Väike-Õismäe’s inheritage is a wide open space resulting from a collectivist organisation and ideology. The pursuit of common good has reduced space to its most simple expression: an empty space, which prevents people from appropriating it. Despite it being “everybody’s space”, it is today a ‘‘no man’s land’’.
However, this may be Väike-Õismäe’s biggest opportunity. It could become ‘‘everybody’s land’’.
9lLNH¯LVPlHLVZHOOFRQQHFWHGDQGWDNHVIXOOEHQHÀW already from its proximity to the city’s old center town, nature surroundings such as the Baltic sea, lakes, woodlands and grasslands, Tallinn’s zoo, the hospital. By reconsidering its inner space, Väike-Õismäe will become an experimentation of a new public domain. This domain based on collectivist values such as shared spaces and caring for common good, allows the citizen-
inhabitant with his or her individual wills to be a part of the city-fabric’s process. From Top down to Bottom up: This wide open and therefore available space is given back to the citizen-inhabitants by a democratic process. This includes outoor and indoor spaces, no longer considered as disconnected. This new bottom up sustainable way of living takes place in hyper-connected buildings. Information, decisions, know-hows, energy are shared by the community in the ‘‘Agora’’ which is a tangible and virtual shared space. The ‘‘Agora’’ is permitted by an computer program using a social network and land registry (indoor and outdoor). Through the ‘‘Agora’’, the linked citizen-inhabitants can exchange then decide together about their shared space according to each one’s will :
9lLNH¯LVPlH·VFRPPRQJRRGLVQRZGHÀQHG by indivual initiatives which offers an evolving living environment modulated by its citizeninhabitants.
Public space Private plots Plots waiting for appropriation IN 72 INDOOR plots OUT 31 OUTDOOR plots
FLOWS: informations, decisions, know-hows, energy within the Agora.
Grete is 70 years old. So she has seen the dawn of Väike-Õismäe. At retirement, when Grete and her husband could no longer maintain their house by the lake, they decided to settle in the West part of Väike-Õismäe, to be part of a whole. But Grete misses her vegetable garden. She often speaks of that with her neighbour Tiina. Grete lives on the UGÁRRUDVLGHRIDYDFDQWDSDUWPHQWZKLFKEHFDPH appropriable. As Tiina and her saw different projects of transformed spaces in the neighborhood, together they imagined a garden at a walkable distance from Grete's apartment, like a hanging garden. As Grete does ‘‘not understand anything to this internet’’, Tiina promotes her project on the social network of VäikeÕismäe. There were quite a few people interested in her building and some even asked to be part of it.
Tiina works in the working area out of VĂ¤ikeĂ•ismĂ¤e. As she doesn't like loneliness, she now VXEOHWVWZREHGURRPVLQKHUĂ DWWRVWXGHQWV$W nightime, while enjoying the view on the Harku Lake by the kitchen window, they often spend time shaping the world on their image. Tiina likes practising sport with her colleague Archie. But what she loves the most is her weekly afterwork VDXQDRQSORW,1RQWKHWKĂ RRU In her freetime, Tiina helps Grete, a neighbour, on a project garden.
1. The physical new public domain The common space is shared in public space [red] which welcomes WKHFROOHFWLYHXVHVDQGWKHĂ RZV Free and wide, it still stands as a RESERVE for futur uses / needs. The public space contains the appropriable space [black] which becomes an area of freedom.
Parking lot VWĂ RRU
2. The public space reveals a new understanding of VĂ¤ike-Ă•ismĂ¤eâ€™s inner space. The original central space is divided and spread in order to facilitate inner and outer connexions.
r e t n to ce
the connection with the ground Ă RRUSHUPLWWHG by landlevelling
n n i l l Ta
3. The virtual appropriable plots' networking. On-line building and land registries allows everyone to access information about the uses, details and availability of each appropriable plot. Virtual links promote human bounds within the community.
Tiina Great East Lawn
ee te t taja Ehi
Pald iski mnt
Uses the heat produced by the computer server RIWKHWKĂ RRU
â€? Banister of the blooming â€?
Grete's project's future place
Public space Appropriated plots Vegetation structure N
[existing/new] The vegetation is no longer residual but structuring.
Archie is 52 years old and single. He has two children. One of them lives in Väike-Õismäe with his wife and his two-year old son. Archie likes to run and practising squash with Tiina, his colleague. He doesn’t like gardening but he appreciates the view of VäikeÖismäe’s inner space. He sees it as a painting of gardens moulting with the seasons, as a living organism. He loves it even more in the summertime with its friendly atmosphere of people enjoying the setting sun. To share these moments with his family he created an area on plot OUT 731 especially barbecues, with y for barb becues, w ith the 20 neighbours that supported the project..
Grete's apartment which is nearby the inner garden.
Grassy public space grazed by sheeps.
Inner street, the public space enters the builidings. Here it leads to the skatepark. Public theater that beneÀts to the whole neighbourhood of Väike.
The common sauna uses the heat produced by the computer server
The greenhouse welcomes plants and animals. It is managed by an association of inhabitants.
The cultivated plots offer a changing everyday inner urban landscape.
Grete's vegetable garden parking lot & inner street
Diagrams of the inner organisation of two apartments. Self-planiÀcation. With this computer interface, the inhabitant is the actor of his accomodation by being able to organise his living environment. Thanks to a Áexible architecture, prefabricated, made of removable modules, the forms of the apartments are movable depending of the needs.
Living and dinning room
Bathroom and WC
Living and dininng room and kitchen
The inhabitants are able to locate shared spaces and to design their accomodation accordingly. That way they beneÀt of a wider range of spaces. For exemple, Archie and Sander's family are sharing a laundry and a friend's bedroom.
As a15 year-old, Sander needs a space of self expression. After a trip to visit his brother in California, Sander became crazy about skating. He now spends all his spare time skating with others in Väike-Õismäe. So they decided to propose the project of building a skatepark on plot IN 715. It has been created in place of an old painting workshop and an empty Áat. The project received a lot of support especially from the parents, and the 150 teenagers that supported the project are now able to ride an appropriate space of 300m². More and more riders being attracted, the Àrst local skating competition, the Väike-Cup will take place there next September.
parking lot & inner street
Sander's parent's ’ bedroom
Sander's sister's bedroom