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Luhuadang Wetland Park Design Academic Location: Wuhu, Anhui Province, China Time: May. 2013 - Jun. 2013 Individual Work

Human triggers evolution of the site a l l o w i n g t h e w e t l a n d p a r k ' s n a t u ra l network will appreciate as the park matures. In the mean time, people receives generous feedback from the nature. Minimum Intervention yet achieves Maximum Participation.


CONTEXT

Regional Natural Resources Distribution of Anhui Province

Site Photos

central water area

Wuhu, Anhui

dilapidated infrastructure

50k

m

Hongze Lake

210

150

km

km

Site Location: along middle and lower Yangtze River

Chao Lake Tai Lake

farmland

Yangtze River

farmland residential area

site national nature protection area provincial protection area natural resources of birds and wetlands

forest

Yangtze River

university

CONCEPT

In the whole process of design, construction and occupation,

what ROLE does human play? Minimum Intervention

respect current texture revalue original resource human pull the trigger of design process infrastructure causes the lowest impact on site people as a part of evolution

Maximum Participation create different and exciting experience


MASTER PLAN

4

5

6

Original Site 3

7

10 2 8

4

1

LEGEND 1 western entrance A 2 sky-walk 3 western entrance B 4 platform 5 submerged brige 6 bridge 7 broad walk 8 eastern entrance 9 shallow marsh 10 terrace

9

N 0

10

20

50m


DESIGN PROCESS STEP 1

RESERVATION

IDENTIFYING and PRESERVING

The first step focuses on the evalu Guided by lowest development impac location of the site, 4 major featur or reform are identified, which are scattered ponds and mounds and natu

STEP 2

TRIGGER

through TERRAIN REFORM, desig

Design intervention begins from the reforming the former farmland for prod and mounds as water detention rings more diverse habitats like islands for o with the current condition.

STEP 3

PARTICIPATION

appropriate CONSTRUCTION allo

In order to allow people to gain the m in the park, tourist route and its form routes on 3 levels: sky-walk, ground emphasizes a connection between ci for historic agricultural memory of the

STEP 4

SUCCESSION the site appreciates its own value

The significance of this wetland par as time goes by. On the contrary, it economical goals gradually when t region will remit its flooding threaten e Environment and people both benefit minimum intervention.


remain central part of existing wetland allow the natural habitats to continue to evolve

existing farm texture

G original landscape feature that values

uation of the existing site heritage. ct principle and due to the sensitive res that are worthy of reservation farm textures, central water area, ural woods.

existing plant

existing ponds and mounds

outer rings of mounds as stormwater filtrating & cleansing buffer zone reform the revetment

gn triggers the evolution of the site

second step. Main actions include ductive landscape, connecting ponds s, reforming the revetment to create other creatures. All these actions are

create various habitats for wildlife

reform farm texture for productive landscape

bridge submerged in the water provide different view angles

ows people to be the Part of Evolution

most diverse and unique experience m are delicately designed, including walk and on-water walk. The design ity dwellers and the nature, and calls e site.

satisfy various needs

sky-walk for walking-through-forest experience

habitats for animals

when it MATURES

rk is that its value won't fade away t will achieve its ecological, social, the park matures. Moreoverv, the etc along with the growth of the park. from maximum participation through

flood management

natural network matures

increasing and evolving ecological and social value

03


WATER MANAGEMENT Average Rainfall All Year (mm) 345 ?

NO RT H

50 km/h

Average Rainfall Spring (mm) NO RT H

mm

15 ?

345?

50 km/h

mm

15 ?

30?

330?

53.1

30?

47.2

40 km/h

30 km/h 60 ?

39.0

29.5

32.5

30 km/h

20 km/h

60 ?

285?

75 ?

ST

285?

EAST

345?

13.0+ 30?

11.7 10.4

240?

120?

6.5 5.2

15.6 60 ?

300?

11.7

60?

7.8

2.6 <1.3

285?

75 ?

75?

10 km/ h

W EST

EAST

255?

W EST

EAST

255?

105?

105?

240?

120?

120?

120?

225? 135?

225?

3.9

20 km/ h

<3.9

105?

240?

120?

225?

225?

7.8

30 km/ h

240?

240?

9.1

45?

19.5

285?

EAST

mm

15?

40 km/ h 315?

23.4

10 km/h

255?

N OR T H

50 km/ h

330?

27.3

20 km/h

75 ?

W EST

105?

) CHN (31.9? 117.2?

bruary

31.2

300?

13.0

10 km/h

255?

35.1

45 ?

<6.5

75 ?

W EST

105?

39.0+ 30?

30 km/h

19.5

20 km/h

10 km/h

EAST

255?

60 ?

7.0 <3.5

10 km/h

mm

15 ?

315?

26.0 300?

10.5

20 km/h

<5.9 285?

30 km/h

14.0 300?

11.8

50 km/h

40 km/h

45.5

45 ?

17.5

Average Rainfall Winter (mm) ds

330?

58.5 52.0

315?

21.0

17.7

345 ?

NO RT H

65.0+

40 km/h

24.5

45 ?

Average Rainfall Autumn (mm)

mm

15 ? 30?

28.0

315?

35.4 23.6

300?

NO RT H

50 km/h

330?

31.5

40 km/h

41.3

45 ?

345 ?

35.0+

59.0+ 330?

315?

Average Rainfall Summer (mm)

225?

135?

135?

135?

135? 210? 210?

210?

150 ?

210?

210?

150 ?

195? 195?

195 ?

195 ?

165?

NO RTH

50 km/h

Peak Rainfall Spring (mm) 345 ?

mm

15 ? 30 ?

315?

30?

45 ?

60 ?

165?

285?

75 ?

EAST

255?

105?

240?

120?

225?

135?

210?

150 ? 195 ?

central water area

take main runoff infiltration to aquifer

undisturbed habitat

1-1 Section

SO U TH

165?

W EST

EAST

255?

8.4 6.3 4.2 <2.1 75 ?

10 km/h

75 ?

W EST W EST

105?

240?

120?

225?

210?

EAST

EAST

255? 255?

105?

105?

240? 240?

120?

120?

225?

135?

225?

135?

135?

210?

150 ? 195 ?

10.5 60 ?

20 km/h

285?

10 km/h

210?

1 50? 1 65?

12.6

12.8

285?

1 35?

210?

14.7

30 km/h 300?

19.2

<6.4

1 20?

225?

16.8

32.0 25.6

1 05?

240?

18.9

45 ?

38.4

60 ?

20 km/h

75 ?

EAST

255?

45 ?

300?

10 km/h

W EST W EST

285?

21.0+ 30?

315?

44.8

15.6 <7.8

mm

15 ?

40 km/h

51.2

30 km/h

23.4

NO RT H

50 km/h

330?

57.6

39.0 31.2

10 km/h

10 km/h

30?

315?

46.8

60 ?

20 km/h

<4.4

75 ?

345 ?

mm

15 ?

40 km/h

54.6

30 km/h

8.8

NO RT H

50 km/h

330?

62.4

300?

13.2

20 km/h

15.6 <7.8

Three Typical Conditions of Water

SOU T H

Peak Rainfall Winter (mm)

64.0+

70.2

45 ?

22.0

300?

23.4

345 ?

78.0+ 30?

17.6

31.2

Peak Rainfall Autumn (mm)

mm

15 ?

315?

26.4

30 km/h

39.0

285?

NO RT H

50 km/h

40 km/h

30.8

45 ?

46.8

60 ?

20 km/h

345 ? 330?

39.6 35.2

315?

54.6

30 km/h

mm

15 ?

40 km/h

62.4

300?

NO RT H

50 km/h

330?

70.2

40 km/h

Peak Rainfall Summer (mm) 44.0+

78.0+ 330?

195?

165?

150 ?

150 ? 195 ?

165?

195 ?

swale

SO U TH

165?

SO U TH

165?

only one o

rerrace from farming land

detention for runoff in flood season infiltration to aquifer

enrich natural habitats

detention for runoff in flood season infiltration to aquifer oxygenation pond

involve with human activities most

2-2 Section

Water Phasing

345?

165?

165?

Peak Rainfall All Year (mm)

Flooding Conditions

150 ?

150 ? 195 ?

150?

increasing varying rev

artificial lan

natural wa

3-3


Vertical Structure of Wetland Park Monthly Diurnal Averages

tree & shrub

sky-walk ground traffic

terrace

present

open water area

water after 2 years

g water system vetment after 5 years

nd to natural wetland

final phase after 10 years

ater formation in succession

3 Section

flood season average flood dry season aquifer

1 2 3

04


Woody Plant 1.Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J.Presl 2.Taxodium distichum var. imbricatum (Nutt.) Croom 3.Zelkova serrata (Thunb.) Makino 4.Taxodium distichum (L.) Rich. 5.Glyptostrobus pensilis 6.Malushupehensis(Pamp.) Rehd. 7.Cerasus serrulata (Lindl.) G. Don 8.Salix babylonica Linn. 9.Triadica sebifera (L.) Small

science education Human Activities entertainment sports

Herbaceous Plant 1.Oxalis corniculata Linn. 2.Trifoliumrepens L. 3.Ophiopogon japonicus (Linn. f.) Ker-Gawl. 4.Orychophragmusviolaceus (Linn.) O. E. Schulz 5.Hemerocallis middendorffii Trautv. et C. A. 6.Dichondra micrantha Urb.

0~30m bird 0~15m bird, insect

Main Animal Species Distribution

Emergent Plant

0~10m bird, insect, terrestrial animals

1.Oryzarufipogon Griff. 2.Typha orientalis Presl 3.Monochoriakorsakowii Regel et Maack 4.Thalia dealbata Fraser 5.Cyperusalternifolius L. 6.Alternanthera bettzickiana (Regel) G.Nicholson 7.Sagittaria trifolia Linn. 8.Lythrum salicaria Linn. 9.Phragmitesaustralis(Cav.) Trin. exSteud. 10.Cortaderiaselloana(Schult.) Aschers. etGraebn.

<0m

fish, amphibian

0~40m woody plant 1

0~0.5m herbaceous plant Planting Strategy

Floating Plant

0~2.5m emergent plant

1. Hydrocotyle vulgaris L. 2.Pistia stratiotes Linn. 3.Nymphaea tetragona Georgi 4.Hydrocharis dubia (Bl.) Backer 5.Nymphoides peltata (Gmel.) Kuntze 6.Euryale ferox Salisb. ex Konig et Sims

0m

floating plant

<0m

submerged plant

Submerged Plant 1.Myriophyllum verticillatum Linn. 2.Vallisneria natans (Lour.) Hara 3.Potamogeton oblongus Hegetschw.

evergreen deciduous semi-evergreen

Section: NOT TO SCALE

perennial annual(self-production) productive&economic plant

main species Yangtze River

natural woodland

elevated board walk

2


2

THRIVE FOR ALL SPECIES Activity Diversity

Species Diversity

3

4

5

6

7

8

1

2

3

4

5

6

1

2

1

tree array

terrace

3

4

5

6

2

3

4

1

2

swale

7

central water area

8

5

9

9

10

6

3

island

wetland

woods 05


DETAIL

woodland

swale

grass slope and

island

Sections of Possible Conditions with Bridges

terrace

Br


fabric railing

wood panels

steel frame

concrete footing

ing

ridge Structure

bridge


Daxinggong Plaza Design Academic Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China Mar. 2013 - Apr. 2013 Team Work with Simin Wang Role: Concept design, Section drawing, Plan drawing, Part of rendering The applicant constructed or participated in drawings included

The square is serviced as a central void that connects many significant cultural and historical landmarks. Therefore the design of is aiming for defining a central public void without attempting to add more voice to the site. A settle spiral landscape redirects circulation flow from various site to different destination in an efficient way. It also attracts people to the underground world which is a multifunctional space that connected the basement floor of Art Museum and Library. At the end of spiral and water fall is a luxuriant camphor tree which has a unique position in Chinese tradition. The tree accompanied with the waterfall defines the center of the site. The settle design of square will not only be the physical center of the site, but a spiritual core of the city.


0.00m

2

0.00m

0.00m 0.25m

1


1

0.00m

0.40m

2

1.00m

0.80m

0

5

10

25m

08


Presidential Palace

the Republican period architecture Nanjing Library

landmark of Nanjing

Centre Hotel Jiangsu Province Art Museum

Site

Site Surrounding


Site History:

Gulou District

DAXINGGONG area has been the political and cultural center in Nanjing since Ming Dynasty. During Republic of China era, this area was the very center of China. Located on the cultural axis of Nanjing, the site carries more cultural and traditional role than other places.

Xuanwu District

Baixia District

Nanjing City

Jiangsu Province

China

Site Location NOTE:

Cinnamonum campora(L.)Pres

Bamboo

Deserted underground space in this case was once constructed during World War II as AIR-RAID SHELTER. In the current situation, this space is used for a supermarket. Now we intend to use it as an extension of this art and culture area.

1-1 Section

2-2 Section 09


Solid Water Step plant: bamboo lighting

connecting beam columns

wood step water fall tension cable

lighting/I beam


lighting water stream connecting beam

Cinnamonum campora(L.)Pres

concrete footing

Perspective Section 10


Even going through vast vicissitude, the four city walls still shapes the outline of Nanjing City since Ming Dynasty. However, the value of Tuchengtou (the outer city wall) is being overlooked since the loss of defense function. This proposal aims to use heritage corridor as greenway to lead the trend of city development to a healthier and a more prosperous direction.


Heritage Corridor as Greenway: Renovation Plan for "Tuchengtou" Personal, Advisor: Yan Zhao Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China Mar. 2012 - Jun. 2012 Project of National College Student Science and Technology Innovation Initial site research of the project was done by a team of 3 Design, planning and all drawings included in this portfolio are personal work


Foning Men

Guanyin Men

Map of Nanking Inner City in 1910 Shangyuan Men

Yaohua Men

Waijinchuan Men Shizi Shan Yifeng Men Shence Men

Yijiang Men

Xuanwu Lake

Huayangang Men Dinghuai Men

Xuanwu Men Jiefang Men Taiping Men

Caochang Men

Yangtze River

Mount Bell

Qingliang Men Zhalan Men

Hanzhong Men

Zhongshan Men

Shuixi Men

Jiangdong Men

Biaoying Men

Jiqing Men Changgan Men Zhonghua Men

Tongji Men Guanghua Men Wuding Men

Cangbo Men

Inner Qinhuai River

Yuhua Men

Xunxiang Men

Ming Palace

Gaoqiao Men

Ande Men

Ming City Wall Tuchengtou (Ming Outer City Wall)

Shangfang Men Fengtai Men

Jiagang Men

SITE LOCATION

Outer Qinhuai River 0

1

2

3

4

Nanjing

Four City Walls of Nanjing City Total Length of the Original Outer City Wall: over 60km Length of Present Outer City Wall which trend can be told: 40km Historic Remains above Surface: over 30km

Nanjing

5km


CONTEXT

95% 60% 22% of outer city wall gates' names are remained as place name

of outer city wall's trend can be told

deserted land along Tuchengtou

"Gaoqiao"as a place name

MAIN SECTION

12% 00%

of outer city wall remains of outer city wall is its historic site preserved or exploited

of outer city wall gates historic site remains

outer Qinhuai river

Yanziji Park

scenery along Yangtze River relationship with current urban road

LENGTH (km)

RELATIONSHIP OF MOUTAINS AND RIVERS

SECTION OF TUCHENGTOU

SURROUNDING CONDITION

Waijinchuan Men - Foning Men

8.6

Foning Men - Guanyin Men

4.4

Guanyin Men - Yaohua Men

4.8

Xianhe Men - Qilin Men

6.4

Cangbo Men - Gaoqiao Men

10.7

>

Gaoqiao Men - Jiagang Men

4.6

>

Jiagang Men - Ande Men

9.5

>

Ande Men - Xunxiang Men

3.8

>

Xunxiang Men - Zhalan Men

1.8

>

=

>

>

>

>

=

Note: Men, i.e. Gate Business

Residence

Culture

Industry

Nature

13


Current transportation system lacks connections for walking and non-vehicle transportation. auto elevated railway pedestrian

Connection

connection proposed

Majority of rich land is being ignored. Residential land use will be the trend.

Green Space existing green space green space proposed jia

gang men

夾 崗 門

shang fang men

上 坊 門 gao

qiao men

高 橋 門

?

Less and less residents are familiar with the history of the land. Memory of Tuchengtou only exists in the place name like "Gaoqiao".

History & Culture

factory

residential area

factory Gaoqiao Men Jiagang Men

Shangfang Men

vacant land

Nanjing University of Science and Technology


CURRENT SITUATION

farmland

wetland

farmland

Qinhuai River

vacant land

village residential area

0

250

500

750

1000m

14


Section 1

Section 2

Section 3

urban road

bicycle path

island

pedestrian path

water

green belt

10

m

20

in

wa

lk

m

in

wa

lk


SITE PLAN

4 8 m i n w a lk

5

3

m

in

wa

lk

5

1 4

LEGEND

2

Qinhuai River

0

250

1 tidal-flooding area 2 open green space

4 terrace 5 island

elevated railway elevated urban road urban road bike path pedestrian path mix-used path

stop & service stop & service new connection

500

750

1000m


GENERALITY

PERSONALITY

bring cultural memory to greenway : linear green space

bring cultural identity to the site : address cultural feature of each specific section

CULTRAL STRATEGY

Cotonier : the most representative alee-tree in Nanjing.

Enrich Wasted Space LANDSCAPE Greenway Mode: LINE

+

use unexploited space in city to creat a pleasant living condition

NODE

BUSINESS

SOCIAL STRATEGY

impetus for economic growth especially for small business

SERVICE

transit stop multiple-use path bike path pedestrian path

for people on the greenway

more connections

TREES: as MAIN FEATURE of GREENWAY PATH Alee-tree summer: shade

ECOLOGICAL STRATEGY

winter: sunshine

spreading canopy deciduous cultural value aesthetic value

BENEATH ELEVATED RAILWAY Shade-enduring Plant PEDESTRIAN PATH: Platanus orientalis Linn.

BICYCLE PATH: Koelreuteria paniculata Laxm.

MIX-USED PATH: Cinnamomum platyphyllum (Diels) Allen

1.Tilia miqueliana Maxim. 2.Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl. 3.Fatsia japonica (Thunb.) Decne. et Planch. 4.Rhododendron simsii Planch. 5.Hemerocallis fulva (Linn.) Linn. 6.Ophiopogon japonicus (Linn. f.) Ker-Gawl.

Section of Greenway: NOT TO SCALE

urban elevated road

green path for pedestrian and bicycle

transit stop

open space for recreation and s


Establish Greenway Sign System 1. promote a healthy and safe pedestrian environment 2.provide a rich cultural envrionment

For more info ...

Current Situation

high flood stress low landscape diversity low connection of two sides low educational use

location surroundings historical background development plan

ACTIONS: reform straight river way foster wetland distract large runoff create open space

Intensify Community Participation

service

serve as a linear park: energize neighborhoods and bring natural areas to underdeveloped communities

Proposed Plan low flood stress high landscape diversity high connection of two sides high educational use

OPEN EVENT SPACE

TERRACE

Water Strategy

EDUCATIONAL SPACE

100 year flood 50 year flood average level

water-loving tree species

wetland plants dry season

refuge for animals in city

tidal zone

Qinhuai River

tidal zone

green space

16


Site History First defense of the city 1390AD Ming Dynasty

ion

ondit initially c

"Tuchengtou" was sabotaged by several wars. Residents increased.

1644AD Qing Dynasty the Republic of China 1912AD

fire after war

During city construction, city gates were removed. "Tuchengtou" was reformed as roadbed.

NOW 2013

ndition

Site Phasing

o present c

ACTION: Reform wasted / undeveloped land

2014 AD

ACTION: Establish greenway system

2019 AD

CONSEQUENCE: Community participation increases

2020 AD

CONSEQUENCE: Land use condition changes lead to a healthier direction

2023 AD

residential educational commercial

IN

industrial

OUT

(to the south for production and transportation advantage)


0

1

Site Plan

2

4 km


Water Shed Analysis Geographic Contours Analysis Geographic Contours Suitability Analysis Slope Analysis Slope Suitability Analysis Slope Direction Suitability Analysis

Derived from the traditional social and cultural belief, Fengshui, the master plan of cemetery is trying to bring peace to people that already passed and luck to ones that still alive. A serious but vivid environment that the design achieves serves a platform that enable people to memorize those who were their relatives or friends.

Yong' an Public Cemetery Design Office-Related Baoding, Hebei Province, China Jul. 2013 - Aug. 2013 Collabrated with Colleagues in 5th Office, 2nd Branch, Turenscape The applicant constructed or participated in drawings included 18


Ideal 'Fengshui' Pattern Kunlun Mountain

Longmai

Zu Mountain Longmai

Shaozu Mountain Longmai

Waihu

Zhu Mountain Zuo Mountain

Waihu Left Mountain

Jixiangdi

Right Mountain

Water

An Mountain

Estuary Chao Mountain

Several Levels of Enclosure of QI

QI is a special power in Fengshui. The enclosure aims for collecting QI that brings luck to tomb owner's second life.


Typical Plant Design Pattern sloping field flower-burial zone

General Plant Design Pattern

Plant Distribution Zoning Analysis hilly area tree-burial zone sloping field flower-burial zone prairie grass-burial zone entrance plaza greening isolation belt

19


Concept


The requirement of this competition is that provided by 800 RMB, each team expresses their idea on a 1.8m*2.5m site without a subject limitation. In this micro-site, we express our reflection of the relationship of design and our world in a metaphoric way.

Mini-garden Design & Construction: Spread Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China Nov. 2013 Duration: 1 week design, 1 week construction Construction Team: Li Yin, Huo Suyue, Zhou Jiancheng Role: team leader, designer, part of construction

20


SPREAD

tile maidenhair tree leaves

bamboo tube asparagus fern

white peddles

bamboo tube

Site Plan


strings

bamboo tube tile

Elevation

21


This design can be seen as an ideal community model. Main element of this design is 3/4 circle. These circles connect together, yet leaving each other enough space to breathe and grow. We use these strings to create the light ambience. When the ideal pattern mirrors in the realistic world, pleasant living condition comes in. As for the ground part, we use bamboo and tile as main materials to present the pleasant living condition. The string and bamboo define a positive space as themselves and a rich negative space with a rhythm that repeat spacially.

22


Works of Art


29


Xueshi Wang Harvard Graduate School of Design Master of Design Studies in Real Estate (518) 256-5887 xueshiwang325@gmail.com 30

Portfolio for GSD  

Application for Master of Design Studies at Harvard GSD 2014

Portfolio for GSD  

Application for Master of Design Studies at Harvard GSD 2014

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