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IIDP GROUP Improved Integrative Design Process

University of Sharjah Architectural Engineer Department UOS Senior Architecture Students Muhanad Kouseh U00017456 Gawad Abdel Wahab U00017574 Supervisor : Course :

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Mr. Graham Mckay Senior Design Project II


Abstract The project aims to address the flaws of the typical building design, due to the late planning and fragmentation in the building industry as a whole, Improved Integrative Design Process (IIDP) has been developed to solve the various flaws that confront the typical building design in Dubai, thus achieve a high performance building that is work to serve it occupants with the maximum efficiency not the vice versa. This book describes the process and the methodology of implementing Improved Integrative Design Process on a mixed-used BURJ AL-TAKAMOL tower that is located in Dubai, lagoons. The implementation of the process was in four phases: - Design Brief that describe the project intent from the stakeholder point of view - Design Proposal which describes each specialist point of view , the recommendations & the strategies to achieve their interests at the early stages of design - Architectural Design the concept & development of the building design according to the recommendation that has been set in the third phase. - Assessment of Integration the verification of the architectural design according to the integration assessment criteria to that leads to each specialist satisfaction.

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Outline - Integrative Design Process Overview o WHAT?? “Definition” o WHY?? “VISION” o HOW?? “TACTICS”

- Process Methodology o Phase One : Design Brief  Client requirement  Contract type  Business plan by project manager

o Phase Two :Design Proposal  Project manager  Structural engineer  Sustainability consultant • LEED recommendation • Passive recommendation  MEP engineer  Landscape consultant

o Phase three : Architectural Design  Brain storming (mass configuration)  Configuration alternatives  Mass model development  Preliminary Design • Site plan • Underground parking • Ground floor • Typical-01 • Typical-02


• Health club floor • Typical -03 • Pent house-01 • Pent house-02 • Elevations • Sections • Renders

o Phase Four :Integration Assessment  Project manager • Building program • Cost/benefit analysis

 Structural engineer • Seismic design consideration • Tributary area • Attached structure

 Sustainability consultant • LEED o Sustainable site (SS) o Water efficiency (WE) o Energy & Atmosphere (EA) o Material Resources (MR) o Indoor environmental Quality (IEQ) o Innovation in design (ID) • Passive Design

 MEP Engineer • Duct plans

• District cooling • Wind turbines • Water cycle


 Landscape consultant • Plant species • Storm water management • Green roof • Drip irrigation

- Conclusion


- Improved Integrative Design Process Overview

o WHAT IS IIDP: Is a collaborative method for designing buildings which em-

phasizes the development of a holistic design with different aspects of view at the early stages , that achieve more energy and resources efficient results by optimizing whole systems for multiple benefits– cultural, environmental ,economical and technical as a whole interdependent system, not disjoint components for single benefits, and this often makes gains in end- use efficiency much bigger and cheaper than conventionally supposed.

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o WHY: Because it address the flaws of the typical building design, due to the

late planning and fragmentation in the building industry as a whole, while the typical design process is linear and sequential, this path does not take into account all affected parties’ needs, areas of expertise or insights at the early stages of the design decisions. So, using the typical building design method, incompatible elements of the design are not discovered until late stages in the process when it is expensive to make changes. Thus typical building design method can actually make a system less efficient, simply by not properly linking up those fragments. If they’re not designed to work with one another, they’ll tend to work against one another.

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o HOW it works: Design of the building will be viewed as an interdependent system, as opposed to an accumulation of its separate components.

The work structure of the process will be divided into two main interdependent stages, the Design Brief and the Design Proposal. Design Brief will discuss mainly the recommendation that have been set by the client, and the program plus the cost-benefit analysis that have been developed by the project manager. Design Proposal which is derived from the design brief will discuss the recommendations that have been developed by the project manager & the specialists which will affect the design decisions, thus it will be considered as the starting point of the architect to begin his work.

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Due to the region concern and project type consideration we have chosen an office/residential mixed used tower to implement the idea of the process and see its feasibility on the future towers that will be built in Dubai.

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- Process Methodology

o The implementation of the process will be in Four phases : Phase one : the requirements from the client to the project manager to develop the “Design brief “ Phase two : the recommendation of each specialist into the” design proposal “ Phase three: the architectural design of the building. Phase four: integration assessment -verification of the satisfaction of each specialist.

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o Phase one “ Design brief “  The client requirements

Plot Number

Land Use

Plot Area

Max. Building Height

sq.m

Max. Gross Floor Area

Office

Hotel

Residential

Retail

Common Spaces

sq.m

sq.ft

sq.ft

sq.ft

sq.ft

sq.ft

sq.ft

PB.01

Mixed Use

113,618

1,222,976

G+88

696,397

7,495,957

3,785,170

1,585,051

1,738,954

386,782

PB.04

Office-Residential

15,164

163,225

G+52

97,343

1,047,791

947,721

45,201

39,869

15,000 4,000

PB.05

Office-Residential

13,986

150,539

G+39

71,335

767,841

666,758

50,893

46,190

PB.07

Office-Residential

8,180

88,054

G+25

55,225

594,432

484,553

65,866

44,013

PB.08

Residential

7,444

80,125

G+33

56,597

609,200

564,700

44,500

PB.09

Residential

6,507

70,038

G+29

60,510

651,321

575,424

75,897

PB.11

Residential

6,831

73,533

G+30

53,248

573,152

541,655

31,497

PB.12

Residential

6,903

74,306

G+30

51,194

551,053

519,414

31,639

PB.13

Residential

9,632

103,674

G+29

43,832

471,800

457,300

14,500

PB.14

Office-Residential

4,006

43,125

G+32

45,970

494,817

433,751

20,719

25,347

PB.15

Office-Residential

12,087

130,103

G+40

98,843

1,063,936

815,290

215,889

32,757

PB.17

Office-Residential

15,394

165,695

G+45

119,433

1,285,561

848,569

292,585

144,407

PB.19

Office-Residential

14,368

154,654

G+59

130,547

1,405,195

221,241

1,106,207

73,747

1,039,260

G+60

99,257

1,068,391

PB.24

Hotels & Residential

5,993

64,505

G+60

109,016

1,173,438

PB.25.A

PB.23

Office

Office

1,484

4,548

15,973

48,955

G+31

40,128

431,936

sq.ft

15,000

4,000

29,131 691,157

482,281

410,382

21,554

PB.25.B

Office

3,441

37,041

G+27

37,309

401,588

383,803

17,785

PB.25.C

Office

4,964

53,430

G+30

45,245

487,014

432,523

54,491

PB.25.D

Residential

1,512

16,278

G+54

47,933

515,944

PB.26

Office-Residential

1,884

20,283

G+39

54,169

583,071

408,185

PB.27

Office

4,473

48,146

G+57

96,654

1,040,373

975,451

PB.30.A

Hotel / Retail

11,818

127,210

G+8

75,308

810,609

205,801

604,808

PB.30.B

Hotel / Retail

11,818

127,210

G+8

75,308

810,609

205,801

604,808

500,080 161,717

15,864 13,169 52,922

12,000

 Contract type

Since the complexity of the project, we suggest to the client to choose management contracting where a client employs a management contractor to manage the construction phase of a project to insure the integration is fully achieved according to the process intent. 12


 Business Plan by the project manger

In the business Plan, the project manager will be explaining how the project will be implemented and applied according to business and economical point of view, and it will be done by creating a cost-benefit analysis for the project.

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o Phase two “ Design proposal “  Project manager

Program Development Plot Number LandUse sq.m Plot Area sq.ft meter Building height number of floors sq.m sq.ft Gross floor Area Percentage (%) sq.m Building Footprint sq.ft Percentage (%) sq.m sq.ft Open Space Percentage (%) sq.m sq.ft Services within building Percentage (%) sq.m sq.ft Leasble Area Percentage (%) Number of lots Prarking Percentage (%) alternative LowEmitting and Fuel- Number of lots Efficient Vehicles and car pool parking lots Percentage (%) Number of occup. Occupancy Percentage (%) Number of occup. FTE ( FTE Full Time Equivalent ) Percentage (%) Number bicycle racks Percentage (%)

Plot PB.19 Office-Residentail 14,368 154,654 246

Office

Residential

Retail

common space

44

188

7

7

G+59

11

47

G

1.0

130,547 1,405,195 100.0% 2,213 23,817 15% 12,155 130,837 85% 26,109 421,559 20% 102,224.94 936,003 78% 1844 100%

20,554 221,241 15.7%

102,770 1,106,207 78.7%

6,851 73,747 5.2%

4,111 66,372 20% 16,443 154,869 78% 553 30%

20,554 331,862 20% 82,216 774,345 78% 1106 60%

1,370 22,124 20% 5,481 51,623 78% 184 10%

4,000 0.3%

372

74 1,200 20% 297 2,800 78% 0 0%

185 10% 4,598 100% 4,598 100% 477 100%

1,827 1,827 40% 91 19%

2,466 54%

370 78%

305 305 7% 15 3%

Program development

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 Structural engineer

Structural Recommendations Seismic design Low Height to Base Ratio Equal Floor Heights Symmetrical Plan

Structural system for high rise building

Structural Materials

concrete shear wall +steel rigid frame

a combination of the concrete (internally for the shear box) and steel (externally for the rigid frame)

Direct Load Paths

Recommendations for the design proposal

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 Sustainability Consultant • LEED Recommendation LEED Requirement List

• W

Requiremnets

EHS

Comments

Erosion and Sedimentation control plan Map shows Distances Map shows Distances

Mandatory Mandatory

specify in the contract Google map show site selection Google map show basic services

Prerequisite Credit

Sustainable Site (SS) 1

1 2 3 4.1 4.2

Map shows Distances

Google map show mass transit 5% of office building users & 15% of residential tenats

Secure Bicycle Racks/Specification

4.4 5.1 5.2

Preferred parking spots for Low-Emitting and Fuel-Efficient Vehicles Preferred parking spots for car pool Use of native or adapted vegetation Site Plan

6.1

Stromwater Mangement Plan/Specification

6.2

Stromwater Mangement Plan/Specification

7.1 7.2

Plan Specifications

Mandatory Mandatory

8

Plans and Drawings/sepecification

Mandatory

4.3

Mandatory Mandatory

Water Efficiency (WE)

2 1 1

toilets /urinals / lavatory (restroom) faucets / prerinse spray valves /Kitchen/bathroom faucet/Showerheads types drip irrigation technology -climatebased controllers/recycled wastewater/recycled gray water/tanks

Specifications/Plans/Sections

Mandatory

2

Specifications/Plans/Sections

Mandatory

high-efficiency filtration system

3

Specifications/Plans/Sections

Mandatory

show water cycle within the project

1

Specifications/BOQ/Plans/Sections

2

Specification/Drawings Verification and mointoring reports and documents Specifications a measurement and verification (M&V) plan

3 4 5 6

Materials & Resources (MR) 1

building orientation, green roofs, low-e glass and the double layer of double glazed with a certain distance /efficient machines

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Wind tribunes

5

Mandatory

specify in the contract

2

Mandatory Mandatory

Cooling district specify in the contract

2 3 0

Mandatory

4

Specification

specify in the contract flooring, paneling, doors and frames, cabinetry and furniture, brick, and decorative REUSED items postconsumer/preconsumer Recycled Content

Mandatory

5

Bamboo wood flooring /Cotton insulation FSC Certified Bamboo Flooring and wood doors and finishes

Mechanical ventilation systems

Mandatory

Specification/plans

Mandatory

1

Specification

Mandatory

2

Specification

3.2

Construction Indoor Air Quality Management Plan IAQ management plan

4.1

specifications

Mandatory

4.2 4.3 4.4

painting and coating specification Flooring system VOC specification composit wood and agrifiber specification

Mandatory

3.1

5

specifications

6.1

specifications

6.2

specifications

7.1 7.2

Thermal comfort desgin Survey/Verification documents

8.1

daylight simulation model/table

8.2

Specifications/Plans/Sections

1 2

LEED Accredited Professional (AP)

specify in the contract smoking area and it distances from entrance,outdoor air intakes/ oparable windows/ insulation sealing vertical chases CO2 concentration devices oparable windows/air handling unit for natural Ventilation

7 0 0 0 1 2 2 0 1 1 15 0 0 1 1

Mandatory

specify in the contract

1

Mandatory

specify in the contract Table for all All adhesives and sealants specify in the contract specify in the contract specify in the contract

1

Mandatory

Mandatory Mandatory

Innovation in Design (ID) Specifications/Plans/Sections

4

Mandatory

Specification

2

2

0 0

Construction waste management plan

1

4

0

3

Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ)

0

specify in the contract

Garbage room/ Garbge types

Specification

1

10

Energy simulation model Cooling district

Mandatory

7

1 1

Mandatory Mandatory

Specification/plan

Specification

1

Mandatory

1.1 1.2 2

6

1

27

Energy & Atmosphere (EA)

Verification and mointoring reports and documents Documents/Model Specifications

1 3

1

2 3

0 1 5 0 6

5% of parking spots Table of Plants types Show open space ratio(85%) Show slopes, vegtated roofs and pervios pavment Permeable interlocking for interior Roads , Grid pavers ,Rain gardens and Disconnection of imperviousness Underground parking high-albedo ( white concrete ) outdoor light distribution /show direction/angle of outdoor lights

Mandatory

1

25

5% of parking spots

Specifications

1

points

Mandatory

platinum rate +80

grates, grill s and slotted systems/exhaust system self control Lighting thermostat controls/adujstable louvers specify in the contract specify in the contract show level of natural light within the building/table show FC and lux lower partitions, interior shading devices and interior glazing. show water cycle within the project as an exemplary performance specify in the contract

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1

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Recommendations for the design proposal (LEED Strategies) 16


• Passive design

passive design strategies number 1 2

3

4 5

target strategies comments Heat avoidance & reduce highest levels of solar heat gains on oriented on the east-west axis indirect daylighting their eastern and western walls in the summer High rise buildings of similar Massing of buildings should also be seen in Reduce cooling heights should be avoided as their urban context, to provide a cirulated air demand they limit air movement that reduces heat gain. through the exo-sekelton Operable shading devices offer the flexibility of structure that works as shading adjusting shading blades or shutters to allow Heat avoidance & devices for the building & the indirect daylighting ventilation and daylighting into interior spaces use of movable louvers from without admitting direct heat gain. inside The use of double layers of the gap will functions as an heat insulation by glass with an certain gap in the movement of air inside which will also Heat avoidance betwean genrates the wind turbine at the top high insulating building Well insulated walls, roofs and floors ( U-value materials around the building Heat avoidance of 0.35 at most) envelope

Recommendations for the design proposal (Passive Strategies)  MEP Engineer

MEP Engineer Recommendations

Building systems

Number Type 1

A/C system

2

Wind Turbines

3 4 5 6

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Black and Grey water Recycling Carbon dioxide sensors Air Handling Unit ( AHU )

Goals Reduce Global warming effect Reduce ozon deplation

Material

Comments

-

Cooling District system

Genrate green energy Reduce demand for electricity Reduce demand for potable water Maximize water efficiency Improve indoor inveromental quailty Increase natural ventalition Improve indoor inveromental quailty Increase natural ventalition Reduce electrictiy demand

-

Onsite renewable energy

-

On site Water cycle

Smart Lighting

7

Smart Lighting

8

Programmable Thermostat Controls

-

Reduce light pollution Reduce electrictiy demand Reduce light pollution Reduce cooling loads

-

produce thermal comfort

moderate the ventaliation rate within the occupied Produce fresh air into interior spaces automated controls that make adjustments based on conditions automated controls that make adjustments based adjust the temperature according to human needs

Recommendations for the design proposal (specification requirements)


 Landscape consultant

Landscaping Consultant Recommendations

Landscaping

Number Type Native and 1 Adaptive

Goals Reduce water demand promote biodiversity

2

Bicycle Racks

3

Green Roof

4

Pervious Pavement

5

Rain gardens

6

Drip Irrigation

7

Irrigation Controllers

encourage walkability Reduce demand for automobile provide community connectivity Reduce Heat island effect Reduce heat gain eleminate pollution for habitat stop stormwater runoff Capture of rain water stop stormwater runoff Reduce potable water demand Contribute in water efficiency Reduce potable water demand insure irrigation efficiency

Material -

-

-

Comments Use of native & adaptive plants provide bicycle racks for building users Use of native & adaptive plants Permeable pavement for rain water pentration bioswale that capture rain water efficiency equal to 99% since waste water automatic irrigation systems/Climate based

Recommendations for the design proposal (specification requirements)

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o Phase three: ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN  Brain storming (mass configuration )

This stage was the most important stage of design process since the design decisions were limited by the design proposal recommendations that address different points of view and thus make the decision much harder.

So we developed an evaluation criteria that satisfy the interested parties in this stage.

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The evaluation criteria were based on:

Focusing on the desired end-use places purposes and application before equipment, efficiency before supply, passive before active, simple before complex.

Broadening design scope embraces whole systems and sets end-use performance metrics. Analyzing gaps between theoretical minimum requirements and typical usage reveals overlooked opportunities for elegant frugality. Optimizing systems, not isolated parts, lets single expenditures yield multiple benefits. Evidence-based analysis supplants rules of thumb. Measurement and prudence replace mindless oversizing and allow operational risks to be managed explicitly and intelligently. End-use savings multiply upstream energy and capital savings, so efficiency logic is sequenced in the direction opposite to energy flow. Design satisfies rare conditions (making appropriate trade offs and engaging end-users), but emphasizes typical conditions to maximize performance integrated over the range. Controls and embedded sensors create intelligence and learning, so design can be optimized in real operation and further improved in future applications. Designing from scratch, at least initially, creatively harnesses “beginner’s mind,� spans disciplinary silos, surpass traditional solutions, and further expand the design space.

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 Configuration alternatives

These alternatives have been arranged from the most suitable configuration to the lowest according to the elevation criteria for the concept mass modeling. So, the first mass model has been chosen to be developed and satisfy the specialists’ interests.

21


This photo show the conclusion of what are the best mass model configuration can be used to be developed depending on the best ideas that has been driven from the previous stage. 22


 Mass model development

The building mass is set to be on different layers which satisfied the evaluation criteria.

The splash : a double glazed glass screen which is elongated along the east-west direction and positioned on the south face of the building, that protect the building from the direct heat gain to reduce its cooling demand and also create a wind tunnel through its 8 parts divisions that is set to create a positive pressure by its 5m gap in the direction of the prevailing wind (north-west )and a negative pressure on the other end by its 1m distance gap that accelerate the wind between the building façade and the splash screen and thus drive the wind towards the top of the building by convection through absorption of façade heat.

Residential mass: the second component of the building is the residential part that is located attached to the office building by a core which increases the efficiency of the planning for both components through the common area. The mass is set to be a part of a circle in plan to maximize shading On the office part and also maximize views in both directions to give The user the spectacular views of the lagoons. The mass is set to be ascending toward the middle of the tower which add more views and satisfy structural symmetrical requirements and creates more usable open spaces one different height strata.

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Core mass: the third component of the building is the core which is located to be the key stone for both the residential and the office masses, the core is a concrete shear box the is meant to be in the middle of the overall mass to provide a more efficiency in terms of planning, and on the other hand act as a torsional box that protect building from twisting due to lateral loads.

Office mass : the offices is located on the north side of the building which is protected from the east, west and south by the residential mass from the direct sunlight and thus create a more comfortable spaces to work more efficient.

The initial energy mass model had been set to verify the location, orientation and position of the building fragments in its whole set and within its environment. Fortunately, the energy mass model give a results that satisfied the intent of sustainability consultant which increase the heat avoidance and reduce the cooling demand of the building by 60% comparing to a conventional building of the same type .

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The wind analysis has been verified that the wind is at the peak speed at the gap between the building and the splash and thus achieves the expectations of the sustainability consultant to generate the on-site renewable energy by the dynamic wind turbines.

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 Preliminary Design • Site plan

The site is bounded by a green area from the west and south, while from the north it is adjutant to the focal point of the lagoons where the biggest project will be done, and last but not least it is bounded from the east by a street which is consider the only access for the automobile vehicles. The building footprint is covering about 35% of the site area which gives the site more open space that protect the on-site habitat. The street is a four lane two-way road that leads the automobile to an underground parking or to the drop off area of the offices, residential and retail entrances. 26


The access for the garbage track is set be on the open grid pavement at the south direction of the site which get a multiple benefit that reduce hard-scape on-site and increase vegetation since it only meant to be an access for the track in a specified period of time during the day. On the west belt of the site, the site is designed to provide a walkway with a retail spaces on a side that gives more special feature which may attract non-building users to the site.

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• Underground parking

According to the client requirement to achieve at least 1880 parking spaces the 5 levels underground parking achieve this intent with the with the minimum requirement . Mostly the design of parking is set to be designed with logic to the user mentality and to get the most number of lots with a radial distribution of columns along the site area. The access for each parking is from the two ramps that are set in the dead area where the columns become closer to each other that prevent the cars to park. Other concern is set for the water tanks, gray and black water recycling systems

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which will be described later.

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PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUC

• Ground floor

C A-303

PLOT BOUNDARY

Retail 69m²

UP

Retail

Retail

78m²

Cov

67m²

ere

Retail

dW alky

1

Retail

76m²

way

71m² Retail

B

83m²

A-302

Retail 2

69m²

Security room 60m²

Retail Retail

Office lobby 71m²

66m²

Retail

UP

57m² Retail

Co

ve

re

d

W

alk

yw

3

ay

Water Meter

65m²

77m²

73m²

Retail 53m²

61m² UP

Mointaring Room 118m²

A

105m²

DN

A-301

Laun Substation

35 Garbage colloection room

4

Mechinc

136m²

61

Water Meter 73m²

5

9 7

PLOT BOUNDARY

10

11

8

6

C A-303

Like most of the other towers the ground floor plan is set to be divided into lobbies, services rooms and retail spaces. But to give a more value for the leasable area the retail spaces where divide into two zones, near to the main vehicles access to the site there is two retail spaces that doesn’t require involving the users into the building, a bank and its ATM machines for the all users and a governmental retail for transactions as TASJEEL. While on the other side of the building a long retail spaces that accumulate 16 shop spaces into a two story that is access from a semi-closed pedestrian walkways and serviced by a big porches for sitting areas.

TODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

DN

30


TODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

C A-303

PLOT BOUNDARY

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

21

DN ATM

Co

ATM

UP

ATM

ve

red

ATM

Wa

lky

wa

y

B

20

A-302

Bank 317 m²

Bank Manager room 60m²

Security room 60m²

91m² Tasjeel

Office lobby 71m²

260m² UP

Residential lobby

Electrical Room

99m²

54m² 19

pho

Tele

UP

ne

Prayer Room

5m²

Staff facility Staff facility

35m² Garbage colloection room

Mechincal room

Supermarket

136m²

61m²

80m²

m ² 31m

38m²

tation

UP

roo

Laundrry 41m²

A

51m²

A-301

54 m²

PLOT BOUNDARY

18 17 16

10

11

12

13

14

15

C A-303

On the core of the building which is meant to be designed separate the access of the residents of the building from the office works it leads the residents to a supermarket LAGOONS_MIXED-USE_TOWER that is meant to serve them for their daily goods. SHEET INFORMATION

PROJECT-NBR. PHASE

Preliminary Design

The services of the building are located on the south façade and can be accessed GROUND from the south open grid pavement road which doesn’t interfere with FLOOR_PLAN the building users. DESIGNED

-

DRAWN

MHD

CHECKED

JWD

APPROVED

DATE

FILE-NAME

GRM

15 December. 2013

A102_FLOOR_PLAN_GF.dwg

A-102

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK ED

31

1


•

Typical -01

Here in this floor we can see the typical floor planning of the building from level 1 up to level 19. In this floor there are four 3-bedroom apartments & six 2-bedroom apartments & eight 1-bedroom apartments & eight studio apartments. These were have been set according to achieve a greater value for the building by its diversity and location , the most preferable views is on the north of the building where it was positioned for a 1-bedroom apartment and a corner 3-bedroom apartment the while on the other hand the other side apartment where set to be an studios and 2-bedroom apartment and as previous a corner 3-bedroom apartment these flats where set not on the most preferred view but where given more spaces for view since the façade over their where concave up to give more portion of view. Each apartment where designed on the basic of 4 elements: provide as much as possible of living space, create a visual continuity and a pleasing impression for the 32


users, provide as much as possible of natural day lighting penetration by locating the wet area far away from the faรงade of the building, and last but not least is the simplicity which gives a more value for more placing furniture possibilities. These apartments is served by a core that have a 5 elevators +1 good elevator, and infrastructure services and a garbage chute that is designed to be for recycling. On the north side of the building the office spaces is serviced by 8 elevators and a two separate bathrooms for ladies and gentlemen, these office space is meant to be left without division to give the flexibility to the rented firm to address his intent in the division and decorations, but its advised to use low part ions desks with a top glass portion to maximize views and day lighting penetrations

33


• Typical -02

Here in this floor we can see the typical floor planning of the building from level 20 up to level 38. In this floor there are six 2-bedroom apartments & eight 1-bedroom apartments & eight studio apartments. In this section of the building the modular unit has disappeared from both sides of 34


the building which make change in the value of the corner 1-bedroom and 2-bedroom apartment, thus they get more value for their 2 sides views and daylight penetration. The structure of the building become less, so it increases the value and gives a more rigid common structural system to the building. 35


• Health club

As usually in high rise building, this level was specified to have a 354 sq. Meter gymnasium that served the tenants of the building plus its wet area the gymnasium is meant to get a 3-sides view to the surrounding to motivate the users by the horizon view and the huge penetration of daylight into the gymnasium, the gymnasium is divided into two parts: indoor and outdoor to increase the value of the services in the building and thus add a luxurious value to the apartment. On the other side of the level a massage, personal training and a therapy room that were located on the perimeter of the building that gives the users the spectacular views of the surrounding. 36


The outdoor swimming pool is one of the most amazing features of this building since it is located on 161 meter height from the ground level to increase the value of the building in terms of its services. On the office side were some of the offices needs place to take a break from the working environment the design meant to specify a coffee shop with an indoor/outdoor setting area to give them the chance to release the working stress.

37


• Typical -03

Here in this floor we can see the typical floor planning of the building from level 40 up to level 55. In this floor there are 4 2-bedroom apartments & four 1-bedroom apartments & six studio apartments. Again In this section of the building the modular unit has disappeared from both sides of the building which make change in the value of the corner 1-bedroom and 2-bedroom apartment, thus they get more value for their 2 sides views and daylight penetration. 38


The structure of the building become less, so it increases the value and gives a more rigid common structural system to the building as it become less weight when it get higher.

39


• Pent house -01

One of the most amazing apartment units were the 2 floor bent houses since they are located on the heights point of the building they were designed to be one of its kind among all the other pent houses. These luxuries bent houses were featuring outdoor spaces that contain swimming pools to add value for them and where designed to be for the rich people since they are very expensive apartment that have a special design.

40


41


• Pent house -02

Here is the second level of the bent houses these bent houses were treated in the design as a villa design which is suggested to be for a rich family.

42


43


• Elevations

PRODUCED BY ANPRODUCED AUTODESKBY EDUCATIONAL AN AUTODESK PRODUCED PRODUCT EDUCATIONAL BY AN AUTODESK PRODUCT EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

ROOF

level 61

ROOF

WIND TURBINE ROOM

level 60

246.00

WIND TURBINE ROOM

222.00 level 59

218.00

218.00 level 58 214.00

214.00 level 57

PENT HOUSE FLOOR

210.00

02-MECHANICAL FLOOR

203.00 level 55

199.50

199.50

level 54

level 54

196.00

196.00

level 53

level 53

192.50

192.50

level 52

level 52

189.00

189.00

level 51

level 51

185.50

185.50

level 50

level 50

182.00

182.00

level 49

level 49

178.50

178.50

level 48

level 48

175.00

175.00

level 47

level 47

171.50

171.50

level 46

level 46

168.00

168.00

level 45

level 45

164.50

164.50

level 44

level 44

161.00

161.00

level 43

level 43

157.50

157.50

level 42

level 42

154.00

03-TYPICAL FLOOR

level 41

154.00

03-TYPICAL FLOOR

level 40

150.50

HEALTH CLUB

level 39

147.00

01 - MECHANICAL FLOOR

140.00 level 38

136.50

136.50

level 37

level 37

133.00

133.00

level 36

level 36

129.50

129.50

level 35

level 35

126.00

126.00

level 34

level 34

122.50

122.50

level 33

level 33

119.00

119.00

level 32

level 32

115.50

115.50

level 31

level 31

112.00

112.00

level 30

level 30

108.50

108.50

level 29

level 29

105.00

105.00

level 28

level 28

101.50

101.50

level 27

level 27

98.00

98.00

level 26

level 26

94.50

94.50

level 25

level 25

91.00

91.00

level 24

level 24

87.50

87.50

level 23

level 23

84.00

84.00

level 22

level 22

80.50

80.50

level 21

level 21

level 20

77.00

02-TYPICAL FLOOR

73.50

73.50

level 19

level 19

70.00

70.00

level 18

level 18

66.50

66.50

level 17

level 17

63.00

63.00

level 16

level 16

59.50

59.50

level 15

level 15

56.00

56.00

level 14

level 14

52.50

52.50

level 13

level 13

49.00

49.00

level 12

level 12

45.50

45.50

level 11

level 11

42.00

42.00

level 10

level 10

38.50

38.50

level 9

level 9

35.00

35.00

level 8

level 8

31.50

31.50

level 7

level 7

28.00

28.00

level 6

level 6

24.50

24.50

level 5

level 5

21.00

21.00

level 4

level 4

17.50

17.50

level 3

level 3

14.00

14.00

level 2

level 2

-01First Floor

10.50

01-TYPICAL FLOOR

Ground Floor

3.50

01-T

-01First Floor

7.00 -00-1Mezzanine

02-T

level 20

10.50

01-TYPICAL FLOOR

01 -

level 39

140.00 level 38

77.00

02-TYPICAL FLOOR

HEALT

level 40

147.00

01 - MECHANICAL FLOOR

03-T

level 41

150.50

HEALTH CLUB

02-M

level 56

203.00 level 55

7.00

Ground Floor

-00-1Mezzanine

Ground

3.50

A 60-storey building of 237m height is designed that is gradually decease in its base size to add more value in term of its outdoor spaces and structure efficiency where gladded with a glass façade on its four sides as it gives more view and day lighting penetration.

RODUCED BY AN AUTODESK PRODUCED EDUCATIONAL BY ANPRODUCED AUTODESK PRODUCT BY EDUCATIONAL AN AUTODESK PRODUCT EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

level 56

PENT

level 57

210.00

02-MECHANICAL FLOOR

WIND T

level 60

222.00 level 59

level 58

PENT HOUSE FLOOR

ROOF

level 61

246.00

In spite the fact of the glass façade the building have a unique design for each of the elevations. The front elevation where the concave façade prevent to give balconies for the apartment has been designed with a cantilevered slabs that strips the building horizontally and gives a space for a half plus the precise design of the glass mullion that doesn’t 44


PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK PRODUCED EDUCATIONAL BY AN AUTODESK PRODUCT EDUCATIONAL PRODUCED PRODUCT BY AN AUTODESK EDUCA

ROOF

level 61

ROOF

246.00

WIND TURBINE ROOM

level 60

246.00

WIND TURBINE ROOM

222.00 level 59

218.00

218.00

level 58

level 58

level 57

214.00

PENT HOUSE FLOOR

210.00

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

02-MECHANICAL FLOOR

level 56

210.00

02-MECHANICAL FLOOR

203.00 level 55

199.50

199.50

level 54

level 54

196.00

196.00

level 53

level 53

192.50

192.50

level 52

level 52

189.00

189.00

level 51

level 51

185.50

185.50

level 50

level 50

182.00

182.00

level 49

level 49

178.50

178.50

level 48

level 48

175.00

175.00

level 47

level 47

171.50

171.50

level 46

level 46

168.00

168.00

level 45

level 45

164.50

164.50

level 44

level 44

161.00

161.00

level 43

level 43

157.50

157.50

level 42

level 42

level 41

154.00

03-TYPICAL FLOOR

level 40

level 39 140.00

140.00 level 38

136.50

136.50

level 37

level 37

133.00

133.00

level 36

level 36

129.50

129.50

level 35

level 35

126.00

126.00

level 34

level 34

122.50

122.50

level 33

level 33

119.00

119.00

level 32

level 32

115.50

115.50

level 31

level 31

112.00

112.00

level 30

level 30

108.50

108.50

level 29

level 29

105.00

105.00

level 28

level 28

101.50

101.50

level 27

level 27

98.00

98.00

level 26

level 26

94.50

94.50

level 25

level 25

91.00

91.00

level 24

level 24

87.50

87.50

level 23

level 23

84.00

84.00

level 22

level 22

80.50

80.50

level 21

level 21

level 20

77.00

02-TYPICAL FLOOR

level 20

73.50

73.50

level 19

level 19

70.00

70.00

level 18

level 18

66.50

66.50

level 17

level 17

63.00

63.00

level 16

level 16

59.50

59.50

level 15

level 15

56.00

56.00

level 14

level 14

52.50

52.50

level 13

level 13

49.00

49.00

level 12

level 12

45.50

45.50

level 11

level 11

42.00

42.00

level 10

level 10

38.50

38.50

level 9

level 9

35.00

35.00

level 8

level 8

31.50

31.50

level 7

level 7

28.00

28.00

level 6

level 6

24.50

24.50

level 5

level 5

21.00

21.00

level 4

level 4

17.50

17.50

level 3

level 3

14.00

14.00

level 2

level 2

-01First Floor

10.50

01-TYPICAL FLOOR

7.00

Ground Floor

level 39

level 38

10.50

01-TYPICAL FLOOR

level 40 147.00

01 - MECHANICAL FLOOR

77.00

02-TYPICAL FLOOR

level 41 150.50

HEALTH CLUB

147.00

01 - MECHANICAL FLOOR

level 56

level 55

150.50

HEALTH CLUB

level 57

203.00

154.00

03-TYPICAL FLOOR

level 60

222.00 level 59

214.00

PENT HOUSE FLOOR

level 61

-00-1Mezzanine 3.50

-01First Floor 7.00

Ground Floor

-00-1Mezzanine 3.50

Obstruct the views of the building from inside toward outside. TODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCED PRODUCT BY AN AUTODESK PRODUCED EDUCATIONAL BY AN AUTODESK PRODUCT EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

The rear façade where covered with another layer of glass (the splash to protect the building from the overheat that is common in the region and comes from the sun during the day. The splash where designed with a huge glass panels that doesn’t entrap the building views and thus increase the value of the building.

45


• SectionsPRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT ROOF

level 61 246.00

WIND TURBINE ROOM

level 60 222.00 level 59 218.00 level 58 214.00

PENT HOUSE FLOOR

level 57 210.00

02-MECHANICAL FLOOR

level 56 203.00 level 55 199.50 level 54 196.00 level 53 192.50 level 52 189.00 level 51 185.50 level 50 182.00 level 49 178.50 level 48 175.00 level 47 171.50 level 46 168.00 level 45 164.50 level 44 161.00 level 43 157.50 level 42 154.00

03-TYPICAL FLOOR

level 41 150.50

HEALTH CLUB

level 40 147.00

01 - MECHANICAL FLOOR

level 39 140.00 level 38 136.50 level 37 133.00 level 36 129.50 level 35 126.00 level 34 122.50 level 33 119.00 level 32 115.50 level 31 112.00 level 30 108.50 level 29 105.00 level 28 101.50 level 27 98.00 level 26 94.50 level 25 91.00 level 24 87.50 level 23 84.00 level 22 80.50 level 21 77.00

02-TYPICAL FLOOR

level 20 73.50 level 19 70.00 level 18 66.50 level 17 63.00 level 16 59.50 level 15 56.00 level 14 52.50 level 13 49.00 level 12 45.50 level 11 42.00 level 10 38.50 level 9 35.00 level 8 31.50 level 7 28.00 level 6 24.50 level 5 21.00 level 4 17.50 level 3 14.00 level 2 10.50

01-TYPICAL FLOOR

-01First Floor 7.00

Ground Floor

-00-1Mezzanine 3.50 level 0 0.00 level -1 -3.00 level -2 -6.00 level -3 -9.00

UNDERGROUND PARKING

level -4 -12.00 level -5 -15.00

The sixty story building where divided into 4 segments vertically these segments where gradually decrease when it gets more higher to satisfy the low cost structure and gives more outdoor space that usable for the building on the top of each segment. PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

The ground floor which is a 7m height contains mostly the services lobbies and retail spaces of the building. The mezzanine floor is designed to give more space for the retails which gives more efficiency in the planning. The typical planning for the apartments is set to start from level (1-19) (20-38) (4155) which contain a variety of 10 unit apartments that is located and specified into a certain positions. 46


PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

ROOF

level 61 246.00

WIND TURBINE ROOM

level 60 222.00 level 59 218.00 level 58 214.00

PENT HOUSE FLOOR

level 57 210.00

02-MECHANICAL FLOOR

level 56 203.00 level 55 199.50 level 54 196.00 level 53 192.50 level 52 189.00 level 51 185.50 level 50 182.00 level 49 178.50 level 48 175.00 level 47 171.50 level 46 168.00 level 45 164.50 level 44 161.00 level 43 157.50 level 42 154.00

03-TYPICAL FLOOR

level 41 150.50

HEALTH CLUB

level 40 147.00

01 - MECHANICAL FLOOR

level 39 140.00 level 38 136.50 level 37 133.00 level 36 129.50 level 35 126.00 level 34 122.50 level 33 119.00 level 32 115.50 level 31 112.00 level 30 108.50 level 29 105.00 level 28 101.50 level 27 98.00 level 26 94.50 level 25 91.00 level 24 87.50 level 23 84.00 level 22 80.50 level 21 77.00

02-TYPICAL FLOOR

level 20 73.50 level 19 70.00 level 18 66.50 level 17 63.00 level 16 59.50 level 15 56.00 level 14 52.50 level 13 49.00 level 12 45.50 level 11 42.00 level 10 38.50 level 9 35.00 level 8 31.50 level 7 28.00 level 6 24.50 level 5 21.00 level 4 17.50 level 3 14.00 level 2 10.50

01-TYPICAL FLOOR

-01First Floor 7.00

Ground Floor

-00-1Mezzanine 3.50 level 0 0.00 level -1 -3.00 level -2 -6.00 level -3 -9.00

UNDERGROUND PARKING

level -4 -12.00 level -5 -15.00

The office building which is linked by the residential building by the core is typically the same all over the levels (1-39) (41-55). PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

Mechanical floors where set on top of the two middle segments level 39 & 56 to give a space for the huge depth beams to carry the loads of the swimming pools above it directly. The health club floor level 40 where set above of the mechanical floor to give him the ability to occupy an outdoor space since it is a common area for all tenants plus to make it at the middle of the apartment units to be easy accessible by the most of the tenants and workers at offices.

47


• Renders

To complete with the full image of the building some renders where taking from different positions to visualize the previous illustration of the building. 48


49


o Phase four: integration assessment

This section will verify each specialist satisfaction of the architectural design of the building according to the design proposal that have been set at the early stages of the project.

Since the main concept of this project is the integration between the specialist to give them a bigger view to the project the weight in the assessment criteria will be distributed equally among them all, to avoid the bias of one filed among the others.

50


 Project manager

• Building program

Here we construct a table that illustrate to the project manager the program of the site including all leasable area that is set to be done in the project proposal . The program has satisfied the project manager needs and illustrates the leasable areas versus the services that set to complete the building design demand.

51


• Cost/benefit analysis

The updated documents for the cost/benefit analysis has been set to by the project manager to comply with the business plan that has been set at phase two to recheck the business case and the level of achievement to whether to proceed or not. This document has been attached with a payback period analysis of the project to get a final result of 4-5 years payback period which comply 100% with the expectation at phase one “Design Brief�.

52


 Structural Engineer

• Seismic design PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

3.50

3.5M FLOOR -TO FLOOR HIEGHT

237M

2-WAY SLAB ON BEAM

AXIS OF SYMMETRY

24M 24 M

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

According to seismic design consideration the architectural design was: 24m wide base and a 237 meter height which consider in width to height ratio 1/10 which satisfy the condition for high-rise buildings since the minimum width to height ratio is 1/8 as rule of thumb for convention structural systems. 3.5m floor to floor height almost was used in the building to give a stiffer structure among the seismic loads. The symmetrical planning with a concrete shear box in the middle satisfies the torsional resistance case. And a convention structural system of a two way slab that is rest on beams will give direct load path towards the ground.

53

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

HEIGHT /WIDTH = 1/10


• Tributary area

Parking Columns Tributary Area number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Area SQM 95 82 84 84 84 84 84 84 95 100 69 74 84 84 84 84 77 94 140 101

Tributary Area number 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40

Area SQM 87 75 95 76 75 112 134 120 129 127 134 112 75 76 145 81 98 93 85 66

Tributary Area number 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60

Tributary Area number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Tributary areaSQM 22 45 22 26 51 26 29 70 29 7 16 10 17 10 17 6 6 17 10 17

Tributary Area number 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40

Tributary areaSQM 10 16 7 10 21 22 23 22 23 11 11 23 22 23 22 21 10 11 22 22

Tributary Area number 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60

Area SQM 118 77 63 67 60 144 120 144 60 67 63 77 68 73 84 76 74 85 63 103

Tributary Area number 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80

Area SQM 65 73 73 126 115 119 115 126 73 73 65 93 63 126 84 72 54 95 61 94

Tributary Area number 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100

Area SQM 64 57 68 89 23 23 89 68 57 64 103 90 141 174 127 74 84 61 105 64

Tributary Area number 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80

Tributary areaSQM 37 41 45 45 45 45 44 21 24 48 48 48 48 48 47 45 58 45 47 48

Tributary Area number 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102

Tributary areaSQM 48 48 48 48 24 10 19 20 19 20 19 19 17 21 17 19 19 20 19 20 19 10

Tributary Area number 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120

Area SQM 64 59 36 71 71 36 59 64 64 94 83 123 168 261 93 140 117 97 98 66

Tributary Area number 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140

Area SQM 152 162 132 136 102 83 105 77 101 70 177 209 85 114 54 110 105 105 48 129

Building Beams Tributary areaSQM 21 22 20 11 11 20 22 21 22 22 11 21 44 45 45 45 45 41 37 46

54


The underground parking have been used the RC troughed slab system and this plan shows tributary area (loads above)of each columns to show that it satisfy the table of economical use of structural system on the base of the rule of thumb and the plan shows that the spans doesn’t exceed the span of 12m which is in the range of the typical economical span range for the RC troughed slab The next plan shows the typical floor slabs of the building which is the two way slab systems and this plan shows the tributary area of each beam that doesn’t exceed 12m span range which is in the range of the typical economical span range for the RC troughed slab.

• Attached structure

Other concern of the structural engineer is that the splash which is consider as an external steel structural element that is attached to the building at its slabs and help with the load path distribution to be externally/internally rather than internally only. Shading devices were also having a steel structure that transfers its loads through tensioned cables to the floor slabs and eventually to the columns to be driven to the ground.

55


56


 Sustainability consultant

• LEED

Most of our design decisions were made based LEED strategies not only to earn points in different categories, But to create a sustainable yet functional design that serves the needs and keeps the basic characteristics of a sustainable building. In this section, different LEED categories and credits will be described briefly.

57


• Sustainable Site ( SS ) :

Sustainable site category concerns about the different elements of a sustainable site, having elements like bicycle racks, shaded areas and public open spaces. It also concerns in some materials choice such as high Albedo materials and pervious pavement, the total amount of points obtained from this category is 25 Points. 58


59


• Water Efficiency (WE) :

The second category for LEED is the water efficiency, which assures that the building uses an efficient amount of water and doesn’t produce a huge amount of water waste, and it starts from the water used in the site, Process water and water used by the users of the building, the total amount of points obtained in this category is 10 Points. 60


61


• Energy and atmosphere (EA) :

Which is the third category in LEED and mainly focuses on the energy related performance of the building, energy production systems on site and the life cycle energy of the building materials and elements, The total amount of points obtained from this category is 27 points. 62


63


• Materials and resources (MR):

The forth category for LEED is the Materials and resources which assures that the building is using the virgin materials efficiently and the waste of the construction and the life cycle use of the building is reduced and managed, The total amount of point obtained from this category is 7 Points. 64


65


• Indoor environmental quality (IEQ) :

Which is the fifth Category concerns on the comfort-ability of the users of the building in many aspects such as Thermal and light comfort and pollutant produced by the different activities in the building from the construction phase to smoking and cleaning activities. 66


67


• Innovation in Design (ID) :

The last category of LEED, Which allows the designer to earn extra points by achieving exemplary performance in any of the other LEED categories, or by hiring a LEED professional assistance, or by practicing the integrated design process, For the exemplary performance the building uses the Black and gray water treatment system, and for the integrated design process the building follows the improved integrative design process that was introduced by this project. The total point that was obtained

68


in this category is 2 Points. At the end of LEED categories, the design acquired 86 Points which gives it a LEED platinum according to the LEED credits system by achieving the prerequisites and the doable credits in each category. 69


• Passive Design :

Some other design Decisions were made based on climatic information of the site for more than one goal such as reducing the heat gain of the building which in effect reduces the cooling loads, give sufficient wind speed to the turbines to rotate and generate energy in all times and to choose the suitable building materials for such climate. Sun exposure analysis:

70


As seen in the above Sun exposure diagrams, the splash were located around the building covering the path of the sun protecting the building prom the heat but keeping the views and the light.

Wind analysis:

As well as the Solar exposure diagram, a Wind tunnel experiment were made on the model to show that the splash is not only for preventing the heat to reach the building, but also to gather and deliver the wind to the turbines, either the prevailing wind of the area or the hot air entering the area between the splash and the building from the bottom and rising up cooling the facades and rotating the turbines.

71


 MEP Engineer

• Duct plan

Here in this inverted ceiling plan and as the recommendation of the MEP engineer the ducts where used to be designed in the shortest path which is the main cardioid of the building.

72


Supply Return

This plan shows the false ceiling plan in the most critical floor plan which is (typical -01) the design intent meant to use the shortest way for the ducts to reach all over the spaces into the building and thus present a better value in terms of economic and spaces. 73


• District cooling

This photo were to show the mechanism of the cooling district system where the supplied 3 degree Celsius pipe entrance the building to be distributed among the apartments and then return the heated water to the supplier again.

74


• Wind turbine

This photo were to show the mechanism of the dynamic wind turbine system that is at the top of the building and the space at it bottom for the generates as the recommendation.

75


• Water cycle

This diagram explain the cycle of the water within the building since form were the disposal water came from the wet area in the building and the go to the underground tanks that transfer it to water treatment system that send it back to the upper tank to be reused by the non-potable water usage and for irrigation also. 76


 Landscape consultant

• Plant species •

Here is a table that shows the planting species that has been used in the project to make sure that we haven’t exceed the expectations.

77


• Storm water management

In this plan you can see the path of storm water into each portion of site and how we control the storm water runoff.

• Green roof Detail

In this working drawing shows the mechanism of installation of working drawing the green roof that is the higher floor. 78


PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

79 PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT


• Drip irrigation network

Here is the net of drip irrigation that is designed to irrigate the planting on site.

80


81


- Conclusion Improved Integrative Design Process were mainly concern about the integration between the building elements to create an interdependent systems that avoid THE CONFLICT between building elements and thus creating a system that works with one other rather than against one another . IID process has enhanced the design strategies between the different specialists by direct the goal of the project towards environmental –economical- technical benefits without interfere with the various specialists interests. The implementation of this process give the acknowledgment to the designer “which is the architect� about the project various circumstances to achieve the intent from different aspects that lead to high performance building, the architect avoid the conflict between his and other specialists interest that conclude with the process intent.

82


Improved Integrative Design Process - Senior Architectural Design Project 2  
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