Page 1

Hofstra University, Hempstead ​my name is storage be honest i'm here to talk to you guys about water resources management policy of core i began i want to give a special thank you to some areas but people thank dr. colin and dr. bleeding for my faculty mentors throughout this entire progress i'm going to thank miscarry solder who's my ids advisor and i also want to thank dr. or mr. Bradley Smith mr. satheesh Kenyatta who provided tons of insight on the wastewater treatment process so before I get into the meat of my presentation I was learning how much you guys actually know about big water so how many gallons of water do you think it takes me just one gallon of orange juice anyone in the audience please shout out a number purchased are you throwing the oranges sure good 40 40 secs your own 53 that's pretty close i was trying on how about tea one gallon of tea are you guys think 120 130 1084 you coffee drinkers one last one one ton of steel what do you guys think seals everywhere about 62,000 such a lot of water we're using the world right now how much longer do we actually have well 96.5 percent of water is actually saltwater and we don't currently have the means to extract the water from the salt unless you use an extremely expensive process so we're remain we're left with three point four two three point five percent water out of that one point seven percent half of it is actually stored in glaciers and permafrost which makes it very difficult to extract the remaining 1.7 is what we do have which is brown water and that's about four times ten to the twentieth gallons and that's a huge number let's take a look at this artist's representation showing clean water looking at the earth so the largest sphere above the Midwest is actually the amount of fresh water we have in there right now to the right of that you can see the fresh water that we have stored in the ground lakes swamps and rivers even more to the right tiny miniscule little bubble is how much we have in lakes and rivers so the rate we're currently using water is this is not sustainable we're expected to reach 10 billion people in the next couple decades we can't keep going at this rate so how we solve this issue these are some questions I looked at in my paper first what can watershed management programs of the United States and India learn from each other to lead to a cleaner watershed ecosystem basically I want to determine how we can stop the impending clean water crisis through research innovation and global cooperation being an interdisciplinary studies major I also want to see how an Internet an interdisciplinary approach is necessary to solve this problem so these are the four disciplines or fields I chose in my study I looked at environmental science engineering management and law the major concept I looked at is wastewater treatment plants and how they get rid of contamination in the water I looked at each field specifically I determine what they thought of the specific concept so in terms of environmental science and engineering I looked at how that relates to wastewater treatment in terms of man but I want to look at the efficiency and effectiveness of the wastewater treatment plants in terms of law I just look at how policies impact the actual wastewater treatment plants and what that means to them so four major theories i looked at the dominant during each of these fields and looked at how that would apply towards each discipline in terms of environmental science what i found was that they wanted to resolve the issue by allowing the watershed to rejuvenate itself through restoring itself for engineers what I saw was a trend towards fixing the problem using our resources and our technologies in order to right the situation for management it was more of throwing the money at the problem in terms of looking at things from an efficient effective standpoint and as for law they used a means to regulate the watershed and call us either way to success so the core of interdisciplinary studies are bridging strategies these are strategies that we use to bring together disciplines in order to extrapolate a greater meaning using the bridging the explanation action gap strategy I combine the idea of environmental science and law in order to say that environmental science basically describes the problem whereas law is using its disciplines and its strategy in order to implement the optimal solution to the problem using the strategy known as building complex and multi causal explanations I use that to connect engineering and management together basically engineering management challenge each other's findings and views and what I found was that management management may find a solution that is effective in theory however when applied in a real-life scenario engineering has found that they may not work so management and engineering need to take her together in order to find an optimal solution to this problem next advancing through checks and balances why did there was like my lawn management as well as environmental science

and engineering so that the disciplines made checks on each other saying that management must find an effective solution but it must remain within the confines of the law and the policies that are regulated how did I go about doing this well here's my methodology first thing I did was I chose a point source pollution point source pollution is exactly what it sounds like it's a source of pollution coming from a specific point such as a drainage pipe the officer would be a non point source pollution which is coming from a general areas such as pesticide runoff from a farmland the reason I chose point source pollution rather than points are non point source is because point source pollution is actually easier and managed and easier to see the effects of it directly into the watershed next I had to choose to water shuts to do mice Ian so I wanted to choose places that actually affected me the first one I chose with the Chesapeake Bay it's right in our backyard I'm sure many of you are familiar with it next one I chose with the Gungor River watershed thus located in India I'm goading every summer I'm very familiar with the country I'm very familiar with their culture I'm also Hindu and the Ganga river is a very important river and Hinduism so that was special to me next I had to learn about how a wastewater treatment plant actually worked so what I did there was again thank you mr. Bradley Smith and mr. satish manana they walked me through the process of how wastewater treatment thing works from disinfection bioreactors to you name it next I have to learn about the two watersheds in detail so the Chesapeake Bay is about 64,000 square miles and it cuts through six different states the Ganga river watershed is four hundred twenty thousand square miles and that cuts through four countries I just take these an account i was looking at the data kind of collect next which is from the wastewater treatment plants i looked at two plants of taxco plant and the Acacia pork plant Patapsco is located right around here and the case your plants actually located on the outskirts of Delhi India and what I did there was I looked at their levels of Yogi which is you can consider it as fecal matter in this case I also looked at their levels of suspended solids as well as nutrient levels phosphorous nitrogen carbon and what I found was that the efficiency levels for the two plants were actually very similar they were in the high 90 percentile and so I thought to myself well that seems a lot what's going on here and why is there such a big pollution problem in these two watersheds and so taking a step back I noticed that there was actually a study done by the new york times in which they looked at thousands and thousands of wastewater treatment plants in america and what they found was that many violated regulations set forth by the epa but they didn't receive any fines I thought that was kind of weird so I looked into that and what I found was the EPA actually didn't have the means to properly carry out their regulations and policy their proposals what I found in India was the sewage lines will not actually properly implemented and lots of people did not access to the Sanitation lines and so if people did defecate that would def Kate directly into the stream and there wouldn't really be a chance to cleanse it afterwards and that was a major problem so what I found out is I should have to redefine my entire concept of water management I to think of it as rather than managing water how can we manage people more efficiently so these are some top ideas from experts as for the Chesapeake Bay in America what I found was that there's currently a plan going on where each state is going to submit their optimization plan and that's currently not ready will be ready within the following year so I don't have the data for that however in India after doing research what I found is the best solution in my opinion was the use of algae now this is interesting because the Chesapeake Bay actually has an algal bloom problem where basically there's tons of algae in the Chesapeake Bay and it's using up all the oxygen leading to a decrease in biodiversity because the plants and animals that are in the bay don't have access to that oxygen anymore but as long as this is monitored effectively in matunga River watershed this is a perfectly reasonable solution and there's no reason why I couldn't be implemented so in conclusion this is what I learned from the process both countries are actually doing what they think is right to rectify the situation and foes can learn from each other the USA needs to learn how to properly manage its funds as opposed to India because India is actually understands that it's problems and distributions sewage lines rather than building up new plants America is currently building tons of plants like the blue Plains plan in DC right now is the most expensive plan of the biggest water wastewater plant in the world rather than managing the money in that sense maybe they could have tried looking at it from the stands and understanding how other plants may have done a better job regulating the plans we've already got in place rather than building a new one as for India i found that india needs to use the powerful force of law as a tool to actually people towards these sewage lines and understand that these people may have the technology but they need to be educated on how to use it and where they can go to use it another thing that I found was that this larger flow that may come from the Indians learning about the sewage plants properly needs to be properly mandated and the plants need to be ready to keep up the same efficiency levels that they have right now in the high 90 percentile so how do we count at this crisis once again it comes down to research innovation and global cooperation we need to all work together if we're going to solve this problem and the only way we can do it is together so this is what I want you guys to take away I learned a ton from this project but all I want you guys to take away is this the clean water crisis is real we need to save water it's a really important commodity in

our lives now money isn't always the solution and I want you guys to take an interdisciplinary perspective on everything look at from literature numbers to statistics to everything I would have never thought about the idea of managing people rather than water had I not taken this interdisciplinary perspective on a subject also I want you all to be open to different ideas but also question and don't take anything for granted own take anything at face value again I want to thank all these people for their amazing hard work love and support through this entire process and I want to thank all of you for coming out today if you have any questions please let me know good so you talked about what the experts say should be done right what what is happening I mean what are what are folks obviously we're more aware of the issues that are these dead zones excellent so what are we doing here and what can you say about what actually is happening in the Congo okay so in terms of America what we're currently doing is a lot of the vin is actually awareness so I don't know if you run throw out they had the whole save the bay idea and I was going strong for a long time it's still around though not as much strength but the main thing is raising awareness and just getting your politicians to know what's going on another thing they're looking at is America is actually trying to build new plants which in my research I found that may not a solution rather than just finding better ways to regulate my fern plants like the EPA don't have the funds to actually go out and policy other plants so I think that may have been a better solution but that's what they're currently looking at as for the gun down river right now the Indian government is actually not getting tons of money to water management but they understand it's a problem and they know sanitation lines need to implement it it's just I think they're still figuring out how exactly to go about doing this because people enroll their rural areas may not have easy access like we can't get a toilet and everyone's home there a public toilet area would totally be feasible it's just about educating people on using it any other questions short so if I was just the devil's advocate and see that through awareness and Chesapeake you can tell me that i can assign white would be good food reduce water but how we're going to israel more than just my awareness and my sense that that would be the thing to do that is going to leave me and it one in this room to reduce number anything uh in the sense that i can't control any of your actions of course i can only educate you with hope that you do what is right for the whole planet but honestly I no one can really do anything other than reason where it is up to each of us individually to really take action in terms of this album solution short I wasn't clear that process that you would want and always something have to be more within the river itself yeah so that elbow idea was actually it's going to be implemented in the river itself in portions of the river in the gunner river it's not something that there would be in the wastewater treatment plants however that was the best solution i found one looking like a river ideas so that's kind of interesting kind of say this point source problem but then you're kind of approaching a solution an envoy horse way right so since I found the efficiency levels were so high like in the 90th percentile I realized that maybe that's not issue enough I had to transition into the managing people idea and so I had to look at it from a non point even though I chose to look at it from point view and then I terms of maintaining that you have to monitor the algal growth I think over time and you have to make sure it doesn't get out of hand and the only way to do that is kind of to look at different studies contain studies in which they might take a certain amount of algae and then realize okay this is too much they're consuming too much of the oxygen and some plants and animals are dying and based on those numbers they're gonna have to apply it to the real life scenarios and obviously you have to hope it plays out do you always know if it's going to work so good job of the presentation you set us up to ultimately it's up to each of us individually as to how we use water and if that's the case how do you manage people and in your research did you see any effective management models or campaigns that had an effect on usage so I think the best way to manage people is actually using the lawn implementing policies that will make people want to change because I don't think the majority of people in the world right now where they understand there is a water crisis even though there is and I think the only way to really tell some of the people is to have strict policies and while in place that make people want to change have you seen any move any successful models and then are a new policies that are actually making I've seen both tax breaks for water uses as well as there's the privatization of water in certain countries and even cities in America like Atlanta actually have privatized water where you have to pay it depending on the amount of water used to a private company and they can adjust the price accordingly so that's kind of a good motivating factor thanks for saving water thank you I understood in what research you might have had about the animal issue i know we've got a lot of the United States try to educate farmers and keep their animals away from sweetbreads you said you were Hindu how is that uh it's not handled very well and it yet to be quite honest um so if you're going to talk about India I think the big source would actually from cows and they're very similar kind of religious so you can't really it's not proper to control them in that environment really so nope it would be proper they can easily put fences and things up but it's just not being done at the moment law might be a little tricky there it would be hard to get it passed I think well thank you goes right on time so much appreciated thank you Fashion Institute of Technology, Chelsea, Manhattan.