Page 1

12/3/2013

1


To discuss why we reference

To discuss what referencing is

To highlight key features in text referencing

To highlight key features of a reference list

To discuss how to use the School’s referencing guide 12/3/2013

2


Giving acknowledgement to the source where the information was retrieved from

It is asking the question ‘Where did you read/here/see that?’

12/3/2013

3


Can demonstrate you have read widely

Helps the reader to find the original source if they wish To acknowledge your sources and avoid plagiarism

Adds authenticity to your argument

12/3/2013

4


Harvard (Author, date)

The Vancouver system (Numbers)

In-Text

In-Text

In a recent review by Benbassat and Baumal (2009) it was identified that there was considerable shortage of affordable and appropriate daycare for disabled children.

In line with an agreed, standardized protocol, at 7 NHS Trusts, representing 10% (7 of 73) of the UK hospitals prescribing biological agents, based on a recent audit. 4

Reference list/Bibliography

Reference list/Bibliography

Benbassat, J., & Baumal, R. (2012).The cost of childcare for disabled children systematic review. Advances In Health Sciences Education, 17(1), 145-155.

4. Eedy DJ, Griffiths CEM, Chalmers RJG et al. Care of patients with psoriasis: an audit of UK services in secondary care. Br J Dermatol 2009; 160: 557–64

12/3/2013

5


12/3/2013

American Psychological Association. (2009). Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

6


• APA is an Author-date citation system • In sentences Author (Date) e.g. Evans (2008) found that the law recognises a distinction between civil and criminal proceedings and the courts in which the proceedings take place.

• End of sentences (parenthetical referencing) (Author, Date) e.g. In-depth interviewing requires highly skilled interviewers (Bowling, 2002).

12/3/2013

7


Type of citation

First citation in sentences

First citation at the end of a sentence

Single Author

Author1 (Date)

(Author1, Date)

1 First

12/3/2013

author surname

8


Type of First citation in First citation at citation sentences the end of a sentence

2010 Single Author

Author1 (Date) (Author1, Date)

e.g.

Luxner (2010)

1 First

12/3/2013

Karla Luxner

(Luxner, 2010)

author surname 9


2012

Type of citation

First citation in sentences

First citation at the end of a sentence

Two authors

Author1 and Author2 (Date) (Author1& Author2, Date)

James McQuillan John Whalen

Type of citation

First citation in sentences

First citation at the end of a sentence

e.g.

McQuillan & Whalen (2012)

(McQuillan & Whalen, 2012)

12/3/2013

10


2010 John Wiley & Sons Type of citation

First citation in sentences

Subsequent citations in sentences

First citation at the end of a sentence

Subsequent citations at end of sentences

Three authors

Author1, Author2, and Author3, (Date)

Author1et al. (Date)

(Author1, Author2 , & Author3, Date)

(Author1 et al., Date)

Author1, Author1 et al. (Author1, 2, 2, Author (Date) Author (Jamieson et al., 2010) Jamieson, McCall, and Whyte (2010) Jamieson et al.,(2010) Author3McCall, , and (Jamieson, & Whyte, 2010)Author3, & Author4, (Date) Author4, Date)

Four authors

(Author1 et al, Date)

(Jamieson,McCall, Jamieson, McCall,and & Whyte, Whyte2010) (2010) Author (Author1,1,Author Author2,2,and & Author Author3, 3 (Date) Date) Five authors

12/3/2013

Author1, Author2, Author3, Author4, and Author5, (Date)

Author1 et al. (Date)

(Author1, Author2, Author3, Author4, & Author5, Date)

(Author1 et al., Date)

11


National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE, 2009) suggest older people who present for to medical attention The percentages assigned these roles range because of a fall, or report recurrent falls in from 55% to 75% depending on role and the past year, or demonstrate abnormalities organisation (DH, 2012). of gait and/or balance should be offered a multifactorial falls risk assessment.

NICE (2009) go on to indicate that It is not intended,should however, all Band 9 this assessment bethat performed Agenda for Change posts should come within by a healthcare professional with the very seniorskills managers arrangements appropriate andpay experience, (Department of Health [DH], 2012). normally in the setting of a specialist falls service.

12/3/2013

Type of citation

First citation in sentences

Subsequent citations in sentences

First citation at the end of a sentence

Subsequent citations at end of sentences

Group authors (Readily identified the abbreviation)

Groups Name (Abbreviation, Date)

Abbreviation (Date)

(Groups Name [Abbreviation], Date)

(Abbreviation, Date)

12


Thompson (2012) highlights that “Understanding the relationship “These efforts were supported by between the elements makes the the Centers for Medicare and body of knowledge nurses use for Medicaid, the IOM, and the nursing care more transparent... Congressional Research Service... and the differences between without any additional support or nursing specialties more explicit’’ funding” (p.72). (Jones, 2010, p.12).

12/3/2013

Roberts (2006) argues It has been argued that that “outline “Older peopleplans needfor to be delivery this strategy cared for of holistically and to should all gateway achievemeet this psychological procedures includingneeds risk social and physical analysis and return on must be addressed’’ investment” (Hindle, 2012,(p.72). p. 112).

13


In sentences End of sentences Frankland (2012) indicates As highlighted above this isthat: an on-going process but there has been some dispute in of the health occupations advocated in the early nineteenth regards tolicensing the effectiveness of these statutorywas frameworks. century, but it wasframework not until the 1900s exists that aas significant of licensing No statutory forearly risk taking such. Fornumber vulnerable laws were enacted. were generally initiated byinthe of practitioners adults, there isThey a body of community care law theassociations United Kingdom, that were in raising standards and establishing codes forThere ethicalare behaviour whichinterested does not yet amount to a coherent legislative package. (p.313). instead a number of relevant provisions in different Acts passed at different times for different purposes. (Marshall, 2012, p.111)

12/3/2013

14


The NHS has started Department of Health (2012) consultations focusing on released a consultation how patient interest will be focusing on how patient monitored (Department of interest will be monitored. Health, 2012).

12/3/2013

15


Within the reference list you should cite only the secondary source (within the next example Smith, 2012 would be the secondary source). For example if you want to refer in the text to a 2010 study by Brown and Boutin, which you read about in a 2012 book by Smith. You would use one of the following citation formats. William Smith In sentence End of sentence However, Brown and a care Boutin orientation (as citedis in Smith, 2012) foundto strangers fundamental the nurse-patient would not receive the and relationship same thelevel nursing of profession caring as those(Brown itself for whom and Boutin, we experience as cited in a personal Smith, 2012). responsibility. 2012 12/3/2013

16


Nurses see the value of their work when they make a positive impact for patients, leaving them feeling better (Pask, 2010).

Chapter 1: How should care be delivered Samantha Tuckett Chapter 2: How much support is needed Jordan Kelly

Tuckett (2010) suggested the caring responses of nurses in practice should be in a manner that is fitting.

12/3/2013

Chapter 3: How to be motivated in practice Catherine Pask

17


In sentence End of sentence First citation from the same author in the same year: First citation from the same author in the same year: Kelly (2008a) indicates that if drug abuse is suspected, the collection and delivery of the The rate of uptake of radioactive thymidine indicates the extent of lymphocyte urine sample should be witnessed by a legally responsible person and labelled with a proliferation (Gilmour, 2008a). code instead of a name and other personal information.

Second citation from the same author in the same year: Aspirin Kelly (2008b) ingestion suggests also prevents that the platelet client should aggregation be informed and may of the prolong procedure bleeding to collect time for and as test the long as 5specimen, days afterthe a single reporting 300-mg protocol, dose (Gilmour, and possible 2008b). implications of the results.

12/3/2013

18


In sentence End of sentence Thompson (2005) and Stevenson (2009) suggest Programs described in the literature range in such names are needed to communicate and length from twelve to eighteen months and have collaborate within the disciplines and with been predominantly offered at bachelor degree others, that is, patients, families, and systemlevel (Jones, 2012; Stanfield, 2007). wide stakeholders.

12/3/2013

19


In sentence

The Health Act (2006) highlights the importance of visibility of no smoking signs.

12/3/2013

End of sentence Appointment regulations may make provision about the formalities of appointing a person as a representative (Mental Health Act, 2007).

20


Reference list vs Bibliography

Where do you put a Bibliography

12/3/2013

Where do you put a Reference list

21


There are Two main rules 1. ALL citations (including electronic and other sources) must be listed alphabetically by surname of the first author at the end of your work. 2. Do not separate journals, books and/or web sites. When your piece of work includes publications by the same author or group of authors, they should be listed in chronological/date order with the oldest first. Reference List Mandelstam, M. (2007). Betraying the NHS: health abandoned Michael Mandelstam. London, United Kingdom: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Halligan, A. (2011). The NHS White Paper: licence for radical cultural reform of the NHS. Journal of The Royal Society Of Medicine, 104(4), 146-148. Cantero, L. (2012). QIPP savings within the NHS: easier than perceived. British Journal of Healthcare Management, 18(5), 12/3/2013 245-248.

22


Reference List

Sherring, S. (2012). Nursing leadership within the NHS: an evolutionary perspective. British Journal of Nursing, 21(8), 491-494. Sherring, S. (2009). An exploration of burnout among city mental health nurses. (Cover story). British Journal of Nursing, 18(20), 1234-1240. Le Grand, J., & New, B. (1996). Rationing in the nhs : principles and pragmatism. London, United Kingdom: King's Fund, 1996.

Carr, S. (2002). Tackling NHS jargon: getting the message across / Sarah Carr. Abingdon, United Kingdom: Radcliffe Medical Glover, S., Addison, J., Gleghorn, C., & Bramwell, J. (2007). Journal usage in NHS hospitals: a comparison report of total usage at an acute NHS Trust and a specialist NHS Trust in the North West of England. Health Information and Libraries Journal, 24(3), 193-199.

12/3/2013

23


Date: brackets, year, and stop after Edition (if it has anfollowed edition after the one) within Title ininitalics Surname and the use of byacolon afull comma, tofirst differentiate thenthe initials of IfAuthor there is more than one author, information is repeated •Publication Location and Publication company are closing bracket e.g. brackets followed by within the brackets thenand between first followed title and asubtitle fulled. stop followed and, ifseparated available, by a full stop the initial of as one athor the last author with aclose comma separated by with abycolon:. If two or more publication (2009). bracket then astated, full first stop e.g capitalise the middle only name, the followed ofare athe full title stop and e.g. the subtitle and then ampersand. Ifword there more than two, locations are use theby first location stated. If then the reference location within the States (3rd ed.). e.g. Author with only aisfirst name: Heffernan, prior authors are separated with a United comma e.g.T. (US)Trauma use town/region official letter with nursing: first and name From and middle name: through 2Author authors: Smith, H., then & resuscitation Stevenson, A. abbreviation (US Postal If the rehabilitation. N. J. service 3Stevenson, authors: McQuillan, K. A.,address). Makic, M., & Whalen, E. location is not within the US use the town and 4 authors: Smith, H., Stevenson, A., Hill, J., [region or country] with a comma, in between e.g. &1.St. Edwards, K. Louis, MO: Saunders Elsevier. 8+ authors Green, A., Smith, B., Woods E., Hill, C., 2.New York,: NY:McGraw-hill. Baldwin A. United D., Rankin I.,‌Bowden 3.London, Kingdom: Sage. J.

Author, A. A. (Date). Title of the book: Subtitle if required (ed.). Publication Location: Publisher

McQuillan, K. A., Makic, M., & Whalen, E. (2009). Trauma nursing: From resuscitation through rehabilitation (4th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Saunders Elsevier. 12/3/2013

24


Date: initalics brackets, and acolon full after the closing bracket e.g. pp followed byand fullyear, stop, followed by range of of the chapter all:.inIf of of the chapter, followed by astop full stop and capitalise only the word Title in the use of tothe differentiate between title and subtitle The word "In" followed by the initials/initial of the editor of the book, separated Publication Location and Publication company arepages separated by afirst colon (2009). brackets followed bya full stop e.g theatitle of the chapter book, followed separated by apublication full by stop and stop. capitalise Then the only surname the use first followed word ofthen the by (Ed.). title andistheIf by full stop. If there ise.g. more than one editor of the book editors two or more locations are stated, the first location stated. Author of the chapter surname by a comma then If there(pp. is more than one authorfollowed of the chapter then information is repeated 205-250). How we apply evidence. for areference subtitle single e.g. author e.g. separated with comma thenthe ampersand. If there are more than two, then the location isand within US, use official letter abbreviation (US initials of with first the name followed by a full stop and if available as above last author separated with comma and then ampersand. If (pp. In Trauma K.14-50). T. are Jones nursing: (Ed.). From resuscitation through prior authors separated with a comma e.g. Postal service address). If the location is not within rehabilitation the US use the town and initial of middle name then followed by a full stop e.g. there are more than two, then prior authors are separated with a comma, e.g. S. Lymn,with & P.aM. Stevenson (Eds.), e.g. [regionInorJ.country] comma, in between Author of the chapter only a first 2 authors: Smith, H., &with Stevenson, A. name: Jones, A. In S. F. Wadsworth, P. Arkell, & J. Corbett (Eds.), St. Louis, MO: Saunders Elsevier. Author of the chapter with name middle E. 3 authors: McQuillan, K. A.,first Makic, M.,and & Whalen, New York, NY:McGraw-hill. name: Banks, C. J.H., Stevenson, A., Hill, J. & Edwards, K. 4 authors: Smith, London, United Kingdom: Sage. 8+ authors : Green, A., Smith, B., Woods E., Hill, C., Baldwin A. D., Pretoria, South Africa: Unisa. Rankin I.,‌Bowden J.

Author of the chapter Surname, A. A. (Date). Title the chapter. In A. Editor (Eds.) Title of the book: Subtitle if required (pp.00-00). Publication Location: Publisher.

Acharya, S. H. (2011). Endocrine Examination. In B. K. Nair (Eds.) Clinical examination: A problem based approach (pp. 317-326).: Singapore: World Scientific Publishing 25

12/3/2013


The range of pages of the article, followed by full stop Title Title of inthe italics article of the followed journal, by stopafter by e.g. athe comma and capitalise all Author surname, followed by afull comma, then initials of e.g. first If there isbrackets, more than one author, information is repeated as author, above with the Date: in year, and a followed full stop the closing bracket. e.g. The volume number in italics, followed by issue in brackets, followed 201-255. significant Approaches words of to the nursing title of skills the training journal e.g. in three countries. followed by a full stop and if available the initial of the middle name, last author, separated with a comma and then ampersand. If there arethen more (2009).e.g. by a comma 10-61. Applying Journal of the Clinical ethics Nursing, of care to your nursing practice. followed by a full stop e.g. are separated with a comma, e.g. than two, then prior authors 63(2), Working Journal the of Health way up Informatics, in the holistic Author withSmith, only a first name: Heffernan, T. 2 authors: H., & neurological Stevenson, A.rehabilitation: 51(1), approach British Medical of nursing Journal, care. Author withMcQuillan, first nameK. and Stevenson, 3 authors: A.,middle Makic, name: M., & Whalen, E. N. J. 4 authors: Smith, H., Stevenson, A., Hill, J., & Edwards, K. 8+ authors : Green, A., Smith, B., Woods E., Hill, C., Baldwin A. D., Rankin I.,‌Bowden J.

Author, A. A., (Date). Title of the article.Title of the journal,Vol(issue), 00-00. Hughes, D., Petsoulas, C., Allen, P., Doheny, S., & Vincent-Jones, P. (2011). Contracts in the English NHS: Market levers and social embeddedness. Health Sociology Review, 20(3), 321-337. 12/3/2013

26


Date: initalics and a followed fullfollowed the closing bracket e.g.of Then use Retrieved from http://www.xxxxxx Author Title in surname ofthan the ofyear, the Website, website, by by a full a comma stop then capitalise initials only first, If there isbrackets, more one author ofstop the after website, then and information (2009). Retrieved from http://www.dh.gov.uk/health/eaga-annual-report-2011/ followed the first word by as a of full the stop title and and if the available subtitle initial e.g. of middle name, then is repeated above, with the last author separated with comma Retrieved followed NICE by technology a fullfrom stop,http://www.dh.gov.uk/health/2012/08/eaga-annualappraisals byincluded a comma ine.g. local and then Ampersand. Iffollowed there is more than two, thenformularies. prior report/ Author EAGA annual with only report. a first name: Heffernan, T. authors are separated whether comma, e.g. Author Improving withSmith, the first process name of dealt middle certification. name: Stevenson, N. J. 2 authors: H., & and Stevenson, A., 3 authors: McQuillan, K. A., Makic, M., & Whalen, E., 4 authors: Smith, H., Stevenson, A., Hill, J., & Edwards, K. 8+ authors : Green, A., Smith, B., Woods E., Hill, C., Baldwin A. D., Rankin I.,‌Bowden J.

Author, A. A. (Date). Title of the website. Retrieved from http://www.xxxxxx Department of Health. (2012). More time to have your say on making the Nursery Milk Scheme more cost effective. Retrieved from 12/3/2013

http://www.dh.gov.uk/health/2012/09/nursery-milk/

27


12/3/2013

28


12/3/2013

29


12/3/2013

30

School of health referencing guide (6)  
Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you