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Fish id project By: Jeffrey Martin


Salwater/marine fishes (1-25) Title: marine/saltwater fishes Species #: 1 Common Name: black mullet Scientific Name: Mugil cephalus Kingdom: animilia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: mugiliformes Family: mugiliformes Geography / Habitat: the black mullet is found in highly salty waters at a temperature of about 8 to 24 degrees Celsius. They spend most of their time close to shore in muddy waters. These black mullet are found in the western altantic ocean also including the gulf of mexico. They are not found in the Bahamas or Caribbean sea. Life Strategy: they stay in schools for protection they also leap out of the water often. Also they are a very common food for a lot of predators. Food / Feed Strategy: mullets mainy eat zooplankton, dead plant matter, and detritus. They are diurnal feeders, they also eat algae. • Body Form or Style: compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform  • Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Mugil_cephalus/#food_habits


Title: marine/saltwater fish Species #: 2 Common Name: angelfish Scientific Name: Holacanthus ciliaris Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: perciformes Family: pomacantidae Geography / Habitat: primarily found in coral reefs which provide shelter and abundant food sources. They can tolerate different changes in salinity, they are a common fish for marine aquariums. These fish are found in coral reefs in the western pacific, indian, and atlantic ocean. Life Strategy: angelfish often travel alone or in pairs. Whe these fish are placed in aquariums they become very aggressive. There predators are larger animals in the coral reefs. Food / Feed Strategy: angelfish eat sponges, corals and other small invertebrates. They also eat plankton and algae. • Body Form or Style: compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Holacanthus_ciliaris/


Title: marine/saltwater fish Species #: 3 Common Name: giant sunfish Scientific Name: Mola mola Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: tetraodontiformes Family: molidae Geography / Habitat: sunfish are usually found tropical oceans. They prefer the open ocean, but they occasionally wonder into the coral reefs. You can find these fish in the tropical region of the Mediterranean and any of the four oceans. Life Strategy: they are often hunted by large sharks and sea lions. They often dive below to avoid predators. These fish usually migrate during spring and summer. Food / Feed Strategy: they primarily feed on jellyfish and zooplankton, sometimes they also eat soft bodied invertebrates. • Body Form or Style: depressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform • Mouth Position: subterminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Mola_mola/ 


Title: marine/saltwater fishes Species #: 4 Common Name: Asian sea bass Scientific Name: Lates calcarifer Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: perciformes Family: latidae Geography / Habitat: sea bass spend most of their time in freshwater however they mate in saltwater making them a saltwater fish. The larger fish are found in the ocean , but smaller fish are found in rivers and streams before they are fully developed. You can find sea bass in the Indian and western Atlantic ocean. Life Strategy: as soon as these fish are born they make their way to freshwater where they can grow up. They start in freshwater and go to saltwater to migrate. Food / Feed Strategy: these fish eat crustaceans and also mollusks. These fish swallow there food whole sucking it down their mouths. These fish are known for cannibalism. • Body Form or Style: compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform • Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Lates_calcarifer/ 


Title: marine/saltwater fishes Species #: 5 Common Name: seatrout Scientific Name: Atractoscion nobilis Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: perciformes Family: sciaenidae Geography / Habitat: the seatrout prefers rocky reefs and soft bottomed habitats. Young seatrout are found in shallow waters along the coast. You can find these fish along the pacific coastline as well as the Gulf of California Life Strategy: these fish migrate northward of the pacific as the temperatures rise in the ocean. These fish are often hunted by sharks, sea lions, and humans. When these fish are about to mate they make drumming calls Food / Feed Strategy: these fish eat sardines, anchovies, and shrimp. Juveniles almost only eat shrimp. • Body Form or Style: compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform • Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Atractoscion_nobilis/ 


Title: marine /saltwater fishes Species #: 6 Common Name: horn shark Scientific Name: Heterodontus portusjacksoni Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: chondrichthyes Order: heterodontiformes Family: heterodontidae Geography / Habitat: usually live in tropical marine environments near rocky bottoms. They tend to be found int caves with sandy bottoms. Found from southern to western coast of Australia. Life Strategy: these fish are nocturnal and stay in caves. They are also bottom feeders so they stay close to the bottom and usually don’t dwell around the surface. These fish mate on coastal reefs. Food / Feed Strategy: horn shark usually feed on invertebrates like sea urchins, starfish, barnacles, and crabs. They eat their food at night on the oceans floor. • Body Form or Style: compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: thunniform • Mouth Position: subterminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Heterodontus_portusjacksoni/ 


Title: saltwater/marine fishes Species #: 7 Common Name: wolf herring Scientific Name: Chirocentrus dorab Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: clupeiformes Family: chirocentridae Geography / Habitat: wolf herrings are found throughout the Indian Ocean. They prefer warm coastal waters in inland areas. They are found in average depths of about 9 to 28 meters. Life Strategy: wolf herrings hunt in the coral reefs because the large selection of fish. These fish do not have many predators except for humans who use them as bait. They travel in small packs. They mate by spawning and have eggs. Food / Feed Strategy: these fish like to eat sardines, shrimp, and other smaller fish lurking around coral reefs. They have teeth so they grab their food and tear it. • Body Form or Style: sagittiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform • Mouth Position: supraterminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Chirocentrus_dorab/ 


Title: marine/saltwater fishes Species #: 8 Common Name: blue tang Scientific Name: Acanthurus coeruleus Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: perciformes Family: acanthuridae Geography / Habitat: blue tangs live on coral reefs but sometimes can be found near soft corals and algal beds. These fish prefer lots of cover. You can find these fish through the western Atlantic ocean, gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean sea. Life Strategy: these fish stay in the coral reefs for cover from there enemies. These fish mate in sandy patches between reefs, they produce by laying eggs. These fish are very active during the day and hide at night. Food / Feed Strategy: blue tangs are herbivores, they mostly feed on algae found within the reefs. Sometimes blue tang will also eat plankton. These fish are hunted but hard to swallow • Body Form or Style: depressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform • Mouth Position: terminal Citation:


Title: saltwater/marine fishes Species #: 9 Common Name: lion fish Scientific Name: Pterois antennata Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: scorpaeniformes Family: scorpaenidae Geography / lionfish are found in the west pacific region from east Africa to the marquesan. These fish are habitat to near and offshore coral and rocky reefs Life Strategy: these fish become more dark before they start mating. Also lion fish are hunted by no other fish because these fish are poisonous and fish would die if they were to eat a lion fish. These fish are also nocturnal and swim very slowly. Food / Feed Strategy: lion fish feed mostly on crustaceans, invertebrates, and other small fish. When they hunt their prey down they blend in with their surroundings and raise their pectoral fins to sneak attack their prey. • Body Form or Style: globiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: ostraciiform • Mouth Position: subterminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Pterois_antennata/ 


Title: saltwater/marine fishes Species #: 10 Common Name: sawshark Scientific Name: Pristiophorus cirratus Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: chondrichthyes Order: pristiophoriformes Family: pristiophoridae Geography / Habitat: the saw shark lives in a variety of habitats including the open sea and coastal regions. You can find these fish around southern Australia this includes parts of the Indian and Pacific Ocean. Life Strategy: these fish stay in the open sea for most of their time they mate once every two years and they are at a average of about 10. These fish do form schools and are very motile. Food / Feed Strategy: sawsharks eat shrimp, small squid, and crustaceans. They use there long nose to swipe their prey then swallow it. • Body Form or Style: compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: thunniform • Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Pristiophorus_cirratus/ 


Title: marine/saltwater fishes Species #: 11 Common Name: Bluefin tuna Scientific Name: Thunnus thynnus Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: perciformes Family: scombridae Geography / Habitat: you can find Bluefin tuna throughout the atlantic and pacific ocean. Bluefin tuna live in ttropical subtropical and temperate waters and stay at a depth of about 1000 meters Life Strategy: these fish mate by forming spawning aggregations in the gulf of Mexico or the Mediterranean these fish often stay in schools depending on their size which is why there do easy for fisherman to catch. Food / Feed Strategy: tuna eat smaller fish, squid, eels, and crustaceans. These fish chase down their prey by using their high speeds and modified filter feeding. • Body Form or Style: fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: thunniform • Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Bothus_lunatus/ 


Title: saltwater/marine fishes Species #: 12 Common Name: founder Scientific Name: Bothus lunatus Kingdom: animalia Phylum:chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: pleuronectiformes Family: bothidae Geography / Habitat: Flounder live in the the West Atlantic Ocean in both tropical and subtropical regions. They are found off the coasts of Florida, Bermuda, and down the coast of South America to Brazil. They live in clear waters on sandy and rocky bottoms. Life Strategy: Male flounders have distinct territories that do not overlap. Each male defends its own territory and exhibits defensive behavior when other males enter their claimed area. Food / Feed Strategy: Adult peacock flounders are restricted to feeding on other benthic organisms. They are active predators, mostly eating other fish • Body Form or Style: supressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: ostraciiform • Mouth Position: subterminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Bothus_lunatus/ 


Title: saltwater/marine fishes Species #: 13 Common Name: fangtooth Scientific Name: Anoplogaster cornuta Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: beryciformes Family: aniplogaster Geography / Habitat: the fangtooth is found world wide in any tropical to temperate waters. Its habitat is any from 4 to 4000 meters below the seas surface. Life Strategy: fang tooth spawn and mate from June to August. The average lifespan of a fangtooth is unknown. These fish are highly mobile and aggressive. They can be found swimming alone or in schools. Food / Feed Strategy: these fish hunt their prey by their high mobility and aggressive hunting style. These fish eat primarily fish and shrimp. • Body Form or Style: globiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: ostraciiform • Mouth Position: supraterminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Anoplogaster_cornuta/ 


Title: saltwater/marine fishes Species #: 14 Common Name: mandarin fish Scientific Name: Synchiropus splendidus Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: perciformes Family: callionymidae Geography / Habitat: Mandarin fish are tropical, marine fish found in waters with a temperature range of 24 to 26ºC. They are bottom dwelling, found at depths up to 18 meters. Found in much of the western Pacific including the Philippines, Indonesia, Hong Kong, Australia, and New Guinea Life Strategy: Mandarin fish have a short incubation time and larvae that are small and develop quickly. Spawning occurs on areas of the reef where small groups of males and females gather during the night. Mandarin fish are slow, shy, and mostly passive Food / Feed Strategy: Mandarin fish feed on the bottom. They eat small crustaceans such as amphipods and isopods, small worms and protozoans. • Body Form or Style: compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform • Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Synchiropus_splendidus/ 


Title: saltwater/marine fishes Species #: 15 Common Name: blue cod Scientific Name: Ophiodon elongatus Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: scorpaeniformes Family: hexagrammidae Geography / Habitat: cod are coastal fish that occupy submerged banks with dense communities of algae and channels with strong currents flowing over and around rocky reefs. You can find cod in the west coast of north America. Life Strategy: cod are solitary benthic fish and spend most of their time resting within holes or crevices amongst rocks. Food / Feed Strategy: Lingcod are ambush predators that eat anything that can fit in their mouths, especially fish and large invertebrates • Body Form or Style: • Swim / Locomotion Style: • Mouth Position: Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Ophiodon_elongatus/ 


Title: saltwater/marine fishes Species #: 16 Common Name: clownfish Scientific Name: Amphiprion percula Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: perciformes Family: pomacentridae Geography / Habitat: shallow coastal waters of the tropics where depth rarely exceeds 12 meters and water temperature ranges from 25-28 degrees Celsius. They also like to take shelter in what are called anemones. You can find these fish in the indo pacific region. Life Strategy: these fish lay their eggs in their homes called anemones. They also use these anemones for shelter against predators. Food / Feed Strategy: feeds on zooplankton, algae, and larvae. These fish eat things that are close to their anemone so they don’t get eaten by other predators. • Body Form or Style: compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform • Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Amphiprion_percula/


Title: marine/saltwater fishes Species #: 17 Common Name: American shad Scientific Name: Alosa sapidissima Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: clupeiformes Family: clupidae Geography / Habitat: restricted to temperate climates and spend the majority of their life in coastal areas of the Atlantic or Pacific Ocean. there habitat is coastal waters. Life Strategy: during spawning season they travel to rivers to lay their eggs. American shad have a life expectancy of about 6 to 10 years. Shad swim in schools and a very social animal. Food / Feed Strategy: American shad are omnivores with a diet consisting of mostly zooplankton and insect larvae. American shad darken in color on entering rivers to spawn, which helps them blend into their environment this is also how they hunt. • Body Form or Style: compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform • Mouth Position: supraterminal Citation:http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Alosa_sapidissima/reproduction


Title: saltwater/marine fishes Species #: 18 Common Name: atlantic thresher Scientific Name: Alopias vulpinus Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: chondricthyes Order: lamniformes Family: alopiidae Geography / Habitat: found in tropical and temperate temperate waters in almost every major ocean. Common thresher sharks primarily live in temperate waters beyond the continental shelf and do not stray much more than 30 km from the coast. During the day they stay near the edge of the continental shelf at an average depth of 110 m Life Strategy: the average lifespan of a thresher is 20 to 30 years. These fish move to shallower waters at night and to deeper waters during the day. However, they do not claim or defend these areas as territories. Food / Feed Strategy: common thresher sharks are carnivores and feed mainly on small fish that travel in schools. Thresher sharks use their enlarged caudal fin as a means to herd schools of fish into tightly packed balls to maximize strike success. • Body Form or Style: compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: thunniform • Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Alopias_vulpinus/


Title: saltwater/marine fishes Species #: 19 Common Name: atlantic mud shark Scientific Name: Hexanchus griseus Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: chondricthyes Order: hexanchiformes Family: hexanchidae Geography / Habitat: mud sharks are mainly a deep water shark. Rarely found at depths of less than 100 m. The species seems to usually stay close to the bottom, near rocky reefs. They occur in all of the major oceans. Life Strategy: these fish mainly stay on the bottom of the ocean. they never travek together or in schools. And from time to time they come to shallower waters to interact with the bluntnose sharks. Food / Feed Strategy: this animal is very skilled and is a carnivore. Mud sharks feed on fishes, rays, and other sharks. These fish are also scavengers which mean they feed on dead carcasses. They are very fast so they can catch their prey easily. • Body Form or Style: compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: thunniform • Mouth Position: subterminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Hexanchus_griseus/


Title: saltwater/marine fishes Species #: 20 Common Name: common snook Scientific Name: Centropomus undecimalis Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: perciformes  Family: centropomidae Geography / Habitat: coastal mid‐Atlantic regions of the United States through the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean to parts of Central and South America. Common shook are amphidromous fish, moving between fresh and salt water during their life. Life Strategy: vary from freshwater and saltwater and reproduce in saltwater. Food / Feed Strategy: Daily feeding peaks occurs 2 hours before sunrise and 2 to 3 hours after sunset. Their feeding behavior is affected by the tidal cycle. Primarily feed on other pelagic fish, though diet varies with habitat type. • Body Form or Style: N/A • Swim / Locomotion Style:N/A • Mouth Position: N/A


Title: sdaltwater/marine fishes Species #: 21 Common Name: bay ghost shrimp  Scientific Name: Neotrypaea californiensis Kingdom: animalia Phylum: Class: Order: decapoda  Family: callianassidae Geography / Habitat: can be found at intertidal locations within the regions of the North American West Coast ranging from Mutiny Bay, Alaska to Tijuana River, San Diego County. intertidal areas between the middle to low intertidal zones, on sandy beaches or tidal flats in estuaries. Life Strategy: Matures between 18 and 24 months.it is agreed that the males use the major cheliped to fight other males for reproductive access to females. Food / Feed Strategy: Ghost shrimp ingest plankton and detritus deposits scraped from the sediments during burrowing. • Body Form or Style: n/a • Swim / Locomotion Style: n/a • Mouth Position: subterminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Neotrypaea_californiensis/


Title: saltwater/marine fishes Species #: 22 Common Name angel shark Scientific Name: Squatina californica Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: chondricthyes Order: squatiniformes  Family: squatinidae Geography / Habitat: the Eastern Pacific ocean, ranging from Costa Rica to Southern Chile and also from Southeast Alaska to the Gulf of California. Inhabiting marine temperate and tropical environments, Pacific angel sharks are generally found in shallow waters at depths of 10 to 328 ft Life Strategy: the angel shark typically lays eggs. The maximum reported age of a angel shark is 35 years. Pacific angel sharks are most commonly found alone Food / Feed Strategy: angel sharks are carnivores that primarily feed on bony fish and cephalopods. angel sharks are only preyed upon by some larger sharks • Body Form or Style: depressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: thunniform • Mouth Position: subterminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Squatina_californica/


Title: saltwater/ marine fishes Species #: 23 Common Name: eagle rays Scientific Name: Myliobatidae Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: chondricthyes Order: rajiformes  Family: myliobatidae Geography / Habitat: occur in tropical and warm temperate seas worldwide. They are found in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian oceans. estuaries and mangrove areas is there main habitat. Life Strategy: more active than their bottom‐dwelling stingray relatives. They swim freely in the water column near reefs or over a continental shelf often near the surface. Food / Feed Strategy: strain their food from the water. The large cephalic fins on either side of the mouth can be extended to form a funnel that scoops planktonic organisms, small fishes and crustaceans into the ray’s mouth. • Body Form or Style: depressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: n/a • Mouth Position: subterminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Myliobatidae/


Title: saltwater/marine fishes Species #: 24 Common Name: garibaldi Scientific Name: Hypsypops rubicundus Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: perciformes  Family: pomacentridae Geography / Habitat: lives in cooler temperate waters from the shallow subtidal regions down to depths of approximately 100 feet. Primarily found off the coast of California. Life Strategy: live about 15 years in their natural habitat. Garibaldi have to find ways to attract their mates Food / Feed Strategy: feeds primarily on small sessile sponges, bryozoans, and plankton that are found in and around the kelp forests • Body Form or Style: compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform • Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.u mz.umich.edu/accounts/Hypsypops_rubicundus/


Title: saltwater/marine fishes Species #: 25 Common Name: copper rockfish Scientific Name: Sebastes caurinus Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: scorpaeniformes  Family: sebastidae Geography / Habitat: Copper rockfish are found in waters along the Pacific coast ranging from Baja California up to Kehui Alaska. Rockfish prefer the oceans bottom near low profile rocks and reefs. Life Strategy: Copper rockfish can live to be decades old and take several years to become sexually mature. These fish always remain near their home site. Food / Feed Strategy: Copper rockfish are carnivores that feed mainly on organisms present near the ocean floor, usually crabs, mollusks, and other fish. • Body Form or Style: compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform • Mouth Position: supraterminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Sebastes_caurinus/


Fresh Water Fish(26-50) Title: freshwater fishes Species #: 26 Common Name: longtail knifefish Scientific Name: Sternopygus macrurus Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: gymnotiformes  Family: sternopygidae Geography / Habitat: freshwater bodies all over south America. Can be found in swamps and creeks Life Strategy: this fish reaches sexual maturity at 1 year the males defend there territory against any predators or competitors. Food / Feed Strategy: feeds on small invertebrates • Body Form or Style: taeniform • Swim / Locomotion Style: anguilliform • Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Sternopygus_macrurus/


Title: freshwater fishes Species #: 27 Common Name: alligator gar Scientific Name: Atractosteus spatula Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: lepisosteiformes  Family: lepisosteidae Geography / Habitat: found all over the united states in freshwater habitats such as lake rivers and bayous. Life Strategy: these fish are feared by most fish and even humans because of their long mouth and sharp row of teeth. Food / Feed Strategy: these fish are sit and wait predators and feed on practically anything dumb enough to come close enough. • Body Form or Style: sagittiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform • Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Atractosteus_spatula/


Title: freshwater fishes Species #: 28 Common Name: freshwater drum Scientific Name: Aplodinotus grunniens Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: perciformes  Family: scianidae Geography / Habitat: these fish take refuge in deep pools and rivers and streams. They are found in the Hudson and guatamala bay as well as streams that run into the bays. Life Strategy: males mature at the age of 4 and live to be about 8 or 9 years old. These fish congregate in large schools. Food / Feed Strategy: these fish get in large schools to feed and they feed on mayflies and small fish they search for their food on the bottom . • Body Form or Style: compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform • Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Aplodinotus_grunniens/


Title: freshwater fishes Species #: 29 Common Name: largemouth bass Scientific Name: Micropterus salmoides Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: perciformes  Family: centrachidae Geography / Habitat: these fish are native to eastern north America ans parts of Canada and mexico. They live in lakes and prefer quiet waters. Life Strategy: these fish very skiddish and if there is a lot of motion or noise they will not be active which is why you must be quiet when bassfishing. These fish mate by laying eggs. Food / Feed Strategy: these fish are very aggressive eaters and will bite practically anything that comes its way. They eat on zooplankton and aquatic insects but will bite and try to eat more. • Body Form or Style: compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform • Mouth Position:terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Micropterus_salmoides/


Title: freshwater fishes Species #: 30 Common Name: African pike Scientific Name: Hepsetus odoe Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: characiformes  Family: hepsetidae Geography / Habitat: wide spread throughout central and west Africa. These fish often found near banks in heavy vegetation. Life Strategy: these fish live to be about 4‐5 years old. Food / Feed Strategy: these fish will eat almost any fish smaller than them. • Body Form or Style: sagittiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform • Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Hepsetus_odoe/


Title: freshwater fishes Species #: 31 Common Name: African catfish Scientific Name: Clarias gariepinus Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: siluriformes  Family: clariidae Geography / Habitat: can be found in Africa, Europe, and asia. African catfish live in lakes and pools. Life Strategy: these fish live to be about 8 years give or take. Food / Feed Strategy: these fish are omnivores and feed on insects, zooplankton, snails, crabs, and shrimp. • Body Form or Style: sagittiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform • Mouth Position: subterminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Clarias_gariepinus/


Title: freshwater fishes Species #: 32 Common Name: black crappies Scientific Name: Pomoxis nigromaculatus Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: perciformes  Family: centrarchidae Geography / Habitat: lives in freshwater lake of the pacific coast and Canada highly vegetated lakes is its preferred habitat. Life Strategy:reaches sexual maturity at 2 and lives to be about 10 year in the wild. They are schooling fish Food / Feed Strategy:midwater omnivore that feeds in mostly microscopic fish. • Body Form or Style: compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform • Mouth Position: supraterminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Pomoxis_nigromaculatus/


Title: freshwater fishes Species #: 33 Common Name: threelined pencilfish Scientific Name: Nannostomus trifasciatus Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: characiformes  Family: lebiasinidae Geography / Habitat: found in the rio grande and amazon river.found in shady and weeded areas so it can keep cover. Life Strategy: these fish are very active during the day while they rest at night. Channels to different habitat during floody season Food / Feed Strategy: pencilfish fish feed primarily on insects. • Body Form or Style: sagittiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform • Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Nannostomus_trifasciatus/


Title: freshwater fishes Species #: 34 Common Name: bluntnose minnow Scientific Name: Pimephales notatus Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: cypriniformes  Family: cyprinidae Geography / Habitat: found in medium size streams in north America and quebec. Prefer rocky streams and can also be found in manmade lakes. Life Strategy: these fish live no longer than 5 years. This fish is prey to many fish so I constantly on the run Food / Feed Strategy: these fish eat algae, crustaceans, and small larvae. • Body Form or Style: anguilliform • Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform • Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Pimephales_notatus/


Title: freshwater fishes Species #: 35 Common Name: cichlids Scientific Name: Cichlidae Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: perciformes  Family: cichlidae Geography / Habitat: found in lakes in south America and asia. Cichlids inhabit laes or sluggish and slow current moving areas of streams. Life Strategy: these fish live about 10 years on average. These fish are very territorial Food / Feed Strategy: territorial feeders. These fish eat every source of freshwater food source available and are not limited to any certain diet. • Body Form or Style: compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform • Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Cichlidae/


Title: freshwater fishes Species #: 36 Common Name: catfish Scientific Name: Pylodictis olivaris Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: siluriformes  Family: lctaluridae Geography / Habitat: known all around the u.s. in rivers lakes and reservoirs Life Strategy:catfish can live to be about 28 years old. They are bottom dwellers and become inactive when temperatures drop below 10 celsius. Food / Feed Strategy: these fish are ambush predators and wait for the right time to strike their prey. These fish are carnivores and known to eat crayfish, shad, and other catfish. • Body Form or Style: sagittiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform • Mouth Position:terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Pylodictis_olivaris/


Title: freshwater fishes Species #: 37 Common Name: bagre sierra Scientific Name: Oxydoras niger Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: siluriformes  Family: doaradidae Geography / Habitat: found throughout south America in preferably large rivers. Life Strategy:these fish participiate in a fish run known as piracema these fish have main swpaning points in the amazon river Food / Feed Strategy: they eat crustaceans,snail, seeds. And fruits. These fish are not very aggressive hunters. • Body Form or Style: fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style:subcarangiform • Mouth Position: subterminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Oxydoras_niger/


Title: freshwater fishes Species #: 38 Common Name: warpaint shiner Scientific Name: Luxilus coccogeni Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: cypriniformes  Family: cyprinidae Geography / Habitat: range in different parts of north America. Their habitat consists of rivers, lakes, and streams. Life Strategy: shiners live to be about 4 years tops. These fish are usually seen in singles or small schools. Food / Feed Strategy: they use there large mouths for their small body to suck up fish going the way of the current. These fish aminly feed on insects. • Body Form or Style: compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform • Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Luxilus_coccogenis/


Title: freshwater fishes Species #: 39 Common Name: Alabama cavefish Scientific Name: Speoplatyrhinus poulsoni Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: percopsiformes  Family: amblyopsidae Geography / Habitat: these fish live in Alabama hence the name Alabama cavefish. These fish live in a cave known as key cave. Life Strategy: the estimated lifespan if this fish is about 5 to 10 years. These fish are active at night and day because they are always in te cave which Is always dark. Food / Feed Strategy: these fish eat smaller fish found lurking around in the caves • Body Form or Style: sagittiform • Swim / Locomotion Style:carangiform  • Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Speoplatyrhinus_poulsoni/


Title: freshwater fishes Species #: 40 Common Name: beaverfish Scientific Name: Amia calva Kingdom: animalia Phylum: Class: Order: Family: Geography / Habitat: found in parts of the u,s, as well as quebec and Ontario. These fish inhabit swamps, rivers, and lakes. Life Strategy: these fish usually live about an average of 8 years. These fish are very aggressive and spent most of their time hunting Food / Feed Strategy: these fish are very aggressive hunters and hunt down their prey. These fish eat practically anything that comes across its path. • Body Form or Style: sagittiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform • Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Amia_calva/


Title: freshwater fishes Species #: 41 Common Name: shortnose gar Scientific Name: Lepisosteus platostomus Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: lepisosteiformes  Family: lepisosteidae Geography / Habitat: found in different parts of the u.s. in lakes and swamps. Life Strategy: the average lifespan of a shortnose gar is 20 years. When gar need air they come to the surface and gulp for air. Food / Feed Strategy: these fish are stalking hunters or sit and wait predators they wait for their prey to come to them then they strike in short bursts of speed. These fish tiny crustaceans to small fish and insects. • Body Form or Style: sagittiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform • Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Lepisosteus_platostomus/


Title: freshwater fishes Species #: 42 Common Name: florida gar Scientific Name: Lepisosteus platyrhincus Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: lepisosteiformes  Family: lepisosteidae Geography / Habitat: found in dfferent lakes and swamps around florida Life Strategy: the average lifespan of a shortnose gar is 20 years. When gar need air they come to the surface and gulp for air. These fish live in groups of 2 to 10 and stay together unlike other gars. Food / Feed Strategy: these fish are stalking hunters or sit and wait predators they wait for their prey to come to them then they strike in short bursts of speed. These fish tiny crustaceans to small fish and insects. • Body Form or Style: sagittiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform • Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Lepisosteus_platyrhincus/


Title: freshwater fishes Species #: 43 Common Name: cardinal tetra Scientific Name: Paracheirodon axelrodi Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: characiformes  Family: characidae Geography / Habitat: these fish live in Colombia, brazil, and venezuala. These fish orefer slow moving open waters Life Strategy: these fish are expected to only live for about a year. These fish are very active during the day and congregate in large shools Food / Feed Strategy: this fishes diet consists of small crustaceans • Body Form or Style: compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform • Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Paracheirodon_axelrodi/


Title: freshwater fishes Species #: 44 Common Name: bluegill Scientific Name: Lepomis macrochirus Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: perciformes  Family: centrachidae Geography / Habitat: found in morthern mexico and quebec as well as parts of the united states. Habitat consists of lakes and slow moving rocky streams. Life Strategy:typically live to be about 4 to 6 years old. These fish are at its active peak at about dawn which is why anglers go fishing early in the morning. Food / Feed Strategy: because of the bluegills very small mouth it eats very small prey such as shrimp, zooplankton, and small crayfish. • Body Form or Style: depressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform • Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Lepomis_macrochirus/


Title: freshwater fishes Species #: 45 Common Name: Danube catfish Scientific Name: Silurus glanis Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: siluriformes  Family: siluridae Geography / Habitat: found in eastern Europe and asia. These fish are found in large rivers and lakes and in deep waters where dams are built. Life Strategy: the average lifespan for this fish is 20 to 30 years old. These fish prefer still waters and a very calm atmosohere. Also they like to hang around the bottom of lakes and rivers. Food / Feed Strategy: these fish eat worms, zooplankton, and smaller fish. They stay at the bottom and wait for their food to come to them. • Body Form or Style: sagittiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform • Mouth Position: subterminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Silurus_glanis/


Title: freshwater fishes Species #: 46 Common Name: central mud minnow Scientific Name: Umbra limi Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: esociformes  Family: umridae Geography / Habitat: these fish are found in both Canada and the united states. These fish love waters with lots of vegetation. Life Strategy: minnows live for about 7 to 9 years in the wild. These fish try and avoid predators by staying with big fish so the predators stay away. Food / Feed Strategy: these fish are primarily bottom feeders feeding on fish and eggs they also feed on algae and zooplankton. • Body Form or Style: compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform • Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Umbra_limi/


Title: freshwater fishes Species #: 47 Common Name: carp Scientific Name: Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: cypriniformes  Family: cyprinidae Geography / Habitat: native to eastern asia but have also recently been introduced to other parts of the world. Found in backwaters and slow moving rivers and large lakes. Life Strategy: these fish reproduce during the spring or summer and have a life expectancy of about 20 or so years Food / Feed Strategy: these fish are filter feeders and feed on small zooplankton and algae. • Body Form or Style: compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform • Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Hypophthalmichthys_molitrix/


Title: freshwater fishes Species #: 48 Common Name: blueback salmon Scientific Name: Oncorhynchus nerka Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: salmoniformes  Family: salmonidae Geography / Habitat: native to the western coast of north America and inhabit freshwater rivers, lakes, and streams. Life Strategy: these fish mate in certain seaseon every year they mate by laying eggs. Blueback salmon usually live to be about 4 or 5 years. Food / Feed Strategy:these fish primarily feed on insects and zooplankton. • Body Form or Style: fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style:carangiform • Mouth Position: supraterminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Oncorhynchus_nerka/


Title: freshwater fishes Species #: 49 Common Name: electric catfish Scientific Name: Malapterurus electricus Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: siluriformes  Family: malapteridae Geography / Habitat: found throughout western and central Africa. These fishes habitat is usually found aound rocks and roots they also like very slow moving if not still water. Life Strategy: the average life of these catfish are about 10 years old Food / Feed Strategy: these fish hunt by using its stunning electric organ to stun their prey. They feed on fish anywhere within half their size. • Body Form or Style: sagittiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform • Mouth Position: subterminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Malapterurus_electricus/


Title: freshwater fishes Species #: 50 Common Name:crayfish Scientific Name: Orconectes rusticus Kingdom: animalia Phylum: n/a Class: malacostraca Order: decapoda  Family: cambaridae Geography / Habitat: found throughout north America and parts of Canada. Their habitats are streams, lakes, or ponds hidden within logs. Life Strategy:these fish mate in late summer, early fall, and early spring. Food / Feed Strategy: these fish a lot more food then what their body gives them credit for because of their high metabolism. They usually feed on snails, clams, and insects. • Body Form or Style: n/a • Swim / Locomotion Style: ostraciform • Mouth Position: n/a Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Orconectes_rusticus/


Marine Invertebrates (51-65) Title: marine invertebrates Species #: 51 Common Name: moon jelly Scientific Name: Aurelia aurita Kingdom: animalia Phylum: Class: scyphozoa Order: semaeostomeae  Family: ulmaridae Geography / Habitat: found near the coast, in mostly warm and tropical waters in all the oceans except the arctic. These fish prefer parts with low salinity. Life Strategy: occur in huge numbers sexual maturity occurs in spring and summer. Food / Feed Strategy: the moon jelly is carnivorous and feeds on plankton. • Body Form or Style: n/a • Swim / Locomotion Style: n/a • Mouth Position: n/a Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Aurelia_aurita/


Title: marine invertebrates Species #: 52 Common Name: acorn barnacle Scientific Name: Semibalanus balanoides Kingdom: animalia Phylum: Class: maxillopoda Order: sessilia  Family: archaeobalanidae Geography / Habitat: found in the east atlantic and pacific. Acorn barnacles habitat is along rocks up out of the water where waves crash in them. Also can be found on ship hulls and whales. Life Strategy: hermaphrodites that reproduce by internal fertilization. Food / Feed Strategy: acorn barnacles are suspension feeders that kick their six pairs of cirri to capture food and transfer it to the mouth. • Body Form or Style: n/a • Swim / Locomotion Style: n/a • Mouth Position: n/a Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Semibalanus_balanoides/


Title: marine invertebrates Species #: 53 Common Name: fire coral Scientific Name: Millepora alcicornis Kingdom: animalia Phylum: Class: hydroza Order: anthoathecata  Family: milleporidae Geography / Habitat: found mostly in the atlantic ocean. Live attached to rocks and dead coral on reefs Life Strategy: Reproduce sexually  Food / Feed Strategy: Paralyze prey with nematocysts then draw into mouth opening. • Body Form or Style: n/a • Swim / Locomotion Style: n/a • Mouth Position: n/a Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Millepora_alcicornis/


Title: marine invertebrates Species #: 54 Common Name: sea cucumber Scientific Name: Isostichopus badionotus Kingdom: animalia Phylum: Class: holothuridae Order: aspidochirotida  Family: stichopodidae Geography / Habitat: primaril found along the northern pacific coast of south america and around the Galapagos islands. They like shallow waters where its calm and set. Life Strategy: have separate sexes and possess a reproductive system consisting of a single gonad and either an oviduct or a vas deferens. In temperate climates, eggs are laid in late winter and early spring. Sperm reach the eggs by way of the water. Food / Feed Strategy: sea cucumbers are deposit feeders literally eating deposited material or sediments off of the ocean floor. Using its tentacles the animal pushes large scoops of sediments into its mouth • Body Form or Style: n/a • Swim / Locomotion Style: n/a • Mouth Position: n/a Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Isostichopus_badionotus/


Title: marine invertebrates Species #: 55 Common Name: Scientific Name: Euplectella aspergillum Kingdom: animalia Phylum: Class: hexactinellida Order: lyssacinosida  Family: euplectellidae Geography / Habitat: this species of sponge is found in the western Pacific Ocean near the Philippines. This species is found attached to rocky areas of the seafloor. It is found from 100 to 1000 m below the surface, and is most common at depths greater than 500 m. Life Strategy: the reproduction of this animal is unknown so it is estimated that the normal reproduction process of the porifera is used for this certain animal. Food / Feed Strategy: the sponge eats microscopic organisms that are filtered out of the water that runs through the sponge. • Body Form or Style: n/a • Swim / Locomotion Style: n/a • Mouth Position: n/a Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Euplectella_aspergillum/


Title: marine invertebrates Species #: 56 Common Name: ringed anemone Scientific Name: Kingdom: animalia Phylum: Class: anthozoa Order: actiniaria  Family: alpasiidae Geography / Habitat: typically found in the Caribbean the Gulf of Mexico and the Western Atlantic. Anemones are found under ledges or in hole, crevices, or rocks Life Strategy: these fish reproduce a sexually and the use of pedal laceration. Food / Feed Strategy: they feed on zooplankton and microscopic organisms that wonders in the anemone. • Body Form or Style: n/a • Swim / Locomotion Style: n/a • Mouth Position: n/a Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Bartholomea_annulata/


Title: marine invertebrates Species #: 57 Common Name: Chinese mitten crab Scientific Name: Kingdom: animalia Phylum: Class: malacostraca Order: decapoda  Family: varunidae Geography / Habitat: these crabs are found throughout china and parts of Europe. Chinese mitten crabs spend most of their lives in brackish water and freshwater rivers and estuaries. Life Strategy: during summer these crabs migrate to the sea males arrive first following the females after. Food / Feed Strategy: these fish are omnivores and mostly feed on algae. they use their claws to put the food in their mouth. • Body Form or Style: n/a • Swim / Locomotion Style: n/a • Mouth Position: n/a Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Eriocheir_sinensis/


Title: marine invertebrates Species #: 58 Common Name: crown of thorns starfish Scientific Name: Acanthaster planci Kingdom: animalia Phylum: Class: asteroidea Order: spinulosida  Family: acanthasteridae Geography / Habitat: found in the pacific and indian ocean. found on coral reefs in shallow protected sreas. Life Strategy: the crown of thorns starfish reproduce by spawning. They live for about 15 to 17 years. Food / Feed Strategy: they feed on cnidarian and other marine invertebrates. It feeds by using its stomach to hover over the pray and absorb it into its body. • Body Form or Style: n/a • Swim / Locomotion Style: n/a • Mouth Position: n/a Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Acanthaster_planci/


Title: marine invertebrates Species #: 59 Common Name: Irukandji jellyfish Scientific Name: Carukia barnesi Kingdom: animalia Phylum: Class: cubozoa Order: cubomeduae  Family: tamoyoidae Geography / Habitat: can be found along the coastline of Northern Australia, from Broome along the western side of Australia to Rockhamptom Queensland. typically found in deeper waters along reefs. Life Strategy: The mating system of the Irukandji jellyfish has yet to be recorded, but in some cubazoan species the adults release both sperm and eggs into the ocean where fertilization will occur. Food / Feed Strategy: its diet consists of fish and other marine invertebrates. The stinging cells on the jellyfish stuns they prey which allows the jelly fish to absorb it. • Body Form or Style: n/a • Swim / Locomotion Style: n/a • Mouth Position: n/a Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Carukia_barnesi/


Title: marine invertebrates Species #: 50 Common Name: leaf barnacle Scientific Name: Pollicipes polymerus Kingdom: animalia Phylum: Class: maxillopoda Order: pedunculata  Family: pollicipedidae Geography / Habitat: the leaf barnacle is found in the southern region of Alaska. They are found on rocky cliffs in the splash zone. They like all he waves crashing on them and can withstand large amounts of wave pressure. Life Strategy: the leaf barnacle is a hermaphrodite meaning it is equipped with both female and male reproductive organs. Food / Feed Strategy: the leaf barnacle is a filter feeder and feeds on mollusks and zooplankton. • Body Form or Style: n/a • Swim / Locomotion Style: n/a • Mouth Position: n/a Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Pollicipes_polymerus/


Title: marine invertebrates Species #: 61 Common Name: sea wasp Scientific Name: Chiropsalmus quadrigatus Kingdom: animalia Phylum: Class: cubozoa Order: chirodropida  Family: chiropsalmidae Geography / Habitat: this jellyfish is found in the Pacific Ocean from Australia to the Philippines. This jellyfish tends to stay towards the shore of mainlands in calmer environments. Life Strategy: this jellyfish has both a sexual and sexual phases Food / Feed Strategy: These creatures prey on small crustaceans and small fish. They congregate near the mouths of creeks and rivers following rain because it is thought that food is washed down these waterways towards the waiting jellyfish. • Body Form or Style: n/a • Swim / Locomotion Style: n/a • Mouth Position: n/a Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Chiropsalmus_quadrigatus/


Title: marine invertebrates Species #: 62 Common Name: pale anemone Scientific Name: Aiptasia pallida Kingdom: animalia Phylum: Class: anthozoa Order: actiniaria  Family: aiptasiidae Geography / Habitat: found in the southern united states. These anemones are found on mangroce roots, dead coral, and rocks. Life Strategy: anemones produce a sexually by pedal laceration. Food / Feed Strategy: the anemone catches zooplankton that pass through it or wander near it. • Body Form or Style: n/a • Swim / Locomotion Style: n/a • Mouth Position: n/a Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Aiptasia_pallida/


Title: marine invertebrates Species #: 63 Common Name: rock boring urchin Scientific Name: Echinometra lucunter Kingdom: animalia Phylum: Class: echionoida Order: echionoida  Family: echinometridae Geography / Habitat: Rock‐boring urchins are distributed throughout the Caribbean and coastal South Atlantic subtropical region, from Bermuda through southern Florida and the islands of the Caribbean Life Strategy: his species is usually found in dense aggregations. Spawning occurs once or twice in the summer Food / Feed Strategy: This urchin is an omnivorous species, using its arboral spines to trap food and carry it to the oral surface it feeds on other marine invertebrates. • Body Form or Style: n/a • Swim / Locomotion Style: n/a • Mouth Position: n/a Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Echinometra_lucunter/


Title: marine invertebrates Species #: 64 Common Name: grooved brain coral Scientific Name: Diploria labyrinthiformis Kingdom: animalia Phylum: Class: anthozoa Order: scleractinia  Family: faviidae Geography / Habitat: grows in the Caribbean, Bahamas, southern Florida, and Bermuda. Its habitat consists of shallow waters so light can penetrate and help it grow. Life Strategy: Grooved brain coral is hermaphroditic, with an annual cycle with a 10‐11 month period for gonad development. The typical spawning season of grooved brain coral is from late May to late June. Food / Feed Strategy: the grooved brain coral usually eats on small invertebrates. • Body Form or Style: n/a • Swim / Locomotion Style: n/a • Mouth Position: n/a Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Diploria_labyrinthiformis/


Title: marine invertebrates Species #: 65 Common Name: duck barnacle Scientific Name: Lepas anatifera Kingdom: animalia Phylum: Class: maxillopoda Order: pedunculata  Family: lepadidae Geography / Habitat: this barnacle can be found in all oceans and seas throughout the world. can be found attached to a variety of floating objects, including driftwood, bottles, boats, buoys, macroalgal rafts, and turtles. It can also be found on fixed objects such as rocks and off‐shore structures. Life Strategy: Unlike most barnacles, these hermaphroditic and individuals cross fertilize from a copulatory organ. Food / Feed Strategy: these barnacle are predatory and catch there prey with their cirri. • Body Form or Style: n/a • Swim / Locomotion Style: n/a • Mouth Position: n/a Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Lepas_anatifera/


Fresh Water invertebrates (66-75)

Title: freshwater invertebrates Species #: 66 Common Name: fawnsfoot Scientific Name: Truncilla donaciformis Kingdom: animalia Phylum: Class: bivalvia Order: unionida  Family: unionidae Geography / Habitat: found in freshwater all over the world. The habitat consists of rivers and lakes in slower moving waters. Life Strategy: Mussels in general are rather sedentary although they may move in response to changing water levels and conditions. Food / Feed Strategy: In general, unionids are filter feeders. The mussels use cilia to pump water into the incurrent siphon • Body Form or Style: n/a • Swim / Locomotion Style: n/a • Mouth Position: n/a Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Truncilla_donaciformis/


Title: freshwater invertebrates Species #: 67 Common Name: wavy rayed lampmussel Scientific Name: Lampsilis fasciola Kingdom: animalia Phylum: Class: bivalvia Order: unionida  Family: unionidae Geography / Habitat: e wavy‐rayed lampmussel is discontinuously distributed in the Great Lakes drainages. Historically it was found from Ontario to Alabama and Illinois to New York. Life Strategy: Age to sexual maturity for this species is unknown. Unionids are gonochoristic Food / Feed Strategy: these fish are filter feeders and feed on algae and phytoplankton • Body Form or Style: n/a • Swim / Locomotion Style: n/a • Mouth Position: n/a Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Lampsilis_fasciola/


Title: freshwater invertebrates Species #: 68 Common Name: American brook crayfish Scientific Name: Cambarus bartonii Kingdom: animalia Phylum: Class: malacostraca Order: decapoda Family: cambaridae Geography / Habitat: can be found in the eastern and southern parts of the United States as well as the southeastern part of Canada. Their habitat consists of streams, creeks, and small rivers. Life Strategy: the mating occurs mostly in spring and summer. Mating usually takes place at night because they meet easier at night. Food / Feed Strategy: these cray fish is a predator and feeding on decaying organic remaining. They also feed on eggs , insects, mollusks, and tadpoles. • Body Form or Style: n/a • Swim / Locomotion Style: n/a • Mouth Position: n/a Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Cambarus_bartonii/


Title: freshwater invertebrates Species #: 69 Common Name: pink heelsplitter Scientific Name: Potamilus alatus Kingdom: animalia Phylum: Class: bivalvia Order: unionoida  Family: unionidae Geography / Habitat: these fish live in parts all over north America. And their habitat consists of slow moving and calm waters such as rivers and streams Life Strategy:the life expectancy is unknown but you can tell the age by looking at how many rings there are. Food / Feed Strategy: these mollusks are filter feeders and primarily feed on algae and phytoplankton. • Body Form or Style: n/a • Swim / Locomotion Style: n/a • Mouth Position: n/a Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Potamilus_alatus/ 


Title: freshwater fishes Species #: 70 Common Name: oscar Scientific Name: Astronotus ocellatus Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: perciformes  Family: cichlidae Geography / Habitat: originates in south america inhabits swamps and floodplains. Life Strategy:sexually mature quickly and can start breeding .these fish live to be about 9 to 10 years old. Food / Feed Strategy:feed mostly on insect larvae and smaller fish • Body Form or Style: deprressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform • Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Astronotus_ocellatus/


Title: freshwater fishes Species #: 71 Common Name: gold barb Scientific Name: Puntius semifasciolatus Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: cypriniformes  Family: cyprinidae Geography / Habitat: found in southeast china. These fish inhabit in river basins Life Strategy:these fish spawn by laying eggs. Food / Feed Strategy: these fish mostly eat zooplankton • Body Form or Style: compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform • Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Puntius_semifasciolatus


Title: freshwater fishes Species #: 72 Common Name: blackfish Scientific Name: Gadopsis marmoratus Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: perciformes  Family: percichthyidae Geography / Habitat: these fish are found in freshwaters in southeastern Australia. Their habitat consists of highly sheltered lowland rivers or pools. Life Strategy: these fish are nocturnal but their mating system is unknown but they do reproduce sexually. Food / Feed Strategy: blackfish are carnivorous and use ambush to catch their prey. They eat insects, mollusks, crustaceans, and small fish. • Body Form or Style: sagittiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform • Mouth Position: supraterminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Gadopsis_marmoratus/


Title: freshwater fishes Species #: 73 Common Name: bleeding heart tetra Scientific Name: Hyphessobrycon erythrostigma Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: characiformes  Family: characidae Geography / Habitat: these fish are mainly found in the upper Amazon River but can also be found in thr rio negro of brazil. Their habitats are inland tropical freshwaters and streams. Life Strategy: the lifespan of these fish is unknown in the wild but in captivity is 3 to 5 years. These fish stay in small schools of about 5. Food / Feed Strategy:these fishes diet cinsists of crustaceans, zooplankton, and insects. • Body Form or Style: depressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform • Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Hyphessobrycon_erythrostigma/


Title: freshwater fishes Species #: 74 Common Name: adolfos catfish Scientific Name: Corydoras adolfoi Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: siluriformes  Family: calicthyidae Geography / Habitat: found in waters in south America Life Strategy: these fish produce by laying eggs Food / Feed Strategy:feeds on worms, and crustaceans • Body Form or Style: depressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: carnagiform • Mouth Position: subterminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adolfo%27s_catfish


Title: freshwater fishes Species #: 75 Common Name: longnose dace Scientific Name: Rhinichthys cataractae Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: cypriniformes  Family: cyprinidae Geography / Habitat: these fish can be found in northern mexico as well as many parts of north america. Their habitat is usually fast flowing cold water but can also be found in lakes. Life Strategy: these fish have multiple spawning partners during breeding and can breed up to 6 times during breeding season. These fish live about 5 years on average. Food / Feed Strategy: these fish are nocturnal feeders feeding on smaller fish, insects, and zooplankton. • Body Form or Style: sagittiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform • Mouth Position: subterminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Rhinichthys_cataractae/


Title: freshwater fishes Species #: 75 Common Name: brook charr Scientific Name: Salvelinus fontinalis Kingdom: animalia Phylum: chordata Class: actinopterygii Order: salmoniformes Family: salmonidae Geography / Habitat: these fish have a wide variety f whereabouts including north merica, new Zealand, asia, and Europe. Their habitats are usually clean and well oxygenated rivers, lakes and streams. Life Strategy: in breeding usally the larger the male the more successful the breeding will be. These fish live to be about 24 years in the wild. Food / Feed Strategy:these fish feed on how old they are they eat mollusks, and crustaceans. • Body Form or Style: fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform • Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Salvelinus_fontinalis/


Fish id project  

1-75 Fishes saltwater marine , freshwater marine, invertebrates

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