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in the provinces. I defy anyone to sit down with George Tuccaro for 10 minutes and not laugh. When Prince William, and his new bride Kate, visited the NWT, there were many TV clips of them walking along and laughing. The guy walking alongside making them laugh, was George. ≈∞≈

There are many Aboriginal people in remote areas that grew up sharing two languages. Often the two came together and formed a dialect quite unique from any others in the country. A fairly common trait was to drop the sound of an “h” from many words. For example shoes would become sues. A fairly common related quip went like this “Custer's last words were, “I can't walk out of here, these Siouxs are killin’ me.” ≈∞≈

I saw a cartoon in Arizona that depicted a little Aboriginal boy walking along with an old man. A comment from the boy was, “Grampa is it true that it only takes a few words to speak the truth?” The old man replies, “Yes it is.” The boy then asks, “Why do politicians talk so much?” ≈∞≈

The point I hope to make here is that humour plays a constant role in Aboriginal life. These are only a few examples that I hope will point that out. Big, small, educated or not, funny is always there. A lifelong burden, a screwed up hunting trip, over-controlling bosses, uppity bureaucrats and negative stereotyping – along with pretty much anything else you want to add to the list – is a source of spur-of-the-moment humour. This is not a new behavior, it is one I have witnessed for a lifetime – and if I were a tree I`d have a lot of rings. For some reason, humor has been left out of the generic portrait we have painted of these people. I've been very fortunate in that I have shared laughs with Indigenous people from the Navajo Nation in Arizona to the home of the Inuit well above the Arctic Circle and from Alaska to Ontario. If there is any place that generalizations should be acceptable it is in the statement that in general these are people who are truly funny right to the core. – Norm Zigarlick, ( * FASD - Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder SERIES WILL CONTINUE IN THE NEXT ISSUE ♣


From Susanne on the Wild West Coast

The Impact of the Destruction of Westcoast Old Growth Forests Increasing dieback of trees on the edge of the Pacific Susanne Hare Lawson, Tofino BC Following is a transcript of an interview I did on Gorilla Radio (University of Victoria Radio – Aug. 3, 2016) regarding increased dieback on the coast. A lot of trees are suffering and where the west winds are affecting the exposed areas, these plants and trees are not faring well. More than I have ever seen before, these first 6 months of 2016 are the hottest on record and despite last year being the hottest on record, this year is looking like it might break that record.

Interview; 1:30, Wednesday, Aug. 3rd, 2016; Susanne Hare on Gorilla Radio with Chris Cook ...22 minutes I have lived on the west coast of Vancouver Island, out on the edge between the Pacific Ocean and the land, mostly on an island, for over 50 years now. When I first moved here, the coastal environment was a rainforest, with a balance of rain throughout the year. Rains and storms cleansed everything and the moss and forest was moist and lush. The old growth forests of the coast have been harvested for the past century at a rate unprecedented in history, even faster than glaciation, and we are reaping the

effects of the negligence and total annihilation of this once complex and nurturing ecosystem. The evergreen forests, particularly old growth, maintain temperatures at least 10 degrees less than in exposed areas. Last year during the drought, the trail to hot springs cove, all old growth, was perpetually lush and green and healthy while other areas were suffering... yet there is little of this amazing blueprint left to know and experience let alone bring us back from the brink. Winds are taking a toll in buffer zones on the edge that have endured coastal forces for eons. With the increase of land temperatures from deforestation, the difference between land and sea creates more winds. I am noticing extreme dieback of trees and bushes on promontory rocky areas, islands, wind tunnels and exposed areas. Last year and the first 6 months of 2016 have been the hottest on record according to NASA. The drought last summer and this year is causing extremes of soil degeneration. Microbes in the soil are dying off and not regenerating. Water runs off the dry soil. Needles from the evergreens rain down in the winds and these stressed trees are producing masses of seed cones for reproduction. I am noticing increased disease, especially …/ VOL. 30, NO. 1, AUTUMN 2016

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Dialogue Vol.30, No.1 digital edition  
Dialogue Vol.30, No.1 digital edition  

Canada's unique volunteer-produced magazine for ideas, insights, critical thinking & radical imagination - shared in letters, essays, storie...