Page 1

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

A Guide for Building a Better Community

21st Annual Edition


2005

QUALITY OF LIFE PROGRESS REPORT A guide for building a better community

Dedicated to the memory of Marian Chambers Visionary for Jacksonville’s quality of life JCCI Executive Director from 1979 through 1994

Funded in part by the City of Jacksonville and the United Way of Northeast Florida


EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The 2005 Quality of Life Progress Report, now in its 21st annual edition, provides a compelling overview of the strengths and challenges of Duval County and Northeast Florida. While real progress has been made in some areas, clear priorities for the Jacksonville region emerge. While Jacksonville’s economy is creating jobs and the average wage for these jobs is increasing, significant poverty remains. The indicators suggest an economic subclass that is not benefiting from a vibrant economy. In the wake of problems exposed in New Orleans by Hurricane Katrina, this is a top priority for Jacksonville. Education continues to be a concern. In student performance, the high school graduation rate declined, reversing a four-year positive trend. Concerns are in early learning, where first-grade promotions (an indicator of school readiness) declined and third-grade reading scores failed to show progress. In good news, more students are going to college, and those who go to college are better prepared. Multiple concerns appear in measures of the natural environment, led by a Red Flag for fecal-coliform bacteria levels in tributaries of the St. Johns River. Water quality measures of dissolved oxygen content in tributary streams are also down, while water supply measures of average water consumption and aquifer levels also worsened since 2003. Arts and culture opportunities improved, with increased public performances and events. Museum attendance, a new indicator, rose with the opening of the Jacksonville Museum of Modern Art. Attendance at sporting events also improved. Library circulation is up. However, total public and private support per person for the arts declined, and attendance at musical events suffered from inclement weather at the Jazz Festival. On our river, more people and boats are trying to share a finite number of boat ramps. The health of a community begins with its youngest members, and in Jacksonville, this is an area of great concern. Red Flags were given to the infant death rate and the racial disparity in infant deaths. Other risk factors for infants, including healthy birth weights of newborns and early prenatal care for mothers, moved in negative directions. New indicators of elder well-being examine senior citizens’ feelings of safety in their neighborhoods and the suicide rate for elders. Both indicators pointed to the need for additional efforts in addressing the needs and concerns of seniors. In positive news in social well-being, the teen birth rate is declining, the rate of children in foster care is lower, and a Gold Star was awarded for improvement in the rate of adoption for children in foster care. A second Gold Star recognized improvement in the rate of children being born to mothers with at least a high school diploma. People are giving more of their money to philanthropic causes, but less of their time, as the volunteer rate decreased. Experiences of racism declined, though the gap in perceptions of racism in the community widened. The rate of homelessness increased, an indicator of serious social and economic need. Improvements in maintaining responsive government include higher voter registration, voter turnout, and growth in active neighborhood organizations (a new indicator.) However, perceptions of the ability to influence local government, satisfaction with government services, and perceptions of the quality of local elected leadership all declined. Fewer people report keeping up with local government news, and the number of people who could name two of the 19 City Council members is at a 20-year low. In the section on moving around efficiently, commute times are getting longer, although 61 percent of Duval County residents still report being able to get to work in under 25 minutes. Bus ridership has increased, and bus headways (the time between buses on a given route) have also improved, while miles of bus service remain on target. Public safety is a mixed report. The crime rate continues to decrease in Jacksonville, earning a Gold Star, and fewer people report being victims of crime. Fire and rescue response times are improving. However, significant concerns remain, especially around children and youth. While the rate of youth adjudicated delinquent decreased slightly in 2004, arrests for alcohol or drug charges increased in Duval County and serious student conduct violations earned a Red Flag for the continuing upward trend. The rate of youth violent deaths (accident, homicide, or suicide) also increased. Child abuse reports remain high, and domestic violence reports are increasing.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

Introduction to the 2005 Document

4

Indicator Selection Guidelines

5

Did you know?

6

About the Region

7

Quality of Life Indicators: Achieving Educational Excellence Growing a Vibrant Economy Preserving the Natural Environment Promoting Social Wellbeing and Harmony Enjoying Arts, Culture, and Recreation Sustaining a Healthy Community Maintaining Responsive Government Moving Around Efficiently Keeping the Community Safe

Indicator Index

8-18 19-26 27-31 32-38 39-44 45-54 55-61 62-66 67-74 75-76

More information about JCCI and detailed reference data for the indicators may be found on the CD, on the inside back cover, or on www.jcci.org


INTRODUCTION What are Quality of Life Indicators? Indicators are quantitative measures of the quality of community life. Indicators that are meaningful and useful reflect a combination of idealism (what we would like to measure) and pragmatism (what we are able to measure). Taken as a set, the Quality of Life Progress Report provides a roadmap for the community, showing where we have been, where we are now, and what critical areas need attention if we are to arrive where we want to go. For the purposes of this effort, “quality of life� refers to a feeling of well-being, fulfillment, or satisfaction resulting from factors in the external environments. For many people, the quality of close interpersonal relationships, rather than the external environments, is the primary factor in determining happiness. Nevertheless, this project concentrates on the external environments, examining the quality of life from a community perspective. In 2005, the twenty-first anniversary edition of the Quality of Life Progress Report includes 114 indicators that reflect trends in nine external environments: Achieving Educational Excellence; Growing a Vibrant Economy; Preserving the Natural Environment; Promoting Social Wellbeing and Harmony; Enjoying Arts, Culture, and Recreation; Sustaining a Healthy Community; Maintaining Responsive Government; Moving Around Efficiently; and Keeping the Community Safe. Much of the data is obtained from the records and documents of various public and private organizations. An annual opinion survey provides the remaining data. This random telephone survey was conducted for the project each September from 1985 through 1992 by AT&T American Transtech. Beginning in 1993, the survey was conducted by American Public Dialogue. Each organization generously has donated the survey each year as a service to the community. The survey measures citizen opinions and reported behaviors on various quality of life questions. Twenty-one years of data are available for many of the survey-based indicators. Several factors of the Quality of Life Progress Report should be kept in mind: The indicators are explicitly designed to compare the community to itself (and to the goals set in the Targets for 2005), but not to evaluate the community against the progress of other communities. The data provide only numerical indicators of the quality of life. Some important dimensions of the quality of life are not included because quantitative indicators are not available. The indicators do not, by themselves, explain why trends move as they do or what should be done to make improvements. They provide the information needed to generate those conversations and encourage community involvement in improving trends. JCCI responds to these indicators through its annual citizen-based studies. Each study researches a community issue in depth and makes recommendations for positive change. Each is followed by an implementation process though which volunteers advocate for community action. Positive change is reflected in the indicator trends. The 2005 Quality of Life Progress Report Review Committee was chaired by

Edward E. Burr incoming chairman of the Jacksonville Regional Chamber of Commerce.

Eleanor Ashby Gordon Bass Joey Batchelor Joy Burgess Joseph Calvarese Betty Carley

Committee members included Carol Hladki Jeanne Miller Melanie Patz Jon Ramprasad Kathy Sandusky Joe Schmidt

Buddy Schulz Shari Shuman Eric Brian Smith, Jr. Mary Ellen Smith

Additional detail and documentation of the methodology used for the project's processes and data collection are found in the accompanying Reference Documents on the enclosed CD (see inside back cover) and on the JCCI website, www.jcci.org. For further information about the Quality of Life Progress Report or specific indicators, mail to JCCI, 2434 Atlantic Boulevard, Suite 100, Jacksonville, Florida 32207-3564, call (904) 396-3052, e-mail to mail@jcci.org, or visit www.jcci.org.

4

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report


INDICATOR SELECTION GUIDELINES The Quality of Life indicators have been selected and are maintained based on the following criteria: Purpose: The indicator is both meaningful (it provides information valuable for community members to understand important aspects of their quality of life) and useful (it offers a sense of direction for additional research, planning, and action toward positive community changes and a means of assessing progress toward these desired changes). Importance: The indicator measures an aspect of the quality of life which a diverse group of people in the community would agree is important in relation to the priorities in the community’s shared vision or goals. Validity and accuracy: If the indicator trend line moves upward or downward, a diverse group of people in the community would agree on whether the quality of life is improving or declining. Relevance: The indicator measures an aspect of the community’s quality of life concerning which the community can achieve positive change through public decision making and action at the community level. Responsiveness: The indicator trend line responds relatively quickly and noticeably to real changes in the quality of life. Anticipation: The indicator anticipates future trends rather than reacting to past trends. A “leading” indicator is generally more useful than a “lagging” indicator because it allows a proactive response. Understandability: The indicator measures an aspect of the community’s quality of life in a way that most citizens can easily understand and interpret in relation to their own lives. Availability and timeliness: Data for the indicator are readily available and affordably accessible on an annual basis from a credible public or private source. Stability and reliability: Data for the indicator are collected, compiled, and calculated in the same way each year. Outcome orientation: Where possible, the indicator measures the actual condition of the community’s quality of life. Alternatively, it measures an outcome of the response to the issue rather than the input of the response itself. Asset orientation: Where possible, the indicator measures a positive aspect of the community’s quality of life (to focus on community assets) and a trend line increase clearly denotes an improvement in the quality of life. Scale: The indicator is reported for a geographic area that is most meaningful for community understanding and most helpful for improvement. For many indicators, both regional and single-county trendlines are reported; others have sub-county measures. Clarity: The indicator uses measures that filter out extraneous factors. Per-person rates filter out the effect of population growth, and constant dollars eliminate the effect of inflation. Raw numbers are used where magnitudes are important. Representativeness: Taken together, the indicators measure the major dimensions of the community’s quality of life.

What Can You Do? The Quality of Life Progress Report provides information about the status of our community and of our collective well-being. By familiarizing ourselves with these indicators, we become better informed. By using these indicators, we can work together to build a better community. Share the information. Learn more. Advocate for positive change. Support efforts in the community to measure, track, and improve elements of the quality of life. Get involved in the community to make a difference. Join JCCI, and through your membership, support this project and the many other efforts of JCCI to improve the quality of life in Northeast Florida and beyond.

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

5


DID YOU KNOW? Snapshot of the Quality of Life in Jacksonville Indicator

High school graduation rate

Data

65.5%

Year

Trend Direction Page

2004-05

worse

p. 9

16,174

2004

better

p. 20

57%

2004

worse

p. 29

10.2

2004

better

p. 34

$29.06

2004

worse

p.41

10.9

2004

worse

p.48

73.6 %

2004

better

p.56

61%

2005

worse

p.65

6,253

2004

better

p. 68

Duval County Public Schools

Net employment growth Net new jobs in one year

Compliance with bacteria standards In tributary streams of St. Johns River

Teen birth rate Per 1,000 teen girls

Support for the arts Public and private support per capita

Infant death rate Per 1,000 infants born

Voter turnout Percent of registered voters casting ballots

Commute times under 25 minutes Survey of Duval County residents

Crime rate Index crimes per 100,000 residents

For more information on these and over 100 other Quality of Life Indicators, please refer to the specific pages listed in the Indicator Index on pages 75 and 76.

6

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report


ABOUT THE REGION The indicators presented in this report all occur and change within the context of the physical and demographic characteristics of the five counties of Northeast Florida: Baker, Clay, Duval, Nassau, and St. Johns. Some of the indicators are specific to Jacksonville/Duval County alone. This section summarizes some characteristics of this region. Geography: Northeast Florida covers 3,221 square miles in land area. Besides the oceanfront, the major geographic feature of the area is the St. Johns River and its tributaries, which meander through the region. The waterways provide a rich ecological treasure, a strong economic engine, and opportunities for recreation, transportation, and military uses. Climate: Northeast Florida’s temperatures range fairly uniformly each day in summer from the 70s (Fahrenheit) to 90s. More variability is experienced in winter, when temperature ranges vary from the 60s to 80s on some days to the 20s to 40s on a few days. Average annual precipitation is about 53 inches, much of which falls in summer thunder showers. People: The total population of Northeast Florida was 1,242,250 in 2004. By county, population estimates were: Baker 23,963; Clay 163,461; Duval 840,474; Nassau 65,016; and St. Johns 149,336. The 2000 U.S. Census provided more information about Northeast Florida’s population:

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns Total

African American 13.9% 6.7% 27.8% 7.7% 6.3% 21.5%

Asian 0.4% 0.5% 0.3% 0.4% 0.3% 0.3%

Hispanic 1.9% 4.3% 4.1% 1.5% 2.6% 3.8%

Native American 0.4% 2.0% 2.7% 0.5% 1.0% 2.3%

White 84.0% 87.4% 65.8% 90.0% 90.9% 72.9%

Other 1.2% 3.4% .4% 1.3% 1.6% 3.0%

Northeast Florida has a high youth population and a growing elderly population.

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns Total

Population under 18, 2000 27.5% 28.0% 26.3% 25.0% 23.1% 26.1%

Population 65 and older, 2000 9.2% 9.7% 10.5% 12.5% 15.8% 11.0%

In 2004-05, public-school enrollment in Northeast Florida was 199,635 students, with 4,771 students in Baker County, 32,391 in Clay County, 127,469 in Duval County, 10,700 in Nassau County, and 24,304 in St. Johns County. In Northeast Florida, 83 percent of students attended public school, fifteen percent private school, and two percent were home schooled. Workforce: In December 2004, 562,157 people were working in Northeast Florida. Civilian employment in Northeast Florida's (Jacksonville Metropolitan Statistical Area’s) economy was distributed as follows:

Professional/business services Retail trade Government Education and health services Finance, insurance, and real estate Leisure and hospitality services Manufacturing Construction Transportation, communication, and public utilities Wholesale trade Information and telecommunications

2004 15% 12% 13% 12% 10% 10% 6% 7% 5% 5% 2%

2000 16% 12% 12% 11% 10% 9% 7% 6% 6% 5% 3%

1990 9% 14% 15% 10% 10% 9% 8% 6% 6% 5% 3%

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

7


ACHIEVING

EDUCATIONAL EXCELLENCE The Vision: Educational institutions in the region achieve excellence in the delivery of learning opportunities, and citizens achieve educational attainment sufficient to enjoy a high quality of life. Citizens young and old have access to a broad range of learning opportunities in pre-K to 12th grade, higher education, and life-long learning, based on their educational needs and desire to learn.

How are we doing? In student performance, the high school graduation rate declined, reversing a fouryear positive trend. Reading scores in Duval County declined, while the region saw a slight improvement; on the math portion of the FCAT, both Duval County and Northeast Florida saw improvement. Concerns are in early learning, where first-grade promotions (an indicator of school readiness) declined and third-grade reading scores failed to show progress. Other areas of concern are in measures of teacher quality; a Red Flag was awarded to the decreasing percentage of teachers with advanced degrees, and average teacher salary, adjusted for inflation, remains below 2002 levels. Student diversity is a third area for concern, as both students attending racially-balanced schools and students participating in magnet programs continue their downward trends. In good news, more students are going to college, and those who go to college are better prepared. Participation in continuing education courses is up, reversing a downward trend. And for those students that dropped out of school, more are continuing their education and more are finding and keeping employment.

Red Flags: Teachers with advanced degrees, students attending racially-balanced schools, and magnet school enrollment.

8

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report


STUDENT PERFORMANCE Perhaps the clearest indicator of education in the community is the high school graduation rate. A diploma is critical for furthering one’s education and obtaining quality employment. Youth who do not complete high school, on the other hand, have a difficult time finding employment or advancing beyond lower-paying jobs.

Public high school graduation rate: Duval

2005 Target: >78% 2004-05: 65.5%

What does this measure? The percent of students who graduate from Duval County/Northeast Florida public high schools within four years, as tracked by student I.D. numbers.

100%

Duval NE Florida 80%

60%

How are we doing? The graduation rate declined from 2003-04, which was 67.2 percent for Duval County. The rate in Northeast Florida also declined, from 70.7 percent in 2003-04 to 70.1 percent.

40%

20%

-0 5 04

-0 4

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida

20

20

03

-0 3 20

02

-0 2 20

01

-0 1 20

00

-0 0 99 19

19

98

-9 9

0%

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Florida Department of Education

2004-05 72.2% 75.1% 65.5% 85.2% 76.8% 70.1%

2003-04 68.2% 73.8% 67.2% 81.1% 78.3% 70.7%

Public high school dropout rate: Duval

No 2005 Target

2003-04: 5.1%

DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? The percent of Duval

15%

County high school students who drop out between 9th and 12th grades. 10%

How are we doing? The high school dropout rate rose from 4.6 percent in 2002-03. By county, rates were: 5%

-0 4 03

-0 2 01 20

20

-0 0

19

99

-9 8 97

-9 6 95

19

19

-9 4

-9 2

93 19

19

91

-9 0 19

89

-8 8 87

85

-8 6 19

19

19

83

-8 4

0%

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns

2003-04 4.0% 1.9% 5.1% 2.5% 2.3%

2002-03 3.7% 2.2% 4.6% 2.7% 2.0%

Source: Florida Department of Education

For more information, see JCCI’s 2003 and 2004 studies on Public Education Reform and the 1988 study on School Dropout Prevention.

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

9


DROPOUT OUTCOMES Once students have dropped out of school, they may require special services to continue their education or to obtain and maintain employment. Their success in getting back to school or into the workforce is important for the quality of life in the community; according to the 2000 U.S. Census, 17.2 percent of Duval County adults 25 and over had no high school diploma.

High school dropout education outcomes: No 2005 Target Duval 2003-04: 23.7% What does this measure? The percent of Duval

50%

County/Northeast Florida public school dropouts who were successful in continuing their education (47 percent reporting in 2003-04).

40%

Duval County Northeast Florida

30%

20%

10%

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida

4

2

1

0

9

8

7

3

20 03 -0

20 02 -0

20 01 -0

20 00 -0

19 99 -0

19 98 -9

19 97 -9

6 19 95 -9

19 94 -9

19 93 -9

2003-04 2002-03 N/A N/A 8.6% 13.4% 23.7% 20.0% N/A N/A% 12.0% 14.3% 20.5% 17.8%

19 96 -9

5

0%

4

How are we doing? The percent of dropouts continuing their education rose from 20.0 percent in Duval County in 2002-03. For Northeast Florida, the rate rose from 17.8 percent to 20.5 percent in 2003-04. By county, rates were:

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Florida Education and Training Placement Information Program

High school dropout employment outcomes: 2003-04: 23.7% Duval No 2005 Target What does this measure? The percent of Duval County/Northeast Florida public school dropouts who were successfully employed for at least three months (47 percent reporting).

50%

Duval County Northeast Florida 40%

30%

How are we doing? The percent of dropouts employed increased from 20.8 percent in Duval County in 2002-03. For Northeast Florida, the rate rose from 20.6 percent to 23.5 percent in 2003-04.

20%

10%

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

3

2

1

0

9

8

7

6

5

4 20 03 -0

20 02 -0

20 01 -0

20 00 -0

19 99 -0

19 98 -9

19 97 -9

19 96 -9

19 95 -9

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Florida Education and Training Placement Information Program

For more information, see JCCI’s 1988 study on School Dropout Prevention.

10

19 94 -9

19 93 -9

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida

2002-03 N/A 17.5% 20.8% 28.6% 24.2% 20.6%

4

0%

2003-04 20.8% 16.4% 23.7% 26.5% 28.2% 23.5%


STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT In Florida, student achievement is often measured through scores on the Florida Comprehensive Achievement Test, commonly called the FCAT. The top three (out of five) levels indicate grade-level performance or above. Achieving minimum scores on the FCAT is now required for graduation from high school and promotion between specific grades.

10th graders reading at grade level: Duval

No 2005 Target

2004-05: 32%

What does this measure? The percentage of

100%

Duval County Northeast Florida 75%

Duval County/Northeast Florida 10th graders who achieve at the top three (out of five) levels on the FCAT in reading.

How are we doing? Scores in Duval County dropped from 33 percent at levels 3-5 in 2003-04. In Northeast Florida, scores rose from 35 percent to 36 percent in 2004-05. By county, scores were:

50%

25%

5

4

20 04 -0

20 03 -0

3 20 02 -0

02 20 01 -

01 20 00 -

00 19 99 -

19 98 -

99

0%

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Florida Department of Education

2004-05 29% 39% 32% 34% 46% 36%

2003-04 29% 35% 33% 39% 46% 35%

10th graders at grade level in math: Duval

No 2005 Target

2004-05: 66%

What does this measure? The percentage of

100% Duval County Northeast Florida 75%

Duval County/Northeast Florida 10th graders who achieve at the top three (out of five) levels on the FCAT in math.

How are we doing? Scores in Duval County increased from 62 percent at levels 3-5 in 2003-04. In Northeast Florida, scores rose from 65 percent to 69 percent in 2004-05. By county, scores were:

50%

25%

-0 5 20

04

-0 4 03 20

20

02

-0 3

-0 2 20

01

-0 1 20

00

-0 0 99 19

19

98

-9 9

0%

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Florida Department of Education

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida

2004-05 64% 70% 66% 75% 75% 69%

2003-04 62% 68% 62% 74% 78% 65%

For more information, see JCCI’s 1977 study on Public Education, the 1993 study, Public Education: The Cost of Quality, and the 2003 study, Public Education Reform: Assessing Progress.

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

11


EARLY LEARNING Children have greater chances of success if they enter school prepared and if they learn to read early. One key measure is first grade promotion rates, which reflect successful learning readiness. A second key measure is third grade reading levels. Up until third grade, a child learns to read; after third grade, the child reads to learn, so reading by third grade is critical to future academic success.

Public school 1st grade promotions: No 2005 Target Duval 2003-04: 90.7% What does this measure? The percentage of Duval County/Northeast Florida public school students who successfully move on to second grade.

100%

How are we doing? In Duval County, the rate

95%

-0 4

-0 3 20

03

-0 2 20

02

-0 1

01 20

-0 0

00 20

-9 9

99 19

-9 8

98 19

-9 7

97 19

-9 6 19

96

-9 5

95 19

-9 4

94 19

-9 3 19

93

-9 2

85% 92

2002-03 94.2% 94.5% 92.1% 92.7% 97.8% 93.1%

91

2003-04 91.7% 96.3% 90.7% 94.2% 96.7% 92.4%

19

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida

90%

19

declined from 92.1 percent in 2002-03. In Northeast Florida, the rate also fell, from 93.1 to 92.4 percent. Across the region, rates were:

Duval County Northeast Florida

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Florida Department of Education

Third graders reading at grade level: 2004-05: 67% Duval No 2005 Target What does this measure? The percentage of Duval County/Northeast Florida 3rd graders who achieve at the top three (out of five) levels on the FCAT in reading.

How are we doing? Scores in Duval County maintained at 67 percent at levels 3-5 and at 71 percent in Northeast Florida. By county, scores were:

100%

80%

Duval NE Florida

60%

40%

20%

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida

2004-05 71% 78% 67% 78% 78% 71%

2003-04 71% 78% 67% 77% 78% 71%

0%

2001-02

2002-03

2003-04

2004-05

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Florida Department of Education

For more information, see JCCI’s 1977 study on Public Education, the 1993 study, Public Education: The Cost of Quality, and the 2003 study, Public Education Reform: Assessing Progress. See also the 2004 Quality of Life special section on Early Literacy.

12

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report


TEACHER QUALITY JCCI’s 2004 study, Public Education Reform: Eliminating the Achievement Gap, found that teacher quality was an important factor in student performance. Factors such as teacher mobility and teachers with advanced degrees were correlated to student performance on the FCAT. In addition, the ability to recruit and retain high-quality teachers is affected by how much teachers are paid.

Teachers with advanced degrees: Duval 2005 Target: >45%

DUVAL COUNTY

2004-05: 32%

What does this measure? The percentage of 50%

Duval County public school teachers holding a masters, specialist, or doctoral degree.

45%

How are we doing? The percentage dropped from

40%

34 percent in 2003-04. The number of full-time teachers in Duval County rose from 7,560 in 2003-04 to 8,105 in 2004-05, faster than the rise in teachers with advanced degrees (from 2,483 to 2,628.) Duval County Public Schools does not reimburse teachers for the cost of college courses that they take.

35%

30%

19 83 -8 19 4 85 -8 19 6 87 -8 19 8 89 -9 19 0 91 -9 19 2 93 -9 19 4 95 -9 19 6 97 -9 19 8 99 -0 20 0 01 -0 20 2 03 -0 4

25%

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Duval County Public Schools

Average public school teacher salary: Duval 2005 Target: $48,583 2004-05: $41,118

DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? The average of all Duval County teacher salaries, adjusted for inflation.

$50,000

$40,000

How are we doing? Average salaries rose from $40,335 in 2003-04. Average salaries in the region were as follows:

$30,000

$20,000

$10,000 2004 $$ Actual $$

$0 19

83

84 19

85

86 19

87

88 19

89

90 19

91

92 19

93

94 19

95

96 19

97

98 19

99

00 20

01

02 20

03

04

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns Florida

2004-05 $37,137 $38,079 $41,118 $40,070 $41,202 $41,578

2003-04 $36,206 $37,956 $40,335 $39,363 $40,131 $40,598

Source: Duval County Public Schools and Florida Department of Education

For more information, see JCCI’s 1993 study, Public Education: The Cost of Quality, and the 2004 study, Public Education Reform: Eliminating the Achievement Gap.

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

13


STUDENT DIVERSITY After the 1954 Supreme Court decision against school segregation, community efforts to desegregate schools have been motivated both by concerns for social integration and for academic opportunities. Magnet schools are the primary means the Duval County Public Schools uses to address racial diversity in the school system.

60%

40%

20%

5

1

9

3

20 04 -0

20 02 -0

20 00 -0

5

3

1

7

19 98 -9

19 96 -9

19 94 -9

19 92 -9

9

19 90 -9

19 88 -8

7

0% 5

57.3 percent in 2003-04. In 1999, the federal district court declared Duval County Public Schools “unitary,” indicating the end of court-ordered desegregation. The decision was upheld on appeal in 2001.

80%

19 86 -8

How are we doing? The percentage declined from

100%

3

Duval County public school students attending schools in which the student body is at least 20 percent black and at least 45 percent white, using the definition of desegregated schools found in the 1990 agreement between the NAACP and the Duval County School Board.

19 84 -8

What does this measure? The percentage of

DUVAL COUNTY

19 82 -8

Students attending racially-balanced schools: Duval 2005 Target: 90% 2004-05: 57.2%

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Duval County Public Schools

Magnet school enrollment: Duval No 2005 Target

2004-05: 14.5%

DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? The percentage of

25%

Duval County students enrolled in magnet school programs.

20%

How are we doing? Magnet school enrollment

10%

5%

0% 19 91 -9 19 2 92 -9 19 3 93 -9 19 4 94 -9 19 5 95 -9 19 6 96 -9 19 7 97 -9 19 8 98 -9 19 9 99 -0 20 0 00 -0 20 1 01 -0 20 2 02 -0 20 3 03 -0 20 4 04 -0 5

declined from 15.5 percent of total school enrollment in 2003-04. In 2004-05, 18,570 students participated in 30 magnet programs offered at 61 schools. The number of schools offering magnet programs has declined from a high of 79 in 1999-2000.

15%

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Duval County Public Schools

For more information, see JCCI’s 2004 study, Public Education Reform: Eliminating the Achievement Gap and the 2005 Race Relations Progress Report.

14

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report


POST-GRADUATION OUTCOMES An important outcome for the community’s youth is that they take part in positive activities after graduation from high school. This may involve going on to college, obtaining employment, or both. If graduates go on to college, they need to be prepared for the demands of higher education.

High school students employed or in college: Duval No 2005 Target 2003-04: 69% college 25% employed

NORTHEAST FLORIDA

What does this measure? The percentage of

100% Education

Employed

75%

Duval County/Northeast Florida high school graduates reported (about 85 percent of those graduating) who continued their education or were employed for at least three months.

50%

How are we doing? College attendance and employment rose both in Duval County and Northeast Florida. By county, rates were:

25%

-0 4

-0 3 20

03

-0 2 20

02

-0 1 20

01

-0 0 20

00

-9 9 19

99

-9 8 19

98

-9 7 19

97

-9 6 19

96

-9 5 19

95

-9 4

94 19

93 19

19

92

-9 3

0%

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Florida Education and Training Placement Information Program

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida

Education 65.0% 65.4% 69.0% 67.0% 78.1% 69.5%

Employment 35.0% 27.7% 25.3% 30.2% 21.5% 25.7%

High school graduates prepared for college: Duval NORTHEAST FLORIDA

No 2005 Target

2003-04: 92% 68%

reading math

What does this measure? The percentage of

100% Math

Duval County/Northeast Florida public high school graduates who go to Florida public colleges and universities and pass math and reading college placement tests.

Reading

75% 50%

How are we doing? Reading scores jumped from 73 percent and math from 57 percent in Duval County, while Northeast Florida scores rose from 75 and 60 percent, respectively.

25%

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Florida Department of Education

-0 4

-0 3 20

03

-0 2

02

20

01

-0 1 20

00

-0 0 20

99

-9 9 19

98

-9 8

97

19

96

-9 7 19

-9 6 19

19

95

-9 5

-9 4 19

94

-9 3

93

19

92

19

19

91

-9 2

0%

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida

Reading 74.0% 81.8% 91.9% 89.6% 87.8% 88.5%

Math 48.2% 63.6% 68.1% 62.2% 78.0% 68.1%

For more information, see JCCI’s 2004 study, Town & Gown: Building Successful University-Community Collaborations. 2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

15


HIGHER EDUCATION Continuing education increases knowledge and may improve employment opportunities, career advancement, and a sense of personal enrichment. “Jacksonville’s success in the 21st century,” warns JCCI’s 2004 Town & Gown study, “hinges on comprehensively developing the community’s intellectual capital,” including expanding participation in higher education.

7,500

5,000

2,500

20 02 -0 3

20 00 -0 1

19 98 -9 9

19 96 -9 7

19 94 -9 5

19 92 -9 3

19 90 -9 1

0 19 88 -8 9

from 6,317 in 2002-03, while total vocational certificates decreased slightly from 2,480 to 2,403. The vocational certificate data from FCCJ appear to be reported differently since the move to a new computer system in 2001.

Degrees Voc. Certificates

19 86 -8 7

How are we doing? Total degrees rose to 6,774

10,000

19 84 -8 5

What does this measure? The total number of degrees and vocational training certificates awarded annually by EWC, FCCJ, JU, UNF, and Florida Coastal School of Law.

DUVAL COUNTY

19 82 -8 3

Higher education degrees and certificates: Duval 2005 Target: 12,000 2003-04: 9,177

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Edward Waters College (EWC), Florida Community College at Jacksonville (FCCJ), Jacksonville University (JU), University of North Florida (UNF), and Florida Coastal School of Law

60,000

30,000

3

1

20 02 -0

9

20 00 -0

5

7

19 98 -9

19 96 -9

3

19 94 -9

1

19 92 -9

7

9

19 90 -9

19 88 -8

19 86 -8

5

0 3

36,473 in 2002-03. Increasingly, people interested in furthering their learning appear to be turning to alternative sources of education, including local nonprofit organizations as well as the internet, public television, public schools, and for-profit sources of workforce training and distance learning.

90,000

19 84 -8

How are we doing? Enrollment increased from

120,000

Students

What does this measure? The number of students enrolled in noncredit vocational, continuing education, and enrichment programs at FCCJ and UNF.

DUVAL COUNTY

19 82 -8

Total participation in continuing education: Duval 2005 Target: 90,000 2003-04: 42,870

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Florida Community College at Jacksonville, University of North Florida, and Jacksonville University (until 2001)

For more information, see JCCI’s 2004 study, Town & Gown: Building Successful University-Community Collaborations.

16

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report


MEETING COMMUNITY NEEDS Citizen satisfaction is an important criterion for success in the delivery of all public services, including public education. Perception of the quality of public education may influence public support for education. One dimension of meeting community needs is how the education system assists exceptional education students in completing high school.

Satisfaction with public education: Duval No 2005 Target 2005: 39%

DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? The percentage of 100%

Good

Excellent

80%

60%

people surveyed in Duval County who responded “good” or “excellent” to this question: Education is also important for the quality of life. In your opinion, is the quality of education provided by the Duval County Public Schools excellent, good, fair, or poor?

40%

How are we doing? Satisfaction maintained at 39 percent from 2004.

20%

20 05

20 04

20 03

20 02

20 01

0%

Excellent Good Fair Poor

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Telephone survey by American Public Dialogue

2005 6% 33% 36% 16%

2004 8% 31% 33% 20%

Standard deviation: +/-4.9%

Exceptional ed students complete high school: Duval

No 2005 Target

2003-04: 55.9% 2.0%

NORTHEAST FLORIDA

What does this measure? The percentage of

100% Certificates Diplomas 75%

from 61.4 percent in 2003-03, while certificates remained unchanged. For Northeast Florida, diplomas decreased from 66.6 to 60.3 percent, while certificates increased from 2.2 to 2.4 percent.

25%

Source: Florida Department of Education

-0 4 03

-0 3

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

20

-0 2 01

02 20

-0 1 20

-0 0

00 20

-9 9

99 19

-9 8

98 19

-9 7

97

96 19

19

-9 6

-9 5

95 19

-9 4

94

93 19

19

-9 3

19

92

-9 2

0% 91

Duval County/Northeast Florida exceptional education students (not including gifted) 14 and older who complete high school by earning a certificate or diploma.

How are we doing? In Duval County, diplomas fell

50%

19

diplomas certificates

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns

Diplomas 61.5% 69.4% 55.9% 62.5% 69.3%

Certificates 0.0% 4.0% 2.0% 0.0% 2.2%

For more information, see JCCI’s 1979 study, Citizen Participation in the Schools, as well as the JCCI Forward Issue Forums, Business as a Partner in Education (2002) and Public School Education Plan (2001). See also the 1997 study, Children with Special Needs. 2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

17


PUBLIC SCHOOL ATTENDANCE An important prerequisite for success in school is regular school attendance. Excessive absences are warning signs for students who are not only unlikely to achieve at school, but are also at higher risk for delinquent behavior.

Public school attendance: Duval 2005 Target: 94-96% 2004-05: 97.2%

DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? The average percent 100%

How are we doing? Attendance in public school

95%

improved dramatically from previous years. Broken out by school level, attendance figures were:

90%

85%

Elementary Middle High School

-0 5

-0 4 20

04

-0 3 20

03

-0 2 20

02

-0 1

01 20

-0 0 20

00

-9 9

99 19

-9 8 19

98

-9 7 19

97

-9 6 19

96

-9 5

95

94

19

19

19

-9 4

80% 19

2003-04 92.2% 87.6% 91.4%

-9 3

2004-05 97.2% 97.2% 97.8%

92

Elementary Middle High

93

daily attendance at Duval County public schools.

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Duval County Public Schools

04 20

03 -

20

03 20

02 -

20

02 20

01 -

20

01 20

00 -

20

00 99 -

20

99

0% 19

2002-03 7.7% 15.1% 13.9%

5%

98 -

2003-04 7.7% 17.2% 4.5%

High

10%

19

Elementary Middle High

Middle

15%

19

mixed, depending on school level. Elementary school absences were unchanged, while middle school absences worsened and high school absences improved.

Elementary 20%

98

How are we doing? Attendance results were

25%

19

County public school students who miss 21 or more days of class during the school year.

97 -

What does this measure? The percent of Duval

DUVAL COUNTY

19

Students absent 21+ days: Duval No 2005 Target 2003-04: 7.7% elementary

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Florida Department of Education

For more information, see JCCI’s 1988 study on School Dropout Prevention and the 2001 JCCI Forward Issue Forum, Truancy in Our Schools.

18

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report


GROWING

A VIBRANT ECONOMY The Vision: The regional economy supports a vibrant and diversified mix of economic activities, which combine to provide ample opportunities for productive employment, a strong consumer market, the capacity to fund needed public services, and a high standard of living that is shared widely among all citizens.

How are we doing? New job creation is up, unemployment down, and the average wage per job is improving. New housing starts, a sign of economic activity, received a Gold Star, and property values, port activity, and tourism are all up. However, other indicators point to some concerns in the local economy. Unemployment benefit claims are up, as are recipients of public assistance and children participating in free and reduced-cost lunch programs. And per capita income, adjusted for inflation, has been flat for the past four years, while housing and utility costs are increasing. These indicators suggest an economic subclass that is not benefiting from a vibrant economy. In the wake of problems exposed in New Orleans by Hurricane Katrina, this is a top priority for Jacksonville.

Gold Stars: New housing starts. Red Flags: Recipients of public assistance. Targets: New housing starts.

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

19


EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES Employment growth is an essential component of a thriving economy. Net employment growth measures the growth in employment opportunities in the community. The average annual wage also helps measure the quality of the jobs created.

Net employment growth: Duval 2005 Target: 40,000 new

2004: 16,174

jobs over 5 years (8,000 per year)

(-162 since 2000)

DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? The current-year total

40,000

people formally employed in December in Duval County, minus the total for the previous December.

people were employed in Duval County, up from 432,070 in 2003 and close to the high of 448,406 in 2000. By county, job growth was:

Growth in employment

How are we doing? In December 2004, 448,244

30,000

20,000

10,000

0

-10,000

20 03

20 01

19 99

19 97

19 95

19 93

19 91

19 89

19 87

-20,000 19 85

2003 104 -5,104 1,044 514 1,657 -1,785

19 83

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida

2004 554 2,202 16,174 507 3,870 23,307

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Florida Statistical Abstract and Florida Agency for Workforce Innovation. Data for 2003 and 2004 are provisional.

Average annual wage: Duval

2004: $38,568

No 2005 Target

What does this measure? The average annual wage of persons employed in Duval County, adjusted to 2004 constant dollars.

How are we doing? The average annual wage, adjusted for inflation, rose from $37,972 in 2003. The statewide average annual wage was $31,174 in 2004. Around the region, average annual wages were:

DUVAL COUNTY $50,000

$40,000

$30,000

$20,000

Actual $$

$10,000

2004 $$

20 04

20 02

20 00

19 98

19 96

19 94

19 92

19 90

19 88

$19 86

2003 $26,040 $27,504 $37,972 $32,189 $30,487 $34,813

19 84

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns Florida

2004 $26,497 $28,047 $38,568 $31,790 $31,047 $31,174

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Florida Agency for Workforce Innovation

For more information, see JCCI Forward’s 2004 Issue Forum, Job Growth: Who’s Working On It? and the 1998 study, Incentives for Economic Development.

20

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report


UNEMPLOYMENT In a vibrant economy, those who need employment have consistent employment. The unemployment rate measures those actively seeking employment who do not have a job, while unemployment benefit claims are total amounts, not rates, and may reflect multiple claims per person.

Unemployment rate: Duval

2005 Target: 3.25%

2004: 5.2%

What does this measure? Total unemployed

10% Duval County

Northeast Florida/Duval County residents, divided by the total Northeast Florida/Duval County workforce.

Northeast Florida

8%

How are we doing? The unemployment rate fell from 5.7 percent in Duval County in 2003, and is lower than the 2004 U.S. average of 5.5 percent.

5%

3%

20 03

20 01

19 99

19 97

19 95

19 93

19 91

19 89

19 87

19 85

19 83

0%

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Division of Labor, Employment, and Training, Florida Department of Labor and Employment Security

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida Florida

2004 4.4% 4.3% 5.2% 4.2% 3.7% 4.8% 4.8%

2003 4.4% 4.3% 5.7% 4.7% 3.7% 5.2% 5.1%

Unemployment benefit claims: Duval

2004: 38,625

What does this measure? The total number of

50,000

unemployment benefit claims filed during each year in Duval County/Northeast Florida.

Duval County Northeast Florida 40,000

Claims

No 2005 Target

How are we doing? Claims rose in Duval County

30,000

from 35,379 in 2003, and across Northeast Florida from 45,608 to 48,771 in 2004. As a rate per 100,000 population, Northeast Florida (at 3,926) was higher than the Florida average of 3,646. Claims by county were:

20,000

10,000

03

04 20

20

02 20

00

01 20

20

99 19

97

96

98 19

19

19

94

93

95 19

19

19

92 19

91 19

19

90

0

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Division of Labor, Employment, and Training, Florida Department of Labor and Employment Security

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida

2004 549 4,713 38,625 1,766 3,118 48,771

2003 595 4,709 35,379 2,003 2,922 45,608

For more information, see JCCI’s 1979 study on Youth Unemployment; the 1990 study, Future Workforce Needs; and the 2001 JCCI Forward Issue Forum, Workforce Preparation. 2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

21


INCOME AND PROSPERITY A community’s economic strength is reflected in the ability of households to earn money to make ends meet. Total per capita income, or money earned per person, is one measure. Another is median family income, which captures the money available per family.

Per capita income: Duval No 2005 Target

2003: $30,987

DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? The total personal income of Duval County residents divided by the Duval County population, adjusted for inflation.

$35,000 $30,000 $25,000 $20,000 $15,000 $10,000 2004 $$ $5,000

Actual $$

20 03

20 01

19 99

19 97

19 95

19 93

19 91

19 89

19 87

$19 83

County rose from an adjusted $30,651 in 2002. This remains above the adjusted state average of $30,870 in 2003, but below the adjusted national average of $32,279. Across Northeast Florida, per capita income rose slightly, from $31,067 in 2002 to $31,308 in 2003.

19 85

How are we doing? Per capita income in Duval

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

Median family income: Duval No 2005 Target

2004: $56,600

NORTHEAST FLORIDA

What does this measure? The median family

$70,000

income in Northeast Florida, as estimated by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.

$60,000 $50,000

How are we doing? Median family income in Northeast Florida rose slightly from an adjusted $56,284 in 2003.

$40,000 $30,000

2004 $$

$20,000

Actual $$

$10,000

20 04

19 96 19 98 20 00 20 02

19 88 19 90 19 92 19 94

19 84 19 86

$-

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development

22

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report


POVERTY AND NEED Poverty can be measured by the percentage of public-school students who participate in free or reduced-cost lunch programs, since eligibility is determined by family income. Another measure is the number of families requiring public assistance. Changes in federal criteria for public assistance created time limits on the use of TANF (but not Food Stamps) which became effective in 2001.

Children in poverty (free lunch participation): Duval 2005 Target: <40% 2003-04: 42.2% What does this measure? The percentage of

100%

Duval County Northeast Florida 75%

Duval County/Northeast Florida public school students determined eligible for free or reduced-cost lunch programs.

How are we doing? Program participation rose

50%

from 40.7 percent in 2002-03. In Northeast Florida, participation was 36.2 percent, up from 35.3 percent in 2002-03.

25%

2003-04 39.7% 25.4% 42.2% 32.1% 18.5% 36.2%

-0 3

-0 1

20 02

-9 9

20 00

-9 7

19 98

-9 5

19 96

-9 3

19 94

-9 1

19 92

-8 9

19 90

-8 7

19 88

-8 5

19 86

19 84

19 82

-8 3

0%

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Florida Department of Education

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida

2002-03 40.2% 23.7% 40.7% 33.3% 19.7% 35.3%

Recipients of public assistance: NE FL 2005 Target: 50,000 FS 2005: 78,498 25,000 TANF 7,038

NORTHEAST FLORIDA

What does this measure? The total number of

150,000

Cash

recipients of Food Stamps and TANF cash assistance in Northeast Florida.

Food Stamps

100,000

Recipients

How are we doing? Recipients of Food Stamps rose 8.7 percent, from 72,204 in 2004, while TANF recipients fell by 1.8 percent, from 7,170. In 2005, Florida had 68.1 Food Stamp recipients and 6.8 TANF recipients per 1,000 people, compared with 58.1 and 5.8 in Northeast Florida.

50,000

05 20

04 20

03 20

01

02 20

20

00 20

99 19

97

96

95

98 19

19

19

19

19

94

0

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Florida Department of Children and Families

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida

Food Stamps 2,801 5,980 61,219 3,001 5,497 78,498

TANF 272 504 5,392 285 585 7,038

For more information, see JCCI Forwardâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 2003 Issue Forum on Financial Literacy. 2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

23


HOUSING AFFORDABILITY People living in a community need both jobs and a place to live. Keeping housing costs affordable helps maintain a healthy economy for the entire community. One way to measure housing affordability is to compare the cost of a home with the median family income. Utility costs are also an essential part of the household budget, and impact disposable income.

DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? The ratio between

1.5

20 04

20 03

20 02

20 01

20 00

19 99

19 98

1.0 19 97

2003 $143,784 $56,284

2.0

19 96

2004 $151,719 $56,600

2.5

19 95

Single-family home Median family income

3.0

19 94

risen steadily, outpacing median family income. The National Homebuilders Association considers a ratio of 2.8 or less to be acceptable.

Cost/income ratio (all home sales)

How are we doing? Average housing prices have

3.5

19 92

annual median family income and the average cost of a single-family home in Duval County.

19 93

Affordability of a single-family home: No 2005 Target Duval 2004: 2.68

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Real Estate Strategy Center; U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development

For more information, see JCCIâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 2000 study on Affordable Housing.

24

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

Actual $$ Projected 2005

$160

$140

$120

$100

20 04

20 02

20 00

19 98

19 96

19 94

$80 19 92

household cost for 1,000 kilowatts of electricity was $72.15, and the cost of 900 cubic feet of water, including sewer charges, which are assessed based on water consumption, was $43.17. Since then, JEA has raised rates, in April 2005 and in September 2005. This increase will bring the cost of 1,000 kilowatt-hours of electricity up to $89.15, for a total (added to water and sewer costs) of $132.32 in 2005 dollars. By comparison, the same utility cost in 1990, adjusted to current dollars, was $137.41.

2004 $$ $180

19 90

How are we doing? In December 2004, the

$200

19 88

ly cost to consumers in December each year of 1,000 kilowatt hours of electricity and 900 cubic feet of water consumption.

DUVAL COUNTY

19 86

What does this measure? Total adjusted month-

19 84

Typical monthly household JEA utilities costs: Duval 2005 Target: $111.32 2004: $115.32

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: JEA (formerly the Jacksonville Electric Authority)


PROPERTY VALUES While a community needs affordable housing for its residents, it also needs sufficient housing for all. New housing starts are a measure of economic vitality and may help meet housing needs. Strong real estate values indicate a strong economy and provide stability for homeowners. However, rapid increases in new housing starts may also signal unmanaged growth.

New housing starts: Duval

NORTHEAST FLORIDA

2004: 9,661 (33,088 since 2000)

over five years

12,000

Single-family

Multi-family

10,000

Housing units

2005 Target: 25,000

What does this measure? The total singlefamily and multi-family residential housing units in Duval County for which building permits were issued.

8,000

How are we doing? Housing starts increased over 2003, when building permits were issued for 8,399 new units. In Northeast Florida, starts were:

6,000

4,000

2,000

20 03

20 01

19 99

19 97

19 95

19 93

19 91

19 89

19 87

19 85

19 83

-

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: University of Florida Bureau of Economic and Business Research, Building Permit Activity Annual Report

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida

Single-family 184 2,935 6,193 1,252 4,119 14,683

Multi-family 22 213 3,468 35 905 4,643

Total taxable value of real property: Duval

DUVAL COUNTY

No 2005 Target

2004: $35.75 billion

What does this measure? Total adjusted value of

$40

taxable real property in Duval County, as determined by the Property Appraiser, after subtraction of exemptions.

$35 $30

(billions)

$25 $20 $15 $10

2004 $$ Actual $$

$5

20 04

20 02

20 00

19 98

19 96

19 94

19 92

19 90

19 88

19 86

19 84

$0

How are we doing? Real property value increased from an adjusted $33.47 billion in 2003. Real property (real estate) includes both land and buildings. A 1995 state constitutional revision limits the annual increase in the value of homesteaded properties to 3 percent or the increase in the national Consumer Price Index, which ever is less. The Ad Valorem Tax on real property is the most important source of revenue for local government.

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: City of Jacksonville Annual Financial Report

For more information, see JCCIâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 1977 study, Local Government Finance.

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

25


OTHER ECONOMIC ACTIVITY Located at the most western point of the U.S. Atlantic coast, Jacksonville is a major transfer point for water-land transport. Shipping is a key indicator of Jacksonville’s economy. Another growing economic sector in Jacksonville is tourism. Because tourists who stay overnight must pay the Bed Tax, growth in Bed-Tax revenues is a measurement of tourist activity.

Tonnage handled by marine terminals: Duval 2005 Target: 9 million tons 2004: 7.69

DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? Total tons of products and materials shipped in or shipped out of the Jacksonville Port Authority’s (JAXPORT’s) marine terminals.

5.0

2.5

20 04

20 02

20 00

19 98

19 96

19 94

19 92

19 90

19 88

0.0

19 84

metric tons in 2003. Jacksonville ranks as the 38th busiest port in the United States, based on total tonnage shipped through the port system. The indicator measures weight rather than the dollar value of materials shipped, a more meaningful indicator of seaport activity, because most goods shipped are large and bulky. In 2004, JAXPORT shipped 727,660 containers, up from 692,422 in 2003.

7.5

Tons (millions)

How are we doing? Tonnage rose from 7.30 million

10.0

19 86

million

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Jacksonville Port Authority (JAXPORT)

$1.5

$1.0

$0.5

2004 $$ Actual $$

20 04

20 02

20 00

19 98

19 96

19 94

19 92

$0.0 19 90

$1.94 million in 2003, per penny of Jacksonville’s 6-cent bed tax. In comparison, in 2004, St. Johns County collected $1.46 million per penny from a three-cent tax; Nassau County (Amelia Island only) collected $710,000 per penny from a two-cent tax; Clay County collected $125,000 per penny from a three-cent tax; and Baker County collected $14,600 per penny from a two-cent tax.

$2.0

19 88

How are we doing? Tourism rose from an adjusted

$2.5

19 86

revenues from the Bed Tax received by the City of Jacksonville per penny of tax levied.

DUVAL COUNTY

19 84

million

What does this measure? Total adjusted

(millions)

Tourism (as measured by Bed-Tax revenues): Duval 2005 Target: $2.59 million 2004: $2.03

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: City of Jacksonville Annual Financial Report For more information, see JCCI’s 2005 study, River Dance: Putting the River in River City; the 1995 study, JAXPORT: Improvement and Expansion; the 2003 JCCI Forward Issue Forum on Convention Business; and the 2000 JCCI study on Improving Regional Cooperation.

26

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report


PRESERVING THE

NATURAL ENVIRONMENT The Vision: The resources of the regionâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s natural environment positively enhance the quality of life of citizens, and air, water, and ground pollution are kept below levels harmful to ecosystems, human health, or the quality of life. New development occurs in ways that enhance natural beauty and visual aesthetics.

How are we doing? Multiple concerns appear in measures of the natural environment, led by a Red Flag for fecal-coliform bacteria levels in tributaries of the St. Johns River. Water quality measures of dissolved oxygen content in tributary streams are also down, while water supply measures of average water consumption and aquifer levels also worsened since 2003. Air quality concerns are led by a poor showing in the Air Quality Index and increased per capita motor fuel sales. However, in measures of protecting the environment, new septic-tank permits are down, and recycling is up.

Red Flags: River and tributary streams compliance with bacteria and DO (dissolved oxygen) standards.

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

27


AIR QUALITY The quality of life depends on clean, safe air to breathe. One measure of air quality is the Air Quality Index, a nationally standardized measure of air quality in relation to its effects on health. Increasing use of motor fuels harms air quality and depletes nonrenewable resources of fossil fuels, as well as possibly indicating increased urban sprawl.

DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? Total days that the Air Quality Index (AQI) in Duval County is less than or equal to 50 (a measure of the concentration of pollutants in the air developed by the EPA.)

360

Days

270

How are we doing?

In 2004, the City of Jacksonville began including PM 2.5 pollutants in the AQI, resulting in a reduction of days in the “good” range (without including PM 2.5, the number ways 342 for 2004.) Between 1980 and 2004, the air was measured in the Unhealthy range on 23 days, 3 of which were in 2004.

180

90

03

01

20

99

20

97

19

93

91

89

87

95

19

19

19

19

19

83

85

19

19

19

81

0

19

Days the Air Quality Index is “good”: Duval 2005 Target: 335 days 2004: 280

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

2001 2002 2003 2004

Good 353 353 331 280

Moderate 12 12 33 82

Unhealthy 0 0 1 3

Source: City of Jacksonville, Air and Water Quality Division

Gallons of motor fuels sold per person: Duval No 2005 Target 2004: 657.7 What does this measure? The total gallons of

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida

For more information, see JCCI’s 1980 study, The Energy Efficient City.

28

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

550

04 20

03 20

02 20

01 20

00 20

99 19

98 19

97 19

96 19

95 19

94 19

93

92

500 19

2003 737.9 489.3 636.2 539.0 706.2 622.2

600

19

2004 761.8 509.6 657.7 558.8 734.7 644.3

Northeast Florida 650

91

636.2 gallons per person in Duval County in 2003. As the EPA reports an average gas mileage in 2004 of 20.8 mpg, this represents over 13,000 miles traveled by car for each resident.

Duval County

19

How are we doing? Motor fuel sales rose from

700

Gallons

motor fuels certified sold in Duval County/Northeast Florida, divided by the population of Duval County/Northeast Florida. This includes gasoline purchased by nonresidents.

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Florida Department of Revenue


WATER QUALITY The St. Johns River and its major tributaries are the centerpiece of the regionâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s natural resources. For the river ecosystem to be healthy, it needs sufficient dissolved oxygen (DO). Bacteria levels in the river are a sentinel indicator, marking the possible presence of human waste and the pathogens found in inadequately treated sewage, which can lead to a variety of human illnesses.

Tributary streams compliance with DO standards: Duval

2005 Target: >87%

2004: 62%

DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? The annual percent frequency of compliance of water samples from the St. Johns River and tributary streams in Duval County with Class III water standards for dissolved oxygen (DO).

100%

80%

How are we doing?

60%

40%

20%

River

Streams

20 04

20 02

20 00

19 98

19 96

19 94

19 92

19 90

19 88

19 86

19 84

0%

Compliance fell from 72 percent in the tributary streams in 2003. Compliance in the river maintained at 100 percent. Compliance in Duval County streams in 2004 ranged from 86 percent in Broward River/Dunn Creek to 38 percent in Julington/ Durbin Creek. DO levels are affected by sedimentation, nutrient runoff, and water flow.

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: City of Jacksonville, Air and Water Quality Division

River and streams compliance with bacteria standards: Duval DUVAL COUNTY

2005 Target: >78%

2004: 57%

60%

What does this measure? The annual percent frequency of compliance of water samples from the St. Johns River and tributary streams in Duval County with Class III water standards for fecal-coliform bacteria of less than 800 bacteria per 100 ml.

40%

How are we doing? Compliance in the tributary

100%

80%

20%

19 90 19 91 19 92 19 93 19 94 19 95 19 96 19 97 19 98 19 99 20 00 20 01 20 02 20 03 20 04

0%

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

streams declined sharply from 75 percent in 2003. Major possible sources of fecal-coliform bacteria include the pipes and pumps that transfer sewage to a treatment plant, incomplete treatment and disinfection at the treatment plant itself, or failing septic tanks. Compliance in Duval County streams in 2004 ranged from 88 percent in rural tributaries to 33 percent in Broward River/Dunn Creek.

Source: City of Jacksonville, Air and Water Quality Division

For more information, see JCCIâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 2005 study, River Dance: Putting the River in River City.

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

29


WATER SUPPLY Increasing population growth increases demands on Floridaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s water resources. Individual households can have a significant impact on water conservation efforts, as residential water use accounts for 45 percent of potable water consumption. Floridan Aquifer water levels are critical to prevent salt-water intrusion and protect both the quantity and quality of available drinking water.

Average monthly water consumption: Duval 2005 Target: 840 cu ft 2004: 957

cubic ft

DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? The average potable 1,100

(drinkable) water billed as consumed to Duval County residential (single-family) JEA accounts, in cubic feet (cu ft).

900

800

700

20 04

20 03

20 02

20 01

20 00

19 99

19 98

19 97

19 96

19 95

19 94

19 93

19 92

600 19 91

from 869 cubic feet per month in 2003. A cubic foot of water contains about 7.5 gallons. The 2004 average consumption figure of 957 cubic feet equals 86,130 gallons per year or an average of about 234 gallons per day.

cubic feet

How are we doing? Water consumption increased

1,000

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: JEA (formerly the Jacksonville Electric Authority)

Water level in Floridan Aquifer: 2004: 35.8 Duval 2005 Target: >32 feet

feet

DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? Average annual water

How are we doing? Water levels dropped from 36.7 feet in 2003. Between 1983 and 2003, the water level in the wells has dropped an average of 0.1 feet per year, while the decline from 2003 to 2004 was 0.9 feet.

50

Feet above mean sea level

level above mean sea level in nine Floridan Aquifer wells located throughout Duval County, which are monitored by the City of Jacksonville.

45

40

35

30

25

20 04

20 02

20 00

19 98

19 96

19 94

19 92

19 90

19 88

19 86

19 84

20

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: City of Jacksonville, Air and Water Quality Division

For more information, see JCCIâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 1991 study, Adequate Water Supply.

30

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report


PROTECTING THE ENVIRONMENT Environmental stewardship includes protecting the air, water, and land. About one-fourth of the 100,000-170,000 septic tanks in Duval County may be failing, which adds up to environmental problems, and adding septic tanks beyond the capacity of the physical geography may threaten the river. Recycling reduces solid waste disposal in landfills and demonstrates a personal commitment to environmental protection.

New septic-tank permits issued: Duval

DUVAL COUNTY

2005 Target: <400

2004: 571

What does this measure? Annual number of permits issued for new septic tanks in Duval County.

3,500 3,000

How are we doing? Permits decreased from 599 in 2003. Only about 5 percent of undeveloped land in Duval County is suitable for septic tanks. In addition to permits for new septic tanks, the City of Jacksonville issued 481 permits in 2004 for the repair of existing septic tanks. The Better Jacksonville Plan calls for replacement with sewer service of more than 5,000 existing septic tanks between 2000 and 2010.

Permits

2,500 2,000 1,500 1,000 500

04

00

98

02

20

20

20

19

94

92

90

88

86

96 19

19

19

19

19

19

19

84

0

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Duval County Public Health Department, Environmental Engineering Division

Tons per person recycled: Duval 2005 Target: 1.0 tons DUVAL COUNTY 1.5

1.0

2003: .87 tons

What does this measure? Annual per-person tons of solid waste processed for recycling in Duval County.

tons

How are we doing? Recycling improved from .58

0.5

19 89 19 90 19 91 19 92 19 93 19 94 19 95 19 96 19 97 19 98 19 99 20 00 20 01 20 02 20 03

0.0

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

tons in 2002. Jacksonville residents can recycle plastic bottles labeled with a 1 or a 2, glass bottles, metal and aluminum cans, newspapers and inserts, magazines, catalogs, and telephone books, brown paper bags, and corrugated cardboard. The following are not accepted for recycling: plastic bags, milk cartons, juice boxes, motor oil, pool chemicals, pesticides, or fertilizer bottles. In addition, lawn and yard waste, appliances, and some construction and demolition debris are recycled.

Source: City of Jacksonville, Environmental Resource Management Department

For more information, see JCCIâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 2005 study, River Dance: Putting the River in River City, the 1985 study on Visual Pollution, the 2002 study on Making Jacksonville a Clean City, and the 1989 study Reducing the Garbage Burden. 2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

31


PROMOTING

SOCIAL WELLBEING & HARMONY The Vision: Social-service institutions in the region provide services with excellence to those in need; citizens and institutions support philanthropy and volunteerism to enhance the social environment; and citizens share social interactions characterized by equality of opportunity and racial harmony.

How are we doing? In positive news, the teen birth rate is declining, the rate of children in foster care is lower, and a Gold Star was awarded for the improvement in the rate of adoption for children in foster care. A second Gold Star recognized the improvement in the rate of children being born to mothers with at least a high school diploma. People are giving more of their money to philanthropic causes, but less of their time, as the volunteer rate decreased. Experiences of racism declined, though the gap in perceptions of racism in the community widened. The rate of homelessness increased, an indicator of serious social and economic need.

Gold Stars: Births to mothers with 12 years of education, length of stay in foster care (adoptions).

32

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report


RACE RELATIONS Since 1985, JCCI has annually surveyed Jacksonville residents to ask if they feel that racism is a problem in the community. In 2000, JCCI asked a follow-up question, have you personally experienced racism? The perception that the community harbors racism may create as many problems as personal experiences of racial discrimination.

Is racism a local problem? 2005: 49% yes

Duval 2005 Target: 45% DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? Duval County survey

100%

respondents who answer “yes” to this question: In your opinion during the last year, do you feel that racism is a problem in Jacksonville?

80%

60%

How are we doing? “Yes” responses increased from 48 percent in 2004, with 43 percent of white respondents perceiving racism to be a local problem (unchanged from 2004), compared to 73 percent of black respondents (up from 70 percent in 2004). At 30 points, the racial divide on the perception of racism as a community problem is the largest since this indicator was first measured in 1985.

40%

20%

Black White 20 04

20 02

20 00

19 98

19 96

19 94

19 92

19 90

19 88

19 86

0%

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Telephone survey by American Public Dialogue Standard deviations: +/-4.9% for total responses +/-5.5% for white responses +/-9.1% for black responses

Have you personally experienced racism? Duval

2005 Target: <18%

2005: 24% yes

What does this measure? Duval County survey

DUVAL COUNTY

respondents who answer "yes" to this question: Thinking about your own possible experience with racism, do you believe that you have personally experienced racism during the past year while shopping, while at work, or while renting or buying housing in Jacksonville?

50%

40%

30%

20%

How are we doing? The percentage responding

10%

“yes” dropped from 27 percent in 2004. Responses to the survey question varied by race:

20 05

20 04

20 03

20 02

20 01

20 00

0%

White Black

Shopping 10% 38%

Work 10% 21%

Housing 4% 12%

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Telephone survey by American Public Dialogue Standard deviation: +/-4.9%

For more information, see JCCI’s 1992 Young Black Males study, the 2002 study, Beyond the Talk: Improving Race Relations, and the 2005 Race Relations Progress Report. 2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

33


TEEN PARENTING Teen pregnancies often result in health problems for mother and baby, and parenting problems can create potentially serious social and economic hardship. The risks are especially high for younger teens. Subsequent births to teen mothers illustrate ongoing needs not met by previous community prevention efforts.

Births to teen mothers per 1,000 teens: NE FL

2004: 9.0

No 2005 Target

What does this measure? The total annual live births in Northeast Florida to females under 18 per 1,000 females under age 18. This indicator measures the rate of teen girls who give birth, not the rate of births that are to teen girls.

NORTHEAST FLORIDA 60 Ages 15-17 Ages 14 & under

50 40 30

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida

10

20 04

20 02

20 00

19 98

19 96

19 94

19 92

19 90

0

19 88

Ages 15-17 Under 15 All 10-17 32.5 1.2 13.4 13.6 0.2 5.3 25.5 1.0 10.2 22.1 0.9 9.4 13.3 0.6 5.3 22.4 0.8 9.0

20

19 86

declined from 9.3 to 9.0 per 1,000 teen girls, while the 15-17 birth rate declined from 23.4 to 22.4 and the 1014 rate maintained at 0.8.

19 84

How are we doing? The total teen birth rate

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Office of Vital Statistics, Florida Department of Health

Subsequent births to teen mothers: NE FL 2005 Target: <15% 2004: 20.1% NORTHEAST FLORIDA

What does this measure? The percentage of births to mothers under 20 in Northeast Florida in which the mother had a previous child.

40%

30%

How are we doing? The percentage increased slightly in 2004, from 20.0 percent in 2003. By county, the figures were:

20%

10%

03

04 20

20

02 20

00

99

01 20

20

19

98 19

96

95

97 19

19

19

94 19

93

0% 92

2003 26.2% 14.7% 20.8% 19.3% 17.3% 20.0%

19

2004 20.6% 15.1% 20.8% 18.4% 19.7% 20.1%

19

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Office of Vital Statistics, Florida Department of Health

For more information, see JCCIâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 1982 study, Teenage Pregnancy, and the 1995 study, Teenage Single Parents and Their Families.

34

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report


CHILDREN IN FOSTER CARE Children are more likely to develop positively when they live in a home with a stable, permanent family. When children must be removed from home because of abuse or neglect, the goal is to place them in a safe, permanent home as soon as possible, with their own family or an adoptive family.

Foster children per 10,000 children: NE FL

NORTHEAST FLORIDA

What does this measure? The total number of foster children in Northeast Florida per 10,000 children in Northeast Florida under 18.

60

45

Foster children

2005: 44.5

No 2005 Target

How are we doing? The rate of children in foster care decreased from 2004, when 45.2 children per 10,000 were in foster care.

30

15

05

04

20

03

20

02

20

01

20

00

20

99

20

98

19

97

19

96

19

95

19

94

19

19

19

93

0

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida

2005 14.5 22.4 52.5 41.6 30.3 44.5

2004 16.1 24.3 53.5 32.5 30.2 45.2

Source: Florida Department of Children and Families

Length of stay in foster care: NE FL No 2005 Target 2005: 63.5% reunited 29.1%

NORTHEAST FLORIDA

adopted

What does this measure? The percentage of

100% Adoption

Reunification

75%

children in Northeast Florida in foster care who, if reunited, are reunited with their families within 12 months or, if adopted, adopted within 24 months.

adoptions

How are we doing? The percent of children

50%

reunited in 12 months improved from 62.8 to 63.5 percent, while the percent of children adopted within 24 months rose from 21.9 to 29.1 percent.

25%

0% 2004

2005

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Florida Department of Children and Families

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida

Reunited 100.0% 73.8% 59.1% 69.2% 72.3% 63.5%

Adopted 28.6% 25.9% 28.0% 47.6% 28.6% 29.1%

For more information, see JCCIâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 1991 study, Positive Development of Jacksonvilleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Children.

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

35


GIVING TIME AND MONEY Giving of time and money is an important indicator of the heart of a community. Many important needs in the community are met through unpaid, voluntary service. Philanthropic giving supports arts, culture, education, religion, public benefit, and health and human services in the region. One key measure of philanthropy is giving through contributions to selected federated campaigns.

Do you volunteer? Duval 2005 Target: 75%

2005: 59% yes

DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? The percentage of Duval County respondents who said "yes" to this question: Some people in our community are contributing their time to causes they consider worthwhile. In the past year have you given your time, without pay, to any charitable, civic, religious, or other volunteer organization?

100%

How are we doing? Volunteerism decreased from 64 percent in 2004. Of those that reported volunteering, 19 percent reported giving over seven hours per week, up from 16 percent in 2004.

20%

80%

60%

40%

04

02

20

98

96

00

20

20

19

92

90

88

94

19

19

19

19

19

19

86

0%

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Telephone survey by American Public Dialogue Standard deviation: +/-4.9%

Philanthropy given to federated campaigns: 2004: $22.57 million NE FL No 2005 Target NORTHEAST FLORIDA

What does this measure? The sum of annual

How are we doing? Giving increased from an adjusted $22.27 million in 2003.

$25

$20

(millions)

giving to the following federated charitable fundraising efforts in Northeast Florida: United Way of Northeast Florida, United Way of St. Johns County, Combined Federal Campaign, and Florida State Employees Charitable Campaign (FSECC).

$15

$10 2004 $$ Actual $$

20 04

20 02

20 00

19 98

19 96

19 94

19 92

19 90

19 88

$5 19 86

2004 $18,964,820 $ 2,419,076 $ 988,230 $ 197,867

19 84

United Way of Northeast Florida Combined Federal Campaign United Way of St. Johns County FSECC

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: United Way of Northeast Florida and United Way of St. Johns County

For more information, see JCCIâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 1990 study, Philanthropy in Jacksonville, and the 1998 study, The Role of Nonprofit Organizations.

36

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report


RISK FACTORS FOR CHILDREN Children of parents with limited education may live in an environment lacking stimulation for positive development, literacy, and school success. In addition, the education level of the mother is a key influence on family health outcomes, and low levels of education predicts long-term poverty. As another risk factor, children are often negatively impacted by divorce of their parents.

Births to mothers with 12 years of education: NE FL

NORTHEAST FLORIDA

2005 Target: >85%

2004: 85.5%

100%

What does this measure? The percentage of all

90%

births in Northeast Florida in which the mother had at least 12 years of education.

80%

How are we doing? The percentage improved from 81.6 percent in 2003. By county, rates were:

70% 60%

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida

04

03

20

02

20

01

20

00

20

99

20

98

19

97

19

96

19

95

19

94

19

93

19

19

19

92

50%

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

2004 76.9% 86.3% 85.1% 83.7% 90.6% 85.5%

2003 72.8% 84.9% 80.7% 81.3% 87.0% 81.6%

Source: Office of Vital Statistics, Florida Department of Health

Children of divorcing parents: NE FL

NORTHEAST FLORIDA

2005 Target: <5,600

2004: 4,352

What does this measure? The total number of

8,000

children under 18 in Northeast Florida whose parents become divorced during the year.

Children

6,000

How are we doing? The number of children 4,000

affected by divorce decreased from the 2003 figure of 4,864. In 2004, there were 6,341 dissolutions of marriage in Northeast Florida (divorces and annulments). By county, the children affected were:

2,000

03

20

02

20

01

20

00

99

20

19

98

19

97

19

96

19

95

94

19

19

93

19

19

92

0

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Office of Vital Statistics, Florida Department of Health

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida

2004 94 642 2,960 236 420 4,352

2003 102 636 3,405 270 451 4,864

For more information, see JCCIâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 1978 study, Strengthening the Family.

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

37


HOMELESSNESS Lacking housing can be a significant impediment to obtaining employment and stabilizing a personâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s life. How a community treats its least fortunate residents often is an indicator of the social well-being of the community as a whole.

Homeless count per 100,000 people: No 2005 Target

2004: 349

What does this measure? The total homeless individuals identified in an annual survey in Duval County, per 100,000 Duval County population.

How are we doing? The rate of homelessness rose from 312 in 2003. The homeless survey count found 2,931 homeless people in 2004, up from 2,768 in 2003.

DUVAL COUNTY 500

Homeless people per 100,000 population

Duval

400

300

200

100

03

04 20

20

02 20

01 20

00 20

99 19

98 19

19

97

0

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: The State of Homelessness in Jacksonville, Florida, Emergency Services and Homeless Coalition of Jacksonville

For more information, see JCCIâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 1982 study, Downtown Derelicts.

38

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report


ENJOYING

ARTS, CULTURE & RECREATION The Vision: Citizens desire, support, have access to, and actively patronize a great diversity of opportunities in the region for cultural and artistic enrichment and for recreational, leisure, and entertainment activities.

How are we doing? The number of opportunities to attend public performances and events rose, earning a Gold Star. Museum attendance, a new indicator, rose with the opening of the Jacksonville Museum of Modern Art. Attendance at sporting events also improved. And library circulation is up. However, total public and private support per person for the arts declined, and attendance at musical events suffered from inclement weather at the Jazz Festival. More people and boats are trying to share a finite number of boat ramps on our waterways.

Gold Stars: Library circulation, public events and performances, and participants in sports activities.

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

39


ENJOYING THE ARTS Opportunities for entertainment and cultural enrichment are essential ingredients in the quality of life of the community. Increased attendance at musical shows is one measure of strength in the performing arts.

400

200

03

02

04 20

20

20

00

01 20

98

99

20

19

19

97 19

96

0 95

from 470 in 2003. Jacksonville also has many other events open to the public not included in this indicator, such as events in the Swisher Auditorium and Terry Concert Hall at Jacksonville University, the Fine Arts Center at the University of North Florida, the Ritz Theatre, and the Wilson Center for the Performing Arts at Florida Community College at Jacksonville’s South Campus.

600

19

How are we doing? The number of events rose

800

Events/performances

What does this measure? Total events and performances open to the public each year at Metropolitan Park, the Florida Theatre, and the Times-Union Center for the Performing Arts.

DUVAL COUNTY

19

Public performances and events: Duval 2005 Target: 550 2004: 580

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Jacksonville Department of Parks, Recreation, and Entertainment; Florida Theatre, Inc.; and SMG Facilities Management Worldwide

DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? Total annual attendance at the Jacksonville Symphony series, FCCJ Artist Series, and the Jazz Festival performances, per 1,000 people in the Duval County population.

20 03

20 01

19 99

0 19 97

2003 88,163 74,822 60,000

100

19 95

2004 98,851 79,328 22,000

200

19 93

FCCJ Artist Series Jacksonville Symphony Jazz Festival

300

19 89

from 270 in 2003. Attendance at the FCCJ Artist Series and the Symphony both increased, but poor weather lowered attendance at the Jazz Festival.

400

People

How are we doing? Overall attendance declined

500

19 91

Attendance at musical performances: Duval 2005 Target: 400 2004: 238

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Jacksonville Symphony, FCCJ Artist Series, WJCT (for the Jazz Festival)

For more information, see JCCI’s 1999 study, Arts, Recreation, and Culture, the 1979 study on Theatre Jacksonville, and JCCI Forward’s 2001 Professional and Community Theater Issue Forum.

40

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report


SUPPORT FOR ARTS AND CULTURE Supporting arts and culture in the community often involves both financial contributions and personal participation. Most arts organizations rely on a combination of public funding and private financial support in order to provide arts and cultural services to the community. Attendance at cultural institutions, such as museums, is another way to look at support for the arts.

Public and private support for arts: Duval

DUVAL COUNTY

2005 Target: $34.27

2004: $29.06

What does this measure? The total public and private funding (including earned income) of arts organizations receiving Cultural Services Grants through the Cultural Council of Greater Jacksonville, divided by the total Duval County population.

$40

$30

$20

$10 2004 $$ Actual $$

03 20

01 20

99 19

97 19

95 19

93 19

19

91

$0

How are we doing? Support decreased from an adjusted $29.86 per person in 2003. Twenty-six local cultural organizations received $3.3 million in public service funding for fiscal year 2004-05, up from $2.5 million in 2003-04.

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Cultural Council of Greater Jacksonville

Museum attendance: DUVAL COUNTY 500

400

300

200

Duval

No 2005 Target

2004: 260

What does this measure? Total attendance at the Museum of Science and History, the Cummer Museum of Art and Gardens, and the Jacksonville Museum of Modern Art, per 1,000 people in the Duval County population. How are we doing? Attendance per 1,000 rose from 250 in 2003. By institution, attendance was:

100

0

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Museum of Science and History, the Cummer Museum of Art and Gardens, and the Jacksonville Museum of Modern Art

Cummer JMOMA MOSH

2004 104,605 38,000 76,241

2003 114,408 N/A 92,269

The Jacksonville Museum of Modern Art (JMOMA) opened in its new location off Hemming Plaza in 2004. Attendance figures are not available prior to that date.

For more information, see JCCIâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 1999 study, Arts, Culture, and Recreation and the 2001 JCCI Forward Issue Forum, Arts Education in Public Schools. 2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

41


SPORTS PARTICIPATION Supervised sports activities provide opportunities for youth recreation, build character, and decrease the risk of youth involvement in delinquent activities. Attendance at sporting events can provide a shared sense of community among fans.

DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? The total number of individuals (young people and adults) participating in supervised athletic and aquatic activities at city parks and pools during each year.

10.0

Participants (millions)

8.0

How are we doing? Participation increased from 7.8 million in 2003. The indicator reports on participation by youth and adults in athletic activities in public parks and aquatic activities in pools supervised by the Jacksonville Department of Parks, Recreation, and Entertainment. Sports activities of many kinds take place in public parks, school facilities, and other places throughout the community but are not included in the indicator.

6.0

4.0

2.0

03

04 20

20

02 20

01 20

00

98

99

20

19

97

0.0

19

million

19

Sports participants at parks and pools: Duval 2005 Target: 3.5 million 2004: 9.6

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: City of Jacksonville, Department of Parks, Recreation, and Entertainment

Attendance at sports facilities: Duval 2005 Target: 2,000

2004: 1,494

DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? The total annual attendance at major sports events at Alltel Stadium, The Baseball Grounds of Jacksonville, and the Jacksonville Veterans Memorial Arena, per 1,000 people in the Duval County population.

2,000

People

How are we doing? Total attendance per 1,000

2,500

1,500

people increased from 1,154 in 2003.

In addition (not included in the indicator), The Players Championship (golf) draws 180,000 spectators and the Bausch & Lomb Championships (tennis) have 50,000 attendance annually.

1,000

20 04

20 03

20 02

20 01

20 00

19 99

19 98

500 19 97

2003 522,137 176,478 220,682 34,326

19 96

Alltel (Jaguars) Alltel (other sports) Baseball Grounds Arena

2004 656,331 160,892 244,068 194,122

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: SMG Facilities Management Worldwide, Jacksonville Jaguars

For more information, see JCCI Forwardâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 2001 Super Bowl 2005 Issue Forum and the 1999 JCCI study on Arts, Culture, and Recreation.

42

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report


RECREATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES The availability and ease of access to public parks provide opportunities for relaxation and recreation. However, the community needs more than just park acreage; parks need maintenance and activities. While money itself does not guarantee improved service, increased funding for activities and maintenance is an indicator of priorities and overall commitment to quality.

Public-park acreage per 1,000 people: Duval

DUVAL COUNTY

No 2005 Target

2004: 9.95

What does this measure? Total public park 15

acreage of the City of Jacksonville Department of Parks, Recreation, and Entertainment, the three beach municipalities, and Baldwin, divided by the total Duval County population and multiplied by 1,000. The indicator does not include conservation land.

Acres

10

How are we doing? Acreage per 1,000 people declined from 10.1 acres in 2003. The total acreage increased, from 8,332 to 8,360 acres, but the total population grew faster, from 826,279 to 840,474 people.

5

20 04

20 02

20 00

19 98

19 96

19 94

19 92

19 90

19 88

19 86

19 84

0

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: City of Jacksonville, Department of Parks, Recreation and Entertainment; beach municipalities and Baldwin

Expenditures for activities/maintenance: Duval

DUVAL COUNTY

2005 Target: $30.05

2003: $24.44

What does this measure? The total annual adjusted City of Jacksonville operating expenditures for recreation activities and park maintenance, divided by the total Duval County population.

$30

$20

How are we doing? Expenditures per person rose $10 2004 $$ Actual $$

from an adjusted $22.26 in 2002. Total expenditures in 2003 were $13.5 million for maintenance and $5.8 million for recreation activities.

20 02

20 00

19 98

19 96

19 94

19 92

19 90

19 88

19 86

$0

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: City of Jacksonville, Department of Parks, Recreation and Entertainment

For more information, see JCCIâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 1980 study, Capital Improvements for Recreation, and the 2005 JCCI Forward Issue Forum, Downtown ...Greentown? 2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

43


ENJOYING LEISURE ACTIVITIES The river and ocean are natural assets in Jacksonville, and the community benefits from access to these assets. The public library is another asset in Jacksonville, and provides opportunities for all residents to enjoy free use of books, videotapes, audiotapes, CDs, and other materials.

Boat ramps per 100,000 people: Duval 2005 Target: 5

2004: 2.5

DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? The total number of City of Jacksonville boat ramps, divided by the total Duval County population.

5.0

3.0

2.0

1.0

20 03

20 01

19 99

19 97

19 95

19 93

19 91

19 89

0.0 19 87

remains unchanged from 2003. In 2004, 33,072 recreational boats were licensed in Duval County. During that year, the City provided water access at 21 boat ramps, which is one boat ramp for every 1,575 boats. To reach the 2005 Target of five boat ramps per 100,000 people, Duval County would need 42 boat ramps for the 2004 population of 840,474.

19 85

How are we doing? The number of boat ramps

Boat ramps

4.0

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: City of Jacksonville, Department of Parks, Recreation, and Entertainment

Library circulation: Duval 2005 Target: 5.5

2004: 6.5 DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? The total resources

7

3

20 04

20 02

20 00

19 98

19 96

19 94

19 92

19 90

1 19 86

6.3 items per person in 2003. The indicator measures circulation of all kinds of materials and resources available through the public libraries, including both print and nonprint resources. In 2004, total print circulation was 3,577,132 items, or 4.26 items per person in Duval County.

5

19 88

How are we doing? Total circulation rose from

Resources circulated

circulated by Duval County public libraries, divided by the total Duval County population.

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Jacksonville Public Library

For more information, see JCCIâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 2005 study, River Dance: Keeping the River in River City, and the 2004 JCCI Forward Issue Forum on Ecotourism. For library use, see JCCIâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 1999 study, Improving Adult Literacy.

44

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report


S U S TA I N I N G A

HEALTHY COMMUNITY How are we doing?

The Vision:

Health-care institutions in the region provide medical and preventive health-care services with excellence; all citizens have access to services, regardless of financial means; and these citizens generally experience a Other health measures were mixed. Youth reported alcohol use was down, but overhigh level of physical and mental all cigarette sales were up. Deaths due to heart disease and lung cancer showed health. improvement, while overall cancer rates increased slightly. The health of a community begins with its youngest members, and in Jacksonville, this is an area of great concern. Red Flags were given to the infant death rate and the racial disparity in infant deaths. Other risk factors for infants, including healthy birth weights of newborns and early prenatal care for mothers, moved in negative directions.

Some progress occurred in STD rates, which were lower, and the racial disparity in HIV infections, which also decreased. However, a Red Flag was given to newly diagnosed AIDS cases, which increased for the second year in a row. A new section on indicators of elder well-being looks at those over 65, their feelings of safety in their neighborhoods and the suicide rate for elders, an indicator of mental health, depression, and perhaps a lack of care. Both indicators suggest concern.

Red Flags: Infant death rate, racial disparity in infant death, and newly diagnosed AIDS cases.

Targets: Lung cancer deaths and HIV/AIDS-related deaths.

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

45


HEART DISEASE AND CANCER Cancer is a leading cause of death across the nation, as is heart disease. With proper personal care, diet, and exercise, some heart problems and cancers that lead to death are avoidable.

Deaths due to heart disease per 100,000: Duval 2005 Target: <190 2004: 198.7 What does this measure? The total annual number of resident deaths due to heart disease per 100,000 people in the Duval County and Northeast Florida population.

Duval County Northeast Florida

300

Deaths

How are we doing? Rates in Duval County declined from 204.2 in 2003. Northeast Florida rates also declined, from 203.0 to 191.9 in 2004.

350

250

200

Cancer deaths per 100,000: Duval No 2005 Target

03

01

20

99

20

19

95

93

97 19

19

19

91 19

89

87

19

19

85

150 19

2003 226.7 185.9 204.2 214.1 205.9 203.0

83

2004 183.6 169.5 198.7 203.0 174.8 191.9

19

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Florida Department of Health, Office of Vital Statistics

2004: 186.2

What does this measure? The total annual number of resident deaths due to all forms of cancer per 100,000 people in the Duval County and Northeast Florida population.

slightly from 186.0 in 2003. Northeast Florida rates increased from 190.7 to 195.3 in 2004.

Duval County Northeast Florida 200

Deaths

How are we doing? Rates in Duval County rose

250

150

100

50

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

20 04

20 03

20 02

20 01

20 00

19 99

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Florida Department of Health, Office of Vital Statistics

For more information, see JCCI Forwardâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 2004 Issue Forum, Community Health: Taking the Pulse.

46

19 98

19 97

19 96

19 95

19 94

0 19 93

2003 196.7 189.1 186.0 233.1 200.2 190.7

19 92

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida

2004 175.3 184.1 186.2 246.1 239.7 195.3


EARLY RISK FACTORS Early, continued prenatal care for pregnant women is an important step in developing a community of healthy children. Babies born with a healthy birth weight have lower risks of impairment and delayed motor and social development. This may also serve as a leading indicator of child health problems and school performance difficulties.

Newborns with healthy birth weights: Duval

No 2005 Target

2004: 90.0%

What does this measure? The total number of newborns in Duval County/Northeast Florida with birth weights of 5.5 pounds (2500 grams) and over, divided by the total Duval County/Northeast Florida births.

100%

Duval County Northeast Florida 95%

How are we doing? The percentage declined in

90%

Duval County from 90.3 percent in 2003, while the rate in Northeast Florida stayed at 90.9 percent.

85%

20 04

20 03

20 02

20 01

20 00

19 99

19 98

19 97

19 96

19 95

19 94

19 93

19 92

2004 93.5% 93.1% 90.0% 92.2% 93.6% 90.9% 91.4%

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida Florida

80%

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Florida Department of Health, Office of Vital Statistics

2003 91.5% 93.4% 90.3% 91.9% 91.4% 90.9% 91.5%

Early prenatal care: NE FL

NORTHEAST FLORIDA 100% Duval County Northeast Florida

90%

80%

2005 Target: >90%

2004: 82.1%

What does this measure? The total annual number of Duval County/Northeast Florida mothers who began prenatal care within the first three months of their pregnancies, as a percentage of the total number of births. How are we doing? The rate for Northeast Florida mothers declined from 87.4 percent in 2003. Beginning in 2004, the Health Department began calculating the rate differently, making data comparisons to prior years problematic.

70%

60%

20 04

20 03

20 02

20 01

20 00

19 99

19 98

19 97

19 96

19 95

19 94

19 93

19 92

50%

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Florida Department of Health, Office of Vital Statistics

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida

2004 79.5% 82.1% 81.2% 87.2% 87.5% 82.1%

2003 86.8% 89.9% 86.8% 89.1% 88.7% 87.4%

For more information, see JCCI Forwardâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 2004 Issue Forum, Community Health: Taking the Pulse.

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

47


INFANT MORTALITY The infant mortality rate reflects the health status of the mother and the quality of health care received by mothers and infants, including prenatal, postnatal, and (perhaps most importantly) interconceptional health care. Racial disparities in infant deaths may point to disparities in health status, health care use, and treatment, and serves as a sentinel indicator of other problems.

Infant death rate: Duval 2005 Target: <8.0

2004: 10.9

What does this measure? The total number of 18

Duval County/Northeast Florida infants who die before one year of age per 1,000 Duval County/Northeast Florida live births.

6

20 03

20 01

19 99

19 97

19 95

19 93

19 91

3 19 89

2003 8.5 9.1 10.8 5.7 7.4 10.0 7.5

9

19 87

2004 5.4 5.7 10.9 1.4 8.3 10.0 7.0

12

19 85

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida Florida

Death Rate

10.8 to 10.9 in Duval County, while the Northeast Florida rate maintained at 10.0 from 2003 to 2004. By county, rates were:

Northeast Florida

15

19 83

How are we doing? The infant death rate rose from

Duval County

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Florida Department of Health, Office of Vital Statistics

Racial disparity in infant deaths: Duval 2005 Target: <75% 2004: 131% DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? The percentage gap

200%

between the Duval County black and white infant death rates (the number of infants who die before reaching one year of age per 1,000 infants born).

145 percent in 2003, but for negative reasons. The 2004 white infant death rate rose from 6.9 to 7.5 infant deaths per 1,000, while the black infant death rate rose from 16.9 to 17.3.

Disparity

How are we doing? The disparity decreased from

160%

120%

80%

40%

20 04

20 02

20 00

19 98

19 96

19 94

19 92

19 90

19 88

19 86

19 84

0%

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Florida Department of Health, Office of Vital Statistics

For more information, see JCCIâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 2002 study, Beyond the Talk: Improving Race Relations, and the 2005 Race Relations Progress Report.

48

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report


HEALTH RISKS FOR CHILDREN A risk factor for children is use of alcohol, which may lead to other risky and/or delinquent behavior.

Alcohol use reported by youth: Duval 2005 Target: <46% 2004: 36%

DUVAL COUNTY

80%

What does this measure? The percentage of Duval County public school youth in grades 6-12 surveyed who report having ever used alcohol.

60%

How are we doing? Reported use declined from 40

40%

percent in 2003. In 2004, 12 percent report using alcohol in the last 30 days, down from 14 percent in 2003. Other reported uses (past or present) were:

100%

20%

03

02

01

00

99

98

97

96

95

94

93

92

91

90

04 20

20

20

20

20

19

19

19

19

19

19

19

19

19

19

19

89

0%

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Weaver-Wilburn and Wilburn, Duval Public Schools Secondary Level Alcohol, Tobacco, Other Drugs and Violence Survey

Alcohol Cigarettes Marijuana Inhalants Ecstasy/designer drugs Amphetamines

2004 36% 21% 13% 11% 3% 3%

2003 40% 21% 12% 11% 4% 4%

For more information, see JCCIâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 1991 study, Positive Development of Jacksonvilleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Children. 2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

49


ELDER WELL-BEING Florida’s elder population continues to increase, and full participation of senior citizens in the community is important for the quality of life. One measure of depression among elders is the senior citizen suicide rate. Another measure of the quality of life of elders is the percentage who feel safe walking around their neighborhoods at night.

Senior citizen suicide rate: Duval No 2005 Target

2003: 25.6 DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? The total number of suicides among those 65 and older, divided by the total Duval County population 65 and older.

30

How are we doing? The suicide rate for those over

20

65 rose sharply in 2003. By county, rates were:

15

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida Florida

2003 0.0 18.6 25.6 23.9 18.8 23.1 17.9

2002 0.0 45.5 12.9 12.7 27.5 18.9 18.5

25

10 5 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Florida Department of Health, Office of Vital Statistics

Seniors feel safe in their neighborhoods: Duval 2005: 51% No 2005 Target

DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? The percentage of

60%

40%

20%

20 05

20 04

20 03

0% 20 02

from 53 percent in 2004. By comparison, 63 percent of all survey respondents answered “yes” to the same question in 2005. In addition, 18 percent of survey respondents over 65 reported having been the victim of a crime in the previous year, up from 11 percent in 2004.

80%

20 01

How are we doing? Positive responses declined

100%

20 00

Duval County respondents over 65 who answered "yes" to the question: Do you feel safe walking alone at night in your neighborhood?

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Telephone survey by American Public Dialogue Standard deviation: +/-8.6% For more information, see JCCI’s 1989 study, Independent Living for the Elderly.

50

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report


HEALTH CARE SYSTEM Individuals and families lacking health insurance are vulnerable to a dangerous combination of health and financial crises. A healthy community has a quality health care system. Perceptions of the quality of the health and medical care available may reflect the quality of care, accessibility, or the costs of health care in the community.

People with no health insurance: Duval

2005 Target: <8%

2005: 9%

DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? The percentage of Duval County survey respondents who answered "no" to this question: Are you currently covered by any type of health insurance such as coverage through your employer, Medicaid, Medicare, or private coverage?

40%

30%

20%

How are we doing? Responses improved from 12

10%

19 91 19 92 19 93 19 94 19 95 19 96 19 97 19 98 19 99 20 00 20 01 20 02 20 03 20 04 20 05

0%

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

percent in 2004. In 2004, 7.9 percent of Duval County residents discharged from hospitals were identified as “charity” or “self-pay” patients. Comparable figures from the region were: Baker 5.2 percent, Clay 5.2 percent, Nassau 6.8 percent, St. Johns 2.2 percent, Northeast Florida 6.8 percent, and Florida 7.1 percent.

Source: Telephone survey by American Public Dialogue Standard deviation: +/-4.9%

Jacksonville health care rated as high quality: Duval

2005 Target: >74%

2005: 68%

DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? The percentage of 100%

Good

Excellent

80%

60%

Duval County survey respondents who answer "good" or "excellent" to this question: In your opinion, is the health and medical care available in Jacksonville excellent, good, fair, or poor?

How are we doing? Positive responses decreased slightly from 69 percent in 2004.

40%

20%

20 05

20 03

20 01

19 99

19 97

19 95

19 93

19 91

19 89

19 87

19 85

0%

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Telephone survey by American Public Dialogue Standard deviation: +/-4.9%

Excellent Good Fair Poor

2005 22% 46% 20% 9%

2004 25% 43% 16% 12%

Due to rounding, positive responses equalled 68 percent.

For more information, see JCCI Forward’s 2004 Issue Forum, Community Health: Taking the Pulse and the 1983 study, Indigent Health Care. 2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

51


IMPACT OF HIV ON THE COMMUNITY People who test positive for HIV may or may not contract Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, known as AIDS, a debilitating and often fatal disease.

Newly diagnosed AIDS cases per 100,000: 2004: 36.7

HIV/AIDS-related deaths per 100,000: Duval 2005 Target: <13 deaths 2004: 10.1

15

20 03

20 01

19 99

0 19 97

2003 0.0 7.0 32.2 4.7 9.2 24.8

30

19 95

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida

2004 12.5 7.9 36.7 9.2 9.3 27.9

Northeast Florida 45

19 93

increased in Duval County from 32.2 in 2003, while the rates in Northeast Florida increased from 24.8 to 27.9 in 2004.

Duval County

19 91

How are we doing? The rate of new cases

60

19 89

ber of newly-diagnosed cases of AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) in Duval County/ Northeast Florida per 100,000 people in the population.

19 87

What does this measure? The total annual num-

19 85

No 2005 Target

19 83

Duval

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Florida Department of Health

DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure?

The total annual number of HIV/AIDS-related deaths in Duval County per 100,000 people in the Duval County population.

40

30

How are we doing? The death rate declined from 10.7 in 2003. In 2004, the equivalent death rate for African Americans in Duval County from HIV/AIDS related causes was 27.5.

20

10

04 20

02 20

00 20

98 19

96 19

94 19

92 19

19

90

0

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Florida Department Surveillance Program

52

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

of

Health,

AIDS


STDS AND HIV Sexually-transmitted diseases, or STDs, are often the result of risky behaviors, which may lead to serious health problems. One serious STD is the Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV. While STDs are prevalent throughout the community, HIV cases have disproportionately impacted African-Americans.

STD reports per 100,000: Duval

No 2005 Target

2004: 785.9

What does this measure? This indicator measures the number of individuals per 100,000 people in Duval County/Northeast Florida who have been diagnosed with gonorrhea, syphilis, or chlamydia (referred to as sexually transmitted diseases or STDs.)

1,000 Duval County Northeast Florida

800

600

400

How are we doing? The rate decreased in Duval

200

County from 850.8 in 2003, while the rate in Northeast Florida decreased from 650.6 to 594.8.

04

02

01

03

20

20

20

99

98

00

20

20

19

96

97

19

19

94

93

95

19

19

19

91

92

19

19

19

19

90

0

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Florida Department of Health

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida Florida

2004 469.5 254.7 785.9 183.3 97.3 594.8 363.8

HIV racial disparity: No 2005 Target Duval

2003 400.5 251.1 850.8 229.8 150.1 650.6 376.4

2004: 107%

DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure?

The percentage difference between the number of newly-diagnosed HIV cases reported each year among African Americans and among the remaining population.

500%

Disparity

400% 300%

How are we doing? The disparity declined from 200%

122 percent in 2003, and for positive reasons. The total number of newly-diagnosed HIV cases in the African American population declined from 251 to 230, while the number of new cases in the remaining population also declined from 113 to 111.

100%

20 04

20 03

20 02

20 01

20 00

19 99

19 98

0%

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Florida Department Surveillance Program

of

Health,

AIDS

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

53


SMOKING AND LUNG CANCER Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of lung cancer, making many of the deaths due to lung cancer preventable.

Packs of cigarettes sold per person: 2004: 83

Duval 2005 Target: <72

DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? The total annual

150

number of packs of cigarettes sold in Duval County per person in the total Duval County population.

01

03 20

20

99 19

95

97 19

19

93

91

19

19

89 19

19

87

50 85

2003 106 71 78 69 69 71

19

2004 99 77 83 84 73 82

75

83

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida

100

19

person increased from 78 in 2003. The total packs of cigarettes sold in Duval County in 2004 were 70,069,083. By county, sales per person were:

Packs

125

How are we doing? The number of packs sold per

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Florida Department of Business Regulation, Division of Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco

Lung cancer deaths per 100,000: Duval 2005 Target: <57

2004: 56.5

40

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

20 03

20 01

19 99

19 97

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Florida Department of Health, Office of Vital Statistics

For more information, see JCCI Forwardâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 2004 Issue Forum, Community Health: Taking the Pulse.

54

19 95

19 93

19 91

20 19 89

2003 47.0 75.6 56.5 63.4 59.3 59.5

60

19 87

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida

2004 66.8 59.3 56.5 93.8 57.6 59.2

80

19 85

The rate of lung cancer deaths was unchanged in Duval County from 2003. In Northeast Florida, the rate decreased slightly, from 59.5 to 59.2 in 2004.

Duval County Northeast Florida

Deaths

How are we doing?

100

19 83

What does this measure? The total annual number of resident deaths due to lung cancer per 100,000 people in the Duval County and Northeast Florida population.


M A I N TA I N I N G A

RESPONSIVE GOVERNMENT The Vision: Local government bodies in the region are led by competent, representative, and responsive elected and appointed officials; they provide public services effectively and equitably to citizens; and citizens are well informed about public affairs and actively participate in civic activities.

How are we doing? Bright spots in civic engagement include improvements in voter registration, voter turnout, and growth in active neighborhood organizations (a new indicator.) However, perceptions of the ability to influence local government, satisfaction with government services, and perceptions of the quality of local elected leadership all declined. Fewer people report keeping up with local government news, and the number of people who could name two of the 19 City Council members is at a 20-year low.

Red Flags: Keeping up with local government news and naming two City Council members. Targets: Voter registration.

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

55


CIVIC PARTICIPATION While registering to vote is one step in civic participation, exercising that right demonstrates a higher level of civic involvement. Another way people get involved in the civic life of the community is through organizing and participating in neighborhood organizations.

Voter turnout: Duval 2004 Target: 80%

2004: 73.6% DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? The total number of

100%

votes cast in scheduled general elections in Duval County, divided by the total number of registered voters in Duval County.

80%

Presidential

State

Local

60%

20 04

20 02

20 00

19 98

19 96

0% 19 94

68.8% 47.0% 22.8%

19 92

73.6% 2000 54.6% 1998 49.6% 1999

19 90

2004 2002 2003

20%

19 88

Presidential State Local

40%

19 86

Presidential election improved from the 68.8 percent turnout in 2000. By type of election, turnouts were:

19 84

How are we doing? Voter turnout for the 2004

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Supervisor of Elections Office

Neighborhood organizations: Duval No 2005 Target

2005: 454

What does this measure? The total number of active neighborhood organizations in Jacksonville, as identified by the City of Jacksonville Neighborhood Services Division.

DUVAL COUNTY 500 400 300

How are we doing? The number of active 200 100

05 20

04 20

03 20

01

00

02 20

20

20

99 19

19

19

98

0 97

neighborhood organizations increased from 419 in 2004. To be sure that your neighborhood is registered with the City of Jacksonville's Neighborhood Services Division, call (904) 630-7398 or e-mail neighbor@coj.net.

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: City of Jacksonville Neighborhood Services Division

For more information, see JCCIâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 2003 study, Neighborhoods at the Tipping Point, and the 1988 study of the Local Election Process.

56

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report


CITIZEN ENGAGEMENT Civic participation is an essential part of a well-functioning government and often begins with a belief that oneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s efforts can make a difference. Registering to vote is often one of the first steps in civic participation.

Can you influence local government? Duval

DUVAL COUNTY 100%

Moderate

Great

80%

60%

40%

2005 Target: 50%

2005: 32%

What does this measure? Survey respondents who answered "great influence" or "moderate influence" to: Our governmental system values citizen input and involvement. As a citizen of Jacksonville and Duval County, how would you describe your ability to influence local-government decision making? Would you say that you have great influence, moderate influence, a little influence, or no influence at all?

20%

How are we doing? Positive responses declined from 36 percent in 2004. 05 20

04 20

03 20

02 20

01 20

20

00

0%

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Telephone survey by American Public Dialogue Standard deviation: +/-4.9%

Great influence Moderate influence A little influence No influence

2005 6% 27% 39% 26%

2004 7% 29% 36% 26%

Voter registration: Duval

2005 Target: 80%

DUVAL COUNTY

2004: 82.3%

What does this measure? The total number of 100%

registered voters in Duval County, divided by the total Duval County population 18 and over.

80%

60%

How are we doing? Voter registration rose from

40%

71.1 percent in 2003. Total registered voters rose 19 percent in 2004 from 433,514 to 515,202.

20%

04

00

02

20

20

98

20

19

94

96 19

19

90

92 19

19

86

88 19

19

19

84

0%

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida

2004 72.6% 89.2% 82.3% 83.3% 94.0% 84.5%

2003 69.2% 81.3% 71.1% 76.8% 88.2% 74.7%

Source: Supervisor of Elections Office

For more information, see JCCIâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 1988 study on the Local Election Process and the JCCI Forward Issue Forums, Voter Education (2001) and Voting Irregularities (2001). 2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

57


CITIZEN SATISFACTION Citizen satisfaction is an important criterion for success in local governmentâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s delivery of public services. In public safety in particular, important goals are to reduce the fear of crime and to increase security and confidence in fire and rescue services.

Satisfaction with basic city services: Duval 2005 Target: 85% 2005: 79% DUVAL COUNTY Somewhat satisfied

Very satisfied

80%

60%

40%

20%

20 05

20 04

from 80 percent in 2004.

20 03

0%

20 00

How are we doing? Positive responses declined

100%

20 02

survey respondents who answered "somewhat satisfied" or "very satisfied" to this question: As you think about the effectiveness of public services provided by the City of Jacksonville, how satisfied are you with basic public services such as streets, parks, libraries, and trash removal? Would you say that you are very satisfied, somewhat satisfied, not very satisfied, or not at all satisfied?

20 01

What does this measure? The percentage of

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Arlington/Beaches Northside/Urban Core Southside Westside

2005 82% 78% 77% 77%

2004 84% 75% 78% 84%

Satisfaction with public-safety services: Duval 2005 Target: 90% 2005: 88%

Source: Telephone survey by American Public Dialogue Standard deviation: +/-4.9%

DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? The percentage of survey respondents who answered "somewhat satisfied" or "very satisfied" to the question: As you think about the effectiveness of public services provided by the City of Jacksonville, how satisfied are you with public-safety services such as rescue, fire, and police? Would you say that you are very satisfied, somewhat satisfied, not very satisfied, or not at all satisfied?

Somewhat satisfied

100%

Very satisfied

80%

60%

40%

20%

Arlington/Beaches Northside/Urban Core Southside Westside

2005 90% 86% 90% 85%

2004 93% 87% 96% 97%

20 05

20 04

20 03

20 02

20 01

0%

20 00

How are we doing? Positive responses declined from 94 percent in 2004.

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Telephone survey by American Public Dialogue Standard deviation: +/-4.9%

For more information, see JCCIâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 1994 study, Jacksonville Public Services: Meeting Neighborhood Needs, and the 1986 study, Private Delivery of Public Services.

58

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report


INFORMED CITIZENS Civic participation is enhanced when the community has an informed citizenry. Getting involved in local community governance issues requires some knowledge about local issues. In a representative democracy, one basic item citizens need to know is who represents them.

Keeping up with local government news: Duval

DUVAL COUNTY

2005 Target: 70%

2005: 47%

What does this measure? The percentage of Duval County survey respondents who answered "frequently" to the question: People generally obtain local government news from television, radio, newspapers, the Internet, or from other people. How often do you keep up with news from any source about City Council, the Mayor, the School Board, or other localgovernment bodies? Would you say frequently, sometimes, seldom, or never?

100%

80%

60%

40%

20%

How are we doing? Positive responses declined

20 04

20 02

20 00

19 98

19 96

19 94

19 92

0%

from 52 percent in 2004. The indicator measures selfreporting of how frequently people keep up with localgovernment news. It does not measure how well informed they are or how well they understand the news.

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Telephone survey by American Public Dialogue Standard deviation: +/-4.9%

Can you name two City Council members? Duval

DUVAL COUNTY

2005 Target: 65%

2005: 15%

yes

What does this measure? The percentage of Duval County survey respondents who could name two City Council members in response to the question: Can you name two members of the Jacksonville City Council? (Responses are checked for at least last-name accuracy.)

100%

80%

60%

40%

How are we doing? Responses declined from 16 percent in 2004. Jacksonville has 19 City Council members, 14 of whom represent specific districts and five of whom are elected at large.

20%

20 04

20 02

20 00

19 98

19 96

19 94

19 92

19 90

19 88

19 86

0%

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Can you name two members of the City Council? Answers in the Index.

Source: Telephone survey by American Public Dialogue Standard deviation: +/-4.9% For more information, see JCCIâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 1997 study, Improving Public Dialogue.

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

59


QUALITY ELECTED LEADERSHIP The quality of local elected leadership and their ability to meet the needs of the community is often reflected in how the community perceives they are doing. Effective community governance often relies on the community believing that their elected officials are of high quality.

Elected leadership rated as high quality: Duval 2005 Target: 70% 2005: 59% DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? The percentage of Duval County respondents who answered "excellent" or "good" to this survey question: First, we would like you to turn your attention to the government of Jacksonville. In your opinion, is the quality of leadership in our local government excellent, good, fair, or poor?

100%

Good

Excellent

80%

60%

40%

How are we doing? Positive responses decreased from 64 percent in 2004.

20 04

20 02

20 00

19 98

19 96

19 94

19 92

0% 19 90

2004 13% 51% 26% 7% 3%

19 88

2005 8% 51% 28% 10% 3%

19 86

Excellent Good Fair Poor Don’t know

20%

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Telephone survey by American Public Dialogue Standard deviation: +/-4.9%

School Board leadership rated as high quality: Duval 2005 Target: 55% 2005: 33% DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? The percentage of Duval County respondents who answered "excellent" or "good" to this survey question: In your opinion, is the quality of elected leadership on the Duval County School Board excellent, good, fair, or poor?

100%

Good

Excellent

80%

60%

How are we doing? Positive responses declined

40%

from 42 percent in 2004.

Due to rounding, total 2004 positive responses were 33 percent.

20%

05 20

04 20

03 20

02 20

01

0% 20

2004 6% 36% 30% 14% 14%

00

2005 3% 31% 36% 16% 14%

20

Excellent Good Fair Poor Don’t know

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Telephone survey by American Public Dialogue Standard deviation: +/-4.9%

For more information, see JCCI’s 1996 study, Leadership: Meeting Community Needs, and the 2002 JCCI Forward Issue Forum, Pathways to Power.

60

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report


REPRESENTATIVE ELECTED OFFICIALS In 2004, females comprised 51.5 percent of the total population of Duval County; people of color comprised 38.2 percent; African-Americans, who constitute the largest group of people of color, were estimated to make up 29.4 percent in 2004.

Racial diversity of elected officials: Duval

2005 Target: 30%

2005: 29%

DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? The percentage of

100%

Duval County elected officials who are people of color.

80%

How are we doing? In 2005, the percentage of elected officials who were people of color was unchanged at 29 percent.

60% 40% 20%

City Council School Board State legislators Other

19 84 19 86 19 88 19 90 19 92 19 94 19 96 19 98 20 00 20 02 20 04

0%

People of color 32% 29% 36% 0%

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

“Other” includes the Mayor, Sheriff, Property Appraiser, Supervisor of Elections, and Tax Collector. Source: City of Jacksonville, Duval County Public Schools, Duval State Legislative Delegation

Gender diversity of elected officials: Duval

DUVAL COUNTY

2005 Target: 50%

2005: 38%

What does this measure? The percentage of

100%

Duval County elected officials who are female. 80%

How are we doing? In 2005, the percentage of elected officials who were female declined from 40 percent in 2004.

60%

40%

City Council School Board State legislators Other

20%

20 04

20 02

20 00

19 98

19 96

19 94

19 92

19 90

19 88

19 86

19 84

0%

Female 42% 86% 18% 0%

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

“Other” includes the Mayor, Sheriff, Property Appraiser, Supervisor of Elections, and Tax Collector.

Source: City of Jacksonville, Duval County Public Schools, Duval State Legislative Delegation For more information, see JCCI’s 2005 Race Relations Progress Report and the 2001 JCCI Forward Issue Forum on Voter Education.

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

61


MOVING

AROUND EFFICIENTLY The Vision: Citizens in the region have access to affordable, convenient, and accessible transportation services with the capacity to convey them around the community and around the world to their chosen destinations at their chosen times.

How are we doing? Commute times are getting longer, although 61 percent of Duval County residents still report being able to get to work in under 25 minutes. Bus ridership has increased, and bus headways (the time between buses on a given route) have also improved, while miles of bus service remain on target. For those traveling by plane, destinations served by the Jacksonville International Airport (JIA) have increased, as have the average number of seats available on airplane flights. Total passengers flying in or out of JIA remains at 4.9 million.

Targets: Destinations served by the Jacksonville International Airport and miles of JTA bus service.

62

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report


MASS TRANSIT CAPACITY AND USE Mass transit is an important source of transportation for those who do not own a personal car or do not choose to drive. Mass transit, to be effective, needs to take people from where they are to where they want to go at the times they need to go there.

Average weekday miles of JTA bus service: Duval 2005 Target: 32,000 miles 2004: 34,857

miles

DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? The total JTA bus miles during all weekdays in the year, divided by the total weekdays in the year.

40,000

Miles

30,000

20,000

10,000

20 04

20 02

20 00

19 98

19 96

19 94

19 92

19 90

19 88

19 86

19 84

0

How are we doing? Average miles decreased slightly from 34,890 miles in 2003. The indicator does not report the number of routes served or the frequency of service on each route. The indicator includes only miles driven by JTA buses on regular, scheduled bus routes. It excludes the operation of demand-responsive bus services for the handicapped and charter-bus operations.

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Jacksonville Transportation Authority

Average weekday JTA bus ridership per 1,000: Duval

DUVAL COUNTY

2005 Target: 52

2004: 42

What does this measure? The annual average 80

number of Jacksonville Transportation Authority bus riders on weekdays per 1,000 people in the Duval County population.

Riders

60

How are we doing? Average ridership increased from 35 riders per 1,000 population in 2003. The average weekly ridership for all JTA bus routes in 2004 was 35,039, up from 29,240 in 2003.

40

20

20 04

20 02

20 00

19 98

19 96

19 94

19 92

19 90

19 88

19 86

19 84

0

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Jacksonville Transportation Authority

For more information, see JCCIâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 1983 Mass Transit study, the 1997 study on Transportation for the Disadvantaged, and the 2001 JCCI Forward Issue Forum on the Transportation System.

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

63


AIRPORT CAPACITY AND USE To measure a thriving air transportation system, two additional indicators (besides destinations served) are needed. The first, the average number of seats available on airplane flights, measures the current capacity of the system. The second, total passengers, measures the actual use of airline seats.

Average seats on airplane flights: Duval 2005 Target: 14,000 2005: 10,903

DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? The total number of seats available to be sold each day on all departures of scheduled commercial flights from JIA during May each year. The number of seats on arriving flights is the same.

15,000

13,000

10,271 in 2004. During the time this indicator has been measured, the number of seats available has ranged from a low of 8,015 in 1993 to a high of 11,794 in 2001.

Seats

11,000

How are we doing? The number of seats rose from

9,000

7,000

20 04

20 02

20 00

19 98

19 96

19 94

19 92

5,000

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Jacksonville Airport Authority

Total passengers flying in or out: Duval 2004: 4.9 million No 2005 Target

DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? The total number of passengers who boarded or deplaned from a commercial airline flight at the Jacksonville International Airport during each year. Passengers (millions)

How are we doing? The total number of passengers maintained at 4.9 million from 2003. The attack on September 11, 2001 sharply reduced airline traffic across the country.

8

6

4

2

20 04

20 03

20 02

20 01

20 00

19 99

19 98

19 97

19 96

19 95

19 94

19 93

19 92

19 91

19 90

0

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Jacksonville Airport Authority

64

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report


COMMUTING: IN TOWN, AROUND COUNTRY Commuting times affect personal well-being, employment growth, public-safety services, and motor fuel consumption. More air travel destinations give local residents greater accessibility to places around the country. Together, these indicators point to the communityâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s ability to get from place to place.

Commute times of 25 minutes or less: 2005: 61% Duval 2005 Target: 70% DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? The percentage of 100%

0 to 15 min.

16 to 25 min.

Duval County residents surveyed who report commuting times of 25 minutes or less.

80%

How are we doing? The indicator declined from 66

60%

40%

20%

20 05

20 04

20 03

20 02

20 01

20 00

19 99

19 98

19 97

19 96

19 95

19 94

19 93

19 92

19 91

0%

percent in 2004. An increasing proportion of commuting in Northeast Florida is between rather than within counties. The survey reaches only residents of Duval County, most of whom work in Duval County but some of whom commute to adjoining counties. Those who commute between counties would be expected to have longer average commuting times.

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Telephone survey by American Public Dialogue Standard deviation: +/-4.9%

Destinations served by direct flights from JIA: Duval

DUVAL COUNTY

80

Destinations

2005: 71

What does this measure? Total destinations served with one stop or nonstop by scheduled commercial flights to and from Jacksonville International Airport during May each year.

100

60

40

20

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

05 20

03 20

01 20

99 19

95

97 19

19

93 19

91 19

89 19

87 19

85 19

83

0 19

2005 Target: 70

How are we doing? The indicator climbed from 57 in 2004. In 2005, 26 destinations were served by nonstop flights, up from 25 in 2004. In 2005 JIA's number one non-stop market for arrival and departure was Atlanta followed by Washington Dulles. JIA's number one non-stop market for propeller arrivals and destinations was Tampa followed by the Fort Lauderdale and Hollywood area.

Source: Jacksonville Airport Authority

For more information, see JCCI Forwardâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 2001 Issue Forum on Downtown Living.

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

65


MASS TRANSIT CAPACITY AND USE A key element in the effectiveness of mass transit is the time spent waiting at a bus stop to catch the next bus. Headways are the number of minutes between the time buses come on a scheduled route. The Skyway is a raised, automated, monorail system that operates transit vehicles on routes that center on downtown Jacksonville and was designed to reduce the pressure on downtown parking.

JTA bus headways within 30/60 minutes: Duval 2005 Target: 80% peak 2004: 65% 100% nonpeak 91% What does this measure? The percentage of Jacksonville Transportation Authority bus headways that are within 30 minutes for peak-hour routes and within 60 minutes for nonpeak-hour routes.

DUVAL COUNTY 100%

30 minutes

60 minutes

80%

60%

How are we doing? Peak hour bus headways 40%

20%

0% 19 87 19 88 19 89 19 90 19 91 19 92 19 93 19 94 19 95 19 96 19 97 19 98 19 99 20 00 20 01 20 02 20 03 20 04

improved from 51 percent within 30 minutes in 2003. Non-peak headways improved from 88 percent to 91 percent within one hour in 2004. Peak hours are from 6:45 a.m. to 9:30 a.m. and 4:00 p.m. to 5:45 p.m. Nonpeak hours are from 9:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Jacksonville Transportation Authority

Average weekday Skyway ridership: Duval 2005 Target: 10,000 2004: 2,698

DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? The total annual number of weekday riders on the Skyway, divided by the total weekdays in the year.

10,000

8,000

from 2,824 in 2003. The 2.5-mile system was completed in 2000. No further construction has been planned.

Riders

How are we doing? Average ridership declined

6,000

4,000

2,000

20 04

20 03

20 02

20 01

20 00

19 99

19 98

0

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Jacksonville Transportation Authority

For more information, see JCCIâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 1983 Mass Transit study, the 1997 study on Transportation for the Disadvantaged, and the 2001 JCCI Forward Issue Forum on the Transportation System.

66

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report


KEEPING THE

COMMUNITY SAFE The Vision: Public-safety agencies in the region provide rescue, fire, and law-enforcement services with excellence, and citizens generally experience a low level of crime and a high level of personal safety.

How are we doing? The crime rate continues to decrease in Jacksonville, earning a Gold Star, and fewer people report being victims of crime. Fire and rescue response times are improving. However, significant concerns remain, especially surrounding children and youth. While the rate of youth adjudicated delinquent decreased slightly in 2004, arrests for alcohol or drug charges increased in Duval County and serious student conduct violations earned a Red Flag for the continuing upward trend. The rate of youth violent deaths (accident, homicide, or suicide) also increased. Child abuse reports remain high, and domestic violence reports are increasing.

Gold Stars: Index crime rate. Red Flags: Child abuse and serious student conduct violations. Targets: Index crime rate.

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

67


CRIME RATES Crime is a direct assault on the quality of life in a community. Reported crime victimization is one measure of the impact of crime on an individual level.

Index crimes per 100,000 people: Duval 2005 Target: 6,350 2004: 6,253

DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? The total Duval

15,000

Nonviolent

Violent

12,000

9,000

Crimes

County reported Index Crimes, divided into violent (murder, forcible sex, robbery, and aggravated assault) and nonviolent (breaking and entering [burglary], larceny, auto theft, and arson), per 100,000 people in Duval County.

6,000

How are we doing? The total index crime rate

Violent Nonviolent

2004 810 5,443

2003 847 5,574

People report being victims of crime: Duval 2005 Target: <16% 2005: 21%

3,000

20 04

20 01

19 98

19 95

19 92

19 89

19 86

19 83

decreased from 6,421 in 2003. Across the United States, in cities with populations between 500,000 and 999,999, the comparable 2004 crime rate was 6,806.4, with a violent crime rate of 910.8 and a nonviolent crime rate of 5,895.6.

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Florida Department of Law Enforcement, Division of Criminal Justice Information Systems, Uniform Crime Reports; Jacksonville Sheriff's Office

DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? The percentage of 80%

60%

40%

20%

20 04

20 02

20 00

19 98

19 96

19 94

19 92

19 90

0% 19 88

How are we doing? Responses decreased from 24 percent in 2004. If the responses to this survey are typical, in 2004, about 198,310 Duval County residents would have reported being victimized by crime. During the same year, the total number of reported Index Crimes was 52,558. The survey question is not limited to Index Crimes, and responses may include other, less serious crimes.

100%

19 86

Duval County respondents who answered "yes" to the question: During the last year, have you had money or property stolen, property vandalized, home broken into, car stolen, or personal assault or attack?

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Telephone survey by American Public Dialogue Standard deviation: +/-4.9%

For more information, see JCCIâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 2001 study, Services for Ex-Offenders.

68

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report


FEELINGS OF SAFETY The perception of safety, which may or may not correlate with actual safety or the crime rate, can be critical to one’s quality of life in a community. The expectation that, if needed, assistance from law enforcement will arrive quickly is an important factor in feeling safe.

People feel safe in their neighborhood at night: Duval

DUVAL COUNTY

2005: 63%

2005 Target: 70%

What does this measure? The percentage of 100%

Duval County respondents who answered "yes" to the question: Do you feel safe walking alone at night in your neighborhood?

80%

60%

How are we doing? Responses decreased from 67 percent in 2004. If the responses to this telephone survey question are fairly accurate for the overall population of Duval County, in 2004, about 272,670 people would have reported not feeling safe walking alone in their neighborhood at night. During the same year, the total number of Index Crimes reported was 52,558.

40%

20%

04 20

00

02 20

98

20

96

19

19

94

92

19

90

19

19

88 19

19

86

0%

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Telephone survey by American Public Dialogue Standard deviation: +/-4.9%

Police-call response times: Duval

DUVAL COUNTY

8

What does this measure? The average police response time to "priority-one" police calls in Duval County.

6

How are we doing? The method for calculating

4

priority one calls and the definition of priority one changed for 2004.

10

Minutes

2004: 7.13

No 2005 Target

min.

2 0 1

2

3

4

5

Zones

Lower numbers are positive.

Source: Jacksonville Sheriff’s Office

6

Cityw ide

Zone 1 Urban Core 2 Arlington 3 Southeast 4 Southwest 5 Northwest 6 North Citywide

Comm. Center 2.05 2.03 2.05 2.03 1.98 1.98 2.03

Patrol Travel 3.69 5.09 5.44 5.76 4.92 5.62 5.10

Total Time 5.73 7.13 7.45 7.76 6.91 7.61 7.13

For more information, see JCCI’s 2003 study, Neighborhoods at the Tipping Point.

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

69


EMERGENCY RESPONSE TIMES The speed at which a rescue team or fire response team arrives may save a life or save property from the damage that a fire causes. Response time is defined as the number of minutes from the time the dispatcher relays the information to the time when the first piece of equipment arrives on the scene.

Rescue-call response times under four minutes: Duval 2005 Target: >50% 2004: 42.0% DUVAL COUNTY What does this measure? The percentage of rescue responses in Duval County that arrive in under four minutes.

100%

80%

60%

40%

20%

20 04

20 03

20 02

20 01

20 00

19 99

19 98

19 97

19 96

0% 19 95

How are we doing? Response times improved from 41.2 percent in 2003. The total number of rescue calls was 80,021, up from 75,607 in 2003. Response times in Jacksonville are affected by the geographic of the county. Response times in outlying, rural areas tend to be longer than those in more densely populated areas. Rescue-call response times vary among the Planning Districts in Duval County, primarily because of differing densities of population and development.

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: City of Jacksonville, Fire and Rescue Department

Fire-call response times under four minutes: Duval 2005 Target: >50% 2004: 36.6%

DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? The percentage of fire-call responses in Duval County that arrive in under four minutes.

100%

80%

60%

40%

20%

20 04

20 03

20 02

20 01

20 00

19 99

19 98

19 97

19 96

0%

19 95

How are we doing? Responses times decreased slightly from 36.9 percent in 2003. The number of fire calls increased from 15,059 in 2003 to 19,014 in 2004. Besides geography, response times also may vary depending on the accuracy of location information given by callers and by the adequacy of street signs and building numbers.

Upward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: City of Jacksonville, Fire and Rescue Department

For more information, see JCCIâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 1982 study on Disaster Preparedness.

70

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report


JUVENILE CRIME Juvenile delinquents are youths adjudicated to have committed a delinquent act. This is equivalent to adults being found guilty of criminal acts. Juvenile delinquents not only harm the quality of life in the community, they put themselves at risk for being able to become productive members of the community as they grow older.

Juvenile delinquents per 1,000 youth: Duval

No 2005 Target

2004: 6.8

What does this measure? The number of Duval 10

Duval County Northeast Florida Rate per 1,000 youth

8

County/Northeast Florida youth adjudicated delinquent per 1,000 youth ages 10 to 17 in Duval County/ Northeast Florida.

6

How are we doing? The rate in Duval County decreased from 6.9 in 2003, while in Northeast Florida the rate fell from 6.2 to 5.9 in 2004. In 2004, 34 percent of the delinquents were female.

4

2

04

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida Florida

20

03 20

02 20

01 20

00 20

19

99

0

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Florida Department of Juvenile Justice

2004 5.6 4.1 6.8 7.2 2.2 5.9 4.5

2003 4.8 5.0 6.9 8.2 3.2 6.2 5.0

Juvenile alcohol/drug arrests per 1,000: Duval

2004: 9.7

What does this measure? The total number of

16.0

Duval County Northeast Florida 12.0

Arrests

No 2005 Target

arrests of Duval County/Northeast Florida juveniles on drug or alcohol charges per 1,000 youth ages 10 through 17 in Duval County/ Northeast Florida.

How are we doing? The rate increased in Duval County from 9.2 in 2003. In Northeast Florida, however, the rate decreased from 11.4 to 8.5 in 2004.

8.0

4.0

04

03

20

20

01

00

99

98

02 20

20

20

19

19

96

97 19

19

94

95 19

19

93 19

19

92

0.0

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Florida Department of Law Enforcement

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida Florida

2004 9.1 7.0 9.7 11.1 2.5 8.5 8.8

2003 8.4 8.6 9.2 66.4 3.7 11.4 9.0

For more information, see JCCIâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 1991 study, Positive Development of Jacksonvilleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Children.

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

71


PROTECTING THE CHILDREN The well-being of children is crucial to any community, because children represent its future. Child abuse and neglect are community problems that cross socioeconomic boundaries and often have profound, long-term impacts on the lives of children. Keeping children safe also may include decreasing violent or risky behaviors at schools.

NORTHEAST FLORIDA

What does this measure? The total annual Northeast Florida verified reports to the Department of Children and Families of child abuse or neglect per 1,000 children under 18.

04

03

02

01

00

99

98

97

05 20

20

20

20

20

20

19

19

96

19

95

19

94

0 19

2004 11.1 12.1 9.0 8.4 9.3 9.5

93

2005 15.9 11.7 8.6 8.9 10.5 9.4

4

19

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida

8 Reports

How are we doing? The rate decreased from 9.5 per 1,000 children in 2004.

12

19

Child abuse reports per 1,000 children: No 2005 Target NE FL 2005: 9.4

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Florida Department of Children and Families

Serious student conduct violations: Duval 2005 Target: <2,400 2004-05: 2,750 DUVAL COUNTY

What does this measure? The total number of

How are we doing? The number of violations increased from 1,772 in 2003-04.

2,000

1,500

1,000

500

For more information, see JCCIâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 1994 study, Reducing Violence in Jacksonville Schools. 2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

-0 4

-0 3

-0 5 20 04

20 03

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Duval County Public Schools

72

20 02

-0 2 20 01

-0 1 20 00

-0 0 19 99

-9 9 19 98

-9 8 19 97

-9 7 19 96

-9 6 19 95

-9 5 19 94

-9 4

0 -9 3

2003-04 220 777 775

19 93

2004-05 265 1,388 1,097

2,500

19 92

Elementary Middle High

3,000

Violations

Class Three and Class Four violations of the Code of Student Conduct reported by all Duval County public schools during the school year. These violations are the most serious, and include violent acts, threats, and the possession or distribution of drugs or alcohol.


DOMESTIC VIOLENCE Women and children are especially impacted by family violence. However, many domestic crimes are not reported because of fear or shame on the part of victims. Domestic violence can escalate into homicide.

Domestic violence crime reports: NE FL

NORTHEAST FLORIDA

No 2005 Target

2004: 9,672

What does this measure? The total number of reports of domestic-violence-related crimes in Northeast Florida.

14,000

12,000 Reports

How are we doing? Total reports increased from 9,514 in 2003. Report rates per 100,000 population were 779 in Northeast Florida in 2004, compared to 684 for Florida. Total reports were:

10,000

8,000

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida

04

02

03

20

20

01

20

99

00

20

20

98

19

96

97

19

19

95

19

93

94

19

19

19

19

92

6,000

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Florida Department of Law Enforcement

2004 96 865 7,148 418 1,145 9,672

2003 51 902 7,141 326 1,094 9,514

Domestic-violence-related homicides: Duval

DUVAL COUNTY

No 2005 Target

2004: 10

What does this measure? The total number of

20

homicides in Duval County related to domestic violence.

Homicides

15

How are we doing? The number of homicides related to domestic violence decreased from 13 in 2003. From 1997 to 2004, 86 cases, involving 96 victims of domestic-violence-related homicides, were counted. In 68 percent of these homicide cases, there was no prior domestic violence arrest history, according to the Domestic Violence Intervention Project.

10

5

04 20

03 20

02 20

01 20

00 20

99 19

98 19

19

97

0

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: The Domestic Violence Intervention Project's Subcommittee on Domestic Homicide

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

73


SAFETY Getting around safely is an important part of the quality of life, and motor vehicle accidents remain the communityâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s highest source of preventable deaths and injuries. Youth are especially at risk for deaths due to from violent causes, many of them in motor-vehicle accidents.

Motor-vehicle accidents per 1,000: Duval 2005 Target: <15.9

2004: 16.8 DUVAL COUNTY

motor-vehicle accidents in Duval County per 1,000 people in the Duval County population.

20

15

10

20 03

20 01

19 99

19 97

19 95

5

19 93

In 2004, alcohol-related motor-vehicle accidents occurred in Duval County at a rate of 1.5 per 1,000 people. This represents 8.8 percent of all motor-vehicle accidents that year. In 2004, 37.4 percent of all traffic fatalities in Duval County were alcohol-related.

Accidents per 1,000 people

16.3 in 2003. The most dangerous intersection continued to be Atlantic Boulevard and Kernan Boulevard, with 240 crashes.

25

19 89

How are we doing? The accident rate rose from

30

19 91

What does this measure? The total annual

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Florida Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles annual report on Florida Traffic Crash Facts

Violent deaths per 10,000 youth: Duval No 2005 Target 2004: 3.4 What does this measure? The total annual number of Duval County/Northeast Florida youth 10 through 19 years old who die as a result of homicide, suicide, or accident, per 10,000 youth in Duval County/Northeast Florida.

74

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

04 20

02

03 20

20

00

99

01 20

20

19

97

96

98 19

19

19

95 19

19

94

0.0 93

2003 0.0 2.8 3.3 6.9 1.1 3.1

2.0

92

2004 0.0 1.9 3.4 9.9 6.9 3.8

4.0

19

Baker Clay Duval Nassau St. Johns NE Florida

6.0

19

2003 in Duval County, while the Northeast Florida rate increased from 3.1 to 3.8 deaths per 10,000 youth.

Duval County Northeast Florida

Rate

How are we doing? The rate increased from 3.3 in

8.0

Downward movement in the trend line is positive.

Source: Florida Department of Health, Office of Vital Statistics


INDICATOR INDEX Achieving Educational Excellence

8

Promoting Social Wellbeing/Harmony

32

Public high school graduation rate Public high school dropout rate High school dropout education outcomes High school dropout employment outcomes Tenth graders reading at grade level Tenth graders at grade level in math Public school first grade promotions Third graders reading at grade level Teachers with advanced degrees Average public school teacher salary Students attending racially balanced schools Magnet school enrollment High school graduates employed or in college High school graduates prepared for college Higher education degrees and certificates Total participation in continuing education Satisfaction with public education Exceptional education students complete school Public school attendance Students absent 21 days or more

9 9 10 10 11 11 12 12 13 13 14 14 15 15 16 16 17 17 18 18

Is racism a local problem? Have you personally experienced racism? Births to teen mothers per 1,000 live births Subsequent births to teen mothers Foster children per 10,000 children Length of stay in foster care Do you volunteer? Philanthropy given to federated campaigns Births to mothers with 12 years of education Children of divorcing parents Homeless count per 100,000 people

33 33 34 34 35 35 36 36 37 37 38

Enjoying Arts, Culture, and Recreation

39

Growing a Vibrant Economy

19

Net employment growth Average annual wage Unemployment rate Unemployment benefit claims Per capita income Median family income Children in poverty (free lunch participation) Recipients of public assistance Affordability of a single-family home Typical monthly household JEA utilities costs New housing starts Total taxable value of real property Gross tonnage handled by marine terminals Tourism (as measured by Bed-Tax revenues)

20 20 21 21 22 22 23 23 24 24 25 25 26 26

Public performances/events at selected facilities Attendance at musical performances Public and private support for the arts Museum attendance Sports participants at parks and pools Attendance at sports facilities Public-park acreage per 1,000 people Expenditures for activities/maintenance Boat ramps per 100,000 people Library circulation

40 40 41 41 42 42 43 43 44 44

Sustaining a Healthy Community

45

Preserving the Natural Environment

27

Days the Air Quality Index is â&#x20AC;&#x153;goodâ&#x20AC;? Gallons of motor fuels sold per person St. Johns River compliance with DO standards St. Johns River bacteria standards compliance Average monthly water consumption Water level in Floridan Aquifer New septic-tank permits issued Tons per person of solid waste recycled

28 28 29 29 30 30 31 31

Deaths due to heart disease per 100,000 people Cancer deaths per 100,000 people Newborns with healthy birth weights Early prenatal care Infant death rate Racial disparity in infant deaths Alcohol use reported by youth Senior citizen suicide rate Seniors feel safe in their neighborhoods People with no health insurance Jacksonville health care rated as high quality Newly diagnosed AIDS cases HIV/AIDS-related deaths per 100,000 people Sexually transmitted disease reports HIV racial disparity Packs of cigarettes sold per person Lung cancer deaths per 100,000 people

46 46 47 47 48 48 49 50 50 51 51 52 52 53 53 54 54

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

75


INDICATOR INDEX Maintaining Responsive Government

55

Voter turnout Neighborhood organizations Can you influence local government? Voter registration Satisfaction with basic city services Satisfaction with public-safety services Keeping up with local government news Can you name two city council members Elected leadership rated as high quality School Board leadership rated as high quality Racial diversity of elected officials Gender diversity of elected officials

56 56 57 57 58 58 59 59 60 60 61 61

Moving Around Efficiently

62

Average weekday miles of JTA bus service Average weekday JTA bus ridership Average seats on airplane flights Total passengers flying in or out of JIA Commute times of 25 minutes or less Destinations served by direct flights from JIA JTA bus headways within 30/60 minutes Average weekday Skyway ridership

63 63 64 64 65 65 66 66

Keeping the Community Safe

67

Index crimes per 100,000 people People report being victims of a crime People feel safe in their neighborhood at night Police-call response times Rescue-call response times under four minutes Fire-call response times under four minutes Juvenile delinquents per 1,000 youth Juvenile alcohol/drug arrests per 1,000 youth Child abuse reports per 1,000 children Serious student conduct violations Domestic-violence-related crime reports Domestic-violence-related homicides Motor-vehicle accidents per 1,000 people Violent deaths per 10,000 youth

68 68 69 69 70 70 71 71 72 72 73 73 74 74

Answers to quiz: Can you name two members on the City Council? District District District District District District District District District District District District District District

1: Lake Ray 2: Lynette Self 3: Richard Clark 4: Suzanne Jenkins 5: Art Shad 6: Sharon Copeland 7: Pat Lockett-Felder 8: Gwen Yates 9: Reggie Fullwood 10: Mia Jones 11: Warren Alvarez 12: Daniel Davis 13: Arthur Graham 14: Michael Corrigan

At Large Council Members Group 1: Ronnie Fussell Group 2: Elaine Brown Group 3: Lad Daniels Group 4: Kevin Hyde Group 5: Glorious J. Johnson To see which district you live in, go on the Web to www.coj.net/City+Council/ Other Jacksonville elected officials: Mayor: John Peyton Sheriff: John Rutherford Property Appraiser: Jim Overton Supervisor of Elections: Jerry Holland Tax Collector: Mike Hogan Duval County School Board Chairman: Brenda A. Priestly Jackson Vice Chairman: Vicki Drake Martha Barrett Kris Barnes Nancy Broner Tommy Hazouri

For more information about Jacksonville government, go to www.coj.net

76 2005 Quality of Life Progress Report


ABOUT JCCI Jacksonville Community Council Inc. (JCCI) was created in 1975 with the goal of improving the quality of life in Jacksonville through informed citizen participation in public affairs. JCCI is a nonprofit, nonpartisan, broad-based civic organization. It involves citizens in community issues through open dialogue, impartial research, consensus building, and leadership development. Each year, JCCI produces an annual report on the quality of life in Jacksonville. It also selects issues for in-depth community study. Diverse study committees meet weekly for about six months, gaining a thorough understanding of the problem and reaching consensus on key findings as well as recommended solutions. Following completion of the study and publication of a report, an advocacy task force of citizens takes the report to the community and seeks to place the issues on the community agenda. The goal is to seek further deliberation, increased public awareness, and finally, action by appropriate officials. In addition to its annual studies and the Quality of Life Progress Report, JCCI plans and coordinates services for United Way of Northeast Florida and the Human Services Council (HSC), a coalition of local funders of human services. JCCI Forward, an initiative that seeks to involve community minded people with important issues facing the community, provides the venue for up-and-coming leadership to be involved, engaged and connected with government and business leaders. Upon request, JCCI provides a variety of planning, research, consultation, and facilitation services under contract. JCCI receives funding from United Way of Northeast Florida, the City of Jacksonville, the Duval County Public Schools, Jacksonville Childrenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Commission, corporations and individual members. JCCI membership is open to all interested in building a better community. More information about JCCI and its projects is available at www.jcci.org.

How to Join JCCI To support JCCI and become a member of the organization send in the form below or join online.

Name:____________________________________Address:____________________________________________ _________ City/State/Zip:________________________________________________________ Phone Number:___________________ E-mail Address: __________________________________ Please select a membership category from the following: ___ Basic Member: $50 Receives bimonthly newsletter, annual report, and invitations to JCCI and JCCI Forward events. ___ Family: $75 Two family members receive basic member benefits. ___ Patron: $150 Receive basic member benefits plus the Quality of Life Report, a JCCI study, and a sponsored membership. ___ Visionary: $225 Receive patron benefits, a second sponsored membership and a VIP Reception invitation. ___ Corporate/Business: $250 Receive visionary benefits plus a third sponsored membership

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

77


Board of Directors PRESIDENT Mary Ellen Smith PRESIDENT-ELECT Allan T. Geiger SECRETARY/TREASURER Helen D. Jackson VICE PRESIDENTS Dana Ferrell Birchfield Edward F. R. Hearle Carla Marlier William C. Mason III Bryant Rollins JCCI FORWARD LIAISON Michael T. Boylan

BOARD MEMBERS Judge Henry Lee Adams Jr. Christine C. Arab Ronald A. Autrey David D. Balz David D. Boree J. Randall Evans Ronnie A. Ferguson Susan L. Hartley Carol J. Hladki Patricia Hogan Eric J. Holshouser Earl M. Johnson Jr. Allison Korman William D. Kwapil Walter M. Lee III Antonio J. Mahfoud Michael Munz Marsha G. Oliver Sallyn S. Pajcic Carole Poindexter Judith C. Rodriguez Patricia Gillum Sams Eric Brian Smith Jr. Richard N. Weber Gerald W. Weedon A. Quinton White Jr. Mary Lou Zievis

78 2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

Past Presidents J.J. Daniel Jack H. Chambers Yank D. Coble Jr. Robert D. Davis George W. Corrick Howard R. Greenstein Jacquelyn D. Bates David M. Hicks James C. Rinaman Kenneth W. Eilermann J. Shepard Bryan Jr. Juliette Woodruff Mason Lucy D. Hadi Charles P. Hayes Jr. Steve Pajcic

Tracey I. Arpen Jr. Guy Marvin III Luther Quarles III W.O. Birchfield Michael J. Korn William E. Scheu Afesa Adams William D. Brinton Sherry Burns Sue K. Butts Edgar Mathis Sr. David M. Foster John R. Cobb Gerald W. Weedon

JCCI Council of Stewards Dave & Robin Albaneze Ron Autrey Ted Baker Bruce E. Barcelo Joey D. Batchelor David Boree Michael Boylan Bill Brinton J.F. Bryan IV Mary Ann & Shepard Bryan Ed Burr Bucky Clarkson John R. Cobb Glenda & Skip Cramer Isabelle & Bob Davis Laurie & Linda DuBow Eddie Farah Dana Ferrell Birchfield David & Bonnie Foster W. A. Gartner Anita & Allan Geiger Ed & Pat Hearle David Hicks

Patricia & Wayne Hogan Suzanne & Joseph Honeycutt Harriet & Jonathan Howe Joy & Howard Korman Pam & Michael Korn Bill Kwapil & Jane Craven Helen Lane Julie & Bill Mason Roger M. O'Steen Steve Pajcic Pamela Y. Paul Thomas F. Petway III Gloria & Jim Rinaman Patricia & John Rutherford Fred Schultz Bob Shircliff Mary Ellen Smith David Stein Steve Suddath Jack Uible J. Wayne & Delores Barr Weaver Kathy & Jerry Weedon Jim Winston

JCCI Staff Charles “Skip “ Cramer Executive Director Ben Warner Deputy Director Clanzenetta “Mickee” Brown Laurie DeWitt Chandra Echols Esther Hollander Earlene Hostutler

Karen Kempf Laura Lane Cheryl Murphy Michelle Simkulet Lashun Stephens


QUALITY OF LIFE PROGRESS REPORT

2434 Atlantic Boulevard Jacksonville, Florida 32207 Phone 904.396.3052 Fax: 904.398.1469 w w w.jcci.org

JACKSONVILLE COMMUNITY COUNCIL INC.

Funded by the United Way of Northeast Florida, the City of Jacksonville, and the community.

2 0 0 5

2005 Quality of Life Progress Report  

JCCI's 2005 Quality of Life Progress Report

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you