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Camera Shots


Long Shot • Definition – It includes a full body shot of the person in the shot, as well as a moderate area above and below the subject. It is used to orient a viewer to the location of a shot.

Photos found at: http://www.saskschools.ca/curr_content/cpt/projects/welcomeassignment/typesshots/typesshots.html


Medium Shot • Definition – It includes the person in the shot to the waist or knee area, with a comfortable area above the head.

Photos found at: http://www.saskschools.ca/curr_content/cpt/projects/welcomeassignment/typesshots/typesshots.html


Close Up • Definition – It includes the area of the shoulders up to a small distance above the head. It’s used to get the viewer to focus on a specific action.

Photos found at: http://www.saskschools.ca/curr_content/cpt/projects/welcomeassignment/typesshots/typesshots.html


Extreme Close Up • Definition –It includes all or a portion of the face. It’s used to show a reaction, or to get an emotion.

Photos found at: http://www.saskschools.ca/curr_content/cpt/projects/welcomeassignment/typesshots/typesshots.html


News Shot • Definition – It includes the area from the top of the stomach with a small area above the head. Often used in newscasts.

Photos found at: http://www.saskschools.ca/curr_content/cpt/projects/welcomeassignment/typesshots/typesshots.html


Two-shot • Definition – Includes 2 individuals.

Photos found at: http://www.saskschools.ca/curr_content/cpt/projects/welcomeassignment/typesshots/typesshots.html


Over-the-Shoulder Shot • Definition – Includes a partial view of the back and shoulder of one of the individuals in the shot and the front of the other individual.

Photos found at: http://www.saskschools.ca/curr_content/cpt/projects/welcomeassignment/typesshots/typesshots.html


Headroom • Definition - The space above the head in a one or two shot. There needs to be enough room, not too much or too little.

Photos found at: http://www.saskschools.ca/curr_content/cpt/projects/welcomeassignment/typesshots/typesshots.html


Leadroom and Noseroom • Noseroom – The space between the front of the subject in profile and the left or right edge of the frame. • Lead room – Used for a moving picture. The space between the object moving and the edge of the frame.

Photos found at: http://www.saskschools.ca/curr_content/cpt/projects/welcomeassignment/typesshots/typesshots.html


Let’s Review Camera Shots


Question 1 • Click on the picture that is the close up.

Photos found at: http://www.saskschools.ca/curr_content/cpt/projects/welcomeassignment/typesshots/typesshots.html


Way to Go!! The picture below is a close up. Remember, a close up is from the shoulders up or close enough to see emotion but still have headroom.

Click he re to go To the next Questio n.

Photos found at: http://www.saskschools.ca/curr_content/cpt/projects/welcomeassignment/typesshots/typesshots.html


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Question 2 • Click on the picture that is the medium shot.

Photos found at: http://www.saskschools.ca/curr_content/cpt/projects/welcomeassignment/typesshots/typesshots.html


Way to Go!! The picture below is a medium shot. Remember, a medium shot is either from the waist or knees up.

Click he re to go To the next Questio n.

Photos found at: http://www.saskschools.ca/curr_content/cpt/projects/welcomeassignment/typesshots/typesshots.html


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Question 3 • Click on the picture that is the two-shot.

Photos found at: http://www.saskschools.ca/curr_content/cpt/projects/welcomeassignment/typesshots/typesshots.html


Way to Go!! The picture below is a two-shot. Remember, a two-shot can be combined with any other shot, it just has to contain 2 subjects.

Click he re to go To the next Questio n.

Photos found at: http://www.saskschools.ca/curr_content/cpt/projects/welcomeassignment/typesshots/typesshots.html


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Question 4 The room above a subject’s head is called what?

A. Lead room B. Head room C. Nose room


Way to Go!! The room above a subject’s head is called head room. Remember, there needs to be enough room, not too much or too little. Click he re to go To the next Questio n.


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Question 5 • Which picture is the extreme close-up?

Photos found at: http://www.saskschools.ca/curr_content/cpt/projects/welcomeassignment/typesshots/typesshots.html


Way to Go!! The picture below is an extreme close up. It includes all or a portion of the face. It’s used to show a reaction, or to get an emotion.

Click he re to go To the next Questio n.

Photos found at: http://www.saskschools.ca/curr_content/cpt/projects/welcomeassignment/typesshots/typesshots.html


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Question 6 • What type of camera shot is the picture below?

A. Medium shot B. Long Shot C. Close Up Photos found at: http://www.saskschools.ca/curr_content/cpt/projects/welcomeassignment/typesshots/typesshots.html


Way to Go!! The picture below is a long shot. It is used to orient a viewer to the location of the shot.

Click he re to go To the next Questio n.

Photos found at: http://www.saskschools.ca/curr_content/cpt/projects/welcomeassignment/typesshots/typesshots.html


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Question 7 • Which of the pictures below is an over-theshoulder shot?

Photos found at: http://www.saskschools.ca/curr_content/cpt/projects/welcomeassignment/typesshots/typesshots.html


Way to Go!! The picture below is an over-the-shoulder shot. It includes a partial view of the back and shoulder of one of the individuals in the shot and the front of the other individual. Click he re to go To the next section .

Photos found at: http://www.saskschools.ca/curr_content/cpt/projects/welcomeassignment/typesshots/typesshots.html


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Camera Angles • There are various types of camera angles. • Each camera angle gives a different feeling. • Choose the camera angle that best suits the mood of the film. • An eye level shot is the most common.


Low Angle • Definition – A camera shot where the camera is low to the ground looking up at the subject. • You would use this to make your subject seem bigger.

Photos found at: http://www.saskschools.ca/curr_content/cpt/projects/welcomeassignment/typesshots/typesshots.html


High Angle • Definition – A camera shot where the camera is higher up looking down at a subject. • You would use this to make your subject seem small.

Photos found at: http://www.saskschools.ca/curr_content/cpt/projects/welcomeassignment/typesshots/typesshots.html


Cutaway Shot • A shot of an object or event that is somewhat connected with the overall even and that is often neutral as to its screen direction. • It’s used to intercut between shots to facilitate continuity.


Point of View • As seen from a specific character’s perspective.

Click here to see and hear a demonstration.


Camera Movements • The camera can move in a variety of ways. • The types of camera movements are: – Pan – Tilt – Truck – Dolly – Pedestal

• Click here to view a demonstration.


Pan • Definition – Turning the camera left or right.


Tilt • To point the camera up or down.


Truck • Definition – To roll the camera left or right by means of a mobile camera mount.


Dolly • To move the camera toward (dolly in) or away from (dolly out) the object.


Pedestal • To move the camera up and down via a studio pedestal.


Let’s Review


Question 1 What would you do if asked to truck left? A. B. C. D.

Turn the camera left. Roll the camera right. Roll the camera left. Drive your 18-wheeler to the left.


That’s Correct! • Yes, trucking is rolling the camera either left or right.

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Incorrect

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Question 2 •

What type of shot would you use if you wanted to make your subject look bigger than they actually are?

A. B. C. D.

Low Angle High Angle Cutaway Point of View


That’s Correct! • You would use a low angle shot to make your subject look bigger than they actually are.

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Incorrect

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Question 3 •

What type of shot would you use to create a more interesting scene, but without having to worry about continuity?

A. B. C. D.

Low Angle High Angle Cutaway Point of View


That’s Correct! • You would use a cutaway shot to add an element of interest without worrying about continuity.

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Incorrect

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Question 4 What would you do if you I asked you to tilt your camera down? A. B. C. D.

Move the entire camera down. Move the entire camera up. Point the front part of the camera down. Point the front part of the camera up.


That’s Correct! When you tilt you point the camera up or down.

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Incorrect

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Question 5

What does it mean to pedestal up or down? A. To move the camera up and down via a studio B. To point the camera up or down. C. Turning the camera left or right. D. To roll the camera left or right by means of a m


That’s Correct! To Pedestal means to move the camera up and down via a studio pedestal.

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Incorrect

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Question 6 •

If I asked you to dolly out, would you move toward or away from your subject?

A. Toward your subject B. Away from your subject


That’s Correct! To Dolly out means to move away from your subject.

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Incorrect

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Question 7 Why would you make something a point of view shot? A. To add an interesting view and not worry about continuity. B. To show the perspective of a specific character. C. To make the person look smaller than they actually are.


That’s Correct! A point of view shot is shown from the perspective of a specific character’s view.

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Incorrect

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Question 8 What type of shot would you use if you wanted your subject to look smaller than they actually are? A. Low Angle B. High Angle C. Point of View D. Cutaway


That’s Correct! You would use a high angle shot to make your subject look smaller than they actually are.

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Incorrect

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Congratulations! You are on your way to becoming a great videographer. Just keep practicing these camera shots!


Resources • http://www.saskschools.ca/curr_content/cp t/projects/welcomeassignment/typesshots/ typesshots.html


Camera shots lesson