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10/25/2013

Becoming an LGBTQ Ally

IMPACT Of Silence

Agenda

To provide a

SAFE PLACE

for

Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer and Questioning (LGBTQ) people so that they may feel free to be themselves safe from the threat of harassment, rejection or violence.

Purpose

Purpose

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To build Alliances through raising awareness and educating each other on the issues that affect LGBTQ people.

To create Allies who are committed to improving the campus climate for LGBTQ people.

Purpose

According to the 2010 State of Higher Education For Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual & Transgender People Campus Climate Survey:

Nearly 25% of Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual students, faculty and staff report experiencing harassment on campus, while 40% of Transgender students, faculty and staff report experiencing overt and blatant harassment on campus.

Facts & Stats

According to the 2010 State of Higher Education For Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual & Transgender People Campus Climate Survey:

LGBQ students were 7 times more likely than their Heterosexual counterparts to indicate the harassment they experienced was based on their Sexual Orientation, while 85% of Transgender respondents indicated that the harassment they experienced was based on their Gender Identity.

Facts & Stats

Facts & Stats

According to the 2010 State of Higher Education For Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual & Transgender People Campus Climate Survey:

LGBQ students report being twice as likely to be targets of derogatory remarks, stared at, and singled out as the “resident authority� regarding LGBTQ issues due to their Sexual Orientation when compared with their Heterosexual counterparts.

Facts & Stats

According to the 2010 State of Higher Education For Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual & Transgender People Campus Climate Survey:

LGBQ respondents of Color were more likely than their LGBQ White counterparts to indicate race as the basis for the harassment they experienced. However, Sexual Orientation was the primary risk factor for harassment for both groups.

Facts & Stats

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According to the 2010 State of Higher Education For Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual & Transgender People Campus Climate Survey:

Transgender respondents of Color were more likely than non-Transgender respondents of Color to experience harassment.

Facts & Stats

According to the 2010 State of Higher Education For Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual & Transgender People Campus Climate Survey:

More than half of students, faculty and staff reported hiding their Sexual Orientation or Gender Identity to avoid intimidation from peers, classmates or colleagues.

Facts & Stats

According to the 2010 State of Higher Education For Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual & Transgender People Campus Climate Survey:

Ultimately, LGBTQ respondents were significantly less likely than their Sexual Orientation and/or Gender Identity majority counterparts to feel comfortable with the overall campus climate.

Impact of

non-affirming campus climate

Academic performance Educational outcomes Social adjustment Interpersonal skill development Retention

Facts & Stats

Facts & Stats

Impact of

non-affirming campus climate

Personal and professional development Subsequent productivity Retention

Facts & Stats

Terminology

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•Sex

•Sexual Orientation

•Intersex

•Lesbian •Gay •Bisexual •Heterosexual •Asexual •Queer •Questioning

•Gender •Gender Expression •Gender Identity •Transgender •Homophobia •Transphobia •Coming Out

Terminology

Terminology

Terminology

Terminology

Terminology

Terminology

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Terminology

Terminology

•Sexual Orientation

Sexual Orientation is NOT synonymous with sexual activity.

Many adolescents as well as adults may

identify themselves

as Lesbian, Gay or Bisexual without having

had any sexual experience with persons of the same sex.

Terminology

•Sexual Orientation

Terminology

•Sex and Gender

Sexual Orientation has NOT been conclusively found to be determined by any particular factor or factors, and the timing of emergence, recognition and expression of one’s Sexual Orientation varies among individuals.

Terminology

Terminology

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Terminology

Terminology

Terminology

Terminology

Transgender Umbrella

Cross Dresser

Drag

Androgynous

GenderQueer

Intersex

Transsexual

Pre-op King

Queen

Non-op Post-op

Terminology

Š

Terminology

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What are the

What were some of the messages

messages you still

hear or see in

you’d heard about the

LGBTQA community

the media or

growing up?

The Alphabet Soup of Sub-Cultures The LGBTQIA Community consists of many sub-cultures which all experience stereotypes, conflicts and varying needs/issues. Common Misconceptions Include:

Lesbian Gay Bisexual Transgender Queer Questioning Intersex Asexual Ally

“Exclusionary,” “Man-Hating” “Elitist,” “Privileged” “Greedy,” “Just a Phase” “Freaks,” “What genitals do you have?” “Radical,” “Offensive” “Just a Phase,” “Confused” [Often Invisible] [Often Invisible]

society today?

Hot Button Words           

“Gay Marriage” “Sexual Preference” “Lifestyle” “Choice” “Lifestyle Choice” “Gay Community” “Homosexuals” “Gay Agenda” “Tranny” “Queers” “Homo”

“Secretly LGBTQ”

Terminology

Terminology

•Homophobia and/or Transphobia

3ways

it can manifest

Overt Homophobia/Transphobia Violence, verbal abuse, name calling, character defamation or vandalism.

Terminology

Terminology

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•Homophobia and/or Transphobia

3ways

it can manifest

•Homophobia and/or Transphobia

3ways

it can manifest

Institutional Homophobia/Transphobia When major institutions such as governments, schools, businesses, and religious institutions create policies which dictate Heterosexual codes of behavior and reinforce heterosexist attitudes and values.

Terminology

•Internalized Homophobia and/or Transphobia

Homophobia

internalized by LGBTQ individuals Denial of their Sexual Orientation or Gender Identity.

Societal Homophobia/Transphobia The invisibility and denial of existence of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer or Questioning people.

Terminology

•Homophobia: A Weapon of Sexism Homophobia and heteronormativity reinforce sexism by supporting hierarchical interpretations of sex and gender (assumptions of male superiority and dominance).

Contempt for "open" members of the LGBTQ community. Attempts to conform to gain approval. Projection of prejudice onto another minority group. Increased self-hatred and abuse.

Terminology

•Homophobia: A Weapon of Sexism Challenging heteronormativity creates a culture that promotes equality and social justice.

Terminology

Coming Out The process in which a person acknowledges, accepts and appreciates their Sexual Orientation and/or Gender Identity. Also known as “coming out of the closet” or “being out.” “Coming out” is a continual process and not a singular act. Different people may be “out” to different degrees. Some people may be “out” only to themselves. Some people may be “out” to their friends and not their family. All kinds of people can “come out” – including Straight Allies who are supportive of LGBTQ people.

Terminology

Terminology

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When a Person “Comes Out” To You Don’t act surprised or smug. Respect confidentiality. Listen and be supportive. Refer EARLY and OFTEN to available resources. Use non-judgmental, all-inclusive language. Assess the person’s understanding of LGBTQ issues. Maintain the healthy relationship.

Terminology

Your Role

LGBTQA Activism Do you consider yourself an Activist? Political Activism: EqualityToledo EqualityOhio Outreach and Advocacy for Policy Change Petitioning Lobby Day

Keep an open mind and an open heart.

Social Activism: AIDS Resource Center Ohio

Respect confidentiality.

HIV Testing/Counseling Toledo PRIDE Toledo Rainbow Area Youth Adult Volunteer

Everyday Activism: Wearing “gay? fine by me.” T-Shirts Displaying Rainbow Bracelets, Buttons, Stickers, etc.

Your Role

Refer EARLY and OFTEN to available resources – and get professional intervention when necessary.

Your Role

Avoid assumptions and stereotyping. Try using gender-neutral terms when talking about significant others.

Take people at their word.

Expect to make some mistakes, but don’t use them as an excuse.

Call people by the name they ask you to call them.

Educate yourself about the issues facing LGBTQ people.

Let people tell you who they are, how they identify, and what pronoun they use to refer to themselves.

Your Role

Your Role

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Remember that Transgender and Intersex people have a “Coming Out” process, too. Treat Transgender and Intersex people the same as you would treat anyone else.

Your Role

Examine your own biases. Acknowledge how Homophobia, Transphobia, and Heterosexism have operated in your life. Display the SAFE PLACE LGBTQ Ally Sticker.

Your Role

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity and Expression are protected classes on equal footing with:

Sex Race Religion Color National Ancestry Disability Veteran/Military Status Age

Your Role

Anyone who feels they may have been discriminated against or harassed can file a complaint by contacting:

OFFICE OF INSTITUTIONAL DIVERSITY

419.530.2508 ANONYMOUS REPORTING

888.416.1308 Resources

Resources

OFFICE OF THE DEAN OF STUDENTS 419.530.2256 UNIVERSITY COUNSELING CENTER 419.530.2426 SEXUAL ASSAULT EDUCATION AND PREVENTION 419.530.2426 EBERLY CENTER FOR WOMEN 419.530.8570

Resources

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LGBTQA Initiatives

EqualityToledo

(Office of Excellence and Multicultural Student Success)

Lgbtqa@utoledo.edu

(Education, Advocacy, Support)

419.530.5324

http://equalitytoledo.org

SPECTRUM

Toledo PFLAG

(LGBTQA Student Organization)

(Parents, Families and Friends of Lesbians and Gays)

info@equalitytoledo.org

Spectrumut@gmail.com http://spectrumut.org

Toledo RAY

OUTLaw

(Youth Support Group)

http://raytoledo.org

(LGBTQA Law Student Organization)

Outlawtoledo@gmail.com

TransOhio

Toledo Campus Ministry

(Trans Support Group)

http://transohio.org

Tcm_ut@sbcglobal.net 419.530.4198

Resources

Resources

References People Called Women (Feminist Bookstore)

http://peoplecalledwomen.com

419.469.8983

AIDS Resource Center Ohio (HIV Testing and Support)

http://arcohio.org

Cianciotto, J. & Cahill, S. (2003), Education Policy: Issues Affecting Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Youth. New York: The National Gay and Lesbian Task Force Policy Institute. Fletcher, A. C. and Russell, S. T. (2001), Incorporating Issues of Sexual Orientation in the Classroom: Challenges and Solutions. Family Relations, 50: 34–40. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-3729.2001.00034.x GLSEN. (2009), Safe Space: Guide to Being an Ally to LGBT Student. New York: Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network. HRC and PFLAG. (2010), A Straight Guide to LGBT Americans (2010). Washington, DC: Human Rights Campaign and Parents, Families & Friends of Lesbians and Gays. Just the Facts Coalition. (2008), Just the Facts About Sexual Orientation and Youth: A Primer for Principals, Educators, and School Personnel. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

419.241.9444

Mottet, L. and Ohle, J. (2003), Transitioning Our Shelters: A Guide to Making Homeless Shelters Safe for Transgender People. New York: The National Gay and Lesbian Task Force and National Coalition for the Homeless.

Planned Parenthood

Mottet, L. and Tanis, J. (2008). Opening the Door to the Inclusion of Transgender People: The Nine Keys to Making Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Organizations Fully Transgender-Inclusive. New York: National Gay and Lesbian Task Force Policy Institute and the National Center for Transgender Equality.

(Reproductive Health Care)

http://ppnwo.org

419.255.1115

Pharr, Suzanne. (1997), Homophobia: A Weapon of Sexism. Berkeley, CA: Chardon Press. Rankin, S., Blumenfeld, W., Weber, G., & Frazer, S. (2010), 2010 State of Higher Education For Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual & Transgender People. Charlotte: Campus Pride Uribe, Virginia. (1991), Project 10 Handbook: Addressing Lesbian and Gay Issues in Our Schools. A Resource Directory for Teachers, Guidance Counselors, Parents and School-Based Adolescent Care Providers. Los Angeles: Los Angeles Unified School District.

Resources

Resources

QUESTIONS? COMMENTS?

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Thank you!

12

Safe place revised diversity certificate 2013  

Power Point slides for an expanded version of LGBTQ Ally training.

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