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k'lu;s]sf] atfOPsf] 5 . ;+;f/el/sf ! ;o *) b]znfO{ ;dfj]z u/]/ ;fj{hlgs ul/g] pSt k|ltj]bgcg';f/ g]kfn blIf0f Pl;ofdf ckmuflg:tfgeGbf dfq cl3 b]lvPsf] 5 . o;n] klg s] :ki6 ub{5 eg] kl5Nnf] ;dodf g]kfndf cl:y/ /fhgLlt / ;+qmd0fsfnsf] kmfObf p7fP/ e|i6x?sf] rnv]n lgs} al9/x]sf] 5 . e| i 6frf/sf] o:tf] huhuLk" 0 f{ cj:yfdf kl5Nnf b'O{j6f 36gfn] eg] s]xL cfzfjfbL x'g] 7fp“ b]vfPsf] 5 . klxnf], ;jf]{Rr cbfntaf6 e|i6frf/df ;+nUg ePsf] k'li6 ub}{ sf+u|]; g]tf Pjd\ k"jd{ GqL lr/~hLjL jfUn]nfO{ h]n k7fOg' / bf];|f], clxn] ljz]if cbfntdf hf/L ;'8fg 3f]6fnf sf08df k|x/Lsf pRrtxsf k"j{ tyf axfnjfnf clwsf/Lx?nfO{ sfg"gsf] bfo/fleq NofP/ sfaf{xL k|lqmof cufl8 a9fOg' . oL b' O { 36gfnfO{ e|i6frf/ Go"gLs/0f / pGd'ngsf] af6f]tkm{ g]kfnnfO{ pGd'v u/fpg] s]xL kl/0ffdd'vL sbdsf ?kdf lng ;lsG5 . clxn] ;fdfGo lrofukmb]lv x/]s hd36x?df ;'lgG5– cfOhLkL ;fÚkx?sf] t o:tf] xfnt eof], hfgL ghfgL xft nfdf] ug]{ vfOhLkLx?sf] s] xfnt xf]nf < of] 36gfqmdn] ;a}lt/ ultnf] ;as l;sfPsfn] s;}n] unt lgotn] s]xL ug{ yfNof] eg] klg bzk6s ;f]r]/ dfq ug]{ cfd gful/ssf] ljZn]if0f 5 . olt x'“bfx'“b} klg xfdL cem}“ klg slx st} r'ls/x]sf 5f}“ eGg] s'/f ljleGg 36gfx? b]vfO/x]sf 5g\ . clxn] hf/L ;'8fg 3f]6fnfsf08d} tTsflng k|x/L dxflgl/Ifsb]lv ljleGg txsf ;'/Iff clwsf/Lx?nfO{ d'2f bfo/ ul/Psf] 5 t/ tTsflng u[xdGqL / u[x;lrjx?sf] e" l dsf / pgLx?sf] ;+ n Ugtf jf u} / lhDd] j f/Lkgtkm{ cfjfh p7] k lg Goflos lgsfo / clVtof/n] To;tkm{ cf}nf gp7fpg'sf k5fl8 s]xL bafa jf :jfy{ n'ss ] f] 5 ls eGg] cfz+sf knfPsf] 5 . Pp6} sf08df sf]xL plDsg] / sf]xL hflSsg] l:ylt cfof] eg] Tof] klg csf]{ e|i6frf/ g} x'g hfG5 . To;}n] o;tkm{ klg cfd gful/s ;r]t x'g h?/L 5 . h] xf];,\ e|i6frf/ lgoGq0fsf If]qdf g]kfnsf s]xL kl5Nnf 36gfqmdnfO{ x]bf{ cfzf ug]{ l:ylt b]lvPsf] 5 . cfd gful/sn] cfkm\gf] txaf6 e|i6frf/lj/f]wL ultljlwx?nfO{ tLj| agfpg] / cbfnt, clVtof/ / sfg"gL lgsfon] e|i6frf/sf e'0| fx?nfO{ gi6 ub}{ hfg] xf] eg] s]xL jif{d} g]kfnn] cfkm\gf] lalu|Psf] 5lj ;'wfg{ ;S5 . To;sf nflu /fhg}lts bnx?sf] k|lta4tfn] dfq} k'Ub}g, pgLx?n] cfkm"leqsf e|i6x?nfO{ sfaf{xLsf] bfo/fdf Nofpg], /fhg}lts bn / /fHosf x/]s lgsfosf] Jofks / lgd{d z'l4s/0flagf e|i6frf/ lgoGq0f Pjd\ pGd'ng ;Dej 5}g .

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ylkPsf] ;+ljwfg;efsf] Dofb cGof]nk"0f{ cj:yfd} ;lsg] ;Defjgf clwjQmf kbd j}lbs g]kfnsf] /fhgLltdf dxTjk"0f{ e"ldsf v]n]sf tTsflng ;ft /fhgLlts bn / g]skf dfcf]jfbLaLrdf )^@ d+l;/ & ut] ePsf] !@ a'Fb] ;dembf/L kqåf/f /fHosf] ;femf zq'sf lj?4 Ps e} n8\g] k| l tj4tf sfod u/] a df] l hd ;+ljwfg;efsf] lgjf{rg / /fhtGq cGTosf] 3f]if0ff ug{ ;kmn eP . t/, zflGt k|lqmofnfO{ cl3 a9fpg] ;Gbe{df pQm ;dembf/L–kqsf] a'“bf g+= ^ / & df pNn] v ePsf] ljutsf uNtL sdhf]/Lk|lt cfTdcfnf]rgf, cfTd;dLIff ub}{ ca tL sdhf]/L gbf]xf]¥ofpg] k|ltj4tf JoQm u/L hgtfsf] ljZjf; lng ;kmn b]lvPsf /fhg}lts bnx? xfn gful/ssf] cljZjf;sf] vf8n km/flsnf] / ulx/f] agfp“b} uO/x]sf 5g\ . cGtl/d ;+ljwfgsf] wf/f ^$ df pNn]v ePadf]lhd ;+ljwfg;efsf] u7g eO{ klxnf] a}7s a;]sf] ldltn] b'O{ jif{leq ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f k|lqmof k"/f ug]{ ;+jw} flgs Joj:yfnfO{ lnP/ lgjf{rg lht]sf bnx? ;f] b'O{ jif]{ Dofb k"/f eO;Sbf klg ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f k|lqmofsf] d'Vo ljifoj:t' af“sL /fvL )^& h]7 !$ ut] Ps jif{leq ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f k|lqmof 6'+uf] nufpg] pb\3f]ifsf ;fy Ps aif]{ Dofb yk]/ ;+ljwfg ;+zf]wg u/]klg ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f k|lqmof 6'ª\uf]df k'¥ofpg' t stf xf] stf PsLs[t d:of}bf ;d]t hg;dIf Nofpg ;s]gg\ . of] cj:yfdf k'gM tLg dlxgf Dofb ylk )^* ebf} !$ leq PsLs[t d:of}bf;Dd hg;dIf Nofpg] pb\3f]if u/]klg PsLs[t d:of}bf tof/ ug'{k"j{ ljjflbt /x] s f ;+ l jwfgsf cGt/j:t'x?af/] 5nkmn u/L 6'+uf]df k'¥ofpg] ljjfb ;dfwfg pk–;ldltåf/f ul7t sfo{bnn] tof/ u/sf] k|ltj]bgdf 5nkmn;d] t ePsf] 5} g . ;+ l jwfg

u0f]z cf]nL g]kfndf ;j{k|yd @)$& ;fnsf] ;+ljwfgn] ;"rgfsf] xsnfO{ df}lns xssf] ?kdf lnPklg P]g gaGbf g]kfnL hgtfn] o;sf] ;'lglZrttfsf] nflu @)^$ ;fn;Dd kv{g' k¥of] . kqsf/ dxf;+3sf] ljz]if kxn / ;/f]sf/jfnfsf] bafakZrft\ ;/sf/n] cGtl/d ;+ljwfg–@)^# df ;"rgfsf] xsnfO{ df}lns xssf ?kdf :jLsf/ u¥of] . Tolt dfq x} g tTsfnLg ;~rf/dGqL s[ i 0faxfb' / dx/fsf] kfnfdf cyf{t\ @)^$ ;fndf ;"rgfsf] xs;DaGwL P]g aGof] . g] k fnsf] ;fj{ e f} d ;Qf, cv08tf, /fli6«o ;'/Iff, cGt{/fli6«o ;DaGwdf vnnkg] { , ck/fwsf] cg' ; Gwfg, tslxt tyf cleof]hgfdf k|ToIf c;/kg],{ cfly{s Jofkfl/s tyf df}lb|s lxt jf af}l4s ;DklQ ;+/If0f, a}+lsª jf Jofkfl/s uf] k lgotfdf uDeL/ cf3ftkg] { , ljleGg hfthflt jf ;Dk|bfoaLrsf] ;"–;DaGwdf vnnkg]{, JolQmut uf] k lgotf / JolQmsf] lhpHofg, ;DklQ, :jf:Yo jf ;'/Iffdf vt/f k'¥ofpg] ljifo;DaGwL ;"rgf k|jfx ul/g] 5}g . ;"rgfsf] xs;DaGwL P]gdf olb ;"rgf clwsf/Ln] ;"rgf glbPdf, cf+lzs ?kdf ;"rgf lbPdf, unt ;"rgf lbPdf jf ;/f]sf/jfnf xf]Og elg ;"rgf glbPdf ;DalGwt JolQmn] o;/L ;"rgf gkfPsf] jf cf+lzs ?kdf ;"rgf kfPsf] ldltn] ;ft lbgleq ;DalGwt lgsfosf]

!@ a'“b] ;dembf/Ln] cfd g]kfnLnfO{ Psh'6 agfO{ b]znfO{ h'?Ss p7fpg ;kmn e} xfnsf] cj:yfdf NofPklg gof“ g]kfnsf] ;+/rgf gof“ ;+ljwfgsf] dfWofdaf6 ug]{ d"Vo sfo{ef/ k"/f gu/L b]znfO{ clglZrttftkm{ nlu/xg] sfd bnx?af6 ePsf] 5 . cfh s] xf]nf, ef]ln s] xf]nf < eGg] cj:yfdf /fVg] / k|fKt ePsf pknlAw of] jf Tof] gfddf :vlnt x'“b} hfg] cj:yfdf lsg b]znfO{ nlub}5 < s] of] lj8Dagf g]kfnLn] ef]Ug] lgolt g} xf] < ;+zf]wg u/L ;+ljwfg;efsf] Dofb yKg] k|lqmofk|lt cfd gful/s c;Gt'i6 x'“b} uO/x] s f 5g\ eg] ;jf] { R r cbfntsf] km};nfaf6 ;+ljwfg;efsf] Dofb a9fpg] ul/ k6s–k6s Dofb yk ub} { cgGtsfn;Dd Dofb yk ug]{ s'/fsf] lj?4df km};nf u/]sf] cj:yfdf ;d]t ;+ l jwfg lgdf{ 0 f k| l qmof ;dodf 6'ªU\ ofpg'sf] ljsNk 5}g . ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f k| l qmofdf hg;xeflutfsf] ljifonfO{ Jofks?kdf x]l/Psf] cj:yfdf PsLs[t d:of}bfdfly 5nkmn / ;'emfj /fVg kfpg] gful/sx?sf] clwsf/ s6f}tL x'g] ;Defjgf Tolts} k|an x“'b} uO/fv]sf] 5 eg] !@ a'“b] ;dembf/Ldf x:tfIf/ ug]{ g]kfnL sfFu|];n] ljutsf] cfkm\gf] k|ltj4tfnfO{ k"/f gu/L zflGt k|lqmof 6'+uf]df gk'u] ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f k|lqmof cl3 a9\g glbg] elg 3f]lift?kdf cfkm\gf] c8fg sfod /fVg] / zflGt k|lqmofsf] d'Vo s8Lsf] ?kdf /x]sf] lj:t[t zflGt ;Demf}tfsf] a'“bf g+= $=$ df pNn]v ePsf] n8fs'x?sf] /]vb]v, ;df]hg / k'g:yf{kgfsf ;DaGwdf PsLs[t g]skf dfcf]jfbLleqsf] PsLs[t lg0f{o x'g g;s]sf] sf/0f b]vfp“b} ljz]if ;ldltsf] a}7s a:g g;Sg] cj:yfn] /fhg} l ts bnx?k| l t gful/sx?sf] ljZjf; lbgfg'lbg sd x'“b} uO/x]sf] 5 . clwsf/k| f lKtsf] n8fO{ k l5 clwsf/ ;+ : yfut ug{ g;Sg' s] g] k fnsf] lj8Dagf xf] < g] k fndf nfdf] ;dob] l v cfd" n kl/jt{gsf nflu nfdf] ax; 5nkmn x'“b} cfPsf] 5 . hgtfsf] 7"nf] alnbfg / Tofukl5 ;txdf kl/jt{g x'g] jf:tljs ?kdf 3/] n ' ;fdGtjfb / j} b ] l zs gjpklgj]zjfbsf] 3]/fleq /x]sf] cj:yfdf tL b'O{ s'/faf6 b]znfO{ d'Qm ug{ g;s];Dd cfd g]kfnL d'Qm x'g g;Sg] ePsfn] 3/]n'

;fdGtjfbsf] k|ltlglw kfqsf] ?kdf /x]sf] /fhtGq cGTosf] 3f]if0ff ug{ ;s]klg j}bl] zs ?kdf /x]sf] gjpklgj]zsf] cj:yfa6 b]znfO{ d'Qm ug{ /fhg}lts bnx? ;xdt gx''g' d'Vo lj8Djgf /x]sf] 5 . ljb]zL x:tIf]klj?4 ;a} /fhg}lts bnx? Psh'6 eP/ k|ltsf/ ug{ ;Sg'kb{5 . g]kfnsf /fhg}lts bnx?nfO{ klxn] /fli6«o lxt / /fli6«o ;'/Iff gLltsf ;DaGwdf Psdt x'g Pp6f lglZrt dfkb08 lgdf{0f ug{ tof/ x'g'kg]{ / ;f] adf]lhd /fli6«otfsf] ;jfndf Psl9Ssf ePdf dfq cGo ljifodf bnLo k|ltikwf{ ug'{kg]{ x'G5 . !@ a'“b] ;dembf/Ln] cfd g]kfnLnfO{ Psh'6 agfO{ b]znfO{ h'?Ss p7fpg ;kmn eO{ xfnsf] cj:yfdf NofPklg gof“ g]kfnsf] ;+/rgf gof“ ;+ljwfgsf] dfWofdaf6 ug]{ d'Vo sfo{ef/ k"/f gu/L b]znfO{ clglZrttftkm{ nlu/xg] sfd bnx?af6 ePsf] 5 . cfh s] xf]nf, ef]ln s] xf]nf < eGg] cj:yfdf /fVg] / k|fKt ePsf pknlAw of] jf Tof] gfddf :vlnt x'“b} hfg] cj:yfdf lsg b]znfO{ nlub}5 < s] of] lj8Dagf g]kfnLn] ef]Ug] lgolt g} xf] < cfGbf]ng / qmflGtkl5 pknlAw k|fKt x'g] t/ ;+:yfut u/L cfd hgtfn] pkef]u ug{ gkfp“b} pknlAwx? vf]l;g] / k'gM cfGbf]ng / qmflGt cfjZos /lx/xg] uf] n rSs/df km:g] ljutsf] cj:yfaf6 d'Qm x'g ljutsf ;xdlt, ;Demf} t f / lg0f{ o lagf lxlRsrfj6 sfof{Gjog ul/g'kb{5 . bnx?leqsf] dte]b ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf] ;d:of geO{ ;dfwfg aGg' k 5{ M Oltxf;df g]kfnL hgtfn] k6s–k6s ljb|f]x, cfGbf]ng / ;+3if{ u/]klg juL{o d'lQm cfGbf]ng;“u ju{;+3if{sf] s8LnfO{ bx|f];“u p7fO{ @)%@ kmfu'g ! b]lv 3f]lift hgo'4sf] g]t[Tj u/]sf] ;LdfGts[t ju{, If]q, lnª\u, hfthftL;d]tn] cfzf u/]sf]

PsLs[t g]skf dfcf]jfbL kf6L{ g]kfnsf] cGtl/d ;+ljwfgadf]lhd b]zsf] ;a}eGbf 7"nf] /fhg}lts bnleq xfn b]lvPsf] cGt/;+3if{nfO{ cfd gful/s / ljZjn] glhsaf6 x]l//x]sf] 5 . ;f] cGt/;+3if{ b]zsf] zflGt k|lqmof / gof“ g]kfnsf] cu|ufdL k'gM;+/rgf;lxtsf] gof“ ;ljwfg lgdf{0fdf ;d:of geO{ ;dfwfg agf]; eGg] sfdgf ul//x]sf 5g\ . ;}4flGts?kdf kf6L{leq cGt/;+3if{ clgjfo{ / cfjZos elgPklg g]kfnsf /fhg}lts bnx? To;df klg g]kfnL sDo'lgi6 kf6L{leq km'6sf] /fhgLltn] cflht ePsf g] k fnLx? ;zª\lst ePsf 5g\ . To;n] cGo bnsf] sf/0fn] ;+ljwfg aGg ;s]g elg cf/f]k nufpg p2t ag]sfx?nfO{ hjfkm lbg ;Sg'k5{ . To;}u/L ;+ljwfg;efdf bf];|f] 7"nf] bn g]kfnL sf“u;]| leq ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f zflGt k|lqmofeGbf cl3 ;DkGg ul/g' x“b' g} elgPsf] 5 . ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f k|lqmof cl3 a9\g ;/sf/df hfg], ;+;bLo bnsf] g]tf kl/jt{g ug]{h:tf cGt/;+3if{sf s'/fx? b]lvPsf 5g\ . To;}u/L t];|f] 7"nf] bn g]skf Pdfn]leq cWoIfnfO{ tLj| 3]/faGbL ug]{ s'/fn] cfd gful/s lg/f; aGg k'u]sf 5g\ . To:t} dw]zjfbL bnx? w]/} 6'qmfdf ljeflht ePsf] s'/fn] ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f k|lqmofdf c;/ k'¥ofO/x]sf] cj:yfdf bnx?leqsf] cGt/lj/f] w ;+ l jwfg lgdf{0fsf] afws gagf];\ eGg] ;jfndf hgpQ/bfoL /fhg} l ts bnx? ;r] t /xg'kb{5 . ebf} !$ leq ;+ l jwfgsf] PsLs[ t d:of} b f hf/L ug' { s f] ljsNk 5} g ;+ljwfg;efsf] k6s–k6ssf] sfo{;r" L kl/j{tg u/L tf]lsPsf] ;doeGbf w]/}kl5 sfo{ yfngL ug]{ u/]sf] ePklg )^* h]7 !% ut] ;+ljwfg ;+zf]wg u/L # dlxgf Dofb yk] k lg %% lbg lalt;Sbf;d] t

;+ljwfg;efsf] gof“ sfo{;r" Ldf rrf{;d]t ul/Psf] 5}g . ;+ljwfg ;+zf]wg ug]{ h:tf] uDeL/ sfo{df v]nfrL u/L # dlxgfsf] Dofb yk ug'{, ylkPsf] # dlxgfleq d:of}bf dfq hf/L ug]{ s'/faf6 z' ? af6} cGof] n k" 0 f{ cj:yfdf Dofb ylkPsf] ;f] k|lqmofnfO{ x]bf{ k'gM Dofb yk ug]{ cfef; lbPsf] 5 . ;f] # dlxgfsf] d:of}bf hf/L ug]{ Dofbkl5 s] x'g] cGof]nu|:t /x]sf] 5 eg] tf]lsPsf] ;do )^* ebf} !$ ut] glhlsb} cfp“bf d:of}bfdf /flvg] ljifoj:t'df ;xdlt sfod x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . oL ;a} k|Zgsf] ;dfwfg /fhg}lts zLif{ g]tT[ jsf] lg0f{odf e/ k/]sf] zLif{:y g]t[Tjn] cf–cfkm\gf] bndf lg0f{o u/L Pp6f ;femf lg0f{odf k'Ug' ;dosf] dfu xf] . b]z csd{0otfdf kml;/x]sf] cj:yfdf oyflz3| lgsf; lbg g;s]df @))& ;fnb]lvsf] g]kfnL hgtfsf] ;kgf /fHosf] cu|ufdL k'gM;+/rgf ug{ ;+ l jwfg;efaf6 gof“ ;+ l jwfg aGg] s'/f pwf/f] /xg hfg] ;Defjgf k|an /x]sf] 5 . olb zflGt k|so[ fnfO{ ;'lglZrt ug]{ / gof“ ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f ug]{ xf] eg] ljutdf /fhg}lts txdf ePsf ;xdlt, ;Demf}tf / lg0f{ox?sf] dd{ / efjgfcg';f/ ;a} bnn] o'4:t/df sfo{ ug'{kb{5 / ljb]zL x:tIf]ksf lj?4 Psh'6 eP/ k|ltjfb ug'{kb{5 . cGtl/d ;+ljwfgdf sfod ePsf d"NodfGotfx? ;dfj]zL, gof“ df]8]nsf] nf]stGqsf cfwf/x? :yflkt ul/g'kb{5 . g]kfnsf nflu cfjZos kg]{ ;dfj]zL l;4fGtsf cfwf/df /fli6«o ;]gfsf] lgdf{0f ug]{, ;]gf ;dfof]hg u/L zflGt k|lqmofnfO{ l56f] 6'ªu\ f]df k'¥ofO{ hgljZjf; k|fKt ug{ /fhg}lts zLif{ g]tT[ jn] gof“ of]hgf cl3 ;fg{ / cfd gful/snfO{ ;“u} lx8fpg ;Sg'kb{5 .

;"rgfsf] xs / bfªsf ;/sf/L sfof{no k|d'v;dIf ph'/L lbg ;Sg] Joj:yf jf:tjdf ;"rgfsf] xs;DaGwL pgLx?n] ;"rgf n'sfpg 5f8\g] 5}gg\ u/]sf] 5 . k|fKt ph'/L hfFra'Fem u/L P] g n] hgtfsf] ;/f] s f/ /fVg] h:tf] nfU5 . ;"rgf glbPsf] cf+lzs ?kdf ;"rgf sfof{ n ox? kf/bzL{ , hjfkmb] x L, ;/sf/L sfof{nodf k'Ubf cfkm"nfO{ lbPdf, unt ;" r gf lbPdf jf lhDd]jf/ x'g\ eGg] p2]Zo /fVb5 . ;]js 7fGg'kg]{ sd{rf/Lx?n] cfkm"x? ;/f]sf/jfnf xf]Og elg ;"rgf glbPdf To;} u /L ;/sf/n] ;" r gfsf] xflsd ePsf] dgf]sf+Iff kfNb} hgtfnfO{ k|dv ' n] lgj]bsåf/f dfu ePadf]lhdsf] xs;DaGwL P]g t'?Gt sfof{Gjog ug{ wDSofpF5g\ . h;n] ubf{ hgtfsf] ;" r gf pknAw u/fpg ;" r gf / ;" r gf clwsf/L tf] S g ;a} sd{rf/LnfO{ x]g]{ b[li6sf]0f /fd|f] 5}g . clwsf/LnfO{ cfb]z lbg]5 . hfFra'em sfof{nox?nfO{ lgb]{zg klg lbPsf] sd{rf/Lx?sf] oxL hgtfnfO{ g6]g]{ ubf{ ;" r gf lbg gldNg] b] l vPdf 5 . t/, oxfF s f sfof{ n ox?n] k|j[lt / ;"rgf kf/bzL{ g/fVg] x'gfn] ;DalGwt lgsfPsf] k| d ' v n] ;f] x L ;"rgfsf] xs /fd|/L sfof{Gog u/]sf] hgtfn] sd{rf/L eg]sf /fHosf 9's6' L Joxf]/fsf] lg0f{o u/L ;f] sf] hfgsf/L kfOb} g . ;/sf/n] ;" r gfsf] ;Sg] , e| i 6frf/L / clN5 eg] / lgj]bsnfO{ lbg'k5{ . k|d'vn] lbPsf] xs;DaGwL P]g kfl/t u/]sf] nfdf] ;do a' ‰ b5g\ . g] k fnsf sd{ r f/Lx?n] lg0f{opk/ lrQ ga'em] To; JolQmn] eO;Sof] t/ bfªdf clxn] klg o;sf] lghL ;+ : yfg jf sDkgLdf hflu/ To:tf] hfgsf/L kfPsf] ldltn] #% sfof{Gjogsf] cj:yf sdhf]/ 5 . vfPkl5 @ lbg klg l6Sg ;Sb}gg\ lbgleq /fli6«o ;"rgf cfof]u;dIf bfªsf ;/sf/L sfof{nox?df ;"rgf eGg] rng 5 . gq cfkm"n] vfPsf] k'g/fj]bg lbg ;Sg] 5 . cfof]un] clwsf/L t tf]lsPsf 5g\ t/ pgLx?n] nfdf] hflu/sf] cg' e jnfO{ k'g/fj]bg k/]sf] ^) hflu/kZrft\ lghL bfªsf ;/sf/L sfof{nox?df ;"rgf clwsf/L t tf]lsPsf lbgleq ;f] ;DaGwdf If]qdf nufpg'kg]{ xf] cfjZos sfjf{xL u/L t/ g] k fnsf 5g\ t/ pgLx?n] cfˆgf] pQf/bfloTj k|efjsf/L?kdf clGtd lg0f{ o ug] { s d { r f /Lx? lgefpg ;s]sf 5}gg\ . ;j{;fwf/0f k'us ] f a]nf t s] 5. c;Ifdtfsf sf/0f kqsf/x? uPsf] a]nf;d]t bfªsf w]/h } ;f] ;/sf/L lgsflnPsf] hflu/kl5 of t 3/df ;fj{ h lgs ;" r gf ljgf sfd al;/x]sf sfof{nox?df ;"rgf clwsf/L g} e]l6b}gg\ . ;" r gf clwsf/L jf x'G5g\ ls t rZdfn] k|d'vn] dgfl;j sf/0f lagf ;"rgf cfˆgf] pQ/bfloTj k|efjsf/L ?kdf cIf/ /fd| / L ga' e m' G h] n ;Dd klg glbPsf] jf lbg OGsf/ u/]sf] cf+lzs lgefpg ;s]sf 5}gg\ . ;j{;fwf/0f hflu/d} em'l08Psf x'G5g\ . xfdLn] ?kdf jf unt ;"rgf lbPsf] jf ;"rgf k'u]sf a]nf t s] kqsf/x? uPsf] cGo b]zdf x]¥of}F eg] hLjg ;'/Iffsf gi6 u/]sf] b]lvPdf cfof]un] To:tf a]nf;d]t bfªsf w]/} h;f] ;/sf/L nflu ;/sf/L hflu/df k|j]z u/]klg k|dv ' jf ;"rgf clwsf/LnfO{ @% xhf/ sfof{ n ox?df ;" r gf clwsf/Lg} hflu/kZrft\ lghL If]qdf e"ldsf lgjf{x ?k} o fF ; Dd h/Ljfgf u/L lghnfO{ e]l6b}gg\ . e]l6P klg ;se/ ;"rgf u/] / w] / } k} ; f sdfPsf] / ljefuLo ;hfosf nflu ;DalGwt glbP/ kmsf{pg k|oTg u5{g\ / lbg}k/] ;dfh;]jf;d]t u/]sf] kfOG5 . bfªsf ;/sf/L sfof{nodf /x]sf lgsfodf n]lv k7fpg ;Sg]5 . P]gsf] cf+lzs lbg] u5{g\, hf] ;/f;/ sfg'g bkmf !! df ;"rgfsf] xs ;+/If0f, ljkl/t xf] . elgG5 sfg" g sf] ;"rgf clwsf/Ln] cfkm"x? ;"rgf ;Da{4g / k|rng ug]{ sfdsf nflu c1fgtf;Dd cIfDo x'G5 eg] hfgL– clws[t dfq geP/ cGo sfdsf] klg Ps :jtGq /fli6«o ;"rgf cfof]usf] hfgL o;/L ;"rgf n'sfpg] sd{rf/LnfO{ af]em ePsfn] k|efjsf/L ?kdf ;"rgf Joj:yf u/]sf] 5 . sfg" g sf] bfo/fdf gNofpF b f;Dd lbg g;s]sf] atfpF5g\ t/ ;/sf/L

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;'/z ] xdfn -;lrj_ g]kfn oftfoft /fli6«o dxf;+3 @)#^ ;fndf bfªsf] x]sn ' Ldf hlGdg'ePsf ;'/z ] xdfn clxn] g]kfn oftfoft /fli6«o dxf;+3sf] ;lrj x'gx' G' 5 . t'n;Lk'/ gu/kflnsf–^ df /xL oftfoft If]qsf] s'zntfk"js { g]tT[ jbfoL e"ldsf lgjf{x ub}{ cfpg'ePsf xdfn;Fu oftfoft If]qsf ljljw ljifodf ;DalGwt /x]/ hgpef/sdL{ uf]ljGb v8\sfn] ug'e { Psf] s'/fsfgL . –;Dkfbs g]kfn oftfoft /fli6«o dxf;+ 3 sf] pRr txdf /x] / sfd ul//xg' ePsf] 5, pQm 7fpF d f /xL sfd ubf{ s:tf] cg' e j ul//fVg' ePsf] 5 < r'gf}ltk"0f{ lhDd]jf/Laf]w, dx;' ; ul//x] s f] 5' . hgtf;F u ;/f] s f/ /fVg] ePsf] x'Fbf hgrfxgf cg';f/ oftfoftdf ;' w f/ Nofpg nflu k/]sf] 5' . oxfF n ] cfˆgf] sfo{ s fndf oftfoft If]qsf nflu s] ug]{ ;f]r /fVg' e Psf] 5 / oftfoft If] q nfO{ cl3 a9fpg s] s:tf of] h gf cl3 a9fO /xg' e Psf] 5 < o; If]qnfO{ ;'/lIft ug{ ljdf ;DaGwL :k:6 gLlt, ljBfyL{ kl/rokqdf b]lvPsf] ;d:of, ;jf/L b'3{6gfkZrft\ x'g] aGb, x8tfnsf] lg/fs/0f, ef8fsf ;jf/L cfoft x'g] gLlt Pjd\ lglZrt ;+ V of lgwf{/0f cfjZostf dfq ug]{ :ki6 P]g lgodsf] Joj:yf, b'3{6gf cg';Gwfg, j}1flgs lsl;daf6 x'g'kg]{ . dhb"/, sd{ r f/LnfO{ ;do;fk] I f tflndsf] Joj:yf . nfdf] b'/L, dWodb'/L, 5f]6f] b'/L Pjd\ /fqL, lbjf ;]jf ;~rfng ug{,] rfnsx?nfO{ juL{s/0f u/L ;f] x L cg' ; f/sf] rfns cg'dltkq lbg] Joj:yf o; If] q df sfdug] { Joj;foL, sd{rf/L, dhb"/sf kl/jf/nfO{ lzIff / :jf:Yo h:tf clt cfjZos If]qdf ljz]if 5'6sf] Joj:yf lbnfpg] h :tf of] h gfx? dxf;+ 3 dfkm{ t \ cfufl8 a9fO/x]sf 5f}“ . b] z df oftfoft Joj;fosf] ljsf; / k| j 4{ g sf nflu /fHon] clxn] lgjf{ x ul//x] s f] e"ldsf kof{Kt 5 ls 5}g < 5}g eg] s]–s] ug'k{ g]{ xf] < 5f]6s/Ldf atfOlbg';\ g . ;/sf/sf] e"ldsf kof{Kt

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a]nf–a]nfdf s'/f p7\5, g] k fnsf] oftfoft If] q ljz] i f u/L ;x–rfnsdf afnaflnsfsf] k|of]u ul/G5 eg] / . rfns, ;x–rfns aGgnfO{ lglZrt pd] / , of] U otfsf] xbaGbL 5 ls 5}g < 5, eg] s] slt xf] / xbaGbLeGbf sd pd] / / of] U otfsf rfns, ;x– rfnsx? /fv] s f] e] l §Pdf s] s:tf] sfaf{xL x'G5 lg < s'g} s'g} ufl8df rfns t x} g ;x–rfns rfxL“ obfsbf b] l vG5g\ . k9\ g g;Sg], cfly{s l:ylt sdhf]/ ePsf sf/0f pgLx? ;Lk l;Sgsf nflu ufl8df nfu]sf b]lvG5g\ . dhb"/ sfd ug{sf nflu pd]/sf] xb !^ jif{eGbf dflysf] x'g'kb{5 . sfjf{xL rfxL“ u/]sf 5}gf}“ . clnslt km/s k| ; ª\ u lt/ hfcf} F , clxn] ljleGg oftfoft Joj;foL ;ldltx? km'6g\ ] / gofF vf]Ng] xf] 8 afhL rln/x] s f] qmd;F u } b] l vG5 . of] ljjfb, em8k / cf–cf cf–cfˆˆ gf] rNg If] q df uf l 8 glbg];Ddsf Ddsf]] cj:yf l;h{gf ePsf] kfOG5 . o;sf] s' g } lgod sfg" g / ;dfwfgsf pkfo 5} g g\ < ;ldlt km'6\g] / gof“ vf]Ng] oftfoftdf w]/} sf/0fx? 5g\ . d'Vo sf/0f 5f]6f] ;dodf w]/} sdfpg], sdfO{ gx'“bf a}+s jf kmfOgfG;sf] ls:tf ltg{ g;Sbf sdfO{ x'G5 ls eGg] cfzfn] . gofF ;ldlt vf]Nbf kbflwsf/L aGg kfOg] cfzfn] km'6\g] / gofF vf]Ng] xf]6afhL rN5 . s'g}klg ;d:ofsf] ;dfwfg x' G 5, ;dfwfg gx'g] s'g} ;d:of x'“b}g h:tf] nfU5 . sfg' g L ?kd} hlt klg ;ldlt vf]Ng lbg] k| f jwfg ePsfn] hltklg ;ldltx? v'ln/x]sf 5g\ . st} ;jf/L b'3{6gf eof] eg] kLl8t kIfn] nfdf] ;do;Dd ;8sg} cj?4

ug] { g] k fnL rngn] b' l gofF n fO{ ;f:tL lbO/x] s f] 5, o:tf] cj:yf l;h{ g f x'g'df d'Vo bf]ifL sf] x'G5 < cg' ; Gwfg ug] { lgsfon] lgikIf cg';Gwfg gug]{ / P]gn] lgodn] lglZrt u/] s f] sfhlqmof vr{, Ifltk"lt{sf]] /sd x'b“ fx'b“ } klg kLl8t / kL8skIfnfO{ /sddf jfu]{lgª u/fpg] sfo{ ub{ 5 / ;/sf/L kIfaf6} sfg"gsf] pNnª\3g u/L a9L eGbf a9L /sd lbnfpg] sf]lz; u/] s f x' G 5g\ . s' g } – s' g } lhNnfdf t ;/sf/L kIfaf6 g} sfg" g df pNn] v u/] s f] /sdeGbf a9L lbg'kg]{ clgjfo{ u/fPsf] 5 . kLl8tn] a9L /sd kfpgnfO{ aGb u/fp“ b 5g\ . o;df :yfgLo k| z f;gsf] sdLsdhf]/L xf] eGg] nfUb5 . o;sf] d'Vo bf]ifL /fHo g} xf] . d Pp6f pbfx/0f lbG5' @ jif{ cufl8 gf=# v $()! g+= sf] a; 3f]/fxL / rf}3]/fsf] aLrdf kg]{ s6'jfvf]nfdf ;fOsnn] em'SofP/ a; b'3{6gf x'g k'Uof] To; b'3{6gfdf ;fOsnofqL / df]6/;fOsn ofqL;d]tsf] d[To' eof] . kLl8tkIfaf6 af6f] aGb eof] / k|zf;g df}g a:of] . h;sf sf/0f a;df cfuf] nufO{ Wj:t kfl/lbP . pQm a;sf ;~rfns lj:yflkt x'g k'u] . kLl8t kIfn] kfpg] ;a} ;'ljwf sfg' g n] lglZrt u/] s f] /sdeGbf a9L lbnfOof] . ;/sf/ kIfn] lg a;df cfuf] nufpg]nfO{ sfjf{xL u/L a;sf] Ifltk" l t{ lbnfpg' k g] { lyPg / pgLx?nfO{ s]xL klg ePg . tL a;sf ;~rfns s] g] k fnL gful/s xf] O gg\ < ltgsf] ;DklQsf] ;' / Iff ug] { lhDdf s:fsf] xf] /fHosf] xf]Og . ;'/Iff ug]{ lhDdf kfPsfnfO{ /fHon] 5fgljg u/L sfjf{xLsf] 3]/fdf Nofpg'kg]{ xf]Og / < tL a;df cfl>t JolQmx?sf kl/jf/sf] cj:yf a' ‰ g' k g] { bfloTj /fHokIfsf] xf] ls xf]Og < a; rnfpg] sf] dfq o; 36gfdf

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bfª lhNnf v]ns"b ljsf; ;ldlt kl/jf/ sd{rf/L ;+3, a]nem'08L, bfª

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bfª÷ bfª÷lhNnf ljsf; ;ldlt sfof{ n osf] JolQmut 36gf btf{sf] tYofÍn] cfly{s jif{ )^&÷)^* ;fndf dlxnfeGbf k' ? if hGdbtf{ a9L ePsf] b]vfPsf] 5 . tYofÍ cg';f/ uPsf] jif{ hGdbtf{ u/fpg] k'?ifsf] ;+Vof !! xhf/ *! hgf /x]sf] eg] dlxnfsf] ;+Vof !) xhf/ $* /x]sf] 5 . lhNnfdf dlxnfsf] eGbf k'?ifsf] ;+Vof sd b]lvPklg lhNnfdf 5f]/f hGd]kl5 :s"n k7fpg'kg]{ / To;sf nflu clgjfo{ hGdbtf{ rflxg] ePsfn] k'?ifsf] ;+Vof w]/} b]lvPsf] atfOG5 . 5f]/LnfO{ :s"n gk7fP/ 3/sf] sfddf nufpg] ePsfn] pgLx?sf] hGdbtf{ yf]/n } ] u/]sf] x'g ;Sg] uflj;sf ;lrjx?n] atfPsf 5g\ . …xfdLnfO{ o;af/]df s]xL tflnd 5}g sfd k/]kl5 dfq}

hGd / d[To'btf{ u/fpg] u5f}–“ sfe|] uflj;sf ;lrj k|d] axfb'/ yfkfn] eg] . lhNnf ljsf;df /x]sL :yfgLo k~hLsflwsf/L zfGtf l3ld/n] klg cfkm" n ] cfPsf] 8f6fnfO{ s]Gb|df dfl;s / jflif{s ?kdf k7fpg] u/]sf] ePklg o;af/] d f vf;} 1fg gePsf] atfO{g\ . clxn] blnt afnaflnsfnfO{ eQfsf] Joj:yf ul/Psfn] hGdbtf{ a9]sf] uflj; ;lrjx?sf] egfO /x]sf] 5 . To;}u/L d[To'btf{ u/fpg]df k'?ifeGbf dlxnf cfwf sd b]lvG5g\ . utjif{ lhNnfdf ( ;o $% hgf dlxnfsf] d[To'btf{ ePsf] 5 eg] !& ;o !) hgf k'?ifsf] ;+Vof /x]sf] 5 . of] klg c+za08f / k}t[s ;DklQ kfpg] / ePsfx?n] ;' l jwf cfkm"df ;fg{sf nlu d[To'btf{ u/fPsf] atfOG5 . cfdfsf

gfddf k}t[s ;DklQ gx'gfn] cfjZos g7fgL dlxnfsf] sd}n] d[To'btf{ u/fPsf] kfOG5– uflj; ;lrj xslxt ;+/If0f s] G b| s f cWoIf u] x /fh kf}8o \ fnn] eg] . o;/L JolQmut 36gf btf{ ug'{ eg]sf] cfˆgf] lghL sfdsf] nflu dfq} ;lDemg] u/]sf] kfOPsf] kf}8o \ fnn] atfP . Tolt dfq geO{ uflj; ;lrj / :yfgLo k~hLsflwsf/Ln] ;d] t o;sf] af/] d f lj:t[ t hfgsf/L lbg ;s]sf 5}gg\ . ;DaGwljR5] b btf{ d f emg\ s;}sf] Wofg hfg ;s]sf] 5}g . o;jif{ /fdk' / uflj;df @ hgfn] / 3f]/fxL gu/kflnsfdf & hgfn] dfq} ;DaGwljR5]b btf{ u/fPsf 5g\ . b}lgs h;f] ;DaGwljR5]bsf ax; rNg] / cbfnt d] n ldnfk s] G b| , uflj;, gu/kflnsfnufot

;dj]bgf

hGd M !(*@.&.@(

lgwgM @)^*.#.#@

xfd|f ;fyL, bfO ;f]gfk'/ l;d]G6 k|f=ln=sf ;~rfns >L af;'bj ] kf08]osf a'jf 3f]/fxL–!! t'n;Lk'//f]8 lgjf;L k|]dnfn kf08]osf] *^ jif{sf] pd]/df @)^* c;f/ #@ ut] x'g uPsf] c;fdlos lgwgn] xfdL ddf{xt ePsf 5f}+ . lbj+ut cfTdfsf] lr/zflGtsf] sfdgf ub}{ zf]s;GtKt kl/jf/hgk|lt zf]s ;xg] zlQm k|fKt xf];\ egL xflb{s ;dj]bgf k|s6 ub{5f}+ .

afdb]j /]UdL -k|aGw ;~rfns_ tyf k[YjL Uof“; pBf]u kl/jf/ hn's–] ^, c3f{vf“rL

ljleGg Goflos lgsfodf cfpg] d' 2 fx?df ;+ V ofTds ?kdf ;DaGwljR5]bsf 36gf a9L x' g ] u/] k lg ;DalGwt uflj;df btf{ x'g] u/]sf 5}gg\ . t/, ljjfx btf{ eg] % xhf/ $ ;o ** hgfn] u/]sf] b]lvG5 . hflu/ vfg :yfgLonfO{ k| f yldstf lbg] , k' ? if;/x ;DklQdf dlxnfsf] ;dfg clwsf/ x'g] h:tf r]tgfsf] ljsf;n] ubf{ ljjfxbtf{ ug]{sf] ;+ V ofdf a[ l 4 x“ ' b } uPsf] ;lrjx?sf] egfO{ /x]sf] 5 . ;/sf/L ;]jf ;'ljwf lngsf nflu a;fO{;/fO{ btf{ ug]{sf] ;+Vof lhNnfdf a9L b]lvG5 . o;jif{ lhNnfdf a;fO{ ; /fO{ btf{sf] ug]{sf] 3/;+Vof * xhf/ @ ;o ^@ /x]sf] 5 eg] bfª 5f8]/ hfg]sf] ;+Vof ^ xhf/ # ;o %( /x]sf] 5 .

sd{rf/Lx?n] ;fpg @ ut] lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{nodf 1fkgkq / @ 306f wgf{, # b]lv % ut];Dd sfof{ n osf sfdsfh 7Kk kfl/;s]sf lyP .

ju{nfO{ cfkm\gf] clwsf/sf ljifodf yfxf gePsf] eGb} pgLx?n] dfgjclwsf/sdL{ n ] To;tkm{ ;r] t gfsf sfo{ q md Nofpg' k g] { pgLx?sf] egfO{ lyof] . tflnddf dfgjclwsf/, nf]stGq, gful/s lzIff / ;'rgfsf] xs;DaGwL k|lzIf0f lbOPsf] lyof] . ;f] cj;/df clwjQmf kbd j}lbs, sfx'/fi6sf cWoIf lgd{n uf}td, kqsf/ dxf;+3sf cWoIf s]Pn kLl8tnufotn] k|lzIf0f lbg'ePsf] lyof] . ;xefuLsf tkm{af6 /flwsf kl/of/, vn' k'g, /fh' s'dfn nufotn] af]Ng'ePsf] lyof] . ;Ltf cfrfo{ / dg' ;'jb] Ln] ;xhLs/0f ug'e { Psf][ sfo{qmddf lhNnfel/sf @% hgfsf] ;LdfGts[t ;d'bfosf JolQmx?sf] ;xeflutf /x]sf] lyof] .

xflb{s awfO{ PsLs[t g]skf -dfcf]jfbL_ >LufpF uflj; OGrfh{ tyf xfd|f cfTdLo ldq uf]ljGb e08f/L /fli6«o v]ns'b kl/ifbaf6 bfª lhNnf v]ns'b ljsf; ;ldltsf] ;b:o kbdf, /d]z lxtfËL uf]ljGb e08f/L -cWoIf_, lk=lj= rGb -pkfWoIf_, l;tf/fd zdf{ cfrfo{ -sf]iffWoIf_ kbdf / ;b:o kbdf a;Gt/fh clwsf/L, nId0f a'9f, ;fljqf lj=s=, pld{nf a:g]t, lvdaxfb'/ rf}w/L, t]hk|;fb e';fn, t]hk|;fb a'9f lgo'Qm x'ge ' Psf]df pxfFx?sf] sfo{sfnsf] k"0f{ ;kmntfsf] sfdgf ub}{ xflb{s awfO{ 1fkg ub{5f}“ . lqmdnfn rf}w/L ;flns/fd 7x/fO{ lj/axfb'/ jnL dfwj lj=s= x's'd jnL lu/L/fh a:g]t 6f]kaxfb'/ v8\sf ltns a:g]t odnfn e08f/L ltns yfkf

ldgaxfb'/ rf}w/L dx]z rf}w/L b]jaxfb'/ rf}w/L ;'slj/ rf}w/L pT;j zfx t'n;L/fd rf}w/L g'daxfb'/ 8f“uL ltns/fd e08f/L Clifaxfb'/ 8f“uL /jLg k'g

;gf]b uf}td gf]v/fh k'g lht]Gb| blxt k|sfz e08f/L ls/0f rf}w/L lzj/fh rf}w/L odf a'9f c~hgf a'9f ;'zLnf zfx

nufot ;Dk"0f{ ;fyLx?

;dj]bgf

lgwgM @)^*.#.#@ xfd|f ;fyL, bfO ;f]gfk'/ l;d]G6 k|f=ln=sf ;~rfns >L af;'bj ] kf08]osf a'jf 3f]/fxL–!! t'n;Lk'//f]8 lgjf;L k|]dnfn kf08]osf] *^ jif{sf] pd]/df @)^* c;f/ #@ ut] x'g uPsf] c;fdlos lgwgn] xfdL ddf{xt ePsf 5f}+ . lbj+ut cfTdfsf] lr/zflGtsf] sfdgf ub}{ zf]s;GtKt kl/jf/hgk|lt zf]s ;xg] zlQm k|fKt xf];\ egL xflb{s ;dj]bgf k|s6 ub{5f}+ . hGd M !(*@.&.@(

afdb]j /]UdL -cWoIf_ tyf

jftfj/0f ;+/If0fsf nflu lbuf] ljsf; d~r kl/jf/ lahf}/L–! b'w/f;, bfª


*

jif{ !#, c+s #%, @)^* >fj0f )* ut] cfOtaf/

ljBfyL{ d~rsf] cWoIfdf rGb PrcfOeL;DaGwL ;NofgL 3f]/fxL÷;Nofgaf6 bfªdf cfP/ cWoog ul//x]sf ljBfyL{x?sf] ;femf ;+u7g ;NofgL ljBfyL{ d~rsf] zlgaf/ ;DkGg e]nfn] If]qaxfb'/ cGtlqm{of rGbsf] cWoIftfdf !# ;b:oLo gof“ sfo{;ldlt u7g ul/Psf] 5 . !

/fdk'/÷÷o'jf ljBfyL{x?nfO{ PrcfOeL / P8\;sf af/]df hfgsf/L u/fpg] p2]Zon] zlgaf/ u+ u f pdflj /fdk' / df PrcfOeL;DaGwL cGtlqm{ o f sfo{qmd ul/Psf] 5 . pdflj :t/sf o'jf ljBfyL{x?nfO{ nlIft u/] / o' y kfs{ bfªn] ;f] sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hgf u/]sf] xf] . sfo{ q mddf o' y kfs{ s f ljnf; l3ld/], t'n;L/fd zdf{, a' l 4zLnf a:g] t tyf g] k fn kl/jf/ lgof]hg ;+3 bfªcGtu{t hf] l vddf /x] s f dlxnfx?sf] k|hgg\ :jf:Yo ;'wf/ sfo{qmdsf lgzf zfxn] PrcfOeL / P8\;sf af/]df hfgsf/L u/fpg'sf ;fy} PrcfOeL÷P8\ ; sf] kl/ro, To;sf nIf0fx?, r/0fx?, ;g]{ sf/0f / k|lqmofx? Pjd\ o;af6 aRg] pkfox?sf af/]df :ki6 kfg'{ePsf] lyof] . ;f] cj;/df sfo{ q mddf ;xefuLx?n] cfk;L ;xsfo{n] dfq ;a}n] p2]Zocg'?k sfd ug{ ;Sg] / o'jfx?sf] hfu?stf Pjd\ ;lqmotfn] PrcfOeL÷P8\;sf af/]df ;a}nfO{ ;r]t agfpg ;lsg]df hf]8 lbPsf lyP . sfo{qmddf u+uf pdfljsf k|frfo{ /fh]Gb| l3ld/], o'jf cleofg bfªsf ;+of]hs lu/L/fh clwsf/L, u+uf hfu[lt o'jf Snj /fdk'/sf uf]kfn vgfn / ;kgf 1jfnLn] af]Ng'ePsf] lyof] . o'y kfs{sf pkfWoIf ;'/z ] of]uLsf] cWoIftf Pj+ >L u+uf pdfljsf k|frfo{ /fh]Gb| l3ld/]sf] k|dv '[ cfltYodf ;DkGg sfo{qmdsf] ;xhLs/0f ldgf e' ; fnn] ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

hgf pkfWoIf / ! ;b:o kl5 yKg] u/L u7Lt sfo{;ldltsf kbflwsf/Lx?df pkfWoIf lbks s];L, ;lrj Ps/fh rGb, ;x– ;lrj c~hgf jnL / sf]iffWoIf w'|j/fh s];L /xg'ePsf] 5 . To;}u/L ;b:ox?df gf/fo0f zdf{, emSs'k|;fb jnL, lzjf of]uL, /fdrGb| cf]nL, OZj/Lk|sfz s];L / adaxfb'/ cf]nL /xg'ePsf] 5 . lgjt{dfg cWoIf /fdrGb| 9sfnsf] cWoIftf Pjd\ d~rsf ;+:yfks ;+/Ifs 8f=s[i0f/fh l8;Lsf] k|dv ' cfltYodf e]nf ePsf] lyof] . ;f] cj;/df k|dv ' cltly l8;Ln] ljBfyL{ hLjg dfgj hLjgsf] ljlzi6 ;do ePsfn] lzIff cfh{g ug{ g;s];Dd s'g} klg JolSt ;'dfu{lt/ nfUg g;Sg] atfpg'eof] . ;f] cj;/df d~rsf k"jc { WoIf dx]Gb| dxs, dx]Gb| ax'dv ' L SofDk; bfªsf :jljo" ;b:o /fh]z rf}w/Lnufotn] af]Ng'ePsf] lyof] . e]nfnuQ} gjul7t sfo{;ldltsf] klxnf] a}7sn] d~rsf] jflif{s k|sfzg ;NofgL cfjfhsf] k|sfzgnufot ;+u7g ;'b9[ Ls/0fsf ljifodf 5nkmn u/]sf] 5 .

pBf]u Jofkf/ ;+3sf] gu/ ;ldlt

bf]0f{ s];L, t'n;Lk'/÷g]kfn /fli6«o pBf]u Jofkf/ ;+3 t'n;Lk'/ gu/ sld6Lsf] zlgaf/ t'n;Lk'/df ;DkGg bf];f| ] e]nfn] o1axfb'/ jnLsf] cWoIftfdf !% ;b:oLo gof“ sfo{;ldlt rog u/]sf] 5 . ;ldltsf kbflwsf/Lx?df pkfWoIf kbd kf]vn]| / lgd{n cfrfo{, ;lrj l8NnLaxfb'/ jnL, ;x–;lrj b'uf{k;| fb vgfn / sf]iffWoIf ldg/fh e08f/L /xg'ePsf] 5 . To;}u/L ;ldltsf ;b:ox?df 6]saxfb'/ yfkf, b]jaxfb'/ jnL, s]Pn e08f/L, wgaxfb'/ a'9fnufot /xg'ePsf] 5 . ;f] cj;/df PsLs[t g]skf dfcf]jfbL !% g+= Pl/of O~rfh{ zLtn, Pl/of ;]qm]6/L k|bLk jnL, dw]zL df]rf{sf lhNnf ;+of]hs /fde/0f j}Zo, 6«8] o'lgog bfªsf ;+of]hs OZj/L e08f/L, g]kfn /fli6«o oftfoft Joj;foL dxf;+3sf s]Gb|Lo ;lrj ;'/z ] xdfnnufotn] af]Ng'ePsf] lyof] .

?s'dn ] L Pstf ;dfhsf] a}7s

bfª÷ bfª÷?s'dn] L Pstf ;dfh bfªn] xfn} ?s'dsf] k"lt{dsf“8f uflj;df af9L klx/f]af6 Hofg u'dfPsfk|lt >4f~hnL / kLl8t kl/jf/k|lt ;dj]bgf k|s6 ub}{ kLl8tx?nfO{ ;Sbf] ;xof]u ug]{ lg0f{o u/]sf] 5 . ;dfhsf] zlgaf/ 3f]/fxLdf a;]sf] a}7sn] o:tf] lg0f{o u/]sf] xf] . a}7sn] klx/f]kLl8tnfO{ cfjZos /fxt k|bfg ug{ ;/sf/;“u dfu u/]sf] 5 . ;dfhsf cWoIf dx]Gb| la;Lsf] cWoIftfdf ePsf] a}7sn] ;dfhsf] kxndf ?s'd]nL ljBfyL{x?sf] e]nf ug]{ lg0f{o ub}{ To;sf] lhDd]jf/L ;b:oåo u0f]z cf]nL / s]z/dfg la;LnfO{ lbPsf] 5 . a}7sn] ;lrj ljgf]b s];Lsf] ;+of]hsTjdf ljwfg d:of}bf ;ldlt u7g u/]sf] 5 eg] k|To]s dlxgsf] zlgaf/ a}7s a:g] lg0f{o u/]sf] 5 . To:t} sf]iffWoIf ?ks yfkfsf] ;f}hGodf k|fKt sf]7fdf sfof{no ;~rfng / Joj:yfkg ug]{ lg0f{o klg a}7sn] u/]sf] 5 .

/fKtL aaO{ SofDk;sf] egf{ ;DaGwL ;"rgf Û o; /fKtL aaO{ SofDk; t'n;Lk'/ bfªdf z}lIfs jif{ @)^*÷)^( sf nflu sIff !! df lgDg adf]lhdsf egf{ v'ns ] f] hfgsf/L u/fO{G5 . ;fy} :gftsf]Q/ txdf MED Nepali / E P M df gof“ egf{sf nflu kmf/fd ljt/0f eO/x]sf] ;xif{ hfgsf/L u/fpFb5f}+ . S.N. 1. 2. 3. 4.

Stream Education science Education Commerce Arts

egf{ sfo{qmd

kmf/fd ljt/0f M kmf/fd a'emfpg] clGtd ldlt M k|jz ] k/LIff M sIff ;~rfng M gf]6 M tkl;n adf]lhdsf] 5'6sf]

Quota 40 240 120 40

Section 1 6 3 1

c;f/ !% ut] b]lv c;f/ @( ut] c;f/ #) ut] >fj0f * ut] b]lv Joj:yf ul/Psf] 5–

;fd'bflos ljBfnoaf6 ^) k|ltzt c+s Nofpg]nfO{ dfl;s z'Nsdf %) k|ltzt 5'6 . ;+:yfut ljBfnoaf6 &) k|ltzt c+s Nofpg]nfO{ dfl;s z'Nsdf %) k|ltzt 5'6 . *) k|ltzt eGbf al9 c+s Nofpg]nfO{ dfl;s z'Nsdf &% k|ltzt 5'6 .

;Dks{ kmf]g M )*@–%@)#!^ )*@–%@@&@^

SofDk; k|dv '

/fKtL aaO{ jx'dvL SofDk; t'n;Lk'/, bfª

k'iknfnsf ======

sfo{ljefhg ======

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If] q Lo ;ldltsf cWoIf 3gZofd a' 9 fyf] s Lsf] :jfut dGtJoaf6 z'? ePsf] sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng u+ u f/fd cfrfo{ n ] ug' { e Psf] lyof] . ;+ o ' Q m?kdf cfof]hgf ul/Psf] sfo{qmddf @)!& ;fn ;fpgsf] ^ ut] a] n ' j f j~hf8Ldf ePsf] uf]nLsf08df dfl/g'ePsf ls;fg g]tf u'df| yf?sf] klg ;Demgf ul/Psf] lyof] . :d[lt lbj;df j[Iff/f]k0f o;} a Lr ls;fg g] t f u' d | f yf? / sDo'lgi6 kf6L{sf ;+:yfks g]tf k'iknfn >]i7sf] :d[lt lbj;sf] cj;/df o'jf ;+3 bfªn] zlgaf/ j[Iff/f]k0f u/]sf] 5 . afnldt]/L pdflj ef]hk'/sf] kl/;/df /x]sf] sl/a * la3f If]qkmnsf] hUufdf ! xhf/ ! ;o a9L ljleGg hftsf lj?jf /f]lkPsf] xf] . j[Iff/f]k0fsf nflu lhNnf e'– ;+/If0f sfof{no t'n;Lk'/n] $ ;o vo/ / # ;o !! j6f asfOgf]sf lj?jf pknAw u/fPsf] lyof] eg] lhNnf jg sfof{non] l;dn, vdf/L / cdnfsf u/L $ ;o lj?jf pknAw u/fPsf] lyof] . ;+3sf cWoIf dgf]x/ a'9fyf]sLsf] cWoIftf Pjd\ /fli6«o k|ltlglw kl/ifb\sf ;b:o g?nfn rf}w/Lsf] k|dv ' cfltYodf ;DkGg j[Iff/f]k0f sfo{qmd ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . j[Iff/f]k0f sfo{qmdsf] pb\3f6gsf cj;/df ljBfnosf k|frfo{ ?b|dl0f zdf{, k"j{k|frfo{ ledsfGt bfxfn, cg]/f:jljo' bfªsf cWoIf ;' / ] z /fjt, hfgsf /]UdLnufotn] af]Ng'ePsf] lyof] . dfwj cf]nLsf] :jfut dGtJoaf6 z'? ePsf] sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng df};d cfrfo{n] ug'e { Psf] lyof] . ljBfnosf] ^% la3f hUufdWo] * la3f hUufdf s]xL ;do klxn] :yfgLoaf;Lsf] kxndf ljBfnon] j[Iff/f]k0f u/]sf] lyof] .

gfd klg cfh g} to ul/g] atfOPsf] 5 . cWoIfsf] k| : tfjkl5 tLghgf pkfWoIfx?n] af] N g' e Psf] / cWoIfsf] sfo{ l jefhgsf] k| : tfjnfO{ ;sf/fTds /x]sf] atfpg'ePsf] ;|f]tn] atfPsf] 5 . a}7sdf zflGt / ;+ljwfgaf/] cWoIfsf] tTsflng sfo{of]hgf;DaGwL /fhgLlts k|:tfjdfly cfhb]lv 5nkmn z'? x'g] atfOPsf] 5 . sfo{ ljefhgdf g] t fx?aLr ;xdlt gh' 6 \ b f c;f/ !) ut] b ] l v s] G b| L o ;ldltsf] a}7s k6s–k6s cj?4 x'“b} cfPsf] lyof] . a} 7 s ef]ln;Dd rNg] atfOPsf] 5 .

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email : naulojanaubhar@gmail.com, website : www.janaubhar.com.np

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