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vincent de veirman michal janak ella vervecken jene van den abeele


power


henri lefebvre:

each society produces it’s own

ted killian:

space

publicity = power of acsess privacy = power of exclusion

public/private

power understood as not commodity, but rather relationship in society (by instrunet of law)

one can be inhabitant (full power of exclusion) visitor (power of acsess) undesired (none)

“public” space

space owned by state, which has the power of exclusion

space power struggle (of exclusion, of acsess)

democracy: a tool for effective claiming of power outside of physical space

theory

learning from lefebvre


physical space

power struggle

virtual space

theory

hypothesis


Ă…setesrett (archaic spelling Ă…sĂŚdesret) is the ancient right in Norway of the eldest child to inherit the farm after his or her parent (originally only 50% for female offspring). When the farmer dies, his eldest child takes possession. The heir is obliged to pay the other siblings their share of the estate (originally only 50% to sisters). Traditionally the value of the estate was given by the father or else is estimated, usually below its actual valuation. Currently, there is an appraisal, but the value is still low. Women could and did own property. Before the 1970s, daughters also inherited, but their share was half that of the sons' shares. If the father left no son, his eldest surviving daughter inherited. If a farm or estate is of such a size that several families can exist on it, the father is allowed to divide it among his children; however, this is on the condition that the eldest son or daughter will not receive less than one-half of the farm or estate. This prevented the destructive partitioning of agricultural land seen in many other European countries in the same period. But it had the unfortunate effect of partitioning Norway periodically (since Norway was treated as a King's estate during early periods), making Norway more vulnerable to outside pressures. These Ancient Norwegian property laws, which being secured in the constitution still exist, served to preserve a strong Norwegian farm culture


this leads to two hypothesis: first, because of extreme isolation, there was no sense of “norway” as public sphere for power struggle until the urbanisation. norwegians claimed their power of exclusion very early. second, because of the ancient propwerty laws, the power struggle moved to the virtual space very early. hence, norwegians don’t need to show off, see the space owned by the state as the space of representation


community?


Dugnad is a term used for voluntary work for the local society, usually in form of outdoor spring cleaning, gardening, building a barn or a playground for kids. The word "dugnad" was chosen as Norwegian national word in 2004.


tarald lundevall (snohetta) “norway was urbanised very late, each norwegian wants a piece of land where can he pee the tree and, preferably, be unseen by the neibour, which is as far as possible�


conclusion? perhaps, for norwegians, the sense of property of land is more dominant than the house itself, which is, actually, only a part of that property. the bordes are still defined either by gap or landscape (nature), as in rural country. the barrier is important, but relatively invisible


home

your nature


home

your own piece of land


mirror, mirror


mirror

infinite space


mirror

inbetween border / divides or connects?


shortcut


shortcut/case study

trondheim, detached family housing


shortcut/case study

bratislava, detached family housing on hill


idea


social filter refers to an ability of a space to filter certain social group. (for example a playground could filter children and their supervising persons) we can suggest that social filters are necessary in the process of unintentional contacts, which are fundamental to a good public space (ref. to j. jacobs)

good space


good space


berg


berg

social condenser


bakery cafe

kindergarden grocery

park restaurant

church

bakery

kindergarden

school

berg

social filters


berg

seducing


berg

invisible shortcuts


shortcut - communal program

behind the looking glass level 1


mixed programlifecycle design

office

housing

behind the looking glass level 2



gap - sequence - axes - shortcut