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Test your Physiologist knowledge!

Millard Hall

122 Years Ago … The Department of Physiology was founded in 1888, the same year as the Medical School at the University of Minnesota. Millard and Jackson Hall had yet to be built, electricity had just started a few years prior, and no one had heard of antibiotics or x-rays yet. The “germ theory of disease” was only two decades old.

Many images courtesy of the University of Minnesota Archives; others courtesy of the department

Jackson Hall

  1. His early discovery of “doubly labeled water” to measure total body metabolism went largely unnoticed for years – name him. 2. This physiologist is credited with coming up with the BMI – the Body Mass Index, a statistical tool growing in popularity (along with national waistlines) for measuring height-weight ratios. 3. Name the physiologist and his life-saving drug that were overnighted on a Northwest airlines jet in 1967 to save Dwight D. Eisenhower’s life. 4. Known as “Father Time,” this physiologist coined the term “circadian rhythm” – who is he? 5. Name the physiologist and prominent citizen/activist who said the following, at the end of his career: “. . . first of all, pay attention to your scientific creativity and productivity. But also remember that you live in a society as I have in which there are many acute problems in which your scientific expertise may help society solve its problems and, perhaps not less important, in which the ethic of truthfulness, which is at the heart of the scientific method, may be infused into societal decisions.”

A Brief History of the Department of 

Integrative Biology & Physiology


Richard O. Beard, M.D.  

Officially appointed the first professor of

Maurice B. Visscher, M.D., Ph.D. 

physiology and Department Head

1925, did postdoctoral work at University College, London

A former Minneapolis Commissioner of Health, Beard was not a formally-trained physiologist; his

interests

lay

more

in

planning

As yet there was no biochemistry department,

“three-legged

stool”

that

comprised

1950, working with Karl Sollner

with E. H. Starling

Member of Physiology Department faculty from 1951 to 1988

Held faculty position at U of Tennessee and was department

Stressed the importance of a strong quantitative background in physics, chemistry and math

measure regional blood flow 

Published over 280 papers and books with over 150 collaborators; including studies on cardiovascular,

the 

Believed his two most important scientific accomplishments efficient as it fails and cardiotonic drugs generally restored

Robert F. Miller, M.D.

its efficiency, and (b) pioneering work using isotopes to

were (a) the demonstration that heart muscle becomes less

Elias P. Lyon, M.D., Ph.D. Simultaneously made both Department Head of Physiology, as well as Dean of the Medical School 

define and measure the absorption of electrolytes by the

and the second on medical and biological science history, held at his 

and Pediatrics made the U of M one of the top medical research institutions in the country 

retinal

physiology

and

Received Proctor Medal Award from

Association

for

Expanded and enhanced neuroscience research, teaching and training at U of M

Elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1956; also a

Joseph M. Metzger, Ph.D. 

American Philosophical Society; was president of the American Physiological society, secretary-general of the International Union of Physiological Sciences, and vicepresident of the American Heart Association

Previously, was Professor and Associate Chair of Molecular and Integrative Physiology, and Director of the Center for Integrative

member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and

of

During his tenure as department head, collaborations between the departments of Physiology, Surgery, Medicine

Awarded three honorary doctorates: an M.D. in 1910, a J.D. in 1920 by St. Louis University, and D.Sc. by the University of Southern California in 1930

surgeons in Physiology Department laboratories

own home in the evening, attended primarily by graduate students

area

award)

research and experimental techniques, and trained many 

the

Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO’s highest

acquainting residents and graduate students with current

Conducted two highly regarded regular seminars: one, a lunchtime interdepartmental literature seminar for graduate students and staff,

conducted a regular physiology-surgery conference

underprivileged students from Minnesota and all over the country.

in

from Washington University, St. Louis

Most notable collaboration at the U of M was with Dr. Owen H. Wangensteen, Head of the Department of Surgery: they

Helped establish the teaching fellowship at the Medical School, making

Investigator

pharmacology who came to the Physiology Department

small intestine 

graduate study attractive and economically feasible for smart but 

Served as Gastrointestinal Section editor for the American Journal of Physiology and Journal of Applied Physiology

pulmonary, gastrointestinal and renal physiology

education in the basic medical sciences

Studied water and solute transport in the intestine and across artificial membranes; pioneered the use of microspheres to

Had an exemplary career as a researcher, teacher, administrator and humanitarian

Received his Ph.D. from the Department of Physiology in

U of M as Head of the Department of Physiology

nor pharmacology, although these subjects together with physiology became part of a

head at USC and U of Chicago before returning to the

and

organizational work than in scientific research 

Received Ph.D. from U of M, Department of Physiology in

Eugene Grim, Ph.D.

Genomics at the University of Michigan Medical School 

Associate Editor of Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics and past member of the NIH Cardiovascular Study Section

Research interests include cardiac genetic engineering and integrative genomics

Named U of M Regents Professor in 1967

Currently holds Maurice B. Visscher Endowed Chair in Physiology at U of M

Notable Former Faculty: Frederick H. Scott

Joseph T. King

Allan Hemingway

Ancel Keys

Frederick Kottke

Nathan Lifson

Ernest B. Brown

Franz Halberg

Marvin Bacaner

John A. Johnson

Victor Lorber

William Kubicek

Carlos Martinez

Ernst Gellhorn

Mead Cavert

James Bloedel

* Interim Department Heads: Richard E. Poppele (1986-1988), Joseph Di Salvo (1998-2002), O. Douglas Wangensteen (2002-2008)

Carlo Terzuolo


Test your Physiologist knowledge!

Millard Hall

122 Years Ago … The Department of Physiology was founded in 1888, the same year as the Medical School at the University of Minnesota. Millard and Jackson Hall had yet to be built, electricity had just started a few years prior, and no one had heard of antibiotics or x-rays yet. The “germ theory of disease” was only two decades old.

Many images courtesy of the University of Minnesota Archives; others courtesy of the department

Jackson Hall

  1. His early discovery of “doubly labeled water” to measure total body metabolism went largely unnoticed for years – name him. 2. This physiologist is credited with coming up with the BMI – the Body Mass Index, a statistical tool growing in popularity (along with national waistlines) for measuring height-weight ratios. 3. Name the physiologist and his life-saving drug that were overnighted on a Northwest airlines jet in 1967 to save Dwight D. Eisenhower’s life. 4. Known as “Father Time,” this physiologist coined the term “circadian rhythm” – who is he? 5. Name the physiologist and prominent citizen/activist who said the following, at the end of his career: “. . . first of all, pay attention to your scientific creativity and productivity. But also remember that you live in a society as I have in which there are many acute problems in which your scientific expertise may help society solve its problems and, perhaps not less important, in which the ethic of truthfulness, which is at the heart of the scientific method, may be infused into societal decisions.”

A Brief History of the Department of 

Integrative Biology & Physiology


Test your Physiologist knowledge!

Millard Hall

122 Years Ago … The Department of Physiology was founded in 1888, the same year as the Medical School at the University of Minnesota. Millard and Jackson Hall had yet to be built, electricity had just started a few years prior, and no one had heard of antibiotics or x-rays yet. The “germ theory of disease” was only two decades old.

Many images courtesy of the University of Minnesota Archives; others courtesy of the department

Jackson Hall

  1. His early discovery of “doubly labeled water” to measure total body metabolism went largely unnoticed for years – name him. 2. This physiologist is credited with coming up with the BMI – the Body Mass Index, a statistical tool growing in popularity (along with national waistlines) for measuring height-weight ratios. 3. Name the physiologist and his life-saving drug that were overnighted on a Northwest airlines jet in 1967 to save Dwight D. Eisenhower’s life. 4. Known as “Father Time,” this physiologist coined the term “circadian rhythm” – who is he? 5. Name the physiologist and prominent citizen/activist who said the following, at the end of his career: “. . . first of all, pay attention to your scientific creativity and productivity. But also remember that you live in a society as I have in which there are many acute problems in which your scientific expertise may help society solve its problems and, perhaps not less important, in which the ethic of truthfulness, which is at the heart of the scientific method, may be infused into societal decisions.”

A Brief History of the Department of 

Integrative Biology & Physiology


Millard Hall

Test your Physiologist knowledge!   1.

2.

3.

Many images courtesy of the University of Minnesota Archives; others courtesy of the department

Jackson Hall

122 Years Ago … The Department of Physiology was founded in 1888, the same year as the Medical School at the University of Minnesota. Millard and Jackson Hall had yet to be built, electricity had just started a few years prior, and no one had heard of antibiotics or x-rays yet. The “germ theory of disease” was only two decades old.

4. 5.

His early discovery of “doubly labeled water” to measure total body metabolism went largely unnoticed for years – name him. This physiologist is credited with coming up with the BMI – the Body Mass Index, a statistical tool growing in popularity (along with national waistlines) for measuring height-weight ratios. Name the physiologist and his life-saving drug that were overnighted on a Northwest airlines jet in 1967 to save Dwight D. Eisenhower’s life. Known as “Father Time,” this physiologist coined the term “circadian rhythm” – who is he? Name the physiologist and prominent citizen/activist who said the following, at the end of his career: “. . . first of all, pay attention to your scientific creativity and productivity. But also remember that you live in a society as I have in which there are many acute problems in which your scientific expertise may help society solve its problems and, perhaps not less important, in which the ethic of truthfulness, which is at the heart of the scientific method, may be infused into societal decisions.”

A Brief History of the Department of 

Integrative Biology & Physiology

Visscher Brochure  

2010 Inaugural Visscher Symposium

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