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o; jif{sf] cfly{s ah]6 ljleGg c;xh / Jojwfgsf afah'b ;/sf/n] cfly{s jif{ @)^*÷)^( sf] em08} $ va{ cyf{t\ s'n # va{ *$ ca{ () s/f]8sf] ah]6 ;fj{hlgs u/]sf] 5 . of] ah]6 cl3Nnf] jif{sf] t'ngfdf sl/a %) ca{ ?k}ofn] a9L dflgG5 . ah]6 cg';f/ ;/sf/n] o; jif{ cfly{s a[l4b/ % k|ltztn] xfl;n ug{] nIo lnPsf] 5 . z'qmaf/ cy{dGqL e/tdf]xg clwsf/Låf/f ;bgdf k|:t't ah]6dWo] &@ ca{ ^! s/f]8 k"“hLutdf @)@ ca{ %^ s/f]8 ljsf;df / !*@ ca{ #$ s/f]8 ;fwf/0f vr{df elg /sdsf] ljlgof]hg ul/Psf] lyof] . ah]6df dw]; df]rf{sf bnx?sf dfu /flvg' kg]{ bjfj / ;bgdf ah]6 k|:t't xg'' cl3 Tof] ;fj{hlgs x'g'n] ;/sf/ / To;sf cy{dGqLn] k|ltkIfx?af6 rsf]{ cfnf]rgf, x}/fgL / cj/f]wsf] ;fdgf ug'{ k/]sf] lyof] . ah]6 k|:t't x'g' cl3g} To;sf] ;fj{hlgs ul/g'sf] sf/0faf/] 5fgljg ug{ Ps ;+;bLo 5fgljg ;ldltsf] ;d]t u7g ul/Psf] 5 . ;/sf/sf ljleGg sdhf]/L / l;dfsf afah'b h]xf]; of] jif{sf] ah]6 ;dodf cfPsf] 5 / To;leq /x]sf ;sf/fTds / gsf/fTds kIfx?nfO{ cf}Nofpg] sfd ljleGg ;d'bfo / If]qx?af6 eO/x]sf]5 . clxn]sf] ah]6 x]bf{ of] s]xL dxTjsf+IfL b]lvG5 . ;/sf/n] vr{ h'6fpg] ;|f]tsf ?kdf /fhZj ;+/ngdf a9L e/ u/]sf] b]lvG5 . /fhZjaf6 dfq} @ va{ $! ca{ p7fpg] nIo lnPsf] 5 . To:t} j}bl] zs cg'bfgaf6 &) ca{ !# s/f]8 / j}b]lzs C0faf6 @( ca{ ^% s/f]8 p7\g] of]hgf ;/sf/n] lnPsf] 5 . olt nIo /fVbf klg Go"g x'g] #& ca{ $! s/f]8 ?k}of“ ;/sf/n] cfGtl/s C0faf6 k"lt{ ug'{kg]{ b]lvG5 . s]xL k'/fgf / s]xL gof“ sfdx?nfO{ hf]8]/ NofOPsf] of] ah]6 t'ngfTds lx;fjn] /fd|f] / ;sf/fTds 5 . ah]6df ;fdflhs ;'wf/ / ;dfh sNof0fsf If]qdf /fd|f sfo{qmdx? NofOPsf] 5 . t/ klg of] ah]6n] ;LdfGts[t ju{sf ;d"bfonfO{ Tolt 5'g ;s]sf] 5}g . o'jf ju{sf nflu s]xL /f]huf/sf cj;/x? k|bfg ul/g] ePklg tL k|efjsf/L x'g]df z+sf 5 . ;/sf/n] of] jif{ lzIff / phf{ If]qdf u/]sf] pNn]vlgo nufgLaf6 To;If]qdf ;'wf/ jf k|ult xfl;n x'g]df cfzf ug{ ;lsG5 eg] ls;fgnfO{ s]xL ;x'lnot lbPklg ;du| s[lif If]qsf] ljsf;df ;/sf/sf] Wofg hfg ;s]sf] ah]6df b]lvb}g . åGåsf 3fpx?nfO{ sd ug{ of] ah]6n] ;lxb kl/jf/nfO{ /fxt, 3fOt]nfO{ pkrf/ / elTsPsf ;+/rgfx?sf] k'gMlgdf{0f sfo{nfO{ k|fyldstf lbPsf] 5 eg] ah]6df ;xsf/LnfO{ ljz]if hf]8 lbOPsf] 5 . s]xL lkokbfy{, ;"lt{ / dlb/fhGo j:t'df ul/Psf] d"No a[l4;“u hgtfsf] vf;} u'gf;f] /x“b}g t/ sd{rf/L If]qdf ePsf] tnasf] a[l4;“u} ahf/ dxª\uL cem rsf]{ x'g] lrGtfn] eg] ;j{;fwf/0fx? lk/f]lNnPsf 5g\ . ;/sf/n] ev{/} cfly{s jif{sf] ah]6 k|:t't u/]sf] 5 t/ dWoklZrd / ;'b"/klZrdsf kxf8L / lxdfnL lhNnfsf xhf/f}“ dflg;x? ef]sd/Lsf] rk]6fdf kl//x]sf 5g\ . To:t} af9L / klx/f]af6 ?s'dnufot b]zsf ljleGg 7fp“x?df bh{gf}“sf] Hofg uO;s]sf] 5 . t/, oL ;d:ofx?nfO{ ;/sf/n] ah]6dfkm{t\ ;Daf]wg ug{ g;Sg' 7"nf] lj8Dagfsf] ljifo xf] . olt x'“bfx“'b} klg ;du|df ah]6 ;Gt'lnt / ultzLn ePsf] dfGg ;lsG5 . ca o;sf] Jojxfl/s sfof{Gjogsf] kIf ;a}eGbf dxTjk"0f{ x'G5 / o;sf nflu ;/sf/sf] tbf?stfsf] cfjZostmf k5{ . of] ah]6n] clxn]sf] ;+qmd0fsfnnfO{ Joj:yfkg ug]{ lhDd]jf/L;d]t af]ss ] fn] ljsf; lgdf{0fdf Wofg Tolt gk'u]sf] b]lVfG5 . b]zsf] cy{tGq lg/fznfUbf] cj:yfdf vl:sb} uO/x]sf a]nf ;/sf/n] /fhZjdf e/ k/]/ ah]6 NofPsf] 5 t/ k“h " Lut nufgLsf If]qx?nfO{ ;+/If0f / ;' / Iffk| b fg ug{ g;Sg' ;/sf/sf] 7" n f] sdhf] / L / pt/bfloTjlxgtf dflGfG5 . ;/sf/n] cfly{s a[l4b/nfO{ a9fpg :jb]zL nufgLstf{nfO{ k|f]T;flxt / ;+/If0fdf hf]8 lbg cfjZos 5 . ljb]zL nufgLstf{x?nfO{ lglZrt If]q jf 7fp“df nufgL ug{df cfs{if0ftf b]vfpg ;Sg'k5{ . To:t} ;/sf/n] ah]6nfO{ kf/bzL{ agfpb} dxª\uL lgoGq0f / e|i6frf/ lgjf/0fdf hf]8 lbg cfjZos 5 .

hgcfGbf]ngkl5sf aif{x?df dWoklZrdsf] /fKtLIf]q klg ;/sf/sf] k|fyldstfdf kb}{ cfPsf] 5 . u0ftGq :yfkgfsf nflu dxTjk"0f{ of]ubfg k'¥ofPsf] eGb} ;/sf/n] of] If]qnfO{ k|fyldstfsf] ;"rLdf /fVb} cfPsf] 5 / ;f]xLcg';f/sf] ljsf; ah]6 klg ljlgof]hg ul//x]sf] 5 . /fKtL If]qnfO{ dWogh/ u/L ;/sf/n] oxf“sf % j6} lhNnfsf ljleGg ef}lts k"jf{wf/ h:t} ;8s, xjfO;]jf d}bfg, l;+rfO{ cflbn] k|fyldstmf kfPsf 5g eg] 3f]/fxL gu/kflnsfnfO{ cfw'lgs zx/sf] ?kdf ljsf; ug{ rqmky of]hgfnfO{ ;kmn kfg]{ u/L ah]6sf] Joj:yf ul/Psf] 5 . cfly{s aif{sf] cGTo;“u} ;/sf/n] of] aif{sf] gof“ ah]6 ;dod} NofPsf] 5 . ljleGg cj/f]w / sdhf]/Lsf afah'b ;/sf/sf cy{dGqLn] em08} $ va{sf] ah]6 NofPsf 5g\ . of] ah]6 cl3Nnf] aif{sf] eGbf em08} %) ca{n] a9L 5 . % k|ltzt cfly{s j[l4b/ xfl;n ug]{ nIosf ;fy cfPsf] of] ah]6df /fhZj c;'nLnfO{ g} k|fyldstf lbOPsf] 5 . s' n ljlgof] l ht ah] 6 dWo] ljsf; sfo{qmdsf nflu @ va{ )@ ca{ %^ s/f]8 cyf{t\ %@=^@ k|ltzt /sd 5'6o \ fOPsf] 5 hals ;fwf/0f tkm{= ! va{ *@ ca{ #$ s/f]8 cyf{t $&=#* k|ltzt /sd ljlgof]lht ul/Psf] 5 . cg'kftdf x] b f{ ljsf; ah] 6 sf] t' n gfdf ;fwf/0f vr{tkm{sf] /sd a9L g} dflgG5 . ah]6df cl3Nnf] aif{df h:t} lzIff, oftfoft, s[lif, :jf:Yo nufotsf If]qnfO{ k|fyldstfdf /flvPsf] 5 . ah]6df ;a}eGbf w]/} vr{ lzIff If]qdf ^# ca{ (! s/f]8 5'6o \ fOPsf] 5 . utaif{sf] t'ngfdf of] em08} & ca{n] a9L dflgG5 . lzIff ah]6df blnt, ljBfyL{ / ;a} 5fqfx?nfO{ sIff !@ ;Dd ;fd'bflos ljBfnox?df lgMz'Ns cWoog ug{] Joj:yf ldnfOg] s'/f pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 eg] ;fd'bflos ljBfnodf ! b]lv !) sIff;Dd cWoog/t ;a} afnaflnsfnfO{ kf7\ok':ts lgMz'Ns ljt/0f ug]{ Joj:yf ldnfOPsf] 5 . ;/sf/n] cfufdL tLg jif{leq lg/If/tf pGd'ng ug{] of]hgfsf] ah]6 th'd { f u/]sf] 5 . ah]6df oftfoftsf nflu #& ca{ !^ s/f]8 /sdsf] ljlgof]hg ul/Psf] 5 . of] aif{sf] 7" n f ;8s cfof] h gfx? k|fyldstfdf k/]sf 5g\ . h;df x' n fsL /fhdfu{ , dWokxf8L nf]sdfu{, ;]tL nf]sdfu{ / dxfsfnL nf] s dfu{ /x] s f 5g\ . To:t} /fhwfgLnfO{ t/fO{–dw]z;“u hf]8g\ ] sf7df8f}“–t/fO{ b|'t dfu{ vf]Ng] sfo{nfO{ cl3 a9fOg] ePsf] 5 . ah]6df s[lif If]qsf nflu @( ca{ &# s/f]8 /sd ljlgof]hg ul/Psf] 5 . of] cl3Nnf] aif{sf] t'ngfdf bf]Aa/ a9L dflgG5 . ah]6df ufp“ ljsf; ;ldltnfO{ lbOg] cg'bfgsf] /sddWo] s[lif If]qdf !% k|ltzt 5'6o \ fpg] sfo{qmd Kflg /x]sf] 5 . To:t} s[ifsx?nfO{ s[ l if sfo{ s f nflu lbOg] cg'bfgnfO{ a9fOPsf] 5 eg] ;fgf ls;fg ;xsf/L ;+:yfnfO{ cn}r “ L, lrof, skmL, cb'jf, ;'kf/L / dx k|zf]wg ug{ cf}hf/ vl/bsf nflu k"“hLut %) k|ltzt vr{ /sd cg'bfg lbg] Joj:yf u/]sf] 5 . …Ps ufp“ Ps pTkfbgÚ, …pTkfbg

a[l4 u/f}+, cfTdlge{/ agf}+Ú eGg] gf/f of] ah] 6 df ;d] l 6Psf] 5 . ls;fgnfO{ Jofj;flos s[lifsf nflu ;'ne C0f pknAw u/fOg] Joj:yf ul/Psf] 5 . ah]6df :jf:Yo If]qsf nflu @& ca{ !@ s/f]8 ?k}ofF 5'6o \ fOPsf] 5 . of] aif{df % ;o pk:jf:Yo rf}sLnfO{ :jf:Yo rf}sLdf :t/f] G glt ul/g] ePsf] 5 . ;j{;n ' e / k|efjsf/L :jf:Yo ;]jf :yfgLo:t/df pknAw u/fpg hg;xeflutfdf ;~rflnt …ufp“3/ mdÚnfO{ yk lSnlgs sfo{ q mdÚ k| e fjsf/L agfOg] ePsf] 5 . ;/sf/n] ;lxb kl/jf/, hgcfGbf]ngsf 3fOt] / u/LanfO{ ;a} k|sf/sf :jf:Yo ;]jf lgMz'Ns ?kdf kfpg] Joj:yf ah] 6 df ldnfPsf] atfPsf] 5 . of] aif{ pmhf{ pTkfbgsf nflu @# ca{ (( s/f]8sf] ah]6 ljlgof]hg ul/Psf] 5 . ah]6df hnljB't k"jf{wf/ lgdf{0fnfO{ k|fyldstfdf /flvPsf] 5 . of] aif{sf] ah]6df ;/sf/n] /Iffdf @) ca{ 5'6o \ fPsf] 5 . To:t} k|x/Lsf nflu !* ca{ ^$ s/f]8sf] ah]6 ljlgof]hg u/]sf] 5 . ;fdflhs ;'/Iffdf !! ca{ #$ s/f]8, vfg]kfgLsf nflu ( ca{ # s/f]8, ;~rf/ If]qsf nflu @ ca{ &) s/f]8sf] /sd ;/sf/n] ah]6dfkm{t\ 5'6o \ fPsf] 5 . ;~rf/sdL{x?sf] Ifdtf clej[l4 / pgLx?sf] cfly{ s / ;fdflhs ;'/Iffsf nflu aLdf ug{{ …kqsf/ ladf sf]ifÚ v8f ug{ /sd ljlgof]hg ul/Psf] 5 . ah]6df sd{rf/L tnadf ef/L a[l4 ul/Psf] 5 . xfnsf] dx+uLnfO{ b[li6ut u/L lghfdtL, h+uL, k|x/L, lzIfs nufotsf /fi6«;j ] s sd{rf/Lx?sf] dgf]an pRr/fVg tna a9fOPsf] ] atfOPsf] 5 . sd{rf/Lsf] tna of] jif{ #) b]lv $@ k|ltztn] j[l4 ePsf] 5 . b]zsf] cy{tGq ;~rfngdf ;/sf/L, ;xsf/L / lghL If]qsf] ;xeflutf u/fO{ tLgvDa] gLltnfO{ ;/sf/n] canDag u/]sf] b]lvG5 . ;/sf/n] ;xsf/Ldfkm{t o'jf /f]huf/df hf]8 lbg'sf ;fy} hgo'4 / hgcfGbf]ngsf zxLb kl/jf/nfO{ /fxt / /f]huf/sf] If]qdf ;xof]u k'¥ofpg] p2]Zo of] ;/sf/n] /fv]sf] 5 . hgcfGbf]ngkl5sf aif{x?df dWoklZrdsf] /fKtL If] q klg ;/sf/sf] k|fyldstfdf kb}{ cfPsf] 5 . u0ftGq :yfkgfsf nflu dxTjk"0f{ of]ubfg k'¥ofPsf] eGb} ;/sf/n] of] If]qnfO{ k|fyldstfsf] ;" l rdf /fVb} cfPsf] 5 . /, ;f]xLcg';f/sf] ljsf; ah]6 klg ljlgof] h g ul//x] s f] 5 . /fKtL If]qnfO{ dWogh/ u/L ;/sf/n] oxf“sf % j6} lhNnfsf ljleGg ef}lts k"jf{wf/h:t}– ;8s, xjfO;]jf

d}bfg, l;+rfO{ cflbn] k|fyldstmf kfPsf 5g\ eg] 3f] / fxL gu/kflnsfnfO{ cfw'lgs zx/sf] ?kdf ljsf; ug{ rqmky of]hgfnfO{ ;kmn kfg]{ u/L ah]6sf] Joj:yf ul/Psf] 5 . 3f]/fxL gu/kflnsfnfO{ xl/tgu/sf] ?kdf ljsf; ul/g] ePsf] 5 . bfªdf lj:t[t l;rfO{sf] ;DefJotf cWoog u/L sfof{Gjog yflng] ePsf] 5 . To:t} ?s'dsf] rf}/hxf/L6f/, /f]Nkfsf] v'+u|L / Ko'7fgsf] ;f/L6f/ l;rfO{ k'g:yf{kgf sfo{qmd ;~rfng ul/g'n] o;If]qsf] s[lif cy{tGqsf 7"nf] 6]jf k'Ug] ck]Iff ul/G5 . /f]Nkfsf] vfg]kfgL, ;'ne rkL{, ;/;kmfO{, l;+rfO{ / n3' hnljB' t pTkfbgsf nflu ;/sf/n] u| f dL0f hn;| f ] t kl/of]hgfnfO{ k|fyldstf lbPsf] 5 . Ko'7fgdf /x]sf] :ju{4f/L If]qsf] ;+/If0f / ljsf;df ;/sf/n] hf]8 lbPsf] 5 . /f]Nkfsf] xf]n/] L, hnhnf / ?s'dsf] l;:g]h:tf u0ftGq :yfkgfsf nflu pRr of]ubfg u/]sf 7fp“x?sf] ljsf;sf nflu ljz]if sfo{qmd ;~rfng ul/g] ah]6df pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 . To:t}, /fKtLsf ;8sx?sf] :t/f] G glt / lgdf{ 0 fflwg ;8sx?nfO{ k"/f ul/g] ePsf] 5 . To;}u/L :yfgLo:t/df n3' tyf ;fgf hnljB'tsf] ljsf; u/L ?s'd, /f]Nkf / hfh/sf]6sf ;Dk"0f{ 3/w'/Ldf ljB't ;]jf k'¥ofpg] u/L ;~rflnt g] k fn pHofnf] sfo{ q mdnfO{ lj:tf/ u/L s0ff{nL;Dd k'¥ofpg] nIo ah]6df /flvPsf] 5 . ah]6n] /fKtLsf] ljutsf] of]ubfgnfO{ ;Dem] klg oxf“sf] s[lif k|j4 { g, ko{6g ljsf;, hl8a' 6 L k| z f] w gnufot /f]huf/d"ns 7"nf of]hgfdf Wofg lbg ;s]sf] 5}g . To:t}, ah]6n] lgd' v f / ;LdfGts[ t ju{ s f ;d'bfonfO{ klg /fxt lbg ;s]sf] 5}g . ef]sd/Lsf] rk]6fdf k/]sf klZrd If]qsf kxfl8 / lxdfnL lhNnfx?nfO{ ah] 6 n] vf;} ;Daf]wg ug{ ;s]sf] b]lvPsf] 5}g . ;du|df ah]6 ;Gt'lnt /x]sf] 5 tfklg o;n] lghL If] q nfO{ nufgLsf nflu cfslif{ t ug{ g;s]sf] h:tf] b]lvG5 . ;f/tM of] ah] 6 clxn] s f] zflGt / ;+ljwfgnfO{ lgisif{df k'¥ofpg] u/L ;+qmd0fsfnsf] JoJf:yfkg ug]{ lsl;dn] cfPsf] 5 . ah]6 h] h:tf] cfPklg o;sf] kf/bzL{ / k|efjsf/L 9+un] sfof{Gjog x'g ;Sof] eg] b]zn] 7"nf] km8\sf] dfg{] 5 . ;/sf/n] 5'6o \ fPsf] hlt ah]6 sfof{Gjog ug{ ;Sof] eg] of] ah]6nfO{ ;kmn / ;Ifd ah]6 dfGg'kb{5 .


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;+qmd0fsfndf rSs/ sfl6/x]sf] b]zsf] /fhgLlt chobLk zdf{ b]zdf a9\b} uPsf] a]/f]huf/L, dxª\uL / cefjeGbf a9L clxn] of] lbzfxLg rqmdf rSs/ sfl6/x]sf] /fhgLltaf6 cfd dflg;n] lbSs dfGg yfn]sf 5g\ . gof“ kl/jt{gsf] P]ltxfl;s 3l8df plePsf] ePklg /fhgLltsf] lbzf pxL oyf:yfgdf rSs/ sfl6/x]sf] 5 . kl/0ffd /fHo cl:y/tf, c/fhstf, b08xLgtf / u'08f/fhsf] c“Wof/f] ;'?ªleq x'lQb} uO/x] s f] 5 . /fHonfO{ c“ W of/f] ;' ? ªleq x' T ofpg] sfd klg /fhgLlts j[Qaf6} eO/x]sf] 5 . hgcfGbf]ng @)^@÷)^# kl5 hgtfsf] v';L / cfzf w]/} 7"nf] lyof] . ;lbof} “ jif{ b ] l v ;fdGtL pTkL8g / bdgdf lklN;Psf hgtf b]zdf ;+/rgfut 9+un] g} cfd"n kl/jt{ g rfxG5g\ . ;f] x L dfu{ d f cu|;/ eP/ g} kl/jt{gsf kIfw/ ;f/yL bnx? u0ftGqsf] 3f]if0ff, lj:t[t zflGt ;Demf}tf x“'b} oxf“;Dd cfOk'u]sf x'g\ . xfdLn] a'em]sf] / a'emfOPsf] s'/f Pp6f cj:yfaf6 csf]{ cj:yfdf k|j]z ug]{aLrsf] ;+qmd0fsfnLg cjlw lgs} 5f]6f] x' G 5 . t/, kl/efiffeGbf ljkl/t g] k fndf ;+ q md0fsfnsf] cjlw tflgb} / ulxl/b} uO/x]sf] 5 . o;f] x'g'df /fhgLltsf] h6Ln j:t'ut l:ylt Pp6f sf/0f t x'g ;S5 t/ k| d ' v sf/0f kl/jt{ g sf ;f/yL bnx?df b] l vPsf] c;dembf/L, csd{0otf / /fhgLlts Joj:yfkg ug{df b]lvPsf] cIfdtf g} xf] . bnx?sf] sfo{ z } n L / Jojxf/n] hgtfsf] cfzfdfly Ifo pTkGg u/fO/x]sf] 5 . bnx? p2]Zok|lt cndlnb} cfkm\ g f] :jfy{ k " l t{ s f] v]ndf nfUbf hgtfdf pgLx?k|lt 36\b} uPsf] ljZjf; / cgf:yfsf] kmfObf lxhf]sf ltg} hglj/f]wL zlQm

;+qmd0fsfn hlt nlDab} hfG5, Tolt g} kl/jt{gsf kIfw/ zlQfmsf] ;Gt'ngdf x|f; cfp“b} hfG5 . kl/jt{g grfxg] k|lts[ofjfbLx? oxL cj:yfnfO{ hf/L /fvL cfkm\gf] s'lT;t clei6 k"/f ug{ rflx/x]sf 5g\ . o;df ;a} hgkIfLo zlQfm ;r]t eO{ Oltxf;sf] cleef/f k"/f ug]{ lbzfdf Psh'6 eP/ nfUg' clgjfo{ / ckl/xfo{ 5 . / To;sf k[i7kf]ifsx?n] lnO/x]sf 5g\ / pgLx? ;txd} b] l vP/ kl/jt{ g kIfw/ bnx?sf lj?4 /fhtGqsf] jsfnt ub}{ cfPsf 5g\ . cGof] n k" 0 f{ /fhgLltsf] ] e" d /Lleq c;fdfGo kL8fsf] rSs/ sfl6/x]sf hgtf olta] n f g tL k| l tufdLnfO{ lt/isf/ ug]{ cj:yfdf 5g\ g tL kl/jt{gsf ;f/yL bnx?nfO{ :g]x bzf{ p g] kIfdf 5g\ . hgtfsf] k|ltlglwTj ug]{ bnx?n] kl/jt{gsf Ph]08fnfO{ s]Gb|ljGb'df /flv cl3 a9\g g;Sbf ;+qmd0fsfnLg cj:yf 5f]l6g'sf] ;f6f] cK7\of/f] bnbndf /fhgLlts ld;g km:b} uO/x] s f] cg'e"lt eO/x]sf] 5 . o;f] x'g'df bnx?sf] OR5fzlQm cefjsf] s'/f dfq geP/ cfˆgf] cl:tTj/ Iffsf] k|Zg;“u klg uf“l;Psf] 5 . zflGt / ;+ l jwfg clxn] s f /fhgLlts s]Gb|sf d'Vo Ph]08f x'g\ . oL ljifox? bnx?sf juL{ o Ph]08f;“u klg hf]l8Psfn] lgs} k]lrnf / cK7\of/f aGb} uO/x]sf 5g\ . clxn] ju{;+3if{ /fhgLlts Ph]08fsf] ?kdf bnx?aLr s] G b| d f 6S/fO/x] s f] cj:yf 5 . hgcfGbf]ngdf Ps;fy cl3 a9]sf bnx? ljrf/sf] cfwf/df s'g} g s'g} juL{o kIfw/tfsf] kIfkf]if0f ub{5g\ . pTkLl8t hgtfsf] k"0f{ lx:;f cfd"n kl/jt{gsf] kIfdf 5, To;sf] k|ltlglwTj / g]t[Tj qmflGtsf/L zlQm PsLs[t dfcf]jfbLn] ul//x]sf] 5 . csf]{ zlQm, h;n] hgtfsf] andf kl/jt{gsf Ph]08fnfO{ t :jLsf5{ t/ cfˆgf] k'/fgf] cl:tTj d]6fP/ cufl8 a9\g rfx“b}g oyfl:yltdf ;fdfGo ;' w f/ ug{ rfxG5 . To;sf] k| l tlglwTj / g] t [ T j sf“ u | ] ; n] ub} { cfO/x]sf] 5 . Tof] k|ltlglwTjsf] lx:;f k'/fgf ;a} ;+;bLo bnx?leq /x]sf] 5 . oxL b' O { juL{ o kIfw/tfsf]

ljrf/df clxn] s f] /fhgLlt 6s/fO/x] s f] 5 . cu| u dg / oyfl:yltsf] aLrdf kl/jt{ g sf Ph]08fx? clNem/fv]sf 5g\ . h;sf sf/0f of] cGof] n k" 0 f{ /fhgLlts l:yltsf] >[ h gf x' g k' u ] s f] 5 . ;+/rgfut kl/jt{gsf d'ne"n Ph]08f dflgPsf ;+3Lotf, zf;sLo :j?k / lgjf{rg k|0ffnLsf af/]df bnx?aLr clxn];Dd ;xdlt h'6\g g;Sg'sf] sf/0f klg ToxL xf] . b]zleqsf] j:t'ut cj:yfnfO{ x]g]{ xf] eg] hgtfsf] k"0f{ lx:;f dfcf]jfbLn] p7fPsf] Ph]08faf6 cu|ufdL kl/jt{g rfxG5 . t/, tL Ph]08fcg';f/sf] kl/jt{g g?rfpg] lx:;f sd ePklg To;n] d' n ' s aflx/af6 kfO/x] s f] cf8e/f];fdf zlQm ;Gt'ng ul//x]sf] 5 . g]kfndfly cfˆgf] :jfy{sf] k|e"Tj sfod /flv/fVg ef/tn] g]kfnnfO{ k'/fg} oyfl:yltsf] cj:yfdf /flv/fVg rfxG5 / To;} cg'?k p;n] cfˆgf] :jfy{l;l4 ug{ k'/fgf] oyfl:yltjfbL zlQm / kfqnfO{ alnof] cj:yfdf /fVg /fhgLlts x:tIf]knfO{ a9fp“b} uPsf] 5 . dfcf]jfbLsf] g]tT[ jdf ;/sf/ aGg glbg ef/t gfËf] ?kdf nfUg'sf] sf/0f klg ToxL xf] . of] h6LntfnfO{ lrb{} kl/jt{gd'vL ;+ljwfg agfpg] s'/f g]kfnL hgtfsf kIfw/ zlQmx?sf nflu lgs} r'gf}tLk"0f{ eP/ plePsf] 5 . oyfl:yltnfO{ alnof] agfpg k|oTg/t zlQm s]Gb|x? lxhf]b]lv g} dfcf]jfbLnfO{ lgif]w u/L cfˆgf] k'/fgf] x}sdL ks8 hdfpg rflx/x]sf 5g\, h'g ;Dej 5}g . lgif]wsf] l;4fGt lnO{ pgLx? x/tj/n] dfcf]jfbLnfO{ PSnfpg] /0fgLlt lnO/x]sf 5g\, To;n] ;dfwfgsf] lbzf geO{ oxL cGof]nk"0f{ /fhgLlts lg/f;fnfO{ a9fpg] sfd dfq ub{5 . clxn] tL zlQmx? zflGtsf] gf/f hk] / To;sf] s] G b| l jGb'

dfcf]jfbL;“usf] xltof/nfO{ agfPsf 5g\ . t/, pgLx? slQ klg lrGtgzLn / uDeL/ 5}gg\ ls o'uf}+b]lv k5fl8 kfl/Psf ;LdfGts[t ju{, hftL, If]q / lnËsf hgtfnfO{ k"0f{ clwsf/ / :jtGqtfsf] Uof/]06L gul/sg :yfoL zflGt k|fKt x'g] s'/f Ifl0fs dfq xf] eGg] s'/f . zflGt;Demf}tf cg';f/ dfcf]jfbLn] cfˆgf xltof/ cjZo /fHonfO{ t a'emfp“5 g} t/ :yfoL zflGtsf nflu tL k' / fgf bnx?n] hgtfnfO{ clwsf/ ;DkGg u/fpg] lbzflt/ cu|;/ x'G5g\ ls x“'b}gg\ eGg] s'/f dxTjk"0f{ x'G5 . o;sf nflu zflGt / ;+ljwfgnfO{ ;“u;“u} cl3 a9fO{ b'a}nfO{ ;“u} 6'ª\Uofpg] s'/f g} j} 1 flgs / lxts/ 5 cGoyf /fhgLltnfO{ cfˆgf] kf]N6fdf kfg]{ bfpsf] /0fgLlt dfq x'g]5 . ;+ljwfg;efsf] lgjf{rgkl5 zflGt / ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf] d'2f af]sL cl3 a9]sf] b]zsf] /fhgLlt clxn];Dd klg pxL km] / f] d f 3' l d/fv] s f] 5 . hgpQ/bfoL aGg] e Gbf cfkm" v' ; L bnx? rNg vf]Hbf pgLx?k|lt g} hgtfsf] ljt[i0ff km}lng k'u]sf] 5 . o'u kl/jt{gsf] of] df]8df cl8Psf] /fhgLltnfO{ cl3 a9fpg olta]nf kl/jt{gsfdL zlQmx? Psl9Ssf x'gk' g]{ clgjfo{tf 5 / dfq} ;d[4 g]kfn agfpg] ;kgfnfO{ ;+ : yfut u/L hgtfsf] ck]Iff k"/f ug{ ;lsG5 . t/, kl/jt{ g sf Ph] 0 8f af] s ] s f bnsf g]tfx?df g} hgtfnfO{ clwsf/ ;DkGg u/fpg] e Gbf :jfy{ s f] lrGtg a9\ b } hfg'nfO{ lj8Dagf dfGg'k5{ . hgtfsf] ck]Iff Pp6f t/ kf6L{leqsf g]tfx? cf–cfˆg} :jfy{df ljeQm x'g yfn]sf 5g\ . kl/jt{gsf/L bnx? cfGtl/s ?kdf slrª\undf km:g' eg]sf] ;dfh ?kfGt/0fsf] cleofg cj?4 x'g' xf] / oyfl:yltjfbLx?nfO{ xfjL x'g lbg'

xf] . t;y{ qmflGtsf/L zlQmx? hgtfk|ltsf] lhDd]jf/LnfO{ cfTd;fy ub{} lxhf]sf lbgdf pgLx?;“u u/]sf] k|ltj4tfcg';f/ rNg' cfjZos 5 . To;sf nflu tL bnx? h;n] ;a} e Gbf a9L hgtfsf] lx:;fsf] g]t[Tj u/]sf 5g\, pgLx? cfkm}df ?kfGt/0f eP/ hgtf;“ u sf] ;DaGwnfO{ ;'b[9 kfg'{ cfjZos 5 . cu| u fdL kl/jt{ g jf ;dfh ?kfGt/0f rfxg] / grfxg] zlQmaLrsf] of] 6s/fjdf ?kfGt/0fsf/L zlQmx?sf] an g} hgtf xf] . hgtfnfO{ lg/fz kfl/of] eg] To;sf] kmfObf cyjf an csf] { oyfl:yltjfbL jf k|ltufdL zlQmnfO{ k'Ug hfG5 . s]Gb|df qmflGtsf/L zlQm / oyfl:yltjfbL zlQmaLr eLif0f ju{;+3if{sf] 6s/fjdf qmflGtsf/L zlQmsf k5fl8 ax';+Vos hgtfsf] lx:;fn] an k'¥ofO/xg] s'/fn] dfq of] kl/l:yltnfO{ ;xL?kn] lgsf;lt/ cl3 a9fpg ;lsg] 5 . Tof] kxnsbdLsf] OR5fzlQm, ;fdYo{ / bfloTjsf] lhDd] j f/L hgtfn] dfcf]jfbLnfO{ g} ;'lDklbPsf 5g\ . t;y{ of] rvf{n] em}“ Pp6} kmGsf]df rSs/ sfl6/x]sf] /fhgLlts rqmnfO{ tf]8\g hgkIfLo zlQmx? aLrsf] alnof] df] r f{ / u7aGwgn] dfq} ;sf/fTds kl/jt{gsf] kxnsbdL lng ;S5 . gq of] ;+qmd0fsfn hlt nlDab} hfG5, Tolt g} kl/jt{gsf kIfw/ zlQmsf] ;Gt'ngdf x|f; cfp“b} hfG5 . kl/jt{ g grfxg] k|lts[ofjfbLx? oxL cj:yfnfO{ hf/L /fvL cfˆgf] s'lT;t clei6 k"/f ug{ rflx/x] s f 5g\ . o;df ;a} hgkIfLo zlQm ;r]t eO{ Oltxf;sf] cleef/f k" / f ug] { lbzfdf Psh' 6 eP/ nfUg' clgjfo{ / ckl/xfo{ 5 .

lsg g]kfnL cy{tGqsf] j[l4b/ Go"g x'G5 < tf/f Gof}kfg] x/]s jif{ ljsf;sf nflu /fi6«n] u/]sf] nufgLsf] afah'b cfly{s¿kdf ck]Iffcg'?k sfod x'g g;Sg'sf] k5fl8 g]kfnn] cjnDag u/]sf] cfly{s 9fFrf, cfly{s ljsf;sf nflu agfOPsf gLlt lgodd} sdL sdhf]/L ePsf] lgisif{df k'Ug}k5{ .

;/sf/n] ;fj{hlgs u/]sf] cfly{s ;j]{If0f )^&÷)^* n] b]zsf] cfly{s j[l4b/sf] af/]df ;fj{hlgs u/]sf] tYofª\snfO{ lnP/ 3f]lTng'kg]{ a]nf ePsf] 5 . of] jif{ g]kfnsf] j[l4 #=% k| l tzt sfod x' g ] s' / f cfly{ s ;j]{If0fdf pNn]v 5 . of] cfly{s j[ l 4b/ cfly{ s jif{ )^&÷^* sf] ah]6n] lnPsf] nIoeGbf ! k|ltztn] sdL xf] eg] lqjifL{o of]hgfn] lnPsf] nIoeGbf @ k|ltzt sd xf] . lqjifL{o of]hgfn] x/]s jif{ cfly{s j[l4b/ %=% k|ltzt sfod x'g] nIo lgwf{/0f u/]sf] lyof] . of] g]kfnsf] cfly{s j[l4b/ blIf0f Pl;ofnL /fi6« x ¿sf] eGbf ;aeGbf sd xf] . l5d]sL /fi6« ef/t / rLg;Fusf] g]kfnsf] #=% k|ltzt cfly{s j[l4b/ t'ngf ug{ ;'xfpFb}g lsgls tL b'j} /fi6«sf] cfly{s j[l4 !) k|ltztsf] xf/fxf/Ldf /x]sf] 5 . g]kfnn] )^&÷^* sf] cfly{s jif{df @ j6f If]qdf dfq ;fdfGo pknlAw xf“l;n u/]sf] cfly{s ;j]{If0fdf dfq kfOG5 . of] pknlAw ;8s lgdf{0fdf ePsf] 5 . ;8s lgdf{0ftkm{ of] cfly{s jif{df # ;o @^ lsnf]ld6/ x'g ;s]sf] 5 eg] ko{6s cfjfudgdf cl3Nnf] jif{sf] t'ngfdf ;fnfvfnf !* k|ltztn] j[l4 eO;s]sf] 5 . o;afx]s cy{tGqsf]

s'g} klg kl/;"rsx¿ ;sf/fTds /x]sf] kfOFb}g . To;f] t cy{tGqsf kl/;"rs ;sf/fTds x'g g;s]sf sf/0fn] ubf{ g} ;du| cfly{s j[l4b/ #=% k|ltztd} v'lDrg k'u]sf] xf] . of] cfly{s jif{df dfq geO{ g]kfndf )%(÷^) sf] cfly{s jif{b]lv clxn];Dd s'g} klg jif{df ckjfb )^$÷)^% nfO{ 5f]8]/ s'g} klg jif{ $ k| l tzteGbf dfly cfly{ s j[l4b/ x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . cfly{s jif{ )^$÷^% df %=* k| l tzt cfly{ s j[l4b/ sfod ePsf] lyof] . Tof] jif{ s;/L Tolt a9L cfly{s j[l4b/ sfod x'g ;Sof] eGg] af/]df olsg ljj/0f kfpg g;s] k lg dfcf]jfbL zflGtk|lqmofdf cfPsf] sf/0f b]zdf zflGt 5fpg] / s'g} lsl;dsf] cj/f]w k}bf gx'g] cy{tGq ljsf;sf] nflu cg' s " n jftfj/0f aGg] cfTdljZjf;n] ;f] cfly{s j[l4b/ sfod ePsf] cg'dfg nufOG5 . Tof] jif{ ckjfbnfO{ 5f]8]/ )%(÷^) otfsf] cfly{s j[l4b/df $ k|ltztsf] 3]/f gf£g g;Sgfn] g]kfnn] cjnDag u/]sf] cfly{s ljsf;sf] 9fFrf, gLlt lgodsf] af/] d f Psk6s ax; rnfpg' k g] { cfjZostf b] l vG5 . l5d] s L b] z x¿sf] !) k| l tztsf] xf/fxf/Ldf cy{ t Gq j[ l 4 ePsf] cj:yfdf g]kfnsf] eg] $ k|ltztsf]

3] / f gf£g g;' G g' s f] k5fl8 lglZrt¿kdf xfdLn] cjnDag ub}{ cfPsf] cfly{s 9fFrf, ljsf;sf] vfsf / cfly{s ljsf;sf] nflu agfOPsf] gLlt lgod g} st} ljsf;sf] afws t alg/x] s f 5} g g\ eGg] af/] d f ax; rnfpg cfjZos 5 . olb afws ag]sf 5}gg\ eg] lsg xfdL ljsf;sf] lx;fan] x/]s jif{ k5fl8 kb}{ uPsf 5f}“ < s] xfd|f] cfly{s ljsf;sf] nlIft ju{ / If]q g} ls6fg ug{ g;s]/ of] cj:yf l;h{gf ePsf] t xf]Og eGg] af/]df klg ax; rnfpg cfjZos 5 . clxn] b]zdf j[l4 ePsf] #=% k|ltzt klg s[lif pTkfbgdf cg's"n df};dsf sf/0f ePsf] dgUo j[l4n] ubf{ ePsf] sf/0fn] dfq xf] . s[ l if pTkfbgdf $=! k| l tzt j[ l 4 ePsfn] g} ;du| cy{tGqsf] j[l4b/ #=% k|ltzt /xg uPsf] xf] . olb s[lif pTkfbgdf cg's"n df};ddf ePsf] eP k|lts"n cj:yf cfOk/]sf] eP cfly{s j[l4b/ #=% k|ltzt klg xfl;n x'g ;Sg] lyPg . km]l/ d'b|fl:kmlt clxn] sfod ePsf] cfly{ s j[ l 4nfO{ ;dfof] h g ug] { xf] eg] jf:tjdf cfly{ s j[ l 4b/ C0ffTds /x] s f] lgisif{df k'Ug'kg]{ x'G5 . pbfx/0fsf] nflu eGg] xf] eg] !) k| l tztsf] xf/fxf/Ldf /x]sf] d'b|fl:kmltnfO{ #=%

k| l tzt /x] s f] cfly{ s j[ l 4b/ ;dfof] h g ubf{ jf:tljs¿kdf b] z sf] cfly{ s j[ l 4b/ emG8} & k|ltzt C0ffTds /x]sf] lgisif{df k'Ug' cgy{ x'bF g} . o; lsl;dsf] cj:yf clxn] dfq cy{ t Gqdf b] l vPsf] xf] O g Psbzs cufl8 / Tof] eGbf klxn]b]lv g} b]lvFb} cfPsf] 5 . h;n] ubf{ g] k fnsf] k| f s[ l ts lsl;dn] x'g] j[l4b/ @ k|ltzt dfq sfod /x]sf] eGg] 7xl/g cfpF5 . o;n] ubf{ o;/L x/] s jif{ ljsf;sf nflu /fi6« n ] u/] s f] nufgLsf] afah' b cfly{ s ¿kdf ck]Iffcg'?k sfod x'g g;Sg'sf] k5fl8 g] k fnn] cjnDag u/] s f] cfly{ s 9fF r f cfly{ s ljsf;sf nflu agfOPsf gLlt lgodd} sdLsdhf] / L ePsf] lgisif{ d f k'Ug}k5{ . cy{tGq ljsf;sf afws ag]sf jf:tljs tTjsf] vf]hL gu/L ¿kdf s] j n nf] 8 ;] l 8ª / dhb' / cfGbf]ngnfO{ dfq bf]if lbP/ a:g] xf] eg] xfd|f] cy{tGq cem} jiff}{+ jif{;Dd oxL l3;]lk6] cj:yfaf6 u' l h| b } hfg] 5 / nfdf] ;do;Dd g]kfnn] cfly{s j[l4b/af6 kmfObf lng g;Sg] lglZrt 5 .


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z}lIfs ;'wf/ ug{ ;a}sf] k|lta4tf / lqmofzLntf cfjZos 5 8f]dfsfGt clwsf/L -;lrj_ clvn g]kfn lzIfs ;+u7g, bfª bfª lhNnfsf] z} l Ifs ljsf;sf] j:t'ut cj:yfsf] d'NofÍg ;"rssf] Ps cfwf/ P;Pn;L k/LIff / glthfnfO{ lng ;lsG5 . @)^& ;fnsf] P;Pn;L k/LIff ljutsf P;Pn;Ldf eGbf qmlds ;'wf/ cfPsf] kfOG5 . ;fdfGotof P;Pn;Lsf] glthf cjnf]sg ubf{ bfª lhNnfdf %#=!^ k| l tzt ljBfyL{x? ptL0f{ x'g ;kmn ePsf 5g\ . h'g utjif{sf] t'ngfdf @=% k|ltztn] j[l4 ePsf] 5 . pQm j[l4 Nofpg ;fd'bflos ljBfnox?n] kxn cufl8 a9fPsf] kfOG5 To:t} t' n gfTds ?kn] x] b f{ ;fd'bflostkm{ @)^^ ;fnfg $)=^! k|ltzt ljBfyL{ ptL0f{ ePsf lyP eg] @)^& ;fndf $@=$& k|ltzt ljBfyL{ ptL0f{ ePsf 5g\ . To:t}, ;+:yfuttkm{ )^^ df (& k|ltzt ljBfyL{ ptL0f{ ePsf lyP eg] )^& df ($=#^ k|ltzt dfq ljBfyL{ kf; ePsf 5g\ . P;Pn;L k/L0ffd nIocg'?k cufl8 a9\g g;Sg'sf ljljw sf/0fx? klg 5g\ . h:t} ;do–;dodf aGb x8\tfn, ljifout lzIfs b/aGbLsf] Joj:yfkg gx'g', ljBfno ;d'bfodf Joj:yfkg ug]{ lhDd]jf/L lbg', ;dod} sf]if{ k"/f x'g g;Sg', ljBfyL{x?sf] ?lr rfxgfdf j[ l 4 gx' g ' cflb . pko' Q m cj:yf ljBdfg /x“bf /x“b} klg bfª lhNnfn] pko' Q m ;d:of ;dfwfgsf] lg/Gt/ cEof; ul//x]sf] 5 . h:t}, lzIfssf] b/aGbL ldnfg k|lqmof z'?, ljBfno cg'udg d"NofÍg, ;dod} sf]if{ k"/f ug{ jflif{s

sfo{tflnsf adf]lhd sfo{nfO{ tLj|tf cflb . cfufdL @)^* ;fnsf] P;Pn;LnfO{ kl/0ffdd' v L agfpg lgDgfg';f/ k|lqmofx? cufl8 a9fpg'kg]{ b]lvG5 . – ljifout b/aGbLsf] Joj:yfkgsf] k|lqmofnfO{ ;a} n ] cfTd;fy u/L sfof{Gjogdf hf]8 lbg'kg]{ . – lhNnf lzIff sfof{noaf6 cg'udg / d"NofÍgsf] h'g z' ? jft ul/Psf] 5, ;f] sfo{ s f] :jfut ub} { lg/Gt/tfdf hf]8 lbg'kg]{ . – cfd cleefjssf] aLrdf ljBfyL{ x ?df cWoogsf] ?lr hufpg] e" l dsf lgjf{ x sf nflu cf/;L;L n] j ndf k| l zIf0f, uf] i 7L rnfpg'kg]{ . – ljifout lzIfsx? / ;DalGwt ljBfnox? lhDd] j f/ x' g ' k g] { / pQ/bfloTjaf]wdf hf]8 . – o; jif{ s f] P;Pn;Lsf] jftfj/0feGbf cem Jojl:yt jftfj/0fsf] >[hgf ul/g'kg]{ . – ;fd'bflos ljBfnox?nfO{ k| l t:kwf{ T ds jftfj/0f >[hgf u/fpg kxn ug{k' g]{ . dflysf a' “ b fx?nfO{ sfof{Gjogsf nflu lhNnf lzIff sfof{no, lzIfssf k]zfut ;+ u 7g, ljBfno kl/jf/, Joj:yfkg ;ldlt, cleefjs, lzIfs, ljBfyL{ ;a}sf] k|lta4tf emNsg] vfnsf] a[ x t cGt/lqmof / 5nkmnsf] lgZsif{nfO{ sfof{Gjog u/]df @)^* ;fndf yk !) k|ltzt P;Pn;L kl/0ffd j[ l 4 ug{ ;lsG5 .

/fhs'df/ lwtfn -cWoIf_ g]kfn ljBfyL{ ;+3, bfª o; jif{ s f] P;Pn;Lsf] glthf x]bf{ vf;} lzIffdf k|ult ePsf] kfO“ b } g . lsgls ha;Dd Pp6} /fi6« d f b' O { k|sf/sf lzIff k|0ffnL eO/fV5 To:tf] b]zdf lzIffn] P;Pn;L kf; ug]{ ljBfyL{x?sf] bIftf sdhf]/ aGb} hfG5 . ;fj{hlgs ljBfno k"0f{tM alnof] gx'~h]n lghL ljBfnon] lbg k|ltlbg km8\sf] dfg]{ qmd hf/L eO/fVg' / ;fj{hlgs ljBfnosf] k9fO{ sdhf] / eO/fVg' oL b' O { c;dfgtf ha /fHon] x6fpg ;Sb} g ta;Dd of] qmd /f]lsb}g . ;dosf] ult / k|jfx;“u} lzIff If]qsf] klg ljsf; x'g' clgjfo{ x'G5 . xfd|f] ;Gbe{df klg ljutb]lv g} /fhgLlts cfGbf]ngx?n] Joj:yf kl/jt{g ug{ ;kmn eP t/ lzIff h:tf] Ps dxTjk"0f{ kf6f]nfO{ kl/jt{g ug{ ;lsPg . ha;Dd Pp6} b]zsf gful/snfO{ km/s–km/s lzIff lbg] clxn]sf] kl/kf6L x6fOb}g, ta;Dd xfdLh:tf u/La, ls;fgsf 5f]/f5f]/L tyf afnaflnsfx?n] ultnf] lzIff klg kfp“bg} g\ . b]zdf ha;Dd Ps} k|sf/sf] lzIff x'b“ g} ta;Dd xfd|f] ufp“, ;dfhsf] ljsf; tyf cfd ;d' b fosf] hgr] t gf hufpg] eGg] t s'/fdf dfq} ;Lldt x'G5 . To:t}, ;a}nfO{ ;j{;'ne / ;xh?kdf z}lIfs ;]jf k|bfg ug{ 7f]; gLlt tyf sfo{ q md gNofp“ b f;Dd / /fHon] Ps} k|sf/sf] lzIff gLlt nfu" gubf{ ; Dd P;Pn;L k/LIffsf] /fd|f] glthf cfpg ;Sb}g . lzIffnfO{ ;j{ ; ' n e / ;'ud agfp“b} ;Dk"0f{ ljkGg / kL5l8Psf gful/ssf] kx'r “ ;Dd k'¥ofpg cfjZos 5 . xfd|f] lhNnfdf ;Dk" 0 f{ z} l Ifs cj:yfnfO{ ;'wf/ ug]{, ;a}nfO{ u' 0 f:t/Lo lzIffsf] cj;/ k|bfg ug{'kb{5 . To;sf nflu /fHon] lzIffnfO{ cfkm\ g f] bfloTjleq lng'k5{ . /, s'n ah]6sf] #% k|ltzt lzIffdf nufgL a9fpg'k5{ . ljBfno lzIff clxn];Dd /fhgLlts lvrnf]sf] s]Gb| aGb} cfPsf] 5 . ljBfno :yfkgfb] l v lzIfs lgo' l Qm, b/aGbL, ;?jfdf xf];, jf lhNnfsf] /fhgLlts lqmofsnfkn] ljBfnosf] z} l Ifs u' 0 f:t/ k|efljt kfg]{ sfd eO/x]sf x'G5g\, To;af6 5'6sf/f kfpg lzIfs / ljBfyL{ o'lgogx?aLr ;xsfo{ h?/L 5 . ljz]if u/L lzIffsf] u'0f:t/ a9fpg lgDg pkfo cjnDag ug{ ;lsG5 . h:tf] M – lzIffdf Jofkf/Ls/0fsf] cGTo ub} { d' g fkmf/lxt

agfpg'k5{ . – lzIffdf ePsf] lje]bLs/0f cGTo ub}{ ;dfg kx'“r / cj;/sf] l:ylt l;h{ g f ug{'k5{ . – jt{ d fg lzIff k| 0 ffnLsf] ;+/rgf / kf7\oqmd kl/jt{g u/L o' u fg' s " n j} 1 flgs 9+usf] agfpg'k5{ . – b] z df ePsf k| f s[ l ts ;Dkbfsf] klxrfg / pkof]u ug{ cfjZos hgzlQm pTkfbg ug]{ lzIffsf] p2]Zo x'g'k5{ . – d'n'ssf] lzIff /fi6«jfbL efjgf hfu[t u/fpg] 9+usf] x'g'k5{ . – lzIffn] ;a} hfthftL / efiffefifLnfO{ ;dfg?kdf ;Ddfg ul/g'k5{ . – ;Lkd' n s tflnd / Joj;flos Pjd\ k|fljlws lzIffsf] Joj:yf ul/ /f] h uf/Lsf yk gof“ cj;/sf] l;h{gf x'g'k5{ . – k/LIff k|0ffnLdf ;'wf/ u/L ljZj;gLo / j} 1 flgs 9+usf] agfOg'k5{ . – lzIff cg'udg / d"NofÍg k4lt ;+ / rgfut 9+ u n] lgdf{0f ug{'k5{ . – lzIff gful/ssf] df}lns clwsf/sf ?kdf ;'/lIft x'g'k5{ . – sIff !@ ;Dd :s"n lzIff x'g'k5{ . – sIff * ;Dd ljBfyL{nfO{ Joj;flos / ;fwf/0f ul/ b' O { lsl;dsf] P] l R5s ljifo cWoog u/fpg'k5{ . – jt{ d fgdf !) sIffdf eO/x]sf] P;Pn;L k/LIff !@ sIffdf lnOg'k5{ . oL d'2fx? klg xfd|f] ;Dk"0f{ z}lIfs cj:yfnfO{ ;'wf/ ug]{, lhNnfdf ljleGg ;+3 ;+u7g tyf ;dfhdf cu| ; / dxfg' e fjsf] Wofg hfg cfjZos 5 . xfdLn] lhNnfsf] ;Dk" 0 f{ z} l Ifs cj:yfnfO{ ;'wf/ ug{ rfxg] xf] eg] xfdLn] ul//x]sf s]xL s'/f gubf{ dfq k'U5 . ;a}eGbf klxnf, z}lIfs ;+:yfx?nfO{ /fhgLlt ug]{ cv8f agfpg' x'“b}g . bf];|f] ljBfnonfO{ ;w}“ aGb, x8\ t fnaf6 d' Q m u/fpg' k 5{ . lzIff If] q nfO{ lx+;f/lxt zflGt:yn sfod u/]/ o; If]qdf slxNo} klg lx+;f / em8kx? gug]{ ;fd"lxs k|lt1f ug{ ;Sg'k5{ . ljBfyL{ o'jf ;+u7gx?aLrsf] cfk;L åGå / em8kn] lx+ ; fTds :j?k lng yfNof] eg] z}lIfs:yn tx;gx; x'G5g\ . ljBfyL{ o'jf ;+u7gx? / lzIff If]q Pp6} /ysf b'O{j6f kfª\u|f x'g\ . Pp6f lalu|of] eg] csf]{ cufl8 a9\g ;Sb}g .

;/Ltf b]jsf]6f -cfrfo{_ -;lrj_ KofA;g, bfª ljBfyL{x?sf nflu kmnfd] 9f]sf dflgg] P;Pn;L k/LIffsf] glthf k| s flzt ePsf] 5 . k/LIffsf] glthf ;“u;“u} ljBfyL{, lzIfs, cleefjs, Oi6ldq ;a}sf] of]hgf klg to ePsf] 5 . sf]xL cfˆgf 5f]/f5f]/LnfO{ 8fS6/ ePsf] x]g{ rfxG5g\ eg] sf]xL OlGhlgo/ t sf] x L kfOn6 ePsf] x] g { rfxG5g\ . ;a}sf cfzf / cfsf+Iff dxfg 5g\ . cleefjs s]jn o:t} ;kgf a'Gb}df Jo:t 5g\, t/ cfˆgf ;Gtltsf] cfTdljZjf;, Ifdtf, OR5fzlQmsf af/]df a'‰g eg] pgLx? df}g b]lvG5g\ . ut jif{sf] t'ngfdf o; jif{sf] P;Pn;L k/LIffsf] glthf k|ltztdf s]xL sdL cfPsf] 5 . ;/sf/sf] Tolt 7"nf] wg/fzL vr{ ePsf] ;/sf/L ljBfnosf] lzIffsf] cj:yf lbgk|ltlbg vl:s/x]sf] 5 eg] lzIffsf] OHht hf]ufpg lghL ljBfnon] 7"nf] kxn u/]sf 5g\ . cfh af]8{ k|yd x'g lghL ljBfno g} ;kmn ePsf 5g\ . b]zsf] z}lIfs cj:yfnfO{ ljb]zL d'ns ' df kl/lrt u/fpg lghL ljBfnosf] b]gnfO{ e' N g ;lsb} g . t/, lghL ljBfnox? /fHo kIfaf6 pk]lIft ePsf] cj:yf eg] ljBdfg g} 5 . ljBfnosf] k/LIffsf] >]0fL k|ltzt hlt a9]sf] 5, To;sf] cg'kftdf pgLx?sf] cfTdljZjf; 36] s f] 5 . lzIfsx? klg ljBfyL{ x ?sf] rf} t kmL{ ljsf; u/fpg] lzIff lbg'eGbf P;Pn;L k/LIffd'vL eP/ k9fPsf] cj:yf 5 . ljBfyL{n] slt l;Sof] < d}n] slt l;sfpg ;s] < eGg'eGbf klg P;Pn;Ldf d]/f] ljifodf /fd|f] eof] eg] d]/f] k9fO{ pQd 7flgG5 / d /fd|f] lzIfssf ?kdf lrlgG5' eGg] :jfy{o'Qm efjgfn] xfjL ePsf] b]lvG5 . cleefjssf] OR5f xf] n f cfˆgf ;Gtfg ljlzi6 >]0fLdf pQL0f{ ePsf] x] g { rfxg] , ljBfnosf] cfzf xf]nf cfˆgf ;a} ljBfyL{x? ljlzi6 >]0fLdf pQL0f{ ePsf] x]g{ rfxg], ljBfyL{sf] rfxgf xf]nf ljlzi6 >]0fL eof] eg] s] cleefjs, ljBfno / ljBfyL{sf] OR5f k" / f xf] n f t < cem ;dli6df eGbf b]zn] vf]hs ] f] ;Ifd hgzlQm kfpg ;lsPnf t < To;}n] pQL0f{ >]0fLeGbf ;Ifd hgzlQm pTkfbg ug{ ;lsof] eg] dfq b] z ljsf;df 6] j f k' U g ;S5 . P;Pn;L k/LIffdf gSsn ug{'k5{ eGg] dfGotf ljBfyL{n] af] l s;s] s f 5g\ . To;sf/0f pgLx? k9\g'eGbf lr6 agfpgdf Jo:t b]lvG5g\ . Toltdfq xf]Og lstfadf s'g k|;ª\u sxf“g/] pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 eGg] pgLx?n] yfxf kfpg'eGbf k|Zgkqsf] ;+ufnf] xn u/]df cfkm" ptL0f{ x'g] s'/fdf pgLx? 9'Ss 5g\ . cem k/LIffdf lr6 rf]g{ ;lhnf] xf];\ eg]/ s]xL n]vs tyf k|sfzsx?n] ;DefJo k|Zgx?sf] pQ/;lxtsf] lstfa k|sflzt u/L lbPaf6 t emg pQL0f{ emg ljBfyL{sf] k9fO{kl| tsf] ?lr tLj\ k9fO{k|ltsf] ?lr lgs} 36] s f] b] l vG5 / h;n] ubf{ ljBfyL{x? cª\sd'vLtkm{ cu|;/ ePsf 5g\ eGg ;lsG5 . cleefjs tyf ljBfyL{n] ] tyf

ljBfnon] ljBfyL{x? ljlzi6 >]0fLdf ptL{0f{ ePkl5 aflx/ hfg'kg],{ 8fS6/ / OlGhlgo/afx]s cGo ljifo k9\g gx'g] dfGotf /fv]sf] klg kfOG5 . hf];“u cfTdljZjf; 5}g, OR5fzlQm 5}g, c?sf] s/sfkdf k/]/ c?sf] OR5fcg';f/ kl9lbg'kg]{ afWotf clxn] ljBfyL{df b]lvG5 . clg s] To:tf] ljBfyL{n] b]z / hgtfsf] efjgfcg';f/ sfd ug{ ;Snf / < olb p;n] cf“6 u/]/ 8fS6/ kl9xfNof] eg] p;n] pkrf/ u/]/ s'g} la/fdL ;Grf] xf]nf < To;}n] ljlzi6 >]0fLdf pQL0f{ eP eg]/ uj{ ug{s ' f] abnf d}n] s] l;s]“ / slt l;Sg af“sL 5 eGg]tkm{ ;f]Rg' cfhsf afnaflnsfsf] st{Jo b]lvG5 . lzIff k|fKt ug{' ljBfyL{sf] g} ; lu{ s clwsf/ xf] . t/, ;+ : s[ l t / ;Eotf arfP/ cWoog ug{' p;sf] st{Jo klg xf] . To;}n] k|j]lzsf k/LIffnfO{ lgs} dxTj lbP/ lr6 rf]/]/ pQL0f{ x'g'eGbf d]xgtsf ;fy cWoog u/]/ ljj]s k|of]u u/]/ pQL0f{ ePdf p;sf] eljio ;fy{s x'g]5 . k|j]lzsf k/LIffdf lr6 rf]g]{ k|j[lQsf sf/0f cfh k9fOk|lt ljBfyL{sf] c?lr a9\g' / lzIfssf] ljBfyL{ k | l t gsf/fTds efjgf l;lh{t x'g' jf:tljstf ag]sf] 5 . ha;Dd lr6 rf]g]{ k|j[lQ / lr6 rf]g{ ;lhnf] agfOlbg] n] v s / k|sfzsx?nfO{ lg/fs/0f ug{ ;lsb} g ta;Dd bIf ;Ifd hgzlQm pTkfbg ug{ ;lsb}g . o;sf nflu /fHo kIf tyf ;DalGwt ;a} lgsfo a9L ;lqmo tyf rgfvf] x'g'kg]{ a]nf cfPsf] 5 . cfh xfdLn] b]z lalu|of] eg]/ lrGtf u5f}{“ t/ ef]ln s] xf]nf eg]/ ;f]Rg ;s]sf 5}gf}“ . olb o:t} k9fOk| l t ljt[ i 0ff hfu] s f aRrfaRrLnfO{ lr6 rf]/fP/ pQL0f{ u/fpg] dfgl;stf xfjL eof] eg] ef]lnsf] lbg lgs} b' M vbfoL /xg] 5 . b] z cwf] u ltlt/ efl;g] 5 . /f] u nfu]/ cf}iflw ug{'eGbf /f]u nfUg} glbg' ;jf] { Q d pkfo xf] . To;sf/0f cTolws?kdf c;Ifd ljBfyL{ pTkfbg ug{e ' Gbf yf]/} ;Ifd ljBfyL{ pTkfbg u/f}“ eGg] dfGotfsf] lj:tf/ u¥of}“ eg] b]zsf] d'xf/ km]g{ ;lsPnf cGoyf b]z cem} vf8ndf efl;g]5 eGg] s'/fdf s'g} ;Gb]x 5}g . cGtdf z} l Ifs k| u lt ;+VofTdseGbf u'0ffTdstfdf hf]8 lbg' g} a'l4dtf 7x5{ . ljlzi6 >]0fLdf pQL0f{ t eof] t/ pRr lzIff cWoogsf nflu k|j]z k/LIffdf c;kmn eof] eg] ljlzi6 >]0fLsf] s'g} cy{ / dxTj /x“b}g . To;sf/0f lzIff;“u ;/f]sf/ /fVg], ;/f]sf/jfnf ljBfyL{ , lzIfs, cleefjs ;a}n] cf–cfˆgf] tj/af6 of]ubfg lbg ;Sof}“ eg] dfq lzIffnfO{ cufl8 a9fpg ;lsG5 . b]zsf] d]?b08 eg]s} lzIff xf] olb lzIff ePg eg] b]z nyflnË / etfe'Ë x'G5 . To;}n] cf–cfˆgf] If]qdf ;a} n ] u' 0 f:t/Lo lzIffsf ;DaGwdf Wofg lbg ;Sof}“ eg] b]zsf] cg'xf/ km]g{ ;lsg]5 .


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lghL / ;/sf/L :s"nsf] /:;fs:;L uf]ljGb v8\sf pknlAwdf /:;fs:;L ug]{, sdhf]/L n'sfpg k|k~r /Rg], ;'wfg{ k|oTg;d]t gug]{ slt /fd|f] xfd|f] ;+:s[lt < clxn] lghL / ;/sf/L :s'nx?sf af/]df Ps csf{nfO{ v'ONofpg]b]lv x/]s lsl;dsf rrf{ / ax; rNg] u/]sf 5g\ . To;df d] / f] klg dt ld;fpg] k|oTg u/]sf] 5' . …xfdL z'Ns lt/]/ k9fpg tof/ 5f}F . kmf/fd ;/sf/Ldf nufpg lbg';\ eg]/ xft hf]8g\ ] cleefjsx? w]/} 5g\ . ;/sf/n] xfdLnfO{ ;f}tgL Jojxf/ u¥of] . xfdLnfO{ klg 5fqj[lQ lbg'k5{, pN6f] rsf]{ z'Ns lsg nufpF5 ;/sf/ <Ú KofA;gsf k"js { G] b|Lo pkfWoIf gf/fo0f clwsf/Ln] k|Zg u/] . Pp6} d~rdf pkl:yt lzIfs ;+3sf cWoIf cd/ v8\sf lghL ljBfnon] lzIfsnfO{ >d zf]if0f u/]sf] atfP . …JolQm / ;+:yf wgL agfpg], >ldsn] kl;gf k'5\g gkfpg] cj:yfsf] cGt ug'k{ 5{ . xfdLnfO{ lghL :s'naf6 w] / } u' g f;fx? cfPsf 5g\ . kmfObfsf] nflu dfq} ljBfno rnfpg] tl/sf 7L ePg .Ú ax; KofA;gn] cfof] h gf u/] s f] P;Pn;L lhNnf k|ydnfO{ awfO{ tyf ;Ddfg sfo{qmddf /fv]sf] dGtJosf] ;f/ xf] . of] /:;fs:;Lsf] cem}“ s'g} 6' Ë f] 5} g . lghL ljBfnox? ef}lts ;+/rgf a9fO/x]sf 5g\ . pgLx? cfkm\gf] :s"nsf] glthfn] b]zsf] OHht hf]ufOlbPsf] bfjL ul//x] s f 5g\ . ;/sf/L :s"nx?sf] pQL0f{ u/fpg] qmd 36\bf] 5 . ;/sf/L / lghLdf cGt/ ulxl/b} uPsf] 5 . ;/sf/L :s" n ;/sf/sf] nufgLdf rln/x] s fn] lghL :s" n n] cfkm" x ?nfO{ ;f} t ] g L Jojxf/ ul//x]sf] atfp“5g\ eg] ;/sf/L :s"ndf k9\gx] ?n] wgLsf ;Gtfgn] k9\ g ] :s" n eg] / ju{ 5' 6 \ o fpF 5 g\ . lzIff If] q df b]lvPsf] o:tf] b'Ovfn] lzIff k|0ffnL cGTo ug{ eGb} nfdf] ;dob]lv ;+3if{ ub}{ cfPsf] clvn -qmflGtsf/L_n] lghL tyf af]l8{ª :s"nx? aGb u/L lzIff gLlt Pp6} agfpg / u'0f:t/Lo lzIffsf] ljsf; ug{ /fHo;“u dfu ub}{ cfPsf] 5 . clvn -qmflGtsf/L_n] lzIffdf lghLs/0f ug{ gkfOg] eGb} To;sf] cGTo ug' { k g] { d f

clxn] lghL / ;/sf/L ljBfnox?aLr u'0f:t/sf] h'xf/L 5 . lghLn] w]/} c+s Nofpg'nfO{ d'Vo u'0f:t/ dfG5 eg] ;/sf/L ljBfno g}lts lzIff lbPsf] egL km"lt{ nufpF5 . cfjfh p7fp“b} cfO/x]sf] 5 . To;f] t lghL / ;/sf/L :s"ndf cWoog ug]{ ljBfyL{df dfq} xf] O g, lzIfssf] sfo{ z } n L / sfdsfhsf] klg Pscfk;df rsf]{ / e2f l6Kk0fL u/]sf] kfOG5 . lghL :s" n x?n] ;/sf/L ljBfnosf lzIfsx?nfO{ /fhgLlt u/]/, vfnL a;]/, ;/sf/sf] tna vfPsf 5g\ egL xn'sf l6Kk0fL ug] { ub{ 5 g\ eg] ;/sf/L ljBfnotkm{ s f lzIfsx? lghL af]l8{ªdf k9fpg]x?nfO{ ;/sf/L hflu/ vfg g;sL uPsf eGg];d]t u/]sf] ;'lgG5 . of] s:tf] k|lt:kwf{ xf] < g]kfnsf z}lIfs ultljlwn] s] ;Gb]z lbG5 < g]kfnsf] z}lIfs cj:yf ;'wfg]{ g} xf] eg] a? ax; u/f}F g . s]xL lghLdf /fd|f xf]nfg\ s]xL ;/sf/Ldf :yflkt eO;s]sf 5g\ . ;“u} a:g lsg sGh':ofO{ < tls{ lx8\g kg]{ g} x'G5 / < k]zfdf bIftf xfl;n u/]sf lj1x?sf] 5nkmnaf6 lgisif{ lgsfn]/ ;dfof]hg u/L aRrfnfO{ ;lx af6f]df lng ;Sb}gf}“ / < To;kl5 ;/sf/Lsf] ls lghLsf] u'0f:t/ 36\of] < cfkm\g} afv|Lsf] 5 z]/ elg/xg'kg]{ h?/L x'Fb}g ls < Ps–csf{n] csf]{ u|xaf6 cfPsf] h:tf] em08} c5'th:tf] Jojxf/ u/] / ukmsf] v] t Ldfq} df}nfpF5, c? s'g} t's 5}g . lghL :s"nn] u/]sf] sfo{qmddf ;/sf/L :s"nn] kfOnf g6]Sg], ;/sf/L :s"nn] u/]sf sfo{qmddf af]l8{ªn] :6fkmnfO{ cg'dlt glbg] . h;n] af]l8{ªsf] :jfb rfv]sf] 5}g, p;n] b'js } f] cfnf]rgf ul//xg] clg ;'wf/ s;n] / s;/L ul/lbg] < lghL :s" n n] ;/sf/L :s" n ;/x tflndsf] Joj:yf ul/of];\ eG5 . ;fFRr} 5ftLdf xft /fvL eGg';\– s'g lghL :s"n 5 ls cfkm\gf lzIfsnfO{ tLg÷rf/ dlxgfsf] lzIfs tflnddf k7fpg ;Sg] lxDdt ePsf] < Pslbg klg s' g } lzIfs tflnd, uf] i 7L, ;] l dgf/df uO{ ljBfnodf cg'kl:yt /xFbf s'g} c;/ kb}{g eg]/ s'g} lghL :s"n eGg ;S5 < ljBfyL{ h;/L x' l nPsf] x' G 5, lzIfs klg d]l;gsf] k"hf{h:t} slxNo} glvOg] j:t' ; l/ 3f] l 6O/xG5 . lghL :s" n sf] cj:yf of] xf]Og < clg ;/sf/L :s" n df sf] , slt lbg, lsg cg'kl:yt eof] vf;} dtna 5}g .

;/sf/ / ;+3;+:yfsf hlt tflnd tyf cGo sfo{qmd cfpF5g\, st} 5f] 8 \ g ] xf] O g . v' n f lb;f, hgu0fgf, dtbftf gfdfjnL ;+sng, lgjf{rgnufot sxfF k|of]u ul/Pg . Jojxfl/s 1fg kfPsf 5g\ . 5':; s;}n] eGof] ls s]xL g;f]rL lx8\of], cfGbf]ng eGof], sfh eGof] labf s]–s] xf] s]–s] axfgfdf hlt ;lsG5 :s"n ghfg] . ptf tflnd lnO/xg] l;ls/xg] clg cfp6k'6 :s"ndf cg'kl:yt x'g] tYo oxL xf]Og < ckjfb st} /fd|f] klg 5 . t/fO{, clxn];Dd l;s]sf tflnd u/]sf cfGbf]ngsf] kl/0ffd xf]Og / < ljBfnodf hfg]eGbf aRrf ?g], efUg], lg/f; eP/ sIffsf]7fdf k|j]z ug]{, clg labf eof] eg] clws v'zL x'g,] :s'naf6 aflxl/“bf gfRb}, a's;' L{ dfb}{ bf}8g\ ] < cfkm"nfO{ cg'ejL eGg] jiff}{ nfdf] cg'ejsf] tYofÍ b]vfpg] cfb/0fLo cu|h lzIfsn] cfFvf jl/kl/ aRrf x]g'{; t x/]s gofF z}lIfs ;qdf tkfO“sf] :s"n 5f]8\g rfxG5 . o;sf/0f klg 5nkmn u/L ;dfof]hg ug{ h?/L 5 ls 5}g < Pshgf SofDk; k| d ' v n] eGg'eof]– …SofDk; n]jndf klg …P uf]?, uwf, geg];Dd ljBfyL{n] ;'Gb}g / dfGb} dfGb}g . ha xKsfOG5, ] f] aNn P; ;/ eG5 .Ú pxfFn] ef]us ;To lttf] cg'ej xf] . pxfFsf egfO{nfO{ k|dfl0ft ug]{ cleefjssf cleJolQmx? klg 5g\ . w]/} lau|g nfUof], ca af]8;{ ul/lbg'k¥of] . o;/L aflx/ a:bf ;fyLx?;F u a/flng] cleefjssf] lk/nf] 5 . o;sf] dtna lau|s ] f, k9\g g?rfpg], afa'cfdfsf] kx'rF eGbf aflx/ hfg nfu]kl5 afWo eP/ C0f sf9]/ pgLx?nfO{ lghL :s"ndf k7fpg] ul/G5 . s] lghL :s"n ;'wf/ u[x xf], ljBf cfh{g ug],{ 1fg k|fKt ug]{ ynf] xf]Og . To;f] t pTs[i6 x'g] lghL :s"nsf ljBfyL{sf] efjgfdf 7]; nfUg ;S5 . d}n] To;f] eg]sf] xf] O g . clxn] s f] ljsl;t jftfj/0fn] ls t gofF z}lIfs k|0ffnLsf] dfu u5{ ls yk s8f ;'wf/ u[xsf] clgjfo{tf 7fGb5 . ;/sf/L ljBfnonfO{ clxn] s } ;'ljwf;lxtsf] cj:yfdf /fv]/ lghL :s"n an k|of]uaf6 aGb u/fpFbf ;d:of ;lhn} xn x' G 5 eGg] nfUb} g . bfªsf lhNnf lzIff clwsf/L u0f]zk|;fb 9sfnnfO{ ;/sf/L

ljBfno ;'wfg{ lgs} lrGtf nfu]sf] b]lvG5 . clxn] ;Ddsf lhNnf lzIff clwsf/Ln] klg cfkm\gf] 7fpFdf s]xL u/] xf]nfg\ . t/, lj8Djgf eGg'k5{ lhNnf lzIff sfof{ n odf lhNnfsf ljBfnox?sf] k|fk] mfOn g} 5}g . lzIff clwsf/L 9sfnn] eg]– …s'g ljBfno sxfF < s] s:tf] cj:yfdf 5 < ck8]6 5}gf}F .Ú clxn] sl/a ^ dlxgf hltdf ;a} ljBfnosf] ljj/0f tof/ ug{ ;lsg] cg'dfg 9sfnsf] 5 . oxfF ljBfnodf nufgL ug{ y'k}| ljsf;] ;+:yfx? cfpF5g\, ;/sf/n] ah]6 k7fpF5 t/ s'g 7fpFdf cfjZos 5 < sxf“ klxn] lbOPsf] 5 eGg] s'g} tYofÍ 5}g lhNnf lzIff sfof{nodf . dfq} h;n] k6s– k6s dfu u5{ / kx'rF k'U5 To;n] lgoldt ljsf;] ;+:yfb]lv x/]s nufgLx? kfO/xG5, gkfpg] , gs/fpg] x ? ;w} km' : ;f . ljBfnox?sf] k|fk] mfOn / :ki6 ljj/0f gx'b“ f x'g] c;dfg ljt/0fn] st}sf] ljBfnon] lgoldt ;xof]u kfO/xG5 eg] st} s]xL klg gkfP/ cfkm"nfO{ cGofodf k/]sf] eg]/ lrRofO/xG5g\ . clxn] lghL / ;/sf/L ljBfnox?aLr u'0f:t/sf] h'xf/L 5 . lghLn] w]/} c+s Nofpg'nfO{ d'Vo u'0f:t/ dfG5 eg] ;/sf/L ljBfno g}lts lzIff lbPsf] egL km" l t{ nufpF 5 . lzIff hLjgkof] u L, p;n] k9] s f] :t/cg';f/ xn ug]{ Ifdtf x'gk' 5{, p;sf] hLjg Jojxf/df s] kl/jt{g cfof] / s] l;Sof] < eGg] s'g} cg'dfg b'j} ljBfnodf 5}g . dfq} a]/f]huf/x?sf] eL8 al9/x]sf] 5 . cfkm"n] lnPsf] lzIffdf ljBfyL{sf] ljZjf; 5}g . cfTdUnfgL eP/ /f]uL, kfun aGg' k/]sf] 5 . cleefjsnfO{ nufgL u/]kl5sf] k|ltkmn ;Gt'i6 x'gnfos 5}g, u'gf;f] kf]Vb} lx8]sf 5g\ cleefjsx? . s' n t, ljs[lt, rf]/, 8fFsf aGg ljjz 5g\ ljBfyL{ x ? . t/, hLjg rnfpg] uf“ ; , af;, skf; h'6fpg];Ddsf] ;Lk lbGg oxfFsf] pRr lzIffn] . To;sf/0f /:;fs:;L xf] O g, 5nkmn ax;af6 lzIff If]qdf gofF ljsf; ug'{ ;a}sf] lhDd]jf/L, bfloTj / ;Rrf g]kfnL gful/ssf nflu clgjfo{ ag]sf] 5 .

anfTsf/Lb]lv dltof/;Dd h]ndf

bfª÷ bfª÷o' j tLnfO{ ckx/0f u/L hah{ : tL s/0fL ug] { ; lxt dltof/nfO{ ;d]t bf]ifL 7x/ ub}{ lhNnf cbfnt bfªn] h]n rnfg u/]sf] 5 . ut jif{ c;f/ !% ut] t'n;Lk'/sf] Ps xf]6]ndf af; a;]sL lszf]/LnfO{ ckx/0f u/L anfTsf/ ug]x{ ?nfO{ cbfntn] km};nf u/L h]n rnfg u/]sf] xf] . t'n;Lk'/sf] Go" /fKtL u]i6 xfp;df af; a;]sL ?s'dsL Ps lszf]/LnfO{ /ftL !! ah] ckx/0fkl5 kft'vf]nfsf] au/df nu]/ anfTsf/ ug]{ a'l4 s];L, ;'lgn cf]nL, ofbj 608g vqL / ;'/z ] s];LnfO{ !) jif{ s}b / %) xhf/ ?k}ofFsf b/n] hl/jfgf;lxt cbfntn] km};nf u/]sf] 5 . To;}u/L clxn];Dd kqmfp ug{ g;lsPsf gaLg a:g]t, rGb| ljPd / /fhLj sf]O/fnfnfO{ ckx/0ftkm{sf] d'2fdf $ jif{ s}bsf] km};nf u/]sf] 5 . cbfntsf >]it]bf/ zfvf clws[t lvdaxfb'/ sfsL{sf cg';f/ hah{:tL s/0fLsf] d'2fnfO{ d'NtjLdf /flvPsf] 5 . pgLx? cbfntdf cfO{ xflh/ eP/ aofg lbg'kg]5 { / To;sf cfwf/df km};nf ul/g]5 . To;sf nflu pgLx?sf] c+z hfoh]yf cbfntn] /f]Ssf ul/lbg]5 . 36gfdf ;xefuL ePsf t/ kLl8tnfO{ ;xof]u gu/]sfdf s[i0f ;fu/ cf]nL, ldgs]tg lu/L / ;lrg of]uLnfO{ dltof/ eGb} @÷@ jif{ h]n ;hfo tf]s]sf] 5 . t/, kLl8t lszf]/Ln] eg] pgLx? klg a/fa/ ck/fw u/]sfn] ;dfg ;hfo x'g'kg]{ k|lts[of lbPsL l5g\ . lszf]/L anfTsf/sf] 36gfkl5 kLl8tsf] kIfaf6 lblksf k'gsf] cWoIftfdf kLl8t ;+3if{ ;ldlt u7g u/L cfGbf]ng ul/Psf] lyof] . cfGbf]ngnfO{ ?s'd]nL ;]jf ;dfh, dlxnf dfgj clwsf/x?sf] /Ifs ;~hfn, cf]/]s, l8Dofs, x/Kn]; nufotsf ;+3;+:yfn] ;fy lbPsf lyP eg] bf]ifLnfO{ sfg'gL s73/fdf Nofpg eGb} k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L;dIf 1fkg kq a'emfOPsf] lyof] . kLl8tx?n] ;jf]{Rr cbfntdf ;d]t lnlvt u'gf;f] k'¥ofPsf lyP . ut kmfNu'gb]lv k];L z'? u/]sf] cbfntn] em08} ;ft k6s;Dd k];L ;f/]/ ut cfOtaf/ km};nf ;'gfPsf] xf] . h]i7 !( df Gofolwzsf] cg'kl:yltsf sf/0f Ps ;ftfsf nflu ;/]sf] k];Lsf qmddf d'2f km};nf ePsf] xf] . em08} rf/ 306f nufP/ rn]sf] ax;df kLl8tsf kIfdf ;/sf/L jlsn GofolwjQmf w'|jdl0f 1jfnL, clwjQmfx? kbd j}lås, dbg kf]v|]n / clg?b| lu/Ln] ax; u/]sf lyP eg] ljkIfdf clwjQmf /]jtL/d0f e§/fO{, k|jL0f nD;fn / lji0f' lwtfnn] ax; u/]sf lyP . lhNnf cbfntsf Gofolw; df]xdb h'g}b cfhfbsf] Ohnf;n] ;f] km};nf u/]sf] lyof] .

hg;]gfåf/f j[Iff/f]k0f

/f]Nkf÷ kf÷hgd'lQm ;]gf g]kfnsf] kfFrf}“ l8lehg dftxtsf] /f]Nkf p“3fl:yt d+un;]g :d[lt la|u]8n] Jof/]ssf] sDkfp08 tyf sDkfp08 aflx/ ! xhf/ ljleGg af]6lj?jfx? j[Iff/f]k0f u/]sf] 5 . lj|u]8n] ut ;ftf ;Nnf, dfnfu]8L, k}o"“ / l/¶fsf u/L ! xhf/ af]6lj?jf sDkfp08leq tyf cf;kf;sf If]qdf /f]k]sf] xf] . lj|u8] n] /f]Nkfsf] h;k'/ h'sk] fgL g;{/Laf6 #% ;o ?k}of“ a/fa/sf ;Nnfsf @ ;o j6f, k}o"“sf @ ;o, dfnfu]8L / l/¶fsf %)÷%) j6f a]gf{ vl/b u/L sDkfp08 / cf;kf;sf] If]qdf /f]k]sf] lj|u]8 ;x– sdf08/ /fogn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . To;}u/L ;}jfª ;fd'bflos jgn] ;xof]u:j?k lbPsf % ;oj6f ;Nnfsf a]gf{ klg /f]lkPsf] pxfFn] atfpg'eof] . la|u]8 ;x–sdf08/ /fogn] lj?jf /f]kL pb\3f6g ug'{ePsf] j[Iff/f]k0f sfo{qmddf ;a} a6flnogsf hg;]gfx? ;xefuL ePsf] lj|u]8 sfof{nosf bLkn] hfgsf/L lbg'ePsf] lyof] .

Ps JolQm Ps lj?jf cleofg z'?

bfª÷ bfª÷ablnbf] jftfj/0fsf] c;/nfO{ Go"gLs/0f ul/ ;do cg's"n jftfj/0f lgdf{0fsf] nflu ut;ftfb]lv Ps JolQm Ps lj?jf cleofg z'? ul/Psf] 5 . ;fd'bflos jg pkef]Qmf dxf+;3 g]kfn gf/fo0fk'/ /]~hkf]i6sf] cfof]hgf tyf ;fd'bflos jg pkef]Qmf dxf+;3 lahf}/L ufp“ O{sfOsf] Joj:yfkgdf laxLaf/ lahf}/L–$ x]dGtk'/l:yt hfgsL dlxnf ;fd'bflos jgdf j[Iff/f]k0f u/L pQm cleofg z'? ul/Psf] xf] . :yfgLo ;d'bfodf ljleGg lgsfoaf6 ljleGg k|sf/sf cleofg ;~rfng u/]tfklg cfd k|f0fL hutsf] nflu cfjZos kg{] jftfj/0f ;+/If0fdf o:tf] cleofg sd dfqfdf ;~rfng ePsfn] …Ps JolQm, Ps lj?jf cleofgÚnfO{ ;~rfng ul/Psf] jg dxf+;3 gf/fo0fk'/ /]~hkf]i6sf cWoIf rGb|axfb'/ jnLn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . ljut jif{df % xhf/ # ;o lj?jf ljt/0f ul/Psf] / o; jif{ /]~hkf]i6 If]qleq !) xhf/ lj?jf ljt/0f ul/g] of]hgf /x]sf] cWoIf jnLn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] .

;'wfl/Psf] r'nf] lgdf{0fdf ?s'dn] Lx?sf] cfsif{0f e' k ] G b| s] ; L÷?s' d a9\bf] cfw'lgsLs/0f;Fu} ?s'd]nLx? ;'wfl/Psf] r'nf] lgdf{0fk|lt cfslif{t ePsf 5g\ . vfgf ksfpg yf]/} bfp/f nfUg] tyf w'jfF/lxt r'nf] x'g] ePsf] sf/0f ?s' d sf clwsf+ z uflj;sf :yfgLo afl;Gbf ;'wfl/Psf] r'nf] lgdf{0ftkm{ cfslif{t ePsf x'g\ . k/Dk/fut r' n f] e Gbf ;'wfl/Psf] r'nf]df w'jfF sd x' g ] , sd} bfp/fn] vfgf ksfpg ;lsg] / :jf:Yosf nflu nfebflos x'g] ePsfn] afF k mLsf] 6 , dUdf, b' n L, cf7lj;sf] 6 , :ofnfkfvf, rf} v fjfª, ;fF v , vn+ u f, l5jfª, l;DnL, u/fonf, ?s'dsf]6, sfF8f, df]/fjfª, dxt, kLkn, kf] v /f, Kjfªnufotsf uflj;x?df ;'wfl/Psf] r'nf] lgdf{0f ul/Psf]

5 . o;/L g} r'gjfª, hfª, vf] n fufpF , k" l t{ d sfF 8 f, sf]6hxf/L, ljhoZj/L uflj;sf clwsf+ z 3/x?df klg ;' w fl/Psf] r' n f] k| o f] u ug{ yflnPsf] 5 . k/Dk/fut r' n f] e Gbf cfw' l gs r' n f] d f l56f] vfgf kfSg] / bfp/fsf] art x'g] ePsfn] klg cfkm"n] cfw'lgs r'nf] lgdf{0f u/]sf] afFkmLsf]6–# bxlgjf;L x]dGt bfxfnn] atfpg'eof] . afFkmLsf]6 uflj; ko{6sLo b[li6sf]0fn] klg cufl8 /x]sf sf/0f oxfFsf k|To]s 3/x? g5'6fP/ ;'wfl/Psf] r' n f] lgdf{ 0 f ug] { cleofg ;~rfng ug{ nfu]sf] afFkmLsf]6– * lgjf;L ;dfh;] j L rGb|axfb'/ s];Ln] atfpg'eof] . ;'wfl/Psf] r'nf] lgdf{0f ug{ cfjZos ;fdu| L h' 6 fpg ;DalGwt JolQmn] $) k|ltzt, uflj;n] ^) k| l tzt /

;fd' b flos jg pkef] Q mf dxf;+ 3 g] k fn ?s' d , g] k fn ;/sf/ j}slNks phf{ k|j4{g s]Gb| / phf{sf] cfly{s ;xof]u Pj\d ljsf; ;/f]sf/ ;dfhsf] k|fljlws ;xof]udf r'nf] lgdf{0f sfo{ eO/x]sf] /fhLdfof k'gn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . o;}aLr rf}vfjfª, ;fFv, vf/f uflj;df g]kfn /]8qm; ;f] ; fO6L ?s' d / ?s' d ] n L ;dfh ljsf; s]Gb| ?s'dsf] cfly{s tyf k|fljlws ;xof]udf …Ps 3/ Ps rkL{, h'7\ofg, d5\ o fg / ;' w fl/Psf] r' n f] lgdf{ 0 fÚ Ps} ; fy ul//x] s f] ?s'd]nL ;dfh ljsf; s]Gb|sf cWoIf g/axfb' / g] k fnLn] hfgsf/L lbg' e of] . cWoIf g] k fnLsf cg' ; f/–rf} v fjfª uflj;sf clwsf+z j8fx?nfO{ v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm If]q;d]t 3f]if0ff ul/Psf] 5 .

?s'ddf k|;l' t u[x lgdf{0f ?s'd÷÷dlxnf ;/f]sf/ ;ldlt ?s'dsf] cu'jfO{df lgdf{0f ul/Psf] ;Nn]l:yt k|;l' t u[x Ps sfo{qmdsf aLr pb\3f6g Pjd\ x:tfGt/0f ul/Psf] 5 . ejgsf] lgdf{0f sfo{ ;DkGg ePkl5 lgdf{0f ;ldltn] k| ; ' l t u[ x lhNnf :jf:Yo sfof{nonfO{ x:tfGt/0f u/]sf] xf] . lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf] nlIft ju{ dlxnfsf] nflu ljlgof]hg ul/Psf] ah]6, hL6Lh]6sf] ;xof]u / >dbfg ul/ sl/a $) nfvsf] nufgLdf k|;l' t u[x lgdf{0f ul/Psf] xf] . k| d ' v lhNnf clwsf/L s[i0fk|;fb clwsf/Ln] l/ag sf6]/ tyf 8fS6/ o'lwi7/ v8\sfn] d'n u]6sf] tfnf vf]n/] ;+oQ ' m?kdf u[xsf] pb\3f6g ug'{ePsf] lyof] . ;f] cj;/df :yfgLo ljsf; clwsf/L s] b f/gfy zdf{ n ] nlIft ju{ dlxnfsf] nflu ljlgof]hg ul/Psf] ah]6af6 k|;l' t u[x lgdf{0f ul/Psf]

hfgsf/L lbgeof]] . ejg lgdf{0f ug'd{ fq 7"nf] gePsf] eGb} o;nfO{ Jojl:yt ug{ ;/f] s f/jfnf hfu?s e}/xg'kg]{ :yfgLo ljsf; clwsf/L zdf{n] ;'emfj lbg'eof] . lhNnf :jf:Yo sfof{nodf dfl;s #% b]lv $) ;'Ts]/L x'g] u/]sf] hfgsf/L lbFb} 8fS6/ o'lwi7/ v8\sfn] k|;l' t u[x lgdf{0f ePkl5 ;'Ts]/Ln] ;xh tl/sfn] aRrf kfpg] atfpg' e of] . cfjZos ;fdu| L sf] cefjdf clxn];Dd c:ktfndf ePsf ;'Ts]/Lx?n] lgs} sl7g tl/sfn] aRrf hGdfpg] u/]sf] 8fS6/ v8\ s fn] atfpg' e of] . ;f] cj;/df lhNnfl:yt /fhgLlts bn, ljleGg ;+ 3 ;+ : yfsf k|ltlglwx?n] lhNnfd} k|;l' t u[x :yfkgf ePsf]df v';L JoQm ub}{ cf–cfkm\gf] If]qaf6 ;Sbf] ;xof]u k|lta4tf JoQm u/]sf lyP .

?s'dn ] L Pstf ;dfh u7g 3f]/fxL÷ fxL÷bfªdf a;f]af; ug]{ ?s'dn] Lx?sf] ut a'waf/ 3f]/fxLdf ;DkGg e]nfn] dx]Gb| lj;Lsf] cWoIftfdf ?s'dn] L Pstf ;dfh bfª u7g u/]sf] 5 . ;ldltsf kbflwsf/Lx?df pkfWoIf u0f]zs'df/ v8\sf, ;lrj ljgf]b s];L, ;x;lrj uf]ljGb v8\sf / sf]iffWoIf ?ks yfkf /xg'ePsf] 5 . To;} u /L ;ldltsf ;b:ox?df x'sd' axfb'/ a'9fyf]sL, g/]Gb| s];L, u0f]z s];L, pbo s];L, s]z/dfg lj;L, g'dfgGb uf}td, b'uf{nfn s];L, u0f]z cf]nL, ladnf v8\ s f / h' g ' a' 9 f /xg'ePsf] 5 . e] n fn] ;dfhnfO{ sfof{nosf nflu sf]7f pknAw u/fpg] sf]iffWoIf ?ks yfkfnfO{ wGojfb lbb} sfo{ ; ldltsf] klxnf] a}7s ;fpgsf] klxnf] zlgaf/ a:g] lg0f{o u/]sf] 5 . To:t} e]nfn] ut a'waf/ /ftL bfªdf ePsf] kf]v/f–^ ?s'dsf 6]saxfb'/ 3tL{sf] xTofsf] 3f]/ eT;{gf u/]sf] 5 .


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gjLg nf]rg du/÷-bxjg_ /f]Nkf hgd' l Qm ;] g fsf] kfF r f} “ l8lehg d' V ofno bxjgdf ut;ftf hgjfbL ljjfx ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . afhfufhf / ;}lgs Jof08;lxt hg;]gfsf $ hf]8Ln] hgjfbL ljjfx u/] s f x' g \ . ljjflxt hf] 8 Lx?n] lbk k|Hjngsf ;fy} Ps–csf{nfO{ clj/ dfnf nufP/ j}jflxs ;DaGwdf uf“l;Psf lyP . ljjfx sfo{qmddf ?s'd ?“3f– $ 3/ eO{ bxjg ;'/Iff ljefudf sfo{/t Knf6'g sdf08/ gf/fo0f

a'9fyf]sL …zDe'Ú / /f]Nkf s'/n] L 3/ eO{ bL3{ :d[lt la|u8] bfªdf sfo{/t Knf6'g ;x–sdf08/ k|d] ;l/ a'9fdu/ …h'gtf/fÚ, /f]Nkf h]njfª 3/ eO{ ;'lgn :d[lt la|u8] df sfo{/t sDkgL sdf08/ hLtaxfb' / k' g du/ …k|lt/f]wÚ / /f]Nkf h]njfª 3/ eO{ rf}yf] l8lehg ;lnd–d08n–lgzfg :d[lt la|u8] gjnk/f;Ldf sfo{/t Knf6'g ;x–sdf08/ hfgL /f]sfdu/ …e"ldsfÚsf] hgjfbL ljjfx ePsf] lyof] . To;}u/L h}dfs;nf /f]Nkf 3/ eO{ Hjf/ :d[lt la|u]8 ltnfdf

sfo{ / t Knf6' g ;x–sdf08/ lvd/fh k'gdu/ …Oltxf;Ú / h]njfª 3/ eO{ kfFrf}“ l8lehg d'Vofno bxjgdf sfo{/t ;]S;g sdf08/ ;+ u Ltf /f] s fdu/ …;+uLtfÚ, h]njfª /f]Nkf 3/ eO{ kfFrf}“ l8lehg d'Vofnodf sfo{/t Knf6' g ;x–sdf08/ OGb| /f]sfdu/ …OGb|Ú / sf]6ufFp /f]Nkf 3/ eO{ kfFrf}“ l8lehg d'Vofno bxjgdf sfo{/t kfFrf}“ l8lehgsf dlxnf v] n f8L Pj+ ;] S ;g sdf08/ ljdnf lh;L …/rgfÚ aLr ljjfx ePsf] lyof] . kfF r f} “ l8lehgsf ;x– sdf08/ cljgfzsf] cWoIftf Pjd\ l8lehg ;x–sdf08/ dbgsf] ;~rfngdf z'? ePsf] sfo{qmddf PsLs[t dfcf]jfbLsf s] G b| L o ;b:o l;hn, bf] ; | f ] l8lheg l;Gw' n L b' w f} n Lsf sdf08/ z/b, 5}7f}“ l8lehg ;'v]{tsf ;x–sdf08/ ljj]s, ;~hLjs' d f/nufotn] gj hf]8Lx?nfO{ awfO{ tyf z'esfdgf JoQm ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

bfªsf $ :yfgdf gd'gf s[lif au}r“ f :yfkgf ul/b} ! ;o !% / gf/fo0fk'/df /x]sf :yfgLo s[ifsx?n] ! ;o !% lj?jf nlu gd'gf s[lif au}r“ f :yfkgf ug{ nfu]sf] lhNnf s[lif ljsf; sfof{no bfªsf d'sG' b b]jsf]6fn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . b]jsf]6fsf cg';f/ clxn] ahf/df /x]sf ljleGg Pu|f]e]6 ;]G6/eGbf ;:tf] d"Nodf lj?jf vl/b u/L ljt/0f u/]sf] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . ljt/0f u/]sf cfFksf hftx?df bzx/L, cfd|kfnL, s6x/nufotsf lj?jf ljt/0f u/]sf] atfpg' eof] . o;sf ;fy} l5d]sL lhNnf /f]Nkfsf] xf]n/] L, dl;gf, ;}jfªnufotsf :yfgdf ljt/0f u/]sf] sfof{non] hgfPsf] 5 . sfof{ n on] tL lj?jf #) ?k}of“b]lv ^) ?k}of“;Ddsf] d'Nodf ljt/0f u/]sf] sfof{nosf b]jsf]6fn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] .

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bfª÷ bfª÷lhNnf s[ l if ljsf; sfof{no bfªn] lhNnfsf ljleGg uflj;sf $ :yfgdf gd"gf s[lif au}r“ f :yfkgfsf nflu $ xhf/ ljleGg kmnkm"nsf lj?jf ljt/0f u/]sf] 5 . o;/L ljt/0f u/]sf lj?jfx?df cfFk, lnrL, cDafnufotsf lj?jf ljt/0f u/]sf] lhNnf s[lif ljsf; sfof{ n o bfªn] hgfPsf] 5 . sfof{nosf cg';f/ /f}tx6, ;nf{xL, g]kfnu~hnufot :yfgaf6 NofO{ s[lif ;]jf s]Gb| ndxL, s[lif ;]jf s]Gb| t'n;Lk'/ / ljleGg ;xsf/L dfkm{t\ ljt/0f ul/Psf] hgfPsf] 5 . bfªsf] xfk'/ uflj; j8f g+= ! l;:g]/Llgjf;L j]bs'df/L /f]sfn] # ;o %^, nIdLk'/ uflj; j8f g+= & df /x]sf] ;xsf/L dlxnf ;d"xn] ! ;o !%, nIdLk'/ $ uf]UnLdf /x]sf] ;fgf ls;fg ;xsf/L ;+:yfn]

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xfd|f] kf6L{sf ;lqmo ;b:o gf/fo0fk'/–@ 6f/L lgjf;L tf]of/fd nD;fnsf] oxL @)^*÷#÷@^ ut]sf lbg b'Mvb\ lgwg ePsf] va/n] xfdL cToGt hGd M !((#÷@÷@) ddf{xt 5f}F . b'Mvsf] o; 38Ldf d[tsk|lt xflb{s lgwg M @)^*÷#÷@^ >4f~hnL ck{0f ub}{ zf]s;GtKt kl/jf/hgk|lt ulx/f] ;dj]bgf k|s6 ub{5f}“ . elQm/fd zdf{ ;'zLnf zdf{ -;]qm]6/L_ -OGrfh{_ Pjd\ PsLs[t g]skf -dfcf]jfbL_ gf/fo0fk'/ uflj; kl/jf/, bfª

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uf] l jGb v8\ s f÷;f} l 8of/ ufp“ n ] dlxnfx?sf] ;lqmotfdf dlb/f lgoGq0f cleofg z'? u/]kl5 ;f}l8of/df klxn] e Gbf w] / } hf“ 8 /S;Lsf] lsga]r / /S;L vfP/ xf]xNnf ug] { x ? sfo{ aGb ePsf] 5 . ;f}l8of/ uflj;nfO{ dlb/fd'Qm If]q 3f]if0ff ug]{ nIosf ;fy s]xL ;ftfcl3b]lv oxf“sf dlxnfx?n] ;+ul7t?kdf cleofg yfn]kl5 dlb/fsf] lsga] r / ;] j gdf lgoGq0f ePsf] xf] . dlxnfx?sf] dlb/fd'Qm uflj; 3f]if0ff ug]{ cleofgkl5 ca]/;Dd k;nx? v'Nn} /fVg] / /S;L a]Rg]x? klg cfhef]ln ;a]/} k;n aGb ug]{ u/]sf] / uf8Lx? klg ;dod} cfkm\gf] uGtJolt/ nfUg] u/]sf] :yfgLo ;f}l8of/ j8f g+= * lgaf;L kljqf s] ; Ln] atfpg'eof] . pxf“n] eGg'eof]– …/flt ! ah];Dd klg /S;L vfP/ xNnf uy]{, uf8Lsf nfOg x'Gy], cfhef]ln ;'v kfPsf 5f}“ .Ú hf“8/S;Lsf] ljqmL ljt/0f / ;]jgn] 3/kl/jf/df snx a9\b} uPsf], ufp“ ;dfhs} a]OHht ePsf] / cfly{s l:ylt klg sdhf]/ aGb} hfg yfn]kl5 :yfgLo dlxnfx? ;+ u l7t?kd} dlb/flj/f] w L cfGbf] n gdf nfu] s f lyP . hf“8/S;Ls} sf/0f kLl8t dlxnf lbbLalxgLx?n] ufp“d} ut c;f/ !# ut] dlb/f lgoGq0f;DaGwL sfo{qmd u/L …klxnf cfkm\gf] 3/sf] kmfnf}“, clg s;}sf 3/ af“sL g/fvf}“Ú eGb} dlb/f lgoGq0f cleofgdf nfu]sf lyP . dlb/f lgoGq0f d"n;ldlt ;f}l8of/n] cfof] h gf u/] s f] sfo{ q mddf ;xefuL dlxnfx?n] hf“8/S;Ls} sf/0f cfkm"x?n] ef]Ug'k/]sf dlxnf lx+;fsf 36gfx? ;'gfp“b} dlb/f lgoGq0fsf nflu cfkm"x?n] h'g;'s} sbd rfNg klg tof/ /x]sf] atfPsf lyP . ufpFel/s} ;a}eGbf a9L /S;L Jofkf/ x'g] /]UdL k;n / s];L k;ndf cfhef]ln hf“8/S;Lsf]

sf/f] a f/ aGbh:t} ePsf] 5 . c;f/sf] v]tLkftLsf] r6f/f]nfO{ 5f]8/] hf“8/S;L lgoGq0fsf nflu e]nf ePsf dlxnfx?n] /S;Lsf sf/0f cfkm"x?n] lgs} HofbtL ;xg'k/]sf] / clt g} ePkl5 d'v kmf]8g\ k' /]sf] atfP . …>Ldfg\nfO{ /fhf dfg]/ s] ug'{ < 3/sf] OHht xfdLn] dfq} hf]ufP/ x'bF f]/x]g5 . d]/f] t ;DklQ ;lsg nfUof], x'lSsPF, d}n] t ca b'Mv ug{ ;lSbg .Ú :yfgLo ;'zLnf /fjtn] elgg\ . tLg nfv ?k}ofFdf hUuf a]r]/ ;a} /S;Ld} ;lsg nfu] s f] pgn] atfOg\ . hUufsf] k};f cfPb]lv laxfg $ ah] /S;L k;n k'Ug] / /ftL !@ ah] 3/ kmls{g,] xnf] hf]Tbfhf]Tb} klg /S;L k;nlt/ ;f]lemgn] lgs} cfkm" lgs} kLl8t ePsf] pgn] atfPsL lyOg\ . pgnfO{ dfq} xf]Og :yfgLo kbdf vqLnfO{ lbgel/ sfddf hf]ltP/ ;'ts ] f] a]nf /ftsf] !@ ah] /S;L vfP/ kfx'gf;lxt kltnfO{ vfgf ksfpg p7\gk' g]{ gq s'6fO vfg'kg]{ afWotf /x]sf] lyof] . kl5Nnf] ;dodf dlb/flj/f]wL cfGbf]ng z'? ePkl5 To:tf 36gfdf s]xL lgoGq0f ePsf] pgsf] egfO{ 5 . kltn] hf“8/S;L ;]jg u/L s'6kL6;d]t ug]{ u/]sf] eGb} vqLn] elgg\– …/S;L vfP/ ;DklQ ;lsg] ePdfq} t x'GYof], clnslt af]Nof] ls &÷* j6f n¶L efFlrG5g\ . dfOtaf6 k7fOlbPsf] t]n;d]t /S;L;“u ;f6]/ vfP5g\ . Toltdfq} xf]Og, ldndf s'6fpg k7fPsf] rfdn cfwf pt} a]r/] ;d]t /S;L vfg] >Ldfg\x?sf] sdL gePsf] dlxnfx?n] atfPsf lyP . 3/ agfpg NofPsf / afFsL /x]sf sf7kftx? ;d]t >Ldfg\Ho"x?n] a]r/] /S;L vfP/ pgLx?n] atfP . t/, vfgf vfg] a]nf eg] klt k/d]Zj/ eg]/ ;a} 6sfg'k{ g]{ kL8f /x]sf] eGb} :yfgLo zfGtf dx/fn] elgg\– …g'g t]n lsGg k};f 5}g . vfg] a]nfdf ld7f]–ld7f] 6sfg'k{ 5{ .Ú dlxnfx?sf] clwsf+z ;do s] ubf{ ufp“df /S;L ;]jg sd ug{ ;lsG5 / 3/kl/jf/ ;'v;fy a:g ;lsG5 egL lrGtfdf latfpg] u/]sf

5g\ . /S;L vfPkl5 h'jftf; rflxg] / h'jftf; z'? ePkl5 3/ hUuf;d]t bfpdf /fVg] tfnn] ufp“ ;dfh g} lalu|Psfn] dlb/flj/f]wL cfGbf]ng clgjfo{ ePsf] :yfgLo sdnf yfkfn] atfOg\ . dlb/f lgoGq0f cleofgdf k|x/L rf}sL ;/f{n] dxTjk"0f{ ;xof]u k'¥ofO/x]sf] 5 . /S;L vfP/ xf]xNnf ug]n{ fO{ ;fdflhs?kdf a]OHht u/fpg]bl] v hl/jfgf / sfaf{xL ug]{ u/]sf] ;/f{sf k|x/L OGrfh{ lnnf ljsn] atfP . uflj; ;lrj ;" o { k | ; fb j]Njf;]n] ;f}l8of/ uflj;nfO{ dlb/fd' Q m If] q agfpg] cleofgnfO{ ;xof]u ug]{ eGb} :yfgLo /S;Lsf] nfO;]G; agfpg gkfOg], /S;L a]rljvgsf nflu s;} n ] nfO;] G ; agfPsf] eP To;sf] nfO;]G; gjLs/0f gug]{, btf{ ug] {n fO{ l;kmfl/; glbg] k|ltj4tf hgfPsf 5g\ . clwsf+z afx'g, If]qL / du/ ;d'bfo /x]sf] ;f] a:tLdf hf“8/S;L pTkfbg, ljt/0f ug]{ / vfg]nfO{ sfjf{xL ul/g] dlb/f lgoGq0f d'n ;ldltsf ;+of]hs a'l4k|sfz rf}w/L …;lrgÚn] atfP . PsLs[t dfcf]jfbLsf uflj; O{Grfh{;d]t /x]sf rf}w/Ln] cfkm\gf] kf6L{n] hgo'4sfndf dlb/f lgoGq0fsf nflu /S;Llj/f] w L cfGbf] n g rnfPsf] :d/0f ub}{ cfkm"x? hf“8/S;Lsf] k"0f{tM lgif]w u/L ;Eo ;dfh lgdf{0fsf] kIfdf /x]sf] atfpg'x'G5 . p;f] t sf+u|];sf s0f{axfb'/ a'9fyf]sLn] klg cfkm\gf] kf6L{sf] tkm{af6 ;Sbf] ;xof]u ug]{ k|lta4tf hgfPsf 5g\ . kljqf s];Lsf] cWoIftfdf u7g ul/Psf] dlb/f lgoGq0f ;ldltn] cfGbf]ng z'? u/]kl5 ufp“df /S;Lsf] sf/f]af/ tyf ;]jgdf sdL cfPsf] 5 eg] b}lgs ;/f{ k|x/L rf}sLn] r]shfFr ug{ yfn]sf] 5 . h;n] ubf{ :yfgLo k;n]x?n] /S;L /fVg 5f]8s ] f 5g\ eg] /S;L vfP/ xf]xNnf ug]{x? klg 8/fpg yfn]sf 5g\ .

3fOt] hg;]gfx? aª\u'/ kfng Joj;fo ub}{

hgs g] k fnL÷;+ q mfd bfªsf] ;+qmfdl:yt bL3{ :d[lt lau| ] 8 sf] 3fOt] lzlj/df /x]sf 3fOt] hg;]gfx?n] aª\u'/ kfng Joj;fo yfngL u/] s f 5g\ . lzlj/df a;] s f] vfnL ;donfO{ ;b'kof]u u/L pgLx?n] aª\u'/ kfng Joj;fo u/]sf x'g\ . ;/sf/n] lbPsf] dfl;s eQfn] kl/jf/sf] e/0f kf]if0f ug{ ufx|f] ePsf] / cfkm"x? 3fOt] ePkl5 cGo sfd u/L lhljsf rnfpg ufx|f] ePkl5 3fOt] ;fyLx? / kl/jf/sf ;b:ox? ldn]/ aª\u'/ kfng ug{ yfn]sf] ?s'd x'sfd–( sf 3fOt] hg;]gf ;"o{ /f]sfn] atfpg' eof] . kl/jf/sf] e/0f kf]if0f / 5f]/f5f/Lsf] k9fO{ vr{ h'6fpg aª\ u ' / kfng Joj;fon] s] x L ;xof]u ul//x]sf] pxf“sf] egfO{ 5 . $ hgfsf] kl/jf/ kfNg /

sDKo'/df 5fqj[lQsf] ;"rgf Û ;fd'bflos ljsf; Pstf s]Gb| 3f]/fxL tyf Go" lehgsf] ;+o'Qm cfof]hgfdf Basic 2003 (Fundamental, Windows, Word, Excel, Powerpoint, Dos, Mail & Internet, Virus Scaning, Ulead Video Studio, Penical Video mixing, Media converter, Free Web designing) nfO{ dfq Rs.779 tyf Tally Course tyf HTML nfO{ lgMz'Ns ?kdf l;sfOb}5 . ;fy} cGo sf] i f{ x ? Graphic desiging, Web Page Desiging, Programming, Operater, Accounting, Hardware & Networking Advanced Basic 2010 x?df wdfwd l;sfOb}5 .

of] lgod gofF cfpg]nfO{ dfq x'g]5 . l;6 ;+Vof M () dfq, clGtd ldlt M @)^*÷$÷@% ;Dd, 5gf}6 M cGt/jftf{ . xfd| f ljz] i ftfx? M -!_ h]g/] 6] / ePsf]n] nf]8;]l8ª gf] 6]G;g . -@_ k|To]s z'qmaf/ Game & Music class . -#_ Unlimited Internet ;]jf .

New Vision Computer Institute lhlj;/f]8 o'uaf]wsf] cufl8

www.newvison.com.np, 082-694442 & 9847960125, 9847880275

-Go" lehg sDKo'6/ ;'gf}nf] eljiosf] cfwf/_

5f]/f5f]/LnfO{ k9fpg wf}–wf} ePsfn] tLg xhf/sf] nufgLdf aª\u/' kfng Joj;fo z' ? u/] s f] /f] s fn] atfpg' e of] . cfkm\ g f] kl/jf/ kfngkf]if0f ug{sf nflu /f]sfsL >LdtL lx/f /f]sfn] klg l;nfO{ s6fO{ Joj;fo ug'{ePsf] 5 . km';{bsf] ;dodf sk8f l;nfpg] / aª\u/' kfng Joj;fo ub}{ cfPsf] lx/fn] atfpg'eof] . sk8f l;nfP/ cfkm"n] b}lgs @ ;o ?k}of“ cfDbfgL ul//x]sf] pxf“n] atfpg'eof] . l;nfO{ s6fO{ / aª\u/' kfngaf6 ePsf] cfDbfgLn] >Ldfgsf] pkrf/ vr{ h' 6 fpg nfluk/] s f] pxf“ n ] atfpg'eof] . >Ldfgsf] dfl;s $ xhf/ tna cfpg] u/] klg To;n] vfgf vr{ h'6fpg} ufx|f] kg]{ ePsfn] ;lsg;ls c? Joj;fo ug{ afWo ePsf] pxf“sf] egfO{ 5 . >Ldfg\ 3fOt] ePsf] !) jif{

ePklg pkrf/ x' g g;s] s f] n ] cfkm"x? lgs} ;d:of /x]sf] / >LdfgnfO{ zf} r fno lng] b ] l v g' x fpg] ; Dd cfkm} n ] u/fpg'kg]{ afWotf /x]sf] pxfFn] atfpg' e of] . @)%( ebf} d f c3f{vf“rLsf] ;lGbvs{df ePsf] bf]xf]/f] le80tdf 3fOt] ePsf ;"o{sf] 6fpsf]df cem} klg uf]nL /x]sf] 5 . 6fpsf]df uf]nL /x]sfn] xft v'§f nfUg 5f]8]sf] / dfgl;s ;Gt'ng klg u'Dg yfn]sf] ;"o{sL >LdtL lx/fn] b'v];f] ;'gfpg'eof] . 3fOt] ePsf] !) jif{ eO;Sbf klg ;/sf/n] cf}ifwL pkrf/df rf;f] gb]vfPsfn] cfkm"x? ddf{xt ePsf] 3fOt] ;"o{ /f]sfn] atfpg'eof] . ;/sf/n] 3fOt] x ?sf nflu /f]huf/d"ns sfo{qmd Nofpg'kg]{ / 5f]/f5f]/LnfO{ pRr lzIff;Dd k9fpg'kg]{ 3fOt]x?sf] dfu 5 .


jif{ !#, c+s #$, @)^* >fj0f )! ut] cfOtaf/

dfgj clwsf/sf ljifodf o'jfx?;“u 5nkmn

3f]/fxL÷ fxL÷dfgj clwsf/ tyf ;fdflhs ?kfGt/0f cleofg g]kfn -sfx'/fi6_ bfªn] zlgaf/ 3f]/fxLdf dfgj clwsf/sf ljifodf o'jfx?;“u 5nkmn u/]sf] 5 . dfgj clwsf/, nf]stGq, zflGt, ;+ljwfg / åGå Joj:yfkgsf ljifodf cfufdL ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fdf 6]jf k'¥ofpgsf] nflu 5nkmnsf] cfof]hgf u/]sf] xf] . sfx'/fi6 bfªsf cWoIf lgd{n uf}tdsf] cWoIftfdf ePsf] sfo{qmddf ;xefuLx?n] /fHon] dfgj clwsf/sf] ljifodf dxf;lGwdf k|ltj4tf hgfPklg clxn];Dd sfof{Gjog ug{ g;s]sf] atfPsf lyP . pgLx?n] o'jfx?nfO{ nlIft u/L /f]huf/d"ns lzIff k|0ffnL x'g'kg]{, o'jfx?sf] clwsf/sf af/]df u/]sf k|ltj4tfx? sfof{Gjog ul/g'kg]{df hf]8 lbPsf lyP . sfo{qmddf ljleGg ljBfyL{ tyf o'jf ;+u7gsf k|ltlglwx?, kqsf/, dfgjclwsf/sdL{nufotsf] pT;fxhgs ;xeflutf /x]sf] lyof] . sfo{qmdsf] ;xhLs/0f df};d cfrfo{n] ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

u|6] c/lgsf] pRr df=lj=df +2 sf] egf{ ;DaGwL ;"rgf ljutsf jif{x?df pTs[i6 glthf Nofpg ;kmn o; u|6 ] c/lgsf] pRr df=lj= t'n;Lk'/ bfªdf z}lIfs ;q @)^*÷)^( sf nflu lzIff, Joj:yfkg / dfgljsL ;d"xdf gofF egf{ v'Nnf ul/Psf] Joxf]/f ;xif{ hfgsf/L u/fpFb5f}F . laxfgL ;q lbjf ;q lzIff $) hgf $) hgf -c+uh ]| L dfWoddf_ $) hgf -g]kfnL dfWoddf_ Joj:yfkg $) hgf $) hgf -c+uh ]| L dfWoddf_ $) hgf -g]kfnL dfWoddf_ dfgljsL – $) hgf kmf/fd ljt/0f M @)^* c;f/ !@ ut]bl] v k|j]z k/LIff M @)^* c;f/ #@ ut] laxfg &M#) ah] sIff ;~rfng M @)^* >fj0f * ut]bl] v k'gZr M c+u|]hLdf sdhf]/ ljBfyL{sf nflu 5'6\6} English Language sf] sIff ;~rfng ul/g]5 .

lji0f'k; | fb b]jsf]6f -k|frfo{_

u|6 ] c/lgsf] pRr df=lj= t'n;Lk'/, bfª kmf]g M )*@–%@!^)*, (*$&*#$@#!

ca le;f & lbgdf g} Uof/]06L j}bl] zs /f]huf/sf nflu ;'j0f{ cj;/ ljleGg sDkgLaf6 ljleGg sfdbf/sf] dfu eO{ cfPsf] x'gfn] hfg rfxg] OR5's JolStn] t'?Gt ;Dks{ /fVg'xf]nf .

btf{ g+= M %%*÷@)^@÷)^# b]z sDkgL ;+Vof sfdbf/sf] kb stf/ s/jf 6« f :kf] 6 { sDkgL @) x]le8«fOe/ Qatar

(Nepali Liecence Driver)

stf/ g' / f] n u' N km 8An' = Qatar Pn= Pn= sDkgL ;fpbL u|k' & lSnlgª P08 (Saudi arab) Sof6l/ª sDkgL stf/ So' = kL= k| f ] h ] S 6 Qatar sDkgL stf/ cn 6\ o f8d/ Qatar sDkgL s'j]t cn kmlg{r/ sDkgL

tna g]=?= ;do vfg a:g #^,))) * 3= 5 5 OT

(Heavy driver)

!% 6L Jjfo / clkm; @),))) * 3= 5 5 Jjfo (Tea Boy) !) 6L Jjfo !^,))) * 3= 5} g 5 (Tea Boy) (Waiter)

$) j]6/

OT

@),))) * 3= 5 5

!) lkmlgl;ª sfk]G{ 6/ @$,))) * 3= 5} g 5 (Finishing carpenter)

OT

!) sf7 / jfn k]G6/ #^,(^)

5 5 * 3= gf]6 M u|k' sfdbf/ lbg;Sg] Ph]06x?n] klg ;Dks{ /fVg'xf]nf . ;Dks{sf nflu M uf}/L z+s/ cf]e/;Lh k|f=ln= sf] zfvf sfof{no

(Kuwait)

(Wood Painter)

3f]/fxL–!), bfª clkm; M )*@–%^!%*), (*$&*&)**#, (&%*%)!!@%_ 8fO/]S6 ;Dks{sf nflu hut bnf{dL M (*%&*#!*@*, (*%&*#@)#) Email- gsbranchdang@gmail.com

k|sfzg tyf ;Dkfbgsf nflu

ndxLdf =========

;fgf Jofkf/Lsf] nflu gu/ ljsf; ;ldltn] #( j6f kSsL :6nx? lgdf{0f u/L Joj:yfkg ug]{ cleofg klg yfn]sf] 5 . @% nfv a9Lsf] nufgLdf tL :6nx? clxn] lgdf{ 0 f ug{ yflnPsf] 5 . 8]9 dlxgfleq ndxL ahf/sf] Joj:yfkg Pjd\ ljsf;sf sfo{x? ;DkGg u/L 5f8\g] nIosf ;fy nflu/x]sf] ;ldltsf cWoIf l3ld/] n ] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] .

>L kßf]bo klAns gd'gf pRr df=lj= bfªdf

CTEVT af6 ;~rflnt k|fljlws lzIfftkm{ @)^*÷)^( Aofrsf nflu egf{;DaGwL ;"rgf Û qm=;+= sf]if{sf] gfd cjlw of]Uotf != h'lgo/ sDKo'6/ 6]lSgl;og (JCT) !% dlxg] SLC Pass ;fdflhs kl/rfng (SM) @= !% dlxg] SLC Pass #= ljB't ;j cf]e/l;o/ !* dlxg] SLC Pass $= ljB't ;j cf]e/l;o/ @( dlxg SLC Fail kmf/fd eg]{ clGtd ldlt M @)^*÷)$÷!# ut];Dd k|j]z k/LIff M @)^*÷)$÷!$ ut]

xfd|f ljz]iftfx? M k"0f{ zfGt jftfj/0f cTofw'lgs sIff sf]7fx?

k|frfo{

u'0f:t/Lo lzIffdf ;dlk{t bIf tyf cg'ejL k|lzIfsx? k|ofKt tyf Jojl:yt k|of]uzfnf

>dhLjL =========

Joj:yflksf=====

g] k fn bfªsf ;b:o gf/fo0f e08f/Ln] ;xhLs/0f ug'{ePsf] e]nfn] >dhLjL kqsf/ P]g ag]sf] nfdf] ;do lat]klg bfªsf ;~rf/ dfWodn] >dhLjL kqsf/ P]g nfu' gu/]sfn] tTsfn >dhLjL kqsf/ P]g nfu" ug{ lhNnfsf ;a} ;~rf/ dfWodnfO{ cg'/f]w u/]sf] 5 . To;}u/L e]nfn] ;/sf/sf] cfly{s aif{ )^*÷^( sf] ah]6df NofPsf] >dhLjL kqsf/sf] hLjg ljdf sfo{qmdsf] :jfut ub}{ tTsfn nfu" ug{ cg'/f]w u/]sf] 5 . e]nfn] ?s'dsf] k"lt{dsfF8f nufot b]ze/ k| f s[ l ts k| s f] k df kl/ Hofg u' d fPsf / wg–hgsf] Iflt Joxf]/s ] f kl/jf/k|lt ;xfg'el" t k|s6 ub}{ tTsfn /fxtsf] Joj:yf ug{ ;/sf/;“u dfu u/]sf] 5 . qmflGtsf/L kqsf/ ;+3 g]kfn bfªsf pkfWoIf u0f]z jnLsf] :jfut dGtJoaf6 z'? ePsf] e]nfdf PsLs[t g]skf -dfcf]jfbL_ yf?jfg /fHo;ldlt ;b:o zLtn, qmflGtsf/L kqsf/ ;+3 bfªsf sf]iffWoIf s'Gtf e08f/Lnufotn] e]nf ;kmntfsf] z'esfdgf JoQm ug'e { Psf] lyof] .

kf;jfgnufotn] ah]6sf ljifodf af]Ng'ePsf] lyof] . zlgaf/ laxfgb]lv z'? ePsf] ah]6dflysf] 5nkmndf ;efd'v ;'jf; g]Dafªn] bnLo cfwf/df af]Ngsf nflu ;ft 306fsf] ;do lgwf{/0f u/]kl5 5nkmn z'? ePsf] lyof] . s' n ljlgof] l ht ah] 6 dWo] ljsf; sfo{qmdsf nflu @ va{ @ ca{ %^ s/f]8 cyf{t\ %@=^@ k|ltzt /sd 5' 6 \ o fOPsf] ah] 6 df ;fwf/0ftkm{ ! va{ *@ ca{ #$ s/f]8 cyf{t $&=#* k|ltzt /sd ljlgof]lht ul/Psf] 5 . cg'kftdf x] b f{ ljsf; ah] 6 sf] t' n gfdf ;fwf/0f vr{tkm{sf] /sd a9L b]lvPsf] cy{ljåx?n] l6Kk0fL u/]sf 5g\ . ah]6df cl3Nnf] aif{h:t} lzIff, oftfoft, s[lif, :jf:Yo nufotsf If]qnfO{ k|fyldstfdf /flvPsf] 5 . ah]6df ;a}eGbf w]/} vr{ lzIff If]qdf ^# ca{ (! s/f]8 5'6o\ fOPsf] 5 . utaif{sf] t'ngfdf of] em08} & ca{n] a9L dflgG5 . cy{ d GqL clwsf/Ln] z' q maf/ Joj:yflksf ;+;b\df k]z ug'e { Psf] ah]6 cl3Nnf] aif{sf] eGbf em08} %) ca{n] a9L 5 .

k|fOe]6 TEST/ S.L.C. sIff !) / sIff * df egf{ v'Nof] Û sIff * kf; u/L (, !) km]n jf kf; / TEST/S.L.C. km]n ePsf pd]/ gfl3 k9\g] OR5f ePsf jf ljljw sf/0fn] ljBfno hfg g;s]sf ljBfyL{x?sf] nflu o; z'e>L Ps]8d ] L 3f]/fxLdf sIff !) jf k|fOe]6 S.L.C. df egf{ v'Nnf ul/Psf] ;xif{ hfgsf/L u/fOG5 . ;fy} o; jif{bl] v sIff %, ^, & kf; eO{ * km]n ePsf ljBfyL{x?sf] nflu klg sIff * df egf{ v'Nnf ul/Psf] 5 . S.L.C. k/LIffdf cToflws ljBfyL{ xfd|f ljz]iftfx? M– ptL0f{ u/fpg] Psdfq k|fOe]6 :s"n . lhNnf lzIff sfof{no ljBfyL{x?sf] /lhi6«]zg kmf/fd o;} bfªaf6 dfGotf k|fKt . ;+:yfaf6 el/lbg] Joj:yf . c+u|]hL / g]kfnL b'a} dfWodsf] cnu– cnu sIffsf] Joj:yf . gf]6 M egf{ z'? M @)^& r}q @$ ut]af6, sIff ;~rfng M @)^* a}zfv * ut]af6, k9fO x'g] ;do M ljxfg ^ ah]b]lv !)M#) ah];Dd . lk|G;Lkn

z'e>L Ps]8d ] L 3f]/fxL

3f]/fxL–!!, bfª -d]g/f]8 s6x/af]6 glhs_ ;Dks{ g+= M (*%&*#)@$), (*$&*@(&@* jf

nf]6; a'S; P08 :6]zg/L 3f]/fxL, bfª kmf]g– )*@–%^@%$) k"0f{ ;Gt'li6 / e/kbf]{ 5kfO{sf nflu

hgtf ckm;]6 k]; |

>L kßf]bo klAns gd'gf pRr df=lj= e/tk'/, bfª kmf]g M )*@–%^)@!@, (*%&*#)!#@

gfOng :6\ofDk, 5fk, lelhl6ª sf8{ clg @@x@* ;Ddsf ;Dk"0f{ 5kfO{sf nflu xfdLnfO{ ;Demg'xf]; .

ut jif{ ;tk|ltzt ;kmntfkl5 =======

! jif{d}

S. L. C.

tyf + 2 kf;

af]8a{ f6} Psjif{d} +2 tyf Math, Scince / Test glbO{ ug{ April Session sf] nflu egf{ v'Nof] . xfd|f ljz]iftfx? M sIff !! gk9L l;w} !@ sf] k/LIff lbP k'Ug] . +2 df hDdf % ljifo k9\gk' g]{ . P;=Pn=;L=sf] nflu Go'gtd kfFr Dofy, ;fOG; / 6]i6 lbg}gkg]{ . sIff *, (, ljifodfq k9] k'Ug] . !) tyf 6]i6 km]n jf kf; ;a}nfO{ egf{ ug{ ;Sg] . nfdf] ;do k9fO{ 5f]8s ] f / u[lx0fLx?n] klg 3/d} a;]/ cWoog ug{ ;Sg] . k9\g kf; ug{ tyf /fd|f] k|ltzt Nofpg ;lsg] . ljZjel/ g} dfGotf k|fKt ePsf] . ;Dks{ M Pk]S; sDKo'6/ NIOS S.L.C. kf;

3f]/fxL, bfª -:ju{åf/L PkmPdsf] cufl8_ df]=(*%&*#)%*(

Go" lgd{nf Hj}n;{

;' g rfF b Lsf] Psdfq ljZjfl;nf] k;n xfd|f ;]jfx¿ M k'/fgf uxgf;+u gof“ uxgf v/Lb laqmL ul/G5 . cfsif{s l8hfOgsf uxgfx¿ c8{/cg';f/ b'O{ lbgleq tof/ ul/G5 . ;'grf“bLsf uxgfx¿df cfhLjg Uof/]G6L /xg]5 . dlxnfx¿sf] dxfg rf8 xl/tflnsf k|f]= df]ltnfn /;fOnL

tLhsf] cj;/df Hofnfdf !)% 5'6;lxt ljqmL eO/x]sf] 5 .

t'n;Lk'/ rf]s, Go"/f]8, 3f]/fxL bfª df]= (*$&*#!%#^ kmf]g= )*@–%^@)$^

;"rgf Û ;"rgf ÛÛ ;"rgf ÛÛÛ oxL ldlt @)^* ;fn >fj0f ! ut]b]lv o; 3f]/fxL vfg]kfgL pkef]Qmf tyf ;/;kmfO{ ;+:yf lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{nob]lv cufl8 / sf/fuf/ sfof{nosf] blIf0ftkm{ /x]sf] ;+:yfsf] cfkm\g} ejgdf ;g]{ ePsf] x'“bf >fj0f ! ut]b]lv b"/;~rf/ sfof{no cufl8sf] 3/af6 ;~rfng ub}{ cfO/x]sf] ;Dk"0f{ vfg]kfgL;DaGwL sfdx? cfkm\g} ejgaf6 x'g] ePsfn] ;Dk"0f{ pkef]Qmf ju{x?, ;/sf/L sfof{nox? tyf u}/;/ sf/L ;+:yfx?nfO{ hfgsf/L u/fPsf] Joxf]/f ;fb/ cg'/f]w 5 .

b]jLaxfb'/ l8;L -cWoIf_

3f]/fxL vfg]kfgL pkef]Qmf tyf ;/;kmfO{ ;+:yf, 3f]/fxL bfª

hgtf ckm;]6 k|;]

/]l8of] u0ftGq /fKtLsf] tNnf] tnfdf t'n;Lk'/rf]s 3f]/fxL, bfª kmf]g M (*)^@%@)*& zflGt, kl/jt{g ;~rf/ ;xsf/L ;+:yf lnld6]8åf/f ;~rflnt

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36gf:yndf k'lu hgxL @% xhf/sf b/n] /fxt ljt/0f u/]sf] xf] . 6f]nLn] lj:yflktx?sf] k'gM:yfkgfsf ljifodf 5nkmn ug's { f ;fy} *) eGbf a9L lj:yflkt 3/kl/jf/x?nfO{ vfhf ljt/0f ul/Psf] ;xfos k|dv ' lhNnf clwsf/L ch'g{ e08f/Ln] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . 3/ hf]lvddf /x]kl5 lj:yflkt ePsf 3/kl/jf/x? clxn] :yfgLo Ps ljBfnodf a:b} cfPsf 5g\ . zlgaf/ g} pgLx?sf] :jf:Yo hfFr klg ul/Psf] 5 . o;}aLr ?s'dsf] k"lt{dsf“8fdf klx/f]df k/L !# hgfsf] Hofg uPsf] k | l t PsLs[ t g] s kf dfcf]jfbLsf ljleGg txsf g]tfx?n] b'Mv JoQm ub}{ >4f~hnL k|s6 u/]sf 5g\ . pgLx?n] zlgaf/ zf]s jQmJo hf/L ub}{ l;ª\uf] a:tL g} lj:yflkt x'g] u/L ePsf] 36gfn] cfkm"x?nfO{ Hofb} ddf{xt / b'MvL agfPsf] hgfPsf 5g\ . cfkm"x?n] kLl8tsf] /fxt / k'g:yf{kgfsf nflu kxn hf/L /fv]sf] hgfp“b} lj1lKtdf ;+odtfk"j{s w}o{wf/0ff ub}{ yk Iflt x'g glbg ;r]ttf ckgfpg cfu|x ul/Psf] 5 . …k|fs[lts k|sf]kaf6 x'g uPsf] wghgsf] Iflt, o;sf sf/0f k/]sf] ;fdflhs c;/, k|efj / Iflt tyf k'g:yf{kgfsf ;DaGwdf xfdL cfkm\gf] 7fp“af6 sl6j4 eP/ nfluk/]sf] hfgsf/L u/fp“b} kLl8tx?nfO{ /fxt, p4f/ / k' g :yf{ k gfsf ;DaGwdf oyfzSo l56f]5l/tf]

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