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THE WINCHESTER STAR

LIVING

LIVING 50 +

50

plus

CAREER CHANGE OVER 50:

THREE LOCAL WOMEN SHARE THEIR ADVICE

SATURDAY, APRIL 11, 2020 1

APRIL 2020


LIVING 50 +

2 Saturday, April 11, 2020

THE WINCHESTER STAR

TABLE OF contents 4

Healthy eating options

12 Career change: Diane Griffin

5

Routine checkups are vital

14 How to find more time to read

6 Dealing with sundowning

15 How to find new hobbies

7

Leaving a lasting legacy

16 How to save money on groceries

8

Hydrate and refresh dry skin

17 How to improve alertness at work

9

Tips for preserving hair color

18 Recommended vaccines for adults

10 Career change: Sharon Farinholt

19 What to know before drafting a

11 Career change: Lanette Orduna

living will

PUZZLE SOLUTIONS ON PAGE 6


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Saturday, April 11, 2020 3

you are starting to plan for your retirement, we invite you to attend one of our monthly Lunch & Learn I fevents. We seek to educate our guests about the various types of contracts that you might encounter as

you do your research. During lunch, you’ll be seated with residents who are eager to answer any of your questions and share their own experiences. Afterward, we tour a cottage and two types of apartments. A few hours of your time could possibly change your future! Simply look for “Lunch & Learn” on the Events page of our website to RSVP. Lunch anyone?


4 Saturday, April 11, 2020

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HEALTHY EATING

options

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Contact us at 540-274-2448 to schedule a visit.

“Let food be thy medicine” is a quote attributed to Hippocrates, the ancient scholar considered to be the father of modern medicine. The saying relates to the notion that what people put in their bodies can heal and/or prevent certain conditions. For seniors with medicine cabinets full of over-the-counter and prescription medications, the idea of relying predominantly on food to promote optimal health may be tempting, and various foods can be particularly useful to the 50-and-over demographic. According to the World Health Organization, poor diet is a major contributor to many of the diseases that affect older people. Poor diet has been connected to the development of diabetes, and degenerative diseases such as osteoporosis also may be linked to the foods ones eat. The National Council for Aging Care says micronutrient deficiency is often a problem among the aging due to factors like lack of variety in diet and reduced food intake. Eating a variety of foods can provide all of the nutrients people need to stay healthy as they get older. Certain foods may be particularly helpful.

Call now to take advantage of our veteran and military spouse discount! · Brain-friendly foods: Foods such as avocado, leafy vegetables, sunflower seeds, blueberries, and salmon are good sources of vitamin E, antioxidants, omega-3 fatty acids, and other nutrients that may help ward off dementias like Alzheimer’s disease, advises Sonas Home Health Care. · Anti-inflammatory foods: Foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids may help prevent inflammation that can cause cancer and rheumatoid arthritis. Aging.com says foods that are high in omega-3 fatty acids, like salmon, should be consumed at least twice per week. · Fruits and vegetables: Fresh, canned or frozen produce tend to be high in micronutrients, including a variety of important vitamins that are essential for all components of health. The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics advises eating dark green vegetables, such as leafy greens or broccoli, and orange vegetables, such as carrots and sweet potatoes. · Energy-boosters: Choose whole grains that can provide sustained energy by way of healthy carbohydrates over processed grains.

· Bone-friendly foods: Calcium-rich foods, such as milk, yogurt and cheese, can prevent calcium from being leached from the bones, which contributes to conditions like osteoporosis. · Digestive system-friendly foods: The digestive system slows down as the body ages, as the walls of the gastrointestinal tract thicken and digestive contractions that push waste along may slow down and become fewer. Foods rich in fiber can promote proper digestion by moving food through the digestive tract mor easily. High-fiber foods also may help naturally reduce blood cholesterol levels. · High-iron foods: Without enough iron in the body, a person may feel tired and lethargic from a reduced production of hemoglobin, which carries oxygen in the blood from the lungs to the rest of the body. A lack of oxygen in body tissues from anemia can be serious, says the National Council for Aging Care. Tofu, spinach, lentils, pumpkin seeds, and fortified breads and cereals are high in iron.


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ROUTINE CHECKUPS are vital Metro Creative Services

Regular visits with a medical professional are an important part of a healthy lifestyle. Too often people visit the doctor only when they are ill, as they may not realize just how essential well visits and physical exams are. Routine checkups are the smartest way for people in all age groups to stay on top of their health, but they can be especially valuable for those age 50 and older. Regular checkups enable physicians to check current health against past visits, ensuring that any anomalies can be investigated and treated efficiently and promptly. This can make the difference in slowing down the progression of a disease that has already developed or prevent something from becoming a full-fledged issue. The Mayo Clinic says there are no hard and fast rules about how often seniors should visit health care providers. Those who are in generally good health may only require one medical checkup a year. At this point vital signs will be checked, medications reviewed and lifestyle topics discussed. Doctors may even recommend or discuss tests. Patients also can bring up any issues they may be experiencing, however insignificant they may seem. Anything from sleep disturbances to memory loss to unexplained fatigue or pain can be addressed. Sometimes getting everything out in the open and being reassured that there’s nothing to worry about can be helpful. General care and geriatric doctors also are adept at asking questions to get a sense of how patients are faring in the world. This may include topics that seemingly have no relevance to health but can be quite important. A provider may ask about topics such as bathing or dressing. Questions about social interaction or typical routines can paint a better picture of both physical and mental health. The recommended frequency of doctor visits may change as health issues arise or if follow-up is needed after a treatment plan or injury, according to the caregiver company Home Care Assistance. Some seniors may have to visit a provider once a week or once a month. Doctors, nurses and therapists will design a regimen based on a patient’s current health needs. The following are some compelling reasons to be diligent with provider visits.

· Frequently health issues can be silent and not noticed early on by a patient, according to Mercy Medical Center in Baltimore. · Patients will be less likely to forget about important screenings, like mammography, prostate tests, cholesterol tests, and more.

· Vaccines can be administered, as even adults need certain immunizations to stay healthy. · Patients can discuss potential lifestyle changes, like going on a diet or taking up a new fitness regimen.

It is essential to follow through with health care provider visits, even if they seem redundant. Physicians may detect issues that warrant close observation. Patients are urged to have an open dialogue with their doctors so they understand the reason behind health care visits and expectations in the future.

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DEALING WITH sundowning Metro Creative Content

A diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease can catch families off guard. When such a diagnosis is made, patients and their families typically have a host of questions, including how far the disease has progressed and what to expect as it advances. One potential side effect of Alzheimer’s disease that can catch families off guard is sundowning. The National Institute on Aging notes that sundowning refers to the restlessness, agitation, irritability, or confusion that can begin or worsen as daylight begins to fade. Sundowning is difficult for Alzheimer’s sufferers, but also can be especially hard on their caregivers. As day turns to night, people serving as caregivers to Alzheimer’s patients tend to wear down, only to suddenly realize that the people they’re caring for are becoming increasingly difficult to handle. The NIA notes that sundowning can continue well into the night, compromising patients’ ability to fall asleep and stay in bed. Sundowning will not affect every Alzheimer’s patient, but caregivers should prepare themselves to handle such a situation should it arise. Learning more about sundowning can be part of that preparation.

Why does sundowning occur? The exact cause of sundowning, which is sometimes referred to as “late-day confusion,” is unknown. However, the Mayo Clinic notes that certain factors may aggravate the feelings of confusion felt by Alzheimer’s patients who experience sundowning. Those factors include: · fatigue

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The NIA notes that one theory suggests Alzheimer’s-related changes in the brain can disrupt a person’s internal clock, confusing their sleep-wake cycles as a result. That can confuse Alzheimer’s patients and contribute to the feelings of agitation and irritability that are common among people who experience sundowning.

What can be done to combat sundowning?

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The NIA recommends looking for signs of sundowning in late afternoon and early evening and trying to determine what might be causing these behaviors. Try to avoid anything that appears to trigger these behaviors, if possible. Reducing noise, clutter or the number of people in the room when sundowning symptoms typically appear may help reduce the confusion Alzheimer’s patients feel during this time of the day. In addition, scheduling a favorite activity or providing a favorite snack at this time of day can give Alzheimer’s patients something to focus on, potentially cutting off the confusion before it surfaces. The NIA also recommends making early evening a quiet time of day reserved for playing soothing music, reading or going for a walk. Caregivers who also have children to look after can explain the importance of this quiet time to youngsters and ask for their cooperation. Closing curtains or blinds and turning on the lights at dusk can minimize shadows in the house, potentially making this time of day less confusing for Alzheimer’s sufferers. Sundowning is a symptom of Alzheimer’s disease that can be difficult for caregivers to manage. More information about sundowning is available at www. nia.nih.gov.


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LEAVING A LASTING legacy Metro Creative Services

It is customary for people to take inventory of their lives as they grow older, wondering about their impact on the world and the people closest to them. A legacy is often the story of one’s life and the things he or she did through the years. The good thing about a legacy is it is never too early to begin planning. The following are some guidelines that can help people establish last-

· Keep track of your story. Grab a journal and start jotting down events that occur in your life. Mention particular achievements or notable things that occur from day to day. Pepper these accounts with stories of your family and childhood to start establishing an autobiography of sorts. · Consider your daily actions. Even though people may imagine it is the grand gestures that are remembered most, quite often it’s the simplest acts that make the most impact. Think about the way you treat others each and every day. Smile at people, compliment others and offer positive advice when it is sought. · Research investments that are profitable. If the goal is to make money to leave for future gen-

erations, investigate your options. These include assets that can retain their value. According to NewRetirement.com and Stepping Stone Financial, Inc., vacation homes mean a lot to families and they also can be a source of future revenue should they be rented or sold. Speaking with a financial advisor also can be a sound way to invest the right way to accumulate assets that can be passed down as a legacy. · Name children or other relatives as beneficiaries on Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs). With Roth IRAs, distributions are tax-free as long as the person who set up the IRA met the five-year holding period for contributions and conversions. Beneficiaries can have five years to take out money from the account; otherwise, they can convert the

plan to an Inherited IRA, which stretches out distributions over their life expectancy, according to Investopedia, an online financial resource. · Write a legacy letter. A legacy letter is a way to speak directly to loved ones and say all those things that you had wished you told them earlier but maybe didn’t find the words or perhaps never had the time, according to Forbes. The letter ensures others know just how much joy they brought to your life and the pride you had in knowing them. Leaving a legacy is something people start to think about as they grow older, but it’s easy to start planning a legacy regardless of your age


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HYDRATE AND REFRESH dry skin Metro Creative Content

Dehydrated skin is among the many causes of facial wrinkling, which also can be caused by smoking, environmental factors and UV exposure. Aging skin doesn’t produce as much collagen and elastin, which allows skin to spring back into place, as it once did. Conditions like dr y, dehydrated skin may make wrinkles appear worse. Treating dehydration and dryness may reduce wrinkles and refresh dry skin, giving it a more youthful appearance. Those who want to treat dry, dehydrated skin must understand the dif ference between hydration and moisturizing as it applies to skincare. According to Annemarie Gianni, a skincare aesthetician and creator of Annemarie Skin Care, hydrating skin means increasing its water content by increasing the amount of water contained in skin cells. This can result in a healthy, plump complexion. Skin that is properly

hydrated will keep fine lines and wrinkles from being overly apparent. Moisturizing skin involves applying a lubricant that mimics naturally produced lipids and oils in the skin that will protect and soothe. Hydration and moisturizing often work hand-in-hand. In addition to drinking plenty of water to hydrate the skin from the inside out, individuals can use products that contain hyaluronic acid, glycerin and sodium hyaluronate. These are known as humectants. In addition, the National Center of Biotechnology Information says that aloe can improve water content in the skin. Once water is bound to the skin, a moisturizer will prevent the water from leaving it. Look for moisturizers with natural oils and butters to help retain moisture, like cocoa butter. The following are some additional methods to maximize hydration and moisturize skin.

· Take warm showers, as hot water can strip the natural lipids from skin and cause dryness. · Avoid too many alcoholic beverages. Alcoholic drinks are diuretics that can cause the body to lose water, advises WebMD. · Use a humidifier indoors to amp up the moisture level in the air. · Enjoy water-rich foods, like watermelon, cucumber, grapes, and other succulent fruits and vegetables.

· Drink the recommended amount of water per day, and limit your consumption of caffeinated and sugary beverages. · Work out to improve blood flow and oxygenation in the skin. · Try a facial essence. Facial essences are a principle of Japanese beauty regimens and contain fermented ingredients that support skin penetration and hydration.


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Saturday, April 11, 2020 9

TIPS FOR PRESERVING hair color Employ UV protection

Metro Creative Content

Communions, graduations, birthday parties, and summer vacations dot many people’s social calendars each year. People want to look their best on special occasions, and salon or at-home hair treatments may help them look party-ready. People who color their hair regularly or are interested in a new look may wonder how they can prolong their hair care investment. To keep hair color looking shiny, vibrant and the right hue for as long as possible, employ these simple strategies.

Cover up According to the experts at Clairol, the sun can break down the color in hair and also bleach away melanin, which gives hair its natural pigment. When stepping outside, wear a hat whenever possible, especially when your hair will be exposed to the sun for prolonged periods of time.

Swim smarter

Pool water chemicals and salt water from the A number of hair products feature built-in UV protection. Much like sunscreen for the skin, these ocean may wreak havoc on hair color and texture. If a swimming cap is not your thing, try coating your sprays and lotions can shield one’s hair and scalp hair with a protective gloss or even a layer of condifrom damaging UV rays. tioner prior to swimming. This will help hair retain its moisture and keep the water from robbing hair Shampoo less of its color. Getting in the shower and wetting your hair daily can cause color pigments to leach out prematurely, resulting in fading color. There is no need to shampoo every day or get your hair wet every time you shower. Use a shower cap to cover up or pull long hair back. When you shower with a full shampoo, select products that are formulated for color-treated hair. Products that are sulfate-free may not be sufficient, according to the product-testing experts at Good Housekeeping.

Try hand-painted highlights Hand-painted highlights, also known as the balayage technique, can grow in more naturally, helping you go a few extra weeks between appointments. This will help color to look like it is growing out more seamlessly until professional touch-ups are necessary. You also can schedule a glossing treatment at the salon, which acts as a top coat for color to seal the hair’s cuticle and prolong color even further.

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CAREER CHANGE OVER 50: By JENNY BAKER

Sharon Farinholt

The Winchester Star

Last spring, Sharon Farinholt felt she needed a change. After opening Crown Trophy in Winchester with her husband, Matt, in the depths of the recession in 2009 — she recalled putting the first trophy on the shelf and saying to herself “I have nowhere to go but up” — they grew the franchise to become a top 50 Crown Trophy franchise out of 154 total stores. Over those same years, she saw her five of their seven children get married and welcomed seven grandchildren to their family. The pull of family over work was beginning to win. “Last spring, I decided that I wanted to slow down some, and I wanted to be able to spend more time with our growing family,” said Farinholt. “The business continued to grow each year, and the time seemed right to pass the baton. Fortunately, my manager was interested in buying the business and we sold it Jan. 1.” While she was ready to slow down, she wasn’t ready to retire. “I enjoy working with people and wanted to Name: Sharon Farinholt continue to work, but I wanted to find a career that allowed for more flexibility,” she said. Career-change age: 52 Inspiration came from one of her friends, who was a Realtor. The friend suggested that Previous career: Owner of Farinholt consider selling real estate too. Crown Trophy, with “I researched it, spoke to other Realtors husband Matt that Farinholt deand decided to move forward with getting my sired. license. So while the sale of the business was “It has been the happening in the background, I was taking the New career: Realtor per fect home for real estate license classes. I enjoyed learning my career,” she about the business and liked that I could still said. work with and help others. It was a perfect Going from befit,” she said. Farinholt passed the exams in February, and joined ing on a 9 to 5 schedule to the more flexible schedule the MarketPlace REALTY team, a woman-owned of a real estate agent has proved to be a bit challengagency that provided the small family business feel ing for Farinholt.

Sharon Farinholt’s tips for changing careers: “My advice is to listen to yourself. Everything in me said it was time for a change. Even though change is scary, especially being in my 50s, I knew it was time. We are never too old to learn something new and to challenge ourselves. It’s very easy to be comfortable. I was comfortable in my daily routine at Crown Trophy.

Being uncomfortable means growth. You have to choose if you want to keep living life a certain way because it’s comfortable, or if you are willing to be uncomfortable to make a change in life.” Words to live by “When my daughters were young, their violin teacher, Dr. Pat O’boyle, once said something so simple but profound that I think of it regularly... “When I stop, I turn moldy.” Dr.

JEFF TAYLOR/THE WINCHESTER STAR

“I am very schedule oriented. Being in real estate doesn’t demand a 9 to 5 schedule, and I’ve had to learn how to enjoy that flexibility it has allowed me,” she said. “It’s also been difficult going from being the one in charge at my business and having to navigate employees, customers, many orders a day, vendors, etc., to being responsible for only myself and how I serve

See Farinholt, Page 13

Pat is now 89 years old. I’m not ready to be moldy, I’d prefer to stay fresh as I continue to age.” Lessons learned in first career that helps with new career “Being in business taught me so much about people. You work with so many different personality types, and finding ways to connect with each person was something that I loved being able to do.”


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Saturday, April 11, 2020 11

CAREER CHANGE OVER 50:

Lanette Orduna

By JENNY BAKER

The Winchester Star

Lanette Orduna had quite the jet-setting first career. As an executive in the toy industry, she worked with several major companies designing and marketing electronic toys, a job that took her all over the world. She then became a consultant, working with companies like Hasbro, Mattel, Fisher-Price, TOMY Europe and Japan, Disney, Universal Studios and Microsoft. “I would meet with companies, help them design product lines and obtain manufacturing of the products in China or Japan and also help them create their marketing launch programs. This included package design, marketing collateral and point of sale merchandising, even training their international sales teams on how to sell it,” she explained. After 30 years of being constantly on the go, she decided to shift gears. “By the time I moved to the Winchester area, I was so tired of international travel, being gone all the time, no family time and it was also affecting my health, traveling with a bad back was no fun,” Orduna said. “I decided I needed to take a step back, look at what was important in life and do something I loved but allowed me to have a life.” Name: Lanette Orduna That idea of her new business was inspired by her love of animals, and a pet Career-change age: 57 shop she owned for two years while living in California that became a sanctuary to Previous career: her when she wasn’t traveling. Toy executive as today these are many In August of 2011, when she was 57 families’ children! So findyears old, she made the big leap and ing what I wanted to carry New career: Owner of opened Posh Pets Boutique on the wasn’t too hard but did reLoudoun Street Mall in Winchester. Posh Pets Boutique quire constantly watching “I chose Winchester as it was so pet for new trends.” friendly and I loved the Old Town family In today’s retail envienvironment,” she said. ronment, one of the big“I modeled Posh Pets after it (the California pet shop), carrying things for pet lovers and high qual- gest challenges is staying competitive with online ity foods, treats, supplements and hard to find items retailers. “I guess the biggest surprise still is how much is for animals. Winchester and this seemed like the needed in funding to maintain the inventories needed perfect fit.” Starting a new bricks-and-mortar retail shop pres- to compete, and also trying to get people to not just buy everything online because it’s convenient, and ents many challenges, said Orduna. “The most challenging part was getting the funding understand that we try to also provide sound healthy available to start the business, figuring out the right advice for your pets that you won’t get online.” Orduna explained that locally-owned stores like product mix that allowed me to compete with the big Posh Pets can provide services not offered by online box stores with less inventory and finding my niche,” stores, like fitting pets for harnesses or collars, and she explained. “Running a small business still requires lots of even clothing. While her new career doesn’t involve trips to exhours and dedication to make it work. I had the background in accounting, marketing and products for See Orduna, Page 13 children easily translates to products for people’s pets

JEFF TAYLOR/THEWINCHESTER STAR

Lanette Orduna’s tips for changing careers: “I think when you find yourself dissatisfied with how you are feeling with your life, you are worn out and you have something you really love to do you should research it and make the jump, take a leap of faith that you can make a change and it will improve your life.”


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CAREER CHANGE OVER 50: Diane Griffin By JENNY BAKER The Winchester Star

Sometimes, a career change finds you when you aren’t even looking. That is what happened to Diane Griffin of Winchester — two years ago. She was working with local businesses, selling advertising, when one of her clients presented her with an opportunity. “I wasn’t looking for a new position or a new career at all — this happened sheerly by accident, and I am so glad it did,” said Griffin. “I was actu ally talking to Name: Diane Griffin some senior living communities Career-change age: Over 50 about marketing with me, and I Previous career: Advertising started talking to New career: Sales and Marketing CONTRIBUTED my now-executive director. I had no Director at Commonwealth interest, but the Senior Living g i v e r s more times that I work and went to the comespecially munity, and the in memor y care with residents with more times I spoke with her, I was so dementia. I have so much respect for impressed.” them,” said Griffin. In August of 2018, Griffin signed on Ultimately, Griffin feels a greater to become the sales and marketing di- sense of purpose — and happiness — rector of Commonwealth Senior Living in her newfound career. in Front Royal. “In my previous role, I was an inde“I just had a good feeling — my intu- pendent contractor and enjoyed the job, ition said to “just do it,” and my husband but I didn’t feel as purposeful. The bigwas also very encouraging.” gest change is that now I feel like I’m Going from having a sales territory truly making a difference in someone’s for selling advertising to working in a life. It is very rewarding to know that senior living community was quite a you’re helping families during a stresschange for Griffin. ful time,” she said. “We have both assisted living and “There is no comparison to my level memor y care. The most challenging of happiness and contentment. Even thing for me was that I had no back- though I am still in sales and marketground whatsoever in healthcare, but ing and have numbers and goals to my company provides great training achieve like in any sales position, the that helps me understand the needs rewards far outweigh any stress. I am of families when they reach out to us,” just at a point in my life where I feel she said. like I have perfect balance. When you She said that every day she is in awe know in your heart that you are in the of the work the staff does with its res- right position, it doesn’t even feel like a job. My work family is more like a idents. “One of the most enlightening things family and I look forward to being in to me was how hard the frontline care- my community.”


LIVING 50 +

THE WINCHESTER STAR 

Did you know? How households earn their income has changed dramatically over the last several decades. According to a Pew Research Centeral analysis of the Decennial Census and American Community Surveys integrated Public Use Microdata Sample files, in 1960 only fathers worked in 70 percent of American households. That figure has dropped in each ensuing decade and by 2012 fathers were the sole earners in just 31 percent of American households. While one in four households in American were dual income households in 1960, by 2012 that figure had risen to 60 percent. While those figures represent dramatic changes, the number of households in which mothers are the sole earners has not changed all that much since 1960. In 1960, mothers were the sole earners in just 2 percent of American households. Fifty-two years later 6 percent of American households featured mothers as the sole earners

Orduna From Page 11

citing and exotic locales, Orduna said perks like that will never beat out what she has since gained: more time with family, including her granddaughters, a slower pace of life and time to relax. Something else she said she wouldn’t have experienced in her former career? The relationships she has made with her customers. “Especially now fighting cancer for the second time, I never knew how many of my customers became my dear friends, have supported me through tough times and make me so happy. I never had that when I was so busy travel-

ing and just have business acquaintances versus developing real friendships with my customers and establishing levels of trust one-on-one,” she said. Yet another benefit is having the time to work with animal-related nonprofits. “I also get to work with animal rescue which I love, getting animals adopted and fostering, and I can serve on boards in areas I am passionate about, such as WATTS and Dakota’s Dream Animal Rescue and doing drives for children in need,” she said. “When you are gone all the time you cannot do that. I love that I can be giving back to the community that gives me so much.”

Farinholt From Page 10

my clients.” Farinholt said it’s also been hard to shake the heightened sense of anxiety that often plagues small business owners. But the most challenging part of changing careers at this time in her life is the unknown. “I got used to my routine and my way of doing things. Change is not easy, and learning a new way of life in my 50s has offered rewards and challenges,” she said. One of the best surprises about switching careers is the extra energy Farinholt says she has at the end of the day — energy that her family directly

benefits from. “I used to barely talk in the evenings and would be in bed by 9 p.m., quite often from being so tired of going nonstop. Now I have time to breathe, and I am loving the conversations I am having after work and school with my kids and husband. And I have now been able to watch my grandchildren when my adult children need help or a break. I am able to really enjoy time with them instead of bringing them to my shop, putting in a movie, while I continued to work,” she said. “I like to say that I haven’t had time to ‘breathe’ in quite a while. I can now take in deep breaths, exhale slowly and breathe each day.”

Saturday, April 11, 2020 13


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14 Saturday, April 11, 2020

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HOW TO FIND MORE TIME TO read Metro Creative Content

For many people, few activities are more enjoyable than nestling up with a good book. But even the most devoted bookworms sometimes have trouble finding time to read. In a 2017 survey conducted by the market research firm YouGov that focused on trends regarding New Year’s resolutions, 18 percent of respondents indicated they were committed to reading more books in 2018. That’s a lofty goal, and one that can do more than just provide readers with some daily escapism. Studies have shown that reading can develop neural networks in the brain that can help readers understand more complex thought. In addition, a 2013 study led by neuropsychologist and researcher Robert Wilson found that a mentally active lifestyle may make it less likely that the presence of plaques and tangles associated with Alzheimer’s disease will impair mental functioning. So picking up a good book and finding time to read may protect readers from some of the neurological issues associated with aging. If you’re among the masses resolving to spend the year ahead reading more than you have in the past, consider these tips to find more time to cuddle up with a good book.

· Turn off your devices. Think of how much time you now spend each day fiddling with your devices. If you’re a parent, the statistics might surprise you. A 2017 survey from Common Sense Media found that parents of children between the ages of eight and 18 spend an average of nine hours and 22 minutes each day in front of various screens (i.e., smartphones, tablets, televisions, etc.). While not all of that is downtime, chances are a good portion of it is. Whether you’re a parent or not, turning off your devices is perhaps the single most effective way to find more time to read.

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· Schedule time to read. Clear your schedule to read much like you might do to watch a favorite television show. Both books and television are forms of entertainment, so why clear time for one form of escapism but not the other?

· Turn books into travel buddies. Carry a book with you whenever you leave the house, whether you’re going to a doctor’s appointment or to get work done on your car or even to go to work. Time spent in waiting rooms or commuting via mass transit provide perfecting opportunities to read books. · Read first thing in the morning. A recent survey from the global market research firm IDC found that 80 percent of smartphone users check their mobile devices within 15 minutes of waking up in the morning. Instead of scrambling to read your alerts or overnight messages when you get out of bed, spend the first 10 or 15 minutes after waking up immersing yourself in a good book.


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HOW TO FIND new hobbies

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Leisure time can seem like a luxury for many adults. While it can seem like there’s little time in the day to do more than tend to responsibilities at work and at home, people may have more time to pursue leisure activities than they realize. In its 2018 American Time Use Survey, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics found that 96 percent of people age 15 and over engaged in some sort of leisure activity on an average day. Leisure time also seems part and parcel of daily life in Canada, where the average person age 15 and over spent roughly one hour per day engaging in active leisure, which includes activities like drawing, playing an instrument and dancing, and more than two hours per day on passive leisure, such as watching television or reading books. How people spend their leisure time might affect their perceptions about that time. For example, few people may consider watching television an “activity,” though the American Time Use Survey found that watching TV occupied more leisure time, nearly three hours per day, than any other leisure activity. Finding new hobbies that encourage active participation can make leisure time more memorable.

· Think back to your childhood. Hobbies you once enjoyed as a child may have long since been forgotten, but it can be fun to reimmerse yourself in such interests. Adults who loved to play sports as a child can no doubt find adult leagues in their area, while once budding artists might want to dust off their easels and visit a local paint and sip facility. · Reinvent something you’re already doing. Another way to find a new hobby is to consider the things you already do and see if there’s ways to make them better. For example, cooking for a family each night might be made more enjoyable by enrolling in a cooking class, where you can meet fellow foodies while fine-tuning your culinary skills. If you love to read, start a community book club.

· Expand your horizons. It’s easy for anyone to say “no” to something new, but especially so for adults accustomed to their routines. But men and women who are willing to try anything are more likely to find something new to be passionate about than those who shy away from the unknown. You don’t have to make a big initial commitment when trying a new hobby, but approach any new ideas or suggestions with an open mind.

Finding a new hobby as an adult can be tricky. But approaching activities with an open mind may help people uncover new hobbies they can be passionate about.

Saturday, April 11, 2020 15

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HOW TO SAVE MONEY ON groceries Metro Creative Content

Expenses for the average household can pile up quickly. One of the easiest ways to keep a budget in check is to focus on how much is being spent on food. Chances are grocery bills can be reduced dramatically without upsetting daily routines. A 2012 Gallup poll found the average American family spends $151 a week on food. Cutting food costs often involves making smart choices. The following are some tips to help get started on the path to decreased food spending. · Make more meals at home. Although there are plenty of budget-friendly options at area restaurants, the average price for one meal enjoyed in a restaurant is still much more than the cost of cooking the same meal at home. Incorporate more homecooking into the mix and you can save.

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· Shop sales. Rather than planning meals on a whim, let sales guide what you eat each week. · Go mostly vegetarian. Meat tends to be more expensive than produce and grains. As a result, vegetarian-inspired meals provide an easy way for shoppers to trim their grocery bills. · Reduce ready-made options. Convenience costs money, so anything that is premade, prepackaged or already sliced and diced is bound to cost more per unit than the same items that have not been prepared. · Use a list. The experts at the financial site The Simple Dollar say that making a list of items needed before setting foot in the store is a great way to stop impulse buys that can foil a budget. Only purchase the items that are on your shopping list.

· Consider a discount grocer. Many people get hung up on brand names. But remember, the advertising costs for making those names known in households are passed on to consumers. Discount grocers like Fareway, Aldi, Price Rite, and Lidl, for example, have many high-quality comparable goods at a fraction of brand-name prices. Plus, shopping these grocers’ sale items helps you save even more. · Use leftovers. Don’t be wasteful with food. Practic portion control so you are not wasting food and consume leftovers before they spoil.


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HOW TO IMPROVE ALERTNESS at work

Saturday, April 11, 2020 17

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A long workday can be both mentally and physically draining. As a result, office workers and professionals whose jobs are more physically demanding than office work may find themselves less alert at the end of the workday than at the beginning. A loss of alertness as the workday draws to a close might be unavoidable. But professionals whose sense of alertness begins to dwindle in the thick of the workday might need to take steps to improve their alertness to protect themselves from injury and to ensure the quality of their work does not suffer.

Avoid caffeine in the late afternoon. Some professionals rely on caffeinated beverages such as coffee or energy drinks to combat afternoon drowsiness. While that afternoon caffeine fix might provide an immediate, if temporary, jolt of energy, it might also affect a person’s energy levels the following day. A 2013 study published in the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine found that caffeine consumed as early as six hours before bedtime can significantly disrupt sleep. Professionals who reach for a cup of coffee in the late afternoon might get a sudden boost of energy, but their energy levels the following day might be lower due to a poor night’s sleep.

Avoid high-fat foods at lunchtime Foods that are high in fat should always be avoided thanks to their connection to a host of health problems. Such foods also negatively affect energy levels when consumed in the middle of the day. The University of Rochester Medical Center notes that the body digests and absorbs high-fat foods very slowly. That means workers who eat high-fat foods for lunch won’t get the afternoon energy boost that low-fat, healthy lunches will provide.

Snack healthy Professionals who find themselves needing a snack in the mid- to late-afternoon can sate their hunger and give themselves an energy boost by snacking healthy. Avoid snacks like potato chips that tend to be high in fat and low in nutrition. Foods that are high in fiber and/or protein can provide a longer energy boost and quell the afternoon hunger pangs at the same time. Fresh fruit and Greek yogurt fit the bill.

Change your workout schedule Regular exercise improves short- and long-term health while also increasing daily energy levels. Professionals who include exercise in their daily routines yet still suffer from a lack of alertness in the afternoon may need to alter their workout schedules. A 2011 study published in the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine found that participants who were assigned afternoon exercise programs during work hours reported increased productivity versus those who were not assigned afternoon workouts. If working out in the afternoon is not feasible, avoid working out too late at night, as the National Institutes of Health note that exercising within two to three hours of bedtime can disrupt sleep, ultimately having a negative impact on energy levels the following day.

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RECOMMENDED VACCINES FOR adults

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Newborn babies endure quite a bit in the first few days and months of their lives. Routine immunizations help newborns overcome these obstacles, and as newborns get old they receive vaccines to prevent measles, mumps, rubella, hepatitis, and chicken pox. A common misconception suggests that vaccines are only for the young. However, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention notes that the protection provided by some childhood vaccines can wear off. In addition, some people may be at risk for certain vaccine-preventable diseases due to lifestyle, existing health conditions and age. As a result, it’s important for adults to make sure their vaccines are up-to-date. Those who are unsure of their vaccine status should discuss their health history with their doctors. In the meantime, adults should know that the following vaccines are recommended for people of various ages.

Influenza

Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV 13)

An annual flu shot is highly recommended. Doctors and health officials indicate that getting the flu vaccine is the single most effective way to prevent seasonal flu or reduce the duration and severity of the illness should it be contracted.

This protects against serious pneumococcal disease and pneumonia. Adults 65 years or older who have never received a dose of PCV13 should discuss PCV13 with their physicians.

Tdap

Shingles

This vaccine contains strains of tetanus, diphtheria and per tussis (whooping cough). All three are implicated in serious illnesses or death, according to WebMD. Just about ever y person, young and old, should receive the Tdap vaccine. The CDC says that every adult should get the Tdap vaccine once if they did not receive it as an adolescent. Then a Td booster shot ever y 10 years is sufficient.

People who have been exposed to varicella (chicken pox) in their youth are at risk for shingles as they grow older. The CDC says nearly one out of three people in the United States will develop shingles in their lifetime. A shingles vaccine can protect against shingles and complications from the disease. Adults who are 50 and older should get the vaccine, which is administered in two doses.

Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23)

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This vaccine protects against serious pneumococcal diseases, including meningitis and bloodstream infections. It is recommended for all adults age 65 and older.

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Vaccines protect the very young from various diseases, but there are many vaccines that are still vital to health in adulthood.


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WHAT TO KNOW BEFORE DRAFTING A living will

Saturday, April 11, 2020 19

SUZAN D. HERSKOWITZ, P.L.L.C.

ATTORNEY AT LAW

Metro Creative Content

During the prime of their lives, people typically don’t give much thought to scenarios in which they become ill or are facing the end of life. Sickness and mortality are not easy conversations to have, but it is important for everyone to approach these heavy topics with close family members so that individuals can rest easy knowing their needs will be met if or when their health falters. An advanced healthcare directive — also known as a living will — is a legal document in which a person lists the specifics of medical care and comfort actions they desire should the individual no longer be able to make decisions for themselves due to illness or incapacity. The legal advice resource Legal Zoom says the living will may list certain things, such as whether life support is desired or if pain medication should be administered. A living will should not be confused with a traditional will, which is a legal document that explains wishes for financial and personal assets after a person dies. Living wills also differ from living trusts, which address how assets will be managed if a person becomes incapacitated. A living will is not always a necessity if a person does not have strong feelings about decisions made on his or her behalf while not cognizant. However, for those who do want to have a say in care, a living will is the best method for ensuring choices will be carried out. The following are some other questions people should ask themselves concerning living wills.

· Do I want to remove the burden of tough choices from my loved ones? A living will relieves grieving loved ones of the responsibility of making challenging decisions of invoking life-saving procedures or not - particularly if they’re not sure what you desire.

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· Do I have firm feelings about life-saving methods? A living will allows you to spell out preferences on insertion of feeding tubes, if you want specialized hydration, if you want to be hooked up to life support if brain function is minimal, and a host of other scenarios.

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· Is cost preventing me from drafting a living will? Cost need not be a factor in setting up a living will. You can download a free template from any number of online legal sources. Local hospitals often have forms as well, which can be notarized for only a few dollars. These forms are generally comprehensive and can help you answer all the questions and write in specifics.

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· Have you selected a trusted person to carry out wishes? A health care proxy, according to the American Bar Association, is a person appointed by you with the authority to make decisions for you if you are unable to express your preferences for medical treatment. Together with the living will, the health care proxy, also called a durable medical power of attorney, can fulfill your wishes accordingly. A living will is an important component of medical and estate planning.

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