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8


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jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

9


a&TOa'gif;

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jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

10


pHka xmufa rmifpH&Sm;

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jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

11


a&TOa'gif;

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12


pHka xmufa rmifpH&Sm;

ñGefU/ /]rSefygw,f&Sif? onfu OD;pH&Sm;wJh? onf[mu OD;odef;armifwJh} uJ/ /]uRefawmfay;vdkufwJh pmudk &&JUaemf} ñGefU/ /]&vdkU rSmwJh twdkif; vma&mufjcif; jzpfygw,f&Sif} uJ/ /]wjcm;udpö r[kwfbl;As? rESif;ñGefU taz OD;om[ef udpö¶aygh? OD;om[efawmhjzifh r&Sd&Smbl;? odkUaomfvnf; rdef;uav; &oifh&cGifh &Sdoavmufudkawmh usKyftpfudk udkbdk;&GJu b,fvdkyif uefUuGufaomfvnf; usKyfu r& &atmif vkyfay;ygr,fAsm? pdwfomcsyg? rdwfaqGrsm; ygvmMuwmvJ cyfaumif;aumif;ygyJAsm? uRefawmfajymorQudk oufaotjzpfESifh em;axmifrSwfom;awmfrlMuyg? odkUaomfvnf; cifAsm;wdkU ykvdyfjzifh r[kwfMubl;aemf? ykvdyfyg&ifjzifh bdk;&GJu ajymvdkU r&aybl;As? olu vlodrSm tifrwef pdk;w,f} &S m;/ /]pdwfcsyg rdwfaqG? usKyfwdkUtwGufawmhudk? tifrwefpum;vHkwJh vlawGygAsm} uJ/ /]aumif;ygavAsm? aumif;ygav&JU? onfvdk cifAs? a&S;OD;pGm rESif;ñGefUxH uRefawmf pma&;NyD; ydkUcJhpOftcgu uRefawmfae&yfudk wpfcgwnf; xnfhNyD; a&ay;vdkufr,fvdkU BuHpnfrdyg&JU? odkUaomf ½Iyf½Iyf&Suf&SufvlrsdK;awG ac:NyD;vmrSm uRefawmfu pdk;&drfvdkU ae&yfudk wpfcgwnf; rajymao;bJ auseyfatmif uRefawmfhvlu MunhfNyD;wJhtcgrS ac:cJhzdkU pDrHwmudk;cifAs? wjcm;aMumifh r[kwfygbl;cifAsm? uRefawmfu qlqlnHnH ½Iyf½Iyf&Suf&Suf BudKufwJhvl r[kwfbl; cifAs? ykvdyfawG ac:vmcJhrSjzifh tvum; qlqlnHnH jzpfukefMurSm uRefawmfu pdk;&drfvdkUygcifAsm} ñGefU/ /]aumif;vSygNyD&Sif? odkUaomf tcsdefu enf;enf; vifhvdkUrdkU udpöudk jrefjref wqdwfavmuf ajymjyyg&Sif? awmif;yefyg&ap} uJ/ /]pdwfcsyg ajymyghr,f? odkUaomf enf;enf;awmh tcsdefMumvdrfhr,fAs? onf;cHawmh? rESif;ñGefUrSmvnf; tazmfawG ygom;uyJ? onfu udpöNyD;vQif tudkBuD; bdk;&GJqD oGm;Mu&OD;r,fAs? uRefawmfhtudku tifrwef avmbBuD;wJh vlwpfa,mufyJ? reJppfwdkufMu&OD;r,f? pdwfxGufNyDqdkrSjzifh usKyftpfudku tifrwef aMumufp&maumif;wJh vlcifAs? b,fvdkrsm; tajymtqdkMuyfwJh vlwpfa,mufrSef; rodbl;} uRefawmf/ /]cifAsm; tpfudku b,ft&yfrSmvJ} uJ/ /]NrdKUywfvrf;rSm cifAs} uRefawmf/ /]udkif; 'gjzifh oGm;&rJh twlwl wpfcgwnf; oGm;MupdkU? vmAsm} uJ/ /]onfvdkvnf; rjzpfbl;cifAs? cifAsm;wdkUudk jzKef;ueJ uRefawmfu ac: oGm;NyD;&if olu bmajymOD;r,f uRefawmfvnf; rodwwfbl;? onfhjyifwpfcsufuvnf; onftjzpftysufawGudk uRefawmfvnf; tukeftpif rodao;bl;? odavmufom uRefawmfodw,f? onfawmh uRefawmf odoavmufudk uRefawmfu ajymjyNyD; b,fyHkb,fenf; pDrHMur,fqdkwm rdwfaqGwdkUu qHk;jzwfMuapcsifygw,f cifAsm} &S m;/ /]udkif;Asm? ajymp&m&Sdwm jrefjref ajymprf;yg} uJ/ /]ajymygr,f cifAsm? uRefawmfwdkU tazu vGefcJhwJh ppfBuD;twGif;rSm ppfrIxrf;&GufcJhygw,f cifAsm? ppfjzpfonfhtcgu tazrSm toufyif BuD;aomfvnf; a&S;jrefrmrif;vufxufuwnf;u ppfrsdK;ppfEG,fjzpfavawmh tpdk;&rif;rsm;u toufyifBuD;aomfvnf; trIxrf;cGifhjyKcJhygw,f cifAsm? 'gESifh uRefawmfwdkU taz vdkufNyD;oGm;/ ppfajrjyifrSm rusef;rrm&SdwmESifh ppfBuD;rNyD;cif ajcmufvavmufrSmyJ jyefvmcJh&ygw,f cifAsm? ppfxJrSm trIxrf;&GufpOftcgu vcrsm; b,favmuf &w,f rajymwwfygbl;? jyefvmawmhjzifh aiGawmfawmfrsm;rsm;BuD; ygvmwJh vu©Pm &Sdw,fcifAs/ jyefvdkU cPavmufMum&ifyJ NrdKUywfvrf;rSm tdrfBuD; wpfaqmif0,f? onfu NcHudkvnf; 0,f? 0,fNyD; tifrwef crf;crf;em;em; aexdkifcJhygw,fcifAsm? uRefawmfwdkUvnf; ppfrIxrf;&Gufw,fqdkwm wpf0rf;wpfcg;vSvS pm;EdkifaomufEkdif½Hkavmuf xifygw,f? tazrSmawmh aMu;aiGawG jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

13


a&TOa'gif;

ygvSacsuvm;vdkU tHhMordyg&JU? tHhMoaomfvnf; b,fenf;ESifh &&av? aumif;aumif;rGefrGef ae&xdkif&vdkU vSvSyy oHk;pGJ&&if NyD;a&mvdkU bmrS ar;jcif; jref;jcif; rvkyfcJhbl; cifAs? uRefawmfwdkUrSm nDtpfudk ESpfa,muf&Sdygw,f cifAsm? bkd;&GJwJh bdk;uJ wJh? t>rm arG;cifAs? 'gESifh uRefawmfwdkUtazh rdwfaqGOD;om[efwpfa,muf aysmufqHk;oGm;w,fvdkU owif;pmawGxJrSm awGUawmh b,fenf;ESifh aysmufjcif;rvSaysmuf&avovJvdkU tazha&SUrSm uRefawmfwdkU nDtpfudkESpfa,muf wdkifyifESD;aESmMuawmh tazuvnf; bmrS 0ifNyD; rajymbl; cifAs? ajymawmh ajymyg&JUav? olvJyJ rodwJh [efESifh wpfcGef; ESpfcGef; 0ifNyD; ajymyg&JU? odkUaomfvnf; OD;om[ef aysmufqHk;wJh taMumif;[m bmaMumifh aysmufqHk;rSef; uRefawmfwdkU taz od&SdaMumif;udk uRefawmfwdkUjzifh enf;enf;rS r&dyfrdbl;cifAs? odkUaomfvnf; uRefawmfwdkU wpfckawmh &dyfrdw,f cifAs? bmvJqdkawmh uRefawmfwdkU taz[m ppfxJu jyefvmNyD;wJhaemuf wpfpHkwpfckaom ab;Oyg'ftEå&m,fudk tpOfrjywf aMumuf&GHUaewJh vu©Pm &Sdw,f? bm&,fvdkUawmh rqdkEkdifbl;? wpfpHkwpfckudkawmh ol trSefaMumufaewJh vu©PmyJ? bmaMumifh uRefawmfwdkU odovJqdkawmh uRefawmfwdkUtaz[m t&ifwkef;u tifrwef owådaumif;aomfvnf; ppfxJu jyefvmNyD;wJhaemuf wpfa,mufxJawmifrS vrf;ravQmuf0Hhbl; cifAs? NyD;awmhvJ qdk;ayhqdkwJh acG;BuD;rsm;udkvnf; 0,fNyD;arG;xm;w,f? aoewfvdkifpifudkvJ r&&atmif avQmufawmif;NyD; cg;ydkufxJu b,ftcgrS rcsbl;? onf[mawG jrifawmh uRefawmfwdkU nDtpfudk ESpfa,muf tusdK;taMumif;udk ar;? ar;ayrJh rajymbl; cifAs? NyD;awmhvJyJ uRefawmfwdkU tazu opfom;ajcaxmufESifh vlrsm; jrif&if tifrwef vefUwwfw,f cifAs/ [dkwavmu vlwpfa,muf rD;&xm;eif;rd&SmvdkU ajcaxmufrSm opfom;BuD;wyfNyD; awmif;pm;ae&&Smwm? taz jrifwmESifh bmrsm; atmufarhw,f rajymwwfygbl;cifAsm? ajcmufvHk;jyL;ESifh oGm;ypfvdkufwm uHaumif;vdkU rrSefayvdkU? 'gawmif uRefawmfwdkUrSm ykvdyfawG bmawG aiGawG xdk;vdkuf&wm awmfawmf ydkufqHukefoGm;ao;w,f? [dkwkef;uawmh onfopfom;ajcaxmufudk bmaMumifh taz onfavmuf rkef;ygvdrfhrwkef;vdkU atmif;arhrdw,f? aemufusawmhrS onft"dyÜg,f &dyfrdwmudk;cifAs? 'gESifh ajym&OD;r,f? onfu rESif;ñGefU&JU taz OD;om[ef aysmufqHk;aMumif; uRefawmfwdkU od&NyD;wJhaemuf oHk;vavmuf tMumrSm wpfaeUoü xrif;pm;NyD; aeMuwkef; tazhemrnfESifh pmwpfapmif &w,f cifAs? pm&vdkU zGifhNyD;vnf; zwfua&m tazvnf; rsufESmrsm; rnf;NyD; wkefwkef,if,ifESifh tajcysuf oGm;vdkufwm uRefawmfwdkUu bmtaMumif;vJvdkU ar;vdkUvnf; r&bl; cifAs? onfuaeUupNyD; uRefawmfwdkUtaz rusef;rrmjzpfvdkufwm toufodkUom wdkifyga&m cifAsm? onfpmvJ uRefawmfwdkU rjrif&ygbl;? onfvdkESifh wjznf;jznf; wydefydef wañ§mfñ§mfESifhjzpfNyD; ESpfvavmuf tMumrSm tdyf&mxJ vkH;vHk;vJyga&m cifAsm? 'gESifh wpfaeUoüawmh uRefawmfwdkUtazrS tarmBuD;qdkufNyD; aor,fvdkUqJqJ jzpfaeavawmh uRefawmfwdkU nDtpfudk ESpfa,mufvnf; tem;u rcGmbJ jyKpkaecJhMu? n &Spfem&DausmftcsdefavmufrSm wHcg;awG tydwf cdkif;NyD; uRefawmfwdkU ESpfa,mufudk tem;ac:NyD; ajymyga&m cifAsm? uRefawmfwdkU nDtpfudkESpfa,mufvnf; ckwif wpfbuf wpfcsufu 'l;axmufNyD; em;axmifaeMuw,f cifAs} &S m;/ /]bmrsm; ajymovJAsm? ajymprf;yg} uJ/ /]onfvdkcifAs? ighom;rsm;&,fwJh? tazhrSm ,ckpdwfrat;wJh tcsufwpfck &Sdw,fwJh? onftcsufu bmvJqdkawmh OD;om[ef&JU orD; rESif;ñGefUuav;udk tazu rw&m;ojzifh epfematmif jyKusifhcJhrdw,fwJh? tazhrSm ypönf;b@mawGrsm;pGm &SdwJhteufu rESif;ñGefUuav;u wpf0ufrQ &xdkufaomfvnf; tazu avmbxGufNyD; wpfjym;wpfcsyfrS cGJa0NyD; rap;bJ aecJhrdw,fwJh? avmb? avmb w,fcufyguvm;wJh? ukd,fvnf; ukefatmif roHk;Edkif/ olrsm;vnf; cGJa0NyD; ray;&uf? w,fcufyguvm;wJh ajymNyD; acgif;tHk;atmufu uEkurmaowåmuav;wpfvHk; xkwf,ljyNyd; onftxJrSm ykvJaumif; ykvJjrwf 30 rQudk rESif;ñGefUxJ ay;ydkUzdkU tazBuHcJhaomfvnf; ay;cgeD;us&if vufwkefwkefNyD; ray;&ufEkdifbl;wJh? onfawmh igr&SdwJh aemufudk rif;wdkUu ay;ydkU&pfMuyguG,fwJh? NyD;awmhrSwpfcg tazu rESif;ñGefUESifh igwdkUESifh qufoG,fyHk taMumif;ajymjyOD;r,fwJh? rESif;ñGefUtaz OD;om[efu ESvHk;a&m*gpGJaew,fwJh? pGJuyfayrJh onftaMumif; b,folrS rodbl;? igwpfa,mufom odw,f? olvnf; cyfayghayghESifh aecJhwmayghav? 'gESifh ppfajrjyifrSm twlwuG

jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

14


pHka xmufa rmifpH&Sm;

xrf;&GufaeMuwkef; igwdkU ESpfa,mufypönf; b@mrsm;pGmwdkUudk twlwuG &&SdMuw,f? b,fyHk b,fenf;ESifh &w,fqdkwmudkawmh tazajymjyzdkU tcsdef r&Sdbl;? 'gESifh tazu t&ifjyefESifhvdkU ypönf;awG ,lNyD; vmESifhcJh? aemuf ola&mufvmawmh olUtwGuf tpk olvmNyD; awmif;wmayghav? awmif;vmawmh igwdkUESpfa,muf ta0rnDMubl;aygh? ta0rnDavawmh wpfa,mufwpfa,muf rdk;vm;uJvm;ESifh pum;rsm;NyD; aeMuwkef; jzKef;ceJqdk oli,fcsif; armifom[efu a'gowBuD;ESifh xdkif&mu xvdkufyga&muG,f? xvdkufonfESifh wpfjyKdifeuf olU&ifbwf olESdyfNyD; a&SUxdk;toGm;? igvnf; qD;NyD; qGJvdkufr,fvkyfwkef; rqGJrdbl;a[h? rsufESmESifh usoGm;&SmNyD; oHaowåmESifh acgif;ESifh aqmifhoGm;NyD; Murf;ay:rSm yufvufBuD; pif;aeyga&ma[h? onfawmh tazu xlr,fvdkUvnf; vkyfyga&m toufvnf; r&Sd&Smygbl;? ckeifu ajymwJh ESvHk;a&m*gESifhyJ ao&Smavovm;? aowåmESifh aqmifhrdvdkU ao&Smavovm;? tazjzifh rajymwwfbl;uG,f? odkUaomf tazhvufcsufaMumifh ao&Smwmjzifh r[kwfygbl;uG,f? tazvnf; aocgeD; ighom;rsm;udk vdrfNyD; rajymygbl;? 'gESifh tazvnf; b,fhES,f vkyf&r,frod? 'gESifh thHtm;oifhNyD;aewkef; tdrfrSm cdkif;wJh tapcH ijym;u tcef;xJ 0ifNyD; vmwmudk;uGJ? vmvmjcif; olu wHcg;udk ydwfwJhNyD q&ma&U bmrS rpdk;&drfESifh? uRefawmfwpfa,mufvHk; &Sdao;w,fwJh? q&m owfaMumif; b,folrS rodap&bl;? uRefawmf EIwfvHkygw,f q&m&JUwJh? onfawmh onftavmif;udk tomuav; jr§KyfypfvdkufvQif NyD;a&m r[kwfvm; q&m&,fwJh? ajymwmudk;uGJY/ onfawmh igu ig rowfaMumif; ajymawmh olu uRefawmf odygw,f q&mwJh/ q&mwdkU vufOD; pum;rsm;a&m? rsm;NyD; q&mu ½dkufvdkufwJhtoH uRefawmfMum;ygw,f? ruG,fygESifh q&m? uRefawmfhudk ,HkMunfhyg? EIwfvHkygw,f? udpör&Sdygbl;? wpftdrfvHk;vnf; tdyfukefMuygNyD? tavmif;udk tomuav; vlrodatmif jr§KyfypfvdkufvQif NyD;a&m r[kwfbl;vm;wJh? ajymwmudk;uGJU? onfawmh udk,fhtapcHuawmif udk,fowfw,f xifaeNyD; Opöm? ½Hk;usvQifvnf; ighpum;ukd ,HkMur,f r[kwfacsbl;? r,HkrSjzifh ig cufacs&JUvdkU atmif;arhNyD; ijym; tBuHtwdkif; vdkufemNyD; tavmif;udk q&mwynfhESpfa,muf nwGif;csif; 0if;xJrSm wl;NyD; jr§KyfvdkufMuwmudk;uGJU} [k armifbdk;uJvnf; zcif\ taMumif;rsm;udk Mum;od&onfESifh rsuf&nfrqnfEdkifatmif &Sdae&Smav\/ ¤if;aemuf armifbkd;uJvnf; qufvufí ]udkif; onfawmh onftrIrSm uRefawmfwdkU tjypf r[kwfaMumif; xif&Sm;NyD r[kwfvm;cifAsm? 'gESifh tazu ajymwm qufNyD; uRefawmf ajymyg&apOD;? ]igwdkUvJ tavmif;udk wl;NyD; jr§Kyf? jr§KyfNyD;awmh avb xGufvmjyefwmudk;uGJU? onftavmif;udk zHk;zdEkdifvQif ypönf;udkvnf; igrzHk;zdEdkifbl;vm;wJh? onfawmh onfypönf;awG qdkif&m tarGcH tarGpm;rsm;udk cGJa0NyD; ray;bJ igcsnf; wpfa,mufwnf; ,l&vQif b,folu odEdkifOD;rSmvJwJh? aAGazmufvmjyefwmudk;uGJU? udkif; udkif; ajymae pum;&Snfaea&mhr,f? ig touf&SifpOftcg avmbEdkifiHvdkufNyD; ay;oifhonfh ypönf;rsm;udk olUorD;uav;tm; ray;bJ &SdcJhaomfvnf; igaoNyD;wJhaemuf rif;wdkUu repfem&atmif jyKpkapmifha&Smuf&pfMuyguG,f? ighom;rsm; ypönf;rsm;teufu wpf0ufudk olUorD;xH ay;ydkUvdkufMuygbduG,f? uJ uJ ypönf;xm;wJhae&m taz ajymjyOD;r,f em;axmif? rif;wdkUem; tazyg;pyfem; uyfMuprf;uG,f? ypönf;xm;wJh ae&muav;vdkU ajymum &Sdao;w,f? jzKef;ueJqdk rsufvHk;BuD;awG jyL;NyD;vmwmudk; cifAs? vmNyD; vSJae&mu vufaxmufNyD; xrvdkUvkyf&m jywif;aygufqDudk vufñdI;xdk;NyD; [dktaumif r0ifygapESifh? vkyfMuyguG,f½dkU? [dktaumif r0ifygapESifhvdkU aMumuftm;vefUtm;ESifh [pfNyD; atmfwmudkcifAs? onfawmh uRefawmfwdkUvnf; jywif;ayguf&Sd&m jzKef;ceJ Munfhvdkufawmh vm; vm; cifAsm? jywif;ayguf tjyifbufu vlwpfa,muf rSefjywif;ESifh rsufESmESifh uyfNyD; uRefawmfwdkU&Sd&m Munfhaewm awGU&wmudk; cifAs? onfvlUrsufESmu EIwfcrf;arG; aumif;aumif;cifAs/ aumif;qdkcifAsm? *smrefbk&ifudkifZm EIwfcrf;arG;rsdK;ygyJcifAs? rsufvHk;uvnf; jyL;wJhtay:rSm tifrwef rkef;xm;wJh pdwfESifh uRefawmfwdkUudk pdkufNyd; Munfhaewmudk; cifAs? onfvljrifawmh uRefawmfwkdU nDtpfudkESpfa,mufvnf; jzKef;ceJqdk xNyD; ol&Sd&m jywif;aygufudk ajy;oGm;Mu? tem;vnf; a&mufua&m olvnf; r&Sdbl; cifAs? 'gESifh uRefawmfwdkUvnf; tazckwifem; jyefvmMu? a&mufvn;f a&mufua&m tazvnf; touf r&Sdygbl; cifAsm? 'gESifh onfnu tazh tavmif;jyifNyD; tdyfMuawmh reufusawmh uRefawmfwdkU tazhaowåmawG pm;yGJ tHqGJawG?

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15


a&TOa'gif;

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16


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17


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18


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pHka xmufa rmifpH&Sm;

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pHka xmufa rmifpH&Sm;

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24


pHka xmufa rmifpH&Sm;

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25


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26


pHka xmufa rmifpH&Sm;

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30


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31


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32


pHka xmufa rmifpH&Sm;

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33


a&TOa'gif;

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34


pHka xmufa rmifpH&Sm;

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35


a&TOa'gif;

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37


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38


pHka xmufa rmifpH&Sm;

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39


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40


pHka xmufa rmifpH&Sm;

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41


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46


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jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

47


a&TOa'gif;

tcef ; (3) txufyg tjcif;t&mwdkU jzpfysufNyD;onfhaemuf oHk;&ufajrmufaom aeUü armifausmfjronf ausmufaoG;wef;&yf&Sd rdrd\ aetdrfü t*Fvdyfowif;pm wpfapmifudk zwf½Ivsuf&Sd&m atmufygtwdkif; awGU&Sd&av\/

"m;wef; &yfü xl;qef;aom vlowfrI jzpfyGm;jcif;taMumif; ]&efuk efNrdKUrS pyg;yGJpm;BuD; OD;MumñGefUonf rEåav;NrdKUodkU tvnftywfqif;vmcJh&m "m;wef; &yfwGif wdkufwpfvHk;udk acwåiSm ;&rf;aexdk ifcJhonf jzpfaMumif;? ¤if;yGJpm;BuD;onf a&TbdkNrdKUü udpöav;wpfck ay:aygufonfESifh wdkufudk ydwfxm;cJhNyD;vQif acwåoGm;a&mufcJhonf jzpfaMumif;? udpöNyD;í ,refaeU naeu a&T bdkrS jyefvmaomtcg rdrd\ wdkufcef;twGif; avScg;&if;ü opfvGifaom t0wftpm;rsm;udk 0wfqifvsuf touf 20 ausmft&G,fcefU &Sdí t½kyft&nfESifh jynfhpHkaom oli,frwpfa,muf\ tavmif;udk awGU&Sd&onf jzpfaMumif;? xdktaMumif;udk ykvdyfXmeodkU taMumif;Mum;NyD;aemuf ykvd yft&m&Sd rsm;ESifh twl rnfonfh ypönf;rsm; aysmufqHk;ao;onfudk wdkufwGif;ü Munfh½IMu&m pm;yGJtHqGJrsm;udk arTaESmuf&SmazGxm;onfh txdrf;trSwfwdkUudk awGU&Sd&onf jzpfaMumif; xkdUjyif pm;yGJtHqGJü tHzHk;twGif; &Sd vQdKU0Sufí xm;cJhaom puúLwpf&GufrSmvnf; aysmufqHk;vsuf&Sd&m ¤if;puúLrSm OD;MumñGefUomvQif toHk;0ifí tjcm;olwdkUü toHk;rusonf jzpfaomaMumifh rnfodkUaom olcdk;onf rnfonfh tBuHtpnfESif h ¤if;puúLudk ckd;,lonfrsm;udk rawG;awmEdkifatmif &SdaMumif;} þrQ zwfNyD;vQif jr/ /(wpfa,mufwnf; pdwful;rdonfrSm) ]b,fhES,fvJ? puúLudk oli,frvufrSm igñSyfNyD; xm;cJhygw,f? b,folu 0ifNyD; ,loGm;jyefygvdrhf? w,fusyfyguvm;} ¤if;aemuf qufvufí zwfjyefonfrSm

]OD; MumñG efUa&mufvmaomtcgü wdkufwHcg;onf aumif;rGefpGmydwfqdkUvsuf&Sdonf[k awGUjrif &onf jzpfaom aMumifh oli,f ronf wdkufwGif;odkU rnfonf henf;ESifh 0ifa&mufí ¤if;tm; owfoGm;aomolonf rnfonfhenf;ESifh xGufcGmonfudk rawG;awmwwfEdkifatmif &Sd&aMumif;/ oli,fr\ tavmif;udk ,cktcg aq;½HkBuD;odkU ydkUNyD;NyD jzpf &m q&m0ef rsm;u ¤if;oli,f ronf 'Pf&m r&Sdojzifh rnfonfhenf;ESifh touf qHk;½HI;&onfudk trSef rajymEdkifao;aomfvnf; aoG;½dk;om;½dk;jzifh aoqHk;jcif; r[kwf? olwpfyg; owfí aoqHk;onfrsm;rSm ,HkrSm;zG,f&m r&SdaMumif;? ykvdyft&m&SdwdkUonf xdkoli,frrSm rnfolrnf0g jzpfonfudk axmufvSrf;pHkprf;vsufyif &SdaeMuaMumif;} owif;pmudk zwf½INyD;aemuf jr/ /(wpfa,mufwnf; jyKH;&,fvsuf) ]axmufvSrf;Muav axmufvSrf;Mu? b,fol b,f0g&,fvdkU rif;wdkU ay:atmif axmufvSrf;Ekdif&if axmufaywmaygh? udkif; wpfcgjzifh ig tBuHatmifaumif;yg&JUuG,f} ______

jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

48


pHka xmufa rmifpH&Sm;

tcef ; (4) armifausmfjronf rdrdBuD;ESifh xkdaeUnwGif awGUqHkNyD;onfhaemuf rdrdBuD;wdkU\tdrf oGm;a&muf0ifxGufjcif;r&Sd jzpfcJhav&m wpfaeUoü rdrdBuD;xHrS ta&;BuD;aom pmwpfapmifudk &&Sdav\/ ¤if;pmrSm ...

wdkifyif ar;jref;&ef &Sdí uRefrwdkUtdrfodkU ,aeUn qufqufvmcJ hyg udkudkjr/ ] rd rd BuD; }

armifausmfjronf xkdpmudk&&Sdaomtcg oGm;&rnf roGm;&rnfudk twefMumatmif pOf;pm;NyD;aemuf aemufqHk;ü rnfonfhudpöta&;BuD;aeonfudk od&SdvdkonfESifh t0wfrsm;vJvS,fí rdrdBuD;tdrfodkU xGufvmcJhav\/ rdrdBuD;onf olwpfyg; rMum;apvdkaom pum;udk ajymvdkonfjzpfaomaMumifh rdbrsm; r&Sdonfh tcsdeftcgwGif rSmxm;vdkufjcif; jzpf&um; xkdnü armifausmfjr oGm;a&mufaomtcg ESpfa,mufwnf; pum;ajymcGifh &cJhav\/ a&mufvQif a&mufjcif; rdrdBuD;onf armifausmfjrudk udpö tBuD;tus,f wpfpHkwpf&m ray:aygufbJvsuf rdrdwdkU aetdrfodkU vrf;jzwfí xm;onfudk jypfwifpum; ajymMum;aomtcg armifausmfjru rdrd ,cifuyif wifBudKajymxm;aom pum;twdkif; tjypfwif rapm&ef awmif;yefonfwGif rdrdBuD;u ½kwfw&uf

BuD;/ /]uRefr wpfck ar;csifw,f? udkudk rSefrSef ajymrvm;} jr/ /]ar;ygAsm? ajymwmaygh} BuD;/ /]"m;wef;u OD;MumñGefU wnf;wJhwdkufrSm rdef;uav; wpfa,muf tavmif; awGUw,fqdkwm udkudkjr Mum;&ovm;} jr/ /]owif;pmrSm zwfrdygw,f} BuD;/ /]aool rdef;uav;[m b,folvJvdkU udkudkjr rodbl;vm;} jr/ /(tvGeftHhMoaomfvnf; rsufESmrysufapatmif [efaqmifvsuf) ]awmufwD; awmufwJh ESr&,f? bmqdkifvdkU udkudk od&rSmvJ} BuD;/ /(rsufESmudk aphaphMunfhvsuf) ]wu,fhudk rodbl;vm;} jr/ /]BuHBuHpnfpnfAsm? b,fhES,faMumifh rqDrqdkif ar;ygvdrfh ESr&,f} BuD;/ /]rqdkif qdkifqdkif? od rodudkom ajzprf;yg udkudkjr&,f} jr/ /(&,farmvsuf) ]aeUcif; aeUvnf tdyfaysmfoGm;vdkU tdyfrufrufNyD; ua,mifuwrf; ar;rdar;&m avQmufar;aeNyDrSwfw,f? "m;wef;u OD;MumñGefUwdkufrSm rdef;uav;wpfa,muf aowmESifh ausmufaoG;wef;rSmaewJh udkudkjrESifh bmqdkifvdkUvJ ESr&,f} BuD;/ /(vufravQmhbJ) ]rodbl;ayghav} jr/ /ajzzdkU vdkao;ovm; ESr&,f} BuD;/ /twnfhtvif; ajzprf;yg udkudkjr&JU} jr/ /(pdwfemaom trlt&mESifh) ]aeygOD; ESr&,f? b,folursm; udkudkUtaMumif; raumif;owif; b,fvdkrsm; ajymxm;vdkU udkudkUudk ar;cGef;awG bmawG xkwfae&wmvJ ESr&,f} jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

49


a&TOa'gif;

BuD;/ /]uRefr ar;wmudk ajzygOD; udkudkjr&JU} jr/ /]wu,f ar;aewmvm;} BuD;/ /]tdk wu,faygh udkudkjr&JU} jr/ /(0rf;enf;aom trlt&mESifh) ]tHhMoyg&JU ESr&,f? udkudkUrSm tjcm; tvkyfawG rsm;vGef;vdkU tcsdefr&Ekdif&wJh txJrSm ESru vmwJhNyD; ppfvm; aq;vm; ar;vm; jref;vm;ESifh vkyf&atmif udkudkowfw,f xifvdkU ar;aewmvm; ESr&,f} [k ajymavvQif rdrdBuD;rSm rdrdMum;aom owif;onf rrSefaom owif; jzpfacsrnfwum;/ igonf cspfvSaom &nf;pm;tay:端 taMumif;rJh oufouf ouFmruif; jzpfrdacswum;[k 0rf;enf;aom trlt&mESifh rdrd\pum;udk EIwfodrf;NyD;vQif jyuf&,fjyKvdkaomoabmESifhar;jref;aMumif; ajymqdk&m tjcm;pum;wdkUudk qufvuf ajymqdkMuNyD;vQif ESpfOD; cGJcGmoGm;Muaom [lowwf/ ______

jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

50


pHka xmufa rmifpH&Sm;

tcef ; (5)

tdrfodkU a&mufonfESifh wNydKifeuf armifausmfjronf pm;yGJü pm&Gufi,fwpfckudk awGU&Sdav&m ¤if;rSm

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51


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52


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53


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54


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55


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56


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58


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62


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72


pHka xmufa rmifpH&Sm;

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73


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74


pHka xmufa rmifpH&Sm;

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75


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76


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77


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78


pHka xmufa rmifpH&Sm;

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80


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127


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128


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NyD;ygNyD/ ______

jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

129


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udk,fhudk,fudk owfjcif;avm olwpfyg;owfjcif;avm

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158


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159


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160


pHka xmufa rmifpH&Sm;

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&S m;/ /]udkif; wpfcgjzifh *lxJrSm ydwfNyD;om; jzpfaeNyD? reufvif;rS &Gmu zGifhay;rSyJ xGufMu&awmhrSmyJ AsdKU} uRefawmf/ /]vlydwfwmvm; wapäydwfwmvm;} &S m;/ /]wapäqdkwm ydwåmayghAs} uRefawmf/ /]r[kwfbl;Asm? vlvmNyD; ydwfovm;? wapä vmNyD; ydwfovm; ar;ygw,f} &S m;/ /]vlpifppfyg udkodef;armif? wapär[kwfygbl;? udkif; udkif; rxGufEdkifr,fh twlwl vdkPfacgif;xJudk pHkprf;MutHk;pdkUAsm}

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161


a&TOa'gif;

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162


pHka xmufa rmifpH&Sm;

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a&TOa'gif;

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NyD;ygNyD/ _________

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164


pHka xmufa rmifpH&Sm;

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a&TOa'gif;

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182


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248


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252


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254


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