vincent de veirman michal janak ella vervecken jene van den abeele
each society produces it’s own
publicity = power of acsess privacy = power of exclusion
power understood as not commodity, but rather relationship in society (by instrunet of law)
one can be inhabitant (full power of exclusion) visitor (power of acsess) undesired (none)
space owned by state, which has the power of exclusion
space power struggle (of exclusion, of acsess)
democracy: a tool for effective claiming of power outside of physical space
learning from lefebvre
Ă…setesrett (archaic spelling Ă…sĂŚdesret) is the ancient right in Norway of the eldest child to inherit the farm after his or her parent (originally only 50% for female offspring). When the farmer dies, his eldest child takes possession. The heir is obliged to pay the other siblings their share of the estate (originally only 50% to sisters). Traditionally the value of the estate was given by the father or else is estimated, usually below its actual valuation. Currently, there is an appraisal, but the value is still low. Women could and did own property. Before the 1970s, daughters also inherited, but their share was half that of the sons' shares. If the father left no son, his eldest surviving daughter inherited. If a farm or estate is of such a size that several families can exist on it, the father is allowed to divide it among his children; however, this is on the condition that the eldest son or daughter will not receive less than one-half of the farm or estate. This prevented the destructive partitioning of agricultural land seen in many other European countries in the same period. But it had the unfortunate effect of partitioning Norway periodically (since Norway was treated as a King's estate during early periods), making Norway more vulnerable to outside pressures. These Ancient Norwegian property laws, which being secured in the constitution still exist, served to preserve a strong Norwegian farm culture
this leads to two hypothesis: first, because of extreme isolation, there was no sense of “norway” as public sphere for power struggle until the urbanisation. norwegians claimed their power of exclusion very early. second, because of the ancient propwerty laws, the power struggle moved to the virtual space very early. hence, norwegians don’t need to show off, see the space owned by the state as the space of representation
Dugnad is a term used for voluntary work for the local society, usually in form of outdoor spring cleaning, gardening, building a barn or a playground for kids. The word "dugnad" was chosen as Norwegian national word in 2004.
tarald lundevall (snohetta) â€œnorway was urbanised very late, each norwegian wants a piece of land where can he pee the tree and, preferably, be unseen by the neibour, which is as far as possibleâ€?
conclusion? perhaps, for norwegians, the sense of property of land is more dominant than the house itself, which is, actually, only a part of that property. the bordes are still defined either by gap or landscape (nature), as in rural country. the barrier is important, but relatively invisible
your own piece of land
inbetween border / divides or connects?
trondheim, detached family housing
bratislava, detached family housing on hill
social filter refers to an ability of a space to filter certain social group. (for example a playground could filter children and their supervising persons) we can suggest that social filters are necessary in the process of unintentional contacts, which are fundamental to a good public space (ref. to j. jacobs)
shortcut - communal program
behind the looking glass level 1
mixed programlifecycle design
behind the looking glass level 2