Page 1

Test Bank for Dynamic Physical Education for Secondary School Students 7th Edition by Darst Chapter 2: The Impact of Physical Activity on Adolescents

TRUE/FALSE QUESTIONS 1. Youth who are active at 3 to 4 years of age tend to be more active as adults. Answer: True 2. Swimming is a high-impact activity that affects skeletal growth. Answer: False 3. In activities demanding arm or trunk strength, females have a definite advantage even if they are similar to males in height and mass. Answer: False 4. Slow-twitch muscles are an advantage in endurance-related activities. Answer: True 5. The proposed Healthy People 2020 objectives describe the improvement of physical fitness as a major health goal. Answer: False 6. Intellectual development in youth is enhanced by physical education. Answer: False 7. Research data indicates that obese students eat more than normal weight students. Answer: False 8. Girls reach the adolescent growth spurt before boys. Answer: True

9. Youth who are inactive can become active. Answer: True 10. A proposed Healthy People 2020 objective is to increase the proportion of the nation’s public and private schools that require daily physical education for all children. Answer: True

11. Fitness is achievable by all individuals. Answer: False 12. The high school years are the most critical time for teachers to understand how the great variation in growth and development impacts physical performance. Answer: False 13. Only 33% of high school boys and 27% of high school girls attended daily physical education classes during the 2006–2007 school year. Answer: True 14. Physical educators should attempt to predict who the excellent athletes will be to keep all students as engaged as possible. Answer: False 15. It is a good idea for physical education teachers to use moderation when teaching physical activities so youngsters will grow up with positive feelings toward maintaining an active lifestyle. Answer: True

MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS 16. Physical activity has been shown to reduce the risk of contracting which of the following diseases? a. Hypertension and coronary heart disease b. Alcoholism and diabetes c. Alcoholism and hypertension d. a and b Answer: a 17. Adolescence in girls typically starts a. before boys. b. at age 14. c. after boys. d. at the same time as boys. Answer: a 18. For which of the following claims is there no convincing evidence? a. Strenuous physical activity disrupts normal developmental patterns in adolescents. b. Short-term strength training impacts muscular development in adolescents. c. Strength training causes muscular hypertrophy in adolescents. d. None of the above. Answer: a

19. Most people are believed to have which of the following ratios of fast-twitch to slow-twitch muscle fibers? a. 60% to 40% b. 50% to 50% c. 20% to 80% d. 40% to 60% Answer: b 20. Obesity a. decreases a youngster’s aerobic performance. b. increases the impulse for physical exertion. c. positively impacts motor performance. d. a and c. Answer: a 21. Efforts to make the promotion of physical activity engagement a central goal for school physical education is important because a. active youth will be active adults. b. physical activity contributes to healthy lifestyles. c. the more physical activity is reinforced, the more likely it will become a daily part of a youngster’s life. d. All of the above. Answer: d 22. Early maturing students of both sexes are generally a. heavier and taller for their age. b. lighter and smaller. c. average. d. None of the above. Answer: a 23. Teacher should not expect all students to perform at the same rate and intensity because a. students do not mature at the same rate. b. students are not necessarily ready for the same learning level at the same age. c. the curriculum needs to offer successful experiences for all maturity levels in one classroom. d. All of the above. Answer: d 24. The oxygen uptake of an individual determines a. the quality of endurance oriented performances. b. how much they breathe during activity. c. how fast they can run. d. how high they can jump. Answer: a

25. Overweight youngsters a. do not perform physical activity on par with leaner youngsters. b. perform the same as leaner youngsters on the same activities. c. enjoy activity more than lean youngsters. d. prefer aerobic activity to endurance activities. Answer: a 26. Fitness test results in schools should assist students in learning to a. focus on long-term goals of daily physical activity. b. focus on short-term goals of passing the fitness test. c. become a healthy individual. d. be successful. Answer: a

27. The first signs of coronary artery disease appear as young as a. 1 year old. b. 2 years old. c. 15 years old. d. 25 years old. Answer: b 28. Type 2 diabetes affects which of the following populations the most? a. Youngsters b. Overweight individuals c. Active youngsters d. All populations Answer: b 29. A study by Hautala et al. (2003) showed individual responses to training a. vary from almost no increase to more than 40% in aerobic fitness. b. vary from 25% to 75% increase in aerobic fitness. c. almost always result in 100% increase in aerobic fitness. d. showed no variance. Answer: a

30. Resistance training includes a. free weights. b. exercise resistance bands. c. medicine balls. d. All of the above. Answer: d

SHORT ANSWER/ESSAY QUESTIONS 31. Discuss the rationale for daily physical education in the secondary schools. What research would support your stated position? 32. Explain why efforts to raise physical fitness levels in youth have been unsuccessful. 33. Explain the reasons behind the recent efforts to make the promotion of physical activity engagement a central goal for school physical education programs.

34. Discuss the problem that unskilled and overweight students encounter when placed in activities that require agility, quickness, and speed. What might be more appropriate content for these groups? 35. Discuss the reason behind the recent extra efforts to promote physical activity in girls. 36. Briefly explain what velocity curves demonstrate. Provide a sample graph that shows the general pattern for boys and girls. 37. Explain why learning new, more complex skills may be more difficult between the ages of 9– 15 in both boys and girls. 38. Briefly describe the relationship between chronological age and skeletal age. 39. Explain the implication of having students with a wide range of maturity levels in terms of selecting appropriate content. 40. Discuss the importance of promoting physical activity during adolescence as a guard against developing osteoporosis in adulthood. 41. Define maximal aerobic power. 42. Explain why overweight youngsters perceive aerobic tasks as overly demanding and not enjoyable. 43. Discuss the rationale for basing workloads on time instead of distance or number. 44. Despite the increased enthusiasm for physical activity in this country, it has not affected school physical education programs. What evidence can you point to that supports this statement? 45. Discuss why physical activity, as compared to rigid diets, is a much more attractive intervention to treating overweight students. 46. Provide an explanation for why the following statement is incorrect: “Academic achievement is enhanced by involvement in physical education. Thus, physical education should be central to the entire school curriculum.”

47. Explain why physical education professionals should be very concerned when the emphasis on “back to the basics� increases. 48. Explain two recommended strategies to follow when having students exercise in hot weather.

49. The American Academy of Pediatrics has identified problems that may arise when students are pushed beyond realistic limits in distance running. Provide a brief overview of these concerns.

Profile for jaqis69

Dynamic Physical Education for Secondary School Students 7th Edition by Darst Pangrazi Sariscsany an  

Link full download: Language: English ISBN-10: 0321722493 ISBN-13: 978-0321722492 9780321722492 test bank for D...

Dynamic Physical Education for Secondary School Students 7th Edition by Darst Pangrazi Sariscsany an  

Link full download: Language: English ISBN-10: 0321722493 ISBN-13: 978-0321722492 9780321722492 test bank for D...

Profile for jaqis69