

Equipment + Distribution: Heating AND Cooling (ducted central system/forced air with combustion furnace for heating and exterior air condtioner unit or heat pump for cooling) Y N Combustion Equipment (gas, oil, propane, or coal) District Energy System Water Pipes (heating + cooling) Air Distribution Ducts A/C Primary Fuel Type: Secondary Fuel Source:

Figure 7.2.7 East Facade

Equipment: Fuel Type:

Combustion: natural gas - 2012 N/A

Hot water tank(s) serve the entire building - 2002 Electric

Residential/Apartment/Condominium Units: 0

Figure 7.2.8 West Facade

Basement: 0

Figure 7.2.9 Street / Neighborhood Context

This building was originally used as a nursing dormitory for Presbyterian Hospital. It has a common area with a kitchen that is still used today for gatherings. It was designed to have an interior courtyard space as well. This building is located across the street (South) from St. John’s Baptist Church and Presbyterian Hospital (to the West). It is located on the same site as King’s College, roughly one block away from Independence Park. Queens University of Charlotte is also located on the block south of this site as well. This building is within walking distance of many shops and restaurants located along Elizabeth Ave. A majority of the doors are wooden and located within an interior courtyard. Each door enters into individual units and has a narrow, door-high glazing strip next to it. Door #27 is a wooden door that leads to a storage area. Two doors on the end are egress doors exiting from the stairwells. All the doors in this building are single-hinged; most not replaced for at least 12 years.


Case Study 7.2.1b GT50 Building Typology: 2A3 (2-story, freestanding, Pre-WWII, Converted Warehouse or Showroom) Current name: Current use: Year of Construction:

Diamond Restaurant Mixed-Use (Office over Restaurant) 1944

Street address: Buildingâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s parcel ID: Gross Square Footage: Net Square Footage: Current owner: Original/Historic Name: Original Use: Passive Features:

1901 Commonwealth Avenue Charlotte, NC 28205 08117620 3,141 sq. ft. 1,881 sq. ft. Â Jimmy King, Ryan, Andy, & John Figure 7.2.10 South Facade Owner Occupied Joint Ownership: Property owned by two or more people/companies at the same time in equal shares or equal influence on decision making specific to the property Diamond Restaurant Mixed-Use (Office over Restaurant) Horizontal shading over glazing on south and east facing glazing.

Building Height: First Floor Height: Cladding Material: Building Shape: Front Door Faces: Structural System: Glazing Percentage: Roof Shape: Roof Material: # Gas Meters: Ventilation System: First Floor Windows: Glazing/Window Height: Head Height: Thickness/Material: Exterior Shading Devices:

15 feet 9-11 feet Brick Veneer Wide Rectangle South Concrete Slab (Tilt-Up) 11-25% Flat Ashpalt Shingle 2 Mechanical / Forced Not Operable / Punched 3-6 feet 7-9 feet Single / Wood South & West Horizontal; 2-4 feet Not movalbe/adjustable

Figure 7.2.11 Building Footprint


Elizabeth District

Figure 7.2.12 South Facade

Equipment + Distribution: Heating AND Cooling (ducted central system/forced air with combustion furnace for heating and exterior air condtioner unit or heat pump for cooling) Y N Combustion Equipment (gas, oil, propane, or coal) District Energy System Water Pipes (heating + cooling) Air Distribution Ducts A/C Primary Fuel Type: Secondary Fuel Source: Equipment: Fuel Type:

Figure 7.2.13 East Facade

Electricity N/A

Hot water tank(s) serve the entire building Gas

Residential/Apartment/Condominium Units: 0

Basement: 0

Figure 7.2.15 Street / Neighborhood Context Figure 7.2.14 West Facade

Building has been with the same owner ever since its inception and has been diamond restaurant. Diamond restaurant is located at the corner of the road facing both Commonwealth Avenue and Gordon Street. The main entry to the restaurant is from commonwealth avenue and the service area located on the Gordon Street.


Case Study 7.2.2a GT50 Building Typology: 2B (2-story, freestanding, Post-WWII, Converted Warehouse or Showroom) Current name: Current use: Year of Construction: Street address: Buildingâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s parcel ID: Gross Square Footage: Net Square Footage: Current owner: Original/Historic Name: Original Use: Passive Features: Building Height: First Floor Height: Cladding Material: Building Shape: Front Door Faces: Structural System: Glazing Percentage: Roof Shape: Roof Material: # Gas Meters: Ventilation System: First Floor Windows: Glazing/Window Height: Head Height: Thickness/Material: Exterior Shading Devices:

U.S. Post Office Other Retail 1957 1233 The Plaza Charlotte, NC 28211 08117631 13,988 sq. ft. 12,960 sq. ft. Perry Brothers Investments, LLC Not Owner Occupied (professionally managed) Figure 7.2.16 South Facade Local Government U.S. Post Office Other Retail The only passive system seen in the building was exterior shading devices. These were inoperable, horizontal overhangs that provide shading to west façade; however, it will likely have little to no benefit as a cooling strategy. Door # 15-25 feet 1 Primary Double Door/Single-hinged > 12 feet Glazed Brick/Masonry 2 Secondary Single-hinged Glazed Rectangle or Square 3 Secondary Single-hinged Opaque North, South, & East 4 Secondary Double Door/Double-hinged Reinforced Concrete Opaque (Glass window) 11-25% 5 Secondary Single-hinged Opaque Flat 6 Secondary Garage Door Opaque Built-Up 1 Mechanical / Forced Not operable, punched 3 - 6 feet 7 - 9 feet Double / Metal N/A Figure 7.2.17 Door Schedule


Central District

Figure 7.2.18 South Facade

Equipment + Distribution: Heating only (individual fan units from a central hot water source) Y N Combustion Equipment (gas, oil, propane, or coal) District Energy System Water Pipes (heating + cooling) Air Distribution Ducts A/C Primary Fuel Type: Secondary Fuel Source:

Figure 7.2.19 East Facade

Equipment: Fuel Type:

Electricity N/A

Hot water tank(s) serve individual units/spaces Electric

Residential/Apartment/Condominium Units: 0

Figure 7.2.20 West Facade

Basement: 0

Figure 7.2.21 Street / Neighborhood Context

The only use of the building has been for a United States Post Office. The building is located on The Plaza St., with a bank located to the north. Across the street, to the east, is a Harris Teeter grocery store. Finally, to the south there is a Whisky Warehouse.


Case Study 7.2.2b GT50 Building Typology: 2B (2-story, freestanding, Post-WWII, Converted Warehouse or Showroom) Current name: Current use: Year of Construction: Street address: Buildingâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s parcel ID: Gross Square Footage: Net Square Footage: Current owner: Original/Historic Name: Original Use: Passive Features: Building Height: First Floor Height: Cladding Material: Building Shape: Front Door Faces: Structural System: Glazing Percentage: Roof Shape: Roof Material: # Gas Meters: Ventilation System: First Floor Windows: Glazing/Window Height: Head Height: Thickness/Material: Exterior Shading Devices:

Cole Manufacturing Warehouse Restaurant Bldg. (1) 1912; Bldg. (2) 1912; Bldg. (3) 1963 1318 Central Ave Charlotte, NC 28205 08117722 (1) 24,315; (2) 13,584; (3) 11,408 sq. ft. (1) 22,425; (2) 13,200; (3) 11,408 sq. ft. Figure 7.2.22 South Facade Cole Properties & Investments, Inc. Owner Occupied Sole Ownership: Real Estate Investor/Fund Cole Manufacturing Permit History: Manufacturing 1965 - Remodel; New office partitions, electrical, heatN/A ing, ac fixtures added 15-25 feet 1965 - Electrical; Fixtures and outlets added > 12 feet 1963 - Mechanical; Unit Heaters installed, gas pipes Brick/Masonry 1962 - Electrical; Outlets, fixtures, motors added Rectangle or Square 1998 - Remodeled or New Addition North, South, & East Reinforced Concrete 11-25% Flat Built-Up 1 Mechanical / Forced Not operable, punched 3 - 6 feet 7 - 9 feet Double / Metal N/A Figure 7.2.23 Footprint Sketch


Central District

Figure 7.2.24 North Facade

Equipment + Distribution: Heating only (individual fan units from a central hot water source) Y N Combustion Equipment (gas, oil, propane, or coal) District Energy System Water Pipes (heating + cooling) Air Distribution Ducts A/C Primary Fuel Type: Secondary Fuel Source: Equipment: Fuel Type:

Electricity N/A

Hot water tank(s) serve individual units/spaces Electric

Figure 7.2.25 East Facade

Residential/Apartment/Condominium Units: 0

Figure 7.2.26 West Facade

Basement: 0

Figure 7.2.27 Street / Neighborhood Context

Originally part of Cole Manufacturing Plant, the buildings were designed by Charles Christain Hook, a local architect. The plant manufactured agricultural equipment for the cotton industry. There were originally 6 buildings on the plant. Building 1 was the Assembly Building, with the Heating Plant building to the south attached in the late 1900â&#x20AC;&#x2122;s by an addition. Building 2 was the original Machine Shop. Building 3 was built in 1960 and was not one of the 6 original buildings of the plant, but was part of the manufacturing plant. The other 3 original buildings to the south and north of the Machine shop have been torn down. Parallel to the Assembly building is the Seaboard Airline Railway.


Figure 7.3.1 Overall Typology 3 Breakdown


2+ Story Office

7.3


Case Study 7.3a GT50 Building Typology: 3A (2-story, freestanding, Post-WWII) Current name: PFAHL Architect Current use: Office Year of Construction: 1961 Street address: 1200 The Plaza Charlotte, NC 28205 Building’s parcel ID: 12901204 Gross Square Footage: 5,872 sq. ft. Net Square Footage: 5,872 sq. ft. Current owner: C/O PFAHL & 1200 The Plaza LLC Figure 7.3.2 South Facade Owner Occupied Joint Ownership: Property owned by two or more people/companies at the same time in equal shares or equal influence on decision making specific to the property Original/Historic Name: 1st Union National Bank Original Use: Office Passive Features: There are no passive features that we could see. There were awnings located over the south and north doors that extended about three feet and acted as spot-shading de vices, but that was about it. Building Height: 22 feet The building is located on a corner site, with a fire station First Floor Height: 9-11 feet located across The Plaza and the Charlotte Fire DepartCladding Material: Brick/Masonry ment Credit Union located across Commonwealth. More Building Shape: Square offices are located to the north and east, which were Front Door Faces: Southwest converted from single-family residences. The site is withStructural System: Steel-Frame; Reinforced in close proximity to I-277, I-77 and uptown Charlotte. brick/masonry It is also within walking distance of a post office, library, Glazing Percentage: 11-25% bank, drug store and over ten restaurants. Roof Shape: Flat Roof Material: Built-Up # Gas Meters: 0 Ventilation System: Mechanical / Forced First Floor Windows: Not operable, punched Glazing/Window Height: < 3 feet Head Height: 7 - 9 feet Thickness/Material: Single / Metal-Aluminum Exterior Shading Devices: N/A Figure 7.3.3 Footprint Sketch


Central District

Figure 7.3.4 North Facade

Equipment + Distribution: Heating AND Cooling (ducted central system/forced air with electric heat pump at exterior) Y N Combustion Equipment (gas, oil, propane, or coal) District Energy System Water Pipes (heating + cooling) Air Distribution Ducts A/C Primary Fuel Type: Secondary Fuel Source:

Figure 7.3.5 East Facade

Equipment: Fuel Type:

Electricity - 2002 N/A

Hot water tank(s) serve individual units/spaces Electric

Residential/Apartment/Condominium Units: 0

Figure 7.3.6 West Facade

Basement: 0

Figure 7.3.7 Street / Neighborhood Context

The building has always been used as an office. Some of the previous tenants include a communications specialization, a speech pathologist, a dentist’s office, and a real estate company. There are doors located on the east, south, and north. The doors on the south facade are all glazed and go into individual office units: an architectural office (door #2), engineering office (door #3), and an insurance group (door #4). One door (#5) on the east side, is located on the second floor and is accessible by exterior stairs. It is an opaque, service entrance that acts as a secondary entrance to the architectural office, which has its main entrance at ground level and a second story “mezzanine” above. Door #7, located at grade, is glazed and acts as a secondary entrance to the insurance company. There is also one glazed door located on the north façade that serves as the primary entrance to a design company.


Case Study 7.3b GT50 Building Typology: 3A (2-story, freestanding, Post-WWII) Current name: LAB Eagle Current use: Office Year of Construction: 1970 Street address: 1534 Elizabeth Avenue Charlotte, NC 28204 Building’s parcel ID: 12511122 Gross Square Footage: 10,710 sq. ft. Net Square Footage: 8,392 sq. ft. Current owner: Torrence Street Partners, LLC Owner Occupied Sole Ownership: Other Company Original/Historic Name: Dr. Kossovo Clinic Original Use: Office Passive Features: N/A Building Height: 40 feet First Floor Height: 9-11 feet Cladding Material: Brick/Masonry Building Shape: Narrow Rectangle Front Door Faces: Northeast Structural System: Steel-Frame Glazing Percentage: 2-10% Roof Shape: Flat Roof Material: Built-Up # Gas Meters: 1 Ventilation System: Mechanical / Forced First Floor Windows: Some operable, punched Glazing/Window Height: 3 - 6 feet Head Height: < 7 feet Thickness/Material: Double / Metal Exterior Shading Devices: N/A Permit History: 1962 – Hot water installation 1963 – Elevator Permit 1963 – Mechanical UpFit, Installation of heat pump and roof top units

Figure 7.3.8 South Facade

Figure 7.3.9 Footprint Sketch


Elizabeth District

Figure 7.3.10 North Facade

Equipment + Distribution: Heating AND Cooling (ducted central system/forced air with electric heat pump at exterior) - 1963 Y N Combustion Equipment (gas, oil, propane, or coal) District Energy System Water Pipes (heating + cooling) Air Distribution Ducts A/C

Primary Fuel Type: Secondary Fuel Source: Equipment: Fuel Type: Figure 7.3.11 East Facade

Figure 7.3.12 West Facade

Electricity N/A

Hot water tank(s) serve the entire building Electric - 1971

Residential/Apartment/Condominium Units: 0

Basement: 0

Figure 7.3.13 Street / Neighborhood Context

This building has always been connected to the medical field somehow. First it was a private practice clinic for Dr. Kossovo. Later it transitioned primarily into office space for a medical lab company named Lab Eagle.


Case Study 7.3c GT50 Building Typology: 3A (2-story, freestanding, Post-WWII) Current name: Current use: Year of Construction: Street address: Building’s parcel ID: Gross Square Footage: Net Square Footage: Current owner: Original/Historic Name: Original Use: Passive Features: Building Height: First Floor Height: Second Floor Height: Cladding Material: Building Shape: Front Door Faces: Structural System: Glazing Percentage: Roof Shape: Roof Material: # Gas Meters: Ventilation System: First Floor Windows: Glazing/Window Height: Head Height: Thickness/Material: Exterior Shading Devices:

Home Health Connection; ATP Counseling; VR King Construction; Healing Touch; etc. Leased Offices 1962 2121 Commonwealth Avenue Charlotte, NC 28205 12901207 15,834 sq. ft. 15,834 sq. ft. Regal Oaks, LLC Figure 7.3.14 South Facade Not owner occupied professionally managed Sole Ownership: Individual/Family Labor Union Public Assembly The first floor windows on the south façade are recessed into the façade and covered by a horizontal overhang. 26 feet >= 12 feet >= 12 feet Stucco Wide Rectangle South Steel Frame 11-25% Flat Built-Up 1 Mechanical / Forced Not operable Curtain wall & punched 6 feet 7 - 9 feet Single / Metal Figure 7.3.15 Footprint Sketch South Horizontal; > 4 feet


Central District

Figure 7.3.16 North Facade

Primary Fuel Type: Secondary Fuel Source: Equipment: Fuel Type:

Combustion (natural gas) N/A

Hot water tank(s) serve the entire building Electric - 2002

Residential/Apartment/Condominium Units: 0

Equipment + Distribution: Heating AND Cooling (ducted central system/forced air with combustion furnace for heating and exterior air conditioner unit or heat pump for cooling Y N Combustion Equipment (gas, oil, propane, or coal) District Energy System Water Pipes (heating + cooling) Air Distribution Ducts A/C

Basement: 0

Figure 7.3.17 East Facade Figure 7.3.18 West Facade

Figure 7.3.19 Street / Neighborhood Context

In the 1960’s this building was used as a labor union and it has had many different occupants since it was transferred to new ownership in 1991: VR King Construction, Healing Touch, Division One Financial Services, Jore Express Inc., Home Health Connection, Primerica Financial Service, Evoke Creative Group, Youth Hope, etc. There does not seem to be many plans for redevelopment of this building or the ones surrounding it. The Property managers were extremely hesitant to give out any information about the building, in fear that they would be required to retrofit it. The Charlotte Fire Department Credit Union is located southwest from this site. Located on either side of the site, as well as behind, are single-family houses, which have been converted to office uses. Northwest of the site, there is a 2007 development called Plaza Vu, which offers garden-style condos and flats.


Figure 7.4.1 Overall Typology 4 Breakdown


Main Street

7.4

Figure 7.4.2 Elizabeth District - Typology 4 Breakdown

Figure 7.4.3 Central District - Typology 4 Breakdown


Case Study 7.4.1a GT50 Building Typology: 4A2 (1-2+ Story; Pre-WWII, Main Street; Mixed-Use) Current name: Current use: Year of Construction: Street address: Buildingâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s parcel ID: Gross Square Footage: Net Square Footage: Current owner: Original/Historic Name: Original Use: Passive Features:

Customshop & Elizabeth Cremery Ice Cream Retail 1930 1601 Elizabeth Avenue Charlotte, NC 28204 12703413 8,508 sq. ft. 8,060 sq. ft. 1600 Elizabeth Avenue, LLC Owner Occupied Sole Ownership: Other Company N/A Figure 7.4.4 South Facade N/A This building has overhangs on the southern facade to shade some glazing which could prevent unwanted heat. There is a second floor patio with double french doors and ceil ing fans which may promote passive ventilation for cooling.

Building Height: First Floor Height: Cladding Material: Building Shape: Front Door Faces: Structural System: Glazing Percentage: Roof Shape: Roof Material: # Gas Meters: Ventilation System: First Floor Windows: Glazing/Window Height: Head Height: Thickness/Material: Exterior Shading Devices:

30 feet >= 12 feet Brick/Masonry Narrow Rectangle Attached 1 side Southwest Reinforced brick/masonry 26-50% Hipped Asphalt Shingle 5+ Mechanical / Forced Not operable, punched 3 - 6 feet 7 - 9 feet Double / Metal Southeast horizontal; 2-4 feet

1. Primary Entry (CustomShop); Single; Glass with metal frame 2. Primary Entry (Creamery); Single; Glass with metal frame 3. Second floor entry; Single; Glass with metal frame 4. Service Access (CustomShop); Single; Metal Door 5. Service Access (Elizabeth Creamery); Single; Metal 6. Service Access; Single; Metal 7. Service Access; Single; Metal 8-11. Second Floor Patio Access; Double; Wood French Doors

Figure 7.4.5 Footprint Sketch


Elizabeth District

Figure 7.4.6 North Facade

Equipment + Distribution: Heating AND Cooling (ducted central system/forced air with combustion furnace for heating and exterior air conditioner unit or heat pump for cooling Y N Combustion Equipment (gas, oil, propane, or coal) District Energy System Water Pipes (heating + cooling) Air Distribution Ducts A/C Primary Fuel Type: Secondary Fuel Source: Equipment: Fuel Type:

Figure 7.4.7 West Facade

Electricity N/A

Central boiler serves hot water to multiple tenants - DHW only: no space heating Electric

Residential/Apartment/Condominium Units: 0

Basement: 0

1976 - Sign permit 1976 - Change of use into Flower Shop 1969 - Sign permit 1964 - Building remodel & change of use into Cleaners 1964 - Electric permit: fixtures, outlets, motors, & meter boxes added 2007 - most recent building addition, remodel Figure 7.4.8 East Facade

Figure 7.4.9 Street / Neighborhood Context

Very little information is available about the history of this building. It was in the mid 1960s a cleaners shop. Then in the mid 1970s it became a flower shop. It is not known what the original use was. Today it is an ice cream shop and a restaurant. The doors on the front of the building, the southern facade, are the main entry to the restaurant and icecream shop. The doors on the back of the building open to the service area. These are single metal doors. On the second floor there is a balcony with wood french doors.


Case Study 7.4.1b GT50 Building Typology: 4A3 (1-2+ Story; Pre-WWII, Main Street; Mixed-Use) Current name: Current use: Year of Construction: Street address: Building’s parcel ID: Gross Square Footage: Net Square Footage: Current owner: Original/Historic Name: Original Use: Passive Features: Building Height: First Floor Height: Second Floor Height: Cladding Material: Building Shape: Front Door Faces: Structural System: Glazing Percentage: Roof Shape: Roof Material: # Gas Meters: Ventilation System: First Floor Windows: Glazing/Window Height: Head Height: Thickness/Material: Exterior Shading Devices:

City Deli & Bagel Mixed Use - Office over Restaurant 1930 1421 Elizabeth Avenue Charlotte, NC 28204 08019416 3,346 sq. ft. 3,346 sq. ft. G & K Enterprises Co., LLC Not owner occupied Figure 7.4.10 East Facade professionally managed Sole Ownership: Real Estate Investor/Fund Leo’s Delicatessen Mixed Use - Office over Restaurant Small southwest overhang 4 doors Total 20 feet 1 primary entrance, single door, glazed, south facade 9 - 11 feet 1 Primary entrance to second story, single door, glazed, south facade 9 - 11 feet 1 side entrance , single door, opaque, west façade Stucco 1 back entrance, single door, opaque, west facade Narrow Rectangle Attached 1 side South Wood frame 26-50% Flat Built-up 1 Mechanical / Forced Not operable & operable, punched 3 - 6 feet 7 - 9 feet Single / Metal & Wood N/A Figure 7.4.11 Footprint Sketch


Elizabeth District

Figure 7.4.12 South Facade

Equipment + Distribution: Heating AND Cooling (ducted central system/forced air with combustion furnace for heating and exterior air conditioner unit or heat pump for cooling Y N Combustion Equipment (gas, oil, propane, or coal) District Energy System Water Pipes (heating + cooling) Air Distribution Ducts A/C Primary Fuel Type: Secondary Fuel Source:

Figure 7.4.13 West Facade

Figure 7.4.14 Pre-2011 Renovation (Old Image)

Equipment: Fuel Type:

Combustion (natural gas) N/A

Hot water tank(s) serve the entire building Gas

Residential/Apartment/Condominium Units: 0

Basement: 0

Figure 7.4.15 Street / Neighborhood Context (Old Image)

This is a sandwich / sub restaurant located across the street from Central Piedmont Community College. It was recently renovated in 2011 and renamed from “Leo’s Delicatessen” to “City Deli & Bagel”. The small but charming Leo’s, a classic place owned by a Greek family (the finest non-Jewish deli owners, along with Egyptians). The original owner of Leo’s Delicatessen, Leo Finman which he opened in 1948 with Leo Gottheimer.


Case Study 7.4.1c GT50 Building Typology: 4A7 (1-2+ Story; Pre-WWII, Main Street; Mixed-Use) Current name: Current use: Year of Construction: Street address: Building’s parcel ID: Gross Square Footage: Net Square Footage: Current owner: Original/Historic Name: Original Use: Passive Features: Building Height: First Floor Height: Second Floor Height: Cladding Material: Building Shape: Front Door Faces: Structural System: Glazing Percentage: Roof Shape: Roof Material: # Gas Meters: Ventilation System: First Floor Windows: Glazing/Window Height: Head Height: Thickness/Material: Exterior Shading Devices:

(1st) floor - Twenty-Two Gallery (2nd) floor - Soul Gastrolounge Mixed Use - Restaurant over Retail 1932 1500 Central Avenue Charlotte, NC 08117651 5,028 sq. ft. 4,394 sq. ft. Figure 7.4.16 North Facade ABBA Investments, Inc. Not owner occupied professionally managed Sole Ownership: Real Estate Investor/Fund The Perch Improv Comedy Club (1994-2008) Theater Large covered outdoor eating patio on the west façade that blocks some of the sun. 24 feet 2008 - Items installed: 9 - 11 feet Fossil Fuel Heating: Boiler, Floor furnace, Infra- Red 9 - 11 feet Heating, Space Heater, Unit Heater, Wall Heater, Warm Brick / Masonry Air Furnace Narrow Rectangle A/C and/or Refrigeration: A/C Unit, Refrigeration Unit Attached 1 side Combined heating and A/C: Gas Pack, Heat Pump North Exhaust/Ventilation: Distribution System, Exhaust Fan, Wood & brick/masonry Exhaust Hood 11-25% Gas Piping: Bunsen Burner, Broiler, Deep Fat Fryer, Flat Dryer, Fire log, Grill, Outlets, Ovens, Range, Stream Asphalt Shingle Table, Water Heater 1 Miscellaneous: Fan coil Unit Mechanical / Forced 4 doors total Not operable & operable, 1 main entrance, single door, glazed, north facade Curtain wall & punched 2 side entrances, single door, glazed, west facade 3 - 6 feet 1 back entrance, single door, opaque, south facade 7 - 9 feet Single / Metal & Wood West Horizontal; > 4 feet


Central District

Figure 7.4.17 South Facade

Equipment + Distribution: Heating AND Cooling (ducted central sys tem/forced air with combustion furnace for heating and exterior air conditioner unit or heat pump for cooling Y N Combustion Equipment (gas, oil, propane, or coal) District Energy System Water Pipes (heating + cooling) Air Distribution Ducts A/C Primary Fuel Type: Secondary Fuel Source: Equipment: Fuel Type:

Combustion (natural gas) N/A

Hot water tank(s) serve the entire building Gas

Residential/Apartment/Condominium Units: 0

Figure 7.4.18 East Facade

Figure 7.4.19 West Facade

Basement: 0

Figure 7.4.20 Street / Neighborhood Context

The second floor Gastrolounge has a nightclub vibe with a bar and tapas served by Chef Jason Pound. Named as one of the Top 25 restaurant’s in Charlotte by Charlotte Magazine, the restaurant portion is located above Twenty Two Gallery which displays art and doubles as a bar/lounge. Twenty-Two’s motto is “Art, booze, music, schmooze.” In addition to hosting art pieces from more than thirty local artists, the retail shop sells a large variety of wine. The second floor used to be a sketch-improv comedy club during the 1990s.


Case Study 7.4.2 GT50 Building Typology: 4B (1 Story; Pre-WWII, Main Street) Current name: Current use: Year of Construction: Street address: Building’s parcel ID: Gross Square Footage: Net Square Footage: Current owner: Original/Historic Name: Original Use: Passive Features: Building Height: First Floor Height: Cladding Material: Building Shape: Front Door Faces: Structural System: Glazing Percentage: Roof Shape: Roof Material: # Gas Meters: Ventilation System: First Floor Windows: Exterior Shading Devices:

The Visulite Theater Public Assembly 1940 1615 Elizabeth Avenue Charlotte, NC 28204 08019707 6,812 sq. ft. 6,500 sq. ft. 1600 Elizabeth Avenue, LLC Owner occupied Figure 7.4.21 Southwest Facade Sole Ownership: Individual/Family The Visualite 4 doors Total Public Assembly 1 primary entrance, single door, glazed, south facade Small southwest overhang 1 Primary entrance to second story, single door, glazed, south facade 15 feet 1 side entrance , single door, opaque, west façade 1 back entrance, single door, opaque, west facade 9 - 11 feet Brick Veneer Narrow Rectangle Attached 1 side Southwest Reinforced Brick/masonry <= 1% Flat Built-up 0 Mechanical / Forced No windows N/A

Permit History: 1958 – Plumbing Water Fountains 1968 – Signage 1968 – Elec. UpFit Outlets and Fixtures Figure 7.4.22 Door Schedule


Elizabeth District

Figure 7.4.23 East Facade

Equipment + Distribution: Heating AND Cooling (ducted central system/forced air with electric heat pump at exterior) Y N Combustion Equipment (gas, oil, propane, or coal) District Energy System Water Pipes (heating + cooling) Air Distribution Ducts A/C Primary Fuel Type: Secondary Fuel Source:

Figure 7.4.24 Interior Context

Equipment: Fuel Type:

Combustion (natural gas) N/A

Hot water tank(s) serve the entire building Gas

Residential/Apartment/Condominium Units: 0

Figure 7.4.25 Historical Reference

The Visulite Theatre is located on the edge of Uptown Charlotte within 5 minutes of both I-77 and I-85, in the heart of the historic Elizabeth Community. “The Art Deco style Visulite Theater opened in the 1930s when movies became especially popular as a means of escape from the doldrums created by the Great Depression. Also, by then automobiles had become a common means of

Basement: 0

transportation, making neighborhood theaters more feasible. The theater was also on a main bus line. Two compelling events are associated with the Visulite Theater. The first was what most thought was the last trip of Streetcar 85. Mayor Ben Douglas and other dignitaries boarded Streetcar 85 in front of the theater for a “goodbye” trip to the Square in March 1938. Little did they realize that the 85 would be found in Huntersville, restored, and put back into service! The other event was less pleasant. It occurred on September 1, 1957, in the midst of the turmoil surrounding the racial integration of the Charlotte Public Schools. Hooded members of the Ku Klux Klan picketed the Visulite Theater for showing “Island In The Sun” that depicted interracial marriages.” (http://www.cmhpf.org)


Case Study 7.4.3 GT50 Building Typology: 4C (2+ Story; Main Street) Current name: Current use: Year of Construction: Street address: Buildingâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s parcel ID: Gross Square Footage: Net Square Footage: Current owner: Original/Historic Name: Original Use: Passive Features:

Fire Station 8 Other (Government) 1946-48 1201 The Plaza Charlotte, NC 28205 08117627 5,016 sq. ft. 4,848 sq. ft. City of Charlotte Figure 7.4.26 Owner occupied Federal Government (often not constrained to local building regulations) The Visualite Public Assembly N/A

Building Height: First Floor Height: Cladding Material: Building Shape: Front Door Faces: Structural System: Glazing Percentage: Roof Shape: Roof Material: # Gas Meters: Ventilation System: First Floor Windows: Glazing/Window Height: Head Height: Thickness/Material: Exterior Shading Devices:

24 feet <= 8 feet Brick Veneer Wide Rectangle East Wood Frame 11-25% Hipped Asphalt Shingle 1 Mechanical / Forced Operable, punched 3 - 6 feet < 7 feet Double / Metal East Horizontal; > 4 feet

Â

East Facade

6 Doors Total 1 main entrance, single door, opaque 2 roll-ups, garage doors, glazed, on grade 1 back entrance, single door, glazed 2 back entrances, single doors, opaque

Figure 7.4.27 Door Schedule


Central District

Figure 7.4.28 West Facade

Equipment + Distribution: Heating AND Cooling (ducted central system/forced air with combustion furnace for heating and exterior air conditioner unit or heat pump for cooling) Y N Combustion Equipment (gas, oil, propane, or coal) District Energy System Water Pipes (heating + cooling) Air Distribution Ducts A/C Primary Fuel Type: Secondary Fuel Source:

Figure 7.4.29 South Facade

Equipment: Fuel Type:

Combustion (natural gas) N/A

Central boiler serves building hot water and building space heating Gas

Residential/Apartment/Condominium Units: 0

Figure 7.4.30 North Facade

Basement: 0

Figure 7.4.31 Street / Neighborhood Context

Fire station 8 is located in the Plaza Midwood Community. Engines 8 and 42 respond to older residential areas and commercial structures along the Central Avenue corridor. The building was renovated in 2000 by architect Raymond L. Sheedy, winning Third Place in 2002 National Fire Station Design Awards for the historic structure.


Case Study 7.4.4 GT50 Building Typology: 4C (2+ Story; Main Street) Current name: St. John’s Baptist Church Current use: Public Assembly & School Year of Construction: 1912-25 Street address: 1201 The Plaza Charlotte, NC 28204 Building’s parcel ID: 12703701 Gross Square Footage: 105,123 sq. ft. Net Square Footage: 100,433 sq. ft. Current owner: St. John’s Baptist Church Owner occupied Sole Ownership: Other Company Passive Features: Operable windows; thick walls Building Height: 40 feet First Floor Height: >= 12 feet Second Floor Height: 9 - 11 feet Cladding Material: Brick / Masonry Building Shape: 3 staggered rectangles Front Door Faces: Northwest Structural System: Unreinforced brick/masonry Glazing Percentage: 26-50% Roof Shape: Flat & Gable Roof Material: Built-up & Asphalt # Gas Meters: 2 Ventilation System: Mechanical / Forced First Floor Windows: Operable, punched Glazing/Window Height: 3 - 6 feet Head Height: 7 - 9 feet Thickness/Material: Single / Wood Exterior Shading Devices: N/A Permit/Renovation History: 1970 - Addition, New Oven 1971 - Plumbing (lavatories, urinals, drains) 1964 - Remodel interior, gutters installed 1962 - Repair chimney, elevator installed, light dimmers

Figure 7.4.32 North Facade

Figure 7.4.33 East Facade

Figure 7.4.34 West Facade

Figure 7.4.35 Footprint Sketch


Elizabeth District Equipment + Distribution: Heating AND Cooling (ducted or unducted, zoned aire handlers (fan coil units with central hot and cold water pipes) Y N Combustion Equipment (gas, oil, propane, or coal) District Energy System Water Pipes (heating + cooling) Air Distribution Ducts A/C

Figure 7.4.36 South Facade

Primary Fuel Type: Secondary Fuel Source:

Figure 7.4.37 Street / Neighborhood Context

Equipment: Fuel Type:

Combustion (natural gas) N/A

Hot water tank(s) serve the entire building Electric - late 1990s

Residential/Apartment/Condominium Units: 0

Figure 7.4.38 West Facade

On March 26, 1922, two hundred worshipers first met to organize the church. This meeting was the culmination of a series of gatherings, prayer groups and conferences of Baptists concerned with the progress of their denomination in what was then eastern suburban Charlotte. The church had begun primarily as an outreach of First Baptist Church, but the small group of pioneers were determined to accept full responsibility for establishing

Basement: 1

a new church without help from existing congregations. Just four years later, they dedicated the main sanctuary building in 1926. Currently, the church lets a family center operate from part of the building as well. From this site, across 5th Street, sits Presbyterian Hospital. Also, located across Hawthorne Ln. from this site is Presbyterian Hospital’s Blume Pediatric Hematology and Oncology Clinic. Between these two buildings, on a site located diagonally from St. John’s is a parking lot that serves Presbyterian’s employees. Located to the Southeast of the site is an educational center and King’s College. Directly next to the building on the east side is a two-story building that appears to be an embassy or some kind of international agency.


Lodging

7.5


Case Study 7.5a GT50 Building Typology: 5C (Lodging Freestanding; Post-WWII; HOSPICE) Current name: Current use: Year of Construction: Street address: Building’s parcel ID: Gross Square Footage: Net Square Footage: Current owner: Original/Historic Name: Original Use: Passive Features:

Hospice at Charlotte Office 1946 1431 Armory Drive Charlotte, NC 28204

Building Height: First Floor Height: Second Floor Height: Cladding Material: Building Shape: Front Door Faces: Structural System: Glazing Percentage: Roof Shape: Roof Material: # Gas Meters: Ventilation System: First Floor Windows: Glazing/Window Height: Head Height: Thickness/Material: Exterior Shading Devices:

20 feet 9 - 11 feet <= 8 feet Brick / Masonry Square Southeast Wood Frame 2-10% Gable Asphalt Shingle 1 Mechanical / Forced Not operable; punched 3 - 6 feet 7 - 9 feet Single / Wood N/A

1,116 sq. ft. 1,076 sq. ft. Hospice at Charlotte Owner occupied Sole Ownership: Other Company

Figure 7.5.2 Northeast Facade

Residential N/A Permit History: 1958 - Heating/cooling equipment replaced/added 1976 - Heating/cooling equipment replaced/added

Schedule Figure 7.5.3 Door


Elizabeth District

Figure 7.5.4 Northwest Facade

Equipment + Distribution: Heating AND Cooling (ducted central system/forced air with combustion furnace for heating and exterior air conditioner unit or heat pump for cooling) Y N Combustion Equipment (gas, oil, propane, or coal) District Energy System Water Pipes (heating + cooling) Air Distribution Ducts A/C

Primary Fuel Type: Secondary Fuel Source:

Figure 7.5.5 East Facade

Equipment: Fuel Type:

Combustion (natural gas) N/A

Central boiler serves building hot water and building space heating Gas

Residential/Apartment/Condominium Units: 0

Figure 7.5.6 Southeast Facade

Basement: 0

Figure 7.5.7 Street / Neighborhood Context

The building is a house that has been converted into a retail/office establishment. In 1958 it was The Economy Electric Supply Co. In 1964 the building was owned by CBS Reality.


Case Study 7.5b GT50 Building Typology: 5C (Lodging Freestanding; Post-WWII; HOSPICE) Current name: Current use: Year of Construction: Street address: Building’s parcel ID: Gross Square Footage: Net Square Footage: Current owner: Original/Historic Name: Original Use: Passive Features: Building Height: First Floor Height: Second Floor Height: Cladding Material: Building Shape: Front Door Faces: Structural System: Glazing Percentage: Roof Shape: Roof Material: # Gas Meters: Ventilation System: First Floor Windows: Glazing/Window Height: Head Height: Thickness/Material: Exterior Shading Devices:

Hospice & Palliative Care Charlotte Region Office 1964 1420 E. 7th Street Charlotte, NC 28204 08019104 12,400 sq. ft. 12,400 sq. ft. Hospice at Charlotte Owner occupied Sole Ownership: Other Company

Figure 7.4.14 North Facade

Office The first floor windows on the south façade are recessed into the façade and covered by a horizontal overhang. 24 feet Permit History: >= 12 feet 1982 - Electrical Permit: outlets and fixtures added >= 12 feet 1973 - Heating Permit: furnace added Brick / Masonry 1964 - Electrical Permit: meter boxes, outlets, fixtures, Narrow Rectangle water heater, duct heaters added Northeast Heating Permit: electric heat pumps added Steel Frame Plumbing Permit: toilets, sinks, lavatories, water 11-25% fountains, hot water tank added Flat Built-Up 1 Mechanical / Forced Not operable; punched < 3 feet 1. Primary Entrance; Single; < 7 feet Glass with metal frame Double / Metal 2. Service Access; Single; Northeast horizontal; 2-4 ft Metal with small glass window. Figure 7.4.15 Footprint Sketch


Elizabeth District

Figure 7.4.16 West Facade

Equipment + Distribution: Heating AND Cooling (ducted central system/forced air with combustion furnace for heating and a chiller plant or cooling tower for cooling) Y N Combustion Equipment (gas, oil, propane, or coal) District Energy System Water Pipes (heating + cooling) Air Distribution Ducts A/C Primary Fuel Type: Secondary Fuel Source:

Combustion (natural gas) - 2000 N/A

Figure 7.4.16 East Facade

Equipment: Fuel Type:

Hot water tank(s) serve the entire building Gas - 2000

Residential/Apartment/Condominium Units: 0

Figure 7.4.16 South Facade

Basement: 0

Figure 7.4.19 Street / Neighborhood Context

The building was originally built in the 1960s for use as offices. It was later converted for hospice use. The change of use date is unavailable. This building has only 2 doors. The primary entry door is on the Southeastern facade. It is a glass door with metal frame and opens into a secure reception area. The second door is a service/fire door. It is a single metal door with small glass window. This door opens out into the parking lot.


Graph 7.2.1 Overall Typology 6 Breakdown


Fr e e s ta n d i n g S c h o o l

7.6


Case Study 7.6.1a GT50 Building Typology: 6A1 (School; Freestanding; Pre-WWII) Current name: Current use: Year of Construction: Street address: Building’s parcel ID: Gross Square Footage: Net Square Footage: Current owner: Original/Historic Name: Original Use: Passive Features: Building Height: First Floor Height: Second Floor Height: Cladding Material: Building Shape: Front Door Faces: Structural System: Glazing Percentage: Roof Shape: Roof Material: # Gas Meters: Ventilation System: First Floor Windows: Glazing/Window Height: Head Height: Thickness/Material: Exterior Shading Devices:

Tate Teen-Age Parents School School 1939 1817 Central Avenue Charlotte, NC 28205 09507803 48,703 sq. ft. 46,997 sq. ft. Charlotte Mecklenburg Board of Education Owner occupied Figure 7.6.2 North Facade Local Government Midwood School School The first floor windows on the south façade are recessed into the façade and covered by a horizontal overhang. 17 feet Permit History: >= 12 feet 1962 - roofing repair >= 12 feet 1965 - Wiring for AC outlets in classrooms, time clock, Brick / Masonry addition of amplifier and converter U + L Shape 1968 - electrical wiring South 1970 - alteration and additions to school Reinforced brick/masonry 1971 - the set of of one mobile classroom; relight 11-25% school, replace old B.X. cable; plumbing work Flat & Gable 1975 - wire automatic fire suppression system in cafe Asphalt Shingle 1 \ Mechanical / Forced Not operable; punched 3 - 6 feet 7 - 9 feet Single / Metal N/A Figure 7.6.3 West Facade


Central District Equipment + Distribution: Heating AND Cooling (ducted central system/forced air with electric heat pump at exterior Y Figure 7.6.4 West Facade

N Combustion Equipment (gas, oil, propane, or coal) District Energy System Water Pipes (heating + cooling) Air Distribution Ducts A/C

Primary Fuel Type: Secondary Fuel Source:

Figure 7.6.5 East Facade

Equipment: Fuel Type:

Electricity N/A

Hot water tank(s) serve individual units/spaces Electric

Residential/Apartment/Condominium Units: 0

Figure 7.6.6 South Facades

Basement: 1

Figure 7.6.7 Street / Neighborhood Context

Midwood High School was a non-traditional high school in its namesake neighborhood of Charlotte, North Carolina. The school acted as a transition program for ninth graders who struggled to meet benchmarks in eighth grade into a high school environment. Midwood had always been one of Charlotteâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s smaller high schools, mostly due to its small, aging physical plant. It had been used as a traditional school, a management school, a teenage parents academy, closed, a transition school and now closed again. The goal of the school was to prevent socially promoted ninth graders from dropping out. The building has been closed since 2010. A neighbor says that CMC has put the property up for lease and that they were looking for non-profit organizations to move onto the property.


Case Study 7.6.1b GT50 Building Typology: 6A1 (School; Freestanding; Pre-WWII) Current name: Elizabeth Traditional Elementary School Current use: School Year of Construction: 1933 Street address: 1601 Park Drive Charlotte, NC 28205 Building’s parcel ID: 08019203 Gross Square Footage: 129,057 sq. ft. Net Square Footage: 129,057 sq. ft. Current owner: Charlotte Mecklenburg Board of Education Owner occupied Figure 7.6.8 South Facade Local Government Original/Historic Name: Midwood School Original Use: School Passive Features: N/A Building Height: 40 feet Elizabeth Traditional Elementary School is an institution First Floor Height: >= 12 feet that has provided outstanding educational training for Second Floor Height: >= 12 feet young children since opening its doors in 1912. We have Cladding Material: Brick Veneer offered a Traditional K-5 magnet program since 1977. Building Shape: L Shape The school’s building structures, name, and curricuFront Door Faces: Southwest lum have been altered over the years to meet various Structural System: demands on a diverse and ever-shifting population. One Glazing Percentage: 26-50% quality of the school and its staff has remained conRoof Shape: Flat stant: Its commitment to a solid educational foundation Roof Material: Built-Up Asphalt for all students. # Gas Meters: 1 Ventilation System: Mechanical / Forced ETES is located in the Elizabeth neighborhood at the First Floor Windows: Operable; punched intersection of Park Drive, East 5th Street, and Travis Glazing/Window Height: 3 - 6 feet Avenue, and backs up to Independence Park. It is near Head Height: 7 - 9 feet Presbyterian Hospital, with the Uptown Charlotte skyline Thickness/Material: Single / Metal in clear view and in close proximity. The location of the Exterior Shading Devices: N/A school has been significant in its historical beginnings. Permit History: ETES maintains valuable relationships with local com1971 - School Addition; heating/cooling equipment munity organizations and businesses that act as partners replaced/added with the school. (http://schools.cms.k12.nc.us)


Elizabeth District

Equipment + Distribution: Boilers and chillers, 4 pipe air handling system; second AC 2010 Y Figure 7.6.9 West Facade

N Combustion Equipment (gas, oil, propane, or coal) District Energy System Water Pipes (heating + cooling) Air Distribution Ducts A/C

Primary Fuel Type: Secondary Fuel Source:

Figure 7.6.10 East Facade

Equipment: Fuel Type:

Electricity N/A

Central boiler serves hot water to multiple tenants - DWH only (no space heating) Gas

Residential/Apartment/Condominium Units: 0

Figure 7.6.11 North Facade

Basement: 1

Figure 7.6.12 Street / Neighborhood Contexts

In 1971 and 2003 additions to the old structure was done purely for expansion reasons. So now the newly constructed part has the administration offices, media centre and conference room, with very few classrooms. The old Structure and the new one are very well connected internally. Main entrances to the school are on the North east and south west. fire exits were mainly around the north west side of the building. The main boiler room entrance is also from north west side of the buildings. The upper level fire exits have open to sky metal staircases.


Case Study 7.6.1c GT50 Building Typology: 6A2 (School; Freestanding; Pre-WWII) Current name: Current use: Year of Construction: Street address: Building’s parcel ID: Gross Square Footage: Net Square Footage: Current owner: Original/Historic Name: Original Use: Passive Features: Building Height: First Floor Height: Second Floor Height: Cladding Material: Building Shape: Front Door Faces: Structural System: Glazing Percentage: Roof Shape: Roof Material: # Gas Meters: Ventilation System: First Floor Windows: Glazing/Window Height: Head Height: Thickness/Material: Exterior Shading Devices:

Piedmont Open Middle School School 1925 1241 E. 10th Street Charlotte, NC 28204 08111415 181,652 sq. ft. 181,652 sq. ft. Charlotte Mecklenburg Board of Education Figure 7.6.13 West Facade Not Owner Occupied - professionally managed Local Government Piedmont Junior High School The first floor windows on the south façade are recessed into the façade and covered by a horizontal overhang. 20 Doors Total 30 feet 5 main entrance, double doors, opaque, south facade 9 - 11 feet 3 main entrance, double doors, glazed, south facade 9 - 11 feet 1 semi-main entrance, double door, opaque, south façade Brick Veneer 3 side entrances, double doors, opaque, west facade Rectangle or Square with an 1 side entrances, single door, opaque, east facade 1 roll-up, loading dock, north facade interior courtyard 6 back entrances, double doors, glazed, north facade South Reinforced brick/masonry 11-25% Flat Built-Up 5+ Mechanical / Forced Operable; punched 6 feet 7 - 9 feet Single / Metal N/A

Figure 7.6.3 West Facade


Central District Equipment + Distribution: Heating AND Cooling (ducted or unducted, zoned air handlers (fan coil units) with central hot and cold water pipes Figure 7.6.14 East Facade

Y

N Combustion Equipment (gas, oil, propane, or coal) District Energy System Water Pipes (heating + cooling) Air Distribution Ducts A/C

Primary Fuel Type: Secondary Fuel Source: Equipment: Fuel Type:

Combustion (natural gas) N/A

Central boiler serves building hot water and building space heating Gas

Figure 7.6.15 Detail

Figure 7.6.16 Street / Neighborhood Context

Residential/Apartment/Condominium Units: 0

Basement: 1

Figure 7.6.17 South Facade

Midwood High School was a non-traditional high school in its namesake neighborhood of Charlotte, North Carolina. The school acted as a transition program for ninth graders who struggled to meet benchmarks in eighth grade into a high school environment. Midwood had always been one of Charlotte’s smaller high schools, mostly due to its small, aging physical plant. It had been used as a traditional school, a management school, a teenage parents academy, closed, a transition school and now closed again. The goal of the school was to prevent socially promoted ninth graders from dropping out. The building has been closed since 2010. A neighbor says that CMC has put the property up for lease and that they were looking for non-profit organizations to move onto the property.


Case Study 7.6.2 GT50 Building Typology: 6B (School; Freestanding; Post-WWII) Current name: Current use: Year of Construction: Street address: Building’s parcel ID: Gross Square Footage: Net Square Footage: Current owner: Original/Historic Name: Original Use: Passive Features: Building Height: First Floor Height: Second Floor Height: Cladding Material: Building Shape: Front Door Faces: Structural System: Glazing Percentage: Roof Shape: Roof Material: # Gas Meters: Ventilation System: First Floor Windows: Glazing/Window Height: Head Height: Thickness/Material: Exterior Shading Devices:

NC State University; A&T University Cooperative Extension Office / School 1953 1418 Armory Drive Charlotte, NC 28204 08019201 22,589 sq. ft. 24552 sq. ft. Mecklenburg County Figure 7.6.18 North Facade Not Owner Occupied - professionally managed Local Government Mecklenburg County Maintenance Department School The only passive system seen in the building was exterior and shading devices. These were inoperable, horizontal and vertical shading devices that provide shading to south façade; however, it will likely have little to no benefit as a cooling strategy. 12 feet Permit History: 9 - 11 feet 1971 - Addition to school, new construction 9 - 11 feet 1972 - Building Permit - addition of maintenance shop CMU (concrete masonry unit) 1972 - addition of a/c unit and 5 7.5 kw unit heaters - L Shape mechanical permit North 2010 - Electrical Permit - water heater replacement Reinforced brick/masonry 2011- Building Permit - roof replacement 2-10% Flat Concrete 2 Mechanical / Forced Not operable; punched 3 - 6 feet 7 - 9 feet Single / Metal South vertical & horizontal; < 2 feet; movable/adjustable Figure 7.6.19 Door Schedule


Elizabeth District Equipment + Distribution: Heating AND Cooling (individual throughwall electric heat pump units in each  space (like hotel room units) Y Figure 7.6.20 West Facade

N Combustion Equipment (gas, oil, propane, or coal) District Energy System Water Pipes (heating + cooling) Air Distribution Ducts A/C

Primary Fuel Type: Secondary Fuel Source: Equipment: Fuel Type:

Figure 7.6.21 East Facade 1 Primary Single hinged Glazed 2 Secondary Single hinged Opaque 3 Secondary Single hinged Opaque 4 Secondary Single hinged Opaque 5 Secondary Garage Door Opaque (corrugated metal) 6 Secondary Single hinged Opaque 7 Secondary Garage Door Opaque (corrugated metal)

Electricity - 1976 N/A

Hot water tank(s) serve individual units/spaces Electric

Residential/Apartment/Condominium Units: 0

Figure 7.6.22 South Facade

Basement: 0

Figure 7.6.23 Street / Neighborhood Context

The buidling is surrounded by residential neighborhoods and a large sports field to the south. The building was originally built as a maintenance department for the Charlotte Mecklenburg parks and recreation department. It was then converted into offices, assembly space, and park area for the community and education of agriculture. The primary door is a single hinged glazed doorway that leads to the reception and entrance area. All of the doors on the rear of the building are opaque metal doors or garage doors.


Graph 7.7.1 Overall Typology 7 Breakdown


1 - S t o ry R e ta i l S t r i p M a l l / S t o r e f r o n t

7.7


Case Study 7.7.1a GT50 Building Typology: 7A (1 story RETAIL; Post WWII; Strip Mall) Current name: Midwood Corners Shopping Center Current use: Retail Year of Construction: 1951 Street address: 1300 - 1308 The Plaza Charlotte, NC Building’s parcel ID: 09507802 Figure 7.7.2 South Facade Gross Square Footage: 27,094 sq. ft. Net Square Footage: 24,311 sq. ft. Current owner: John Cole Hatcher Not Owner Occupied - owner managed Sole Ownership: Real Estate Investor/Fund Original/Historic Name: Original Use: Retail Passive Features: The only passive system seen in the building was exterior shading devices. These were inoperable, horizontal overhangs that create a walkway below and provide shading to glazed facades. The horizontal shading covers the entire south façade. There is also a small overhang located over the west façade’s window; however, it will likely have little to no benefit as a cooling strategy. Building Height: First Floor Height: Cladding Material: Building Shape: Front Door Faces: Structural System: Glazing Percentage: Roof Shape: Roof Material: # Gas Meters: Ventilation System: First Floor Windows: Glazing/Window Height: Head Height: Thickness/Material: Exterior Shading Devices:

18 feet >= 12 feet Brick / Masonry & Stucco L Shape South Unreinforced brick/masonry 26-50% Flat Built-Up 5+ Mechanical / Forced Not operable; curtain wall 6 feet 7 - 9 feet Single / Metal South & West horizontal; 2-4 ft

Permit History: 1976 - roofing material replaced 1972 - new sign, ceiling (insulation wall and/or roof) 1973 - Install Telephone Booth; heating/cooling equip. 1960 - Plumbing (hot water tanks, lavatories, sinks, water closets) 1965 - Water heater 1966 - Remodel; roofing material replaced 1960 - New sign 1988 - Plumbing (lavatories, urinals) 1967 - Alarm system installed


Central District

Figure 7.7.3 North Facade

Equipment + Distribution: Heating AND Cooling (ducted central system/forced air with combustion furnace for heating and exterior air conditioner unit or heat pump for cooling) Y N Combustion Equipment (gas, oil, propane, or coal) District Energy System Water Pipes (heating + cooling) Air Distribution Ducts A/C

Primary Fuel Type: Secondary Fuel Source:

Figure 7.7.4 East Facade

Equipment: Fuel Type:

Combustion (natural gas) N/A

Central boiler serves hot water to multiple tenants - DHW only (no space heating) Hot water tank(s) serve individual units/spaces Combination

Residential/Apartment/ Condominium Units: 0

Figure 7.7.5 West Facade

Basement: 0 Figure 7.7.6 Street / Neighborhood Context

The building is located on a corner site, with tremendous road frontage and visibility on Central Avenue and The Plaza. The traffic count passing the site is approximately 30,000 vehicles per day. In addition, it is conveniently accessible from uptown and the nearby interstates. There is a church located to the north of the site. Across the street, to the west, is a branch of the Charlotte Mecklenburg Library. A Harris Teeter grocery store occupies the block directly south of the site. Finally, to the east there a Tate’s Teenage/Parents School, which occupies an old church building. This building has had many different uses over its lifespan. Past occupants include a drug store (owned by Harris Teeter), a barbershop, a florist, a fabric/draperies store, and a printing store. Currently, occupants include a used bookstore, ice cream shop, art studio, Subway, a Japanese restaurant, and beauty shop. In all cases, it has remained a retail/restaurant-based building.


Case Study 7.7.1a (continued)

Figure 7.7.7 Building Footprint/ Sketch

Figure 7.7.8-9 Street / Neighborhood Contexts


Door # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

Primary or secondary

Number of hinges

Material

Primary Primary Primary Primary Primary Primary Secondary Primary Primary Primary Primary Secondary Primary Primary Secondary Secondary Secondary

Single-hinged Single-hinged Single-hinged Single-hinged Single-hinged Single-hinged Double-hinged Double-hinged Single-hinged Single-hinged Single-hinged Double-hinged Single-hinged Single-hinged Single-hinged Single-hinged Single-hinged

Glazed Glazed Glazed Glazed Glazed Glazed Glazed Glazed Glazed Glazed Glazed Glazed Glazed Glazed Opaque Opaque Opaque

Â

Figure 7.7.10 Building Layout & Door Schedule

The doors on the south and west facades are all glazed and go into individual retail units. The doors on the east are opaque, service entrances that provide access to mechanical and other service areas of the building. The doors on the east façade are also isolated from the main public edge of the building by a retaining wall that creates a loading area. Door #12 offers an entrance to a hallway that leads to secondary, service entrances into the individual units.


Case Study 7.7.1b GT50 Building Typology: 7A (1 story RETAIL; Post WWII; Strip Mall) Current name: Current use: Year of Construction: Street address: Building’s parcel ID: Gross Square Footage: Net Square Footage: Current owner: Original/Historic Name: Original Use: Passive Features:

Chair & Equipment Rental Retail 1965 800 Central Avenue Charlotte, NC 28204 08021201 26,606 sq. ft. 26,000 sq. ft. 800 Central, LLC Not Owner Occupied - professionally managed Sole Ownership: Other Company N/A Retail N/A

Door #

Primary or secondary

Number of hinges

Material

1

Primary

Double - hinged

Glazed

2

Primary

Double - hinged

Glazed

3

Secondary (2nd Floor)

Double - hinged

Opaque

4

Secondary

Double - hinged

Opaque

5

Secondary

Garage Door

6

Mechanical

Double - hinged

Opaque (corrugated metal) Louvered

7

Secondary

Single - hinged

Opaque

8

Secondary

Double - hinged

Opaque

9

Secondary

Single - hinged

Glazed

Building Height: First Floor Height: Cladding Material: Building Shape: Front Door Faces: Structural System: Glazing Percentage: Roof Shape: Roof Material: # Gas Meters: Ventilation System: First Floor Windows:

20 feet >= 12 feet Brick Veneer Wide Rectangle North Steel Frame 26-50% Flat Concrete 2 Mechanical / Forced Not operable; curtain wall

Figure 7.7.11 Street View

Figure 7.7.12 Door Schedule

Glazing/Window Height: 3 - 6 feet Head Height: 7 - 9 feet Thickness/Material: Single / Metal Exterior Shading Devices: N/A Permit History: 2007 - Upgrade of electrical wiring, and replacement of old furnace and a/c unit with new one. Electrical Permit, electrical upgrade for replacing central a/c and furnace Mechanical Permit, replace gas pack (70000 btu); replace a/c unit (3 tons)


Central District Â

Figure 7.7.13 North Facade

Figure 7.7.14 East Facade

Equipment + Distribution: Heating AND Cooling (ducted central system/forced air with combustion furnace for heating and exterior air conditioner unit or heat pump for cooling) 2007 Y N Combustion Equipment (gas, oil, propane, or coal) District Energy System Water Pipes (heating + cooling) Air Distribution Ducts A/C Primary Fuel Type: Secondary Fuel Source: Equipment: Fuel Type:

Electricity N/A

Hot water tank(s) serve the entire building Combination

Residential/Apartment/ Condominium Units: 0 Basement: 1 unfinished Figure 7.7.15 West Facade Figure 7.7.16 Street / Neighborhood Context

The building located on the edge of the business district with residences to the west and south; and businesses bordering on the north and east. Of the history available it appears that the building has been the chair and equipment rental and sales store the past 23 years. The two primary doors on the store front are double hinged and glazed. The other doors consist of opaque metal or wood doors, a metal garage door for deliveries, and a louvered door for the mechanical.

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Case Study 7.7.2a GT50 Building Typology: 7B (1 story RETAIL; Pre - WWII) Current name: Current use: Year of Construction: Street address: Building’s parcel ID: Gross Square Footage: Net Square Footage: Current owner: Original Use: Passive Features: Building Height: First Floor Height: Cladding Material: Building Shape: Front Door Faces: Structural System: Glazing Percentage: Roof Shape: Roof Material: # Gas Meters: Ventilation System: First Floor Windows: Glazing/Window Height: Head Height: Thickness/Material: Exterior Shading Devices:

Cuisine Malaya Restaurant 1930 1200 Charlottetowne Avenue Charlotte, NC 28204 12,388 sq. ft. 12,388 sq. ft. G & K Enterprises Co., LLC Figure 7.7.17 North Facade Not Owner Occupied - professionally managed Joint Ownership: Property owned by two or more people/companies at the same time in equal shares or equal influence on decision making specific to the property Retail The walls are approximatly 10” thick. The glazing is tinted and there is an awning over the rear entrance (parking lot side). 18 feet Permit History: >= 12 feet 2010 - The renovation included replacing the existing AC Stucco and gas pack units with new units of the same equipWide Rectangle ment. Attached, 2 sides 2010 - Mechanical Permit: Replace gas packs and AC South equipment with same equipment Steel Frame Electrical Permit: Replace electrical wiring for 11-25% AC unit and Gas Pack Flat 2009 - Building Permit: remodel/upkeep, paint, replace Asphalt Shingle flooring, replace doors, replace sinks; addition of exteri5+ or signage to building; unspecified maintenance ($3,000) Mechanical / Forced 1 Primary Double Not Operable; punched hinged Glazed 6 feet 2 Secondary Single - hinged 7 - 9 feet Glazed 3 Secondary Single - hinged Single / Metal Glazed N/A 4 Secondary Single - hinged Glazed

Figure 7.7.18 Footprint Sketch


Elizabeth District

Figure 7.7.19 West Facade

Figure 7.7.20 East Facade

Equipment + Distribution: Heating AND Cooling (ducted central system/forced air with combustion furnace for heating and exterior air conditioner unit or heat pump for cooling) 2009 Y N Combustion Equipment (gas, oil, propane, or coal) District Energy System Water Pipes (heating + cooling) Air Distribution Ducts A/C Primary Fuel Type: Secondary Fuel Source: Equipment: Fuel Type:

Electricity N/A

Hot water tank(s) serve individual units/spaces Gas

Residential/Apartment/Condominium Units: 0

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Basement: 0

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Figure 7.7.23-24 Street / Neighborhood Contexts

Figure 7.7.21-22 South Facade

The building is surrouned by business to the north and east and by buildings belonging to CPCC campus on the south and west. The buildings surrounding Malaya are stucco or brick and there is a parking deck across the street. The building was rennovated to its current state (exterior) in 2010. It has been a restaurant for the past 6 (2007) years. We were unable to find change of use permits, and the current tenants say there was a retail store in the location prior to their arival.


Case Study 7.7.2b GT50 Building Typology: 7B (1 story RETAIL; Pre - WWII) Current name: Current use: Year of Construction: Street address: Buildingâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s parcel ID: Gross Square Footage: Net Square Footage: Current owner: Original/Historic Name: Original Use: Passive Features: Building Height: First Floor Height: Cladding Material: Building Shape: Front Door Faces: Structural System: Glazing Percentage: Roof Shape: Roof Material: # Gas Meters: Ventilation System: First Floor Windows: Glazing/Window Height: Head Height: Thickness/Material: Exterior Shading Devices:

Heroes; Starbucks; Crisp 7th Street Cafe Multi-Use (Restaurant / Retail) 1937 1957 E. 7th Street Charlotte, NC 28204 12703111 6,895 sq. ft. 6,765 sq. ft. Figure 7.7.25 South Facade Francis David L Family Limited Partnership Owner Occupied Sole Ownership: Individual/Family Barbershop; Schlozkieâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Deli Multi-Use (Restaurant / Retail) It does have operable windows on the non-street face, but it does not appear that these are used for passive ventila tion. The starbucks in the center unit location does have doors on either end of the space which could serve to Figure 7.7.26 Old Signage facilitate cross ventilation. 15 feet Permit History: >= 12 feet 2008 - Remodeled and/or New addition 1. Primary Entry (Crisp); Brick / Masonry Single; Glass with Metal Frame Square 2. Primary Entry (StarSoutheast bucks); Single; Glass with Metal Reinforced brick/masonry Frame 3. Primary Entry (Heros); 26-50% Single; Glass with Metal Frame Flat 4. Service Access(Heros); Built-Up Single; Metal door with window 3 5. Secondary Entry & service access (starbucks); Single; Glass Mechanical / Forced with metal frame Operable; punched 6. Service Access (Crisp); 3 - 6 feet Single; Metal with glass insert 7 - 9 feet 7. Service Door; Single; Metal Double / Wood Southeast Hoizontal; 2-4 feet Figure 7.7.27 Footprint Sketch


Elizabeth District

Figure 7.7.28 West Facade

Equipment + Distribution: Heating AND Cooling (ducted central system/forced air with combustion furnace for heating and exterior air conditioner unit or heat pump for cooling) Y N Combustion Equipment (gas, oil, propane, or coal) District Energy System Water Pipes (heating + cooling) Air Distribution Ducts A/C Primary Fuel Type: Secondary Fuel Source:

Figure 7.7.29 East Facade

Equipment: Fuel Type:

Combustion (natural gas) N/A

Hot water tank(s) serve individual units/spaces Electric

Residential/Apartment/Condominium Units: 0

Basement: 0

Figure 7.7.30 North Facade Figure 7.7.31

Street / Neighborhood Contexts

This building was originally Schlotzkes Deli and there was the Barborshop in the rear, where the sign on the brick facade can still be seen. The building was later used as a grocery/drug store. It was then converted into a bar and then became what it is today. The building was rennovated to its current state (exterior) in 2010. It has been a restaurant for the past 6 (2007) years. We were unable to find change of use permits, and the current tenants say there was a retail store in the location prior to their arival. The main entry doors to this building are along the Southeastern facade. There is one single fully glazed door entering each store. There are 3 doors total on the southeastern facade. On the back of the building there are 3 doors. 2 of the doors are service doors with glass inserts, and one door is a fully glazed door providing secondary entry to Starbucks. The last door is a solid service door that does not appear to be in use currently.


Other - Converted Residence

7.8


Case Study 7.8a GT50 Building Typology: 8A (OTHER RETAIL; Converted Residence; Pre-WWII) Current name: Current use: Year of Construction: Street address: Building’s parcel ID: Gross Square Footage: Net Square Footage: Current owner: Original/Historic Name: Original Use: Passive Features:

The Fig Tree Restaurant 1905 1601 E. 7th Street Charlotte, NC 28204 08020501 3,472 sq. ft. 2,992 sq. ft. Greg Zanitsch and Sara Scheidler Figure 7.8.2 Street View Owner Occupied Joint Ownership: Property owned by two or more people/companies at the same time in equal shares or equal influence on decision making specific to the property The Lucas House Single-Family The building has a large front porch that shades the west façade. It also has operable windows that help with cross ventilation. Finally, it has a fireplace, which could be used for stack ventilation and to heat the building with natural resources.

Building Height: First Floor Height: Second Floor Height: Cladding Material: Building Shape: Front Door Faces: Structural System: Glazing Percentage: Roof Shape: Roof Material: # Gas Meters: Ventilation System: First Floor Windows: Glazing/Window Height: Head Height: Thickness/Material: Exterior Shading Devices:

25 feet 9 - 11 feet 9 - 11 feet Wood Shingles & Stucco Wide Rectangle West Timber Frame 11-25% Gable Asphalt Shingle 1 Mechanical / Forced Operable; punched 3 - 6 feet 7 - 9 feet Single / Wood West Horizontal; > 4 feet

Permit History: 1964 - heating/cooling equipment replaced/added 1969 - remodeling permit (roof); insulation material 1970 - heating/cooling equipment replaced/added

Figure 7.8.3

Street / Neighborhood Context


Elizabeth District Equipment + Distribution: Heating AND Cooling (ducted central system/forced air with electric heat pump at exterior) 2005 Y Figure 7.8.4 North Facade

N Combustion Equipment (gas, oil, propane, or coal) District Energy System Water Pipes (heating + cooling) Air Distribution Ducts A/C

Primary Fuel Type: Secondary Fuel Source:

Equipment: Fuel Type:

Electricity Combustion (natural gas) - heating only (combustion space heat/furnace with no ducts mounted directly in the room)

Hot water tank(s) serve the entire building Gas (2005)

Residential/Apartment/Condominium Units: 0

Figure 7.8.5 South Facade

Figure 7.8.6

Basement: 1

Street / Neighborhood Context

This site is located on the corner of E. 7th Street and Louise Avenue. It is located directly across from Independence Park. Many of the buildings within this neighborhood were once single-family residences that have been converted to commercial businesses. Elizabeth Corners sits to the east of the site, which has a deli that offers coffee, salads, and sandwiches. There is a vacant lot located to the west of the site, with St. Martin’s Episcopal Church located next to Independence Park.


Case Study 7.8a (continued)

Figure 7.8.7 East Facade

Figure 7.8.8 Building Footprint / Sketch

The Lucas House is representative of suburban development for middle-class residents in the Elizabeth neighborhood that took place prior to World War I. The house is situated across from Independence Park, one of Charlotte’s first public parks, on the corner of East 7th Street and Louise Avenue, about one mile from Center City. The interior finishes as well as the exterior have survived with original materials and are thus intact examples of the Craftsman homes constructed in the bungalow style in the early 20th century. After the house on the wedge-shaped parcel on the corner was completed in late spring or early summer, 1913, it was bought in July by John Paul Lucas for $8,500, who shortly thereafter deeded it to his wife, Alice Craft Lucas. When he bought the house John Lucas was the managing editor of the Charlotte Evening Chronicle. By 1920, he became the publicity manager for the Southern Public Utilities Company, which was later incorporated into Duke Power Company. Alice Craft Lucas was a Wilmington native, and graduated from Trinity College, now Duke University, in 1905, and was at one time the southern correspondent for the old Boston Transcript newspaper. In 1930, the Lucas family moved to a bigger house on Cherokee Road in a newer suburb, Eastover, but retained ownership of the Elizabeth house and rented it out. In 1936, it passed to the mortgageholder in a foreclosure, and in 1938 was bought by William Calhoun McIntire, who lived there with his family for some thirty years.8In 1969, Francis Gilbert Chipley bought the house from McIntire’s daughter and deeded it to his wife, Leola Plyler Chipley, the following year.9 Mr. Chipley has maintained his real estate offices, Chipley Realty Company, next door at 406 Louise Avenue, and Mrs. Chipley operated Lee’s Antiques from the house until about five years ago. In 1989, ownership of the house passed to the Chipleys’ daughter, Judith Chipley Hudson, where it was used for storage. The building was bought in 2005 and turned into a restaurant, called The Fig Tree Restaurant, which got its name from a Brown Turkey fig tree that once prospered at the rear of the house.


Figure 7.8.9 West Facade

Figure 7.8.10 West Facade

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Door #1 is double-hinged glazed door that leads into the building from the front porch. The door was originally intended to be used as the primary entrance into the house, but after the building was converted into a restaurant this door is rarely used. The main function of this door now is as a large window that provides daylight to enter the main dining room. Door #2 is a single-hinged glazed door that was originally used as a secondary entrance into the house, but now is used as main entrance into the restaurant. Door #3 is a singlehinged opaque door located at the rear of the building and serves as a service entrance into the kitchen area. This door is restricted to the public and is mainly used by kitchen staff and delivery services.

Figure 7.8.11 Door Schedule

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Case Study 7.8b GT50 Building Typology: 8A (OTHER RETAIL; Converted Residence; Pre-WWII) Current name: Current use: Year of Construction: Street address: Buildingâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s parcel ID: Gross Square Footage: Net Square Footage: Current owner: Original/Historic Name: Original Use: Passive Features:

Cajun and Queen Restaurant 1920 1800 E. 7th Street Charlotte, NC 28204 12703412 5,494 sq. ft. 5,326 sq. ft. Robert Gottfried Owner Occupied Sole Ownership: Individual/Family

Building Height: First Floor Height: Second Floor Height: Cladding Material: Building Shape: Front Door Faces: Structural System: Glazing Percentage: Roof Shape: Roof Material: # Gas Meters: Ventilation System: First Floor Windows: Glazing/Window Height: Head Height: Thickness/Material: Exterior Shading Devices: Permit History:

36 feet >= 12 feet >= 12 feet Brick Veneer Wide Rectangle Northeast Unreinforced brick/masonry 26-50% Gable Slate Tiles 1 Mechanical / Forced Operable; punched 3 - 6 feet 7 - 9 feet Single / Wood NE, SW, & NW; Horizontal < 2 feet (movable/adjustable) 2003 - Sunroom Addition

Figure 7.8.12 Street View

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Single-Family Shading over the south facing windows only. The other windows on the second floor were all made of glass brick which did allow light to come in but prevented direct glare.

Figure 7.8.12-13

Interior Views


Elizabeth District Equipment + Distribution: Heating AND Cooling: ducted central system (forced air) with combustion furnace for heating and exterior air conditioner unit or heat pump for cooling (2004) Y Figure 7.8.14 North Facade

N Combustion Equipment (gas, oil, propane, or coal) District Energy System Water Pipes (heating + cooling) Air Distribution Ducts A/C

Primary Fuel Type: Secondary Fuel Source: Equipment: Fuel Type: Figure 7.8.15 South Facade

Figure 7.8.16 East Facade

Electricity N/A

Hot water tank(s) serve the entire building Gas (80s)

Residential/Apartment/Condominium Units: 0

Basement: 1

Figure 7.8.17 West Facade

This was a residential building which was then converted to a new Orleans cuisine restaurant in 1985. The door open into an elevated porch facing the E 4th street. This also serves as the main entrance to the restaurant. There are 2 more doors on the first floor for the kitchen entrance. On the second floor there is a door opening into the open terraced sitting. On the ground floor, the kitchen has been expanded, the back dining room was opened up into a heated terrace, bathrooms were added downstairs, and a concrete handicap ramp was added outdoors. The second floor has new, larger restrooms, a much larger bar and a rooftop terrace!

UNCC Graduate Preservation Green Lab Survey  
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