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2011 uehs 1 jk ldKavh

2600 jeks iïnqoaO;aj chka;sh ksñ;af;ka

zY%S chZ msßkuk úfYaI w;sf¾lh

3 jk l,dmh iEu uilu 10 jkod ksl=;afú

ñ< re( 10 hs

msgq 7"8"9"10

wd.ñl m%fndaOhg yd nqÿ oyug tfrys n,fõ. ueãug

cd;sl jevms<sfj<la wjYHhs reúks fyajdú;drK

we;=<; msgq

2600 jeks iïnqoaO;ajfhka we;sjk wd.ñl m%fndaOh È.= l,la mj;ajd.ekSu i`oyd;a" fn!oaOd.u fj; t,a, jk ;¾ckd;aul n,mEïj,g uqyqK§u i`oyd;a rdcH kdhl;ajh yd wd.ñl kdhl;ajh ­ taldnoaOj mq`M,a cd;sl ­uÜgfï jevms<sfj<la iïmdokh l<hq;= nj furg m%Odk fmf<a fn!oaOd.ñl ixúOdk ­wjOdrKfhka ­fmkajd fohs'

6 jeks mrdl%undyq rcq

3 jeks msgqj

wk.drsl Oraumd,;=ud 4 jeks msgqj

lems,a, 6 jeks msgqj

fyd`o mqreÿ 14 jeks msgqj mqxÑ Tng ;E.s Èkd .;yels m%fya,sldj

15 jeks msgqj

b;du ìysiqKq igkla l< uq;a jij;a igkska mero .sfha ìfhka m,d.sh foõ nU fiakd kej;;a t;kg tl;= jqfha isÿy;a ;jqid nj ÿl kiñka h<s bm§ula ke;=j Èfha nqÿ moúh ,enq fial æ fji`. ui fmdaod wrek`M kef.k mefha

lú ixl,amkdj - l,,awe,af,a .=Kj¾Ok ,shkf.a .%emsla ks¾udKh - rxð;a mqIaml=udr 2600 jeks iïnqoaO;aj chka;sh ksñ;af;ka fujr zYS% chZ mqj;amf;a fjkialï lsysmhla isÿflÍKs' ,nk l,dmfha isg iqmqreÿ úfYaIdx. iu.ska Tn w;g m;afõ'

fuys§ uydpd¾h Ô' mS u,,fialr" mS' o tia' ­ l=,r;ak" t,a' tÉ' fu;a;dkkao m%uqL fn!oaO kdhlhka úiska 2500 jeks nqoaO chka;sh fjkqfjka bgqlrk ,o ld¾hNdrh Tjqkaf.a wjOdkhg yd we.hSug ,laù ;sfí' fulS kdhlhkaf.a ueÈy;a ùfuka fn!oaO lghq;= ms<sn`o fldñIka iNdjla m;alrk f,i 1950 foieïn¾ 17 jk osk fn!oaO uyd iïfï,kh u.ska jd¾;djla iïu; fldg tjlg jQ rch fj; bÈßm;a l<o i;=gqodhl m%;spdrhla ,eî fkdue;' wk;=rej 1953 § fn!oaO uyd

iïfï,kh úiskau fn!oaO f;dr;=re ms<sn`o mÍlaIl iNdjla m;aflßKs' ,laÈj fn!oaOhkayg O¾udkql+, Ôú;hla .;lsÍug wjYH miqìu ieliSu ms<sn`o .eUqßka lreKq úuid ne,Su fï jevms<sfjf<a uQ,sl wruqK úh' fï iïnkaO jd¾;dj 1956 fmnrjdß 04 jeks Èk ix>hd jykafia,d iy fn!oaO ck;dj fj; ms<s. ekaúKs' ta jd¾;dfõ wvx.= ks¾foaY l%shd;aul lsÍfï fldkafoais we;=<;a oi mk;la foaYmd,k mlaI yd fn!oaO kdhlhka fj; bÈßm;a flßKs' ^2 msgqjg&

rg iqrlsk ck mjqrg Yla;shla fjñka UDF n,uq`M fm<.eiqKq od'' fujr cd;sl uehs /<shg w;sYh ±jeka; ck .`.la fld<U uy k.r iNd msáhg .,d ­wdfõh' ta" ckdêm;s uyskao rdcmlaI ue;s`ÿkaf. a rg kexùfï jevms<sfj<g lD;.=K ±laùula f,ih' ckm;s`ÿka rg ke`.=ug fjfyfikakdla fukau rfÜ mßmd,k w. k.rh jk fldaÜfÜ mqrjrh rfÜ fyd`ou mqrjrh jkq ±lSfï ­wfmalaIdfjkaa isákqfha tys uy k.r iNdfõ ksfhdacH k.rdêm;s Oqrh Wiq,k ckl rKjl uy;dh' m%foaYfha iudc fiajd lghq;= /ilg Wr § we;s" Tyqf.a ­ woyila wkqj werô tlai;a ixj¾Ok moku fï lghq;af;a mqfrda.dñ N+ñldjg mK fmdjhs' fï fiahdrEj,ska ±lafjkqfha ckl rKjl uy;d tlai;a ixj¾Ok mokfï idudðlhka fmrgq fldgf.k uehs Èk fm<md,sfha .uka .;a wkaou yd rg kexùfï lghq;a;g ckm;s;=ukayg fhdaO iúhlaj isák wd¾Ól ixj¾Ok weue;s neis,a rdcmlaI ue;s;=ud fj;ska rKjl uy;d iqnme;=ï ,o whqreh'

PdhdrEm - úmq, iqÿisxy igyk - rkau,a


2011 uehs

2

ÿrl:k wxlh

2011 uehs 1 ldKavh 3 l,dmh

011 2868373

m%ld++ Ykh

tlai;a ixj¾Ok moku wxl 1398$1 B mrK fldaÜfÜ mdr" je,slv" rdc.sßh

ZYS% chZ ieuod Tn fjkqfjks fï t<ö we;af;a ,lajeis muKla fkdj f,da jeis fndÿkqjkagu jeo.;a jk" iqúfYaIS jk l,d;=rlska Wodjk ÿ,n wjia:djls' ta 2600 jeks iïnqoaO;aj chka;shhs' iïnqoaO;aj chka;sh fjkqfjka ms<sfj;ska fm<.eish hq;= njg ±kaùï" fmdaiag¾ ±lsh yelsh' ms<sfj; hkq m%;sm;a;shhs' m%;sm;a;sh hkq wkq.ukh l< hq;= jevms<sfj<hs' fn!oaOhd úiska l< hq;= mQcdjka foj¾.hla ms<sn`o nqoaO foaYkdfõ lshfõ' ta wdñi mQcdj yd m%;sm;a;s mQcdjhs' wdñi mQcdj hkq fjila W;aijh fjkqfjka flfrk f;drKa" myka l+vq m%o¾Ykh" okaie,a meje;aùu we;=`M ls%hd ldrlïh' m%;sm;a;s mQcdj hg;g .efkkafka m%Odk jYfhka is; hym;a wruqKqj, mj;ajd.ekSu yd tu.ska ;udg;a" iudchg;a hym; ie,iSuhs' fuhska woyia flfrkqfha wdñi mQcdj wj;lafiarejlg ,lalsÍula fkdfõ' tys wjYH;djho jeo.;a jkafkah' f;u.=, úÑ;%j;a jkafka wdñi mQcdj fya;=fjks' tfia jqjo nqÿka jykafia úiska ksr;=reju foid jodrk ­,oafoa m%;sm;a;s mQcdfõ jeo.;aluhs' ukao h;a mqoa.,fhl=f.a fuf,dj yd mrf,dj Ôú;j, hym;g bjy,a jk is; msßisÿj ;nd .ekSug wjYH moku ielfikqfha m%;sm;a;s ­mQcdfjka ùfuks' fulS iïnqoaO foaYkfha jeo.;alu f;areï .;a zY%SchZ fujr zoï isis,Z kñka msgq 4 l w;sf¾lhla Tn fj; mqohs' fn!oaOhska úiska msßh hq;= m%;sm;a;s" ir, Èúhla .;lsÍfï jeo.;alï we;=`M Èúhl hym; ­fjkqfjka jeo.;a jk Wmfoia ud,djla fuhg we;=<;a fõ' kSfrda.S iudchlg wjYH Wmfoia iemhSu zYS% chZ mqj;amf;a m%Odk wruqKqj,ska tlla nj fuys ux., l,dmfha l;=jelsfhka Tng fmdfrdkaÿ ­jQfhuq' th ­ bgqlrñka fujr mgka wms kjuq úfYaIx.hlg uq,msrefjuq' th zfmdaIKhhs TnhsZ kñks' Tn wkq.ukh lrk wdydr mqreÿ" nyq,j .kakd wdydr mdkj, .=K w.=K lshd §u fï úfYaIx.fha

uQ,sl wruqK f,i wms ;nd.;af;uq' wÈka werfUk zuyck fiajhZ msKsihs úfYaIx.h ielfikqfhao Tnf.a hym; myiqj Wfoidh' fldaÜfÜ mqrjrfha iy w.kqjr msysá uyckhd ­fjkqfjka iDcq" mq`M,a fiajdjka ie,fik wdh;k yd tajdfha jeo.;alï ms<sn`oj ±kqj;a lsÍu fuys§ wmf.a jqjukdj ù ;sfí' fy< ni ;rï iqkaor f,i yeisrúh yels" jHx.d¾:fhka woyia bÈßm;a l< yels" iqúfYaIs fm<yr mE yels wka nila fkdue;s ;rïh' wmf.a tla l%shd mohla jqj úúO iajrEmj,ska bÈßm;a l< úg wre;a oyila jqj ueúh yelsh' tmuKgu wm ni iqkaorh' fy< nig Wreu fï iqkaor;ajh Tng lshd §u wÈka werfUk zjokl wreuiZ kï ;Sre ,smsfha há wruqKhs' fuhska wm uQ,sl wruqKq folla bgqlr.ekSug n,dfmdfrd;a;= jkafkuq' úfYaIx. yd m%jD;a;s lshùfuka hï muKlg fjfyig m;aù isák Tng hï úkaokd;aul w;a±lSula ;s<sK lsÍu bka tlls' wfkl fy< nfika l< yels iqre úrelï ms<sn`oj mdi,a ore ±ßhka ±kqj;a lsÍuhs' fï ish¨ lghq;= wm Tn fjkqfjka bgqlrkqfha Tn nqoaêu;a ks¾udKYS,S" kSfrda.S ck msßila jkq ±lSfï wruqKq we;sjh' tneúka wm mdGl Tn fj; mqk mqkd wjOdrKfhka lshd isákqfha Tnf.a woyia" Woyia" ­.=Kfodia" úfõpko wm fj; bÈßm;a lrk f,ih' zYS% chZ hkq wNsudkj;a mqrjrhl ck;d m%ldYkh njg m;ajkqfha tys mqrjeishkaf.a woyiaj,ska fï mqj;am; fmdaIKh jqjfyd;au muKs' tneúka zY%S chZ jgd ksr;=reju w;aje,a ne`o.kakd f,i ksr;=rej werhqï lrkafkuq' Tn ieug iqN fjila ux.,Hhla fõjd æ

Y%S iïnqoaO;aj chka;shg fldaÜfÜ mqrd jevigyka /ila je,slv fjila f;drK

oyï mKsjqv i`oyka nek¾ iy iaál¾ m%o¾Ykh lsÍula

is,a fros mß;Hd. lsÍula fldaÜfÜ uy k.r iNfõ mqia;ld, ld¾h uKav, iqN idOl iñ;sh u.ska is,a frÈ mß;Hd. lsÍula uehs ui 15 ­jeksod isÿlsÍug kshñ;h m%foaYfha úydria:dk y;rl úydrdêm;s ­iajdóka jyykafia,d úiska f;dard kï lrk ,o is,a uEKsjreka yg fuu is,a frÈ mÍ;HD. flf¾'

Tiqmeka okaie, yd Nla;s .S; ixo¾Ykhla

je,slv- rdc.sßh jHdmdßl tluq;=j 4 jk jrg;a

bosßm;a lrkq ,nk ziïnqoaOdf,dalkhZ úoyd ±lafjk uyd f;drKa rdchd uehs ui 17 jk Èk isg mqrd i;shla m%o¾Ykh lsÍug lghq;= fhdod we;'

iquOqr oï foiqula rdc.sßh YS% iqO¾udrdu mqrdK úydrfha fujr udisl O¾u foaYkh mj;ajkq ,nkafka le<Ksh úYaj úµd,fha fcHIaG lÓldpd¾h w`M;efmd, .fkalkao mqrdK úydrdêm;s wdpd¾h mQcH ke`o,.uqfõ OïuÈkak iajdóka jykafia úisks' tu foiqu fï ui 15 jk Èk miajre 7'00g meje;afõ' fï jevigyk o¾Ykm;s mQcH j;=reú, isßiqcd; ysñhkaf.a wkqYdikd mßÈ lS%hdjg kexfõ'

rdc.sßh ;reK le, úiska jirla mdid fokq ,nk uyd

­ hsia lS%ï okai, ,nk 17 jekso rdc.sßh fyajdú;drK w úÿy, wi,§ meje;afõ

2600 jeks iïnqoaO;aj chka;sh ksñ;af;ka uQøKh lrk ,o o¾YkSh iaálrhla jdykj, we,ùu i`oyd miq.shod fnodyeßKs' fuhg wu;rj fldaÜfÜ m%foaYfha ish¨u ­ úydria:dk yd mdi,aj, m%o¾Ykh lsÍu i`oyd oyï mKsjqv i`oyka tla nekrh ne.skao ,nd§ ;sfí' YS% chj¾Okmqr fldaÜfÜ YdikdrlaIl uKav,fha WmfoaYl;ajfhka yd YS% chj¾Okmqr fldaÜfÜ iïnqoaO;aj chka;s m%dfoaYSh lñgqfõ ­fufyhùfuka isÿflfrk fï jevmS<sfj< i`oyd ne;snr odhl;ajh ksfhdacH kyrdêm;s ckl rKjl uy;d iy tlai;a ixj¾Ok mokuhs' PdhdrEmfha ±lafjkafkaa uq,a iaálrh ckl rKjl uy;df.a w;ska ;%S frdao r:hl we,jQ whqreh''

YS% chj¾Okmqr fldaÜfÜ m%dfoaYsh f,alï ld¾hd,h u.ska ixúOdkh lrkq ,nk ­Tiqmeka okaie, ,nk 16 jkod tu ld¾hd, mßY%h wi,§ meje;afõ meje;afõ' 17 jk Èk urKhg lemjQ .jhka fofofkl= ksoyia flf¾' tÈk rd;%sfha Nla;s .S; ixo¾Ykhlao meje;aùug lghq;= fhdod we;' 1 msgqfjka th ms<s.kakd ,oafoa tia' ví,sõ' wd¾'ã' nKavdrkdhl uy;d m%uqL uyck tlai;a fmruqK muKs' 1956 § ta uy;d ,o w;s úYsIag ch.%yKhg fï lreKo fnfyúka bjy,a úh' ix>hd jykafia,d m%uqL fldg.;a mxp uyd n,fõ.h u.ska iqúi,a ld¾hNdrhla imqrdug t;=ud W;aidy .;af;a fï ms<s.ekSug .relsÍula f,ih'

kqjKe;a;d mud fkdù lghq;= lrhs' - Oïumoh ^wm%udo j¾.h&

oYl ;=kla mqrd meje;s reÿre ;%ia;jdofhka rg uqojd.;a ckdêm;s uyskao rdcmlaI uy;d fn!oaOd. ñl ÈhqKqj Wfoido iqúid, lemùula we;sj lghq;= lrk rdcH kdhlfhls' tneúka by; lS lreKq flfrys t;=udf.a mQ¾K wjOdkh fhduq jkq we;ehs m%Odk fmf<a fn!oaOd.ñl ixúOdk n,dfmdfrd;a;= fõ'


2011 uehs

3

3

furg tlafiai;a l<

fy< idys; fl; fmdaIKh l< 6 jeks mrdl%undyq rcq fldaÜfÜ rdcOdks iuh 6 jeks mrdl%undyq rcqqf.a moú m%dma;sfhka werö mD;=.Siskaf. a wf;a kegjqKq rElvhla njg m;ajQ fodka cqjka O¾umd, rcqf.a wNdjh;a iu.ska tkï l%sia;= j¾I 1597 § ­ wjika úh' fï hq.fha rcjreka w;ßka fYa%IaGhd f,ig iod f.!rjdorhg md;% jkqfha 6 jeks mrdl%undyq rcqh' ^ rdcH ld,h l%s' j' 1410 - 1467& t;=ud fï f.!rjdorhg Wreulï lshkqfha m%Odk ldrKd lsysmhla mokïj h' uq¨ Y%S ­,xldoaùmhu tlafiai;a lsÍu yd Ydiksl - wOHdmksl idys;Huh jYfhka bgql< udye`.s fiajdj fï w;r uq,a ;ekg ths' fuf,i fï rcq f.!rjkSh ­ jkaokSh pß;hla njg m;aj ;snqKo fyf;u rdcH;ajhg m;ajQ j¾Ih ms<sn`oj iaÓr ks.ukhla fkdue;' fï ms<sn`oj fidhd ne,Sfï§ fmkS hkqfha ls%' j' 1410" 1412" yd 1415 hk j¾Ij,ska tll§ fï rcq rdcH;ajhg m;ajQ njh'

lrjQy' Tjqkaf.a talu;sl ;SrKh jQfha jeäu,a l=ure ,la isyiqfka Wreulre jk njh' Wkajykafia fï l=udrjreka fofokdg rel=f,a.u

yeúßÈ jeäuy,a l=ure rhs. u§ 6 jk mrdl%undyq kñka isxydikdrEV úh' l%s' j' 1410 § fï rc ùr w,flaIajrhka

ud<s.dj

mshd ms<sn`o u;jdo fï rcqf.a uõmshka lõrekao hkak meyeÈ,s lr.ekSug zmerl=ïnd isß;Z kï lD;sfha tk fuys m<jk lúh bjy,a fõ' fï lúhg wkqj 6 jk mrdl%undyq rcqf.a mshd <ueKs chuy,Ek kï m%N+jrfhls' uj iqfka;%d uy foaúhhs' chuy,Ek .ïfmd< rdcmrïmrdfõ wdrïNlhd jQ ijq`M úchndyq rcqf.a mq;a 5 jk mrdl%undyq rcqf.a ­uqKqnqfrls' tfia jqjo rdcdj,sfhka lshfjkafka fjk;a l;djls' thg wkqj fï rcqf.a mshd úchndyq kï rc flfkls' Tyq Ök wêrdcfhl= úiska WmdhYS,Sj Ökhg le`ojdf.k .sh nj;a" ta rcqf.a ìij jQ iqfka;%d foaúh mq;=ka fofokd legqj ;u {d;sfhl= jQ ùod. u f;rKqjka yuqjg .sh nj;a tys ±lafõ'

rdcH;ajhg m;aùu túg ùod.u f;rKqfjda fï l=uref.a flakaøh fcHd;sI{hska ,jd mÍlaId

újdyfhka ,o ÈhKsh W,l=vh foaúh kï jQjdh' f;jirla rhs.u rcl< fyf;u YS% chj¾Okmqr fldaÜfÜ fj; iïm%dma; úh' tfia imeñKs miq werô m%Odk lghq;a; jQfha ish jdih ­msKsi wNskj ud<s.dhla bÈlsÍuh'

fmd,aj;a; kï .%dufha ksjil rd;%sfha;a" lïu,alrefjl=f. ksjfia rd;%sfha;a kjd;eka imhd ÿkay' tneúka fndfyda fofkl=f.a woyi jQfha fujqka lïu,alref.a orejka njh' tfy;a ùr w,flaIajrhkag fudjqka fofokd ms<sn`o ­fydavqjdjla ,eìKs' fyf;u fï l=udrjreka w,a,d.ekSug prmqreIhka tys heõjo Tjqkag fudjqka y`ÿkd.; fkdyels úh' bka wk;=rej ùod.u f;rKqfjda fudjqka fofokd fiakdm;shkag Ndr ÿkay' bka l,la wejEfuka fidf<dia

jkid rdcH;ajh ;yjqre lr.;af;ah' fï rcqf.a nd, fidhqre udhdÿkak kï .%duh jdih msKsi f;dard.;a nj mfrú ­ ixfoaYh lshhs' ^i;r fldar<fha msysá wïnq`¨., hkq fï udhdÿkq m%foaYh f,i ms<s.efka& rhs.u f;jirla .;l< 6 jeks mrdl%undyq rcq lSrje,af,a rc fm<mf;ka l=udßldjl wdjdy lr.;af;ah' lSrje,a, msysáfha ±È.ug kqÿßks' ^fï wkqj rcq wdjdy lrf. k we;af;a ±È.u rc mjqf,a l=udßldjl nj meyeÈ,sh& fï

6 jeks mrdl%undyq rcq fldaÜfÜ bÈl< ud<s.dj ukd f,i ieiqï iy.; jQjla nj fmkS hhs' ud<s.djla jqjo fuh ye`Èkaùug jvd;a fhda.H fhÿu ud<s.d ixlS¾Khla hkakh' ta fuh jeo.;a wx. lsysmhl tl;=jla f,i ie,iqïj ;sîfuks' by<skau msysáfha rcqf.a ksok l=áh fyj;a isßhyka .nvdjh' thg ­hdnoj i`o`M;,hls' Bg my;ska jQfha rdc NdKavd.drhhs' thg my;ska fyj;a my; ud,fha rdc iNdj úh' Bg ol=Kq ­miska rdcdêlrKh msysáfhah' foajdkïmsh;siai rcq oji furgg nqÿoyfï n,mEu t,a,ùfï m%;sM,hla f,i nqÿkajykafiag wh;a jeo.;a mQckSh jia;= hq.,hla wm rgg Wreu úh' ta ch Y%S uyd ­fndaëkajykafia yd o<od jykafia h' tl, rc orejka fï w;s W;=ï mQcd jia;+ka iq/ls whqre ,la b;sydifia uekúka úia;r flf¾' fï w;ßka o<od jykafia ika;l ;eke;a;d fyj;a tys Ndrlrejd furg rdcH;ajhg Wreulï lshkakd f,iska ms<s.ekSula we;súh' furg foaYmd,ksl" iudchSh" ixialD;sl mokfï meyeÈ,s hym;a fjkila we;sjQfha nqÿ oyfï wdNdIfhka nj ­fjfiiska lsjhq;= fkdfõ' fï fya;=fldgf.k nqÿoyfï ­iqrlaIs;Ndjh ;yjqre lsÍu ,laÈj md,lfhl= i;= j.lSula iy hq;=lula njg m;aúh' nqÿ oyu iqrlskakd fndÿkqjkaf.a fkdu`o msÿï ,nk mQckSh jia;+kao iq/lsh hq;= njg ms<s.ekSula we;súh' YS% o<od jykafiaf.a Ndrlrejd ,laÈj md,lhd úhhq;= njg jQ iïm%odfha moku ieliqfKa fuf,isks' fï iïm%odh uekú-

oyï fkdokakd wkqjKhdg iir È.h'- Oïumoh ^nd, j¾.h&

ka jgydf.k isá 6 jk mrdl%undyq rcq ish ud<s.djg hdnoj bÈl< f.dvke.s,a,l uqÿfka w;s o¾YkSh ukaÈrhla ;kjd Y%S o<od jykafia tys jvd ys`ÿjd thg wmuK mqo mQcd bgq isÿ lf<ah' YS% o<od ud<s.djg my<ska ms<sfj<ska nqÿ ueÿrla iy O¾u Yd,djla úh' fï f.dvke.s,a,g hdnoj jQfha ix>hd jykafia,df. a jevúiSu Wfoid bÈlr ;snQ ix>drduhhs' .S% o<od jykafia iqrels" th Wfoid meje;afjk mqo mQcd fufyhjQ f;reka jykafia,d fuys jevúiQy' ls%'j' 1505 § furgg ng mD;=.Sisyq fldaÜfÜ rdcOdksfha jQ wd.ñl" foaYmd,ksl ­jYfhka jeo.;alula ysñ f.dvke.s,s ish,a, jkid ±uQy' tys m%;sM,hla f,i

6 jk mrdl%undyq rcqf. ud,s.djg wh;a hehs ie,flk l`M.,a l=`MKl fldgila' we;=,afldaÜfÜ msysá ^fï ud<s.dj bÈfldg ;snqfKa j¾;udkfha ud<s.dj mdr msysá biõfõh'& fmr lS ud<s.djo fmdf<djg iu;,d jQfha ta ms<sn`oj jQ lsisÿ ­ fydaa ­fydavqjdjl i,l=Kla fYaI fkdlrñks' ;j;a fldgila ,nk l,dmfha

k`ÿka wukao ukfïkaøwdrÉÑ


2011 uehs

4

nqÿoyfï /ljrKhg Èúhu leml<

wk.dßl O¾umd,;=ud fï ieufrkqfha 2600 jeks iïnoaO;aj chka;shhs' uyskaod.ukh;a iu.u wms nqÿ oyfï wdNdIh ,oafouq' th furg iudc" ixialD;sl foaYmd,k wd§ jQ jeo.;a lafIa;% /il m%n, fjkilg ;=vqÿka isÿùula úh' furg mqrd me;sÍ .sh fï W;=ï nqÿoyug ful, fukau tl,o t,a, jQ ;¾ck fl<jrla ke;' fu;ek§ wm tl, hhs lSfõ fï rg hqfrdamSh wêrdcHjd§kag hg;aj ;snQ iuhhs' tl, nqÿoyu /l.kq jia fmrg wd wfma úrejka /ils' wk.dßl O¾umd,;=ud bka m%n,fhls'wm jik fldaÜfÜ mqrjrhgo lsysm wdldrhlska iïnkaO jk t;=ud ms<sn`oj l;d lsÍug fï WÑ;u hq.h hehs wms is;=fjuq'

ud;r yS;a;eáh kï ­ .%dufhys fodka lfrda,sia fyajdú;drK wmamqydñ iy u,a,sld fyajdú;drK fouy,a,kaf.a l=`Mÿ,a mq;% r;akh 1864 iema;eïn¾ 18 jk Èk fuf,dj Wm; ,eìKs' fya miq lf,l furg fn!oaO mqk¾Ôjkfha ­­­­­mqfrda.dñfhl= jQ wk.dßl O¾umd, ­hkqfjka m%isoaêhg m;ajQ fodka fâúâ fyajdú;drK l=urejdh' tl, fn!oaO mdGYd,d fkdjQ neúka Tyqg wl=re lrkakg hkakg isÿjQfha l%sia;shdks mdi,lgh' ta wkqj fldgfyak Ydka; fnkälaÜ úµd,g we;,;a jQ fyf;u bx.S%is NdIdj;a" lsia;= O¾uh;a fyd`Èka W.;af;ah' tfia jqjo ;u orejd ienE fn!oaOfhl= lrkakg woyia lr isá lfrda,sia fyajdú;drKg ta i`oyd wjia:dj mEÿfKa fâúâf.a Wm;ska jir kjhlg miqjh' ta ;udf.a;a" w.kqjr fjk;a fn!oaO m%N+kaf.a;a odhl;ajh we;sj 1873 § fld<U ud,s.dlkafoa úfoHdaoh msßfjk msysgqùfuka miqjh' tys wêm;s ­yslalvqfõ Y%S iqux., kdysñmdKkaf.a fijfKys" isxy," md,s iys; nqoaO O¾uh yodrkakg l=vd fâõâ g Nd.Hh ,enqfKah' tys§ ­Tyqg óf.Ügqj;af;a ­.=Kdkkao ysñ weiqre lrkakgo ,eìKs' ­ ñIkdÍ u;hkaf.a ksire nj fukau nqÿ oyu yd fndÿKqjkaf.a whs;sjdislï ms<sn`o Wkajykafia ksrka;rfhkau m<l, woyi fâúâ f.a is;g ;Èkau ldjeÈKs' 1883 ckjdß udifha§ fldgfyak §mÿ;a;udrdu úydrfha nqoaO m%;sud jykafiaf.a fka;% m%;sIaGdmk ­msxlu Wiia whqßka mj;ajkakg ­fldgfyafka fn!oaOfhda ;SrKh lr .;ay' fldrf;dg" fnd/,a, mE,shf.dv hk ia:dk ;=klska fmryer ;=kla meñK urodfka§ uqK.eiS tla fmryerla jYfhka úydria:dkh fj; meñKsu fuu msxlfï úfYaIhla úh' fï fmryer iïnkaOfhka lf;da,sl ckhd w;r me;sÍ .sh lgl;d fya;=fjka ­fmryerg uer m%ydrhla t,a, úh' fï m%ydrfhka fmryef¾ .uka .;a tla fn!oaOfhl= ureuqjg m;ajQ w;r ;j;a fn!oaOhska ish .Kkla ;=jd, ,oy' tjlg mej;s bx.%Sis wdKavqj fuys jerÈlrejka jQ lf;da,sl ckhdf.a me;a; f.k isxy, fn!oaOhkag b;d

­ idOdrKhla jkfia wjkS;sh w ls%hd;aul lsÍu ms<sn`oj l,lsreKq lfrda,sia fyajdú;drK ;u mq;%hd lf;da,sl mdi,la jQ Ydka; fnkäla úÿyf,ka wialr .;af;ah' t;eka mgka fyf;u ksjfia isg iafjda;aiyfhka bf.k .ekSug mgka .;af;ah' flfia fj;;a fya m<uqj isxy, fyd`Èka W.;af;ah' fojkqj bx.S%is yeoEÍh' miqj wOHd-

m%udKhl O¾umd,;=uka fkdisáho" t;=ukaf.a tä;r nj;a" úplaIK nj;a jgyd .;a ´,alÜ;=uka fudyq úfYaI idudðl;ajhlska mru ú{dkd¾: iud.fï ldrl iNdjg we;=,;a lr .;af;ah' ´,alÜ;=uka werUQ fn!oaO mqk¾Ôjkhg O¾umd,;=uka Ôjk yqiau msïfíh' isxy,hsks ke.sáõ" cd;sh fírd.ksõ" .juia fkdlõ"

mk ld¾hd,hl ,smslrefjl= jYfhka fiajhg ne`ÿKq Tyq fâúâ hk kduh w;yer O¾umd, hk wd¾h kduh ,nd.;af;ah' fï ld,h jkúg mdkÿrd jdofha m%;sM, fya;=fjka rg mqrd fukau ngysr rgj, jeishka o nqÿ oyug keUqre jQy' fufia nqÿ oyfï yrh f;areï .;a ngysr cd;slhska w;r l¾k,a ´,alÜ;=udo úh' fu;=ud ,xldjg iem;aùfukaa miqj wrUk ,o mru ú{dkd¾: iud.u O¾umd,;=ukaf.a m%idohg fya;=úh' tu iud.ufha idudðl;ajh ,nd .ekSug kshñ; jQ jhia

ixlr isß;a msgqolsõ" u;ameka mdkh fkdlrõ" fy< isß;g .relrõ hk woyia m;=rejd,ñka r:hl ke.S .ï okõ isidrd foaYk mj;ajñka" ñIkdÍ u;jdofhka fukau hg;a úð; wdêm;Hfhka fyïn;aj yd wl¾ukHj isá ck;dj wjÈlrjd ÿn,j isá cd;shla kyd isgqùh' O¾umd,;=udf.a m%Odk wNsm%dh jQfha nqÿoyu yd fnDoaO ixialD;sh m%p,s; lsÍuh' uyfndaê iud.u wdrïN l< fyf;u furg muKla fkdj ,kavkh" l;auKavq" yd l,sl;a hk k.rj,o tys YdLd ­msysgqùh' weußldfõ Ñldf.da kqjr

miq;eùug isÿjk foa fkdlrkak'

§ mej;s c.;a oDIaá iïfï,kfha§ t;=ud meje;ajQ foaYkh trg fukau ngysr rgj,o nqÿ oyu ms<sn`oj uy;a Wkkaÿjla we;sùug fya;=úh' nqÿ oyfï Wkak;sh Wfoid uq¨ Èúhu lem lsÍug ;SrKhla .;a O¾umd,;=uka ish fouõmshkaf. a ,o wjirh yd yd wdYs¾jdoh u; 1886 ckjdß udifha§ wk.dßl ;;a;ajhg m;aúh' 1891 § oTÈj jkaokdfõ .sh t;=ud tys we;s fn!oaO isoaOia:dk m;aj ;snQ ;;a;ajh ±l buy;a ­ lïmdjg m;aúh' úfYaIfhka f.!;u nqÿka jykafia nqoaO;ajh ,enQ nqoaO.hdj yskaÿ wdêm;Hfhka uqojdf.k f,daljdiS fn!oaOhskg h<s Wreu lr Èhhq;= nj ;rfha is;g .;a O¾umd,;=ud h<s furgg meñK nqoaO.hdj fírd.ekSfï igk wdrïN lf<ah' cd;shla foaYmd,kuh jYfhka muKla fkdj wd¾Ól jYfhkao ksoyia úh hq;=hehs is;+ t;=ud rgl l¾udka; ÈhqKqj wrNhd weußldfjka yd cmka ráka .;a wdo¾Y yd W.;a mdvï furg§ l%shdjg kexùfï m%;sM,hla f,i ­­­­ rdc.sßh fyajdú;drK fmaIl¾u ­ uOHia: dkh ìysúh' fuu.ska isiqyq oyia .Kkla fmaIl¾udka;h ms<sn`oj mqyqKqj ,enQy' ,xldfõ ­ .sksfmÜá l¾udka;hg uq, msrefõo O¾umd,;=ukah' fuf,i rg" ±h" iuh fjkqfjka iqúYd, ld¾hNdrhla bgql< fu;=uka" f,dfjys wks;H nj mila lr .ksñka 1931 cQ,s 13 jeks Èk isß foajñ;a; Oïumd, hk kñka meúÈ nj ,nd 1933 § Wmiïmodj ,eîh' tu j¾Ifhau wfma%,a 29 jkod iuia; fn!oaO f,dalhu lïmd lrñka Wka jykafia wjika iqiqï fyÆy' fldaÜfÜ mqrjrhgo lsysm ­wdldrhlskau iïnkaOj isá wk.dßl O¾umd,;=uka isysùu msKsi rdc.sßh uxikaêfha t;==udf.a ms<srejla bÈlr ;sfí' t;=uka tod ìysl< fmaIl¾u uOHia:dkh msysá mdr j¾;udkfha§ O¾umd, udj; kñka kïlr we;af;a O¾umd,;=uka l< ­ fiajhg lD;.=K ie,lSula ­f,isks'

- Oïumoh ^nd, j¾.h&

rxð;a mqIaml=udr


2011 uehs

5

ckl rKjl uy;d fmrgqfldg meñKs tlai;a ixj¾Ok mokfï idudðl idudðldjka leïn,a msáfha§ ft;sydisl uehs fm<md<shg tlajQ whqre'

oUq,af,a ckl iy fldaÜfÜ ckl fldaÜfÜ uy k.r iNdfõ isg leïn,a msáh olajd .uka lrñka

oUq,af,a m%.;sYS,S ck;dj fmrgq fldg meñKs wud;H ckl ­nKavdr f;kakfldaka uy;d ksfhdacH k.rdêm;s ckl rKjl uy;dg yDohdx.u f,i iqN me;+ whqre'

ksoyia ikaOdkfha f,alï wud;H iqis,a fm%uchka; iy wud;H ,laIauka hdmd wfíj¾Ok hk uy;ajrekaf.a iqn me;=ï

w; ;sífnd;a ,xldjg - jev jrÈhs uQka,dg UDF n,uq`Mju Yla;sh fjuq ckm;s`ÿg

rg iqrlsk ck mjqrg yd ckm;s;=ukag Yla;shla fjñka fldaÜfÜ tlai;a ixj¾Ok ­mokfï ±jeka; ;reK n,fõ.h ckl rKjl uy;d iu. fm<md<sfha .uka .;a Woafõ.lr wjia:djla'

ckm;s`ÿkaf.a rg fmrg f.k hk .uk" ±jeka; ixj¾Ok ix.%duh yd thg tfrysjkakdjQ foaYfha i;=re n,fõ. úoyd ±lajQ m%o¾Yk r:h

PdhdrEm - úmq, iqÿisxy

igyk - rkau,a

kqjKe;a;d kskaodfõ§;a m%Yxidfõ§;a fjkia fkdfõ' Oïumoh ^mKaâ; j¾.h&


2011 uehs

6 +

jokl wreuh

ms ,a , e l

lems,s j¾. fndfydah' l;=r" íf,aâ ;,h" ±,s msysh ukakh" jEh" jla msysh" oEle;a;" fmdfrdj" lsh;" W±,a," .srh lems,a,g jqjukd jk foaj,a lsysmhls' hï flfkl= ms<sfj<g fldKavh" /jq, lmd isák úg olsk whg m%ikak ye`.Sula ±fka' kshfmd;= lems,a, fyd`o fi!LH ­mqreoaols' kuq;a iuyrekaf.a ll=,aj, we`.s,so" ll=,a o lems,a,g yiqjk wjia:d ;sfí' ta fi!LH ;;a;ajfha je/oao ksidh' ;j;a meyeÈ,sj lsõfjd;a Èhjeähdj W;aikak jQ úgh' wksla yeu fohu fukau lems,a,o fyd`og fukau krlgo ­fhdod.; yelsh' me,hla" lKqjla isgqùug" j;af;a msáfha fld< frdvq ±óug j<la lems,a, fyd`o lems,s .Khg jefÜ' ta;a wkqka whymf;a fy<sug j<j,a lems,a, krl mqreoaols' fndfyda úg isÿjkafka lmkak lmkak hula flá ùuh' tfy;a ldKq kï lmkak lmkak ;j ;j;a Èlafõ' fíì lems,a, lshd iQÿjla ;sfí' iQÿj kï fldfy;au wkqu; l< fkdyelsh' iuyr fíì lems,s ÿr È. f.dia fl<jr jkafka fn,s lems,af,ks' iuyre Èh froafoka fn,s lemSug Wmka ­iQrfhdah' Èh lemSu fmreyrj, jeo.;a wx.hls' wfma rfÜ fn,s lems,af,a b;sydih isxy, rc ld,h f;la ­úysfoa' tl, jerÈ l<jqkag ,enqKq o`vqju jQfha ysi .id ±óuh' fï lghq;a; flrefKa w¨f.daiqjd w;sks' wfma rfÜ muKla fkdj m%xYfhao rc ld,fha fn,s lemSfï o`vqju l%shd;aul úh' thg fhdod .;af;a z.s,ákhZ kï WmlrKhhs' fuh uq,ajrg f,djg yÿkajd ÿkafka fcdaima b.afkaia .s,áka kï m%xY cd;sl fodia;r uy;dh' Ôú; fírd.ekSug lem ù isák isák fodia;r uyf;l= fn,s lemSfï hka;%hla f,djg y`ÿkajd ÿkafka wehso hkak wog;a .eg¨jls' wo fï .s,ákh ­fhdod.kafka kï lvodis lems,a,gh' .ia lems,a, mßirhg ys;lr fkdue;s nj ks;ru lshfõ' fï lems,af,a ;rugu ysgú,a,;a isÿjkafka kï jvd fyd`oh' l`ÿ lems,a,o fldfy;au fyd`o fohla fkdfõ' ta fldfydu fj;;a iuyreka hefmkafka .ia" l`ÿ" le,E lems,af,ks' kuq;a lkao lmd y`o mdhk úg n,kak yß ,iaikh' iuyr lems,s wksjd¾hfhka l< hq;=h' frÈ lems,a, tla ksoiqkls' frÈ lems,s ke;sj ueys,s neßh' iuyr ;=jd,j,g ueyqï ±ñh hq;=h' B<.j we;af;a ueyqï lems,a,h' mqjla lems,a, nq,;a úvhg ke;sju neßh' o;a ke;s ojig nq,;a lk úg mqjla lems,a, ke;akï yems,a, fndreh' f.dhï lems,a,;a w;HjYH fohls' ueKsla lems,a,;a ta jf.ah' ueKsll r`M .;sh bj;aj thg w,xldrhla" jákdlula ,efnkafka fï lems,af,ks' lshf;ka flfrkafka ,S bÍuh' l%shd mofha fjkila ;snqKo fuys§;a isÿjkafka lems,a,uh' iykdOdr lems,a," Pkao ,ehsia;=j,ska kï lems,a, fldfy;au wkqu; l< fkdyelsh' znE.aZ lmd tajdfha we;s m¾ia fidrlï lsÍuo wka;su le; jevls' fï lems,a, fndfyda úg isÿjkafka niar: j, lg lmd fik. mqrjd we;súg§h' .eg lems,a, isÿjkafkao fndfyda úg fujeks ;ekaj,§h' ixialrKho tlalrd lems,a,ls' mqj;am;a i`.rd wdÈhg ,shk m%jD;a;s" úfYaIdx. wdÈh ixialrKh fyj;a wkjYH fldgia lmd ±fï' tfia fkdjqKfyd;a tajdfha l;=jreka riaidj,ska muKla fkdj ;u w;a" lg" kdia" lka" fn,so lemS hdug bv we;' iuyr wjia:dj,§ rch úiska m%jD;a;s jdrK mkjkq ,efí' ta wjia:dj,§ .=jka úÿ,sh" rEmjdysksh" mqj;am;aj, m<jk m%jD;a;s ;on, f,i lems,a,g ,lafõ' Ñ;%mg" fõÈld kdgH" fg,s kdgH wdÈh m%isoaêfha bÈßm;a lsÍu wkqu; flfrkafka m%isoaO /.=ï md,l uKav,fhks' fuu.ska fulS ks¾udKj, hï hï fldgia m%pdrhg fyda úldYhg kqiqÿiq f,i i,ld lmd ±óug ks¾foaY flf¾' we;euqka fï uKav,h zlmk uKav,hZ f,i y`ÿkajkafka fï ksidh' uia" ud`M lems,a, yeu fokdgu l< yelalla fkdfõ' uia rd;a;,u lmd b,a,k Yhsf,dla,d tod fukau fuodo isá;s' ;j;a iuyre ±,s msysfhka lsß l;s' ta wh ;ukaf.a Èj lems,a,g ,lafõoehs ksr;=reju úuis,su;a úh hq;=h' ud okakd ñ;%fhla ;ud we;sl< iqkLhd ? t<sjk ;=re ksod isákq ±l Èkla /hl§ Wf.a j,a.fhka fldgila lmd ±uqfõh' tod mgka ta i;a;ajhd ?g tl È.g ksod fkd.;af;ah' ta fydr y;=rkaf.ka iajdñhd fírd.ekSug jvd j,a.fha b;sß fldgi lems,af,ka fírd.ekSugh' fïjd t;rï fyd`o lems,s fkdfõ' kuq;a leghï lems,a, fyd`o fohls' iuyreka mjq,a Ôj;alrjkafka fï lems,af,ks' ldKq" ,sx" j<j,a" .fvd,a" mia lmd nv úh; /l .kafkdao fj;s' fmdÿfõ .;a l, lems,a,g fndfyda fofkl= wlue;sh' jeis ke;s l< c,h úÿ,sh lemShhs' ì,am;a fkdf.jQ l, c,h úÿ,sh lemS hhs' ì,am;a fkdf.jQ l, c,h" úÿ,sh' muKla fkdj ­ ÿrl:ko lemS hhs' fï lems,sj,g ljqre;a wlue;sh' ta;a we;eï Kh fnd,a Kh f,i lemS hkjdg kï ljqre;a leu;sh' ;j;a iuyreka lems,af,ka bÈßhg hdug olaIh' odï weÈ,af,a§ isÿjkafka fuhhs' ta;a fmdÿfõ .;a l, wkqka lmdf.k bÈßhg hdu fyd`o fohelehs wkqu; lsÍug kqmq`Mjk' k`ÿka

m%:udOdr

idudkH

ms<siaiSul§ ms<siaiSu hkq yosis wk;=rla ­isÿùug bjy,a jk fya;= ,ehsia;=jl peo.;a ;ekla ysñjk fya;=jls' ksji" mdi," ld¾hd,h we;=`M wm yeisfrk ´kEu ;ekl§ ms<siaiSug ,laúh yelsh' oreKq ms<siaiSï fya;=fjka Ôú;h mjd wysñ úh yels nj wms w;a±lSfuka ±k isákafkuq' ms<siaiSu úúO wdldrj,ska isÿúh yelsh' wo Tn ±kqj;a lrkafka ­idudkH ms<siaiSul§ l< hq;= ­­­­­­­­ m%:udOdr ms<sn`ojh' fuys§ idudkH ms<siaiSu f,i ye`Èkafjkafka ´kEu WKqiqï fohla .eàfuka fyda .Eùfuka ^fyj;a iam¾Y ùfuka& isoajk ms<siaiSïh' Tnf.a isrerg .sks weú¨fKa hehs is;uq' túg m<uqj Tn l,n, fkdù Èùfuka je<lsh hq;=h' ke;fyd;a .skak ;j ;j;a me;sÍ hd yelsh' fuúg Tng wkq.ukh l< yels ls%hd ud¾. 2 la we;' tkï ìu fmr<su yd f;; froaolska isrer jid .ekSuh' wk;=rej c, m%;sldrhg fhduq úh hq;=h' fuys§ flfrkafka ms<siaiqKq ;ek úkdä 20 la muK c,fha nyd ;eîuhs' YÍrfha fndfyda ;eka ms<siaiS we;akï frda.shd kEùu l< yelsh'

Èj Tiq

c, m%;sldrfhka wruqKq 2 la bgqfõ'tlla ms<siaiSfuka we;sjk fõokdj wju ùuhs' wfkl ms<siaiSu ksid we;sjk WKqiqu YÍrh ;=<g ldje§u wju ùuhs' tneúka c, m%;sldrh ,nd§u frda.shdg m%;sldr lsÍfï§ ffjµjrhdg buy;a myiqjls' fndfyda fofkla ms<siaiqKq ;ekaj, f;,a j¾." oka;df,am" ng¾ wdÈh .e,aùug mqreÿù isá;s' fuho lsis úfgl§ fyda fkdl< hq;=h' hful= wêl f,i ms<siaiSug ,laù we;akï ffjµ Wmfoiaj,ska f;drj Tyqg lsisjla lEug fyda îug fkdÈh hq;=h' c, m%;sldrfhka miqj ms<siaiqKq ;ek frÈ lvlska jid jydu frday, lrd /f.k hd hq;=h' ms<siaiSula isÿjQ jydu thg Ndckh jQ wh me<`o isák uqÿ" ud," j<¨ wdÈh blaukskau bj;a l< hq;=h'ukao tajd u.ska f,a .ukd.ukhg ndOd we;súh yels neúks'

^,nk l,dmfhka ridhksl øjHhla fya;=fjka we;sjk ms<siaiSul§ l< hq;= m%:udOdr ms<sn`o Tn ±kqj;a flf¾&

lrmsxpd

lrmsxpd hehs lshQ muKska wm ldf.a;a u;lhg kexfjkafka th wdydrj, rih jeälsÍug fhdod.kakd rildrlhla njhs' kuq;a ta ;;a;ajh blaujd hñka tys wvx.= T!Iëh .=Kh .ek wm ±k.; hq;=uh' fï Bg ksoiqka lsysmhls' i¾m oIaGk isÿjQ úg§" ó úIg" fix. ud,hg lrmsxpd fld< le`o fhda.H fõ' nv nqre,aj hk úg lrmsxpd o¨ ó ­meKsfhka wUrd fokak' lrmsxpd keá iy fld< lnf,a neo l=vqlr fldams fuka W;=rk c,fhka j;alr îu mKq frda.j,g .=Kodhlh' wl,g ysiflia meiSu fndfyda fofkla­ wiykhg m;alrjk lreKls' Tn;a thska mSvd ú`Èkafkakï lrmsxpdj,ska ms<sfh, lr.;a pÜks fyda t<.s f;,a uqiqlr.;a lrmsxpd fld< l=vq wdydrhg .ekSu fhda. H fõ' ysifliaj, j¾Okhg iy kSfrda.S njg fmd,af;,a iu. lrmsxpd fld< ­fhdod ieliQ f;,a .e,aúh yelsh' lrmsxpd o¨ iïfnda,h fyda ¨Kq ñßia lrmsxpd - iqÿ`MEkq iïfnda,h yDohdndO j,g n,mdk fldf,diagfrda,a m%udKh wvqlsÍug fya;= fõ' ;jo Èklg lrmsxpd fld< 10 la muKwdydrhg .ekSu wêl reêr mSvkh we;s whg iykh i,ihs' lrmsxpd fld<j,ska le`o ms<sfh, lr ­ mdkhg yqrejkak' th b;d rij;a ­mdkhls'

fndfyda fofkla ;u n;a ms`.dfka b;sß jk lrmsxpd fld<" keá bj; ou;s' kuq;a tfia fkdlr tajd wdydrhg .ekSug yqrejkak' .Dykshks" wdydrj,g lrmsxpd tl;= lrk úg tajd isyskaj ,shd .kak' túg fkd±kqj;aju tajd wdydrhg tlajkq we;' Tn;a f.j;af;a lmsxpd me,hla isgqjd bka m%fhdack .ekSug yqrejkak' lrmsxpd hkq we;af;kau Èj Tiqjls' fj±ÿre


2011 uehs

7

Wl=iaid

Èkla nqÿka jykafia WlalÜGd yd fia;=j;S k.r fol w;r md .ukska jäoa§ ta uf.ysu .uka .;a fodaK kï nuqfKla nqÿrÿkaf.a md igyka ±l taldka;fhkau fï md igyka ukqIHfhl=f.a kï fkdfõ hhs is;d b;d ´kElñka n,d isáfhah' nqÿkajykafia ud¾.fhka me;a;lg f.dia .ila uq, jev yqkay' w;sYh Ydka; odka; bßhõfjka fyì nqÿrÿka <`.g f.dia my; m%Yakh weiSh' nuqK - Tn foúfhlao@ nqÿyq - nuqK uu foúfhla fkdfjñ' nuqK - Tn .dkaO¾jfhlao@ nqÿyq - uu .dkaO¾jfhla fkdfjñ' nuqK - Tn hlaIfhlao@ nqÿyq - nuqK uu hlaIfhla fkdfjñ' nuqK - Tn ukqIHfhlao@ nqÿyq - nuqK uu ukqIHfhla fkdfjñ' nuqK - uu Tfnka foúfhla±hs weiQ úg zuu foúfhla fkdfjñhsZ Tn lshhs' Tn .dkaO¾jfhlao" hlaIfhlao" ukqIHfhla± hs weiQúg zzuu .dkaO¾jfhla fyda hlaIfhla fyda ukqIHfhla fyda fkdfjñZZ hs lshhs' tfia kï Tn ljfrlao@ nqÿyq - nuqK ud foúfhla kï foúfhl= ;< mj;akd ldud§ wdY%jhka ud ;=<;a ;sìh hq;=h' tfy;a uu ldud§ wdY%jhka ish,a, iyuq,skau m%ySK lf<ñ'uq,skqmqgd ±óñ' ta ksid uu ­foúfhla fkdfjñ' n%dyauKh ud .dkaO¾jfhl= kï .dkaO¾jfhla ;=< mj;akd ldud§ wdY%jhka ud ;=<;a ;sìh hq;=h' tfy;a ud ta ish,a, m%ySK lf<ñ' ta ksid uu .dkaO¾jfhla fkdfjñ' n%dyauKh ud hlaIfhla kï hlaIfhl= ;=< mj;akd ldud§ wdY%jhka ud ;=<;a ;sìh hq;=h' tfy;a ud ta ish,a, m%ySK lf<ñ' ta ksid uu hlaIfhlao fkdfjñ' n%dyauKh ud idudkH ukqIHfhla kï ish¨ ñksiqka ;=< mj;akd ldud§ wdY%jhka ud ;=<;a ;sìh hq;=h' tfy;a ud ta ish,a, m%ySK lf<ñ' ta ksid uu wksla ñksiqka jeks ñksfilao fkdfjñ' n%dyauKh Wmq,la fyda mshqula fyda fy<mshqula fyda Èfhys bmso" Èfhys jeã" Èfhka biau;=ù Èfhys fkd.Eù ;sfnkjd jf.a uu;a ñksiqka w;r bmso" f,dalfhys ­ñksiqka w;r jeã f,dalhdf.ka" ñksiqkaf.ka biau;=ù f,dalhd iu. fkd.eà" fkd.Eù" fkdne`§ isáñ' ta ksid nuqK uu ÿ¾j, lï ish,a,u ke;s l< W;a;Í;r ukqIHfhlañ' fldákau uu nqÿjrfhlañ' ud ye`Èkaúh yels fyd`ou ku ­znqoaOZ hkqhs'wx.=;a;r ksldh - p;=lal ksmd; - fødaKf,dal iQ;%h

nqÿka jykafia uq,skau fï l;dj jod,y' ­uyfKks ta Wl=iaid fj,a hdhl isá l=vd l=re,a,d w,a,d .;a;d' Wl=iq ksh myqre w;r isrù isá l=re,a,d uy y`äka y`vkakg mgka .;a;d' zuf.a je/oao" uf.a wjdikdj" uu ­­ fkd.e<fmk ;eklg .shd' .e,fmk ;ekl isáhd kï ug fï foh isÿjkafka keye' Wl=iaid ud w,a,d.kafka keyeZ Wl=iaidg fï l=re¨ ni weiqKd' zfudllao WU lSfõ' WU fld;ek isÜh;a ug w,a,d .kak mq`Mjka' fyd`ohs WU lshmka WUg .e,fmk ;ekZ Wl=iaid lSjd zk.=f,ka mia fmr`ME mia msv,s iys; fl;l isáhd kï ug fï úm; isÿfjkafka keye' kqUg ud w,a,d .kak ,efnkafka keyeZ Wl=iaid fldamfhka l;d l<d zWU uf.a yeá okafka keye" fyd`ohs ±ka ud WqUj ksoyia lrkjd' .e,fmk ;ekg f.dia uf.ka fíÍug yels±hs n,dmkaZ l=vd l=re,a,d jyd mshUd .shd' iS iE l=Tqrl f,dl= mia msve,a,la u;g ù n,d isáhd' zWl=iafida mq`Mjka kï ud w,a,d.kskaZ l=re,a,d lE .eiqjd' Wl=iaid fõ.fhka mshdir l<d' l=Uqrg md;ajqKd' l=re,a,d mia msve,a, hgg ßx.d .;a;d' Wl=iaid wd fõ.fhka u mia msve,af,a yemqKd' Wf.a mmqj yemqKd' lE,s lE,sj,g leã .shd' zud isáh hq;af;a ug .e,fmk ;ek' túg ug wk;=rla keye' l=re,a,d Wl=iaidf.a u< isrer foi n,ñka lSjd' uyfKks" ;udg .e,fmk" wdrlaIdj we;s ;ekaj, fkdisák yeu fokdgu fï isÿùu fmdÿhs' wkqkag whs;s ;ekaj, yeisfrk whg isÿjkafka úm;la' fkd.e<fmk wf.dapr ia: dkj, yeisfrk wh udrhdg f.dÿre fjkjd' udrhdg Tjqka f.dÿre lr .ekSug bv ­,efnkjd' uyfKks" NslaIQka jk kqU,dg wdrlaIs; ia:dkh ud Tng fmkajd fokakï' fkd.e,fmk wf.dapr ia:dk fudkjd±hs ud ta wka lsisjla fkdfõ zi;r Tng meyeÈ,s lrkakï' i;smÜGdkhhZs weiska y`ÿkd.kakd m%sh ukdm jQ rd.h ta i;r l=ulao@ lfha iajNdjh n,ñka we;slrk rEm ;sfnkjd' flf<iqka ;jk ù¾hfhka hq;=j" ukd isys lkska y`ÿkd.kakd m%sh ukdm jQ rd.h kqjKska hq;=j hï NslaIqjla jdih ­ lrhso@ we;slrk Yío ­;sfnkjd fõokdfõ iajNdjh n,ñka flf<iqka ;jk kdifhka y`ÿkd.kakd m%sh ukdm jQ rd.h ù¾hfhka hq;=j" ukd isys kqjKska hq;=j hï we;s lrk iqj`o ;sfnkjd' NslaIqjla jdih ­lrhso@ isf;a O¾uhka ms<sn`o Èfjka y`ÿkd.kakd m%sh ukdm jQ rd.h iajNdjh n,ñka flf<iqka ;jk ù¾hfhka we;slrk ri ;sfnkjd' hq;=j" hï NslaIqjla jdih lrhso@ wkak ta YÍrfhka y`ÿkd.kakd m%sh ukdm jQ rd.h NslaIqj jdih lrkafka .e,fmk ia:dkhlwe;slrk iam¾Y ;sfnkjd' fï rEm" .kaO ri" hs' f.dapr ia:dkhlhs' t;k wk;=rla keye' iam¾Y uyfKks Tng .e,fmk njg f.dapr udrhdg yiqjkafka keye' jQ tajd fkdfjhs' tajd wkqkag .e,fmk tajd' uyfKks" Tn yeisßh hq;af;a Tfí ­mrmqfrka mej; tk Tng wh;a f.dÿre ìfï Tng zkuialdr 2011 ud¾;= l,dmfhka .e,fmk ia:dkfha muKhs' Tng .e,fmk ta Wmqgd.kakd ,oaols'

;u iem .ek is;d wkqka fkdfm<kak'

Oïumoh ^oKav j¾.h&


2011 uehs

10

ms<sfj;ska fm<.eiSu w¾:j;a lr.kafka flfiao@ idrd ixLH l,am ,laIhla fmreï mqrd óg jir 2600 lg fmr ukqIHfhl=g ,eìh yels W;=ïu moúh jk nqoaO;ajh ,enQ iïud iïnqÿrcdKka jykafia iajNdjO¾uh" úYajh yd i;aj - ­ñksia Ôú; ms<sn`o j¾I 45 la mqrd ukdj foaYkd fldg we;' fï W;=ï O¾ufha m%Odk wruqK jQfha ÿlska ñ§fï ud¾.h fy<sorõ lsÍuhs' i;Hhg yd h:d¾:hg fya;= iys;j uekúka ms<s;=re imhk nqÿ oyu ñksidf.a Ñka;k Yla;sh ÈhqKq lr,Sugo ksis u. fmkajhs' j¾;udkfha fndfyda fokd fyd`Èka O¾uh Y%jKh l<o fmd; m;ska O¾uh ms<sn`o ­ wjfndaOhla ­ ,enqjo" O¾u {dKh by< uÜgul mej;sho ta O¾uh m%dfhda.slj Ôú;hg iïnkaO lrfkd. ekSfuka úúO .eg¨j,g uqyqK§ug isÿfõ' nqÿ oyfï moku YS,hhs' th ­wdrlaId lsÍfuka ;u Ôú;h hym;a jkjd ­fukau ta .=Kh ;uka weiqre lrk whg;a" iudchg;a rgg;a f,djg;a me;sf¾' mqoa., fldgia 4 la ms<sn`oj nqÿkajykafia wx.=;a;r ksldfhka jod<y' ta fufiah' 1 ;udg ys; msKsi ls%hd lrhs' tfy;a wkqkag wys; msKsi ls%hdlrhs' 2 wkqkag ys; msKsi l%shd lrhs' tfy;a ;udg wys; msKsi ls%hd lrhs' 3 ;udg wys; msKsi ls%hd lrhs' wkqkago wys; msKsi ls%hd lrhs' 4 ;udg ys; msKsi ls%hd lrhs' wkqkago ys; msKsi ls%hd lrhs' ñka y;r jeks lKavdhu ;ud YS,fha msysgd wkqkao YS,fha msysgqùug l%shd lrhs' Tjqyq O¾udkql+,j m%;sm;a;s.relj lghq;= lr;s' Ôú;fha msysgqjd .;hq;= fyd`ou m%;sm;a;sh mxpYS, m%;sm;a;shhs' mia múka je<lS mkais,a wdrlaId lsÍfuka iïnqoaO;aj chka;shg ms<sfj;ska fm<.eiSu w¾:j;a l< yelsh' YS,h lvjk iEu ;eklu le<öï we;sfõ' ysxikh" fydrlu" ldu ñ:Hdpdrh" fndrej" îu;alu hï m%foaYhl jeäfõo ta m%foaYhu le<öï iy.;

fõ' úkdYhg Ndckh fõ" msßySug ,lafõ' fï ;;a;ajh fyd`Èka f;areï f.k iEu wfhl=u ;ud ,o W;=ï ñkssia Ôú;fha jákdlu f;areï f.k mxp YS, m%;sm;a;sfha msysgqjd lghq;= lsÍu w;HjYH ù we;' nqoaO foaYkfha i`oyka jk fu;a;d" uqÈ;d" lreKd" WfmalaLd hk i;r n%yau

a is; uqÿh' ffjr lrkakdf.a is; l`M .,la fuka ;oh' ffu;s%h lrkakd lsisÿ fíohlska f;drj tkï ;DIaKd" we;s - ke;s" fmfkk - fkdfmfkk" <`. isÜk" ÿr isák hkdÈ jYfhka hï flfkla fõo ta ish¨ fokdu iem mej;=ï we;af;da fj;ajd' kSfrda.S fj;ajd hkdÈ jYfhka lreKd fmr±ßj hym;

újrK hym;a Ôú;hlg u. i,ik W;=ï .=Kdx. iuQyhls'fu;a;dfõ ­msysgd fyj;a ffu;s%fha lghq;= lrkakd fjkila fíohla fkdue;sj ish¨ i;=kaf.a hym; Wfoid ls%hd lrhs' lrKShfu;a; iQ;%h ffu;s%h jvkakdg ksis u. fmkajk iQ;% foaYkdjls' tys fufia i`oyka fõ' ZZ ud;d h:d kshx mq;a;x wdhqid talmq;a; ukqrlafÄZZ fuhska lshfjkafka ujla ;u tlu orejd wdrlaId lr.ekSug we;s ye`. Su yd iudk wmsßñ;" wiSñ; ohdjla ish¨ i;=ka flfrysu we;s lr.;hq;= njh' ffu;s%h lrkakd i;=áka l%shd lrhs' ffjr lrkakd ks;ru m<s.ekSfï fÉ;kdfjka miq fõ' wiykfhka mSvdjg m;afõ' ffu;%sh jvkakdf.

m%d¾:kd lrhs' ­ lsisfjl= ­ lsisúfgl fkdrjgd ffjr fkdù" i;=re fkdù" fu;a isáka hq;=j isàu" weú§u" ys`§u" kskaog hdu" WodiSk fkdù ffu;S% is;ska wêIaGdk lsÍu fl;rï W;=ï .=Khlao@ ÿlg m;ajQ lsishï i;ajfhla ;uka fj; fhduq jQ úg ta i;ajhd ÿlska uqojd,Sug ;uka ;=< we;sjk ye.Su iy ta wkqj mj;akd ls%hdoduh zlreKdjZ hs' fjk;a flfkl=f.a id¾:l;ajh ms<sn`o ;u isf;a yg.kakd mS%;su;a ye`.Su zuqÈ;djZ hs' B¾IHdjg m%;súreoaO ye.Su zWfmlaIdjZ hs' wIagf,dal O¾uh yuqfõ ish¨ i;ajhka fj; WfmalaId iy.;j ueoy;a is;ska l%shdlsÍfï we;s jeo.;alu nqÿoyu ;=<ska wjOdrKh fldg olajd we;' hym;a iduldñ

iudchla Wfoid fï .=KO¾uj,ska ,o yels msgqn,h fjfiiska úia;r l<hq;= ke;ehs is;uq' fulS i;r n%yau úyrK O¾u l%shd;aul fkdjk úg u;=jkafka ­jHdmdoh" wlreKdj" B¾IHdj" WoaOÉPh hkdÈ lduNjhka yd ne`ÿKq yd ufkdaO¾uhkah' thska we;sjk m%;sM, f,i Tjqfkdjqka kid .ekSu" wkqkg ÿla we;slsÍu" wkqkaf.a iem; ­fkdbjiSu hkdÈ ÿ¾Nd.H iïmkak ;;a;ajhka we;sù fkdikaiqka iudchla f.dvkexfõ' i;r n%yau úyrKj,g wkql+,j Ôj;aùfï m%;sM,h jkafka tlsfkldg i;=re fkdjk" wfkld ÿlg m;ajkq fkdleu;s jk ­wkHhkaf.a iem; ±l i;=gq jk wkHhka ­flfrys ueÈy;aj is;sh yels m%ikak iduldó iudchla ìysùuhs' ;uka ,o ÿ¾,N ukqIH Ôú;h wdo¾Yj;a" jákd ;;a;ajhg m;alr.ekSfï,d nqoaO foaYkh m%dfhda. slj l%shdjg kexùu w;HdjYH fõ' hï flfkl= Wiia jkafka Okfhka" n,fhka" rEmfhka" ks,fhka fkdj Tyq fyda weh ;=< mj;akd hym;a .;s.+K fya;=fjks' ,dN" w,dN" hi" whi" m%Yxid" kskaod" iem" ÿl hk ;;a;ajhka yuqfõ ueoy;aj l%shdlsÍfï jákdlu wm iEu fokdu f;areï .;hq;=h' Wodjk fï W;=ï YS% iïnqoaO;aj chka;s iufha§ ms<sfj;ska fm<.eiSu w¾:j;a jkafka túgh'

lÈu wdo¾Yhls' fï wdo¾Yh ysf;a OdrKh lrf.k ;u Ôú;h id¾:l lr.; yelsh' tluq;=lu hkq fndfyda fokdf.a is;a fyd`o wêIaGdkhla u; ilia jQ fyd`o Ñka; Odrdjls' uE; w;S;fha isg wfma rg iEu w;skau msßyqfka ck;dj ;=, iduQysl ye`.Sula fkd;snQ ksidh' tfy;a wm uyd fndai;dKka jykafia uyd f;o n,e;s rela foúfhl= f,i miq lf,l we;eï rgj,a iEu wxYhlskau ÈhKqjla ,enQfha Tjqka ;=, uyd jkfha relaIhl Wmkafkah' fuu jkfha wjg fiiq relaIhka fï mj;akd tluq;=nj ksidh' relaIh wõ jeis" iq<.ska lsis`ÿ mSvdjla isÿ fkdùug wdrlaId lf<ah' ;sia jirl l=ßre hqoaOh ksuù iduh Wodùu fya;=fldg wm rgo fï w;rg .`.la whsfka úYd, relaIhla Wv wkqkaf.a ÿlg msysg wd¾Ól jYfhka hï hï ch.%yK ,nñka ;sfí' fï fudfydf;a rgla ­fkdjk foúfhla ;udf.a n,h fmkajñka jdih lf<ah' Èkla uy f,i iEu wxYhlu iS>% ÈhqKqjla w;alr.ekSug kï ;j ÿrg;a cd;s" ­jeiaila iu. yUd.sh iq<.lska relaIh lvd jefgkakg mgka .;af;ah' wd.ï" l=, iy foaYmd,k jYfhka fío ù fkdisg tlu cd;shla f,i wfkl=;a ­ ­ relaIhkaf.ka fï relaIhg msysgla fjkak ue,súh' jkfha iu.s iïmkak úh hq;=h' ish¨u ­relaIhka ;udg úreoaO nj ±k.;a foúhd fndai;a foúhd fj; 2600 jeks iïnqoaO;aj chka;sh iurk fï iufha§ by; cd;l f.dia ;udg isÿjQ úm; mjid Wmldrhla b,a,Sh' l;dj wdo¾Yhg f.k" wiu.sfha wd§kj f;areïf.k tluq;=lfï túg fndai;a foúhd fufia m%ldY lf<ah' fuf,dj Ôj jia;+kag iy w.h jgydf.k ish¨ fío mfil,d fï O¾uoaùmh h<s f.dvk.kakg wÔù jia;+kago fujeks oE isÿjk nj m%ldY lrñka tluq;=lfï w.h tlaùu rgjeis ieuf.a u hq;=lu jkafkah' f;areï .;fyd;a lsisu lrorhla" ysßyerhla yd úm;a isÿfkdjk nj m%.S;a i;risxy úia;r lf<ah' fï wkqj by; lS wdo¾Yh kQ;k iudcfha fldhs ldg;a

tluq;=lfï w.h

;udg we;s tlu msysg ;ud muKs' - Oïumoh ^wd;au j¾.h&


2011 uehs

11

.eìKs ujhs wjodkuhs .íid ùï lsysmhlg uqyqK ÿka ­ .eìKshla kï úfYaIfhka tkak;a ­lsysmhla ,ndfoa' f,a ys`.ùu" wê reêr mSvkh we;akï ,ndfok T!IO m%udKh fjkia fõ' Èhjeähdj we;akïo tfiah 'fufia lrkqfha we;eï T!IO .¾Nh ;=< j¾Okh jk orejdg ­ydkslr úh yels fyhsks' yDo frda.j,ska fmf<kakshkaf.a ta frda.S ;;a;jh fidhd n,d úfYaI{ ffjµ m%;sldr flfrys fhduqjk wjia:do we;'

³ jeoEuy yd tys fldgia .¾NdIh ;=< /`§ ;sîu' ³ fhdaks ud¾.fha" .eí f.f,a ;=jd, mej;Su' l,ska ore m%iQ;shl§ Tng reêrh jykh ùula isÿj ;sfí kï B<. m%iQ;sfha§o ta ;;a;ajh we;sùug jeä bvlvla we;' tneúka ta uq,a w;a±lSu ms<sn`oj ffjµjrhd ±kqj;a lsÍug ;Èkau u;l ;nd.; hq;=h' úfYaIfhka fmr m%iQ;sfha§ jeoEuy w;ska bj;alr ;sfí kï ta nj i`oyka lr we;s ldâm; ffjµjrhd fj; fhduq lsÍuo jeo.;a fõ'

f,a iy uq;% mÍlaIKh .eìKs iufha§ úfYaIfhka reêrh mÍlaId flfrkqfha reêr >Kh ­y`ÿkd .ekSugh' reêr >Kh iDK ujla kï wjodkï uõjrekaf.a ­ fldgig wh;a fõ' ful,§ flfrk reêr ­mÍlaIKfha ;j;a wruqKla kï ysfud.af,dìka ^hlv& m%;sY;h uek .ekSuhs' iSks uÜgu u.ska Èhjeähdj;a" VDRL mÍlaIKh u.ska isms,ia kï iudc frda. je<`§ ;sfío hkak;a y`ÿkd.; yelsh' .eìKs iufha§ flfrk uq;%d mÍlaIdfjka uq;%d wdidok ms<sn`oj;a" uq;%d iu. fm%dAàka msgfõo hkak ms<sn`oj;a ±k.; yelsh'

nr uekSu ujf.a nr jeäùu;a Worfha j¾Okh;a wkqj orejdf.a j¾Okh kshñ; f,i isÿjkafkao hkak y`ÿkd.; yelsh' msg.eiau tkak; Wm;ska miq orejdg msg.eiau frda. h je<§u je<elaùug .eìKshlg udi ;=klg miq udi 1 1$2 l mr;rhla we;sj msg.eiau tkak; fojrla ,ndfoa' úgñka yd fmdaIl ,nd§u .eìKs úgñka ;S%fmdaI" hlv" le,aishï úgñka ziSZ fm;s f*da,sla wï,h ,ndfoa'

bÈrsm;a flf¾'

Wi wvq uj Wi fi' ó' 145 la fyda Bg wvq uõjrekaf.a Wl=,a weg mgqùu fndfyda úg olakg ,efí' fï ;;a;ajh m%iQ;shg ndOd ùug bv ;sfí' l=ifha isák orejd úYd, jqjfyd;a fï ;;a;ajh jvd;a oreKq úh yel' tneúka Wi ms<sn`oj ie,ls,su;a jk ffjµjre ie;alula isÿfldg <orejd msg;g .ekSfï myiqlï iys; frday,lg Tjqka fhduqlr;s'

nr wvq uj

YÍr ialkaO o¾Ylh (BMI) 20 g wvq uõjreka wvq nr uõjrekaf. a .Khg wh;a fõ' ^BMI w.h ms<sn`o jeä f;dr;=re bÈß ,smshlska bÈßm;a flf¾'& .eìKs ujlf.a nr wvqùu yd f,a ys`.lu ^kSrla;h& ujg;a orejdg;a fnfyúka wys;lr f,i n,mdk ;;a;ajhls' fï bka lsysmhls' ³ orejd f,a ys`.lñka fm<Su' ³ Tyq l=i ;=<§u ñhhdu' ³ wvq udifhka ore Wm;a isÿùu' ³ wvq nr orejka ìysùu' ³ m%iQ;sfha§ uõjrekag wk;=reodhl fkdlvjdu idhkhg hkak ;;a;ajhkag uqyqK §ug jeä bvlv;a mej;Su fmr lS ish¨u lghq;= flfrkqfha tneúka wvq nr uõjreka y`ÿkdf. idhkfha§h' tneúka kshñ; Èkj,§ k wehg wjYH fmdaIK Wmfoia yd fkdlvjd idhkj,g iyNd.S m%;sldr ,nd§u flfrys úfYaIfhka ùu wksjd¾h fõ' we;eïyq .eíf.k Wkkaÿ fj;s' udi 3 la .;jk f;la idhkj,g iyNd.Sùu wkjYH nj is;;s' fuh wvq jhia uj uq`Mukskau jerÈ u;hls' .fï mj;ajk idhkhg úfYaIfhka wjqreÿ 18 g wvq ­uõjreka iyNd.Sùuo wksjd¾h fõ' tys§ Wi" nr fï .Khg wh;afõ' ta Tjqkaf. uek nef,a' uq;%d mÍlaIK meje;afõ' a isrere jeäysá ;;a;ajhg j¾Okh ù fïjd u.ska Tnf.a ;;a;ajh ms<sn`o fkd;sîuhs' fï fya;=fjka <orejd ord ukd wjfndaOhla Tng m%;sldr lrk isàfï§ fyda m%iQ;sfha§ wehg fndfyda m%ij yd kdß ffjµjrhd fj; ,efí' wmyiq;dj,g uqyqK §ug isÿjkq we;' .eyekq <ufhl=f.a kj fhdjqka wjodkï jeä .eìKs uõjre úh ie,flkqfha wjqreÿ 13 - 19 ;a w;r ld,hhs' ful,§ wehf.a isrer fuys uq,ska i`oyka l< jQ zf,a" j¾Okh ùu werfUk neúka fmdaIuq;%d mÍlaIKhZ kï f;audj hgf;a Hodhs wdydr wjYH fõ' fï jhia ldKa­wjodkï .eìKs uõjre .ek lshúKs' vfha miqjkakshla .eí .;fyd;a weho fu;eka mgka Tjqka ms<sn`oj lreKq ­fmdaIKh úh hq;=h' l,,ho fmdaIKh

úh hq;=h' tneúka fï ;;a;ajh hgf;a fofokdu ÿ¾j, ;;ajhlg m;aùfï jeä wjodkula we;' fmr lS jhia ldKavj, miqjkakshkaf.a Wl=,a weg kshudldr f,i fudard fkd;sîuo .eg¨jls' th ore m%iQ;shg wmyiqjls' fudjqka .¾N úI ùfï frda.hg fyj;a mS% - tla,eïmaishdj g f.dÿreùfï wjia:dj jeäh'

jeä jhia uj wjqreÿ 35 g jeä ujla m<uqjk ore Wm;g uqyQK fok úg wmyiq;d we;súh yelsh' ta wehf.a Wl=,a weg ikaê fudard j¾Okh ù we;s neúks' m%iQ;sfha§ tajd we§ug ,laùu wvqùu ksidh' ta yereKq úg fï j¾.fha uõjrekag Èhjeähdj" f,a ys.lu" wê reêr mSvkh hk frda. ;;a;ajhka je<§ug we;s bvlvo ;rula jeäh' fï uõjreka ukao nqoaêl orejka ­ìyslsÍfï wjodkulao mj;S'

.eìKs iufha§ reêr jykhla isÿjk uj orejl= l=i ;=< isák úg reêr jykhla isÿùug m%Odk jYfhka fya;= folla bjy,a fõ' tajd fufiah' ³ jeoEuy orejdg my<ska msysgd ;sîu' ³ m%iQ;shg fmr jeoEuy nqre,aùu fyda .e,ùhdu fï ;;a;ajhka ialEka mÍlaIK u.ska myiqfjka y`ÿkd.ekSug ffjµjrekag mq`Mjk' ;;a;ajh wjodkï jqjfyd;a orejd l,ska ìyslrùug ffjµjre hqyqiq`M fj;s' tneúka frday,a .; ùug ;j l,a ;snqKo reêr jykhla isÿjqjfyd;a jydu frday,a.; ùu w;HdjYH fõ'

orejdg my<ska jeoEuy msysá uj jeoEuy fuf,i msysáho m%iQ;sh wdikak jkúg th by<g f.dia orejdg by<ska msysghs' th wjodkï ;;a;ajhla fkdfõ' tfia jqjo orejdg my<ska jeoEuy msysàu wjodkïldÍ ;;a;ajhls' Tjqka ³ wkjYH .uka ìukaj,ska ³ fjfyi f.kfok jevj, fh§fuka ³ ,sx.sl iïnkaO;d meje;aùfuka je<lS isáh hq;=h' ukao tu.ska ­Nhdkl m%;sM, we;súh yels neúks'

orejd ±`.,Su wvq uj orejd uõ l=ih ;=< ksfrda.sj isák nj lshfjk fyd`ou i<l=K ­jkafka ±`.,Suhs' th mehlg jrla fyda isÿjkafka kï m%udKj;ah' fï ±`.,Su igyka lsÍug ùfYaI m;s%ld fyda ­Wmfoia Tnf.a ffjµjrhd úiska ,ndfoa' tajd uekúka ms<sme§ug is;g .kak' iEu Èklu tlu fõ,dj jk úg 10 jdrhla ±`.,Su isÿù we;akï orejd fyd`o ;;a;ajfha isák nj ks.ukh l< yelsh' tfia fkdjqKfyd;a ta ms<sn`oj ffjµjrhdg ±kqï Èh hq;=h'

fmr ore m%iQ;shl§ reêrh jykh jQ uj ore m%iQ;shlg miqj we;eï uõjrekag wêl f,i reêrh myfõ' fuhg fya;= lsysmhla y`ÿkdf.k ;sfí' tAjd fufiah' ³ ore m%iQ;sfhka miqj .¾NdIh ksis wdldrfhka yels,S fkd;sîu'

bjiSu W;=ï .=Khls' - Oïumoh ^nqoaO j¾.h&

iqfk;a chfldä


2011 uehs

12

fmdaIKhhs Tnhs

uyck fiajh msKsihs

;ka;= jeä wdydr .kak weußldfõ cd;sl ms<sld wdh;kh fmkajd fok wkaoug yDo frda." iajik frda. fyda fjk;a frda. we;sùfï yelshdj 22] lska muK wju lsÍfï yelshdjla ;ka;=uh ^fl`È iys;& wdydr i;=j mj;S' OdkH" t,j`M" m,;=rej, ;ka;= fnfyúka wvx.= fõ' Èklg ;ka;= .%Eï 25 la muK wdydrhg tlaùfuka kshñ; m%;sM, ,nd.; yels nj by; lS jd¾;dj fmkajd foa' yoj;a frda." Èhjeähdj" u<noaOh" f,aj, fldf,iagfrda,a iy iSks uÜgu by< hdu" reêr mSvkh by< hdu we;=`M frda. /ilg fya;= ù we;af;a ;ka;= iys; wdydr ,ndfkd.ekSuh'

WoEik wdydr fõ, .ek óg jvd ys;uq

ó meKs .ek ;j;a ñysß l;djla

ld¾hnyq, fyda WoEikskau /lshdjkag msg;ajk fndfyda fofkl= WoEik wdydr fõ, flfrys ­ olajkafka fndfyda wvq ie,ls,a,ls' ojfia uq,au wdydr fõ, jk fuhska wmg ,efnkafka m%fndaOhlau muKla fkdfõ' kSfrda.S Ôú;hla f.dvkxjd .ekSu flfryso fï wdydr fõf,ka ,efnkafka ±jeka; msgqn,hls' WoEik wdydr fõ, l%uj;aj ,ndfkd.ekSfuka fldf,iagfrda,a m%udKh jeäùu" Èhjeähdj je<§ug jeä bvlvla we;sùu" Worh jgd nyq,j fïoh ;ekam;a ùu jeks wys;lr ;;a;ajhka /ila we;súh yels nj fmkS f.dia ;sfí' WoEik wdydrfõ, ksis f,i ,ndfkd.kakd fndfyda fofkl= yqreù we;af;a flá lEu (short eats) fj;h' fïjdfha nyq,j we;af;a ;ka;= úgñka" Lksc jeks isrerg w;HjYH fmdaIH fldgia fkdj ¨Kq iy msIaGhhs' fuh wjodkï ;;a;ajhka ?ilg fya;= fõ'

wdidok ;;a;ajhka we;sjQ úg ­ fndfyda fofkl=f.a isyshg kexfjkafka m%;sÔjl T!IOhs' we;eïyq ffjµ Wmfoiaj,ska f;drj fïjd ,nd.ekSug ;rï tä;r ù isá;s' l,a hdfï§ nelaàßhdjka fïjdg Tfrd;a;= fok ;;a;ajhg m;aùu" w;=re wdndOj,g ,laùu §¾> ld,hla m%;sÔjl ,nd.ekSfuka we;sjk w;=re m%;sM, lsysmhls' kuq;a fujeks wys;lr ;;a;ajhka we;s fkdjk nelaàÍhd keiSfï by< n,hla we;s yelshdjla ó meKs i;=j we;s nj weïiag¾vEï wOHdmksl uOHia:dkh lshhs'

cd;sl Èhjeähd uOHia:dkh uE;l§ meje;aù we;s .fõIK j,ska fy<sù we;af;a Èhjeähd frda.h wm rfÜ mdi,a orejka w;ro fnfyúka me;sr hñka mj;sk njh' jeäysáhka w;ro fï frda.h nyq,j ±lsh yelsh' oreKq w;=re wdndO /ilg fya;= jk fï frda.fhka ñ§ isàu w;sYh jeo.;a fõ' ³ wêl f,i we;sjk msmdih' ³ uq;%d msglrk jdr .Kk jeäùu ³ rd;%sfha§ kskafoka wjÈ ù lsysm jrla uq;%d lsÍug isÿùu' ³ isrer flÜgq ù nr wvqùu' ³ fmkqu fnd`oùu' ³ iq`M ;=jd,hla jqjo iqjùug l,a.; ùu' ³ f;fyÜgqj fjfyildÍ nj we;sùu' ³ ks;r ifï frda. we;sùu Èhjeähd frda.fha ,laIK lsysmhls' Tng;a fï ,laIK mj;S kï ­fkdmudj ffjµ m%;sldr i`oyd ­fhduqùu jeo.;a fõ' Èhjeähd frda.h je<`§ we;a±hs ±k .; yels uq;%d mÍlaIK" reêr mÍlaIK" frda. md,khg wjYH Wmfoia" we;=`M

jeo.;a fiajdjka /ila ,nd.; yels wdh;khla f,i rdc.sßfha msysá cd;sl Èhjeähd uOHia:dkh jeo.;a fõ' rdc.sßh mrK mdr foiska meñfKkafka kï ue;sjrK ld¾hd,h wi,ska werfUk irK udj; Tiafiao Y%S chj¾Okmqr udj; ^rdc.sßh w`¨;a mdr& foiska meñfKkafka kï úlafgdaßhd wdndê; ksjdifha fiajl ks, ksjdi wi,ska werfUk irK udj; Tiafiao meñKsh yelsh' wdh;kfha ,smskh cd;sl Èhjeähd uOHia:dkh 50" irK udj; rdc.sßh ÿrl:k wxlh - 2872951 *elaia wxlh - 2872952 B - fï,a ,smskh - dasl @ sltnet.lk fjí wvúh www.diabetessrilanka.org

mqj;am; fjkqfjka m%dfoaYSh f,aLlhskaf.a fiajdj jeo.;a fldg i,lkafkuq Tn;a

;Ügh mE§u fyd`o ,l=Kla fkdfõ flaI l,dmh ms<sn`oj jeä ie,ls,a,la olajkafka ldka;djka nj úfYaIfhka i`oyka l<hq;= ke;' tfia jqj;a mqreI mlaIh fï ms<sn`oj fhdïq lrkafka t;rï by< uÜgfï wjOdkhla fkdfõ' kuq;a ±ka ta i`oyd ld,h Wodù ;sfí' wm tfia lshkafka wjqreÿ 20" 30" 40 hk jhia ldKavj, miqjk msßñkaf.a ysiflia wêl f,i .e,ù hkafka kï th mqria: .%kaÓfha ms<sldjla je<§fï fmr ,l=Kla úh yels neúks' fï nj fy<sù we;af;a m%xYfha flreKq m¾fhaIKhlsks'

YS% chj¾Okmqr fldaÜfÜ uy k.r iNd iSudj ;=< mÈxÑ" tlai;a ixj¾Ok mokfï idudðlfhl= kï Tn úiska l< ks¾udKd;aul f,aLkhlao iu. 1398$1 B my; ,smskhg wm fj; ,shkak '

;ud i;= fohska i;=gqùu iemhls'- Oïumoh ^kd. j¾.h&

mrK fldaÜfÜ mdr je,slv rdc.sßh


2011 uehs

13

jðrjxY udj; nlauy Wf<,

wfma nqÿyduqÿrefjda nqÿù 2600 jirhs

tlai;a ixj¾Ok mokfï jðrjxY udj; YdLdj u.ska ixúOdkh l< nlauy Wf<, id¾:l lr .ekSu i`oyd wkq.%yh ±lajQ ksfhdacH k.rdêm;s ckl rKjl uy;dg;a Y%u odhl;ajh ±lajQ wm YdLdfõ ish`Mu idudðlhkag;a jðrjxY udjf;a ys;j;a ieug;a tu moku fjkqfjka ;=;s mqok nj YdLd iNdm;sks bfldald uy;añh zYS% chZ yd mejiqjdh'

ksfhdacH k.rdêm;sjrhdf.a b,a,Sulg wkqj fldaÜfÜ uy k.r iNdjg ñ,shk 40 l jdyk

mqia;ld, nlauy Wf<,

Tfífialrmqr fn!oaOhska iqrelSfï ixúOdkh yd fn!oaO <ud iudch tlaj ixúOdkh lrk ,ozwfma nqÿyduqÿrefjda nqÿù 2600 jirhsZ hk f;audfjka hq;= fn!oaO <ud fmryerla miq. shod Tfífialrmqr isidrd ùÈ ­ixpdrh flßKs' l=vd idufkar ysñjreka" m%foaYfha fn!oaO ore ±ßhka we;=`M úYd, msßila fï i`oyd iyNd.S jQy'

.fï ÈhqKqjg jeäysá Wmfoia

fldagfÜ uy k.r iNdfõ mqia;ld, fiajl iqN idOl ix.uh u.ska m%:u jrg ixúOdkh lrk ,o nlauy Wf<, wfmA%,a 22 oji mqrd wx.ïmsáh lS%vd msáfha§ meje;aúKs' idïm%odhsl wjqreÿ lS%vd ;r.j,g wu;rj ck .dhkd" ix.S; f;dmamsh" fyd`ou iskyj" fyd`ou we`ãu is`.s;s wjqreÿ l=urd iy l=ußh f;aÍu wd§ ;r`. /ila we;=,;a úh'

ksfhdacH k.rdêm;s ckl rKjl uy;df.a b,a,Sulg wkqj remsh,a ñ,shk 40 l jákdlñka hq;a ám¾ r:" ­iafkdal¾ r:hla yd f.áka r:hla ñ,§ .ekSug fldaÜfÜ uy k.r iNdj lghq;= lr we;' k.r iNdfú bÈß ixj¾Ok lghq;= jvd;a úêu;a lr.ekSug yd k.r jeishkaf.a wjYH;d myiq lr.ekSug fuh ­ ­fnfyúka bjy,a ù ;sfí' fldaÜfÜ k.r iNd b;sydih ;=< fujeks r: m%udKhla tljr ñ,§ m%:u wjia:dj fuh nj ckl rKjl uy;d zYS% chZ g mejiSh PdhdrEmfha ±lafjkafka fldaÜfÜ ksfhdacH k.rdêm;s ckl rKjl uy;d tu r:j, h;=re k.r iNd ks,OdÍka fj; Ndrÿka whqreh'

zmeye irKshZ l,d ux.,Hh

ñka bÈßhg .fï ixj¾Okh i`oyd m%foaYfha jeäysáhkaf.a woyiaj,g .re lrñka ­ jevigyka iy jHdmD;s ilik nj fldaÜfÜ uy k.r iNdfõ ksfhdacH k.rdêm;s ckl rKjl uy;d ­ mejiSh' ta uy;d fï nj m%ldY lf<a fS% chj¾Okmqr fldaÜfÜ .%duj, jeäysá ixúOdkj, ks,OdÍka yd k.r iNd mßY%fha§ mej;s yuqjl§ h' .fï ÈhqKqj i`oyd .fï jeäysáhka iu. idlÉPd lr .fï wjYH;djhka f;areï f.k jHdmD;s ilik nj;a tajdfha .=Kd;aulNdjh wëlaIKh lsÍu .fï jeäysá ixúOdkj,g mjrk nj;a ksfhdacH k.rdêm;sjrhd tys§ jeä ÿrg;a mejiSh'

ckl rKjl wNsfhda.;d l=i,dkh Èhjkakd lS%vd iudchg

fudr.iauq,a, Èhjkakd lS%vd iudch 6 jk jrg;a ixúOdkh l< ckl rKjl wNsfhda.;d l=i,dk ieye,a¨ mkaÿ ls%lÜ ;r.dj,sh miq.sh 8 jkod oji mqrd Èhjkakd l%Svdx.kfha § meje;aúKs' m%n, lKavdhï /ila fï i`oyd ;r. jeÿKq w;r Èhjkakd lS%vd iudch úiska Y+r;djh Èkd.kakd ,§' fudr.iauq,a, lS%vd iudchg wkq Y+r;djh o 3 jeks ia:dkh fldaÜfÜ uy k.r iNd lS%vd iudchgo ysñúh'

rdc.srsh Oraumd, fmfofia yS% úchdrduia: oyï mdif,a jd¾Isl ;Hd. m%odfkd;aijh iy zmeye irKshZ l,d ux.,Hh miq.shod rdc.srsh fyajdú;drK úµd,fha§ w;s W;al¾Ij;a wkaoñka meje;aúKs' fld<U úYaj úµd,fha isxy, wOHhk wxYfha wxYdêm;s fcHIaG lÓldpd¾h wdpd¾h w.,lv isßiquk kdysñmdKka jykafia" YS% chj¾Okmqr fldaÜfÜ YdikdrlaIl uKav,fha .re f,aLldêldÍ fld<U l`:;r foÈidfõ m%Odk ix>kdhl we,sflaj, iS,dkkao kdysñmdKka jykafia" Lksc iïm;a wud;H iqis,a fm%auchka; uy;d" m<d;a iNd uka;S% uyskao l=reúg uy;d" fuu oyï mdif,a wdÈ YsIHhl= jk fldaÜfÜ ksfhdacH k.rdêm;s ckl rKjl uy;d" YS% chj¾Okmqr fldaÜfÜ m%dfoaYSsh f,alï wu,a tÈßiQßh uy;d" l,d Ys,ams iyka rkaj, uy;d" we;=`M iïNdjkSh wuq;a;ka /ilf. a m%Odk;ajfhka fuu Wf<, meje;aúKs' fuys§ oyï ±kqu" mµ .dhkd" w;a wl=re" Ñ;% hk wxYj,ska oialï ±lajQ ore ±ßhka we.hSug ,laúh' fï Wf<, kegqï" .ehqï" jehqï kdgH we;=`M k¾:kdx.j,ska úÑ;%j;a úh' fuys§ w.,lv isßiquk kdysñmdKka jykafia úiska úfYaI foaYkhlao meje;aúKs' uõmshka b,lal fldgf.k meje;ajqKq fuu foaYkfha f;audj jQfha zorejka .=K kqjKska hqla; lrùfuys,d uõmshka i;= j.lSuZh' úúO iudc n,fõ. yuqfõ orej-

ka ;=<ska .=K oyï úhelS hdu ms<sn`oj;a Tjqka tu ;;a;ajfhka ­ uqojdf.k iqLs; - uqÈ;" .=K ­kqjKska hq;a orejka njg muqKqjd,Sfuys,d uõmshka ×Kjka;j l%shd l< hq;= wkaou Wka jykafiaf.a foaYkfhka meyeÈ,s flßKs' W;=ï jQ nqÿ oyñka fm%!V jQ ixialD;shlg" iNH;ajhlg" YsIagdpdrhlg Wreu lï lS furg b;sydih yd ii`ok úg j¾;udkfha § isxy,lu yd fn!oaOlu ms<sn`o t;rï iEysulg i;=glg m;aúh fkdyels nj;a wo .=Koï fjkqjg Okh" n,h" ks,h rcù we;s nj;a" .=Koyug uq,a ;ek ysñjk iudchla f.dvkexùfuys,d oyï mdief,ka bgqjk fiajdj w;suy;a nj;a we,sflaj, iS,dkkao kdysñmdKka jykafiaf.a foaYkfhka lshúKs' rdc.sßh isß úchdrdudêm;s f,i jev úiQ wmj;a ù jod< fojqkaor Oïudrdu ysñmdKka jykafia úiska f.ka f.g jevu fldg .=K kqjkska hq;a mßmQ¾K ore mmqrla we;slsÍfï jákdlñka m%foaYjdiSka ±kqj;a fldg fï oyï mdi,g moku fhdok ,oafoa óg jir ye;a;Ejlg muK by;§h' ' Wkajykafiaf.ka m%foaYhg bgqjQ Ydiksl" iudchSh fufyjrg Wr§ isák j;auka úydrdêm;s fojqkaor OïureÑ ysñmdKka jykafia YS% O¾udfYdal oyï mdi, Wiia ;;a;ajhlg m;a lsÍug wm%;sy; ffO¾hfhka ls%hdlr;s' ta i`oyd .re uKav,fhka ,efnk ­iyfhda.h Wkajykafiaf.a ;sr;+re we.hSug ,lafõ'

mska l< ;eke;a;d fuf,dj§;a mrf,dj§;a i;=gqfjhs' - Oïumoh ^hul j¾.h&


2011 uehs

14

fyd`o mqreÿ

mDÓúh ±kg wKdjrKh ù we;s wkaoug jdhqf.d,hla" c,h yd Ôùka iys; tlu .%yhd f,i ie,flkafka mDÓúhhs' fï mDÓúh ms<sn`oj jeo.;a f;dr;=re iaj,amhls' ³ iQ¾hhdf.a isg we;s - ÿr lsf,daóg¾ ñ,shk 149'6 hs ³ idudkH WIaK;ajh - iEu ;eku ks-h; WIaK;ajhla fkdue;' mDÓúfha WKqiqñka jeäu ia:dkh f,i ie,flkafka ,sìhdfõ w,a wisishd k.rhhs' ta w.h fi,aishia wxYl 57'7 la muK fõ' WKqiqñka wvqu ia:dkh kï wekagdlaáld ys fjdiafgdla h' tys WKqiqu fi,aishia wxYl -89'2 la muK fõ' ³ iulh yryd úYalïNh lsf,daóg¾ 12"714 hs' ³ jdhqf.da,fha ;;a;ajh - Ôjfha meje;aug wjYH Tlaiscka iys; ­jdhqf.da,hla we;' ³ pkaøhka ^i`oj,a& .Kk - 1 hs' ³ ojil m%udKh - meh 23 hs úkdä +56 hs' ³ wjqreoaol m%udKh - Èk 365' 26 hs ,nk l,dmfha w.yre .%yhd ms<sn`o f;dr;=re m<fõ'

m%fya,sld wxl 2 ch.%dylfhda 1 jk ia:dkh mQcH tmamdj, wßh úu, ysñ úu, úydrh - kdj, 2 jk ia:dkh ikack u,aYdka 73$6 î" ¥j mdr" neoao.dk msgfldaÜfÜ 3 jk ia:dkh ið;a iór hyïm;a 327 cïnq.iauq,a, mdr ;qf.af.dv

1398$1 B mrK fldaÜfÜ mdr je,slv rdc.sßh

msßisÿj isàfï jeo.;alu Thd,g wuq;=fjka lshdfokak ´ke keyefk' ta .ek wïud" ;d;a;d" .=re;=ud" .=re;=ó ´kE ;rï Thd,j ±kqj;a l, we;s' msßisÿj isàfuka wmg ,efnk jeo.;a jdishla ;uhs ksfrda.Slu' ta lshkafk f,v frda. je<fokafka ke;sj bkak mq`Mjka ùu' wms yßhg o;a uÈkafka ke;=j" uQK lg fydaokafka ke;=j ls<sá we`ÿï we`of.k ysáfhd;a úIîc wmsj fidhdf.k tkjd' b;ska f,v frda. yefok tl wykak;a fohlao@ Wfoa wjÈ jqKq yeáfha uQK lg ­fidaod.kak ?g lEu .;a;g miafihs" Wfoag lEu .;a;g miafihs fyd`Èka o;a uÈkak' úfYaIfhka meKs ri lEu .;a;g miafi fyd`Èka lg fidaod ­oukak' tfyu lf<d;a o;a ál uq;= weg jf.a ;sfhaú' wikSm .;shla ke;akï ­ yeuodu fyd`Èka kdkak' f,v frda. je<f`okjd;a wvqhs' we`.g yßu ikSm .;shl=;a ­±fkkjd' wfma we`.g úIîc we;=`M fjkak m%Odk ud¾.hla ;uhs w;a' lEu lkak l,ska inka od, fydÈka w;a ­fidaokak mqreÿ fjkak' kshfmd;= fyd`Èka lmd. kak' jeisls,s .shdg miafi fyd`Èka w;a

msßisÿj isáuq

fidaokak;a wu;l lrkak tmd' ks;ru msßisÿ lEu îu .kak;a yqrefjkak ´kE' ljodj;a ìu jeá,d ;sfnk m,;=re lEug .kak tmd' tajd we;=f<a mKqjka bkak mq`Mjka' ­.ylska lvd.;a m,;=rla jqK;a fidaokafka ke;=j lEug .kak tmd' krla fj,d jf.a fmfkk m`Mÿ ù ;sfnk m,;=re lkak .kak;a tmd' w¨;a m,;=rej, ;uhs msßisÿluhs .=Khhs ;sfnkafk' mdr whskaj, ¥ú,s jefoñka" ueiaika jiñka ;sfnk lEu îu Èyd n,kakj;a tmd' i,a,s §, f,v frda. .kak ´ke keyefk fkao@ b;ska msßisÿlu kSfrda.Slu we;s jk yeú .ek lshkak ´ke keyefk' orejfka" kSfrda.Slu ;rï iem;la ;j;a ;sfnkjhe' msßisÿjg" ms<sfj<lg isàfuka ,efnk ;j;a jdishla ;uhs olsk whg m%ikak ye.Sula we;sùu' tfyu ke;akï we;sfjkafk wm%ikak njlaa fkao@ fyd`og o;a ueo,d" uQK lg fidao,d" kshfmd;= lm,d" ysi mSr,d" msßisÿ we`ÿï we`o,d ms<sfj<g ,iaikg bkak whg ljqo wlue;s' zisß;a u,aouZ fmdf;a ;sfnk msßisÿlu" ms<sfj< .ek lshfjk

wfma isxy, mka;sh jpk lsysmhlska lshfjk fohla ;ks jpkhlska lsj yels wjia:d Tn okakjd we;ehs is;kafkuq' miq.sh l,dmfhka wms tn`ÿ ;ks jpk lsysmhla Tng lshd ÿkafkuq' fujro wfma isxy, mka;sfhka ;j;a ;ks mo lsysmhla bÈßm;a flf¾' ³ tla fohla ;j;a fohla iu. iudk lsÍu ixikaokh ³ lsis;a b;sß fkdjQ - ksrjfYaI ³ lsisod fkduefrk - wurKSh ³ ckhdf.ka msreKq - ckdlS¾K ³ fndafjk f,v frda. me;sÍu - jix.;h ³ ;udf.a wdrlaIdj - wd;audrlaIdj ³ iqjl< fkdyels wikSm ;;a;ajh - widOH ³ hfula fyda hula isysùug ;kk ,oao - iaudrlh

lú lsysmhla lsh, wo l;dj k;r lrkakï' ls<sá frÈ we`ÿï kd`Èkq msßis`ÿ ksis w`Èka yeu l,

nekshï lsishï weÿï kqUg we;akï

È. kshfmd;= ;snqu fyd`o kE o;a fm< l=Kq fmfkhs le; f,i fyd`Èka

jevqKq lmamkq neÿKq lmamkq

fiï fidgq fmrdf.k l=Kq fl< jhsß,d f.k ±<s l=Kq ;j/f.k b`ÿu le; f,i fmfkhs ne¨ ;ek b;ska orejfka fï lúj, f;areu Thd,g wuq;=fjka lshkak ´ke ­keyefk' wo b`oka yß msßis`ÿjg ms<sfj<g bkak ys;g .kak'

d u d u = kuq;

±

;ks mo ³ rcq jdih lrk m%Odk k.rh - rdcOdksh ³ jkfha yeisfrk - jkpdß ³ rd;%sfha yeisfrk - ksYdpr ³ j<x idokakd - l=U,d ³ f,day jev lrkakd - f,dal=rejd ³ fldKavh yd rejq, lmkakd - lrKjEñhd ³ iNdjl§ l;d lsÍug we;sjk ìh - inflda,h ³ lsisfjl=f.a msysgla ke;s - wirK ³ c,fhka jgjQ f.dvìu - ¥m; ³ merKs foa /ialr ;nk ia:dkh - fl!;=ld.drh ³ ld,hg iqÿiq - ldf,daÑ; ³ isÿjQ fyda isÿl< jro mejiSu - mdfmdÉpdrKh ³ keõ kj;ajk ia:dkh - jrdh ³ f.dvìu uqyqo foig fkrd.sh ia:dkh - ;=vqj ³ ish¨ fokdf.au wkque;sh ,o - talu;sl ³ bfí l%shd lrkakd jQ - iajhxls%h ³ Èrd .sh frÈ - jerye,s ³ ;miqka jev jik ia:dkh ^,nk l,dmfhka iudk mo ms<sn`o ±k.ksuq'&

wkqka mfjka uqojkakd W;=ï wfhls' - Oïumoh ^mKaä;

j¾.h&


2011 uehs

15 oekqu ñkqu

m%fya,sldj wxl 3 Tn ´kE ;rï m%fya,sld úi`od we;ehs is;uq' tfy;a fuh Bg jvd fjkia jQjls' fuh ksjerÈj úi`§ug kï <ud msgqfõ ,sms b;d fyd`oska lshúh hq;=h' tkï fuys Wmldrl mo ilid we;af;a fuys m<ù we;s ,smsj, f;dr;=re Wmldr lrf.kh' ta ksid fï msgqfõ f;dr;=re fyd¢ka lshjd ksjerÈ úi`ÿï fï mqj;am; Tn w;g m;aù i;s folla we;=<; fuys ±lafjk ,smskhg fhduq lrkak' l=im;a we§fuka f;dard.kakd ksjerÈ úi`ÿï 3 lg wOHdmksl jYfhka

j,id ´iafÜ%,shd yd wms%ld uydoaùm ­yereKq úg f,dj iEu ;eku mdfya j,iqka ±lsh yelsh' Tjqkag flá Yla;su;a mdo" mq`M,a yl= iys; úYd, ysila iy ydrd.ekSug fukau brd.ekSug iß,k f,i ieliqKq È.= Yla;su;a ksh we;' j,iqkaf.a ­ fmkSu ;rula ÿ¾j,h' kuq;a fyd`o bjla we;' tla jru ÿgqúg wmg fmfkkafka j,iqka hkq w,i núka hq;=" fõ.fhka .uka l< fkdyels i;a;aj fldgila fuks' kuq;a Tjqkg fõ.fhka Èúh yelsh' fndfyda j,iqkag .ia ke.Sfï ­yelshdjo we;' j,iqka j¾. lsysmhlau fõ' fï w;ßka ±jeka;hd we,ialdkq ÿUqre j,id h' Wf.a nr lsf,da .%Eï 750 la muK fõ' W;=re weußldfõ ±lsh yelafla .s%ia,s j,id h' ±jeka; ÿUqre j,id fjfikafka hqfrdamfha iy ­ihsîßhdfõh' O%ej j,id ±lsh ­yelafla wdlaála l,dmfhah' Wf.a meyeh iqÿh'

;E.s Èkd.;a m%fya,sld wxl 1 ch.%ylfhda

th ysuj, meyehg ­fnfyúkau ­iudk h' weußldkq l`M j,id yd wdishdkq l`M j,id ^wfma rfÜ ±lsh yelafla fï j,idh'& ;j;a j,iqka j¾. ­lsysmhls' fudjqka kñka lshfjk mßoafokau l`M meye;sh' ÿTqre yd l`M j,iqkaf.a wdydr w;r .iaj, fld<" uq,a" m,;=re" ó meKs" ud`Mka" l=vd i;=ka" mKqjka fõ' O%ej j,iqka wdydr lr.kafka l=vd ­;,auiqka iy iS,a kï i;=kah' YS; m%foaYj, fjfik j,iqka YS; ld,fha§ fyj;a wêl f,i ysu jefgk ld,fha§ ysu ksødj .;lrhs' tkï wfkla ld,j,§ yels muK wdydr f.k ful,§ fmdf<dfõ .=,la ydrf.k th ;=<g ù ksod.kakd iajNdjfhka ld,h .; lsÍuhs' fmdÿfõ .;al, fï iEu j,fil=f.au isrer È.= .Klue;s f,dauj,ska jeiS we;'

f,dj jeo.;a fidhd .ekSï khsg%ia Tlaihsâ jdhqj ks¾úkaokhla f,i ­ fhdod .ekSu bxy%Sis cd;sl YS%u;a yï*s% fâõ khsf,daka weußldkq cd;sl fjd,ia yshqï lefrd;¾ia uyoaùm mdùu c¾uka cd;sl we,a*%â fj.ak¾

zYS% chZ m%fya,sld wxl 1 ch.%ylhska

i`oyd ;Hd. ,nd§u miq.shod zYS% ch Zm%Odk ld¾hd,fha § isÿflßKs' tys§ 1 jeks ia:dkh Èkd.;a iñ; fïkql ,shkf.a YsIHhd ;ukg ysñ ;Hd.h fldaÜfÜ ksfhdacH k.rdêm;s ckl rKjl uy;d w;ska ,nd.;a whqre'

2 jeks ia:dkh ysñlr .;a Yud,a ­ idxck YsIHhd iy 3 jeks ia:dkh r ysñlr .;a yIdß fldaI,d YsIHdj'

mDÓúfha jg m%udKh fyj;a mßêh Bðma;= cd;sl brfgdialskia

1

2

4 5

3

x

j

ld

h 7

6 9

8 10

flda K 11

my<g 2 3 6 7 8

mDÓúfha ''''''''''''' yryd úIalïNh lsf,daóg¾ 12"714 ls' merKs foa /ialr ;nk ia:dkh rdcOdksh hkq rcq '''''''' lrk ia:dkhhs' w`Èka yeu '''''''''''' kqUg we;akï ´iafÜ%,shdj iy wms%ld uyoaùm yereKq úg f,dj iEu ;eku mdfya j,iqka j,iqka '''''''''' yelsh'

yryg 1 fndafjk f,v frda. me;sÍu 4 fudjqka weußldkq yd wdishdkq f,i foj¾.hls' 5 frdnÜ fldla kï úµd{hd fidhd.;af;a fï frda.hg fya;=jk úIîchhs' 7 O%ej j,iqka wdydr '''''''' .kafka l=vd ;,auiqka yd iS,a kï i;=kah' 9 iNdjl§ l:d lsÍug we;sjk ìh' 10 º yd f,ai¾ yeÈkafjk fmdÿ ku 11 uydoaùm mdfjk nj fidhd.;a úµd{hdf.a fojeks ku

fï ;r.hg iyNd.S úh yelafla mdif,a 6"7" yd 8 jk fYa%Ksj, bf.kqu ,nk ore ±ßhkg muKs' Tn tjk úi`ÿï m;a mka;s Ndr .=re;=ud$.=re;=ñhf.a w;aik iys;j fhduq l<hq;=h'

wlaIdx. - foaYdx. l%uh .%Sl cd;sl ysmdlia

uq,au f,ai¾ lsrKh weußldkq cd;sl ;shfvda¾ uhsudka

fya,a fndma j,a.d ;rej weußldkq cd;slhka jQ we,ka fyda,a yd f;dauia fndma

n,xf.dv udkjhdf.a meje;au Y%S ,xlsl úoajf;l= jQ fmda,a tâjâ mSßia ±rKsh.,

ngysr ffjµ úµdj .%Sl cd;sl ysfmdl%áia

mdmeÈh c¾uka cd;sl ndfrdka f*dka fv%hsia

laIh frda. úIîch c¾uka cd;sl frdnÜ fldla

mÍ.Kl uQislh ^ujqih& v.a,ia iS tx.,an¾Ü

jiQÍ u¾ok tkak; bx.%sis cd;sl täj¾ fck¾

frdlÜ tkaðu c¾uka cd;sl j¾k¾ fjdka n%jqka

½ lsrK c¾uka cd;sl ú,afy,aï fldkarâ frdkacka

nr yd mÍudj w;r iïnkaO;djh .%Sl cd;sl wdlsñähia

urKfhka ñÈh yels ;ekla f,dfõ ke;' - Oïumoh ^mKaä;

j¾.h&


2011 uehs

16

ieliqu mqIaml=udr

úh<s Ydl m;% /ila iu. isák fï i,nhd;a ­fjkafldg y`ÿkd.ekSu t;rïu myiq ke;'

­ ekavDD w ñfp,af.a ­rpkfhkao" cd;Hka;r uÜgfuka f.!rjKsh iïudk ­­/ilska mqo ,o iaàjka fvda,agka iy fcda¾Ê n¾kdâ hk mdßißl ­PdhdrEm Ys,amSkaf.a PdhdrEmdj,shlskao ­ iukaú; jQ fmd;la 1991 § m%ldYhg m;aúh' ta zúhelS hk mdrd§ihZ (Vanising Paradise) kñks' fuhska f;dr;=re f.k ­ tkafka weußldfõ;a" .sksfldk yd Ydka;slr ksj¾;k l,dmfha;a jeis jkdka;r ms<sn`ojh' msgq 175 la mqrd úyso .sh mdßißl ­jYfhka w;sYh jeo.;a j¾K PdhdrEm 225 lska fï fmd; iukaú; fõ' fujr wm f;dard.;af;a fuys tk mßirhg wkqj yev.eiqKq lDñ i;=ka lsysmfofkl= ±lafjk mqÿu Wmojk iq¨ ­PdhdrEm ­ lsysmhls' fï yev.eiau i;=rkaf.ka ­wdrlaIdùug fidndoyfuka Tjqka ,o ;s<sKhls'

fm`o mdis iys; mßirhl fï isákafka ovq lDñfhl= nj Tng y`ÿkd.; yels±hs n,kak'

.ia l`ol jQ úúO meye;s ,hslk u; jid isák fï o<Uq i,nhdo tla jru y`ÿkd.ekSug ljfrl=g kï yels fõo@

.S%ka fyd,sfldksâ kï fï iuk<hd ta .fia fld< meyeh iu. mqÿudldr f,i .e<fma'

úh,S .sh Ydl m;% f.dvla u; isák i,nfhls' fï m;%j, mqia ne`§ we;' Bg iudk iajrEmhla Wf.a mshdm;aj,o we;'

tlai;a ixj¾Ok moku úiska rdc.sßh fldaÜfÜ mdf¾ wxl 1366 orK ia:dkfha msysá .%E*sflhd uqøKd,fha§ uqøKh lrjd m%isoaO lrk ,§


8

2011 uehs

9


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