COLOMBIA HELLO!! WELCOME TO COLOMBIA!!! WE WANTO TO SHARE SOME IMPORTANT INFORMATION FOR YOU TO KNOW OUR COUNTRY A LITTLE BIT MORE!!!
GENERAL INFORMATION With more than 46 million ci0zens, Colombia has the second largest popula0on in South America, a<er Brazil, and the 28th largest in the world. Colombia is also home to the third largest Spanish-‐speaking popula0on in the world, a<er Mexico and Spain. Key Facts Capital: Bogotá Popula0on: 46 million, including 85 ethnic groups President: Juan Manuel Santos Land Area: 439,735 square miles Currency: Colombian Peso (COP) Independence Day: July 20, 1810
Currency The oﬃcial currency of Colombia is the peso ($).The exchange of foreign currency should be made exclusively in hotels, banks and oﬃcial currency exchange places, never on the street. Actually on September 10 the exchanges rate with the Dollar its $1.808 pesos per dollar. Telephone Codes Telephone Code of Colombia………………………………………….(57) Code of Bogotá ………………………………………………………....(1) Comercial Codes for interna0onal calls...............(009/007/005) Calls to phonr or to cellphone ..............(03+310/315/3017/318) Electrical connec>on. Electric power in Colombia is 120 volts, 60 Hz with diﬀerent voltage the electric machines require an adapter for use. Local Time Colombian oﬃcial 0me its 5 hours before the Greenwich Meridian Time (-‐5 GMT). IT MEANS THAT IF IN SALVADOR THE TIME IS 5:00 pm FOR EXAMPLE, IN BOGOTÁ THE TIME 3:00pm
Colombia has a total area of 439,735 square miles, including 401,044 square miles of land and 38,691 miles of marine area. With many diﬀerent ecosystems within its territory, Colombia is one of the world's most biologically diverse countries. Approximately 58 percent of the country is covered by natural forest. Colombia is home to around 55,000 diﬀerent types of plant species – which account for 15 percent of the exis0ng species in the world. Colombia has more than 1,821 species of birds, 623 species of amphibians, 467 species of mammals, 518 species of rep0les and 3,200 species of ﬁsh, making the country a mega diverse des0na0on. The country is also home to rela0vely intact swaths of Amazon rainforest and an almost pris0ne Paciﬁc coastline.
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Bogotá Climate The average temperature in the savanna is 14 °C (57.2 ºF), ranging between 9-‐22 ºC (48.2-‐71.6 ºF). Dry and rainy seasons follow one another throughout the year. The driest months are December, January, February, and March; the rainiest ones are April, May, September, October, and November. June and July are usually dry. August is sunny, with strong winds. These condi0ons are not consistent due to the phenomena known as El Niño and La Niña, occurring in the Paciﬁc basin and producing very dras0c clima0c changes. Current Bogotá Currently, Bogotá is a modern metropolis with a popula0on of nearly seven million, covering approximately 330 square kilometers (more than 127 square miles). Due to the technical advances of big ci0es, and the substan0al transforma0on in the past eight years, Bogotá is now a friendly and lovely city that oﬀers a rich and varied cultural life. Bogotá is a city that provides any modern life services and comfort required, without giving up many of its colonial 0me customs that were preserved in tradi0onal neighborhoods.
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