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Clicker Shape by more or less passively rewarding animal for its freely offered guesses – operant conditioning Relies on animal’s initiative and willingness to engage in trial and error behavior Includes some helpful advice and guidelines for handlers Emphasis on capturing and shaping behavior, as for enhancing animals’ self expression as well as perfecting performance One “official” sound = Click, which marks termination of behavior and heralds imminent provision of primary reinforcer (every click means a treat) No “official” intermediate reinforcer?? Clicker is first charged by animal targeting an object (demonstrating to the animal that its action brings the reward) Little explicit verbalization • Food is not the only primary reinforcer – premack principle readily allows chaining • C/T is faded out when behavior is learned

SATS Target is used to delineate task (including naming) Eliminates trial and error by calculating all behaviors via alignment of body parts and targets Includes explicit advice and guidelines for handlers Emphasis on minutely controlling behavior, as for shows Terminal bridge marks a milestone, not the end of behavior/expectation of primary reinforcer (not all TBs mean a treat) Intermediate bridge serves to let animal know it’s on the right track; can be modulated to convey different kinds of information Bridge is first charged (linking reward only to the sound, and hence only to the trainer) Requires animals to learn names of body parts, sides, directions Claims that clicker training is overreliant on food

Kayce is not primarily a horse person. It stands to reason that different approaches should be taken for very different species. What do the differences between SATS and clicker imply for horses? How would we compare their effectiveness in horses?

Clicker vs. SATS  

Table comparing the two training approaches

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