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Self-Sufficient City:

vertical farming project


faรงade :Titanium dioxide coated

windmills, solar panels and rainwater harvesting

curtain wall glass

water tank

main building

canal building

existing structure :gas tank structure and water pipes

Axonometric 34


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Ground Floor Plan scale 300:1

1

6

5

3

7

2

9

1. main entrance 2. meeting point 3. organic cafe 4. market 5. water tank 6. lift 7. stair case 8. existing structures 9. water pipes and structures 36

1 8

4

section AA’


1st Floor Plan scale 300:1

4

9

6

5

4

7

8

1

3 2

1. agricultural lab 2. bridge 3. education centre 4. toilet 5. water tank 6. lift 7. stair case 8. theatre 9. canal water purification system SELF-SUFFICIENT CITY 37


2nd Floor Plan scale 300:1

4

9

2

6

5

3

7

8

1 2

1. agricultural lab 2. bridge 3. public garden 4. toilet 5. water tank 6. lift 7. stair case 8. theatre 9. canteen 38


3rd 4th Floor Plan scale 300:1

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9

6

5

3

7

8

1 2

1. farm office 2. bridge 3. shelter 4. toilet and storage 5. water tank 6. lift 7. stair case 8. aquaponics system 9. aquaponics system outside (only 3th floor) SELF-SUFFICIENT CITY 39


5th 6th Floor Plan scale 300:1

4

6

5

3

7

8

1 2

1. farm office 2. bridge 3. aquaponics system 4. toilet and storage 5. water tank 6. lift 7. stair case 8. aquaponics system 40


4th floor shelter for women

6th floor aquaponics system

5th floor aquaponics system

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Section AA’ scale 300:1

42


ground floor organic cafe

ground floor main entrance

ground floor meeting point

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King’s Cross Redevelopment area with plan

Vertical Farm

It is hard to argue that city farming is becoming an important solution for the cities around the world. Injecting a farm within a city not only brings fresh and healthy food, but also it can be a solution to the problems that have been discussed. I tried to make my proposal of a new Vertical Farm to be the most suitable for the environmental issues facing the world and London’s environment. Particularly, this project covered a variety of fields which are application of renewable energy, supply of fresh water for cultivation, efficient technologies for cultivation, relationship with society and contribution to environment for sustainable growth of the Vertical Farm. I do not think that London will become self-sufficient with food by just having one Vertical Farm. The probability is that the self-sufficient city is an ideal world. However, we once got our food from own gardens and public gardens during World War I and II (Haeg, 2008). These gardens were called Victoria Gardens or War Gardens. People suffered from a shortage of food due to the war, thus the kitchen gardens increased naturally. We have tried to solve it when we are aware of problems. I just hope that my proposal can be a starting point. Through this project, I hope that more people will become aware of the problems in the city, and find a solution to those problems. SELF-SUFFICIENT CITY 45


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population growth

relationship between food and city

exhaustion of natural resources

food shortage problem in city

environmental pollution

suggestion of alternative to be self-sufficient in food

application of renewable energy

the urban agriculture will be developed in a variety of way through the Vertical Farm.

supply of fresh water for cultivation efficient technologies for cultivation

urban agriculture ‘Verticlal Farm’

socially integrated with the community contribution to the environment

SELF-SUFFICIENT CITY 47


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28 July 2010.

KĂśnig, Oliver. Wind finder website, 2010. http://www.windfinder.com/windstats/windstatistic_ london-heathrow.htm 09 August 2010. Li, Danny, Tony Lam. Determining the optimum tilt angle and orientation for solar. Building Energy Research Group, 2007. Logan, Marty and Foss, Mark. Urban agriculture reaches new heights through rooftop gardening. The International Development Research centre, 2004 http://www.idrc.ca/en/ev-54212-201-1-DO_TOPIC.html 03 August 2010 London Canal Museum website. http://www.canalmuseum.org.uk

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Unilever report. Sustainable Agriculture. 2009. Wilson, Geoff. Water use in Aquaponics. Aquaponics Network Australia, February 2006.

Price, Charlie. An interview at The Future of food documentary. BBC, 2004. Quested, Tom, Hannah Johnson. Household food and drink waste in the UK. WRAP, 2009. Renewable Energy Enquiries Bureau. The UK wind resource. June 2001. Saleem, Nadia. GCC food imports touch $10b as world suffers crop shortages. Gulfnews, 21 March 2008. http://gulfnews.com/business/markets/gcc-food-imports-touch10b-as-world-suffers-crop-shortages-1.92547 15 August 2010. Stacey, Caroline. Food miles. BBC News http://www.bbc.co.uk/food/food_matters/foodmiles.shtml 1 Apri 2010. Starrs, Tom. The SUV in the Pantry. 2005. http://www.sustainablebusiness.com/index.cfm/go/news.feature/ id/1275 12 April 2010. Statistical Centre of Dubai website. http://www.dubai.ae/en.portal

15 August 2010.

Steel, Carolyn. Hungry City: how food shapes our lives. London: Vintage, 2009. Tukiainen, Matti. Gaisma website, 2010. http://www.gaisma.com/en/

07 August 2010.

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Bibliographies An Inconvenient Truth. Dir. Guggenheim, Davis. Paramount Stars, 2006. Aquaponics UK website. http://aquaponics.org.uk/ Bannerman, Lucy. Importing organic food by air ‘may not be ethical enough’. The Times, 25 October 2007 Carpenter, Jennifer. Foods 'should label up eco-costs'. BBC News, 8 September 2008 Dubro, Peter. Dye indicator for the effectiveness of Tio2 water purification. http://energy.caeds.eng.uml.edu/peru-07/PerUML-Publications.htm Edible city web site http://www.ediblecitymovie.com/ Environment Agency. Water for life and livelihoods. December 2006. Judy, Jaelithe. The New Victory Gardens: Fight Oil Addiction in Your Backyard. 3 June 2010. http://www.care2.com/causes/real-food/blog/the-new-victorygardens-fight-oil-addiction-in-your-backyard/ Hopkins, Rob. Can Britain Feed Itself? December 2007. http://transitionculture.org/2007/12/20/can-britain-feed-itself/ Incredible edible todmorden website. http://www.incredible-edible-todmorden.co.uk/

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Lang, Susan. Diet for small planet may be most efficient if it includes dairy and a little meat. Chronicle online, October 2007. http://www.news.cornell.edu/stories/Oct07/diets.ag.footprint.sl.html Pernick, Ron, and Clint Wilder. The clean tech revolution: the next big growth and investment opportunity. London: Collins, 2007. Soil Association Press Release, Ensuring limited organic air freight is fair and ethical, 6 March 2008 Steffen, Alex, ed. Worldchanging: A user’s guide for the 21st century. New York: Harry N Abrams, 2008. Super Size Me. Dir Squrlock, Morgan. Fortissimo Films, 2004. The Future of food documentary. Dir. Koons, Deborah. BBC, 2004. Williams, Robert. Solar water purification. http://energy.caeds.eng.uml.edu/peru-07/PerUML-Publications.htm


Self-Sufficient City part3