SUNDAY, DECEMBER 8, 2013
VOL. 67, NO. 49
SECOND SUNDAY OF ADVENT
A new diocesan seminary for Guam Feast of Immaculate Conception Observed Monday, December 9 Thousands of Guam’s Catholic faithful will gather at the Dulce Nombre de Maria Cathedral-Basilica in Hagatna to celebrate the Solemnity of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary Monday, Dec. 9. Normally celebrated on Dec. 8, the feast of the Immaculate Conception will be observed Dec. 9 instead of today, the Second Sunday of Advent because the Sundays of Advent take precedence. More information and schedule of Dec. 9, Page 2.
The Carmel on the Hill Retreat Center in Maloloj pictured here, will be the initial site for the “Saint John Paul II Archdiocesan Seminary”. For the U Matuna Si Yu’os The Catholic Church on Guam is passing through a very exciting moment. His Excellency, Archbishop Anthony Sablan Apuron, OFM Cap., D.D. announced this week that he has decided to erect a diocesan seminary for Guam. The new seminary will be called the “Saint John Paul II Archdiocesan Seminary” and will be initially hosted on the grounds of the Carmel on the Hill Retreat Center in Malojloj. There are plans on the drawing board to construct the seminary. Archbishop made the decision after consulting with his advisors. Reverend Father Romeo Convocar will be appointed as the first Rector of this new seminary. Father Romy has had previous seminary experience as a formator in the Philippines.
His Excellency, Most Rev. Anthony Sablan Apuron, O.F.M. Cap., D.D., Metropolitan Archbishop of Agaña, announces the following appointments:
Reverend Father Romeo Convocar
At the moment St. John Paul II Seminary is hosting one seminarian, Junee Valencia. The numbers will increase. Valencia is studying at the Blessed Diego Luis de San Vitores Catholic Theological Institute for Oceania located in Yona. The Institute is affiliated with the Pontifical Lateran Pontifical Uni-
versity in Rome. The new Saint John Paul II
Four diocesan priests go to the missions Archbishop Anthony Sablan Apuron, OFM Cap., D.D. Archdiocesan Seminary will complement the Redemptoris Mater Archdiocesan Missionary Seminary in Yona, which opened in 1999. Both seminaries are diocesan seminaries owned by the Archdiocese of Agana; however one will underscore the local mission in our archdiocese while the other will have the added element of availability for the wider mission of salvation to the ‘ends of the earth’ (Acts 1:8). Now the Archdiocese will breathe “with two lungs, one diocesan and another for the world.” All are “our” seminarians. It is important to note that ‘every priestly ministry shares in the universality
Blessed John Paul II
For the U Matuna Si Yu’os
of the mission entrusted by Christ to his apostles’ (Cf. Pastores Dabo Vobis , no. 32). At the Eucharistic Congress celebrating the closing the Year of Faith held Nov. 24 at Ypao Beach a vocational call was made and 13 boys stepped forward, offering themselves for the priesthood. There was a crowd of about 1,000 at the Ypao celebration, most of whom were youth. Father Adrian Cristobal, Vocation Director for the archdiocese, is working on a program to start a process of discernment with them while at the same time to reinforce the priestly vocations of these youth. Joyful times are ahead of us!
The love of the people of Guam for the missions is proverbial. The faith in Guam arrived and was sustained for centuries through the endeavors of courageous and self-giving missionaries from abroad. Now it is time to give back to the universal Church what was handed to the local Church. His Excellency Archbishop Anthony Sablan Apuron, OFM Cap., D.D. has just released four of his diocesan priests to go on mission. Details are being worked out but in a meeting on Friday Nov. 29, 2013, the archbishop blessed Father Santiago Flor-Caravia of Chalan Pago, Father Fabio Faiola of Santa Rita, Father See MISSION, Page 2
Effective Dec. 9, 2013
Effective Jan. 1, 2014
Effective Jan. 1, 2014
Effective Jan. 20, 2014
Rev. Fr. Edivaldo D.S. Oliveira, Pastor, Nuestra Senora de la Paz y Buen Viaje.
Rev. Fr. Luis V.B. Camacho, Pastor, San Dimas and San Dionisio.
Rev. Fr. Danilo D. Ferrandiz, Parochial Administrator, Santa Bernadita Chapel, Agafa Gumas.
Rev. Fr. Krzysztof Szafarski, Pastor, Our Lady of Guadalupe, Santa Rita.
SUNDAY, DECEMBER 8, 2013
is the official newspaper of the Archdiocese of Agana 196 B Cuesta, San Ramon Hill Agana, Guam 96910 PUBLISHER
Most Reverend Anthony Sablan Apuron, O.F.M., Cap., D.D. EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR
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The Office of U Matuna Si Yu’os is located at the Chancery at 196 B Cuesta, San Ramon Hill Phone: 671-562-0065 671-562-0063 www.umatuna.org
In this 2006 file photo, Archbishop Anthony prays alongside the carosa carrying the historic statue of Santa Marian Kamalen, which is taken down from its niche high atop the Cathedral-Basilica each year for the annual procession in Hagatna. U Matuna file photo by Tony C. Diaz
Feast of Immaculate Conception observed Monday U Matuna Si Yu’os staff His Excellency Archbishop Anthony Sablan Apuron OFM Cap. D.D. will gather with priests, religious and thousands of Guam Catholics in Hagatna to honor Santa Marian Kamalen and to observe the Solemnity of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary Monday, Dec. 9. Normally celebrated on Dec. 8, the feast of the Immaculate Conception will
be observed Dec. 9 instead of today, Dec. 8 the Second Sunday of Advent. This is because the Sundays of Advent take precedence. (See the archbishop’s message, page 3). The faithful will gather at the heart of the celebration at the Dulce Nombre de Maria Cathedral-Basilica. The traditional Rosary followed by Novena begins at 3:30 p.m. The Proclamation of the Gospel followed by the homily and the procession through Hagatna takes place at 4 p.m.
Pope Pius IX proclaimed the dogma of the Immaculate Conception of Mary in 1854. He issued the proclamation that Mary was conceived free of original sin. In 2004, Pope John Paul II led celebrations of the 150th anniversary of the Immaculate Conception. The Feast of the Immaculate Conception is especially dear in the hearts of the people of Guam. Santa Marian Kamalen – Our Lady of Camarin – is considered the Patroness of Guam and the Marianas.
Feast of Immaculate Conception Dec. 9 Monday, Schedule At Dulce Nombre de Maria Cathedral-Basilica, Hagatna Masses — 5:45 a.m., 7:30 a.m., 9:30 a.m. and 11:30 a.m. Rosary followed by Novena — 3:30 p.m. Proclamation of the Gospel, Homily and Procession – 4 p.m. Guest homilist: Father Jeff San Nicolas 7 p.m. Mass followed by veneration of Santa Marian Kamalen Live-streamed on Internet on www.aganacathedral.org Aired live on Catholic Radio, KOLG 90.9 FM 3 p.m.
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MISSION The U Matuna Si Yu’os is published every week by the Archdiocese of Agaña, Guam. Our mission is to print and distribute a true report of the Roman Catholic Church’s ministry of changing lives through the proclamation of the Gospel of Jesus Christ.
CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1 Edwin Bushu of Santa Bernardita and Father Aurelio Stoia of Merizo and Umatac as they embark on a new phase in their lives. “Go and announce to the whole world the good news,” said the Master. Father Santiago will go to Japan, Father Edwin to Kenya and Tanzania while Father Fabio and Father Aurelio to Asia. They all have been trained in a Redemptoris Mater Seminary which has the aim to form seminarians with a specific missionary spirit, that after ordination the priests are available to go wherever the archbishop sends them. They will be leaving to the missions in the coming weeks. All of them expressed their excite-
Deadline for news stories and photos is close of business Monday prior to the date of publication. Please note that the U Matuna reserves the right to select, prioritize, and edit content based on relevancy and editorial discretion.
Father Edwin Bushu
Father Fabio Faiola
ment and their fears in front of this assignment. They also reiterated that they will deeply miss Guam and its people. As diocesan priests of the Archdiocese of Agana, they are still incardinated here and still have a bond with the Archdiocese. In this sense we are not “losing” them, but gaining an immense
Father Santiago FlorCaravia
grace to send missionaries to the nations. In his first Apostolic Exhortation, His Holiness Pope Francis wrote, “I dream of a ‘missionary option’, that is, a missionary impulse capable of transforming everything, so that the Church’s customs, ways of doing things, times and schedules, language
Father Aurelio Stoia
and structures can be suitably channeled for the evangelization of today’s world rather than for her self-preservation.” This is the same dream that we, the Church in Guam, hope to realize and share with the universal Church. Archbishop Anthony is on the right track.
By offering news and commentary about issues impacting the Catholic Church, it aims to serve as a focal point for the expression and discussion of the Catholic faith on Guam.
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SUNDAY, DECEMBER 8, 2013
Deacon Aspirants of the Archdiocese of Agana For the U Matuna Si Yu’os The following men are currently enrolled in the Formation Program for the Permanent Diaconate of the Archdiocese of Agana. They are undergoing a process of academic, spiritual and personal formation. It is also a period in which they are scrutinized to determine if they should proceed to the next level of formation. Should anyone in the community wish to correspond with the Director of Formation regarding any of these men, please email or write to: Fr. Adrian Cristobal Director of the Diaconate Formation Program 196-B Cuesta San Ramon Hagatña GU 96910 Tel (671) 562-0000 Email firstname.lastname@example.org GREGORIO T. CALVO, from the parish of Our Lady of Lourdes in Yigo. Age 64. Baptized and Confirmed at Our Lady of Lourdes, Yigo. Married to Frances. IRENEO J. DELA CRUZ, from the parish of Santa Barbara in Dededo. Age 62. Born in Pandi Bulacan, Philippines. Baptized and Confirmed at Immaculate Conception Church, Pandi Bulacan. Married to Purificacion. JOHN S.A. FERNANDEZ, from the parish of Our Lady of Guadalupe, Santa Rita. Age 70. Baptized and Confirmed at Santa Barbara in Dededo. Married to Mae. JOSE S.N. GUMATAOTAO, from the parish of Santa Barbara Dededo. Age 51. Baptized and confirmed at Our Lady of Guadalupe Church, Santa Rita. Married to Bernadeth. ROMEO M. HERNANDEZ, from the parish of Santa Barbara, Dededo. Age 58. Baptized at St. Joseph, Inarajan. Confirmed at St. Francis, Yona. Married to Vivian. HUAN HOSEI, from the parish of Immaculate Heart of Mary, Toto. Age 47. Baptized at the Catholic Mission, Palau. Confirmed at Sacred Heart Church, Koror Palau. Married to Alicia. RODOLFO QUE, from the parish of St. Anthony Tamuning. Age 65. Baptized and Confirmed at Immaculate Conception Metropolitan Cathedral, Roxas City, Philippines. Married to Annie. GEORGE C. QUITUGUA, from the parish of Santa Teresita, Mangilao. Age 62. Baptized at San Vicente, Barrigada. Confirmed at Santa Teresita, Mangilao. Married to Bernie. ANTHONY F. REYES, from the parish of San Dimas, Merizo. Age 49. Baptized & Confirmation at San Dimas Merizo. Married to Teresa. KOSME K. SOS, from the parish of Santa Barbara, Dededo. Age 51. Baptized and Confirmed at Holy Cross Church, Uman Chuuk FSM. Married to Shining. GERALD A.Q. TAITANO, of the Dulce Nombre de Maria Cathedral-Basilica parish. Age 63. Baptized and Confirmed at St. Jude, Sinajana. Married to Frances. JOHN C. TERLAJE, from the parish of San Francisco de Asis, Yona. Age 47. Baptized at St. Joseph’s Church Mtn. View, CA. Confirmed at San Francisco de Asis, Yona. JOAQUIN A. TORRE, from the parish of Santa Barbara, Dededo. Age 80. Baptized and Confirmed in Agana. Joaquin is a widower
Gregorio T. Calvo, 64 Our Lady of Lourdes, Yigo
Ireneo J. Dela Cruz, 62 Santa Barbara, Dededo
John S.A. Fernandez, 70 Our Lady of Guadalupe, Santa Rita
Jose S.N. Gumataotao, 51 Santa Barbara, Dededo
Romeo M. Hernandez, 58 Santa Barbara, Dededo
Huan Hosei, 47 Immaculate Heart of Mary, Toto
Rodolfo Que, 65 St. Anthony, Tamuning
George C. Quitugua, 62 Santa Teresita, Mangilao
Anthony F. Reyes, 49 San Dimas, Merizo
Kosme K. Sos, 51 Santa Barbara, Dededo
Gerald A.Q. Taitano, 63 Dulce Nombre de Maria Cathedral-Basilica, Hagatna
A Notification to all the Faithful Regarding Solemnity of the Immaculate Conception, 2013
Joaquin A. Torre, 80 Santa Barbara, Dededo
(Republished from May 8, 2013. Prot. No. 013-021) In this year of 2013, December 8 — normally the Solemnity of the Immaculate Conception — falls on the Second Sunday of Advent. In accordance with no. 5 of the Universal Norms on the Liturgical Year and the Calendar, the observance of the Solemnity of the Immaculate Conception is transferred to Monday, Dec. 9, 2013. This is because the Sundays of Advent take precedence. In addition, such a transfer to Dec. 9 is necessary since the Solemnity is obligatory for the Archdiocese and is the Principal Patronal
John C. Terlaje, 47 San Francisco de Asis, Yona
Feast of the Island. Masses for the 2nd Sunday of Advent begin on the vigil (Dec. 7) and continue through the evening of Dec. 8. Masses for the Immaculate Conception are Obligatory and begin on the morning of Monday, Dec. 9 through the evening. In order to accommodate attendance at the procession, pastors may transfer their evening mass of Dec. 9 to a later hour. The Procession in Hagatña will be on Monday, Dec. 9, 2013. It will commence at 3:30 pm with recitation of the Novena, the Proclamation of the Gospel and homily at 4:00 pm followed by Procession. All are greatly encouraged to participate in this very special event. /s/Most Reverend Anthony Sablan Apuron, OFM Cap., D.D. Archbishop of Agaña September 11, 2013
SUNDAY, DECEMBER 8, 2013
Sunday Gospel and Reflection Archbishop Anthony Sablan Apuron, O.F.M. Cap., D.D.
Repent, for the Kingdom of Heaven is at hand Sisters and Brothers: We read in today’s Gospel that in response to John the Baptist’s call for repentance, people from Jerusalem, Judea, and the region around the Jordan flock to him for baptism. Obviously, they see themselves as sinners and transgressors of God’s law. John, God’s messenger, accepts their repentance. It is easy to see in the people the image of the prodigal son who returns to the father’s house. But the Pharisees and Sadducees receive from John not words of encouragement but severe warning. John, who is full of the Spirit, is not one to be fooled. Does he see in the religious teachers a disposition other than that of genuine repentance? We can surmise that as “religious professionals” the Pharisees and Sadducees are more faithful to the law than the rest of the people. But in the eyes of God and in the eyes of the Baptist, everyone has a need of repentance. The religious teachers may have been careful to observe the minute regulations of the law, but they have a grave fault about which the Baptist warns them: presumption. They feel secure in their own “virtues” and in their belief that they are the true children
of Abraham. They need to awaken from their “virtue” which impedes them from submitting wholeheartedly to John’s Baptism. In the Pharisees and Sadducees, we see the prodigal son’s brother. Their reconciliation with God is still an open-ended question. We say that the people most difficult to awaken are those who merely pretend to be asleep. Those who are most difficult to convert are those who think they have no need of conversion. Pride and presumption are even more insidious than serious violations of God’s commandment. A parable is told of Satan who complains to the Lord: “You are unfair. So many sinners do wrong and you take them back. In fact, some come back half a dozen times and you always welcome them. I make one big mistake and you condemn me forever. It is not fair.” The Lord replies, “Satan, did you ever ask for forgiveness or repent?” This Gospel reflection is taken from St. Paul’s 365 Days with the Lord. May your day be filled with love and may Almighty God bless yon in the name of the Father and of the son and of the Holy Spirit. Amen.
Pinagat Atsubispo Anthony Sablan Apuron, Kapuchinu
na siha i manmagahet na famagu’on Abrahan. Manisisita manmakmata ginen i “bittut” niha ni ti sumesedi siha para u mana’innaihon siha kumplidu para i bautismon San Juan Bautista. Gi Manfariseo yan Mansadduceo, ta lili’e’ i che’lon i despetdisiao na patgon. I inafa’maolek-niha yan si Yu’os gof mababa na kuestion. Ta sasangan na i taotao siha ni mas manmappot para ufanmapangon ayu siha i kadu ha mamaimaigo’. Ayu siha mas mappot manmakumbiette i pumo’po’lo na ti manisisita manmakombiette. I banida yan inangokkon baba sumentailayi ki i mas seriosu na mayamak i tinago’ Yu’os. Guaha un fina’istoria masasangan put si Satanas ni umugong as Yu’os: “Gof digeru hao! Sa’ meggai siha man i’isao ya unkokonne’ ha siha tatte. Gi magahet, guaha unos kuantos manmafatto tatte un dosena pat mas ya todu i tiempo un tatagam siha. Ya guahu un linachi ha hu fa’tinas ya esta un kondena yu para siempre. Gof ti dinanche este.” Ya ilek-na i Saina, “Ke lao kao guaha na mangagao hao asi’e’ par manotsot hao?” Este na pinagat machuchule’ ginen i Lepblon San Papblo 365 Dihas yan i Saina. Ohalara ya u bula guinaiya i ha’anen-miyu ya i todu hana’sina na Yu’os infambinendisi gi na’an i Tata yan i Lahi-na yan i Espritu Santo. Amen.
Mane’lu-hu, tatataitai gi Ibanghliun pa’go na Damenggo na gi ineppen i inagang San Juan Bautista para ufanmanotsot, i manaotao Jerusalen, Judea yan i lugat siha gi uriyan Jordan manmalalagu guatu giya guiya para ufanmatakpangi. Sen siguru, mali’e’ siha komu man i’isao ni yumayamak i lai Yu’os. Si San Juan, ni tentago’ Yu’os, ha aksepta i manotsot-niha. Gof libianu ta li’e’ i figuran i despitdesiao na patgon ni numa’lo tatte gi gima’ tata-na. Lao i Manfariseo yan Mansadducee ma risibi ginen as San Juan ahi ti finihu iniga lao un sen malamana na linalatde. Si San Juan ni bula ni Espiritu, ti sina mafa’baba. Adda ti halili’e’ gi halom i manrelihosu na manma’estro siha i disposision otro ki i sensiyu na sinetsot? Sina ta alok na komu i man “profesionat na relihosu” i Manfariseo yan Mansaudduceeo mas manfiet siha gi lai ki i taotao. Lao gi matan Yu’os yanh gi matan San Juan Bautista, todu ha munisisita manmanotsot. I manrilihosu na manma’estra masesenadahi para uma’osge i mas mandikike na ginagao i lai lao guaha dangkolo na linachen-niha ni si San Juan ha sangangani siha: i inangokon baba. Kulan man sensigurao gi mismo “bittut”niha yan gi hinenggen-niha
Refleksion Ibangheliun Mina’dos Damenggon Atbiento A Disembre 8, 2013 Ibangheliu (Mateo 3:1-12) Annai matto si Juan Bautista komu sisitmon gi disietton Judea, taiguini sinangan-na: “Fanmanotsot! Esta matto i rainon Yu’os.” Put guiya na i prufeta as Isaiah kumuentos ya ilek-na, “Un bos gi disietto ume’essalao: ‘Pripara i chalan i Saina, na’fanunas i chalan-na siha.’” Minagagagu si Juan ni chinina ni mafa’tinas ginen i pilon kameyu yan sininturoron kueru. Apacha’ yan miet-halom-tano’ na’an-na. Manmatto guatu gi as Juan taotao siha ginen todu i banda ni manhihot gi Saddok Jordan. Mantinakpapangi siha gi Saddok Jordan mientras makonfesatnanaihon i isao-niha. Annai ha li’e’ si Juan na meggai na Fariseo yan Sadducee manhahanao mo’na para ufanmatakpangi, ilek-
na nu siha: “Kulan hamyo i inetnon saligao! Hayi hamyo umabisa para in suhayi i kastigon Yu’os ni mamamaila? Che’gue este siha ya u annok na magahet na manmanotsot hamyo. Ya cha’-miyu muna’fambanidodosu hamyo yanggen in sangan na, ‘Si Abrahan i tatan-mami.’ Bai sangani hamyo na sina si Yu’os numa’dokko’ tinatte para si Abrahan ginen este na acho’ siha. Listo i gachai para u utot papa’ i tronko gi hale’. Kada tronko ni ti manonokcha’ u ma’utot ya u madaggao guatu gi guafi. Hanom takpangenge-ku nu hamyo put i para in na’annok na manmanotsot hamyo lao ayu i para u fatto despues di guahu mas minina’sina ki guahu. Ni ti humiresi para hu katgayi gue’ ni sandalias-na. Guiya in fantinakpangi ni Espiritu Santo yan i guafi. Ha gogo’te gi kannai-na i ge’ha para ki sina u na’gasgas i sagan manguggan, ya u na’dana i kine’ko trigu gi dipositu lao i lassas u masongge gi taihinekkok na guafi.
2013 LITURGICAL CALENDAR DECEMBER yy Dec. 1 – First Sunday of Advent yy Dec. 7 – Santa Barbara, Dededo yy Dec. 9 – Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Holy Day of Obligation) yy Dec. 14 – Our Lady of Guadalupe, Santa Rita yy Dec. 25 – The Nativity of the Lord (Holy Day of Obligation) yy Dec. 28 – Nino Perdido y Sagrada Familia, Asan Visit Archdiocese of Agaña’s website: www.Agañaarch.org and U Matuna on-line: umatuna.org
ANNOUNCEMENTS SCHOOLS ACADEMY OF OUR LADY OF GUAM yy Dec. 9: Novena and Procession in honor of Santa Marian Kamalen. Attendance required; Students meet in gym in full dress uniform 3 p.m. yy Dec. 13: Christmas program, 7 p.m. in auditorium yy Dec. 16-19: First semester exams. yy Dec. 19: Parents invited to attend Advent Liturgy, 8:30 a.m., CathedralBasilica yy Dec. 21-Jan 3: No classes-Christmas break. yy Jan 6: Third Quarter begins; Back-to-school prayer service. See www.aolg.edu.gu or call 477-8203. NOTRE DAME HIGH SCHOOL yy Dec. 9: Santa Marian Kamalen procession 4 p.m., Dulce Nombre de Maria Cathedral Basilica – No classes yy Dec. 13: Faculty/Staff Faith Enrichment Day – No classes yy Dec. 18-19: Semester Exams yy Dec. 20: Teacher Record Day – No Classes; 2nd Quarter ends yy Dec. 23 – Jan 3: Christmas Break
GENERAL TRADITIONAL LATIN MASS St. Fidelis Friary, Agana Hts: 8 a.m. – Dec. 8; 11 a.m. – Dec 22; 11:30 a.m. – Dec 24; 11 a.m. – Dec 29. CARMEL ON THE HILL RETREAT CENTER All are invited for a time of listening, reflecting, and sharing during the first three Sundays of Advent. yy 2nd Sunday, Dec. 8: “Grow in the Spirit of Christ Jesus” yy 3rd Sunday, Dec. 15: “See the Goodness of the Lord” Call Sr. Francine at 797-0852 for registration and more information. No fee. Donations accepted. TRADITIONAL LATIN MASS Island Board Unit Presidents: No meeting in December U MATUNA SI YU’OS CATHOLIC NEWSPAPER Love our faith? Love to write? Combine the two as a freelance writer for our Catholic newspaper, U Matuna Si Yu’os. Cover and write about the exciting events of our Catholic Church on Guam and receive help developing your writing skills too. Photographers welcomed. Info.: Tony Diaz, Editor, 562-0065, e-mail email@example.com.
SUNDAY, DECEMBER 8, 2013
Catholic Social Service urges worldwide prayer against hunger For the U Matuna Si Yu’os Catholic Social Service representatives on Guam are issuing an invitation to the faithful on Guam and the community in general to join in a worldwide wave of prayer which the Holy Father will also participate in next week (Story, Page 11). Catholic Social Services issued the following message this week: “As we close out November’s RELATED STORY alms giving drive, we do want to Pope participating highlight that poverty and hunger in worldwide wave happens every day, even within our PAGE 11 beautiful island. Through our collective prayers, we can strengthen the call to action to prevent and reduce those living in poverty. Participation simply involves praying – as an individual, group, or organization – in an informal or formal manner at 12 noon time on Tuesday, December 10, 2013. Included herein are a short background introduction and the campaign prayer which may be used by those participating.
One Human Family, Food for All “On Tuesday, December 10, Catholic Charities USA, Catholic Relief Services, and the network of Caritas Internationalis agencies, will launch a worldwide movement to respond to the needs of the poor and vulnerable in our midst by praying and acting to end hunger. A global wave of prayer will begin in Tonga at 12 noon their time and will progress around the world until it reaches American Samoa some 24 hours and more than 164 countries later. We invite you to participate in this movement to help provide relief to those experiencing hunger.”
This is the logo for the "One Human Family, Food for All" campaign organized by Caritas Internationalis. The longterm campaign by the world-wide confederation of Catholic charities seeks to end hunger and malnutrition. Related story, Page 11. CNS photo/Caritas Internationalis
Worldwide Prayer O God, you entrusted to us the fruits of all creation so that we might care for the earth and be nourished with its bounty. You sent us your Son to share our very flesh and blood and to teach us your Law of Love. Through His death and resurrection, we have been formed into one human family. Jesus showed great concern for those who had no food – even transforming five loaves and two fish into a banquet that served five thousand and many more. We come before you, O God, conscious of our faults and failures, but full of hope, to share food with all members in this global family. Through your wisdom, inspire leaders of government and of business, as well as all the world’s citizens, to find just, and charitable solutions to end hunger by assuring that all people enjoy the right to food. Thus we pray, O God, that when we present ourselves for Divine Judgment, we can proclaim ourselves as “One Human Family” with “Food for All”. AMEN. www.caritas.org
SUNDAY, DECEMBER 8, 2013
The Villos of Elite Bakery:
Lives leavened by faith
By Grace Garces Bordallo For the U Matuna Si Yu’os
aith is at the heart of Ambros and Louella Villo’s business, Elite Bakery. Placing God at the center of their lives has helped the devoted Catholic couple grow further in love with
About the Business: Elite Bakery Locations: Agat: Route 2 Tel: 671-565-2917 Union City, California: 4123 Dyer St Tel: 510-400-1425
Tamuning: 236 Chalan San Antonio Tel: 671-646-4127 / 7897 Rota, CNMI: Songsong Village Tel: 670-532-4127
Cebu, Philippines: M.J. Cuenco Ave, Mabolo, Cebu City Tel: (6332) 233-8689, 232-5689 E-mail: EA_Villo@Elite-Bakery.com Website: Elite-Bakery.com Facebook: Elite Bakery Union City Hours of operation Mon- Sun. 6 a.m. - 8:30 p.m. Specialty orders, including wedding cakes, are accepted.
each other, and that love expresses itself joyfully in their bakery and in the service they do for their community. The Villos have faced many challenges in their journey together: Their families did not want them to marry. There wasn’t enough money to make ends meet or to start a business. But for every challenge they faced, they first turned to God in prayer. “In everything that I do I always ask the Lord to help me out. I said, ‘Lord I'll do my job, now this is your job’,” Louella said. "If you have faith, even what happens, you can tackle hardships in life. It gives you strength," the dedicated wife, mother, grandmother and entrepreneur said. Louella Villo says their three grown children understand that. "That's what the legacy of the family is," she said. Ambros and Louella were not strangers to each other before they started dating in the Philippines in their younger days. Her older sister was married to his older brother, and both were working in his family’s bakery in north Cebu. Not long after they met, and with much hesitation between both families, Ambros and Louella Villo wed. The couple will celebrate 48 years of marriage this month. At first, Ambros did not want to follow in his father's footsteps as a baker. Instead, he wanted to carve out his own career as an architect. Soon after they married however, they realized that their careers as professionals were not earning them enough money, even with strict budgeting. With help from their siblings, they started a bakery which they operated on weekends. After a month, Louella presented her husband with numbers. In one month, she calculated that they earned more money working weekends in their bakery, than during the remaining 20 days at their regular jobs. Ambros had worked as a board-certified architect and Louella managed a rural bank. She is also a certified public accountant (CPA). Though sales were good, Louella said she still needed to convince her husband to let go of his career in architecture. “The profit is good. These are numbers and it's a fact that See BREAD, Page 7
Mr. and Mrs. Ambros and Louella Villo show a portrait of the Divine Mercy of Jesus. The longtime entrepreneurs, bakers and owners of Elite Bakery on Guam, Rota and California have a strong devotion to the Divine Mercy. Photos for U Matuna Si Yu’os by Jonathan Abella.
ABOVE LEFT: Ambros Villo deftly decorates a wedding cake at the couple’s Elite Bakery location in Tamuning. ABOVE RIGHT: Once a certified public account, Louella Villo ran the numbers and figured out that she and her husband would earn a better living following Ambros’ father’s trade as a baker. They have been preparing sweet goodies since 1967.
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Faith in the Workplace 1. What role does your Catholic Faith play in how you run your business? AMBROS VILLO: Everything. According to St. Josemaría Escrivá, the incidents, the problems, the friendships—all that you encounter at work—will give you food for prayer. 2. If you could share one key time management tip with our readers, what would it be?
Devoted Catholic bakers and entrepreneurs Ambros and Louella gather with friends, relatives and priests alongside their family’s Divine Mercy Jesus portrait. Priests present are Fr. Mario Palanca, seated second from left, and Fr. Willy Lorilla, seated far right. Fr Dan Ferrandiz is standing, second from left, with Fr. Rean Enriquez to his left.
AMBROS VILLO: In everything you do, do it with love. Do your work with love, even if you don't enjoy it. Like Blessed Mother Teresa would say, “Do small things with great love.”
At the bakery, when the 3 o’clock hour arrives, all those who are Catholic and not doing essential work will pause for a few minutes to pray the Divine Mercy.”
Bread CONTINUED FROM PAGE 6 will not lie to us,” she recalled telling her husband. “It was 1967 when my wife and I went from just the two of us making cookies on the weekend, to a fully operational bakery with over 35 employees,” Ambros said. Besides their bakery in Cebu, their business has since expanded to four more bakeries, in Agat and Tamuning, Guam; Songsong Village, Rota; and in Union City, Calif. They opened the doors of Elite Bakery on Guam in 1973. "We were the first to introduce the chiffon-based cakes here on Guam," Ambros said. Their specialty chiffon cake flavors include guava delight, pineapple, and chocolate dobash. Some of the Villos’ more popular items are custard pie, blue Hawaiian cake, and the local traditional red velvet. “We are also well known for our seasonal desserts such as sylvanas, masarap tarts, fruit cake, San Rival, pecan pie, and the Holiday apple pie,” he said. “People say our products don’t overwhelm you with being too sweet, from our breads, cakes, and our pastries,” Ambros said. Besides baking for customers, they also take time on Thursdays to give back to the community. Since 1978, the Villos have maintained a kind-hearted tradition of serving lunch to Guam’s Catholic clergy. "Every Thursday we welcome priests here for a free lunch. Whatever priests will come, we are always here," she said. It’s a time they can break bread and share
in laughter. The Villos enjoy the company, as well as advice they readily receive from priests who walk into their facility. "With all my hardship. It made me strong. My priest friends are always there to try to advise me on what to do. They give me a very strong spirit. And that's why I am so thankful to the Lord," she said. "Father Dan (Ferrandiz) said, 'If you have problems, just observe the three 'P's: patience, perseverance, then persistence',” Louella said. "I really appreciate the wisdom they share. I appreciate their friendship.” Some of the particular saints to whom they are devoted include St. Vincent and St. Monica. They also pray to Santo Nino. "We have a commitment at 3 o'clock. That's for the Lord," she said, noting their devotion to the Divine Mercy of Jesus. The couple attends daily Mass, and leads the Divine Mercy prayer at the Blessed Sacrament Chapel in their parish church, St. Anthony's. And at the bakery, when the 3 o’clock hour arrives, "All those who are Catholic and not doing essential work will pause for a few minutes to pray the Divine Mercy," Ambros said. "Life sometimes is not a bed of roses. (There are) lots of challenges and trials. That is where your spirit comes through. That's when God is testing you,” Louella said. “The more I have problems the more I pray." Ambros added, "God first before anything else." The Villos own five bakeries and have three children and 13 grandchildren. They do not merely run their businesses. They actively put their hearts, hands and years of baking skills in their enterprise. The cheery Catholic husband and wife can still be found baking – with love and faith — in their Tamuning shop.
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A day of celebrating religious vocations By Tony C. Diaz U Matuna Si Yu’os
It was a day of celebrating Christ the King, the Holy Eucharist and our faith alive in the young and the old. Many beautiful moments emerged as the Church on Guam gathered as one for the close of the Year of Faith and the 8th Annual Eucharistic Congress Sunday, Nov. 24 at the Ypao Beach Amphitheater in Tumon. There was the touching image of hundreds of our Guam Catholics youth walking with Archbishop Anthony Sablan Apuron, OFM Cap., D.D. and their adult teachers during the opening procession from John F. Kennedy High School down to Ypao Beach. There was the good feeling of seeing numerous people lining up to confess their sins to priests stationed at different sites for the Sacrament of Reconciliation. There was the bending of knees and clasping of hands in prayer for Eucharistic Adoration and celebration of Mass, attended by some 1,000 people at the Ypao Beach Amphitheater. There was the uplifting music provided by a talented islandwide assembly of choir members from Guam’s parishes and schools, the inspirational talks, the fellowship and … on and on. Logistical challenges, little glitches and bumps aside, there was indeed much to celebrate and many things to feel joyous about on this day. A celebration of our priests, brothers and religious sisters – those who’ve answered calls to consecrated lives – as well as a remarkable response to a call for vocations might especially be remembered many who attended the event. After Mass Archbishop Anthony made special effort to recognize and thank the religious and clergy for their dedication and service to God and our Church. Members of our religious orders who were present at the gathering were called to the front of the amphitheater and received blessings by the archbishop. Toward the end of the day, a call to the throngs of youth present was made – a call for vocations. More than two dozen young men and women stepped forward. Hearts jumped. Smiles broke out among friends and families. The Church this Advent season will pray for these youngsters. As well, we’ll pray for the many faithful men and women who have come before them on our shores and worldwide to give their lives to our Lord. This is the gift of the Child Jesus; that faith continues, even when many things in the world are wrong. A blessed Advent to all.
Members of Guam’s religious communities of women and men receive a blessing and gratitude from Archbishop Anthony for their faith and dedication during the closing celebration of the Year of Faith and the 8th Eucharistic Congress Sunday, Nov. 24 at the Ypao Beach Amphitheater. Most priests were on stage as concelebrants. U Matuna Si Yu’os photo by Tony C. Diaz
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Agana Heights faithful honor Our Lady
During the annual fiesta of Our Lady of the Blessed Sacrament, Agana Heights Saturday Nov. 30 the faithful process through the village, left & below. Archbishop Anthony S. Apuron incenses the statue of Our Lady of the Blessed Sacrament, above.
Pastor, Fr. Andre Eduvala OFM Cap along with Fr. Patrick Castro OFM Cap and Fr. Robert Barbato OFM Cap gather shortly before the fiesta Mass. Photos courtesy of Josephine Garrido
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SUNDAY, DECEMBER 8, 2013
Holy Father says 2015 will be dedicated to religious life Catholic News Service VATICAN CITY — During a three-hour meeting with 120 superiors general of men's religious orders, Pope Francis said the church would make consecrated life its focus in 2015. Consecrated men and women "can wake up the world," the pope told members of the Union of Superiors General Nov. 29, at a closed-door meeting during which he listened to the superiors and responded to their questions. The Vatican did not release a transcript of the pope's remarks but issued a communique outlining the topics discussed, summarizing some of the pope's points and including a few direct quotations. The
questions and answers, the Vatican said, focused on the identity and mission of consecrated people in the church, vocations, formation, community life, relations between religious orders and dioceses and the mission of religious in the world today. "God calls us to leave the nest holding us and go out to the far ends of the world, avoiding the temptation to domesticate" the faith, the pope said. Religious orders of priests and brothers aren't simply manpower for dioceses, he said, but their orders and identity as consecrated men should enrich the dioceses. For many orders, he said, schools and universities are the primary field of mission. In Catholic schools, he
Pope Francis administers the sacrament of confirmation during Mass at the Parish of San Cirillo Alessandrino in Rome Dec. 1. The pope confirmed several young men. CNS photo/ Paul Haring
Best gift in life is encountering Christ, pope says at start of Advent VATICAN CITY (CNS) — The best present in life is encountering Jesus — an encounter that will last a lifetime, Pope Francis said. A Christian's whole life "is an encounter with Jesus: in prayer, when we go to Mass, when we do good works, when we visit the sick, when we help the poor, when we think of others, when we're not selfcentered, when we are amiable," he said in a homily given at a Rome parish Dec. 1. "We always encounter Christ in these things and the journey of life is exactly this: walking to encounter Jesus," he said. Beginning Advent for the first time as pope, Pope Francis visited the parish of San Cirillo Alessandrino in a neighborhood on the outskirts of Rome. Before celebrating Mass, he met with the sick, children who recently received their first Communion, and — accompanied by their parents — children baptized in the past year. He also heard confessions from a few parishioners and met with a group of young men he confirmed during the evening Mass. The pope apologized to parishioners for any inconveniences caused by his visit, be it "excessive organization, security, fear; please know that I don't agree. I'm on your side," he said. Some news reports said a
beefed-up police presence was also due to protests calling for more affordable housing. The pope later met with some of the activists. In his homily, the pope asked the congregation if it were true that church life ended with the sacrament of confirmation, saying he's heard it's also known as the "sacrament of adieu" because it's often the last time people go to church. Encountering Christ is not a one-time event, "we encounter him every day," he said. However, some people, especially those who lived a life of sin, may think "How can I encounter Jesus," he said. "But, you know, the people Jesus tried to find most of all were the biggest sinners," he said. While those who believed they were without sin would admonish Jesus for keeping company with sinners, Jesus would tell them, "'I have come for those who need good health, who need healing,'" the pope said. "When we sin, Jesus comes and forgives us" in confession, he added. "Do you want to met Jesus in your life," he asked the young men he was about to confirm. With the help of the Holy Spirit and the sacraments, "you will have more strength for this journey." Don't be afraid, he told them, because "the most beautiful present is encountering Jesus."
Regarding formation, Pope Francis said educating and preparing new members for religious life is “a craft, not a police operation,” but it must include spiritual, intellectual, community and apostolic components. said, the teachers and professors must "transmit knowledge, ways of acting and values. Faith is transmitted through them." Catholic teachers and professors, he said, "must ask themselves how to proclaim Jesus Christ to a generation that is changing." In the discussion about the difficulty some orders are having in attracting new vocations in some parts of the world, Pope Francis
spoke about how the "younger churches" in Africa and Asia are providing many vocations today, which requires orders to look at their charism or identity to determine how that can be lived in different cultures. "The church must ask forgiveness and look with shame at the apostolic failures that occurred because of misunderstandings in this area, like in the case of Matteo Ric-
ci." The work of the Jesuit missionary to China, who died in 1610, was controversial and misunderstood because he tolerated some Confucian practices as social and cultural traditions rather than as religious practices incompatible with Christianity. Pope Francis told the superiors that as their orders become increasingly international and multicultural, their leadership teams also must include people who show the order's charism can be lived in different cultures. Regarding formation, he said educating and preparing new members for religious life is "a craft, not a police operation," but it must include spiritual, intellectual, community and apostolic components.
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Pope to proclaim sainthood of Jesuit companion of St. Ignatius VATICAN CITY — Pope Francis is expected to issue a decree declaring one of his favorite Jesuits, Blessed Peter Faber, a saint. The decree is likely to take the form of what the Vatican terms an "equivalent canonization," in which the pope inserts the name of the new saint in the universal calendar of saints without verifying a miracle performed through his intercession and without holding a formal canonization ceremony. Jesuit Father Marc Lindeijer, vice postulator or promoter of Jesuit sainthood causes, said Nov. 27 that "more or less right after his election" in March, Pope Francis asked that the process be started for the canonization of Blessed Faber, who with St. Ignatius of Loyola and St. Francis Xavier, was a founding member of the Society of Jesus. While according to church law Pope Francis could have signed a decree immediately, Father Lindeijer said the pope asked that the cause "be studied and evaluated on its merits." The "equivalent canonizations" — used most recently for St. Angela of Fo-
St. Francis Xavier, St. Ignatius of Loyola and Blessed Peter Faber are shown in an icon. CNS photo/courtesy of Jesuit General Curia ligno and St. Hildegard of Bingen — recognize the candidates' widespread fame of holiness and veneration by Catholic faithful sustained over centuries. Cardinal members of the Congregation for Saints' Causes are scheduled to meet in mid-December to vote on whether or not to recommend the pope declares him a saint by decree. Father Lindeijer said a panel of historians and a group of theologians convoked by the congregation already voted unanimously in favor of the canonization, and he said he would be surprised if the cardinals did not follow suit. For modern Jesuits, he said, the canonization would be another step for-
ward in recognizing that the Society of Jesus was founded by a group of companions and not only by St. Ignatius. "Many feel there has been too much focus on one man, one founder, as if Ignatius embodied the whole charism" of the Jesuits, Father Lindeijer said. Faber, who was born in 1506 in what is now France, shared lodgings with Ignatius and Francis Xavier at the College of St. Barbara at the University of Paris. Faber actually was the first of the Jesuits to be ordained a priest and he celebrated the Mass in 1534 during which St. Ignatius and the others took their vows of poverty, chastity and obedience. Jesuit Father Antonio Spadaro, editor of La Civilta Cattolica, who conducted the interview with Pope Francis published in Jesuit periodicals in September, had asked Pope Francis about his favorite Jesuits. Pope Francis began "by mentioning Ignatius Loyola and Francis Xavier, but then focuses on a figure that other Jesuits certainly know, but who is of course not as well known to the general public: Peter Faber (150646)," Father Spadaro wrote. Asked what he admired about Faber, the pope replied, his "dialogue with all, even the most remote and even with his opponents; his simple piety, a certain naivet, perhaps, his being available straightaway, his careful interior discernment, the fact that he was a man capable of great and strong decisions but also capable of being so gentle and loving."
Pope will help launch worldwide 'wave of prayer' against hunger VATICAN CITY (CNS) — Pope Francis will help launch a global campaign of prayer and action against world hunger. Organized by Caritas Internationalis, the Vaticanbased federation of Catholic charities, the global "wave of prayer" will begin at noon Dec. 10 on the South Pacific island of Samoa and head west across the world's time zones. Pope Francis will offer his blessing and support for the "One Human Family, Food For All" campaign in a five-minute video message being released on the eve of the global launch. Caritas Internationalis invited its 164 member organizations and local churches to pray for an end to hunger and malnutrition as well as to act on a local, national or global level against food waste and promote food access and security worldwide. Nearly 1 billion people — or about one in eight people — experienced chronic hun-
ger or undernourishment during 2010-2012, according to the Caritas website. "One of the worst sounds a parent can hear is their child crying at night tormented by hunger. Many parents living in poverty hear this cry and yet they have no food to give them," Honduran Cardinal Oscar Rodriguez Maradiaga of Tegucigalpa, president of Caritas Internationalis, said in a video message. "There is enough food to feed the planet. We believe that with your help and the help of governments and the U.N. we can end hunger by 2025.” Caritas is urging Catholics to take a few moments at noon Dec. 10 to join the world in praying against hunger as well as engage in long-term action through raising awareness, advocacy, charitable work or other efforts supporting food security. The right to food is part of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
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SUNDAY, DECEMBER 8, 2013
In document, pope lays out his vision for an evangelical church
Pope says only men can be priests, but women must have voice in church
VATICAN CITY (CNS) — In his first extensive piece of writing as pope, Pope Francis lays out a vision of the Catholic Church dedicated to evangelization in a positive key, with a focus on society's poorest and most vulnerable, including the aged and unborn. "Evangelii Gaudium" ("The Joy of the Gospel"), released by the Vatican Nov. 26, is an apostolic exhortation, one of the most authoritative categories of papal document. (Pope Francis' first encyclical, "Lumen Fidei," published in July, was mostly the work of his predecessor, Pope Benedict XVI.) The pope wrote the new document in response to the October 2012 Synod of Bishops on the new evangelization, but declined to work from a draft provided by synod officials. Pope Francis' voice is unmistakable in the 50,000-word document's relatively relaxed style — he writes that an "evangelizer must never look like someone who has just come back from a funeral!" — and its emphasis on some of his signature themes, including the dangers of economic globalization and "spiritual worldliness." The church's message "has to concentrate on the essentials, on what is most beautiful, most grand, most appealing and at the same time most necessary," he writes. "In this basic core, what shines forth is the beauty of the saving love of God made manifest in Jesus Christ who died and rose from the dead." Inspired by Jesus' poverty and concern for the dispossessed during his earthly ministry, Pope Francis calls for a "church which is poor and for the poor." The poor "have much to teach us," he writes. "We are called to find Christ in them, to lend our voices to their causes, but also to be their friends, to listen to them, to speak for them and to embrace the mysterious wisdom which God wishes to share with us through them." Charity is more than mere handouts, "it means working to eliminate the structural causes of poverty and to promote the integral development of the poor," the pope writes. "This means education, access to health care, and above all employment, for it is through free creative, participatory and mutually supportive labor that human beings express and enhance the dignity of their lives." Yet he adds that the "worst discrimination which the poor suffer
VATICAN CITY (CNS) — The Catholic Church is not going to change its position on the inadmissibility of women priests, Pope Francis said, but it does have to stop linking all decision making to ordination and allow women to have a voice in deliberations. In his apostolic exhortation, "Evangelii Gaudium" ("The Joy of the Gospel"), Pope Francis wrote that the involvement of all Catholics is needed — both as missionaries and in revising structures and pastoral programs to ensure they are focused on mission. "I readily acknowledge that many women share pastoral responsibilities with priests, helping to guide people, families and groups and offering new contributions to theological reflection," the pope wrote. At the same time, he said, "demands that the legitimate rights of women be respected, based on the firm conviction that men and women are equal in dignity, present the church with profound and challenging questions which cannot be lightly evaded." "The reservation of the priesthood to males, as a sign of Christ the spouse who gives himself in the Eucharist, is not a question open to discussion," the pope said, "but it can prove especially divisive if sacramental power is too closely identified with power in general." The idea that ordination equals power not only robs the church of valuable contributions
Pope Francis leads his general audience in St. Peter's Square at the Vatican Nov. 20. CNS photo/Paul Haring is the lack of spiritual care. ... They need God and we must not fail to offer them his friendship, his blessing, his word, the celebration of the sacraments and a journey of growth and maturity in the faith." Pope Francis reiterates his earlier criticisms of "ideologies that defend the absolute autonomy of the marketplace and financial speculation," which he blames for the current financial crisis and attributes to an "idolatry of money." He emphasizes that the church's concern for the vulnerable extends to "unborn children, the most defenseless and innocent among us," whose defense is "closely linked to the defense of each and every other human right." "A human being is always sacred and inviolable, in any situation and at every stage of development," the pope writes, in his strongest statement to date on the subject of abortion. The pope writes that evangelization entails peacemaking, among other ways through ecumenical and interreligious dialogue. He "humbly" calls on Muslim majority countries to grant religious freedom to Christians, and enjoins Catholics to "avoid hateful generalizations" based on "disconcerting episodes of violent fundamentalism," since "authentic Islam and the proper reading of the Quran are opposed to every form of violence." Pope Francis characteristically directs some of his strongest criticism at his fellow clergy, among other reasons, for what he describes as largely inadequate preaching. The faithful and "their ordained ministers suffer because of homilies," he writes: "the laity from having to listen to them and the clergy from having to preach them!" The pope de-
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votes several pages to suggestions for better homilies, based on careful study of the Scriptures and respect for the principle of brevity. As he has done in a number of homilies and public statements, the pope stresses the importance of mercy, particularly with regard to the church's moral teaching. While lamenting "moral relativism" that paints the church's teaching on sexuality as unjustly discriminatory, he also warns against overemphasizing certain teachings out of the context of more essential Christian truths. In words very close to those he used in an interview with a Jesuit journalist in August, Pope Francis writes that "pastoral ministry in a missionary style is not obsessed with the disjointed transmission of a multitude of doctrines to be insistently imposed," lest they distract from the Gospel's primary invitation to "respond to the God of love who saves us." Returning to a theme of earlier statements, the pope also warns against "spiritual worldliness, which hides behind the appearance of piety and even love for the church, (but) consists in seeking not the Lord's glory but human glory and personal well-being," either through embrace of a "purely subjective faith" or a "narcissistic and authoritarian elitism" that overemphasizes certain rules or a "particular Catholic style from the past." The pope ends on a hopeful note true to his well-attested devotion to Mary, whom he invokes as the mother of evangelization and "wellspring of happiness for God's little ones."
from women, he said, it presents a misguided view of the priesthood and the sacraments. "The configuration of the priest to Christ the head — namely, as the principal source of grace — does not imply an exaltation which would set him above others," Pope Francis wrote. "In the church, functions 'do not favor the superiority of some vis-a-vis the others.'" Even when considering the priest's role within the hierarchical structure of the church, he said, "it must be remembered that 'it is totally ordered to the holiness of Christ's members.' Its key and axis is not power understood as domination, but the power to administer the sacrament of the Eucharist; this is the origin of its authority, which is always a service to God's people." Pope Francis said the church and society need women and always have benefited from their contributions, including "the sensitivity, intuition and other distinctive skill sets which they, more than men, tend to possess." "I think, for example, of the special concern which women show to others, which finds a particular, even if not exclusive, expression in motherhood,” he wrote. “But we need to create still broader opportunities for a more incisive female presence in the church," including "the possible role of women in decision-making in different areas of the church's life."
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SUNDAY, DECEMBER 8, 2013
Pope's words and examples draw analysis, plaudits By Patricia Zapor Catholic News Service
WASHINGTON — When Cardinal Theodore E. McCarrick went to Buenos Aires a few years ago to visit his "classmate," Cardinal Jorge Bergoglio, from the same group of bishops who became cardinals in 2001, he was first surprised that the archbishop personally met him at the airport. As Cardinal McCarrick, the retired archbishop of Washington, told it at a program at Georgetown University on Pope Francis and the poor Dec. 2, the future Pope Francis picked up his guest's suitcases and brought them out to the car he'd borrowed for the occasion. Their travels through the city brought them in view of many of the prime tourist points of interest in Buenos Aires. "We passed all the great sites, but did I hear about them? No," said Cardinal McCarrick. "The only thing I heard was 'under this bridge is the worst slum in the city. I try to visit often.'" As they passed another neighborhood, the future pope described
it as a hotbed of criminal violence and said there'd recently been some murders there. He had tried to intervene in the simmering unrest, Cardinal Bergoglio explained, but to no avail. In opening the panel discussion about the "Challenges of Pope Francis and Catholic Social Thought for American Poverty," Cardinal McCarrick said Pope Francis' apostolic exhortation, "Evangelii Gaudium" ("The Joy of the Gospel"), published Nov. 26, in short, insists that "the Gospel is good news and we ought to act like it is. Pope Francis is not ashamed to say he wants a church of the poor and for the poor." Observing that Pope Francis both as pope and before he was elected in March has made a point of reaching out to people in need, Cardinal McCarrick refined the point to say, "he doesn't just reach out to the poor, but to the individuals who are poor." "He is not one to say 'change the whole society immediately,'" the cardinal said. "but change society and take better care of the person sleeping on the grate, of the woman wearing towels" because she has in-
sufficient clothes. He predicted the apostolic exhortation could well be the defining document of Pope Francis's papacy. "He's in a category of his own, a prophet who sees the world as it is and has the courage to say so." Cardinal McCarrick's remarks and ensuing discussion were part of the second major event of the Initiative on Catholic Social Thought and Public Life, a new program to promote the education of a new generation of Catholic lay leaders and to foster discussion about Catholic social teaching. The moderator and the initiative's director, John Carr, former secretary of the Department of Justice, Peace and Human Development at the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops, gave an example of the attention Pope Francis pays to individuals. When the pope visited Assisi in October, he walked into a room of about 100 people with profound handicaps, Carr said. Instead of giving a speech and greeting a handful of people as would be expected, the pope spent time with each person in the room. "It looked like Jesus would've
acted," Carr said. Panelist Michael Gerson, former speechwriter and adviser to President George W. Bush and now a columnist for The Washington Post, author and fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations, said he's been saying Pope Francis is "a troublemaker." The apostolic exhortation reads like a 220-page preview of what to expect of Francis's papacy, Gerson said, observing "there's nothing more dangerous than a troublemaker with a plan." Gerson, an evangelical, said he thinks the reason what the pope says and does is so powerful is that "he talks like Jesus and acts like Jesus." As Christians, "that's the source of what we believe." Gerson said that what the pope has been saying is not new, it's not even unfamiliar, but that it captures the imagination of Catholics and non-Catholics alike because he puts it so vividly through is words and actions. "A church that looked like this could transform the entire world," he said. Bishop Stephen E. Blaire, of Stockton, Calif., who just com-
pleted his term as chairman of the USCCB's Committee on Domestic Justice and Human Development, said he's been struck by how many people find the words and example of Pope Francis speaks to them. "He's speaking as a pastor who's been with his people in the streets where they live," he said. One section of the exhortation that particularly stood out for him, he said, was where the pope quoted St. John Chrysostom's observation that "not to share one's wealth with the poor is to steal from them." "That raises enormous questions," said Bishop Blaire, such as about property rights and philosophy about dominion over creation. E.J. Dionne, a Georgetown faculty member, a Post columnist quipped that "I love a pope who takes a stand against sourpusses," referencing the exhortation's call to priests to preach without putting people to sleep. That section told priests that it shouldn't be "torture" to go to confession and encouraged them to get out of their sacristies and get involved in the lives of people, and not to be "sourpusses."
Pope Francis: Opposition to abortion isn't 'conservative,' it's result of faith VATICAN CITY (CNS) — Defending human dignity and protecting society's most vulnerable necessarily means protecting the unborn and defending their right to life, Pope Francis said in his apostolic exhortation. Writing in "Evangelii Gaudium" ("The Joy of the Gospel"), Pope Francis said the church's opposition to abortion is not a "conservative" political position, but is a key part of its claim that God created and loves each person and that believers have an absolute obligation to defend those whose basic right to life is under attack. "Precisely because this involves the internal consistency of our message about the value of the human
person, the church cannot be expected to change her position on this question," Pope Francis wrote in the document, which was released Nov. 26 at the Vatican. "I want to be completely honest in this regard," he said. Acknowledging confusion in the general public between the reforms of church structures he has called for and expectations that he could change some church teaching, he said the church's opposition to abortion "is not something subject to alleged reforms or 'modernizations.'" "A human being is always sacred and inviolable, in any situation and at every stage of development," he wrote. "Once this conviction disappears, so do solid and lasting
A human being is always sacred and inviolable, in any situation and at every stage of development…every violation of the personal dignity of the human being cries out in vengeance to God and is an offense against the creator of the individual.” - Pope Francis
foundations for the defense of human rights, which would always be subject to the passing whims of the powers that be." The "defense of unborn life is closely linked to the defense of each and every other human right," he said. While some people ridicule the
church's opposition to abortion or present it "as ideological, obscurantist and conservative," he said, "it is not 'progressive' to try to resolve problems by eliminating a human life." Pope Francis said unfortunately it is true that, as a whole, the church has "done little to adequately accompany women in very
difficult situations, where abortion appears as a quick solution to their profound anguish, especially when the life developing within them is the result of rape or a situation of extreme poverty." Still, he said, the church is called to show particular care for the vulnerable and today the unborn are "the most defenseless and innocent among us." "Reason alone is sufficient to recognize the inviolable value of each single human life," the pope wrote, "but if we also look at the issue from the standpoint of faith, 'every violation of the personal dignity of the human being cries out in vengeance to God and is an offense against the creator of the individual.'"
Wall Street vs. Main Street: Pope's words on economy stir controversy By Francis X. Rocca Catholic News Service
VATICAN CITY — In enunciating the principles of Catholic social teaching, popes have long stressed the church's special concern for the poor and the need for state intervention to promote economic justice. Pope Benedict XVI, for instance, blamed the "logic of profit" for widespread hunger and pollution, called for a "true world political authority" to ensure peace and environmental protection, and — when still a cardinal serving as a high Vatican official — wrote that, "in many respects, democratic socialism was and is close to Catholic social doctrine and has in any case made a remarkable contribution to the formation of a social consciousness."
Yet the international response to Pope Francis's apostolic exhortation "Evangelii Gaudium" ("The Joy of the Gospel"), published Nov. 26, has seemed to suggest the current pope wrote something shockingly new. The document has excited ardent praise and criticism from Catholics and non-Catholics alike, especially for its words condemning an "economy of exclusion and inequality" based on the "idolatry of money." An editor of Britain's Guardian newspaper praised the pope for giving "form to the emotion and injustice of post-financial-crisis outrage in a way that has been rare since Occupy Wall Street disbanded," while radio show host Rush Limbaugh denounced what he called "pure Marxism coming out of the mouth
of the pope." Much of the particular impact of Pope Francis' words is doubtless due, on this subject as others, to his characteristically blunt and passionate style of expression. As he writes in an oft-quoted passage: "How can it be that it is not a news item when an elderly homeless person dies of exposure, but it is news when the stock market loses two points?" Oblate Father Seamus Finn, director of the U.S. Missionary Oblates' office for Justice, Peace and Integrity of Creation, said the pope's exhortation is distinguished by its special focus on economic inequality's impact on the poor and by its call on Christians to have "actual living contact with people who are poor or unemployed or struggling."
Where the document has proven especially controversial is in its description and explanation of present-day economic realities. Pope Francis writes of an "exponentially" growing gap between rich and poor, which he blames for environmental degradation and rising violence, among other evils. He attributes this gap to the influence of bad economic ideas. "This imbalance is the result of ideologies which defend the absolute autonomy of the marketplace and financial speculation. Consequently, they reject the right of states, charged with vigilance for the common good, to exercise any form of control," the pope writes. He rejects "trickle-down theories which assume that economic growth, encouraged by a free
market, will inevitably succeed in bringing about greater justice and inclusiveness in the world. This opinion, which has never been confirmed by the facts, expresses a crude and naive trust in the goodness of those wielding economic power and in the sacralized workings of the prevailing economic system. Meanwhile, the excluded are still waiting." Catholics like Samuel Gregg, research director at the Acton Institute who support free-market economic policies dispute some of the pope’s assertions. “There’s plenty of evidence out there, from the World Bank for example, suggesting that the number of people in absolute poverty over the past 30 years has shrunk dramatically..” said Gregg.
‘One Faith, One Church, One Family’ musicale Dec. 15 Father Joel de los Reyes
Divine Mercy Moments
anta Barbara Catholic Church and the Divine Mercy Apostolate will host a pre-Christmas Musicale on Dec. 15 at the upper Church with the theme of “ONE FAITH, ONE CHURCH, ONE FAMILY”. It will feature our parish choirs, ministries, apostolates, organizations, parish staff and clergy in a singing extravaganza to fill the air with Christmas cheer and to enjoy the spirit of this wonderful holy season. You are all welcome and we guarantee an exciting show. Don’t miss our beautiful give-away Divine Mercy pictures from Poland showing Jesus along with John Paul II and St. Faustina. Bring your family and friends for an evening of timeless Christmas melodies. Through this festival of songs and music, it is our humble desire, with the
guidance of God, to keep our parish family vibrant and maintain enthusiastic service to God and his people with spiritually nourishing worship. It’s a time to set aside conflicts, animosity, distressful emotional alienation, contradictions and hurts, and give way to peace with kind words, positive approaches and friendly relationships. It’s time to build bridges that connect people and tear down walls that divide us. Be on-line with God and with each other in prayer and reconciliation, for like the stars in the heavens, though numerous, they reflect the same shine. Furthermore, it’s a time of joy and a time of fun, a time of peace and a time of forgiveness, a time of giving and a time of receiving, a time of hope and a time of mercy, a time of laughter and a time of prayer. It’s time to count our smiles instead of our tears, count our courage instead of our fears, count our blessings instead of the things we are missing and count on God instead of ourselves. On the flip side, when you do not understand what’s happening in your life, just close your eyes, take a deep breath and ask God to get you through your travails, troubles, and trials. Remember that God has a reason for allowing things to happen. We may not understand His wisdom but we simply have to trust His will.
Making sense of A-D-V-E-NT Father Dan Ferrandiz For the U M atuna Si Yu’os REFLECTION If the true meaning of Christmas were to be kept in the forefront of our minds, a conscious decision must be made to enter into the proper Spirit of Advent. On this season our thoughts are too often centered on the earthly material aspects of Christmas because our senses are bombarded by the glitter and sparks of commercial advertisements that divert our attention to the real meaning of our celebration. These are the spectacles that distract us and make us all blind to what Isaiah prophesied: “A shoot shall sprout from the stump of Jesse and from his roots a bud shall blossom and the Spirit of the Lord shall rest upon him” (Isaiah 11:1-2). We lose sight of a God who slowly unveils himself to us in his small and sometimes hidden ways from the small child of Bethlehem to the Jesus who died on the cross; the Jesus who resurrected from the dead and the God who will judge us in the end. And so as we begin the season of Advent we are invited to look at the images that we see in churches like the Advent wreath. The wreath has a shape of a circle that symbolizes the character of God as the ALPHA and the OMEGA — which everything starts with God and ends with God. This circle reminds us of how our lives participate in the eternal
plan of God. That even in death our souls are still part of the process as we await the final judgment. The wreath is green which symbolizes new life and hope because Christ came to give us new life through His passion, death, and resurrection. It has four candles, which represent the four weeks before Christmas. Three candles are purple, symbolizing penance, preparation, and sacrifice; the pink candle symbolizes the same but highlights the third Sunday of Advent, called Gaudete Sunday, when we rejoice because our preparation is now halfway finished. At the beginning of the Mass, we have the four candles of the wreath that are not lit. This symbolizes that the world is in the darkness of sins. Lighting the first candle explains the entry of Christ as the Light of the World who will dispel the darkness of sin. The progression of lighting candles every week shows our increasing readiness to meet the Lord. The symbolism and meaning shown to us by the wreath is highly important because the season reminds us of the importance of preparation. We’re called to be alert, to be watchful at all times because the Lord will come to meet us suddenly and the story of our life shall end. Therefore during Advent we need to: ADJUST AND ATTUNE. We need full attention because the work of our salvation takes place in the midst of a world that continues to distract us so that we don’t take notice of Jesus passing by anymore. Advent directs our attention to two levels. The social level and the spiritual level. At the social level Advent reminds us that it is all right to engage ourselves with the social preparations for the happy event of Christmas because it strengthens family ties and friendship. But more than the social prepa-
Everything in life is temporary. If things are going well for you, enjoy them. If they are not, don’t worry too much because they won’t last forever, and if you want to make your dreams come true, the first thing you must do is to wake up. In your daily activities, in whatever occupation you happen to be in, it’s natural to feel good when people praise and compliment you. While it’s nice to be important, it more important to be nice. On the other hand, when people walk away from you, let them go, for your destiny is never tied to anyone who leaves you. It doesn’t mean however, that they are bad people, it just means that their part in your story is over and done. Amen on that folks! In her Diary entry no. 291, St. Faustina wrote, “Faithfulness is the inspiration of the Holy Spirit — that is the shortest route.” Tune to KOLG 90.9 FM for the Divine Mercy prayer every 3 p.m. Recite the Chaplet of Mercy for peace in the world and conversion of sinners daily. To arrange a Divine Mercy home presentation, prayer and veneration of the sacred relic of St. Faustina, please contact Amy Borja (472-7778). For more information about the Divine Mercy pre-Christmas Musicale, “ONE FAITH, ONE CHURCH, ONE FAMILY” please call me at 483-9464.
rations we should not forget the spiritual preparations by coming in touch with our souls. The souls alone can come in contact with Christ our Lord. Christ can be born a thousand times in Bethlehem but if he is not born within yourself, your life is useless. This is the reason why the Church sets four weeks of Advent so that we may have time to reflect and prepare. Advent is an opportunity for our spiritual adjustment and attunement. Adjustment and attunement — these are key words. In fact, this is what we do every time we pray or meditate, every time we come to church and celebrate the liturgy, every time we worship together as a community we enter into the process of adjustment and attunement. DISPOSITION. To be attuned to God we need to have the right disposition of waiting and longing for God. It means to avoid the trap of only thinking of today and forgetting about tomorrow. The motto of these people is “Eat, drink and be merry”. There is no moral law and there is no moral retribution. Advent reminds these people to fear not death but the consequences of Judgment if we do not live right. The right disposition will bring us into the vision of God. VISION of GOD. God’s vision is to establish his reign on earth - a Kingdom of TRUTH, JUSTICE, PEACE and LOVE. If we have this vision of God then we end the mentality of Sin and ENCOURAGE one another to have a NON-STOP THIRST for God. C.O.M.E LORD JESUS COME! C – Cast off deeds of darkness. O — Open yourself to the Light of Christ by putting on the heart and mind of Jesus. M — Mindful living. Staying awake for you know not the hour of your death. E – End a mentality of sinful lifestyle and long for peace and reconciliation with God and with one another. Questions for Reflection: 1. How am I keeping awake for the coming of the Lord? 2. If the Lord comes now, what kind of heart will he find in me?
SUNDAY, DECEMBER 8, 2013
Mary, O’ Blessed Mother, pray for us in these difficult times
Today I will quote from a book written in French by Abbe Anger, translated by Rev. John J. Burke, C.S.P., S.T.D. with an Imprimatur by Patrick Cardinal Hayes, Archbishop of New York. September 2, 1931. The book is “The Doctrine of the Mystical Body of Christ”- According to the Principles of the Theology of St. Thomas. “Chapter III The Church. The Family of Mary, or Mary, the Mother of the Mystical Body” “The Church is a family. It is the family of God, made up of innumerable members, joined together in the life divine by an ineffable union with the only Son of God. But the only Son of God could never be the Chief, the Head of this vast people, without becoming man, without assuming human nature of the Virgin Mary. Mary, therefore is the Mother of God and the spiritual mother of the children of mankind to whom her Son gives life. It is impossible not to speak of the most Holy Virgin. A family cannot forget the mother: more especially so when that Mother holds such a place as we know Mary holds in the Mystical Body” “If, then, in the actual economy of salvation, one cannot conceive of Christ save as the Head of the Mystical Body, how can one conceive of Mary other than the Mother of the Head and also of His members?” “If, then, the most Blessed Virgin is the mother at once of God and men, who can doubt that she will work with all diligence to procure that Christ, Head of the Body of the Church may transfuse His gifts into us, His members, and above all, that of knowing Him and living through Him?” (1 John 1v9) So, what do we learn from that short excerpt from Abbe Anger’s book? That Mary, God’s purest of humankind, conceived without Original Sin, chosen by God to give His only Son human nature that Christ, through His birth, life, Passion and death, might redeem mankind. Then it must follow, that it is through Mary’s prayers and intercession to her Son our Brother on our behalf that God’s grace comes to us. Let us today, ask our Lady, our Mother, to help us, her children. May our Life, our Sweetness and our Hope, pray for us and the people of Guam in this very difficult and dangerous time for the Church. Pray for us, O Holy Mother of God, that we may be worthy of the promises of Christ. “Zacchaeus” is the pen name of 91-year-old Guam Catholic Daniel Bradley, Sr. for his weekly column. The views expressed are those of the writer and do not necessarily reflect those of U Matuna Si Yu'os and the Archdiocese of Agaña.
CHURCH & SOCIETY
SUNDAY, DECEMBER 8, 2013
Mary's 'way of loving, believing' an example for all, says actress Catholic News Service COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo. — Preparing for the title role in "Mary of Nazareth" helped German actress Alissa Jung to realize that Mary was not only the mother of God but a real person. "Before doing this film, Mary was always the mother of Jesus, but I didn't think of her as an interesting person," Jung said. "I was really taken by her. Her way of loving, giving and believing is a big example, and she's a wonderful person. I think I changed my perspective." "Mary of Nazareth" is a European-made film shot largely in Tunisia that is being distributed by Ignatius Press in the United States. Jung has been acting in television shows and movies since she was 16 years old and currently resides in Berlin. When her agent first contacted her about auditioning for the role in "Mary of Nazareth," she resisted because she was on the verge of leaving for a trip to Haiti, where she heads a nonprofit organization that sponsors schools. Her agent urged her to read the screenplay and submit a prerecorded audition anyway. "When they called me, I was sitting on my luggage waiting for my flight to Haiti," Jung said. "In the end, to please my agent, I did this
About Mary of Nazareth Film This is a scene from “Mary of Nazareth”, a Europeanmade highdefinition film being distributed by Ignatius Press in the United States. Alissa Jung portrays Mary and Luca Marinelli as Joseph. little videotape at home sitting in front of my computer." Once she returned from Haiti, Jung not only got called to Rome for an audition but she replaced another actress who had been initially chosen to play the role. At first, the thought of playing the mother of God was overwhelming, Jung said. An added challenge was that the movie was going to be filmed entirely in English. "The first two days I was a bit shocked. Then I calmed myself down and said, 'First
of all, you are interested in the human being, you are not interested in being an icon,'" Jung said. From the point of view of an actress, the role presented a challenge because Jung had to simultaneously convey both the joy of Mary's motherhood and her sorrow in knowing Jesus would die. "That was really interesting to me as an actress, to have the possibility of having this huge conflict — to believe in something and lose your son for this," Jung said.
Ignatius Press is working with Catholic organizations around the country, such as schools and Knights of Columbus councils, to set up screenings of the movie at commercial theaters. Organizations are using the movie as an opportunity to evangelize their local communities and also as a fundraiser. Some 120 showings have taken place and Ignatius hopes to keep the movie in theaters through Easter. Visit www.maryfilm. com for more info. about “Mary of Nazareth” and a trailer of the film. Jung, who is not Catholic, said that filming the movie was also an enjoyable experience because the storyline prompted a lot of reflections about faith among the cast and crew. "We had a lot of discussions on set," she said. "We had Germans, Tunisians and Muslims. There were a lot of discussions about religion. I liked it because I think it's a way to understand other cultures and other people, to really understand their way of believing." Anthony Ryan, director of sales and marketing for San Franciscobased Ignatius Press, said that "Mary of Nazareth" will help both
Catholics and non-Catholics come to a deeper understanding of Mary's life. "She had to be a woman of great faith and mystery," Ryan said, adding that those who watch the film will understand why she is sometimes called Our Lady of Sorrows. Italian director Giacomo Campiotti has made a personal decision only to make films that are spiritually uplifting, Ryan said, adding that Campiotti chose actors from various countries in an effort to get the strongest cast possible for "Mary of Nazareth." In Jung, "he saw something that captured his heart and mind," Ryan said.
SUNDAY, DECEMBER 8, 2013