BDES2012 Architectural Communications 2
Original Pavilion pg 4 - 9
First Transformation > Ripple pg 10 - 15 Second Transformation > Shadow pg 16 - 29
Final Model > Shadow pg 30 - 34
“In its simplest form architecture is rooted in entirely functional considerations, but it can reach up through all degrees of value to the highest sphere of spiritual existence into the realm of pure art.” The Farnsworth House is one of the most significant of Mies van der Rohe’s works. It is significant for two reasons. First, as one of a long series of house projects, the Farnsworth House embodies a certain aesthetic culmination in Mies van der Rohe’s experiment with this building type. Second, the house is perhaps the fullest expression of modernist ideals that had begun in Europe, but which were consummated in Plano, Illinois. The Farnsworth House is a one storey glass enclosed space with I beams as its structure. The i-beams are both structural and expressive. With its emphatically planar floors and roof suspended on the widely-spaced, steel columns, the one-story house appears to float above the ground, infinitely extending the figurative space of the hovering planes into the surrounding site.
Farnsworth House Ludwig Mies van der Rohe Plano, IL. United States International Style
Interior Views 8
Outdoor Platform Access Point Leisure Space Toilet Kitchen
Primary Circulation Secondary Circulation
Circulation Secondary Circulation Primary Access
Access Point Primary Space Secondary Space Public Space
Temporal Phenomenal Ripple
Close up on the Ropples 14 14
Inspired by the temporal effect of the movement of water affected by the outer force( ripples) in the water. Depicting the transparent quality of the pavilion by portraying the roof as water surface.
Ripple Reference Archive
Ripple Def > A capillary wave is a wave traveling along the phase boundary of a fluid, whose dynamics are dominated by the effects of surface tension
> Concept Projects the shadow patterns formed by the vegetation in the surrounding onto the precedent in 3D forms and create architectural â€˜roomsâ€˜ in the pavilion, and define a new sense of spaces in the Farnsworth House.
Shadow on the Roof of Farnsworth House Location > Plano, Illinois USA
8 am 20
Overlay of shadows through out the morning By overlaying the shadows of different times of the day, a pattern could be derived. The more shadow intensified areas are shown in darker grey. Shadow diagrams suggests that shadow is a temporal phenomental; It is temporal and changes with time.
Extrusion of shadow
Yet the shadow projected on the roof of the Farnsworth House is subject to change as the time passes, the area with high shadow density gives a sense of permenancy to the temporal phenomena. Therefore the high density shadow area could then be transformed by extrusion into three dimensional form and boundaries to define new spaces for the Farnsworth House.
3D Model Exploded diagrams
Render View of the program
Overhanging Stereo Sofa Overhanging sculpture ceiling Family dining/ gathering space Private acoustic room Glass Panel
Shadow Reference Archive Shadow Def > A shadow is an area where direct light from a light source cannot reach due to obstruction by an object. It occupies all of the space behind an opaque object with light in front of it. The sun causes many objects to have shadows and at certain times of the day, when the sun is at certain heights, the length of shadows change.
Shadow Reference Archive Experimenting with shadows of the trees in the afternoon, to study the behaviour of shadows. Location : Lorne Ave, Killara, NSW Australia
Tree In Eastern USA Different tree has different shapes and forms, thus the shadow casted varies.
The Big Oak
30 30 28
Render view in context
Final Analog Model
Analog Model made by laser cutter and white perspex
Perspective view 34
Close up on Private Acoustic Space
Reference A National Trust Historic Site. “Farnsworth House.” http://www.farnsworthhouse.org/ (20 May 2011). Chinavista. “Chinavista.” The Shadow show. http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/08/1/9/2/59667921586933742.gif (15 May 2011) Erica Harrison. “Scientists discover ‘shadow person’ “. 2006 http://www.cosmosmagazine.com/files/imagecache/news/files/250906_shadow.jpg (16 May 2011) Kameronlombard. “choices to make” 2009 http://kameronlombard.files.wordpress.com/2009/09/ripple.jpg (11 May 2011)
Faculty of Architecture, Design and Planning University of Sydney BDES2012 Architectural Communications 2 Semester 01.2011 Unit Coordinator: Dr Dagmar Reinhardt Studio Tutors: Dagmar Reinhardt, Eduardo Barata, Carolina Torres, Melissa Pearson, Timmy Lum. Lab Tutors: Steven Janssen, Jonathon Donnelly, Jonathan Newton, Dinah Zhang. Pavilion: A Project and Methodology Throughout history, architecture has been developed by progressive concepts Ă‚â€“ at times pursued as concepts of architecture leading to unique private residences, at times as abstract ideas displayed to a public realm through the Pavilion, in the context both gallery venues and world exhibition settings. The Pavilion traditionally refers to freestanding structures built as objects of pleasure, small (garden) outbuildings, particularly popular in the 18th century. These light temporary or semi permanent structure often resembled small classical temples and follies. Sometimes specifically erected for special occasions such as fetes, garden banquets, and balls, these structures show unique appearances. The architectural form of the pavilion is itself dynamic, and characterized by speculation, fantasy and mobility. The Pavilion is regarded as a public building type in which relationships between art and architecture, perception and exposition, critique and spectacle, concept and e xperiment can be deployed. BDES2012 Architectural Communications 2 reviews the pavilion both as subject and as communication of architecture, BDES2012 Architectural Communications 2 uses the Pavilion as an opportunity for the open expression of architecture at a scale that is at once playful and provocative, speculative and rhetorical. It pursued a path of conceptual development and process through the analysis, documentation and continued transformation of selected architectural pavilions and iconic houses in relation to the courses design and media technique curriculum. We will analyse a series of pavilions and re-interpret these through the techniques and media you are being taught in, ranging from a variety of analogue techniques towards digital design. BDES2012 Architectural Communications 2 investigated different explorations of pavilions and experimental houses and derived a series of transformations by subjecting these original pavilions to abstract core themes of architectural concern, such as desire, phenomenal experience (tactility, hapticity, acoustics), memory, porosity, transparency, flux, contamination, /decompositions, nodes, bifurcations, striation, box.to.blob, lofting, modules, counterparts/balance, swarm systems, hybrids, network organizations, and narrative lines. These concepts have been adapted by you to produce an architectural experiment of your own, both in an analogue and in a digital realm. The exhibition launched on May 24th, and continued until May 31st 2011, opens passages of the project to the public: speculations, fantasies and modifications communicated and presented in the public realm of the Hearth, Ground Level Wilkinson Building, Faculty of Architecture, University of Sydney. Copyright with Joanna (Yu An) Chen and Faculty of Architecture Produced March-May 2011, Sydney, Australia