History of Go Karts
In the old times, karts were one on one drive only, but the hassle of that setup shortly resulted in the creation of a centrifugal clutch for the club level classes.
Dry centrifugal clutches are actually employed in several classes ( Rotax Max is one example) and also have end up being the norm as the top international classes and eventually have turned to 125 cc clutched engines as of January 2007.
Professional race karts generally weigh 165 to 175 lb (75 to 79 kg), total with no driver. Avanti , Tony Kart , Trulli , Birel , CRG , Gillard , Intrepid , Kosmic , Zanardi or FA Kart are some popular good examples of the numerous European manufacturers of race-quality chassis. Emmick and Margay are American companies developing kart chassis.
The World Karting Association (WKA) makes use of time qualifying. Karts designed with transponders are transmitted to the track in sets of 5 or less to try and attain the speediest lap time. Positions for the 20 laps feature event are based on qualifying time.
Apart from conventional kart race, several commercial enterprises provide karts for rent, known as "recreational" or "concession" karts.
The tracks are usually indoor or outdoor. Karts are booked by sessions (10 to 15 minutes typically), they normally use tough chassis finished with specific bodywork supplying driver safety.
Many of these companies use an "Arrive and Drive" format which give clients with all the safety gear (helmets, gloves and driver outfits) where needed and permit them to appear any moment to race at a fair price, without the headache of having one's own equipment and gear.
Theme park go-karts is usually run by 4-stroke engines or electric motors, while racing karts use compact 2stroke or 4-stroke engines. Many of them are single seater but recreational models usually have capacity for a passenger.
In addition to the well-known 24 Hours of Le Mans race for cars there's also a 24 hours event for karts that takes place at the kart circuit Alain Prost at Le Mans , France. This race existed since 1986 and its winners list include 4 times Champ Car champion SĂŠbastien Bourdais (in 1996).
The year 1964 saw the roll-out of the 100cc World Championship, the very first of this type, and today you will find organized competitions all across the globe.
The evolution has created an array of karts such as the 100cc air-cooled classes, 125cc two-stroke shifter karts (efficient at 115mph) and SuperKarts (capable of 160mph).
All contemporary F1 competitors were raised racing karts like Michael Schumacher, Kimi Raikkonen, Lewis Hamilton, Fernando Alonso, in addition to NASCAR's Jeff Gordon, Tony Stewart and Juan Pablo Montoya.
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