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b]zdf a|xd\ n"6 d'ns ' df e|i6frf/n] ;Ldf gf3]sf] 5 . k|dv ' /fhgLlts bnx¿ ljz]ifu/L ;Qfwf/L PsLs[t g]skf dfcf]jfbL / dw];L df]rf{df cfa4 bnsf g]tfx¿n] cf“vf lrDn]/ e|i6frf/nfO{ k|fT] ;fxg u/]sfn] Oltxf;d} gePsf] e|i6frf/ of] cjlwdf ePsf] 5 . lbgx“' dx+uL a9]sf]–a9\o} 5 . t/ ;/sf/ / ;Qf?9 bnx¿ cf“vf lrDn]/ a;]sf 5g\ . /ftf/ft s/f]8f}+ sdfpg] ;kgfb]lv To;sf nflu h] klg ug{ tof/ ePsfn] o;/L e|i6frf/n] r/d ?k lnPsf] xf] . dGqLb]lv g]tfx¿ s;}n] cfkm} s;}n] c¿sf gfddf e|i6frf/ u/L cs't wg;DklQ sdfPsf 5g\ . kbsf] r/d b'?kof]u u/L d'ns [' nfO{ n'6g\ ] / hgtfnfO{ cgfjZos?kdf rsf]{ s/sf] af]em af]sfO{ bM'v lbg] g]tfx¿df clnslt klg b]z / hgtfk|lt lhDd]jf/L / bfloTjaf]w b]lvPg . /fhgLltnfO{ k]zf agfp“bf d'ns ' o;/L aaf{b ePsf] xf] . r/d e|i6frf/, sldzg / 3';vf]/Ln] ubf{ ;j{;fwf/0f hgtf y]Ug} g;Sg] u/L dx+uLsf] rk]6fdf k/]sf x'g\ . hgtfsf] gfddf /fhgLlt ;'? u/L /fhgLltnfO{ k]zf agfPsf g]tfx¿ cfh s/f]8kltdfq xf]Og sltko g]tf t ca{klt ag] eg] ;j{;fwf/0f hgtf emg\emg\ ul/a / lgd'vf ag]sf 5g\ . wgL / ul/aaLrsf] vf8n a9fpg] sfd hgtfsf] d'lQmsf] gf/f lbP/ hgtfs} /ut kl;gfdf xf]nL v]nL 5f]6f] cjlwdf cs"t sdfPsf g]tfx¿s} sf/0f ePsf] 3fdhlQs} 5n{ª ePsf] 5 t/ klg g]tfx¿ e|dsf] v]tL ub}{ cfkm"nfO{ cem} klg ;j{xf/fjfbL g]tf eGg kl5 k/]sf 5}gg\ . bnx¿n] cfkm\gf] :jfy{sf nflu b]z / hgtfnfO{ alnsf] af]sf agfpg] sfd u/] . af/Daf/ ;xdltsf] s'/f ug]{ t/ Jojxf/ pN6f] ug]{ /fhgLlts a]OdfgLn] b]z 7"nf] ;+s6df km;]sf] xf] . ;+ljwfg;ef lj36gsf] bf]if sf“u;]| / Pdfn]nfO{ yf]k/]/ cfkm" rf]lvg] d];f]df nfu]sf dfcf]jfbL / dw];jfbL bnx¿ o:tf] cj:yfdf klg d'ns ' k|lt ;+jb] gzLn b]lvPgg\ . clxn] klg v]n ;Qfs} 5 . s'g} klg xfntdf ;Qf g5f8\g] c8fgdf sfd rnfp eO;s]sf] e§/fO{ ;/sf/ /x]sf] 5 eg] h;/L klg of] ;/sf/nfO{ lj:yflkt u/]/ nf]stGq kIfw/sf] g]tT[ jsf] ;/sf/ agfO{ d'ns ' df hf/L /fhgLlts ;Í6 ;dfwfg ug]{ kIfdf sf“u;]| Pdfnnufotsf @& bn plePsf 5g\ . t/ b'j} kIf cfkm\gf] c8fgaf6 kl5 x6]sf 5}gg\ . kmn:j?Kf /fhgLlts ;xdlt / lgsf;sf] cfwf/ aGg ;s]g . ;ª\3Lotf cfkm}df hl6n ljifo ePsfn] d'ns ' nfO{ s;/L ;'/lIft ug]{ eGg] ljifodf k|dv ' bnx¿sf] Wofg /fd|/L hfg'kg]d{ f efuj08fsf] /fhgLltn] ;d:ofnfO{ emg\ hl6ndfq agfPg ;+ljwfg;efnfO{ g} lj36g u/fO{ d'ns ' nfO{ c“Wof/f] ;'?·leq ws]lnlbPsf] 5 . ljgf lj1x¿ s;/L /fHosf] k'gM;+/rgf x'g;S5 < /fhgLlts sfo{stf{nfO{ efuj08f u/L agfPsf] /fHo k'g;{/+ rgf cfof]un] d'ns ' sf] lxtdf sfd ug{ ;Sb}g eGg] w]/n} fO{ nfu]sf] lyof] / cflv/ eof] To:t} g} . cfkm"nfO{ ;jf{lwsf/ 7fg]sf 7"nf bnx¿n] Pskl5 csf]{ uNtL ub}{ hgtfnfO{ ;:tf] ;kgf af“8b\ f cfh d'ns ' clglZrttftkm{ ws]lnPsf] 5 . ljsl;t kl5Nnf 36gfqmd x]bf{ g]kfndf nf]stGq ;+:yfut gx'g] ;Í]t b]lvPsf] 5 . cNk ljsl;t d'ns ' df x'g] /fhgLlts rl/qsf] ;Ldf ldlr;s]sf] g]kfndf clxn]sf] ljs/fn /fhgLlts cj:yfn] ToxL s'/fnfO{ k'li6 ug{ vf]hs ] f] 5 . d'ns ' sf /fhgLlts bnx¿ / ltgsf g]tfx¿df nf]stflGqs rl/q ePg eg] nf]stGq s'g} klg a]nf b'36{ gfdf kg{ ;S5 . nf]stGqsf ;fZjt d"No / dfGotfnfO{ ;Qf:jfy{sf nflu jlnsf] af]sf agfOG5 eg] :jefjt d'ns ' cK7]/fdf k5{ . clxn] g]kfnsf] cj:yf nf]stGqsf nflu ;a}eGb 8/nfUbf] df]8df cfOk'usf] 5 . k|dv ' bnx¿ / ltgsf g]tfx¿n] ;+ljwfg;ef lj36g eO;ss]sf] of] hl6n df]8df ca klg a'l4 k'¥ofPgg\ / d'ns ' nfO{ clg0f{osf] aGbL agfO/fVg] xf] eg] cfGtl/s jf afx\o s'g} klg If]qaf6 nf]stGqlj/f]wL 36gf x'g;S5 . hgtfsf] ;fJf{ef}d eGg] ;+;b\ g} bnx¿s} sf/0f ljkmn agfOPkl5 ;+;b\kl| t, g]tfk|lt / bnx¿k|lt hgtfdf gsf/fTds ;f]r a9\g' :Jffefljs xf] . nf]stGqnfO{ rnfpg g;Sg] bnx¿sf] sdhf]/Ln] d'ns ' b'36{ gfdf uof] eg] To;sf] bf]ifL nf]stGq xf]Og bnx¿ g} x'g5 ] g\ . bnx¿ gldn]s} sf/0f d'ns ' jf;Ln] Oltxf;d} gePsdf] kL8f / cGof]n ;xg' k/]sf] 5 . hgtfn] s'g} If]qdf g zflGt g /fxt s]xL klg kfpg ;s]sf 5}g . ;j{q c;'/Iff / dx+uLNf] hghLJfg c:tJo:t ag]sf] 5 . o:tf] x'gs ' f] d'Vo sf/0f g} bnx¿ / ltgsf g]tf ;Qfd'vL / a]OdfgL eP/ xf] . g]tfx¿n] /fhgLltnfO{ ;]jf geO{ sdfpg] k]zf agfPsf / ;a}vfn] g}ltstf la;]/{ h;/L eP klg sdfpg nfu]sfn] d'ns ' df o:tf] ljs[lt / lj;+ult cfPsf] xf] . g]tfx¿n] cfkm\gf] Jojxf/ / cfr/0f ;'wf/ gug]{ xf] eg] g]tfx¿s} sf/0f d'ns ' n] clxn];Dd kfPsf nf]stflGqs xs / clwsf/ u'dfpg'kg]{ cj:Yff cfpg;S5 . h'g d'ns ' sf nflu b'ef{Uoafx]s c¿ s]xL x'b“ g} . cfkm\gf] ljåtfsf] r/d b'?kof]u u/L g]kfnsf] Oltxf;d} ;a}eGbf ab\gfdL sdfPsf sfdrnfp k|wfgdGqL 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{sf] r/d ;Qfdf]xn] d'ns ' c¿ hl6ntftkm{ pGd'v ePsf] 5 . Psnf}6L?kdf ;+ljwfg;ef lj36g u/L gof“ ;+ljwfg;efsf] r'gfj 3f]if0ff u/]sf e§/fO{ clxn] lgsf;sf nflu afws ag]sf 5g\ . pgn] ;a}nfO{ wf]sf lbPsf 5g\ . gof“ g]kfn agfpg] ;kgf af“8L rf/ jif{;Dd d'ns ' ssf] 9's6' L n'6/] d'ns ' nfO{ 6f6 kN6fPsf e§/fO{nufot ^)! hgf k"j{ ;ef;b\x¿nfO{nfO{ sfnf];r" Ldf /fvL ;fdflhs alxisf/ ug'k{ g]{ eO;s]sf] 5 . d cfd g]kfnL hgtfnfO{ 3f]sf lbg] oL g]tfx¿nfO{ ;fdflhs alxisf/ ug]d{ fq xf]Og hgtfsf] s73/fdf pEofP/ rf/ jif{;Dd n'6s ] f] rf}w ca{eGbf a9L /sd c;'nL ub}{ oL ck/fwLx¿nfO{ h]n xfNg'k5{ eGg] hgcfjfh klg ;'Gg yflnPsf] 5 . b]zb|fx] L oL g]tfx¿ egfp“bfn] cfh g]kfnnfO{ tx;gx; cj:yfdf k'/o\ fPsf x'g\ . o;sf] lx;falstfa lng ca ;a} g]kfnL Psh'6 x'gk' 5{ / @)$& ;fnsf] ;+ljwfgnfO{ k'gM ;lqmo agfO{ ;a}nfO{ ;d]6/] d'ns ' rnfpg] ;f]r agfpg] xf] eg] d'ns ' 7"nf] cfly{s , ;fdflhs / /fhgLlts Ifltaf6 hf]lug ;S5 . dfcf]jfbLn] hftLo /fHosf gfddf hftLo lx+;f km}nfP/ ;QfsAhf ug]{] rfxgf /fv]sf] 5 . clxn] ljljw sf/0fn] Tof] p2]Zo k"/f ug{ g;s] klg hftLo /fHo ' tGq rnfpg] dfcf]jfbL ;f]r oyfjt\ 5 . To;}n] hlt;Sof] agfO{ Psnf}6L lg/+sz rf“8f] of] ;Qfu7aGwgaf6 d'ns ' nfO{ d'Qm ug{ cfjZos 5 . o;sf nflu sf+u;]| , Pdfn] nufotsf bnx¿n] gof“ k|wfgdGqLsf] pDd]bjf/ v8f u/L /fi6«kltnfO{ gof“ ;/sf/ agfpg cfXjfg ug{ cg'/f]w ug{kg]{ ePsf] 5 . clxn]sf] u7aGwgnfO{ ;Qf rnfpg lbg' eg]sf] d'ns ' nfO{ c¿ ;+s6df kfg'{ xf] .

k"j/{ fhfsf] bf}8fxfaf6 g]tfx¿df sf]nfxn clxn] oxf“ /fhgLlts snx rfn' 5 . 8f=afa'/fd e§/fO{ cfk"m j}w k|wfgdGqL egL d+l;/ dlxgfdf r'gfj u/fpg] jsfnt ub}{5g\ . pgL cj}w k|wfgdGqL xf], pgn] cfkm\gf] kb 5f]8\g'k5{, ;j{bnLo ;/sf/ agfpg] kf6L{x¿nfO{ ;Qf ;'Dkg'k5{ egL /fi6«kltn] pgnfO{ cfb]z lbPsf 5g\ . g]kfnL sf“u; ]| / Pdfn];lxtsf kf6L{sf g]tfx¿ e§/fO{nfO{ ;Qfaf6 x6\ g elg/x] s f 5g\ . g] s kf dfcf]jfbLsf] kf6L{ ljefhgdf k'u]sf] 5 . ;f] kf6L{df ljefhg cfPkl5 PsLs[t dfcf]jfbL kf6L{ k]ml/ kf6L{sf] t];|f] kIf ag]/ csf]{ ljefhg xf]nf eg]/ ;ftfJofkL a}7s ub}5 { g\ . g]skf Pdfn] d f klg kf6L{ ljefhgsf] jftfj/0f b]vfk/]sf] 5 . g]kfnL sf“u|];df klg tLg g]tfx¿aLr tfgftfgL rfn' g} 5 . 8f=afa'/fdn] ;/sf/ 5f]8\of] eg] k|wfgdGqL sf] aGg] eGg] cGof} n 5 . kf6L{ ;efklt;lxt c¿ b'O{hgf g]tfdf ;Qfsf] n'5fr'8“ Lsf] cj:yf Toxf“ 5 . g]skf Pdnf]sf g]tfx¿ 8f=afa'/fdn] kbaf6 Tofukq lbPkl5 sf“u|];n] ;Qf ;+efNg'k5{ elgcfPsf 5g\ . t/ sf“u; ]| kf6L{leq s;n] k|wfgdGqL kb lng] eGg] cGof}n x6]sf] 5}g . o;/L oxf“sf tLgj6} 7"nf kf6L{x¿ ;Qf snxdf 5g\ oxL snxn] g} k|wfgdGqL e§/fO{ s f] k| w fgdGqLsf] kbsf] sfo{sfn nlDab} uPsf] 5 . oL kf6L{x¿aLrsf] of] nsx hf/L /x\of] eg] c¿ s]xL ;do;Dd oxL …s]o/

"cgn k|wfg 8f=e§/fO{nfO{ /fi6«kltn] …s]o/ 6]s/Ú egL ;Qf ;j{bnLo kf6L{nfO{ 5f]8\g] cfb]z lbPsf 5g\ . o;/L kf6L{x¿df rln/x]sf] snxs}aLr k"j/{ fhf 1fg]Gb|n] klg b]z bf}8fxf u/]/ cfkm\gf] k'/fgf] kb lkmtf{ kfpg'kg]{ cfjfh lgsfln/x]sf 5g\ . /fhfsf] ;f] cfjfhfdf hgtfsf] klg ;dy{g b]vf kg{ yfn]sf] 5 . 6]s/Ú ;/sf/sf] cfo' a9\b} hfg] 5f“6sf6 5 . 8f=e§/fO{nfO{ /fi6«kltn] …s]o/ 6]s/Ú egL ;Qf ;j{bnLo kf6L{nfO{ 5f]8\g] cfb]z lbPsf 5g\ . o;/L kf6L{x¿df rln/x]sf] snxs}aLr k"j{/fhf 1fg]Gb|n] klg b]z bf}8fxf u/] / cfkm\ g f] k' / fgf] kb lkmtf{ kfpg'kg]{ cfjfh lgsfln/x]sf 5g\ . /fhfsf] ;f] cfjfhfdf hgtfsf] klg ;dy{g b]vf kg{ yfn]sf] 5 . /fhf 1fg]Gb|n] cfk}mn] kbef/ ;'Dk]sf lyP . clxn] b]zsf] j/jfbL, g]tfx¿df ;Qfsfaf/] n'5fr'8“ L / oL jftfj/0fn] b]zsf] a/jfbL a9\b} uPsf]n] g} /fhfn] cfkm\gf] /fhsLo kbsf] jfk;L vf]hs ] f x'g\ . kf6L{x¿aLrsf] snxaf6 b]z a/jfbdf hfg yfn]sf] b]v]/ g} xf]nf k"j{/fhf 1fg]Gb|sf] b]z e|d0fsf a]nf hgtfn] nfjfn:s/ nfu]/ …/fhf cfp b]z arfpÚ eGg] gf/f 7fp“–7fp“df u'~hfpg yfn] . ljut kf“r–^ jif{bl] v b] z j/jfbLsf] vfN6f] l t/ cl3 ;l//x]sf] 5 . clxn] b]zdf htftt} c;'/Iff

al9/x]sf] 5 . dx+uL csfl;“b} uPsf] 5, a9\bf] a]/f]huf/Laf6 x/]s jif{ nfvf}+ o'jfx¿sf] ljb]z knofg rfn' g} 5 . ;/sf/ ;~rfng ug{ k'u]sf g]tfx¿ b]z agfpg]lt/ geO{ k};f sdfpg]lt/ nlIft x'g] u/]sf 5g\ . Psk6s k|wfgdGqL / dGqL ag]kl5 g]tfx¿nfO{ eJo dxn v8f ug{ ;Sg] Ifdtf k}bf x'g] u/]sf] 5 . klxn] oxL b]zdf g]tfx¿ ;ef, ;Dd]ng cflbdf hfg 6\ofS;L / a;sf] ;xf/f lnGy] eg] clxn]sf g]tfx¿ s/f]8f}+ ?k}of“ df]n kg]{ kfh]/f] uf8L r9\g yfn]sf 5g\ . s' g } kf6L{ d f g] t fx¿aLr ;/;Nnfx / ;ef ug{ h'6] eg] Tof] 7fp“df ;of}+ uf8Lx¿sf] tf“tL nfUg] u5{ . sfd/]8 k|r08n] bzf}+ s/f]8 d"Nosf] uf8L lsg]sf] eGg] s]xL dlxgfcl3 ;dfrf/ k9\g kfOPsf] lyof] clxn] pxf“ ckjfbdf k'u]sf 5g\ . ;a} g} g]tfx¿sf] hLjg:t/ Tolt g} dfly plSn;s]sf] /x]5 . s]jn hgtfdfq ul/aLsf] cj:yfdf 5g\ . xfd|f g]tfx¿ t ;DkGgtfdf k'lu;s] . o;/L ljut %÷^ jif{df

g]kfnnfO{ ;DkGg agfpg] gf/f af]ss ] f xfd|f g]tfx¿n] hgtfnfO{ xf]Og cfkm\gf cj:yfnfO{ ;DkGg agfP . To;}n] cfh g]kfndf x/]s lbg ahf/sf] efp a9\ b } uPsf] 5 . cfhsf] ahf/efp ef]ln l6Sb}g . oxf“ b]zdf /fd|f] sfd s'/fx¿ s'gd} f k|ult 5}g . a]sf/L ;d:of a9]/ a]/f]huf/ JolQmx¿sf] ;+Vof a9\bf] 5 . tL j]/f]huf/ JolQmx¿s} sf/0f ck/fw a9\bf] 5 . jt{dfg ;/sf/ klg To:t} 5 . 8f“sf / Hofgdf/f d'2fdf y'lgPsf dflg;x¿nfO{ cfddfkmL lbg] sfd eO/x]sf] 5 . b]zdf cGwsf/ a9\b} uPsf] $÷% jif{ eof] hgtf x/]s ;f“em cfkm\gf 3/df 5fd5fd–5'd5'd u/]/ lx“8g\ k' g]{ cj:yf 5 . b]ze/sf af6f3f6f #)÷$) jif{cl3sf] cj:yfd} 5g\ . x/]s lbg !)÷@) j6f ;jf/L b'36{ gf x'g] u/]sf] 5 . ;/sf/ ;jf/L b'36{ gf /f]Sg ;8s lj:tf/ ug]l{ t/ 5}g, vfln b'36{ gfsf ;dfrf/kq hgtfnfO{ ;'gfpg] sfddf 5 . o;/L b]z jjf{bLlt/ uPsf] k"j/{ fhf 1fg]Gb|nfO{ klg c;x\o eof] xf]nf cfk"mn] 5f]8] s ] f] ;Qf ;+efNg] g]tfsf] pTklQ ePg eg]/ . /fhf 1fg]Gb|n] b]z bf}8fxf u/]/ hgtfsf] /fo a'em\g uPsf] va/n] oxf“ g]tfx¿ r'/d'/fPsf 5g\ . dfwjs'df/ g]kfnn] 1fg]Gb|nfO{ y'Gg] wDsL lbP, 8f=afa'/fdn] ;x'lnot vf]:5' eg] . o;/L b]z lauf/]/ e:df;'/sf] /fh ul/cfpg] g]tfx¿df 1fg]Gb|sf] b]z bf}8fxfn] sf]nfxn dlRrPsf] 5 .

lxnf/LnfO{ h'Qf / uf]ne]8“ f OlhK6df cd]l/sfsf] rsf]{ lj/f]w ePsf] 5 . xfn} OlhK6sf] e|d0f ug'e{ PsL cd]l/sL ljb]zdGqL lxnf/L lSn06gnfO{ h'Qf / uf]ne]8“ f k|xf/ ug's { f ;fy} cd]l/sflj?4 rsf]{ gf/fafhL u/L cd]l/sL gLltsf] lj/f]w u/]sf x'g\ . lxnf/Ldfly ul/Psf] ceb| Jojxf/n] OlhK6 / cd]l/sfaLrsf] ;DaGw yk k|efljt x'g;Sg] cg'dfg ul/Psf] 5 . ptf Ps hdfgfdf c/a hut\df dfq xf]Og ;f/f ljZjdf OlhK6 / Toxf“sf tTsfnLg /fi6«klt xf]:gL d'jf/ssf] gfd rlr{t lyof] . dWok"js { f] zflGtk|lqmof / dWo:ytfsf nflu ;a}n] OlhK6sf] g]tT[ j u'xfy]{ . t/ cfh /fhgLltn] sf]N6] k] m /] s f] 5 . c¿nfO{ zflGt / dWo:ytfsf] cu'jf ug]{ OlhK6nfO{ cfh c¿n] cu'jfO{ ul/lbg'kg]{ ePsf] 5 . d'jf/ssf] ;Qf 9flnPkl5 9n]sf] OlhK6sf] /fhgLlt cfh;Dd p7\g ;s]sf] 5}g . ;Qfsf nflu /fhgLlts xf]8jfhL / ;Qf ;+3if{ rs]s { f] 5 . xfn}sf] lgjf{rgaf6 lgjf{lrt /fi6«klt df]xDdb df];L{n] utjif{ lj3l6t ;+;b\ k'gM:yfkgf u/]kl5 gof“ ljjfb ;'? ePsf] 5 . ;+;b\ k'gM :yfkgf ug]{ /fi6«kltsf] cfb]znfO{ Toxf“sf] ;+jw} flgs cbfntn] vf/]h ul/lbPsf] 5 . cbfntsf] cfb]znfO{ zlQmzfnL ;]gfn] klg :jLsf/ u/]sf] 5 . clxn] cbfnt, ;]gf / ljkIfL bnx¿ Psflt/ 5g\ eg] /fi6«klt csf]{lt/ ePsf 5g\ . k'gM:yflkt ;+;b\sf] klxnf] a}7s klg /fi6«kltsf] cfb]z cg';f/ ut;ftf a;]kl5 t o;n] emg\ 7"nf] cljZjf; / åGå a9fOlbPsf] 5 . x'g t ;efd'v ;fb cn s6f6\gLn] ;+;b\ a}7s cbfntsf] lg0f{osf] lj/f]w ug{ geO{ cbfntsf] lg0f{ o nfO{ sfof{Gjog ug]{ ;+oGqsf ljifodf cWoog ug{ a;]sf] egL ljjfbnfO{ dTy/ kfg]{ k|of; ug'e{ Psf] 5 . klxnf] lbgsf] a}7s ljkIfL w]/} bnn] alx:sf/ u/]kl5 /fi6«klt df];L{ yk cK7]/f]df kg'e{ Psf] 5 . ljkIfLx¿n] /fi6«klt df];L{n] ;+;b\ k'gM:yfkgfsf] cEof;;“u;“u} ;+ljwfg

" cf/= zdf{ df];L{n] cfkm" k"0f{ clwsf/;DkGg zlQmzfnL /fi6«klt aGg rfxg'ePsf] 5 eg] ljutdf klg zlQmzfnL Toxf“sf] ;]gfn] d'jf/ssf] alxu{dgkl5 sl/a Ps jif{ d'n'ssf] g]t[Tj ;Dxfn]sfn] klg ;]gfn] clwsf/ :yfkgf ug{ rfx]sf] 5 . klg vf/]h u/L O:nflds cltjfb nfb\g;Sg] cfz+sf klg u/]sf 5g\ . t/ /fi6«klt df];L{n] eg] nf]stflGqs zf;gnfO{ ;'lglZrt ug]{ cfkm\gf] ceLi6 /x]sf] :ki6 ug'e{ Psf] 5 . /fi6«klt lgjf{lrt x'gl] jlQs} ljjfbdf tflgg' ePsf df];L{nfO{ /fhgLlts ljZjf;sf] jftfj/0f agfpg ;lhnf] eg] gx'g] ePsf] 5 . df];L{n] cfkm" k"0f{ clwsf/;DkGg zlQmzfnL /fi6«klt aGg rfxg'ePsf] 5 eg] ljutdf klg zlQmzfnL Toxf“sf] ;]gfn] d'jf/ssf] alxu{dgkl5 sl/a Ps jif{ d'ns ' sf] g]tT[ j ;Dxfn]sfn] klg ;]gfn] clwsf/ :yfkgf ug{ rfx]sf] 5 . To:t} Gofokflnsfn] klg cfkm\gf] :jtGq e"ldsf vf]hsf] 5 . lqkIfLo zlQmsf] of] xf]8afhLn] ;+qmd0fsfnLg /fhgLltn] ;xh lgsf; gkfpg] xf] ls eGg] cfz+sf a9]sf] 5 . zlQmdf /x]sfdfq xf]Og cfd;j{;fwf/0fnfO{ klg clwsf/sf] ef]s hfu]sf] 5 . h;n] ubf{ ;fgf]ltgf] 36gf x'g]ljlQs} 7"nf] hg;d'bfo ;8sdf pq]/ rsf]{ gf/fafhL ug]{ qmd /f]lsPsf] 5}g . cfjZjstfeGbf a9L :jtGqtfsf] ef]s hfu]sf OlhK6jf;LnfO{ ;Gt'lnt dof{lbt /fhgLlts k|0ffnLdf lx+8fpg;Sg] k|efjzfnL g]tT[ j rflxPsf] 5 . To:tf] vfn] g]tT[ j cfpg ;s]g eg] OlhK6 /fhgLlts cl:y/tfsf] lzsf/ aGg] vt/fsf ;+st] b]vf kg{ yfln;]ss ] f 5g\ . OlhK6df /fhgLlts :yfloTjsf nflu of] lrGtfsf] ljifo xf] . OlhK6sf] tLg bzsotfsf] /fhgLlts Oltxf;nfO{ x]g{] xf] eg] cfsl:ds hgljb|f]xnfO{ tTsfn

Joj:yfkg ug{ g;Sbf d'jf/ssf] ;Qf 9n]sf] xf] . l5d]sL 6\ol' gl;ofaf6 z'? ePsf] hgljb|fx] nfO{ ;dod} cfTd;ft\ u/L cfGbf]ngsf/Lsf] dfunfO{ ;dod} ;Daf]wg ul/lbPsf eP d'af/ssf] ;Qf zflGtk"js { x:tfGt/0f x'gs ' f ;fy} pgL ;Ddflgt /fhg]tf aGg] lyP / d'ns ' klg /fhgLlts lx+;f / cl:y/tfsf] bnbndf km:g] lyPg . t/ pgn] ;dodf plrt lg0f{o ug{ g;Sbf cfkm" klg ktg eP / d'ns ' klg /fhgLlts cl:y/tfsf] bnbndf km;]sf] 5 . x'g t d'jf/s Ps hdfgsf s'zn /fhgLlts v]nf8L g} x'g\ . tLg bzseGbf nfdf] ;do;Dd ;Qf rnfO{ gfd / bfd b'j} sdfPsf d'jf/s clGtd ;dodf cfP/ dfq r's]sf x'g\ . /fhgLlts hLjgaf6 lj>fd lng] r/0fdf k'lu;s]sf pgn] csf]{ r/0fdf /fi6«kltsf] pDd]bjf/ gaGg] ;f]r;Dd agfPsf lyP t/ Tof] ;f]r ;fj{hlgs u/]sf lyPgg\ . hgljb|fx] pTsif{df k'uk] l5 dfq ;f] s'/f pgn] ;fj{hlgs u/] . To;nfO{ cfGbf]ngsf/L s;}n] klg ;'Gg rfx]gg\ . h;n] ubf{ pgsf] /fhgLlts ktg b'MvbfoL aGg k'Uof] . ;dod} ;xL lg0f{o lbg g;Sbf d'jf/snfO{ ;QfRo'tdfq u/fPg cfhLjgsf nflu sf/faf;df k'¥ofOlbPsf] 5 . sf/faf;d} d[To';u“ ;+3if{ ul//x]sf pgL clxn] hLjgd/0fsf] bf];f“wdf 5g\ . Ps hdfgfdf d'jf/sf] :jb]zleqdfq xf]Og cGt/f{li6«o If]qdf ;d]t gfd rn]sf] lyof] . pgL lgs} ;Ddflgt lyP / dWok"j{ zflGtk|lqmofsf dWo:ystf{ g} lyP . ;j{;fwf/0f

hgtfn]dfq xf]Og ljZjg]tfx¿n] klg pgsf] s'/f ;'Gy] / pgnfO{ ljZjf; klg uy]{ t/ kl5Nnf 36gfqmdn] pgnfO{ r/d lg/ª\sz ' , e|i6frf/L / cftftfoL zf;gsf ?kdf hgtfaf6 lj:yflkt / lt/is[t u/fO{ sf/fuf/sf] d[To'zo} fdf k'/o\ fOlbPsf] 5 . cfGbf] n gn] cf“ w La] / L NofO;s]kl5dfq d'af/sn] Pskl5 csf]{ clwsf/ clwsf/ 5f8\b} cfp“bf] /fi6«klt r'gfj gn8\g] / lgjf{lrt g]tT[ jnfO{ zflGtk"0f{ 9Ën] ;Qf x:tfGt/0f ug]{ clGtd OR5f;lxt b]z 5f8]/ gefUg] k|ltj4tf klg JoQm u/] . hgtfn] pgsf s'/f dfg]gg\ . cGtt M s]xLl;k gnfu]kl5 hgljb|fx] sf] !* cf}“ lbgdf ;]gfnfO{ ;Qf a'emfP/ ;kl/jf/ cfkm\gf] lghL lgjf; zfd{ On z]v uP . pgL / pgsf] kl/jf/nfO{ ToxL kqmfp u/L gh/aGb ul/of] . pgL / pgsf kl/jf/lj?4 ljleGg d'2f rnfOof] / clGtddf cbfntn] bf]ifL 7x/ ub}{ pgnfO{ ;j{Zj;lxt hGds}bsf] ;hfo ;'gfof] . pgsf lj/f]wLx¿n] cbfntn] pgnfO{ sd ;hfo“ lbPsf] eGb} cfqmf]z JoQm ug{ 5f8]sf 5}gg\ . pgnfO{ d[To'b08 g} lbg'k5{ egL gf/f nufpg] qmd cem} /f]lsPsf] 5}g . #@ jif{;Dd rn]sf] d'af/ssf] ;Qf cfwf dlxgfd} o;/L 9Nnf eg]/ s;}n] klg ;f]rs ] f lyPgg\ . t/ nfvf}“ hgtf ;8sdf pq]kl5 s;sf] s] nfUof] / < ;]gf klg aGb's la;fpg jfWo eof] . ut jif{sf] hga/L @% b]lv ;'? ePsf] hgljb|fx] n] km]ac '| /L !! df d'af/snfO{ ;Qfaf6 x6\g afWo agfof] . cf7 ;oeGbf a9Ln] Hofg u'dfPsf / xhf/f}n“ fO{ 3fOt] agfPsf] of]] hgljb|fx] n] *# jifL{o d'af/ssf] tLgbzs nfdf]] ;Qfdfq 9fnL lbPg pgsf] ktg klg u/fO5f8\of] . t/, pgLkl5 d'ns ' xf“Sg] k|efjzfnL /fhg]tfsf] cefj b]lvPsf] 5 . hgljb|fx] n] k'/fgf] ;Qf 9fn] klg e/kbf]{ gof“ ;Qf hGdfpg g;Sbf OlhK6sf] eljio cGof]nk"0f{ ag]sf] 5 .


# dxfgu/kflnsfsf] ah]6 b'O{ ca{ @)^( ;fpg ^ ut]

;dfh ¿kfGt/0fdf ;~rf/dfWodsf] e"ldsf ct'ngLo d'ns ' df ljz]ifu/L @)$^ ;fnsf] hgcfGbf]ngaf6 ax'bnLo k|hftGqsf] k' g M:yfkgf ePkl5 ;dfhsf] ¿kfGt/0f / kl/jt{ g df g] k fnL cfd;~rf/dfWodn] v]n]sf] e"ldsf ct'ngLo /x]sf] 5 . To;f] t nf]stGqsf] :yfkgfkl5 b] z sf k| d ' v ;x/df ;" r gf / ;~rf/If]qdf af9L g} cfof] eGbf klg km/s kb}{g . ;"rgf / ;~rf/sf] b[li6sf]0faf6 sf“rn ' L g} km]/s ] f] b]zsf] k|dv ' ;x/dWo] Ps jL/uGh klg xf] . jL/uGh cfly{s¿kdf dfq geO{ ;~rf/sf] b[ l i6sf] 0 faf6 klg /fhwfgLsf ¿kdf ljsl;t x'b“ } uPsf] 5 . /fhwfgL sf7df8f} “ k l5 jL/uGhdf klg a9L ;~rf/dfWod / ;~rf/sdL{ sfo{/t 5g\ eGg] cg'dfg ul/Psf] 5 . oxf“ sl/a b'O{ bh{gsf] ;ª\Vofdf b}lgs kqklqsf k|sfzgdf 5g\ eg] cfwf bh{ghlt :yfgLo:t/af6 /]l8of] k|;f/0fdf 5g\ . s]xL s]Gb|Lo /]l8of]n] sfo{qmdsf] l/n] k|;f/0f ul//x]sf 5g\ . oL ;~rf/dfWodn] ;dfh kl/jt{ g / ljsf;sf nflu

;sf/fTds e"ldsf lgjf{x ul//x]sf 5g\ eg] o;df PkmPd /]l8of] klg a9L nf]slk|o b]lvPsf] kfOG5 . k;f{ lhNnf ;b/d'sfdaf6 ^* lsnf]ld6/ ;'b"/ pQ/df kg]{ 7f]/L uflj;df kqklqsfsf] kx'“r ;xh geP klg PkmPd eg] ;xh ¿kdf ;'Gg ;lsG5 . To;f] t oxf“af6 k|;f/0f x'g] /]l8of] k|;f/0f l5d]sL d'n's ef/t, ljxf/sf s]xL ;|f]tfn] ;d]t /fd|};“u ;'Gg] u/]sf] kfOPsf] 5 . g]kfnsf] t/fO{ / ljxf/ If]qsf] /xg;xg Pjd\ efiffdf w]/} xb;Dd ;dfgtf /x]sfn] klg /]l8of] k|;f/0f ljxf/df klg nf]slk|o aGg] u/]sf 5g\ . :yfgLo efiff ef]hk'/Ldf oxf“sf ;a} PkmPdn] sfo{qmd, ;dfrf/ tyf ;dfrf/d"ns sfo{qmd ;~rfng u/] s f] kfOG5 . ef/tLo k| d ' v Jofkfl/s ;x/ /S;f}nsf ;dfrf/ tyf cGo Jofkfl/s ultljlw oxf“sf ;~rf/dfWodn] k|;f/0f ug]{ u/]sf 5g\ . o;n] ubf{ klg g]kfn / ef/tsf gful/saLrsf] efjgfTds Pjd\ ;f+:s[lts ;DaGwnfO{ k|uf9 agfpg an k'u]sf] 5 .

jL/uGhaf6 xfn Pp6f ;fd' b flos /] l 8of] / tLgj6f Jofj;flos /]l8of] k|;f/0f eO/x]sf 5g\ . /]l8of] jL/uGh, ;fd'bflos /]l8of] gf/fo0fL PkmPd, u9LdfO{ PkmPd / OGb|0] fL PkmPd ;~rfngdf 5g\ eg] xfn u9LdfO{ PkmPd k|fljlws sf/0fjz aGb 5 . oBlk k;f{sf u|fdL0f If]qaf6 klg /]l8of] k|;f/0fdf /x]sf 5g\ . cfsfz PkmPd k;f{sf] 8«fOkf]6{ tyf /]l8of] t/ª\u PkmPd ax'cjf{af6 ;~rfng eO/x]sf] 5 . To;f] t /]l8of] sflGtk'/ / Od]h PkmPdn] klg jL/uGhaf6 l/n] k|;f/0f ul//x]sf 5g\ . /]l8of] Jofj;flos dfq geO{ ;dfhk|lt klg lhDd]jf/ x'g'kg]{ ;fd'bflos /]l8of] gf/fo0fL PkmPdsf sfo{sf/L cWoIf uf]ljGb b]jsf]6f atfpg'x'G5 . ;fd'bflos /]l8of]n] ufp“sf ;;fgf ;d:ofnfO{ ;d]t lgMz'Ns k|;f/0f ul//x]sf sf/0f o;sf] nf]slk|otf a9]sf] pxf“sf] egfO 5 . k;f{sf u|fdL0f e]usf s[ifsn] kfn]sf e}“;L, ufO{nufotsf rf}kfof

x/fPsf ;"rgf / ;dfrf/;d]t cfkm\gf] /]l8of]af6 ah]kl5 s[ifsn] ;+:yfd} cfO{ ld7fO{ af“8]/ v';L k|s6 u/]sf] pbfx/0f cfkm";“u /x]sf] b]jsf]6f atfpg'x'G5 . o:t} dlxnf lx+;f / bfOhf] k|yflj?4 :yfgLo efiffdf g} hgr]tgfd"ns sfo{qmd pTkfbg u/L k|;f/0f ug]{ ul/Psf] hfgsf/L klg pxf“n] lbg'eof] . To;f] t jL/uGhsf] klxnf] Jofj;flos /]l8of] jL/uGhn] klg gful/ssf ;d:ofdfly s]lGb|t eO{ ;dfrf/ tyf cGo hgr]tgfd"ns sfo{qmd ;~rfng ug]{ u/]sf] hfgsf/L /]l8of] jL/uGhsf ;~rfns w'j| ;fx lbg'xG' 5 . cfkm\gf] /]l8of]n] klg dlxnf lx+;f / bfOhf] k|yflj?4 hf]8bf/ cfjfh p7fO/x]sf] pxf“ atfpg'xG' 5 . lxhf] 3/leqdfq ;Lldt /xg] dlxnf cfh b'O{ rf/ k'?if e]nf ePsf 7fp“df pleP/ cfkm\gf s'/f v'n:t;“u /fVg;Sg] cj:yfdf k'u]sf 5g\ . o;df ldl8ofsf] 7"nf] xft /x]sf] oxf“l:yt u}/;/sf/L ;+:yf n'dGtLsf lkmN8 ;+ o f] h s o1/fh sfsL{ atfpg'xG' 5 .

g]kfn–yfO{ ;DaGw emg\ alnof] g] k fnsf nflu yfONof08sf gjlgo'Qm /fhb"t sfGyf]ª pgfs'nn] b'O{ d'n'saLrsf] d}qLk"0f{ ;DaGw alnof] kfg{ cfkm"n] ;Sbf] k|of; ug]{ atfpg'ePsf] 5 . g]kfn–yfONof08 d}qL ;xsfo{ ;dfhåf/f cfof] l ht ;Ddfg sfo{qmdnfO{ ;Daf]wg ub}{ pxf“Nf] ;f] s'/f atfpg'ePsf] xf] . /fhb"t sfGyf]ªn] a'4sf] b]zdf cfpg kfpg cfkm"nfO{ Hofb} v';L nfu] s f] atfp“ b } g] k fn / yfONof08aLr Jofkf/ tyf ko{6g k|j4{g ug]{ lbzfdf cfkm\gf] k|of; hf/L /xg] :ki6 kfg'{eof] . ;df/f]xdf gj lgo'Qm /fhb"t sfGyf]ªsf] :jfut ub}{ ;dfhsf cWoIf hgsaxfb'/ l;+xn] pxf“sf] sfo{sfndf g]kfn / yfONof08aLrsf] d}qL ;DaGw emg\ lj:tf/ x'g] ljZjf; JoQm ug'e { of] . ;dfhsf dxf;lrj tyf jl/i7 kqsdf/ tyf ;dfhsf dxf;lrj df]xgjL/ yfkfn] of] jif{ n''lDjgL jif{ k/]sfn] o;nfO{ ;kmn kfg{ yk yfO{

sf7df8f}“ dxfgu/kflnsfn] cfly{s jif{ @)^(÷)&) sf nflu ? Ps ca{ *( s/f]8 ^) nfv ah]6 kfl/t u/]sf] 5 . ;f] /sd ut jif{sf] t'ngfdf sl/a $) nfvn] sd xf] . dxfgu/kflnsfsf k|d'v sfo{sf/L clws[t s]bf/axfb'/ clwsf/Ln] dxfgu/kflnsfaf6 ul/g] ljleGg ultljlw tyf k|zf;lgs vr{sf nflu ;f] /sd kfl/t ul/Psf] atfpg'eof] . pxf“n] dxfgu/kflnsfn] cfly{s jif{ @)^*÷)^( ? Ps ca{ !# s/f]8 cfDbfgL u/L ? Ps ca{ gf} s/f]8 vr{ u/]sf] tyf cfGtl/s ;|f]taf6 ^& s/f]8 @$ nfv ;ª\sng u/]sf] / af“sL /sd ;/sf/ / hg;xeflutfaf6 k|fKt ePsf] atfpg'eof] . dxfgu/kflnsfn] rfn' cfly{s jif{df k|sf]k p4f/ ljz]if sf]if :yfkgf ug]{ / ;f] sf]ifdf :yfgLo gu/af;Laf6 k|lt3/ k|ltjif{ ;]jf z'Nssf ¿kdf ? !)) lnO{ k|sf]k;DaGwL sfo{df dfq vr{ ug]{5 . To;}u/L dxfgu/kflnsfn] cfly{s Joj:yfkgtkm{ jftfj/0f tyf kmf]x/ d}nf Joj:yfkg sf]if v8f ug{] 5 eg] df]6/;fOsnsf] ln“b} cfPsf] s/ bf]Aj/n] j[l4 u/L @)) k'¥ofPsf] 5 . ;x/L ljsf; tyf ;Dkbf ;+/If0f sf]if :yfkgf ug{ dxfgu/kflnsfn] ? @) nfv / xg'dfg9f]sf b/af/ ;+/If0f sfo{qmdaf6 ? #) nfv 5'§fpg] / sf]ifdf g]kfn ;/sf/, lghL If]q nufotsf ;ª\3 ;+:yf Pjd\ JolQmx¿af6 k|fKt /sd hDdf u/L k|yd r/0fdf 6]s' bf]efgb]lv yfkfynL If]qleqsf ;Dkbf ;+/If0f sfo{df vr{ ug]{ Joj:yf dxfgu/kflnsfn] ldnfPsf] 5 .

lgjf{rg g} pQd ljsNk M lglw g]kfnL sf"u|];sf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o ljdn]Gb| lglwn] ;ª\3Lo nf]stflGqs u0ftGqfTds ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f / hl6n /fhgLlts ljifonfO{ lsgf/f nufpg lgjf{rg g} ;jf]Q { d ljsNk x'g] atfpg'ePsf] 5 . g]kfn k|; ] o'lgog k;f{åf/f cfof]lht kqsf/ ;Dd]ngdf pxf“n] ;ª\3Lo nf]stflGqs u0ftGqfTds ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f / hl6n /fhgLlts ljifonfO{ lsgf/f nufpg ;+ljwfg;efsf] k'gM:yfkgf pQd lgsf; xf] eg] lgjf{rg ;jf]Q { d lgsf; xf] eGg'eof] . …;+ljwfg;efsf] k'gM:yfkgf jf lgjf{rg h] u/] klg /fhgLlts bnaLr ;xdlt, ;xsfo{ / Pstf eg] x'g}k5{Ú, g]tf lglwn] eGg'eof]– clxn] d'n'sdf b]lvPsf] ;+j}wflgs / /fhgLlts ;ª\s6sf] lgsf;sf nflu bnaLr ;xdlt x'gfsf] ljsNk 5}g, ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f / lgjf{rgsf nflu eP klg ;+ljwfg ;+zf]wg ug{ s]xL lbgsf nflu ;+ljwfg;ef k'gM:yfkgf ug'{ pko'Qm x'G5 . ;+ljwfgcg';f/ kbd'Qm eO;s]sf k|wfgdGqLn] w]/} nfdf] ;do;Dd ;Qfdf al;/xg' /fi6« lxtdf gx'g] ts{ cl3 ;fb}{ pxf"n] ;+j}wflgs / /fhgLlts ;ª\s6 lgsf;sf nflu k|wfgdGqLn] tTsfn csf]{ k|wfgdGqLsf nflu af6f] vf]lnlbg'kg{]df hf]8 lbg'eof] .

kmf]/d u0ftflGqssf cWoIf ofbj sf“u; ]| df k|jz ]

ko{ 6 s g] k fn cfpg] jftjf/0f agfOlbg gof“ /fhb"tnfO{ cfu|x ug' { e of] . pxf“ n ] g] k fn / yfONof08aLrsf] wfld{s / ;f“:s[lts ;DaGwaf/] klg rrf{ ug'e { Psf] lyof] . k|ltdf kf08]n] ;~rfng ug'e{ Psf]

bQfqodf >fj0f d]nf ;'? ;fpg dlxgfsf] k|To]s ;f]daf/sf lbg nfUg] Ps dlxg] bQfqo d]nf ;'? ePsf] 5 . wfld{s tyf P]ltxfl;s¿kn] cToGt dxTjk"0f{ dflgPsf] bQfqo eujfg\nfO{ j|Dxf, lji0f' / dx]Zj/ tLg b]jtfsf ¿kdf k'lhG5 . kf}/fl0fs sfndf bQfqo dlGb/df ;fpg ;f]daf/sf lbg rf]vf] eO{ a|t a;]/ bQfqo eujfg\sf] k"hf, cr{gf tyf bz{g ugf{n] cfkm"n] lrtfPsf] s'/f k"/f x'G5 eGg] wfld{s ljZjf; /x]sf] 5 . ;fpg dlxgfsf] k|To]s ;f]daf/sf lbg bQfqo eujfg\sf] k"hf, cr{gf tyf bz{g ugf{n] dgf]sfdgf k"/f x'g] wfld{s cf:yf /x]sf] ;+:s[ltljb\ cf]dk|;fbn] atfpg'eof] .eQmhgsf] dgf]sf+Iff k"/f ul/lbg] b]jtfsf ¿kdf k'lhg] bQfqo eujfg\sf] dlGb/df cfpg] clwsf+z eQmhg cljjflxt eP cfkm"n] lrtfPsf j/ kfpg / ljjflxt eP >Ldfg\ tyf kl/jf/sf] ;':jf:Yo, bL3f{o' / ;'vsf] sfdgf ug]{ rng /x]sf] 5 .

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sfo{qmddf ;dfhsf ljleGg If]qsf JolQmTjx/sf] ;xeflutf /x]sf] lyof] . ;f] cj;/df pxf“n] b/af/dfu{df afg yfO{ /]:6'/0] 6sf] klg pb\3f6g ug'{eof] . ;f] /]:6'/]06 ;f]daf/b]lv ;~rfngdf cfPsf] 5 . ljz]if u/L

yfONof08sf ko{6s cfslif{t ug{ ;~rfng ul/Psf] ;f] /]:6'/]06df ;+;f/d} cToGt nf]slk|o yfO{ vfgfsf] :jfb g]kfnL / ljb]zL ko{6snfO{ klg kl:sg] ;~rfns u0f]z 9sfnn] atfpg'eof] .

:j= l;+xsf] ;dflw:yn ;+/If0f ug{ lgb]z { g :j= uh] G b| g f/fo0f l;+ x sf] ;dflw:yn ;+/If0f ug{ cbfntn] lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{no ;Kt/L / /fhlj/fh gu/kflnsfnfO{ lgb]z { g lbPsf] 5 . g]kfn ;b\efjgf kf6L{sf ;+:yfks cWoIf l;+xsf] ;dflw:yn ;+/If0f ug]{ bfloTj /fHosf] ePsf] eGb} k'g/fj]bg cbfnt /fhlj/fhn] lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{no / gu/kflnsfnfO{ ;+/If0f ug{ lgb]z { g lbPsf] xf] . k'g/fj]bg cbfntsf GofofwLzåo an/fd lji6 / k|d] axfb'/ s];Lsf] ;+oQ' m Ohnfzn] u/]sf] lg0f{odf elgPsf] 5 – s'g} lsl;dsf] gf]S;fgL gxf];,\ tf]8kmf]8 gxf];,\ o;sf] ;+/If0f ug"{ . qmflGt ejg tf]8kmf]8 ul/Psf] ;DaGwdf eg] ljkIfL l;+xsf elthf ozjGt l;+xn] cfkm\gf] hUuf ePsf] k|df0f b]vfPkl5 lgif]wf1f vf/]h ul/Psf] 5 . /fhlj/fh–$ l:yt ;Kt/L ;]jf cf>dleqsf] qmflGt ejg tf]8kmf]8 u/L

3/ lgdf{0f ug{ nfu]sf] bfaL ub}{ g];kf uh]Gb|jfbLsf s]Gb|Lo cWoIf ljsf;s'df/ ltjf/Ln] ut j}zfv * ut] lgif]wf1f ldl>t k/dfb]z;lxtsf] cGtl/d cfb]zsf nflu l/6 lgj]bg bfo/ ug'e{ Psf] lyof] . sf]Onf8L 3/ eO{ xfn /fhlj/fh– $ a:g] ozjGt l;+xn] :j= l;+xsf] ;dflw:yn tf]8kmf]8 u/L P]ltxfl;s dxTjsf] w/f]x/ ;vfk kfg{ nfu]sfn] ;f] sfo{ gug{, gu/fpg ltjf/Ln] k'g/fj]bg cbfnt /fhlj/fhdf ozjGt l;+x;lxt lhk|sf / gu/kflnsflj?4 l/6 lgj]bg lbg'ePsf] lyof] . ljkIfL ozjGt l;+x lg;Gtfg :j= uh]Gb|gf/fo0f l;+xsf elthf x'g\ . g]kfn ;b\efjgf kf6L{sf ;+:yfks cWoIf uh]Gb|gf/fo0f l;+xsf] @)%* df3 !) ut] lgwg ePkl5 ;f]xL cf>ddf /fhsLo ;Ddfgsf ;fy bfx;+:sf/ u/L ;dflw:yn lgdf{0f ul/Psf] lyof] .

dw];L hgclwsf/ kmf]/d -u0ftflGqs_ gjnk/f;Lsf cWoIf ;~ho ofbj g]kfnL sf“u|];df k|j]z ug'{ePsf] 5 . g]kfnL sf“u|]; gjnk/f;Lsf] sfjf;f]tLdf ePsf] a}7ssf cj;/df pxf“n] kqsf/ ;Dd]ng u/L cfk"m sf“u|];df k|j]z u/]sf] atfpg'eof] . g]kfnL sf“u; ]| gjnk/f;Lsf ;efklt b]jG] b|/fh s“8n ] sf] pkl:yltdf ePsf] kqsf/ ;Dd]ngdf sf“u; ]| sf k'/fgf sfo{stf{nfO{ ;–;Ddfg lkmtf{ ug]{ gLltcg';f/ cfkm" sf“u|];df lkmtf{ ePsf] ofbjn] atfpg'eof] . g]kfnL sf“u; ]| af6 ;+ljwfg;ef ;b:osf nflu If]q g $ af6 pDd]bjf/ ag]sf ofbjnfO{ @)^^ ;fn j}zfvdf sf“u|];n] sf/afxL u/]kl5 pxf“ kmf]/d u0ftflGqssf] lhNnf cWoIf aGg'ePsf] lyof] . kmf]/d u0ftflGqssf @^ lhNNff sfo{;ldltdWo] () k|ltzt sf“u; ]| df kmls{g; ] d]t pxf“n] bfaL ug'e { of] . /fli6«o d'2fdf sf“u; ]| g} cufl8 ePsfn] dw];sf] dfq s'/f p7fpg] kf6L{df a:g'sf] cf}lrTo gb]v]kl5 sf“u|];df kms]{sf] pxf“n] atfpg'eof] . sf“u|];df ofbj dxflwj]zg k|ltlglw tyf t?0fbnsf k"j{ s]Gb|Lo ;b:o;d]t /xg'ePsf] lyof] .

sf“u; ]| ;efkltsf] xTof cf/f]kdf yk b'Oh { gf kqmfp g]kfnL sf“u|]; ufp“ ;ldlt ;efkltsf] xTofsf cf/f]lktdWo] yk b'O{ hgfnfO{ k|x/Ln] kqmfp u/]sf 5 . ;f/:j/–^ lgjf;L g]kfnL sf“u|];sf ufp“ ;ldlt ;efklt OGb|b]j ofbjsf] xTof u/]sf] cf/f]kdf k|x/Ln] yk b'O{ hgfnfO{ kqmfp u/]sf] xf] . ofbjsf] xTof u/]sf] cf/f]kdf ;f/:j/–% 3/ eO{ /fhlj/fh–& l:yt efujt rf}w/Lsf] 3/ ?ª\ug] *) jifL{o ljGb]Zj/ ofbj / #% jifL{o ?GbL d08nnfO{ kqmfp ul/Psf] k|x/L gfoa lg/LIfs lbjfs/ s6'jfnn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . k|x/L gfoa pk/LIfs uf]ljGb clwsf/Ln] 36gfkl5 k|x/Ln] u/]sf] cg';Gwfgsf cfwf/df pgLx¿nfO{ kqmfp u/]sf] atfpg'eof] . uf]nL xfGg] ;f/:j/–% sf tf/fsfGt ofbj / lghsf 5f]/f bLk]Gb| ofbjnfO{ xTof ePs} /flt Onfsf k|x/L sfof{no af]b] a;f{Ogsf] 6f]nLn] 3/af6} kqmfp u/]sf] lyof] . uflj;sf] ljsf; lgdf{0fsf] ah]6 /sd, pkef]Qmf ;ldlt / kf]v/Lnufotsf ljifodf ePsf] ljjfbdf tf/fsfGt ofbjn] uf]nL k|xf/ u/]sf] :jLsf/]sf 5g\ . d[ts ofbj sf“u|]; ufp“ ;ldltsf ;efklt x'g\ eg] tf/fsfGt ofbj dw];L hgclwsf/ kmf]/d ;dly{t sfo{stf{ x'g\ . d[tssf 5f]/f cljgfzs'df/ ofbjn] xTofsf] cf/f]kdf :yfgLo !! hgfdfly ph'/L lbPsf 5g\ . 36gfdf ;+nUg cGosf] vf]hL eO/x]sf] / kqmfp k/]sf rf/}hgfdfly sfg'gL sf/afxLsf] k|lqmofcl3 a9fOPsf] lhNnf k|x/L sfof{nosf k|x/L pk/LIfs u0f]zaxfb'/ yfkfn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] .


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q]tfo'udf dWob]zsf] k|wfgtf

q]tfo'u -@&))—@@)) O{=k"=_ pQ/ j} l bssfn M– kflh{ 6 / /fhj+ z tflnsfn] q]tfo'usf] sfn %)) jif{sf] dfGb5 . q]tfo'u @&)) O{=k"= k|f/De eP/ @@)) O{=k"= df cGTo ePsf] xf], -/f“uo] /f3j, k|f=ef=k=O{=, k[i7 @@@_ . dT:ok'/f0fcg';f/ q]tfo'u' df Psdfq j]b– oh'jb{] – lyof] . o;} oh'jb{] sf] zf;gsf] sf/0fn] q]tfo'udf o1sd{sf] k|wfgtf a9]sf] b]lvG5 . k'q cfsf+Iffsf] nflu o1, /fHo k|flKtsf] nflu o1, :ju{ k|flKtsf nflu, b]jtfnfO{ v'zL kfg{sf nflu, cyf{t x/]s la£g afwf x6fpg o1sf] dxTj a9\ o f] . /fHofleif]s o1åf/f x'GYof] . k|To]s k|tfkzfnL /fhf cZjd]w o1 ug{ clenfiff /fVbYof] . oh'jb{] ohgsf] j]b xf] . CUj]bsf] dGq o1df sfd nfU5 . ;fd dGq ufgdf k|of]u x'G5 / JolQmut Oli6o1df cyj{jb] dGqsf] pkof]u x'G5 . o1sf] cfof] h gfn] b] j tf dg'ioaf6 w]/} 6f9f uPsf] k|tLt x' G 5 . Iflqo /fHo ;+ r fngdf k| e fjzfnL lyof] , eg] a| f x\ d 0f wd{sd{df clwsf/ hdfPsf] lyof] . o1 cflb o'udf ;dfgtfsf] k|tLs lyof] . ca o1 zf;s ju{sf] :jfy{sf] ;fwg aGof] . k|frLg k/Dk/fdf cfo{ o1df ;dfg pTkfbg ljt/0fdf ;xefuL lyof] . ToxL o1 ca vf; ju{sf] ;DklQ aGof] . ;dfhdf cnu cnu k]zf clVtof/ x'g yfNbf leGg leGg j0f{sf] k|fb'ef{j eof] . klxn] pTkfbg hg;dfh -ljz\_ sf] xftdf lyof] t/ ;}Go zlQmsf] k|fb'ef{j ePkl5 ljt/0f Iflqosf] xftdf uof] . klxn]sf] ;]gf ;a} ;xefuL eP/ u0fsf] nflu n8\Yof] . casf] ;]gf zf;s eof] . ;dfhsf] ;a} zlQm ca IfqLosf] xftdf uof] . a| f x\ d 0f clwsf/Ro" t eof] . q] t fsf] cGtsfndf k/z'/fd / bfz/ly /fdsf] emu8fsf] pbfx/0f åfk/ b]lv slno'u ;Dd csf]{ b]lvb}g . rGb|uK' t df}o{ sfndf Iflqosf] pk]Iff efj tLj| ePkl5 a|fx\d0fn] xltof/ p7fPsf] lyof] . a|fXd0fn] Iflqo;+u ;Demf}tf ug' { afx] s s' g } pkfo lyPg . Iflqoåf/f a|Xd0fsf] zlQm l5lgP kl5 a|fXd0f wgxLg t b]lvof], t/ ;Ddfg w]/} a9\of] . of] sfndf x}xox¿sf] zlQm IfL0f eO{ jf+lzs dxTj 36]sf] lyof] . dWob]zsf ofbj, sfzL,

"pk]Gb| emf IfqLox¿df cg]s :qL /fVg] rng lyof] . Iflqo /fhfx¿df rf/ :qL /fVg] lgod lyof]M dlxifL -k6/fgL_, kl/jfSqL -pk]lIftf_, jfjftf -lk|of_, tyf kfnfunL -b/af/L ckm;/sL 5f]/L_ . cof] W of, ljb] x , j} z fnLsf] j+ z pTsif{df lyof] . IfqLox¿df cg]s :qL /fVg] rng lyof] . Iflqo /fhfx¿df rf/ :qL /fVg] lgod lyof] M dlxifL -k6/fgL_, kl/jfSqL -pk]lIftf_, jfjftf -lk|of_, tyf kfnfunL -b/af/L ckm;/sL 5f]/L_ . o;sf] Q}lQ/Lo, ztky tyf k~rlj+z a|fx\d0fdf pNn]v kfOG5 . /fj0fsf] lktfdx a|x\df -:joDe"_ lyof] . pgsf] dfg; k'qx¿dWo] Pp6f k'n:To lyof] . k'n:Tosf] uf] gfdsf] efof{af6 j}>j0f gfdsf] k'q lyof] . j}>j0f, lktfsf] ;]jf ug{ 5f]8]/, lktfdxsf] pkf;gf ug{ yfNbf qm'4 k'n:To cfkm\gf] of]uanåf/f cfwf c+zn] bf]>f] z/L/ wf/0f u¥of] . o;/L dxfTdf k'n:To lj>jfsf] gfdaf6 k|l;4 eof] . n+sf lgjf;L g/jfxg /fh/fh s'a/] cfkm\gf s'lkt lktf lj>jfnfO{ v'zL kfg{ ;]jfsf nflu tLgj6f /fIf;L—k'ikf]Ts6f, dflngL / /fsfnfO{ k7fof] . g[To, ;+uLtsf] dfWodn] /fIf;Lx¿n] lj>jfnfO{ l/emfpg yflng . lj>jfnfO{, k'ikf]Ts6faf6 /fj0f / s'Des0f{, dflngLaf6 ljeLif0f / /fsfaf6 v/ / z"k0{ fvfsf] hGd eof] . s'a/] , /fj0fsf] Ho]i7 e|ftf lyof], -/f“uo /f3j, k|f=ef=k=O{=, k[i7 !()–(!_ . oh'jb{] df z'Sn / s[i0f b'O{ kf7 5g\ . z'Sndf !% zfvf 5 M sf0j, dfWo+lbg, hfafn, a'wo] , zfs]o, tfkgLo, sfkL;, kf} + 8 « j xf, cfjlQ{ s , k/dfjlQ{ s , k/fz/Lo, j}go] , af}wo] , cf}wo] / ufna . oL ;a}sf] PsLs[t ¿k afr;g]oL zfvf xf] . o;df !(() dGq 5g\ . s[ i 0f oh' j ] { b sf] bf] ; | f ] gfd Q}Q/Lo;+lxtf xf] . ltns cg';f/ t}lQ/Lo;+lxtfsf] ;do @#%) O{=k"= xf], -j}lbs O+8]S;, k[i7 $@%_ . cljgfz rGb| b f;sf] dtcg' ; f/

ldlynfdf dw'>fj0fL kj{ dgfO“b} ldlynfsf] dxTjk"0f{ ;f+:s[lts kj{ dw'>fj0fLsf] /f}gs 3/ cf“ugdf 5fO/x]sf] 5 . ;fdflhs ;f+:s[lts k/Dk/fdf cfwfl/t of] kj{ j}jflxs hLjgdf k|jz ] u/]sf] klxnf] jif{ w'dwfd;“u dgfOG5 eg] To;kl5 k|To]s jif{ pkjf; ub}{ syf ;'Gg]–;'gfpg] k/Dk/f /x]sf] 5 . …;vL km"n nf]9\P rn" km"nal/of ;ª\ud] ;x]lnof gf ====== Ú o; kj{df gjljjflxtf d}lyn k'qLx¿ o:t} uLt ufp“b} ;fhg -klt_n] NofPsf] jf k7fPsf] klx/g nufP/ ;vLx¿;“u km"naf/Ldf km"n l6Kb} z[ªu\ fl/s cleJolQm cfbfgk|bfg u5{g\ . ;fpg dlxgf cfWoflTds dlxgf x'gfsf ;fy} wd{uG| ydf ;fpg dlxgfnfO{ dw'df;sf ¿kdf :jLsfg'{ tyf gfugflug k|sl[ tsf k|tLs x'g' cflb sf/0faf6 klg of] kj{ d'VotM lzj–kfj{tL tyf gfu–gflugsf] k"hfdf s]lGb|t /xL !# lbg;Dd dgfOg] rng 5 . ;fpg dlxgfsf] df}gf k~rdLb]lv ;'? eO{ t[tLof ltlysf lbg ;dfkg x'g] of] kj{ d}lyn ;d'bfosf a|fXd0f, sfo:y, b]j, ;f]gf/ hfltdf dgfOg] ul/Psf] kfOG5 . kj{sfnel/ k|To]s lbg uf}/L tyf gfu– gflugsf] k"hf u/L lzj–kfj{tL / gfu;“u ;DalGwt syf ;'Gg] ;'gfOg] ul/G5 . o; kj{df uf}/L tyf gfugflugsf] ljz]if k"hf cf/fwgf ug]{ ul/Psf] ;+:s[ltljb\ 8f /]jtL/d0f nfn atfpg'xG' 5 . j}lbs efjgfg'sn " / ;f+:s[lts k/Dk/fdf cfwfl/t of] kj{sf] p2]Zo ;'vL Pjd\

ztkya| f x\ d 0fsf] ;do nueu @%)) O{=k"=xf], -CUj]lbs O+l8of, k[i7 #^$_ . k|frLg u0f/fHo k"0f{¿kdf gi6 ePsf] lyPg . /fhf lg/+sz " x'g ;s]sf] lyPg . hgtf /fhfnfO{ kbRo"t ug{ / csf]{ /fhf agfpg clwsf/ /fVYof] . u0fx¿sf] lg0f{o dfGg /fhf afWo lyof] . /fhfdfly a|fx\d0fx¿sf] ljz]if c+sz ' x'GYof] . ztky a|fx\d0f cg';f/ cK;/f zs'GtnfnfO{ k|d] u/]/ klg u0fsf] 8/n] tTsfn :jLsf/ ug{ ;s]g . cK;/f sL 5f]/L zs'Gtnfn] gf8lkt eGg] 7fp“df hGd lbPsL lyOg . ;d:t cfo{ x ¿df Pp6} lsl;dsf] /fHo Joj:yf lyPg . P]t/]oa|fXd0f cg';f/ k"jd{ f ;fd|fHo, blIf0fdf ef}Ho, klZrddf :j/fHo / pQ/df j}/fHo lyof] . u0f k/Dk/f k"0f{tof gi6 ePsf] lyPg t/ bf;– k|yf tyf z"b| ;dfh ljBdfg lyof] . z"b| klg /fhf x'GYof] . 5fGbf]Uo pklgifb\df k/jQL{ /fhf kf}qfo0f z"b| lyof] . P]t/]o a|fx\d0f &= !*= df cfGw|, k'08«, zfa/, k'ln+b / d'ltjnfO{ Dn]R5 hfltsf] ¿kdf pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 . ljZjfldqsf] Ho]i6 k'q >flkt eP/ Dn]R5 eof] . oL k|frLg b:o' hfltx¿ cfo{ e"kf| Gtsf] ;Ldfdf a:y], -lk| cfo{g lk| b|ljl8og, k[i7 **_ . ;u/sf] k'q c;d+h;sf] ;DaGwdf Pp6f ls+jbGtL k|rlnt lyof] ls Tof] s]xL lbg CIf, jfg/;+u /Xof] / kl5 klZrdlt/ uof] . pgn] cfo{sf] ;DaGw klZrddf k|;f/ u¥of] . lblnksf] gfd o; o'udf w]/} k|rlnt /Xof] . pgsf] uf}–;]jf dxTjk"0f{ lyof] . efuL/y u+ufsf] ;|f]t vf]Hg pQ/lbzfsf k|fGtsf] e|d0f u¥of], hxf“ lzjsf pkf;sx¿ a:y] . pgn] cfo{sf] k|;f/ pQ/df u/] . /3'n] pQ/sf] s'a/] nfO{

bL3{bfDkTo hLjg ePsf] klg pxf“ :ki6 ug'x{ G' 5 . bfDkTo hLjgnfO{ ;'vL agfpg] dfq xf]Og, dgsfdgf k"0f{ ug]{ b]jLsf ¿kdf k"hgLo /x]sf] o; cj;/df ufOg] uLtaf6 a'‰g ;lsg] k|f 8f kz'kltgfy emf eGg'xG' 5 . ldlynfsL /fhs'df/L ;Ltfåf/f uf}/L k"hg ul/Psfn] g} eujfg\ k'?iff]Qd /fd h:tf klt kfOg] eGg] wfld{s cf:yf klg o; kj{df b]lvG5 . jfNdLls /fdfo0fcg';f/ uf}/L k"hgsf nflu ;Ltfn] km"n l6Kg] qmddf /fd;“u e]6 ePsf] lyof] . sltko syf lzj–kfj{tLsf] j}jflxs /f]df~rs k|;ª\u Pjd\ 76Øf}nL el/Psf sf/0f gf/L hLjgdf kltk|ltsf] :g]x, ;f}xfb{tfnfO{ k|uf9 agfpg k|l] /t u5{ eg] ;k{sL cfdf lj;x/f / pgsf] j+zsf af/]df rlr{t syfn] gfusf] k"hf ug]{ efjgfnfO{ clek|l] /t ug]{ hgljZjf;;d]t kfOG5 . of] kj{ slxn]bl] v s;n] ;'? u/]sf] xf] olsg;fy eGg g;lsP klg lzjk'/f0fdf o;sf] pNn]v kfOG5 . dw'>fj0fL kj{af/] …:sGb k'/f0fÚ Pjd\ …jif{sT[ oÚ df klg ;lj:tf/ rrf{ ul/Psf] 5. kj{sf] clGtd lbg cyf{t\ t]xf| “} lbgdf a]xn ' Lsf] cf“vf 5f]kL 3'8“ f / v'§f 8fDg] ul/G5 . of] ljlw ;fdfGo cy{df cJofjxfl/s, cGwljZjf;L, ?9LjfbL k/Dk/fdf cfwfl/t h:tf] b]lvP klg o;df Pp6f vf; wfld{s, ;f+:s[lts dfGotfsf] k|tLs /x]sf] a'lemG5 . ;f] ljlwdf 8fDbf x'g] kL8fnfO{ bfDkTo hLjgdf kg{;Sg] b'Mv, si6, kL8f vKg] x'gk' 5{ eGg] cy{df cYof{Psf] kfOG5 . ldlynfsL /fhs'df/L ;Ltfn] lbPsf] clUgk/LIffsf] k|;ª\u k|tLsfTds¿kdf o;

x/fPsf] lyof] . pgsf] lblUjho k|l;4 lyof] . q]tfo'usf] k|l;4 36gf /fd– /fj0f o'4sf] af/]df jl0f{t 5 . /f“uo] /f3j, k|f=ef=k=O=, k[i7 !** cg';f/ aflNdsL /fdfo0f @)) O{=k"= z'u“ sfndf /lrPsf] pNn] v 5 . aflNdsL /fdfo0fdf ;fdGtsfnLg ;dfhsf] lrq0f kfOG5 . /fdsf] :yfg cfbz{ ;fdGtsf] ¿kdf ul/Psf] 5 . cfo{ ;+:s[ltsf] s]Gb|ljGb' /x]sf] dWob]zdf sfzL, sf]zn, hgsk'/, cof]Wof, a}zfnL, duw cflb pTsif{df lyP . hgs dxfg æ;d| f 6Æsf] ¿kdf k|lti7flkt lyof] . tTsfnLg /fhfx¿n] ;d|f6sf] pkflw kfpg ;s]sf lyPgg\ . cof]Wofsf] /fhf bz/y ltgsf 5f]/f /fdsf] /fj0f;+usf] o'4 q]tfo'usf] k|dv ' 36gfsf] ¿kdf lrlqt eof] . cfo{ ;+: s[ltsf] lj:tf/ ug{ k/z'/fd / cu:To lj+Wofrn kf/sf] b]zdf uP . j}lbs OG8]S;@, k[= @#$ cg' ; f/ cu:To / pgsL kTgL nf]kfd'bf| sf] pNn]v CUj]bdf kfOG5 . cu:To Og tldn Nof08, k[i7 %,^ cg' ; f/ nf] k fd' b | f nfO{ ljbe{ s f] /fhs'df/L elgPsf] 5 . cu:Tosf] blIf0f ef/tdf cg]s ls+jbGtLx¿ kfOG5 . gl;s, b08sf/0o, dns"6, blIf0fsfzL, kf]lyog, kf08\ob]z, O08f]g]lzof, jlx{0fåLk -af]lg{of]_, s'zåLk, a/fxåLk, :ofd -sDaf]l8of_ tyf hfaf ;Dd cu:Tosf] ;Ddfg b]lvG5 -pxL k[=_ . hfjfdf lzj d"lQ{nfO{ cu:Tosf] d"lt{ elgG5 . ;DejtM cu:Tosf] z}j;+usf] ulx/f] ;DaGwsf sf/0f g} blIf0fsf cgfo{x¿n] cu:TonfO{ :jLsf/ u¥of] . cu:TonfO{ tldnsf] kl08t elgG5 . aflNdsL /fdfo0fdf cu:Ton] /fdnfO{ Clif d'gLx¿sf] cl:y b]vfof] . /fdn] /fIf; gfz ug] { k| l t1f u/] / cfo{x¿sf] blIf0faf6f] vf]n lbof] . dWob]zsf] wd{, ;+:s[lt, k/Dk/fn] b]z ljb]zdf cfkm\gf] k|efj / klxrfg sfod /fVof] . kl5sf lbgdf ;lxi0f'tfsf] cfwf/df ;a} ;d'bfon] oxL k/Dk/fnfO{ cufl8 a9fPsf] b] l vG5 . oxL dWob]zsf] cke|z + eP/ dw]z gfdn] kl/lrt g]kfnsf] blIf0fL ;dy/ e"efu k"j{ d]rLb]lv klZrd dxfsfnL ;Dd km}lnPsf] xf] . g]kfnsf] /fhgLlts zf:qdf of] ;dy/ e"efunfO{ dw]z / t/fO{ gfdn] lrlqt ul/Psf] 5 . -;fef/ M dw]z bk0f{ lkmr/ ;]jf_

kj{åf/f cfh klg hLjGt /x]sf] dfGg ;lsG5 .

;fj{hlgs ;+:yfgdf ;/sf/L nufgL a9\bf] ;/sf/L :JffldTjdf ;~rflnt ;fj{hlgs ;+:yfgdf /fli6«o 9's6' Laf6 ef/L /sd nufgL ePsf] kfOPsf] 5 . cl3Nnf] cfly{s jif{;Dd ;/sf/n] cfkm\gf] :jfldTjdf ;~rflnt #& j6f ;fj{hlgs ;+:yfgdf ? (@ ca{ !( s/f]8 !^ nfv nufgL u/]sf] hgfPsf] 5 . cfj @)^^÷^& sf] t'ngfdf cl3Nnf] cfjdf ? gf} ca{ $$ nfv a9L nufgL ul/Psf] ;/sf/n] xfn} ;fj{hlgs u/]sf] ;fj{hlgs ;+:yfgsf] jflif{s ;dLIffdf pNn]v 5 . To;}u/L tL ;+:yfgdf ;/sf/sf] C0f nufgL klg a9\b} uPsf] cf}N“+ ofOPsf] 5 . cfj @)^&÷^* df cfGtl/stkm{ ? @! ca{ () s/f]8 @& nfv tyf afXotkm{ ? &# ca{ @^ s/f]8 ^% nfv u/L hDdf C0f ? (% ca{ !^ s/f]8 (@ nfv k'us ] f] 5 . g]kfn cfon lgud, g]kfn ljB't\ k|flws/0f, g]kfn cf}iflw lnld6]8 / g]kfn vfg]kfgL ;+:yfgsf] bfloTj a9\b} uPsfn] C0fsf] dfqf a9]sf] ;dLIffdf hgfOPsf] 5 . …;fj{hlgs ;+:yfgx¿df ;/sf/sf] ;]o/ tyf C0f nufgL ;DaGwdf ;fj{hlgs ;+:yfg / dxfn]vf lgoGqs sfof{noaf6 k|fKt ljj/0f ljut jif{bl] v g} km/s x'b“ } cfPsf] / lx;fa ldnfgdf yk hl6ntf x'b“ c } fPsf] 5Ú– ;fj{hlgs ;+:yfgx¿sf] jf:tljs ljQLo l:ylt cf“sng ug{ sl7gfO ePsf] ;dLIffdf pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 .

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sfa{g pT;h{g s6f}tL cleofg ;fd'bflos jg pkef]Qmf dxf;ª\3 Onfdn] jgaf6 x'g] sfa{g pT;h{g s6f}tL;DaGwL sfo{qmd -/]8_ df :yfgLojf;Lsf] clwsf/nfO{ ;'lglZrt ug{ ufp“ufp“df /]8 cled'vLs0f cleofg ;'? u/]sf] 5 . ;d'bfonfO{ jgsf] dxTj, /]8 sfo{qmd, o;af6 jg ;+/IfsnfO{ k'Ug] kmfObf / hnjfo' kl/jt{gsf af/]df 5nkmn ePsf] dxf;ª\3sf cWoIf w|j' >]i7n] atfpg'eof] . lhNnfsf rd}tf, k'jfdem'jf, dfOkf]v/L, hd'gf, Kofª, hf]udfO{, uf]v]{, O/f}+6f/, sf]Na'ª, zflGtk'/, nIdLk'/ / ;f]ofª uflj;df sfo{qmd eO;s]sf] 5 . sfo{qmddf hnjfo' kl/jt{g, o;sf c;/, Go"gLs/0fsf pkfo, sfa{g Jofkf/ / k"j{;';"lrt ;xdltsf] clwsf/sf af/]df ;d]t :yfgLojf;LnfO{ hfgsf/L x'g5 ] . dxf;ª\3n] !# :yfgdf /]8sf kl/of]hgf nfu' x'g'eGbf klxn] g} o;sf] ljifodf hfgsf/L u/fp“bf ;d'bfon] cfkm\gf] clwsf/ vf]Hg ;lhnf] x'g] ePsfn] r]tgfd"ns sfo{qmd yflnPsf] dxf;ª\3n] hgfPsf] xf] . dxf;ª\3n] …;d'bfob]lv ;d'bfoÚ gfd /fv]sf] cleofgcGtu{t Ps ;fd'bflos jgdf sfo{qmd u/]kl5 ToxL ;fd'bflos jgn] csf]{ ;fd'bflos jgdf /]8sf af/]df hfgsf/L lbg'k5{ . sfo{qmdsf nflu cfof]hsn] cWoog / k|rf/ ;fdu|L lbg] u/]sf] 5 . jgsf] s]Gb|Lo dxf;ª\3n] Onfd, emfkf, kf“ry/ / ;'g;/Ldf klg sfo{qmd ub}{cfPsf] 5 . o;cl3 @) ;fd'bflos jg ;ldltsf ;b:onfO{ /]8 sfo{qmdsf af/]df ;r]tgf cleofg ;~rfng u/fOPsf] lyof] . /]8Kn;sf ljifodf hfgsf/L u/fpg lhNnfdf jg pkef]Qmf dxf;ª\3;“u+ ,} cflbjf;L hghflt dxf;ª\3, gfd;flnª\u ;fd'bflos ljsf; s]Gb| / pRr kxf8L h8La'6L pTkfbs tyf ;+/If0f ;+:yfn] klg r]tgfd"ns sfo{qmd ub}{cfPsf 5g\ . /]8 sfo{qmdaf/] lhNnfdf Ps jif{bl] v ljleGg sfo{qmd ;~rfng x'b“ c } fPsf] 5 . …;d'b' fob]lv ;d'bfoÚ cleofg eg] klxnf]k6s ;~rfng ePsf] xf] .

Ifo/f]usf la/fdL a9] dsjfgk'/ lhNnfdf clxn] Ifo/f]usf /f]uL a9\b} uPsf] 5 . lhNnfdf clxn] &%) hgf Ifo/f]uLsf la/fdL /x]sf] lhNnf :jf:Yo sfof{non] hgfPsf] 5 . ;f] sfof{nosf] Ps tYofª\scg';f/ dsjfgk'/df $$) k'?if / #!) dlxnf Ifo/f]usf la/fdL /x]sf 5g\ . cl3Nnf] cfly{s jif{ @)^^–)^& sf] t'ngfdf cfj @)^*–)^( df lhNnfdf s'n (% hgf Ifo/f]usf la/fdL a9]sf lhNnf :jf:Yo sfof{noaf6 yfxf ePsf] 5 . tL Ifo/f]usf la/fdLnfO{ lhNnf :jf:Yo sfof{nocGtu{t /x]sf :jf:Yo rf}sL, pkrf}sL, Onfsf k|fylds pkrf/ s]Gb| Pjd\ lhNnf :jf:Yo lSnlgssf :jf:YosdL{sf] k|ToIf lgu/fgLdf b}lgs cf}iflw v'jfp“b} cfPsf] atfOPsf] 5 . ;fy} dsjfgk'/sf] k"jL{o If]q kmfk/af/L, /fO{ufp“, 5ltjg tyf kbdkf]v/L, a;fdf8L, r'l/dfO{, e}“;], dgx/Lsf afl;Gbf Ifo/f]uaf6 a9L k|efljt /x]sf] ;f] sfof{non] hgfPsf] 5 . dsjfgk'/df cGo lhNnfaf6 a;fO“ ;/L cfPsf kl/jf/sf cltl/Qm x]6f}8“ f cf}Bf]lus If]q tyf x]6f}8“ f l;d]G6 pBf]udf sfd ug]{ dhb'/ / l/S;frfnsdf Ifo/f]u tLj| a9]sf] 5 . Ifo/f]uLx¿df tTsfn} c:ktfn / :jf:Yorf}sL uO{ pkrf/ u/fpg]eGbf /f]u n'sfpg] k|j[lQ a9]sf sf/0f lhNnfdf Ifo/f]unfO{ lgoGq0fdf Nofpg sl7gfO pTkGg ePsf] lhNnf :jf:Yo sfof{nosf s'i7 tyf Ifo/f]u clws[t slknb]j emfn] atfpg'eof] .

x'nfs art a}s + k|lt cfsif{0f a9\bf] yf]/}yf]/} /sd hDdf ug{ ;lsg] tyf /fd|f] Aofhb/ k|fKt x'g] ePkl5 af“s] lhNnfdf ;~rflnt x'nfs art a}+sk|lt ;]jfu|fxLsf] cfsif{0f a9\b} uPsf] kfOG5 . lhNnf x'nfs sfof{noåf/f ;~rflnt ;f] a}s + n] jo:s artstf{nfO{ ;ft / &) jif{ pd]/dflysf Ho]i7 gful/s artstf{nfO{ cf7 k|ltzt Aofh pknAw u/fp“b}cfPsf] 5 . ;fwf/0f art -JolQmut_, ;+o'Qm art / gfafns art u/L tLg k|sf/sf] vftf vf]Ng kfOg] ;f] a}s + sf vftf ;~rfnsnfO{ cfos/ ldgfxf ul/Psf] lhNnf x'nfs sfof{nosf k|dv ' s]z/hª\u dfemLn] atfpg'eof] . lj;+ @)^# c;f]hb]lv ;~rfngdf NofOPsf] ;f] a}+sdf xfn Ps xhf/ $)) artstf{ 5g\ eg] x'nfssf sd{rf/Ln] ? tLg nfveGbf dfly /sd hDdf ug{ gkfpg] xb tf]lsPsf] 5 . …x'nfs art a}+sdf vftf vf]nf“,} art ug]{ afgL a;fnf}Ú“ gf/f /x]sf] ;f] a}s + df ? !)) b]lv ? !) nfv;Ddsf] vftf vf]Ng kfpg] Joj:yf ul/Psf] 5 . lgDg cfo:t/ ePsf ;j{;fwf/0f tyf x'nfs sd{rf/L / ltgsf kl/jf/n] dfq vftf vf]Ng kfpg] k|fjwfg /x]sf] ;f] a+s } n] clxn];Dd ? sl/a tLg s/f]8 d'gfkmf cfh{g u/]sf] 5 . clws[t k'“hL ? rf/ s/f]8 *% nfv &@ xhf/ /x]sf] a}+sn] ut cfj @)^*÷)^( df ? kf“r s/f]8sf] xf/fxf/Ldf lgIf]k ;ª\sng u/]sf] 5 . …x'nfs art a}s + df bIf a}l+ sª sd{rf/Lsf] cefjdf ;]jf ;~rfngdf y'k}| k|fljlws ;d:of cfpg] ePsfn] o;k|lt ;/sf/n] cfjZos Joj:yf ug'{ jf~5gLo b]lvG5Ú—lhNnf x'nfs k|d'v dfemLsf] ;'emfj 5 . x'nfs art a}+ssf ;fy} ;"rgf k|ljlwdf klg u|fdL0f hgtfsf] kx'r “ a9fpg] p2]Zon] ;f] sfof{non] af“s] lhNnfsf lr;fkfgL, sf]xnk'/, afu]Zj/L / /fwfk'/ uflj;df …6]ln;]G6/Ú ;]jf;d]t ;~rfng ub}c { fPsf] 5 . o;}u/L, /fKtL gbL kf/Lsf] s6s'Oof, ;f]gk'/ / pbok'/ uflj;df ;~rfngdf /x]sf] 6]ln;]G6/ eg] uflj; sfof{nosf] c;xof]usf sf/0f aGb ug'{k/]sf] ;f] sfof{non] hgfPsf] 5 . 6]ln;]G6/cGtu{t 6]lnkmf]g, OG6/g]6, kmf]6f]skL, km\ofS;, n]ldg];g / tLg dlxg] cfwf/e"t sDKo'6/ tflnd k|bfg ul/Psf] 5 . cfwf/e"t tLgdlxg] sDKo'6/ tflnd lghL If]qsf] sDKo'6/ OlG:6Ro'6df ln“bf sDtLdf ? tLg xhf/ z'Ns ltg'k{ g]d { f ;f] ;]G6/df eg] ? *)) dfq z'Ns ltg'k{ g]{ lhNnf x'nfs k|dv ' dfemLsf] egfO 5 . 6]ln;]G6/ ;~rfngsf nflu bIf sDKo'6/ ;xfossf] cefjdf ;f] ;]jf s]xL k|efljt x'g] u/]sf] pxf“n] atfpg'eof] .


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kf6L{df km/s u'6, sfddf Psh'6 km/s–km/s kf6L{df cf:yf /fVg] ?s'd]nL dlxnf ;fdflhs tyf dlxnfsf d'2fdf ;w+} Ps x'g] u/]sf 5g\ . Pp6} kf6L{leq km/s–km/s u'6 xfjL eO/x]sf a]nf dlxnf g]t[x¿aLr eg] cGt/kf6L{ Pstf uf9f x'“b} uPsf] 5 . n}ª\lus lx+;fsf] Go"gLs/0f, ljsf; lgdf{0f tyf cGo ;fdflhs ;/f]sf/sf ljifox¿df ;xsfo{ ub}{ lx“8g\ yfn]kl5 g]tx[ ¿sf] cfjfhsf] ;'gj' fO klg hf]8bf/ ¿kdf x'g yfn]sf] 5 . kf6L{ / cf:yf km/s eP klg pgLx¿sf] sfddf To;k|sf/sf] s'g} ;ª\s]t b]lv“bg} . g]kfn dlxnf ;ª\3, clvn g]kfn dlxnf ;ª\3 / clvn g]kfn qmflGtsf/L dlxnf ;ª\u7gdf cfa4 dlxnfsf] PstfnfO{ b]Vbf ;a}n] pgLx¿sf] k|z; + f u5{g\ . sfª\u; ]| lgs6 dlxnf ;ª\3sL cWoIf ;Ltf cf]nLsf cg';f/ dlxnfaLrsf] ljefhgsf] kmfObf ljutdf c¿n] p7fP . hlt cfjfh p7fP klg To;sf] ;'gj' fO g} gx'g,] ljeflht dfgl;stfsf aLr sfd ug{ klg ufx|f] . t/, clxn] km/s–km/s cjwf/0ffnfO{ nfu" ug{ Pstfn] dxTjk"0f{ e"ldsf v]n]sf] 5 . cf]nLsf] h:t} cGo kf6L{sf g]qLx¿sf] klg cg'ej 5 . eG5g\– Pstfsf] an km/s x'“bf]/x]5, dflg;x¿n] s' / f sf6\ g ] sfddf klg sdL cfp“ b f] / x] 5 . bnx¿aLr efua08f ug{ ] jftfj/0fsf sf/0f sltko hg;/f]sf/sf sfd /f]lsPsf x'G5g\ . t/, ljleGg bn;Da4 dlxnf ;ª\u7g eg] bnsf tL lqmofsnfksf] lj/f]w ub{} Ps} 7fp“ hDdf eO{ clNemPsf sfdx¿ ;N6fp“5g\ . ;w}“ cfkm\gf] clwsf/sf nflu kf6L{nfO{ eGg'eGbf klg dlxnfsf ;d:ofsf ljifodf ;a} dlxnf Ps eP/ nfu]kl5 dlxnfsf] pRr :yfg /xg] pgLx¿sf] egfO 5 . lhNnfdf lqmofzLn kf6L{sf dlxnf ;ª\u7g ldn]/ lgdf{0f ul/Psf] cGt/kf6L{ dlxnf ;~hfnn] dlxnfsf x/]s ;d:ofsf ljifodf ;/f]sf/ /fVb} cfPsf] ;~hfn cWoIf dL7' dNn atfp“l5g\ . …Pstfsf] s'/f ;a}n] u5{g,\ t/ To;nfO{ Jojxf/d} 9fNbfsf] km/s eg] xfdLn] dx;'; ul//x]sf 5f}“,Ú pgn] elgg\ . dlxnfsf ;d:ofnfO{ ;femf ;d:ofsf ¿kdf lnP/ cufl8 a9\bf dlxnflj?4sf] lx+;fdf sdL cfO/x]sf] pgLx¿sf] cg'ej 5 . dlxnf ;~hfnn] ufp“ufp“df sfg'gL clwsf/ a'emfpg jlsn lnP/} 5nkmn rnfpg ;'? u/]sf]

/S;L vfg' / ;'Osf] k|of]u ug'{ Pp6} s'/f g]kfn k|x/Ln] nfu' cf}ifwsf] cf];f/ kf];f/ / b'Jo{;gnfO{ /f]Sg hgtf;“u ;xsfo{sf ;fy xft]dfnf] u/]/ cl3 a9\g] lgwf] u/]sf] 5 . nfdf] ;do;Dd nfu' cf}ifwsf] cf];f/ kf];f/ / b"Jo{;gnfO{ /f]Sg sfg'g sfof{Gjogsf] kf6f]df k|x/L ;lqmo eP klg To;n] cfzftLt kl/0ffd lbg'sf] ;f6f] lbglbg} l:ylt emg\ eofjx aGb} uPkl5 hgtf;“usf] ;xsfo{ g} Psdfq ljsNk x'g ;Sg] lgSof}n { df clxn] k|x/L k'us ] f] xf] . nfu' kbfy{ / nfu' cf}ifwsf] b'Jo{;gn] clxn] ljZjnfO{ g/fd|f; ] u“ kL/f]ln/x]sf] / g]kfn klg of] ;d:ofaf6 cfqmfGt /x]sf] 5 . g]kfndf nfu' kbfy{sf] sf/f]af/ / cf}ifw k|of]ustf{sf] ;ª\Vof ckTofl/nf] 9ª\un] al9/x]sf] k|x/Lsf] egfO 5 . g]kfndf a;]l]{ g %) s/f]8eGbf a9Lsf] nfu' kbfy{sf] cf];f/ k;f/ x'g] ub{5 . To;}u/L d'ns ' df nfu' cf}ifw k|of]ustf{sf] ;ª\Vof Ps nfv %) xhf/eGbf a9L /x]sf] cg'dfg ul/Psf] 5 . tLdWo] clxn] &)) ;'wf/u[xdf /x]sf 5g\ . vf;u/L wgL afa'sf s'ntdf nfu]sf ;GttL / p;sf ;fyLsf] ;ª\utaf6 nfu' cf}ifw k|of]ustf{sf] ;ª\Vof a9]sf] atfOG5 . k|x/Lk|wfg sfof{no / gfsf{g] g\ g]kfnåf/f cfh oxf“ cfof]lht nfu' cf}ifwlj?4sf] b]zJofkL cleofg ljifos sfo{qmddf g]kfn k|x/Ln] hgtf;“u ldn]/ cfufdL kf“r dlxgfleq d'ns ' sf k|To]s ufp“df nfu' cf}ifwlj?4 bafa ;d"x u7g ug{] 3f]if0ff u/]sf] 5 . ;f] bafa ;d"xdf $) xhf/ hgtf ;d]l6g] / To;af6 d'ns ' df b"Jo{zgLsf] ;ª\Vof slt 5 / sf]sf] x'g\ eGg];lxtsf] ;xL tYofª\s k|fKt x'g] tyf k|x/Lsf nflu ck/fwnfuotsf cGo ;"rgfsf] ;|ft] ;d]t a9\g] ck]Iff ul/Psf] ;f] cj;/df atfOof] . 3/, ;dfh / JolQm :jod\nfO{ xfgL k'¥ofpg] nfu' cf}ifwnfO{ b]zdf /x]sf %^ nfv 3/kl/jf/n] 3/leq k:g lbg' gx'gt] km{ hf]8 lbOof] . To;f] x'g ;s] w]/} JolQmsf] csfndf Hofg hfgaf6 hf]lug] 5 eg] xhf/f}+ cfdfsf] cf“z' k'l5g]5 . /fhwfgL nufot d'n'ssf k|d'v ;x/df nfu' cf}ifw k|of]ustf{n] vf;u/L ;j{;fwf/0f, dlxnf / afnaflnsfdfly lbp“;f] g} cfqmd0f ug{] / n'6kf6

"cfbz{ s];L Pp6} p2]Zosf nflu 5l/P/ lx“8g\ e ' Gbf Ps eP/ cufl8 a9\bf dflg;n] x]g{] b[li6sf]0f g} km/s x'g/] x]5 eGb} dxt/fn] elgg\, …;d:of Pp6} xf], k'Ug] nIo pxL xf] eg] lsg 5l/P/ lx“8g\ ' h:tf] nfUof], sfd u/]cg';f/ ;kmntf klg kfO/x]sf 5f}“ .Ú Pdfn];Da4 cg]d;ª\3sL cWoIf cfzf :j0f{sf/n] hfgsf/L lbOg\ . pgsf cg';f/ kLl8t dlxnfnfO{ sfg'gL ;xfotfdf kx'r “ k'uf];\ / pgLx¿ Gofoaf6 jl~rt gx'g\ eg]/ o:tf] cleofgsf] ;'?jft ul/Psf] xf] . dlxnfsf] ;lqmotfdf lhNnf c:ktfn ;Nn]df k|;l" tu[xsf] klg lgdf{0f ul/Psf] 5 . of] ;~rfngdf cfpg eg] s]xL ;do nfUg]5 . dlxnfsf] o:tf] k|sf/sf] Pstfn] bnx¿nfO{ klg ;f]Rg afWo agfPsf] 5 . /fhgLlts bnx¿n] gldn]/ 5'§f5'§} sfo{qmd ul//x]sf] a]nf ?s'dsf dlxnf ;ª\u7g eg] ;“u} ldn]/ sfo{qmd ul//x]sf x'G5g\ . lhNnf c:ktfn ;Nn]df dlxnfsf] kxndf ag]sf] k|;l" tu[xsf] ;Dk"0f{ sfdsf] lhDdf klg /fhgLlts bn;Da4 dlxnfn] g} lnPsf lyP . lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf] sl/a #@ nfvsf] nufgLdf lgdf{0f ePsf] ^ sf]7] ejgsf] ;Dk"0f{ lgdf{0f k"/f ePkl5 dlxnf ;d"xn] c:ktfnnfO{ lhDdf lbPsf] 5 . lgdf{0fsfo{ k"/f eO;s] klg ;fdu|L / o;sf] k|of]uaf/] hfgsf/L u/fPkl5 dfq k|;l" tu[x ;~rfngdf cfpg]5 . ;'Ts]/L x'b“ f dlxnfsf] csfnd} Hofg hfg] qmd a9\b} uPkl5 5'§} c:ktfnsf] lgdf{0f ul/Psf] xf] . 3/]n' lx+;fnfO{ Go"gLs/0f ug{ dlxnfn] ljz]if kxn ul//x]sf 5g\ . g]tfsf nfdfnfdf efif0faf6 jfSs ePkl5 /fhgLltdf nfUg] dlxnfn] s;/L 5f]6f] t/ k|efjsf/L ¿kdf af]Ng] eGg]af/]df klg dlxnf ;~hfnn] ax; tyf 5nkmn rnfpg] u/]sf] 5 . dlxnfnfO{ af]Ng l;sfpg tflnds} cfof]hgf ug]{ ;f]r /x]sf] ;~hfnn] hgfPsf] 5 . o;}u/L dlxnf ;/f]sf/ ;d"xn] klg dlxnflxtsf ljljw sfo{qmd ul//x]sf] 5 . lhNnfsf @% uflj;df n}ª\lus lx+;faf/] k|lzIf0f lbOPsf] 5 eg] %) hgf ug{] 36gfdf ;d]t j[l4 x'b“ } uPsf] 5 . gfsf{g] g\ gfds ;+:yfn] u/]sf] cWoogdf Kn; 6'df k9\g] Ps ;o ljBfyL{dWo] (& hgf ljBfyL{n] s'g} g s'g?} kdf Psk6s uf“hf vfPsf] tYofª\s;d]t ;f] cj;/df k|:t't ul/of] . hgtfsf] ;xof]ulagf k|x/Ln] @) k|ltzt klg nfu' cf}ifwsf] k|of]u / sf/f]af/ /f]Sg g;Sg] hfgsf/L lbOof] . ;GttLn] nfu'cf}ifwsf] k|of]u u/]sf] ljifo afa'cfdf / 3/kl/jf/n] sl/a 8]9 jif{kl5 dfq yfxf kfpg] tyf k|x/L ;]jfdf /x]sf pRr txsf sd{rf/Ldf ;d]t nfu' cf}ifwaf/] /fd|f] 1fg gx“b' f ;GttL u'dfpg'k/]sf 36gf;d]t k|;:t /x]sf] hfgsf/L lbOof] . clxn] nfu'cf}ifw k|of]ustf{sf] ?kdf 8fS6/, OlGhlgo/, jlsn, k"jG{ ofofwLz nufot pRr tx / k|ltli7t 3/fgLof ;d]t ;'wf/u[xdf k'u/] ;]jf lnO/x]sf gfsf{g] g]kfnsf ;+of]hs j;Gt s'j“ / atfp“5g\ . vf;u/L d'ns ' leq g} pTkfbg x'g] / ;xh?kdf kfOg] uf“hf, r/]; x'g\ eg] clkmd, x]/f]Og, a|fpg;'u/h:tf gzf nfUg] kbfy{ / b'vfO{ sd ug]{ lgb|f nufpg] / vf]sLsf cf}iflw, dfp;'nLsf] k'R5/, h'Qfdf k|of]u ug]{ 8«]g8«fO8 h:tf a:t'x¿ b'Jo{;gLx¿n] k|of]u ug]u{ /]sf] e]l6Psf] 5 . gzf nfUg] tL nfu'cf}ifwn] dfl;gsf] r]tgf zlQmdf cj/f]w k'¥ofp“5 . ;f] cj;/df dxfgu/Lo k|x/L cfo'Qm k|x/L cltl/Qm dxflg/LIfs s'j]/l;+x /fgfn] hgtf;“usf] xft]dfnf]df x'g] nfu'cf}ifwlj?4sf] b]zJofkL cleofgnfO{ k|efjsf/L t'Nofpg cfkm"n] g]tT[ jbfoL e"ldsf lgjf{x ug]{ k|lta4tf JoQm ug'e{ of] . ;f] cj;/df gfsf]g{ g g]kfnsf ;+of]hs s'j“ /n] lgoldt ljo/, jfOgnufotsf /S;L vfg' / nfu'cf}ifwsf ;'O{ k|of]u ug'{ :jf:Yosf nflu plQs} 3f6f /x]sf] atfpg'eof] . ;f] cj;/df cltl/Qm dxflg/LIfs eLid k|;fO“, gfoa dxflg/LIfs k/z'/fd vqL / k|x/L gfoa pk/LIfs eLd 9sfnn] k|x/Lsf] PSnf] k|of;n] dfq nfu'kbfy{sf] sf/f]af/ / nfu'cf}ifwsf] k|of]u lgoGq0fdf ;kmntf xft kfg{ sl7g x'b“ f]/x]5 eGg] ljutsf] cg'ejnfO{ ljZn]if0f u/]/ hgtf;“u Psfsf/ eP/ cleofg rnfpg] lgwf]df k'us ] f] atfpg'eof] . ;f] cj;/df sf7df8f} “ pkTosfdf nfu'cf}ifwlj?4 k|x/L sfo{df ;xof]u ug{ dxfgu/Lo k|x/L cfo'Qmsf] sfof{nosf cltl/Qm cfo'Qm cWoIf

dlxnfnfO{ sDKo'6/ tflnd, @) hgf dlxnfnfO{ l;nfOs6fO, #) hgf dlxnfnfO{ d} g aQL agfpg]nufotsf tflnd ;DkGg ul/Psf] ;d"xn] hgfPsf] 5 . ;fy} nf]s;]jf cfof]usf nflu k"j{tof/L sIff klg ;'? u/]sf] 5 . dlxnfsf] xsclwsf/sf] ljifodf jsfnt ug{s ' f ;fy} Ifdtf clej[l4 klg ul//x]sf] dlxnf ;/f]sf/ ;d"xsf] egfO 5 . lhNnf ljsf; ;ldlt, dlxnf ljsf; sfof{no, hL6Lh]6nufotsf ;/f]sf/ /fVg] lgsfon] dlxnf ;/f]sf/ ;d"xnfO{ ;xof]u u/]sf 5g\ . oxf“ ePsf ;a} dlxnf lhNnfdf /x]sf ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfo;"u dlxnfsf] Ifdtf ljsf;sf nflu ;xof]u / ;dGjo ub{} cl3 a9]sf 5g\ . ;"u} ldn]/ sfd ubf{ dlxnfsf] ;d:ofnfO{ ;dfwfg ug{ / dlxnfsf] :yfg x/]s 7fp"df :yflkt ug{ ;lhnf] x'g] pgLx¿sf] cg'ej 5 . …of] kf6L{, pm kf6L{ xfdLdf s'g} lje]b 5}g, xfdL ;du| dlxnfsf] xssf nflu sfd ug]{ xf],Ú qmflGtsf/L dlxnf ;ª\3sL cWoIf l8nf dxt/f elG5g\ . o;/L g} ;femf ;jfndf Pstf eP ljsf;sf sfdx¿ cufl8 a9\g] / ;d:ofsf] klg ;Daf]wg x'g] pgsf] wf/0ff 5 . Pp6} p2]Zosf nflu 5l/P/ lx“8\g'eGbf Ps eP/ cufl8 a9\bf dflg;n] x]g]{ b[li6sf]0f g} km/s x'g/] x]5 eGb} dxt/fn] elgg\, …;d:of Pp6} xf], k'Ug] nIo pxL xf] eg] lsg 5l/P/ lx“8g\ ' h:tf] nfUof], sfd u/]cg';f/ ;kmntf klg kfO/x]sf 5f}“ .Ú ;Ltf cf]nLsf] egfOdf h'g;'s} kf6L{df cfa4 eP klg åGåaf6 kLl8t x'g\ of 3/]n' lx+;faf6 kLl8t ;a} dlxnfsf] cj:yf k|foM p:t} 5 . pgn] elgg\, …n8fO“ lsg ePsf] lyof] eGg] s'/faf6 w]/} dlxnf cgle1 5g\, cfkm" lsg nf]Ug]af6 ckx]lnt eP“ of lsg s'6fO vfP“ eGg]af/]df klg pgLx¿nfO{ yfxf 5}g . h'g;'s} kf6L{sf eP klg kl/jf/sf ;b:o u'dfp“bfsf] kL8f ;a}nfO{ p:t} 5, s'6lk6, nf~5gf, zf/Ll/s tyf efjgfTds rf]6 dlxnfn] ef]Ug] kL8f ha ;dfg 5 eg] xfdL Ps lsg gx'g] <Ú cf]nL :jod\ åGåkLl8t dlxnf x'g,\ pgsf >Ldfg\ åGåsf qmddf dfl/Psf lyP . o:t} efjgf cGo bndf /x]sf dlxnfdf klg b]lvG5 . ljeflht dfgl;stfsf aLr Pstfsf] s'/f vf]qmf] gf/f dfq x'g] pgLx¿sf] ;dfg a'emfO 5 . -;fef/ M ;+rfl/sf lkmr/ ;]jf_

/xg] u/L ;dfhsf ljleGg If]q / ;d'bfoaf6 k|ltlglwTj ePsf] !^ ;b:oLo bafa ;d"x u7g u/]sf] hfgsf/L lbOof] .

;8s cg'udg ug{ lgb]z { g /fli6«o /fhdfu{x¿df ;jf/L b'36{ gf x'g] qmd a9b} uPkl5 ;/sf/n] k|efjsf/L cg'udgsf nflu ;DalGwt lgsfox¿nfO{ s8f lgb]z { g lbPsf] 5 . u[x dGqfnon] If]qLo k|zf;g sfof{no, k|x/L k|wfg sfof{no tyf dftxtsf ;a} ;'/Iff lgsfonfO{ cfh Ps kq k7fP/ /fhdfu{df ;jf/L b'36{ gf x'g glbg tyf ;'/IffTds pkfo cjnDag ug{ ;Da4 kIfnfO{ ;ts{ u/fpgsf ;fy} lg/Gt/ cg'udg ug{ lgb]z { g lbPsf] 5 . nfdf] b"/Lsf ;jf/L ;fwgn] l;6 IfdtfeGbf a9L ofq' /fVg tyf ef/axg IfdtfeGbf a9L dfn;fdfg af]Sg gkfpg], ofq'afxs ;jf/L ;fwgnfO{ Jofkfl/s k|of]hgsf ;fdfg 9'jfgL ug{ glbg] tyf ;8ssf] cj:yf / 6«flkms 3gTjnfO{ x]//] ;jf/L ;fwgsf] ult cg'udg ug{ dGqfnon] kqdf eg]sf] 5 . lgoldt ;jf/L hf“rkf; u/]÷gu/]sf] hf“r ug]{ tyf af6f] cg'dlt -?6 k/ld6_ glnPsf ;jf/L ;fwgnfO{ ;~rfngdf /f]s nufpg kl/kq ul/Psf] u[x dGqfnosf ;xfos k|jQmf Psdl0f g]kfnn] /f;;nfO{ atfpg'eof] . nfdf] b"/Ldf ;~rfng x'g] ;jf/L ;fwgdf b'Oh { gf rfnssf] Joj:yf eP gePsf] tyf pgLx¿n] dfbs kbfy{ ;]jg u/] gu/]sf] k/LIf0f u/L bf]ifLdfly s8feGbf s8f sf/afxL ug{ lgb]z { g lbOPsf] pxf“n] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . To;}u/L …n]g l8l;Kn]gÚ kfngf u/] gu/]sf] cg'udg u/L ;8s cg'zf;g kfngfsf nflu yk s8fO ug{ 6«flkms k|x/L kl/rfg a9fpg klg k|x/L k|wfg sfof{nonfO{ cfu|x ul/Psf] ;xfos k|jQmf g]kfnn] atfpg'eof] . nfdf] b"/Ldf ;~rfng x'g] ofqLafxs a;sf 5t x6fpg oftfoft dGqfnonfO{ cfu|x ul/Psf] hfgsf/L lb“b} pxf“n] /fhdfu{x¿df k|x/L u:tL a9fpg] tof/L klg eO/x]sf] atfpg'eof] . ut cfOtaf/ gjnk/f;Lsf] lqj]0fLdf tLy{ofqL r9]sf] a; u08s gx/df v:bf #( hgfsf] d[To' ePsf] lyof] eg] lxhf] ;'gjn / wflbª\df ePsf ;jf/L b'36{ gfdf !# hgfsf] Hofg uPsf] lyof] .

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ko{6g ljsf;lglDt ldt]/L sfo{qmd g]kfns} k|Voft ko{6sLo uGtJo If]q kf]v/f / ko{6g ljsf;sf] k|z:t ;Defjgf af]s]sf] afun'ª lhNnfn] ko{6g k|j4{gsf nflu Pscfk;df ldt]/L sfo{qmd ;~rfng ug]{ ePsf 5g\ . b'j} If]qsf ko{6g Joj;foLn] ;xsfo{ ub}{ ko{6g If]qsf] ljsf;sf nflu ldt]/L ;fOgf] nufpg] tof/L u/]sf x'g\ . kf]v/f cfpg] ko{6snfO{ afun'ª leqØfpg] / 9f]/kf6g;Ddsf] …Kofs]hÚ lbg] u/L sfo{qmd cufl8 a9fpg kxn ul/Psf] g]kfn ko{6g af]8{sf sfo{sf/L ;b:o Pjd\ kf]v/f ko{6g kl/ifb\sf cWoIf 6Lsf/fd ;fksf]6fn] atfpg'eof] . kf]v/f lelqg] ko{6snfO{ 3'dfpg] plrt uGtJo gePkl5 ko{6sLo ;Defjgf af]s ] s ] f] afun'ª lhNnfdf Psb]lv b'O{ lbg;Dd a:g] jftfj/0f agfpgsf nflu b'O{ lhNnfsf] ldt]/L ;fOgf] uf“:g] tof/L ul/Psf] ;fksf]6fn] atfpg'eof] . kf]v/f cfPsf ko{6snfO{ sDtLdf Psb]lv b'O{ lbg afun'ª / 9f]/kf6g;Dd n}hfg ;s]df b]zs} cy{tGqsf] ljsf;df ;xof]u k'Ug] ePsfn] b'O{ lhNnfsf ko{6g Joj;foLsf] a}7sn] b'O{ lhNnfaLr ldt]/L ;fOgf] nufpg] lgisif{ lgsfn]sf] afun'ª pBf]u jfl0fHo ;ª\3sf cWoIf j;Gts'df/ >]i7n] atfpg'eof] . ljZj ;Dkbf ;"rLdf ;"rLs[t ug{ kxn ul/Psf] afun'ª sflnsf, b]zsf] Psdfq l;sf/ cf/Ifnufotsf :yfgnfO{ kbdfu{s} cefjdf cufl8 Nofpg g;lsPsf] Joj;foLsf] egfO 5 . ko{6g af]8{sf ;b:o ;fksf]6fn] oxf“sf ko{6sLo uGtJonfO{ gS;fª\sg u/L ko{6g af]8{df ;"rLs[t ul/g];d]t k|lta4tf JoQm ug'{ePsf] 5 . ldt]/L ;fOgf] uf“;]kl5 kf]v/fb]lv afun'ª;Dd ko{6s a; ;~rfng ug]; { d]t Joj;foLsf] of]hgf 5 . ko{6g k|j4{gdf kf]v/f;“u ldt]/L ;fOgf] hf]l8g] ePkl5 oxf“sf xf]6]n Joj;fodf :t/f]Gglt ug]{, ;/;kmfO, …xf]d :6]Ú tyf ko{6sLo dfu{sf] ljsf;nufotsf sfd :yfgLo Joj;foLn] ug{ ;'? u/]sf 5g\ . kl5Nnf] ;dodf ;ª\3n] ko{6s leqØfpgsf nflu dxf]T;j ug],{ 3/]n' pTkfbgnfO Jofj;flos / lgof{td'vL agfpg] sfo{qmd;d]t NofOPsf] cWoIf >]i7n] atfpg'eof] . b]zsf] Psdfq l;sf/ cf/If 9f]/kf6g l;sf/ cf/If afun'ªdf /x] klg pQm If]qdf hfg] ko{6sx¿ afun'ª ahf/ If]qdf gcfOsg Toxf“ k'Ug yfn]kl5 afun'ªsf ko{6g Joj;foLsf] cfu|xdf kf]v/fsf ko{6g Joj;foLnfO{ af]nfP/ ldt]/L ;fOgf]sf] k|:tfj ul/Psf] xf]6n Joj;foL ;ª\3 afun'ªsf cWoIf ch'{g rf]vfnn] atfpg'eof] .


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ef/tsf] gof“ /fi6«kltdf d'vhL{ kSsf ef/tsf] gof“ /fi6«klt kbsf] lgjf{ r gdf ;Qf?9 u7aGwgsf pDd]bjf/ k|0fj d'vhL{ ljhoL x'g] lglZrt ePsf] 5 . laxLaf/ ePsf] ;f] lgjf{rgdf &^ jifL{o jl/i7 /fhgLlt1 d' v hL{ ljhoL aGg] lglZrt ePsf] atfOPsf] 5 . ;Qf?9 bnx¿sf] k|ultzLn u7aGwgsf tkm{af6 ;femf pd]bjf/ /xg'ePsf d'vhL{nfO{ ;Qf aflx/ /x]sf c¿ klg s]xL ;fgf /fhgLlts bnx¿n] ;dy{g u/]sfn] pxf“sf] ljhoL x'g] ;Defjgf a9]sf] atfOPsf] 5 . sltko ljZn]ifsx¿n] k"0f{?kdf cf}krfl/s -;]/d] f]lgon_ /xg] ef/tLo /fi6«kltsf] ;f] kbdf ef/tdf nfdf] ;dob]lv ;lqmo /fhgLltdf nfUg' e Psf jl/i7 /fhgLlt1sf] ljhon] pQm kbnfO{ a9L ;lqmo jf k|efjsf/L agfpg ;Sg] cfzª\sf klg JoQm u/]sf 5g\ . ef/tLo ;+;bsf] tNnf] ;bgsf ;f+;bx¿sf] ;+nUgtfdf x'g] ;f] lgjf{rgsf] glthf eg] cfOtaf/ dfq ;fj{hlgs ul/g] lgjf{rgsf] sfo{qmd

/x]sf] 5 . ef/tsf xfnsf /fi6«klt k|ltef kfl6nsf] t'ngfdf ljhoL ePdf cfufdL /fi6«kltsf ?kdf k|0fj d'vhL{sf] ;lqmotf a9L x'g] ;DefjgfnfO{ ljZn]ifsx¿n] cl3 ;fl//x]sf klg ;dfrf/df hgfOPsf] 5 . ef/tsf Pshgf jl/i7 /fhgLlts ljZn]ifs Pjd\ n]vs l6 s] lqkf7L eGg' x ' G 5– ef/tLo /fhgLltdf ljutb]lv g} vf;} :yfoL k|s[ltsf] u7aGwg t 5}g t/klg olb /fi6«klt ePdf d'vhL{sf] ;LknfO{ /fhgLlts u7aGwgsf nflu k|of]u

;Qf?9 bnx¿sf] k|ultzLn u7aGwgsf tkm{af6 ;femf pd]bjf/ /xg'ePsf d'vhL{nfO{ ;Qf aflx/ /x]sf c¿ klg s]xL ;fgf /fhgLlts bnx¿n] ;dy{g u/]sfn] pxf“sf] ljhoL x'g] ;Defjgf a9]sf] atfOPsf] 5 . klg ug{ ; Sg] ;Defjgf /xG5 . o;cl3;Dd ef/tsf] cy{dGqLsf ?kdf /xg'ePsf d'vhL{n] ef/tLo sf“u|];sf] ;lqmo /fhgLlt ug'{ePsf]

lyof] . k|foM ;a}h;f] ;dodf gLltut ljjfb cfO/xg] ef/tLo sf“u; ]| bndf pxf“n] ;d:of ;dfwfg ug{] Ps kfsf] /fhgLlt1sf ?kdf sfd

ul//xg'ePsf]n] cfufdL lbgdf klg pxf“n] ;f] bnsf nflu s]xL g s]xL ;b\efj /fVg'x'g] ;Defjgfsf af/]df klg ljleGg kqklqsf Pjd\ ljZn]ifsx¿n] ljrf/ /fv]sf 5g\ . ;g\ !(#% df hlGdg'ePsf s'zn /fhgLlt1sf ¿kdf kl/lrt d'vhL{;u“ ef/tLo /fhgLltsf] lgs} nfdf] cg'ej 5 . pxf“n] ef/tsf ljleGg dGqLsf ?kdf ;do ;dodf ;]jf ul/;Sg'ePsf] 5 . klZrd aª\ufndf hlGdg'ePsf pxf“ ef/tsf Pshgf dxfg :jtGqtf ;]gfgL sfdbs'df/ d'vhL{sf] k'q x'gg' x'G5 . pxf“sf lktf sfdbfs'df/nfO{ ef/tLo :jtGqtf cfGbf]ngdf a]nfotL zf;gn] !) jif{eGbf nfdf] ;do;Dd h]n xfn]sf lyP . d'vhL{n] ;g\ !((! b]lv kf“r jif{;Dd ef/tLo /fli6«o of]hgf cfof]usf] pkfWoIfsf] e"ldsfdf /x]/ klg sfd ug'{ePsf] 5 . To:t} k6s k6s ljQdGqL / /Iff Pjd\ ljb]z dGqL;d]t /x]/ sfd ug'e{ Psf pxf“ ef/tsf] Ps s'zn /fhgLlt1 x'gx' G' 5 .

cem} 6/]sf] 5}g ljZjdf cfly{s dGbLsf] vt/f

cGt/f{li6«o d'bf| sf]if -cfO{PdPkm_ n] ljZjdf cfly{s dGbLsf] vt/f cem} g6/]sf] atfPsf] 5 . o"/f]hf]gsf] cy{tGqdf cem}klg clglZrttfx¿ /x]sfn] dGbLsf] vt/f g6/]sf] p;n] hgfPsf] xf] . cfO{PdPkmn] o"/f]hf]gsf af/]df rf“8} ;f]Rg'kg{] eGb} olb o'/f]kn ] L zLif{ g]tfx¿n] ;xL lg0f{o lng l9nf] u/]eg] cfly{s ;ª\s6 ulxl/g;Sg] klg atfPsf] 5 . d'bf| sf]ifn] ut clk|n dlxgfdf ;g\ @)!# df ljZj cfly{s j[l4 b/ rf/ bzdnj Ps k|ltztn] x'g] cg'dfg u/]sf] lyof] t/ o;sf] ;Defjgf ca sd x'b“ } uPsf] atfPsf] 5 . ca ;f] cg'dfgnfO{ sd u/]/ p;n] tLg bzdnj gf} k|ltztdfq cfufdL jif{ ljZjsf] cfly{s j[l4 x'g] cg'dfg u/]sf] tYo cfh ;fj{hlgs u/]sf] xf] . a]nfotsf] cfly{s j[l4sf] cg'dfgnfO{ klg z"Go bzdnj cf7 k|ltztaf6 36fP/ z"Go bzdnj b'O{ k|ltzt agfPsf] 5 . ljZj cy{tGqsf] cf+sngdf

d'bf| sf]ifn] eg]sf] 5– lu/fj6sf] vt/f b]lvG5 o;af6 s] yfxf x'G5eg] gLltut lg0f{o lng l9nf] eO/x]sf] 5 jf Tof] kof{Kt 5}g . clxn]sf] ;a}eGbf 7"nf] k|fyldstf o"/f]hf]g ;ª\s6sf] ;dfwfg vf]Hg' xf] cfOPdPkmn] eg]sf] 5 . !& ;b:oLo d'ns ' sf] ;d"x o"/f]hf]gsf] cy{tGqdf o;jif{ z"Go bzdnj tLg k|ltztn] sdL x'g] cfzª\sf ul/Psf] 5 . d'bf| sf]if, o'/f]kn] L o'lgog / o'/f]kn] L s]Gb|Lo a}ªs \ n] lu|;, :k]g / kf]ru{' nh:tf cy{tGqx¿nfO{ ;xfotf Kofs]hsf] abnfdf ;/sf/L vr{df s6f}tL dfu ul//x]sf 5g\ . otf o"/f]hf]gdf cfPsf] cfly{s ;ªs6sf sf/0f nfvf}“ dflg;n] /f]huf/L u'dfpg'k/]sf] 5 . d'b|fsf]ifsf cg';f/ o'/f]kn] a}ª\lsª / /fh:j;DaGwL vr{nfO{ hf]8/] Ps ;du| df}lb|s gLlt agfpg'kb{5 . xfn} o'/f]hf]gsf zLif{ g]tfx¿n] :k]gsf a}ªs \ x¿nfO{ ;xfotf Kofs]h lbg] ;xdlt hgfPsf lyP / a}ªl\ sªsf

;fy} /fh:j sf]ifnfO{ hf]8g\ ] sf]l;; klg u/]sf lyP . t/ ;f] k|:tfj nfu' x'g ce}m slt ;do nfUg] xf] eGg]af/]df s]xL eGg ;lsg] cj:yf 5}g . To;}u/L d'bf| sf]ifn] cd]l/sL ;f+;b\x¿;“u klg jif{sf] cGTo;Dd wgL cd]l/sLx¿nfO{ s/df 5'6 lbg'kb{5 jf kb}g{ eGg]af/]df :ki6 kfg{ cfu|x u/]sf] 5 . cd]l/sL cy{tGq o;jif{ b'O{ k|ltztn] j[l4 x'g] ;Defjgf 5 eg] ;g\ @)!# df b'O{ bzdnj tLg k|ltztn] a9\g] cg'dfg ul/Psf] 5 . To;}u/L pbLodfg cy{tGqx¿sf] cfly{s j[l4sf] cg'dfgnfO{ clxn] sd cf+sng ul/Psf] atfOPsf] 5 . d'b|fsf]ifsf] k|ltj]bgdf ;g\ @)!@ df oL cy{tGqsf] j[l4 b/ kf“r bzdnj 5 k|ltzt x'g] hgfOPsf] 5 . j[l4sf] ult ljz]ifu/L a|flhn, rLg / ef/tdf ;':t x'g] cg'dfg ul/Psf] 5 . t/ a|flhn, rLg / ef/th:tf cy{tGqx¿nfO{ clxn]sf] ;dodf ljZj cfly{s axfnLsf] rfns dflgG5 .

a]/f]huf/Lk|lt lrlgof“ k|wfgdGqLsf] r]tfjgL

cf/De x'g5 ] . o; cledt ;j]I{ f0fdf sl/a b'O{ xhf/ JolQmnfO{ k|Zg ul/Psf] lyof] / pgLx¿dWo] $% k|ltztn] a]nfotn] /fd|f;] u“ tof/ gu/]sf] cg'ej u/]sf] atfPsf lyP . ;/sf/ yk tLg xhf/ kf“r ;o ;'/Iff ;}lgs pknAw u/fpg jfWo ePkl5sf] cj:yfdf ;j]I{ f0fdf efu lng] sl/a $) k|ltztn] o; v]nsf bz{s g} ;'/lIft x'g] xf] ls xf]Og eGg] s'/fn] lrlGtt agfPsf] pNn]v u/] . lghL ;'/Iff sDkgL hLkmf]/P;n] arg lbPsf] s"n !) xhf/ ;'/IffsdL{ pknAw u/fpg c;dy{ ePsf] pNn]v u/]kl5 ;/sf/n] yk ;}lgs t}gfy ul/g] 3f]if0ff u/]sf] lyof] . o;/L v]ndf sl/a !& xhf/ ;'/Iff ;}lgs t}gfy ug]{ cj:yf l;h{gf ePsf] lyof] . nG8gsf d]o/ af]l/; hf]g;gn] dª\unaf/ cf]nlDks v]n cfof]hgf ug'e{ g]sf] lgs} 7"nf] sfd ePsf] / To;df ;a} s'/f ;xL gx'g;Sg] / s]xL s'/fdf uNtL klg x'g;Sg] wf/0ff JoQm ug'e{ of] .

eGg'eof]– laxf/df w]/} lj/f]wfef; 5g, Toxf“sf bzf}+ nfv gful/sn] a}s + tyf kmf]gsf] k|of]u u5{g t/ klg c¿ bzf}+ nfvn] eg] rkL{sf] k|of]u ub{g} g\ . laxf/n] !) k|ltzteGbf a9Lsf] b/df cfly{s ljsf; ul//x]]sf] 5 . o;sf ;fy} cGo ljsf;sf ;+/rgfx¿df klg o;sf] pNn]vgLo k|ult b]lvG5 t/klg rkL{sf] k|of]usf af/]df eg] pgLx¿ lsgxf] k5fl8 g} 5g\– pxf“n] eGg'eof] . utjif{ ef/tsf] s]Gb| ;/sf/n] rkL{sf] k|of]usf ljifodf /fli6«o:t/sf] sfo{qmd cfof]hgf u/]sf]df laxf/sf] k|ult ljj/0f lgs} sd :t/df /x]sf] lyof] . ;f] sfo{qmddf klg laxf/sf gful/sdWo] x/]s 5 hgfdf Pshgf rkL{ k|of]usf] kx"r “ aflx/ /x]sf] tYo aflx/ NofOPsf] lyof] . clxn] klg ;f] cj:yfdf k|ult gePsf] atfOPsf] 5 .

ljZjsf] bf];f| ] ;a}eGbf 7"nf] b]z rLgsf] cy{tGq dGb x'b“ } uPsf] cj:yfdf k|wfgdGqL j]g lhofafcf]n] d'ns ' n] a9L uDeL/ a]/f]huf/Lsf] cj:yf ef]lu/x]sf] r]tfjgL lbg'ePsf] 5 . k|wfgdGqL j]gn] ;g\ @))# b]lv @)!! ;Dd rLgn] ( s/f]8 *) nfv gof“ /f]huf/L l;h{gf u/]sf] / o;sf] a9\bf] >dzlQmsf nflu /f]huf/L k|fKt ug{ yk s8f sfd ug'k{ g]{ atfpg'ePsf] 5 . rLgdf xfn @% s/f]8 cfk|jf;L rf/ s/f]8 :gfts >dzlQm 5g\ . ;/sf/sf] j]a;fO6df pxf“n] /fVg'ePsf] jQmJodf cab]lv d'ns ' sf] /f]huf/Lsf] cj:yf a9L hl6n / uDeL/ x'g] tyf k"0f{ /f]huf/L k|fKt ug{ lgs} sl7g x'g] tyf o;sf nflu lgs} s8f sfd ug'k{ g]{ pNn]v ug'e{ Psf] 5 . pxf“n] /f]huf/L a9fpg' eg]sf] hgtfsf] hLjg ;'wf/ ug'{ tyf a9L ;'/lIft agfpg' ePsf] klg pNn]v ug'e{ Psf] 5 . o;cl3 rLgn] o; jif{sf] klxnf] 5 dlxgfdf ljb]zL k|ToIf nufgL tLg k|ltztn] 36]sf] pNn]v u/]sf] lyof] . rLgsf] cfly{s j[l4 ;g\ @)!@ sf] bf];f| ] tLg dlxgfdf &=^ k|ltztdf em/]sf] 5 . k|wfgdGqL j]gn] /f]huf/L ahf/nfO{ ;xof]u ug{ rLgn] ;fgf sDkgLsf] ljsf;df ;xof]u ug'k{ g]{ / pBdzLntfnfO{ ;dy{g ug'k{ g]{ atfpg'ePsf] 5 .

cf]nlDks v]ndf ;'/Iffk|lt ;fj{hlgs qf; a]nfotsf sl/a cfwf hgtfn] d'ns ' n] nG8g cf]nlDkssf nflu /fd|f;] u“ tof/L ug{ g;s]sf] ljZjf; u/]sf 5g\ eg] w]/n } ] pQm v]ndf ;'/Iffk|lt rf;f] JoQm u/]sf 5g\ . oL s'/f xfn} ul/Psf] cledt ;j]I{ f0faf6 b]lvPsf] 5 . sf]d/];n] u/]sf] cledt ;j]I{ f0fsf] glthf ;f]daf/ k|sfzg ePsf] 5 / o; cf]nlDks v]n:yndf ;'/Iff lbg] eGg] ;+:yfn] kof{Kt ;ª\Vofdf ;'/IffsdL{ pknAw u/fpg g;Sbf tyf pgLx¿sf] :yfgdf ;z:q ;]gfn] ;xof]u ubf{ ;fj{hlgs qf; a9]sf] b]lvPsf] 5 . nG8g cf]nlDks h'nfO @& df

laxf/df rkL{eGbf kmf]g w]/} ef/tsf] k"jL{ /fHo ljxf/df sl/a cfwfhlt hg;+Vof ul/aLsf] /]vfd'lg /x]sf 5g\ / pgLx¿sf nflu rkL{sf] pknAwtf 5}g . t/ klg Tof] eGbf w]/} gful/sn] kmf]g ;]jf eg] k|fKt u/]sf 5g\ . ljxf/df rkL{sf] k|of]u ug{] eGbf klg kmf]g ;]jf lng] gful/ssf] ;+Vof w]/} /x]sf] kfOPsf] 5 . laxf/sf] kl5Nnf] /fli6«o hgu0fgf cg';f/ Toxf“sf] sl/a %^ k|ltzt kl/jf/n] df]afOn jf …NofG8nfOgÚ kmf]g k|of]u u/]sf 5g\ . of] Pp6f lj/f]wfef; s] b]lvPsf] 5 eg] ljxf/n] ljleGg ljsf;sf ;+/rgfx¿ lgdf{0f ul//x]sf] 5 / ljutsf] t'ngfdf ljsf;sf 7"N7"nf ;+/rgfx¿ klg tof/ u/]sf] 5 . t/ klg rkL{ lgdf{0fdf eg] of] /fHo kl5 k/]sf] ;dfrf/df hgfOPsf] 5 . ;f] kl5Nnf] hgu0fgf cg';f/ laxf/sf cfwfeGbf a9L kl/jf/sf nflu clxn] klg rkL{sf] plrt k|aGw 5}g . ;g\ @))! df laxf/sf @=@ k|ltzt dfq hg;ª\Vofn] 6]lnkmf]g k|of]u ug{] ub{y] . t/ clxn] ;f] ;ª\Vof a9]/ %^ k|ltzt k'us ] f] 5– ;f] u0fgfdf hgfOPsf] 5 . ef/tsf 8]k6' L /lh:6«f/ hg/n ef:s/ ld>n]

cd]l/sfn] PrcfO{eL /f]Sg] cf}iflw :jLs[t u/]sf]df :jfut P8\;lj?4 lqmofzLn ;+oQ' m /fi6« ;ª\3sf] ;+:yf o'PgP8\;n] cd]l/sfn] PrcfOeL k|lt/f]ws rSsL ;]jg ug{ klxnf]k6s :jLs[lt lbPsf]df :jfut u/]sf] 5 . of] rSsL PrcfO{eL gePsf t/ o:tf] ljiff0f' ;ª\qmd0f x'g;Sg] pRr hf]lvddf k/]sf JolQmn] of}ghGo ¿kdf PrcfO{eL ;ª\qmd0f x'g glbg ;]jg ug{ ;Sg]5 . pQm hfgsf/L o'PgP8\;n] p;sf] h]ge] fl:yt s]Gb|Lo sfof{non] hf/L u/]sf] lj1lKtdf pNn]v u/]sf] 5 . PlD6«l;6fafOg tyf 6]gf]kmf]le/ l8;f]kf| l] S;n km\od ' /]6sf] ld>0f /x]sf] of] rSsL PrcfO{eL x'gx] ¿n] ;]jg ul//x]sf lyP . xfn;Dd o;nfO{ of] ;ª\qmd0faf6 hf]lug k|of]u gePsf] klg pQm ;+:yfn] hfgsf/L lbPsf] 5 . 6«e ' 8] f gfd u/]sf] of] rSsL ;]jg ug{ cd]l/sL vfB tyf cf}iflw k|zf;gn] ;f]daf/ :jLs[lt lbPsf] 5 . of] cf}iflwsf] b}lgs ;]jg ubf{ PrcfO{eL ;ª\qmd0f x'gglbg dxTjk"0f{ ¿kdf ;xof]u k'us ] f] o;sf] k/LIf0fdf b]lvPsf] lyof] . vfB tyf cf}iflw k|zf;gn] PrcfO{eL ;ª\qmd0f x'gglbg sG8d k|of]u ug{ tyf cGo ;'/lIft of}gcEof; ug{, hf]lvd sd ug]{ k/fdz{ lng / of}ghGo ;ª\qmd0f x'g;Sg] cGo /f]u lgoGq0f ug{ ;Nnfx lbPsf] lyof] .

ef/tåf/f cd]l/sL gf};l} gssf] 3fts

cfqmd0fdf 5fglag ug{ cfu|x

;+oQ ' m c/a Old/]6; \ sf] hn If]qdf cd]l/sL gf};l} gs hxfhaf6 ef/tLo dfemLx¿dfly ePsf] cfqmd0fdf 5fglag ug{ gof“ lbNnLn] b'aOnfO{ dª\unaf/ cfu|x u/]sf] 5 . ef/tLo ljb]zdGqL P;=Pd= s[i0fn] pQm 36gfnfO{ b'ef{Uok"0f{ eGb} o; ljifodf cfjZos sf/jfxL cf/De x'g5 ] eGg] cfzf JoQm ug'e { Psf] 5 . gof“ lbNnLdf kqsf/x¿nfO{ ljb]zdGqL s[i0fn] b'aOsf] k|zf;gn] o; 36gfsf] ljifodf d'2f bfo/ u/]sf] / d'ns ' sf] sfg'gcg';f/ o;df sf/jfxL cufl8 a9]sf] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . ljb]z dGqfnosf k|jQmf ;Ob csa¿l2gn] ;+oQ' m c/a Old/]6; \ l:yt ef/tLo b"tfaf;n] Toxf“sf clwsf/Lx¿nfO{ pQm 36gfsf ljifodf cg';Gwfg ug{ cfu|x u/]sf] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . gof“ lbNnLn] o; ljifodf cd]l/sL ;+:yf;“u ;Dks{ u/]sf] / pgLx¿n] k"0f{ 5fglagsf] arg lbPsf] tyf gof“ lbNnLl:yt cd]l/sL b"t gfG;L kfj]nn] 6]lnkmf]g u/L o; pQm 36gfdf Hofg uPsf]df v]b JoQm ug'e { Psf] k|jQmfn] pNn]v ug'e { of] . ljZn]ifsx¿n] jfl;ª6gn] ef/t;“u s"6gLlts Iflt x'gglbg s'g} klg kfOnf lng] wf/0ff /fv]sf 5g\ . ;f]daf/ vf8Lsf] blIf0fL hnIf]qdf cjl:yt h]an ] cnL aGb/ufx glhs} ef/tLo dfemLx¿sf] 8'ªu\ fdf cd]l/sL gf};l} gs hxfhn] cfqmd0f ubf{ Ps ef/tLo dfemLsf] d[To' ePsf] lyof] eg] tLg cGo 3fOt] ePsf lyP . cd]l/sL k|lt/Iff clwsf/Lx¿n] pQm 8'ªu\ fnfO{ cd]l/sL OGwg hxfh o'P;PgP; /fkfxfgf]stkm{ ghfg lbPsf] r]tfjgLnfO{ Wofg glbPsf] / cd]l/sL hxfhn] pQm 8'ªu\ fnfO{ r'gf}tL 7fgL pQm cfqmd0f u/]sf] atfPsf 5g\ . tL k|lt/Iff clwsf/Ln] ;g\ @))) b]lv cd]l/sf o:tf ;fgf 8'ªu\ fsf ljifodf lrlGtt /xg] u/]sf] pNn]v u/] . pQm ;dodf odgsf] Pb]g aGb/ufxdf Ps cfTd3ftL ad cfqmd0fsf/Ln] 8'ª\ufdfkm{t cd]l/sL o'4s hxfh o'P;P; sf]ndfly cfTd3ftL ad cfqmd0f u/]sf] lyof] . gof“ lbNnLl:yt ef/tsf nflu cd]l/sL b"tfjf;n] Ps lj1lKt k|sfzg u/L pQm 8'ª\ufdf /x]sf dfemLsf kl/jf/k|lt ;dj]bgf k|s6 u/]sf] 5 . lj1lKtdf dfemLx¿n] lbOPsf] r]tfjgLnfO{ Wofg glbO cd]l/sL hxfhtkm{ a9]sf] klg pNn]v u/]sf] 5 .

hfkfg / rLgaLr ljjfb a9\of] hfkfg tyf rLgn] k"jL{ rfOgf ;d'bd | f cjl:yt b'Oj6f åLksf nflu cf–cfkm\ gf] bfaL sfod} /fv]kl5 oL b'O{ b]zsf aLrdf xfn cfP/ ljjfb emg} a9]sf] atfOPsf] 5 . k"jL{ rfOgf ;d'bd | f cjl:yt tL åLkx¿df cfcfkm\gf] :jfldTjsf] bfaL pgLx¿n] ljut nfdf] ;dob]lv ub{} cfPsf 5g\ . o;sf nflu ljutdf klg Ps csf{lj?4df k|bz{g x'“b} cfPsf 5g\ . t/ kl5Nnf] ;dodf oL b'O{ b]zn] ljjfbnfO{ ;txd} NofPsf] atfOPsf] 5 . ut xKtfdfq hfkfgn] tL b'O{ åLk lsGg] lg0f{o u/]sf] ;fj{hlgs u/]kl5 emg ljjfb a9]sf] 5 . Pl;ofsf b'O{ 7"nf cy{tGq Pjd\ zlQm /fi6«sf aLrdf utxKtfb]lv gof“ ljjfb ;'?ePsf] 5 . hfkfgdf ;]gsfs' / rLgdf lbofcf]o' elgg] tL åLksf nflu pgLx¿n] cf–cfkm\gf] bfaL ug{ 5f]8s ] f 5}gg\ . ut ;ftf b'Oj{ 6f lrlgof“ hxfh pQm If]qdf uPkl5 hfkfgn] a]Olhªdf o;sf] lj?4df u'gf;f] btf{ u/fPsf] lyof] . hfkfgn] ;f] ljifosf] s8f lj/f]w klg u/]sf] 5 . To;}u/L hfkfgsf] /fhwfgL 6f]lsof]df rLgsf] ;f] 36gfsf] lj?4df hfkfgL gful/sn] lj/f]w k|bz{gsf] tof/L u/]sf]df hfkfgL clwsf/Lx¿n] /f]ss ] f lyP . k"jL{ rfOgf ;d'bd| f cjl:yt åLkx¿df hfkfg tyf rLgsf] bfaLdf ljjfb b]lvPkl5 hfkfgn] rLgl:yt cfkm\gf b"tnfO{ k/fdz{sf nflu cfOtaf/ af]nfPsf] 5 . b"t pOlr/f] lgjfnfO{ kl5Nnf] 36gfqmdsf af/]df a'em\gsf nflu 6f]lsof]df af]nfOPsf] / ljb]zdGqL sf]Olr/f] u]Dafn] o; ljifodf kl5Nnf] hfgsf/L lng'xg' ] hfkfgL clwsf/Lx¿n] atfPsf 5g\ . lgjfn] 6f]lsof]df cfOk'Ug'ePkl5 kqsf/x¿nfO{ cfkm"n] ljb]zdGqL u]DafnfO{ ;f] ljjfbsf] kl5Nnf] ljsl;t 36gfqmdsf af/]df hfgsf/L lbg] / o; ljifodf pxf“;u“ k/fdz{ ug{] atfpg'eof] . /fhb"t g} lkmtf{ af]nfOPkl5 hfkfgnfO rLglj/f]wL k|bz{gsf] tof/Lsf] cf/f]k nfu]sf] 5 . t/ ljb]zdGqL u]Dafn] rLglj?4 lj/f]w k|bz{gsf nflu b"t lgjfnfO{ lkmtf{ gaf]nfOPsf] / pxf“;u“ k/fdz{ ul/g] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . o; 36gfkl5 hfkfgL clwsf/Lx¿n] 6f]lsof]l:yt lrlgof“ b"tnfO{ klg af]nfPsf lyP . hfkfgn] tL åLk cfkm\gf] gful/ssf] :jfldTjdf /x]sf] atfp“b} cfPsf] 5 . t/ oL åLknfO{ v/Lb ug]{ lg0f{o p;n] u/]kl5 klg rLgn] To;sf] Jofks lj/f]w hgfPsf] lyof] . o;n] klg tL åLkx¿ cfkm\gf] :jfldTjdf /x]sf] atfp“b} cfPsf] 5 .

ef/tLo lqms]6 lgdGq0ffsf] :jfut kfls:tfgL lqms]6 af]8n { ] ef/tn] kf“r jif{kl5 kfls:tfgnfO{ lqms]6 z[ª\vnfsf nflu cfdGq0f u/]sf]df :jfut u/]sf] 5 eg] o;af6 nfvf}“ lqms]6bz{s v';L ePsf] pNn]v u/]sf] 5 . kfls:tfgL lqms]6 af]8{sf cWoIf hfsf cz|kmn] ef/tsf] af]8{ ckm sG6«f]n km/ lqms]6 Og OlG8of -aL;L;LcfO{_af6 lgdGq0ff k|fKt ePsf] / v]n:yn tyf cGo s'/f kl5 lg0f{o ul/g] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . aL;L;LcfO{sf k|dv ' n] klg o; jif{sf] cGTolt/ kfls:tfgnfO{ v]nsf nflu cfdGq0f u/]sf] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . olb ef/t tyf kfls:tfgL ;/sf/n] o;nfO{ :jLs[lt k|bfg u/]df o; k|sf/sf] v]n kf“r jif{df klxnf]k6s x'g]5 . aL;L;LcfO{sf] sfo{sf/L ;ldltn] o:tf] k|sf/sf] k|:tfj /fv]sf] / o;df tLgj6f Ps lbg] cGt/f{li6«o z[ª\vnf x'g]5g\ . cz|kmn] d] @* df OlG8og lk|ldo/ x]gs { f nflu ef/t hf“bf o; ljifodf aL;L;LcfO{sf clwsf/L;“u jftf{ ug'e{ Psf] / o;sf] Ps dlxgfkl5 kfls:tfgL /fi6«klt cl;km cnL hbf{/Ln] ef/tLo k|wfgdGqL dgdf]xg l;+xnfO{ b'O{ d'ns ' aLr lqms]6 v]n k'gM cf/De ug{ cfu|x ug'e { Psf] lyof] . ;g\ @))* df d'Da}df cfqmd0f ePkl5 ef/tn] o:tf] v]n /f]s]sf] lyof] . pQm cfqmd0fdf !^^ JolQmsf] d[To' ePsf] lyof] eg] ef/tn] kfls:tfgdf /x]sf n8fs"n] pQm cfqmd0f u/fPsf] cf/f]k nufPsf] 5 .


dgf]/~hg

cnlabf /fh]z vGgf alnp8sf k|yd …;'k/:6f/Ú /fh]z vGgf ca xfdLdfem /xg' ePg . ^( jif{sf] pd]/df pxf“sf] d'DaO{l:yt cfkm\g} 3/ …cflz{afbÚdf a'waf/ laxfg lgwg ePsf] 5 . pxf“ ljut rf/ dlxgfb]lv la/fdL x'gx' G' Yof] . vGgf clk|n dlxgfb]lvg} la/fdL kg'e { Psf] lyof] . pxf“nfO{ SofG;/n] uf“hs ] f] lyof] . lgwg x'g] kSsf ePkl5 pxf“nfO{ dª\unaf/ c:ktfnaf6 3/ kmsf{OPsf] lyof] . ……d]/f ;;'/f cj /xg'ePg . pxf“sf] :ju{jf; eof] . xfdL ;a} pxf“sf] cfTdfsf nflu k|fy{gf u5f}Ú“{ Ú, vGgfsf HjfO“ l;g]snfsf/ cIfos'df/n] vGgfsf] lgjf;cufl8 eL8 nfu]sf kqsf/x¿nfO{ atfpg' ePsf] lyof] . ef/tLo k|wfgdGqL dgdf]xg l;+xn] l6\j6/df cfkm\gf] ;dj]bgf k|s6 ug'e{ Psf] lyof] . ……d >L /fh]z vGgfsf b'MvL kl/jf/sf ;b:o, c;ª\Vo ;dy{s tyf k|z; + sk|lt xflb{s ;dj]bgf k|s6 ub{5Ú' Ú, k|wfgdGqL l;+xn] cf}krfl/s l6\j6/ ;Gb]zdf eGg'ePsf] 5 . OG6/g]6df vGgfn] v]Ng'ePsf rnlrqsf af/]df Jofks ¿kdf pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 / pxf“sf k|z; + sx¿n] pxf“sL kTgL tyf b'O{ 5f]/Lk|lt ;dj]bgf k|s6 u/]sf 5g\ . lbj“ut cleg]tf vGgfsf] laxLaf/ laxfg bfx;+:sf/ ul/of] . cfkm\gf k|z; + saLr …sfsfÚsf ¿kdf kl/lrt vGgf cfkm}“ alnp8sf] rnlrq j+zk/Dk/fsf ;b:o eg] x'gx' G' y]g . pxf“n] snf ljBfnoaf6 k|ult ug'e{ Psf] xf] / /fli6«o snf k|lt:kwf{aLr pxf“ cufl8 a9\b} cfpg'ePsf] xf] . pxf“sf] klxnf] rnlrq ;g\ !(^^ df …cfv/L vtÚ af6 cf/De ePsf] xf] / To;sf] tLg jif{kl5 …cf/fwgfÚ af6 pxf“ rrf{sf] lzv/df k'ug'eof] . o;kl5 pxf“n] lg/Gt/ ;kmntf k|fKt ug'e{ of] . pxf“ /f]dflG6s clegosf nflu kl/lrt x'gx' G' 5 . ;g\ !(&) sf] bzsdf pxf“ pRr snfsf/sf ¿kdf :yflkt eO;Sg'ePsf] lyof] / …s6L ktª\uÚ, …cd/ k|d] Ú, …cfgGbÚ To; cjlwdf ;jf{lws ?rfOPsf] rnlrq lyP . cfgGbdf pxf“n] clGtddf ca'b{ -SofG;/_ af6 k/flht Ps k'?ifsf] e"ldsf lgjf{x ug'e{ Psf] lyof] . s'n !%) rnlrqdf pxf“n] ufpg'eof], gfRg'eof] / clego ug'e{ of] . pxf“sf] d':sfg, lemDsfpg] cf“vf, tyf dw'/ tyf /f]dflG6s Jojxf/n] pxf“nfO{ kl5;Dd klg ;a}n] ?rfPsf lyP / o;}af6 pxf“n] dlxnf k|z; + ssf] dg lhTg'ePsf] lyof] . pxf“sf] klxnf] rnlrq cfpgf ;fy pxf“n] k|z; + saf6 /utn] n]vs ] f kqx¿ kfpg yfNg'ePsf] lyof] / pxf“ hxf“ hfg'xG' Yof]

kl5Nnf bzsdf pxf“ /fhgLltdf k|jz ] ug'e { of] . sª\u;]| kf6L{sf] l6s6af6 pxf“ gof“ lbNnLaf6 ;g\ !(() df ;+;bsf] ;b:o aGg'eof] . o;kl5 pxf“sf clego vf;} pNn]vgLo ePgg\ . pxf“n] ;g\ @))( clGtd rnlrq sf; d]/] xf]td] f clego ug'e { Psf] lyof] .

Toxf“ pxf“sf uf8Ldf …lnkl:6sÚ sf bfu km]nf ky]{ elgG5 . pxf“sf s]xL ;dy{sx¿n] pxf“sf] kmf]6f];u“ } ljjfx u/]sf] klg ;dfrf/ cfPsf lyP . cd[t;/ gu/df hGdg'ePsf vGgf wd{cfdfafa'af6 x'sg{ e' Psf] lyof] . pxf“ alnp8sf cfVofg lbnLks'df/, /fh sk'/ tyf b]j cfgGbsf] rrf{ wldng yfn]sf] ;dodf o; If]qdf cfOk'Ug'ePsf] lyof] . a]nfotL k|;f/s Hofs k]/Ln] ;g\ !(&# df aLaL;Lsf nflu tof/ ug'e{ Psf] j[Qlrqdf /fh]z s'df/nfO{ …aDa}sf ;'k/:6f/Ú sf] ;ª\1f lbg'ePsf] lyof] . pxf“n] /fh]z vGgfnfO{ O6fnLsf snfsf/ ?8f]Nkm Eofn]lG6gf]sf] h:tf] sl/:df tyf g]kf]lnogh:tf] cxd\ ePsf] snfsf/sf] ¿kdf k|:t't ug'e{ Psf] lyof] . ;g\ !(&# df pxf“n] o'jfsnfsf/ l8Dkn skfl8of;“u ljjfx ug'e{ Pkl5 w]/} ef/tLosf] d'6' rf]Ol6Psf lyP . pxf“x¿sf b'O{ k'qL x'gx' G' 5 / k[ys x'gx' G' Yof] . skfl8of /fh]z vGgfsf] clGtd lbgdf pxf“;u“ } x'gx' G' Yof] . ……/fh]z vGgfn] xfdLnfO{ /f]dfG;sf] 5f]6f] lzIff lbg'ePsf] 5 . pxf“n] cfkm\gf] cf“vfsf] ;fgf] lemDSofO xfdLnfO{ lbg'ePsf] 5 / o;n] xfdLnfO{ g} /fd|f] cg'ej u/fPsf] 5ÚÚ, alnp8sf snfsf/ cg'kd v]/n] l6\j6/df eGg'ePsf] 5 . pxf“sf] clws ;kmntfaLr snfsf/

cldtfe aRrg ;g\ !(&) cf/Dedf :yflkt dfGotf ljkl/t Pp6f qm'4 o'jssf] e"ldsfdf b]lvg'eof] / o;n] vGgfsf] ;kmntfdf u|x0f nufof] . aGb cy{tGqdf cj;/sf] cefjaf6 lbSs ePsf Pp6f o'jssf] ¿kdf aRrgsf] e"ldsfn] vGgf z}nLsf] /f]dfG; tyf kfl/jfl/s gf6\ok|lt ?lr 36fOlbPsf] lyof] . vGgfn] ;g\ !(*# df …cjtf/Ú tyf cGo !! rnlrqaf6 klg o; If]qdf sfod /xg k|of; ug'{ePsf] xf] t/ ;'k/:6f/sf] :t/ pxf“n] lkmtf{ kfpg ;Sg'ePg . kl5Nnf bzsdf pxf“ /fhgLltdf k|jz ] ug'e{ of] . sª\u; ]| kf6L{sf] l6s6af6 pxf“ gof“ lbNnLaf6 ;g\ !(() df ;+;bsf] ;b:o aGg'eof] . o;kl5 pxf“sf clego vf;} pNn]vgLo ePgg\ . pxf“n] ;g\ @))( clGtd rnlrq sf; d]/] xf]td] f clego ug'e{ Psf] lyof] . rf/ dlxgf cl3 k|z; + fsf] cfwf/df pgn] + saf6 s;}n] k+vfsf] la1fkgdf cfkm'nfO{{ k|z; vf]:g ;Sb}g eg]/ clego u/] klg pxf“nfO{ SofG;/n] a'waf/ ;a}af6 vf];s ] f] 5 .

u/]sf] lyof] . dft'{ ;d'bfosff aaLnfO{ cfTdfn] b'Mv lbPsf] k|;u+ df of] lkmNd cfwfl/t lyof] . of] dxf]T;jdf t];|f] k' / :sf/ eg] Sofg] l 8og lkmNd …lrnla?4 e+u]/fÚn] lhTof] . t[tLo ePjfkt of] l;g]dfn] …sf:o 8«dÚ k|fKt u¥of] . dfO{sn 8]/f]h/ lgb]{lzt of] rnlrqdf rqmAo"x /Rg] lrn / w]/} hfGg] aGg vf]Hg] e“u]/fsf] bf}8sf] /f]rstfnfO{ ;d]l6Psf] 5 . o:t} g]kfn a:b}cfPsf o'ufG8fsf l;g]sdL{ l8bdfg lbnf lgb]{lzt j[Qlrq …Ps v'§] gfrsf] WjlgÚn] of] dxf]T;jdf h'/Lsf] /f]hfO{sf] …h'/L cjf8{Ú k|fKt u¥of] . cfkm\gf] kL8fbfoL hLjg latfPsL Psv'§] g]kfnL o'jtLn] Ps v'§fn] u/]sf] g[Todf of] lkmNd

cfwfl/t lyof] . …5} 6 f} + g] k fn cGt/f{ l i6« o cflbaf;L rnlrq dxf]T;j -lgkm_– @)!@Úsf] ;dfkg tyf …/]8sfk]{6 ;]/f]dfgLÚ /fhwfgLsf] ofs P08 otL xf]6ndf cfOtaf/ ca]/ ;f“em ul/Psf] lyof] . /]8 sfk]6{ ;]/f]df]gLdf of] jif{sf] k|f]T;fxg cjf8{ eg] ;~rf/sdL{ k'mndfg an lgb]{lzt n3" l;g]df …;]nkmf]gÚnfO{ k|bfg ul/of] . tfdfª ;d'bfosf] Ps o'jfn] df]jfOnsf] nf]edf cfkm\gf] afa'–afh]n] pkrf/df k|of]u ub}{ cfPsf] ;fwg …9\of“uf| Ú] a]rs ] f] syfdf of] lkmNd cfwfl/t lyof] . 9\of“uf| ] a]r/] df]jfO{n lsGbf 9\of“uf| s ] f] cefadf tL o'jfsf] lktfn] sfnf] zlQmaf6 ef]Ug' k/]sf] oftgfdf of]

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>Ln+sfnL uLtdf OlGb/fsf] :j/ g]kfnL nf]s, kk / cfw'lgs efsfdf hd]sL uflosf OlGb/f hf]zLn] ljb]zL ufogdf klg xft xfn]sL l5g\ . >Ln+sfnL ufos O/fh lj/f/Tg]sf] lxkxk z}nLsf] uLtdf pgn] g]kfnL zAb ufPsL x'g\ . ufos O/fhsf] …h:6 jfg lSnsÚ af]nsf] uLtdf pgn] …;'gg s]xL eG5' dÚ eGg] g]kfnL zAbsf] k|of]u u/]sL l5g\ . uLtdf pgLafx]s hd{gsf 6f]gL 6L / c:6«l] nofsf dfls{ofn] ;d]t :j/ lbPsf 5g\ . xfn OlGb/f cfkm\ g f] sG;6{ / uLt /]s8{x¿df Jo:t l5g\\ . …pgn] dnfO{ :j/ k7fOg lbg cfu|x u/]kl5 g]kfnd} /]s8{ u/fP/ uLt k7fOlbPsL lyP“,Ú pgn] elgg\ . O/fhsf] kl5Nnf] PNaddf ;dfj]z uLtsf] nflu OlGb/fn] sf7df8f}d + } /]s8{ u/L cfjfh k7fPsL lyOg\ . …of] d]/f] cGt/f{li6«o:t/sf] klxnf] uLt /]s8{ ePsf]n] ;'?df 8/fPsf] lyP“ . o'6\o"adf b'O{ xKtfd} w]/}n] x]/]sf] /]s8{ kfPkl5 pT;flxt 5',Ú pgn] elgg\ . …snfsf/n] ;a} uLt ufpg'k5{ . km]l/ >Ln+sfnL ufossf] uLt eP klg d}n] g]kfnL g} ufpg kfPsf]df /dfOnf] eof],Ú pgn] elgg\ . ;]lG6d]G6n uLt dg k/fpg] pgL cfkm\gf] PNad …8fG; ljy dLÚ l/lnh ePsf] Ps jif{d} cfO6d uLtn] rlr{t ePsf]df 5Ss l5g\ . …b'O{ nfOgdfq ufpg'kg]{ lyof] . o;sf nflu dnfO{ klxNo} lyd lbOPsf]n] ;a} sfd /fd|} ePsf] lyof],Ú pgn] elgg\ . Do'lhs lel8of] klg l/lnh eO;s]sf]n] >Ln+sfnL >f]tfsf] ;+Vof a9]sf] pgn] kfPsL l5g\ . Do'lhs lel8of]df pgL klg b]lvlG5g\ .

l;g]df xndf dfntLsf] e§L

lgkmdsssf tfOjfgsf] …EjfO;];\ Og b Snfp8Ú ;jf]T{ s[i6

laxLaf/af6 sf7df8f}d+ f hf/L …5}6f}+ g]kfn cGt/f{li6«o cflbaf;L rnlrq dxf]T;j -lgkm_–@)!@Ú cfOtaf/af6 ;lsPsf] 5 . of] dxf]T;jdf ;xefuL @) b]zsf &( rnlrqdWo] tfOjfgsf] j[Qlrq lkmNd …EjfO;];\ Og b Snfp8Ú pTs[i6 ePsf] 5 . cf/f]g lgb]l{ zt && ldg] 6 sf] of] j[ Q lrqn] pTs[ i 6 k'/:sf/afkt …:j0f{ 8«dÚ lhTof] . PlzofnL d'ns ' sf Ps cd]l/sg dflg;n] lbj+ut cfdfsf] cfTdf / j+z vf]Hg tfO{jfg uPsf] a]nf p;n] phfu/ u/]sf] tfOjfgL ;+:s[ltsf] cfgf}7f kIfdf of] j[Qlrq cfwfl/t lyof] . o:t}, dxf]T;jdf låtLo eg] c:6«l] nofsf] n3" l;g]df …dfd'Ú eof] . o;n] bf];f| ] k'/:sf/ …/ht 8«dÚ k|fKt

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lkmNd cfwfl/t lyof] . lgb]z { s ann] k|f]T;fxg cjf8{;“u} @% xhf/ ?k}of“ k':sf/ klg k|fKt u/] . o:t} , of] dxf] T ;jdf g] k fn kfgf]/fdf cjf8{ eg] n'h l;+x lgb]l{ zt j[Qlrq …ODk|; ] g ckm n'lDagLÚn] k|fKt u¥of] . n'lDagL g]kfns} xf] eGg] tYo af]s]sf] of] j[Qlrqaf6 cjf8{ ;“u} lgb]{zs l;+xn] !% xhf/ ?k}of“ klg k|fKt u/] . dxf]T;jdf !% xhf/ ?k} o f“ s f] /fzL;lxtsf] bz{ s sf] /f]hfO{sf] k'/:sf/ eg] /aL z]df{ lgb]l{ zt lnDa' l;g]df …s]Mjf sf]SsdfÚ -nf6f] kxf8Ún] k|fKt u¥of] . of] lkmNdn] bz{ssf] ;a}eGbf a9L dt kfPsf] lyof] . lzIffdf kl5 kbf{ lnDa' ;dfhn] ef]Ug'k/]sf] ;d:ofdf of] rnlrq cfwfl/t lyof] . of] lkmNdsf] lg0ff{osdf g]kfnsf dgfjzf:qL 8f= 8Da/ r]Dhf]ª, ef/tLo l;g]sdL{ tyf k|fWofks l/tf bQ / c:6«l] nog l;g]sdL{ PG8«fO] { leon lyP . of] dxf]T;anfO{ csf]{ jif{af6 cem ;Eo / lj:t[t t'Nofpg] dxf]T;j tyf dxf] T ;j cfof] h s ;+ : yf OlG8lhlgo; lkmNd csf{Oe{ sf cWoIf gljg ;'Aafn] atfP . dxf]T;j lgb]z { s ;+hf]u nfkmfdu/n] o; k6ssf] dxf]T;adf em/Ln] b'Mv lbP klg bz{s / ;~rf/sdL{n] ;fy lbPsf sf/0f dxf]T;j k"0f{ ;kmn ePsf] atfP .

ut z' q maf/af6 b] z JofkL?kdf gof“ rnlrq …dfntLsf] e§LÚ l/lnh ePsf] 5 . u0f]zb]a kf08] lgb]{lzt rnlrq …dfntLsf] e§LÚ d'ns ' sf %% eGbf a9L l;g]df xndf k|bz{g eO{/x]sf] o;sf lgdf{tf k|bLk pbon] atfPsf 5g\ . l;g]dfn] /fhwfgL;lxt ;a}h;f] :6]zgdf klxnf] lbg lgs} /fd|f] Jofkf/ u/]sf] klg pgsf] bfaL 5 . c;f/sf] em/Ln] cfkm\gf] l;g]dfsf] Jofkf/df vf;} k|efj gk/]sf] klg pgn] atfP . ;a} el§jfngL v/fa x“b' g} g\ eGg] ;Gb]z lbOPsf] lkmNd dgf]/~hs ePsf] lgdf{tf pbon] atfP . of] lkmNddf cleg]qL /]vf yfkfn] e§L jfngL dfntLsf] e"ldsf lgjf{x u/]sL l5g\ . dfntLsf] e§Ldf /]vf yfkf, hLjg n'O6{ n ] , glGbtf s];Lnufotsf snfsf/n] d'Vo e"ldsf lgjf{x u/]s 5g\ .

x\ofDau{ lkmNd k]ml:6andf …;'gufefÚ lgb]z { s ;'j0f{ yfkfsf] lkmNd …;'gufefÚ -:gf] km\nfj/_ hd{gLsf] x\ofDau{ lkmNd km]l:6andf 5flgPsf] 5 . cfufdL @& ;]K6]Da/b]lv !@ ;Dd rNg] dxf]T;jd} lkmNdsf] jN8{ lk|ldo/ x'g] ePsf] 5 . of] dxf]T;jsf] @) cf}+ ;+:s/0f xf] . cfkm\gf] l;g]df ;f] dxf] T ;jdf 5flgPsf] d f lgdf{tf ;';g k|hfkltn] v';L JoQm u/]sf 5g\ . d' V o–d' V o lkmNd k]ml:6endf efu lnO;s]kl5 dfq g]kfndf l/lnh ul/g] lkmNddf lgzf clwsf/L, lbof df:s], j;'Gw/f e';fn, ;l/tf lu/L, ;f}uft dNn / d]gs ' f k|wfgnufotsf] clego 5 . *% ldg]6 nfdf] …;'gufefÚdf g]kfnL / g]jf/L efiff k|of]u ul/Psf] 5 . c+uh ]| L, k|mG] r / hd{g efiffdf klg 5'§f5'§} ;a6fO6n ul/Psf] lgb]z { s yfkfn] hfgsf/L u/fPsf 5g\ . …;'gufefÚ of] g} klxnf]k6s cf}krfl/s ¿kdf lkmNd dxf]T;jdf ;xefuL ePsf] xf] . …xfdL c¿ cGt/f{li6«o :t/sf dxf]T;jdf klg lkmNdnfO{ n}hfg k|of; ug]5 { f},+ Ú lgb]z { s yfkfn] eg] . ut dlxgf ;lsPsf] k|mfG;sf] sfG; lkmNd k]ml:6ansf] dfs]6{ df klg o;nfO{ a]Rg /flvPsf] lyof] .


;fKtflxs

hGde"ld Janmabhoomi Weekly

jif{ $# c+s !^

@)^( ;fpg ^ ut] zlgaf/

-g]kfn ;+at\ !!#@_

Vol. 43 No. 16

k"j{ /fhf zfx k|mfG;df /fhtGqsf] kIfdf ;dy{g h'6fpg k"j{ /fhf 1fg]Gb| zfx k|mfG; hfg'ePsf] 5 . ;+ljwfg;ef lj36gkl5 /fhgLlts cGof]ntf emg\ a9\b} uPkl5 ;+jw} flgs /fhtGq;lxtsf] ax'bnLo k|hftflGqs Joj:yf cfTd;ft\ u/]sf] @)$& sf] ;+ljwfg Ao"t“ fP/ d'ns ' nfO{ lgsf; lbg'kg]{ cleJolQm cfO/x]sf a]nf k"j{ /fhf zfx o'/f]ksf] ;dy{g h'6fpg To;tk{m hfg'ePsf] xf] . @)$& sf] ;+ljwfg Ao"“tfpg ;lsg] s'/fdf b'O{ l5d]sL ef/t / rLg ;sf/fTds ag]kl5 cfzfjfbL k"j{ /fhf zfxsf] of] o'/f]ksf] e|d0fnfO{ cy{k0" f{?kdf x]l/Psf] 5 .

July 21, 2012

d"No ?= &.–

d+l;/ & df ;+ljwfg;efsf] r'gfj gx'g] kSsf u'6aGbL /fhgLltn] sf“u;]| sdhf]/

/fi6«kltn] gof“ k|dsf nflu cfx\jfg ug]{

!@cf}+ dxflwj];gdf k|:6 tLgwf/ b]lvPsf] g]kfnL sf+u; ]| clxn] u'6– pku'6df kl/0ft ePsf] 5 . ;a} u'6– pku'6 ;}4flGts / j}rfl/seGbf ;Qf / zlQmsf nflu ag]sf 5g\ . ;Qfdf efua08f gk'u/] u'6–pku'6df ljefhg x'g] sf“u; ]| sf g]tfx¿ oltv]/ Toxf“;Dd k'Ugsf nflu g} ljleGg u'6x¿df kl/0ft ePsf 5g\ . dxflwj]zgsf nflu k|TofzL ag]sf tLg kIfafx]s klg sf“u; ]| df pku'6x¿ hGd“b} uPsf 5g\ . dxflwj]zgdf ;'zLn sf]O/fnf, z]/axfb'/ b]pjf / eLdaxfb'/ tfdfª ;efkltdf Kofgn agfP/} k|Tof;L ag]sf lyP . t/, dxflwj]zgkl5 tfdfªsf] Kofgn c:yLTjdf 5}g . l;4fGt / gLltut s'/f p7fp“b} dxflwj];gdf 5'§} Kofgn v8f u/]sf tfdfª kIf sf]O/fnfsf] pku'6df kl/0ft ePsf] 5 . sf]O/fnf / b]pjfsf d'Vo b'O{ u'6sf ?kdf

ljsf; ePsf] 5 . kbflwsf/L;lxt *) hgf s]Gb|Lo ;ldlt ;ldlt /x]sf] sf“u; ]| df b'O{ d'Vo u'6 / pgLx¿;“u c;Gt'i6 tfdfª;lxtsf cf7 pku'6 agfPsf 5g\ . pk;efklt /fdrGb| kf}8n ] , s]Gb|Lo ;b:ox¿ v'daxfb'/ v8\sf, ;'hftf sf]O/fnf, s'naxfb'/ u'?ª, z]v/ sf] O /fnf, ch' { g g/l;+ x s] ; L / hghfltsf gfddf pku'6x¿ v8f ePsf 5g\ . kf}8n ] , tfdfª, ;'hftf, z] v / ;efklt sf] O /fnf u' 6 sf] pku'6x¿ x'g . v8\sf / u'?ª s]xL ;docl3;Dd b]pjf u'6;“u glhs lyP . t/, b]pjf u'6 5f]8/] v8\sf klg sf]O/fnf u'6df k|jz ] u/]sf 5g\ . pgLx¿ b]pjf;“u ;}4flGts / j}rfl/s dte]b geP/ ;+;bLo ;ldltdf cfkm\gf] pkl:ylt sfod /fVg sf]O/fnf u'6df k|jz ] u/]sf x'g\ . u'?ª kIfn] cfkm'x¿ b]pjf -af“sL clGtd k]hdf_

cfufdL d+ l ;/ & ut] gof“ ;+ljwfg;efsf] r'gfj gx'g] kSsf ePsf] 5 . lgjf{Rfg cfof]un] lbPsf ;do;Ldfleq ;/sf/n] lgjf{rg;DaGwL jfwf Jojwfg x6fpg g;s]sf] / /fhgLlts ;xdlt klg gePsfn] r'gfj g'xg' ] kSsf ePsf] xf] . ut h]7 !$ ut] ;+ljwfg;ef lj36g ub}{ cfufdL d+l;/ & ut] gof“ ;+ljwfg;efsf] r'gfj 3f]if0ff u/]sf sfdrnfp k|wfgdGqL 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{n] r'gfj u/fpg g;Sg] ePkl5 pgnfO{ x6fO{ gof“ k|wfgdGqL agfpg /fi6«klt 8f= /fda/0f ofbjn] k|d'v bnx¿nfO{ cfx\jfg ug'{x'g] ePsf] 5 . c;+ j } w flgs tl/sfn] ;Qf nDAofpg] / d'n'snfO{ lgsf; glbg]

v]ndf ;Qf?9 bnx¿ PsLs[t g]skf Pdfn]nufot @& bn ;fy} cfd dfcf]jfbL / dw];L df]rf{sf g]tfx¿ hg;d'bfo b'O{ l5d]sL tyf ljb]zL bft[ lgsfox¿sf] ;xof]u / ;dy{g /xg] kSsf ePkl5 /fi6«klt 8f= /fda/0f ofbj pko'Qm sbdsf nflu cfjZos u[xsfo{df Jo:t /xg'ePsf] 5 . g]kfnL sf“u; ]| n] gof“ k|wfgdGqLsf ?kdf kf6L{ ;efklt ;' z Ln sf]O/fnfnfO{ ;j{;Ddt agfpg] u/L /fi6«kltnfO{ cfZj:t kf/]kl5 ca s]xLlbgd} d'n'sn] gof“ k|wfgdGqL kfpg] ;Defjgf a9] s f] xf] . /fi6«kltaf6 rflng ljz]if sbd rfNg] ;Defjgf a9]kl5 sfdrnfp nfu]kl5 /fi6«kltaf6 tTsfn sbd k| w fgdGqL 8f= afa' / fd e§/fO{ rfNg'kg]{ cj:yf l;h{gf ePsf] xf] . cQflng yfn]sf 5g\ . d'ns ' sf] lgsf;sf nflu /fi6«kltaf6 d'n'sdf nf]stflGqs u0ftGq rflng] sbdsf] g]kfnL sf“u; ]| , g]skf cfPkl5 ;Qfsf] g]tT[ j gu/]sf] g]kfnL

…Pdfcf]jfbLsf] ;Qf sAhf ug]{ /0fgLltsf sf/0f ;xdlt x'g;s]sf] 5}gÚ

Pdfcf]jfbLsf] ;ftf“} lj:tfl/t ah]6 ljjfbsf] c:yfoL ;dfwfg a}7sdf k|r08sf] rsf]{ lj/f]w

g]kfnL sf“u; |] sf ;efklt ;'zLn sf]O/fnfn] d'ns ' df PsLs[t g]skf dfcf]jfbL_ lg/ª\sz ' tf nfb]/ ;Qf sAhf ug]{ /0fgLltsf;fy cufl8 al9/x]sfn] bnx¿aLr /fli6« o ;xdlt x' g g;ls/x]sf] atfpg'ePsf] 5 . g]kfn ljBfyL{ ;ª\3, sf7df8f}–“ kfNkf ;Dks{ ;ldltåf/f cfof]lht sfo{qmddf pxf“n] /fli6«o ;xdltsf;fy cufl8 a9\g Pdfcf]jfbL tof/ eP h'g;'s} ljGb'df klg ;xdlt sfod x'g;Sg]df hf]8 lbg'eof] . …Pdfcf] j fbL PskIfLo?kn] d'ns ' df lg/ª\sz ' tf nfb\g vf]Hb}5, xfdLx¿ ;xdlt sfod u/]/ cufl8 a9\gk' 5{ eGg] kIfdf 5f},“ Ú ;efklt sf]O/fnfn] eGg'eof]– …Pdfcf]jfbLsf] kl5Nnf -af“sL clGtd k]hdf_

PsLs[t g]skf -dfcf]jfbL_sf zLif{ a}7snfO{ ;Daf]wg ub}{ kf6L{ cWoIf g]tfx¿n] kf6L{leqsf ;a} u'6 tyf k'iksdn bfxfnn] kf6L{leq b]lvPsf] pku'6 cGTo ug]{ k|lta4tf JoQm u'6 tyf pku'6 cGTo ug]{ cleofg ul/P klg kf6L{ hf]ufpg g;s]sf]df cWoIf k|r08sf] rsf]{ lj/f]w ePsf] 5 . sfo{stf{af6 rsf]{ lj/f]w ePkl5 k|r08n] cfkm\gf uNtL :jLsf/ ub}{ ca To:tf uNtL gbf] x f] / \ o fpg] k|ltj4tf JoQm ug'{ePsf] 5 . kf6L{ l eq b] l vPsf u' 6 tyf pku'6n] cGttM kf6L{nfO{ sdhf]/ agfPsf] eGb} Pdfcf]jfbLsf g]tfx¿n] lgd{d ¿kdf To;sf lj?4 z'4Ls/0f cleofg ;~rfng ug]{ k|lta4tf JoQm u/]sf x'g\ . e[s'6Ld08kdf hf/L Pdfcf] j fbLsf] ;ftf} “ lj:tfl/t

;+ljwfg;efsf] ljsNKf

;+ljwfg;efaf6 ;+ljwfg agfpg ;lsPg . rf/ jif{;Dd tGsfOPsf] ;+ljwfg;ef pknlAwljxLg eP/ ;dfKt ePkl5 d'n'ssf] /fhgLltn] gof“ df]8 lnPsf] 5 . gof“ ;+ljwfg gagfO{ ;+ljwfg;ef lj36g ePsf]n] o;cGtu{tsf] Joj:yflksf ;+;b\ klg :jtM ;dfKt ePsf] 5 . clxn] d'ns ' df /fi6«kltafx]s c¿ hglgjf{ l rt lgsfo 5}g . o:tf] cj:yfdf ca s;/L gof“ ;+ljwfg agfpg] < k|Zg cg'Ql/t 5 . ut h]7 !$ ut] /flt gof““ ;+ljwfg;efsf] r'gfjsf] 3f]if0ff ug' { c l3;Dd sfo{ s f/L /x] s f k|wfgdGqL 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{ ;f] 3f]if0ff;“u;“u} ;a} j}wflgs x}l;ot ;dfKt eP/ sfd rnfp k|wfgdGqL ag]sf 5g\ csf]{ ;/sf/ gaGbf;Dd . /fi6«klt 8f= /fda/0f ofbjn] pgnfO{ sfdrnfp k|wfgdGqLsf ?kdf b}lgs sfd ug{ cx|fPkl5 clxn] d'ns ' sdf

Psdfq hLljt /fhgLlts ;+:yf eg]sf] /fi6«kltdfq xf] . /fi6«klt 8f= ofbjn] d'n'snfO{ ;xh lgsf; lbg ;a}nfO{ af]nfP/ Pp6f ;femf / ;fgf] ;/sf/ agfP/ cufl8 a9\g'k5{ . /fi6«klt clxn] ;lqmo eO{ /fi6«nfO{ ;xL lgsf; glbg] xf] eg] d'ns ' emg\ c:tJo:t eO{ c/fhstftkm{ hfg] vt/f 5 . t/ /fi6«kltn] tTsfn gof“ ;xdltsf] ;/sf/sf nflu cfXjfg ug'k{ g]d{ f ;f] sfo{ l9nf] ePsf] 5 h;n] ;d:of emg\ hl6n agfPsf] 5 . rf/ jif{;Dd ;Qfsf] n'5fr'8“ Ldf ;do vr]{/ clGtd ;dodf cfP/ xtf/xtf/ hgcg' d f] b gljgf gfddfqsf] ;+ljwfg agfpg] k|of; ul/P klg Tof] klg ;kmn ePg\ . olb To;/L agfOPsf] eP To;n] klg lgsf; glbg] cg'dfg klxn] g} ul/Psf] lyof] . -af“sL clGtd k]hdf_

;dfrf/ ljZn]if0f

3/6x/f x6fOlbg cfu|x

k'/fgf] sfnLdf6L j8f g+= !# afkmn dgdtL vf]nfb]lv aflx6L 5fpgL_;Dd ;8s lj:tf/ u/L !# lkm6sf] af6f] agfpg] qmd hf/L 5 . gu/ ljsf;sf] of] h gf cg' ; f/ hLPn8L gSzfdf pNn]lvt !# lkm6 af6f] sfod u/fpg ;f] cleofg yfngL ul/Psf] atfp“b} 6f]n ;'wf/ ;ldltsf cWoIf tyf åGå lgb]{zs /fh]Gb| v8\uLn] o; sfo{df ;xof]u ug{ ;a}nfO{ cfu|x ug'{ePsf] 5 . pxf“n] lgodljk/Lt agfOPsf 3/6x/f kvf{ n x¿ ;DalG3t JolQmx¿n] x6fO{ ;xof]u ug{ cfu|x ub}{ cGoyf lgod cg';f/ sf/afxL x'g] klg :ki6 ug'e { Psf] 5 . ;8s lj:tf/ cleofgnfO{ c;kmn kfg]{ / dgk/L 9+un] ;fj{hlgs hUuf cf]u6]/ a:g]nfO{ s'g} xfntdf klg 5'6 gx'g] s'/fdf cfd ;xdlt ePsfn] ;f] cg';f/ sfd ul/g] klg pxf“n] atfpg'eof] .

sf+u; |] ca eg] g]tT[ j ug{ tof/ ePsf] 5 . kf6L{leqsf] ljjfb klg nueu ldNg] cj:yfdf k'u]sf]n] /fi6«kltn] cfXjfg u/] s f] Ps306fldq k|wfgdGqLsf] pDd]bjf/ 3f]if0ff ug]{ tof/L sf+ u ] | ; n] u/] s f] ;efklt sfO/fnfn] v'nf;f ug'e { Psf] 5 . ljgfsf/0f !^ xhf/eGbf a9L g]kfnL df/]/ caf}s { f] ef}lts ;+/rfg Wj:t kf/]/ ;Qfdf cfPsf e§/fOn] d'ns ' nfO{ emg\ cGwsf/ agfpg] sfd u/] . lgs} ljåfg\ sxlnPsf dfcf]jfbL pkfWoIf e§/fO{ k|wfgdGqL ag]kl5 w]/} s'/f 7Ls x'G5 eGg]x¿ g} pgsf cg}lts ultljlwb]v/] lbSs ePsf 5g\ . pgL ;a}eGbf gfnfoskfq ;fljt ePsf 5g\ . pgn] t emg\ ck/fwL / r]f/nfO{ j}wflgstf k|bfg -af“sL clGtd k]hdf_

cfh}b]lv ;'? ePsf] atfpg'eof] . …;ftf}“ lj:tfl/t a}7saf6} u'6 cGTo eP/ kf6L{ gof“ cfwf/df Pstfa4 eP/ hfg]5, Tof] cleofg kf6L{ g]tT[ j x'gfsf] gftfn] cWoIfaf6} ;'? x'g]5Ú, pxf“n] eGg'eof] . kf6L{leq b]lvPsf] km'6n] s]xL zlQmnfO{ kmfObf t u/]sf] xf]nf t/ To;n] g]kfnL hgtfnfO{ eg] b'MvL agfPsf] 5 eGb} cWoIf bfxfnn] kf6L{ km'6sf] cf}lrTo k'li6 ug{ gof“ kf6L{ lgdf{0f ug'e{ Psf] df]xg j}BnfO{ r'gf}tL lbg'eof] . pxf“n] eGg'eof]– …zflGt / ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf] k|lqmof k"/f gePsf] ;Gbe{df j}BhLx¿n] kf6L{ km'6fP/ eofgs sdhf]/L -af“sL clGtd k]hdf_

;+ l jwfg;efsf] :jtM Dofb ;lsPkl5 bnx¿aLr ah]6sf ljifodf ;'? ePsf] ljjfb cGTo ePsf] 5 . ah]6nfO{ 6]s/] ;Qfdf k'Ug] / ;/sf/df l6sL /xg] ah]6 /fhgLlts tTsfnsf nflu ;fDo ePsf] 5 . ;/sf/ / ljkIfL bnx¿sf] h'xf/LsfaLr cy{dGqL jif{dfg k'gn] rfn" cflys{ jif{ @)^( / )&) sf nflu 5'6o\ fOPsf] s"n ah]6dWo] Ps t[tLof+z ah]6 k|:t't u/]sf 5g\ . To;;“u} /fhgLlts j[tdf ah]6 ljjfb tTsfnsf nflu ;dfwfg ePsf] 5 . ljkIfL bnsf] ;xdlt cg';f/ ;/sf/n] ! va{ ^! ca{ @ s/f]8 $* nfv ?k}of“ 5'6o\ fOPsf] 5 . cWofb]zdfkm{t\ NofOPsf] ah]6df cy{dGqL k'gn] rfn" clys{ jif{df tLg jif{ otfs} pRr cfly{s j[l4 ePsf] atfPsf 5g\ . Ps t[tLof+z ah]6 eP klg 7"nf cfof]hgfnfO{ lg/Gt/tf

lbg] cy{dGqLsf] k|lta4tf lyof] . g]kfnsf] cGtl/d ;+ljwfg, @)^# adf]lhd ;]jf / sfo{x¿sf nflu ;l~rt sf]ifaf6 /sd l´Sg / vr{ ug{ ;/sf/n] cWofb]zdfkm{t\ pQm /sd k|:tfj u/]sf] xf] . ljlgof]hg P]g gcfP;Dd ;fj{hlgs vr{ Joj:yfkg ug{ rfn' cfly{s jif{sf] s'n Joosf] Ps t[tLof+zdf ga9\g] u/L cfufdL cflys{ jif{sf] nflu vr{ ug]{ clwsf/ cWofb]zn] lbPsf] 5 . ;/sf/n] ;l~rt sf]ifdf Jooef/ ePsf ljifodf cfly{s jif{el/s} nflu ? %! ca{ @( s/f]8 %^ nfv %& xhf/ / ;l~rt sf]ifaf6 vr{ x'g] ;]jf / sfo{sf nflu rfn' jif{sf] oyfy{ vr{sf] Ps t[tLof+zdf ga9\g] u/L ?= Ps va{ ^! ca{ b'O{ s/f]8 $* nfv *@ xhf/ vr{ ug{ ;/sf/n] k|:tfj u/]sf] xf] . -af“sL clGtd k]hdf_

k"j{ /fhfnfO{ pRr ;Ddfg lbg'k5{M ;fx g] k fnL hgtf bnsf cWoIf xl/r/0f ;fxn] k"j{/fhf 1fg]Gb| zfxnfO{ cfdg]kfnL hgtfn] kfpg] ;/x pRr ;Ddfg lbg' k g] { atfpg'ePsf] 5 . pxf“n] ;+3Lo nf]stflGqs u0ftGq :jLsf/ u/L /fhu2L Tofu] / g] k fnL gful/s aGg'ePsf k"j{/fhf zfxsf] cg'ej, ;Lk / bIftfaf6 d'n'sn] kmfObf lng' k g] { atfp“ b } cWoIf ;fxn] eGg'eof]– k"j{ /fhf zfxnfO{ /fi6«klt, k|wfgdGqL aGg klg 5'6 5 . k"Jf{/fhf zfxsf HjfO{“ /fhaxfb'/ l;+x cfkm\gf] kf6L{df eJo :jfut u/L k|j]z u/fPsf] atfp“b} cWoIf ;fxn] k"j/{ fhf zfxnfO{ klg :jfut / ;Ddfg ub}{ of] d'ns ' sf] yk lgdf{0fdf pxf“sf] of]ubfg xf];\ eGg] cfkm\gf] rfxgf /x]sf] klg :ki6 ug'{eof] . pxf“n] hftLo ;+3Lotfn] hftLo åGå / å]if a9fpg] ePsfn] hftLo

/fHo agfpg gx'g] eGb} cfkm\gf] kf6L{n] d' n ' s sf] P] l txfl;s klxrfg / lje"ltsf gfddf t/fO{nfO{ b'O{j6f / kxf8nfO{ kf“rj6f u/L ;ftj6f /fHo agfpg' k g] { k| : tfj u/] s f] klg hfgsf/L lbg'eof] .

cWoIff ;fxn] g]kfnnfO{ hftLo åGå / å]ifaf6 d'Qm u/L d'n'ssf] cv08tf / Pstfsf] /Iff ub}{ ;a}sf] lxt / sNof0f x'g] ;fy} d''n'ssf] cu|ufdL ljsf; ug{ ;a} ldn]/ pko'Qm lgsf; -af“sL clGtd k]hdf_


af=c=sf=b=g+= ))(÷)@^÷@&

/fi6«kltn] gof“=== ug]{ sfd u/]sf 5g\ . pgn] ;Qf hf]ufpg d'ns ' nfO{ Wj:t kf/L ljb]zLx¿ v';L kfg]{ sfd u/] klg To;n] pgnfO{{ ca arfpg g;Sg] ePsf] 5 . d'ns ' nfO{ tx;gxg agfp“b} oxf“sf ;a} df}lns k/Dk/f, Oltxf; / ;+:s[lt ;dfKt kf/L ljb]zLsf] O;f/fdf d'ns ' rnfpg] pgsf] ;f]r ca pgs} nflu cfTd3ftL x'b“ 5 } . ;Qfsf nflu h] klg ug{ tof/ ePsf pgnfO{ of] b]zsf] slQ klg dfof 5}g . s;}sf] lxtsf nflu pgn] sfd ul//x]sf 5g\ . hgtf df/]/ ;Qf ef]u ug{ cfPsf e§/fO{nufot pgsf] ehgd08nLn] d'n'snfO{ ;a}eGbf cK7]/f] cj:yfdf k'¥ofOlbPsf 5g\ . lxhf] hgtfnfO{ h]h:tf ;kgf af“8] tL ;kgfdfq x'g\ eGg] s'/f pgLx¿sf] Jojxf/n] g} :ki6 u/]sf] 5 . pgLx¿ ;Qf gkfP/ h+un k;]sf x'g\ g]kfnL hgtfnfO{ clwsf/ lbnfpg / gof“ g]kfn agfpg xf]Og . of] s'/f a'em]/ klg dfcf]jfbL g]tfx¿nfO{ cem} klg g]tfsf ?kdf Jojxf/ ug' { g] k fnL hgtfsf] d" v { t fafx] s c¿ s] x L xf] O g . ck/fwLnfO{ sf/afxL ug'k{ 5{ tadfq ck/fwLsf] dgf]an lu5{ t/ ck/fw ug]{nfO{ k'/:s[t u/]kl5 ck/fwLsf] dgf]an emg\ ck/fw ug{ k]l| /t x'G5 . jf:tjdf /fhgLlts lx;fan] eGg] xf] eg] dfcf]jfbLn] g]kfnL hgtf ;a}eGbf a9L 7u] . ;a}nfO{ hftLo /fHo lbg] dfcf]jfbLsf] e|dsf] v]tLdf e'mlSsPsf g]kfnLx¿ ca klg ;r]t gx'g] xf] eg] d'n'sn] gof“ ult lng ;Sb}g ;fy} :jtGq g]kfnsf] :jtGq gful/s Pj+ ;fj{ef}Df;Qf;DkGg g]kfnL eP/ af“Rg kfpg] cj:yf /xg] 5}g . @)^@÷^# ;fnsf] hgcfGbf]ngsf] efjgf cg';f/ k|d'v /fhgLlts bnx¿n] sfd u/]sf] eP cfh d'ns ' n] ;xh} lgsf; kfO{ gof“ ult lnO;Sg] lyof] t/ hgcfGbf]ngsf] efjgfnfO{ Psflt/ kG5fP/ ;Qfsf] n'5fr'8“ Ldf nfu]sf g]tfx¿n] ubf{ d'ns ' n] o:tf] b'ul{ t ef]Ug'k/]sf] xf] . o;sf nflu ;a} e Gbf bf] i fL ;+ l jwfg;ef lj36gk"j; { Dd 7"nf] bn ag]sf] PsLs[t g]skf dfcf]jfbL g} xf] . p;s} sf/0f d'ns ' n] lgsf; kfPg . To;sf nflu hgtfn] p;nfO bl08t ug}k{ 5{ egL clxn] ;j{q cfjfh p7]sf] 5 . /fi6«klt 8f= ofbjn] ca d'ns ' sf] ;+/Ifssf] x} l ;otn] P] l txfl;s bfloTj / ' nfO{ tTsfn lgsf; lhDd]jf/L lnO{ d'ns lbg k|of; yfNg'k5{ . dfcf]jfbL / dw];L g]tfx¿sf] s'/f ;'Gg] / pgLx¿s} O;f/fdf rNg] xf] eg] d'ns ' n] lgsf; kfpg} ;Sb}g . dfcf]jfbLnfO{ ca klg ;Qfdf a:g lbg'eg]sf] of] d'ns ' nfO{ hftLo åGådf km;fO{ d'n'snfO{ ljv08g ug'{ xf] . /fi6«sf] cl:dtf / /fli6«o cv08tf hf]ufO{ d'ns ' nfO{ ;xL /fhgLlts dfu{Dff lx“8fpg /fi6«kltsf] e"lddf g} clxn] ckl/xfo{ eO;s]sf] 5 . o:tf] cj:yfdf /fi6«kltn] d'ns ' sf] df6f] ;dfP/ d'ns ' arfpg] k|of; gug]{ xf] eg] ef]ln Oltxf;n] pxf“nfO{ klg dfkmL lbg] 5}g . e§/fO{ ;/sf/nfO{ /flv/xg] xf] eg] d' n ' s n] clxn] ; Dd k| f Kt u/] s f pknAwLx¿ ;dfKTf eO{ d'ns ' emg\ c;kmn x'g] ePsf] 5 . hgtfnfO{ Go"gtd\ /fxt / ;'/Iff lbg;d]t c;kmn of] ;/sf/n] hgtfsf] 9f8} ;Sg] u/L dx+uLdfq a9fpg] sfd u/]sf] 5 . oxL ;fpg ! ut]bl] v nfu" x'g] u/L ;'6'Ss @) k|ltztn] ljB't\ dxz'n a9fP/ ;/sf/n] csf]{ hg3ftL sfd u/]sf] 5 .

;+ljwfgsf]=== ;+ljwfg agfpg] d"n sfdnfO{ 5f8]/ km]l/ klg g]tfx¿ ;Qfs} v]ndf nfu]sfn] ;+ljwfg gag]sf] ;a}nfO{ yfxf 5 . . ljlw gk'/\ofP/ eP klg ;+ljwfg Nofpg g]tfx¿n] kl5Nnf] h'g tTk/tf b]vfP o:tf] tTk/tf ;'? b]lv b]vfPsf eP cfh ;j}nfO{

:jLsf/ x'g] pTs[i6 ;+ljwfg agfpg ;lsg] lyof] t/ hgtfnfO{ h] u/] klg x'G5 xfdL g} xtf{stf{ xf}“ eGg] e|d kfn]/ a;]sf g]tfx¿ d'n's agfpg xf]Og cfkm"dfq aGg cfPsf x'g\ eGg] s'/f pgLx¿sf] of] kl5Nnf] Jojxf/ / cfr/0fn] b]vfOlbPsf] 5 . ;+ljwfg agfpg / d'ns ' nfO{ lgsf; lbg bnx¿ ljkmn ePsfn] ca g]tfx¿sf] Ifdtfdfly g} k|ZglrGx v8f ePsf] 5 . d'n's hn] klg, hgtfn] b'Mv / si6 ef]u] klg g]tfx¿ ;+j]bgzLn ag] g g\ . hgtf df/] / ;Qfdf cfPsfx¿nfO{ hgtfsf] s]sf] dfof < hgtfsf] sdhf/Lsf] kmfObf p7fPsf pgLx¿n] hgtfsf] ;]jf u5{g\ eGg' unt xf] . hgtfsf] kf6L{ xf}“ eGg] bnx¿ g} hgtfdf/f;“u ;f“7uf“7 u/L ;Qfdf hfgyfn] kl5 hgtfn] sxf“af6 Gofo kfpg' < PsbzseGbf a9L ;do ;z:q lx+;f / To;kl5 j|Xdn"6 dRrfP/ d'ns ' nfO{ xl/s+ufn agfPsf pgLx¿ oltv]/ ;Qfn] cGwf] ag]sf 5g\ . pgLx¿sf] Pp6fdfq lrGtf eg]sf] ;Qf u'Dnf ls eGg]dfq 5 . ;Qfsf nflu h] klg ug{ tof/ o:tf ult5f8f g]tf ePs} sf/0f cfh g]kfn ljZjs} e|i6frf/L / abgfd d'n'sdWo] Ps aGg k'u]sf] 5 . ljgfsf/0f !^ xhf/eGbf a9L g]kfnL df/]/ caf}{sf] ef}lts ;+/rfg Wj:t kf/]/ ;Qfdf cfPsf] dfcf]jfbLn] clxn] d'n'snfO{ emg\ aGbs / cGwsf/ agfpg] sfd u/]sf] 5 . ctM d'ns ' nfO{ of] cGwsf/af6 d'Qm ug{ gof“ ;+ljwfg agfpg h?/L 5 To;sf nflu pko' Q m af6f] klxNofpgk5{ . ;+ l jwfg;efaf6 ;+ljwfg aGg g;Sg] :ki6 eO;s]sfn] ca k'gM ;+ljwfg;efsf] r'gfjdf hfg' pko'Qm x'b“ g} . To;sf] ljsNk vf]hL u/L l56f] ;+ljwfg agfpglt/ Wofg s]lGb|t ug'k{ 5{ . oyfl:ytdf d'ns ' nfO{ /fVg' eg]sf] csf]{ ;+s6 lgDTofpg' xf] .

Pdfcf]jfbLsf] ;Qf=== ultljlwn] bnx¿aLr ljZjf;sf] ;ª\s6 r'lnPsf] xf] .Ú pxf“n] cfkm"x¿ hlxn] klg /fli6«o ;xdlt, Pstf, ;xsfo{ / d]nldnfks} kIfdf /x]sf] / o;af6} lgsf; lgsfNg'k5{ eGg]df cl8u /x]sf] atfpg'eof] . g]kfnL sf“u; |] sf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o l8NnL/fh /]UdLn] Pdfcf]jfbLsf kl5Nnf ultljlwn] bnx¿aLr /fli6«o ;xdlt sfod x'g sl7g eO/x]sfn] p;n] cfkm"nfO{ ;RofP/ cfpg] xf] eg] ;xdltsf] cfwf/ tof/ x'g] pNn]v ug'e { of] . csf{ s]Gb|Lo ;b:o /fhg kGtn] d'ns ' sf] /fhgLlts ;ª\s6sf] cGTosf nflu sf“u; |] n] kxn ug'k{ 5{ eGg' e of] . ;ldltsf ;efklt jL/axfb'/ /fgfn] sf“u; |] ljutb]lv g} ;xdlt / ;xsfo{sf;fy cufl8 a9\g] kf6L{ ePsfn] /fHosf] k'gM;+/rgfsf] d'2fdf hftLotfeGbf klg cfd hgtfsf] enfOsf nflu :ki6 gLlt agfP/ cl3 a9\gk' g]d{ f hf]8 lbg'eof] .

ah]6 ljjfbsf]=== cy{ d GqL jif{ d fg k' g n] Ps t[tLof+zdf ga9\g] u/L vr{ k|:tfj ub}{ ;+ljwfg;ef lgjf{rg vr{, :j]lR5s cjsf; /f]hs ] f dfcf]jfbL n8fs"sf] eQf;d]t ;d]l6Psf] atfP . dGqL k'gsf cg';f/ ;+ljwfg;ef lgjf{rgsf nflu ?= tLg ca{, :j]lR5s cjsf; /f]hs ] f dfcf]jfbL n8fs"sf] eTtfsf lglDt tLg ca{ ^( s/f]8 !# nfv / ;]gf ;dfof]hg;DaGwL /fli6«o ljsf; tyf ;'/Iff dxflgb]z { gfno u7gsf nflu ?= tLg ca{ Joj:yf ul/Psf] 5 . k|:t't cWofb]zaf6 rfn' cflys{ jif{df ;~rfngdf /x]sf cfof]hgfsf] af“sL sfd ah]6sf] ;Ldfleq /x]/ sfof{Gjog ug],{ xfn hf/L /x]sf ;]jf / sfo{nfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbg ;l~rt sf] i fsf] /sd pkof] u ug] { ,

cWofb]zåf/f k]ZsL:j?k vr{ ug{ lbPsf] clwsf/ rfn' cflys{ jif{df h'g ah]6 pkzLif{saf6 vr{ ul/Psf] xf] ;f]xL pkzLif{saf6 dfq vr{ ug{ kfOg] Joj:yf ePsf] pgn] hfgsf/L lbPsf 5g\ . cy{dGqL k'gn] k"0f{ ah]6sf] ljsNk geP klg ;/sf/n] Tofu u/]/ Ps t[tLof+z ah]6 k|:t't u/]sf] atfP . sf“u;] | Pdfn]nufotsf ljkIfL bnx¿n] k6s–k6s /fi6«klt 8f= /fdj/0f ofbjnfO{ e]6L k"0f{ ah]6 NofPdf /f]Sg cg'/f]w u/]sf lyP . /fi6«kltn] klg k|wfgdGqL afa'/fd e6\6/fO{nfO{ Ps t[tLof+z ah]6 Nofpg cfu|x u/]sf lyP . To;}u/L ah]6s} af/]df ;jf]R{ r cbfntdf k/]sf] Ps /L6df t[tLof+z ah]6 Nofpg ;lsg] u/L cbfntn] cfb]z lbPsf] lyof] .

u'6aGbLsf] /fhgLltn]=== jf sf]O/fnf s'g} u'6df klg g/x]sf] bfaL u/]sf 5g\ . k|wfgdGqLsf cfsf+IfL pk;efklt kf}8]n ;efklt cfkm} k|wfgdGqL aGg ;lqmo ePkl5 pku'6 agfpg nflu k/]sf 5g\ . sf]O/fnf k|wfgdGqL aGg] rrf{;u“ } kf}8n ] pgL;“u c;Gt'i6 5g\ . sf]O/fnfn] cfk"mnfO{ k6s–k6s wf]sf lbPsf] u'gf;f];lxt pgn] cfkm\gf] 5'§} u'6 agfpg] k|of; yfn]sf x'g\ . kf}8]n;“u dxfdGqL k|sfzdfg l;+xsf ;fy} s]Gb|Lo ;b:o sdnf kGt, gljGb|/fh hf];L, rGb| e08f/L 5g\ . To:t}, ;'hftf sf]O/fnf klg cfkm\gf] u'6 agfpg nflu k/]sL l5g\ . kf6L{sf] dxfdGqL gagfP / dfcf]jfbL g]tT[ jsf] ;/sf/df cfk"mnfO{ ;xefuL gu/fPsf]df sf]O/fnf;“u pgL c;Gt'i6 l5g\ . ;'hftf;+u s]Gb|Lo ;b:ox¿ /fds'df/ rf} w /L, df] x dbc:yfk cfnd / pdfsfGt rf}w/L /x]sf 5g\ . To:t}, kf6L{ ;efklt sf]O/fnf;+u 8f= z]v/ sf]O/fnf klg c;Gt'i6 5g\ . cfk"mnfO{ s'g} lhDd]jf/L glbPsf] 8f=zzf+s sf]O/fnf / dxfdGqL s[i0fk|;fb l;6f}nfsf] dfq ;efklt sf]O/fnfn] s'/f ;'gs ] f] pgn] u'gf;f] ug]{ u/]sf 5g\ . sf]O/fnf lgjf; lj/n} k'Ug] u/]sf z]v/ s]Gb|Lo ;ldltdf PSn}5g\ . t/, pgn] lhNnf ;efklt e|ft[ ;+u7gsf k|dv ' x¿nfO{ cfkm\gf] kIfdf kfg{ s;/t ;'? u/]sf 5g\ . ;efklt sf]O/fnfn] dxfdGqLdf dgf]gog gu/]sf]df s]Gb|Lo ;b:o ch'g{ g/l;+x

s];L klg ?i6 5g\ . dxfdGqL gkfPkl5 s];L b]pjfsf] z/0fdf k'us ] f lyP . t/, b]pjf u'6af6 klg /fxt dx;'; gu/]sf s];L clxn] cfk"mnfO{ dWodfuL{ eGg] u/]sf 5g\ . pgL sf]O/fnf / b]pjf b'as } f] u'6df 5}gg\ . …JolQmsf] cfwf/df geP/ ljrf/ / l;4fGtsf] cfwf/df glhs jf 6f9f x'g' :jfefljs xf],Ú s];Ln] eg],…kf6L{sf] gLlt l;4fGt arfpgsf nflu nfUg' c:jfefljs xf]Og .Ú dxflwj]zg ;DkGg ePsf] b'O{ dlxgfleq ljefu, ;+;bLo ;ldlt / af]8{sf ;fy} kf6L{sf] ;a} lgsfon] k"0f{tf kfpg'kg]{ ljwfgdf Joj:yf ul/Psf] 5 . t/ b'O{ jif{ ljTg nfUbf;d]t ljefu, ;+;bLo ;ldlt u7g x'g g;sf 5}gg\ . To;df cfkm\gf] pkl:ylt / afx'Notf hdfpg klg sf+u|];df d'Vo u'6af6 pku'6x¿ hGdg] qmdn] tLa|tf kfPsf] 5 . cfkm" lgs6sfnfO{ lhDd]jf/L lbgsf nflu kl5Nnf] ;dodf pku'6x¿ hlGdg k'us ] f] sf+u; ]| sf g]tfx¿ g} atfp“5g\ . t/, s]xL g]tfx¿ eg] g]t[Tj lghL :jfy{df clNemPsf] cf/f]k nufp“b} kf6L{sf] dd{ / l;4fGtcg';f/ cufl8 a9\g cfkm"x¿ ;lqmo ePsf] bfaL ub{5g\ . ;efklt sf]O/fnf kf6L{leqsf ;d:of ;dfwfgdf Odfgbf/ gb]lvPsf] u'?ª kIfsf] cf/f]k 5 . k|wfgdGqLsf] bf}8df b]pjf kIf;“u glhs ePsf u'?ªx¿ clxn] pQm u'7af6 klg aflxl/Psf 5g\ . pgLx¿n] b]pjf klg kf6L{sf] dd{ / l;4fGtcg';f/ grn]sf] cf/f]k nufPsf 5g\ . cfkm\g} u'6 agfPsf pgLx¿n] kf6L{sf] dd{ / l;4fGtnfO{ alnof] kfg]{ / sdhf]/ ag]sf] ;f+u7lgs cfwf/nfO{ alnof] agfPpg] pgLx¿n] bfaL u/]sf 5g\ . s]Gb|Lo ;ldltdf u'?ª / cDaLsf a:g]tdfq 5g\ . t/, pgLx¿n] ;}4flGts k|Zg { fPsf 5g\ . p7fp“b} a}7s alx:sf/ ub}c !@cf}“ dxflwj]zgdf b]pjf u'6af6 s]Gb|Lo ;b:o lht]sf v'daxfb'/ v8\sf clxn] sf]O/fnf u'6df k|jz ] u/]sf 5g\ . sf]O/fnf u'6;“u glhs eP/ v8\sf ;+;bLo af]8d{ f cfk"mdfq geP/ lgs6sf g]tfx¿nfO{ ;d]t ;xefuL u/fpg] /0fgLltdf /x]sf] ;|ft] sf] bfaL 5 . pgL dfly nfu]sf] e|i6frf/sf] d'2fnfO{ cfkm\gf] cg'sn " agfpg klg sf]O/fnf u'6df k| j ] z u/] s f] ;| f ] t sf] bfaL 5 . v8\sf;lxt s]Gb|Lo ;ldltdf z+s/ e08f/L, cho rf}/;Lof, k'ikf e'iffn, kfj{tL 8L;L rf}w/L /x]sf 5g\ .

h?/L ;"rgf ut xKtf y8{ cfO{ art tyf C0f ;xsf/L ;+ : yfsf] ;fwf/0f;ef;DaGwL ;"rgf k|sflzt ul/Psf]df ;fpg !# ut] ;ef x'g] x'gk' g]d { f cGoyf 5flkPsf]df ;RofP/ k9\gx' g' ;"lrt ul/G5 .

cWoIf

y8{ cfO{ art tyf C0f ;xsf/L ;+:yf ln= If]qkf6L, sf7df8f}+

;"rgf kqsf/ tyf ;~rf/ dfWodx¿aLrsf] cfk;L ;DaGw Jofj;flos :j:y ;+oldt dof{lbt / ;'dw'/ /fVg b'j} ;lqmo / k|oTgzLn x'g' kb{5.

g] k fn ;/sf/

;"rgf tyf ;~rf/ dGqfno ;" r gf ljefu

@)^( ;fpg ^ ut] To:t} , ;+ 3 Lotfsf ;fy} hghfltx¿sf dfusf ljifonfO{ lnP/ sf“u; ]| df hghflt g]tfx¿sf] 5'§} u'6 ag] s f] 5 . pgLx¿n] p7fPsf dfux¿nfO{ ;+af]wg ug{ bjfj lbb} s]Gb|Lo ;b:o g/]Gb|ljqmd g]Djfª / ;Ltf u'?ª /x]sf 5g\ .

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*

vf/]hL of] a}7saf6 ul/g]5, of] g} of] a} 7 ssf] ;a} e Gbf dxTjk" 0 f{ pknlAw x'g5 ] .Ú pxf“n] b;jif]{ hgo'4sf] qmddf clxn]eGbf eLif0f cGt/;ª\3if{ eP klg kf6L{nfO{ gkm'6fO{ oxf“;Dd NofOPsf] :d/0f ug'e { of] . pxf“n] kf6L{ cWoIfsf] jl/kl/ /x]sf] g]tT[ jsf] ;d"x s'g} klg xfntdf gkm'6\g] / cem Pstfa4 eP/ hfg]df sfo{stf{ kª\ l QmnfO{ ljZj:t x' g cfu| x ug'e{ of] . zflGt / ;+ljwfgsf] af6faf6} qmflGtnfO{ k"0f{tf lbg]df kf6L{ zLif{ g]tfsf aLr dt}So /x]sf] rrf{ ub}{ pkfWoIf e§/fO{ n ] cfkm" x ¿nfO{ hlt;'s} pQ]lht kf/] klg zflGt / ;+ljwfgsf] af6f]af6 ljrlnt gx'g] atfpg'eof] . o;} u /L csf{ pkfWoIf tyf pkk|wfgdGqL gf/fo0fsfhL >]i7n] cfh}bl] v kf6L{leqsf] u'6aGbLsf] cGTo ePsf] 3f]if0ff ug'e{ of] . pxf“n] eGg'eof]– …cfh}sf] ldltb]lv u'6aGbLsf] cGTo ul/g]5, u'6aGbL qmflGtsf/L kf6L{sf nflu ljifj[If xf] .Ú kf6L{ cWoIfn] a}7sdf k|:t't ug'e{ Psf] /fhgLlts k|ltj]bgn] qmflGtdf pT;fx yKg] ljZjf; JoQm ub{} pxf“n] /fli6«o :jfwLgtf, qmflGtsf] lbzf / kf6L{ lgdf{0fsf] k|Zg clxn]sf] dxTjk"0f{ ljifo ePsf] atfpg'eof] . kf6L{ ;ftf“} lj:tfl/t a}7s cfof]hs ;ldltsf ;+of]hs s[i0faxfb'/ dx/fn] kf6L{nfO{ qmflGtsf/L lbzfdf cufl8 a9fpgsf nflu a}7s dxTjk"0f{ x'g] ljZjf; JoQm ug'e{ of] . pxf“n] eGg'eof]– …;ftf}“ lj:tfl/t a}7s g]kfnL sDo'lg:6 cfGbf]ngsf] Oltxf;df dxTjk"0f{ sf];9] ª' u\ f x'g5] , o;n] kf6L{leq b]lvPsf] km'6af6 k/]sf] ;d:ofnfO{ ;d]t xn ug{5 ] .Ú ;fpg @ ut]bl] v z'? lj:tfl/t a}7sdf b]ze/sf kf“r xhf/eGbf a9L /fHo ;ldlt:t/sf sfo{ s tf{ s f] ;xeflutf 5 .

k"j{ /fhfnfO{=== lbg'kg]{df ljz]if hf]8 lbg'eof] . hGde"ld;“usf] s'/fsfgLdf pxf“n] eGg'eof]–d'n'ssf nflu zflGt / ;+ljwfg ckl/xfo{ 5 . To;sf nflu lgjf{rgdf uP/ x'G5 jf ;+ljwfg;ef k'gM:yfkgf u/]/ x'G5 ## bnn] ;femf b[li6sf]0f agfP/ d'ns ' nfO{ l5§} lgsf; lbg'k5{, cGof]ndf /fVg' x'b“ g} .


Shrawan- 6-2069