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1890 – 1914 Art Nouveau begins in France 1916 - Da-Da Art Movement begins in Zurich, Switzerland

April 1909

1917 – Theo van Doesburg (Dutch Painter) helps found De Stijl journal

Married to Jansje Cremer

1920 Aug 1 1914 WW1 begins 1919 – 1933 Bauhaus art movement in Germany 1903 - Dutch railway strike

British Arts movement 1921- first robot built

1890 – 1914 Art Nouveau begins in France

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June 17 1885The Statute of Liberty arrives in NY Harbor

1917 – Theo van Doesburg (Dutch Painter) helps found De Stijl journal

Married to Jansje Cremer

Saw

May 20 1882 the triple alliance formed between Germany/ AustriaHungary/ Italy

1928 - Penicillin discovered by Alexander Fleming (Scottish)

1916 - Da-Da Art Movement begins in Zurich, Switzerland

April 1909

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1923- Werkman’s printing business collapsed

1920 Hendrik Nicolaas Werkman

Aug 1 1914 WW1 begins

Born on April 29th 1882 in Leens, Holland. He was the second of three sons.

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1919 – 1933 Bauhaus art movement in Germany 1903 - Dutch railway strike

1923 – Television (or iconoscope) invented by Vladimir Kosma Zworykin

1880 - 1910 British Arts and Crafts movement 1921- first robot built

1923 Werkman began work on The Next Call an experimental typographic publication which influenced designers such as Kurt Schwitters and Dick Dooijes

He began using a German hand press as an avant-garde artistic tool.

1924- The Next Call began to be exchanged with about 30 other avant-garde publications

1925 - Exposition pavilion de l’Esprit Nouveau by the Swiss architect Le Corbusier create (one of the strongest and most influential reactions against the Art Deco movement)

and writings as far away as Tokyo and was recognized by many prominent Da-Da and constructivist artists.

Between 1923 and 1929

Werkman used typewriters as a drawing tool.

1928 – In New York The American Designers’ Gallery opened in and introduced consumers to modern interiors and furnishings

He called them “Tiksels” after the dutch word Tikken (to type)

In November 1929 Werkman makes his only trip outside of the Netherlands

1929 - The Great Depression begins

1940

1941-publications called De Blauwe Schuit (The Blue Barge)

1954- prizes given in Amsterdam in honor of Werkman

July 16, 1945 Atomic Bomb invented

a publishing venture to strengthen the morale of the Dutch people during the occupation.

1928 - Rene Magritte produces The Trechery of Images. Which included the caption “Ceci n’est pas une pipe” (“This is not a pipe”)

May 10 1940 Germany invades the Netherlands and stays for five years

Sources

– H.N Werkman by Alston W. Purvis – Hendrik Werkman by Dick Dooijes – The Metropolitan Museum of Art history timeline (http://www. metmuseum.org/toah/ – http://www.coins.nd.edu/ColCoin/ ColCoinIntros/Netherlands.html

On March 13, 1945 Werkman was arrested

Killed April 9, 1945 by firing Squad

by the Sicherheitspolizei (Dutch security police)

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Profile for Jennifer Magathan

RISD Portfolio  

Student work, teaching portfolio from the Rhode Island School of Design

RISD Portfolio  

Student work, teaching portfolio from the Rhode Island School of Design

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