vincent de veirman michal janak ella vervecken jene van den abeele
I'm norwegian, but can't think of any very LARGE problems, but here are some challenges/issues:
-What to do after the oil is gone? A lot of the jobs in Norway today is related to the offshore industry. Norway is one of the wealthies countries in the world because of the oil reserves on the North sea shelf. The countries income is a lot bigger than the national budget. The excess money is put in an "oil fund" to save for future generations as the oil won't last forever. However, Norway is currently trying to focus more on renewable energy hoping that this "industry" in the future can take the offshore industrys place. Currently wind turbines at sea is a major priority area.
-EU-membership: Norway is not a member of the EU. Every time this has been up for a vote, the vote has been very close, but always in favour of the "No" side. There are many reasons for the scepticism: One is fishing which is still a large trade for Norway. The EU wants larger rights to fish in the norwegian waters which off course Norway does not like. But the way I see it is that the larger issue is that Norway is a VERY small country (4,5 mill people) but with a lot of natural resources. The fear is that we will lose control of these and also not have a very large say in where the money will be spent. All in all: will there be a great amount of cash flowing out of the country and not a great deal in??
-Health Care: It is free for everyone, BUT at the moment there are problems with cutbacks. There are usually a waiting list for non-emergent operations and some hospitals have to little capacity and have to place patients in corridors.
problem of aging population
-Integration of immigrants (like almost everywhere else...)
-The cruise tourism causes a lot of pollution in fjords and cities. You can often sea photos of cruise ships in the well known Geirangerfjorden with a lot of black smoke coming out og their chimneys and leaving a haze around the whole area as the mountains block it from getting out...
...of course there are huge global enviromental issues as well. we assume norwegians know about them but are too “distant”, that’s why they often not mention them when asked about. also, we know the biggest producers of co2 won’t reduce the production in following years. the question arises : does the global warming really matter ? (in norway). the answer is, yes it matters, but equally as the other issues of sustainability.
countries currently classified by the United Nations as more developed (with a total population of 1.2 billion in 2005), the overall median age rose from 29.0 in 1950 to 37.3 in 2000, and is forecast to rise to 45.5 by 2050. The corresponding figures for the world as a whole are 23.9 in 1950, 26.8 in 2000, and 37.8 in 2050. In Japan, one of the fastest ageing countries in the world, in 1950 there were 9.3 people under 20 for every person over 65. By 2025 this ratio is forecast to be 0.59 people under 20 for every person older than 65
in 2006 that, by 2010, the 55 to 64 year old age bracket in the European Union would be larger than the 15 to 24 year old bracket. The Economic Policy Committee and the European Commission issued a report in 2006 estimating the working age population in the EU will decrease by 48 million, a 16% reduction, between 2010 and 2050, while the elderly population will increase by 58 million, a gain of 77%.
population over 65 years
demography of norway
demography of norway
case study : housing/library hybrid, ghent
2100:what will matter?
change of economy = change of typology
change of economy = change of typology
a sustainable house should be flexible in program
A large part of underground infrastructure consists of things like sewer, storm, and drinking water pipes that carry water to and from homes and businesses. Urban sprawl forces local governments to extend these pipes under new roads farther and farther from existing treatment facilities.Aging pipes beneath city centers are neglected because the money does not exist to maintain or upgrade them.Unnoticed damage leads to the collapse of these pipes. Taxes in the center of the city rise, making urban sprawl areas more attractive.
The proliferation of impenetrable surfaces like cement, asphalt, and roofing materials in residential developments causes much higher-velocity rain runoff, vastly increasing rates of pollution, erosion and flooding. In addition, the lack of runoff directed naturally towards soil and streams alters levels of groundwater and area water tables, obliterating stream flows and damaging water-dwelling habitat.
form analysis -city center natural barriers
areas in trondheim
form analysis -suburbs natural barriers
the yellow zone is so called the collective curve. the zone where public functions are preferrably will be placed int he future. 60% of all now workplaces have to be developed in this zone, wich is easly to reach for a lot of residents, by public transport or bike.
research for the contemporary city
by xaveer de geyter architects
- shift - overlay - insert - hide - frame - found - connect - array - add
section trhough europe different urban conditions
the remaining negative space has become so extremely fragmented that it no longer has any identifiable characteristics and can no longer be understood. The area is described as the zone with the thousand cavities. the negative space consists of small, isolated fragments, surrounded by construction and slides up by infrastructure
in order to structure the area, we deploy a strictly uniform and large-scale intervention. the park of versailles offers the perfect model of structuring, congruent and monumental element for the concrete execution of the project. the axes of the park create public accessibility where that was nog previous the case, while other sections of the area retain their privacy.