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Rice Inquiry in Grade 5 Sinarmas World Academy, 2011


Rice Inquiry in 5MJ Welcome to our first eBook which is all about our class inquiry into rice. Each student wrote a part and Keaton and Shereen collated all the work together to put into this book.

oto sing Ph u lo e c Mar rning. a and ic s s e uiry lea J q e in r ir a e nt th Here ocume d o t h t Boo

Sinarmas World Academy, Indonesia 2011 1st Edition

Here are our editors, Keaton and Shereen busy compiling all the articles for this book.


Preface..............................................................................5 Why is rice so important to us? (by Jessica)..................6 Student opinions about rice..................................................................6

Rice Distribution in the World (Zubin and Giuseppe) ...7 Maps and Charts About World Rice Distribution ................................7

How does rice grow? (by Gabi) .....................................9 Rice Plant Inquiry in the Classroom ......................................................9

Measuring the Soccer Field (by Regina) .....................11 Is the SWA soccer field bigger or smaller than a rice farm? ...........11

Soccer Field Reflection (by Shereen) ..........................12 The Farmers Struggle (by Lisa) ......................................15 Why can’t Indonesia grow enough rice to feed it’s own people?15

Eating Stale Rice (by Rifqi) ............................................16 How do people with an very limited buget afford to eat rice? .....16

Cooking Rice in a Rice Cooker (by Bernhard) ...........17 How do you cook rice? .......................................................................17

Budgeting a Meal for Four People for Rp 14.000 (by Juan) 18 A Meal on a Limited Budget Information Report (by Keaton)............................................................................20 An Example of Student Action (by Marcelo)..............24


Student Reflections ........................................................25 Bernhard ................................................................................................25 Gabi .......................................................................................................25 Jessica ...................................................................................................25 Jinny .......................................................................................................26 Juan .......................................................................................................26 Keaton ...................................................................................................26 Lisa .........................................................................................................27 Marcelo .................................................................................................27 Regina ...................................................................................................28 Rifqi.........................................................................................................28 Shereen .................................................................................................29 Zubin ......................................................................................................29


Preface In a traditional classroom, the approach has often been to read the text supplied by the teacher and respond to some questions. Another traditional approach is for the students to simply summarize the information given in their own words. Although the students may learn something of the content, many times this type of learning is quickly forgetten. Learning through an authentic inquiry is to use a muti-sensory approach for the key concepts to be better understood. When I first asked the students to design a meal for Rp 14.000 they all told me that it was an impossible task. It was apparent to me that they had little idea of what a meal looks like on such a limited budget. I needed for the students to understand the concept of form. What does a budget meal look like? Googling did not provide the answers. Asking people, even other students in the classroom provided the best answers. After we had identified the meal, the next concept needing to be unwrapped was function. How does it work? or How can we make it? By doing the cooking themselves the students were able to make the meal whilst adding up the costs. A hands-on experience that will remain with them much longer than just reading about it online. The two concepts of form and function together provided a powerful base for learning. As the inquiry unfolded it got bigger and broader. It extended into the resources themselves and where these come from. Along the way the students were continually asked to think of more questions. This helped the teacher to know not only what they were thinking, what they were understanding and what direction the inquiry needed to take. As much as possible we learned by experience. There was a lot of Math embedded in the learning. I do remember the students asking me, “Why is it that all the lessons end up as Maths lessons?”. Actually most of the lessons were a mixture of language, Maths and Science. The more authentic the learning became the more integrated it got. Each step of the way the students continually came back to the central idea for this unit which was “It is our shared resposibility to ensure resources are more evenly distributed“. The intention behind this book is to try to capture some of this inquiry learning. As much as possible we have tried to include the student thinking through the sections that were written by the students and their reflections in the back of this book. We hope you enjoy reading about it. BTW This inquiry is still ongoing ...


Why is rice so important to us? (by Jessica) Some students in 5MJ said that they can’t stand it if they can’t eat rice in a week. These students have a habit of eating rice since they were babies. This means that they can’t stop because they already eat a lot. Its the main food we have in Indonesia. Many Indonesians can’t stop eating rice for a week. They said that they need rice because if there is none they will suffer. We learned that some unfortunate people in Situbondo even have to eat rotten rice as they cannot afford to buy fresh rice.

STUDENT OPINIONS ABOUT RICE Regina said, “If I don’t eat rice for 3 days or a week I would feel like something is missing.” Rifqi said, “If I don’t eat rice, I feel very hungry. Even after one day.” Bernhard said, “If I don’t eat rice I will feel very hungry because rice is life.” Zubin said, “ If I don’t eat rice after six hours, I will starve.” Juan said, “If I don’t eat rice, I will feel strange and hungry because I feel like something is missing.” Jinny said, “If I don’t eat rice I will be hungry because I am so used to eating rice.”


Image taken with Photo Booth: These are the students in 5MJ that can’t last without rice.

Rice Distribution in the World (Zubin and Giuseppe) WHICH COUNTRY CONSUMES THE MOST RICE?

China is the worlds greatest rice eater, the second is India and the third is Indonesia. Sadly, Indonesia is the worlds largest importer of rice. That means that Indonesia cannot grow enough rice to feed its people. Thailand is the worlds largest exporter of rice. Indonesian farmers don’t have enough support, land and the scientists here can’t find a way to make the rice grow by using less water. There are a lot of small rice farms in Indonesia but it is not enough. Asia has a lot of rice compared to other continents. America only eats a little rice. Brazilians eat the most of the rice in America.

MAPS AND CHARTS ABOUT WORLD RICE DISTRIBUTION (Information from http://www.unctad.org)

This chart was taken from http://www.unctad.org shows that Indonesia is the 3rd largest


This map from http://www.unctad.org shows that Indonesia imports the most rice in the world.

This map from http://www.unctad.org shows that Thailand exports the most rice in the world.


How does rice grow? (by Gabi) It takes one hundred and twelve days to grow rice. Farmers in Indonesia grow a lot of rice for people to eat. Rice seeds need to be grown, harvested and processed. The rice can be reproduced without the husks on. Good quality seed must be scattered on the mud. Farmers must deal with rats, harmful insects, viruses, etc. Rice is extremely sensitive if it doesn’t have the amount of water it needs, it can’t grow. The post harvest steps are drying, s t o r i n g , m i l l i n g , a n d Info from: Ms.Jane and http://irri.org/about-rice/rice-facts/ricep ro c e s s i n g . D r y i n g i s t h e production-and-processing hardest process of them all.

RICE PLANT INQUIRY IN THE CLASSROOM

Rice is the lit purchased er in t h e vi l b y lage

We learned about white rice and red rice. We looked at the plant and tried to open the husks to see the rice grain.


RICE PLANT INVESTIGATION Each student photographed the rice plants with their Photo Booth. Some students even made a video about how to open the rice plant to find the grain inside.

Rifqi始s poster Regina始s poster

Bernhard and his rice plant

Keaton始s rice

Shereen始s poster


Measuring the Soccer Field (by Regina) IS THE SWA SOCCER FIELD BIGGER OR SMALLER THAN A RICE FARM?

5MJ wanted to know how big an average rice field at Indonesia was and if it was bigger than the school’s soccer field. So, they decided to measure the school’s

soccer field. The class was divided into three groups and each group came up of an idea of how to measure the soccer field. They needed to use only the non-standard units. The groups chose an umbrella, someone’s body length, a laptop charger cable, two feet, and a rope. In the end the first group was the one who had the answer that was the closest to the actual one. Their answer was 3,964 square meters and the actual answer was 4,000 square meters. Ms Jane, the homeroom teacher,

gave them a large chocolate bar for a reward. The class was shocked to find out that the school’s soccer field iss bigger than an average rice farm in Indonesia!


Measuring the Soccer Field

Soccer Field Reflection (by Shereen) On the 3rd of November 2011, 5MJ measured SWA’s soccer field. We brought different kinds of tools to school to measure the soccer field. We were all divided into three groups. In my group, we used Gabi’s laptop charger cable, Shereen’s two feet, and an umbrella. We first measured how long Gabi’s charger was and it was 3 meters and 75 centimeters long. Then we measured the umbrella, and it was 80 cm. My two feet were easy because my two feet were around 50 centimeters long.


We first measured the field using Gabi’s charger. Using Gabi’s charger was very easy because Gabi’s charger is very long. Then I started measuring the width of the soccer field using my feet. Measuring the soccer field using my feet was very tiring because my feet are not as long as Gabi’s charger or the umbrella. Using the umbrella was quite hard because it is quite short. In the end Ms. Jane asked us to give out the answers and we all gave different kinds of answers. Group 1 (Keaton, Marcelo, Jessica, and Lisa) their answers were 3,330 m² and 4,164 m². Group 2 (Jinny, Regina, Juan, and Bernhard) answer was 2,535m². This group had trouble working out their string measurment as they didn’t measure the string accurately. Group 3 (Zubin, Shereen, Rifqi, Gabi) answers were 3,285m² and 3969m².

Image taken with Photo Booth of Shereen’s calculations.


If I had to do this task again I would try to use a length of yarn. I would measure the soccer field by winding the yarn over and over from my hand to my elbow. Did you know that the length from your hand to your elbow is almost the same as your foot? (Try it!) This is called depa (de-pak). Here in Indonesia, a long time ago people would use this method to measure rice farms because it was the easiest and only way. Another way I could measure the soccer field would be to actually use a trundle wheel. A trundle wheel is like a wheel that clicks whenever it reaches 1 meter. This is was a very fun and exciting task because it was tough and tiring but the task was very fun and I would actually want to try to do this task again (not really!) Actually I would like to try using the depa method! I really would like to try using this method because it looks very interesting.


The Farmers Struggle (by Lisa) WHY CAN’T INDONESIA GROW ENOUGH RICE TO FEED IT’S OWN PEOPLE?

Image: http://ricewisdom.org In Java farmers have many problems. One of the biggest problems is having enough land for the rice to grow. The problem is that some rice farms are very small so it’s hard to grow enough rice. In Java the rice farmers have only 0.3 hectares of land for a farm. One hectare produces five tons of dry rice seeds. an Indonesian rice farm on Java produces one and a half tons of grain per harvest. You will only get three tons if you plant the rice two times in a year. The rice farm will get nine million rupiah per year. The rice farmer will get less than one million rupiah per month. People want to plant ten million tons in 2014 for the future so we can eat more rice. The average rice farm in Java is smaller than the Sinarmas World Academy soccer field. Information Website from: http://www.detiknews.com/read/2011/10/14/094602/1743878/727/hattatiap-jengkal-tanah-terlantar-untuk-petani


Eating Stale Rice (by Rifqi) HOW DO PEOPLE WITH AN VERY LIMITED BUGET AFFORD TO EAT RICE?

In Indonesia many of people eat rice. Some people in Indonesia have to eat rice that is not healthy. They eat rice which is inedible. They have to eat the rice that has gone bad. Sometimes even rice from the trash bin. They cannot afford to buy fresh rice. In Indonesia it’s call Nasi Aking which means stale rice. They have to eat that rice and put chili with it. The Wiwik family in Situbondo cannot buy rice. They don’t have enough money. This family has to eat stale rice every day. They eat it with chili sauce. They get the rice from the trash bins or from their neighbors. How they prepare the rice: The stale rice must be dried. Once it is dried, it is washed and the rice is cooked. These people don’t have any choice. They have to eat stale rice.

This is the pictures are of Nasi Aking or stale rice. Images: renijudhanto.blogspot.com, rimanews.com, ibahbaek.wordpress.com


Cooking Rice in a Rice Cooker (by Bernhard) HOW DO YOU COOK RICE?

Mrs. Jane brought three plastic bags of rice to the class. She said that she bought them in the village hear her house. The prices were Rp.6.200, Rp.6.500 and Rp.6.800. So 5MJ tried to figure out how to cook rice in a rice cooker. First we estimated how much each package weighed. Then we cooked two of the packages. Jinny said first we needed to wash the rice before we cook it. So the first group washed and cooked the Rp.6.2000 rice. They were not very good but the second group was very good.

Washing and cooking the rice

First we estimated the weight of one lter of rice and then we weighed it using a kitchen scale. We cooked the rice using Ms Agnes始 rice cooker.


Budgeting a Meal for Four People for Rp 14.000 (by Juan)

16 eggs in 1kg 1kg of eggs cost Rp.14,000 1ml of oil cost Rp.22 5 eggs = Rp.4,725 1 liter of rice = Rp.6,200 Red onions = Rp.875 Garlic = Rp.1,050 20 ml of oil = Rp.440 Soy sauce = borrowed 2 small cucumbers = Rp.1,000 ---------------------------+ Grand total : 13.425


Cooking Fried Rice

Gabi try to mix 2 cracked egg with a whisk

Jessica and Jinny pour cooking oil to be cooked and figure out is it enough ?

Jessica and JInny cracked more eggs and put it in the bowl full of mixed eggs !!!

Keaton and Jessica mixed the egg and rice and cooked it together

Rifqi is trying to decorate the fried rice with chopped cucumbers This is the fried rice we finally made


A Meal on a Limited Budget Information Report (by Keaton)


An Example of Student Action (by Marcelo) I tried  to  grow  rice  in  my  garden  but  worms  came  and  I  did  not  put  enough  water  on  the   rice  plant.  So  when  I  touched  the  rice  seed  an  animal  ate  it.  I  took  about  four  or  :ive  seeds   from  the  rice  plant.  I  planted  the  rice  next  to  a  lamp  in  my  garden.  I  took  some  mud  out   and  putted  the  rice  seed  on  it.  I  also  put  water  on  the  place  where  I  planted  the  rice  but  I   didn’t  put  enough  water  on  it  so  some  animals  ate  the  rice  and  there  was  no  more  rice.  If   maybe  I  put  more  water  the  animals  would  not  come.  The  animals  were  small  animals  like   worms.  I  think  that  worms  can’t  swim  so  if  I  put  more  water  less  animals  would  eat  the   seed.  I  liked  growing  rice  because  it  was  very  fun.

Marcelo tried to grow rice in his garden at home.


Student Reflections BERNHARD

On November 3rd the class did a activity of measuring the soccer field. First the 3 groups took out their tools. The 3 groups first did a decision. Some said they use their friend, cables and feet. So all of us went to the soccer field to get measuring. My group was a little mixed up because we always have to measure the rope. On October 13th we did a activity of cooking rice. We had to design a meal for four family members With a Budget of RP 14.000.

GABI

We chose rice because thats what we ate the most of. in our class. It was Rifqi, Zubin, Juan, Regina, Bernhard, Lisa and Jessica who said that they can’t live without rice. Rice is a very important part of Indonesia because it is the main food of Indonesia, most Indonesian people need rice. Some people in my class can’t live without rice. In just 3 days they said they would starve without rice. All of my own family can’t live without rice except for my dad and I. When I see rice farms, I see farmers and I feel that I should buy rice from them or help them grow the rice. Sometimes I wonder why rice? Can’t they eat bread or something else? Why is rice so important to people in Indonesia? Some people in Indonesia eat rotten rice because they don’t have the money to buy rice. They take it out of the garbage can and eat it with coconut or chilli for a better taste I feel sad for the people that have to eat rotten rice. I wonder if I had to eat rotten rice what would it taste like? Does it taste good or bad? What if the whole world had to eat rotten rice?

JESSICA

It was very hard to cook rice in our classroom. We had to know how much water we should put in the rice and if there was too little water, the rice would be very hard. If the water is too much, the rice will be very soft and if the water was just right, it will taste nice. We have to be careful when we put the rice in the rice cooker. To wash the rice we put in the water and threw away the water and put the water again until the rice is clean and there is no black rice or little rocks inside. We wait 30


minutes and then after 30 minutes we taste the rice again and put the water again until we think its ok. We wait another 30 minutes until it is cooked. I discovered that some rice has rocks inside and I learn that not all rice grains on the plant have rice inside. Some of the rice broke when we opened it and if it is bent that means the rice is already inside the plant. I discovered that some color of the rice is White, black, red and green. We discovered that rice is very hard to open with your hand. I opened the rice with my pencil box because it was easier.

JINNY

In my opinion learning to make a meal with budgeting is fun and interesting. Later when I am adult those things will help me. Learning about the budgeting is really helpful for me because when I get some pocket money from my parents it will be easier to organize my money. Now when I get pocket money I can calculate my money to buy something. Learning how big is the rice farm was very interesting because even I didn’t use a ruler but I can still measure it. Now if I measure an area some of big thing I don’t need to use ruler.

JUAN

In my opinion, learning about rice was fun and interesting because learning about rice can be useful for me. I also know why rice is important to the world. I’m also surprised to learn how Indonesia is the 3rd largest consumer of rice but also the largest importer of rice. We also learned how rice comes from the field. We learned about the process until it becomes the thing we eat. It was also surprising how an average rice farm in Java is smaller than our own soccer field. That’s why rice farmers only get nine million per year. We even learned how rice farmers can’t afford to eat their own rice that they grow. Ms. Jane also challenged us to make a healthy meal for Rp.14.000 that can be eaten by four people. We made fried rice from the rice that Ms. Jane brought for the class. We did it and we made a healthy fried rice for under Rp.14.000. With that meal, we can even feed the whole of 5MJ!

KEATON


For me the activity that stood out was measuring the soccer field because I had no idea that an Indonesian rice farm would be smaller than the SWA soccer field. When my group was doing this we used a big bamboo stick that was about 2 meters and the body length of Marcelo. It was hard using Marcelo’s body length because he is quite small and we could not pull him along the ground like we could with the bamboo stick. When we were doing this I realized why farmers can’t afford eat their own rice and why they only make about 9 million rupiah a year. Another activity that stood out was budgeting because it was really hard to do and we worked out that you can make a meal for only Rp14,000. We all thought it was impossible until we made two big plates of fried rice that the whole of 5MJ could be full on. In my opinion these people that only have Rp14,000 for a meal should have more money for food but I guess they are used to it and don’t have a choice. From now on when I see a rice field I will feel sad for the people that work there because they don’t get a lot of money if me or you had to work here we probably wouldn’t be able to live like we do now. 

LISA

My perspective is that growing rice takes a long time. An Indonesian rice farm is smaller than the soccer field in our school. 5MJ learned that the school’s soccer field is bigger then an Indonesian rice farm because we measured the soccer field but not the rice farm because we estimated it from the Internet. We also estimated the size of the soccer field before we measured it. Now I have learned that Indonesia’s rice farms are smaller than the school’s soccer field so it is long to plant rice. I learned that farmers are also worried that they will have less rice this year.

MARCELO

My perspective about rice is that growing rice takes time and if I was an average farmer in Indonesia and had to grow rice, I could not even afford to eat my own rice. My perspective is that growing rice is hard. Growing rice is a big responsibility. Like what if ants come to your rice or you have too much water. You have to have responsibility if you want to grow rice. I tried to grow rice in my garden but worms came and I did not put enough water on the rice plant. So when I saw the rice seed again an animal had eaten it. (For more information read Marcelo’s Action chapter)


REGINA

In my opinion, learning about rice is fun and interesting because I learned new things. For example, I learned how rice is produced, how long it takes to plant rice, how big is an average rice farm in Indonesia and why rice is so important to people all over the world. I also learned that Indonesia is the third largest consumer of rice in the world and that Indonesia imports the most rice in the world. I was amazed when I learned that and my first question was why does Indonesia import the most rice? The answer is because Indonesia can’t feed it’s own people as it doesn’t have enough money and people to plant the rice. Some unfortunate people really want to eat rice until they have to eat rotten-left over rice that people throw away. I feel pity for those who don’t have enough money to buy fresh rice and other foods. Learning about rice gives me a chance to learn about why rice is useful to the world. People eat rice because rice is the main food for most people. When we cooked the fried rice, I learned that you eat nice fried rice with a budget of Rp 14,000.

RIFQI

I like cooking the fried rice because I like to know how to cook fried rice. I’m interested in cooked because cooking fried was not really hard for me. The really hard part was if we have a family we have to provide for our family. What if we cooked fried rice and our family didn’t like the fried rice we made? I think it is a very hard thing. It is something that we have to do, to learn how to make food for our family. If we don’t have any money, how can we buy ingredients? We have to give thanks to God and what God has given to us. I was very interested in the rotten rice story because I’m an Indonesian so I can understand what the news story that was in Indonesian. It was easy for me to read the rotten rice story, because I know what it said. Why rotten rice is interested for me? I now we know how unfortunate people can eat rice? I still wonder if it is safe to eat rice they make. If we are learning something in 5MJ, we get a lot of information about what we learning.


SHEREEN

I really was very surprised and interested about the farmers struggle and that they themselves cannot eat what they had grow because they cannot afford the rice. They have to buy food that is cheaper like cheaper rice and cheaper food. After we had measured our school’s soccer field, Ms. Jane told us that the rice field is smaller than our soccer field. That was a big shock for all of us! That is why the farmers can’t eat their own food, because they don’t have a big rice field and also that they cannot afford it. We also learned that the farmers only get nine million a year, meaning they only get Rp 750,000 a month. The other thing that really was exciting for me was measuring the school’s soccer field because we got to measure the soccer field with different kinds of tools. In my group we used an umbrella, Shereen’s feet, and Gabi’s charger. The other thing that I was really interested was that Marcelo’s team used Marcelo’s body to measure the school’s soccer field. In my opinion, I really liked to measure the school’s soccer field because it was very fun using non-standard units and now that I know that a rice field is smaller than our school’s soccer field. I feel like whenever I see a rice field it looks much smaller than it did before.

ZUBIN

Learning about the rice Inquiry was interesting and it was fun learning about rice. I liked learning about the non standard measurements and measuring the whole soccer field. It was a good experience measuring the soccer field and the best part was Me, Shereen, Rifqi and Gabi won to the closest to the answer of the soccer field and won a Dairy milk chocolate bar and divided it 25% chocolate for each of us. The thing that really shocked me was 0.3 hectares is smaller than our school’s soccer field because that it is size of a rice farm in Java.

Rice Inquiry in Grade 5  

This is the first eBook written by 5MJ from Sinarmas World Academy in Indonesia. Most of the information in this book came from authentic le...

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