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Insomnia is a sleep disorder, which is found among all ages as well as is very common in old people. It can be caused due to many reasons. Sometimes you want to sleep but you can't get sleep so you toss around the bed, the whole night and later when you wake up, you happen to be tired due to lack of sleep. Insomnia can be also be described in other ways like waking up very early and not able to fall back to sleep again. This affects people in such a way that makes hard for them to concentrate in anything. Some of the symptoms of insomnia are sleepiness, fatigue, decrease alertness, and decrease concentration etc. Before treating insomnia patient, one should always try to know the behavior of the patient. Insomnia is classified into two types, acute insomnia and chronic insomnia. 1. Acute insomnia: acute insomnia is a short-term disorder as it last only for a weeks or certain short period of time. Acute insomnia may be caused due to certain tensions or depression may be because of changing locations or job or ones sleep place. It is not a serious problem but the symptoms are same with chronic insomnia. 1. Chronic insomnia: chronic insomnia is a long-term disorder. It last for a month or more. Insomnia is not an incurable disease. It can be cure with proper treatment. The best way to overcome insomnia is proper diagnosis, medication (collectively known as hypnotics) and treatment. Some of the medications to treat insomnia patients are as follows: 1. Benzodiazepines: Benzodiazepines are use for treating chronic insomnia patient. It is also known as tranquilizers and sedatives. Some of the best-known drugs of benzodiazepines are diazepam and nitrazepam. Out of the two groups of benzadiazepine namely the anxiolytics and hypnotics, hypnotics are used to treat insomnia. It acts by increasing the action of gamma amino butyric acids, which involves in slowing down the transmission of nerve signals in the brain. These drugs are available in the market and could be bought with doctors or physicians prescription. 2. Non-benzodiazepine hypnotics: The nonbenzodiazepines drugs are use to treat insomnia patients. Doctors around the world describe them successfully. It is a newly developed drugs and the action of the drugs are quite similar to benzodiazepines. But chemically and structurally, these two drugs are different. There are certain nonbezodiazepines drugs that enter the market such as "Z-drugs, Zoplicone, Zolpidem etc. Zolpidem is always taken at bedtime and sometimes it can be taken when the patients have difficulty in sleeping. During the course of medication, patients are likely to have hallucinations and some other related problems.


3. Anti-depressants: Anti depressant drugs are given to insomnia patients to over come it. Most of the antidepressant medications for insomnia include trazodone (Desyrel), amitriptyline (Elavil), and doxepin (Sinequan). Some of the anti depression drugs that are prescribed by doctors today are mirtazapine and nefazodone. Mirtazapine is developed newly and it is used widely to cure chronic insomnia.

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Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Sandra_Falcon

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