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Thomas Del Mar Ltd In association with

Antique Arms, Armour & Militaria London Wednesday 3rd December 2014


AUCTION ENQUIRIES AND INFORMATION Sale Number: Code name:

21 Dennis

Enquiries:

Catalogue

Thomas Del Mar Ian Eaves Peter Smith

ÂŁ15 plus postage

Kate Goad Sarah Ingoldby George Spearing

Thomas Del Mar Ltd 25 Blythe Road London W14 0PD Tel: +44 (0) 207 602 4805 Fax: +44 (0) 207 602 5973 Email: enquiries@thomasdelmar.com

Front cover: Detail of lots 202, 229 & 260 Back cover: Detail of lots 264, 274 & 261

Photography: Rolant Dafis


Thomas Del Mar Ltd In association with

ANTIQUE ARMS, ARMOUR & MILITARIA INCLUDING THE ARMOURY OF THE PRINCELY HOUSE OF HOHENLOHE-LANGENBURG, REMOVED FROM SCHLOSS LANGENBURG

TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION AT Thomas Del Mar Ltd 25 Blythe Road London W14 0PD

PUBLIC EXHIBITION Sunday 30th November 12 noon to 4pm Monday 1st December 10am to 7pm Tuesday 2nd December 10am to 5pm

DAY OF SALE

Wednesday 3rd December 2014 at 12 noon, precisely Listen to the auction live on Tel. +44 (0) 20 7806 5535 Online Bidding with

This auction is conducted by Thomas Del Mar Ltd in accordance with our Conditions of Business printed in the back of this catalogue. All questions and comments relating to the operation of this sale or to its contents should be addressed to Thomas Del Mar Ltd and NOT to Sotheby’s.

View the catalogue online at www.thomasdelmar.com www.the-saleroom.com/thomasdelmar


ii


Important Information for Buyers All lots are offered subject to Thomas Del Mar Ltd’s Condition’s of Business and to reserves. The Conditions of Business for Buyers are published at the end of the catalogue. Please note that all measurements including bore sizes are approximate. Estimates are published as a guide only and are subject to review. The actual hammer price of a lot may well be higher or lower than the range of figures given and there are no fixed “starting prices”. A Buyer’s premium of 20% is applicable to all lots in this sale. Excepting lots sold under Temporary Import rules which are marked with the symbol ‡ (see below), the Buyer’s Premium is subject to VAT at the standard rate (currently 20%). Lots offered for sale under the auctioneer’s margin scheme and VAT on the Buyer’s Premium is payable by all buyers. Lots marked with the symbol ‡ have been imported from outside the European Union (EU) to be sold at auction under Temporary Import Rules. When released to buyers within the EU, including the UK, the buyer will become the importer and must pay VAT at the rate of 5% on the hammer price. The Buyer’s premium will be subject to the standard VAT rate at 20%. Buyers outside the EU will normally be eligible to obtain a refund in respect of VAT, upon satisfactory documentary evidence of exportation. Further information on this matter is available on request. Thomas Del Mar Ltd. will be pleased to execute bids on behalf of those clients unable to attend the sale in person, subject to our Conditions of Business. All bids must be submitted in writing in good time and lots will always be purchased as cheaply as possible (depending on any other bids received, reserves and competition in the saleroom). This service is offered free of charge. Thomas Del Mar Ltd. can supply quotations for shipping of purchases, including transit insurance and VAT refund administration fees, and will assist in the application for any export licenses which may be required. Administration fees may be applicable for this. Buyers are reminded that it is their responsibility to comply with UK export regulations and with any local import requirements. Please note that the armour stands and many of the display mounts used in the catalogue and the sale exhibition may be made available at cost price to the successful buyer of the relevant lot. Please contact us for prices and further details.

Payment Payment is due in sterling at the conclusion of the sale and before purchases can be released. Please note that we require seven days to clear sterling cheques unless special arrangements have been made in advance of the sale. We are pleased to accept major credit cards (regrettably we are unable to accept American Express), for which a surcharge will be made of 3% of the transaction total. International debit cards attract a 3% surcharge. There is no charge for payments made by UK registered debit card. Cash payments and credit card payments above £6,000 will not be accepted without prior arrangement. Electronic transfers may be sent directly to our Bank: HSBC Bank Plc 38 High Street Dartford Kent DA1 1DG IBAN No.: BIC.: Sort Code: Account No.: Account Name.:

GB78MIDL40190481632140 MIDLGB22 40-19-04 81632140 Thomas Del Mar Ltd

Storage On receipt of cleared funds, lots can be collected from Thomas Del Mar Ltd’s premises at 25 Blythe Road, London W14 0PD. Please note that collection is BY APPOINTMENT on +44 (0) 207 602 4805. All lots should be cleared within one month of the auction date, after which they will be transferred to a third party for storage. A transfer fee of £10 per lot plus all incurred transfer and storage costs due to the third party will be payable prior to release. iii


Select Bibliography Askgaard 1988

Askgaard, F., Det Kongelige Partikulaere Rustkammer, Vol II, Copenhagen, 1988

Bidermann 1980

Bidermann, G.H., Burg Kornberg: Wohnsitz des Ritters Götz von Berlichingen, Schwäbisch Hall, 1980

Blackmore 1971

Blackmore, H.L., Hunting Weapons, London, 1971

Blackmore 1976

Blackmore, H.L., The Armouries of the Tower of London, London, 1976

Blair 1974

Blair , C., Arms, Armour and Base-Metal Work, London, 1974

Blondieau 2002

Blondieau, C., Sabres Français 1630-1814, Paris, 2002

Boccia 1975

Boccia, L.G., Il Museo Stibbert a Firenze, Volume terzo: l’armeria europea, Milan, 1975

Brooker 2007

Brooker, R., with contributions by Dittrich, R., and Toifl, L., Landeszeughaus Graz, Austria, Wheellock Collection, 2007

Brown 2005

Brown, N., British Gunmakers Volume I, Shrewsbury, 2005

Carpegna 1997

Carpegna, N.D., Brescian firearms: from matchlock to flintlock: A compendium of names, marks and works together with an attempt at classification, Rome, 1997

Clifford & Watts 2003

Clifford, B., and Watts K., An Introduction to Princely Armours and Weapons of Childhood, Royal Armouries, Leeds, 2003

De Vries & Martens 2006

De Vries, G., and Martens, B.J., Hartmans’ Dutch Gunmakers from the 15th to the 20th century, Arnhem, 2006

De Vries & Martens 2007

De Vries, G., and Martens, B.J., The Visser Collection, Volume I, Part 4, Arnhem, 2007

Diener-Schönberg 1912

Diener-Schönberg, A., Die Waffen der Wartburg, Berlin, 1912

Dufty & Reid 1968

Dufty, A.R. and Reid, W., European Armour in the Tower of London, London, 1968

Dufty 1974

Dufty, A.R., European Swords and Daggers in the Tower of London, London, 1974

Elgood 2004

Elgood, R., Hindu Arms and Ritual, Arms and Armour from India 1400-1865, The Netherlands, 2004

Elgood 2009

Elgood, R., The Arms of Greece and Her Balkan Neighbours in the Ottoman Period, London, 2009

Essenwein 1969

Essenwein, A., Quellen zur Geschichte der Feuerwaffen, 2 vols, Graz, 1969

Geibig 1996

Geibig, A., Gefährlich und Schön, Coburg, 1996

Grancsay 1970

Grancsay, S.V., Master French Gunsmiths’ Designs, New York, 1970

Hayward 1962

Hayward, J.F., The Art of the Gunmaker, Volumes 1 & 2, London, 1962

Hayward 1963

Hayward, J.F., Swords & Daggers, London, 1963

Hayward 1965

Hayward, J.F., European Armour, Volume 1, London, 1965

Hayward 1980

Hayward, J.F., Augsburg Swords, in Waffen und Kostümkunde, Heft I, 1980

Hayward 1980

Hayward, J.F., Bertrand Piraube in Livrustkammaren. Vol.15, No. 5, 1980

Hilsenbeck 2004

Hilsenbeck, J., Deutsche Offiziershelme aus der Kaiserzeit 1870-1918, Band 1, Reutlingen, 2004

Hoff 1969

Hoff, A., Feurwaffen, Volume 1, Braunschweig, 1969

Hoff 1978

Hoff, A., Dutch Firearms, London, 1978

iv


Hoopes 1973

Hoopes, T.T., The Function of the Perfected Lorenzoni Repeating System, in Arms and Armor Annual, Northfield, 1973

Kempers 1983

Kempers, R.T., Haquebuts from Dutch Collections, in The Journal of the Arms & Armour Society, Vol. XI. No. 2, December, 1983

Krenn 1997

Krenn, P., Swords and Spears, Germany, 1997

Kruczek 2001

Kruczek, J., Rusznikarstwo szkoły cieszy skiej, Pszczyna, 2001

Lacy 1904

Lacy, C.L., The History of the Spur, London, 1904

Laking 1920-22

Laking, G.F., A Record of European Armour and Arms Through Seven Centuries, London, 1920-22

Larocca 2006

Larocca, D.J., Warriors of the Himalayas: Rediscovering the Arms of Tibet, New York, 2006

Lavin 1972

Lavin, J.D., A History of Spanish Firearms, London, 1965

Lenk 1965

Lenk, T., The Flintlock: Its origin and development, London, 1965

Lindsay 1967

Lindsay, M., One Hundred Great Guns: An illustrated history of firearms, New York, 1967

Mäder 2013

Mäder, S., Beseelte Klingen, Solothurn, 2013

Mann 1932

Mann, J.G., Der ’Harnisch des Riesen’ im Londoner Tower und der Ätzer A.B., in Zeitschrift für Historische Waffen und Kostümkunde, Band 4, 1932

Mazzini 1982

Franco Mazzini, F., and other contributing authors, L’Armeria Reale di Torino, Busto Arsizio, 1982

Meyerson & Rangström 1984 Meyerson, A., and Rangström, L., Wrangel’s Armoury, Stockholm, 1984 Mohamed 2007

Mohamed, B., The Arts of the Muslim Knight: The Furusiyya Art Foundation Collection, 2007

Mowbray 2013

Mowbray, S.C., British Military Swords: An Identification Guide & Historical Study, Volume I (1600 to 1660) – The English Civil Wars and the Birth of the British Standing Army, Woonsocket, 2013

Nadolski 1974

Nadolski, A., Polish Arms - side-arms, Warsaw, 1974

Müller & Kölling 1990

Müller, H. and Kölling, H., Europäische Hieb-und Stichwaffen aus der Sammlung des Museums für Deutsche Geschichte, Berlin, 1990

Neal & Back 1980

Neal, W.K. and Back, D.H.L., British Gunmakers, their Trade Cards, Cases & Equipment 1760-1860, Wiltshire, 1980

Neal & Back 1984

Neal, W.K. and Back, D.H.L., Great British Gunmakers 1540-1740, Norwich, 1984

Nicolle 1988

Nicolle, D.C., Arms and Armour of the Crusading Era 1050-1350, Volumes 1&2, White Plains, 1988

Norman 1980

Norman, A.V.B., The Rapier and Small-Sword, 1460-1820, London, 1980

Paterson 1990

Paterson, W.F., A Guide to the Crossbow, The Society of Archer-Antiquaries, 1990

Pétard 1999

Pétard, M., Des sabres et des épées – Troupes à Cheval – de Louis XIV à l’Empire, Tome Premier, Nantes, 1999

Puype 1996

Puype, J.P., The Visser Collection, Arms of the Netherlands in the collection of H.L. Visser. Volume 1, Parts 1-3, 1996

v


Select Bibliography cont. Reverseau 2004

Reverseau, J.P., Armes et armures de la Couronne Au Musee de L’Armee, Dijon, 2004

Richardson & Rimer 2012

Richardson, T., and Rimer, G., Littlecote The English Civil War Armoury, Leeds, 2012

Rimer 2014

Rimer, G., The Enigmatic Mr Smith, Three pairs of rifled turn-off pistols by Roger Smith and a number of related English firearms, London Park Lane Arms Fair catalogue, The Spring, 2014

Scalini 1996

Scalini, M., The Armoury of the Castle of Churburg, Udine, 1996

Schalkhauser 1988

Schalkhauser, E., Handfeuerwaffen, Berlin, 1988

Schedelmann 1972

Schedelmann, H., Die Grossen Büchsenmacher, W.Germany, 1972

Schedelmann 1972

Schedelmann, H., The Master of the Animal-Head Scroll, in Arms and Armor Annual, ed. Robert Held, Northfield, Illinois, 1973

Schneider & Stüber 1980

Schneider, H. and Stüber, K., Waffen im Schweizerischen Landesmuseum, Griffwaffen l, Zurich, 1980

Seiler 1940-42

Seiler, H., Klingenätzungen des Ambrosius Gemlich, in Zeitschrift für Historische Waffen-und Kostümkunde 16, 1940-2

Seitz 1959

Seitz, H., Elghammarsamlingen, I belysning av några vapenhistoriska problem, in Svenska Vapenhistoriska Sållskapets Skrifter, 1959

Smith 1938

Smith, O., Det Kongelige Partikulære Rustkammer, Volume I, Copenhagen, 1938

Szendrei 1896

Szendrei, J., Ungarische Kriegsgeschichtliche Denkmäler, Budapest, 1896

Trömner 2009

Trömner, M., A unique bronze barrel wall gun (doppelter doppelhaken), Nuremberg, ca 1515-20, 2009, Retrieved from http:// www. Vikingsword.com

Unsworth 1996

Unsworth, L.P., The Early Purdeys, London, 1996

Von Kienbusch 1963

Von Kienbusch, C.O.K., The Kretzschmar von Kienbusch Collection of armor and arms, Princeton, 1963

Wegeli 1948

Wegeli, R., Inventar der Waffensammlung des Bernischen Historischen Museums in Bern, IV. Fernwaffen, Bern, 1948

Weyersberg 1926

Weyersberg, A., Solinger Schwertschmiede des 16.und 17. Jahrhunderts und Ihre Erzeugnisse, Solingen, 1926

Williams 2003

Williams, A., The Knight and the Blast Furnace, Leiden, Boston, 2003

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Eastern Arms and Armour VARIOUS OWNERS

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1 A JAPANESE SWORD (KATANA) with curved single-edged blade, straight hamon (areas of staining and light pitting), long tang signed ‘Bizen Osafune Iehisa’, (perhaps later, slightly shortened), pierced with three mekugi-ana, two filled with soft metal, fitted with later regulation grip, in regulation scabbard 62.7 cm; 24 ¾ in blade £500-700 2 A JAPANESE W.W.II OFFICER’S SWORD (KATANA) with curved single-edged blade (the grip seized around the tang), regulation tsuba, fabric-bound sharkskin-covered grip, regulation brass mounts, in its leather-covered regulation saya, with suspension chain, together with a contemporary framed and glazed Japanese flag 64 cm; 25 ¼ in blade (2) £300-500 3 A JAPANESE W.W.II NAVAL OFFICER’S SWORD (KATANA) with curved single-edged blade, signed tang pierced with a single mekugi-ana, plain bronze tsuba, fabric-bound sharkskin-covered grip, regulation brass mounts, in its leather-covered regulation saya 64 cm; 25 ¼ in blade £300-500 2


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5 4 A JAPANESE SHORTSWORD (WAKIZASHI) AND A DAGGER (AIKUCHI TANTO), EDO PERIOD the first with curved single-edged blade (worn), signed tang pierced with a single mekugi-ana iron tsuba pierced and chiselled with foliage, fabric-bound sharkskin-covered grip with menuki, in its lacquered saya, with its kozuka; the second with blade of unokubi-zukuri form, straight hamon, plain tang pierced with a single mekugi-ana, and the grip with lacquered mounts, in its lacquered saya with signed kozuka the first: 38 cm; 15 in blade (2) The wakizashi is signed Nobuyoshi. £500-600 5 A JAPANESE SHORTSWORD (WAKIZASHI), 17TH CENTURY with slightly curved single-edged blade (small edge nicks), formed with a slender groove and a short fuller on each face, traces of hamon, signed tang pierced with two mekugi-ana, in a lacquered saya 52 cm; 20 ½ in blade The signature reads Heianjo ju Tomohira, (Mino school sword). £500-700 3


7 6 8 6 A JAPANESE SHORTSWORD (WAKIZASHI) with curved single-edged blade, wavy hamon (small area of pitting), plain tang pierced with a single mekugi-ana, in shira saya 44.7 cm; 17 ⅝ in blade £350-400 7 A JAPANESE SHORTSWORD (WAKIZASHI) with curved single-edged blade grooved along the back-edge, signed tang pierced with a single mekugi-ana (areas of pitting), with notes and a certificate 41.2 cm; 16 in blade The signature reads Bizen Osafune ju Morihisa. £200-300 8 A JAPANESE SHORTSWORD (WAKIZASHI) with curved single-edged blade grooved along the back-edge, signed tang pierced with a single mekugi-ana (pitted, signature obscured), in a wooden saya, with notes and a certificate 48.2 cm; 19 in blade The signature appears to read Toshitsugu. £150-200 4


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9 TWO JAPANESE TSUBAS, TWO ARROW HEADS (YANONE), A SMALL KNIFE, AND A FURTHER KNIFE (KOZUKA), EDO PERIOD, 19TH/20TH CENTURY the first of copper decorated with birds and foliage; the second of iron; the third with U-shaped head; the fourth with pierced leaf-shaped head; the fifth fitted with short blade formed with a blunt tip, in its rattan-bound saya; and the sixth with signed blade and shakudo grip including a pair of figures (6) £300-400 10 ELEVEN JAPANESE SWORD GUARDS (TSUBA), EDO PERIOD, 19TH/20TH CENTURY the first of iron, decorated with gilt foliage; the second of iron, decorated with panels of lacquer and a woven design; the third of iron, decorated with two rondels inset with a dragon and a flower respectively; the fourth of iron, decorated with a hatched design and inset with soft metals; the fifth backed in silver and decorated with gilt foliage on a lacquered ground; and six further various tsuba (11) £400-600

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12 11

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11 A JAPANESE LONG SPEAR (OMI NO YARI), EDO PERIOD with long double-edged blade of triangular section tapering to a sharp point, cut with a single red-pigment filled fuller five-sided shank, and signed long tang, with later mounts 65.2 cm; 25 ¾ in blade The signature reads Akimune. £500-700 12 TWO JAPANESE SPEARS (YARI) AND ANOTHER (NAGINATA), EDO PERIOD the first with short head of triangular section, on a wooden haft (head seized in its socket, shoe missing); the second similar, with plain tang, on its wooden haft decorated with red lacquer at the top; and the third with characteristic sword-shaped blade, plain tang, on its wooden haft with iron shoe the third: 42.5 cm; 16 ¾ in blade (3) £250-300 13 A JAPANESE HELMET BREAKER (HACHIWARA), 19TH CENTURY AND A COMPOSITE NORTH EUROPEAN SWORD, 18TH CENTURY the first with tapering blade, a pair of strongly down-curved quillons, disc-shaped pommel, and the grip bound with rattan; the second with two-stage blade pierced with a series of slots and circles at the forte, a pair of drooping quillons, and compressed bun-shaped pommel the first: 52.7 cm; 20 ¾ in overall (2) £200-250 6


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14 AN 11 BORE JAPANESE SNAP MATCHLOCK MUSKET, EDO PERIOD, CIRCA 1870 with heavy sighted russet barrel retained by a faceted brass band at the breech, faceted moulded muzzle, chiselled with a golden-eyed dragon over the breech and signed beneath, fitted with integral iron pan with brass pivot-cover, brass fence, brass action with iron serpentine, cherrywood full stock of characteristic form, brass mounts including butt-plate and foliate barrel bolt escutcheons (four missing), and with provision for a ramrod (now missing) 69.8 cm; 27 ½ in barrel The signature of the barrelsmith reads Doshu ju Ito Hidetaka saku. £800-1000

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15 A CHINESE DECORATED SWORD (DAO), QING DYNASTY, 19TH CENTURY with curved single-edged blade, brass hilt comprising circular guard with moulded brim, ferrule and pommel, all cast with scrollwork inhabited by dragons, wooden grip bound with cord, in its fishskin-covered wooden scabbard, with brass mounts en suite with the hilt, comprising characteristic shaped chape, locket, a pair of bands, and the latter two joined by a brass panel 61 cm; 24 in blade £500-800 16 A CHINESE DECORATED SWORD (DAO), QING DYNASTY, 19TH CENTURY with curved single-edged blade, formed with a pair of long slender fullers along the back-edge on each face, brass hilt comprising circular guard (loose) with moulded brim, ferrule and pommel cast with scrolls dragons and traditional ornament, fishskin-covered grip bound with brass ribband, in its fishskin-covered wooden scabbard with brass mounts en suite with the hilt, comprising characteristic shaped chape, locket a pair of bands, and the latter two joined by a decorated brass panel 47.5 cm; 18 ¾ in blade £400-500 17 A CHINESE SWORD (DAO), QING DYNASTY, 19TH CENTURY with broad single-edged blade cut with a long slender fuller along the back edge on each face, iron disc-guard, cord-bound grip and flattened ovoid iron pommel, in its black-painted fishskin-covered iron-mounted wooden scabbard 70.5 cm; 27 ¾ in blade £300-350 18 A CHINESE BROADSWORD, QING DYNASTY, 19TH CENTURY with very broad blade of flattened-diamond section tapering sharply at the point, oval brass cross-guard, and turned ribbed wooden grip 58 cm; 22 ⅞ in blade £300-500 19 THREE CHINESE SHORTSWORDS, QING DYNASTY, 19TH CENTURY with straight sharply tapering single-edged blades, brass stirrup hilts, and carved hardwood grips 53 cm; 20 ⅞ in blades £300-500 20 TWO CHINESE SWORDS, QING DYNASTY, 19TH CENTURY each with broad blade of wedge-shaped section and sharply pointed tip, small brass disc-shaped guard, cord-bound grip and ring pommel, in its leather scabbard 54.5 cm; 21 ½ in blades (2) £250-300

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17

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23 22 21 THREE ORIENTAL SWORDS, 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY comprising a Burmese Dha, with curved fullered blade widening towards the tip, silver hilt comprising ferrule and pommel each incorporating a band of beadwork, and ivory grip, in its silver-mounted bamboo scabbard; the second Bhutanese, with broad hatchet-like blade, brass hilt chased with traditional figures and flowers, and conical pommel, and the third Bhutanese, with single-edged blade, dha-style hilt, in its openwork scabbard the first: 55.8 cm; 22 in blade (3) £250-300 22 AN INDO-CHINESE SWORD, 19TH CENTURY with slender copper blade, silver hilt comprising curled quillon, knuckle-bow and cap pommel chased as a monster head, and tooth grip, in contemporary hardwood scabbard inlaid with patterns of foliage inhabited by butterflies, and with silver locket, chape and middle band all chased with vine leaves and foliage 57.5 cm; 22 ⅝ in blade £500-700 23 AN INDO-CHINESE SWORD, 19TH CENTURY with curved fullered blade engraved with scrolls on each face at the tip and forte, copper hilt comprising quillon and knuckle-bow chased with traditional scrolls enriched with silver, silver pommel formed as a monsterhead, and ivory grip carved with foliage and fruit, in its hardwood scabbard inlaid with patterns of foliage inhabited by butterflies, and with silver locket, chape and middle band all chased with traditional foliage 65 cm; 25 ⅝ in blade £550-650

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25 24 24 A DISPLAY OF EIGHT CHINESE HAFTED WEAPONS ON A WOODEN STAND, QING DYNASTY, LATE 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY each with engraved shaped brass head issuant from a dragon, on a long wooden haft, mounted as a fan arrangement on a finely carved hardwood stand decorated with dragons and scrolls 266 cm; 104 ¾ in high including stand £700-1000 25 A CHINESE PARTISAN, QING DYNASTY, 19TH CENTURY with central blade, long tapering conical socket, and the head fitted with a short crescent on each side joined by a pair of horizontal bars 72.5 cm; 28 ½ in head £100-150 26 A CHINESE GRAPPLE, QING DYNASTY, 19TH CENTURY of russet iron, with long tapering haft later adapted to a four-claw finial, vertically recurved cross-piece, faceted pommel, and cordbound grip 76.5 cm; 30 in overall £200-300 27 A SMALL BRONZE BUCKLER, 19TH CENTURY, PROBABLY CHINESE of low domed form, decorated with a grotesque and with integral grip bar 16.5 cm; 6 ½ in diameter £50-80 11


28 29

28 A CHINESE GLAIVE, QING DYNASTY, 19TH CENTURY with broad iron hatchet blade (pitted) issuant from a bronze socket formed as a dragon’s head, and copper ferrule with raised silver bands, on a wooden haft 65 cm; 25 ½ in head £200-250 29 THREE CHINSE EATING SETS AND AN ORIENTAL KNIFE, LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURY the first including ivory chopsticks, in its lacquered scabbard decorated with flowers; the second with iron chopsticks, in its iron scabbard applied with brass and copper; the third with tortosieshell mounted knife and scabbard and ivory chopsticks, and the fourth with tapering blade inset with brass scrolls, spirally carved wooden grip, and brass ferrule and cap pommel, in its leather scabbard with engraved brass locket the first: 31.5 cm; 12 ½ in overall (4) £200-300 30 A BURMESE SWORD (DHA), LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURY with curved fullered single-edged blade decorated with a silver scroll on each face at the forte, white metal hilt decorated with foliage and wooden grip, in its white metal-mounted wooden scabbard 66.5 cm; 26 ¼ in blade £150-200 12


31 32

31 A RARE TIBETAN CIRCULAR CANE SHIELD, 17TH/18TH CENTURY of strongly domed coiled cane wrapped with slender bands of split cane, fitted at its centre with an associated chiselled brass boss, with two pairs of bosses either side corresponding with enarmes on the inside, the outer surface painted red with six black almond-shaped cartouches, and the border enclosed by leather (small losses) 62 cm; 24 ½ in diameter For a similar example dated 15th/18th century see Larocca 2006, pp. 94-5 no. 25. £800-1000 32 A LARGE CHINESE CIRCULAR CANE SHIELD, QING DYNASTY, 19TH CENTURY of domed coiled cane wrapped with slender bands of split cane, fitted at its centre with a large moulded brass boss retained by six riveted panels, the outer surface painted with two large triangular panels each with two large black characters, and the inside with three loops and a bar 81 cm; 32 in diameter £400-600

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34 33 A COMPOSITE TIBETAN LAMELLAR HELMET, 17TH CENTURY AND LATER formed of four large curved triangular plates joined by four shaped overlapping plates rising to a central finial, and all retained by later lather thongs 20.3 cm; 8in high ÂŁ300-400 34 A RARE TIBETAN LAMELLAR ARMOUR, 17TH/19TH CENTURY formed of eighteen rows of rectangular russet iron plates, each pierced with a series of holes and retained by leather thongs, open at the front, vented at the back from the twelfth row downwards, a pair of short arms (a number of plates loose, small losses) and the principle border reinforced with leather The unconventional formation of the leather thongs would suggest that this has been adapted for pageant use. For other examples of this type of armour see Larocca 2006, pp. 54-67. ÂŁ700-900

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35

36

35 A RARE EAST TIBETAN DECORATED LEATHER LAMELLAR SKIRT FROM AN ARMOUR, 15TH/17TH CENTURY formed of ten rows of rectangular plates decorated with gold scrolls and border ornament, all joined by leather thongs and the bottom row with a series of suspended toggles An armour of related type was sold in these rooms 25 June 2014, lot 26. For a discussion of the group see Larocca 2006, pp. 124-5. The toggles along the bottom row might suggest a tribal origin in the foothills. £300-500 36 A RARE TIBETAN OR MONGOLIAN LEATHER QUIVER (BSE DONG), 15TH/17TH CENTURY formed of a series of stiff leather sections joined by stitching and cross stitching, with flat back panel, a convex panel widening at the base forming the front, and the top enclosed by four further panels, retaining one iron tab for suspension (the other three now missing) and the body decorated over the greater part of its surface with gold scrolls and shellac (the shellac extensively bubbled and crazed, losses) 78 cm; 30 ¾ in high £1200-1800 15


38

37 37 A CHINESE OR TIBETAN BOW, QING DYNASTY, 19TH CENTURY of horn, wood and sinew, the terminals and centre each enclosed by fishskin, and the upper and lower portions of the inner face painted red and gold 95.2 cm; 37 ½ in high £250-300 38 A CHINESE QUIVER, QING DYNASTY, 19TH CENTURY formed of two fabric-covered shaped panels, the outer face with reinforced studded border, a pierced brass basal panel and applied with a series of pierced and chased gilt-brass bosses including the traditional treasures, and the inner face fitted with two additional pouches joined by a pair of silver hinges 28 cm; 11 in high £1000-1500 39 A CHINESE GREEN STONE ARCHER’S RING, QING DYNASTY, 19TH CENTURY carved with a stylised dragon around its circumference 4.5 cm; 2 ¾ in diameter £100-150

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40 41

42

40 A SOUTH EAST ASIAN SHORTSWORD (KRIS), MADURA, LATE 19TH CENTURY with pattern-welded wavy blade chiselled and gilt with a serpent along the length of each face (small losses), gilt ganja, brass selut set with coloured paste (losses) and carved ivory grip (small holes), in its scabbard with carved white hard stone wrangka 35.5 cm; 14 in blade £350-450 41 A SOUTH EAST ASIAN SHORTSWORD (KRIS), BALI, 20TH CENTURY with pattern-welded wavy blade, figurative black hardwood grip, brass selut set with coloured pastes, in its carved dark hardwood scabbard with large gilt mounts set with coloured pastes (losses) 41 cm; 16 ¼ in blade £200-250 42 A SOUTH EAST ASIAN SHORTSWORD (KRIS), BALI, 20TH CENTURY with pattern-welded straight double-edged blade, figurative grip overlaid with sheet brass and set with coloured pastes, in its scabbard with brass openwork pendok and carved bone wrangka decorated with traditional scrollwork inhabited by mythical figures 38.5 cm; 15 ⅛ in blade £300-400 17


43 TWO SOUTH EAST ASIAN SHORTSWORDS (KRIS), MADURA, LATE 19TH CENTURY the first with pattern-welded wavy blade (areas of pitting), including a gilt crouching beast at the forte, paste-set gilt selut (loose, losses), characteristic carved ivory grip involving stylised figures and flowers, in its scabbard with embossed white metal pendok; the second with large selut, and figurative ivory grip (age cracks, small hole), in its scabbard with embossed copper pendok the first: 34.5 cm; 13 ½ in blade (2) £300-400 44 TWO SOUTH EAST ASIAN SHORTSWORDS (KRIS), MADURA, LATE 19TH CENTURY the first with pattern-welded wavy blade incorporating a chevron design, bronze selut (losses), characteristic carved ivory grip (small chips), in its white metal-mounted scabbard with large wrangka; the second similar, the grip involving mythical beasts including the Kuda Sembrani, in its scabbard with highly figured wrangka the first: 36.5 cm; 14 ⅜ in blade (2) £250-350 45 TWO SOUTH EAST ASIAN SHORTSWORDS (KRIS), LATE 19TH CENTURY the first Madura, with pattern-welded straight blade, silver selut set with pastes, characteristic carved ivory grip involving a naive eagle displayed, in scabbard with embossed silver pendok; the second probably Madura, with selut set with coloured pastes, and carved ivory grip involving flowers and a monsterhead pommel, in its scabbard with silver pendok and pronounced wrangka the first: 35.5 cm; 14 in blade (2) £250-350 46 EIGHT VARIOUS SOUTH EAST ASIAN DAGGERS, 19TH CENTURY comprising a Malaysian kris, with pattern-welded double-edged blade widening at the base, and integral figurative grip, in its wooden scabbard partly encased with white metal; a Malaysian bade bade, with curved pattern welded blade, and characteristic carved grip and scabbard; two Celebes korambi, one with ivory grip, in its ivory-mounted scabbard, the other with integral steel grip; a horn-hilted golok, and three further daggers the first 23.8 cm; 9 ⅜ in blade (8) £250-300 47 A SOUTH EAST ASIAN SILVER-MOUNTED DAGGER, 19TH CENTURY, PROBABLY SARAWAK with curved single-edged blade decorated with very short gold scrolls at the forte on each face, faceted silver ferrule and cap pommel, and faceted hardwood grip, in its silver-mounted satinwood scabbard with very large horn clip for suspension (small losses) 26.7 cm; 10 ½ in blade £200-250 48 FIVE SOUTH EAST ASIAN EDGED WEAPONS, 19TH/20TH CENTURIES comprising a Malaysian dagger, with angular hilt, in its scabbard, a Sumatran kris, in its scabbard, a modern Katar, a claw dagger, in its silver-mounted scabbard and a kris blade (5) £80-120

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49 A SOUTH EAST ASIAN SHORTSWORD (KRIS), PATANI, 20TH CENTURY with wavy blade (rusted), characteristic kingfisher form hilt overlaid with chased sheet silver and set with red paste eyes, in a wooden scabbard 38.5 cm; 15 ⅛ in blade £150-250 50 A SOUTH EAST ASIAN SHORTSWORD (KRIS), SULAWESI, LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURY with pattern-welded blade fitted with a pair of silver loops at the base, the grip bound with silver wire, ribband and a pierced silver collar, and characteristic carved ivory pommel, in its silver-mounted wooden scabbard 38.5 cm; 15 ⅛ in blade £200-250 51 A JAVANESE SHORTSWORD (KRIS), 20TH CENTURY with long slender blade grooved and widening at the forte, gilt selut set with coloured paste, and figured hardwood grip, in its matching scabbard 48.5 cm; 19 ⅛ in blade £50-80 52 TWO DYAK SWORDS (PARANG LAYTOK) AND A MALAYSIAN SWORD, 19TH CENTURY the first two with characteristic angular blades, the first with carved bone grip bound with plaited wire at the base, the second with rattan bound carved wooden grip, and the third with pattern-welded blade, carved horn grip, in its rattan-bound scabbard the first: 53.5 cm; 21 ⅛ in blade (3) £300-400 53 A MALAYSIAN SWORD (KLEWANG) AND ANOTHER SOUTH EAST ASIAN SWORD, 19TH CENTURY the first with pattern-welded cleaver blade, carved bird’s head hardwood grip with copper ferrule, in its wooden scabbard with silver mounts; the second with fullered blade, chiselled iron ferrule, horn grip with bifurcated pommel, in its silver-mounted hardwood scabbard the first: 54 cm; 21 ¼ in blade (2) £400-500 54 TWO DYAK HEAD HUNTER’S SWORDS (MANDAU), 19TH CENTURY with characteristic blades broadening to a double-edged point, carved hilts bound with plaited brass wire, each in its scabbard, the first carved in imitation of reptile skin on the reverse, bound with rattan and complete with its javelin and the second carved and bound with rattan the first: 54.5 cm; 21 ½ in blade (2) £300-400 55 A SOUTH EAST ASIAN MACHETE, 19TH CENTURY, PROBABLY CEYLON with broad blade formed with a clipped-back point, rectangular iron guard, carved hardwood grip, in its carved wooden scabbard bound with rattan and stained with red and black pigment 42.5 cm; 16 ¾ in blade £200-300

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56 A SOUTH EAST ASIAN EXECUTIONER’S SWORD (KRIS), LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURY with straight double-edged blade, carved hardwood grip decorated with foliage, in its scabbard 50 cm; 19 ¾ in blade £150-250 57 A MALAYSIAN DAGGER (BADE BADE), AN EAST INDIAN AXE AND TWO MINIATURE DAGGERS (KRIS), LATE 19TH AND 20TH CENTURIES the first with slender blade, carved horn foliate hilt, in its silver-mounted hardwood scabbard with carved horn top mount; the second with pierced figurative head inlaid with silver lines, tapering ferrule, and short wooden haft, the third and fourth with wavy blades, figurative hilts and wooden scabbards the first: 19.5 cm; 7 ¾ in blade (4) £120-180 58 TWO NORTH EAST INDIAN SWORDS (DAO), 19TH CENTURY the first probably Kamti Shan, with broad cleaver-like blade widening towards the tip, the hilt with copper ferrule, wooden grip bound with rattan over the upper portion, and elliptical bone pommel cap, in its rattan-bound scabbard, open at the front with a large cane hoop; the second with broad blade, brass hilt with carved wooden grip, in its wooden scabbard bound with rattan, complete with its accompanying javelin the first: 49 cm; 19 ¼ in blade (2) £400-600 59 A NORTH INDIAN CLEAVER (RAM DAO), 19TH CENTURY with characteristic curved single-edged blade inlaid with brass lines, small diamond-shaped panels along the back-edge and an eye at the tip on each face, tapering at the forte and incorporating a cylindrical ferrule, turned wooden grip and brass pommel 52.3 cm; 20 ⅝ in blade £250-300 60 A DYAK HEAD HUNTER’S SWORD (MANDAU), AND A MORO SWORD, 19TH CENTURY the first with characteristic blade inlaid with brass pellets on one face, carved bone hilt bound with rattan, in its wooden scabbard and complete with its javelin; the second with single-edged blade, carved angular horn hilt, in its carved wooden scabbard the first: 55.5 cm; 21 ⅞ in blade (2) £350-400 61 TWO INDIAN SWORDS (GARO DAO) AND TWO INDIAN THROWING QUOITS, 19TH CENTURY the first with broad blade of flattened-diamond section formed with a very short sharp point, curved hilt of characteristic form, fitted with a pair of slender quillons with hair tassels, and pierced pommel; the second similar; and the third and fourth of flat circular form, the larger joined by a braze the first: 43.5 cm; 17 ⅛ in blade (4) £200-300

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62 A CEYLONESE SILVER-MOUNTED SWORD (KASTANE), LATE 18TH/19TH CENTURY with curved single-edged blade cut with a short slender central fuller on each face, applied with a finely chased panel of brass decorated with tightly scrolling foliage on each face, iron hilt of characteristic form, almost entirely encased in finely chased silver (the back-strap missing) comprising triangular langets, a pair of down-curved arms, quillon and knuckle-guard all with monsterhead finials, and the grip encased in silver chased with traditional scrollwork rising to a monsterhead pommel 54 cm; 21 ¼ in blade £700-1000 63 A CEYLONESE SWORD (KASTANE), LATE 18TH/19TH CENTURY with curved single-edged blade cut with a short slender central fuller on each face, engraved with scrolls and inset with brass (losses), iron hilt of characteristic form, including knuckle-guard with recurved finial, and carved hardwood grip (ferrule missing) 50 cm; 19 ¾ in blade £300-350 64 AN INDIAN (COORG) SILVER-MOUNTED DAGGER (PICHANGATTI), 19TH CENTURY with hatchet blade formed with a clipped back point and punched with a series of crescents along the back-edge, ivory pistol-grip swelling towards the terminal, inlaid with brass panels on the tang, the pommel with an engraved silver cap, and a pair of ivory grip-scales retained by four pairs of rivets, the uppermost fitted with a large foliate silver washer on each side, in its brass mounted hardwood scabbard with large silver locket and chape, the former with a pierced eye for a suspension chain and the latter with fluted bud-shaped terminal 19.5 cm; 7 ¾ in blade £400-600 65 TWO CEYLONESE DAGGERS (PIHA KAETTA), 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY each of characteristic form, the first applied with a panel of silver scrollwork and foliage terminating in a stylised dragon on each face of the blade, and finely carved hardwood grip with silver ferrule each decorated with traditional scrollwork; the second decorated with brass, with carved ivory grip with silver pommel cap the first: 14 cm; 5 ½ in blade (2) £300-400 66 A CEYLONESE DAGGER (PIHA KAETTA), 18TH CENTURY with single-edged blade formed with a shallow fuller filled with silver engraved with traditional scrollwork along the back-edge on each face, a further panel of chiselled foliage, engraved and chiselled brass ferrule, and characteristic carved horn grip (extensive chips); together with a large iron two-pronged fork with chiselled stem decorated with foliage inhabited by animals the first: 15.5 cm; 6 ⅛ in blade (2) £200-300 67 A CEYLONESE DAGGER (PIHA KAETTA), 18TH CENTURY with single-edged blade formed with a shallow fuller filled with brass engraved with foliage along the back-edge on each face, a further panel of chiselled silver foliage beneath, engraved and chiselled brass ferrule, and characteristic carved horn grip (small cracks) with small chased silver plaques 11 cm; 4 ⅜ in blade £200-300

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68 SIX SOUTH EAST ASIAN AND INDIAN EDGED WEAPONS, 19TH/20TH CENTURIES, comprising two Nepalese Ghurka kukri knives, each in its scabbard, an Indian so-called money dagger, a Native mandau, in its scabbard an Indian shortsword with horn hilt and a further shortsword (6) £200-250 69 A RARE PHILIPPINES SWORD, 19TH CENTURY with long straight slender blade double-edged for the upper two thirds and formed with a sharply angled point, stamped with numerous shaped marks on each face of the forte, iron hilt with up-turned guard, short quillon, and c-shaped pommel, the grip shaped for the fingers, formed of layers of horn between brass fillets, the outside applied with tortoiseshell and set with numerous silver rondels 82.8 cm; 32 ⅝ in blade Another sword from this group was sold in these rooms 27 June 2012, lot 30. £300-350 70 TWO MALAYSIAN SWORDS (PARANG NABUR), LATE 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY each with curved fullered blade, white metal hilt comprising openwork quillons, curved knuckle-guards, horn grip bound by a ferrule at the base and each rising to a carved foliate pommel enriched with white metal plaques 61.8 cm; 24 ⅜ in and 68.8 cm; 27 ⅛ in blades (2) £400-600 71 TWO MALAYSIAN SWORDS (KAMPILAN), LATE 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY each with characteristic blade, carved wooden hilt and in its two-piece wooden scabbard (rattan binding missing); the first set with an American coin dated 1908 on the pommel, and each applied with a label on the scabbard including ‘....taken in battle....Mindanao’ the first: 78cm; 30 ¾ in blade (2) £200-300 26


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74

72 A CEYLONESE PAINTED BOW, 19TH CENTURY of characteristic form, painted with bands of polychrome ornament (small losses) 200.6 cm; 79 in £120-180 73 AN INDIAN GAUNTLET SWORD (PATA), 18TH CENTURY with broad European blade formed with a long central fuller on each face, iron hilt of characteristic form, including a pair of long shaped langets extending over the forte, embossed over the hand, a small ellipse over the wrist, retaining minute traces of silver ornament (areas of pitting) and with its original grip-bar and guard 92 cm; 36 ¼ in blade £600-800 74 AN INDIAN SWORD (TALWAR), LATE 18TH/19TH CENTURY with earlier curved single-edged blade of watered steel, incised with a calligraphic cartouche retaining traces of inlay on one face (small areas of pitting), iron hilt of characteristic form, comprising a pair of short bulbous quillons, integral grip and large disc pommel, decorated over the greater part of its surface with silver foliage and gold flowers, in a green fabric-covered wooden scabbard with iron chape (the chape detached) 81 cm; 31 ⅞ in blade Provenance Robin Wigington, Poets’ Arbour, Stratford-upon-Avon £400-600 27


75 AN INDIAN SWORD (TALWAR), 18TH CENTURY with slightly curved blade double-edged towards the point, formed with a long broad shallow fuller on each face, rectangular ricasso with blunt edges and engraved with a magic square, iron hilt including a pair of robust quillons, and disc pommel with characteristic loop 73.5 cm; 29 in blade £300-500 76 A PERSIAN SWORD (SHAMSHIR) FOR A CHILD, LATE 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY with curved single-edged blade iron hilt comprising cross-piece engraved with exotic animals and cap pommel (pitted), and a pair of bone grip-scales 47.5 cm; 18 ¾ in blade £200-300 77 AN INDIAN SWORD (TALWAR) FOR A BOY AND TWO FURTHER INDIAN SWORDS (TALWAR), 19TH CENTURY the first with curved blade double-edged towards the point, iron hilt comprising a pair of langets with shaped terminals, quillons with bulbous finial, recurved knuckle-guard and disc-shaped pommel, in its leather-covered wooden scabbard with iron chape (chemically cleaned); the second with curved blade tapering sharply at the point, and iron hilt with traces of silver decoration; and the third with wavy blade formed with a snake’s head point, and iron hilt including recurved knuckle-guard the first:56.7 cm; 22 ⅜ in blade (3) £250-300 78 AN INDIAN SWORD (FIRANGI), 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY with broad single-edged blade widening to a sharp point, cut with a series of fullers and incised with foliate panels on each side along the back-edge, iron hilt of khanda form, including a pair of langets and broad knuckle-guard with moulded edges, pommel with attenuated button, and cord-bound grip 84.5 cm; 33 ¾ in blade £250-300 79 AN INDIAN SWORD (FIRANGI), 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY with very broad polished blade double-edged towards the point, iron hilt of khanda form, comprising a pair of langets, quillons chiselled with monster heads, figure-of-eight shaped guard, broad knuckle-guard and pommel with attenuated button, decorated throughout with gold damascened flowers and foliage (losses), and wooden grip retaining a portion of its silver thread and cord binding 68.5 cm; 27 in blade £400-500 80 A PERSIAN SWORD (SHAMSHIR), 18TH CENTURY with curved single-edged blade inlaid in brass with a small oval panel on one face (pitted), iron hilt including langets with pierced finials, a pair of button-shaped quillons, cap pommel and finely carved ivory grip-scales decorated with flowerheads and foliage 66 cm; 26 in blade £300-400 81 TWO INDIAN SWORDS (FIRANGI), 17TH/18TH CENTURY the first with straight blade double-edged towards the point, cut with a long fuller along the back-edge, iron hilt including a pair of shaped langets extending over each face of the forte, figure-of-eight shaped guard, broad knuckle-guard, disc-shaped pommel and attenuated button, in a later scabbard; the second with curved blade and characteristic hilt including knuckle-guard chiselled with scrolls and attenuated pommel button the first 92 cm; 36 ¼ in blade (2) £350-450 28


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82 AN INDIAN SWORD (KHANDA) 17TH/18TH CENTURY AND THREE FURTHER INDIAN SWORDS (TALWAR), 19TH CENTURY the first with tapering blade double-edged towards the point, iron hilt including a pair of shaped langets enclosing the forte, crosspiece formed as a pair of addorsed bird’s heads, disc-shaped pommel, and integral grip, in a later scabbard; the second with curved blade retaining traces of a magic square on one face at the forte, and iron hilt including knuckle-guard with recurved terminal in its scabbard; the third similar, in its scabbard; and the fourth with a punched arsenal inscription on the blade and brass hilt retaining traces of silver plating the first: 91.3 cm; 36 in blade (4) £300-500 83 A NORTH INDIAN AXE AND ANOTHER INDIAN AXE, 19TH/20TH CENTURY the first with curved C-shaped axe head, rounded socket, and long wooden haft; and the second with crescentic axe-head, and conical rear spike, on a wooden haft the first: 27.5 cm; 10 ¾ in head (2) £300-400 84 AN INDO-PERSIAN MACE (GORZ), ANOTHER MACE, AND AN INDIAN AXE, 19TH CENTURY the first with characteristic etched horned bull’s head, tubular haft, and bulbous ivory basal cap; the second with horned devil’s mask head, and long cylindrical haft (painted black); the third with crescentic blade-like head terminating with a stylised antelope mask (one horn and one ear missing); on its iron haft with raised mouldings; together with a mace head (incomplete), and a horn the first: 68 cm; 26 ¾ in overall (5) £200-250 85 A LARGE INDIAN AXE, 19TH CENTURY with crescentic head formed with a pierced cusped back-edge, chiselled with foliage and applied with brass plaques chiselled with a crowned figure and two attendants in traditional garb on each face, fitted with central spike, and three architectural spikes at the rear, on a wooden haft with iron basal cap 76 cm; 30 in overall £200-250 86 FOUR INDIAN SILVER-MOUNTED SPEARS, LATE 18TH/19TH CENTURY the first two with pattern welded leaf-shaped heads, long silver collars finely chased with foliage, and wooden hafts lightly carved at the base; the third similar, complete with a matching scabbard; the fourth similar, on a long wooden haft encased with silver with pronounced mouldings over the upper portion (small holes) the first: 29.5 cm; 11 ⅝ in head (4) £300-320 87 AN INDO PERSIAN TRIDENT, AN INDIAN OR AFRICAN PARTISAN AND ANOTHER SPEAR, 19TH CENTURY the first with forked head of three points, chiselled with qajar foliage over the base on each side enriched with gold koftgari, tapering socket, and associated wooden haft; the second with flat head formed with five vertical points, etched with stylised foliage on each side, moulded neck, on a wooden haft; the third probably Indian, with wavy blade, on a slender wooden haft the first: 59.5 cm; 23 ½ in head (3) £200-250

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88 AN INDIAN DAGGER (KHANJARLI) AND ANOTHER (PIHA KAETTA), 19TH CENTURY the first with recurved engraved blade, iron hilt including recurved knuckle-guard with bud-shaped finial, and bone grip of characteristic form; the second with recurved reinforced blade, the lower portion of T-section, and the hilt fitted with a pair of horn grip-scales retained by five pairs of iron rivets the first: 19.5 cm; 7 ¾ in blade (2) £400-500 89 TWO INDIAN DAGGERS (KATAR), 17TH/18TH CENTURIES, PROBABLY VIJAYANAGARA the first in excavated condition, with sharply tapering blade formed with a reinforced point, with pairs of converging fullers on each face, iron hilt extending over the forte with a pair of shaped langets, recurved guard formed with a medial ridge, chiselled with flowerheads around the border and terminating in a monster head, shaped side bars formed and decorated en suite with the guard, a pair of faceted grip bars joined by spherical mouldings and an additional moulded outer bar; and the second of related form, the outer guard reinforced by an E-shaped bar joined to the side bars the first: 32 cm; 12 ⅝ in blade (2) For a discussion of this group see Elgood 2004, pp. 145-150. £300-400 90 THREE INDIAN DAGGERS (KATAR), 18TH/19TH CENTURIES the first with sharply tapering fullered blade formed with a reinforced point and integral iron hilt with two grip bars and traces of silver decoration; the second with long sharply tapering fullered blade formed with a reinforced point, naively decorated on each face with animals in brass, integral iron hilt with two grip bars, decorated throughout with further animals en suite with the forte; and the third a folding katar decorated with characteristic silver koftgari the first: 37 cm; 14 ½ in overall (3) £200-300 91 TWO INDIAN FOOT DAGGERS (BICHWA), 19TH CENTURY the first with two recurved flat blades, brass loop-shaped hilt, the outer face fluted and with a pierced scalloped border top and bottom; the second with recurved blade, brass loop-shaped hilt, the outer face engraved with a series of circles, with a pierced scalloped border top and bottom, and the inside with an early lining the first:20.5 cm; 8 ⅛ in blades (2) £200-300 92 FOUR INDIAN FOOT DAGGERS (BICHWA), LATE 18TH/19TH CENTURY the first with medially-ridged leaf-shaped blade, looped hilt with a pair of lugs at the base; the second similar; the third with recurved flat blade and fluted loop-shaped hilt; and the fourth with recurved blade and loop-shaped guard with scalloped borders the first: 23 cm; 9 ⅛ in blade (4) £200-250 93 A LARGE INDIAN ELEPHANT GOAD (ANCUS), 19TH CENTURY of characteristic form, with heavy iron head incorporating a central spike and hook, each incised with scrolls, fixed to its turned wooden haft by three rivets on silver washers, and with an iron loop 54.5 cm; 21 ½ in overall £200-300

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94 AN INDIAN BELT DAGGER AND THREE INDIAN FANS, LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURY the first with broad flexible blade etched with a watered pattern, formed with a clipped-back point, curved brass grip to fit the waist contour, decorated on each face with a figure in traditional garb, and the scabbard formed as a fabric belt complete with two buckles; the second and third each of circular form with brushwood ‘fans’ and painted centres; and the fourth with embroidered head with brushwood fan and polychrome painted haft the first: 43 cm; 17 in blade (4) £200-250 95 AN INDIAN SWORD (FIRANGI), 18TH/19TH CENTURY with European fullered blade, iron hilt of characteristic form (loose), including broad knuckle-guard and attenuated pommel (cleaned), in a later scabbard 88 cm; 34 ⅝ in blade £150-250 96 AN INDIAN SWORD, 19TH CENTURY with straight double-edged blade, and carved wooden hilt of khanda form retained at the base by a faceted iron collar 66 cm; 26 in blade £150-250 97 AN OTTOMAN SWORD, TURKEY, 19TH CENTURY with broad slightly curved blade cut with three long fullers along the back edge on each side, chiselled with scrolls over the forte, iron cross-guard retaining traces of silver border ornament, horn grip-scales studded with iron pellets, bound at the base with plaited copper wire, and engraved copper cap pommel 79 cm ; 31 ⅛ in blade £350-450 98 TWO ARAB SILVER-MOUNTED DAGGERS (JAMBIYA), 19TH CENTURY each with curved double-edged blade formed with a medial ridge, characteristic hilt decorated with beadwork, in its wooden scabbard applied with sheet silver en suite with the hilt, and each retaining its patterned fabric belt 17.7 cm; 7 in and 18.5 cm; 7 ¼ in blades (2) £300-500 99 A RARE DECORATED BRONZE AXLE BOSS FOR A GUN CARRIAGE, FROM ORDNANCE TAKEN AT THE FALL OF SERINGAPATAM, MYSORE, LATE 18TH CENTURY of heavy tubular construction, cast in relief in the form of a snarling tiger’s head, with punched and engraved bubri detail, on a base of conventional lotus leaves, slotted for a linch pin, and in untouched patinated condition 11.2 cm; 4 ½ in high Provenance Robin Wigington, Stratford-upon-Avon For other examples, mounted on carriages and from the same collection, see Sotheby’s 25 May 2005, lots 28 and 29. £2000-2500

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100 AN INDIAN MAIL HEAD DEFENCE (KULAH ZIRAH), 18TH CENTURY formed of riveted rings of oval- and round-section wire, open at the face, extending over the neck, and fitted at the top with an iron plate (losses and repairs, rusted) £300-400 101 TWO INDO-PERSIAN ARM DEFENCES (BAZU BANDS), 19TH CENTURY each formed of a medially ridged gutter-shaped main plate with pointed terminal at the elbow, embossed over the wrist with an ellipse and reinforced around the edge, and matching hinged inner plate, one secured by a further hinge and the other with buckles for closure and studded with copper rivets (worn, small holes) 39.5 cm; 15 ½ in, the larger (2) £200-250 102 AN INDIAN CIRCULAR HIDE SHIELD (DHAL), RAJASTHAN, 19TH CENTURY of characteristic form, the inside painted red with a gold border, with an early pad and later enarmes, the outside set with four pronounced bosses, decorated with scrolls of foliage on a green ground and a central rondel set with fur and painted red (losses) 59.5 cm; 23 ½ in diameter £200-300 103 AN INDIAN PARRYING SHIELD (MADU), 19TH CENTURY of characteristic form, the first with a pair of long horns with iron basal caps, joined by a pair of bolts retaining a small iron shield with reinforced brass border, fitted at its centre with a spike and a brass washer from a British Army bit boss, marked Infantry Mounted Officer and the horn terminals each with reinforced iron spike; the second similar, with shorter horns fitted with reinforced iron spikes the first: 84.5 cm; 33 ¼ in (2) £300-400 104 TWO INDO-PERSIAN ARM DEFENCES (BAZU BANDS), 19TH CENTURY each formed of a gutter-shaped main plate (wrist-plates missing), one decorated with a pierced cartouche framework emphasised with gold koftgari borders (losses) and studded with brass pellets, the other etched with mounted warriors 30.5 cm; 12 in and 35.5 cm; 14in £300-400 105 A NORTH WEST INDIAN HIDE SHIELD (DHAL), 19TH CENTURY of low domed form, the outer face applied with an engraved rim and four pronounced central nodules corresponding with enarmes 25 cm; 9 ⅞ in diameter £150-200 106 AN INDO-PERSIAN HELMET (KULAH KHUD) AND TWO ARM DEFENCES (BAZU BANDS), 19TH CENTURY the first with hemispherical skull, fitted with central spike, a pair of plume-holders, sliding nasal-bar retained by a later screw, and mail neck-defence of butted links, decorated over its surface with traditional scrolls of foliage inhabited by exotic birds, the second and third of characteristic gutter-shaped form, one retaining its wrist-plates, the other with red lining, and each etched with differing patterns including a framework surrounded by figures 26 cm; 10 ¼ in high

£500-700

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107, back

107 A MAIL AND LAMELLAR SHIRT, 17TH/EARLY 18TH CENTURY, EAST EUROPEAN OR RUSSIAN formed of riveted rings of oval section wire, open at the front, a pair of short sleeves, short neck, extending to the thigh (small holes, losses and minor repairs), the front, sides and back fitted with numerous rectangular panels arranged in vertical panels over the torso A shirt of related type is preserved in the Kremlin Armoury, Moscow. See Kremlin 1958 no. 23. Another from this group, formerly preserved in the John Woodman Higgins Armory, Worcester, Massachusetts, was sold in these rooms 7 May 2014, lot 50. ÂŁ1000-1400

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108 A CAUCASIAN SILVER-MOUNTED SWORD (SHASQA), CIRCA 1894-1917 with curved fullered blade of regulation type, etched on one face with foliage, the crowned Imperial cypher of Tsar Nicholas II, a short cyrillic inscription and the owner’s initials ‘AO’ in gold, the other face with scrolls of foliage, the inscription ‘Mon Dieu Mon Roi Ma Dâme’ towards the tip, a shore-side scene involving a standing figure ahead of an assembly of cavalrymen and a further short inscription towards the forte, silver hilt of characteristic form, chased with scrolls of foliage and flowers enriched with niello and contained within beadwork frames, in its leather-covered wooden scabbard with four silver mounts decorated en suite with the hilt 77.5 cm; 30 ½ in blade The owner’s name appears to be Fuzunov. £2000-3000 109 A CAUCASIAN SILVER-MOUNTED SWORD (SHASQA), DATED 1287 AH (CIRCA 1870/1) with broad fullered blade double-edged towards the point, etched with portrait rondels at the forte (worn), nielloed silver hilt of characteristic form, decorated with scrolls of foliage within beadwork frames, eared pommel, in its leather-covered wooden scabbard with four silver mounts, the outer faces decorated en suite with the hilt, the inner faces with further designs including a tughra, the date, a serpent and a fowl 80 cm; 31 ½ in blade

£700-1000 110 A CAUCASIAN SILVER-MOUNTED SWORD (SHASQA), LATE 19TH CENTURY with curved single-edged blade cut with three slender fullers on each face, silver hilt of characteristic form retained by three rivets with pairs of silver domed heads (one pair missing), decorated over its surface with scrolls, in its leather-covered wooden scabbard with silver locket and middle band (chape missing, areas of wear) 72 cm; 28 ⅜ in blade

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111 A CAUCASIAN SHORTSWORD (KINDJAL), LAST QUARTER OF THE 19TH CENTURY with broad double-edged blade formed with a long off-set fuller on each face and sharply tapering towards the point, horn grip of characteristic form, the lower portion encased by nielloed silver decorated with traditional scrolls within beadwork borders, retained by two rivets with low domed heads, in its leather-covered wooden scabbard with large silver locket and chape, each en suite with the hilt and the former incorporating a loop for suspension 44.3 cm; 17 ⅜ in blade £600-800 112 A CAUCASIAN SHORTSWORD (KINDJAL), LATE 19TH CENTURY with double-edged blade curved at the point, formed with a pair of etched central fullers on each face, the front stamped with a mark, inlaid with brass foliage and stylised inscriptions, hilt fitted with a pair of shaped horn grip-scales retained by three pairs of iron rivets, in its leather-covered wooden scabbard (worn) 43 cm; 17 in blade

£200-250 113 A FINE 25 BORE OTTOMAN MIQUELET-LOCK RIFLE, TURKEY, CIRCA 1780 with octagonal barrel rifled with seven grooves, retained by four chased silver bands, encrusted with gold scrolls and flowers at the muzzle and the breech, the middle section with three gold-encrusted inscriptions and further sprays of gold foliage, struck with the barrelsmith’s mark on the left of the breech and fitted with standing back-sight also encrusted with gold, the tang overlaid with an engraved silver plaque, characteristic lock encrusted with gold scrolls of foliage within a beadwork frame, matching cock and steel, steel button trigger, figured hardwood full stock applied with a large openwork silver plaque beneath the lock, faceted butt formed of dark hardwood bands filled with panels of coloured bone inlays forming stars framed by green and white bone fillets and a band of engraved silver, profusely applied with further elaborate openwork silver plaques, a large engraved silver plaque about the barrel tang, silver barrel bolt escutcheons, green-stained horn fore-end cap inlaid with brass pellets, and iron ramrod 83.2 cm; 32 ¾ in barrel

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114 A 16 BORE GREEK FLINTLOCK GUN (KARIOPHILI), 19TH CENTURY, PROBABLY IOANNINA with swamped sighted barrel retained by six nielloed silver bands, the rearmost band incorporating a chased back-sight, scrollengraved stepped lock fitted with roller, figured walnut full stock almost entirely encased in silver nielloed and chased with scrolls and foliage inhabited by exotic birds, the butt embossed with further birds and a pair of rampant lions supporting an urn on each face, trigger-guard decorated en suite with the stock, fitted with a pair of white metal sling swivels, and iron ramrod 120.5 cm; 47 ½ in barrel For a discussion of this group see Elgood 2009, p. 240-245. £700-900 115 AN 11 BORE SARDINIAN MIQUELET-LOCK GUN, 18TH CENTURY cut-down to carbine length, with associated sighted barrel, chiselled lock decorated with scrollwork, wooden full stock almost entirely covered in iron plaques pierced and chased with elaborate arrangements of scrolling foliage, and the fore-end fitted with a panel of silver, probably Caucasian, chased with beadwork 53.7 cm; 21 ⅛ in barrel

£500-600 116 A 15 BORE BALKAN MIQUELET-LOCK GUN (ARNAULKA), 18TH/19TH CENTURY with tapering sighted Italian barrel retained by five decorated brass bands and a further plain band, engraved tang, characteristic lock engraved with scrolls, slender stock enclosed with scroll-engraved iron, the butt engraved on the spine en suite with the tang and fitted on each side with large shell plaques, engraved with a brief inscription on each side of the tang, retained by two pairs of rivets with large brass heads (the third missing), engraved moulded trigger-guard, and iron ramrod 139.5 cm; 55 in barrel The inscriptions read ‘ahib yardaj (?)’ [Owner Yardaj (?)], ‘amal ibrahim sana 1273’, [Made by Ibhrahim, year 1273 (1856/7)] £400-600 117 AN 18 BORE BALKAN MIQUELET-LOCK GUN (ARNAULKA), 18TH/19TH CENTURY with tapering sighted Italian barrel retained by four decorated white metal bands (one associated), characteristic lock applied with white metal panels (losses), slender stock enclosed with scroll-engraved iron, the butt enriched with a large engraved brass panel on each side, set with large domed bosses, and numerous iron nails, iron trigger-guard, and iron ramrod 115.8 cm; 45 ⅝ in barrel

£300-400 118 AN 8 BORE INDIAN MATCHLOCK MUSKET (TORADOR), 19TH CENTURY with earlier, probably Turkish, heavy sighted barrel, retained by four slender bands, formed in three sections divided by low moulded ribs, the forward section hammer finished, the breech struck with an arsenal mark and incorporating the back-sight, characteristic action enclosed by shaped iron panels, full stock fluted behind the breech and characteristic slender butt with chamfered upper edges (worn, ramrod missing) 112 cm; 44 ⅛ in barrel £200-250 119 A 22 BORE FLINTLOCK TRADE GUN, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, 19TH CENTURY with two-stage sighted barrel, flat lock stamped with an elephant mark and ‘Warranted’, full stock and iron mounts including sideplate and six ramrod-pipes, in a fringed leather sleeve 129.5 cm; 51 in barrel

£120-180

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120 A FINE PAIR OF 18 BORE FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS OF PRESENTATION QUALITY SIGNED BLANCH, LONDON, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1830 with three-stage sighted barrels engraved with trophies-of-arms, foliage, sun bursts and signed within a decorative framework over the breeches, struck with Birmingham proof marks beneath, engraved tangs retaining traces of gilding and incorporating the back-sights, signed engraved stepped locks retaining traces of gilding, fitted with pierced cocks, bolt safetycatches, rollers and semi-rainproof pans, figured walnut full stocks profusely inlaid with silver wire scrolls carrying engraved silver cornucopia, trophy-of-arms and trophy-of-hunting plaques, the tangs, locks and pommels all partially enclosed by further silver lines sown with minute pellets, gilt-copper alloy mounts cast and chased in low relief, comprising solid side-plates decorated with classical trophies, spurred pommels decorated with further trophies and cornucopia, trigger-guards en suite, trophy-of-arms escutcheons, and a pair of ramrod-pipes, engraved silver barrel bolt escutcheons, original ramrods, and the mounts retaining much original gilding 30.5 cm; 12 in barrels (2) ÂŁ7000-9000

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121 A 22 BORE OTTOMAN FLINTLOCK KUBUR PISTOL, 19TH CENTURY, PROBABLY TURKEY for the tourist market, with two-stage barrel engraved and retaining traces of gilding over the breech, engraved and gilt lock (topjaw missing), full stock profusely applied with small white metal plaques, and white metal mounts including trigger-guard and side-plate each cast with trophies (worn, losses) 25.7 cm; 10 ⅛ in barrel £200-300 122 A 14 BORE FRENCH MODEL 1822 PERCUSSION PISTOL, ENRICHED IN TONKIN IN ITS WORKING LIFE AND A TURKISH HOLSTER PISTOL, 19TH CENTURY the first of regulation specifications (ramrod missing), the stock applied with panels of pierced and engraved silver in the Tonkinese style, with a collection tag of ‘V. Coupard, Haiphong, Tonkin’; the second with sparsely engraved tapering barrel in the Italian taste, engraved bevelled lock, inlaid full stock, spurred white metal pommel, and imitation ramrod the first: 19.5 cm; 7 ¾ in barrel (2) Haiphong, in former Tonkin, is now the third largest city in Vietnam. £300-400 123 A PAIR OF 18 BORE OTTOMAN LONG FLINTLOCK KUBUR PISTOLS, TURKEY, 19TH CENTURY with tapering three-stage barrels chiselled with trophies-of-arms enriched with brass over the breeches, chiselled tangs, chiselled locks en suite with th breeches, full stocks inlaid with silver wire scrolls, silver mounts chased with trophies-of-arms in low relief including, solid side-plates, spurred pommels, trigger-guards and escutcheons (the iron parts pitted) and each with wooden ramrod 31 cm; 12 ¼ in barrels (2) £1200-1800 124 A PAIR OF 16 BORE OTTOMAN BALKAN LONG FLINTLOCK KUBUR PISTOLS, 19TH CENTURY with tapering barrels decorated with gold foliage and retained by two chased silver bands, the tangs overlaid with nielloed silver plaques, engraved locks fitted with bevelled cocks, lightly carved full stocks decorated with linear designs, silver mounts including solid side-plates, spurred pommels, all decorated with traditional scrollwork en suite with the barrel bands, imitation ramrods, and iron trigger-guards 33.5 cm; 13 ¼ in barrels (2) £1000-1500 125 A PAIR OF 16 BORE OTTOMAN LONG FLINTLOCK KUBUR PISTOLS, TURKEY, 19TH CENTURY with swamped barrels formed in four stages, chiselled with a leafy oval over the breeches, grooved breech tangs, engraved bevelled locks, moulded full stocks decorated with foliage about the rear ramrod-pipes (one butt and both fore-ends with small chips), iron mounts including pierced foliate side-plates, spurred pommels decorated en suite with the breeches, and triggerguards with foliate terminals, and no provision for a ramrod 42.5 cm; 16 ¾ in barrels (2) £600-800

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126 A KUBA WAR SWORD (ILWOON), 19TH CENTURY with characteristic medially-ridged blade widening towards a pierced tip, embossed with a pattern of fluting over the upper half on each face, and hardwood hilt previously fitted with a collar at the base (missing) including large carved disc-shaped pommel (cracked) 45 cm; 17 ¾ in blade The Ilwoon was the principal Kuba sword. In addition to its military use it was also an important part of dance costume worn at funerals of high ranking Kuba officials. £200-300 127 THREE CENTRAL AFRICAN SHORTSWORDS, 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY the first probably Congo, with E-shaped head and broad blade cut with numerous slender fullers on each face, the second a Monda knife, possibly Nkundo or Mongo tribe, with broad blade widening towards the tip, and carved wooden grip; and the third for the Ashante tribe with curved pierced blade and carved wooden hilt the first: 46 cm; 18 ⅛ in blade (3) £200-300 128 TWO AFRICAN SHORTSWORDS, LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURY the first for the Poto, Doko or Ngombe tribe, with broad blade flaring at the point, pierced elliptical forte, wire-bound grip, and fur-covered globular pommel; the second formed entirely of wood, with integral grip of similar form to the last the first: 45 cm; 17 ¾ in blade (2)

£200-300 129 AN AFRICAN EXECUTIONER’S SHORTSWORD, 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY, NGOMBE OR DOKO with broad flat blade curving strongly towards the point, the lower half cut with a series of very slender blackened flutes on one side of each face, the forte bound with iron ribband, and moulded wooden grip profusely studded with brass nails 47 cm; 18 ½ in blade

£300-350 130 FIVE AFRICAN DAGGERS, 19TH/20TH CENTURY the first Azande, with leaf-shaped blade pierced with four circular holes, recessed slotted forte, and waisted hardwood grip; the second and third with sharply tapering blade engraved with a herringbone pattern on each face, the fortes formed as a stylised ram’s head, and tusk grips; the fourth with curved blade formed with a sharp inner edge, horn hilt, in its scabbard; and the fifth probably Sudanese, with crocodile grip and scabbard the first: 44.5 cm; 17 ½ in blade (5) £200-250 131 THREE AFRICAN SHORTSWORDS, 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY the first with broad flat blade engraved with stylised birds, animals, and crescents and inset with brass and copper on each face, engraved forte, and brass-mounted skin-covered grip; the second probably Moroccan, with recurved single-edged blade, and slender horn grip of near yataghan form; and the third Sudanese, with long flat blade, and anthropoid hilt involving hardwood and brass, in its leather scabbard with an arm band the first:30.5 cm; 12 in blade (3) £150-200

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132 FIVE CENTRAL AFRICAN THROWING KNIVES, 19TH CENTURY the first two for the Banda tribe, each with four projections; the third for the Zande, Avungara or Abarambo tribe; the fourth and fifth Ingessana tribe, with long blades strongly curved towards the point, formed with an additional long spike, and one with cordbound grip and the other bound with hide the first:45.3 cm; 17 ⅞ in overall (5) £200-250 133 FOUR AFRICAN THROWING KNIVES, CONGO, 19TH CENTURY the first with curved fluted head formed with an additional lug wrapped in brass wire, and cord bound grip; the second probably Gbaya tribe, with angular head, rear lug and cord-bound grip; the third similar to the preceding; and the fourth with broad flat blade formed with an angular head and profusely fluted on one face, and wooden grip the first: 42.5 cm; 16 ¾ in (4) £200-250 134 FIVE AFRICAN THROWING KNIVES, CONGO, 19TH CENTURY the first a Lobala chieftain’s knife, the head formed as a broken circle and the hilt bound with copper; the second with hookshaped head, and the grip bound with iron ribband; the third with acutely angled broad head inlaid with a pair of copper pellets at the base, curved forte and the grip bound with iron ribband; the fourth for the Azande tribe, with long blade with acutely curved tip, and the grip bound with brass ribband; and the fifth similar, with shorter blade and the grip bound with plaited copper wire the first: 42.5 cm; 16 ¾ in (5) £200-250 135 AN AFRICAN SWORD, 19TH CENTURY, PROBABLY FOR A WEST AFRICAN CHIEFTAIN with broad double-edged blade decorated with scrolls, the forte applied with two iron panels decorated with dense scrollwork, iron cross-piece including a pair of recurved quillons with knop-shaped finials, ivory grip carved with chevron over the lower portion and fluting over the upper portion, enriched with silver plaques, ribs and plaited wire (small losses), and silver pommel with a chain for suspension, in its tooled leather scabbard 86 cm; 33 ⅞ in blade

£500-700 136 A MOROCCAN SHORTSWORD (FLYSSA) AND A SOUTH EAST ASIAN POLEARM, 19TH CENTURY the first with slender single-edged blade inlaid with brass, and iron grip inlaid with engraved brass, in its carved hardwood scabbard; the second with broad fullered blade double-edged for the last portion, and the base enclosed by a silver ferrule (haft missing) the first: 59 cm; 23 ¼ in blade (2) £250-300 137 AN IVORY-MOUNTED MANGBETU TRIBE SICKLE KNIFE, CONGO, LATE 19TH CENTURY with steel blade of beaked form, pierced with a pair of circular apertures and with three basal lugs, rectangular forte, and carved ivory haft formed with a series of ribs in the middle 24.8cm; 9 ¾ in head £300-350 138 A MANGBETU TRIBE SICKLE KNIFE, CONGO, LATE 19TH CENTURY with steel blade of beaked form, pierced with a pair of circular apertures and with two basal lugs, and carved hardwood grip 26 cm; 10 ¼ in head £200-250

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139 A HARDWOOD CLUB, 19TH CENTURY, PROBABLY AFRICAN highly figured, of tapering cylindrical form, the grip bound with hide 76 cm; 30 in overall

£200-250 140 A PHILIPPINES HEAD AXE AND TWO AFRICAN AXES, 19TH CENTURY the first an Igorot head axe, with curved leading edge, slender rear pean, and wooden haft encased in iron over its upper portion; the second with long wedge-shaped head widening towards the axe-edge, and leather-covered haft; and the third with angular iron head and wooden haft with swollen head the first: 45 cm; 17 ¾ in overall (3) £200-250 141 TWO AFRICAN AXES, A MASAI SHORTSWORD AND AN INDIAN TALWAR, 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY the first with angled head formed with a curved cutting edge, and wooden haft swelling at the head and retaining a portion of fur covering; the second with curved axe-head formed with a horizontal rectangular neck, and long wooden haft; the third with straight blade widening towards the tip, and hide covered grip; and the fourth with straight serrated blade and characteristic hilt retaining some silver decoration the first: 66.5 cm; 26 ¼ in overall (4) £200-250 142 A YORUBA SHANGO STAFF, NIGERIA, EARLY 20TH CENTURY with rectangular head of elliptical section (wormed), formed with a raised cross-hatched central rib, a projecting head in the centre at the top, and integral carved wooden haft swelling at the base and incorporating a further carved head at the top (chips) 63.5 cm; 25 in overall £200-300 143 TWO AFRICAN CLUBS, LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURY the first Zulu, with bulbous head studded with brass nails with large domed heads, and bound with brass and copper wire at the top and bottom of its haft; the second Masai, with globular head and long haft the first: 71.5 cm; 28 ⅛ in overall (2) £250-300

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144 SIX AFRICAN SHORTSWORDS AND DAGGERS, LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURY the first Masai (Ol Alem), with medially-ridged broad blade, carved hardwood grip, in its carved scabbard; the second Congo, with engraved broad blade inset with three copper rondels, carved hardwood grip with plaited copper wire; the third Congo, with engraved broad blade and the grip wrapped with copper ribband, and kidney-shaped iron pommel; the fourth probably Congo with long blade and acutely curved point; and the fifth and six of hatchet form the first: 57 cm; 22 ½ in blade

£200-300 145 AN AFRICAN AXE (NZAPA ZAP), UPPER CONGO, A PAIR OF MOROCCAN PRICK SPURS AND A BOOMERANG, 19TH CENTURY the first with iron head, and copper sheathed haft with swollen head; the second with very long slightly curved pricks, arched heel bands with slotted rectangular terminals, and each retaining its leather straps; and the third of wood (cracked), pierced at one terminal for display the first: 38.5 cm; 15 ¼ in overall (4) £200-250 146 AN ETHIOPIAN TOOLED HIDE SHIELD, SIDAMO, 19TH CENTURY of near oval form, embossed with a raised central ellipse surrounded by a series of radial ribs, numerous low domed nodules and cusped border, the inside with a robust enarme (pierced for display, areas of red pigment) 73 cm; 28 ¾ in diameter

£700-1000 147 AN AFRICAN SHIELD, CLUB, AND TWO SPEARS, SOMALIA, 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY the first of circular tooled leather, formed with an outwardly flanged brim, and the inside with a robust leather handle; the second with carved wooden head decorated with a basketweave design integral wooden haft pierced at the base for suspension; the third and fourth with leaf-shaped heads, conical sockets, wooden hafts bound with iron at the base; together with three photographs including the shield’s presentation to Major M. G. Clarke of the British Somaliland Scouts by two Somali’s the first: 35 cm; 13 ¼ in diameter (5) £250-350


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148 THREE AFRICAN AXES, LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURY the first with tall axe-head formed with a wavy cutting edge, and hardwood haft; the second with iron head formed of two v-shaped spikes, on its wooden haft bound with brass wire; and the third with forked iron head formed with an additional spike top and bottom, on its wooden haft the first: 28.5 cm; 11 ¼ in head (3)

151 A MULTI-PRONGED SPEAR, 19TH CENTURY, AFRICAN OR INDIAN with leaf-shaped screw-in iron head, fitted with engraved shaped brass panels on each side at the base, each fitted in tun with additional iron and brass spikes, all retained by rivets over foliate washers, long tapering iron socket, on a wooden haft 30.5 cm; 12 in head

£250-300

£200-250

149 SIX VARIOUS BOWS, 19TH CENTURY including a Ceylonese painted bow, fitted with a late 17th century small partisan head; three African hardwood bows; a bamboo bow; another bow and a staff (7)

152 FOURTEEN SPEARS, AFRICA 19TH/20TH CENTURY including Congo and Kassai river, each on its wooden haft (14)

£200-250 150 A LARGE AFRICAN CURRENCY SPEAR, 19TH CENTURY with broad leaf-shaped blade formed with a very slender attenuated point, drawn-out to a pair of pointed lugs at the base, and short tubular socket, (rusted) 174.2 cm; 68 ⅝ in head £100-120

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153 TWENTY FOUR SPEARS, AFRICA, 19TH/20TH CENTURY including a ‘currency’ spear with brass head, an Upper Congo spear, a Zulu spear, a Nigerian spear, and a Gabon river spear, each on its haft (24) £350-400 154 FOURTEEN SPEARS, AFRICAN AND INDIAN 19TH/20TH CENTURY including an Assam spear, with leaf-shaped blade formed with three pairs of basal lugs, on its fur-covered haft; another, African, for the Fang tribe, and another Congo, and each on its haft the first: 65 cm; 25 ⅝ in head (14) £200-250 155 A NORTH AFRICAN HELMET, 19TH CENTURY of spun conical copper, joined by a rivetted seam at the back, the base fitted with a pierced brim with traces of crude mail links, and fitted with fixed nasal bar 23 cm; 9 in high

£200-300 156 AN AFRICAN SHIELD, 19TH CENTURY of characteristic circular form with a central dome, the outer face profusely studded with iron nails on brass coin washers, the inner face with traces of hide lining and a pair of iron rings for enarmes 25.5 cm; 10 in diameter £200-300 57


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157 A RARE MAORI GREENSTONE PENDANT (HEI TIKI), NEW ZEALAND of figured greenstone, with characteristic carving, pierced with four holes at the base, and the top pierced and fitted with a later loop for suspension 8 cm; 3 â…› in high Provenance Nellie Tarver Robin Wigington, Stratford-upon-Avon by 1955 A number of similar examples are preserved in the British Museum, see 1925 catalogue, plate X. A maori hardwood club (wahaika) from both the Wigington and Tarver collections was sold in these rooms, 8 December 2010, lot 42. ÂŁ4000-6000

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158 A POLYNESIAN HARDWOOD CLUB, TONGA ISLANDS, 19TH CENTURY of slightly tapering cylindrical form, carved with horizontal bands of geometric patterns (small chips), the base fitted with a later loop for suspension 86.5 cm; 34 ⅛ in overall £800-1000 159 A MAORI CLUB (TEWHATEWHA), 19TH CENTURY with paddle shaped head (chips and cracks), and long tapering haft carved with a stylised tiki face towards the base 153.2 cm; 60 ⅜ in overall £700-900 160 A RARE BRITISH NEW GUINEA STONE CLUB, COLLINGWOOD BAY, 19TH CENTURY with black stone disc-shaped head pierced with a central hole, and wooden haft bound with plaited rattan at the top (feathers missing, haft cracked) 92.7 cm; 36 ½ in overall

£500-700 161 A RARE BRITISH NEW GUINEA STONE CLUB, COLLINGWOOD BAY, 19TH CENTURY with black stone disc-shaped head pierced with a central hole, and long wooden haft bound with plaited rattan at the top and beneath the head (feathers missing, haft cracked) 116 cm; 45 ⅝ in overall £600-800 162 A PAPUASIAN HARDWOOD CLUB, NEW CALEDONIA, 19TH/20TH CENTURY with angular head of flattened-diamond section, short tapering haft punched with a criss-cross pattern over the base 55.5 cm; 21 ⅞ in overall

£200-250 163 A HARDWOOD CLUB, PROBABLY NEW CALEDONIA, 19TH/20TH CENTURY with head of flattened-diamond section incorporating a bill-shaped terminal, incised with stars and geometric designs over its surface, tapering haft, and the base pierced for a loop 60.5 cm; 23 ⅝ in overall

£200-250

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e Armoury of the Princely House of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, removed from Schloss Langenburg Schloss Langenburg is the ancestral seat of the Hohenlohe line, dynastic rulers of the Hohenlohe County and historically under the immediate authority of the Emperor (Reichsfreiheit) until the mediatisation of the County in 1806 to the Kingdoms of Württemberg and Bavaria. The Hohenlohes’ ruled initially as Imperial Knights, as Imperial Counts since 1450, with membership of the Franconian Circle since 1500, and the Langenburg branch as Princes of the Holy Roman Empire since 1764. Today, the castle is the family home of Princess Saskia and Prince Philipp zu Hohenlohe-Langenburg and home also to the renowned German Car Museum. The castle is strategically situated on a steep spur overlooking the spectacular Jagt river-valley in the Hohenlohe region of Northern Baden-Württemberg and is first recorded in 1226, under the ownership of Walther von Langenburg. In 1235 the castle was given to the Hohenlohe family, passing in due course to Count Gottfried von Hohenlohe, a liegeman of the Emperor Friedrich II and and Grand Master of the Teutonic Order (1297-1303). In 1551 Count Georg I divided the various Hohenlohe estates and castles between his sons, thus establishing the HohenloheNeuenstein and Hohenlohe-Waldenburg lines. This division was of particular significance against the background of the German Reformation, of which the record of its arrival at Langenburg is dated 1556. The Hohenlohe-Neuenstein line converted to Protestantism, it is from this branch of the family that the Hohenlohe-Langenburg line is descended and the foregoing political and military history of this branch took its shape from its mid-16th century religious conversion.

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In 1585 the castle again became a residence, it having undergone a period in which it was uninhabited. In 1610-16 the castle underwent substantial architectural developments in the courtly style of the High Renaissance, planned by a Netherlandish architect under the guidance of Count Philipp Ernst (1584-1628), a professional officer in the army of the Netherlands. These works included the clock tower, the decorated inner courtyard and the elaborate stucco interiors executed by the Kuhn brothers, and which survive to the present. The wheel-lock carbine in the armoury stocked by the so-called Master of the Castles is much in keeping with the renewed spirit of Schloss Langenburg within this period. The castle is additionally defended at its eastern end by a deep dry double moat crossed by bridges and its four large round corner towers date from the 13th century. The structure was further fortified in the 15th century for mounting artillery. Despite its formidable defences, the Thirty Years’ War dealt Schloss Langenburg a catastrophic blow, the House of Hohenlohe-Langenburg having sided actively with the Swedish and Protestant-German alliance and taken up prominent political and military roles; some firearms and the 16th century light artillery pieces also preserved in the armoury are original to the campaigns and to the defence of the castle within this long period of conflict. In 1634 the castle fell after a lengthy siege to the Imperial forces which had inundated and pillaged the Hohenlohe County prior to the decisive Imperial victory at Nördlingen. Within the terms of the Imperial governance of the Hohenlohe lands the castle was restored to Hohenlohe-Langenburg ownership within a short period, this being the only occasion in which the castle has not been owned by the family since the 13th century. Thereafter, the castle underwent a final transformation to a baroque princely residence under Count Ludwig (1696-1765), whom had been raised to Reichsfürst by the Emperor Franz I on 7th January 1764. A substantial part of decorated flintlock firearms within the armoury were acquired within the tenure of Count Ludwig and reflect the functional transition of the castle from warfare to the pleasures of the hunt. Relatively late in its history the Langenburg armoury received additional sporting firearms and other historic military arms from the Hohenlohe-Kirchberg line. This inheritance was a consequence of the extinction of that branch of the family upon the death in 1861 of the childless Prince Karl IV zu Hohenlohe-Kirchberg. Included among this bequest were swords associated with the military campaigns of Feldmarschal-Leutnant Prince Friedrich Wilhelm zu Hohenlohe-Kirchberg (1732-1796) in the service of the Habsburg monarchy. Prince Friedrich saw distinguished service during the Seven Years’ War, engagement in the War of the Bavarian Succession, continued service as a highly successful field commander in Walachia and Transylvania during the respective Russo-Turkish and Austro-Turkish Wars of 1768-74 and 1787, and further distinguished himself in Flanders and France during the war against revolutionary France in 1792. A notable historical characteristic of the Hohenlohe-Langenburg line is the families’ close links with Europe’s ruling Protestant dynasties, their close relationship with the British Royal Family in particular. Commencing with Princess Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, a Hohenlohe-Langenburg on her mother’s side and Queen Consort to William IV, the link was furthered in 1828, with the marriage at Kensington Palace of Prince Ernst zu Hohenlohe-Langenburg to Princess Anna Feodora zu Leiningen, the half-sister of the future Queen Victoria. Subsequent to this, Princess Feodora’s grandson, Ernst II zu Hohenlohe-Langenburg, married in 1896 Queen Victoria’s grand-daughter, Princess Alexandra of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. Princess Alexandra was the third daughter of H.R.H. Prince Alfred, whom was in turn the second son of Queen Victoria and H.R.H. The Prince Albert; Alexandra was also the grand-daughter of Tsar Alexander II of Russia. Included within the Schloss Langenburg armoury is an English cased percussion sporting gun made for Prince Alfred as a young boy in about 1850, by Westley Richards, Gunmaker to H.R.H. Prince Albert. The gun was quite possibly the gift of his father, Prince Albert. The gun thence descended from Alfred to Princess Alexandra his third daughter, living at Schloss Langenburg, where it has remained until now. The family ties between the Royal House of Windsor and the Princely House of Hohenlohe-Langenburg were again interwoven within modern times and remain strong to this day. Her Majesty the Queen visited Schloss Langenburg on her State Visit of Germany in 1965, accompanied by H.R.H. The Duke of Edinburgh and H.R.H. Princess Margarita, his sister. The royal visit is commemorated by the inclusion of their Mercedes 600 touring car amongst the German classic car collection in the Car Museum at the castle. The arms and armour which form this selection from the Schloss Langenburg armoury are the unique legacy of ownership and historical use by the noble Hohenlohe family and their retainers; the majority have never been on public display. The dispersal of the arms and armour will benefit not only the continued conservation of this magnificent castle and the planned expansion of the public castle museum, but it is hoped also that collectors worldwide will benefit from the release of these pieces and restore them as befits their quality and noble provenance.

Nicholas McCullough

Thomas Del Mar Ltd. gratefully ackowledges Nicholas McCullough as cataloguer of the Schloss Langenburg Armoury, for which he is the appointed agent.

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164 164 A FINE AND RARE DUTCH CARVED IVORY TOWN SWORD, SECOND HALF OF THE 17TH CENTURY with slender tapering blade formed in two stages with a pronounced medial ridge decorated with a filed indented pattern running the entire length of the blade on both sides, the wider rear portion terminating in abrupt shoulders at the forte, the hilt constructed almost entirely of ivory, in four pieces carved in relief, comprising cube-shaped quillon-block decorated with a concentric rosette pattern on both sides, carrying a pair of fluted lobed quillons each rising from a concentric moulding at its base and attached by metal rods with button terminals, the grip and the pommel carved in one piece, the former with a fine basketwork pattern with fluted mouldings at both ends, the pommel en suite with the quillons, the blade tang capped by a small iron washer, and the hilt in fine condition throughout 86.3 cm; 34 in blade The carved design of the hilt is closely related to a series of carved circular ivory powder-flasks broadly attributed to the 17th century and from Dutch workshops as yet not identified. A quantity of these flasks were formerly in the collection of the late H.L. Visser; see Puype 1996, Volume I, Part 3. Notable among these, in particular for the similarity of the carved subjects, is Cat. 650, pp. 376-7. ÂŁ3000-3500 66


165 A RARE GERMAN TOWN SWORD WITH AGATE AND ENAMEL HILT, AND ITS SCABBARD, CIRCA 1650-60 with slender tapering hollow-ground blade finely etched and gilt on a blued panel over its lower portion on both sides, the etched designs centring on the principal commanding figures from the Thirty Years’ War and differing over the respective sides, decorated with birds perched on vine branches above the motto “Soli.Deo.Glo.Ria”, one side with the bust portrait of King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden and that of Bernhard, Duke of Saxe(-Weimar), Jülich and Cleves each within an oval frame bearing their respective abbreviated Latinised titles, the motto “Fiede St: D Cui Fiede” between, the reverse side decorated with two mounted figures, one (Kurfürst) Maximilian (I) Count Palatine, the other not captioned, with variegated agate hilt, the lower portion constructed in two halves joined at the sides, bound with four narrow bands of gilt-brass enamelled with an alternating blue and white cabled pattern, and including mushroom-shaped pommel (quillons removed), in its original leather-covered wooden scabbard with provision for a by-knife, the outer face tooled with five crowns towards the top, and fitted with gilt-brass chape decorated on both sides with a pierced raised design of polychrome cold-enamelled scrolling flowers and leaves 84.8 cm; 33 ⅜ in blade

£3000-3500

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166 A GERMAN ROCOCO HUNTING-SWORD AND SCABBARD WITH EARLIER CARVED IVORY GRIP, CIRCA 1770-80 the blade etched with scrolls and Latin mottos on both sides (pitted), with brass hilt cast in relief with rococo ornament, including short quillons with re-curved tips, fluted shell-guard and domed cap pommel, fitted with earlier ivory grip finely carved in high relief with a complex spiral pattern of boar, stags, hares and a lion all entwined in combat with hounds, in its original leather scabbard with decorated locket and provision for a by-knife (missing, the chape associated) 54.6 cm; 21½ in blade The grip, now partly obscured by the 18th century mounts, is finely carved in the manner and quality of the renowned Maucher workshops of Schwäbish-Gmund and dates from circa 1680. £1200-1500 167 A SOUTH GERMAN SILVER-GILT HUNTING-SWORD AND SCABBARD WITH CARVED IVORY GRIP, LATE 17TH/EARLY 18TH CENTURY with slender curved blade double-edged towards the point, cut with a series of very narrow fullers and etched with a scrolling pattern of large flowerheads and foliage on both sides at the forte, silver-gilt hilt with loop-guard (knuckle-guard missing), the grip carved in high relief with a complex spiral pattern of three boars, a stag and hares all entwined in combat with hounds, in its original leather-covered wooden scabbard with silver-gilt chape with raised filigree settings for semi-precious stones (the stones and the scabbard locket all missing) 65.8 cm; 25 ⅞ in blade The grip is most probably from the workshops of the ivory carvers of Schwäbish-Gmund. £1000-1200 168 A FRENCH SILVER-HILTED SMALL-SWORD, LYON CHARGE MARK FOR 1688-1703, CIRCA 1700 with two-stage blade stamped with a series of small decorative marks, together with the inscription “Tomas” within each of the narrow fullers on one side at the forte and “Aiale” within the two fullers on the reverse side, silver hilt cast in relief with figural groups from mythology, including double shell-guard of unequal proportions decorated on each face with pierced designs of figures seated within scrollwork and involving pairs of grotesque masks, a pair of short quillons with horizontally re-curved monsters’ head terminals, urn-shaped pommel pierced with further figures and demon masks, and the grip bound with patterned silver wire and “Turks’ heads”(one quillon cracked, the arms of the hilt each incomplete, consequently the silver marks also, the grip an old replacement) 89.5 cm; 35¼ in blade

£450-650 68


169 A RARE HUNGARIAN LIGHT CAVALRY ESTOC AND SCABBARD, CIRCA 1650-60 with long very slender hollow-triangular blade etched and gilt on each face with three celestial motifs, together with the Bishop’s profile head mark and initials “PM” of the bladesmith Peter Munch of Solingen, iron hilt of slender bars, the crosspiece formed with upper and lower langets and drawn up to form a knuckle-guard, flat beak-shaped cap pommel canted downwards at its forward end, original grip bound with leather over cords, and the blade tang secured by a lateral rivet with iron rosette-shaped heads, in its original leather-covered wooden scabbard decorated with small mouldings below the mouth, with iron chape formed of two parts bound by a fluted band, and two further iron bands with loops and a ring for suspension (the second ring missing) 120 cm; 47¼ in blade For a comparable example with its scabbard, the blade also bearing the mark of Peter Munch, Solingen, see Szendrei 1896, p. 374, nr. 2772, pl. XXII. The bladesmith’s mark, together with the accompanying celestial marks, are recorded by Weyersberg: for commentary on recorded blades made by Peter Munch see Weyersberg 1926, pp. 32-4, fig. 83. Also see Nadolski 1974, fig. 104. £2000-3000

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170 A RARE EAST EUROPEAN SWORD, HUNGARIAN OR POLISH, SECOND HALF OF THE 17TH CENTURY with broad flat double-edged blade with rebated tip, the lower half etched on both sides with an heraldic crest surmounting a classical portrait bust and a Latin inscription differing over the respective sides, with iron crosspiece formed with button tips and upper and lower langets, flat beak-shaped cap-pommel canted downwards at its front, original grip bound with leather over cords, and the blade tang secured by a lateral rivet on iron rosette washers 83 cm; 32 ½ in blade The classical portraits are named respectively “Hannibal Canagus” and “Hyppimedon”(sic). The flat and rebated form of the blade and the moralistic tone of the inscriptions would suggest that it was intended for use mounted as either a bearing sword or a sword of justice. £1000-1500 171 A RARE EAST EUROPEAN HORSEMAN’S BROADSWORD AND SCABBARD, POLISH OR HUNGARIAN, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY with broad flat double-edged blade with near parallel edges coming to a blunt point, iron hilt of flattened bars cut with simple filed mouldings, formed with rear quillon with fishtail tip, knuckle-guard widening in the middle and joined to the beak of the pommel, upper and lower langets, thumb-ring, flat beak-shaped cap pommel, and original grip bound with leather over cords, in a contemporary leather-covered wooden scabbard, probably the original, with iron linear engraved mounts of characteristic type, comprising chape formed in two parts bound by a band, and a further pair of bands each with ring for suspension 77 cm; 30¼ in blade Swords such as these were typically used by cavalry of the Imperial forces engaged in the Turkish campaigns. £1200-1500 172 A VERY RARE TWO-HAND SWORD ( FEDERSCHWERT) FOR USE IN THE FECHTSCHULEN, GERMAN OR SWISS, 16TH CENTURY with slender blade of rectangular section thinning progressively towards a spatulate tip, stamped with the letter “H” four times at the base on both sides, broad ricasso flaring to a pair of lugs, and both sides cut with a pair of broad gutters and struck with repeated paired arrangements of the letter “H” about an incised device, addorsed fleur-de-lys (perhaps heraldic), with rounded crosspiece formed with a small medial point and swelling tips, stopper-shaped pommel, and original leather-bound grip (the upper part of the grip repaired). 107.4 cm; 42¼ in blade Two-hand swords with blades of this distinctive type are well-illustrated in many of the instructional Fechtbücher printed in the late 15th century and throughout the 16th century. Despite their widespread use in training for foot combat, period swords of this type are now very rare. Comparable examples attributed to circa 1520 are in the Landesmuseum Zurich (Schweizerisches Nationalmuseum), inv. nos. KZ 193, KZ 1029 and KZ 1030; see Schneider and Stüber 1980, nos. 169,170 and 171, pp. 120-121. The second of these examples (KZ 1029) was also included in L’Épée - Usages, mythes et symboles, loan exhibition, musée de Cluny - musée national du Moyan Age, 28 April -26 September 2011. Another, attributed to the 15th century, is in the Museum Altes Zeughaus, Solothurn (MAZ 313); see Mäder 2013, pp. 84-87. £3000-3500

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173 A GERMAN CROSS-HILTED HUNTING-SWORD WITH EXTREMELY RARE ETCHED CALENDAR BLADE, THE BLADE CIRCA 1620-30, THE HILT AND THE SCABBARD EACH 16TH CENTURY with long broad flat blade double-edged and coming to a very short point, etched in fine detail over almost the entire length of each face with a Gregorian calendar in linear tabulated form, one side bearing the months “IANIARIVS” to “IVNIVS”, the other “IVLIVS” to “DECEMBER”, giving the days of the week abbreviated to their first letters, each day of the month numbered and with its saints’ day or day of religious observance identified, the named months additionally identified by their respective German seasonal names together with the monthly total number of days, the monthly tables punctuated by cartouches filled with the twelve Zodiacal signs together with a cabalistic Greek miniscule letter, the final cartouche inscribed “Mon Esperence En Dieu” (“My Hope in God”), and decorated with rollwerk panels on both sides at the base, fitted with earlier rounded iron crosspiece with button terminals, stopper-shaped pommel, and wooden grip retaining a pair of “Turks’ heads” and a portion of the original binding all of patterned brass wire: in an earlier leather-covered wooden scabbard, decorated with tooled moulded bands about the top, with provision for extra-pieces and fitted with pierced U-shaped iron chape (the blade coarsely filed along the edges and over the surface of the base on one side, the scabbard suspension hook and the extra-pieces each missing) 87 cm; 34¼ in blade This blade would appear to be hitherto unrecorded. A sword mounted with a calendar blade tabulated and inscribed in a near identical manner, almost certainly by the same hand, is in the von Kienbusch Collection, in the Philadelphia Museum of Art: see von Kienbusch 1963, cat. no. 439, pl.CII. The von Kienbusch blade is etched additionally with portrait medallions, including that of Maximilian, Count Palatine of the Rhine, the title with which he was invested in 1623. Another closely comparable blade signed by the Solingen bladesmith Clemens Tache was formerly in the armoury of the GrandDukes of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach in the Wartburg: see Diener-Schönberg 1912 (W.-G.-I. Nr. 4456), cat. no. 401, p.110, pl.60. The Gregorian or Christian calendar was introduced by Pope Gregory XIII in 1582. For a general account of extant German and English hunting weapons with calendar blades see Blackmore 1971, pp.17-18. Also see Seiler 1940-42, pp. 11-19, for a detailed survey of the calendar blades of Ambrosius Gemlich of Munich (active circa 1527-42), whose work was most likely the source of inspiration for the present 17th century blade. The scabbard is of the type found on German and Swiss Landesknecht swords in the early 16th century and as such is very rare in its own right. A closely comparable example with sword and extra-pieces, circa 1520, is in the collection of the late Sir James Mann: see Dufty, 1974, pl. 16a. £6000-8000

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174 A GERMAN BOAR-HUNTING SWORD (SCHWEINSDEGEN), THIRD QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY with short blade of flattened diamond section forged in one piece with a long slender shank of rectangular section, slotted immediately behind the blade for attaching a toggle, struck on one side with the bladesmith’s mark “PP”, and formed with a short ricasso with acutely bevelled sides flared towards the base, faceted iron crosspiece with button terminals, chiselled early rapier pommel, and early moulded two-stage grip bound with leather over cords (the pommel associated, perhaps within the early period of use). 101 cm; 39¾ in blade

£3500-4500 175 A GERMAN HUNTING-SWORD AND SCABBARD, CIRCA 1650 with tapering double-edged blade formed with a very low medial ridge over its length on both sides and both sides with a small mark inlaid in latten, iron hilt with down-turned quillon with chiselled monster’s head terminal, fluted shell-guard, the knuckle-guard interrupted by a further chiselled monster’s head, the upper portion of the guard issuant from its mouth and with chiselled terminal, also a monster’s head, the grip of natural staghorn with iron basal collar and a flat iron plate over the top, and in a contemporary iron-mounted leather scabbard, possibly the original, with provision for a by-knife 62.3 cm; 24½ in blade

£500-800 176 A RARE TWO-HAND SWORD FOR FIELD COMBAT, GERMAN OR SWISS, CIRCA 1530-40 with broad, near-flat, double-edged blade coming to a short point, one side with running wolf mark retaining some latten inlay, and with traces of marks or letters cut along the edges of the ricasso, iron hilt formed with a robust faceted crosspiece spirally fluted towards both ends, with button terminals and a rectangular solid plate over the central section, stopper-shaped pommel, and original leather-covered two-stage grip bound with a leather outer layer over cords (the outer layer probably 16th century also) 109.2 cm; 43 in blade A comparable sword attributed to circa 1540 is in the Landesmuseum, Zurich (Dep 525); see Schneider and Stüber 1980, p.88, cat. no. 114. Another, also comparable, is in the Landeszeughaus, Graz (Inv.Nr. BL 1); see Krenn 1997, pp. 8-9. £3500-4000 177 A GERMAN TWO-HAND PROCESSIONAL SWORD, EARLY 17TH CENTURY with long blade of flattened diamond section flattened towards a blunt point, formed with a long ricasso incised on both sides with linear borders punctuated by rows of punched dots, and with a pair of curved short rear-curved lugs each struck with bladesmith’s mark, in a shield a mulberry, blackened iron hilt, comprising inner-and outer-rings of diamond section, each interrupted by three prominent diagonally fluted knops, a pair of quillons of rectangular section also interrupted by fluted mouldings, the outer stages issuant from stylised monsters’ heads, extending to tightly curled tips augmented by matching curled projections at both ends (one incomplete), large bulbous pommel chiselled with a segmented pattern of broad leaves, and moulded two-stage wooden grip retaining its original leather covering incised with a trellis pattern in imitation of wire (stabilised worm damage, leather partly torn) 129.5 cm; 51 in blade

£3000-3500

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178 A GERMAN SWORD OF JUSTICE, TOGETHER WITH ITS SCABBARD, LATE 17TH-EARLY 18TH CENTURY with broad flat double-edged blade coming to a vestigial point, with the cabalistic numbers “1544” cut within the short fuller on each face at the forte, and incised with a wheel of justice on one face and a gibbet on the reverse, with iron crosspiece formed with a pair of swelling quillons, plummet-shaped pommel rising to a button, and the grip retaining its original leather binding over cords, complete with its original leather-covered wooden scabbard, the outer face with tooled ornament towards the top, with iron chape and a punched decorated iron hook for suspension 82.5 cm; 32½ in blade

£2000-2500 179 A TWO-HAND SWORD, POSSIBLY FOR THE FIELD, GERMAN OR SWISS, CIRCA 1550-60 with robust near-flat blade with sharpened edges and coming to a short point, struck with a group of three small marks on both sides of the forte, cut with a narrow short basal fuller on both sides, formed with a pair of pyramidal short flukes at the head of the ricasso and incised with linear borders and subsidiary borders about the ricasso and the fullers respectively, blackened iron hilt also of robust construction, diagonally fluted in the middle, with a pair of rounded bars with trumpet-shaped tips each acutely incurved to form a near-annular guard at each face, crosspiece with strongly moulded button terminals (one quillon an old replacement) and decorated throughout with segments of spiral fluting, with bulbous pommel boldly incised with three large scallop shells, and moulded two-stage grip bound with leather over cords 118.8 cm; 46¾ in blade

£3000-4000 180 A GERMAN BOAR-HUNTING SWORD (SCHWEINSDEGEN), THIRD QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY with short blade of flattened diamond section forged in one piece with a long slender shank of rectangular section, the latter slotted immediately behind the blade for attaching a toggle, struck on both sides with the bladesmith’s mark, in a rectangle, a wolf over the letter W, together with a pair of circular stellate marks and widening to form a bevelled short ricasso, fitted with iron guard (now inverted) of rounded bars, formed with a pair of trumpet-shaped quillons forward-swept and drooping beyond their median, outer ring-guard swelling in the middle, inner guard formed of a diagonal loop linking the head of the single forward arm to the base of the rear quillon and with thumb-ring placed centrally, stopper-shaped pommel, and the grip with later wire binding 107 cm; 42 ⅛ in blade

£3500-4000 181 A GERMAN SWORD OF JUSTICE, TOGETHER WITH SCABBARD, 17TH CENTURY with broad flat rebated blade with a device inlaid in latten within the short fuller on both sides at the forte, a wheel of justice and a gibbet respectively, iron crosspiece swelling towards the ends, plummet-shaped pommel with prominent button, and leathercovered grip lightly decorated with tooled ornament (the leather covering probably an old replacement), in a contemporary leather-covered wooden scabbard, perhaps the original, with provision for a pair of by-knives and fitted with iron chape (the scabbard in deteriorated condition) 85.7 cm; 33¾ in blade

£1200-1500

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182 182 A RARE GERMAN TOWN SWORD WITH FINELY CARVED IVORY MEMENTO MORI HILT, DATED 1656 with slender tapering double-edged blade etched on both sides below the hilt, each face decorated with a pair of birds perched in flowering branches, framing at either end the figure of a classical warrior, one a representation of Hannibal, together with brief inscriptions including the date “Domene anno 1656”, ivory hilt formed in two parts and carved in relief, the pommel and the quillon terminals each in the form of a carefully detailed skull carved in the round, the quillons carved with a spiral design of snarling serpents entwined with toads and issuant from the mouth of a grotesque mask front and rear, the grip carved with a similar interlaced spiral also involving detached human bones, the base of the hilt fitted with a small moulded silver collar enriched with polychrome enamels, and the pommel capped by a blackened flower-head washer, in a contemporary leather-covered wooden scabbard fitted with iron chape. 85.7 cm; 33¾ in blade 1656 was the year in which an epidemic of plague killed 145,000 in Rome and 300,000 in the Kingdom of Naples. In the same year the German engraver Paul Fürst published his well-known engraving of the grotesquely masked and costumed plague doctor Doktor Schnabel von Rom (after an earlier work by J. Columbina) £6000-8000 78


183 A RARE SENIOR OFFICER’S DE-LUXE QUALITY DRESS SABRE WITH HILT AND SCABBARD MOUNTS OF PARCEL-GILT SILVER, BADEN OR WÜRTTEMBERG, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 19TH CENTURY with curved single-edged flat blade etched over its length in imitation of a damascus pattern, etched with laurel branches and gilt trophies-of-war on both sides, enclosing the figures of Mars and Venus etched and gilt on respective sides, and etched and gilt with a striped pattern along the back-edge, silver stirruphilt cast in relief, formed of a knuckle-guard with two oval bars branched diagonally across the outer face, with the quillon terminal formed as a dog’s head cast in the round, a pair of langets, the outer langet decorated with a silver-gilt lion mask in high relief, back-piece also of silver-gilt and rising to an eagle’s head pommel, and ebony grip carved with a scale pattern, in its original leather-covered wooden scabbard with parcel-gilt silver mounts cast in relief with subjects en suite with the blade, the locket involving the figure of Victory, and the middle-band applied with a fluted plaque carrying the cipher WR crowned, silver maker’s stamp of Sick of Stuttgart; complete with its portepee incorporating the black, white and red Federal colours 74.5 cm; 29¼ in blade The cypher on the middle-band of the scabbard is possibly that of the 2. Badisches Grenadier Regiment, Kaiser Wilhelm I. The regiment was established in 1852 and became a part of the Baden contingent of the Prussian army in 1871, under the designation Infanterie Regiment Nr. 110

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£1000-1500 79


184 185 185 detail 186 184 A FINE GERMAN DE-LUXE QUALITY CAVALRY OFFICER’S SABRE, CIRCA 1885-1900 with fullered blade of highly burnished steel etched with elaborate designs of scrolling foliage, involving trophies-of-war and neoclassical emblems on a gilt panel on both sides, gilt-brass hilt cast in relief, including a pair of langets decorated with crossed sabres, the quillon with lion’s head terminal, the pommel en suite, celluloid grip bound with silver wire, and in its nickel-plated iron scabbard, complete with portepee. 88 cm; 34 ⅝ in blade £1200-1800 185 A RARE SEVEN YEARS’ WAR FRENCH REGULATION HUSSARS’ SABRE, À LA HONGROISE, OF THE REGIMENT DE BERCHINŸ, CIRCA 1752-67 with long slender curved blade double-edged towards the point, cut with a pair of narrow fullers bordering the greater central portion of the back-edge, etched with the royal arms of France below the figure of a hussar on both sides towards the base, with cartouches enclosing the inscriptions “Regiment de Berchinÿ” on one face and “Vive le Roÿ” on the other, and the back-edge etched with the signature of the fourbisseur “Berger Marchand Fourbisseur a Strasborg”(sic), brass hilt of flat bars with bevelled edges, including rounded double langets on both sides, cap pommel with a brass drop-shaped washer under the tang button, original grip bound with leather over cords, with a single brass-capped rivet on either side, fitted with back-piece, and in unrestored condition throughout 92.5 cm; 36 ⅜ in blade This sabre conforms to the pattern set out in the French regulations for Hussars on 15th May 1752. The Berchiny Hussar regiment was raised in 1719 by a Hungarian Lieutenant, Count Ladislas Ignace de Berchenÿ (1689-1778). Three squadrons of the regiment, comprising 65 officers and 470 men, fought in the German campaign of 1743. During the Seven Years’ War four squadrons of the regiment formed a part of the Light Troops of the Right Reserve of the French army of the Lower Rhine, June 1758-May 1760, and fought with distinction. See Pétard 1999, Vol. I, no.57a, pp. 76-7. For a variant de Berchinÿ sabre, its blade etched in a near-identical manner, see Blondieau 2002, p.91. £400-600 186 A LIGHT CAVALRY OFFICER’S SABRE AFTER THE HUNGARIAN FASHION, FRENCH OR GERMAN, LATE 18TH CENTURY with curved slender blade double-edged towards a clipped point and cut with a broad long fuller on both sides, gilt-brass stirruphilt with milled linear borders, including double langets, quillon with down-curved globular terminal, the pommel with raised fluted drop-shaped top with prominent button, and original grip bound with leather over cords and studded with pairs of domed brass rivets, in its leather-covered wooden scabbard (possibly an early association), with gilt-brass mounts, the chape lengthened in the French style and fitted with iron drag, and the locket and the chape each with a faceted tubular mount for suspension 87.2 cm; 34¼ in blade

£400-600 80


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187 A FINE GERMAN DE-LUXE-QUALITY CAVALRY OFFICER’S SABRE, CIRCA 1885-1900 with pipe-backed blade of highly burnished steel formed with a quill point, the lower half finely etched on a gilt panel on both sides, decorated with scrollwork and foliage, involving both historical and contemporary Germanic trophies- of-war and the English cutler’s signature “Sargant & Son Manufacturers to the hon.ble East India Company” on both sides, gilt-brass hilt cast in relief, including a pair of langets decorated with crossed sabres, the quillon terminal formed as a lion’s head, the pommel en suite, and celluloid grip bound with silver wire, in its original iron scabbard 90.3 cm; 35½ in blade The blade pre-dates the hilt by probably up to forty years and was presumably utilised from an existing family sword. £1000-1500 188 A PRUSSIAN MODEL 1852/79 CAVALRY OFFICER’S SABRE WITH ETCHED BLADE, CIRCA 1905; AND A GERMAN CAVALRY OFFICER’S SWORD, LATE 19TH CENTURY the first with curved fullered blade of highly burnished steel, etched with designs of scrolling foliage including classical emblems of Fame, Victory and with military trophies within contrasting matted panels over its lower half on both sides, the outer face also including the arms of Hohenzollern and the back edge with the cutler’s etched inscription “P. Damaschke, Hofflieferant, Berlin”, nickel-plated regulation hilt, wire-bound fishskin grip and leather finger-loop, in its original black painted iron scabbard; the second with earlier slender straight blade, burnished and etched with panels of scrollwork involving the inscriptions “Fabrica d Toledo” and “Anno d 1863”, the arms of Spain and the crowned cypher “Y2”, brass hilt cast in relief, with crossed sabres langets, the quillon finial and the pommel formed as lions’ heads, wire-bound celluloid grip, and original scabbard 83.8 cm; 33 in and 84 cm; 33 ⅛ in blades (2) £800-1000 189 A GERMAN LIGHT CAVALRY SABRE, AND ANOTHER, OF IDENTICAL PATTERN, EACH LATE 18TH CENTURY each with curved blade double-edged towards the point and cut with a broad full-length fuller, the outer face etched with a princely cipher formed of the addorsed letters CC beneath a fürstenhut and enclosed by the inscriptions “Vivat” and “D.H.L”, brass stirrup-hilt including quillon with cushion finial, and original leather-covered grip bound with wire (the knuckle-guards each with early soldered repair, the double langets incomplete on each hilt), each in its original leather-covered wooden scabbard with matching large brass mounts, one retaining its original leather-hung buckles for suspension straps (the chapes each extensively dented) 80.5 cm; 31½ in blades (2) The inscription “D.H.L.” is possibly the abbreviation of “Dragoner Hohenlohe Langenburg” £700-900 81


190 191 192 190 A RARE GERMAN INFANTRY OFFICER’S DEGEN, CIRCA 1880, MOUNTED WITH AN EARLIER BLADE CARRIED BY AN 18TH CENTURY OFFICER IN THE SERVICE OF CARL THEODORE, PRINCE ELECTOR, COUNT PALATINE AND DUKE OF BAVARIA with slender two-stage blade, the upper portion decorated over its length on both sides with a serpent-like flattened medial ridge with bevelled wavy edges and cut with a filed chequered pattern, the lower portion blued, decorated on both sides with a series of filed indented designs including, on one face, the Electoral cipher “CT” together with a series of finely etched and gilt motifs, including a bust portrait of the Elector beneath his named scroll and the collar of the Bavarian Order of Saint George suspended from the Electoral Crown, and the same devices framing on the reverse side the arms both of the Elector Palatine and of Wittelsbach jointly suspending the Electoral cipher; with regulation gilt-brass hilt including up-turned double shell-guard, the pommel, the quillon and the knuckle-guard each decorated with leaf ornament cast in low relief, original wire-bound grip, and in its original scabbard 84 cm; 33 in blade The blade was presumably carried by a forebear who had served in the army of the Elector Carl Theodore, probably during the War of the Bavarian Succession (1778-9) £600-800 191 TWO GERMAN INFANTRY OFFICERS’ REGULATION DEGEN, AND AN OFFICER’S SMALL-SWORD, THE FORMER TWO CIRCA 1820 AND 1880, THE LATTER CIRCA 1730 the first with fullered blade, gilt-brass hilt including large double shell-guard cast with a laurel garland about the base of the blade, the quillon, the knuckle-guard and the pommel each decorated with scrolling leaves, the grip bound with silver wire between collars stamped with oak foliage, and in its original scabbard; the second with fullered blade etched and gilt with trophies and foliage on a blued panel on both sides at the forte, gilt-brass hilt cast with foliage in low relief, including small double-shell-guard, and the grip bound with silver wire; and the third with slender blade etched with a king’s bust portrait above the inscription “Fürchte Gott Ehre Den König”, brass hilt with double shell-guard, fluted pommel and the grip bound with patterned wire and “Turks’ heads” (the third: the blade bent, the hilt incomplete) 85 cm; 33½ in: 83.9 cm; 33 in: 75.6 cm; 29¾ in blades (3)

£500-700 192 A GERMAN OFFICER’S DRESS SABRE IN THE EASTERN FASHION, CIRCA 1830-50 with curved blade of shamshir type inlaid with a gold counterfeit maker’s cartouche on one side, gilt-brass hilt cast in relief with pseudo-eastern patterns of rosettes, palm foliage and olive garlands in low relief on a contrasting stippled ground, the pommel carrying a knuckle-chain (detached at the base), in its original fishskin-covered wooden scabbard with large gilt-brass mounts decorated en suite with the hilt, and the locket signed by the cutler “C. Münch” 75 cm; 29½ in blade

£500-700

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193 194 195 196 193 A FRENCH TROOPER’S SABRE OF THE CHASSEURS À CHEVAL, MODEL 1790, CIRCA 1798 mounted correctly with a blade modelled on the 1781 regulation, with characteristic residual ricasso, gilt-brass hilt of the successive issue type, retaining its original leather-covered grip bound with brass single-strand wire, the blade and the knuckle-guard struck with War Administration acceptance marks, a fasces and a cockerel respectively, and the inner face of the guard with the maker’s stamped signature ‘Liorard’ 92 cm; 36¼ in blade The fasces and cockerel State acceptance marks were introduced by the Comité de Salut Public in 1793 and used until 1798, in place of the marks of military inspectors absent within the revolutionary period. Liorard is recorded as a fourbisseur working at 163, rue de la Verrerie, Paris, 1798-1800. See M. Pétard 1999, pp.122-3, figs. 112a & 112b, pp.180-1, figs. 11 & 17 £300-400 194 A GERMAN OFFICER’S LÖWENKOPFSÄBEL , CIRCA 1800; ANOTHER, SIMILAR,WITH ITS SCABBARD, CIRCA 1800; AND ANOTHER GERMAN OFFICER’S SABRE, LATE 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY the first with late 18th century broad curved cutto-type blade etched with a series of large cabalistic symbols repeated on either side at the forte and etched with trophies-of-war at the base, brass stirrup-hilt with back-piece rising to a lion’s head pommel ,and original wire-bound leather grip; the second with curved blade cut with both wide and narrow fullers, brass stirrup-hilt with lion’s head pommel and original wire-bound leather grip, and in its original brass-mounted leather scabbard; the last with curved blade, both sides cut with a long narrow fuller and etched with foliage and cabalistic brief inscriptions, a Turk’s head on one side and a sun mask on the other, iron stirrup-hilt, the pommel and grip collar each cut with stars, and original wire-bound leather grip 70 cm; 27½ in, 77.5 cm; 30½ in and 69.5 cm; 27 ⅜ in blades (3) £500-700 195 TWO FRENCH CAVALRY TROOPER’S SABRES: THE FIRST, THE 1854 MODEL FOR CARABINIERS, THE SECOND, THE LINE CAVALRY MODEL WITH 1822 SYSTEM BLADE, DATED 1863 AND CIRCA 1863-4 RESPECTIVELY the first with Châtellerault arsenal blade with Carabiniers model designation cut along the back, brass hilt with four-branch guard and wire-bound leather-covered grip, in its steel scabbard with two suspension rings; the second with Klingenthal arsenal blade, brass hilt with four-branch guard and wire-bound leather-covered grip, in its original steel scabbard with two suspension rings (2) £300-400 196 A VICTORIAN HEAVY CAVALRY OFFICER’S UNDRESS 1887 PATTERN SWORD; AND A GERMAN MODEL 1852 LIGHT CAVALRY OFFICER’S SWORD the first with etched Henry Wilkinson blade retaining much of its original polish, regulation hilt with pierced iron guard, wire-bound fishskin grip, and original iron scabbard; the second with slender blade with cutler’s stamp of W. Claubers, Solingen, regulation iron hilt with pierced honeysuckle pattern guard, wire-bound fishskin grip, and original iron scabbard 90.8 cm; 35¾ in and 85 cm; 33½ in blades. (2) £300-350 83


198

197 197 A FINE GERMAN PRINCELY HUNTING-SWORD, MID-19TH CENTURY with straight blade etched and gilt with scrolls and emblems of the chase on a blued panel over its lower half on both sides, etched with the cutler’s signature “G.H. Kohl in Stuttgart” on the back-edge, gilt-brass hilt cast in relief, including shell-guard with the owner’s monogram “CFzH” applied in silver, knuckle-guard with the terminals formed as deers’ hooves, staghorn grip-scales retained by rivets on rosette washers, and in its original leather-covered wooden scabbard with gilt-brass locket and chape decorated with bands of leaf ornament, with provision for a by-knife (missing), and the locket stamped “Kohl Stuttgart” 55.2 cm; 21¾ in blade

£600-800 198 A FINE GERMAN DRESS HUNTING-SWORD AND COMPANION BALDRICK (GALABANDELIER), SILVER MAKER’S MARK OF STROBLBERGER, MÜNCHEN, LATE 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY with burnished blade etched and gilt with hunting trophies and scrolls on a blued panel on both sides, German silver hilt cast in relief, including fluted shell-guard, the quillon terminals formed respectively as differing dogs’ heads, the pommel en suite, staghorn grip studded with German silver acorns, and in its original leather-covered wooden scabbard also mounted in German silver, the locket with maker’s stamp (by-knife missing); together with a dress baldrick, of black patent leather bordered with patterned silver wire lace, with elaborate full German silver mounts in the manner of the German rococo revival, including pricker pendant from a large stag’s head boss cast in the round, and with the arms of the Princes Hohenlohe-Langenburg cast within a circlet bearing the motto “Ex Flammis Orior” and surmounted by a fürstenhut 51 cm; 20 in blade (2) The galabandelier would have been worn with the full dress uniform of a senior official of the Princely Hunt £500-700 84


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199 A VERY RARE HELM FOR A GENERAL OF THE GRAND DUCHY OF BADEN, CIRCA 1865-70 with leather skull fitted with neck-guard and angular peak, the latter pieces lacquered red and green respectively on the inside, gilt-brass mounts including fluted removable spike on a cruciform base retained by four screws with gilt stellate heads, leatherbacked flat chinscales, Baden state cockade carried on the right, General’s pre-1871 pattern plate in the form of the Star of the Baden House Order of Fidelity, in silver, silver-gilt and enamels, original fifteen-tongue black morocco leather lining with no provision for an inner lining, bearing the retailer’s trade label of M.Lautermilch of Carlsruhe on the inside, and in its original carrying case lined in chamois 29 cm; 11 ⅜ in For an illustrated account of this very rare model of helmet and of the successive model of 1871, see Hilsenbeck 2004, pp.54-6. £2500-3000 200 A RARE AUSTRIAN OFFICER’S HELM OF THE K. u. K. LEIBGARDE- INFANTERIEKOMPANIE AND THE LEIBGARDEREITERESKADRON, CIRCA 1905-06 with tall leather skull, rounded peak with green-lacquered inner face, neck-guard, gilt-brass mounts and helmet plate, leatherbacked chinscales moving on lions’ mask bosses and formed of plates each cast in the form of clusters of laurel leaves, removable spike, and original white silk lining with white leather band 32 cm; 12 ⅝ in

£800-1200

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201 THE SERVICE DRESS TUNIC ( WAFFENROCK) OF A MAJOR IN THE 2. GARDE- DRAGONER- REGIMENT KAISERIN ALEXANDRA VON RUSSLAND, WITH BANDOLIER AND PARADE SASH, CIRCA 1900 the tunic of regimental specifications, including silver wire Garde-litzen at the collar and cuffs, rank shoulderboards with regimental cypher A crowned, provision for five rows of orders and medals, patterned silver lace loops for attaching epaulettes, blue silk lining and tailor’s label of Mohr & Speyer (minor moth damage, the lining torn); together with its regimental bandolier faced with silver lace, with silvered mounts and cartouche pouch (bandolier extensively mothed, leather pouch deteriorated, Garde star missing); and an officer’s waist sash in the Prussian colours (clasps missing) (3) £500-800 86


202 202 A RARE NORTH GERMAN EMBOSSED AND ETCHED VAMBRACE FOR THE LEFT ARM, ATTRIBUTED TO THE MASTER SIGNED “AB”, CIRCA 1540, PROBABLY BRUNSWICK formed of a large bracelet couter, the central portion drawn-up to a prominent bulbous panel over the point of the elbow, embossed with a pattern of overlapping scales etched with dentil bands, bordered above and below by bands each of three flutes converging sharply towards the inner joint of the elbow , the inner flute etched with a dentil pattern also, the medial flute undecorated and the outer flute etched with a scrolling tendril pattern, the wings bordered over their full lengths by embossed bands of overlapping disc-like scales etched with an alternating pattern of stylised rosettes and suns-in-splendour, with subsidiary border flutes etched with scrolling leafy tendrils, and the edges turned and roped, fitted with tubular upper-cannon, turner carrying two overlapping lames moving on sliding rivets and internal leathers, the turner and its lames each with cusped lower edge, and hinged tubular lower-cannon, its inner lame fitted with a single articulation below the elbow joint and the cuffs decorated en suite with the wings of the couter The embossed and etched decoration belongs in general to a group of field armours, the most well-known of which is the socalled “Giant’s armour” in the Royal Armouries, Leeds (II.126), historically said to be that of John of Gaunt; the backplate of this armour is signed by the etcher with the monogrammed initials AB: see Dufty & Reid 1968, pl. XXIV; also see Mann 1932, pp. 279pls. 1 and 2. The etched pattern on the present vambrace is derived from the rosette and flame pattern found on the majority of the armours forming this group. In this instance the conventional flames take the form of angular sharp spikes; the strangely spiky halfrosettes are common to the entire etched group. Dr. von Rohr has suggested that the etcher of the Leeds armour may be Bonaventura Abt, a painter working in Brunswick circa 1525-52. Abt worked both in the city and for Prince Heinrich the Younger at Wolfenbuttel. In 1535 Abt is recorded as painting an armour, an obvious possible reference to the process of etching on steel. An armour with a comparable plain embossed pattern is in the Wallace Collection (A33). Another, embossed but also not etched, is in the von Kienbusch Collection in the Philadelphia Museum of Art (cat. No. 9, pl. IX). The catalogue entry gives the provenance as the Princes Radziwell, thence together with other pieces, to Prince Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst (a cadet branch of the Hohenlohe-Langenburg line). In addition to the closely related armours identified by Sir James Mann a locking gauntlet from a related armour is in the Frazier History Museum, Louisville, Kentucky (attributed to Augsburg circa 1525). £3000-4000 87


203 RARE ELEMENTS FROM AN INNSBRUCK FLUTED MAXIMILIAN ARMOUR BY A MEMBER OF THE TREYTZ FAMILY, MOST PROBABLY KONRAD THE YOUNGER, CIRCA 1525 comprising breast-plate of globose type formed with a pronounced and boldly roped straight flange turned inwards below the neck, struck with maker’s mark twice below the flange, the greater part of the remaining surface embossed with an uninterrupted fluted pattern radiating from the base and terminating in a pair of horizontal flutes across the top (the arm-gussets missing), pierced for a lance-rest, fitted with waist-lame carrying the original skirt of four articulated lames fluted in continuation of the pattern on the breast, a pair of four-lame tassets also original to the preceding elements and also embossed with the same fluted pattern which widens progressively towards the base of the lower lames, and with double-fluted borders and turned roped edges matching the lower skirt lame; together with a vambrace for the left arm, homogenous with the preceding elements, including a fluted light spaulder of five lames, turner with roped flange, fluted upper-and lower-cannons, the latter with double-fluted borders matching the preceding skirt and tassets, and couter of three lames fitted with a fluted detachable wing retained by a turning-pin (chemically cleaned, light pitting throughout, the couter wing possibly 19th century) See Thomas and Gamber 1954, pp.73-4, Cat. Nos. 92-3,p. 104, maker’s mark No. 23. For notes on the chronology of the three generations of the Treytz family of armourers see Williams 2003, p.452. Konrad Treytz the Younger is recorded between 1511-13 working in Mühlau, together with his brother Adrian (the Younger) and Oswald Schreiner, producing breast-plates for the Innsbruck Zeughaus. A further record of Treytz supplying breast-and backplates to the Zeughaus is dated 1524. A field armour made by Konrad Treytz the Younger in circa 1530, for Hans Sierg von Siergenstein, a captain during the Turkish wars, is in the City Zeughaus collection in Vienna (inv. nr. 127.064-127.075). A cuirass of circa 1520, included as part of a fluted armour in the Stibbert Museum, Florence (3465), is also attributed to Konrad Treytz the Younger; see Boccia 1975, Cat. No. 6. £3500-4000 204 A GERMAN MAXIMILIAN CLOSE HELMET, CIRCA 1525-30 with well-formed skull of one piece rising to a cabled comb, embossed with twelve flutes over each side, and pierced with five pairs of holes for attaching the lining, fitted with visor of “bellows” form with moulded lifting-peg on the right, pivoted bevor struck with a mark, perhaps Nuremberg, recessed border with turned cabled edge, and fitted with matching neck-guard of three fluted lames (heavily chemically cleaned, pitted throughout, locking-catch missing, rivets and the visor pivots replaced). 27.4 cm; 10 ¾ in £2000-2500

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205 A GERMAN CLOSE HELMET FOR A LANCER OR CUIRASSIER ARMOUR, CIRCA 1620-30 with two-piece skull joined by a narrow comb turned over the top, the visor, bevor, inner-bevor and chinpiece all moving on a common pair of pivots (replaced), the visor fitting below the upper edge of the bevor, formed with a pair of sights divided by a prominent medial ridge coming to a pointed prow and closed by a hook-and-eye catch on the right, the bevor pierced with circular arrangements of circular breaths on both sides and closed by similar means, the inner-bevor closed by a spring-catch at the bottom, pierced with four broad vertical slots punctuated across the front by three flat bars tapering towards the base and each strengthened by an incised cabled low ridge, fitted with a single neck-lame front and rear, the front retaining its original outer neck-lame now detached and in un-restored condition, studded with brass lining-rivets, decorated with incised linear borders and linear subsidiary borders throughout, and the detached neck lame with turned edge. 28 cm; 11 in ÂŁ2500-3000

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206 A GERMAN ZISCHÄGGE, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY with hemispherical two-piece skull fitted over the top with a large brass calyx washer supporting an iron ring finial, pointed peak with cusped inner edge and fitted with bracket and screw for the nasal-bar, neck-guard of four lames with the inner edges cusped in the middle and at the sides, the lower three lames articulated and widening acutely towards the outer extremity, fitted with brass pierced tubular plume-holder at the rear of the skull, turned edges, and studded with large domed brass rivets throughout (cheek-pieces missing, re-blacked throughout) 21.6 cm; 8 ½ in £800-1000 207 A GERMAN ZISCHÄGGE, NUREMBERG, CIRCA 1630-50 of blackened steel, with hemispherical skull of one piece embossed with eight ridges radiating from the top, with a broad recessed band encircling the base, fitted at its apex with an iron calyx washer supporting a ring finial, pointed peak struck on the outer face with Nuremberg control mark and on the inner face with the mark of officials of the Nuremberg hammermills, fitted with bracket and screw for the nasal-bar (missing), neck-guard of four lames widening towards their outer extremity, the outer three articulated and the broad outer lame studded with a circular pattern of rivets, with a pair of pierced cheek-pieces pendant on later leathers, studded with brass-capped rivets throughout, and with turned edges (re-blacked) 26 cm; 10 ¼ in £700-900

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208 A PAIR OF GERMAN MITTEN-GAUNTLETS FROM A BLACK-AND-WHITE ARMOUR, CIRCA 1560 rough from the hammer, each with long cuff drawn-up to a point, the inner and outer plates embossed with a recessed dished pattern encircling their borders and coming to an accentuated point at the front, metacarpus of five lames, fitted with knuckle-bar embossed with a prominent filed cabled ridge, a single lame over the fingers and embossed en suite with the cuff, struck with serial marks, one with the inner plate of the cuff pierced with pairs of holes for the lining-glove, and the edges turned and roped (thumb defences missing) 36.9 cm; 14 ½ in (2) £700-1000 209 A PAIR OF FINGERED GAUNTLETS FROM A FIELD ARMOUR, PAINTED PROBABLY FOR USE IN THE CAROUSEL TOURNAMENT, EARLY 17TH CENTURY, PROBABLY GERMAN each formed of a two-piece flared tubular cuff drawn-up to a blunt point and with recessed border and turned edge, a single narrow lame articulating forwards over the broad rearward lame of the metacarpus, four narrow metacarpal lames articulating to the rear of two knuckle defences, a single cusped embossed plate reinforcing the joint of the knuckles, multi-lame finger defences riveted onto internal leathers, and thumb defence also moving on leathers and formed of seven lames, decorated throughout with gold-painted linear subsidiary borders on a painted blue/black ground, the cuff, the rearward metacarpal lame and the rearward knuckle defence all decorated with gold-painted scrollwork, the base of the cuff, the metacarpal lames and the finger and thumb lames all heightened by single incised lines at the edges, and each retaining early leathers attached by domed brass rivets and an early lining-glove edged with velvet pickadils (the cuff borders punched with holes, the painted surfaces with age-related discolouration and light wear under discoloured modern varnish, the leathers backing the finger defences partly warped by shrinkage, one finger defence temporarily re-attached, five rivets replaced, one missing, the gloves with extensive rodent holes, the pickadils faded) 34 cm; 13 ⅜ in (2) £1500-2000 210 A PAIR OF GERMAN ELBOW-LENGTH MITTEN-GAUNTLETS FROM AN ARQUEBUSIER ARMOUR, LATE 16TH/EARLY 17TH CENTURY each with two-piece cuff drawn up on the outer side towards the point of the elbow, the upper borders formed as recessed bands drawn down on the outer face to a medial point and with turned lightly cabled edges, metacarpus of five articulated lames, the forward lames broader and decorated with fluted twin arches, fitted with knuckle-plate formed with a prominent angular ridge cabled over its upper surface, finger defences of three embossed articulations, and the cuff and the metacarpal lames each lightly engraved with linear bands over the median (the finger defences appear to be matching early working replacements, the thumb defences missing) 47 cm; 18 ½ in (2) £800-1200 92


211 212

211 A GERMAN EMBOSSED MUNITION COMB MORION, EARLY 17TH CENTURY formed of two halves joined over the crest of a narrow comb and additionally by rivets at the brim, the sides of the skull each embossed with a large fleur-de-lys, and with narrow brim formed with sharp points at both ends and turned at the edges (one side of the skull punched with a hole for a display mount and with a soldered repair, the lining rivets missing) 25.4 cm; 10 in ÂŁ500-700 212 A GERMAN FECHTHELM FOR USE WITH SPORTING SABRES, AND ANOTHER, VERY SIMILAR, EACH 19TH CENTURY each with hemispherical hardened leather skull formed of two halves tightened by a strap at the rear, leather lining, hardened leather peak carrying a cage of robust iron wires covered with heavy-gauge iron mesh, fully enclosing the face and ears, and with additional padded defences for the ears fitted on the inside and extending over the upper jaw (numerous blade marks, age-related wear) 38 cm; 15 in (2) ÂŁ400-600

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213 A MAIN PLATE FROM A GERMAN BACKPLATE, CIRCA 1505-10 convex in section, with a very shallow medial indentation between the shoulders, cut straight across the top, with recessed upper borders, and the edges left unturned (chemically cleaned, very light pitting throughout) 29.8 cm; 11 ¾ in £250-350 214 A GERMAN HEAVY SHOT-PROOF BACKPLATE FROM A CUIRASSIER ARMOUR, WITH A DETACHABLE CULET, CIRCA 1620-40 with a narrow basal flange fitted with a pair of eye-posts for attaching the skirt, the borders and subsidiary borders engraved with a single line, two proving dents, turned edges and a pair of buckles for shoulder-straps, the culet formed of four articulations (probably associated), the lower formed of two halves with arched lower edge with recessed border, the upper lame shaped for fitting over the back-plate flange, pierced with a pair of slots and fitted with hooks for the corresponding posts, and with linear engraving and turned edges matching the backplate 66 cm; 26 in £500-800 94


216 217

215 215 A FAULD FITTED WITH A PAIR OF TASSETS, FROM TWO ITALIAN FIELD ARMOURS, CIRCA 1540-50 the skirt formed of five lames each with bevelled upper edge cut with a decorative notch in the middle, the lower lame drawn-up in the middle to an arched peak with recessed border and turned cabled edge, with a pair of tassets suspended from pairs of shaped incised iron hasps linked by moulded iron loops, each of also five lames, all moving on sliding rivets and later internal leathers, and the border and the edge of each of the lower lames also matching the lower skirt lame (blackened over light chemical cleaning) £400-600 216 A GERMAN HEAVY SHOT-PROOF SIEGE CUIRASS OF MUNITION QUALITY, LATE 17TH CENTURY the breastplate formed with a very low medial ridge, the lower edge arched in the middle, proving dent, pierced with a row of six holes across the front towards the base, studded with iron lining-rivets at the neck and arms, and with a pair of projecting studs for shoulder-strap clasps, the backplate of equal weight, of matching construction with the addition of short extension plates at the sides, also with proving dent, and fitted with modern leather straps. 37.5 cm; 14 ¾ in £400-600 217 A SHOT-PROOF MUNITION BREASTPLATE AND A SHOT-PROOF BACKPLATE FOR A CUIRASSIER ARMOUR, EACH NORTH GERMAN, CIRCA 1620-30 AND CIRCA 1600 RESPECTIVELY the breastplate of harquebusier type, with medial ridge, narrow flange with studs for fitting a skirt, a pair of studs for shoulderstrap clasps, proving dent, coarsely incised triple-linear bands at the arm- and the neck-openings, three further lightly etched linear bands radiating from the base, turned neck flange, and incised cabled edges at the arms; the backplate of exceptional weight, with centrally cusped neck-opening, basal flange with projecting “eye” posts for fitting a culet, proving dents, coarsely incised triple-linear borders, traces of an etched scrollwork pattern between the shoulders and centrally at the arm-openings, lightly incised radiating linear bands, incised cabled edges, and modern leather straps at the waist and shoulders. 36.2 cm; 14 ¼ in, 39.4cm; 15 ½ in (2) £600-800 95


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218 A PAIR OF FULL ARM DEFENCES AND MATCHING GORGET FOR A GERMAN CUIRASSIER ARMOUR, CIRCA 1620-40 comprising symmetrical large pauldrons each of six lames formed with a low medial ridge, vambraces with tubular turners, the turners embossed about their turned upper edges with a cabled pattern formed as an encircling series of dispersed very short diagonal bands and cut with conventional bands of cabling over the raised flanged joints with the upper-cannons, hinged lowercannons, winged bracelet couters, the pauldrons and vambraces with matching very narrow turned cabled edges, together with a hinged gorget formed of a single plate front and rear and retaining the original buckles for suspending the pauldrons, and all of the elements with their individual lames lightly incised with matching double-linear borders (small repairs, the outer surfaces chemically cleaned and with later darkened finish, the leathers and some rivets replaced) (3) ÂŁ700-1000 219 TWO GERMAN FULL ARM DEFENCES FOR A CUIRASSIER ARMOUR, CIRCA 1600-1630 comprising symmetrical large pauldrons each of seven lames, the upper three lames with a low medial ridge and retaining the original buckles for suspension, vambraces with turners, bracelet couters and hinged lower-cannons, and matching turned edges throughout (heavily chemically cleaned, pitted, one turner and upper-cannon crushed, one upper-cannon extensively rust holed, the upper-cannons each for the left arm) (2) ÂŁ300-400

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221 220 FOUR ELEMENTS OF GERMAN MUNITION ARMOUR, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY AND EARLY 17TH CENTURY comprising a North German “Almain collar”, possibly Brunswick, of three hinged plates front and rear, turned and roped at the neck, the front and rear lower plates each embossed with a pair of cusped flutes, and with a detached group of six lames for the left shoulder , the lower lame fluted en suite and with turned roped edge (the defences for the right shoulder missing); a pikeman’s gorget, of a single hinged plate front and rear, turned at the neck and incised with linear bands (refreshed); a detached rear plate for an “Almain collar”, with recessed border, turned roped edge, incised double-linear bands and studded with brasscapped rivets (rusted, not cleaned); and a tasset for a Cuirassier armour, for the right thigh, of ten lames and fitted with detachable poleyn of four lames, the upper tasset lame shaped for fitting the waist flange of a breast-plate, the tasset lames with recessed borders, the poleyn with turned edge (painted over rust and pitting, the leathers and some rivets broken) (4) £700-900 221 A FRENCH CUIRASSIER TROOPER’S REGULATION CUIRASS, DATED 1828 the breast-plate with Klingenthal arsenal inscription on the inside, the back-plate retaining its original leather-backed shoulderchains and brass clasps, the original waist-straps with buckle (the other incomplete), and the breast-and the back-plates each studded with domed brass rivets (surface rust throughout). 40 cm; 15 ¾ in (2) £250-350 222 A PAIR OF GERMAN TASSETS AND POLEYNS FOR A CUIRASSIER ARMOUR, CIRCA 1620 each formed of seventeen upward-lapping lames divisible between the tenth and eleventh, all moving on sliding rivets and later internal leathers and terminating in a winged poleyn of three lames, the lowermost poleyn lame with concave outer face, with medial ridge extending over the entire length of both the tasset and poleyn, the principal lame of the poleyn with a filed cabled ridge embossed prominently over the knee-cap, with incised linear subsidiary borders, double linear borders, and turned cabled edges throughout (the uppermost lame of the tassets is missing, with two or perhaps three successive lames missing also) 61.5 cm; 24 ¼ in (2) £1500-2000 97


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223 A GERMAN MUNITION COMB MORION, EARLY 17TH CENTURY formed of two halves with turned joint over the top of a narrow high comb and with additional riveted joints at both ends of the brim, the base of the skull encircled by lining rivets on brass rosette washers, narrow brim up-turned to sharp points front and rear, and turned edge (the brim with an early internal reinforce at one end over the medial seam, one rosette missing, re-blacked) 28 cm; 11 in £600-800 224 A FINE PAIR OF GERMAN GILT-BRONZE ROWEL-SPURS, SECOND HALF OF THE 17TH CENTURY the heel-bands cast with bands of cabling along the upper and lower borders, framing recessed vacant panels pierced for small pins, with figure-of-eight terminals carrying pairs of hooks for attaching straps, one retaining its original buckle, and fitted with starshaped rowels on faceted down-curved necks (one hook, one buckle and one rowel-pin all missing) 14.6 cm; 5 ¾ in (2) £300-400

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225 A FINE GERMAN ROOTWOOD POWDER-FLASK AND SHOULDER-STRAP WITH FIRE-GILT BRASS MOUNTS, CIRCA 1650 with large circular turned rootwood body formed in two halves, bound by a plain gilt-brass band with rectangular foot, the outer face fitted with a convex roundel engraved with the owner’s quartered arms and coronet, fitted with moulded nozzle closed by a pivoted spring-cap, the latter formed with a straight flat neck pierced with tiered opposing C-scrolls, and with a pair of rings for suspension: on a period shoulder-strap formed of three sections of red morocco leather, now much darkened, bordered with patterned gilt wire, the ends fitted with two pairs of gilt-brass tongues engraved with scrolling leaves on a pounced ground, the lower tongues with suspension rings, and with a pair of gilt-brass buckles and a single loop each cast with an indented moulded pattern Height 20.3 cm; 8 in The construction of the neck of the nozzle-cap matches that of the cocks of some flintlock firearms of the period. £4000-4500

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226 A FINE AND RARE GERMAN BARRELLED SPORTING CROSSBOW (SLURBOW) WITH REPEATING BULLET MAGAZINE, CIRCA 1660-70 with robust steel bow struck with a mark, a horn (Neue Støckel 5217 for similar), bound with cords over a wooden saddle with suspension ring and retaining six of its original decorative woollen pom-poms, fruitwood tiller, the greater part of conventional form, swelling about the release mechanism and shaped for the cheek, the forward section faceted, extending in the manner of a pistol fore-end and seating an iron two-stage barrel , the forward half with polygroove rifled bore, retained by a pair of screws entering from beneath, a raised faceted band behind the bow and a short tang, the octagonal rear half of the barrel open at both sides, extending over the nut and the tang fitted with pivoted back-sight, the tiller with tubular bullet-magazine running forwards from a horn bullet-feed immediately ahead of the nut, the feed-block rising on a spring through an aperture in the underside of the tiller and released by a sliding catch, the magazine filled from a port beneath the bow closed by a horn sliding cover, with iron bullet-channel laid over the chase, iron lugs for a spanning-lever, folding trigger, two-stage trigger-guard and pivot safety-catch, the tiller veneered in white horn finely engraved with German baroque ornament over its upper and lower surfaces, decorated with acanthus borders, an acanthus rollwerk cartouche enclosing the lower aperture of the bullet-feed, a similar cartouche about the aperture for a rod inserted to set the action and a more elaborate engraved cartouche framing the base of the trigger-guard, inlaid over the sides with engraved beaded horn lines along its full length behind the bow, and the remaining forward section decorated with further white horn inlays including a pair of engraved plaques impaled by the barrel screws, and the border panels and the terminal cap all engraved with acanthus ornament (the bow-string and the pivot cords for the nut missing) 92 cm; 36 Ÿ in 61 cm; 24 in bow Barrelled crossbows were intended to discharge a bullet seated in the cupped head of a small iron rod known in France as a chasse de fer. A repeating magazine system, as in this rare instance, would still necessitate each bullet to be seated on a rod. The present bow has provision for probably up to eight bullets to be held in its magazine; another German example, probably unique, is said to have held 24: see Blackmore 1971, pp. 202, 207. For an account of the development and use of barrelled crossbows see Paterson 1990, pp.88-91. £4500-6000 100


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227 A FINE SMALL SPORTING CROSSBOW (HALB RÜSTUNG), GERMAN OR POSSIBLY DUTCH, MID-16TH CENTURY with steel bow struck with a wheel mark (Neue Støckel 6452) and bound by cords together with suspension ring under a wooden saddle, fitted with string of twisted cords and retaining fragments of decorative textile pom-poms, fruitwood tiller down-curved slightly towards the rear, formed with a swell about the release mechanism and with shaped concave cheek-piece, veneered with strips of contrasting white staghorn over the full length of its upper and lower surfaces and over the cheek-piece, the veneer on the underside bordered by darker horn, the sides heightened over their contours by inlaid contrasting pale wooden lines, and with narrow strips of parquetry inlay forming a chain-like pattern in horn and contrasting woods along the full length of the upper and lower borders, fitted with bone nut moving on cords, lugs for a cranequin, trigger, long angular trigger-guard, safety-catch, thumbrest formed as an iron staple, and the tiller with apertures for the insertion of rods to set the mechanism (bolt-clip missing) 63 cm; 24 ¾ in and 51.4 cm; 20 ¼ in bow The small proportions suggest that this bow was intended for use by a lady or young adolescent. The slender shape of the tiller and the reliance on contrasting plain veneers and parquetry borders are residual characteristics of the early 16th century. The steel bow is possibly a working replacement dating from the late 17th or early 18th century. Cf. two crossbows with tillers decorated in a similar manner, each attributed to Germany or the Netherlands, in the collection of the Counts von Trapp in Schloss Churburg (CH S315 & CH S317): see Scalini 1996, p.379 £4500-6000

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228 A RARE OVER-AND-UNDER WHEEL-LOCK PISTOL, NUREMBERG, CIRCA 1585-90 with swamped barrels, the lower octagonal, the upper formed in two stages and struck with Nuremberg mark and both the serpent mark and initials of the barrelmaker Peter Danner (Neue Støckel 4251), large lock with plain flat plate struck with Nuremberg mark and maker’s mark of Hans (2) Stopler (Neue Støckel 1056/8), carrying two mechanisms released by a single trigger, the wheel-covers en suite, fitted with sliding pan-covers each engraved with a demon mask and the dogs each engraved with two marine monsters, fruitwood full stock inlaid over its length with a series of engraved staghorn plaques in fields of ballflower scrollwork segmented by inlaid horn lines and engraved bands, including a pair of human grotesques about the barrel tang, a bear-hunting scene over the reverse side, involving a mounted huntsman armed with a sword, the huntsman pursued in turn by a lion, inlaid ball pommel decorated with an alternating pattern of differing grotesque masks each within a rollwerk cartouche, and fitted with iron belt hook, baluster trigger and moulded iron trigger-guard (both safety-catches and one pan-cover release missing, the fore-end chipped ahead of the lock and towards the muzzles, the plaque over the ramrod channel missing, the fore-end cap, the pommel roundel , one inlaid mask and the ramrod additionally all missing) 48.9 cm; 19 ¼ in Two wheel-lock pistols each bearing the marks of Peter Danner and those of the Stopler family of Nuremberg are preserved in the Rothschild Collection at Waddesdon Manor: for a commentary on these and for a general survey of firearms attributed to these two makers see C. Blair 1974, cat.nos. 121 and 122. Blair tentatively attributes the Stopler spur mark to Wolf Stopler, citing Johan F. Støckel; the same version of this mark is attributed in Heer’s Neue Støckel to Hans(2) Stopler. The Nuremberg city archive for 1583 records a dispute between Peter Danner and the widow of his brother Hans over their joint use of the Danner serpent mark. The Nuremberg Council ruled, subject to conditions, that she and her brother-in-law should difference the mark by adding their respective initials. The addition of the maker’s initials supposes the likelihood that their presence post-dates 1583, although this cannot be ascribed with certainty. £10000-12000

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229 AN EXCEPTIONAL PAIR OF BOHEMIAN SILVER-MOUNTED FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS BY PAUL POSER IN PRAG, CIRCA 1725 with long barrels each signed in full on the sighting rib, lightly swamped towards the muzzle, decorated over its length with finely chiselled and engraved small designs of scrollwork involving an urn of acanthus leaves in relief behind the rib, the breeches each formed as a raised chiselled cartouche supported by a pair of opposing grotesque profile masks and framing two gold-lined maker’s stamps in the Madrid style (Neue Støckel 8080, 8081), gold-lined vent, silver fore-sight and the barrel tangs engraved respectively with opposing Harpies, flat locks decorated en suite with the barrels, with bevelled stepped edges, signed between the arms of the steel-springs, finely chiselled in low relief, the greater part of the chiselled decoration arranged within pounced matted recessed panels, each involving a trophy-of-war involving a Turkish captive, the figure of Victory at the rear, the cock with a cherub seated within a flourish of scrollwork issuant from a monster’s mouth and the pan with a demon mask cut in relief, figured walnut full stocks finely carved with delicate relief mouldings, including scrollwork patterns about the barrel tangs and ramrodpipes, the latter each centring on a demon mask, inlaid over their respective lengths with scrolling designs of silver wire tendrils carrying engraved small flowerheads, the butts each inlaid with an expanded pattern suspending both a demon mask plaque and small warrior bust medallion (one warrior medallion missing), full silver mounts cast and chased in low relief, en suite with the barrels and locks, comprising spurred pommels decorated with elaborate rollwerk cartouches filled with pairs of warriors all’antica , probably Heroes from Bohemian history, the figures differing between the two pistols, one pair bearing shields charged, respectively, with the Lion of Bohemia and the Eagle of Moravia, the other pair including one figure displaying a severed Turkish trophy head, with bevelled stepped solid side-plates decorated with a landscape vignette involving the mounted figures of a Turk and a soldier of the Empire in combat before a town and an encampment, trigger-guards each centring on the figure of Diana, the finial involving a grotesque mask, faceted baluster ramrod-pipes, the rearward pipe decorated with a demon mask, oval escutcheons involving demon masks and elaborate pierced frameworks surmounted by a ducal crown, putti supporters and figural trophies-of-war, and fitted with moulded horn fore-end caps (ramrods missing) 54 cm; 21 ¼ in (2) Paul Ignazius Poser (1) (born 1646) is ranked among the leading gunmakers in Prague in the early 18th century and his works are represented in the most important ancestral gunrooms in Southern Germany and Central Europe. These include a pair of fowlingpieces and a breech-loading rifled carbine in the collections of the Princes von und zu Liechtenstein in Schloss Vaduz, the latter made for a member of the Royal House of Savoy (inv. nos. 3871, 3885, 4102). A pair of holster pistols by Paul Poser are in the former Imperial Collection in Vienna (WS.A1691), see Schedelmann 1972, pp. 226-7. Another pair, closely comparable with the present pistols, were made by Poser for Philipp, Prince von Lobkowicz, circa 1731: sold Christie’s, 9th December 1988, lot 215. Poser’s death date is recorded as 1730 in Der Neue Støckel but the pistols made for Prince Lobkowicz could not pre-date 1731. The distinguished treatment of the barrels, the locks and the mounts is possibly the work of the Franz Matzenkopf (circa 17051776), a celebrated chiseller of iron, silver and bronze who supplied Poser and other Prague gunmakers. Matzenkopf was producing coin dies for the Prince-Archbishop of Salzburg by 1727; he left Prague to take up his appointment as coin and medal die-cutter to the Salzburg court in 1738. See Hayward 1963, pp.125-7 £18000-22000 106


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230 A RARE EARLY LONG FLINTLOCK OFFICER’S HOLSTER PISTOL, SEDAN, CIRCA 1640-45 with long barrel formed in two stages with moulded girdle between, the breech octagonal and decorated over its full surface with panels of scrolling flowers punched, engraved and gilt on an engraved matted ground, with matching decorated bands over the muzzle and at the median and the barrel tang decorated en suite also, with flat lock formed with strongly bevelled edges, the front chiselled as a monster’s head in low relief, the lower edge drawn down in the middle to a blunt point, stamped “Sedan” in small capitals above, fitted with straight cock pierced with a ring, chiselled en suite with the lock and retained by a screw passing internally through the tumbler, the steel engaging a small projection on the arm of the internally-fitted spring , passing through an aperture in the lock-plate below the axis of the steel, with ebonised wooden full stock with fluted fore-end and fishtail butt, the pommel fitted with faceted domed iron cap punched, engraved and gilt en suite with the barrel, slender iron trigger-guard, and iron ramrod-pipe (the fore-end replaced towards the muzzle, the fore-end cap and ramrod also replaced) 71.8 cm; 28 ¼ in The arrangement of the internal steel-spring projecting through the lock-plate is extremely unusual, possibly unique in this instance. Sedan, in the Ardennes, was until 1651 a Sovereign Principality independent of France and ruled by Frédéric Maurice de La Tour d’Auvergne, duc de Bouillon. On 6th July 1641 the Battle of La Marfée was fought near Sedan as a consequence of the active opposition of the duc de Bouillon to the interests of France and Cardinal Richelieu. The French incursion against Sedan formed an off-shoot of the French intervention in the Thirty Years’ War, and as a further consequence of this the principality of Sedan sided with the forces of the Holy Roman Empire and jointly defeated the French at La Marfée £3000-3500

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231 A RARE EARLY FLINTLOCK WENDER PISTOL, DUTCH OR NORTH GERMAN, CIRCA 1655-60 with turn-over barrels formed in two stages, one with a mark struck on the breech (traces only), fitted with a raised iron figure-ofeight ring over the muzzles and released by a catch in front of the trigger-guard, bevelled flat lock struck with maker’s mark behind its chamfered leading edge, tapering to a rear finial chiselled as a stylised monster’s head, and fitted with ring-necked straight cock engaging a dog safety, ebonised wooden butt fluted about the upper breech tang (chipped below the lock), globular pommel incised with a linear segmented pattern and inset with iron button finial (the pommel collar band and finial cap each missing), deeply fluted ebonised fore-end formed of two halves, and iron trigger-guard (ramrod-pipes and ramrod missing) 64 cm; 25 ⅜ in The maker’s mark on the lock is apparently unrecorded (the initials MH above a hand). A closely comparable pistol, unmarked but possibly from the same workshop, was in the collection of the late H.L.Visser; see Puype 1996, Volume I, Part 3, cat. no. 507, pp. 38-9. Cf. the early Wender gun in this collection, lot 275. £2500-3000

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232 A FINE AND VERY RARE TWO-SHOT SUPERIMPOSED-LOAD WHEEL-LOCK PISTOL, NUREMBERG, CIRCA 1585 with two-stage barrel with swamped muzzle and the breech struck with both Nuremberg mark and that of the unidentified maker, a rampant beast, probably a unicorn, the lock with plain flat plate struck with Nuremberg mark and a scissors mark including the initials CS (Neue Støckel 2303), the plate extended forward of the dog-spring, fitted on the inside with a tubular priming-channel linking a vent in the front wall of the pan with a vent for the primary charge concealed just forward of the barrel girdle, with singletrigger mechanism, no provision for a mechanised cut-off, a pierced engraved iron plate fitted over the wheel, safety-catch, sliding pan-cover (release missing) and the dog engraved with a monster and a grotesque, with fruitwood full stock inlaid over its full length with a series of engraved staghorn plaques arranged within horn segmental lines and stringing, including a grotesque mask set between a pair of rollwerk plaques about the barrel tang, the contemporary figures of both a lady and a gentleman standing respectively within ball-flower panels over the butt and forward of the trigger-guard, a pair of monsters towards the muzzle, a deerhunting scene over the reverse side, involving a mounted sportsman armed with a sword and a huntsman armed with a spear, and ball pommel decorated with a segmented pattern of alternating grotesque masks and capped by a horn roundel engraved with a cavalry officer, fitted with engraved horn ramrod-pipe and fore-end cap, the former decorated with a grotesque mask, baluster trigger, moulded iron trigger-guard, and original iron-tipped ramrod (belt hook and one horn plaque each missing) 49.5 cm; 19 ½ in The vent for the second charge is positioned conventionally at the breech, within a recessed small panel with dovetailed edges. The recess was originally intended to receive a hand-inserted cover to form a cut-off over the vent. The cover (now missing) was intended to slide between the breech wall and the inner face of the pan, and would have been suspended from a cord or short chain corresponding with the existing small staple set into the stock on the opposite side. The length of the iron portion of the ramrod indicates the correct seating depth for the primary charge. Surviving examples of 16th century superimposed-load firearms built on a single lock carrying a single mechanism are particularly rare, which suggests a historical preference for the more frequently evidenced second mechanism. The barrelmaker’s mark compares closely with another, identifiable as a unicorn, also in conjunction with a Nuremberg mark and found on an over-and-under wheel-lock pistol in the former Imperial collection in Vienna (A577): see H. Schedelmann 1972, p.28, pl. 49, the marks shown in detail. The maker’s mark on the lock is attributed mistakenly in Neue Støckel both as unidentified and as the mark of Georg (Jörg) Schneider of Nuremberg, both references share the single number 2303. Another example of this mark is found on the lock of a wheel-lock gun also in the former Hapsburg collection in Vienna (WS.D.285); further examples are found on the locks of both guns and pistols in the Royal Armouries, Leeds (XII.720), the Royal Armoury, Madrid (RA.K76f) and in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (MM.04,165): op.cit. , p. 68 (mark illustrated). £12000-14000 110


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233 A RARE GERMAN ETCHED ALL-STEEL WHEEL-LOCK HOLSTER PISTOL, CIRCA 1580, POSSIBLY BRUNSWICK decorated throughout with a series of etched matching panels of densely-packed and scrolling tendrils carrying spirals of foliage on a blackened ground, partly within guilloche borders, with two-stage barrel, the breech with moulded girdles at both ends, struck with the letters I and S and with two shield-shaped marks, one an eagle charged over its breast with the letters HH, the other a rampant beast, with acutely swamped muzzle, flat lock fitted with bevelled wheel-cover, sliding pan-cover (release button missing) and safety-catch, and the etched designs on the lock-plate inhabited by a stag and an exotic bird, with full stock involving a series of small linear panels interspersed throughout the etched pattern, variously involving enclosed lines of beading or ropework, with an eagle prominent behind the barrel tang and a boar pursued by a hound opposite the lock, the fore-end decorated with a raised chiselled acanthus finial applied ahead of the lock-plate, fitted with elliptical ball pommel formed in two halves, the rearmost half undecorated and originally covered in leather or fabric, and fitted with moulded iron trigger-guard (ramrod missing). 55.9 cm; 22 in The letters I S and the eagle mark on the barrel are each apparently unrecorded, the third mark is indistinct but possibly the Brunswick town mark (Neue Støckel 8527). £7000-10000

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234 A PAIR OF DUTCH FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS BY I. WILKIN, MASTRECK, CIRCA 1685-90 each with sighted barrel signed on the rib, the breech finely chiselled in low relief with a symmetrical design of scrollwork swagged with drapery and carrying a human mask at its centre, a band of leaf ornament chiselled over the base and all within an engraved decorative frame, border-engraved tang grooved for sighting, rounded lock inscribed “Mastrick”, the borders elaborately engraved, chiselled with scrolling leaf ornament in low relief on the tail and the cock and the steel decorated en suite, figured walnut full stock carved with a series of raised mouldings including an acanthus spray about the barrel tang, full iron mounts chiselled in low relief, comprising spurred pommel engraved over each side with a flaming urn suspended within a design of swagged acanthus scrolls and fitted with chiselled demon mask cap, pierced scrolling side-plate, trigger-guard with faceted finial coming to a fluted point, moulded baluster ramrod-pipes, the rear pipe with acanthus spray finial (one chipped slightly), dropshaped escutcheon suspended within a pierced chiselled frame of monsters and scrolls, and one retaining its original ramrod (the other associated) 54.6 cm; 21 ½ in (2) J. Wilkin is believed to have been active in Maastricht circa 1685-98. For a comparable flintlock gun and a single flintlock holster pistol by this maker see, respectively, Puype 1996, Volume 1, Part 1, cat. no.66, pp.204-5 and Volume 1, Part 2, cat. no. 291 £5000-6000 113


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235 A FINE PAIR OF LIÈGE FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS BY PHILIPPE SELIER, CIRCA 1720 with lightly swamped barrels signed on the sighting flats, the breeches with chiselled decorative raised mouldings engraved with scrolls and with twin vents lined in brass, with engraved bands of leaf ornament enclosing the fore-sights and also decorating the breeches and muzzles, signed bevelled locks cut with vertical flutes at the rear, finely engraved with bands of leaf ornament abutting the linear borders and each retaining some original bright blued finish, carved moulded rootwood full stocks, full brass mounts cast in low relief and retaining much of their original gilding, comprising spurred pommels with grotesque mask caps fitted within a relief enclosure of scrolls and finely engraved en suite with the barrels and locks, scrollwork side-plates carrying an oval and pierced with foliage and a monster’s head at the rear, bevelled trigger-guards each with moulded acanthus spray finial, faceted baluster-shaped ramrod-pipes, and cartouche-shaped escutcheons involving a coronet, fitted with horn fore-end caps, and one pistol retaining its original ramrod (one steel and one ramrod missing, one fore-end cracked towards the muzzle) 54 cm; 21 ¼ in (2) £4500-5500

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236 A PAIR OF SOUTH GERMAN LONG WHEEL-LOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS, CIRCA 1660 each with slender tapering barrel cut over its full length with a very narrow medial rib flanked over the breech by a pair of matching short ribs, plain lock retained by three side-nails and drawn-out to a rounded tail, the wheel fitted under the lower edge of the pan and additionally retained by a single small bracket, sliding pan-cover with button release and the dog-spring bridle decorated with a pair of scallop shells chiselled in low relief, each with fruitwood full stock, carved fluted fore-end bordered at its rear by a carved pattern of narrow flutes and ribs heightened at either end by a row of pewter nails, the respective stocks carved with differing stag-hunting scenes in low relief opposite the locks and with differing sporting figures en suite behind the barrel tangs, each inlaid with mother-of-pearl rosette washers under the side-nails, the butt inlaid with pewter ropework in imitation of a short-spurred pommel and inlaid with interlaced patterns of scrolling pewter tendrils carrying varieties of engraved mother-of-pearl flowerheads, the trigger-guard, ramrod-pipe and fore-end cap all of iron, and one pistol retaining its original ramrod (the stocks each with light worm damage throughout, one stock chipped slightly on one side of the fore-end, the other chipped extensively ahead of the lock, with shrinkage about the lock and with a repaired crack at the wrist. Several inlaid plaques missing from each stock, one ramrod missing, the other incomplete) 65.5 cm; 25 ½ in (2) The carved and inlaid treatment of the stocks closely resembles the work of the stockmakers of Schwäbish-Gmund. The figural subjects appear to be inspired directly from original engravings by Jost Amman, published in his Kunstbüchlin in 1599, and are consequently shown in late 16th century dress. £7000-9000

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237 A PAIR OF FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS SIGNED BOTESONT, FINELY CHISELLED IN THE PARISIAN FASHION, DUTCH OR GERMAN, CIRCA 1710 with sighted barrels formed with tapering flats terminating in chiselled demon masks, raised turned mouldings about the muzzles, raised beaded bands of acanthus leaves chiselled over the breeches, each decorated towards the rear with a chiselled vertical arrangement of emblems involving the figure of a Roman warrior standing on a mask and the mounted figure of a Roman Caesar triumphant within a contemporary trophy-of-war, a stag brought down by hounds beneath and signed “P. Bodesocq” in miniscules concealed on the lower sides of the breeches, plain barrel tangs, chiselled flat locks signed “Botesont” within the bevel about the edges, decorated with the figure of Cupid riding a Lion in relief below the pan, chiselled cocks (one broken) and the steels each chiselled with a demon mask, carved moulded figured walnut full stocks carved with scrollwork in low relief about the barrel tangs and about the swell behind the ramrod-pipes (one fore-end incomplete towards the muzzle), full iron mounts elaborately chiselled in low relief, comprising spurred pommels decorated on each side with small classical warrior busts in medallions supported by putti and within a trophy suspending a Medusa mask, each fitted with demon mask cap within an acanthus frame chiselled en suite with the mouldings at the breeches, side-plates pierced with delicate scrolling tendrils carrying leaf ornament and monsters’ heads, involving fantastic beasts emerging from flowers and centring on a classical warrior figure seated in triumph amid a trophy, trigger-guards each cut with three further demon masks and drawn out to a pierced scrollwork finial, pairs of strongly moulded faceted ramrod-pipes, and the escutcheons formed as pierced trophies involving draped flags and captive figures enclosing warrior bust medallions, a crowned double eagle perched above (ramrods missing) 52.7 cm; 20 ¾ in The signature “Botesont” is probably a Francophonic corruption of the maker’s name “Bodesocq”, intended presumably to accord with the strongly Parisian character of these pistols. Der Neue Støckel records a Peter Botsont, with further reference to a Peter Bonsing, said to be Dutch and active circa 1700. The Paris-inspired chiselled decoration is unusually imaginative and of exceptional quality, in these respects the chiselling recalls the work of the celebrated Armande Bongarde of Düsseldorf The decoration is concentrated on classical allusions to Victory and Fame. A comparable design for a side-plate is recorded by Lenk on the gun, destroyed in 1934, made in the Parisian fashion for Augustus “The Strong” by Andreas Erttel of Dresden; see Lenk 1965 (London), pls. 83-84 The warrior medallions on the pommels are, on one pistol, surmounted by the heraldic crown of a German Fürst or Herzog, this detail is omitted on the other pistol £15000-18000 116


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238 TWO GERMAN OFFICER’S LONG WHEEL-LOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS, INTENDED FOR USE AS A PAIR, CIRCA 1640-50 with minor differences, with tapering barrels formed in two stages, the breeches each struck with three marks, one involving the initials KS (Neue Støckel 8337), the locks retained by three side-nails on white bone washers, each struck on the inside with a mark, IM, fitted with sliding pan-covers with button release, and one with the wheel retained by a small crescentic bracket (the other bracket missing, the pan release buttons not a pair), with ebonised wooden full stocks decorated about the barrel tangs and opposite the locks with carved designs of scrolling foliage in low relief on a contrasting stippled ground and picked-out with minute brass nails, flattened pommels each fitted with domed wooden cap decorated en suite with the stocks and bound by an iron band, with iron trigger-guards, ramrod-pipes and fore-end caps, and one pistol retaining its original iron-tipped ramrod 65.8 cm; 25 ⅞ in: 65.5 cm; 25 ¾ in (2) The carved treatment of the stocks picked-out with brass nails is characteristic of the workshops of the Gsell family of gunmakers of Arzberg, Bavaria. Comparable examples include the stock of a wheel-lock rifle signed by Georg Gsell and dated 1649, in the former Imperial collection, Vienna (D291), and a pair of flintlock Wender guns in the armoury of the Princes von und zu Liechtenstein, Schloss Vaduz. £5000-7000

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239 A PAIR OF FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS WITH BRASS BARRELS AND LOCKS, WALLOON OR GERMAN, EARLY 18TH CENTURY with heavy brass sighted barrels formed with tapering flats, the breeches each cast in relief with a demon mask suspended within an acanthus frame, brass flat locks with stepped tails and bevelled edges, the cocks and the steels retaining some original blued finish, figured walnut full stocks carved with relief mouldings over their length, including acanthus scrolls about the barrel tangs and the ramrod-pipes, full brass mounts cast in low relief, comprising spurred pommels with demon mask caps each fitted within a four-lobed frame edged with foliage, side-plates pierced with scrolling foliage and involving pairs of small grotesque masks, trigger-guards with finials formed as sprays of acanthus, faceted baluster-shaped ramrod-pipes, escutcheons formed as elaborate cartouches involving a small masks and a coronet, and one pistol retaining its original ramrod (the other broken) 52 cm; 20 ½ in (2) £3500-4500

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240 A FINE PAIR OF CARLSBAD GOLD-DAMASCENED FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS BY FRANZ BREITENFELDER, CIRCA 1725-40 with lightly swamped sighted barrels cut with faceted mouldings over the base of the breeches, decorated with lightly damascened bands of delicate gold scrolling foliage and flowers engraved and punched over the sighting flats, towards the breeches, at the median and about the muzzles, the breeches each additionally damascened with a warrior standing amid a trophy-of-war and the tangs damascened with flowers, with bevelled locks damascened en suite, each signed in gold letters within a frame supported by a female herm, decorated with trophies at the rear, the cocks decorated with a leaping stag and the steels chiselled with leaf ornament in low relief, highly figured rootwood full stocks carved with raised mouldings involving scrollwork flourishes about the barrel tangs and ramrod-pipes (the fore-ends each cracked towards the muzzle), full iron mounts, the pommels, the trigger-guards, the trigger-plates and the ramrod-pipes all damascened en suite with the barrels and locks, the pommels and trigger-guards decorated with further trophies-of-war, the trigger-guards also decorated with the Roman Goddess Abundantia within an enclosure of scrolls and flowers and the trigger-guard finials chiselled with pierced scrolling foliage in low relief, the side-plates also chiselled with pierced designs of scrollwork and involving pairs of female herms and monsters’ heads, with escutcheons formed as elaborate cartouches capped by a coronet and damascened en suite with the predominant pattern, and each pistol retaining its original ramrod; the barrels, the locks and the mounts all originally blued, some of which remains (the pommels rubbed),and the greater part of the gold damascening preserved in fine condition 50.3 cm; 19 ¾ in (2) Franz Breitenfelder enrolled as an apprentice gunmaker in Vienna in 1716 and rose to prominence in the Bohemian spa town of Carlsbad in the second quarter of the 18th century. These pistols are excellent examples of the abundant use of contrasting gold, blued steel and red rootwood for which the Carlsbad school of gunmaking is best known within this period. A pair of flintlock holster pistols by Breitenfelder is preserved in the former Imperial collection in Vienna (WS. G292); further examples of his works are represented in many of the surviving gunrooms of noble families throughout the former Hapsburg empire and Southern Germany. See Hayward Volume I 1963, pp.128-32. Also see Schedelmann 1972, p.231 £7500-9500

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241 A FINE PAIR OF WALLOON FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS BY HENOUL, EARLY 18TH CENTURY with blued tapering barrels, the breeches with turned mouldings at both ends and struck with the maker’s horseshoe-shaped mark, silver fore-sights, signed gilt-brass locks with strongly bevelled edges and retained by side-nails with blued heads , figured walnut full stocks carved over their respective lengths with pronounced raised mouldings, full gilt-brass mounts, comprising spurred pommels cast with a segmental fluted design and fitted with faceted domed caps, flush-fitted flat side-plates cast with a pierced design of engraved scrollwork carrying an oval, trigger-guards with moulded leafy finials cast in low relief, faceted balustershaped ramrod-pipes, engraved flat escutcheons involving a coronet supported by a pair of birds’ heads, gilt-brass trigger-plates, original ramrods, and each retaining much of its original finish 53.5 cm; 21 ⅛ in (2) £4000-5000

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242 A PAIR OF LIÈGE FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS BY M. DELINCE, CIRCA 1730 with sighted tapering barrels chiselled with acanthus foliage in low relief at the base of the sighting flats, the breeches each raised and faceted at their base, decorated with chiselled acanthus sprays, engraved beaded borders and engraved small scrollwork designs involving a monster and an exotic bird, the barrel tangs engraved en suite, with signed bevelled flat locks also decorated en suite with the breeches and each involving an engraved grotesque mask (one top jaw and screw missing), figured walnut full stocks carved with raised mouldings including acanthus sprays about the barrel tangs and ramrod-pipes, full iron mounts chiselled in low relief, comprising spurred pommels with prominent demon mask caps fitted within a segmented enclosure of leaves and small flowerheads, side-plates pierced with a scrollwork pattern involving griffons’ heads and a mask, the trigger-guard finials formed as acanthus mouldings, faceted baluster ramrod-pipes, cartouche-shaped escutcheons each involving a coronet, and each retaining its original ramrod 52 cm; 20 ½ in (2) £3000-4000

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243 A PAIR OF GERMAN LONG FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS BY PICART A ÖHRINGEN, CIRCA 1705 with sighted long barrels with swamped chiselled muzzles, sighting flats, the breeches each decorated with a chiselled acanthus moulding inset with a silver demon mask cast in low relief, signed brass rounded locks with linear borders and each inset with a silver demon mask on the tail, the cocks and the steels chiselled in low relief, the steels decorated en suite with the muzzles and the cocks retained by screws with the heads formed as grotesque masks cut in relief, carved moulded walnut full stocks, full iron mounts chiselled in low relief and inset throughout with silver demon masks en suite with the barrels and locks, comprising spurred pommels with demon mask caps, side-plates cut with a delicate pierced rollwerk pattern of leaves and scrolls, moulded trigger-guards with pierced leafy finials en suite with the side-plates, strongly shaped baluster ramrod-pipes, and escutcheons formed as silver demon mask ovals suspended within a pierced scrollwork frame with coronet above ( one top jaw, one steel and the ramrods all missing) 55.3 cm; 21 ¾ in (2) £3500-4000 244 A GERMAN MILITARY WHEEL-LOCK HOLSTER PISTOL, CIRCA 1670 with tapering barrel formed in two stages and struck with maker’s mark, GW, on the underside of the breech (Neue Støckel 2734), bevelled plain lock retained by three side-nails, the wheel retained by a single small bracket and the pan-cover fitted with button release, ebonised wooden full stock carved with a raised moulding about the barrel tang and with a fluted raised scroll behind the ramrod aperture, and with iron mounts including spurred pommel (fore-end cap and ramrod each missing). 53.6 cm; 21 ⅛ in £2000-2500 124


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245 A PAIR OF GERMAN LONG FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS, EARLY 18TH CENTURY, THE BARRELS AND LOCKS AUGSBURG, CIRCA 1660 the barrels and locks finely engraved in the Parisian fashion, the barrels formed in three stages with octagonal breeches each changing to faceted section behind a moulded girdle, struck with Augsburg mark beneath (Neue Støckel 5993), decorated at the muzzles and at both ends of the breeches with bands of leaf ornament and the barrel tangs engraved with scrolling foliage, with flat lock-plates engraved with detailed varieties of flowers, each formed with recessed tail fitted with sliding safety-catch, engraved with a demon mask and with flush-fitting straight cock with ring-neck cut in the form of a bird and a monster, the cocks each retained by an internal screw impaling the tumbler and the screw head and the base of the cock together forming the concentric petals of an engraved expanded rosette, with early 18th century full stocks of figured walnut carved with raised mouldings, plain iron mounts, comprising spurred pommels, trigger-guards with shaped finials (not a pair), baluster-shaped ramrod-pipes, rosette washers for the side-nails, and wooden ramrods 54.6 cm; 21 ½ in (2) The engraved designs on the barrels and locks were most probably inspired by those of Françoise Marcou, published in Paris in 1657 as a series of sixteen sheets and a title page engraved by C.Jacquinet, and entitled “Plusieurs Pièces d’Arquebuzerie A Paris.” For reproduced engravings see Grancsay 1970, pp.51-9, most notably the designs for flowers and for small details relating to barrel ornament. A distinguished example of Parisian influence amongst the Augsburg gunmakers of the mid-17th century exists in a pair of flintlock holster pistols made for Charles XI of Sweden, preserved in the Livrustkammaren, Stockholm; see Lenk 1965 (London ed.), p.58, pl.33 no.4. £6000-8000 125


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246 A RARE PAIR OF GERMAN FLINTLOCK WENDER PISTOLS BY GEORG PETER FISCHER, CIRCA 1710-20 with sighted turn-over barrels with octagonal breeches, full-length flats engraved with an imbricated leaf pattern over the breeches, the upper breech tangs engraved en suite and the barrels released by a spring-catch impaling the front of the triggerguard, fitted with engraved plates facing the breeches and actions, a brass fillet between, with bevelled back-action locks signed “Georg Peter”, the plates carrying the pans signed “Fischer” and each border-engraved en suite with the breeches and upper tangs (the comb of one cock incomplete), figured walnut butts and fore-ends each with carved raised mouldings, the fore-ends formed in left-and right-hand halves, one side carved and fluted in imitation of the ramrod channel on the opposing side (one butt chipped about the lower breech tang and at the joint of the pommel), with full brass mounts cast in low relief, comprising spurred pommels with engraved moulded caps, flat side-plates pierced and engraved with scrolling foliage, trigger-guards, engraved baluster ramrod-pipes carried on one side of the fore-end, and the pommel spurs and the trigger-guards each decorated en suite with the breeches and locks (ramrods missing) 52.1 cm; 20 ½ in (2) The maker is possibly the Fischer recorded working in Mindelheim in Bavaria in 1716 £4000-4500

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247 A FINE PAIR OF GERMAN FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS BY DEPAS A LANDAU, CIRCA 1710-20 with swamped sighted barrels with signed sighting flats chiselled with acanthus leaves at both ends, the breeches decorated with acanthus mouldings chiselled in low relief, with engraved border ornament and the vents lined in brass, engraved barrel tangs, signed bevelled gilt-brass locks engraved en suite with the breeches, decorated with differing trophies-of-war respectively over the tails of the lock-plates, and fitted with blued cocks and steels each chiselled with a demon mask and a marine monster, carved moulded rootwood full stocks, full gilt-brass mounts cast in low relief, comprising spurred pommels engraved en suite with the locks and with demon mask caps each fitted within engraved concentric bands of beading and leaf ornament, side-plates decorated with pierced designs of scrollwork carrying a demon mask, trigger-guards with moulded acanthus finials, faceted baluster-shaped ramrod-pipes, cartouche-shaped escutcheons each filled with a classical warrior bust with coronet above, horn fore-end caps, and one retaining its original ramrod (one side-nail missing, both fore-ends cracked) 53.3 cm; 21 in (2) This maker appears to be hitherto unrecorded ÂŁ5000-6000

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248 A VERY RARE PAIR OF DUTCH FLINTLOCK RIFLED TURN-OFF HOLSTER PISTOLS BY JAN KNOOP, UTRECHT, CIRCA 1660-70 with turn-off barrels rifled with eight grooves, each formed in three stages with turned girdles and widening at the base over its threaded joint with the breech, octagonal breeches faceted at their front and each struck with Utrecht mark(Neue Støckel 1743), finely engraved rounded locks each decorated with the figures of Venus and Cupid beneath the pan, with an exotic bird together with its dragonfly prey within a scrollwork flourish over the tail, and minutely engraved with the maker’s mark, a running stag, together with the maker’s signature in small capitals, with figured curly walnut butts carved with raised mouldings, matching takedown fore-ends retained by spring-catches fitted to the trigger-guard finials (one catch broken), full iron mounts comprising domed oval pommels finely engraved with scrollwork patterns inhabited by insects, small animals and exotic birds and fitted with giltbrass demon mask caps cast in relief, scroll-shaped side-plates each cut with a raised medial ridge, trigger-guards with moulded edges, and pairs of moulded baluster-shaped ramrod-pipes (one ramrod replaced) 50.8 cm; 20 in (2) These pistols compare with English rifled turn-off pistols of the period, most of which show a pronounced Dutch influence. Graeme Rimer explores this influence in his detailed account of the English pistols of this type, see Rimer 2014, pp.45-75 £10000-15000 128


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249 A RARE PAIR OF DUTCH EARLY FLINTLOCK RIFLED TURN-OFF HOLSTER PISTOLS, CIRCA 1660-65 each with long turn-off barrel with moulded girdle towards the rear, rifled with ten grooves, the muzzle with a sweated-on raised ring cut with the fore-sight blade, the breech faceted, changing to octagonal, engraved with panels of scrolling leaf ornament and the breech tang engraved en suite, rounded lock engraved with a flower on the tail, with a mermaid charming a serpent within a matted panel beneath the pan, and the cock retained by a screw entering through the tumbler, its head decorated with a bird, with figured walnut butt carved with raised plain mouldings (one chipped in front of the lock), iron mounts, partly German early 18th century, comprising bulbous pommel drawn up to a pair of fully developed spurs, solid plain side-plate with bevelled edges, trigger-guard with the bow widening to a splayed middle point, its finial pierced with foliage, and vacant escutcheon enclosed by chiselled leaves 56.5 cm; 22 ¼ in (2) One pistol struck with an unidentified mark, boldly on the lower side of the breech. The mounts are in part Germanic and these date from the early 18th century; it follows therefore that the pistols were re-stocked in Germany at that date. Cf. an English pair of early turn-off holster pistols by Edmond Trulock, fitted with comparable French locks by Thuraine et Le Hollandois, circa 1655-60, and a Dutch pair by Jean Bergh, circa 1665: see, respectively, Neal and Back 1984, p.135, pl.37; Puype 1996, Vol.1, pt. 2, cat. no. 466, pp.608-9 Earlier versions of pistols with this type, referred to both as “screwed-breech” or “turn-off”, were carried by royalist officers in the English Civil War. Dr. Robert Plot included a now well-known account of Prince Rupert’s demonstration to Charles I of his marksmanship with pistols of this type, writing in his The Natural History of Staffordshire, published in 1686:

“…. the Prince shewed at Stafford in the time of the Civil-warr…… in Captain Richard Sneyd’s garden …… at about 60 yards distance, he made a shot at the weather-cock upon the steeple of the Collegiat church of St. Mary with a screw’d horsemans pistol , and a single bullet, which pierced its taile, the hole plainly appearing …… which the King then present judging as a Casualty only, the Prince presently proved the contrary by a second shoot to the same effect: the two holes through the weathercocks taile (as an ample testimony to the whole thing) remaining there to this day” £4500-6000 129


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250 A RARE COMBINED HAMMER AND FLINTLOCK PISTOL (FOKOS) ALSO FITTED WITH CONCEALED RAPIER BLADE, HUNGARIAN, CIRCA 1650 with robust hammer head of one piece formed with moulded square face on a rectangular neck, down-curved spike of bevelled rectangular section, the socket fitted over the muzzle of the pistol barrel and a hinged iron cover fitted over the muzzle and the ramrod aperture, on a wooden haft of unusually great length incised with fluting and leaf ornament about its forward section, with a pair of short iron straps fitted below the hammer, pistol barrel formed in two stages, bevelled lock engraved with flowers and foliage, pierced flat cock decorated with a monster, button trigger, the greater length of the haft hollowed for a concealed blade, the latter of slender rectangular section tapering to a sharp point, with traces of a series of stamped marks about the base, and with plain wooden grip fitted with an iron collar retaining a single very short quillon 127.6 cm; 50 Âź in Blade 81.3 cm; 32 in ÂŁ4000-6000

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251 AN EXTREMELY RARE GERMAN COMBINED HUNTINGSWORD AND WHEEL-LOCK PISTOL, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY the blade and the pistol each circa 1600; the blade long, straight and double-edged, formed with a full-length medial ridge on both sides, tapering to a very narrow point, decorated on one side at the base with an etched panel involving an eagle, the opposite side with a corresponding longer panel filled with trophies-of-war, the hilt formed of a short moulded iron crosspiece fitted with buckhorn quillons capped by iron discs, with a guard of matching construction projecting from the intended outer face, and grip of natural staghorn with iron ferrule and cap pommel , fitted with a boxed back-action wheel-lock mechanism on one side at the base of the blade, the lock-plate fitted with sliding pan-cover, trigger-lever, external wheel retained by a chamfered ring and the dogspring and its bridle each decorated with delicate mouldings, with slender barrel formed in two stages with moulded muzzle and medial girdle, and the barrel tang of boxed construction and also forming a vented breech chamber: in its original leather-covered wooden scabbard with iron suspension hook and chape (the hilt has been disassembled, presumably for cleaning, and re-assembled incorrectly with the crosspiece now reversed; one side-nail for the lock mechanism missing). 87.4cm; 34 ⅜ in blade The form of the blade and its etched decoration each indicate that the blade dates from the beginning of the 17th century. Similarly the configurations of both the pistol barrel and its lock mechanism are characteristic of types fitted to bladed combination weapons dating from the start of the century. Etched blades of closely comparable form and each fitted with a wheel-lock pistol are found on two Augsburg combination sword-canes, one of which is in the Musée de l’Armée, Paris, and the other in a private collection in the U.S.A: see Hayward 1980, pp. 9, 11, figs. 13, 14. It would seem probable that the present blade and its pistol were originally intended to be concealed within a cane and fitted with a decorated handle comparable with the examples cited. Further examples are in the National Museum and the Tøjhusmuseum, Copenhagen, and in the Wallace Collection, London. It would appear most likely, therefore, that the blade and the pistol were selected for subsequent re-use within the third quarter of the 17th century, when hilts of this type became fashionable, for reasons of expediency and the deferment of added expense. Another legitimate example of the expedient marriage of blades and hilts from differing periods is recorded in the instance of a hunting sword in the Royal Armouries Collection, Leeds, bearing the name of the Landleutenant of Stadtamhof (No. IX139); the hilt of this sword dates from circa 1550 and the blade, etched with a Gregorian calendar, is attributed to circa 1686: see H.L. Blackmore 1971, p.17, pl.9. £7000-10000

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252 A FINE PAIR OF BOHEMIAN FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS BY LEOPOLD BECHER, CIRCA 1730 with sighted barrels lightly swamped towards the muzzles, signed on the ribs, the respective breeches decorated with opposing classical warrior busts chiselled in low relief within pounced recessed cartouches, together with maker’s stamps lined in giltcopper in the Madrid style and set within raised shaped panels at the rear (Neue Støckel 38, together with a second unrecorded stamp, a dog), the barrel tangs engraved correspondingly with a further opposing pair of classical warrior busts, with bevelled locks chiselled in low relief, principally within a series of recessed panels, each decorated with a recumbent figure within a trophyof-war and with a boar’s head hunting trophy at the rear, figured walnut full stocks carved in low relief over their lengths, decorated with complex interlaced scrollwork mouldings about the barrel tangs and behind the ramrod-pipes, full gilt-bronze mounts finely cast in relief, comprising spurred pommels decorated with figural trophies-of-war en suite with the locks, also involving pairs of demon masks and each with demon mask cap cast prominently in relief, solid side-plates decorated with landscape vignettes involving combatant horsemen in early 18th century dress, trigger-guards centring on cartouches filled with warrior busts, pairs of faceted ramrod-pipes, one pair carrying its original ramrod with gilt-bronze cap (the other ramrod associated), and escutcheons formed as rollwerk cartouches each filled with the figure of Diana the Huntress 52.1 cm; 20 ½ in (2) Leopold Becher, active circa 1725-50, ranks foremost among the Carlsbad school of makers of luxurious firearms and his works equal those of the best gunmakers in Vienna and Prague within the second quarter of the 18th century. In 1726 Becher was appointed court gunmaker to General Prince Johann Georg Christian Lobkowicz at Schloss Raudnitz (Roudnice). Firearms by Leopold Becher are today represented in the former Imperial Collection in Vienna, in the Danish Royal Collection and in the majority of the surviving princely and noble gunrooms of Central Europe. The inventory of the former Pfalz-Zweibrücken Gewehrkammer lists eleven pieces by Becher. See Hayward Vol 1 1963, pp.129-131; also see Schedelmann 1972, p. 220 for a listing of known works, colour plate XXIV. £7500-9000 132


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253 A RARE PAIR OF BRESCIAN FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS BY FILIPPO AND ANTONIO MORETTI, CIRCA 1750 with swamped barrels of “Spanish” form each with gold-lined maker’s stamp of Filippo Moretti , silver “spider” fore-sights and chamfered muzzles, strongly bevelled locks cut with a raised linear design forming a series of elongated panels, signed “Filippo Moretti”, lightly engraved with minutely detailed landscape vignettes including a walled city, the cocks and the steels finely chiselled and engraved, the respective cock retaining screws chiselled in the form of Roman male and female profile heads, with moulded highly figured curly walnut full stocks, full iron mounts finely chiselled in low relief, comprising spurred pommels engraved with trophies-of-arms and fitted with octagonal caps, the respective caps cut with Roman male and female busts, each enclosed by a moulded octagonal frame fitted in turn within the chiselled framework of a silhouetted city-landscape, with solid side-plates chiselled and engraved en suite with the locks, the landscapes and figural subjects differing slightly between the respective plates, trigger-guards decorated with cartouches filled with opposing and differing Roman busts and the finials pierced with scrollwork, engraved faceted baluster ramrod-pipes, the finials pierced en suite with the trigger-guards, the trigger-plates signed “Antonio Moretti”, and each retaining its original iron-tipped ramrod 50.2 cm; 19 ¾ in (2) These pistols are hitherto unrecorded, the maker’s stamp on the barrels also. The engraved and chiselled decoration is of distinguished quality, the chiselled Roman busts and heads in particular. The present pistols compare favourably with a pair of Brescian pistols, circa 1730, with locks signed by Filippo Moretti, which are preserved in the Royal Armoury, Turin (N 65/66): see Mazzini 1982, cat. nos. 347a-b. The Moretti family of barrelmakers and lockmakers were highly regarded in their time, with working dates spanning 1645-1775, and active both in Brescia, Gardone and Pesaro. The identity and chronology of its extended members is complex, many of whom would appear to bear the same names and evidently across different familial branches. For details of the Moretti family of gunmakers as a whole, of the working lives of both Filippo and Antonio Moretti and for surveys of their respective recorded works see di Carpegna 1997, pp. 197-9 and 200-201. Di Carpegna cites eight examples of firearms signed by Antonio Moretti and twenty-two examples signed by Filippo. The familial relationship between the two is uncertain, di Carpegna records a Filippo Moretti, a lockmaker of Brescia and Gardone, active from circa 1670 to beyond 1730, and an Antonio in Brescia circa 1775. £4000-5000 133


254 A RARE PAIR OF GERMAN ALL-STEEL FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS BY CHRISTIAN OR PETER CLOETER, MANNHEIM, CIRCA 1680-90 finished bright throughout, the barrels formed in three-stages segmented by moulded girdles and with octagonal breeches changing to faceted at their front, one struck with a mark on the breech, with back-action locks signed, respectively, “Cloeter Manheim”(sic) and “Cloeter Manheer” each within a matching frame of palm fronds engraved at the tail of the lock-plate, the locks each formed with a recessed long tail with an inner border raised in imitation of the contour of a conventional lock-plate and engraved with monster’s head scrollwork within a linear enclosure, the butts formed in two halves, each struck with HohenloheLangenburg ownership mark on the inside wall of the breech-face, each engraved in imitation of a spurred pommel, fitted with trigger-guards with small leafy finials, pairs of moulded ramrod-pipes, and each retaining its original iron baluster-tipped ramrod (one mainspring and one steel each missing, one tumbler bridle broken, the corresponding action consequently inoperable). 50.2 cm; 19 ¾ in (2) The construction and the engraved decoration of the present pistols compares closely with that of a pair of holster pistols signed Cloeter a Mannheim which form a garniture with a fowling-piece, circa 1680, preserved in the Veste Coburg (Inv. Nr.: GJA. I. 138; V. 105-106): see Geibig 1996, pp.176-7. A pair of smaller all-steel pistols by Jan Cloeter a Gravenbroich, also comparable and attributed to circa 1655-60, were sold from the armoury of the Princes zu Salm-Reifferscheidt-Dyck, and were latterly in the collection of the late H. L. Visser : see Puype 1996,Volume I, Part 2, Cat. 256, pp. 38-41. Two further pairs of steel pistols by the Cloeters’, also comparable with the present pair, remain in the Royal Armoury, Copenhagen; one of these is by Jan Cloeter, circa 1670, the other pair signed jointly by both Peter and Christian Cloeter a Manheim, circa 1680 (B.904/5, B.901/02): see Askgaard 1988, nos. 110 and 112, pp.84-5. For an account of the all-steel pistols and long-arms of the Cloeter family of Gravenbroich and Mannheim see J.F. Hayward 1965, Vol. I, pp.191-2. The mark on the breech of one pistol, in a circle, IB crowned, is also struck on the breeches of the garniture in the Veste Coburg. £10000-15000

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255 A RARE SOUTH GERMAN HEAVY BRONZE WALLGUN (DOPPELHAKEN ), DATED 1525, PROBABLY NUREMBURG 2.4cm calibre, the barrel cast in five stages with four characteristically narrow roped girdles, the forward four stages with raised scalloped edges, the muzzle and the forward section rounded, the muzzle flared slightly and with standing fore-sight, the rearward sections octagonal and widening progressively towards a short rectangular beech, cast with a large hook-like recoil-stop impaled by a transverse bolt and incised with an unusual numbering device on the right-hand side, probably that of the bronze founder , the penultimate rearward section decorated at its base with an engraved band of scale ornament arranged in triangular groups bordering a raised roped girdle at the breech, cast in relief with a shield quartered with a coarsely incised coat-of-arms and with the date “1525” also in relief on a stippled scroll above, the breech with bevelled leading edges, a further engraved scale pattern below a slotted back-sight projecting from a roped moulded base, the vent with integral pan on the right (pivot cover missing), and the underside with two lugs also carrying transverse bolts for mounting a stock: with later heavy wooden stock wellreconstructed in early 16th century style, with bevelled upper edges, the sides strongly bevelled forward of the recoil-stop, faceted behind the breech and with tapering separate tiller bound by an iron band 145.4 cm; 57 ¼ in barrel, 214.6 cm 84 ½ in overall

Hakenbüchsen of this large size are correctly known as doppelhäken and were intended to be fired from a stand or tripod carriage and served by two men as a piece of light artillery. An example with closely comparable characteristics is preserved in the Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremburg (W 3000); this piece is most probably from the same foundry as the present example and is cast with the arms of Kressenstein. See Essenwein, Graz 1969, vol.1 p.114 and vol.2 pl. B. VII, fig.e. Another closely comparable example was previously privately sold from Schloss Langenburg and is now in a Bavarian private collection. The high quality of the casting in each case is in keeping with the leading Nuremburg bronze cannon foundries of the period. Each of the comparable examples is on its original wooden beam-shaped stock. The example formerly in Schloss Langenburg is also cut with a similarly improvised numbering device on the recoil-stop. This form of numbering system was evidently in common use in Southern Germany in the early 16th century; similar markings appear on a tally slate in a woodcut of a tavern scene by Erhard Schön of Nuremberg, circa 1530: see Trömner 2009. A conventionally sized hakenbüse of comparable form is marked in a similar manner on its hook and is in the historic town armoury of Hasselt in the Netherlands: see Kempers 1983, No.9, p.60, marking reproduced p. 77. Five bronze doppelhäken comparable with the present example are included in a finely drawn and coloured illustration in the nearcontemporary Zeugbuch der vorderösterreichischen Lande (Folio 107), in the Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna: see Schedelmann 1972, colour frontispiece, pl.1. The stock for the present barrel is closely modelled on authentic examples, probably those in the Germanisches Nationalmuseum £6000-7000

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256 detail 256 A RARE GERMAN HEAVY IRON WALLGUN (DOPPELHAKEN), DATED 1537 2.3cm calibre, the barrel octagonal with flared rounded muzzle separated by a moulded girdle cut over the upper planes, decorated with incised double linear diagonal bands and with standing iron sight, the rear portion swelling towards the breech, boldly struck three times with a shield-shaped mark filled with a crossed device, a saltire or crossed arrows, punched with the date “1537”, fitted with iron pan with pivot cover, standing iron back-sight formed as a centrally grooved small block widening towards its base, with integral triangular recoil-stop to the immediate rear of the muzzle section, impaled by a transverse bolt, and the breech fitted with a separate short rear lug also impaled by a transverse bolt: in a dark painted heavy wooden stock, flat-sided with bevelled edges and tapering behind the barrel, the stock probably 19th century 138.4 cm; 54 ¼ in barrel, 194.4 cm; 76 ½ in overall A wheel-lock caliver in the Landeszeughaus, Graz (inv. nr. RG2) is mounted with a barrel dated 1527 (perhaps 1537) and struck with an identical mark, believed to be Nuremburg. See Brooker 2007, pp. 74-5, the mark and the date illustrated £3000-5000 257 A GERMAN IRON WALLGUN (DOPPELHAKEN), SECOND HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY 2.1cm calibre, the barrel octagonal with lightly flared muzzle changing to rounded section just ahead of a moulded girdle cut over the upper planes, standing iron fore-sight, the breech struck with maker’s mark, in a shield, three stars bordered by dots about the lower edges, incised on each of its upper sides with an heraldic device, a kettle helmet (eisenhut) bearing three arrows vertically on its side, a third incised device between (now incomplete), fitted with pan with pivot cover, slab-sided slotted iron back-sight, a recoil-stop fitted over the barrel slightly to the rear of the median and impaled by a transverse bolt for mounting in the stock, and the underside of the muzzle section and the breech with a further two lugs similarly impaled: in a heavy dark-painted wooden stock, flat-sided with bevelled edges and tapering behind the barrel, perhaps the original 121.4 cm; 47 ¾ in barrel and 165.8cm; 65 ¼ in overall £2500-3500

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258 A GERMAN BRONZE SALUTING CANNON, 18TH/19TH CENTURY with heavy multi-stage barrel cast with raised fillets and astragals, a pair of rectangular lifting handles, a pair of trunnions, and button cascable engaging the elevating screw (the lateral locking- pin for the screw missing): on its original iron-mounted wooden carriage, retaining some original dark green painted finish, with iron-shod spoked cambered wheels, and with matching painted limber 61 cm; 24 in barrel (2) ÂŁ3000-5000

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259 A RARE GERMAN 6-BORE HAND-IGNITED IRON BREECH-LOADING WALLGUN (BOCKBÜCHSE), ON ITS RAMPART CARRIAGE, EARLY 17TH CENTURY with long heavy iron barrel formed in two stages with faceted moulded girdle between, octagonal breech widening towards the rear, struck with a key mark four times both on the top and on the underside, struck twice with a further mark involving the letters NM (Neue Støckel 4157), the right-hand wall of the breech with vent and fitted with priming pan with pivoted cover, the upper face of the breech cut with linear mouldings framing a rectangular vertical slot, the latter intended for fitting a sliding locking-bar impaling jointly the full depth of the breech and the rear of the removable chamber, the chamber cylindrical and rear-entering on the same axis as the bore, with touch-hole and locking aperture each corresponding with the breech, struck with a further single key mark and fitted with octagonal base-plate carrying a U-shaped loop, with swamped muzzle, fore-sight, standing back-sight, a pair of trunnions sweated into dovetail joints, the underside with four rings for attaching a fore-stock, and the recoil-stop removed (the bar locking the chamber is missing, the pan-cover bent): on an early 17th century painted wooden carriage of characteristic tripod construction, fitted with a pair of small wooden wheels, and with iron mounts including the original elevating-screw supporting the breech of the barrel in a simple cradle 159.5 cm; 62 ¾ in barrel; 185.5 cm; 73 in carriage A comparable iron barrel with a chambered breech of near-identical type, dated 1609, is in the Bernisches Historisches Museum (Kat. Nr. 2046). Another, also in Bern, removed from the city Zeughaus, is mounted on a carriage of very similar construction to the present example: see Wegeli 1948, pp.85-7, figs 115-6, cat no. 2120 and p.89, fig. 123, cat. no. 2123. The presence of a covered pan and the residual facility for fitting a stock indicate that this barrel was originally mounted in a stock, probably a beam-like type, and fitted with a simple matchlock mechanism. Its present arrangement as a piece of hand-ignited light artillery on a rampart carriage was evidently an adaptation made within its early working life, presumably as a more practical improvement and almost certainly as a part of the defences of Schloss Langenburg during the Thirty Years’ War. The recoil-stop was removed at this time and the trunnions added also. The mark 4157 reproduced in Neue Støckel is found on a matchlock musket of circa 1590 in the Zeughaus in Graz but is evidently incomplete, the complete version of this mark is stamped on the present barrel and additionally includes the letters GAVS across the base of the mark. £3000-4000

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260 A FINE AND VERY RARE 39-BORE NUREMBERG WHEEL-LOCK SPORTING CARBINE STOCKED BY THE “MASTER OF THE CASTLES”, CIRCA 1600 with swamped octagonal sighted smooth-bored barrel struck with Nuremberg mark and the maker’s mark, a unicorn and initials, profusely etched over its length, the upper planes decorated with differing gilt panels of leaf ornament linking three elongated nodular-shaped gilt panels each filled with tiered sprays of flowers and foliage over the breech, the median and the muzzle, and all within contrasting guilloche and scrollwork borders etched in the white, flat lock struck with maker’s mark, LH over a pair of brushes (Neue Støckel 3773), decorated with etched panels of scrollwork within gilt scrollwork borders and all on a matted stippled ground, fitted with gilt-iron wheel-bracket, sliding pan-cover with button release, gilt-iron safety-catch and the dog engraved with a monster and a grotesque, fruitwood full stock veneered in ebony, very finely decorated over its full length with an inlaid series of engraved horn oval plaques all set within an elaborate framework of mother-of-pearl, the horn plaques formed as game animal vignettes over the sides of the fore-end, with female personifications of the Cardinal Virtues concentrated over the rear, involving Faith inlaid on the underside of the breech, Justice and Prudence jointly opposite the lock, Charity and Temperance jointly on the cheek-piece and Fortitude on the right-hand side of the butt, together with an espagnolette mask inlaid on upper surface of the butt and a pair of scrollwork panels enclosing medallions filled with an officer’s bust and Turk’s bust respectively either side of the barrel tang, the mother-of-pearl plaques pierced and engraved with both rollwerk and scrolling interlace patterns heightened over the rearward section with cornucopia, swags, grotesque masks, monsters’ heads , fruit and flowers, the entire scheme arranged as a series of segments within engraved horn stringing and border strips, the latter decorated with differing patterns of foliage and scrolls and partly inhabited by small animals and birds, the entire inlaid scheme on a ground of incised gilt scrollwork interspersed with both natural and green-stained horn pellets and sown with engraved mother-of-pearl rosettes, the patch-box cover veneered in horn decorated with panels of spiralling foliage inhabited by exotic birds and framing the full-length figure of a Turkish archer, with horn butt-plate engraved with the figure of a caliverman in contemporary dress, moulded iron trigger-guard, and the ramrod-pipe and fore-end cap each of engraved horn (the inlay with minor losses, the ramrod missing) 57.2 cm; 22 ½ in barrel The stockmaker known as “The Master of the Castles” remains unidentified by name but was almost certainly working in Nuremberg. He is so-called because of the castles which feature in some of his distinctive inlaid compositions; to judge from the quantity of surviving examples it is likely that this celebrated stockmaker presided over a substantial workshop. Examples of this stockmaker’s work are preserved in a wide range of institutional collections, some including the Bargello, Florence (inv. nos. R/64 and M. 235); the de Rothschild Collection at Waddesdon Manor (inv. nos. 104 and 130-132); The Victoria and Albert Museum, London (inv. no. M 1082-1910); The Hermitage, St. Petersburg (inv. nos. 6611 and 6613); and the Princely Collections in Schloss Vaduz, Liechtenstein (inv. no. 3822). For a detailed commentary on the works of “The Master of the Castles” and for a comprehensive record of his works in public collections see Blair 1974, pp.319-322. £25000-30000 142


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261 A FINE 15-BORE DUTCH FLINTLOCK FOWLING-PIECE BY PIETER VAN SOOLINGEN, UTRECHT, CIRCA 1685 with sighted long barrel formed in four stages, the forward section with full-length sighting flat, the median finely chiselled with a scrolling leafy tendril pattern in low relief, the breech section octagonal, changing to faceted, the breech decorated with the figure of Mars standing within further tendril patterns involving small monsters’ heads and demon masks all in low relief, and the barrel tang engraved with a further warrior figure, rounded lock signed beneath an engraved half-figure scroll, chiselled with scrolls, monsters and a demon mask en suite with the barrel, and the steel-spring with chiselled acanthus finial issuant from the severed neck of a horned demon, figured walnut full stock carved over its rear half with a series of complex monsters’head scrollwork patterns in low relief, the carved design on the underside of the butt also suspending a larger demon mask with inset eyes, full iron mounts chiselled en suite with the barrel and the lock, comprising butt-plate decorated with the figure of Diana, its upper tang formed as a serpent, side-plate decorated with a pierced design of delicate scrolling foliage involving small grotesque masks and the figure of Apollo in his chariot pulled by a griffon, the trigger-guard decorated on the bow with an owl as an attribute of the night, its finials decorated with pierced scrolls and a demon mask respectively, three baluster ramrod-pipes (the forward pipe missing), the rearward pipe formed with an elaborate finial involving a coronet and vacant oval within a frame of pierced scrollwork issuant from three grotesque supporters, the escutcheon pierced and chiselled with a grotesque male figure, a demon mask and a pair of grotesque female half-figures all enclosing a male bust within a scrollwork field, and retaining its original ramrod 123.8 cm; 48 ¾ in barrel This gun is hitherto unrecorded, the maker, Pieter van Soolingen (Solingen), is apparently recorded only anecdotally, his signature is on a pair of holster pistols formerly in the collection of the late H.L.Visser and apparently on two further late 17th century firearms: see de Vries and Martens 2007, Cat.866, pp. 428-9. Pieter van Solingen was probably related to Mathijs and/or Lucas van Solingen, or to the family of gunmakers of that name working in Amsterdam; see Hoff 1978 £5000-6000

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262 A 26-BORE WALLOON FLINTLOCK WENDER CARBINE BY GILLE DE SELIER, CIRCA 1705-10, RESTOCKED IN GERMANY IN 1799 with turn-over smooth-bored barrels released by backward pressure on the front of the trigger-guard, each signed on the long sighting flat, finely engraved and chiselled over the rear section with small leaf designs and a monster, with differing classical triumphant warrior figures chiselled in low relief upon vacant cartouches festooned with laurel, the breeches raised, flattened over the top and the sides, engraved with further leaf ornament and struck three times with the maker’s brass-lined stamp (Neue Støckel 8241), the plates fitted respectively over the faces of the breeches and the action each engraved with bands of acanthus leaves encircling their sides, the action tang engraved with leaf ornament and a Minerva bust , the plates carrying the pans each decorated with engraved beaded and acanthus borders, and the steels each chiselled with a flower in low relief, with signed bevelled lock with matching engraved borders and decorated in relief at the rear with a putto figure seated within a festooned scrollwork finial (the cock missing, one steel-spring broken), figured walnut butt profusely decorated with carved relief scrollwork patterns involving flowers and bouquets, the base of the cheek-piece signed by the German stockmaker “J.A. Körner 1799”, the fore-end carved en suite and inset with three engraved iron scrollwork plaques opposite the ramrod-pipes and fitted with engraved iron cap, retaining the original iron butt-plate, side-plate, trigger-guard and ramrod-pipes, the butt-plate finely chiselled and engraved and involving a trophy of classical armour with captive figures, garlands and a mask all in low relief upon the upper tang, the side-plate pierced and chiselled with scrolls and involving a further trophy supported by putti, the trigger-guard decorated with a grotesque mask chiselled in low relief and with an engraved female bust, perhaps Flora, a pair of baluster ramrod-pipes, and iron-tipped wooden ramrod (one ramrod-pipe missing) 73 cm; 28 ¾ in barrels Gille de Sellier was a member of a dynastic family of gunmakers; he is recorded working in Liège circa 1680-1710, in 1693 de Selier supplied 30 carbines and 40 pairs of pistols to the Hanoverian army £2000-2500 145


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263 A RARE 15-BORE DUTCH FLINTLOCK FOWLING-PIECE BY I.(JAN) VAN WYCK A UTRECHT, CIRCA 1690 in the Parisian fashion, with sighted long tapering barrel signed on the flat, the latter full-length and struck with Utrecht mark at the breech, decorated with finely engraved scrolling foliage and a marine monster, and with a pair of warriors engraved on raised panels at the base, the barrel tang engraved en suite, signed rounded lock finely engraved with a deer-hunting scene within a scrollwork field, figured walnut full stock finely carved with a series of mouldings and scrollwork patterns about the barrel tang, at both ends of the trigger-guard and about the ramrod-pipe, the latter involving monsters’ head terminals, with full iron mounts comprising butt-plate with engraved long tang formed as a serpent giving issue to scrollwork and an exotic bird, side-plate pierced and chiselled with a scrolling design involving three monsters, engraved moulded trigger-guard decorated on the bow with an engraved figure in combat with a monster, engraved trigger-plate, four strongly moulded baluster ramrod-pipes, and chiselled heart-shaped escutcheon suspended within a pierced scrollwork frame involving addorsed monsters joined at their mouths by a swag (the comb of the butt repaired, the butt-plate tang rising, the ramrod-pipe finial and the ramrod each missing) 124.5 cm; 49 in barrel The engraved and chiselled decoration and the elaborate carved treatment of stock are closely inspired by the engravings of Claude Simonin, published in Paris in 1684 under the title “Plusiers Pieces Et Ornements D’arquebuzerie ……. “. See Grancsay 1970, pp.73, 78, 79. Johan Jaspersz van Wijk , variously signed Jean de Wyck, Jan van Wyck or Wijck, was one of the foremost Utrecht gunmakers. He was born in the 1660’s and is believed to have died in 1729. Van Wijk is recorded in the Utrecht city archives as a gunmaker and stockmaker, gaining an associated membership of the Smiths’ Guild in 1682. For an account of this maker and of his recorded works see Hoff 1978, pp.127-130. Also see de Vries & Martens 2006,p.324 £1500-2000

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264 A VERY RARE 11-BORE GERMAN SILVER-MOUNTED FLINTLOCK FOWLING-PIECE IN THE MADRID FASHION, BY JOHANN WILHELM BONGARDE, DÜSSELDORF, BUILT ON AN EARLIER BARREL AND LOCK BY HERMANN (ARMAND) BONGARDE, CIRCA 1725-30 the barrel and the lock circa 1700, each finely decorated with minutely detailed chiselled classical ornament characteristic of this maker, the barrel formed with a short flat drawn forwards over the breech to a chiselled small design of monsters’ head scrolls, progressing to a chiselled elaborate tiered trophy formed of a pair of putti supporting a swagged pedestal bearing the figure of Mars, the putti perched above monsters’ heads and a mask each issuant from a tulip head, the latter framed by festooned monsters’ head scrolls and the base formed of an arrangement of classical armour and weapons, with a small chiselled design of symmetrical scrollwork at the median, and with large gold-lined vent and silver fore-sight, the lock rounded, signed “Bongarde a Dusseldorp” (sic) and chiselled with trumpet-blowing putti seated within scrollwork below the pan and at the rear, the lip of the pan cut with a grotesque mask in miniscule, and the cock and the steel decorated with scrollwork en suite with the barrel (the upper part of the cock repaired), figured walnut half-stock decorated with finely carved mouldings and acanthus leaf ornament in low relief, Madrid-style fluted butt, the underside of the fore-end inset with a silver plaque pierced and engraved with an elaborate design of scrolling foliage heightened with silver pellets, decorated en suite behind the barrel tang and over the base of the comb, with silver butt-plate engraved with the quartered arms of the owner with supporters and crests, silver trigger-guard finely cast in relief with acanthus ornament, silver trigger-plate pierced and engraved with flowers and foliage, silver baluster ramrod-pipe, silver fore-end cap, and original ramrod with moulded silver cap 122 cm; 48 in barrel Further contemporaneous examples of sporting guns built by Johann Wilhelm Bongarde in the Madrid fashion, then popular in Germany, are preserved in the Bayerisches Nationalmuseum, Munich: see Hayward 1963 Volume II, p.102. Also see Schalkhauser 1988, cat. nos. 121-2, 124,127,129 and 133, pp.134-5, 137-140, 142-3. A further pair of Bongarde guns with carved stocks closely comparable with that of the present example, attributed perhaps incorrectly to the elder Hermann (Armand) Bongarde, were formerly in the collection of W.Keith Neal (Christies, 8 November 1995, lot 99). The present gun is the more unusual in being either a collaborative work involving father and son, or evidence at least of an early work by Johann Wilhelm built on stock-in-hand from his father’s workshop and presumably following his death in 1727. Hermann (Armand) Bongarde was the pre-eminent German gunmaker and iron chiseller of his age; he worked in the Classical Paris style closely linked to that of the court of Louis XIV, and his works frequently surpassed those of his contemporaries in Paris. Bongarde is first recorded in 1678, then in 1690 as armourer and court gunmaker to Johann Wilhelm of Neuburg, Elector Palatine and Duke of Jülich-Berg, which appointment he held until his death. Hermann Bongarde also made a magnificent garniture firearms for Karl-Leopold, Duke of Lorraine, now preserved in the Hofjagd-und Rüstkammer, Vienna (inv. nos. A 1636-38). £3500-4500 147


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265 A FINE 23-BORE GERMAN (THURINGIAN) WHEEL-LOCK SPORTING RIFLE, CIRCA 1660-70 built on an earlier swamped octagonal rifled barrel signed and dated “Friden Pucksen Hans Ruhr Coburgk (sic) 1650”, struck with a mark towards the breech, decorated over the breech and about the sights with finely engraved bands of scrolls and flowers, the engraving about the back-sight also enclosing the barrelmaker’s monogram HR (Neue Støckel 953) and the back-sight formed with a single pierced shaped folding leaf, finely engraved flat lock decorated with a fanciful flower-filled landscape including a sportsman shooting a running stag, iron wheel-cover pierced and engraved with a rollwerk design carrying a Goddess mask and a pair of winged putti masks, fitted with sliding pan-cover with rosette button release and the dog decorated with a marine monster and a pierced dragon, walnut full stock inlaid over its entire length with running patterns of iron wire scrollwork heightened with minute iron nails and carrying a series of iron plaques finely engraved en suite with the barrel and the lock, including large flowerheads, a pair of monsters’head scrolls about the barrel tang, a crowned harpy opposite the lock, putto masks within complex enclosures of scrollwork both on the cheek-piece on the right-hand side of the butt, the rear portion of the stock additionally carved and pricked with small scrollwork designs in low relief and heightened with small iron nails, with thumb-rest and patch-box cover en suite, the latter inlaid with an engraved dragon plaque en suite with the dog, and fitted with iron butt-plate, pierced engraved iron trigger-guard, fore-end cap, and iron-capped ramrod (ramrod-pipe missing) 82cm; 32 ¼ in barrel Hans Ruhr is recorded in 1641 as Court Gunmaker (presumably to the court of Friedrich Wilhelm II, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg) but without membership of the Gunmakers’ Guild; Ruhr died in 1657. The predominant themes within the engraved and inlaid decoration (the Thuringian hunting subject aside) are closely inspired by the respective engravings of the Paris gunmaker François Marcou and those of the engraver C. Jacquinet , the latter after the original designs of the royal gunmakers Thuraine and Le Hollandois. The title page of Marcou’s series of 16 engravings is dated 1657, the Thuraine and Le Hollandois engravings were possibly first published about this time also, prior to the known edition dated 1660. See Lenk 1965, p. 85 and Grancsay 1970, pp. 9-10 £7000-9000

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266 A FINE 26-BORE GERMAN (THURINGIAN) WHEEL-LOCK SPORTING RIFLE CIRCA, 1660-70 built on an earlier rifled swamped octagonal barrel signed and dated “Friden Pücksen Hans Ruhr Coburgk (sic) 1650”, decorated with finely engraved bands of flowers and scrolls at the breech and about both the fore-sight and the back-sight, the engraving about the back-sight also enclosing the engraved maker’s monogram HR (Neue Støckel 953) and the back-sight formed with a single pierced shaped folding leaf, finely engraved flat lock decorated with a fanciful flower-filled landscape including a sportsman shooting a stag, fitted with iron wheel-cover pierced and engraved with a rollwerk design issuant from a grotesque mask and carrying a pair of winged putti masks, sliding pan-cover with rosette button release, and the dog decorated with a marine monster and a pierced dragon, walnut full stock inlaid over its entire length with running patterns of brass wire scrollwork heightened with minute brass nails, carrying a series of brass plaques finely engraved en suite with the barrel and the lock, including large flowerheads, a pair of monsters’head scrolls about the barrel tang, a stag-shooting scene opposite the lock, the mounted figure of a general on the cheek-piece and a boar-hunting vignette on the opposite side, the rear portion of the stock additionally carved and pricked with small scrollwork designs in low relief and picked-out in small brass nails, the patch-box cover carved and inlaid en suite, and fitted with brass butt-plate, pierced engraved iron trigger-guard, and engraved brass ramrod-pipe (the fore-end repaired at the muzzle, the fore-end cap and ramrod missing) 81.9 cm; 32 ¼ in barrel Hans Ruhr is recorded in 1641 as Court Gunmaker (presumably to the court of Friedrich Wilhelm II, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg) but without membership of the Gunmakers’ Guild; Ruhr died in 1657. The predominant themes within the engraved and inlaid decoration (the Thuringian hunting subjects aside) are closely inspired by the respective engravings of the Paris gunmaker François Marcou and the engraver C.Jacquinet, the latter after the original designs of the royal gunmakers Thuraine and Le Hollandois. The title page of Marcou’s series of 16 engravings is dated 1657, the Thuraine and Le Hollandois engravings were possibly first published about this time also, prior to the known edition dated 1660. See Lenk 1965, p.85 and Grancsay 1970, pp.9-10 £7000-9000

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267 detail 267 A RARE VIENNESE FLINTLOCK GARNITURE OF FIREARMS BY IOHANN ADAM GRÄZL (1), COMPRISING A PAIR OF HOLSTER PISTOLS AND A PAIR OF 21-BORE FOWLING-PIECES, CIRCA 1730 the pistols each with lightly swamped blued barrel signed in gold on the sighting rib, decorated with an engraved gold female bust within a gold scrollwork pattern inlaid over the breech, gold-lined vent, silver fore-sight (one missing), and engraved gilt-brass backsight straddling the breech and barrel tang, bevelled lock signed “Iohann Adam Gräzl” behind the cock and inscribed “In Wienn” between the steel-spring, cut with trophies of Victory involving a Turk’s head laid before a classical warrior on a contrasting incised matted ground, and the cock and the steel decorated with an interlace of strapwork and scrolls chiselled on a pounced matted ground, figured walnut full stock carved with raised mouldings in low relief, including elaborate scrollwork patterns about the barrel tang, the trigger-guard and the ramrod-pipe, full brass mounts fire-gilt and cast in low relief, comprising spurred pommel decorated with scrollwork patterns enclosing a pair of female busts en suite with the breech and fitted with shaped domed strapwork cap decorated en suite with the cock and the steel, side-plate pierced with an interlaced pattern of strapwork scrolls and involving a sportsman at rest with his dog, the trigger-guard and ramrod-pipes decorated with palm branches and scrolls on a matted ground, the escutcheon formed as a further bust medallion within a pierced frame of scrolls and palm foliage, fitted with horn fore-end cap, and each retaining its original horn-tipped ramrod. The fowling-pieces each with blued lightly swamped long barrel of “Spanish” form, with the maker’s copper-lined stamps set within a frame of gold scrollwork, silver “spider” fore-sight, engraved barrel tangs numbered 1 & 2 respectively, bevelled lock engraved with a boar-hunting scene involving a sportsman in contemporary dress, signed “Adam Gräzl” behind the cock and inscribed “In Wienn” between the steel-spring, and the cock and the steel decorated en suite with the pistols, figured walnut half-stock carved with a series of decorative mouldings also en suite with the pistols, with fire-gilt mounts decorated with a pattern identical to the pistols, one fitted with a pierced engraved barrel band (the other missing), engraved fire-gilt trigger-plate, and moulded horn fore-end cap (ramrods missing) the pistols: 54.6 cm; 21 ½ in, the guns: 116cm; 45 ⅝ in barrels (4) Garnitures of firearms including a pair of pistols are rare outside of ancestral gunrooms and institutional collections. Gräzl’s stamps inset in the Spanish fashion on the breeches of the fowling-pieces appear to be unrecorded. The first involves his name arranged in two tiers beneath a crown, spelt GRA/TZL; the second is a leaping horse. £10000-12000 150


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268 A 29-BORE VIENNESE FLINTLOCK RIFLED SPORTING CARBINE BY IOHANN ADAM GRÄZL (1), CIRCA 1730 with blued swamped octagonal sighted barrel rifled with seven grooves, signed in gold, damascened in gold over the breech with the figure of a Goddess and her dogs (Minerva or Diana) and fitted with blued folding back-sight on a decorated gilt-brass bed, the lock signed “Io. Adam Gräzl” behind the cock and “In Wienn” between the arms of the steel-spring, decorated with the figure of a Goddess, probably Diana, a stag at the rear, and the cock and the steel decorated with an interlace of strapwork and scrolls chiselled on a pounced matted ground, figured walnut full stock carved with raised mouldings, including elaborate scrollwork patterns about the barrel tang, the trigger-guard and the ramrod-pipe, the butt carved with further rococo scrollwork about the base of the comb, behind the cheek-piece and over the patch-box cover (several cracks at the wrist, the cover chipped), full gilt-brass mounts cast in low relief, the butt-plate decorated with scrolls and a female bust, the side-plate cast with scrolls and foliage and involving a sportsman reclining with his dog, the trigger-guard decorated with a stylised grotesque mask incorporated within the strapwork design, faceted ramrod-pipes, scrollwork escutcheon, and fitted with sling-swivels and horn fore-end cap (ramrod missing) 76 cm; 29 ⅞ in barrel This carbine has decorative characteristics in common with the preceding garniture by the same maker. £1800-2200

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269 A RARE ENGLISH ROYAL CASED 32-BORE PERCUSSION SHOTGUN BY WESTLEY RICHARDS, 170 NEW BOND ST., LONDON, MADE FOR H.R.H THE PRINCE ALFRED, THE FOURTH CHILD OF H.M. QUEEN VICTORIA AND H.R.H. PRINCE ALBERT, NO. 7183, CIRCA 1850 with 20in. sighted browned twist barrel signed in full on the beech flat, case-hardened breech engraved with the head of a game dog, platinum lines and plug, engraved breech tang, signed engraved lock, highly figured walnut half-stock with chequered grip, blued iron mounts including the butt-plate and trigger-guard each finely engraved with scrollwork en suite with both the breech tang and the lock, the trigger-guard with pineapple finial, with ivory fore-end cap, original ramrod, silver escutcheon engraved with a coronet of the Blood Royal, and retaining some original finish throughout, Birmingham proof marks: in its original brass-bound fitted oak case, lined in crimson velvet, the lid with Westley Richards trade label including the royal appointment “Gun Manufacturer To His Royal Highness Prince Albert”, and with flush-fitting handle encircling a brass escutcheon also engraved with a coronet of the Blood Royal 84.5 cm; 33 ¼ in overall length The royal coronet engraved on the escutcheons of both the stock and the case lid is specifically that of a Son of the Sovereign. As second in line to the throne H.R.H. The Prince Alfred was created The Duke of Edinburgh in 1866. He succeeded to the title Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha upon the death of his paternal uncle, Ernst II, in August 1893. The final entry in Westley Richards’ Auxiliary Muzzle Loading (serial) No. System records No. 6920 for 1849 (see Brown 2005, p.130); assuming a continuation of the production rate established in the years immediately preceding this, No. 7183 should date from 1850. Prince Alfred was born on 6th August 1844, the proportions of this gun accord with those of a young child. This gun was quite likely the gift of his father, Prince Albert. Provenance The gun descended from H.R.H. Prince Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1844-1900), to his third daughter, H.R.H. Princess Alexandra (1878-1942),Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, and wife of Ernst II, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg. The gun was perhaps subsequently intended by Prince Alfred as a gift for his grandson, the young Prince Gottfried of HohenloheLangenburg (1897-1960), the only son of Princess Alexandra. The gun has remained at Schloss Langenburg until now. £5000-7000

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270 A RARE GERMAN SMALL WHEEL-LOCK RIFLE BUILT FOR A CHILD, MID-17TH CENTURY with octagonal sighted barrel lightly swamped towards the muzzle and rifled with eight grooves, plain flat lock fitted with external wheel retained by a chamfered bracket, sliding pan-cover and the dog engraved with a marine monster, wooden full stock, fluted fore-end, the butt with cheek-piece inset with a vacant mother-of-pearl shield and fitted with sliding patch-box cover, horn buttplate and fore-end cap, and iron trigger-guard (fore-end chipped on one side towards the muzzle, the ramrod-pipe and ramrod missing, covered in old varnish throughout). 24.1 cm; 9 ½ in barrel: 40.6 cm; 16 in overall £2000-3000 271 A RARE 87-BORE GERMAN SMALL WHEEL-LOCK SPORTING CARBINE MADE FOR A BOY, DATED 1649 with swamped octagonal sighted barrel rifled with eight grooves, engraved with decorative bands over the breech and the muzzle, struck with the date “1649” and with the barrelmaker’s initials “H*F”, flat lock fitted with sliding pan-cover, wooden full stock decorated over its rear half with a series of carved expanded flowerheads and fluted mouldings with punched ornament along the edges, fluted fore-end, the butt with carved cheek-piece, sliding patch-box cover carved with a rosette, and fitted with horn buttplate, iron trigger-guard, horn fore-end cap and wooden ramrod (the fore-end chipped along its upper edge on one side towards the muzzle, the ramrod-pipe missing) 50.3 cm; 19 ¾ in barrel, 69.9 cm; 27 ½ in overall The small proportions of this rifle are in keeping with a child of ten years of age or less. Toys aside, very few fully functioning wheel-lock firearms were made for children; the overwhelming majority of small firearms intended specifically for the use of children are almost entirely limited to the flintlock period and later. See Clifford and Watts 2003, pp.32-3,37,40-41 £2000-2500

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273 detail 272 A 28-BORE NORTH GERMAN FLINTLOCK RIFLED BOAR CARBINE BY PETER SALTER, LEMGO, CIRCA 1685 with sighted heavy barrel formed with an octagonal breech and swamped octagonal muzzle each engraved with decorative bands, the two medial sections faceted and divided by moulded girdles and the bore cut with seven grooves, signed rounded lock sparsely decorated with a single scroll chiselled in continuation of the scrollwork pattern cut in low relief on the cock (action seized, top jaw and screw missing), highly figured curly walnut full stock carved with scrollwork mouldings in low relief about the barrel tang and about each of the ramrod-pipes (the fore-end repaired and chipped in several places), the butt with raised cheek-piece carved with scrolls and inset with the brass letter “i”, the underside with patch-box fitted with sliding cover, full iron mounts comprising butt-plate decorated with a serpent chiselled in low relief over the length of the comb, side-plate formed as a pierced chiselled monster’s head scroll, trigger-guard with chiselled acanthus leaf finials and a pair of ramrod-pipes of pronounced baluster shape, the escutcheon engraved with a garland enclosing the owner’s pierced engraved monogram and coronet laid over a contrasting oval background plate (originally blued), iron fore-end cap, sling-swivels, and original iron-tipped wooden ramrod (incomplete) 55.9 cm; 22 in barrel £1500-2000 273 A RARE AND ELEGANTLY PROPORTIONED SMALL-BORE GERMAN FLINTLOCK RIFLE FOR A LADY, BUILT ON AN EARLIER BARREL MADE FOR MARIA AMALIA, LANDGRAVINE ZU HESSE-KASSEL, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY with swamped octagonal barrel, the breech inlaid with the silver inscription “Maria . Amalia. Landg. Zu. Hessen. 1674. Geb. V. Cvrland.”, inlaid with a silver canopy of scrolls and pellets over a silver crowned device flanked by crowned lions, the latter possibly the arms of the Duchy of Courland, the breech inlaid in silver at its base with cabled lines framing an abbreviated inscription “Mi Et Av” over the letters “C A N”, the muzzle decorated with a further band of silver scrollwork, rifled with six grooves and fitted with silver fore-sight and silver back-sight with chiselled finial, the barrel tang engraved with a mark, with bevelled plain lock, select quality figured walnut stock finely carved with a series of leaf and scrollwork mouldings in low relief over its rear half, the butt with raised cheek-piece decorated with trails of delicate scrolls at either end, fitted with sliding patch-box cover carved en suite, full brass mounts decorated in low relief in the Parisian taste, comprising butt-plate and trigger-guard each engraved with an interlaced scrollwork pattern and with moulded acanthus finials en suite with the stock, side-plate formed as a pierced design of scrolling leaves, monsters’ heads and a grotesque mask, three faceted ramrod-pipes, escutcheon formed as a vacant cartouche, horn fore-end cap, and retaining its original iron ramrod, detached worm and sling-swivel (the rear swivel missing) 71 cm; 28 in barrel Princess Maria Amalia of Courland (1653-1711) was born in the Baltic city of Mitau (now Jelgava in Latvia) within the Duchy of Courland and Semigallia. She was married to her cousin Carl I, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel in May 1673. The marmor fountain in the Karlsaue Park in Kassel includes a medallion depicting the Landgravine sculpted by Pierre Etienne Monnot £2200-2800 155


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275

274 A FINE 33-BORE DANISH FLINTLOCK SPORTING RIFLE, CIRCA 1690 with octagonal sighted barrel swamped at the muzzle, struck with a halberdier mark three times on the breech (Neue Støckel 5067), rifled with eight narrow grooves and fitted with chiselled back-sight formed with a single folding leaf, rounded lock decorated with wavy borders chiselled in relief, a horned demon mask cut in relief on the tail, and the cock and the steel with matching chiselled borders enclosing chiselled designs of scrollwork, figured walnut full stock carved over its length with elaborate relief mouldings and acanthus ornament, the fore-end with carved wavy borders en suite with the lock, with scrollwork patterns also in relief about the barrel tang and the ramrod-pipe, elaborately carved raised cheek-piece, and fitted with sliding patch-box cover carved en suite, full iron mounts chiselled in relief after the Parisian fashion, comprising butt-plate with the upper tang formed as a serpent giving issue to a leafy scrollwork pattern, pierced side-plate formed as a serpent entwined with scrolls, trigger-guard cut with a monster’s head spur and with pierced acanthus finials en suite with the stock, three ramrod-pipes of pronounced baluster shape, and the escutcheon decorated with a frame of pieced scrolls and marine monsters and surmounted by a demon mask, with trigger-plate fitted with sliding safety-catch chiselled in the form of a domed grotesque mask, moulded iron fore-end cap, and original iron-capped wooden ramrod 89 cm; 35 in barrel The robust interpretation of the Paris-inspired chiselled and carved decoration is characteristic of Danish gunmakers of the period. The halberdier marks are very similar to those stamped on the barrels of late 17th century firearms by the leading Copenhagen makers Matthias Kalthoff and Paul Nielsen Normann (Normand); see Smith 1938, cat. nos. 100/101, pp. 124-5 and cat. no.185, p. 71 respectively. £3000-3500 275 A RARE 28-BORE EARLY FLINTLOCK WENDER GUN, DUTCH OR NORTH GERMAN, CIRCA 1655-60 with turn-over barrels formed in two stages, the breeches struck with maker’s mark, in a shaped field, a hand, the letters GMI or GHI beneath, standing back-sights, the muzzles bound by a raised figure-of-eight ring also carrying the fore-sight beads and the barrels released by a spring-catch in front of the trigger-guard, flat back-action lock with strongly bevelled edges tapering to a minute bead finial, the leading edge decorated with a notable chamfer filed between a pair of side-nails entering from the right, the third side-nail entering from the opposite side and fitted with ring-neck straight cock engaging a dog safety, ebonised paddleshaped butt with stamped milled borders, incised finely cabled subsidiary borders and the rear underside portion also forming a sliding cover for the patch-box, fluted fore-end carrying a pair of diagonally slotted iron ramrod-pipes on one side, iron butt-plate and trigger-guard, and original iron-capped wooden ramrod 128.5 cm; 50 ⅝ in barrels The barrelmaker’s mark appears to be unrecorded. Cf. an early Wender pistol in this collection, lot 231. A further Wender pistol, also comparable, unmarked but possibly from the same workshop, was in the collection of the late H.L. Visser; see Puype 1996, Volume I, Part 3, Cat. No. 507, pp.38-9. £2500-3000 156


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276 A 26-BORE GERMAN WHEEL-LOCK RIFLED SPORTING CARBINE, DATED 1667 with brass polygonal sighted barrel swamped at the muzzle, cut with very small decorative bands and rifled with eight grooves, iron tang, flat lock fitted with lightly chiselled wheel-bracket and brass bridle over the dog-spring, fruitwood full stock, fluted foreend, the rearward portion of the stock incised with leaf ornament and hatched matted designs of scrolling foliage, decorated with a stag over the cheek-piece, the date incised beneath, inlaid with a pair of engraved horn rosette washers impaled by the lock side-nails, incised decorated thumb-rest, and the borders cut with both linear and wavy bands en suite with the barrel, fitted with patch-box cover (the veneered upper section missing), horn butt-plate, iron trigger-guard, engraved horn ramrod-pipe and fore-end cap, and wooden ramrod with engraved horn tip 56 cm; 22 in barrel £2500-3000 277 A 100-BORE SILESIAN WHEEL-LOCK BIRDING RIFLE (TSCHINKE), CIRCA 1630-50 with slender swamped octagonal sighted barrel rifled with six grooves, decorated with punched and engraved panels of scrolling foliage at both ends and at the median, tubular back-sight, iron lock decorated en suite with the barrel, fitted with matching iron bridles over the mainspring and the dog-spring, the former impaled by a button trigger, arched iron wheel-bracket, sliding pancover with button release, and the dog engraved with scrolling leafy tendrils and both grotesque and demonic profile masks, slender fruitwood full stock inlaid over its length with a series of engraved horn plaques, involving ballflowers, rosettes and elongated symmetrical designs all framed by pairs of horn pellets, the butt inlaid additionally with larger plaques including, on respective sides, a bird-of-prey and a goose caught by a fox, each within a distinctive linear framework of scrolls on a ground of pellets, the entire inlaid design arranged within horn segmental lines, fitted with patch-box cover decorated en suite, iron triggerguard, engraved horn fore-end cap, and the barrel and the lock each with traces of original gilding (pieces of inlay missing, the butt-plate, the ramrod-pipe and the ramrod missing also) 99.6 cm; 39 ¼ in barrel A Tschinke with a closely related inlaid stock made within the period 1624-47 is preserved in the Veste Coburg (Inv. Nr. IV E 150): see Kruczek 2001, no. 125, p.115 £4000-5000

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278 A RARE 80-BORE GERMAN WHEEL-LOCK SPORTING RIFLE STOCKED IN THE MANNER OF DER MEISTER DER TIERKOPFRANKE , STOCKMAKER’S INITIALS MS, SIGNED MICHAEL STADT, DATED 1649 with swamped octagonal sighted barrel with octagonal bore cut with eight very narrow grooves, signed “Michael Stadt Anno 1649”, plain flat lock retained by a pair of side-nails on engraved mother-of-pearl rosette washers, fruitwood full stock struck with the stockmaker’s initials MS in a small circular stamp behind the barrel tang, with carved fluted fore-end decorated with a leafy branch in low relief within a stippled panel behind the ramrod aperture, the rear portion of the stock similarly carved with flowering scrolling tendrils and other subjects all closely characteristic of this stockmaker and all in low relief on a stippled ground within an arrangement of linear panels, including a stag leaping through monsters’head scrollwork opposite the lock, the cheek-piece decorated with scrollwork emerging from a squid-like monster and from a harpy respectively at either end, framing a raised cartouche inlaid with engraved mother-of-pearl plaques in the form of the Roman Goddess Fortuna flanked by parrots perched within scrolling horn tendrils and pellets, the underside pierced with a water-drain overlaid with a pierced mother-of-pearl plaque encircled by a radiating design of horn pellets, decorated over the right-hand side of the butt with an elongated scrollwork design issuant from a monster’s head and involving large compound leaves and flowers, the patch-box cover decorated en suite, with horn butt-plate and fore-end cap, and iron trigger-guard (three pieces of inlay, the ramrod-pipe and the ramrod all missing) 79 cm; 31 in barrel

Der Meister der Tierkopfranke (The Master of the Animal-Head Scroll, or Tendril) is so-called because of his unfailing characteristic use of animals’ and monsters’ heads to form the terminals to his distinctive scrollwork designs; he is to date unidentified by name: see Hayward, Volume I 1965, pp.194-6. Of the recorded gun and pistol stocks attributed to this maker, the present example, hitherto unrecorded, would appear to be the only example bearing a maker’s stamp involving initials which may possibly lead to the identification of this stockmaker; the gun in the Neuen Burg in Vienna (D 104) with its stock marked HN having been subsequently discounted by Schedelmann. The initials MS are almost certainly not those of Michael Stadt, the gunmaker to whom the stock would have been supplied for setting-up. Stadt, believed to be an Innsbruck maker, was probably hofbefreit (officially favoured at the Imperial Court); a rifle made by Matthias Stadt in 1674, to whom he was certainly related, bears the arms of the Emperor Leopold I (sold Christie’s, 15 December 1982, lot 103). Hans Schedelmann had suggested that this master stockmaker was established in Vienna from circa 1620-50 on the basis of the large proportion of his stocks preserved within the former Imperial Court Gunroom (Hofgewehrkammer). Schedelmann further supposes that many of his other works now scattered worldwide were originally commissioned directly for the Court or executed for firearms destined for it. He lists fifty-one works attributed to this master stockmaker, some mounted on firearms dated within the period 1624-53; a small number of further examples have been recorded subsequently: see Schedelmann 1973 pp.180-195. A pair of wheel-lock pistols also attributed to this stockmaker were included in the first sale of arms and armour from the collection of Karsten Klingbeil, Pierre Bergé & Hermann Historica, Brussels, December 13, 2011, lot 150, sold € 26,250. £4000-6000 158


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279 A 31-BORE GERMAN WHEEL-LOCK SPORTING RIFLE, THE STOCK WITH MAKER’S INITIALS MS AND FINELY INLAID WITH HUNTING SUBJECTS AFTER JAN VAN DER STRAAT, CIRCA 1590-1600 with octagonal sighted barrel swamped at the muzzle, rifled with six grooves and the breech cut with the conjoined letters HB, flat lock struck with a shield-shaped mark, a pair of crossed pistols with three clusters of ball (similar to Neue Støckel 5733), and fitted with wheel-bracket pierced with a chamfered heart-shaped ring and sliding pan-cover with button release, fruitwood full stock profusely decorated over its entire length with finely engraved horn plaques, formed as a series of hunting subjects involving figures in contemporary dress, both mounted and on foot, including a continuous woodland frieze inhabited by hares, boar, deer and foxes all pursued by hounds along the length of the fore-end on both sides, the scene on the right-hand side also involving a camel and that on the left expanded opposite the lock to include a horseman killing a boar, the butt decorated over the full length of the underside with a series of pierced rollwerk plaques involving grotesque masks and dogs’ heads, the pierced figures of a huntsman and of a falconer, birds-of-prey, and a vignette involving a hare and a galloping stallion, the upper surfaces of the butt decorated with the hunting friezes continued in two panels, one involving a lion and a bear, inlaid with an elaborate bear-hunting scene over the cheek-piece, a pair of gamebird plaques inlaid about the barrel tang and enclosing a smaller plaque engraved with the stockmaker’s initials “M.S”, with patch-box cover veneered in horn and engraved with deer and a hare pursued by hounds (the rear plate missing), and the entire inlaid scheme arranged within horn segmental lines, fitted with iron trigger-guard, a horn plaque over the ramrod aperture, and this, together with the horn ramrod-pipe and the fore-end cap, engraved with scrollwork patterns en suite with the plaques at the rear borders (the butt-plate undecorated, probably replaced, the ramrod missing). 87 cm; 34 ¼ in barrel The inlaid hunting subjects are closely inspired by the engravings of the Flemish artist Jan van der Straat, called Stradanus (15231605): the horses, hounds and the other animals conspicuously so. While none of the inlaid scenes are taken directly from the engravings it is nonetheless clear that the stockmaker has adapted some of the original scenes and many of the individual engraved subjects to suit his purposes, the bear-hunting scene on the cheek-piece for example draws on an engraved scene involving the killing of a stag. The van der Straat engravings also notably included exotic beasts, specifically the bears, camels and lions present on this stock. After 1567 van der Straat executed his series of hunting-themed designs for tapestries intended for the Villa Poggio a Caiano of Cosimo I de’Medici, Grand duke of Tuscany; engravings of these were published circa 1574-76. Two further series of his hunting engravings (44 and 61 prints respectively) were first published in 1578, with subsequent editions widely circulated. £7000-9000

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280 A GERMAN WHEEL-LOCK SPORTING CARBINE, CIRCA 1650 built on an earlier 16-bore barrel by Augustinus Kotter, dated “1627”, the barrel octagonal, swamped towards the muzzle, rifled with twelve shallow grooves, signed and dated, engraved with linear bands and fitted with fore-sight and back-sight, with rounded lock retained by three side-nails on iron rosette washers (one nail/screw missing), external wheel retained by a fluted sickleshaped bracket fitted beneath the pan, sliding pan-cover (missing its internal cam also engaging the dog), fruitwood full stock carved in low relief, including a demon mask suspended within a frame of scrollwork and flowers picked-out with small iron nails about the barrel tang, paddle-shaped butt with further small designs of scrolls and flowers carved on the right-hand side, the patch-box cover carved en suite and picked-out in nails, and fluted fore-end with the ramrod aperture carved as a monster’s head, fitted with iron trigger-guard, ramrod-pipe and fore-end cap, and iron-capped wooden ramrod 65.5 cm; 25 ¾ in barrel £2200-2800 281 A RARE 17-BORE GERMAN SNAP-MATCHLOCK TARGET RIFLE, DATED 1685 with heavy swamped octagonal sighted barrel rifled with eight grooves, the breech struck with an axe mark (Neue Støckel 6126 for similar, possibly Suhl) and with maker’s mark, in a shield, ME, a saltire between, large flat lock fitted with pivoted pan-cover and the match-holder moving on an internal sliding long cam (the sear and one side-nail each missing), walnut full stock, fluted fore-end incised with a tongues-of-flame pattern at the rear, the rearward portion inlaid with engraved bone plaques, including a pair of rosettes impaled by the side-nails, a further pair of rosette plaques about the barrel tang, the butt inlaid with rosettes and pellets, with carved cheek-piece decorated with a plaque engraved with a fox, inlaid over the comb with a further plaque engraved with the date “1685”, thumb-rest, sliding patch-box cover carved with a running fox, iron trigger-guard, engraved bone ramrod-pipe and fore-end cap, and horn-tipped wooden ramrod (the stock with worm damage at the fore-end and in several places over the butt, the toe of the butt shaved, the butt-plate missing) 115.5 cm; 45 ½ in barrel This is an unusually late example of a European snap-matchlock not intended for military use. £2000-2500 160


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282 A 30-BORE GERMAN FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUN BY I.G. LAUTERER A WEICKERSHEIM, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY with sighted smooth-bore barrel formed in two stages with moulded girdle between, gold-lined vent, brass lock signed in full around the bevelled lower edge, carved moulded figured walnut full stock, the butt with raised cheek-piece, full brass mounts cast in low relief and decorated with a series of moulded bands, including solid plain side-plate shaped en suite with the lock, three faceted ramrod-pipes, horn fore-end cap, sling-swivels, and horn-tipped wooden ramrod (the barrel re-blued, the fore-end repaired) 93 cm; 36 ⅝ in barrel £700-1000 283 A 25-BORE GERMAN FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUN, WEICKERSHEIM, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY with sighted barrel formed in two stages with moulded beaded girdle between, lightly swamped muzzle, cut with a beaded line in low relief over the breech and the tang numbered “1”, plain brass lock with bevelled edges and inscribed “A. Weickersheim” on the edge beneath the steel-spring, figured walnut full stock carved with raised mouldings (the butt repaired through the wrist, another repair beneath the lock), full brass mounts decorated with simple mouldings and bevelled edges, including solid side-plate en suite with the lock, and fitted with horn fore-end cap, sling-swivels and wooden ramrod 98.2 cm; 38 ⅝ in barrel The maker is almost certainly I.G. Lauterer of Weickersheim. £800-1200

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284 A 13-BORE FLINTLOCK SPORTING RIFLE, GERMAN OR LIÈGEOIS, EARLY 18TH CENTURY with two-stage barrel formed with sighting flat, the rear section shaped to form alternate flat planes decorated with chiselled leaf terminals, cut with polygroove rifled bore, fitted with engraved gilt-bronze fore-sight and the tang grooved for sighting, bronze lock with strongly bevelled edges and beadwork patterns engraved about both the outer and the subsidiary borders, the cock and the steel engraved en suite, figured walnut full stock carved with a series of relief mouldings embellished in part with leaf ornament, full gilt-bronze mounts cast in low relief, the butt-plate and the trigger-guard decorated with acanthus leaf ornament, the side-plate decorated with a pierced design of scrolls and acanthus leaves, three ramrod-pipes decorated with faceted mouldings, the escutcheon en suite with the butt-plate, and original bronze-capped wooden ramrod (the fore-end with small cracks on one side towards the muzzle) 108 cm; 42 ½ in barrel £1200-1600 285 A PAIR OF 26-BORE GERMAN FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUNS SIGNED WALTER, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY each with the barrel formed in three stages with moulded girdles between, the rear section interrupted by a prominent raised moulding grooved for sighting, rounded lock with fluted borders and signed on a scroll below the pan, figured walnut full stock finely carved with a series of raised mouldings, including acanthus leaf sprays about the barrel tang and behind the ramrod-pipe, and the comb carved with a scrolling border about its base, full iron mounts finely chiselled in low relief, comprising butt-plate decorated with an acanthus design over its tang, side-plate decorated with a scrolling design of scrolls and foliage pierced at the rear, trigger-guard cut with acanthus finials and involving a demon mask at its forward end, three baluster-shaped ramrod-pipes, horn fore-end cap, and each retaining its original horn-tipped wooden ramrod (fore-sights removed, the sear-springs weakened, one fore-end cracked). 101 cm; 39 ¾ in barrels (2) £3000-3500 162


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286 detail 286 A RARE 33-BORE GERMAN COMBINED MATCHLOCK AND SELF-SPANNING WHEEL-LOCK SPORTING RIFLE, CIRCA 1660-70 with octagonal sighted barrel swamped at the muzzle and rifled with eight grooves, earlier large flat lock engraved with scrollwork and a flowering tendril at the rear, both the internal and the external component parts finely engraved, including the internal spindle-bridle decorated with a demon mask emerging from an acanthus pattern and the bridle over the spanning mechanism decorated with a flowering leafy branch, the external iron wheel-cover pierced and engraved with opposing pairs of human grotesques, with engraved sliding pan-cover with button release, the dog decorated with three monsters, a grotesque and a demon mask, the head of the match-holder formed as a monster’s head, the latter released by a moulded sliding bar engaging a pivot safety, and the external springs for the dog, the match-holder and the safety-catch all cut with matching fluted leaf-shaped finials, with walnut full stock, fluted fore-end, the rear portion decorated with incised hatched designs of scrollwork and foliage involving inlaid engraved horn rosettes, carved cheek-piece, patch-box cover decorated en suite (its base plate missing), horn buttplate, iron trigger-guard with fluted finial en suite with the lock components, engraved horn ramrod-pipe and fore-end cap, and wooden ramrod (the sear-spring unseated, the butt-plate button finial and the ramrod tip each missing, discoloured varnish throughout) 98.8 cm; 38 ⅞ in barrel The lock dates from circa 1650-55, it compares closely with another in this collection which is dated 1653 and which is undoubtedly from by the same workshop. The lock is without question the original on which this rifle was built £3500-4500

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287 AN UNUSUAL 24-BORE GERMAN RIFLE WITH EARLY FLINTLOCK MECHANISM OPERATING ON A TWO-PART LATERAL SEAR, CIRCA 1660-70 with swamped octagonal sighted barrel, the upper plane narrowed to form a near “Hog’s back”, the breech grooved for sighting and with a wheel mark and the maker’s mark each struck twice upon inlaid brass panels, the latter involving the initials I.S over a crossed pair of pistols, and the bore cut with eight grooves, with flat lock with bevelled edges and recessed tail, fitted with pierced flat cock acting on a two-part lateral sear, dog safety held clear at full cock by a very small spring-stud protruding through the lock-plate, and swing-out safety-steel, walnut full stock decorated about the barrel tang with a fluted pattern tapering to the rear, carved with cusped ornament opposite the lock and inset with horn rosette washers for the side-nails, paddle-shaped butt stamped and incised with foliage about the patch-box, the latter with sliding walnut cover, iron trigger-guard, engraved horn ramrod-pipe and fore-end cap, and brass-capped ramrod (back-sight missing, the butt wormed, the butt-plate removed, the ramrod incomplete) 97.8 cm; 38 ½ in barrel Cf. a lock of similar construction, signed Munier a Geneve, on a gun in Skokloster castle, Sweden (No. W 295): see Hoff 1969, pp.300-302, pls. 226-7. For commentary on early English flintlocks also operating on this unusual type of lateral or horizontal sear see Richardson and Rimer 2012, pp.220, lock type 5, illustrated p. 224. Also see Rimer 2014, p.57, pls. 5a-b. £1000-1500

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288 A FINE 30-BORE WHEEL-LOCK SPORTING RIFLE, BOHEMIAN OR GERMAN, CIRCA 1680 with swamped octagonal sighted barrel decorated with an engraved band of leaves and monsters together with matted panels of scrolling foliage chiselled at the base of the breech, with further flowers and leaves engraved about the muzzle, a garland engraved over the muzzle face and the breech struck with a mark, engraved barrel tang, flat lock engraved with a bold scrolling pattern of flowers and leafy branches on a contrasting hatched ground, pierced engraved wheel-cover involving addorsed leaping stags, sliding pan-cover with engraved release button and the dog and its spring bridle each pierced and engraved with marine monsters, figured walnut full stock decorated over its rear half with a series of bold scrollwork mouldings carved in relief, the butt with carved thumb-rest and carved patch-box cover decorated with a demon mask within a scrollwork panel, fluted fore-end, iron mounts comprising plain butt-plate, ramrod-pipe and fore-end cap, engraved trigger-guard, and the trigger-guard and the triggerplate each with engraved leaf finials (the back-sight and the ramrod each missing) 85 cm; 33 ½ in barrel. The central detail of the maker’s mark on the breech is indistinct but the mark as a whole closely resembles the cartouche-shaped marks used by some of the leading Prague gunmakers in the second half of the 17th century £5000-7000

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289 A 50-BORE GERMAN WHEEL-LOCK RIFLE, CIRCA 1610-20 with octagonal sighted barrel with swamped muzzle of “Hog’s back” form, rifled with seven very narrow grooves and struck with a mark on the lower side of the breech (indistinct), flat lock fitted with siding pan-cover with release button faced with a brass lion mask cast in relief, and domed gilt-brass wheel-cover engraved with the owner’s quartered arms within a scrolling design of flowers (the internal wheel-sear and one side-nail each missing), wooden full stock inlaid with a finely engraved series of staghorn plaques, including rollwerk designs of leaves and fruit about the barrel tang, at the base of the cheek-piece and over the upper surface of the butt, the latter also involving a demon mask, with a pair of inlaid decorated plaques impaled by the lock side-nails, horn rosettes impaled by the barrel-pins and the butt sparsely inlaid with horn segmental lines, fitted with plain sliding patch-box cover, horn butt-plate, horn ramrod-pipe and fore-end cap each engraved en suite with the inlay on the stock, and iron trigger-guard (ramrod missing). 77.5 cm; 29 ¾ in barrel £2000-3000 290 A RARE 24-BORE GERMAN SNAP-LOCK SPORTING CARBINE AFTER THE ITALIAN FASHION, SUHL, CIRCA 1650 with octagonal sighted smooth-bore barrel engraved with scrollwork over the breech and muzzle, struck with Suhl control mark, the barrel tang decorated en suite, bevelled lock of residual wheel-lock shape engraved with monkeys, a parrot and a hare all within an idyllic flower-filled landscape, decorated at the rear with a monkey playing a clarinet-like instrument, with tall cock and battery, the former engaging a decorated buffer fitted beneath the pan, and the pan fitted with sliding cover engraved with a bird, moulded wooden full stock with paddle-shaped butt, the fore-end fluted and decorated with incised lines undulating at intervals over its length, the rear portion of the stock profusely inlaid with brass wire tendril patterns heightened with brass small nails, with a pair of engraved brass flowerhead washers impaled by the side-nails, the whole inlaid scheme arranged within incised segmental lines, and with engraved iron trigger-guard, moulded brass ramrod-pipes, a bar for a saddle-ring and the muzzle bound with a band of engraved brass (the sear worn, the butt-plate, small pieces of inlay and the ramrod all missing) 65.4 cm; 25 ¾ in barrel £2000-3000

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291 A 13-BORE NORTH GERMAN FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUN SIGNED MEIER, ESSEN, CIRCA 1700-1710 with sighted blued barrel formed in two stages, the forward section decorated with a raised gilt-brass leaf moulding at its base and a gilt-brass girdle enclosing the muzzle, the breech section octagonal, with a raised brass plaque laid over the upper planes and engraved with scrolls and a classical warrior figure, the upper surfaces inlaid over their remaining lengths with further long brass plaques engraved with undulate designs of scrolling foliage and terminating in a brass girdle en suite with the muzzle, the barrel tang also encased in engraved brass, with signed bevelled lock engraved with monsters’ head scrolls, figured walnut full stock carved with a series of decorative mouldings in low relief over its rear half, involving acanthus ornament about the barrel tang and about both the ramrod-pipe and the trigger-guard, full gilt-brass mounts comprising butt-plate engraved with acanthus and flower heads, side-plate cast in low relief with a pierced scrollwork pattern involving a putto riding a monster and struck with a mark, the conjoined initials WR (Neue Støckel 4807), trigger-guard cast in low relief, three faceted ramrod-pipes, and the escutcheon cast with a pierced design involving winged half-figures and a crown(the barrel re-blued, the forward trigger-guard finial missing, the rear section of the trigger-guard and the butt-plate each with a temporary repair, the side-plate chipped about one side-nail, the ramrod missing) 114 cm; 44 ⅞ in barrel The mark struck on the side-plate is recorded by Støckel on a gun made by M.Demrath, circa 1730, also from the city of Essen. The mark is presumably that of a maker of gun mounts who supplied a number of Essen gunmakers. £1200-1500

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292 A RARE 50-BORE GERMAN BREECH-LOADING FLINTLOCK SPORTING RIFLE WITH REPEATING MAGAZINE ACTION BUILT ON THE LORENZONI PRINCIPLE, BY JOHANN JACOB FREY, AUGSBURG, DATED 1710 with swamped octagonal sighted turn-off barrel stamped with both the maker’s signature and the date and rifled with seven grooves, the action frame with raised sighting groove and shaped to house a brass cylindrical breech-block, the latter with separate chambers for powder and ball, inscribed “Augspurg” in stamped letters on its outer face, rotating on the movement of a lever fitted on the left, the lever engraved with a circular garland of foliage about its base and held externally in the rearward halfcock position by a sickle-shaped spring, the right-hand axis of the breech-block also forming a rotary priming-pan fed by the priming-magazine fitted in front of the cock, the action cocked by the rearward rotation of the breech-block and the corresponding action of a stop fitted on the outer face of the breech-block, the stop acting against a sliding cam fitted to the inner side of the cock, and the trigger off-set to the right, with rounded back-action lock engraved with an Italianate scrollwork pattern involving a plaque signed by the maker and supported by a putto, the cock and the steel chiselled in low relief and the priming-magazine closed by a hinged cover, wooden butt and fore-end each carved with decorative mouldings in low relief, the butt with separate tubular magazines for powder and ball each closed by a threaded cap covered in turn by the hinged lower portion of the butt-plate, the fore-end carved with scrolling tendrils about the ramrod-pipe and fitted with an iron cap over the base, and with trigger-guard with chiselled acanthus finials and three moulded baluster ramrod-pipes (the steel-spring disengaged, the lower part or the spring perhaps broken, the butt cracked behind the upper action-tang, the plate supporting the butt-trap catch chipped on one side, ramrod missing) 85 cm; 33 ½ in barrel (2) This complex but highly successful mechanism is popularly held to be the invention of the celebrated Florentine gunmaker Michele Lorenzoni but this probably unlikely. It is more likely that Lorenzoni merely perfected the system which he then used subsequently with three types of repeating magazine, apparently of his own invention. The present German example follows the Lorenzoni system “a tutto indietro”, with the magazines at the rear. An example made by Giacomo Berselli of Bologna in the late 1660’s or early ‘70’s is in the Musée de l’Armée, Paris. Pistols and longarms built on this principle were also popular in England from the late 17thcentury, and in Germany, particularly from Augsburg workshops, up until circa 1740-50. For a highly detailed and illustrated account of the construction and working of the action see Hoopes 1973, pp. 216-25. £5000-6000

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293 A FINE PAIR OF 44-BORE GERMAN FLINTLOCK HORSEMAN’S SPORTING CARBINES BY IEAN HENERICH ALBRECHT A DARMSTAT (sic), CIRCA 1710 with lightly swamped octagonal sighted barrels signed in full and rifled with seven grooves, engraved barrel tangs, rounded border-engraved locks also signed in full, rootwood full stocks with finely carved relief mouldings, including leafy scrollwork patterns about the trigger-guards and ramrod-pipes and inlaid over the rear with silver wire scrolls and pellets, full steel mounts, comprising side-plates chiselled in low relief with a pierced acanthus scrollwork pattern and involving a grotesque mask supported by a pair of grotesque half-figures, trigger-guards with pierced chiselled finials, baluster ramrod-pipes, the butt-plates each fitted with sliding extension released by a spring-catch and decorated with finely engraved beaded patterns and banded borders, with ornate pierced chiselled escutcheons each involving a coronet, and original iron-capped wooden ramrods 43.3 cm; 17 in barrels (2) Johann Heinrich Albrecht (d. 1711) was court gunmaker to the Princes von Solms-Braunfels and later to the Landgraves von Hessen-Darmstadt. £5000-6000

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294 A BALTIC SNAP-LOCK BIRDING CARBINE, LATE 17TH CENTURY of characteristic form, with blued octagonal sighted rifled small-bore barrel swamped at the muzzle and inlaid with scrolling designs of brass tendrils over much of its upper surfaces (back-sight missing), iron lock fitted with swing-out safety-steel, the lockplate overlaid with a brass panel pierced and engraved with foliage, wooden full stock carved with relief mouldings over its length, the butt inlaid with scrolling patterns of brass wire flowers, with carved cheek-piece stamped with the conjoined letters “HB”, the underside with patch-box fitted with sliding wooden cover, pierced engraved iron trigger-guard, three moulded faceted brass ramrod-pipes, and original wooden ramrod (the butt-plate and side-plate each missing) 67.3 cm; 26 ½ in barrel £1000-1500 295 A .375 CALIBRE GERMAN PERCUSSION TARGET RIFLE BY C. GREULING IN ESSLINGEN, CIRCA 1860 with blued octagonal barrel with countersunk muzzle, rifled with eight shallow grooves, signed in gold, inscribed “Guss Stahl” in gold and inlaid with a gold line in front of the breech, fitted with blued back-sight (fore-sight missing), engraved breech, the breech tang engraved en suite and fitted with adjustable aperture sight, engraved lock decorated with a stag, the hammer decorated with a marine monster, figured pale walnut full stock, the butt of so-called Schützen type with prominent cheek-piece and chequered grip, full iron mounts of characteristic type engraved en suite with both the breech tang and the lock, including side-plate and three ramrod-pipes, with three pairs of German silver ovals impaled by the barrel bolts, double set trigger, sling-swivels, horn foreend cap, and some original finish (ramrod missing) 81.5 cm; 32 ⅛ in barrel £700-1200

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296 A 28-BORE BAVARIAN FLINTLOCK SPORTING RIFLE BY CHRISTIAN HAMAN, ONOLLZBACH (ANSBACH), DATED 1710 with swamped octagonal sighted barrel rifled with seven grooves, signed “Iohann Martin Stein” together with the date “1710”, engraved bevelled lock decorated with the figure of Diana, signed “Christian Haman” beneath the pan and inscribed “Onollzbach” behind the cock, carved moulded figured walnut full stock, the butt with raised cheek-piece and patch-box fitted with sliding cover veneered in carved rootwood, full iron mounts chiselled in low relief, including side-plate pierced with scrolling foliage and involving a half-figure and a monster’s head, trigger-guard with acanthus finials, a pair of faceted moulded ramrod-pipes engraved with leaf patterns, escutcheon pierced with scrollwork supported by a pair of grotesque half-figures, and horn-tipped wooden ramrod (the trigger mechanism incomplete) 81.3 cm; 32 in barrel £2000-3000 297 A FINE 42-BORE BOHEMIAN FLINTLOCK SPORTING RIFLE BY ANDREE SIGL (SIEGEL) A SCHLACKENW(ERTH), CIRCA 1725-30 with lightly swamped octagonal sighted barrel rifled with seven grooves, the breech signed “Andree Sigl a Schlackenw”, struck with the maker’s brass-lined stamp (Neue Støckel 1025) and decorated with the engraved figure of Diana standing within an elaborate scrollwork frame over a raised moulding at the rear, engraved barrel tang, bevelled lock engraved with a design of strapwork scrolls involving a monster’s head, the cock and the steel en suite and each partly chiselled in low relief, figured walnut full stock carved with a series of decorated mouldings in low relief, including delicate acanthus volutes about the ramrod-pipe, the butt with raised carved cheek-piece, full brass mounts cast in low relief, the butt-plate cast with the monogrammed initials “LA” issuant from a demon’s mouth and additionally signed “A Sigl” on a scroll suspended from a half-figure emerging from an engraved scrollwork pattern, the side-plate cast with a pierced scrollwork pattern en suite with the lock and involving both a monster’s head and a demon mask, with three faceted ramrod-pipes, escutcheon cast with a pierced scrollwork design carrying an engraved classical bust, horn fore-end cap, and original wooden ramrod (the back-sight leaf and the ramrod tip each missing) 82 cm; 32 ¼ in barrel Andreas Michael Siegel is recorded working over the period 1680-1730. In 1680 he was apprenticed in Vienna, thereafter he worked in Schlackenwerth (now Ostrov). In 1689 Siegel was appointed gunmaker to the Margrave of Baden. £1800-2200 171


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298 A FINE PAIR OF 36-BORE VIENNESE FLINTLOCK SPORTING RIFLES MADE FOR A PRINCE OF THE HOUSE OF HOHENZOLLERN, BY CASPAR ZELNER, CIRCA 1725 each with swamped octagonal barrel rifled with seven grooves, signed in gold within a gold linear panel, this in turn extending from a pattern of interlaced scrollwork inlaid in gold over the breech, gilt-brass fore-sight fitted within a matching gold scrollwork pattern, gilt-brass back-sight with one folding leaf and finely chiselled with a small scrollwork design framing a bust portrait medallion, that of a Prinz and a Prinzessin respectively, and one barrel retaining most of its original blued finish, the barrel tangs cut with scrolls and numbered 1&2 in stylised scrollwork numerals, each with bevelled lock signed in miniscules behind the cock, inscribed “In Wienn” between the arms of the steel-spring, the respective locks decorated with differing two-part deer-hunting scenes finely chiselled in low relief on a matted ground, the cock en suite and the steel and the top-jaw of the cock each chiselled with scrolls, figured walnut full stock carved with a series of decorative mouldings in low relief, the butt with raised cheek-piece and finely carved on both sides with delicate relief designs of interlaced C-scrolls, inset with gilt-brass relief scrollwork plaques about the barrel tang and at the base of the cheek-piece, each inhabited by hares and hounds, a further scrollwork plaque inset on the underside of the butt, involving a bust portrait, that of a Prinz and Prinzessin respectively, the respective patch-box covers encased in gilt-brass decorated with differing stag-hunting scenes en suite with the locks, with elaborate full gilt-brass mounts finely cast in low relief, also en suite with the locks and the inset series of plaques, the respective butt-plates and trigger-guards with complemental differences, one butt-plate involving the engraved seated figure of a Prinzessin and a doe, the figures of Diana and Cupid in low relief within the upper tang, the other engraved with a Prinz and a stag, the figure of Acteon in relief above, the respective trigger-guards each with a corresponding portrait figure cast in low relief on the bow and a bust portrait medallion at the finial, each with solid side-plate decorated with a deer-hunting scene involving a female figure in contemporary hunting costume, engraved faceted ramrod-pipes, the respective rearward pipes also cast with male and female portrait medallions, giltbrass fore-end caps with further deer-hunting scenes cast in relief, again different, each with double set trigger on an engraved iron plate, and gilt-brass escutcheon cast with the quartered arms of Hohenzollern on an crowned eagle, suspending the Danish Order of the Elephant, with pierced Wildman supporters and the crown of a Prince of the Holy Roman Empire (one steel chipped, one top-jaw, jaw screw and both ramrods missing) 74.5 cm; 29 ¼ in barrels (2) £6000-7000 172


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299 A 50-BORE SILESIAN WHEEL-LOCK MÜLLER- BÜCHSE, CIRCA 1680-90 with swamped octagonal sighted barrel rifled with eight grooves, decorated over its entire length with a profusion of punched and engraved ornament, including gilt bands of flowers and geometric panels over the breech, over the muzzle and enclosing the backsight, with an arrangement of large winged putti heads over the rear section, a lion and a griffin each rampant, the figure of the Roman goddess Fortuna in a chevron frame between, all on a field of flowerheads and leafy tendrils and all damascened in silver on a contrasting blued ground, blued flat lock decorated en suite, struck with maker’s mark “xKx” inside, the pan fence punched and engraved with fruit and flowers and the dog engraved with monsters and an animal, walnut full stock, fluted fore-end decorated with incised and punched bands at the base, the rear portion inlaid with clustered patterns of horn scrolls and pellets enriched with shaped mother-of-pearl plaques, fitted with sliding patch-box cover veneered in horn and inlaid with a contrasting white horn pattern, iron butt-plate and trigger-guard, and horn ramrod-pipe and fore-end cap each en suite with the patch-box cover (the rear ramrod-pipe and the ramrod each missing) 80 cm; 31 ½ in barrel £3500-4500

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300 A 33-BORE WHEEL-LOCK SMOOTH-BORE CARBINE, DUTCH OR GERMAN, CIRCA 1660 with two-stage barrel struck with a small mark, rounded lock retained by three side-nails and struck with maker’s mark on the inside, WH over a spray of flowers, fitted with external wheel and sliding pan-cover (wheel-bracket missing), fruitwood full stock decorated about the barrel tang with scrollwork carved in low relief and picked-out in small brass nails (chipped neatly below the lock), a scrollwork design incised opposite the lock also involving a human mask, and paddle-shaped butt decorated over its full surface on both sides with incised designs of scrolling flowers within stamped stellate borders, and fitted with iron trigger-guard and ramrod-pipe (the muzzle-band, butt-plate and the ramrod all missing) 66.4 cm; 26 ⅛ in barrel The maker’s mark on the lock-plate is apparently unrecorded £1800-2200 301 A 33-BORE GERMAN WHEEL-LOCK RIFLED SPORTING CARBINE, DATED 1672 with swamped octagonal barrel rifled with eight grooves (associated, sights missing), flat lock, wheel-cover pierced with a trefoil, sliding pan-cover, the dog engraved with serpents and a bird, carved fruitwood full stock, fluted fore-end (chipped extensively on both sides at the muzzle), the rearward section carved in low relief, including a monster forming the mouth of the ramrod aperture, with small designs of scrolling foliage and leaf ornament, the butt with the incised date “1672” and with owner’s monogram and coronet stamped behind the barrel tang, carved thumb-rest, the patch-box cover carved with a hare, and fitted with iron trigger-guard (the trigger mechanism, ramrod-pipe, butt-plate, fore-end cap and the ramrod all missing) 62.2 cm; 24 ½ in barrel £1000-1500

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302 A 33-BORE GERMAN FLINTLOCK FOWLING-PIECE BY PICART A ADELSHEIM, CIRCA 1700 the barrel formed with an octagonal breech section changing to a short polygonal section capped by a moulded girdle, the long median section also ending in a girdle and with a sighted lightly swamped octagonal muzzle, rounded lock signed in two parts undulating about the breast of the cock, figured walnut full stock carved over its rear half with a series of decorative raised mouldings (the fore-end replaced forward of the rear ramrod-pipe and fitted with horn cap, certainly within the working life of the gun), full iron mounts chiselled in low relief, including side-plate formed as a pierced monster’s head scroll, trigger-guard and escutcheon each with acanthus leaf finials, and retaining the original three baluster-shaped ramrod-pipes (ramrod associated). 113 cm; 44 ½ in barrel £800-1200 303 AN 18-BORE WALLOON FLINTLOCK FOWLING-PIECE BY GILLE DE SELIER, LIÈGE, CIRCA 1705-10 with swamped barrel formed in two stages with turned girdle, the breech struck three times with the maker’s brass-lined stamp (Neue Støckel 8241), brass-lined vent, engraved gilt-brass oval fore-sight and the tang engraved and punched with acanthus patterns, signed bevelled lock cut with acanthus ornament in low relief at the rear, carved moulded figured walnut half-stock decorated with leaf mouldings in low relief about the barrel tang and ramrod-pipe, full iron mounts chiselled in low relief, comprising butt-plate chiselled and engraved after the Parisian fashion, side-plate formed as a pierced design of C-shaped scrolls heightened with acanthus and developing from a pair of monsters’ head scrolls addorsed at the centre, trigger-guard with its finials formed as acanthus sprays, a pair of faceted baluster-shaped ramrod-pipes, and chiselled escutcheon formed as a frame of acanthus scrollwork with coronet above (a screw missing from the rear of the butt-plate, another missing from the rear of the trigger-guard, the ramrod missing also) 107 cm; 42 ⅛ in barrel £1200-1500

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304 A VERY RARE 15-BORE NORTH GERMAN WHEEL-LOCK SPORTING CARBINE WITH ENCLOSED RAINPROOF MECHANISM, SIGNED LUDIVIC HENRIC, NASSAU, DATED 1633 with octagonal sighted barrel lightly swamped at the muzzle, hexagonal bore cut with six grooves, signed in Latinised form “Lvdivicvs Henricvs Comes Nassovicvs”, dated “1633”, struck twice with the mark MS, a clover leaf beneath (Neue Støckel 4048) and struck with a further mark, the arms of the Counts of Nassau (Neue Støckel 5509, a lion), flat lock-plate engraved over its full surface, involving a pair of male and female figures in contemporary dress embracing within a field of scrolling flowers and seated upon a slab, the latter cut with the enigmatic inscription “O:L: Was Thvs Tv Aô 1633”, fitted with internal wheel , the spindle entering from the left and concealed on that side by a pivot cap disguised as a large screw-head, fitted with conventional pan closed by a domed moulded rectangular cover also forming the pyrites-holder and pivoting forwards on an internal spring, the cover fitted with a threaded adjustable lifting-peg also forming an internal clamp for the pyrites held inside, and the lifting-peg baluster-shaped and pierced for a thong, fruitwood full stock carved with a scallop shell moulding in low relief at the base of the fore-end, inlaid over its length with a series of engraved dark horn plaques, including hares pursued by hounds along both sides of the fore-end, rosettes for the barrel-pins and the side-nails, a stylised circular peacock plaque seating the spindle-cover, further game animals including a fox pursued by a hound over the butt, and the cheek-piece decorated with another pair of amorous figures as falconers on a shared mount, fitted with sliding patch-box cover veneered in engraved horn plaques, horn butt-plate with iron finial, iron trigger-guard, iron ramrod-pipe, engraved horn fore-end cap, and bone-tipped wooden ramrod (the back-sight and small pieces of inlay missing) 64.8 cm; 25½ in barrel Wheel-lock firearms built with an enclosed rainproof mechanism are very rare and the present carbine is possibly the earliest dated example. The maker is apparently unrecorded and no German or Dutch derivatives of his name are found in the published gunmaking references either. The system was developed in about 1630 and appears to have remained in vogue at least until about 1653, although merely as a luxurious novelty to judge by the prestigious but very few surviving examples. The leading exponent of the system, and perhaps its inventor, was the celebrated French clockmaker Pierre Bergier of Grenoble. In 1635/6 Bergier, in collaboration with Chabriens de Montélimar, produced two pairs of two-shot superimposed-load pistols on a variation of this system involving coiled internal mainsprings; one of these was made for Louis XIII and is preserved in the Musée de l’Armée, Paris (Inv. M 1659), the other pair was made for the Dauphin, later Louis XIV, and formerly in the collection of William Goodwin Renwick. There are two further extant pairs of pistols with wheel-locks built on this system, one by La Fonteyne a Mourgues, circa 1645 (in the Army Museum, Prague), the other by a member of the Bavarian Gsell family of Arzberg, made for Duke Julius Heinrich of Saxony and dated 1653 (Tøjhus Museum, Copenhagen). The lock mechanism of the present carbine is built on a conventional branched mainspring; the construction principles of this lock and of its spanning arrangement compare most closely with those of two French wheel-lock fowling-pieces, circa 1640, now in the Musée de l’Armée (Inv. M 405 & M 404); the first is number 103 in the 1729 inventory of the Royal Cabinet d’Armes. See Reverseau 2004, pp.100-107. A pair of wheel-lock carbines in the armoury of Carl Gustav Wrangel in Skokloster castle are struck with the barrelmaker’s identical mark, together also with the mark in the form of the arms of the Counts of Nassau. The pair, dated 1627, is attributed to an unspecified Dutch origin on the basis of inclusion of the arms of Nassau, with which the stocks are inlaid also, and of its Dutch historical provenance: see Meyerson & Langström 1984, p. 151, Cat. No. 66-7. For a survey of 17th century wheel-lock firearms with enclosed mechanisms see Hoff 1969, pp.116-120 £5000-7000 176


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305 A 19-BORE GERMAN WHEEL-LOCK SPORTING RIFLE, DATED 1650 with octagonal sighted barrel lightly swamped at the muzzle, rifled with eight grooves, dated in small stamped numerals on the breech and struck twice with maker’s mark of Michael Schintzel of Dessau (Neue Støckel 8216), flat lock fitted with wheel-cover, sliding pan-cover and the dog pierced and engraved with a pair of monsters’ heads, fruitwood full stock inlaid with a series of natural staghorn roundels impaled by the barrel-pins and the side-nails, the butt with carved cheek-piece with a matching staghorn plaque overlaid at its base, thumb-rest, sliding patch-box cover veneered in natural staghorn, the butt-plate and fore-end cap en suite, iron trigger-guard, and original ramrod 81.9 cm; 32¼ in barrel £1800-2200 306 A 37-BORE GERMAN WHEEL-LOCK RIFLED SHORT CARBINE FOR BOAR, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY with swamped octagonal sighted barrel engraved with decorative bands over the breech and muzzle and rifled with eight narrow grooves, flat lock fitted with pierced wheel-cover formed with a decorative rear finial, sliding pan-cover and the dog engraved with a monster, walnut full stock decorated over its rear half with punched patterns involving small rosettes and circles, incised small scrollwork designs and inlaid arrangements of horn plaques all within incised segmental lines, with water drain formed as a circular group of round holes on the underside of the breech, the butt incised with the initials “HCR”, perhaps those of the stockmaker, fitted with sliding patch-box cover decorated en suite, and with fluted fore-end cut with wavy upper edges, with iron trigger-guard, horn fore-end cap, and original iron-capped wooden ramrod (two horn plaques, the butt-plate and the ramrod-pipe all missing, the fore-end cap damaged) 44.8 cm; 17 ⅝in barrel £1400-1800 177


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308 detail 307 A 34-BORE GERMAN FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUN, CIRCA 1690 with sighted smooth-bore barrel formed in four stages, octagonal breech cut with a raised beaded moulding over its base, inlaid over its three upper planes with brass plaques engraved with scrolling foliage and flowers, bracketed at both ends by inlaid brass raised bands, the successive section decorated over its length with a pattern of narrow flutes segmented by very narrow raised ribs, inlaid with further engraved brass plaques framing a decorated winged back-sight, and with moulded girdle heightened with brass, engraved barrel tang (rubbed), engraved rounded lock decorated with a demon’s head scroll, wooden full stock carved with raised plain mouldings, fluted fore-end, the edges raised along the length of the ramrod channel and converging behind the ramrod-pipe to form a decorative narrow ridge extending to the trigger-guard, the butt strongly fluted about the base of the comb and fitted with a plain iron plate over the heel, moulded iron trigger-guard, three iron baluster-shaped ramrod-pipes, horn fore-end cap, and iron-capped wooden ramrod (the stock chipped about the lower edge of the lock, ramrod associated) 108.7 cm; 42¾ in barrel £1000-1500 308 A 20-BORE DUTCH FLINTLOCK WENDER FOWLING GUN BY IOANNES DEPRÉ A MASTRICH, CIRCA 1700 with sighted turn-over barrels released by a catch impaling the front of the trigger-guard, formed with long sighting flats, the breech sections flat-sided with wavy edges and each chiselled with a demon mask and small relief ornaments, the upper barrel inscribed “A Mastrich”, signed rounded back-action lock decorated at the rear with a demon mask chiselled in low relief after an engraved design by Cornelis Bos, the steels each chiselled en suite and the cock chiselled with scrollwork issuant from a monster’s mouth, moulded figured walnut butt and fluted fore-end, iron butt-plate decorated with a further demon mask in low relief, together with a design involving a pair of serpent-like monsters issuant from the mouth of a monster cut over the tang, chiselled iron side-plate formed as a pierced scrollwork design after Claude Simonin, the scrollwork emerging from a grotesque female half-figure, pierced and chiselled escutcheon formed as a framework of monsters’ head scrolls, and the fore-end with four iron baluster-shaped ramrod-pipes carried on the left (ramrod missing) 118 cm; 46½ in barrels £3000-3500 178


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309 AN 11-BORE GERMAN WHEEL-LOCK RIFLED SPORTING CARBINE, DATED 1667 with swamped octagonal sighted barrel decorated with small engraved linear and punched wavy bands and with further decorative bands encircling the muzzle face, brass-lined vent, the bore cut with ten grooves, flat lock fitted with lightly chiselled wheel-bracket, sliding pan-cover and the top jaw of the dog cut with a rabbit’s head, pale fruitwood full stock, fluted fore-end, decorated over the rear with incised leaf ornament and designs of hatched matted scrolling foliage, the cheek-piece decorated with a leaping stag and with the date “1667”incised at its base, inlaid with a pair of engraved horn rosette washers impaled by the side-nails for the lock, the borders cut with wavy and linear bands en suite with the barrel and the dog-spring bridle, sliding patchbox cover en suite with the stock, horn butt-plate, iron trigger-guard, and the ramrod-pipe and fore-end cap each of engraved horn (the fore-sight, mainspring, trigger mechanism and the ramrod all missing) 76.9 cm; 30¼ in barrel £2500-3000 310 A RARE GERMAN MILITARY WHEEL-LOCK BLUNDERBUSS, MID-17TH CENTURY with long heavy iron barrel formed in two stages, the rear section with turned mouldings at both ends and with a raised faceted wall at the base of the breech, the forward section belled over its length towards the muzzle (sights missing), large flat lock fitted with external wheel engraved with a bouquet (retaining bracket missing) and sliding pan-cover, wooden full stock with paddleshaped butt, the fore-end bound with an iron band at the muzzle, and plain long iron trigger-guard and ramrod-pipes (ramrod missing) 69.3 cm; 27¼ in barrel £2000-2500

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311 AN 11-BORE BAVARIAN PRINCELY FLINTLOCK FOWLING-PIECE BY PIERRE FROMENT. A. ERLANGENNEUSTADT, CIRCA 1710 with sighted barrel tapering to a very lightly swamped muzzle, formed with flattened sides at the rear, a full-length sighting flat interrupted towards the breech by a scroll finely chiselled in low relief, the short rear section of the flat and the tang each finely engraved, the former decorated with the figure of a sportsman in contemporary dress after Claude Simonin and the latter decorated with flower, bevelled lock signed “Froment. a. Erlang”, engraved with scrolling foliage and cut with vertical flutes at the rear, the cock engraved en suite and the head of the retaining screw chiselled as a grotesque mask (the steel missing), carved moulded figured walnut full stock originally inlaid with silver wire scrolls and small silver plaques about the barrel tang and ramrod-pipe (fore-end cracked towards the muzzle, the inlay missing), full iron mounts chiselled in low relief, comprising butt-plate decorated with a serpentine monster over the tang and with a scrollwork design involving a pair of serpents and a demon mask, the side-plate pierced with scrolling leafy tendrils issuant from a demon mask and involving small grotesques and monsters’ heads, the trigger-guard also cut with a demon mask and with pierced scrollwork finials, four baluster-shaped ramrod-pipes, the rear finial cut with a mask and pierced scrollwork en suite with the trigger-guard, silver escutcheon engraved with the owner’s coat-of-arms surmounted by a crown of a Prince of the Holy Roman Empire, and retaining its original iron-capped wooden ramrod 118.2 cm; 46½ in barrel The arms are those of Oettingen-Oettingen, created Princes of The Holy Roman Empire in 1674. The house of OettingenOettingen became extinct at the death of Prince Albert Ernst II in 1731 (born 1683); thereupon the Princely line was inherited by the house of Oettingen-Wallerstein. Pierre Froment (1690-1752) and his father Charles (1657-1722), also a gunmaker, were Huguenot immigrants from Sedan in the Ardennes. They were part of a large Huguenot settlement in the Bavarian city of Erlangen-Neustadt following the revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685. £1200-1500 180

312 A 23-BORE LIÈGE FLINTLOCK FOWLING-PIECE BY STREIGNARD, SIGNED STRIGNAR, CIRCA 1700-10 the barrel formed in two stages with swamped muzzle, turned girdle and the fore-sight set within an engraved decorative frame, the rear section octagonal and profusely decorated with symmetrical arrangements of scrollwork patterns both engraved and chiselled in low relief, enclosing the maker’s signature “Strignar”, a religious allegorical figure and the maker’s brass-lined stamp, AS, a coronet above, struck three times on the breech, and the barrel tang engraved en suite and also involving a demon mask, with rounded lock decorated at the rear with a chiselled demon mask crowned with scrolls and engraved with a further religious figure, perhaps St. Agatha the Martyr, engraved borders, the cock and the steel chiselled en suite with the barrel (the comb of the cock missing, the jaw screw associated), figured walnut full stock carved with a series of decorative raised mouldings over its rear half, including acanthus leaf ornament about the barrel tang ,elongated acanthus sprays trailing about the ramrod-pipe and the trigger-guard and the butt with further leafy mouldings carved about the base of the comb and over its underside, full gilt-brass mounts cast in low relief, the heel of the butt-plate decorated with a scrollwork pattern en suite with the barrel and inhabited by allegorical figures, with side-plate formed as a pierced scrollwork pattern involving a grotesque mask and a vacant oval, trigger-guard cast with monsters’ head scrollwork and acanthus finials, four strongly shaped faceted baluster ramrod-pipes, the rearmost pipe and the escutcheon each involving a demon mask, and original wooden ramrod 106.2 cm; 41¾ in barrel Neue Støckel records a P.Streignard working in Liège, circa 1720-40. The present gunmaker, A. Streignard, hitherto unrecorded, is almost certainly a member of the same family, his mark unrecorded also. £1500-2000


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314 detail 313 A 27-BORE GERMAN PRINCELY FLINTLOCK RIFLED SPORTING CARBINE, KIRCHBERG, EARLY 19TH CENTURY with swamped octagonal sighted barrel inlaid over the breech with a silver silhouette bust within a silver frame of swagged scrollwork, the bore cut with seven grooves and the tang engraved with scrolls, bevelled plain lock with roller and semi-rainproof pan, inscribed “Kirchberg” and retaining traces of original finish, walnut full stock, the butt with raised cheek-piece inlaid with a black and white horn motif and fitted with sliding patch-box cover on the right, chequered grip and fore-end, iron mounts decorated with shaped mouldings, including trigger-guard with carved walnut grip and three ramrod-pipes each decorated with a multi-faceted pattern, double set trigger, horn fore-end cap, sling mounts, and silver escutcheon inscribed with the owner’s initials “L. Pz. v H” (ramrod missing) 61.9 cm; 24 ⅜ in barrel £700-900 314 A 50-BORE LOW COUNTRIES FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUN WITH SOCKET-BAYONET, EARLY 18TH CENTURY with blued Ripoll barrel formed in three stages with turned girdle, a raised brass moulding over the base of the breech, the brasslined stamp “Coma “ (Neue Støckel 189) and swamped muzzle with bayonet lug and the fore-sight set on an engraved brass oval, the barrel tang overlaid with brass and engraved with acanthus leaves, with bevelled lock also overlaid with brass and finely engraved with foliage and a monster’s head scroll within beaded borders (the sear-spring broken), walnut half-stock carved with a series of pronounced raised mouldings (modified from the original full-length within its early period of use), the butt formed with a trap housing the original socket-bayonet, full brass mounts, comprising butt-plate engraved en suite with the lock and fitted with engraved hinged trap-cover released by a spring-stud at the heel, side-plate cast in low relief with a pierced design of acanthus scrolls involving a bust medallion supported by half-figures, bevelled moulded trigger-guard stamped “10” in miniscules on the finial, three faceted baluster ramrod-pipes, escutcheon cast in low relief and centring on a warrior bust medallion, plain brass foreend cap, original ramrod, and complete with its socket-bayonet made entirely of steel. 109.2 cm; 43 in barrel £1500-2000

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315 A 21-BORE AUSTRIAN FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUN WITH FINELY CAST GILT-BRASS MOUNTS, VIENNA OR SALZBURG, CIRCA 1730 with etched twist barrel formed with sighting flat and stepped moulded breech, silver “spider” fore-sight, bevelled lock chiselled with a two-part boar-hunting scene in low relief on a punched matted ground, the cock, its top jaw and the steel each chiselled en rocailles, carved moulded figured walnut full stock decorated en suite with rococo ornament about the barrel tang, the butt with raised cheek-piece decorated with a star formed of inlaid contrasting wood segments, carved in relief with scrolls and acanthus flourishes at both ends and about the base of the comb, with full gilt-brass mounts finely cast in low relief with a series of elaborate rococo vignettes, comprising butt-plate decorated with the figure of a lady huntress standing in contemporary hunting dress beneath an exotic baldacchino, solid side-plate decorated with a landscape vignette involving hunting dogs and shot game within a scrollwork frame suspending a demon mask, trigger-guard finial cast in the form of a further baldaccino, involving a sportsman in contemporary dress within a vignette on the bow, decorated with a demon mask on the finger-spur, and with three faceted ramrod-pipes (one side-nail, the fore-end cap and the ramrod each missing, the stock cracked about the full area surrounding the barrel tang) 96.5 cm; 38 in barrel The etched twist barrel is a fashionable legacy of the Ottoman style of barrelmaking popularised in Austria and Southern Germany by the firearms included among the booty of the Austro-Turkish Wars of 1683-99 and 1716-18. Mounts of this high quality are characteristic of the luxury firearms produced by the leading gunmakers in Vienna and Salzburg within the first half of the 18th century. The highly elaborate portrayal on the butt-plate of the figure of a lady huntress is quite possibly a reference to the Empress Amalia, consort of the Emperor Joseph I. A contemporary account of a shoot held especially for the ladies of the Viennese Court describes the Empress finely dressed and shooting from a throne at the end of a beautiful alley in her garden; see Hayward Vol. II 1963, p.119-20. £1500-2000 316 A 36-BORE BAVARIAN FLINTLOCK SPORTING RIFLE BY DANIEL ECK (OF NÖRDLINGEN), CIRCA 1720 with swamped octagonal sighted barrel rifled with eight grooves and signed “D: EcK”, the lock with bevelled forward edges and finely engraved with a stag-shooting vignette, and the tail rounded and decorated with a game dog inhabiting a strapwork design (one side-nail missing), figured walnut full stock carved with decorative mouldings in low relief, the butt with cheek-piece carved with a voluted leaf design at the rear and fitted with sliding patch-box cover, full iron mounts, comprising butt-plate with its tang engraved with a strapwork and acanthus leaf pattern, side-plate pierced and chiselled with interlaced scrollwork, trigger-guard with chiselled moulded finials, a pair of moulded faceted ramrod-pipes and chiselled scrollwork escutcheon, horn fore-end cap, and iron-tipped wooden ramrod 77.7 cm; 30 ⅝ in barrel £800-1000 182


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317 A RARE 37-BORE CATALAN FLINTLOCK FOWLING-PIECE, EARLY 18TH CENTURY with Brescian slender tapering sighted barrel cut with a series of four very narrow raised decorative ribs over the rear section, the pair on the upper face continuing to the muzzle and the breech signed by the barrelmaker “Giovan Beretta” in stamped letters, rounded lock chiselled and engraved with scrolling foliage, the tail of the lock-plate, the pan and the steel each decorated with a chiselled grotesque mask in the Catalan fashion, the cock decorated with a chiselled acanthus scroll projecting from its rear and the head of the retaining screw chiselled in the form of an expanded flowerhead, with figured walnut full stock, the butt of socalled Madrid type and carved in low relief, decorated with a carved panel of leaf ornament along its underside and with carved voluted scrolls elongated over the sides, the rear portion of the stock overlaid with an elaborate series of large pierced engraved sheet-brass plaques in the Catalan tradition, involving on the underside a scrollwork panel inhabited by a marine monster, pairs of flying dragons enclosing both the lock and the side-plate, and a further scrollwork panel about the barrel tang, with brass mounts decorated in continuation of the predominant Catalan themes, the side-plate formed as a sheet-brass plaque decorated with an exotic bird and a dragon (the rear segment missing), the butt-plate tang elongated over the comb and decorated with a twoheaded bird and an entwined pair of lengthy serpents, the trigger-guard engraved with scrollwork over the bow and with large finials each pierced and engraved with symmetrical scrollwork interlace, with three moulded ramrod-pipes, a brass moulded band beneath the muzzle, and original ramrod with brass tip en suite with the ramrod-pipes (the fore-end with several small cracks towards the muzzle) 124.5 cm; 49 in barrel The barrelmaker, Giovanni Beretta of Gardone and Brescia, is recorded together with his brothers Ludovico and Bartolomeo selling 2,018 barrels for civilian use within the period July 1686-July 1689. It is most likely that a proportion of these were exported to the Spanish and Catalan centres of gunmaking: see di Carpegna 1997, p.146. James Lavin, the late authority on Catalonian gunmaking, has suggested that the fluted downward-curving style of butt earned the name “Madrid” solely due to its popularity with gunmakers in that city rather than being its place of origin. Lavin suggests that this style may have come from Castile by way of Cataluña. For reference to this observation and for an account of Catalonian gunmaking see Lavin 1972, pp.2-12. The use of a “French” flintlock decorated in the Catalan taste in place of the traditional Catalan style of miquelet-lock is highly unusual. £2000-2500

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318 A 21-BORE GERMAN FLINTLOCK SPORTING RIFLE, DATED 1680 with swamped octagonal barrel decorated with chiselled and engraved scrolling tendrils over the breech, an engraved framework of scrolls enclosing the fore-sight, the date “1680” stamped in small numerals interrupted by the barrelmaker’s mark, VB, a flower beneath (Neue Støckel 4628), the bore cut with eight grooves and fitted with back-sight with one folding leaf, rounded lock signed with the maker’s initials “IOF” engraved beneath the steel-spring and chiselled and engraved en suite with the breech, the cock also decorated with a matching tendril design and the lip of the pan cut with two demon masks, figured walnut full stock carved with scrolling tendril mouldings in low relief about the barrel tang and behind the ramrod-pipe, the latter involving monsters’ head terminals, the butt with raised cheek-piece and patch-box with sliding cover carved with scrolls and leaves, full iron mounts chiselled in low relief, the butt-plate tang formed as a serpent, the side-plate decorated with a pierced design of monsters’ head scrollwork, the trigger-guard formed with a pierced scrollwork finial and fitted with three moulded baluster-shaped ramrod-pipes, the fore-end bound with an iron band below the muzzle, with pierced chiselled escutcheon surmounted by a coronet, and wooden ramrod (the fore-end cracked in front of both the lock and the side-plate and with the upper edges chipped on both sides towards the rear, ramrod associated) 100.3 cm; 39½ in barrel £1200-1500 319 A 29-BORE GERMAN FLINTLOCK RIFLED SPORTING CARBINE, SIGNED HARTMAN, CIRCA 1690 with octagonal sighted barrel rifled with eight grooves, lightly swamped muzzle inlaid with an engraved brass band, the breech cut with a band of bead and chain ornament and engraved with a tulip head, the median section decorated with a scroll device and a garland of laurel and flowers each inlaid in brass, and with the maker’s signature on a further brass inlay, rounded lock engraved with scrolling monsters’ heads and a boar, figured walnut full stock carved in low relief with a series of decorative mouldings, including scrollwork about the barrel tang and at either end of the cheek-piece, an acanthus leaf moulding behind the ramrod-pipe, fluted fore-end, the butt decorated with shaped rootwood plaques inlaid amid small inlaid groups of white horn pellets and ballflowers, fitted with patch-box cover also veneered in rootwood, and the number “8” inlaid in brass wire on the cheek-piece, with full iron mounts, including side-plate formed as a scrolling moulding with its rear section flattened and pierced and engraved with a monster, the trigger-guard pierced over the bow and the finials formed as pierced scrollwork mouldings, the trigger-plate en suite, iron ramrod-pipe (the rear one missing), pierced trigger, engraved horn fore-end cap, and wooden ramrod (two barrel-pins missing, the fore-end cap chipped) 67.5 cm; 26 ⅝ in barrel A gunmaker named Hartman is recorded in 1677 working at Schwäbisch Hall; a further record of a Hartman, perhaps the same, states that he worked in Neuffen, circa 1690-1720 £1000-1500 320 A 25-BORE GERMAN FLINTLOCK SPORTING RIFLE BY SAMUEL CRAMER, DATED 1739 with swamped octagonal barrel signed and dated around the face of the muzzle, the entire remaining surfaces with a minutely punched matted finish, silver fore-sight, iron back-sight, the tang engraved with a stag and a demon mask, rounded lock signed on a scroll engraved beneath the pan, figured walnut full stock carved with a series of acanthus leaf mouldings in low relief about the barrel tang, the lock and the mounts, the butt carved en suite on both sides and about the base of the comb, the cheek-piece inset with a gilt-brass roundel engraved with the owner’s arms, two lions passant guardant on a mantled shield with crests, the reverse side fitted with carved sliding patch-box cover inset with a gilt-brass plaque engraved with a stag, full gilt-brass mounts cast in low relief, the butt-plate engraved with classical hunting trophies, a Diana bust and a demon mask, with side-plate formed as a pierced design of strapwork and scrolls involving a stag pursued by hounds, three faceted ramrod-pipes, horn fore-end cap, sling-swivels, silver escutcheon involving the crown of a ducal heir with lion supporters on a pierced scrollwork base, and horntipped wooden ramrod (the butt with a small crack on one side) 77.2 cm; 30 ⅜ in barrel The maker is hitherto unrecorded but is possibly a member of the Kramer family of gunmakers of Hofgeismar in northern Hesse £1500-2000

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321 A FINE FRENCH BRONZE MOUNTAIN HOWITZER,” L’ACCUEIL”, OBUSIER DE 12CM VALÉE, MODÈLE 1828, STRASBOURG, DATED 23 FEV. 1850, ON ITS ORIGINAL CARRIAGE with smooth-bore barrel cast with raised flat muzzle ring and base ring each grooved for sighting, cast with the individual name of the gun, “L’Accueil”, on a stippled scroll towards the muzzle, with foundry mark between the trunnions, a cursive “C”, the ends of the trunnions marked with the weight “101K” and “No.2” respectively, with the motto of the Second Republic, “Liberte Egalite Fraternite” surmounting the cipher of the Republic towards the base, recessed broad vent field, the base ring cast with a pair of stippled panels, one marked “Strasbourg” and other “23 Fev. 1850”, with button cascable, and in fine condition throughout : on its original regulation grey-painted wooden carriage, “modèle de montagne”, for pack transport, with two-piece trail bedded for a quoin only and with no provision for fitting a limber pintle, with lightly cambered iron-shod spoked wheels, together with its original elevating quoin and combined brush staff and ramrod stamped with the calibre designation “12” (two pins for a capsquare and other small carriage mounts missing) 95 cm; 37½ in barrel This gun was intended to fire a 4kg. explosive round. The Système Valée was developed by Sylvian-Charles, comte Valée, as an improvement on the Gribeauval ordnance system and was adopted in 1828. Further examples, each also individually named, are preserved in the Musée de l’Armée, Paris. Surviving carriages are understandably rare; this example, constructed for the Mountain Howitzer and distinct from a field carriage, is possibly now unique. Though then obsolete, the present gun and its carriage were almost certainly a trophy of the Franco-Prussian War of 1870. £6000-8000

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European Edged Weapons VARIOUS OWNERS

322 A SAXON RAPIER, CIRCA 1580 in excavated condition, with long slender blade of flattened-diamond section for its upper third, the remainder of flattenedhexagonal section and formed with a short fuller on each face, tapering ricasso, iron hilt of delicately fluted bars comprising écusson, lower ring-guard retaining a portion of a pierced sprung-in plate, forward-curled quillon with spatulate terminal (bent), a pair of arms joined by the outer ring-guard, knuckle-guard, inner guard of two slender bars, and fluted bun-shaped pommel, and the tang retaining a single shaped iron collar for the top of the grip 105.3 cm; 41 ½ in blade Rapiers of this form were made for officers of the Saxon Electoral Guard. Two rapiers with plain hilts of this form were included in the Sotheby’s sale from the Saxon Royal Collections, 23 March 1970, lots 30 and 32. See Norman 1980, pp. 128-9 £2000-3000

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323 A BRUNSWICK STATE TWO-HAND PROCESSIONAL SWORD OF THE GUARD OF JULIUS, DUKE OF BRUNSWICK AND LÜNEBURG IN WOLFENBÜTTEL (1528-89), NO. 167, DATED 1573 with straight double-edged blade of flattened-diamond section, stamped with two differing bladesmith’s marks, in a shield a tankard on one face and on the other a further shield filled with two vertical panels filled with a sword and a chevron, rectangular ricasso formed with a pair of slender up-turned lugs in the middle, boldly incised with the crowned Ducal monogram, the number and the date within a linear frame on each side, iron hilt comprising a pair of ribbon-like quillons each interrupted by a chiselled and engraved fish-shaped moulding, curled forward and back at the respective down-curved terminals, a pair of small flat engraved serpentine lugs at the base, engraved inner and outer ring-guards, each interrupted with three baluster mouldings and filled with a saltire, the former with thumb-ring, thick pierced crutch-shaped pommel, and later leather-covered wooden grip 134cm; 52 ¾in blade Provenance The Hanoverian Royal Collections, Schloss Marienburg For a discussion of this group and other examples sold in these rooms see Thomas Del Mar Ltd, 8 December 2010, lot 155. £10000-15000

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324 AN ENGLISH MILITARY RAPIER, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY with associated blade of flattened-diamond section, finely chiselled iron hilt including asymmetrical dish-guard pierced with scrolls and garlands centring on a well detailed grotesque at the front and a mask at the rear, a pair of straight quillons with tightly curled terminals chiselled as bird’s heads, a pair of arms, and pear-shaped pommel decorated with a grotesque above a garland carried by a female demi-figure on each side, and wooden grip with ‘Turk’s heads’ 93.2 cm; 36 ¾ in blade For a discussion of this group of swords see Mowbray 2013, pp. 254-82. £1200-1400 325 AN ITALIAN BROADSWORD, LATE 16TH/EARLY 17TH CENTURY with tapering blade of flattened-hexagonal section, stamped with a series of ‘x’ shaped marks on each face of the forte, iron ‘crabclaw’ hilt of characteristic form including a pair of drooping quillons and a further pair of curved inner bars all chiselled with groups of vertical lines, outer ring-guard fitted with a scalloped plate beneath and a further lower ring-guard formed en suite, faceted ovoid pommel, and the grip with a later plaited wire binding and ‘Turk’s heads’ (areas of light pitting) 89.5 cm; 35 ¼ in blade £600-800 326 A NORTH EUROPEAN RAPIER, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY with tapering blade of flattened-hexagonal section, stamped with a Celestial mask on each face, the signature ‘IVAN MARTINEZ IN TOLEDO’ on one face and the pious inscription ‘IN TE DOMINE SPERAVI NON’, on the other within two slender fullers divided by dots, and pierced with decorative apertures, chiselled iron hilt (incomplete, dish-guard missing), comprising a pair of curved quillons, outer ring-guard an additional basal arm, and plummet-shaped pommel, decorated throughout with scrolls against a punched ground, and the grip bound with plaited wire between ‘Turk’s heads’ 90 cm; 35 ½ in blade £800-1200 190


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327 A VENETIAN SWORD (SCHIAVONA), LATE 18TH CENTURY with broad flat double-edged blade struck with a mark at the forte on one face, iron hilt comprising characteristic basket-guard of flattened bars, horizontally recurved quillon, thumb-loop, shield-shaped pommel drawn-out to a circular boss on each face (the joining ring missing), and original wooden grip bound with leather over cord, in a well constructed leather-covered wooden scabbard, with large iron chape bound with numerous iron bands 89 cm; 35 in blade £1000-1500 328 A SCOTTISH BASKET-HILTED BROADSWORD, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY with associated double-edged blade, stamped with an inscription between a series of dots within a central fuller framed by two shorter fullers on each face, iron basket-hilt formed of rounded bars carrying an alternating arrangement of oval and square panels with delicately cusped borders, each pierced with hearts and circles and incised with lines, scrolling quillon, a pair of ramshorn basal finials, fluted conical pommel and fishskin-covered grip bound by plaited wire 85.5 cm; 33 ¾ in blade £1200-1800 329 A BASKET-HILTED BROADSWORD, 19TH CENTURY AND LATER with double-edged blade formed with a long fuller, retaining traces of an etched crowned coat-of-arms on each face of the forte, iron hilt including flat bars and elongated rectangular panels, fluted conical pommel, and later spirally-carved wooden grip 74.2 cm; 29 ¼ in blade £500-700

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330 A FINE AND VERY RARE EARLY HIGHLAND OFFICER’S SILVER HOOPED-BAR BASKET-HILTED BACKSWORD, LONDON 1745, MAKER’S MARK PROBABLY TB with straight blade double-edged towards the point, formed with a pair of long fullers on each face and a further short fuller on each face of the ricasso, silver hilt of rounded bars, comprising down-turned oval quillon, basket-guard of rounded bars carrying four oval hooped frameworks each filled with three moulded crosses arranged vertically, a large oval so-called rein aperture, all joined by short moulded bars, flattened bun-shaped pommel, sharkskin-covered grip bound with plaited silver wire and ‘Turk’s heads’, early doe-skin liner, and in untouched condition throughout 85.7 cm; 33 ¾ in blade Provenance Sir Bevil Grenville, by tradition Gratiana Knocker Lieutenant A.C.E. Ayre RN (1918-41) Exhibited Plymouth City Museum Swords with hilts of this form have been ascribed to a date range of circa 1760-75, based on examples shown in illustrations such as that worn by General the Hon. William Gordon in the uniform of the Queens Own Royal Regiment of Highlanders by Batoni, dated to 1760. However, hallmarked or dated hilts of this type are notably rare and the present hilt might suggest a significantly earlier date for the group. Hilts with hooped-bar basket-guards, also called ‘pinch-of-snuff’ are discussed in detail in volume six of the forthcoming book on the history and development of the basket-hilt by Baron Earlshall. £4000-6000

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331 331 A FRENCH SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1740 with colichemarde blade etched with scrolls and an infantryman (rubbed), iron hilt cast and chiselled in low relief, comprising double shell-guard pierced with trophies-of-arms and differing classical warriors, quillon with grotesque mask terminal, knuckle-guard and pommel each decorated en suite with the guard, all highlighted with gold, and the grip bound with plaited silver wire and ribband 81 cm; 32 in blade £450-550 332 A NORTH EUROPEAN PILLOW SWORD, MID-17TH CENTURY with tapering hollow-triangular blade, iron hilt comprising a pair of flattened drooping quillons, faceted plummet-shaped pommel, and wooden grip with some early plaited copper wire binding 68.5 cm; 27 in blade £250-350 333 A NORTH EUROPEAN SMALL-SWORD FOR A CHILD, CIRCA 1730, PROBABLY SWEDISH AND ANOTHER SMALL-SWORD FOR A CHILD, GERMAN, CIRCA 1750 the first with earlier blade etched with the crowned Royal cypher of Charles XII, gilt-brass hilt cast and chased en rocaille with shell ornament, including double shell-guard, knuckleguard and pommel, and later grip; the second with hollow-triangular blade etched and gilt at the forte and signed ‘Neumann, Berlin’, brass hilt cast and chased en rocaille, including boatshell-guard and integral grip decorated en suite the first: 60.8 cm; 24 in blade (2) £300-350 194

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333 334 A COMPOSITE SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1770, A GERMAN HUNTING SWORD, CIRCA 1750, AND A FRENCH HUNTING SWORD, CIRCA 1770 the first with straight fullered blade double-edged towards the point, iron hilt including boatshell guard, quillons, knuckleguard and pommel all decorated with writhen designs, and wire-bond grip (pitted); the second with tapering blade of flattened-diamond section, iron hilt (incomplete) and the grip veneered with tortoiseshell (small chips), the third with broad fullered blade (pitted), engraved brass hilt including crossguard, cap pommel and carved bone grip the first: 79.5 cm; 31 ⅜ in blade (3) £200-220 335 A GERMAN SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1740 with two-stage blade, the forte of flattened-hexagonal section and inlaid with brass scrolls, iron hilt comprising asymmetrical pierced shell-guard chiselled with scrolls of foliage, quillons with globular terminals, knuckle-guard and globular pommel gadrooned around its upper surface (and wire-bound grip (worn) 73 cm; 28 ¾ in blade £200-300 336 A GERMAN SMALL-SWORD, MID-19TH CENTURY with etched damascus wavy blade, brass hilt cast and chased in low relief with neo rococo ornament, comprising double shell-guard, quillon with flattened globular terminal, side-ring, knuckle-guard, globular pommel and integral grip 81 cm; 31 ⅞ in blade £250-300


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337 A FRENCH SILVER-HILTED SMALL-SWORD, PARIS, CIRCA1809-19, 950 STANDARD, IN AN ENGLISH SILVER SCABBARD, LONDON, 1842, MAKER’S MARK OF JOHN JAMES KEITH with tapering blade of hollow-triangular section, silver hilt cast and chased in low relief with berried laurel within a framework of faceted beads, comprising oval dish-guard, quillon with disc-shaped terminal, a pair of arms, knuckle-guard, urn-shaped pommel and integral grip, the scabbard with globular terminal and a pair of raised ribbed mouldings at the top, one fitted with a silver loop for suspension 83.3 cm; 32 ¾ in blade £600-650 338 A FRENCH OFFICER’S SMALL-SWORD, PARIS 1819-38, 950 FINENESS with tapering double-edged blade (ground), silver hilt cast and chased in low relief, comprising down-turned shell-guard, including the Royal Arms, quillon with hounds head terminal, knuckle-guard and angular pommel, and wooden grip (grip veneers missing), in its silver-mounted leather scabbard 83.4 cm; 32 ⅞ in blade £400-600 339 A NORTH EUROPEAN SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1770 with associated blade etched and gilt over its entire length with scrolls and pellets on a gilt ground, iron hilt pierced and chiselled with a trellis pattern carrying rondels set with flowers, including oval shell-guard, pierced quillon, knuckle-guard and pommel, and later wire grip, in a leather scabbard 76.5 cm; 30 ⅛ in blade £300-350

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340 AN ITALIAN HUNTING DAGGER, LATE 18TH CENTURY with tapering blade formed with a long central fuller on each face framed by two further fullers, fluted horn hilt (losses) encased in panels of German silver engraved with scrolls of foliage, and foliate cap pommel 20 cm; 7 ⅞ in blade £350-450 341 AN ITALIAN ARTILLERY STILETTO, MID-17TH CENTURY with tapering blade of triangular section, incised with graduation marks and inscribed with numbers from ‘1’ to ‘120’ (worn), moulded forte, steel hilt comprising a pair of spirally moulded quillons, ovoid pommel formed en suite, and spirally carved horn grip inset with bone rondels and small brass nails, and with a later bone collar top and bottom (the iron parts pitted, grip chipped) 24 cm; 9 ½ in blade £350-450 342 AN ITALIAN HUNTING DAGGER, LATE 18TH CENTURY with sharply tapering blade double-edged towards the point, reinforced and notched along the back-edge, tapering horn grip reinforced with embossed silver ribs, silver foliate pommel cap and matching ferrule 24.5 cm; 9 ¾ in blade £300-400

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343 A FINE STILETTO WITH CAST AND CHASED GILT-BRONZE HILT, CIRCA 1820-40 with tapering blade of triangular section moulded at the forte, gilt-bronze hilt cast and chased with rococo revival designs in low relief, comprising cross-piece formed as the fore-quarters of a gaping lion with a rococo bow above, and the grip formed of a vertical openwork arrangement comprising a warrior spearing a serpent, the latter set upon by a salamander, and retaining much early polish and gilding 15.5 cm; 6 â…› in blade Provenance Robin Wigington, Stratford-upon-Avon ÂŁ1000-1500

343

197


344 A MEDIEVAL DAGGER, LATE 14TH/15TH CENTURY in excavated condition, with tapering blade of flatteneddiamond section, straight cross-piece formed of a pair of tapering faceted quillons (loose), and slightly compressed flattened disc-shaped pommel 22 cm; 8 ž in blade Provenance Robin Wigington, Stratford-upon-Avon £800-1000

344

198


345

347

346 345 A HIGHLY DECORATED MOMENTO MORI DAGGER, SECOND HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY with tapering blade of flattened-diamond section, etched and gilt with a trophy-of-arms above a skull and crossed bones on one face and with foliage on the other (the tip very slightly chipped), white metal hilt set with coloured pastes (small losses), including scrolling cross-piece formed as a bejewelled serpent, wasted grip chased with scrolls and foliage, and the pommel surmounted by a skull and crossed bones in the round, in its wooden scabbard with matching chape and locket 12.5 cm; 5 in blade £300-400 346 A DAGGER WITH CARVED IVORY HILT, 18TH /EARLY 19TH CENTURY with South East Asian tapering blade formed with a tapering rounded rib over the lower section on each face, moulded base, ivory grip carved in the round with a rock surmounted by a tiger and two hares 24 cm; 9 ½ in blade £350-450 347 A CONTINENTAL DECORATIVE DAGGER, 19TH CENTURY with broad double-edged blade etched with scrolls of foliage on each face against a frosted ground, gilt copper hilt cast with romantic motifs in low relief, including entwined serpents around the base and the grip with a band of beadwork top and bottom, in its leather-covered scabbard with gilt copper mounts en suite 20 cm; 7 ⅞ in blade £400-600

199


349

348

350

348 TWO LEFT HAND DAGGERS IN 17TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY the first in the Spanish style, with tapering blade, rectangular ricasso pierced with a pair of holes, iron hilt comprising arched triangular guard embossed with foliage, a pair of quillons and pierced pommel; and the second with broad tapering fullered blade struck with a mark on one face, iron hilt of rounded bars including horizontally recurved quillons, side-ring and conical pommel, and wire-bound grip with ‘Turk’s heads’ (both with areas of pitting) the first: 38 cm; 15 in blade (2) £300-500 349 A LEFT HAND DAGGER IN EARLY 17TH CENTURY STYLE with robust tapering blade of triangular-section, engraved with flowers at the base, recessed faceted forte decorated en suite, iron hilt formed of a pair of straight moulded quillons, and carved bone grip (filled repairs) 26 cm; 10 ¼ in blade £100-150 350 A DAGGER IN GERMAN 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY with spirally-fluted robust blade, iron hilt including a pair of tightly curled quillons, fluted cap pommel, and hardwood grip inlaid with brass fillets, copper scrolls and engraved bone inlays, in its embossed iron scabbard 31 cm; 12 ¼ in blade £200-250 351 A LEFT HAND DAGGER IN LATE 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY with tapering blade of flattened-diamond section, rectangular ricasso, iron hilt comprising a pair of slightly forward-canted downcurved quillons with bulbous terminals, side-ring interrupted by a central moulding en suite with the quillons, two-stage pommel, wooden grip with an iron collar top and bottom and in aged condition throughout 31.5 cm; 12 ⅜ in blade £300-400 200


352 353

352 TWO SMALL STILETTOS, 18TH/19TH CENTURY the first formed entirely of steel, with tapering blade of diamond section, rectangular ricasso, hilt of moulded faceted bars comprising slightly arched quillons, integral grip and pommel; and the second with three-stage blade, and brass hilt of moulded and ribbed bars 24 cm; 9 ½ in blade (2) £200-300 353 A SCANDINAVIAN HUNTING DAGGER AND ANOTHER DAGGER, 19TH CENTURY the first cut-down from a hunting sword, with tapering blade, brass cross-piece, spirally-carved wooden grip bound with plaited wire, and decorated brass pommel, in its brass-mounted leather scabbard; and the second with tapering blade cut with a slender central fuller, straight iron cross-piece with slanting terminals, spirally carved ivory grip, and German silver pommel formed as a philosopher 20.2 cm; 8 in blade (2) £300-400 354 A COMPOSITE QUILLON DAGGER, 17TH CENTURY AND LATER with sharply tapering blade formed in two sections, the upper section of flattened-diamond section, chiselled iron hilt comprising a pair of short down-curved quillons with faceted bulbous terminals, flattened oval pommel chiselled with a flowerhead on each face, wooden grip with ‘Turk’s heads’ and in aged condition throughout 27.5 cm; 10 ⅞ in blade £600-800 201


355

357

355 A BROADSWORD IN 15TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY with 18th Century tapering blade of flattened-hexagonal section, etched with the Austrian crowned Imperial Eagle and ‘No. 38’ on one face at the forte (worn), iron hilt comprising arched quillons with moulded terminals, flattened polygonal pommel, and integral grip 81 cm; 31 ⅞ in blade £800-1200 356 A BROADSWORD IN 16TH CENTURY STYLE AND THREE FENCING EPEES, LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURY the first with broad blade, iron hilt comprising down-curved quillons with globular terminals, knuckle-guard and fluted bun-shaped pommel, and wire-bound leather-covered grip, the second with sheet steel guard, and the third and fourth with brass figure-ofeight shaped guards the first: 86.5 cm; 34 ⅛ in blade (4) £300-350 357 AN ITALIAN SHORTSWORD (CINQUEDEA) IN EARLY 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH/20TH CENTURY with sharply tapering double-edged blade stamped with a pair of star-shaped marks on each face at the forte, iron hilt comprising a pair of arched quillons, and pommel cap with scrolling terminals, and a pair of shaped grip-scales retained by two pairs of rivets 50.5 cm; 19 ⅞ in blade £200-300 358 A BONE-HILTED DAGGER, 18TH CENTURY with tapering blade of flattened-diamond section reinforced at the point, moulded at the forte, fluted bone grip, engraved brass ferule and engraved cap pommel (grip chipped), in its scabbard (incomplete) 23 cm; 9 in blade £150-200 202


359

360

359 TWO JOUSTING LANCES, 19TH CENTURY INCORPORATING EARLIER HEADS the first fitted with pike-head of diamond section, and long tapering partially fluted shaft, recessed for the grip and of near tubular form at the rear; and the second with pierced leaf-shaped head, faceted wooden haft, recessed for the grip and tapering at the rear the first: 382.2 cm; 150 ½ in overall (2) Provenance The first: Jacques Seligmann & Co., New York, 9 November 1940 The second: Stadrath Richard Zschille Grossenhain, sold Christies, London, 1897, lot 647 William Randolph Hearst, sold Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 4 December 1952, lot no. 146 £500-700 360 TWO JOUSTING LANCES, 19TH CENTURY INCORPORATING EARLIER HEADS the first with medially ridged leaf-shaped head probably from a late 16th century military spear, and tapering blackened wooden shaft recessed for the grip; and the second with small leaf-shaped head formed with a pair of straps, and short fluted wooden haft of carousel type, recessed for the grip; together with a guidon (now detached), 17th Century, probably German, embroidered with silk and gold thread, the centre with the crowned initials ‘EB’ between a pair of crossed fronds, the remaining area decorated with scrolling flowers and foliage, and the fringe of metal thread (extensively worn, losses) the first: 321 cm; 126 ½ in overall (2) Provenance The first: Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, purchased from his estate, 28 September 1929 The second: Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, sold Parke-Bernett Galleries, New York, 26 October 1950 £500-700

203


361 361 A FIGHTING AXE, 13TH/14TH CENTURY of iron, in excavated condition, with wedge-shaped head formed with a straight top edge and near right-angular cutting edge, flattened rear face, and curved on each side of the socket, on a later wooden haft 20.5 cm; 8 in head £120-180

363

367 364 A EUROPEAN BRONZE MACE HEAD IN 13TH/15TH CENTURY STYLE AND A COSH, 19TH CENTURY the first formed of a series of pyramidal nodules, the front with a grotesque mask, on a wooden haft; and the second with bronze head, haft of twisted sinew, with a plaited thong the first: 7 cm; 2 ¾ in head (2) £80-120

362 A NORTH EUROPEAN SPONTOON HEAD, LATE 17TH CENTURY with two-stage spear head formed with a pair of very slender central fullers on each face, a pair of crescentic basal lugs, the base chiselled with scale pattern and inlaid with brass scrolls on each face, and tapering moulded socket with a pair of vestigial straps 31 cm; 12 ¼ in head £120-180

365 A PARTISAN, 18TH/19TH CENTURY with broad head of flattened-diagonal section at the top, swelling at the base, pierced with two pairs of rectangular panels, two curved panels and struck with a series of crescents and wheel shaped marks, engraved at the base and incorporating a pair of short lugs, tapering faceted socket, and faceted wooden haft studded with nails 56.5 cm; 22 ¼ in head £300-400

363 A EUROPEAN BRONZE MACE HEAD, 13TH/15TH CENTURY in excavated condition, formed of five low pyramidal nodules each interrupted by three vertically arranged nodules, short neck pierced with a single hole, on a later wooden haft 5.5 cm; 2 ⅛ in head See Nicolle 1988, p. 317 and p. 520 figs. 861 a-d. Mace heads of this form have been discovered over a very broad area from the United Kingdom to Russia. £150-250

204

366 A EUROPEAN AXE, 18TH/19TH CENTURY in excavated condition, with tall beard fixed to the haft at the base, pierced oval socket, and flattened rear face, on a wooden haft 29.5 cm; 11 ¾ in head £200-250 367 A GLAIVE IN LATE 15TH/16TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY with broad axe-blade stamped on each face with a series of decorative marks and formed with a short protruding lug at the base, on a later wooden haft 27 cm; 10 ⅝ in head £100-150


368

369

371

Military Edged Weapons VARIOUS OWNERS

368 A GEORGIAN OFFICER’S SWORD, EARLY 19TH CENTURY, PROBABLY FOR A SCOTTISH RIFLE OFFICER with curved blade double-edged towards the point, formed with a broad long fuller on each face, etched with bold scrolls of foliage, flowers and a trophy-of-arms on one face and with the crowned Royal cypher on the other, gilt-brass hilt comprising boatshell guard, stirrup knuckle-bow and the grip bound with plaited silver wire 76 cm; 30 in blade £400-600 369 THE VICTORIAN 1822 PATTERN OFFICER’S SWORD PRESENTED BY MAJOR HENRYJAMES R.E. F.R.S & C. TO QUARTERMASTER JAMES MACDONALD, R.E. ON APPOINTMENT 1873 with regulation pipe-backed blade etched with a crowned flaming grenade and Royal cypher on each face, and with the presentation inscription within a panel at the forte, regulation gilt-brass hilt, wire-bound fishskin-covered grip, in its steel scabbard (areas of pitting) 81.2 cm; 32 in blade £350-450 370 A VICTORIAN 1845 PATTERN INFANTRY OFFICER’S SWORD with etched regulation blade including the owner’s crest and motto ‘Spes Mea in deo’, the maker’s details ‘H. Blackmore, 5 Brook Street’ on one face of the forte, regulation brass hilt (bent) folding side-guard, in its black-painted scabbard 82 cm; 32 ½ in blade £150-250 371 A GEORGIAN 1796 PATTERN LIGHT CAVALRY OFFICER’S SWORD of regulation type, the blade etched and gilt with scrolls and the figure of fortune on one face and with an officer on the other all on a blued panel (rubbed), iron stirrup hilt with moulded quillon and a further moulding in the corner of the knuckle-bow, wire-bound fishskin-covered grip, in its scabbard 72 cm; 28 ⅜ in blade £400-600 205


372

373

374

372 A CAVALRY OFFICERS SWORD, EARLY 19TH CENTURY with curved blade double-edged for its last quarter, etched over much of its surface with foliage, elaborate trophies-of-arms, the crowned Royal arms and retaining minute traces of blueing, gilt-brass hilt cast in low relief, comprising a pair of elaborately shaped langets decorated with fasces crossed with a quiver of arrows, knuckle-guard with foliage top and bottom, well detailed bridled camel’s head pommel, and chequered ivory grip (small age cracks) 69.8 cm; 27 ½ in blade £800-1000 373 AN AMERICAN CAVALRY SWORD, EARLY 19TH CENTURY with curved blade double-edged towards the point, formed with a broad three-quarter length fuller on each face, etched and gilt with trophies-of-arms, sprays of foliage, and a shield charged with star and stripes on a blued panel over the forte, iron stirrup hilt, wire-bound wooden grip (binding loose), in its steel scabbard 76.5 cm; 30 ⅛ in blade £400-600 374 AN IRISH CAVALRY OFFICER’S SWORD BY J. READ, COLLEGE GREEN, DUBLIN, LATE 18TH CENTURY with curved single-edged blade etched with a series of overlapping crescents on each face over half of its length and retaining minute traces of blued and gilt finish (worn, small chips, pitted), regulation brass stirrup hilt (quillon chipped), including langets with lion mask bosses, lionshead pommel, and leather-covered grip (small losses) bound with plaited silver wire, in its leather scabbard with large brass mounts including middle band with the later engraved inscription ‘From the Field after a Charge by the Union Brigade near Ohain Road 1815’ 72.3 cm; 28 ½ in blade £350-450

206


375 A RARE EAST INDIA COMPANY DIRK, CIRCA 1780 with broad blade of flattened-diamond section, etched on each face with flowers and foliage over the greater part of its surface, gilt-brass hilt (loose), comprising foliate guard, turned ivory grip (small age cracks), gilt-brass ferrule, and oval pommel with gilt-brass cap chased with an openwork fouled anchor on each face, in its brass openwork scabbard with traces of gilding, the outer surface pierced and engraved with peonies and foliage, and the central oval filled with the East India Company lion 20.3 cm; 8 in blade ÂŁ500-700

375

207


376 377 378 379 376 A SKEAN DHU OF THE LONDON SCOTTISH VOLUNTEERS, LATE 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY with tapering blade formed with a scalloped back-edge, white metal ferrule engraved with wrigglework, staghorn grip, and the pommel set with the regimental badge, in its leather scabbard with white metal locket and chape engraved with thistle foliage 8.5 cm; 3 ⅜ in blade £200-300 377 A SCOTTISH SILVER-MOUNTED SKEAN DHU BY BROOK & SON, 87 GEORGE STREET, EDINBURGH, 1941, AND ANOTHER, WITH SILVER-PLATED MOUNTS the first with tapering blade formed with a scalloped back-edge and traces of etching including the Royal cypher (worn), silver hilt, basket-weave grip enriched with silver nails and applied with the openwork addorsed letters C beneath a coronet, in its scabbard; the second in its scabbard the first: 10.5 cm; 4 ⅛ in blade (2) £200-300 378 A VICTORIAN SCOTTISH IVORY-HILTED KNIFE, 19TH CENTURY with tapering polished blade formed with a slender fuller along the notched back-edge on each face, ivory grip carved with heads of wheat and a spiralling pattern of leaves, and the pommel set with a foil-backed paste in a silver mount, in its silver metal mounted leather scabbard 18.5 cm; 7¼ in blade £400-600 379 A PIPER’S DIRK OF THE 42ND REGIMENT, 19TH CENTURY with tapering blade formed with a slender fuller on each face and notched back-edge, brass hilt comprising ferrule chased with thistle foliage, cap pommel chased with further foliage, the figure of St Andrew and the regimental number, and basket-weave grip enriched with brass nails, in its pigskin scabbard with brass mounts en suite and complete with its accompanying pieces 28 cm; 11 in blade £400-600 208


381 380

380 A CASED SCOTTISH REGIMENTAL DIRK FOR THE SEAFORTH HIGHLANDERS BY J. S. CRUIKSHANK, 68 ST JOHN STREET, PERTH, CIRCA 1910 with tapering single-edged blade formed with a slender fuller along the notched back-edge and a further shorter fuller on each face, etched with thistle foliage, the crowned Royal cypher and maker’s details on one face and with the crowned Regimental title on the other, retaining some early polish, gilt-brass hilt comprising ferrule shoulders and pommel all cast and chased with thistle foliage, the pommel set with a foil-backed paste, carved basket-weave grip incorporating a bonnet at the base, a thistle flower on the reverse and enriched over its surface with brass nails, in its leather-covered scabbard with gilt-brass mounts and complete with it accompanying pieces: contained in its original leather case lined in blue velvet, complete with matching skean dhu and brass buckles 28.3 cm; 11 ⅛ in blade £2000-3000 381 A VICTORIAN SCOTTISH DIRK OF THE ARGYLLSHIRE HIGHLANDERS BY MARSHALL & SONS, 87 GEORGE STREET, EDINBURGH, CIRCA 1870 with polished blade formed with two differing fullers and a notched back-edge, etched with foliage, the crowned Royal cypher, regimental and makers details, silver-plated hilt including ferrule with Regimental title, pommel set with a foil backed paste, and rootwood grip carved with basket-weave designs enriched with silvered nails, in its leather scabbard with silver-plated mounts each marked with P.O.D.R. lozenge for 1864, comprising locket with the Royal initials divided by a saltire, middle band with the regimental number ‘XCI’ and chape, and complete with accompanying pieces including knife stamped G. Newbould’ 26.5 cm; 10 ½in blade £1800-2200 209


383 382 A BASKET-HILTED BROADSWORD, 20TH CENTURY with fullered blade etched with foliage and the crowned Royal cypher, plated hilt of flattened bars carrying an alternating arrangement of square and rectangular panels each pierced with arrangements of hearts and circles, scrolling quillon, a pair of loops, fluted bun-shaped pommel, leather-covered grip, doe-skin liner and tassel, in its plated scabbard 81 cm; 31 ⅞ in blade £100-150

384

385 384 A RARE SWEDISH OFFICER’S SWORD, CIRCA 1771-92 with straight single-edged blade cut with a shallow fuller on each face, gilt-brass hilt comprising slightly up-turned guard cast and chased with the cypher of Gustav III (r. 1771-92) between a pair of fronds, quillon, knuckle-guard, faceted back-strap rising to form the pommel, and wire-bound horn grip (small cracks) 82.5 cm; 32 ½ in blade A sword with a related hilt was worn by Baron Victor von Stedingk as officer of the Swdish Army’s fleet. The pattern was confirmed in 1790 after the Battle of Svenksund. See Seitz 1959, p. 79.

383 A RARE BADEN DRAGOON PALLASCH, CIRCA 1815 with straight blade double-edged towards the point (bent slightly towards the tip), etched and gilt with sprays of foliage the crowned initial ‘C’ for Charles, Grand Duke of Baden (r. 1811-18), and the Ducal arms on the respective faces of the forte, regulation brass hilt (cracked and repaired), cast and chased with the crowned winged lion clutching the Baden arms, lionhead pommel and wire-bound leather-covered grip (losses) 88.5 cm; 34 ⅞ in blade

£800-1200

Another example is preserved in the Deutsches Historischen Museum, Berlin. See Müller and Kölling 1990, p. 339, no. 498.

£300-350

£500-800

386 A U.S. MODEL 1840 MUSICIAN’S SWORD BY AMES, DATED 1864 of regulation type, stamped with the manufacturer’s details on each face of the forte, brass hilt, wire-bound grip, in its scabbard 71.5 cm; 28 ¼ in blade

385 A DANISH MODEL 1831 JUNIOR OFFICER’S SWORD AND ANOTHER REGULATION SWORD, 19TH CENTURY the first with straight fullered blade double-edged towards the point (shortened), regulation brass hilt stamped S.J.C.D.O.C.I and brass grip; the second with curved blade with sharpened inner edge, iron stirrup hilt and cord-bound grip the first: 76.5 cm; 30 ⅛ in blade (2)

£120-180 210


387

388

389

387 A COMPOSITE FRENCH OFFICER’S SABRE À GARDE TOURNANTE, CIRCA 1790 with associated curved blade double-edged towards the point, inscribed ‘Goze Fourbisseur a Metz’ along the back-edge, iron hilt of flattened ribbon like bars with scalloped borders, comprising slotted guard with sprung retaining clip on the underside, knuckle-guard, and folding forward guard, and wirebound leather-covered grip 76 cm; 30 in blade

389 A COMPOSITE CONTINENTAL SWORD WITH FOLDING SIDE-GUARD, LATE 18TH CENTURY with earlier straight double-edged fullered blade, iron hilt comprising pierced guard, knuckle-guard, and folding sideguard secured by a spring-catch, and spirally carved wooden grip 82.5 cm; 32 ½ in blade

£300-400

390 A COMPOSITE CONTINENTAL REGULATION SWORD, LATE 18TH/19TH CENTURY with curved blade stamped ‘L.R.F[?]’ on the reverse face of the forte, brass openwork hilt of French volunteer revolutionary officer type, and solid banded grip 67 cm; 26 ⅜ in blade

388 A COMPOSITE SWEDISH OFFICER’S SABRE WITH DOUBLE FOLDING SIDE-GUARDS, CIRCA 1790 with curved broad blade double-edged towards the point, etched with sprays of foliage, the crowned Royal arms on one face and the Royal cypher of Gustav III on the other, iron hilt of flattened ribbon like bars with scalloped borders, comprising slotted guard, folding guard at the front and back (spring catches missing), and wire-bound leather-covered grip 84 cm; 33 in blade £300-400

£250-300

£200-300 391 FIVE VARIOUS SCANDINAVIAN BAYONETS, 19TH/20TH CENTURY comprising two socket bayonets with blades of hollowtriangular section, each in its leather scabbard; and three further bayonets, each in its scabbard (5) £200-250

211


392

393

394

392 A DANISH OFFICER’S SWORD, CIRCA 1808-39 with curved blade of regulation type, formed with a long fuller on each face, etched and gilt with trophies, the crowned Royal cypher of Frederick VI on one side, the crowned Danish Arms enclosed by the Order of the Elephant on the other and with traces of blued finish, brass stirrup hilt comprising a pair of langets, the outer cast with a lion mask in low relief, knuckle-bow decorated with a trophy-of-arms at the top, and the back-strap rising to form a maned lionshead pommel, and spirally carved horn grip (small chips) in its brass scabbard 80 cm; 31 ½ in blade £350-450 393 A SAXON MODEL 1881 ARTILLERY OFFICER’S SABRE, CIRCA 1881-1902 with pipe-backed blade etched in imitation of watered steel, etched and gilt with scrollwork, the maker’s name ‘Eisenhauer Stahl’, and the crowned cypher of Albert, King of Saxony on the respective faces of the forte, regulation iron hilt, in its black painted scabbard 83.5 cm; 32 ⅞ in blade £300-400 394 A FRENCH SWORD FOR A TOWN SERGEANT OF PARIS, SECOND EMPIRE, CIRCA 1852-70 AND AN INFANTRY SHORTSWORD, CIRCA 1860 the first with straight blade of hollow-diamond section with Klingenthal arsenal inscription, cast brass hilt including shell-guard with a masted ship and grip with berried laurel and the Imperial eagle, the second with curved blade and brass hilt including integral writhen grip marked ‘B.L.C.M.107’ 77.5 cm; 30 ½ in blade £200-250 395 A HUSSAR SWORD FOR THE KAISER NIKOLAUS II VON RUSLAND (1ST WESTPHALIAN NO. 8) REGIMENT with etched blade including the crowned Imperial cypher, regimental title, and commemorative inscription, regulation hilt with folding guard, composite grip, in its scabbard 79.5 cm; 31 ⅜ in blade £200-250 212


398

396

396 THE CASED EPAULETTES AND BICORN HAT OF LIEUTENANT EDWARD BECKWITH ASHMORE, ROYAL NAVY, CIRCA 1940 by Stovel & Mason, London, Portsmouth and Devonport; in named japanned case, together with copies from the London Gazette citing the appointment of the owner to the Companion of the Distinguished Service Order 1941, to C.B. 1966, K.C.B. 1971 and G.C.B. 1974 £250-300 397 A COMPOSITE FRENCH CUIRASSIER’S HELMET AND CUIRASS, MID-19TH CENTURY comprising trooper’s helmet with brass Minerva head crest and mounts, breast plate numbered 257 and with Châtellerault arsenal inscription for 1853, backplate numbered 1329 and with Klingenthal arsenal inscription for 1834, complete with shoulder straps and belt, mounted on a dummy with blue tunic with gilt braid, and brown leather pouch £300-500 398 AN EDWARDIAN INDIAN ARMY SILVER BELT POUCH AND CROSS BELT, LONDON 1911 the pouch with silver lid applied with the crowned Imperial cypher, red leather belt with gold embroidered bands, complete with its buckle, whistle and chain £250-300

397

399 A GEORGE V SWAGGER STICK OF THE ROYAL ENGINEERS of cane, with characteristic silver metal knob 66.5 cm; 26¼ in overall £40-60 213


400

401 400 A GERMAN ZISCHÄGGE, MID-17TH CENTURY with two-piece skull joined medially by rivets, its upper end embossed with ten ribs radiating from its slightly pointed apex surmounted by a transversely pierced rectangular finial and star-shaped washer, its front projecting forward to a broad flat rounded peak pierced at its centre with a rectangular slot to accommodate a sliding nasal-bar (missing), which was retained by a staple and locking-screw (the latter missing) fitted at the front of the brow, and its rear fitted with an obtusely-pointed one-piece neck-guard (associated), embossed with three transverse ribs (heavily pitted overall) 19.0 cm; 7½ cm £200-350 401 AN ENGLISH CUIRASS IN 17TH CENTURY STYLE comprising one-piece breastplate formed with a medial ridge, V-shaped waist-line, raised neck-opening and short outward flanged lower edge, each side of the chest pierced fitted with a stud for attaching a shoulder strap, the neck and arm-openings with plain turns, well matched backplate, fitted with a pair of later shoulder straps with pierced shaped terminals, and a leather belt 40cm; 15 ¾in high (2) £400-600

214


402

402 TWO NORTH GERMAN TASSET-EXTENSIONS WITH ETCHED DECORATION, BRUNSWICK, CIRCA 1560-5 almost forming a pair and consisting in each case of four upward-overlapping lames of which the last is deeper than the rest and formed with a convex lower edge, and the first is pierced to either side end of its upper edge with a hole to fit over the corresponding stud of the lower edge of the tasset proper, the main edges of each decorated with file-roped inward turns accompanied by recessed borders enclosed to the inside by paired narrow grooves, and its surfaces finely etched with a medial band and borders of running foliage inhabited by trophies of arms and birds, all on a stippled and blackened ground 24.8 cm; 9他 in (right); 24.9 cm; 9他 in (left) (2) Provenance The Brunswick Ducal Armoury, Wolfenb端ttel Schloss Marienburg 贈2000-3000

215


403

403 TWO COMPOSITE NORTH GERMAN TASSETS FOR THE RIGHT THIGH, WITH LATER ‘BLACK AND WHITE DECORATION’, EARLY 17TH CENTURY each consisting of three medially-ridged upward-overlapping lames of which the last is deeper than the rest and has a convex lower edge, the first is boxed at its inner end and fitted to either side end of its upper edge with a double-ended iron buckle (in each case old but not original) and the first two are cut at their inner ends with a shallow notch, the main edges of each tasset formed with a plain inward turn accompanied by recessed border, its subsidiary edges formed with bevelled edges, and the lowest lame decorated in low relief at it centre and burnished bright, along with the borders, against a black-painted ground (the bright parts lightly pitted throughout) 22.9 cm; 9 in (the first); 22.2 cm; 8¾ in (the second) (2) £400-600 404 A NORTH GERMAN INNER ELBOW-DEFENCE OF A VAMBRACE, WITH ETCHED DECORATION, BRUNSWICK, CIRCA 1560-5 formed of eighteen lames overlapping inwards to the ninth (the lowest four associated) and articulated to one another at their front and rear ends by blind rivets, the lower edges of the upper lames, the upper edges of the lower lames and the centre of the central lame etched with narrow bands of guilloche on a blackened ground (five lames with minor brazed repairs) 19.0 cm; 17½ in Provenance The Brunswick Ducal Armoury, Wolfenbüttel Schloss Marienburg, £100-150

216


405

406

405 A COMPOSITE NORTH GERMAN VAMBRACE FOR THE RIGHT ARM, WITH ETCHED DECORATION, BRUNSWICK, CIRCA 1560-5 of fully articulated construction with tubular upper and lower cannons each formed at the outside of the arm with a longitudinal ridge, the former surmounted by a turner of three lames and the latter opening at the rear, and a couter of three lames, the central one giving issue at its front to a small flat oval wing and decorated at the point of the elbow with an embossed quatrefoil, the inside of the elbow protected by eleven inward-overlapping lames, the upper and lower edges of the vambrace decorated with file-roped inward turns accompanied by recessed borders enclosed to the inside by paired narrow grooves, and its surfaces finely etched with bands and borders of running foliage inhabited by herms masks, birds and a winged orb, all on a stippled and blackened ground (the inside of the cuff later pierced with a pair of wiring-holes) 48.5 cm; 16 ⅛ in Provenance The Brunswick Ducal Armoury, Wolfenbüttel Schloss Marienburg £1200-1800 406 A NORTH GERMAN VAMBRACE FOR THE RIGHT ARM, WITH ETCHED DECORATION, BRUNSWICK, CIRCA 1560-5 of fully articulated construction with originally tubular upper and lower cannons (the latter now lacking its inner plate), each formed at the outside of the arm with a longitudinal ridge, the upper cannon surmounted by a turner of three lames and the lower cannon flaring at its cuff, and a couter of three lames, the central one of which (lacking the projecting wing at its front end) decorated at the point of the elbow with an embossed quatrefoil, the inside of the elbow protected by thirteen inward-overlapping lames (the three innermost probably associated), the upper and lower edges of the vambrace decorated with file-roped inward turns accompanied by recessed borders enclosed to the inside by paired narrow grooves, and its surfaces finely etched with bands and borders of running foliage inhabited by an angel, a herm, animal’s masks and a winged orb, all on a stippled and blackened ground 49.5 cm; 19½ in Provenance The Brunswick Ducal Armoury, Wolfenbüttel Schloss Marienburg £800-1200 217


407

407 A ‘HOUNSKULL’ BASINET, 20TH CENTURY IN THE GERMAN STYLE OF THE LATE 14TH CENTURY of notable weight with a tall skull of ogival form projecting rearwards over the neck as a short ‘tail’, cut at the front with an arched face-opening, pierced around its lower edge and to either side of its face-opening with two series of small holes for the attachment of an aventail and lining, stuck at the right of the nape with the maker’s initials PL, for Per Lillelund-Jensen, within a rectangle, and fitted at the brow with two flat hooks set one above the other, serving to attach, beneath a pivoted catch with an animal-headed upper terminal, the hinge of a Klappvisier of ‘hounskull’ form, with boxed slits over each eye and the mouth and small circular ventilation-holes at the right of its projecting conical snout (lightly pitted overall) 31.0 cm; 12¼ in The basinet resembles in form examples in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (ex. Londesborough and Dino collections), and the Kunstsammlung der Veste Coburg, Thuringia (Laking 1920-2, Vol. I, pp. 243-4, figs 283-5). £1200-1800 408 A CIRCULAR SHIELD IN ITALIAN 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 20TH CENTURY of low domed form fitted at its centre with a low foliate spike, embossed over its surface with monsters, foliage and scrolls highlighted with gold paint against a black ground 50 cm; 19 ¾ in diameter £200-300 409 AN ETCHED AND EMBOSSED CIRCULAR SHIELD IN ITALIAN 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 20TH CENTURY formed with a large central dome embossed with a series of tapering radiating panels, fitted with slender central spike, and etched around the rim with a broad panel of trophies and elements of armour against a stippled ground 57 cm; 22 ½ in diameter £300-400

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410 410 AN ARMOURED WAR-SADDLE, 19TH CENTURY IN THE SOUTH GERMAN STYLE OF THE SECOND HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY; AND A PAIR OF OF OTTOMAN EMBROIDERED SADDLE-CLOTHS WITH ASSOCIATED STRAPS, LATE 17TH CENTURY formed of a canvas-covered wooden tree with H-shaped base (its anterior arms slightly shortened) and upstanding front and rear arcons, the base overlain with a pair of large rectangular panels of thick brown leather covered, like the arcons, with crimson velvet (now extensively worn) quilted on its upper surface with transverse tow-filled panels and fitted behind the thighs with similarly filled rolls, the main edges of the saddle decorated with twisted silver-gilt wire braid and crimson silk fringes, and the outer ends of the front arcon faced with steels secured in each case by three screws and decorated with bands and borders of etched and gilt arabesque interlace on a stippled and blackened ground, and the underside of the tree fitted with iron hasps and leather straps; and the second of crimson satin with later canvas linings, embroidered with foliate scrolls of silver and silver-gilt wire (extensively worn), together with three straps of which two are covered with brow velvet decorated with alternating silver roundels (several missing) and fleurs-de-lis of embroidered silver wire Saddle with Fabric: Length 55.0 cm; 21 ⅝ in Height 60.0 cm; 23 ⅝ in Provenance Fenton and Sons Ltd, London The John Woodman Higgins Armory Museum, Massachusetts, Inv. No. 406 £1200-1800 411 AN ITALIAN BARRED FACE-DEFENCE FOR USE IN THE GIOCO DEL PONTE, PISA, 18TH CENTURY formed of a brow-band and a further band following the U-shaped outline of the face-opening of its helmet, the two pieces rivetted to one another at their outer ends and fitted with twelve sturdy vertical bars of circular section, the outer ends of the brow-band pierced with pivot-holes and attached by later bolts to a contemporary bevor (patched, fitted with a securing hook on each side, and later neck-defence of two lames 23.5 cm; 9 ¼ in wide £150-250 412 A DECORATED BACKPLATE AND SHIELD IN 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY the first formed in one piece, the lower edge scalloped and the borders studded with flat-headed rivets, etched over its surface with bold scrolls of foliage; and the second of medially ridged kite-shaped form, etched over its surface with a central trophy-ofarms surrounded by foliage inhabited by mythical beasts the first: 46.5 cm; 18 ⅜ in high (2) £100-150 219


Miscellanea VARIOUS OWNERS

413 AUCTION CATALOGUES: SOTHEBY'S ARMS AND ARMOUR, MILITARIA AND SPORTING GUNS including sales in London, Monaco, Zurich, Sussex and New York covering the period 1973-2006, including the collections of John F. Hayward, Charles Draeger, Visser (part I) and The Royal House of Hanover A full listing is available on request £80-120

415

414 CHRISTIE'S ARMS AND ARMOUR, MILITARIA AND SPORTING GUN AUCTION CATALOGUES during the period 1971-2008, including the collections of Harold L. Peterson, The Armoury of Their Serene Highnesses the Princes zu Salm-Reifferscheidt-Dyck (Part 2) and R. T. Gwynn A full listing is available on request £60-80 415 DILLON (VISCOUNT): An Almain Armourer’s Album. Selections from an original MS. in Victoria and Albert Museum, South Kensington, coloured lithographic plates, one folding, original vellum gilt (staining and spotting), folio, 1905 £200-300

416

416 LAKING (G. F.): The Armoury of Windsor Castle, European Section, plates, cloth over boards, quarter leather, gilt lettering, a portion of original paper cover, 4o, 1904 £100-150 417 SKELTON (J.): Engraved Illustrations of Antient Armour from the Collection at Goodrich Court, Hertfordshire, from the drawings and with the descriptions of Dr Meyrick, 2 vols., engraved plates, full leather, gilt spine,(areas of foxing, cover worn), bookplates of Edward Dobrée, Udney Hall, Teddington, and Seymour Lucas, 4o, 1830 (2) £300-400

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418 AN AMERICAN BOWIE KNIFE BY M. PRICE, SAN FRANCISCO, CIRCA 1870 with robust blade double-edged for its upper third, rectangular ricasso struck with the maker’s name ‘M. Price’ above ‘San Francisco’, oval iron cross-piece, shaped tang with beaked finial at the pommel, fitted with a pair of ivory grip-scales retained by three brass rivets with German silver washers (light wear), in a leather sheath, perhaps the original, pierced with two belt apertures at the top 20.8 cm; 8 ¼ in blade Michael Price, the celebrated knifemaker, was born in Limerick, Ireland and arrived in San Francisco in the mid 1850s. He displayed his knives at the third San Franciso Mechanics’ Institute Industrial Fair in 1860 and rose to prominence in the years that followed. For a discussion of this maker see Levine 1977, pp. 95-136. £700-1000

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421 419 A PAIR OF COACHMAN’S LEATHER BOOTS, 18TH/19TH CENTURY the soles studded with numerous iron nails, each flaring and rising to above the knee (one seam opening), and complete with their wooden trees each impressed ‘144X/TH5/ D’ 66cm; 26 in high (2) £200-300 420 A BELT HOOK FOR A SWORD OR DAGGER, LATE 17TH CENTURY of steel, comprising C-shaped clip with spring, and universal joint carrying a pierced and engraved buckle 7 cm; 2 ¾ in high Provenance Robin Wigington, Stratford-upon-Avon £300-400 421 A RARE COMBINATION TOOL, 18TH CENTURY of burnished steel engraved with scrolls and flowerheads, comprising a pair of pincers, each arm respectively formed of a pricker and a hook with saw edge, the pincer head with screw-on turn-screw and hammer (one small chip), the pricker with slotted cover for clearing tow and fitted with a further threaded double screw for clearing 12 cm; 4 ¾ in overall Provenance Robin Wigington, Stratford-upon-Avon A similar tool is preserved in the Musée Le Secq des Tournelles, Rouen. See Allemagne 1968, illus.375. £500-700 222


423

424 422 A LARGE CLAW FLASK, 19TH CENTURY fitted with white metal mounts including nozzle, suspension band, and hinged lid engraved with leaf ornament (one small repair) 23.5 cm; 9 ¼ in overall £100-150 423 A SOUTH GERMAN POWDER-FLASK, SECOND HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY with carved staghorn body applied with cameo panels involving a stag, doe and their young, fitted with basal caps decorated with further game, threaded nozzle, with pricker, and carved staghorn cap forming the measure 19 cm; 7 ½ in high £600-800 424 A LARGE LEATHER POWDER-FLASK, CIRCA 1770-80 of bottle-shaped form, the inner face flattened, the seam incorporating four loops for suspension, the base impressed ‘4’, fitted with copper nozzle with threaded top, and the latter with hinged locking catch 32 cm; 12 ⅜ in high See Neal and Back 1980, p. 20, no. 34. £500-800

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425 A RARE CARRYING CASE FOR ELEY’S PATENT WIRE CARTRIDGES, CIRCA 1860 of Japanned iron, with five recesses for ten cartridges, fitted with hinged cover and the inner surface covered with leather, fitted with its leather strap, with two loose cartridges and a further box 8.5 cm; 3 ⅜ in high The cartridges incorporate Eley’s patent no. 652, granted 27 March 1858. £150-200 426 TWELVE VARIOUS PINCER MOULDS FOR LEAD BALL, 19TH CENTURY stamped ‘No. 5’, ‘No. 6’, ‘No. 8 Improved’, ‘11’, ‘No 13’, ‘No. 16 Improved’, ‘16’, ‘Improved No. 21’, ‘36’, ‘76’, ‘80’ and one unmarked the first: 26.5 cm; 10 ½ in (12) £200-300 224


427

428

429

427 A PINCER BULLET MOULD AND A BRASS BULLET MOULD FOR .577 CALIBRE JACOB’S RIFLE BULLETS, CIRCA 1860 the first of blued steel, stamped ‘Swinburn Birmingham’ and with blued spru-cutter stamped ‘.567-628’; and the second of brass, with turned wooden handle and steel spru-cutter the first 25.5 cm; 10 in overall (2) £100-150 428 TWO STEEL BULLET MOULDS FOR .500 CALIBRE LANCASTER BULLETS, CIRCA 1860 the first marked ‘C. Lancaster Patent’ and marked ‘2719.20’, complete with spru-cutter with horn handle (now detached, the second similar, unmarked, with steel spru-cutter the first: 24 cm; 9 ½ in long (2) £200-250 429 TWO BRASS BULLET MOULDS FOR .600 CALIBRE BULLETS, MID-19TH CENTURY the first for bullets of Minie type, the other for a flat-based conical bullet, each of brass, with blued steel spru-cutter, wooden handles the first: 22.5 cm; 8 ¾ in long (2) £100-150 225


430

430 A PAIR OF NORTH EUROPEAN SALUTING CANNON CARRIAGES, 17TH CENTURY of iron-clad repainted wood, complete with cap-squares with securing wedges on chains, trails with pintle-holes, draught rings, and fitted with a pair of iron-shod spoked cambered wheels 85cm; 33 in overall (2) £400-600 431 A CAST IRON CANNON, 19TH CENTURY formed in three stages divided by raised mouldings, plain trunnions, raised circular vent, globose cascable, painted black, on a portion of its wooden carriage with four iron trucks 73.5 cm; 29 in barrel 6 cm 2 ⅜ in bore £400-600

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432 A FINELY CONSTRUCTED GERMAN MODEL FIELD GUN AND LIMBER, 19TH CENTURY with bronze barrel formed in five tapering stages divided by raised astragal mouldings, swelling at the muzzle, a pair of plain moulded lifting handles, globose cascabel, and a pair of trunnions, on its iron-clad wooden field carriage fitted with a pair of spoked, cambered iron-shod wheels, and elevating device formed of a sliding wedge operated by a crank, complete with its matching limber 28.5 cm; 11 ¼ in barrel 1.5 cm; ⅝ in bore (2) Provenance Schloss Goppelsbach, sold Christie’s Amsterdam 29 June 2005, lot 520 £3000-4000

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435

European and American Firearms VARIOUS OWNERS 433 TWO VICTORIAN THREE BAND .700 CALIBRE PERCUSSION MUSKETS, DATED 1856 AND 1857 for native use, of regulation type, the first stamped with WD mark on the right of the butt and ‘67 Regt 921’ on the butt-plate tang (sling swivels missing), and the second studded with iron nails, with its sling swivels and a leather sling, and each with its iron ramrod (worn) the first: 96.2 cm; 37 ⅞ in barrel (2) £250-300 434 AN 8 BORE EAST INDIA COMPANY PERCUSSION LOVELL’S MUSKET, CIRCA 1845 with tapering sighted barrel, border-engraved lock with East Indian rampant lion, figured walnut full stock (repairs), brass mounts of regulation pattern, and iron ramrod 99 cm; 39 in barrel £200-300 435 A .31 CALIBRE U.S. FIVE-SHOT PERCUSSION REVOLVER, CIRCA 1860 AND A 50 BORE CONTINENTAL SIX-SHOT PERCUSSION REVOLVER, CIRCA 1850 the first a Whitney pocket revolver (inscription no longer visible), with octagonal sighted barrel, fluted top-strap for sighting, plain cylinder, walnut grips and brass trigger-guard; and the second with two-stage sighted barrel, fitted with horizontally swivelling loading lever beneath, scroll-engraved cylinder, engraved side-hammer action, chequered walnut grips, and iron trigger-guard with a small spur beneath the first: 8.5 cm; 3 ⅜ in barrel (2) £350-450 228


436

436 A RARE CASED 32 BORE ADAMS PATENT DOUBLE ACTION PERCUSSION REVOLVING RIFLE BY DEANE ADAMS AND DEANE, 30 KING WILLIAM STREET, LONDON BRIDGE, NO. 7307R, CIRCA 1855 with browned twist octagonal sighted barrel fitted with blued folding back-sight calibrated to 300 yards, numbered ‘127’ on the left of the breech, scroll-engraved blued frame signed on the top-strap, fitted with shield on the right, and blued safety-spring on the left, blued cylinder retained by a blued sliding lug, the hammer enclosed within a scroll-engraved case-hardened block behind the cylinder, figured walnut half-stock, chequered grip, engraved blued steel mounts comprising trigger-guard with knurled squared off front, butt-plate with tang, and much early finish throughout: in original fitted oak case lined in green baize, the lid with trade label for 30 King William Street 56 cm; 22in barrel A relatively small number of these revolving rifles were produced, another, numbered 7756 and 128 is preserved in the Imperial War Museum, London, cat. No. FIR7831. Robert Adams patented his improvements in Rifles and Other Firearms in 1851, patent number 13,527. £5500-6500

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437 THE CASED 54 BORE TRANTERS PATENT THIRD MODEL DOUBLE TRIGGER FIVE-SHOT PERCUSSION REVOLVER OF CAPTAIN B. VANDELEUR, 5TH LANCERS, RETAILED BY GEORGE WILLIAM BALES, CORNHILL IPSWICH AND 150 HIGH STREET COLCHESTER, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, NO. 16263T, CIRCA 1860 with blued octagonal sighted barrel engraved with scrollwork at the breech, scroll-engraved numbered blued frame, fitted with engraved patent rammer on the left, plain cylinder, patent trigger, chequered butt, engraved steel butt-cap, silver escutcheon engraved with the owner’s crest above his initials ‘B.V’, and some original finish: in original fitted mahogany case lined in green baize, the lid with engraved brass escutcheon on the outside with the owner’s crest and name, the interior with retailer’s label, and complete with accessories including brass powder-flask by James Dixon & Sons, patent bullet mould, turn screw and nipple wrench 15.5 cm; 6 ⅛ in barrel Literature Wolfgang Berk, William Tranter, 2008, p. 58. Captain Boyle Vandeleur of Kilrush, County Clare, was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel of the 5th Irish Lancers, 26th July 1881. George William Bales is recorded at 15 Cornhill, Ipswich and 150 High Street, Colchester, circa 1845-78 and 1850-70 respectively. £3000-4000

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438 A CASED .32 CALIBRE AIRCANE, LATE 19TH CENTURY with smooth bore barrel fitted with a screw-in rifled brass sleeve, with turn-off brass finial for the muzzle, button trigger, screw-in air reservoir section incorporating the cane handle, retaining some early brown paint: in early fitted oak case lined in green baize, complete with key for setting the trigger, pump, bullet mould, and an early printed instruction sheet (torn) 50.7 cm; 20 in barrel ÂŁ700-900

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439 A RARE .400 CALIBRE CASED BUTT RESERVOIR AIR RIFLE WITH AN ADDITIONAL 54 BORE BARREL FOR SHOT BY HENRY (1) TATHAM, CIRCA 1800 with browned twist octagonal sighted multi-groove rifle barrel retaining some early finish (areas of surface rust, the rib beneath loose at the breech), tapering browned twist shot barrel fitted with bead fore-sight and octagonal at the breech, figured walnut fore-end, with horn and silver fore-end caps respectively, silver barrel bolt escutcheons, three ramrod-pipes, finely engraved action fitted with scroll-engraved cocking lever on the right, signed on the left, decorated with a stag in a landscape and further scrolls, fitted with tap-lever, the top flat with loading aperture and decorated with a hound putting up a pheasant, blued set trigger rayskin-covered butt reservoir: in contemporary fitted mahogany case lined in purple velvet (lid cracked and repaired, the exterior with scratches and bruising, the interior with areas of wear), complete with its pump, and a brass gang mould for six balls, the spru-cutter numbered ‘70’ 75 cm; 29 ½ in barrels Henry (1) Tatham was born at Frith Street Soho in 1770, became sword cutler and beltmaker-in-ordinary to George III in 1798 and was in partnership with Joseph Egg as Tatham and Egg circa 1801-14. £5000-7000

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440 A 22 BORE COMPOSITE PERCUSSION GUN AND AN 18 BORE PERCUSSION CARBINE, 19TH CENTURY the first converted from flintlock, with sighted barrel, stepped lock stamped with a mark, full stock in the German taste, chequered grip, and the butt with sliding patchbox-cover; the second with tapering barrel formed with a long flat, stepped lock, full stock, and iron mounts the first: 89 cm; 35 in barrel (2) £200-250 441 A .700 CALIBRE PERCUSSION SPORTING RIFLE BY WILLIAM MOORE, 78 EDGWARE ROAD, LONDON, NO. 374, CIRCA 1830 with signed browned twist octagonal sighted barrel rifled with twelve grooves, fitted with folding back-sight of three leaves each with a gilt line, engraved case-hardened breech with pierced platinum plug, engraved case-hardened tang decorated with a stag, signed engraved case-hardened flush-fitting lock decorated with scrolls and a fallen stag (safety-catch replaced), highly figured walnut half-stock with chequered fore-end and grip, raised cheek-piece, engraved blued steel mounts including numbered triggerguard decorated with a stag on the bow, matching butt-plate, and engraved oval barrel bolt escutcheons (one chipped) horn fore-end cap, associated brass-tipped ramrod, and some early finish throughout 76 cm; 30 in barrel William Moore is recorded at this address circa 1828-46. £1200-1800 442 AN 18 BORE FRENCH D.B. PERCUSSION SPORTING GUN BY BRUNÉEL A LYON, CIRCA 1830 with twist sighted barrels, engraved breech, engraved tang incorporating the back-sight, flush-fitting locks signed in ovals enclosed by fronds, figured walnut half-stock, chequered grip and fore-end, the former carved with a green man mask in the round, raised cheekpiece carved with a griffon, steel mounts including trigger-guard with finial of shaped outline and hinged butt-cap concealing cavities for balls, percussion caps and a bayonet, white metal barrel bolt escutcheons and vacant escutcheon, and associated ramrod 86.5 cm; 34 ⅛ in barrels Brunel is recorded in Lyon circa 1825-50. He invented a percussion gun that was tested by the French army in 1827 and was manufactured in the following year at the Maubeuge arsenal. £300-400 234


443

443 A RARE 20 BORE D.B. FRENCH PAULY PATENT BREECH-LOADING SHOTGUN BY PICHEREAU A PARIS, NO. 19, DATED 1824 with twist sighted barrels, decorated with gilt foliage at the breech and muzzle (losses), stamped with the date, the number ‘19’ and ‘618’ beneath the breeches and with the barrelsmith’s mark of Albert Rennet (Neue Støckel 8127) above, action cover inscribed ‘Inv.on Pauly Perfectionne’ in gilt letters within a gilt oval on the left and ‘Pichereau Paris’ in gilt on the right, cocking levers chiselled and engraved as crested helms with barred visors, figured walnut half-stock, and steel mounts of shaped outline (areas of pitting), including trigger-guard and butt-plate, complete with two brass cartridges (the action springs removed but present) 70 cm; 27 ½ in barrels (3) Samuel Johannes Pauly patented his tipping-chamber breech-loading system for self-contained cartridges in Paris in 1812. Deane’s manual of firearms, published in 1858 contains the following entry: ‘ M. Roux, the successor of M. Pauly, made a slight improvement to this system by substituting the capsule for the fulminate of mercury in powder in the rosettes affixed to the cartridge; but in this also the same defect of a constantly primed cartridge exited. M. Pichereau, who succeeded to M. Roux, changed the whole system. He wisely suppressed the rosettes entirely, and all interior inflammation of the charge, by substituting the exterior nipple of Deboubert, (1820), upon which his improved caps fixed at will. ‘ See Reid 1958 and Deane 1858 p. 168. £1200-1800

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444 A .650 CALIBRE SWISS PERCUSSION TARGET RIFLE BY SALOMON HEMMIG IN NOSSIKON, CIRCA 1850 with heavy octagonal multi-groove rifled barrel inlaid with a gold line around the muzzle and signed in gold capitals enclosed within a frame of silver scrollwork at the breech, the latter inlaid with two further gold lines, fitted with silver fore-sight, adjustable back-sight with windage indicator and a sprung lug on the right of the muzzle, engraved tang decorated with trophies, inscribed with the owner’s name ‘S. Berchtold’, engraved flush-fitting lock signed in gold capitals, double set trigger, striped hardwood full stock, cut with a panel of chequering at the grip and fore-end, engraved gilt-brass mounts comprising side-plate formed as a pair of addorsed birds-of-prey, trigger-guard shaped for the fingers, decorated with stags on the bow and with adjustable blued steel fore-finger rest at the front, pronounced butt-cap decorated with trophies, scrolls and demon masks, three ramrod-pipes, fore-end cap decorated with foliage and trophies-of-arms, engraved gilt-brass barrel bolt escutcheons, a pair of steel sling swivels, and original ramrod with gilt-brass tips 86.5 cm; 34 ⅛ in barrel Saloman Hemmig is recorded in Nossikon, Zurich circa 1850. £1200-1800 445 A GERMAN PERCUSSION GALLERY GUN BY SCHONAMSGRUBER IN NURNBERG, CIRCA 1870 with signed octagonal sighted barrel, flush-fitting lock, figured walnut half-stock, chequered fore-end and grip, butt with raised cheek-piece, and steel mounts including butt-plate with pronounced spur and vestigial side-plate 66 cm; 26 in barrel £200-250

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447 detail 446 A RARE 22 BORE FRENCH FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUN BY BERTHON À AIX, CIRCA 1810 with tapering barrel of ‘hog’s back’ form, retaining much early Japanned camouflage paint (small chips) and retained by a single engraved steel band with sprung release lever, engraved tang incorporating the back-sight, signed bevelled lock engraved with flowers and sprays of foliage, fitted with roller and semi-rainproof pan, figured walnut half-stock with chequered fore-end and grip, carved with a band of scrolls about the tang, take-down butt finely carved in the round as a hound’s head, fitted with a moulded silver band as a collar, engraved steel trigger-guard, engraved two-piece side-plate, two silver ramrod-pipes, the forward incorporating the fore-sight, and complete with contemporary ramrod, perhaps the original 86.8 cm; 34 ¼ in barrel Berthon-Perrin is recorded arquebusier in Aix circa 1800-20. £2500-3500 447 A 16 BORE SPANISH FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUN, CIRCA 1720, WITH FRENCH LOCK AND FINELY CHISELLED MOUNTS BY LE HOLLANDOIS with blued barrel formed in two-stages retained by two slender barrel bands pierced and engraved with scrolls of foliage around the base, fitted with gold ‘spider’ fore-sight on a bed of gilt fleur-de-lys, chiselled with foliage at the median, stamped with the gold-lined barrelsmith’s marks of Nicolàs Bis (Neue Støckel 59 and 65, rubbed) at the breech, and with moulded back-sight chiselled with foliage and seated on a slender band around the barrel, gold-lined vent, engraved blued tang, bevelled lock chiselled with a trophy-of-game involving a boar’s head on the tail, signed ‘Le Hollandois a Paris’ and engraved with a hunter beneath the pan (rubbed), fitted with chiselled cock and steel each decorated with espagnolette masks, the pan chiselled with a demon mask, set trigger with an additional lever behind, full stock cut with pairs of flutes over the fore-end (the butt with an early repair), steel mounts chiselled in low relief (rubbed), comprising side-plate formed of a central warrior profile carried by scrolling leafy tendrils including a serpent head on the left, trigger-guard with foliate terminals and a grotesque, butt-plate engraved with trophies-of-arms and with wavy tang chiselled as a serpent, faceted rear ramrod-pipe decorated with a green man mask, a pair of sling swivels, and early horn-tipped wooden ramrod 107 cm; 42 ⅛ in barrel The present gunmaker is probably the son of Adriaen Reynier, who also signed himself ‘Le Hollandois’. The younger became Arquebusier Ordinaire du Roi in 1723 and was granted lodgings in the Louvre the following year. The style of the mounts are French and show the influence of the renowned pattern books of Le Hollandois and others of this period. £1800-2400

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449

448 A 16 BORE FRENCH FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUN BY LE PAGE A PARIS, CIRCA 1780 reconverted from percussion, with three-stage sighted barrel signed over the breech and engraved with foliage, signed stepped lock engraved with a basket of fruit on the tail and an issuant monster beneath the pan, figured walnut full stock carved with scrolls and flowers about the rear ramrod-pipe and about the tang, the butt with an early green velvet cheek-piece, engraved iron mounts including solid side-plate, trigger-guard and butt-plate each with foliate terminals, three ramrod-pipes (the iron parts with some refreshed engraving), and horn fore-end cap, and associated horn-tipped ramrod 86 cm; 33 ⅞ in barrel £700-900 449 A 25 BORE FRENCH FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUN BY BUHOT A ROUEN, CIRCA 1790 with tapering sighted barrel (shortened), engraved tang incorporating the back-sight, signed border-engraved lock decorated with scrolls of foliage, fitted with roller and semi rainproof pan, figured walnut three-quarter stock (fore-end shortened), carved with panels of chequering over the fore-end and the grip, the latter terminating in a grotesque mask, the butt fitted with an early green velvet cheek-rest (butt extended), and engraved steel mounts comprising trigger-guard with urn finial, foliate ‘bat-wing’ side-plate, silver escutcheon engraved with an eagle displayed, silver barrel bolt escutcheons, two sling swivels, and later ramrod 62.7 cm; 24 ¾ in barrel Buhot is recorded in Rouen, Seine Maritime, as arquebusier circa 1780. £500-700

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450 A FINE PAIR OF 50 BORE PERCUSSION DUELLING PISTOLS BY J. PURDEY, NO. 314 ½ OXFORD STREET, LONDON, NO. 1840 AND 1841 FOR 1830 one with browned twist octagonal lightly swamped sighted barrel rifled with twelve grooves, signed in full along the top flat, case-hardened breech inlaid with platinum lines, pierced platinum plug and incorporating the back-sight, stamped with the serial number beneath and with the barrelsmith’s initials ‘JP’, the other barrel 19th Century signed and refurbished to match, scrollengraved case-hardened tangs, signed bolted scroll-engraved case-hardened locks decorated en suite with the breeches, blued set triggers, ebonised half-stocks, finely chequered butts, engraved steel mounts including blued trigger-guards decorated with trophies-of-arms on the bows, case-hardened trigger-plates with scallop shell finials, case-hardened butt-caps decorated with scrolls, blued fore-end caps decorated with a sunburst, silver escutcheons engraved with the owners crest (not identified) above the initials ‘PLP’, silver barrel bolt escutcheons, and with much early finish throughout 25.4cm; 10in barrels (2) Literature L. Patrick Unsworth, The Early Purdeys, 1996, p.132., stated as ‘....Ordered with ‘black stock’ for £52 10s £8000-10000

239


451

451 A CASED PAIR OF .577 CALIBRE BELGIAN RIFLED PERCUSSION TARGET PISTOLS BY J. B. RONGÉ FILS A LIEGE, CIRCA 1840 with heavy etched twist octagonal sighted barrels struck with Liège proof marks on the left towards the breeches, scroll-engraved case-hardened breeches, scroll-engraved case-hardened breech tangs fitted with blued adjustable back-sights, scroll-engraved case-hardened flush-fitting stepped locks, signed ‘J. B. Rongé fils’ and inscribed ‘a Liège’ respectively, polished walnut half-stocks inscribed ‘1798’ in ink in the barrel channels, carved with scrolls and foliage on a matted ground at the fore-ends, fluted butts, scroll-engraved case-hardened steel mounts comprising spurred trigger-guards and butt-caps, German silver barrel bolt escutcheons, and much original finish throughout: in original rosewood veneered case inlaid with brass lines and ebony borders (lid cracked, key escutcheon missing, small losses), the interior lined in red velvet (faded, areas of wear), complete with their full compliment of accessories including bullet mould, planished copper flask, oil bottle and turnscrew 25.5 cm; 10 in barrels J. B. Rongé fils are recorded as gunmakers in Liège circa 1832-1929. £4000-6000

240


452

452 A CASED PAIR OF FRENCH 34 BORE RIFLED PERCUSSION TARGET PISTOLS BY LAROCHE FILS A LAVAL, NO. 826, CIRCA 1850 with reblued octagonal sighted barrels rifled with ten grooves, the breeches engraved with a pair of bands and numbered ‘1’ and ‘2’ in gold respectively, border-engraved tangs incorporating the back-sights, signed border-engraved flush-fitting stepped locks, figured walnut half-stocks carved with scrollwork over the fore-ends, fluted butts, border-engraved steel mounts comprising spurred trigger-guards and butt-caps, white metal barrel bolt escutcheons, and no provision for ramrods: in a contemporary black stained fitted case lined in green baize, the lid inlaid with brass lines (lid repaired, lining worn), complete with a number of accessories including small brass flask decorated with a central silver warrior medallion and later bullet mould 24.3 cm; 9 ⅝ in barrels Laroche Fils are recorded in Laval, Mayenne circa 1845-55. £3500-4500

241


453

453 A CASED PAIR OF 15 BORE FRENCH RIFLED OFFICER’S PISTOLS BY BERTHON PERRIN, AIX, CIRCA 1830 converted from flintlock, with reblued swamped octagonal multi-groove rifled sighted barrels retaining traces of engraving and the inscription ‘Canon Tordu’, the breeches numbered ‘1’ and ‘2’ respectively and inlaid with platinum lines, border-engraved casehardened tangs incorporating the back-sights, signed bevelled locks engraved with thunderbolts and border ornament, set triggers, walnut full stocks delicately carved with foliage about the tangs, finely chequered butts, reblued engraved steel mounts comprising spurred trigger-guards with neo-classical urn finials, two-piece side-plates, butt-caps and rear ramrod-pipes en suite, silver barrel bolt escutcheons, horn fore-end caps, and each with bone-tipped ramrod: in original fitted walnut case lined in green baize (areas of light wear), and complete with brass-mounted horn flask, turnscrew and bullet mould 21 cm; 8 ¼ in barrels £3000-3500

242


456

454

454 A CASED PAIR OF 140 BORE PERCUSSION POCKET PISTOLS BY VENABLES, OXFORD, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1850 with turn-off barrels, scroll-engraved box-lock actions signed on the tangs, folding triggers, finely chequered walnut butts, and vacant German silver escutcheons, in a later fitted case lined in plum fabric, with later bullet mould and flask 3.5 cm; 1 ⅜ in barrels John Venables is recorded in Oxford from 1846. £250-300 455 A 12 BORE COMPOSITE GERMAN PISTOL AND A 16 BORE SOUTH GERMAN PERCUSSION PISTOL, CIRCA 1760 converted from flintlock, the first with tapering sighted barrel formed with a long flat, stepped regulation lock with Potsdam arsenal inscription, full stock and brass mounts (worn); and the second with tapering sighted barrel inlaid with brass and struck with a barrelsmith’s mark, perhaps for a member of the Kuchenreuter family, rounded lock, and full stock carved about the rear ramrod-pipe and the tang (repaired), and brass mounts including spurred pommel (worn) the first: 31 cm; 12 ¼ in barrel (2) £400-600 456 A PAIR OF 84 BORE FLINTLOCK POCKET PISTOLS SIGNED T. KETLAND, LONDON with short turn-off barrels, box-lock actions signed beneath swags, folding triggers, sliding thumb-piece safety-catches, and flatsided walnut butts (one repaired), with vacant German silver escutcheons 2.8 cm; 1 ⅛ in barrels (2) £250-350 243


Sale Results for 25th June 2014 The following prices are the hammer prices GBP/£. Unsold lots are not shown. Thomas Del Mar Ltd is not responsible for typographical errors or omissions 1

£850

55

£350

118

£600

173

£320

231

£550

292

£2,200

352

£170

369

£480

2

£750

57

£350

120

£700

174

£200

232

£650

294

£1,200

354

£1,300

370

£900

3

£450

58

£600

121

£800

175

£17,000

233

£350

297

£1,100

355

£2,000

372

£320

4

£450

59

£110

122

£350

176

£1,100

234

£750

298

£1,200

357

£800

373

£140

6

£2,000

60

£2,100

123

£450

177

£4,200

235

£500

299

£900

358

£2,000

374

£2,000

7

£260

61

£900

124

£750

178

£2,600

236

£8,000

300

£480

360

£6,000

376

£600

9

£500

62

£900

126

£230

179

£15,000

237

£4,500

302

£3,000

361

£1,600

377

£1,200

10

£700

63

£350

127

£150

180

£350

238

£2,200

304

£750

362

£5,200

379

£1,200

11

£400

64

£1,300

128

£120

181

£380

239

£1,000

305

£650

364

£1,500

380

£200

12

£300

65

£150

131

£700

182

£4,600

240

£1,900

307

£560

365

£1,600

381

£240

13

£450

66

£260

132

£180

183

£800

241

£1,050

310

£2,500

366

£2,500

382

£950

14

£450

67

£280

133

£5,000

184

£1,000

242

£1,000

311

£1,900

367

£1,200

383

£800

15

£260

69

£50

134

£160

185

£350

243

£900

314

£380

368

£1,200

384

£600

16

£280

70

£240

135

£350

186

£950

245

£900

315

£2,800

369

£480

385

£3,600

17

£190

71

£280

136

£380

187

£280

246

£800

316

£160

370

£900

387

£1,200

18

£100

72

£150

137

£420

189

£1,600

247

£600

317

£3,800

372

£320

388

£1,600

19

£170

73

£30

138

£300

191

£1,100

248

£320

318

£800

373

£140

21

£300

75

£220

139

£420

192

£8,200

249

£700

319

£700

374

£2,000

22

£200

77

£220

141

£190

193

£5,500

250

£900

320

£500

376

£600

23

£350

81

£75

142

£320

194

£800

251

£1,800

321

£3,200

377

£1,200

24

£220

82

£400

143

£100

195

£2,400

252

£450

322

£2,600

379

£1,200

25

£300

83

£200

144

£160

196

£14,500

253

£600

323

£3,000

380

£200

26

£5,000

84

£80

145

£140

197

£5,500

254

£500

325

£2,400

381

£240

27

£500

86

£220

146

£70

198

£20,000

256

£350

326

£9,500

382

£950

28

£1,800

87

£260

147

£180

203

£80

257

£950

327

£800

383

£800

29

£900

88

£70

148

£130

204

£55

258

£400

328

£2,100

384

£600

30

£350

89

£1,100

149

£130

205

£1,300

259

£2,200

329

£3,200

385

£3,600

31

£250

93

£380

150

£130

206

£100

260

£2,000

330

£300

387

£1,200

33

£300

94

£2,800

151

£30

207

£90

261

£3,500

331

£600

388

£1,600

34

£160

95

£700

152

£150

208

£240

265

£1,700

332

£1,400

345

£220

35

£950

96

£1,600

153

£80

209

£30

266

£700

333

£800

346

£240

36

£450

98

£1,100

154

£110

211

£200

267

£1,200

334

£2,800

347

£160

37

£1,600

99

£900

155

£30

212

£120

268

£2,000

335

£3,000

348

£2,800

38

£280

100

£1,800

156

£480

213

£120

269

£1,200

336

£600

349

£1,000

39

£420

101

£1,300

158

£200

214

£900

270

£1,400

337

£480

350

£7,500

40

£220

102

£1,000

159

£2,200

215

£130

272

£750

338

£700

351

£4,500

41

£350

103

£900

160

£220

216

£65

273

£1,400

339

£1,400

352

£170

43

£60

104

£800

161

£260

217

£480

274

£350

340

£1,200

354

£1,300

44

£300

105

£600

162

£260

218

£70

275

£400

341

£270

355

£2,000

45

£400

106

£500

163

£420

219

£320

276

£520

342

£300

357

£800

46

£300

107

£350

164

£320

220

£500

277

£320

343

£800

358

£2,000

47

£300

108

£400

165

£400

221

£200

278

£500

344

£240

360

£6,000

48

£280

109

£1,800

166

£480

222

£400

279

£1,200

345

£220

361

£1,600

49

£1,050

110

£1,600

167

£450

223

£320

282

£1,400

346

£240

362

£5,200

50

£800

113

£240

168

£280

226

£500

284

£240

347

£160

364

£1,500

51

£400

114

£300

169

£240

227

£160

285

£160

348

£2,800

365

£1,600

52

£400

115

£2,000

170

£380

228

£750

287

£5,500

349

£1,000

366

£2,500

53

£850

116

£1,000

171

£300

229

£1,200

288

£2,000

350

£7,500

367

£1,200

54

£1,800

117

£1,000

172

£480

230

£500

291

£2,200

351

£4,500

368

£1,200

244


Thomas Del Mar Ltd In association with

Antique Arms, Armour & Militaria 24th June 2015

245


Conditions of Business for Buyers 1.

Introduction (a) The contractual relationship of Thomas Del Mar Ltd. and Sellers with prospective Buyers is governed by:(i) these Conditions of Business for Buyers; (ii) the Conditions of Business for Sellers displayed in the saleroom and available from Thomas Del Mar Ltd.; (iii) Thomas Del Mar Ltd.’s Authenticity Guarantee; (iv) any additional notices and terms printed in the sale catalogue, in each case as amended by any saleroom notice or auctioneer's announcement. (b) As auctioneer, Thomas Del Mar Ltd. acts as agent for the Seller. Occasionally, Thomas Del Mar Ltd. may own or have a financial interest in a lot.

2. Definitions “Bidder” is any person making, attempting or considering making a bid, including Buyers; “Buyer” is the person who makes the highest bid or offer accepted by the auctioneer, including a Buyer’s principal when bidding as agent; “Seller” is the person offering a lot for sale, including their agent, or executors; “TDM” means Thomas Del Mar Ltd., 25 Blythe Road, London, W14 0PD, company number 5368339. “Buyer’s Expenses” are any costs or expenses due to Thomas Del Mar Ltd. from the Buyer; “Buyer’s Premium” is the commission payable by the Buyer on the Hammer Price at the rates set out in the Guide for Prospective Buyers; “Hammer Price” is the highest bid for the Property accepted by the auctioneer at the auction or the post auction sale price; “Purchase Price” is the Hammer Price plus applicable Buyer’s Premium and Buyer’s Expenses; “Reserve Price” (where applicable) is the minimum Hammer Price at which the Seller has agreed to sell a lot. The Buyer’s Premium, Buyer’s Expenses and Hammer Price are subject to VAT, where applicable. 3. Examination of Lots (a) TTDM’s knowledge of lots is partly dependent on information provided by the Seller and TDM is unable to exercise exhaustive due diligence on each lot. Each lot is available for examination before sale. Bidders are responsible for carrying out examinations and research before sale to satisfy themselves over the condition of lots and accuracy of descriptions. (b) All oral and/or written information provided to Bidders relating to lots, including descriptions in the catalogue, condition reports or elsewhere are statements of TDM’s opinion and not representations of fact. Estimates may not be relied on as a prediction of the selling price or value of the lot and may be revised from time to time at TDM’s absolute discretion. 4. Exclusions and limitations of liability to Buyers (a) TDM shall refund the Purchase Price to the Buyer in circumstances where it deems that the lot is a Counterfeit, subject to the terms of TDM’s Authenticity Guarantee. (b) Subject to Condition 4(a), neither TDM nor the Seller:(i) is liable for any errors or omissions in any oral or written information provided to Bidders by TDM, whether negligent or otherwise; (ii) gives any guarantee or warranty to Bidders and any implied warranties and conditions are excluded (save in so far as such obligations cannot be excluded by English law), other than the express warranties given by the Seller to the Buyer (for which the Seller is solely responsible) under the Conditions of Business for Sellers; (iii) accepts responsibility to Bidders for acts or omissions (whether negligent or otherwise) by TDM in connection with the conduct of auctions or for any matter relating to the sale of any lot. (c) Without prejudice to Condition 4(b), any claim against TDM

250

and/ or the Seller by a Bidder is limited to the Purchase Price for the relevant lot. Neither TDM nor the Seller shall be liable for any indirect or consequential losses. 5. Bidding at Auction (a) TDM has absolute discretion to refuse admission to the auction. Before sale, Bidders must complete a Registration Form and supply such information and references as TDM requires. Bidders are personally liable for their bid and are jointly and severally liable with their principal, if bidding as agent (in which case TDM’s prior and express consent must be obtained). (b) TDM advises Bidders to attend the auction, but TDM will endeavour to execute absentee written bids provided that they are, in TDM’s opinion, received in sufficient time and in legible form. (c) When available, written and telephone bidding is offered as a free service at the Bidder’s risk and subject to TDM’s other commitments; TDM is therefore not liable for failure to execute such bids. Telephone bidding may be recorded. 6. Import, Export and Copyright Restrictions TDM and the Seller make no representations or warranties as to whether any lot is subject to import, export or copyright restrictions. It is the Buyer's sole responsibility to obtain any copyright clearance or any necessary import, export or other licence required by law, including licenses required under the Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). 7.

Conduct of the Auction (a) The auctioneer has discretion to refuse bids, withdraw or reoffer lots for sale (including after the fall of the hammer) if (s)he believes that there may be an error or dispute, and may also take such other action as (s)he reasonably deems necessary. (b) The auctioneer will commence and advance the bidding in such increments as (s)he considers appropriate and is entitled to place bids on the Seller’s behalf up to the Reserve Price for the lot, where applicable. (c) Subject to Condition 7(a), the contract between the Buyer and the Seller is concluded on the striking of the auctioneer's hammer. (d) Any post-auction sale of lots shall incorporate these Conditions of Business. 8. Payment and Collection (a) Unless otherwise agreed in advance, payment of the Purchase Price is due in pounds sterling immediately after the auction (the "Payment Date"). (b) Title in a lot will not pass to the Buyer until TDM has received the Purchase Price in cleared funds. TDM will generally not release a lot to a Buyer before payment. Earlier release shall not affect passing of title or the Buyer's obligation to pay the Purchase Price, as above. (c) The refusal of any licence or permit required by law, as outlined in Condition 6, shall not affect the Buyer’s obligation to pay for the lot, as per Condition 8(a). (d) The Buyer must arrange collection of lots within 10 working days of the auction. Purchased lots are at the Buyer's risk from the earlier of (i) collection or (ii) 10 working days after the auction. Until risk passes, TDM will compensate the Buyer for any loss or damage to the lot up to a maximum of the Purchase Price actually paid by the Buyer. TDM’s assumption of risk is subject to the exclusions detailed in Condition 5(d) of the Conditions of Business for Sellers. (e) All packing and handling of lots is at the Buyer's risk. TDM will not be liable for any acts or omissions of third party packers or shippers. 9. Remedies for non-payment Without prejudice to any rights that the Seller may have, if the


Buyer without prior agreement fails to make payment for the lot within 5 working days of the auction, TDM may in its sole discretion exercise 1 or more of the following remedies:(a) store the lot at its premises or elsewhere at the Buyer’s sole risk and expense; (b) cancel the sale of the lot; (c) set off any amounts owed to the Buyer by TDM against any amounts owed to TDM by the Buyer for the lot; (d) reject future bids from the Buyer; (e) charge interest at 4% per annum above HSBC Bank plc Base Rate from the Payment Date to the date that the Purchase Price is received in cleared funds; (f) re-sell the lot by auction or privately, with estimates and reserves at TDM’s discretion, in which case the Buyer will be liable for any shortfall between the original Purchase Price and the amount achieved on re-sale, including all costs incurred in such re-sale; (g) Exercise a lien over any Buyer’s Property in TDM’s possession, applying the sale proceeds to any amounts owed by the Buyer to TDM. TDM shall give the Buyer 14 days written notice before exercising such lien; (h) commence legal proceedings to recover the Purchase Price for the lot, plus interest and legal costs; (i) disclose the Buyer’s details to the Seller to enable the Seller to commence legal proceedings 10. Failure to collect purchases (a) If the Buyer pays the Purchase Price but does not collect the lot within 20 working days of the auction, the lot will be stored at the Buyer's expense and risk at TDM’s premises or in independent storage.

(b) If a lot is paid for but uncollected within 6 months of the auction, following 60 days written notice to the Buyer, TDM will re-sell the lot by auction or privately, with estimates and reserves at TDM’s discretion. The sale proceeds, less all TDM’s costs, will be forfeited unless collected by the Buyer within 2 years of the original auction. 11. Data Protection (a) TDM will use information supplied by Bidders or otherwise obtained lawfully by TDM for the provision of auction related services, client administration, marketing and as otherwise required by law. (b) By agreeing to these Conditions of Business, the Bidder agrees to the processing of their personal information and to the disclosure of such information to third parties world-wide for the purposes outlined in Condition 11(a) and to Sellers as per Condition 9(i). 12. Miscellaneous (a) All images of lots, catalogue descriptions and all other materials produced by TDM are the copyright of TDM. (b) These Conditions of Business are not assignable by any Buyer without TDM’s prior written consent, but are binding on Bidders' successors, assigns and representatives. (c) The materials listed in Condition 1(a) set out the entire agreement between the parties. (d) If any part of these Conditions of Business be held unenforceable, the remaining parts shall remain in full force and effect. (e) These Conditions of Business shall be interpreted in accordance with English Law, under the exclusive jurisdiction of the English Courts, in favour of TDM.

Thomas Del Mar Ltd.‘s Authenticity Guarantee If Thomas Del Mar Ltd. sells an item of Property which is later shown to be a “Counterfeit”, subject to the terms below Thomas Del Mar Ltd. will rescind the sale and refund the Buyer the total amount paid by the Buyer to Thomas Del Mar Ltd. for that Property, up to a maximum of the Purchase Price. The Guarantee lasts for one (1) year after the date of the relevant auction, is for the benefit of the Buyer only and is non-transferable. “Counterfeit” means an item of Property that in Thomas Del Mar Ltd.’s reasonable opinion is an imitation created with the intent to deceive over the authorship, origin, date, age, period, culture or source, where the correct description of such matters is not included in the catalogue description for the Property. Property shall not be considered Counterfeit solely because of any damage and/or restoration and/or modification work (including, but not limited to, recolouring, tooling or repatinating). Please note that this Guarantee does not apply if either:(i) the catalogue description was in accordance with the generally accepted opinions of scholars and experts at the date of the sale, or the catalogue description indicated that there was a conflict of such opinions; or reports produced by the Buyer, and reserves the right to seek additional expert advice at its own expense. In the event Thomas Del Mar Ltd. decides to rescind the sale under this Guarantee, it may refund to the Buyer the reasonable costs of up to two mutually approved independent expert reports, provided always that the costs of such reports have been approved in advance and in writing by Thomas Del Mar Ltd. (ii) the only method of establishing at the date of the sale that the item was a Counterfeit would have been by means of

processes not then generally available or accepted, unreasonably expensive or impractical; or likely to have caused damage to or loss in value to the Property (in Thomas Del Mar Ltd.’s reasonable opinion); or (iii) there has been no material loss in value of the Property from its value had it accorded with its catalogue description. To claim under this Guarantee, the Buyer must:(i) notify Thomas Del Mar Ltd. in writing within one (1) month of receiving any informationthat causes the Buyer to question the authenticity or attribution of the Property, specifying the lot number, date of the auction at which it was purchased and the reasons why it is believed to be Counterfeit; and (ii) return the Property to Thomas Del Mar Ltd. in the same condition as at the date of sale and be able to transfer good title in the Property, free from any third party claims arising after the date of the sale. Thomas Del Mar Ltd. has discretion to waive any of the above requirements. Thomas Del Mar Ltd. may require the Buyer to obtain at the Buyer's cost the reports of two independent and recognised experts in the relevant field and acceptable to Thomas Del Mar Ltd. Thomas Del Mar Ltd. shall not be bound by any reports produced by the Buyer, and reserves the right to seek additional expert advice at its own expense. In the event Thomas Del Mar Ltd. decides to rescind the sale under this Guarantee, it may refund to the Buyer the reasonable costs of up to two mutually approved independent expert reports, provided always that the costs of such reports have been approved in advance and in writing by Thomas Del Mar Ltd.

251


Thomas Del Mar Ltd In association with Sotheby’s

Catalogue Subscription Form In order to avoid missing a sale why not subscribe and receive the catalogue directly from the printer’s mailing house. Subscribers receive at least two catalogues per annum and are kept up-to-date to sale-related events at Thomas Del Mar Ltd. Name [Block Capitals] .............................................................................................................................................................. Address ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................................................................................. Post/Zip Code ...................................................................... Telephone Number ............................................................. Signature ............................................................................. Date .................................................................................... E-mail .................................................................................. SUBSCRIPTION COSTS FOR TWO CATALOGUES AND POSTAGE UK

£36

Europe

£40

Rest of the world

£44

Please make cheques payable to THOMAS DEL MAR LTD and send to Thomas Del Mar Ltd, 25 Blythe Road, London W14 0PD, United Kingdom, or alternatively fax your details to us on +44 (0) 207 6025973 Credit/Debit Card Information Mastercard Visa Debit/Switch Card Number ...................................................................... Expiry Date ......................................................................... 3-Digit Security Code .......................................................... Please debit my card for the amount shown above SIGNED ............................................................................... 252


Thomas Del Mar Ltd

Absentee Bid Form (Please print or type)

Sale Title Antique Arms, Armour & Militaria Date 3rd December 2014

Name Address

Code: Dennis Please mail, fax, or scan and email to: Thomas Del Mar 25 Blythe Road London W14 0PD Fax +44 (0) 207 602 5973

Important

Postcode Telephone/Home

Business

Fax

Vat No.

Please bid on my behalf at the above sale for the following Lot(s) up to the hammer price(s) mentioned below. These bids are to be executed as cheaply as is permitted by other bids or reserves and in an amount up to but not exceeding the specified amount. The auctioneer may open the bidding on any lot by placing a bid on behalf of the seller. The auctioneer may further bid on behalf of the seller up to the amount of the reserve by placing responsive or consecutive bids for a lot.

Email

I agree to be bound by Thomas Del Mar Ltd’s Conditions of Business. If any bid is successful, I agree to pay a buyer’s premium on the hammer price at the rate stated in the front of the catalogue and any VAT, or amounts in lieu of VAT, which may be due on the buyer’s premium and the hammer price.

Expiry Date

Methods of Payment Thomas Del Mar Ltd. welcomes the following methods of payment, most of which will facilitate immediate release of your purchases. Wire Transfer to our Bank Electronic transfers may be sent directly to our Bank: HSBC Bank Plc 38 High Street Dartford Kent DA1 1DG

Signed

Date

Card type (Visa/Mastercard/Debit) Card Number Cardholder Name 3 digit security code

Billing Address (if different from above)

Cardholder Signature If you wish Thomas Del Mar Ltd. to ship your purchases, please tick

Lot

Description

£ Bid Price

IBAN No.: GB78MIDL40190481632140 BIC.: MIDLGB22 Sort Code: 40-19-04 Account No.: 81632140 Account Name: Thomas Del Mar Ltd Credit/Debit Card A 3% surcharge is payable on all credit card transactions; there is no charge for UK debit cards. International debit cards attract a 3% surcharge. By signing this form you are authorizing payment for this sale. Sterling Bankers Draft Drawn on a recognised UK bank Sterling Cash or Cheque Cheques must be drawn on a recognised UK bank. We require seven days to clear a cheque without a letter of guarantee from your bank.

253


Lot

254

Description

£ Bid Price

Lot

Description

£ Bid Price


Thomas Del Mar Ltd


Thomas Del Mar Ltd In association with

25 Blythe Road London W14 0PD Tel: +44 (0) 207 602 4805 Fax: +44 (0) 207 602 5973 Email: enquiries@thomasdelmar.com www.thomasdelmar.com

Thomas Del Mar Ltd  

Antique Arms, Armour & Militaria | Wednesday 3rd December 2014

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