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Thomas Del Mar Ltd In association with

Property Sold by Order of the Trustees of the

JOHN WOODMAN HIGGINS ARMORY COLLECTION To Benefit its Ongoing Study and Display at the Worcester Art Museum

London Wednesday 7th May 2014


AUCTION ENQUIRIES AND INFORMATION Sale Number: Code name:

19 Worcester

Enquiries:

Catalogue

Thomas Del Mar Ian Eaves Peter Smith

ÂŁ15 plus postage

Leo Morris George Duckett Sarah Ingoldby

Thomas Del Mar Ltd 25 Blythe Road London W14 0PD Tel: +44 (0) 207 602 4805 Fax: +44 (0) 207 602 5973 Email: enquiries@thomasdelmar.com

Thomas Del Mar Ltd gratefully acknowledges the following for their assistance in the preparation of this catalogue: Matthew Barton George Duckett Arthur Millner Max Rutherston

Front cover and back cover: Detail of lot 135, 136, 137, 139 and 144

Photography: Rolant Dafis


Thomas Del Mar Ltd In association with

PROPERTY SOLD BY ORDER OF THE TRUSTEES OF THE JOHN WOODMAN HIGGINS ARMORY COLLECTION TO BENEFIT ITS ONGOING STUDY AND DISPLAY AT THE WORCESTER ART MUSEUM TO BE SOLD AT AUCTION BY Thomas Del Mar Ltd 25 Blythe Road London W14 0PD

PUBLIC EXHIBITION Sunday 4th May 12 noon to 4pm Monday 5th May 10am to 7pm Tuesday 6th May 10am to 5pm

DAY OF SALE

Wednesday 7th May 2014 at 12 noon, precisely Listen to the auction live on Tel. +44 (0) 20 7806 5535

This auction is conducted by Thomas Del Mar Ltd in accordance with our Conditions of Business printed in the back of this catalogue. All questions and comments relating to the operation of this sale or to its contents should be addressed to Thomas Del Mar Ltd and NOT to Sotheby’s.

View the catalogue online at www.thomasdelmar.com www.the-saleroom.com/thomasdelmar


Important Information for Buyers All lots are offered subject to Thomas Del Mar Ltd’s Condition’s of Business and to reserves. The Conditions of Business for Buyers are published at the end of the catalogue. Please note that all measurements including bore sizes are approximate. Estimates are published as a guide only and are subject to review. The actual hammer price of a lot may well be higher or lower than the range of figures given and there are no fixed “starting prices”. A Buyer’s premium of 20% is applicable to all lots in this sale. Excepting lots sold under Temporary Import rules which are marked with the symbol ‡ (see below), the Buyer’s Premium is subject to VAT at the standard rate (currently 20%). Lots offered for sale under the auctioneer’s margin scheme and VAT on the Buyer’s Premium is payable by all buyers. Lots marked with the symbol ‡ have been imported from outside the European Union (EU) to be sold at auction under Temporary Import Rules. When released to buyers within the EU, including the UK, the buyer will become the importer and must pay VAT at the rate of 5% on the hammer price. The Buyer’s premium will be subject to the standard VAT rate at 20%. Buyers outside the EU will normally be eligible to obtain a refund in respect of VAT, upon satisfactory documentary evidence of exportation. Further information on this matter is available on request. Thomas Del Mar Ltd. will be pleased to execute bids on behalf of those clients unable to attend the sale in person, subject to our Conditions of Business. All bids must be submitted in writing in good time and lots will always be purchased as cheaply as possible (depending on any other bids received, reserves and competition in the saleroom). This service is offered free of charge. Thomas Del Mar Ltd. can supply quotations for shipping of purchases, including transit insurance and VAT refund administration fees, and will assist in the application for any export licenses which may be required. Administration fees may be applicable for this. Buyers are reminded that it is their responsibility to comply with UK export regulations and with any local import requirements.

SPECIAL NOTICE FOR THIS SALE Please note that the armour stands and many of the display mounts used in the catalogue and the sale exhibition may be made available at cost price to the successful buyer of the relevant lot. Please contact us for prices and further details. Items will be stored at 25 Blythe Road, London W14 0PD for two weeks after the sale. Collection must be made within two weeks of the auction date, after which they will be transferred to a third party for storage. A transfer fee of £30 per lot plus all incurred transfer and storage costs will be payable prior to release. If you would like us to organise shipping please contact us to arrange a quote. For many of the lots copies of original bills of sale to John Woodman Higgins, and related correspondence, will be made available to purchasers. Thomas Del Mar Ltd gratefully acknowledge the John Woodman Higgins Armory Collection for their permission to reproduce a number of documents and images from their archives

Payment Payment is due in sterling at the conclusion of the sale and before purchases can be released. Please note that we require seven days to clear sterling cheques unless special arrangements have been made in advance of the sale. We are pleased to accept major credit cards (regrettably we are unable to accept American Express), for which a surcharge will be made of 3% of the transaction total. International debit cards attract a 3% surcharge. There is no charge for payments made by UK registered debit card. Cash payments and credit card payments above £6,000 will not be accepted without prior arrangement. Electronic transfers may be sent directly to our Bank: HSBC Bank Plc 38 High Street, Dartford, Kent DA1 1DG IBAN No.: Sort Code: Account Name.:

GB78MIDL40190481632140 40-19-04 Thomas Del Mar Ltd

BIC.: Account No.:

MIDLGB22 81632140

Storage On receipt of cleared funds, lots can be collected from Thomas Del Mar Ltd’s premises at 25 Blythe Road, London W14 0PD. Please note that collection is BY APPOINTMENT on +44 (0) 207 602 4805. See Special Notice for this sale above. iii


Select Bibliography C. R. Beard 1924

Beard, C. R., The Barberini and Some Allied Armours, 1924

J. Beeler 1998

Beeler, J., Military Affairs, October 1998

A. R. Dufty & W. Reid 1968

Dufty, A. R. & Reid, W., European Armour in the Tower of London, 1968

O. Gamber 1978

Gamber, O., Jahrbuch der Kunsthistorischen Sammlungen in Wien, Vienna, 1978

S. V. Grancsay 1961

Grancsay, S. V., Catalogue of Armor: The John Woodman Higgins Armory, Worcester, Massachusetts, 1961

S. V. Grancsay 1966

Grancsay, S. V., Made of Iron, Houston, 1966

S. V. Grancsay 1967

Grancsay, S. V., Art of the Armorer, Michigan, 1967

W. J. Karcheski 1990

Karcheski, W. J. Jr., Arms and Armor of the Conquistador, Florida Museum of Natural History, Gainsville, 1990

D. J. LaRocca 2000

LaRocca, D. J., A Notable Group of Late Sixteenth-Century Etched Italian Armour, Journal of the Arms and Armour Society, Vol. XVI, no. 4, March 2000

K. Maurice

Maurice, K., Armour for an Archbishop, Apollo, Vol. CXII

H. Müller & H. Kölling 1990

Müller, H. & Kölling, H., Europäische Hieb- und Stich- Waffen, Berlin, 1990

A. V. B. Norman 1986

Norman, A. V. B., Wallace Collection Catalogues: European Arms and Armour Supplement, London, 1986

G. F. Laking 1920

Laking, G. F., A Record of European Armour and Arms Through Seven Centuries, London, 1920

iv


S. Milbrath & J.T. Milanich 1990

Milbrath, S. & Milanich, J. T., First Encounters: An Exhibit Guide, Florida

Museum of Natural History, Gainsville, 1990

N. McCullough & P. Missillier 2011

McCullough, N. & Missillier, P., The Karsten Klingbell Collection, Brussels, 2011

P. M. W. Tom 2001

Tom, P. M. W., Some Notable Sabers of the Qing Dynasty at The

Metropolitan Museum of Art, in Metropolitan Museum Journal 36, 2001

A. Nadolski 1964

Nadolski, A., Ancient Polish Arms and Armour, Part II, Journal of the Arms

and Armour Society, Vol. IV, no. 9, March 1964

J-P. Reverseau 1982

Reverseau, J-P., Musee De l’Armee Paris: les armes et la vie, Paris, 1982

R. E. Oakeshott 1964

Oakeshott, R.,The Sword in the Age of Chivalry, New York, 1964

H. Schedelmann 1964

Schedelmann, H., Der Waffensammler, Waffen- und Kostümkunde, 3rd series, vol. 6, 1964

H. Seitz 1965

Seitz, H., Blankwaffen I: Geschichte und Typenentwicklung im europäischen

Kulturbereich Von der prähistorischen Zeit bis zum Ende des 16. Jahrhunderts, Germany, 1965

B. Thomas & O. Gamber 1976

Thomas, B. & Gamber, O., Kunsthistorisches Museum, Wien

Waffensammlung. Katalog der lieberüstkammer I, Vienna, 1976

Z. Zygulski Jr. 1973

Zygulski, Z. Jr., The Winged Hussars of Poland, Arms and Armor Annual, Vol. I, Chicago, 1973 v


visor upper bevor lower bevor

collar

haute-piece

pauldron turner

breastplate

couter

fauld

lower cannon gauntlet

tasset

cuisse poleyn

greave

sabaton

vi

}

upper cannon

vambrace


kabuto

fukigaeshi

mabezashi

mempo

shikoro

yodarekake

ko-sode

do Ě„

kote kusazuri

sune-ate

haidate

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viii


On 31 December 2013 the Higgins Armory Museum closed to the public for the final time and just three months later, on 28 March 2014, an extraordinarily different interpretation of the Higgins Collection, Knights! opened at the Worcester Art Museum showcasing highlights of exquisite objects from the Higgins Armory Collection alongside beautiful works of art from the collections of the Worcester Art Museum. The exhibition 'Knights!' is the first phase of integrating the core Higgins Armory Collection into the Worcester Art Museum whose encyclopaedic holdings will be significantly enriched by this remarkable group, placing it on a level with the leading institutional collections in North America. The current exhibition comprises five sections with a strong focus on Medieval and Renaissance Europe with additional highlights from the Middle and Far Eastern holdings. A larger permanent exhibition will follow with the greater part of the Higgins Armory Collection being placed on view. The integration of the Collection into the Worcester Art Museum represents the culmination of years of the Higgins Armory Museum seeking a sustainable business model without a significant endowment. John Woodman Higgins (1874-1961) was a steel industrialist who lived and worked in Worcester, Massachusetts. Nurtured in the arts-and-crafts culture of the late nineteenth-century America, he felt that modern industry should be informed by the heritage of traditional craftsmanship. His formative years also corresponded to the height of Victorian medievalism in the United States and he found himself taking part in what was described by one English observer as the "American armour craze". Higgins approached his collecting with a remarkable energy and a period of intense acquisition took place during the second quarter of the 20th century. In 1961, the year of Higgins's death, the Museum housed a remarkably broad range of objects relating to the working and manipulation of metal, such as a Piper Cub airplane, an automobile chassis and decorative ironwork by Edgar Brandt (see lot 327) in one wing and the '100 Steel Knights' (see lots 277-279) dominating the other. Leadership then passed to the Higgins family, and ultimately to an independent board of trustees by 1980. By this time it was clear that Higgins's idiosyncratic mĂŠlange of objects and messages did not make for a well-defined museum, and the Museum had begun to refocus its mission on the armour that was the jewel in the crown of the Higgins collection. A major project of deaccessioning disposed of much of the Museum's modern material. The Armory proper then took over both wings of the Great Hall. The Museum professionalized its collections stewardship during the 1980s and '90s under the curatorship of Walter J. Karcheski, Jr., as museum practices were themselves evolving. The charmingly jumbled cabinet of curiosities was giving way to a more focused approach to curation. Hard financial realities helped push this process forward. In an environment of shrinking resources, museums have had to become more strategic in their thinking, ensuring that limited assets are deployed to maximum effect. This is especially true of an institution as dependent on earned income as the Higgins Armory: with an endowment that generated less than ten percent of the institution's operating expenses, this museum had to ensure that its mission of stewardship worked hand-in-hand with the income-generating activities that make stewardship possible. In the early twenty-first century it became clear that the collection was burdened by its own history in ways that were increasingly at odds with its mission and environment. Consequently two significant deaccessions have taken place in recent years, the present catalogue being the second and final dedicated sale. Dr Jeffrey Forgeng, Paul S. Morgan Curator of the Higgins Armory Museum, provided extraordinary leadership of this project and worked intensely with his team in circumstances that have at time exceeded the challenges one might imagine. During this period, the Higgins Armory did not merely continue business as usual, but aggressively developed exhibits, programming, and fundraising in the final three years in order to maximize income and protect what remained of the endowment. It would hardly be an exaggeration to say that the Museum's staff performed at a level little short of the miraculous. This final dedicated sale offers an opportunity to acquire pieces from this remarkable collection. Many pieces have provenance recording their earlier ownership in Europe, such as the collection of Archduke Eugen at Veste Hohenwerfen, the Royal Armory Lisbon, the Princes Radziwill, the Dukes of Osuna and the Earls of Pembroke. American collections are also well represented with a number of pieces being stewarded by the pioneering collectors of the early 20th Century, William Randolph Hearst and Clarence Mackay to name two. Furthermore the great merchants of art appear with some frequency including Sir Joseph Duveen, Jacques Seligman and Louis Bachereau, who served so many museums and collectors at that time. A number of lots are described and illustrated in the 1961 catalogues of the John Woodman Higgins Armory, written by Stephen V. Grancsay, then curator of Arms and Armor at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Like the countless others who have loved the Higgins Armory, I am deeply saddened that it had to close, but glad that we were able to find the collection a suitable, permanent and local home in the Worcester Art Museum, an institution whose outstanding traditions of curation and conservation ensure that the Higgins Collection will receive the stewardship it deserves, and I am certain that the collection will repay the favor by attracting and captivating visitors for generations to come.

Suzanne W. Maas Director, Higgins Armory Museum, for the Trustees May 2014

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Eastern Arms, Armour and Works of Art 1 A CHINESE QING DYNASTY SWORD (PEIDAO), LATE 18TH/19TH CENTURY with curved blade of liuyedao (willow-leaf) form, cut with a pair of fullers and punched with a series of dots on each side, brass hilt comprising oval guard with fluted border, pommel of betel nut form, and cord-bound grip 71.8 cm; 28¼ in blade Provenance Edmund C. Converse, sold American Art Association, 26 November 1927, lot 266, $10.00 JWHA Inv. No. 400 For a discussion of the development of this sword type see P. M. W. Tom 2001, p. 207-222. ‡ £80-120 2 AN ORIENTAL GLAIVE, LATE 18TH/19TH CENTURY, PROBABLY CHINESE with knife-like blade formed with a slightly curved cutting edge, long tapering conical socket formed with a seam along one side (cracked), on a fabric-covered wooden haft 62.3 cm; 24½ in head

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Provenance The museum archives record this as an anonymous gift 1 February 1934 JWHA Inv. No. 2081 ‡ £50-80 3 A BRONZE ROUNDEL, TIBET, EARLY 20TH CENTURY of circular convex form, the outer surface engraved with a central letter in Lantsa script, surrounded by a series of concentric bands and lotus petals, interspersed with lines of Tibetan script, a border of repeated vajra motifs around the edge, the inner surface with a central figure of Samvara, seated in yabyum with his consort, surrounded by five further figure of monks and other deities amidst clouds, six diminutive feet in the form of half vajras around the edge 49 cm; 19¼ in diameter Provenance Frank Gair Macomber, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries, New York, 10-12 December 1936, lot 230, $5.00 JWHA Inv. No. 2402 ‡ £60-80


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5 4 A JAPANESE DAGGER (TANTO) with slightly curved single-edged blade (small chips), traces of hamon, plain tang pierced with a single mekugi-ana, fishskincovered wooden grip (losses), chiselled and gilt kashira and fuchi, in contemporary lacquered saya with chiselled and gilt iron kojiri; together with a black lacquered saya for a katana the first: 30.5 cm; 12 in blade (2) Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 82 ‡ £150-250

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6 THREE JAPANESE ARROWHEADS (YANONE), FIVE ARROW SHAFTS (YANO) the first two of sword’s point (Tsurugi Kashira) form, the third leaf-shaped, one shaft with a portion of its flight (shafts incomplete, losses) the first: 5.5 cm; 2¼ in head (8) Provenance Giulia P. Morosini, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries Inc., New York, 10-15 October 1932, part of lot 151 Mrs Goldman JWHA Inv. Nos. 3369, 3380, 3429, 2129

5 TWO JAPANESE PARRYING WEAPONS (HACHIWARA), 19TH CENTURY each with robust iron blade of tapering hollowed-square section, enclosed within a brass sleeve at the forte, iron hilt comprising polyhedral guard and pommel, and cord-bound wooden grip 61 cm; 24 in blades (2)

Exhibited ‘Made of Iron’, University of St. Thomas Art Department, Houston, Texas, September-December 1966, cat. no. 401. ‡ £100-150

Provenance Kano Oshima, New York, 1 April 1934, $15 for both pieces JWHA Inv. Nos. 2141, 3392 ‡ £200-300

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7 A JAPANESE ARMOUR (TOSEI GUSOKU), EDO PERIOD comprising thirty-two plate iron kabuto fitted with mabizashi lacquered red on its underside, engraved and gilt brass tehen, shikoro of three lacquered iron lames, the uppermost with fukigaeshi applied with gilt mon, well modelled lacquered iron mempo with integral nose, fitted with yodarekake of four lames, russet iron lamellar dō, the breast decorated in soft metals with a Bodhisattva seated on a wave lapped rock, and the back with a brief inscription in large characters, kusazuri of five lames, a pair of ko-sode each of six lames, a pair of lacquer and mail kote, iron haidate, and a pair of suneate (extensive wear and disarticulation) See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands Provenance F. Schnittjer & Son, New York, 29 March 1934, $25.00 JWHA Inv. No. 2048 The helmet is signed Naka Hachiman Minamoto no Giichi (Yoshika) Saku and dated equivalent to August 1860.

COURTESY OF JWHA

‡ £2000-3000

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8 A JAPANESE ARMOUR (TOSEI GUSOKU), EDO PERIOD comprising associated fourteen-plate iron kabuto fitted with mabizashi inlaid in soft metal with the moon and clouds on the outside and lacquered red on the underside, moulded gilt tehen, shikoro of three lacquered iron lames, the uppermost with broad fukigaeshi, well modelled lacquered iron mempo fitted with a pair of pierced stylised ears, teeth, moustache, detachable nose and yodarekake of four lacquered iron lames, lacquered iron lamellar dō, kusazuri of five lames, a pair of kosode each of six lames, a pair of lacquered iron and mail kote, iron and mail haidate, and a pair of suneate (areas of wear and disarticulation) See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands Provenance The kabuto, Mrs. Anna Matheson Wood, Miami, Florida, donated 3 April, 1952 JWHA Inv. Nos. 2989 and 3096 ‡ £1500-2000

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9 A COMPOSITE JAPANESE ARMOUR (TOSEI GUSOKU), EDO PERIOD comprising twenty-four plate kabuto fitted with mabizashi lacquered red on its underside, moulded tehen, shikoro of five lacquered iron lames, the uppermost with fukigaeshi with soft metal Maruni kumon zasa mon, well modelled lacquered iron mempo fitted with a pair of pierced stylised ears, a pair of shaped ribs, detachable nose, teeth and yodarekake of two lacquered lames, russet iron lamellar dō decorated throughout in soft metals with clouds and figures, kusazuri of five lames, a pair of ko-sode each of six lames, a pair of iron and mail kote including realistically modelled hands, lacquered haidate, and a pair of lacquered iron and fabric suneate (extensive wear and disarticulation) See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands Provenance The kabuto, Mrs. Anna Matheson Wood, Florida, 3 April 1952 The dō and kusazuri, Kano Oshima, New York, 1 April 1934 JWHA Inv. Nos. 2990, 322, 2142, 321, 1981, 327

COURTESY OF JWHA

‡ £2000-2500

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10 A COMPOSITE JAPANESE PART ARMOUR (TOSEI GUSOKU), EDO PERIOD comprising ribbed kabuto, probably for a fireman, lacquered iron mempo fitted with a pair of stylised ears, associated detachable nose and teeth, and yodarekake of four lacquered lames, russet iron lamellar breastplate with a pair of gilt Kiri (paulownia) mon, kusazuri of five lames, and pair of iron and mail kote (areas of wear and disarticulation) See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands Provenance The kabuto, Angelo Peyron, Florence, sold Savoy Art and Auction Galleries, New York, 5 November 1954, part of lot 588 The mempo, Yamanaka & Co., New York, 21 October 1935 The kote, Carhart Collection, sold, Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 18 February 1942, part of lot 167 JWHA Inv. Nos. 3083, 2277, 139, 2677, 329, 546, 328

COURTESY OF JWHA

‥ £600-800

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11 A COMPOSITE JAPANESE PART ARMOUR (TOSEI GUSOKU), EDO PERIOD comprising lacquered iron dō, kusazuri of five lames, a pair of ko-sode each of three lames, a pair of iron and mail kote, iron haidate, and a pair of iron and fabric suneate with traces of silver decoration (areas of wear and disarticulation) See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands Provenance The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, sold, Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 15 November 1956, part of lot 185 JWHA Inv. Nos. 3137, 544, 547, 549, 596, 548 ‡ £500-800

12 A JAPANESE ARMOUR CASE (GUSOKU BITSU), EDO PERIOD of black lacquered wood, the front, side and top each painted with a large Idaki Myoga (facing ginger) mon in red, the borders bound by copper and fitted with an iron lifting handle front and back (areas of wear, small losses) 56 cm; 22 in high Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 287 ‡ £350-550

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13 A JAPANESE HELMET (JINGASA), EDO PERIOD, 18TH CENTURY formed of eight triangular iron plates joined by raised ribs, embossed at the front with a dragon, fitted at its apex with a foliate tehen, the interior with traces of lacquer, fitted with three rings and an early padded silk lining 36.5 cm; 14⅜ in diameter Provenance Giulia P. Morosini, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries Inc., New York, 10-15 October 1932, part of lot 164 JWHA Inv. No. 1868 ‡ £500-700 14 A JAPANESE HELMET (JINGASA), EDO PERIOD, 18TH CENTURY formed of sixteen triangular iron plates, fitted at its apex with a large foliate gilt brass tehen, a gilt brass five leaves mon at the front and a kasa-jirushi no kwan at the rear, the mimi in brass, lacquered red inside, and with traces of an early exhibition label 43.5 cm; 17⅛ in diameter

Provenance Giulia P. Morosini, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries Inc., New York, 10-15 October 1932, part of lot 171 JWHA Inv. No. 1874 ‡ £500-700 15 A JAPANESE HELMET (JINGASA), EDO PERIOD, 18TH CENTURY formed of eight triangular iron plates joined by small domed rivets, left open at the apex, and the interior with loops for a padded lining 32.7 cm; 12⅞ in diameter Provenance Giulia P. Morosini, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries Inc., New York, 10-15 October 1932, part of lot 164 JWHA Inv. No. 1869 ‡ £300-500

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16 A JAPANESE HELMET (JINGASA), EDO PERIOD with leather skull covered with boar-hair over the outer surface, fitted at its apex with a moulded brass tehen, centring on a Yshaped pattern of contrasting white boar-hair, brass kasa-jirushi no kwan at the rear, the interior lacquered red (losses), painted with a gilt mon, and retaining a padded silk lining 35.5 cm; 14 in diameter Provenance Angelo Peyron, Florence, sold Savoy Art and Auction Galleries, New York, 5 November 1954, part of lot 588 JWHA Inv. No. 3083 ‡ £300-400 17 A JAPANESE FOLDING SKULL-CAP (HANBURI), EDO PERIOD formed of five plates joined at the edges by a pair of common pivots, each plate hinged in the centre, the uppermost with pierced edge for a lining, the lowest fitted with a pair folding plates forming a short peak, and the pivots each fitted with a hinged cheek-piece 17.8 cm; 7 in high

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Provenance Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, (to 1904) Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (Acc.no. 04.4.86), sold Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 15 November 1956, part of lot 195 JWHA Inv. No. 3139 ‡ £250-350 18 TWO JAPANESE FACEGUARDS (MEMPO), EDO PERIOD the first of lacquered iron with provision for a pair of ears and a detachable nose (now missing), and fitted with yodarekake of four lames (now detached, worn); the second fitted with a pair of pierced ears and detachable nose, and with provision at the base for a yodarekake (extensively worn, chipped) the first: 16 cm; 6¼ in wide (2) Provenance Alfred Maisden Scott, sold Parke-Bernet Galleries, New York, 25 November 1953, part of lot 154 JWHA Inv. Nos. 3042, 316 ‡ £200-300


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19 A JAPANESE CUIRASS (D ō ), EDO PERIOD, LATE 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY of iron, the breast formed of twelve upwardly overlapping shaped lames, joined at the top to the neck-plate by later leathers, fitted at its left with a single matching side-plate and at its right with two matching side-plates, backplate formed en suite and applied with a paulownia mon, and a pair of shoulder straps set with butterflies Provenance The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, sold, Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 15 November 1956, part of lot 185 JWHA Inv. No. 3137 ‡ £400-600 20 A JAPANESE CUIRASS (D ō ) OF HARAMAKI TYPE IN 15TH CENTURY STYLE of leather-covered iron plates trimmed with brass, and fitted with of kusazuri of four lames See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands

Provenance The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, sold, Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 15 November 1956, part of lot 185 JWHA Inv. No. 3137 ‡ £300-500 21 A PORTION OF A JAPANESE CUIRASS (Dō ) AND OTHER ELEMENTS OF JAPANESE ARMOUR, EDO PERIOD, 18TH AND 19TH CENTURIES the first comprising three pieces each formed of three riveted russet plates, decorated throughout with chiselled designs involving dragons, and with traces of soft metal decoration (worn); the second, three detached pieces from a kusazuri, each formed of five lames (one missing a lame) and lacquered in gold and red; and the third a suneate (iron plates missing) the first: 21 cm; 8¼ in high (7) Provenance JWHA Inv. Nos. 1981, 2993 ‡ £100-150

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22 A PAIR OF JAPANESE ARM-DEFENCES (KOTE), EDO PERIOD of mail over fabric, the outer face incorporating iron panels, a pair of realistically modelled hands, the surface of all the plates with silver or gold nunome decoration and incorporating a Takano ha (hawks feather) mon (2) Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 320 The mon is probably that of Chigaitakanoha (Asano) family. ‡ £300-400

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23 A PAIR OF CHINESE LEATHER SANDALS AND A PAIR OF JAPANESE STRAW SANDALS (WARAJI) the first: 23.5 cm; 9¼ in (4) Provenance The first: Thomas Woroniecki, New York, 9 May 1945, no. 5094 JWHA Inv. No. 2811, 313 ‡ £50-80


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24 A JAPANESE WOODBLOCK PRINT BY UTAGAWA KUNITERU a triptych depicting a well detailed battle-scene, titled ‘Anigawa Kassen no zu’ (Battle of Anigawa) Provenance Acquired by Chapin Riley in Japan, August 1931, and presented to Higgins the following October JWHA Inv. No. 374 ‡ £200-300

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26 25 A JAPANESE WOODBLOCK PRINT, SIGNED KUNISADA two kabuki scenes, including Danjuro and Hashu Provenance Acquired by Chapin Riley in Japan, August 1931, and presented to Higgins the following October JWHA Inv. No. 372 ‡ £50-80

27 UNKNOWN PHOTOGRAPHER, PROBABLY JAPANESE CIRCA 1920: BURTON HOLMES AND A SAMURAI DISPLAY framed and glazed 26.8 cm; 10½ in by 31.8 cm; 12½in Provenance Mrs. Edmond Mark Paulin, Rye Beach, New Hampshire, presented to J.W. Higgins 29 July 1957 JWHA Inv. No. 6233

26 A JAPANESE WOODBLOCK PRINT, SIGNED KUNISADA two kabuki scenes involving Gohenge Provenance Acquired by Chapin Riley in Japan, August 1931, and presented to Higgins the following October JWHA Inv. No. 376 ‡ £50-80

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Burton Holmes was born into a prosperous Chicago family in 1870. From an early age he enjoyed travel and as an adult roamed the globe each summer for over fifty years and toured American auditoria in winter. During the 1945-6 season, aged 75, he gave 157 two-hour lectures. It was from these lectures that he first coined the term Travelogue in 1904 to advertise his unique live stage presentations. Sophisticated and elegantly attired, Holmes has been described as the world’s most famous traveller during the first half of the 20th century. He died in 1958 and his company, Burton Holmes International, survived into the 1970s. ‡ £30-50


28

28 A JAPANESE SNAP MATCHLOCK MUSKET (TANEGASHIMA TEPPO), 18TH/19TH CENTURY with heavy octagonal barrel swelling at the muzzle and fitted with a pierced wedge-shaped foresight, block-shaped backsight, decorated over its surface in soft metals with dragons and a phoenix amidst traditional clouds, incised with two large characters on a silvered ground at the median and with a gilt aoi mon, probably Tockugawa, over the breech, the latter signed beneath, fitted with a screw-in plug concealed within the stock and retained by a scroll-engraved brass band, fitted with integral iron pan decorated en suite and with pivot brass cover, brass fence, iron serpentine decorated with matching cloud designs, brass trigger with hand-support behind and blackened hardwood full stock (cracked ahead of the lock, ramrod missing) 75.8 cm; 29⅞ in barrel Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 2083 The barrel is signed Jitetsu Niju Makibari Setsu(no) Ju Tanaka Yasubei of Kisen ‡ £2000-3000

28 detail

15


29 AN EAST AFRICAN SHIELD, SOMALIA, 19TH CENTURY of strongly convex circular form, the outer surface tooled and rising to a low domed finial, the interior fitted with a robust grip 50.5 cm; 19¾ in diameter Provenance Albert R. Louis, sold Walpole Galleries, New York, 22 February 1927, lot 149 JWHA Inv. No. 119 ‡ £150-250

29

30 THREE AFRICAN SPEARS, 19TH CENTURY the first probably South African, with broad leaf-shaped blade retained by a long tubular medial ridge, tapering socket and later wooden haft; the second with long slender blade of flattened-triangular section, square-section then tapering conical socket, on a wooden haft, and the third with leafshaped blade and tapering socket, on an early haft the first 75 cm; 29½ in head (3) Provenance The first: Fenton & Sons, London, 30 April 1931 The second: Burghard Steiner, New York, sold Walpole Galleries, New York, 26 January 1927, lot 232 The third: Misses Henderson, Worcester, Massachusetts, 12 November 1931 JWHA Inv. Nos. 1483, 599, 1688 ‡ £120-180

31 A SAFAVID IRON AMULET BOX, 17TH/18TH CENTURY of octagonal form, the convex lid with appliqué openwork arabesque and calligraphic medallion with brass rivets, the underside engraved with grid of sixteen squares, each with Arabic numerals, piercings on two sides for lid attachment 1.7 cm; ⅜ in high

30

Provenance J. Zado Noorian, New York, 15 October 1936 JWHA Inv. No. 2376 ‡ £120-150

16

31


32

33

34

32 AN INDIAN SWORD (PATISSA), 17TH CENTURY with broad flat blade etched in imitation of watered steel swelling towards a sharp ‘swallow’s tail’ point, iron hilt comprising figure-of-eight shaped guard (cracked on one side) drawn-down in the centre to form a very long pair of moulded langets enclosing the lower portion of the blade, shallow cupshaped pommel (perhaps associated) with tapering moulded attenuated finial 76.5 cm; 30⅛ in blade

Exhibited Rennsselaer County Jr. Museum, Troy, New York, February April 1959 R.H. White & Co., Boston, Massachusetts, 27 July - 7 August 1961 Berkshire Museum, Pittsfield, Massachusetts, 6 January - 21 February 1966 Schnectady Museum, New York, 4 June - 13 September 1979

Provenance The Museum archives record this as an anonymous gift 1 February 1934

34 AN INDIAN EXECUTIONER’S SWORD (TEGHA), LATE 18TH/19TH CENTURY with characteristic very broad blade double-edged for its upper third, chiselled with four long panels, an architectural framework filled with exotic beasts and encrusted with brass deities in low relief on each side, iron hilt of talwar form, including recurved knuckle-guard with serpent head finial, and decorated over its surface with silver flowers 74.5 cm; 29⅜ in blade

JWHA Inv. No. 2056 ‡ £400-600 33 AN INDIAN SWORD (TALWAR), 19TH CENTURY with broad curved blade double-edged towards the point, cut with a series of long recessed panels, decorated with gold koftgari foliage and etched in imitation of watered pattern, iron hilt of characteristic form including large disc-shaped pommel, chiselled over its surface with flowers and foliage and enriched with gold (areas of wear) 75 cm; 29½ in blade

‡ £400-600

Provenance The Museum archives record this as an anonymous gift 1 February 1934 JWHA Inv. No. 2072 ‡ £400-600

Provenance The Museum archives record this as an anonymous gift 1 February 1934 JWHA Inv. No. 2051

17


35 35 A NORTH INDIAN SWORD (RAM DAO), 19TH CENTURY of characteristic form, with broad hatchet blade chiselled on each face along the back-edge with a rudimentary inscription including ‘India’ and geometric designs on each face all filled with red pigment, inlaid with a brass ‘eye’ on each face, moulded iron hilt with copper ferrule and pommel, and chequered grip 44.8 cm; 17½ in blade Provenance Frank Gair Macomber, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries, New York, 10-12 December 1936, lot 281 JWHA Inv. No. 2408 ‡ £200-300 36 AN INDIAN GAUNTLET SWORD (PATA), 18TH CENTURY with tapering blade, characteristic iron hilt including a pair of shaped panels extending over the base of the blade, embossed over its outer surface with a pair of monstrous eyes and reinforced around the borders and over the hand with shaped panels, the sides of the wrist fitted with five pair of loops each carrying a rattle (two missing), wooden grip-bar, and iron arm-support 86.5 cm; 34 in blade

18

36

37 Provenance The Museum archives record this as an anonymous gift 1 February 1934 JWHA Inv. No. 2061 ‡ £250-350 37 AN INDIAN DAGGER (KATAR), 19TH CENTURY with double-edged blade cut-down from a European sword, iron hilt of characteristic form, comprising a pair of langets with lotus-leaf terminals, side bars decorated with a running border-pattern, grip-bars with knop-shaped mouldings, chiselled throughout with linear patterns; together with two contemporary Indian katar scabbards and a yataghan scabbard the first: 29.5 cm; 11⅝ in blade (4) Provenance The first: Daniel Z. Noorian, New York, 3 April 1929 JWHA Inv. No. 735 ‡ £120-180


38

38 AN INDIAN SPEAR, LATE 18TH/19TH CENTURY with tapering central blade moulded at the base, formed with a pair of sharply down-turned basal lugs, tapering socket applied with four raised serrated ribs (one missing, some loose), on its iron haft with bulbous base 39 cm; 15⅜ in head Provenance Frank Gair Macomber, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries, New York, 10-12 December 1936, lot 466 JWHA Inv. No. 2437 ‡ £120-150

39

39 AN INDIAN SPEAR, LATE 18TH/19TH CENTURY, WITH INSCRIPTIONS OF COMMANDER QAMAR AL-DAULAH BAHADUR with long tapering blade formed with a reinforced tip, a medial ridge and a pair of flaring lugs at the base, moulded brass base formed with a series of pronounced collars, the top engraved and with a brief inscription at the base, on a wooden haft complete with a tassel 62 cm; 24⅜ in head Provenance Theodore Offerman, New York, sold American Art Association, New York, 5 February 1938, lot 22 JWHA Inv. No. 2474 The commander could be the son of Asaf Jah III of Hyderabad or perhaps the Nawwab of Surat (d. 1842) or his son. ‡ £300-400

19


40 A MORO SHORTSWORD, LATE 19TH CENTURY with broad double-edged blade, brass ferrule, and turned wooden grip bound with rattan, in its rattan-bound wooden scabbard; together with another scabbard for a South East Asian dagger 36 cm; 14¼ in blade (2) Provenance Milton R. MacIntosh, Cranston, Rhode Island, acquired December 1970, no. 68 JWHA Inv. No. 3761 ‡ £50-80

40

41 A MALAYSIAN DAGGER (KRIS), PROBABALY JAVA with wavy blade widening at the base and applied with white metal srips, carved wooden grip, white metal ferrule, filigree selut, in its wooden scabbard inlaid with engraved white metal plaques, and carved wrangka 28 cm; 11 in blade Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 1434 ‡ £40-60

42 A PAIR OF NORTH AFRICAN PRICK SPURS, 19TH CENTURY with minor differences, of tinned iron, with characteristically long spikes, moulded at the base, arched heel-bands formed with a tall rectangular slot at the back and rectangular spatulate terminals pierced for straps 28 cm; 11 in (2) Provenance George L. Maxwell, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 28 November 1928, lot 7

41

JWHA Inv. No. 681 ‡ £50-80

42

20


44

43

43 AN INDO-PERSIAN HELMET (KULAH-KHUD) AND ARMDEFENCE (BAZU BAND), 19TH CENTURY the first with hemispherical skull, fitted at its centre with a stout spike moulded at the base, a pair of plume-holders and sliding nasal-bar at the front, the skull etched with mounted warriors and exotic animals enriched with gold (losses, worn), and retaining a portion of its mail neck-defence; the second retaining its wrist-plates (mail joins with losses) and decorated en suite the first: 25 cm; 9⅞ in high (2) ‡ £250-350

44 AN OTTOMAN HELMET, 19TH CENTURY, PROBABLY SUDAN with domed skull, fitted at the top with a rudimentary finial on a large engraved brass washer, long fixed nasal-bar, and retaining its mail neck-defence (losses, some replacements) the first: 31.5 cm; 12½ in high Provenance Sotheby & Co. ,7 July 1924 Fenton & Sons, London, 10 March 1928, no. 941 JWHA Inv. No. 517 ‡ £60-80

21


45 A MAIL SHIRT, 17TH/18TH CENTURY, OTTOMAN TURKISH OR MOGHUL INDIAN formed of riveted rings of circular-and oval-section wire of differing size, with a very short collar, opening at the neck, a pair of short sleeves, short skirt extending over the thighs and vented front and back (small holes, some working repairs) Provenance Sumner Healey, New York, 1 February 1933 JWHA Inv. No. 3927 ‡ £300-500

45

46 A MAIL SHIRT AND A MAIL COIF, 17TH/18TH CENTURY, OTTOMAN TURKISH ADAPTED IN NORTH AFRICA the coif formed of graduated riveted rings of oval-section wire, open at the face and with three triangular panels extending over the ears and the neck; the shirt formed of riveted rings of oval and circular-section wire, opening at the neck, a pair of fulllength sleeves each with cuffs of differing rings, and centrally divided skirt extending to the knee (small holes and repairs) (2) Provenance Fenton & Sons, London, 14 July 1928 JWHA Inv. No. 594, 2991 Exhibited Beaumont Art Museum, Texas, 5 December 1977 - 23 January 1978 Schnectady Museum, New York, 4 June - 13 September 1979 Lowe Museum, Miami, Florida, 1 December 1979 - 13 January 1980 ‡ £300-500

46

47 A MAIL SHIRT, 18TH/19TH CENTURY, PROBABLY NEAR EASTERN formed of riveted rings of circular-section wire, divided at the neck, with a pair of short sleeves, extending over the tops of the thighs and divided front and back (small holes and repairs) Provenance William Ockelford Oldman, London, 1 May 1931 JWHA Inv. No. 1542 Exhibited Charleston Art Gallery of Sunrise, West Virginia, January - 1 May 1975 ‡ £300-500

22

47


48 A MAIL SHIRT, PROBABLY OTTOMAN TURKISH 17TH/18TH CENTURY of large proportions, formed of riveted rings of circular-and oval-section wire, with a short upstanding collar stiffened with thongs and divided at the front, a pair of short sleeves, and short undivided skirt (small holes, some working repairs) Provenance American Art Association, New York, 23 November 1928, lot 126, $100 JWHA Inv. No. 606 The repairs and the leather stiffening on the collar would suggest that this was used in Africa in the late 19th Century ‡ £400-600

48

49 A MAIL SHIRT, PROBABLY MUGHAL INDIAN 18TH/19TH CENTURY formed of riveted rings of circular-section wire, with a very short collar divided at the front and back, a pair of short sleeves, and divided skirt extending to the thigh (small holes and losses) Provenance Fenton & Sons, London, 14 July 1928 JWHA Inv. No. 590 ‡ £250-350

50 A MAIL AND LAMELLAR SHIRT, 17TH CENTURY, EAST EUROPEAN OR RUSSIAN formed of riveted rings of oval-section wire, open at the front, a pair of long sleeves, flared skirt extending to above the knee, the back, front and sides fitted with numerous rectangular lamellar plates arranged in vertical panels over the torso (losses, extensive at the front) and those at the front including two with brass arms for closure (repairs)

49

Provenance William Ockelford Oldman, London, 1 May 1931 JWHA Inv. No. 1541 ‡ £400-600

50

23


52 51

53

Antiquities 51 A COLLECTION OF FOUR PTOLEMAIC AND LATER COINS Ptolemaic Kings, Ptolemy VI, c. 180-145 BC, a bronze drachm; together with Roman issues of Alexandria, comprising: two drachms of Hadrian and an Antoninus Pius, fair to fine, the first very fine

Provenance The first: Azeez Khayat, New York, 5 June 1928; the second: Joseph M. Sayer of Cairo, Egypt, 20 July 1936

Provenance Azeez Khayat (dealer), New York; Anderson Galleries Inc., New York, 12 April 1928, lot 406

53 A FISH KNIFE AND A FISH HOOK, EGYPT 300-50 BC bronze, the knife of crescent shaped form, the spine with incised geometrical motifs, the hook with barbed tip 23 cm; 9 in and 3 cm;1¼ in long (2)

JWHA Inv. No. 529 ‡ £60-80 52 HEAD OF EGYPTIAN KING AND FIGURINE OF OSIRIS, EGYPT, 1085-525 BC bronze, the first depicted wearing close-fitting cap, with cobra emblem (detached), the second wearing high headdress, holding crook and flail 5 cm; 2 in and 6 cm; 2⅜ in high (2)

24

JWHA Inv. Nos. 556 and 2352 ‡ £200-300

Provenance The first: Purchased by John Higgins from Sumner Healey, N.Y., 30 April 1929. The second: Azeez Khayat, New York, 5 June 1928 JWHA Inv. No. 238 and 565 ‡ £30-40


54

55 56

54 A GROUP OF METAL OBJECTS, PERSIA AND TURKEY comprising a Seljuk bronze key, Turkey, 11th/12th century; a Luristan silver bracelet, Persia, 13th-7th century BC; a bronze bracelet, probably Luristan, Persia, 13th-7th century BC and a group of iron armour fragments, probably Persia, 500-400 BC the first: 9 cm; 3½ in (4) Provenance The first: Parke-Bernet Galleries, New York, 19 October 1950, lot 25, $10 The second: Parke-Bernet Galleries, New York, 9 March 1950 The third: Sumner Healey, New York, 30 April 1929 JWHA Inv. Nos. 2865, 2853, 238 and 1568 ‡ £200-300

55 AN ARM-RING, SOUTHERN BRITAIN OR NORTHERN FRANCE 1400-1200 BC bronze, of penannular form and oval section, the ends with incised geometrical decoration 9.4 cm; 3¾ in diameter Provenance Vester & Company, Inc. (formerly American Colony Stores), New York JWHA Inv. No. 1943 ‡ £120-150 56 AN ARMLET, ROMAN IMPERIAL OR EARLIER, PROBABLY 1ST-3RD CENTURY CE bronze, of penannular form, of lozenge section at centre and rectangular at either end, hinged clasp 13 cm; 5⅛ in maximum diameter with open clasp Provenance Sumner Healey, New York, 27 March 1928 JWHA Inv. No. 518 ‡ £80-120

25


57

58

57 A GREEK BRONZE HELMET, 4TH-3RD CENTURY BC of elongated domed form with ridged top and waisted support, the brim with downturned edge, together with a group of detached fragments 20 cm; 7⅞ in high Provenance Sumner Healey, New York, 6 June 1932, $45.00 JWHA Inv. No. 1735 See O. Gamber 1978, p. 287. ‡ £600-800

58 FOUR BRONZE AXE-HEADS AND A BRONZE SWORDPOMMEL, BRONZE AGE AND LATER the first probably North European, circa 1400-1200 B.C., with wedge-shaped head, hollowed at the rear, and pierced with a pair of holes for attaching to a haft; the second of wedgeshaped form, incorporating a basal loop; the third of winged rectangular form; the fourth a 19th century copy of an Etruscan axe; and the fifth comprising a kidney-shaped pommel and retaining a portion of an integral tang the first: 17 cm; 6¾ in (5) Provenance The first, second, third and fifth: Sumner Healey, New York, 30 April 1929 The fourth: El Marques de Valderrey, Madrid, 6 May 1931 JWHA Inv. No. 238 and 1654 ‡ £150-250

26


60

59

European and American Edged Weapons 59 A RARE NORTH EUROPEAN LONG SCRAMASAX, 7TH/9TH CENTURY in excavated condition, with slightly curved single-edged knifelike blade of flattened wedge-shaped section, long tang, and throughout with black patina 55 cm; 21⅝ in blade Provenance Sumner Healey, New York, 20 April 1929, said to have been acquired in Aix-en-Provence JWHA Inv. No. 238 Another long scramasax of this form is preserved in the Deutsches Historisches Museum, Berlin. See H. Müller and H. Kölling 1990, p. 158, no. 8. ‡ £800-1000

60 THREE FRAGMENTED SWORD-BLADES, PROBABLY NORTH EUROPEAN FIRST HALF OF THE 14TH CENTURY; A SWORD IN 14TH CENTURY STYLE; AND A PIKEHEAD 15TH CENTURY each in excavated condition, the first tapering, double-edged and formed with a long broad fuller and tapering tang; the second of similar form; the third of flattened-diamond section with a portion of its fuller; the fourth in excavated condition, with tapering blade cut with a pair of fullers on each face, iron hilt comprising a pair of straight quillons of slender ‘bow-tie’ form, flattened pentagonal pommel, and in aged condition throughout; and the fifth with tapering head of diamond section (tip missing); tapering hexagonal socket, and a pair of very short straps the first: 45.5 cm; 18 in blade (5) Provenance The first, second and third: Louis R. Bachereau, Paris, 3 September 1933 The fourth and fifth: Sumner Healey, New York, 1 February 1933 and 30 April 1929 JWHA Inv. Nos. 1996.4, 1996.5, 1996.7, 1904, 238 ‡ £350-450

28


61 A TWO-HAND PROCESSIONAL SWORD WITH CHISELLED AND GILT HILT, LAST QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY, ITALIAN OR NORTH EUROPEAN with broad wavy blade with a sharp point, tapering ricasso formed with a pair of crescentic lugs, chiselled and gilt with scrolls and pellets on each face, long slender tang (the upper half restored), iron hilt comprising a pair of arched flattened quillons swelling towards the terminals, inner and outer ring-guards each swelling at their centres, and plummet-shaped pommel, chiselled throughout with bouquets of fruit within scrollwork frames and enriched with gilding (areas of wear, grip missing) 122.5 cm; 48¼ in blade Provenance Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, to 1929 Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (Acc. No. 29.158.715), sold Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 15 November 1956, lot no. 150, $100 (two swords in the lot) JWHA Inv. No. 3462 ‡ £2500-3500

62 A GERMAN TWO-HAND PROCESSIONAL SWORD, LAST QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY with broad double-edged blade of flattenedhexagonal section, rectangular ricasso incorporating a pair of crescentic lugs and retaining an early tooled leather covering, painted in red with the inventory number ‘W. 1412’, iron hilt comprising a pair of arched quillons with tightly scrolling terminals, inner and outer ring-guards each filled with a fleur-de-lys moulding, a pair of basal lugs en suite with the quillon terminals, plummet-shaped pommel, the hilt chiselled throughout with scrolls, and early leather-covered moulded grip 130 cm; 51⅛ in blade Provenance Theodore Offerman, New York, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries, New York, 5 February 1938, lot 146, $15. Described in the auction catalogue as being of the type used by the Munich ‘Civic Guard’ JWHA Inv. No. 2484 ‡ £2000-3000

61 62

29


63 A GERMAN TWO-HAND PROCESSIONAL SWORD, PROBABLY LAST QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY with broad double-edged blade tapering to a sharp point, rectangular ricasso incorporating a pair of up-turned lugs, iron hilt of flattened bars, comprising a pair of slightly curved quillons with spatulate terminals each with a pair of tightly curved lugs behind, inner and outer ring-guards, and plummetshaped pommel, and wooden grip 130.5 cm; 51⅜ in blade Provenance Edward Hubbard Litchfield, sold Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 5 December 1951 JWHA Inv. No. 2964 ‡ £1500-2500

64 A GERMAN TWO-HAND PROCESSIONAL SWORD, EARLY 17TH CENTURY AND LATER with double-edged blade, border-engraved ricasso incorporating a pair of lugs, iron hilt including quillons with a pair of lugs at each terminal, inner and outer ring-guards, a pair of basal lugs, plummet-shaped pommel and leather-covered moulded grip 117.5 cm; 46¼ in blade Provenance James Graham & Sons, New York, 27 December 1944 JWHA Inv. No. 2798 ‡ £800-1200

65 A GERMAN TWO-HAND PROCESSIONAL SWORD-HILT, LAST QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY of flattened iron bars, formed of a pair of quillons with budshaped finials, and a tightly curled lug above and below, an additional pair of basal lugs, and inner and outer guard each filled with a fleur-de-lys 42.5 cm; 16¾ in wide

63

Provenance The armoury of His Imperial Highness, Archduke Eugen, Veste Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 4 March 1927, lot 855, $12.50 JWHA Inv. No. 177 ‡ £400-600

64

30

65


66

67

66 A HAND-AND-A-HALF SWORD IN LATE 16TH CENTURY STYLE, LATE 19TH CENTURY with double-edged blade, rectangular ricasso, iron hilt with slightly arched quillons, inner-and outer-guards each filled with an up-turned fleur-de-lys, spirally moulded pommel (perhaps 16th century) and iron grip embossed with a chevron pattern 95.5 cm; 37½ in blade

67 A COMPOSITE BROADSWORD, PARTLY LATE 16TH CENTURY with broad tapering blade formed with three fullers over the forte and struck three times with the letter ‘x’ in the centre on each face, border-engraved fullered ricasso struck en suite, iron hilt comprising a pair of straight quillons with minute budshaped terminals, outer ring-guard, faceted spherical pommel, and two-stage leather-covered grip 100.5 cm; 39½in blade

Provenance M. & Madame Auriffeuille, Chateau Vic, France, 1926 JWHA Inv. No. 3391 Exhibited Rennsselaer County Jr. Museum, Troy, New York , 1 October 1975 - 5 September 1975 ‡ £700-900

Provenance Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, sold Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 15 November 1956, lot 134 JWHA Inv. No. 3131 Exhibited Beaumont Art Museum, Texas, 5 December 1977 - 23 January 1978 Monmouth Museum, New Jersey, 27 February - 6 May 1978 ‡ £600-800

31


68 68 A SWEPT-HILT RAPIER, EARLY 17TH CENTURY, NORTH EUROPEAN OR ITALIAN with tapering blade of flattened-diamond section, stamped with a bladesmith’s inscription (rubbed) within a short fuller continuing into a rebated ricasso on each face, iron hilt of rounded bars comprising a pair of vertically recurved quillons with flattened spatulate terminals, outer ring-guard joined to the knuckle-guard by a further bar, the former with terminal en suite with the quillons, lower ring-guard, a pair of arms, trifurcated inner-guard and barrel-shaped pommel, and spirallymoulded grip with later wire binding 101.7 cm; 40 in blade Provenance Giulia P. Morosini, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries Inc., New York, 10-15 October 1932, part of lot 503 JWHA Inv. No. 1785 Exhibited Charleston Art Gallery of Sunrise, West Virginia, January - 1 May 1975 Museum of Our National Heritage, Lexington, Massachusetts, 20 January - 20 May 1979 ‡ £800-1000 69 A SWEPT-HILT RAPIER IN EARLY 17TH CENTURY STYLE, LATE 19TH CENTURY with long slender blade of flattened-diamond section, iron hilt of rounded bars, including straight quillons, outer ring-guards, knuckle-guard, trifurcated inner-guard, tapering cylindrical pommel, and wire-bound grip 106.5 cm; 42 in blade

32

69

70 Provenance Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 9 December 1930, no. 574 JWHA Inv. No. 1374 Exhibited Beaumont Art Museum, Texas, 5 December 1977 - 23 January 1978 Monmouth Museum, New Jersey, 27 February - 6 May 1978 ‡ £400-600 70 A VENETIAN SCHIAVONA, SECOND HALF OF THE 18TH CENTURY with broad blade double-edged towards the point, formed with a long shallow fuller and etched with an elaborate design of scrolling foliage and flowers on each face, struck on the reverse with a bladesmith’s mark, a bull in a rondel, characteristic iron hilt, comprising straight quillon with moulded finial, basket-guard, thumb-loop, brass shield-shaped pommel chiselled with a flower on each side, and original wooden grip with ‘Turk’s heads’, the lower portion retaining an early leather tasselled washer (binding missing) 90 cm; 35½ in blade Provenance Giulia P. Morosini, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries Inc., New York, 10-15 October 1932 JWHA Inv. No. 1773 Exhibited Schnectady Museum, New York, 5 June - 13 September 1979 Lowe Museum, Miami, Florida, 1 December 1979 - 13 January 1980 ‡ £800-1200


71

71 A BILBO RAPIER, 18TH CENTURY with earlier German rapier blade stamped ‘Solingen’ within a short fuller on each face, iron hilt comprising asymmetrical figure-of-eight shaped guard up-turned at the front and the rear, engraved on the outside with flowers and linear designs, vertically recurved quillons with moulded terminals, a pair of arms, knuckle-guard en suite with the quillons, bun-shaped pommel, and the grip bound with plaited copper wire 100 cm; 39⅜ in blade Provenance Giulia P. Morosini, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries Inc., New York, 10-15 October 1932, part of lot 239 JWHA Inv. No. 1803 Exhibited Industrial City Bank, Worcester, Massachusetts, 21 May - 16 June 1953. F. W. Woolworth Co., Worcester, Massachusetts, 26 November - 28 December 1954. Rensselear County Junior Museum, New York, February - April 1959 ‡ £300-500 72 A SPANISH CAVALRY SWORD, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY of regulation type, with broad blade, iron hilt of characteristic form including figure-of-eight shaped cup-guard, a pair of vertically recurved quillons and knuckle-guard with matching mouldings, engraved bun-shaped pommel, and wooden grip (cracked) 79.5 cm; 31¼ in blade

72

73

Provenance The armoury of His Imperial Highness, Archduke Eugen, Veste Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 4 March 1927, lot 12, $20 JWHA Inv. No. 142 Exhibited Schnectady Museum, Troy, New York , 4 June - 13 September 1979 ‡ £300-400 73 A COMPOSITE MILITARY BROADSWORD, EARLY 18TH CENTURY with broad tapering fullered blade retaining traces of etched trophies-of-arms at the forte on each face, iron hilt of regulation type, including outer ring-guard, knuckle-guard, globular pommel and fabric-covered grip 88.7 cm; 34⅞ in blade Provenance Giulia P. Morosini, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries Inc., New York, 10-15 October 1932, part of lot 239 JWHA Inv. No. 1803 ‡ £150-250

33


74 74 A SPANISH CUP-HILT RAPIER, LATE 18TH/19TH CENTURY with tapering slender blade cut with a short fuller on each face, iron hilt comprising cup-guard pierced with two horizontally arranged bands of scrolling foliage a pair of straight writhen quillons with button-shaped terminals, knuckle-guard en suite and spirally moulded bun-shaped pommel (the hilt loose, grip missing) 116 cm; 45⅝ in blade Provenance Giulia P. Morosini, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries Inc., New York, 10-15 October 1932, part of lot 234 JWHA Inv. No. 1802 ‡ £350-450 75 A SPANISH CUP-HILT RAPIER, 19TH CENTURY with tapering slender blade formed with a blunt forte, iron hilt including cup-guard embossed with a gadrooned pattern beneath a frieze filled with bouquets of fruit, a pair of long quillons with moulded terminals, matching knuckle-guard, ovoid pommel chiselled with acanthus, and the grip bound with plaited wire 97 cm; 34 in blade Provenance Giulia P. Morosini, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries Inc., New York, 10-15 October 1932, part of lot 234 JWHA Inv. No. 1802 ‡ £200-300

34

75

76 76 A SWORD IN 17TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY with very broad double-edged blade stamped with a mark, in a shield two pellets divided by a cross, iron hilt of rounded bars including straight quillons, outer ring-guards filled with pierced plates, and tapering barrel-shaped pommel 100.2 cm; 39½ in blade Provenance Louis Joseph, Boston Massachusetts JWHA Inv. No. 353 ‡ £250-350 77 A GILT-BRASS SWORD-LOCKET BY SALTER, SWORD CUTLER TO HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE DUKE OF SUSSEX, 35 STRAND, AND THREE SCABBARDS FOR REGULATION SWORDS the first for an officer’s sword; the second of curved hardened leather with brass locket (incomplete, chape missing) and middle-band, the third and fourth of straight hardened leather, with brass mounts (one chape missing) the first: 14 cm; 5½ in (4) Provenance JWHA Inv. Nos. 2247, 3501, 121, 111 ‡ £50-70


78 78 AN EAR-DAGGER IN ITALIAN EARLY 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY formed entirely of steel, with two-stage blade double-edged for its upper half, moulded forte and hilt, the latter incorporating faceted grips, recessed around the edges, and large eared pommel drawn-out on each face to a pronounced nodule (pitted) 26 cm; 10¼ in blade Provenance Theodore Offerman, New York, sold American Art Association, New York, 13 November 1937, lot 82 JWHA Inv. No. 2464 Exhibited Schnectady Museum, New York, 4 June - 13 September 1979 Lowe Museum, Miami, Florida, 1 December 1979 - 13 January 1980 ‡ £300-500 79 A BALLOCK DAGGER IN NORTH EUROPEAN LATE 15TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY with tapering single-edged blade, rectangular forte recessed for the thumb, brass hilt comprising curved moulded crosspiece, tapering wooden grip with a pair of characteristic basal lobes each set with a shaped copper washer, and copper pommel-cap with scalloped border 29.8 cm; 11⅝ in blade

79

80 Provenance Giulia P. Morosini, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries Inc., New York, 10-15 October 1932, part of lot 362 JWHA Inv. No. 3289 ‡ £300-500 80 A COMPOSITE ITALIAN LEFT-HAND DAGGER, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY with tapering double-edged blade formed with a reinforced tip, rectangular ricasso, iron hilt of so-called ‘crab-claw’ form (inverted), including a pair of curved quillons and a further pair of arms en suite, outer ring-guard decorated with filed patterns and with a scalloped plate, faceted ovoid pommel, and the grip bound with plaited wire between ‘Turk’s heads’ 39 cm; 15⅜ in blade Provenance Giulia P. Morosini, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries Inc., New York, 10-15 October 1932, part of lot 246 JWHA Inv. No. 1805 ‡ £800-1200

35


81

81 A LEFT-HAND DAGGER IN 17TH CENTURY STYLE, LATE 19TH CENTURY with tapering blade of flattened-diamond section, iron hilt comprising a pair of straight quillons with fluted globular terminals, outer ring-guard interrupted by an oval moulding, flattened ovoid pommel, and leather-covered wooden grip 31.5 cm; 12⅜ in blade Provenance Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 9 November 1929 JWHA Inv. No. 1040 ‡ £250-350 82 A LEFT-HAND DAGGER IN RENAISSANCE STYLE, 19TH CENTURY with double-edged blade of hollow-diamond section, etched and gilt with scrolls and a strapwork panel on each face, brass hilt cast and chased in low relief, comprising a pair of quillons formed as entwined scaly serpents, large globular pommel decorated on each face with mounted knights in combat, and wire-bound fabric-covered grip, in its fabric-covered wooden scabbard (the lining shrunk), with large brass mounts decorated en suite 36.5 cm; 14⅜ in blade

36

82

83

Provenance Giulia P. Morosini, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries Inc., New York, 10-15 October 1932, lot 379, $12.50 JWHA Inv. No. 1769 ‡ £400-600

83 A LEFT-HAND DAGGER IN 17TH CENTURY STYLE, LATE 19TH CENTURY with tapering blade of hollow-triangular section, perhaps earlier, iron hilt comprising straight cross-piece with pierced globular terminals, fluted plummet-shaped pommel, and spirally carved horn grip bound with plaited wire 32.5 cm; 12¾ in blade Provenance Giulia P. Morosini, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries Inc., New York, 10-15 October 1932, lot 381 JWHA Inv. No. 1770 ‡ £250-350


84

85

84 A SHORTSWORD (CINQUEDEA) IN ITALIAN EARLY 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY with broad tapering blade formed with a long slender central fuller, brass hilt comprising arched guard fluted at its centre and engraved with flowers on the terminals on each side, scrolling cap pommel, and a pair of horn grips retained by a pair of iron rivets with brass washers 48.5 cm; 19 in blade

85 A LARGE SPANISH FOLDING KNIFE (NAVAJA), 19TH CENTURY with tapering blade formed with a clipped-back point, impressed with a series of alternating flowerheads and sprays of foliage inlaid with red pigment along three quarters of the length of one side, the back-edge reinforced with brass, and blackened wooden body with moulded steel terminals 94 cm; 37 in blade

Provenance Giulia P. Morosini, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries Inc., New York, 10-15 October 1932, part of lot 198

Provenance Fred Spanierman, 9 September 1941

JWHA Inv. No. 1833

JWHA Inv. No. 2629 ‡ £200-300

‡ £250-350

37


86

86 AN AUSTRIAN HUNTING SWORD FOR AN IMPERIAL FORESTRY OFFICIAL, SECOND HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY with tapering blade formed with a broad long fuller, etched on each face with scenes from the hunt including a figure in contemporary dress, trophies-of-arms, woodland landscapes filled with grazing deer and hounds in pursuit of foxes, the forte signed ‘Weyersberg & Stamm, Solingen’, brass hilt comprising down-turned shell-guard charged with the crowned Imperial arms enclosed by laurel fronds, quillon with deer hoof terminal (bent), knuckle-guard and brass-bound grip fitted with a pair of shaped bone grip-scales (cracked and chipped, retaining rivets incomplete), 63 cm; 24¾ in blade Provenance Angelo Peyron Florence, sold Savoy Art and Auction Galleries, New York, 5 November 1954, part of lot 515 JWHA Inv. No. 3500 ‡ £250-350

87

88

87 A CHISELLED IRON SCABBARD FOR A SMALL DAGGER OR BODKIN IN NORTH GERMAN LATE 16TH CENTURY STYLE, LATE 19TH CENTURY formed in one piece, of tapering circular section, decorated with scrollwork and flowers, the borders scalloped, spirally fluted basal moulding, and a pair of scrolling loops for suspension 20 cm; 7⅞ in Provenance Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 5 June 1930, no. 20. JWHA Inv. No. 1102 ‡ £80-120 88 TWO SAWS, LATE 17TH/18TH CENTURY, PROBABLY FOR HUNTING OR BUTCHERY the first with bow-shaped body formed of a faceted bar, interrupted by a globular moulding in the centre, curved shaped forward terminal, later saw-blade retained by a shaped thumb-screw, and faceted horn grip (cracked); the second formed of a moulded bar of near square section, broad sawblade retained by a large thumb-screw, and later wooden grip the first: 59 cm; 23¼ in overall (2) Provenance Sumner Healey, New York, 1 February 1933, nos. 32 and 33. JWHA Inv. Nos. 1931, 1932

38

‡ £60-80


89

89 TWO GERMAN SERVING KNIVES (WAIDBLATTE) IN THE SOUTH GERMAN STYLE OF CIRCA 1540, 19TH CENTURY each with very broad flat blade swelling towards the tip, engraved brass hilt comprising a moulded ferrule enclosing the forte, T-shaped pommel fluted in the centre, pierced with a tracery rondel and with a pair of moulded scrolling ‘ears’, fluted grip pierced with two further tracery rondels and inlaid with two pairs of contrasting marquetry panels of herringbone and chequerboard pattern respectively 34 cm; 13⅜ in blades (2)

Provenance Frank Gair Macomber, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries, New York, 10-12 December 1936, lot 209 JWHA Inv. Nos. 3313, 2397 These appear to be based on two Waidblatte, forming a garniture with a sword and two further knives, preserved in the former Imperial Armoury, Vienna, (inv. nos. D12 and 49). ‡ £600-800

39


90 90 A LUGGED SPEAR, GERMAN OR SWISS, LATE 15TH CENTURY with tapering head of flattened-diamond section, recessed at the base and formed with a pair of wing-like lugs, stamped with an S-shaped mark on each side and decorated with punched ornament, tapering socket (worn), on a wooden haft 52.5 cm; 20⅝ in head Provenance The armoury of His Imperial Highness, Archduke Eugen, Veste Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 2 March 1927, part of lot 895 JWHA Inv. No. 181 ‡ £500-700 91 A GERMAN BOAR-SPEAR, 17TH/18TH CENTURY with stout leaf-shaped head formed with a medial ridge, tapering socket fitted with a robust iron crossbar, on a wooden haft 42 cm; 16½ in head

40

91

92 Provenance Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, sold American Art Association, New York, 23 November 1928, lot 18 JWHA Inv. No. 597 ‡ £300-500 92 AN ETCHED BOAR-SPEAR IN 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY with leaf-shaped blade formed with a medial ridge, etched on each side with the imperial double eagle within a strapwork cartouche surrounded by foliage on a stippled ground, tapering socket etched with further strapwork and foliage, on a wooden haft 35 cm; 13¾ in head Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 1027 ‡ £300-500


93 93 AN ITALIAN BILL (RONCONE), THIRD QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY with long flat head formed with a triangular thrusting-spike of flattened-hexagonal section reinforced at the tip, hooked blade, short rear spike, a pair of basal spikes, tapering socket of rectangular section, and a pair of straps, chiselled over the lower portion of the head with a figure in contemporary dress, a cherubic mask, flowers, scrolls and all enriched with punched rondels (worn), on a wooden haft 91.5 cm; 36 in head Provenance Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, sold Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 26 October 1950 JWHA Inv. No. 2880 ‡ £800-1000 94 AN ITALIAN BILL (RONCONE), POSSIBLY THIRD QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY with long flat head, thrusting-spike of diamond-section, hooked blade, short rear spike, a pair of small basal spikes, tapering socket, and a pair of straps (worn), on a wooden haft 61.5 cm; 24¼ in head

94

95 Provenance Giulia P. Morosini, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries Inc., New York, 10-15 October 1932, part of lot 593 JWHA Inv. No. 1797 ‡ £300-500 95 AN ITALIAN GLAIVE (FAUCHARD), LATE 16TH CENTURY with curved knife-like blade formed with a low rounded lobe on the back-edge, elongated rear spike, moulded at the base and with a pair of basal spikes, tapering socket (pitted), on a wooden haft 86.3 cm; 34 in head Provenance Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 25 November 1953 JWHA Inv. No. 3036 ‡ £700-900

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96 AN ETCHED GLAIVE OF THE GUARD OF MAXIMILIAN II, HOLY ROMAN EMPEROR (1527-76), DATED 1564 with etched knife-like blade, decorated on one face with the crowned Imperial double eagle enclosed by the collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece and charged with the arms of the Empire, the mirrored monogram ‘M’, the motto ‘Deus Providebit’ and a small panel including a cornucopia at the base, the reverse face with the date, the ragged staves of Burgundy dividing the fire-steels of the Empire, the mirrored monogram, ‘M’, the motto and a small panel involving a marine monster at the base, (the etching extensively worn, areas ground, socket missing), on a wooden haft 24 cm; 61 in head Provenance Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, purchased from his estate, 28 September 1929, his no. 151 JWHA Inv. No. 967 Another example from this group is preserved in the Kienbusch Collection, the Philadelphia Museum of Art, no. 561. ‡ £1500-2000

97 AN ETCHED GLAIVE AFTER THOSE CARRIED BY THE GUARD OF MAXIMILIAN II, HOLY ROMAN EMPEROR (1527-76), DATED 1566, 19TH CENTURY with etched knife-like blade, decorated on one face with the crowned imperial double eagle enclosed by the collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece and charged with the arms of the Empire, the mirror monogram ‘M’, the motto ‘Dominus Providebit’ and a panel of foliage carrying a monster head panel, the reverse face with the date, the ragged staves of Burgundy dividing the fire-steels of the Empire and with further designs en suite, all on a blackened stippled ground, tapering socket and a pair of straps, on a wooden haft with an additional pair of straps 68.5 cm; 27 in head Provenance Don Miguel Ne (according to the museum archives) Clarence H. Mackay, Long Island, New York, sold Gimbel Brothers, New York, 31 October 1941, no. J-83 JWHA Inv. No. 2665 In 1566 the noted etchers Daniel and George Hopfer were paid for one hundred and ten halberds commissioned by Maximilian II for his bodyguard. See footnote to the previous lot. ‡ £800-1000

42

98 A HIGHLY DECORATED GLAIVE (FAUCHARD) AFTER THOSE MADE FOR THE GUARD OF CARDINAL SCIPIONE BORGHESE-CAFFARELLI (1576-1633), 19TH CENTURY with curved knife-like blade formed with a lobe on its backedge, a large pierced shaped rear fluke with reinforced spike, a pair of shaped basal lugs, and tapering socket, chiselled over its lower two thirds with strapwork panels enriched with pellets, variously filled with the Papal tiara and crossed keys, a coronet impaled by branches of palm and olive, a basilisk, the arms of Borghese beneath a cardinal’s cap, an eagle displayed and grotesques, tapering moulded socket decorated en suite, on a later fabric-covered haft 90.5 cm; 35⅝ in head Provenance Giulia P. Morosini, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries Inc., New York, 10th-15th October 1932, lot 474 JWHA Inv. No. 1782 Laking stated that twenty five fauchards from this group were extant in the Palazzo Borghese in the 18th Century. Genuine examples are preserved in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, the former Imperial Armoury, Vienna, the Royal Armoury, Turin and the Odescalchi Collection, Rome. See Sir G. F. Laking 1919, vol. IV, p. 342 and for a further discussion N. McCullough and P. Missillier 2011, p. 272. ‡ £1200-1500


96

97

98

43


99

100

99 AN ITALIAN HALBERD, EARLY 17TH CENTURY, PROBABLY VENETIAN with tapering central blade of flattened-diamond section, pierced with two long central slots and formed with an openwork basal collar, forward-leaning curved axe-blade pierced with a series of shaped apertures, pierced triangular rear spike, and a pair of straps, on a wooden haft 54.5 cm; 21½ in head Provenance Liberty & Co., London, 2 March 1928 JWHA Inv. No. 513

101

102

101 AN ITALIAN HALBERD, LATE 16TH CENTURY with long central spike of diamond-section, curved axe blade formed with a lug at the top and the bottom and pierced with a pair of circular holes, triangular rear spike pierced with three vertically arranged circles, a pair of straps, on a wooden haft 70.5 cm; 27¾ in head Provenance Max Williams, New York, sold, Anderson Galleries, New York, 7 March 1928, lot 70 JWHA Inv. No. 487 ‡ £400-600

‡ £400-600 100 AN ITALIAN HALBERD, EARLY 17TH CENTURY, PROBABLY VENETIAN with tapering central spike of diamond section formed with an openwork basal collar, forward-leaning curved axe-blade pierced with a series of shaped apertures, pierced triangular rear spike, the head decorated over its surface with chiselled scrolls (pitted), and a pair of straps, on a wooden haft 77 cm; 30¼ in head Provenance Clarence H. Mackay, Long Island, New York, sold Gimbel Brothers, New York, 31 October 1941, no. J-69 JWHA Inv. No. 2664 ‡ £400-600

44

102 A HALBERD, MID-16TH CENTURY, GERMAN OR ITALIAN with robust central spike of diamond section, forward leaning slightly curved axe-blade, pierced with a pair of circular holes and with a vestigial spike top and bottom, curved rear spike with reinforced tip (slightly bent), a pair of straps, on a wooden haft with an early silk tassel 56.5 cm; 22¼ in head Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 2928 ‡ £500-700


103

104

105

103 AN ITALIAN HALBERD, LATE 16TH CENTURY with central spike of diamond section, forward-leaning curved axe blade with reinforced upper tip, a pair of sharp spikes, rear spike pierced with four circular holes and with reinforced tip, and a pair of long straps, on a wooden haft 44 cm; 17⅜ in head

105 A HALBERD, LATE 16TH CENTURY, GERMAN OR ITALIAN with central spike, curved axe-blade formed with a rounded lug at the rear top and bottom, down-curved rear fluke, a pair of straps, on a wooden haft 57.5 cm; 22¾ in head

Provenance March Brown, Surrey, 14 April 1930

Provenance Worcester Art Museum, Massachusetts, 19 June 1947

JWHA Inv. No. 1274

JWHA Inv. No. 2546

‡ £350-450

‡ £300-500

104 A HALBERD, LATE 16TH CENTURY, GERMAN OR ITALIAN with long central spike of diamond section, curved axe-blade formed with a pierced rounded lug at the rear top and bottom, pierced triangular rear fluke, and a pair of straps, on a wooden haft 76 cm; 29⅞ in head Provenance Berghard Steiner, sold Walpole Galleries, New York, 26 January 1927, lot 145 JWHA Inv. No. 83 ‡ £300-500

45


106

107

106 A STYRIAN HALBERD, CIRCA 1600 with broad leaf-shaped central blade formed with a medial ridge, a pair of small basal lugs, curved small axe-blade pierced with a series of circles, rear spike pierced en suite, tapering faceted socket, fitted with a later pair of straps on a wooden haft 44.5 cm; 17½ in head Provenance Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 3 December 1931 JWHA Inv. No. 1704 ‡ £400-600 107 A STYRIAN HALBERD, CIRCA 1600 with broad leaf-shaped central blade formed with a medial ridge, pierced at the base with a pair of rondels, curved forward-leaning small axe-blade formed with a short lug at the rear top and bottom, stamped on the reverse with a mark (rubbed), triangular rear spike, tapering socket, and a pair of straps (cleaned), on a wooden haft 46.5 cm; 18¼ in head Provenance His Imperial Highness, Archduke Eugen, Veste Hohenwerfen, Austria, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 4 March 1927, lot 722 JWHA Inv. No. 171 ‡ £400-600

46

108 108 AN AUSTRIAN HALBERD, EARLY 16TH CENTURY with tapering medially ridged central blade, pierced at the base with twelve circular holes, formed with a curled basal lug curved pierced axe-blade, triangular rear spike pierced with a vertical arrangement of four circular holes, and a pair of straps, on a wooden haft 67.5 cm; 26½ in head Provenance Liberty & Co., London, 2 March 1928 JWHA Inv. No. 509 A similar halberd, described as upper Austrian, is preserved in the Vienna Arsenal. See Schallaburg 1977, cat. no. 546 ‡ £400-600


109

110

109 A STYRIAN HALBERD, CIRCA 1600 with broad medially ridged leaf-shaped central blade reinforced at the tip, hook-shaped axe blade, down-curved rear spike stamped with a mark and formed with an additional up-turned lug, tapering socket, a pair of straps, on a wooden haft 38.2 cm; 15 in head

111

112

111 A STYRIAN HALBERD, LATE 16TH CENTURY with long central spike of diamond-section, forward curved axe-blade pierced with three groups of circles, rear spike struck with a flowerhead mark (differing to the preceding lot), a pair of straps, on a wooden haft, perhaps the original, reinforced with a pair of straps (repaired) 65 cm; 25⅝ in head

Provenance The armoury of His Imperial Highness, Archduke Eugen, Veste Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 2 March 1927, lot 342

Provenance Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, purchased from his estate, 28 September 1929

JWHA Inv. No. 149

JWHA Inv. No. 861

The mark is probably that of Pankraz Thaller of Hall. Other halberds of this distinctive form are preserved in the Landeszeughaus, Graz (St. 2696, 2697). See P. Krenn 1997, p. 53.

‡ £300-400

‡ £350-450 110 A STYRIAN HALBERD, LAST QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY with robust central spike of diamond section, small V-shaped axe blade pierced with three slipped circles, pierced rear fluke formed with an additional lug at the top and struck with a flowerhead mark, a pair of straps, on a wooden haft 67.2 cm; 67½ in head Provenance Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, purchased from his estate, 28 September 1929, no. 147 JWHA Inv. No. 966 ‡ £400-600

112 A STYRIAN HALBERD, LATE 16TH CENTURY with long central spike of diamond section, forward curved axe-blade pierced with three groups of circular holes, rear spike pierced with a vertical arrangement of three circular holes and struck with the mark of Pankraz Taller of Hall, a pair of straps, on a wooden haft, perhaps the original, reinforced with a pair of straps 83.5 cm; 32⅞ in head Provenance Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, purchased from his estate, 28 September 1929 JWHA Inv. No. 862 See P. Krenn 1997, pp. 50-1. ‡ £400-600

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113

114

113 AN UNUSUAL GERMAN PARADE HALBERD, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY with long slender central spike of diamond section, swelling at the base and pierced with two near rectangular panels, curved axe-blade pierced with a series of circular holes and slipped circles, fitted with an additional bifurcated spike top and bottom, rear spike en suite, a pair of straps, on a wooden haft 71.5 cm; 28¼ in head Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 965 For a similar halberd, formerly in the Klingbeil Collection, Berlin, see N. McCullough and P. Missillier 2011, p. 20. ‡ £300-400 114 A NORTH EUROPEAN HALBERD, EARLY 18TH CENTURY PROBABLY GERMAN of military type, with tapering leaf-shaped blade formed with a medial ridge, small C-shaped axe blade formed with a pair of rear lugs, rear spike en suite, tapering socket, on a wooden haft 41 cm; 16⅛ in head Provenance Liberty & Co., London, 2 March 1928 JWHA Inv. No. 512 ‡ £300-500

48

115 115 A HALBERD IN GERMAN OR SWISS 15TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY with central blade of flattened-diamond section, tall curved axeblade stamped with a series of pseudo gothic marks, pierced with a slipped quatrefoil and seven circles, robust rear spike, a pair of long straps, in aged condition, on a wooden haft 38.1 cm; 15 in head Provenance Macomber, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries, New York, 10-12 December 1936, lot 455 JWHA Inv. No. 2433 Another example with the same marks is preserved in the Deutsches Historisches Museum, Berlin. See H. Müller and H. Kölling 1990, p. 186 no. 88. ‡ £300-400


116 116 A RARE BAVARIAN SABRE HALBERD, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY with very long slightly curved central sabre-blade formed with a hatchet-point and a long fuller on each face, curved axeblade, tapering socket with bevelled edges, a pair of long straps, on its wooden haft, perhaps the original, fitted with an additional pair of straps and applied with brass inventory tag ‘A.1638’ 111.2 cm; 43¾ in head Provenance York Galleries, New York, 27 September 1927

117 117 A RUSSIAN BERDICHE, 17TH CENTURY with large crescentic axe-blade of characteristic form, the lower portion secured to the haft by a strap and the middle extending at the rear to a short socket, on a wooden haft 80 cm; 31½ in head Provenance Edward Hubbard Litchfield, sold Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 5 December 1951, lot 158 JWHA Inv. No. 2960 ‡ £400-600

JWHA Inv. No. 362 A large number of halberds of this form, formerly in the Bavarian arsenal, are now preserved in the Bavarian Army Museum, Ingoldstadt. Other examples were sold in these rooms 10 December 2008 lot 185 and 4 December 2013, lot 162. See H. Seitz 1968, p. 216, ill. 221. ‡ £800-1000

49


119

118

118 TWO-SIDE AXES, 18TH/19TH CENTURY each with near rectangular head, flattened rear face, rectangular socket, on a wooden haft; and the first engraved with linear designs and stars the first: 26 cm; 10¼ in head Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 3077 ‡ £80-120

119 A BEARDED AXE, 14TH CENTURY AND ANOTHER AXE, 15TH CENTURY in excavated condition, with characteristic head of wedgeshaped section, flattened at the top, and socket of near rectangular section with flattened back-edge; the second of wedge-shaped section, pierced with a heart-shaped aperture, and open socket (chipped), with a flat back-edge the first: 17.5 cm; 6⅞ in (2) Provenance The first: Dr. Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, sold ParkeBernet Galleries Inc., New York, 26 October 1950, part of lot 76 The second: Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, purchased from his estate, 28 September 1929 JWHA Inv. Nos. 2872 and 950 ‡ £150-250

50


120 120 AN ITALIAN PARTISAN, LATE 16TH/EARLY 17TH CENTURY WITH LATER DECORATION with tapering blade formed with a medial ridge, a pair of basal lugs, finely chiselled and gilt over the greater part of its surface with scrolling leafy tendrils and flowers inhabited by exotic birds, a vase of flowers at the base, and a coat-of-arms involving three leopards and a fleur-de-lys, and faceted socket chiselled and gilt en suite, on a wooden haft 67 cm; 26⅜ in head Provenance Giulia P. Morosini, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries Inc., New York, 10-15 October 1932, part of lot 470 JWHA Inv. No. 1778 ‡ £700-900 121 AN ITALIAN CORSECA, FIRST HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY with tapering central blade formed with a pronounced medial ridge and stamped with a mark on each side at the base (repaired), a pair of basal lugs formed en suite, the latter with strongly scalloped lower edges, tapering faceted socket, on a wooden haft with silk tassel 66 cm; 26 in head

121

122 Provenance Berghard Steiner, sold Walpole Galleries, New York, 26 January 1927, lot 122 JWHA Inv. No. 79 Exhibited Worcester Art Museum, Massachusetts, 1928-1930 ‡ £500-700 122 AN ITALIAN PARTISAN, LATE 16TH CENTURY with tapering blade formed with a medial ridge, two pairs of basal lugs (one chipped, tip bent), the lower pair strongly down-curved, tapering hexagonal socket, on a wooden haft 91 cm; 36¾ in head Provenance Edward Hubbard Litchfield, sold Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 5 December 1951 JWHA Inv. No. 2968 Exhibited Charleston Art Gallery of Sunrise, West Virginia, January - May 1975 ‡ £600-800

51


123 123 A RARE GERMAN PEASANT STAFF WEAPON, 16TH/17TH CENTURY with curved sickle-blade decorated on one face with rudimentary punched ornament, short tapering socket, on a wooden haft 39 cm; 15⅜ in head Provenance Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, purchased from his estate, 28 September 1929, no. 75 JWHA Inv. No. 964 Two related examples are preserved in the Deutsches Historiches Museum, Berlin. See H. Müller and H. Kölling 1990, p. 262, nos. 266 and 268. ‡ £250-350 124 A RARE GERMAN PEASANT STAFF WEAPON, 17TH CENTURY with curved scythe-blade formed with a reinforced back-edge and stamped with the initials ‘MTO’ within a pearled circle on one side at the base, short tang, on a wooden haft retained by iron rings 85 cm; 32½ in head

52

124

125

Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 1054 A related example, possibly of Augsburg make, is preserved in the Deutsches Historisches Museum, Berlin. See H. Müller and H. Kölling 1990, p. 262, nos. 269. ‡ £150-250 125 A RARE GERMAN PEASANT STAFF WEAPON, 17TH CENTURY with curved scythe-blade formed with a reinforced back-edge and stamped with a mark at the base on one side, short tang, on a wooden haft fitted with a robust iron ring 83 cm; 32⅝ in head Provenance Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 5 June 1930 JWHA Inv. No. 1094 See footnote to previous lot. ‡ £120-180


126

127

126 A GERMAN SPIKED CLUB (MORGENSTERN), PERHAPS 18TH CENTURY with barrel-shaped head fitted with a blade like central spike and a series of further stout spikes around its circumference (two missing), and integral wooden haft 35.5 cm; 14 in head Provenance Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, purchased from his estate, 28 September 1929, no. 15 JWHA Inv. No. 962 ‡ £150-250 127 A SWISS LUCERNE HAMMER, POSSIBLY 17TH CENTURY with tapering central spike of diamond section, acutely angled four-pronged head with moulded neck, long slender rear spike, a pair of spikes joined by a transverse bolt, a pair of straps, on a wooden haft 48 cm; 18⅞ in head Provenance Henry Furmage, London, 21 April 1931 JWHA Inv. No. 1468 ‡ £500-700

128 128 A GERMAN ETCHED MILITARY SPEAR, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY AND THREE FURTHER MILITARY SPEARS, LATE 16TH/EARLY 17TH CENTURY the first with leaf-shaped head of flattened-diamond section, etched with scrolling tendrils on a stippled ground, tapering socket and a pair of long straps, on a wooden haft (shortened); the second with sharply tapering head drawn-out to a pronounced point, tapering socket, a pair of long straps, on a wooden haft; the third similar, on an early long haft; the fourth with pointed head of flattened-diamond section, moulded neck, tapering socket, a pair of long straps, on a wooden haft the first:17 cm; 6¾ in head (4) Provenance The first: Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, purchased from his estate, 28 September 1929, no. 183 The second: Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York sold, Parke-Bernet Galleries, 26 October 1950 The third and fourth: The armoury of His Imperial Highness, Archduke Eugen, Veste Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 2 March 1927, part of lots 684 and 40 JWHA Inv. Nos. 972, 2882, 281, 284 ‡ £400-600

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129 FOUR JOUSTING LANCES, 19TH CENTURY INCORPORATING EARLIER HEADS the first fitted with pike-head of diamond section, and long tapering partially fluted shaft, recessed for the grip and of near tubular form at the rear; the second with pierced leaf-shaped head, faceted wooden haft, recessed for the grip and tapering at the rear; the third with medially ridged leaf-shaped head probably from a late 16th century military spear, and tapering blackened wooden shaft recessed for the grip; and the fourth with small leaf-shaped head formed with a pair of straps, and short fluted wooden haft of carousel type, recessed for the grip; together with a guidon (now detached), 17th Century, probably German, embroidered with silk and gold thread, the centre with the crowned initials ‘EB’ between a pair of crossed fronds, the remaining area decorated with scrolling flowers and foliage, and the fringe of metal thread (extensively worn, losses) the first: 382.2 cm; 150½ in overall (4) Provenance The first: Jacques Seligmann & Co., New York, 9 November 1940 The second: Stadrath Richard Zschille, Grossenhain, sold Christies, London, 1897, lot 647 William Randolph Hearst, sold Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 4 December 1952, lot no. 146. The third: Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, purchased from his estate, 28 September 1929 The fourth: Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, sold ParkeBernett Galleries, New York, 26 October 1950 JWHA Inv. Nos. 2604, 3019, 901 and 2882 ‡ £1000-1200

129

54


130

131

132

130 A U.S. CONFEDERATE ‘BRIDLE-CUTTER’ PIKE, CIRCA 1861-3 with tapering central blade incorporating a hook at the base, each of flattened-diamond section, recessed neck, and tapering socket open on each side, on a wooden haft 67.5 cm; 26⅝ in head

132 A ‘LANGUE DE BOEUF’, 17TH/18TH CENTURY with broad rectangular blade of flattened-diamond section, drawn-out to a pronounced point, tapering socket, a pair of straps, and wooden haft, perhaps the original, fitted with iron shoe 70.5 cm; 27¾ in head

Provenance F. Schnittjer & Son, New York, 5 December 1934

Provenance George L. Maxwell, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 28 November 1928, lot 40, $12.50

JWHA Inv. No. 2220 ‡ £300-500

JWHA Inv. No. 627 ‡ £300-500

131 A U.S. CONFEDERATE ‘BRIDLE-CUTTER’ PIKE, CIRCA 1861-3 with tapering central blade of flattened-diamond section, the base incorporating a hook, brass ferrule, and wooden haft almost entirely enclosed in iron ribband 32 cm; 12⅝ in head Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 2805 ‡ £300-500

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European Armour 133 A COMPOSITE EUROPEAN CAP-A-PIE FIELD ARMOUR IN THE SO-CALLED ‘GOTHIC’ FASHION, CIRCA 1490-1510 comprising modern sallet with rounded skull, short separate ‘tail’-plate, pivoted visor with a pair of flanged vision-slits, secured to the skull at the right by a spring-catch, Spanish bevor formed of a main plate shaped to the chin and flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a V-shaped gorget-plate (the latter associated and both elements showing patched repairs), the main plate fitted with a modern lining and mailcovered neck-strap, German breastplate formed of a rounded main plate with angular outward turns at it neck and armopenings, and an associated plackart rising to a decoratively-shaped cusp at its centre, overlapping the lower edge of the main plate to which it is attached by a single screw and flanged outwards its lower edge to receive an associated fauld of four lames (the first and last restored), and supporting on a pair of straps and buckles at each side a medially-ridged Flemish or Spanish tasset of five lames (the lowest four of the right and the second to fourth of the left restored ), a Spanish or Flemish backplate formed of a main plate and a pair of side-plates (each with patched repairs) rigidly riveted to one another and fitted at their lower edge with an associated waist-lame flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive an associated and much restored culet of four lames, the lowest of which descends to a slight central cusp, pair of German spaudlers each of seven lames (the lowest two in each case associated), the top one of the right struck with the mark of the Innsbruck armourer Hans Maystetter, both struck with a pair of dots, and the lowest connected by a turner to a fully articulated Italian vambrace of tubular form with a couter of three lames, the central one formed with a medially-puckered oval side-wing, pair of modern radially fluted besagues, pair of German gauntlets (the right entirely restored except for the main plate of its thumb-defence, and the left patched at several points) each formed of a short straight-ended cuff open at the inside of the wrist, five metacarpal-plates, a shaped knuckle-plate, a finger-plate, modern finger-defences of mail and a hinged thumb-defence (the left restored), modern left cuisse formed of a guttershaped main plate fitted within its concave upper edge with two extension-lames, at its outer edge with a hinged sideplate and at its lower edge with a poleyn of five lames, the third of which is formed with a pronounced medial ridge and a medially-puckered oval side-wing (right cuisse and poleyn missing), pair of modern tubular greaves extending downwards over the ankles, and pair of modern sabatons, each formed of a front and rear section connected by a hinge at the outside and fastened by a swivel-hook and stud beneath the cut-outs for the ankles, and the front section of nine lames projecting forward to a long pointed toe-cap (the whole lightly pitted overall) See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands

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Provenance The Royal Armoury, Lisbon Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York No. 46, 5 September 1929 Clarence H. Mackay, Long Island, New York Jaques Seligmann & Co., New York, 9 November 1940 JWHA Inv. No. 2606 Literature Stephen V. Grancsay, Catalogue of Armor: The John Woodman Higgins Armory, Worcester, Massachusetts, 1961, p. 35, illustrated Exhibited Monmouth Museum, New Jersey, 27 February - 6 May 1978 Worcester Art Museum, Massachusetts, April 1940 - February 1941. Mrs. Mary Lou Wilding-White, 10 February 1966 - May 1972. Witte Museum, San Antonio, Texas, 1982-3, The mark on the right spaudler is that of the Innsbruck armourer Hans Maystetter, active 1510-33 (Thomas and Gamber 1954, pp. 72-3). The bevor and backplate have a character typical of pieces deriving from the armoury of the Knights of St John at Rhodes which fell to the forces of Suleiman the Magnificent in 1522 (Karcheski & Richardson 2000, pp. 32, 37, 45, 48, 66-9). ‡ £12000-18000


133

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COURTESY OF JWHA


COURTESY OF JWHA

134 A COMPOSITE GERMAN CAP-A-PIE FIELD ARMOUR IN THE SO-CALLED ‘MAXIMILIAN’ FASHION, CIRCA 1520-30 comprising close helmet with rounded one-piece skull (repaired with brazing at the right of neck) rising to a low boldly roped medial comb, restored visor and bevor attached by common pivots fitted beneath their heads with rosette washers, the visor formed as a grotesque Turk’s mask, and a single restored gorget-plate front and rear, collar of three lames front and rear (the top two in each case restored and

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the lowest modified from that of a later ‘Almain’ collar), breastplate formed of a rounded main plate fitted at each of its arm-openings with a moveable gusset, at the right of the chest with a detachable folding lance-rest (restored), and within its lower edge with a waist-lame (restored) flanged outwards to receive an associated and partly composite fauld of four lames fitted at the centre of its lower edge with a prominent one-piece codpiece, and to either side of it with an integral tasset of four lames (the lowest three in each case restored), backplate formed of a central main plate and a pair


of side-plates rigidly riveted to one another (the main and left plates each with a small patched repair), and a restored waist-lame and culet of three lames, pair of pauldrons (largely restored but incorporating genuine plates), each formed of seven lames of which the lowest three extend inwards only to the armpit and of which the front of the third is fitted in the case of the right with an upstanding modern haute-piece mounted on a stud and turning-pins, and in the case of the left with a modern reinforcing-plate extending upwards as an integral haute-piece and attached by a screw, pair of three-piece tubular vambraces, each fitted at its upper end with a turner of one lame, at its elbow with a large one-piece bracelet couter (replacing an articulated one) and a series of lames at the inside of the bend, pair of modern gauntlets each formed of a short, flaring, straight-ended tubular cuff, five metacarpal-lames, a knuckle-plate decorated with a boldly roped transverse rib, five finger-lames and the main plate of a laterally hinged finger-defence, pair of cuisses each formed of a long gutter-shaped main plate fitted at its lower end with a winged poleyn of four lames, and a pair of greaves each of full-length tubular form and terminating in a broad-toed sabaton of nine lames, the main edges of the armour formed for the most part with inward turns, mostly roped and accompanied by recessed borders, and its surfaces, except on the greaves, decorated with bands and panels of flutes emphasised by pairs of incised lines (the flutes of some elements later added) See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands Provenance Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, sold Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 26 October 1950, lot 97 JWHA Inv. No. 2877 (main armour), JWHA Inv. No. 404 (backplate and gauntlets) and JWHA Inv. No. 3018 (greaves and sabatons) Literature Stephen V. Grancsay, Catalogue of Armor: The John Woodman Higgins Armory, Worcester 1961, p. 39 (the backplate pp. 50-1) Exhibited Clark Art Institute, Williamstown, Massachusetts, 17 October - 30 November 1980 ‘Medieval and Renaissance Splendor’, Ringling Museum, Sarasota, Florida, 9 February - 1 May 1984

134

‡ £20000-30000

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COURTESY OF JWHA

135 A COMPOSITE SOUTH GERMAN CAP-A-PIE FIELD ARMOUR, PARTLY NUREMBERG, CIRCA 1540 comprising modern close helmet with rounded one piece skull rising to a low medial ridge, and bellows visor and bevor attached to it by common pivots with radially incised heads, the visor stepped beneath its centrally-divided vision-slit and pierced with twelve horizontal ventilation-slots arranged in three rows, both the visor and the bevor secured at the right by spring-catches, and the lower edge of the helmet formed with an internally-hollowed rim to lock over the upper edge of the collar, the latter formed of four lames front and rear (composite and reworked at it upper edge and elsewhere), heavy breastptate of rounded form, boxed medially and at each side, fitted at each armpit with moveable gussets, at the right of the chest with a detachable folding lance-rest (restored) and within its lower edge with a waist-lame flanged outwards to receive a fauld of three lames and pendent tassets each of four lames (associated and slightly reworked), square-topped backplate fitted at its lower edge with a waistlame flanged outwards to receive a culet of two lames (composite and reworked), pair of slightly asymmetrical pauldrons, the front of the right cut away more markedly at the armpit than the left, each formed of seven lames of which the third bears on its front an upstanding haute-piece, that of the left taller than the right (both restored), modern right besague of circular form rising at its centre to a conical boss, pair of fully articulated tubular vambraces each fitted at its upper end with a turner of three lames, articulated on sliding-rivets, and at its elbow with a winged bracelet couter of three lames, pair of gauntlets each formed of a short, flared and straight-ended

62

cuff with a separate hinged inner plate, five metacarpal-plates, a knuckle-plate decorated with a roped transverse rib, five finger-lames (those of the left restored) and a hinged thumbdefence (the right lacking its distal three scales), the cuffs of the left and right gauntlets respectively marked with two and three dots and both bearing the quality-control mark of the city of Nuremberg (that of the right spurious and etched), pair of cuisses (partly restored using old plates), each formed of a short gutter-shaped main plate fitted at its upper end with two tall detachable extension-plates, and at its lower end with a winged poleyn of four lames, and a pair of modern full-length tubular greaves each cut with a slit to accommodate a spur at the heel, and fitted at the front with a square-toed sabaton of eight lames, the main edges of the armour formed with boldlyroped inward turns, for the most part accompanied by recessed borders, some of which are divided into two by a raised rib (the surface of the armour artificially pitted overall to better match the disparate elements and their restorations) See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands Provenance Dr Wilhelm Treubner, Karlsruhe Duveen Borthers, New York, 18 January 1928, no.IV JWHA Inv. No. 426 Exhibited Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, Massachusetts, 1928 1930 WGHB TV, Boston, Massachusetts, 10 - 12 January 1968 ‥ £15000-20000


135

63


COURTESY OF JWHA

136 A COMPOSITE NORTH ITALIAN CAP-A-PIE FIELD ARMOUR WITH ETCHED DECORATION, PROBABLY MILANESE, CIRCA 1570-80 comprising composite close helmet with one-piece skull rising to a high roped medial comb and fitted at the nape with a later plume-holder of brass, upper bevor and lower bevor attached to the skull at each side by common pivots (replaced), the visor with a stepped, centrally divided vision-slit fitted at its right with a lifting-peg (replaced), the upper bevor with a nearvertical profile, pierced at its right side with five ventilation-holes in dice-formation, the lower bevor secured to it at the right by a swivel-hook and pierced stud (restored), and two gorget-plates front and rear, collar of two lames front and rear (the lowest in each case originally decorated with recessed bands), breastplate formed of a main plate of deep ‘peascod’ fashion, fitted at its arm-openings with moveable gussets (the right patched) and flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a restored fauld of one lame and a pair of pendent tassets of trapezoidal form, each of thirteen lames (extensively patched at their articulating points), one-piece backplate flanged outwards at its lower edge, large asymmetrical pauldrons each of six lames of which the lowest three extend inwards only to the armpit, and of which the third is fitted at its the front in the case of the right with an upstanding modern haute-piece mounted on a mushroomheaded studs and turning-pins, and in the case of the left with a large modern reinforcing-plate extending upwards as an integral haute-piece and attached by a screw, pair of fully articulated tubular vambraces, each fitted at its upper end with a turner of one lame (the left associated) and at its elbow with a bracelet couter of three lames, pair of modern gauntlets,

64

each formed of a flared and obtusely pointed tubular cuff, five metacarpal-plates, a shaped knuckle-plate decorated with a roped transverse rib, scaled finger and thumb-defences (those of the left incomplete), pair of modern cuisses each formed of a short gutter-shaped main plate rising to a convex upper edge and fitted at its lower edge with a poleyn of five lames formed at the outside of the third with a small medially-puckered oval side-wing, and a pair of modern greaves each of full-length tubular form fitted at its lower end with a round-toed sabaton of eight lames, the main edges of the armour formed with roped inward turns and its surface etched in bands and borders on a stippled and blackened ground with trophies, winged cherub’s heads, masks and fabulous beasts, enclosed by narrower band of cabling or, in the case of the pauldrons and vambraces, by engrailing repeated at their subsidiary edges, except on the gauntlets which are etched in their main bands with strapwork interlace (the etching modern throughout except on the breastplate and pauldrons) See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands Provenance Duke of Osuna, Beauraing, Belgium Victor Bachereau, Paris Edmund C. Converse, sold American Art Association, New York, 26th November 1927, lot 291, $2,100 JWHA Inv. No. 403 Literature Stephen V. Grancsay, Catalogue of Armor: The John Woodman Higgins Armory, Worcester 1961, p. 88, illustrated ‡ £15000-20000


136

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COURTESY OF JWHA

137 A COMPOSITE NORTH ITALIAN CAP-A-PIE FIELD ARMOUR, CIRCA 1570-80 comprising close helmet with one-piece skull rising to a high boldly-roped medial comb pierced towards its rear with three later transverse holes, associated and reworked visor, upper bevor and lower bevor attached by common pivots (replaced), the visor with a stepped, centrally divided vision-slit fitted at its right with a lifting-loop (replaced), the prow-shaped upper bevor pierced at its left and right sides respectively with seven

66

and nine circular ventilation holes in rosette formation, the lower bevor secured to the skull at the right of the neck by a swivel-hook and projecting ring (restored; a similar fastening for the upper bevor missing), and three associated gorgetplates front and rear, collar of three lames front and rear, the lowest deeper than the rest, breastplate formed of a main plate of deep ‘peascod’ fashion, fitted at its arm-openings with moveable gussets, at the right of the chest with an associated lance-rest having incised decoration and an elaborately shaped base-plate, and flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive


an associated fauld of one lame bearing a pair of pendent tassets each of four lames (restored using old plates), one-piece backplate boxed over the shoulder-blades and flanged outwards at its lower edge, large, slightly asymmetrical pauldrons (not a pair and slightly composite), each of seven lames of which the lowest four extend inwards only to the armpit, and of which the third is fitted at its front, in the case of the right, with an upstanding modern haute-piece mounted on mushroom-headed studs, and in the case of the left with a large modern reinforcing-plate extending upwards as an integral haute-piece and attached by a screw, pair of fully articulated tubular vambraces each fitted at its upper end with a turner of three lames (the top two of the left restored), and at its elbow with a bracelet couter of five lames, the left having screwed to its front a large modern reinforce, pair of modern gauntlets, each formed of a flared and obtusely pointed cuff with a separate inner plate, five metacarpal-plates (the first in each case pierced with a later hole for mounting purposes), a shaped knuckle-plate, scaled finger and thumbdefences, and leather lining-glove, pair of cuisses (the right restored) each formed of a long guttershaped main plate rising to a convex upper edge and fitted at its lower edge with a poleyn of five lames formed at the outside of the third with a small medially-puckered oval side-wing, and a pair of greaves each of full-length tubular form fitted at its lower end with a round-toed sabaton of nine lames, the main edges of the armour formed for the most part with roped inward turns, generally accompanied by roped ribs or recessed borders, and its subsidiary edges decorated at many points with pairs of incised lines See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands Provenance Duke of Osuna Purchased by Mrs John W, Higgins as a present for her husband from Liberty & Co, London, on 1 March 1929 JWHA Inv. No. 207 Exhibited Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, Massachusetts, 1928-30 Filene’s, Worcester, Massachusetts, as part of Worcester Polytechnic School exhibit March 1938 Lee W. Court Associate, Boston, Massachusetts, September 1956 ‘The Pen and the Sword: Martial Arts Manuals in Medieval and Renaissance Europe’, John W. Higgins Museum, Worcester, Massachusetts, 26 October 2006 - 27 May 2007 ‡ £14000-18000

137

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COURTESY OF JWHA

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fashion of the 16th century, and a pair of modern cuisses each of four lames, fitted at their lower ends with winged poleyns of four lames and etched with bands and borders of etching in the Italian fashion of the second half of the 16th century See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands Provenance Victor A. Bachereau, Paris, Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York Edmund C. Converse, sold American Art Association, New York, 26 November 1927, lot 294, $4,300 (with horse armour) JWHA Inv. No. 406

COURTESY OF JWHA

138 A COMPOSITE NORTH ITALIAN CORSLET WITH ETCHED DECORATION, PARTLY BY THE ‘MASTER OF THE CASTLE’ OF MILAN, LATE 16TH CENTURY comprising morion with rounded one-piece crown rising to a high roped medial comb (perforated near the front), and ‘swept’ integral brim rising to an acute point front and rear (the rear with a small welded repair, collar of two lames front and rear (the upper one in each case restored), breastplate formed of a main plate of deep ‘peascod’ fashion, fitted at its armopenings with moveable gussets (the right restored) and flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive an associated fauld of one lame and a pair of pendent tassets each of four lames (restored, the right damaged at its inner end), pair of large symmetrical pauldrons, each formed of six lames of which the lowest three extend inwards only to the armpit (both with patched repairs), two fully articulated tubular vambraces (not a pair), each fitted at its upper end with a turner of one lame (the left originally surmounted by at least one more), and at its elbow with a winged bracelet couter of three lames, and two gauntlets (not a pair) each formed of a flared and roundended tubular cuff, four metacarpal-plates, a shaped knuckle and finger-plate, the main plate of a laterally hinged thumbdefence (restored) and a detached scaled defence for the second finger of the right gauntlet, the main edges of the armour formed almost throughout with file-roped inward turns, and its surfaces, except on the fauld and top of the collar, decorated with etching on a stippled and blackened ground (in part worn), that of the morion consisting of strapwork interlace occupied by trophies of arms, birds, fabulous beasts and human figures in both classical and contemporary dress, and that of the remainder consisting of bands and borders of trophies of arms generally enclosed by narrow bands of cabling and enclosing in the interspaces and volutes of the fronts and rears of the pauldrons, busts and full-length figures of classical warriors, and involving at the neck-opening of the breastplate the device of a two-towered castle; together with a pair of modern scaled chin-straps, each etched on a stippled and blackened ground with running foliage in the German

Literature Stephen V. Grancsay, Catalogue of Armor: The John Woodman Higgins Armory, Worcester, 1961, p. 83, illustrated

The device of a castle etched at the neck-opening of the breastplate represents the signature of one of the most important Milanese armourers of the late 16th century, know to scholars today as the ‘Master of the Castle’. It is possible that he, like his contemporary, Pompeo della Chiesa, was privileged to work in the Castello Sforzesco, residence of the Dukes of Milan. Other extant works bearing his signature include the fine garniture made for Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau, Prince Bishjop of Salzburg, probably after 1587, and now divided between the Bayerisches Nationalmuseum, Munich, the Wallace Collection, London, and the Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg, as well as various armours preserved in the Museo Civico L. Marzoli, Brescia, the Real Armeria, Turin, the Real Armeria, Madrid, the Musée de l’Armée, Paris, and the Wallace Collection, London (C. R. Beard, The Barberini and Some Allied Armours, pp. 1924, 11-12; K. Maurice, ‘Armour for an Archbishop’, Apollo, Vol. CXII, pp. 474-5; Norman, 1986, pp. 29, 32-3 & 36-7; and D. J. LaRocca, ‘A Notable Group of Late Sixteenth-Century Etched Italian Armour’, Journal of the Arms and Armour Society, Vol. XVI, no. 4, March 2000, pp. 181-97). ‡ £8000-12000


138 detail

138

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COURTESY OF JWHA

139 A COMPOSITE GERMAN CUIRASSIER’S ARMOUR, IN PART PROBABLY BY MARTIN SCHNEIDER THE YOUNGER, NUREMBERG, CIRCA 1620 comprising Zischägge with a two-piece hemispherical skull joined along the crest of a low file-roped medial comb fitted at its rear with a modern plume-tube of brass, the skull projecting forward to a short, obtusely-pointed integral peak pierced at its centre with a rectangular slot to receive a sliding nasal-bar (restored) expanding at its lower end to a large rounded triangular finial and secured at the brow by a modern staple and screw, fitted at the nape with an associated neck-guard of three lames, the last of which is formed at its lower edge with a prominent central cusp, and at each side with a modern forward-sloping hinged cheek-piece of two lames, the upper one embossed with a flower-head, collar of two lames front and rear (the lower rear one restored), one-piece backplate of late ‘peascod’ fashion, struck internally, just below the neck, with the large letter ‘T’, and formed at it lower edge with a flange later fitted at each side with a projecting screw and wing-nut to attach a pair of composite cuisses each formed of a single boxed upper lame from which are suspended, by means of a pair of modern straps and buckles, a further eleven lames of which the last is fitted at its lower edge with a poleyn of four lames, one-piece breastplate struck at the neck with the quality-control mark of the city of Nuremberg and a maker’s mark consisting of a pair of scissors within a shield, and formed at it lower edge with a short flange, large asymmetrical pauldrons (not a pair), the left of seven lames and the right of six, two vambraces (not a pair) of fully articulated tubular form, each of late 16th century Italian make and fitted at its upper edge with a turner of one lame and at its elbow with a bracelet couter of three lames, and two gauntlets (not a pair) each formed of a flared and pointed cuff with a separate inner plate, several metacarpal-plates (four in

70

the case of the left and five in the case of the right), a knuckleplate decorated with a file-roped transverse rib, and a shaped finger-plate (composed and in part reworked from old plates), the main edges of the armour formed with inward turns, mostly roped and in many cases accompanied by lining-rivets retaining the remains of crimson velvet piccadils edged with gold bullion, and a few of the main edge, along with most of the subsidiary ones and three divergent bands of the breastplate and backplate respectively decorated with double or treble incised lines (in part later additions) gilt against a blued ground (some minor damage and patching throughout) Provenance Sumner Healey, New York, 6 June 1932 JWHA Inv. No. 1737 Exhibited ‘The Art of Collecting, J. W. Higgins Museum, Worcester, Massachusetts, October, 1984 Travelling exhibition visiting several locations in the south of the U.S.A. February 2004- September 2008 The mark of the scissors struck on the backplate is probably identifiable as that of the Nuremberg armourer Martin Schneider the Younger (his surname translates into English as ‘Tailor’ ). The same or similar mark can be found on other Nuremberg pieces such as a steel target in the Historisches Museum, Dresden (Ehrenthal 1898, p. 34), as well as another in the J. W. Higgins Armory Museum, Worcester, Massachusetts, JWHA Inv. No. 2647 (‘The Age of Armor’, 13 February 2003 - 31 August 2003). It is also to be found on an armour in the Musée d’Art et d’Histoire, Geneva, and a breastplate in the Hallwyll House Museum, Stockholm, Cat. No. E.2. ‡ £6000-8000


139

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piece breastplate of late ‘peascod’ fashion flanged outwards at its lower edge and fitted there with two pairs of modern hinges for the attachment of a pair of knee-length tassets each formed of eleven lames of which the last and longest is cut away slightly at the inside of the knee and fitted at its lower edge with a winged poleyn of three lames, one-piece backplate flanged outwards at its lower edge and fitted within it with a pair of modern projecting tabs, each bearing a pierced stud for the attachment of a deep flaring culet of four lames, the first traversely boxed and the last formed in two halves joined medially by rivets and deepening to its outer ends, a pair of modern besagues, each of circular form, rising at its centre to a conical boss, a pair of later sleeves of butted mail, probably Near or Middle-Eastern, and two long gauntlets, not a pair, each formed of a long, slightly flared tubular cuff closed at the inside by a separate plate and extending over the point of the elbow, five metacarpal-plates, a knuckle-plate decorated with a fileroped transverse rib, and a lining-glove of brocaded linen, that of the right retaining its distal two thumb-scales, the main edges of the armour formed with plain inward turns accompanied in part by recessed borders, and the subsidiary edges in most cases bevelled and polished bright to contrast with the overall black finish of the armour (refreshed with paint) Provenance Solothurn Arsenal, Switzerland (cuirass only) Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, sold by American Art Association, New York, 23-4 November 1928, lot 147 JWHA Inv. No. 609 Literature Stephen V. Grancsay, Catalogue of Armor: The John Woodman Higgins Armory, Worcester 1961, p. 101, illustrated ‡ £6000-8000

140 A COMPOSITE GERMAN CUIRASSIER’S ARMOUR, CIRCA 1620 comprising shot-proof close helmet of ‘Todenkopf’ form with rounded two-piece skull joined medially by rivets, its lower edge formed with a short integral rear gorget-plate, and peak, upper bevor and lower bevor attached to the former at either side by common pivots with low domed heads, the peak arched over the eyes and descending between them as a Vshaped projection, the near-vertical, medially-ridged upper bevor with slightly convex profile cut at its upper edge with a pair of U-shaped apertures for vision, a horizontal ventilationslot over the mouth, and fitted to the right of the latter with a slender lifting-peg (restored), and the lower bevor formed with an integral front gorget-plate (its right end patched), ‘Almain’ collar formed of a single lame front and rear, fitted at each side with an integral spaudler (associated) of seven lames, one-

72

COURTESY OF JWHA

140


141 A POLISH HUSSAR’S ARMOUR WITH APPLIED BRASS ORNAMENT, SECOND HALF OF THE 17TH CENTURY WITH ADDITIONS AND EMBELLISHMENT OF THE 18TH OR 19TH CENTURIES comprising two-piece hemispherical skull joined medially by rivets and decorated with four trios of incised lines radiating from a central finial with a washer of iron and brass, fitted at its rear with a later neck-guard of four lames, at each side with a later pendent scutiform cheek-piece pierced at its centre with a heart, and at its front with a flat obtuselypointed peak flanged downwards at its front edge and pierced at its centre rear with a rectangular slot to receive a broad sliding nasal-bar (restored) expanding at its lower end to a foliate finial and secured at the brow by a modern staple and screw, pair of later pauldrons each formed of seven lames of which the lowest five protect only the outside of the arm and extend downwards to just above the elbow, and breastplate and backplate of great weight with outwardflanged neck and arm-openings, each formed of a main plate covering the thorax and three upwardoverlapping waist-lames covering the abdomen, the breastplate medially-ridged, the backplate slightly hollowed between the shoulder-blades and the two elements merely butting against one another at the sides, the armour decorated throughout with scalloped brass borders ornamented with punched circles and involving at the right and left of the chest respectively an applied cross paté and a circular medallion cast and chased in low relief with a figure of the Virgin, and elsewhere with bosses and rosettes of the same material, the subsidiary edges of the pauldrons decorated with scalloping, and those of the cuirass with two rows of punched circles separated by punched diagonal lines Provenance William Ockelford Oldman, London, 4 January 1929, his no. 19, £25 JWHA Inv. No. 568

141

For discussions of this type of armour see A. Nadolski, ‘Ancient Polish Arms and Armour, Part II’, Journal of the Arms and Armour Society, Vol. IV, no. 9, March 1964, pp. 170-86; and Zdzislaw Zygulski Jr, ‘The Winged Hussars of Poland’, Arms and Armor Annual, Vol. I, Chicago, 1973, pp. 90-103. While incorporating original elements of the 17th century, all appear subsequently to have been added to and decorated, probably for ceremonial use in the 18th or 19th centuries. In the case of the present armour its helmet and cuirass are of the 17th century but its pauldrons, neck-guard, cheek-pieces and decoration are later.

COURTESY OF JWHA

‡ £6000-8000

73


COURTESY OF JWHA COURTESY OF JWHA

74

142 A GERMAN CAP-A-PIE FIELD ARMOUR BY LORENZ KILIAN, MUNICH, 1911-19, IN THE LATE 15TH CENTURY HIGH ‘GOTHIC’ STYLE OF LORENZ HELMSCHMIED OF AUGSBURG comprising sallet with broad low crown rising to a hollowed medial keel, projecting backwards over the neck as a long pointed ‘tail, and fitted at the front with a pivoted demi-visor cut at its upper edge with a broad shallow notch serving as its vision-slit, bevor formed of a main plate shaped to the chin and throat, and a face-plate articulated to its upper edge and supported at the right of the chin by a projecting spring-catch, and fitted at the lower edge of its main plate with a hasp serving to secure it to the top of the breastplate, medially ridged breastplate formed of a main plate protecting the thorax, and fitted at its right with a detachable folding lance-rest of brass, its lower edge overlapped by a doublearticulated, centrally-cusped plackart


protecting the abdomen and flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a fauld of three lames, the lowest of which supports a pair of pendent one-piece tassets, backplate formed of a main plate protecting the shoulders, cut at its upper edge with a deep V-shaped neck-opening and overlapping at it lower edge three waist-lames, the lowest of which is flanged outwards to receive deep culet of four lames, symmetrical pauldrons each of seven lames, cut away over the front of the armpit which is protected by a pendent besague of circular form and rising at its centre to prominent conical boss, pair of three-piece tubular vambraces each possessing a large shell-like bracelet couter strongly embossed over the point of the elbow, pair of gauntlets each formed of a long flared and pointed cuff with a short fixed inner plate, five metacarpal-plates, a strongly-shaped knuckle-plate of brass and a laterally-hinged thumb-defence ( the fingerdefences in each case lacking), pair of cuisses each formed of a gutter-shaped main plate fitted at its upper end with four extension plates, the first with a convex upper edge, and at its lower end with a winged poleyn of five lames, a pair of full-length tubular greaves, each fitted at its lower end with an integral sabaton of eight lames of which the foremost takes the form of a pointed toe-cap and is furnished with a turning-pin allowing an even longer and more acutely pointed toe-cap to be fitted over it, the main edges of the armour, except for those of its greaves and sabatons, decorated with applied brass borders formed at their outer edges with roping and at their inner ones sides with fleurs-de-lis separated by pierced hearts, and its subsidiary edges with elaborate cusping and fretting, and the surfaces of the armour decorated with bands and sprays of ripple-like flutes See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands Provenance Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 20 August 1939 JWHA Inv. No. 1002 Literature Stephen V. Grancsay, Catalogue of Armor: The John Woodman Higgins Armory, Worcester, Massachusetts, 1961, p. 123, illustrated Exhibited ‘The Art of Collecting, J. W. Higgins Armory Museum, Worcester, Massachusetts, October, 1984 The details of the armour are inspired by those in the Hofjagd- und Rüstkammer, Vienna, Inv. Nos A 60, A 62 & A 79, made respectively for the Archduke (later Emperor) Maximilian I and The Archduke Siegmund of Tirol, about 1480-5 (Thomas and Gamber 1976, pp. 99-100, 106-7 & 108-10, pls 34-5, 40& 42). ‡ £12000-18000

142

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143 A COMPOSITE CAP-A-PIE TOURNAMENT ARMOUR WITH LATER ETCHED AND GILT DECORATION, ITALIAN AND GERMAN, EARLY TO LATE 16TH CENTURY WITH 19TH CENTURY ADDITIONS comprising close helmet with rounded one-piece skull rising at its apex to a prominent point from which radiate, alternately, four panels of scales and four ridges, visor and decorative ‘wings’ attached to the skull at each side by common pivots with pierced and chased brass washers, the visor embossed in high relief as a grotesque mask, its eyebrows pierced with vision-slits, and the wings embossed in each case with radiating ribs separating pierced decoration, and a pair of cheek-pieces hinged to the skull at each side and fastened to one another at the chin by a turning-pin and keyhole-slot, the right cheek-piece fitted with a swivel-hook to secure the visor, and the skull and cheek-pieces each formed with internally hollowed rims designed to lock over and rotate on the turned upper edge of the collar, the latter formed of three lames front and rear, breastplate formed of a heavy rounded main plate with a shallow neck-opening, fixed gussets at the arm-openings, sturdy hasps at the shoulders and sides for the attachment of a backplate, a folding-lance-rest , several large holes, some with threaded inserts, for the attachment of an earlier lance-rest and tournament reinforces, its lower edge fitted with a shallow waist-lame to receive a fauld of three lames with applied turns at their outer edges, the centre of the lower edge of the third cut with a shallow arch separating a pair of long, tapering, pendent one-piece tassets decorated with slightly diverging flutes, backplate formed of a main plate with nearly straight upper edge, a pair of fixed sideplates (each patched), and a deep waist-lame flanged outwards at it lower edge to receive a culet of one lame, two large near-symmetrical pauldrons each formed of seven lames of which the lowest four extend inwards only to the armpit, two fully articulated tubular vambraces each surmounted by a turner and furnished with a winged bracelet couter of three lames, the central one in each case of bracelet construction and originally forming part of a three-piece vambrace, the front of the left one fitted with a turning-pin to attach a pasguard shaped to the elbow and the underlying wing of the couter, two gauntlets (the right holed and repaired at several points) each formed of a long flared and pointed cuff with a short hinged inner plate, six metacarpal-plates, a shaped knuckle-plate and the main plate of a laterally-hinged thumb-defence, pair of cuisses each formed of a long guttershaped main plate fitted at its convex upper end with a short extension lame and at its lower end with a winged poleyn of four lames (the main plate in each case patched at the point of the knee), and a pair of greaves each of full-length tubular form cut at the rear with a slit to receive a spur and fitted at the front with an integral broad-toed sabaton of nine lames, each decorated on its upper surface with a spray of flutes of shallow V-shaped section, the main edges of the armour decorated with roped inward turns except at the neck-opening and gussets of the breastplate which have plain angular outward turns, the borders of the armour etched and gilt on a stippled and blackened ground with running foliage, and the remainder of the surface etched and gilt overall on a similar ground with a diaper pattern of lozenges enclosing fleurs-de-lys, except on the mask of the visor which is gilt but devoid of etching (the helmet, waist-lame of the breastplate, tassets, culet, lower cannons of the vambraces and legharness restored) See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands Provenance The Prussian Royal Collections (probably those formed by Prince Carl of Prussia) Duque del Infantado, Vineulas Castle, Madrid, Spain, 1924 - May 1931 JWHA Inv. No. 1646 Literature Hans Schedelmann, ‘Der Waffensammler’, Waffen- und Kostümkunde, 3rd series, vol. 6, 1964, p. 55, fig. 15. The breastplate represents a rare early 16th century Italian form for use in the jousts. The helmet is closely comparable with examples in the Royal Armouries Museum, Leeds, Inv. No. IV. 33, (Dufty & Reid 1968, pl. XCII), and the Musée de l’Armée, Paris, inv. no. H.123 (Reverseau 1982, pp. 14 & 77, fig. 1 & 20)

143

76

‡ £15000-20000


144 A GERMAN CAP A PIE FIELD ARMOUR FOR A CHILD IN THE SOUTH GERMAN 16TH CENTURY STYLE, POSSIBLY MUNICH, 19TH CENTURY comprising close helmet with rounded one-piece skull rising to a low roped medial comb and fitted at the nape with a brass plume-holder, visor, upper bevor and lower bevor attached to the skull by common cinquefoil pivots, the visor sloping forward to a stepped and centrally divided vision-slit and fitted at its right with a lifting-peg, the near-upright upper bevor pierced at its left with small circular ventilation-holes and at its right with diagonal ventilation-slots, the upper and lower bevor’s each secured by spring-catches, and two gorget plates front and rear, collar of four lames front and rear, the lowest in each case deeper than the rest, breastplate formed of main plate of deep ‘peascod’ fashion fitted at its arm-openings with moveable gussets and flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a fauld of three lames and an integral pair of tassets each of five lames the lowest of which is deeper than the rest and descends to a convex edge, backplate formed of a main plate with nearly straight upper edge struck with the quality-control mark of the city of Nuremberg and fitted at its lower edge with a waist-lame flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a culet of three lames, pair of large symmetrical pauldrons each formed of seven lames of which the lowest four extend inwards only as far as the armpit and are connected in each case by a turner to a fully articulated tubular vambrace with a winged bracelet couter of three lames, pair of gauntlets each formed of a short, flaring, straight-ended cuff fitted at its inside with a fixed separate plate, four metacarpal-plates, a knuckle-plate decorated with a roped transverse rib, four scaled finger-defences and a matching laterallyhinged thumb-defence, pair of cuisses each formed of a long gutter-shaped main plate fitted at its convex upper edge with a short extension-lame and at its lower edge with a winged poleyn of four lames, and a pair of greaves each of fulllength tubular form fitted at the rear with a separate heel-plate and at the front with an integral broad-toed sabaton of nine lames, the main edges of the armour decorated with boldly roped inward turns accompanied by recessed borders, the ‘strands’ of the roping separated by pairs of incised lines, its secondary edges decorated with scallops each punched with a single dot and enclose to the inside by single incised line, and the waist of the breastplate and backplate each decorated with incised cabling 124.5 cm; 49 in high See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands Provenance William Randolph Hearst, St Donat’s Castle, Glamorganshire, Wales Black, Starr and Gorham Inc., New York, 9 December 1959 JWHA Inv. No. 3159 Exhibited Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts, 18 March - 16 September 1963 ‘Road Warriors: Knight Riders’, Norton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach, Florida, 24 June - 4 September 2000 The present lot forms part of a group of complete armours and close helmets, often of a size intended for wear by a boy, made in Munich in the late 19th century (see for example Thomas Del Mar Ltd, 20 March 2013, lot 305). The armour offered here was was refurbished for William Randolph Hearst by his armourer Raymond Bartel whose mark, a helm over the initials RB is applied to a brass plate fitted within the right pauldron

COURTESY OF JWHA

‡ £10000-15000

144

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146

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145

145 A NORTH ITALIAN CLOSE HELMET OF SO-CALLED ‘SAVOYARD’ TYPE, EARLY 17TH CENTURY with rounded one-piece skull rising to a file-roped medial ridge enclosed to either side by an incised line, each side of the face-opening formed over the ear with a low semi-circular boss pierced with five circular auditory holes, peak and bevor attached to the skull by common pivots fitted beneath their round heads with large rosette-washers, the rounded peak fitted within its brow with a later U-shaped face-defence pierced with almond-shaped eye-openings, and embossed in low relief with a nose and moustachioed upper lip, the bevor secured to the skull at the right of the neck by a swivel-hook and stud, and a single short rounded gorget-plate front and rear, the main edges of the helmet formed with file-roped inward turns accompanied in the case of the gorget-plates by single incised lines, repeated at the subsidiary edges 31 cm; 12 in high

146 A NORTH EUROPEAN CUIRASSIER’S CLOSE HELMET, PROBABLY DUTCH OR ENGLISH, EARLY 17TH CENTURY with two-piece skull joined along the crest of moderately high medial comb, pierced at several points with transverse holes perhaps for lacing up a plume, visor, upper bevor and lower bevor attached to the skull by common domed pivots, the restored visor sloping forward to a stepped, centrally-divided vision-slit, and the restored upper bevor of blunt prow-shaped form pierced at each side with nine circular ventilation-holes in rosette-formation, and a single deep gorget-plate front and rear (the former patched at its left end and the latter pierced at its centre with a later sub-rectangular hole, probably for mountingpurposes), their lower edges formed with plain inward turns accompanied by recessed borders, and the subsidiary edges of the helmet decorated with single incised lines 40 cm; 15¾ in high

Provenance Hurcomb Sale, London, 28 October 1928 Cyril Andrade Ltd, London, 16 May 1930, no. 431

Provenance The armoury of the Earls of Pembroke, Wilton House, Wiltshire, sold Sotheby’s, London, 23 June 1921 and 14 June 1923 Henry Furmage, London, 7 August 1930

JWHA Inv. No. 1142 ‡ £2000-3000

JWHA Inv. No. 1230 ‡ £2000-2500

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147

147 A COMPOSITE NORTH EUROPEAN CUIRASSIER’S CLOSE HELMET, POSSIBLY ENGLISH, EARLY 17TH CENTURY, LATER ADAPTED TO FUNERARY USE with two-piece skull joined along the crest of a moderately high medial comb, visor, upper bevor and lower bevor attached to it by common domed pivots (replaced), the visor sloping forward to a stepped pair of vision-slits, each of the latter with a partial turn at its upper edge accompanied by a recessed border and incised line, the blunt, slightly concave prowshaped upper bevor pierced at each side with nine circular ventilation-holes in rosette-formation, and the bevor fitted at each side with separate pivoting-arm attached by rivets and formed in two halves joined medially by rivets, and deep gorget-plate front and rear, the front one, originally forming part of a pikeman’s collar, descending to an acute point marked with the initial N, and the rear one decorated at its centre with fifteen round-headed rivets in rosette formation, both formed at their lower edges with plain inward turns accompanied by a single incised line, the skull decorated at each side with three pairs of incised lines radiating from the pivots and the subsidiary edges of the visor and upper bevor decorated with single incised lines (extensively pitted overall and showing some rust-perforations) 42 cm; 16½ in high

Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 3168 For close helmets preserved or formerly preserved in English churches with similar incised decoration, see Martin Holmes, ‘A Helmet from Upper Winchendon Church, Buckinghamshire’, Antiquaries Journal, Vol. XL, pt. II, September, 1965, pp. 18391, pls. XLVIII-LI The N struck on the front gorget-plate appears to represent the second half of the elided initials AN used by the London armourer Anthony Newman (made free 1635, presented mark 1638/9, died 1653). See T. Richardson 2004, pp. 64-5. ‡ £2000-2500

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149

148 AN ITALIAN CLOSE HELMET WITH ETCHED DECORATION, CIRCA 1560 with one-piece skull rising to a high boldly roped comb fitted at its apex with a small loop, perhaps for tying up a plume (patched and holed around and beneath the latter) and pierced to either side of the nape with a pair of holes for the attachment of a plume-holder, visor, upper bevor and lower bevor attached to the skull by modern pivots fitted beneath their small round heads with large rosette washers, the restored visor formed with a stepped and centrally-divided vision-slit and the restored upper bevor of blunt prow-shaped form pierced at each side with nine circular ventilation-holes in rosette-formation, and two short articulated gorget-plates front and rear (the front ones restored), the main edges of the helmet formed with roped inwards turns generally accompanied by recessed borders, and the subsidiary edges of the gorget-plates decorated with pairs of incised lines, each side of the comb and the main borders etched with running foliage enclosed to the inside by delicate interlacing filigree-like vine-leaves, the etching bearing traces of later gilding and the intervening spaces later painted black (the whole showing extensive wear throughout) 32 cm; 12½ in high

149 A COMPOSITE ITALIAN CLOSE HELMET, CIRCA 1590, LATER ADAPTED TO FUNERARY USE with one-piece skull rising to a low file-roped medial comb (patched and transversely-pierced at its apex where it was at one time fitted with a spike for the attachment of a funerary crest), peak, upper bevor and lower bevor attached to the skull by common pivots with radially fluted domed heads, the peak (associated) projecting forward to a rounded edge which is connected to the U-shaped upper edge of the upper bevor (associated and cut) by a face-guard of five vertical bars widening to a quatrefoil at its centre and to circular terminals top and bottom, each decorated with circular bosses, the lower bevor fitted at the right of the chin with a swivel-hook to engage a pierced stud riveted above it on the upper bevor, the flanged lower edge of the skull fitted with a single neck-lame (originally accompanied by one more at least), the subsidiary edges of the helmet decorated with single incised lines and the whole painted gold externally and black internally 31 cm; 11¼ in high Provenance William Randolph Hearst, sold Gimbel Brothers, New York, 31 October 1941

Provenance Sumner Healey, New York, 21 May 1937

JWHA Inv. No. 2651

JWHA Inv. No. 2364

The painting of the helmet was applied by the Higgins Museum on 20 December 1941

For similarly decorated Italian armours of the same period as the helmet, see Karen Watts, ‘The Armour of the Knights of St John, Malta’, Royal Armouries Year Book, Vol. 3, 1998, pp. 2936, figs 1-11 ‡ £2000-3000

80

‡ £800-1400


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150

150 A GERMAN CLOSE HELMET WITH PEAK AND FALLING BUFFE, MID-16TH CENTURY AND 19TH CENTURY with skull (originally forming part of a burgonet and patched at its right side), boxed in four panels and rising to a point surmounted by a small acorn finial, its right side struck with the spurious quality-control-mark of the city of Nuremberg, peak and buffe attached to the skull by common pivots, the buffe formed of a main plate shaped to the chin and fitted at its upper edge with two falling plates each supported at the right side by a sprung stud, the upper one pierced with a pair of horizontal ventilation-slots and the lower with eight crescentic ventilation-holes above four of a star-shaped form, and two gorget-plates front and rear, the main edges of the helmet formed with roped turns (all parts except the skull restored) 35 cm; 13¾ in high Provenance Henry Furmage, London, 21 April 1931 £80 JWHA Inv. No. 1460 Exhibited ‘Renaissance Hardwear: The Art and Technology of Armor’, National Ornamental Metal Museum, Memphis, Tennessee, 4 September 1987 - 3 January 1988 ‘Road Warriors: Knight Riders’, Norton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach, Florida, 24 June - 4 September 2000 ‡ £700-1000

151

151 A SOUTH GERMAN BURGONET IN THE ‘BLACK AND WHITE’ FASHION, CIRCA 1570-80 with rounded one-piece skull rising to a high roped medial comb, fitted at the nape with a large tapering plume-tube and at its flanged lower edge with a neck-guard of one lame (restored), projecting forward to an obtusely-pointed peak pierced at the centre of the brow with a rectangular hole to accommodate a sliding nasal-bar retained by a staple and wing-headed screw (both the nasal-bar and its fittings restored), and fitted at the sides with hinged cheek-piece (restored) the forward ends of which overlap and are fastened to one another by a swivel-hook and pierced stud, and bear a sturdy rectangular staple to receive the lower end of the nasalbar, the centre of each cheek-piece pierced with nine holes in rosette formation and flanged outwards at their lower edges to receive a separate front neck-guard each of one lame, the whole decorated with bands and borders burnished bright against a blackened ground (lightly pitted overall) 41 cm; 16⅛ in high Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 2611 ‡ £1200-1800

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153

152 A SOUTH GERMAN BURGONET, CIRCA 1570-80 with rounded one-piece skull rising to a high file-roped medial comb, projecting forward to an upturned obtusely-pointed integral peak (the point patched), fitted at the nape with a tapering tubular plume-holder, at its flanged lower edge with a neck-guard of one obtusely-pointed lame, and at each side with a hinged cheek-piece pierced at its centre with nine small auditory holes in rosette formation and flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a separate front neck-guard continuing the line of that at the rear (the main plate of the right cheekpiece associated and slightly reworked, its neck-guard and the whole of the left cheek-piece restored), the main edges of the helmet formed with file-roped inward turns accompanied by recessed borders enclosed to the inside in each case by narrow grooves, and its secondary edges scalloped and bordered by pairs of incised lines (showing mottled patination overall and some pitting on the main plate of the right cheek-piece) 36 cm; 14 in high Provenance Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, purchased from his estate, 28 September 1929 JWHA Inv. No. 875 The helmet is shown in plate 7 (third from left) of a photograph album recording the stock-of the Parisian dealer Louis Bachereau about 1890 (copy in the library of the J. W. Higgins Armory Museum). ‡ £1200-1800 153 AN ITALIAN BURGONET, CIRCA 1570-80 with rounded one-piece skull rising to a high file-roped medial comb, projecting forward to a slightly upturned obtuselypointed integral peak (the point cracked) and backwards to a matching integral neck-guard, and fitted at each side with a hinged cheek-piece (restored) with a straight forward edge projecting downwards beneath the chin, the main edges of the helmet formed with file-roped inward turns accompanied by

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recessed borders, and the crown decorated around its base and to either side of the comb with pairs of incised lines 35 cm; 13¾ in high Provenance Frank Macomber, Boston, Massachusetts, sold 10-12 December 1936, lot 429 JWHA Inv. No. 2430 Exhibited Schnectady Museum, New York, 4 June - 13 September 1979 Lowe Museum, Miami, Florida, 1 December 1979 - 13 January 1980 ‡ £1500-2000 154 A SOUTH GERMAN BURGONET, NUREMBURG, CIRCA 1580 with rounded one-piece skull rising to a high file-roped medial comb (bruised and cracked at its apex), projecting forward to a short obtusely-pointed integral peak, the front of which is struck with the quality-control mark of the city of Nuremburg, fitted at its flanged lower edge with a neck-guard of one obtusely-pointed lame, and at each side with a hinged cheekpiece (the right associated and the left restored) pierced at its centre with five small auditory holes in dice-formation and flanged outwards at its lower edge to continue the line of the neck-guard, the main edges of the helmet formed with fileroped inward turns accompanied in the case of the cheek-pieces by a recessed border, the surface of the helmet retaining traces of an originally blackened finish (showing a mottled patina overall) 28 cm; 11 in high Provenance Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, purchased from his estate, 28 September 1929, No. 110 JWHA Inv. No. 978 ‡ £1200-1800


155 155 A NORTH ITALIAN MORION IN THE SPANISH FASHION, CIRCA 1570-80, WITH ETCHED DECORATION OF THE 19TH CENTURY with one-piece almond-shaped crown rising at its apex to a backward directed ‘stalk’, and an integral brim turned down at each side and rising slightly to an acute point front and rear, its edges formed with file-roped inward turns accompanied by narrow grooves, the base of the crown fitted at the nape with a later plume-tube of brass and encircled by fourteen roundheaded lining-rivets with accompanying rosette-washers also of brass (restored), two of them at each side retaining modern chin-straps, the crown later decorated with four radiating bands of etching on a stippled and blackened ground, the lateral ones including classical warriors, masks and trophies of arms, and the medial ones stylised acanthus foliage repeated around the brim, and the interspaces between the bands occupied cartouches enclosing subjects similar to those of the lateral bands 26.5 cm; 10½ in high Provenance Dr Bashford Dean, New York, sold American Art Association, New York, 24 November 1928, lot 200 JWHA Inv. No. 619 Exhibited Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, Massachusetts, 1928-30 Berkshire Museum, Pittsfield, Massachusetts, 6 January 1965 - 21 February 1966 Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, Massachusetts, 12 -15 May 1967 Oneida County Jr. Museum, Utica, New York, 11 September 1967 - 8 January 1968 Museum of our National Heritage, Lexington, Massachusetts, 20 January - 20 May 1979 ‡ £1500-2000 156 A NORTH ITALIAN MORION IN THE SPANISH FASHION, CIRCA 1590 with one-piece almond-shaped crown rising at its apex to a vestigial backward-directed ‘stalk’, and slightly down-turned narrow integral brim projecting to an obtuse point front and

156 157 rear (the front one patched), its edge formed with a file-roped inward turns accompanied by a narrow groove pieced all round with later small holes probably for attaching a lining or decorative trim, the base of the crown fitted at the nape with a later plume-tube of fretted brass and encircled by fourteen vacant holes for lining-rivets, small rivets at the junction of the crown and brim occupy holes similar to those bordering the edge of the latter, the crown etched with four radiating bands of trophies of arms separated by diagonal bands of guilloche enclosed in each case by trios of lines, and the brim, with stylised acanthus foliage also on a stippled and blackened ground (the etching much worn) 24 cm; 9½ in high Provenance Berghard Steiner, Riverdale-on-Hudson, New York, sold Walpole Galleries, New York, 26 January 1927, lot 64 JWHA Inv. No. 65 Exhibited Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, Massachusetts, 19281930 ‡ £2000-2500 157 A SOUTH GERMAN COMB MORION, CIRCA 1580 with rounded one-piece crown rising to a high file-roped medial comb, and integral brim strongly turned down at each side and rising to an obtuse point front and rear (the points in both cases bruised), the edge of the brim formed with a fileroped inward turn and the base of the crown encircled by sixteen round-headed lining rivets (replaced), the centre two at each side, together with another located just above and between them, originally retaining a chin-straps, and the nape fitted with a tapering tubular plume-holder (the whole with a mottle light patina) 32 cm; 12½ in high Provenance George L. Maxwell, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 28 November 1928, lot 150 JWHA Inv. No. 642 ‡ £1200-1600

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158 A SOUTH GERMAN MORION IN THE SPANISH FASHION, EARLY 17TH CENTURY with an almond-shaped crown and a flat integral brim projecting to an obtuse point front and rear, the whole formed in two pieces joined medially by rivets and fitted at each side with a slender tapering one-piece cheek-piece (the left completely and the right partly detached) pierced in each case with three small auditory-holes, the base of the crown encircled by ten round-headed lining-rivets, the edge of the brim formed with a narrow inward turn, and the whole retaining its black-from-the-hammer finish 20 cm; 8 in high Provenance His Imperial Highness, Archduke Eugen, Veste Hohenwerfen, Austria, sold, Anderson Galleries, New York, 5 March 1927, lot 417 JWHA Inv. No. 187 ‡ £400-600

159

159 A RARE SOUTH GERMAN SKULL OF A ZISCHÄGGE, SECOND HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY of ogival form terminating at its apex in an acorn finial and fitted just beneath it with a later conical brass cap, decorated between the lower edge of the cap and a narrow recessed border at the lower edge of the skull with close-set vertical flutes, pierced at its lower edge with various holes for the attachment of a peak, neck-guard and cheek-pieces, and later fitted over the brow with two conical bosses and rosettewashers of brass, and, to the right of them, with a bell-shaped plaque also of brass (the whole heavily patinated and showing a few rust perforations) 23 cm; 9 in high Provenance Henry Furmage, London, 15 April 1931 Helmets such as this were made in imitation of the Turkish shishak. Other examples of the type are discussed by Mann 1962, Vol. I, pp. 109-10, pl. 59; Norman 1986, p.48; and Gamber and Beaufort 1990, pp. 165-4, pl. 77. Five examples, dating from about 1563, are illustrated in the pattern-book of the Augsburg etcher Jörg Sorg the Younger (Becher et. al., 1980, p. 91) JWHA Inv. No. 1470 ‡ £400-700

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160 A GERMAN ZISCHÄGGE, CIRCA 1620-30 with hemispherical skull fitted at its apex with a transverselypieced finial retaining a large circular washer, decorated between the washer and a broad recessed border at the lower edge of the skull with twenty-four flutes, fitted at the brow with a narrow medially-grooved peak projecting forward to an ogival front edge and pierced at its centre-rear with a rectangular hole to accommodate a sliding nasal-bar retained by a staple and wing-headed screw (restored), the spatulate lower end of the nasal-bar decorated with rivets, the skull fitted at the nape with a slender tubular plume-holder and beneath it with a slightly flaring neck-guard of five lames the lowest of which has an ogival free edge, and fitted at each side with a large pendent scutiform cheek-piece of three lames embossed in relief at the centre of the uppermost one with a heart pierced with seven small auditory holes, the main edges of the helmet formed with plain inward turns accompanied for the most part by later small paired stitch-holes for attaching a lining and its subsidiary edges bevelled, the helmet painted black except on the fluted portion of the skull, the embossed hearts of its cheek-pieces, all the edges of its plates, and the domed heads of its rivets (the fluted portion of the skull extensively patinated and showing some delamination and perforation of its metal) 34.5 cm; 13½ in high

161 A GERMAN ZISCHÄGGE, MID-17TH CENTURY with one-piece hemispherical skull embossed with six radiating ribs and fitted at its apex with a transversely-pierced finial and circular washer, at its brow with a flat obtuselypointed peak, at its nape with a flaring neck-guard of four lames, and at each side with a pair of pendent scutiform cheek-pieces in each case detached and pierced with seven auditory holes in rosette-formation, the peak struck on its underside with the characters ++VIII and pierced at its rear with a rectangular hole to accommodate a sliding nasal-bar with a leaf-shaped upper end, retained by a staple and lockingscrew at the brow, the main edges of the helmet formed with plain inward turns and its surfaces coloured black overall 27 cm; 10½ in high Provenance His Imperial Highness, Archduke Eugen, Veste Hohenwerfen, Austria, sold, Anderson Galleries, New York, 2 March 1927, lot 401, $12.50 JWHA Inv. No. 152

COURTESY OF JWHA

‡ £900-1200

Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 937 ‡ £1200-1800

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162

162 A GERMAN ZISCHÄGGE, MID-17TH CENTURY with one-piece hemispherical skull embossed with six radiating ribs and fitted at its apex with a transversely-pierced finial and circular washer, at its brow with a flat obtuselypointed peak, at its nape with a flaring neck-guard of four lames (the rear edge exhibiting a few small cracks), and at each side with a pair of pendent scutiform cheek-pieces in each case pierced with seven auditory holes in rosetteformation, the peak pierced at its rear with a rectangular hole to accommodate a sliding nasal-bar with a leaf-shaped upper end, retained by a staple and locking-screw at the brow, the main edges of the helmet formed with plain inward turns and its surfaces coloured black overall 26.5 cm; 10½ in high Provenance His Imperial Highness, Archduke Eugen, Veste Hohenwerfen, Austria, sold, Anderson Galleries, New York, 3 March 1927, lot 534 JWHA Inv. No. 162 Exhibitions ‘Road Warriors: Knight Riders’, Norton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach, Florida, 24 June - 4 September 2000 ‡ £900-1200

163 A GERMAN ZISCHÄGGE, MID-17TH CENTURY with one-piece hemispherical skull embossed with six radiating ribs and fitted at its apex with a transversely-pierced finial and circular washer, at its brow with a flat obtuselypointed peak (pierced to the right of centre with a large suspension-hole) struck on its upper surface with the number 17 and 07 separated by the initials L over B , at its nape with a flaring neck-guard of four lames, and at each side with a pair of pendent scutiform cheek-pieces in each case pierced with seven auditory holes in rosette-formation, the peak pierced at its rear with a rectangular hole to accommodate a sliding nasal-bar with a leaf-shaped upper end struck with the initials LC and retained by a staple and locking-screw at the brow, the main edges of the helmet formed with plain inward turns and its surfaces polished bright (light to moderate pitting and patination overall) 26 cm; 10⅛ in high Provenance Count Lichtenstein, Schloss Vaduz, Lichtenstein Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, purchased from his estate, 15 October 1929 JWHA Inv. No. 784 Exhibited Pennsylvania Museum of Art, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1 December 1931 - 4 January 1932 Berkshire Museum, Pittsfield, Massachusetts, 6 January 1965 - 21 February 1966 Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, Massachusetts, 12 -15 May 1967 ‡ £700-1100

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164 A SAPPERS HELMET, POSSIBLY GERMAN, LATE 17TH CENTURY with hemispherical one-piece skull of great weight rising to a low medial rib and fitted at the front and rear respectively with matching peak and neck-guard, in each case of flat obtuselypointed form with plain inward turns at their edges and attached to the skull by sturdy round-headed rivets, the apex of the crown dented perhaps as a result of being proved, and the whole coloured black overall 16.5 cm; 6½ in high Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 241 ‡ £350-600 165 AN HARQUEBUSIER’S POT IN THE ITALIAN STYLE OF THE 17TH CENTURY, 19TH CENTURY with hemispherical skull formed in two pieces joined by rivets along a low medial ridge, its front edge projecting forward to a broad obtusely-pointed integral peak pierced at its centre rear with a rectangular hole to receive a sliding nasal-bar formed at its lower end with a leaf-shaped lower end and retained by a staple and locking-screw (the right end of the staple detached), and pierced at its front left with a later circular hole probably for mounting purposes, the rear edge of the skull formed with a flange to receive a broad obtusely-pointed neck-guard of two lames, the main edges of the helmet formed with plain inward turns, the subsidiary edges of the neck-guard decorated with single incised lines, and each side of the crown decorated with three pairs of similar lines diverging to its base (heavily patinated overall and bruised at the left of the crown) 20.5 cm; 8 in high

166 THE SKULL OF A NORTH EUROPEAN HARQUEBUSIER’S POT, MID-17TH CENTURY of two-piece construction joined along the crest of a low medial comb, its front edge projecting forward to a downturned obtusely-pointed peak pierced at its centre rear with a rectangular hole to receive a missing sliding nasal-bar originally retained by a staple and locking-screw now represented only by the holes for the attachment of the former, and the rear and sides of the skull respectively pierced with holes for rivets or still fitted with them for the attachment of a missing neck-guard and cheek-pieces, the peak struck at the right with the crowned IR government ownership mark of the time of James II of England, and formed at its free edge with a plain inward turn accompanied by a recessed border (heavily patinated and pitted overall with some losses due to corrosion at the right of the peak) 18 cm; 7 in high Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 452 ‡ £120-180

Provenance Mrs Francis Welch, Boston, Massachusetts, 29 May 1934 JWHA Inv. No. 2151 ‡ £300-500

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167 AN ‘ARCHER’S’ SKULL-CAP IN THE ITALIAN STYLE OF THE LATE 15TH CENTURY, 19TH CENTURY of one-piece hemispherical construction, its lower edge cut over each ear with a shallow arch and bordered by nineteen rivetholes for the attachment of a lining, the left of the crown struck with a mark comprising an indistinct initial beneath a split cross, and its mid-line pierced from within with three holes, supposedly the result of impacts from crossbow bolts (heavily oxidised overall and pierced at the brow with four rust-perforations) 14 cm; 5½ in high

168 A BURGONET IN THE EUROPEAN STYLE OF THE MID16TH CENTURY, 19TH CENTURY with a one-piece hemispherical crown rising to moderately high medial comb, fitted at its brow with a large tapering tubular plume-holder, projecting forward to a slightly upturned rounded peak with an outward-turned free edge, fitted at each side with two long strips each hinged at seven points and terminating in rectangular slots, and pierced between them with further slots, probably for the attachment of cheek-pieces 40.5 cm; 16 in high

Provenance Stated to have been recovered from the moat of Padua in 1912 Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, sold, American Art Association, New York, 23 - 24 November 1928, lot 271 Clarence H. Mackay, Long Island, New York Jacques Seligman & Co. Inc., New York, 1 April 1940

Provenance Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, purchased from his estate 28 September 1929 JWHA Inv. No. 881 ‡ £150-300

JWHA Inv. No. 2590 Exhibited Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, Massachusetts, 9 April 20 December 1940 ‘Made of Iron’, University of St Thomas, Houston, Texas 1966, cat.no. 348, p. 209 ‘The Art of the Armorer’, Flint Institute of Arts, Flint, Michigan, 1 December 1967 - 1 April 1968, cat. No. 1 Literature Stephen V. Grancsay, ‘Made of Iron’, Houston, University of St. Thomas, 1966, p. 209, cat. No. 348 Stephen V. Grancsay, ‘Art of the Armorer’, Flint Institute of Art, Michigan, 1967, cat.no. 18 A skull-cap of this type is depicted in Hans Memling’s St Ursula Chasse of 1489 in the Hospital of St John, Bruges (Laking 1920-2, Vol. II, fig. 549) ‡ £300-500

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169 AN ‘ARCHER’S’ SKULL-CAP IN THE EUROPEAN STYLE OF THE LATE 15TH CENTURY, 19TH CENTURY of one-piece construction and near-hemispherical form, rising to a medial ridge and pierced around its edge with close-set stitch-holes for the attachment of a lining (heavily pitted and patinated overall, dented at its apex and pierced with rust perforations at the centre and left of the brow) 12.5 cm; 5 in high Provenance Joseph Brummer, New York, 20 April 1928 JWHA Inv. No. 256 ‡ £150-200


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170 A GREAT HELM IN THE EUROPEAN STYLE OF CIRCA 1370, LATE 19TH CENTURY formed of six plates secured to one another by large roundheaded rivets, the top four forming a tall crown that tapers markedly to its domed apex, and the lower two descending as a deep tubular defence over the top of the chest and back, a gap between the front of the crown and the front of the lower section forming a single broad vision-slit, and the right of the chin of the lower section fitted beneath a cross-shaped and circular ventilation-holes with a vertically-pierced staple for the attachment of a chain-guard (the surface of the helm pitted and oxidised overall, and its apex pierced with rust-holes) 40.5 cm; 16 in high

171 A GREAT HELM IN THE EUROPEAN STYLE OF CIRCA 1300, EARLY 20TH CENTURY formed of five heavy plates secured to one another by large round-headed rivets, the top three forming a low crown that tapers slightly to its domed upper surface, and the lower two descending as a deep tubular defence over the top of the chest and back, the deeper front plate pierced at its upper end with a pair of vision-slits, and to the left of the chin with a cross-shaped aperture to receive the terminal of a chain-guard 39 cm; 15½ in high

Provenance James Graham & Sons, New York, 1 April 1946 JWHA Inv. No. 2831 ‡ £600-800

Provenance Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 9 November 1929 JWHA Inv. No. 1049 Exhibited Schnectady Museum, New York, 4 June - 13 September 1979 Oneida County Jr. Museum, Utica, New York, 11 September 1967 - 8 January 1968 ‡ £500-700

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172 A ‘HOUNSKULL’ BASINET IN THE GERMAN STYLE OF THE LATE 14TH CENTURY, LATE 19TH CENTURY of notable weight with a tall conical skull boxed in four panels at its apex, pierced at its lower edge with two rows of small holes for the attachment of an aventail and lining, and fitted at its brow with a sturdy hinge (its lowest rivet replaced by a modern screw) supporting a Klappvisier of ‘hounskull’ form with boxed and scalloped slits over each eye and each side of the mouth, and a ‘snout’ boxed in four panels of which the upper two are in each case pieced with nine small ventilationholes arranged in three rows (the apex and each side of the face-opening of the skull patched, and the surface of the helmet heavily pitted and patinated overall) 30.5 cm; 12 in high

173 A ‘HOUNSKULL’ BASINET IN THE ITALIAN STYLE OF THE LATE 14TH CENTURY, LATE 19TH CENTURY with a tall conical skull struck twice at its right rear with a mark comprising a reversed gothic B (?) over a fleur-de-lis, pierced around its lower edge and face-opening with holes for the attachment of vervelles and a lining, and fitted with a pivoted visor of ‘hounskull’ form with boxed slits over the eyes and mouth, and small circular ventilation-holes beneath its projecting conical ‘snout’, the arms of the visor connected to their pivots by hinges with removable pins (replaced) which would originally have been connected by chain-guards to pierced studs located to either side of the skull just behind the pivots (the surface of the helmet pitted overall) 29 cm; 11½ in high

‡ £1500-2000

Provenance Giulia P. Morosini, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries Inc., New York, 10-15 October 1932, lot 487 JWHA Inv. No. 1783 Exhibited Children’s Museum, Hartford, Connecticut, March - April 1976 Schnectady Museum, New York, 4 June - 13 September 1979 The helmet closely resembles one previously sold from the collections of the J. W. Higgins Armory Museum by Thomas Del Mar Ltd, 20 March 2013, lot 315. Both appear to form part of a group made near Paris about 1890 (See Laking 1920-2, Vol. V, pp. 144-6, figs 1567-8) ‡ £1500-2000

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174 174 A GERMAN VISORED SALLET AND BEVOR IN THE LATE 15TH CENTURY HIGH ‘GOTHIC’ STYLE OF LORENZ HELMSCHMIED OF AUGSBURG, 19TH CENTURY the sallet with broad rounded skull decorated medially with three low ridges converging at the front and rear, each side of the skull decorated at the rear with a spray of flutes and fitted at the top and laterally in each case with brass eyelets to accommodate the laces of a lining, the rear edge of the crown fitted with a long pointed ‘tail’ of four lames, the rearmost struck with two marks respectively bearing the characters ‘II’ and ‘CCC’, its front cut with an arched face-opening and fitted with a pivoted full visor rising at it upper edge to a high central cusp bordered by flutes and formed with a broad , stepped single broad vision-slit, the visor secured to the skull at the right by a spring-catch, and the bevor formed of a main plate shaped to the chin and throat, a chevron-shaped face-plate articulated to its upper edge and supported at the right of the chin by a projecting spring-catch, and a gorget-plate articulated to the lower edge of the main plate and formed at its free edge with five cusps, the central one fitted with a projecting spring-catch to secure it to the top of the breastplate, the lower edges of both the sallet and bevor decorated with applied brass borders formed at their outer edges with elaborate roping and at their inner ones with fleurs-de-lis separated by pierced hearts, and its subsidiary edges with elaborate cusping and fretting (lightly patinated overall) Sallet 20 cm; 8 in high; Bevor 29 cm; 11½ in high

Provenance Spitzer Collection, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 12 January 1929, lot 674 JWHA Inv. No. 703 Exhibited Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts, 18 March - 16 September 1963 Rockefeller Center, New York, 1 - 30 June 1965 Berkshire Museum, Pittsfield, Massachusetts, 6 January 1965 - 21 February 1966 Philbrook Art Center, Tulsa, Oklahoma, October - November 1965 Literature J.- B. Giraud & Émile Molinier, La Collection Spitzer, Vol. VI, Paris & London, 1892, pl. XIV The details of these pieces are based on those of several armours in the Hofjagd- und Rüstkammer, Vienna, Inv. Nos A 60, A 62 & A 79, made respectively for the Archduke (later Emperor) Maximilian I and The Archduke Siegmund of Tirol, about 1480-5 (Thomas and Gamber 1976, pp. 99-100, 106-7 & 108-10, pls. 34-5, 40 & 42) ‡ £3000-4000

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175 A GERMAN BASINET BY LORENZ KILIAN, MUNICH, IN THE MID-14TH CENTURY STYLE, EARLY 20TH CENTURY of egg-shaped form and one-piece construction, its front cut with a broad arched face-opening, flanged outwards at its upper end, and its lower edge flanged outwards more markedly over the nape, the lower end of the face-opening and the flange at the nape pierced with holes for the attachment of an aventail and a lining 28 cm; 11 in high Provenance Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 9 November 1929 JWHA Inv. No. 1033 ‡ £150-250 176 AN ‘ARCHER’S’ SKULL-CAP IN THE GERMAN STYLE OF THE EARLY 16TH CENTURY, LATE 19TH CENTURY of hemispherical form and one-piece construction, decorated on its upper surface with parallel flutes enclosed in each case by pairs of incised lines, its lower edge formed with an angular raised rib accompanied by pairs of small stitch-holes for the attachment of a lining, its brow fitted with a hinged nasal bar of semi-circular section, curved in profile and formed with a bilobate distal end, its nape fitted with a small hinged plate of inverted trapezoidal outline and each side fitted with three rivets for the attachment of cheek-pieces, the area beneath the left rivets etched with a scutiform mark comprising a pair of crossed swords superimposed on an isosceles triangle formed with hearts at its points and including above the intersection of the swords the initial ‘H’ 28 cm; 11 in high Provenance Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdsale, New York, purchased from his estate, 28 September 1929, no. 6 JWHA Inv. No. 872 ‡ £400-700

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177 177 AN ENGLISH ELECTROTYPE COPY, CIRCA 1880, OF A NORTH ITALIAN BURGONET FOR PARADE USE WITH EMBOSSED DECORATION, MILANESE, CIRCA 1560 formed in one piece rising at its rear to a medial crest formed as a recumbent sphinx (its wings missing) with a tubular plume-holder straddling its tail, projecting forwards to a slightly down-turned, obtusely-pointed integral peak, at its rear to an outward-flanged neck-guard, also obtusely pointed, and formed around its main edge with a boldly roped turn, it surfaces embossed in high relief with scrolling acanthus foliage and fruits involving at the front a classical warrior and a Medusa’s head, at each side male nudes and putti, and at the rear, herons grasping snakes in their beaks and a lion’s mask (worn in parts), and fitted internally over the left ear with the oval seal of the Elkington company bearing at its centre the royal cipher VR 29 cm; 11½ in high Provenance The South Kensington (now the Victoria and Albert) Museum, London John Wigington, sold Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 4 October 1951, lot 292 JWHA Inv. No. 2922 The electrotype was made by Elkington and Co Ltd of Birmingham from an original helmet that was at that time in the imperial collections of of the Tsarkoe Selo near St Petersburg and is now in the State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg, Acc. No, 3. 3420 (Gille & Rockstuhl 1835-53, pt. 7, pl. XXXIV; and Godoy 2003, No. 16, pp. 100-1 & 421). Its inspiration appears to have been the slightly earlier work of the celebrated Negroli family of armour-embossers ‡ £1000-1500


178 A GERMAN CLOSE HELMET WITH DOGFACED VISOR IN THE STYLE OF HANS SEUSENHOFER OF INNSBRUCK OF ABOUT 1529, EARLY 20TH CENTURY with rounded one-piece skull formed with five low roped parallel combs separated in each case by a two flutes, each enclosed by pairs of incised lines, and a visor and bevor attached to it at each side by domed common pivots with rosette washers, the prognathous visor formed with a pair of slightly stepped vision-slits and embossed in relief and fretted in the form of a dog’s mask, the bevor pierced at each side with seven auditory holes in rosette formation, its lower edge and that of the skull each formed with a boldly roped rim, the hollowed underside of which is designed to lock over and rotate on the turned upper edge of a collar, the visor attached to the bevor at the left of the chin by a spring-catch, and the bevor attached to the skull at the left and right sides respectively of the neck with a similar catch and a swivel-hook and pierced stud 30.5 cm; 12 in high Provenance His Imperial Highness, Archduke Eugen, Veste Hohenwerfen, near Salzburg, Austria JWHA Inv. No. 2311

178

Exhibited Hammond Castle Museum, Gloucester, Massachusetts, September 1981 - 31 May 1991 The design of the piece is based on that of a helmet in the Hofjagd- und Rüstkammer, Vienna, Inv. No. A 461, made by Hans Seusenhofer, master craftsman in the court armour workshop in Innsbruck, for the future Emperor Ferdinand I while still King of Hungary. It was delivered to him between 1526 and 1531, probably in 1529. A second visor for the helmet, in the form of a Turk’s mask, is in the Wallace Collection, London, Cat. No. A 204, (See Thomas & Gamber 1976, p. 234, pl. 113; and Norman 1986, p. 74, pl. 217)

COURTESY OF JWHA

‡ £2000-3500

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179 A ZISCHÄGGE IN THE MID-17TH CENTURY POLISH STYLE, EARLY 20TH CENTURY with one-piece hemispherical skull embossed with six radiating ribs and fitted at its apex with a transversely-pierced finial and large circular washer, at its brow with a flat obtuselypointed peak struck at the front with the letter ‘W’ and pierced at its rear with a rectangular hole to accommodate a sliding nasal-bar struck on its leaf-shaped upper end with the letter ‘L’, at its nape with a flaring neck-guard of four lames, at each side with backward-directed fan-shaped ‘wings’ decoratively fretted between radiating ribs, and below them with a pair of pendent scutiform cheek-pieces each pierced with six circular auditory holes in rosette formation, the main edges of the helmet formed with plain inward turns left bright along with the nasalbar and the ribs of the wings against an otherwise black-painted ground (the latter extensively scuffed) 44.5 cm; 17½ in high Provenance Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 25 November 1953 JWHA Inv. No. 3037.2 Similar helmets were sold by Ernst Schmidt of Munich about 1930 (E. A.Mowbray 1966, p. 9, pl. 84, no. 554) ‡ £300-450

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180 A ZISCHÄGGE IN THE LATE 17TH CENTURY EASTERN EUROPEAN STYLE, EARLY 20TH CENTURY with hemispherical skull formed of a brow-band surmounted by eleven overlapping vertical panels radiating from a quadrangular spike equipped with two large superimposed washers , fitted within its front edge with a down-turned obtusely-pointed peak, at its nape with a narrow articulated neck-guard of three (originally more) lames, and at each side with a scaled chin-straps (lightly patinated overall) 33 cm; 13 in high Provenance Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 25 November 1953 JWHA Inv. No. 3037 ‡ £350-500


181

181 A COMPOSITE SOUTH GERMAN ‘GOTHIC’ BREASTPLATE, CIRCA 1490 formed of a medially-ridged main plate with angular outward turns at its neck and arm-openings, fitted at the right of the chest with a detachable folding lance-rest (restored) at its lower edge with a plackart of three associated and somewhat narrower lames (partly reworked to fit one another), each medially-ridged and rising to a high central cusp of leaf-shaped form (the uppermost one reshaped), and the lowest flanged outwards at its lower end (corroded at points) to receive a fauld of four lames), the base-plate of the lance-rest decorated peripherally with alternating fleurs-de-lis and pierced trefoils (the right end of the main plate and the left and right ends of the second lame of the plackart patched) 53.5 cm; 21 in high

Provenance Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, purchased from his estate, 28th September 1929 JWHA Inv. No. 802 Exhibited Rockefeller Center, New York, 1 - 30 June 1965 Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts, 9 April - 16 September 1963 ‡ £3000-4000

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182 A ‘GOTHIC’ BREASTPLATE IN THE LATE 15TH CENTURY GERMAN STYLE, 19TH CENTURY formed of a main plate with angular outward turns at its neck and arm-openings, pierced at the right of latter with three holes for the attachment of a lance-rest, and fitted its lower edge with a plackart of two upward overlapping plates, each medially-ridged and rising to a high central cusp, the last flanged outwards at its lower end to receive a fauld of three lames, the lowest of which is cut with a shallow notch at the centre of its lower edge, the subsidiary edges of the breastplate decorated with fretted fleurs-de-lis and its surfaces with groups of ripple-like flutes (moderately pitted overall) 52 cm; 20½ in high

183 A NORTH ITALIAN BREASTPLATE, CIRCA 1550-60 formed of a medially-ridged main plate with a broad shallow neck-opening, fitted at its arm-openings with movable gussets (the right with a large transverse crack at its upper end) , at each shoulder with a later buckle, and at its lower edge with two waist-lames of deep-bellied form, the first fitted at each side with a mushroom-headed stud (replaced) to prevent the waist-belt from riding up, and the second flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a fauld, the main edges of the breastplate formed with boldly roped inward turns bordered in the case of that at the neck-opening by a roped rib accompanied just below its centre by a Maltese cross (probably added subsequent to its working life), its subsidiary edges decorated with single incised lines accompanied in the case of those of the waist-lames by notching, and its surface retaining vestiges of a black-from-the-hammer finish (the main plate showing` three later holes at its upper end plugged with soft solder) 45 cm: 17½ in high

Provenance Clarence H. Mackay, Long Island, New York Jacques Seligmann & Co., New York, 18 July 1939 JWHA Inv. No. 2536 ‡ £1000-1500

Provenance Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, purchased from his estate, 28 September 1929 JWHA Inv. No. 798 Exhibition Oneida County Jr Museum, Utica, New York, 11 September 1967 - 8 January 1968 ‡ £1200-1500

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184 A NORTH ITALIAN BREASTPLATE AND REINFORCE, CIRCA 1520-30 the medially-ridged breastplate, projecting forward very slightly over the belly, originally formed in one piece with bold file-roped inward turns at it neck and arm-openings and a flange at its lower edge (patched at two points), but subsequently modified by having the lower two-thirds of its right arm-opening removed and replace by a separate movable gusset, the whole covered, except at its turned edges, with an associated reinforce (probably cut from a breastplate), both elements pierced at their upper ends and at their right of their arm-openings with three and four aligning holes respectively (some later), those at the arm-openings originally attaching a lance-rest 39.5 cm; 15½ in high

185 AN ITALIAN INFANTRY BREASTPLATE, CIRCA 1600 formed in one piece of late ‘peascod’ fashion with file-roped inward turns at its neck and arm-openings and a short flange at the waist, and decorated to either side of its medial ridge and in a V-shaped border at the neck with pairs of incised lines, later covered over with black paint (a later hole at each side of the chest, cracks at each of the arm-openings and losses at the lower edge of the waist-flange filled or replaced with welding; the painted finish scuffed at points) 36 cm; 14 in high Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 556 ‡ £400-700

Provenance Liberty & Co., London, 12 January 1939, £8 JWHA Inv. No. 2504 ‡ £1500-2000

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186 A WESTERN EUROPEAN PIKEMAN’S BREASTPLATE, POSSIBLY DUTCH, CIRCA 1640 of shot-proof weight and formed in one piece with a medial ridge and a shallow V-shaped waist-line, its deep neck and armopenings formed in each case with plain inward turns and its lower edge formed with a moderately deep waist-flange bordered by later round-headed rivets, and each side of the chest pierced with a hole to receive a stud for the attachment of a shoulder-strap (the left plugged with a later rivet) 33 cm; 13 in high Provenance Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, purchased from his estate, 28 September 1929 JWHA Inv. No. 805 ‡ £350-500

187

187 A SOUTH GERMAN ‘BLACK-AND-WHITE’ INFANTRY BREASTPLATE, EARLY 17TH CENTURY of late ‘peascod’ fashion, formed in one piece with plain inward turns at its neck and arm- openings, and an outwardflanged lower edge (patched at its centre) fitted with an associated fauld-lame later cut with a shallow arch at the centre of its lower edge, the whole decorated with raised bands and borders burnished bright against a blackened ground (refreshed with paint and scuffed at points), and pierced around its main edges with later pairs of stitch-holes for the attachment of a lining 41 cm; 16 in high Provenance Fenton & Sons, London, 8 July 1926 JWHA Inv. No. 1341 ‡ £600-800

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188

189

188 A COMPOSITE SOUTH GERMAN BACKPLATE OF ANIME CONSTRUCTION, CIRCA 1560, WITH LATER ETCHED DECORATION formed of four lames articulated to one another by slidingrivets, of which the first is cut at its upper edge with a broad shallow neck-opening, the first to third are cut at their outer ends with arm-openings and the fourth is formed at its lower end with a waist-flange with a slightly concave edge, the main edges of the piece formed with notched inward turns and its surface later etched in bands and borders on a stippled and blackened ground with interlace involving cartouches enclosing clasped hands, and enclosed to either side by narrower bands of foliate interlace 43 cm; 17 in high

Armouries Museum, Leeds, Inv. No. III.1338, which includes in its decoration badges associated with Rocco Guerrini, Count of Lynar (Dufty & Reid 1968, pl. CXVI). Both may have been etched in the mid-19th century by craftsmen in the employ of the London armour dealer Samuel Luke Pratt. The inspiration for their design appears to be an armour of Emanuel Filiberto of Savoy, in Armeria Reale, Turin, Inv. No. B 34 (Mazzini et. al 1982, Cat. No. 26-26a/b).

Provenance William Randolph Hearst, sold Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 24 November 1939, lot 131 Exhibition Worcester Junior College, Worcester, Massachusetts, 30 January 1951 - 17 November 1954 ‘Romance in Steel: The Heritage of Armor’, J. W. Higgins Armory Museum, 2 January - 3 June 2001 JWHA Inv. No. 2557 Except that it is of anime construction, the backplate closely resembles in both form and decoration, one in the Royal

‡ £700-1000

189 A NORTH EUROPEAN PIKEMAN’S BREASTPLATE, CIRCA 1630-40 formed in one piece with plain inward turns at its neck and arm-openings, each bordered by a single incised line of which that at the neck descends at its centre as a small cusp giving issue to a single medial line, its flanged lower edge also formed with a plain inward turn and overlain by a modern culet of one lame, the centre of the neck-opening struck with two indistinct marks (lightly to moderately patinated overall) 43 cm; 17 in high Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 3168 ‡ £350-500

99


190 190 A SCALED CUIRASS IN THE POLISH STYLE OF THE LATE 17TH OR 18TH CENTURY, 19TH CENTURY formed of imbricated U-shaped scales with bevelled edges, attached externally by pairs of rivets with domed internal heads to a sleeveless buff-leather foundation-garment terminating just below the hips and comprising a front and rear section connected at the sides by leather laces, the front section formed in two halves closed medially by six straps and buckles (one buckle missing and one strap detached; the foundation-garment extensively patched and the scales in some cases loose or partly disarticulated)

191 AN ITALIAN BARRED FACE-DEFENCE WITH GORGETPLATES FOR USE IN THE GIOCO DEL PONTE, PISA, EARLY 17TH AND 18TH CENTURIES formed of a bevor shaped to the chin, fitted at the upper end of its face-opening with a brow-band, and fitted between the band and the lower edge of the face-opening with nine sturdy bars of triangular cross-section, and flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive two large gorget-plates, the lower and deeper of them having an obtusely-pointed main edge formed with a plain inward turn 33 cm; 13 in high

Provenance Dr.Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, purchased from his estate 28 September 1929, no. 9

Provenance Liberty & Co, London, 17 April 1928

JWHA Inv. No. 811

JWHA Inv. No. 471

For similar scaled cuirasses, see A. Nadolski, ‘Ancient Polish Arms and Armour, Part II’, Journal of the Arms and Armour Society, Vol. III, pl. LIV; and Jan K. Ostrpowski et. al., Land of the Winged Horsemen: Art in Poland 1572-1764, Alexandria, Virginia, 1999, pp. 208-9.

The Gioco del Ponte was a mock battle fought by two teams of contestants armed with clubs and shields who endeavoured to occupy the old bridge at Pisa now known as the Ponte di Mezzo. Originating in the Middle Ages, it was last fought in 1776 and 1807. See W. J. Karcheski Jr & D. J. LaRocca 2007, pp. 107-19.

‡ £400-700

‡ £100-150

100


191

192

192 AN ITALIAN BARRED FACE-DEFENCE FOR USE IN THE GIOCO DEL PONTE, PISA, 18TH CENTURY formed of a brow-band and a further band following the Ushaped outline of the face-opening of its helmet, the two pieces riveted to one another at their outer ends and fitted with twelve sturdy vertical bars of circular section, the outer ends of the brow-band pierced with pivot-holes (the right one broken out) and the right of the U-shaped band fitted with a pierced staple to receive a swivel-hook (heavily patinated overall) 21 cm; 8 in wide

193

Provenance His Imperial Highness, Archduke Eugen, VesteHohenwerfen, Austria, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 4 March 1927, lot 834 JWHA Inv. No. 175 See previous lot

194

‡ £50-80 193 A BROW-REINFORCE FOR TOURNAMENT USE, PROBABLY GERMAN, LATE 16TH CENTURY formed in one piece with a medial ridge at its lower end that increases in height towards its upper end to accommodate the front of the comb of the underlying close helmet, formed with a low boss at each of its outer ends to accommodate the underlying visor-pivots, cut with a broad shallow notch at its lower front edge to clear the upper edge of the vision-slit of the underlying visor, and pierced at each side with a large hole to accommodate the screws that secured it to that visor 25.2 cm; 10 in wide Provenance George L. Maxwell, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 28 November 1928, lot 147 JWHA Inv. No. 641 A comparable brow-reinforce was sold by Thomas Del Mar Ltd on 12 December 2007, lot 357. Another can be recorded in the collections of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Acc. No. 14.25.545. It is likely that such reinforces were intended for use in the tourney or foot tourney. ‡ £1000-1500

194 A SOUTH GERMAN ‘ALMAIN’ COLLAR, PROBABLY NUREMBERG, CIRCA 1620 formed of a single plate front and rear, each with an upward flanged neck-opening formed at its edge with a plain inward turn, and fitted at each side with an integral spaudler of six medially-ridged lames (those of the right detached), the lowest in each case fitted with a strap and buckle that fasten around the top of the arm, the lower end of the main plate struck with an indistinct mark, probably the quality-control mark of the city of Nuremberg, and painted internally in red characters with the number 62, and the whole with traces of a blackened finish (refreshed with paint, now scuffed at points) Provenance His Imperial Highness Archduke Eugen, Veste Hohenwerfen, Austria, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 2 March 1927, lot 405 JWHA Inv. No. 153 ‡ £250-400

101


195

195 A PAIR OF PAULDRONS BY LUDWIG KLEIN OF DRESDEN IN THE SOUTH GERMAN STYLE OF THE LATE 16TH CENTURY, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 19TH CENTURY of large symmetrical form, each constructed of six lames overlapping outwards from the third which projects downwards at both the front and rear and overlaps, in the form of a flange in each case, the outer ends of the lowest three lames which extend inwards only to the armpit, and the main edges of the pauldrons formed with file-roped inward turns accompanied by recessed borders (the rear rivet connecting the lowest two lames of the left pauldron replaced by a split-pin)

102

Provenance Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, purchased from his estate, 28 September 1929 JWHA Inv. No. 1689 The Dresden armourer Ludwig Klein lived 1825-82 ‡ £200-300


196

196 A PAIR OF GERMAN PAULDRONS WITH ETCHED AND GILT DECORATION IN THE AUGSBURG STYLE OF CIRCA 1555, LATE 19TH CENTURY of large symmetrical form, each constructed of five lames overlapping outwards from the third which projects downwards at both the front and rear and overlaps, in the form of a flange in each case, the outer ends of the lowest two lames which extend inwards only to the armpit, the main edges of the pauldrons formed with file-roped inward turns and its surfaces finely etched with bands and borders of etched foliate scrolls arranged in trilobate bands alternately bright on a stippled and blackened ground and gilt on a plain ground, each enclosed by narrower bands of foliate scrolls, both symmetrical an asymmetrical, and small stippled and blackened trilobate projection (2)

Provenance Chevalier Raoul Richards, Rome, 1890, lot 1301, ill. pl. 23 Jay Gould Duveen Brothers JWHA Inv. No. 1689 Literature Bashford Dean, Loan Exhibition of Arms and Armor, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1911, no. 20, p. 16, pl. XVII Enzio Malatesta, Armi ed Armoli, Milan, 1930, ill. p. 32 Grancsay 1961, pp. 72-3 The decoration of the pauldrons can be compared with that applied to several armours embellished by the Augsburg etcher Jörg Sorg the Younger in the period 1553-6 (Becher et. al. 1980 pp. 40, 77, 81) ‡ £700-1200

103


197 A PAIR OF MITTEN-GAUNTLETS IN THE SOUTH GERMAN ‘MAXIMILIAN’ STYLE OF CIRCA 1520, 19TH CENTURY each formed of a short slightly flaring straight-ended cuff with hinged inner plate, the outer plate formed over the ulna with an almond-shaped boss, four metacarpal-plates, a knuckleplate decorated with a boldly-roped transverse rib, five finger-plates and a laterally-hinged thumb-defence of four plates, the upper edge of the cuff formed with a roped inward turn and the lower edge of the last finger-plate with a plain rib, in each case accompanied by a recessed border, the outside of the hand and the main plate of the thumb-defence decorated with longitudinal flutes enclosed in each case by a pair of incised lines, and each fitted with a buff-leather lining-glove (with some tears) Provenance Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, purchased from his estate, 28 September 1929, his number 98A (together with JWHA 856)

197

JWHA Inv. No. 855 and 856 ‡ £800-1200

198

198 A PAIR OF NORTH GERMAN ELBOW-LENGTH MITTENGAUNTLETS, THE RIGHT PROBABLY BRUNSWICK, LATE 16TH CENTURY, THE LEFT EUROPEAN 19TH/20TH CENTURY each formed of a long flared and pointed cuff with short fixed inner plate, extending to the elbow, the outer plate formed over the distal end of the ulna with a small almond-shaped boss, five metacarpal-plates each decorated at its upper edge with a Vshaped nick, a knuckle-plate decorated with a file-roped transverse rib, five finger-plates, the last with an obtuselypointed main edge, and a laterally-hinged thumb-defence of three scales (the right missing), the upper edge of the cuff and the lower edge of the last finger-plate each formed with a fileroped inward turn accompanied by a recessed border enclosed to the inside by raised ribs, those of the cuff of ogee form , repeated on the last metacarpal-plate in an incised form (the left gauntlet a copy of ther right and repaired with a weld down the midline of its cuff; both lightly patinated) Provenance Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, purchased from his estate, 28 September 1929, JWHA Inv. Nos. 854 and 846 ‡ £1000-1600

104


199 A PAIR OF SOUTH GERMAN ELBOW-LENGTH GAUNTLETS OF FINGERED FORM, EARLY 17TH CENTURY each formed of a long flared cuff with short fixed inner plate, its rounded upper end contoured to the point of the elbow and formed with a plain inward turn, the lower end of the outer plate connected by a wrist-plate to five metacarpal-plates a shaped knuckle-plate, a finger-plate, four scaled finger-defences (the third of the right and the first of the left missing) and a laterally-hinged thumbdefence both lightly patinated) Provenance Gluckselig & Sohn, Vienna, 1 December 1936, perhaps from the collection of His Imperial Highness Archduke Eugen, Veste Hohenwerfen, Austria, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 2 March 192S Exhibited Worcester Public Library, Worcester, Masachusetts, 27 July 8 September 1949 Ware Pratt Co., Worcester, Massachusetts, 23 June 29 August 1955

199

JWHA Inv. No. 2387 ‡ £800-1200

200 A SOUTH GERMAN ‘MAXIMILIAN’ MITTENGAUNTLET FOR THE LEFT HAND, CIRCA 1510-20 formed of a short slightly flaring straight-ended cuff (lacking its hinged inner plate), five wrist and metacarpal-plates, the first formed with an almond-shaped boss over the distal end of the ulna, a rounded knuckle-plate and five finger-plates (the last four restored), the upper edge of the cuff decorated with a fine inward turn accompanied by a double recessed border, the distal end of the final finger-plate with a raised rib accompanies by a single recessed border, and the outside of the hand with a continuous longitudinal band of flutes enclosed by pairs of incised lines (the gauntlet showing a mottled patination overall and two rust perforations in its last metacarpal-plate, and its articulating rivets temporarily replaced by screws) Provenance Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, purchased from his estate, 28 September 1929

200

JWHA Inv. No. 841 ‡ £800-1200

105


201 AN INCOMPLETE GAUNTLET FOR THE RIGHT HAND IN THE WESTERN EUROPEAN STYLE OF THE EARLY 16TH CENTURY, 19TH/20TH CENTURY formed in one piece with a flaring round-ended tubular cuff extending downwards over the top of the hand and the base of the thumb, closed at the inside of the wrist by rivets, boxed three times over the outside of the hand, formed at its upper edge with a plain angular inward turn accompanied by a recessed border, and over the lower end of the ulna with an almond-shaped boss, and pierced at its distal end with rivet-holes (lightly patinated and scratched overall) Provenance Edward Hubard Litchfield, sold by the Parke-Bernet Galleries, New York, sale no. 1293, lot 160, $70

201

JWHA Inv. No. 2961 ‡ £35-50 202 A SOUTH GERMAN MITTEN-GAUNTLET FOR THE LEFT HAND, LATE 16TH AND 19TH/20TH CENTURY formed of long flared and pointed cuff with a short fixed separate inner plate, the outer plate struck with a spurious mark of Nuremberg and formed with a small boss, five metacarpalplates, the last embossed and the first and fourth each pierced, a knuckle-plate decorated with a file-roped transverse rib, and five finger-plates, the last with an obtusely-pointed main edge (cracked at its outer edge) formed, like the upper edge of the cuff, with a file-roped inward turn accompanied by a recessed border (the knuckle and finger-plates detached and of late 16th century manufacture, the remainder later and lightly patinated overall)

202

Provenance Liberty & Co. London, 17 April 1928, no. 17 JWHA Inv. Nos. 472 ‡ £350-500 203 AN INCOMPLETE NORTH ITALIAN GAUNTLET FOR THE RIGHT HAND WITH ETCHED DECORATION, CIRCA 1600 formed of a flared and round-ended cuff closed by rivets at the inside of the wrist, and two associated metacarpal-plates (reshaped), the main edges of the cuff formed with plain inward turns and its surface etched in a broad medial band and in two narrower lateral bands and the main border with trophies-of-arms on a blackened ground, in each case enclosed by trios of lines of which the central one takes the form of fine guilloche, repeated at the edges of the metacarpal-plates

203

Provenance Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, purchased from his estate, 28 September 1929 JWHA Inv. No. 915 ‡ £200-300 204 AN INCOMPLETE NORTH ITALIAN GAUNTLET FOR THE LEFT HAND, CIRCA 1580, WITH LATER ETCHED DECORATION formed of a flared and obtusely-pointed cuff (the point with a soft-soldered repair) originally closed by rivets (now missing) at the inside of the wrist, and two metacarpal-plates, the main edge of the cuff with a roped turn (partly missing at the inside of the wrist) and its surface etched in a broad medial band and in a narrower main border, enclosed to the inside by a roped rib, with trophies-of-arms and birds on a stippled and blackened ground, and in narrower bands at the subsidiary edges of the metacarpal-plates with small pellets

204

106

Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 1182 ‡ £250-400


205 A PAIR OF SOUTH GERMAN SPAUDLERS, EARLY 16TH CENTURY; AND THE UPPER PORTION OF ANOTHER, EARLY 16TH CENTURY the first formed in each case of eight lames (the lowest three in each case restored and secured to one another by screws, and the articulating-points of several others patched), the first three lames shaped to the point of the shoulder, and the subsidiary edges of all lames cut at their centres with a V-shaped notch (mottled patina overall); and the second comprising the top three lames of a left spaudler of the splint of an ‘Almain rivet’, the upper one deeper than the rest, formed with a convex upper edge and slightly shaped to the point of the shoulder (heavy mottle patina overall) Provenance Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, purchased from his estate 28 September 1929, odd lot 3 JWHA Inv. No. 927 ‡ £700-1000

205 206 TWO COMPOSITE VAMBRACES FOR THE LEFT AND RIGHT ARMS RESPECTIVELY, GERMAN AND ITALIAN, LATE 16TH CENTURY each formed of a tubular upper cannon fitted at its upper end with a turner and at its lower end with an associated articulating-lame, a shell-like one-piece couter and a tubular lower cannon, and fitted at its upper end in the case of the latter with a separate articulating-lame, the main edges of both vambrace formed with roped inward turns accompanied at the cuffs of the lower cannons with a double recessed border (that of the left later added to match the right), and the couter decorated with pairs of incised lines (lightly patinated overall) (2) Provenance Sir Guy F. Laking, London Clarence H. Mackay, Long Island, New York, cat. No A-24 Jacques Seligmann & Company, New York JWHA Inv. No. 2528 Exhibited Springfield Museum of Fine Arts, Springfield, Massachusetts, 17 February-12 December 1941 Literature Stephen V. Grancsay, The John Woodman Higgins Armory, Worcester, Massachusetts, 1961, p. 76

206

The couters are of North German make, the right vambrace of South German make and the left vambrace of North Italian make. ‡ £800-1200

207 AN ITALIAN VAMBRACE FOR THE RIGHT ARM, EARLY 17TH CENTURY formed of a tubular upper cannon closed by rivets at its rear, fitted at its upper end with a turner of three lames (partly disarticulated), and connected by a winged bracelet couter of three lames at its lower end to a tubular lower cannon opening at the front, the wing of the couter formed separately and probably representing a working-lifetime modification, the main edges of the vambrace formed with plain inward turns bordered by trios of incised lines repeated at all subsidiary edges, and the whole retaining much of its black-from-the hammer finish (extensively pitted and scratched) Provenance Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, purchased from his estate 28 September 1929

207

JWHA Inv. No. 927 ‡ £600-900

107


208 A PAIR OF CUISSES BY DANIEL TACHAUX, PARIS, 1900, IN THE SOUTH GERMAN STYLE OF THE MID-16TH CENTURY each formed of a gutter-shaped main plate fitted at is convex upper edge with a detachable extension-plate and at its lower edge with a poleyn of six lames, the third shaped to the point of the knee and formed at its outside with a small mediallypuckered oval side-wing, the lowest pierced at either side with a keyhole-slot for the attachment of greaves, the main edges of all parts formed with file-roped inward turns accompanied in the case of those of the upper edges of the main and extension-plates with recessed borders and in the case of those of the lower edge and wing of the poleyn with a narrow groove, and the subsidiary edges of the poleyn bordered by single incised lines (moderately pitted overall) Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 2609 See lot 217 for matching greaves and sabatons

208

‡ £500-800 209 A PAIR OF CUISSES, PARTLY ITALIAN, CIRCA 1460, AND PARTLY AMERICAN, EARLY 20TH CENTURY each formed of a gutter-shaped main plate (the left patched at points) fitted within its convex upper edge with a separate angular outward turn overlapping three articulated upper extension-plates, and at its lower end with a poleyn of five lames, the third shaped to the point of the knee (the left point patched) and formed at its outside with a medially-puckered pentagonal side-wing (the left restored), and the lowest of greater length than the rest and descending to a cusped lower edge pierced at each side with a hole to attach it to a pair of greaves Provenance Probably Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York JWHA Inv. No. 2886 ‡ £700-1000

209

108


210 A PAIR OF LEGHARNESS IN THE ITALIAN ‘GOTHIC’ STYLE OF THE LATE 15TH CENTURY, 19TH CENTURY each formed of a gutter-shaped main plate and a hinged sideplate surmounted in each instance by an extension-plate (the left main plate with a patched medial crack and lacking both its side and extension-plates; the right with a broken lower hinge) and fitted at its lower end with a poleyn of five lames, the second shaped to the point of the knee and formed with a medially-fluted sub-triangular side-wing, and the fifth and longest overlapping the upper end of an ankle-length greave formed in two hinged parts open to the inside of the leg (the inner rivet connecting the left poleyn to its greave missing and its upper hinge incomplete), the whole artificially patinated Provenance Angelo Peyron, Florence, Italy, sold by the Savoy Art Auction Galleries, New York, sale no. 450, lot no. 597, $45 for lot JWHA Inv. No. 3084 ‡ £700-900 211 A PAIR OF TASSETS, THE RIGHT SOUTH GERMAN, LATE 16TH CENTURY, AND THE LEFT 19TH CENTURY each formed of three upward-overlapping medially-ridged lames (those of left restored using old lames), the first, with a stepped inner edge, fitted at its upper edge with three modern double-ended suspension-buckles, and the last with a squared lower edge pierced at either side with holes (now occupied in two cases by rivets) for fittings which served to attach extensions, and the main edges of each formed with inward turns, file roped in the case of the lateral ones and plain in the case of the lower one

210

211

Provenance The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, sold by ParkeBernet Galleries, Inc., New York, 24-6 October 1956, sale no. 1701, lot no. 106, $30 for lot JWHA Inv. No. 3127 ‡ £350-500 212 A CODPIECE IN THE GERMAN 16TH CENTURY STYLE, LATE 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY formed in one piece with a flanged edge fitted at its upper end with a transversely-pierced suspension-stud and projecting forward and upward to a domed end decorated medially with three parallel raised ribs, the outer ones of which converge at their upper end (lightly pitted overall) Provenance P. Foury, Paris, 16 August 1938 JWHA Inv. No. 2492

212

‡ £300-500

109


213 A FAULD FOR A YOUTH IN THE GERMAN STYLE OF THE EARLY 16TH CENTURY, LATE 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY formed of four upward-overlapping lames, each medially-ridged and formed mid-way along its upper edge with a low cusp, fitted at each side of the third with a pair of straps for the attachment of a tasset, and cut at the centre of the lower edge of the last with a shallow arch (lightly pitted overall) Provenance Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, purchased from his estate, 28 September 1929, odd lot 3

213

JWHA Inv. No. 929 ‡ £20-40 214 AN ETCHED MINIATURE CLOSE HELMET IN THE 16TH CENTURY STYLE, EARLY 20TH CENTURY formed of a rounded two-piece skull joined along the crest of a low roped medial comb, fitted at its flanged lower edge with a deep onepiece rear gorget-plate and at each side with a brow-plate, visor and bevor attach by common pivots (broken out), the rounded visor pierced at each side with four long vertical vision-slits, the bevor fitted within its lower edge with a neck-lame flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a deep front gorget-plate cusped twice at each side, the main edges of the helmet formed with file-roped inward turns and its surfaces etched overall within plain borders with scrolling foliage involving flower-heads and at the centre of the front gorgetplate, a winged dragon, all on a stippled and blackened ground Provenance Armatura Norsa, Venice, 4 November 1909 JWHA Inv. No. 246

214

The helmet is from the same hand as the breastplate sold from the collections of the J. W. Higgins Museum by Thomas Del Mar Ltd, 20 March 2013, lot 364 ‡ £200-300 215 A PAIR OF GERMAN CUIRASSIER’S TASSETS, EARLY 17TH CENTURY each formed of nine upward overlapping lames (partly disarticulated), the first of which (patched at its outer end in the case of the left one ) is fitted at either side with a double-ended iron suspension-buckle, and the lowest with a poleyn of two lames, the first of which is shaped to the point of the knee and formed at its outer end with a medially-puckered oval side-wing, the surfaces of each painted black overall (the paint scuffed at points), and the interior of the first lame in each case painted in red with the inventory number 112, also stamped on a brass tag attached to the outer buckle of the left

215

Provenance The red numbers painted within the tassets are of a character found within pieces deriving from the armoury of Archduke Eugen, Veste Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, Austria JWHA Inv. No. 145

110

‡ £700-1000


216 A PAIR OF GREAVES AND SABATONS IN THE STYLE OF VALENTIN SIEBENBURGER, NUREMBURG, CIRCA 1535, 19TH CENTURY each formed of a full-length greave opening at the inside of the leg, well shaped to the calf and ankle-bones, pierced at the heel with a vertical slit to accommodate a spur and fitted at its lower front end with an integral broad-toed sabaton of seven lames overlapping inwards to the fourth, the upper and lower edges of the rear plate formed with file-roped inward turns bordered by etched band of running foliage on a stippled and blackened ground, repeated around the lower edge of the sabaton and to either side of a medial roped rib decorating the front of the toe-cap, and enclosed to the outside of the latter with a narrow groove repeated beneath the upper etched band of the rear plate of the greave (the left rear plate with a patch of light rust) Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 2589 The decoration of these elements resembles that found on armours by Valentin Siebenberger of Nuremburg in the Musée de Rennes, Brittany, the Musée de l’Armée, Paris Inv. Nos G. 314, G. 591, G. 436 & G 568, and the Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg (Reitzenstein 1973. pp. 99-108) ‡ £800-1200

216 217 A PAIR OF GREAVES AND SABATONS BY DANIEL TACHAUX, PARIS, 1900, IN THE SOUTH GERMAN STYLE OF THE MID-16TH CENTURY each formed of a full-length greave opening at the inside of the leg, well shaped to the calf and ankle-bones, and fitted at its lower front end with an integral round-toed sabaton of seven lames overlapping inwards to the fourth, the upper and lower edges of the rear plate formed with file-roped inward turns bordered by narrow grooves, and the subsidiary edges of the sabaton bordered by single incised lines (moderately pitted overall) Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 2609 See lot 208 for matching cuisses and poleyns ‡ £500-800

217

111


218 A SOUTH GERMAN LEFT CHEEK-PIECE OF A BURGONET, MID-16TH CENTURY; AN ITALIAN UPPER CANNON OF A LEFT VAMBRACE WITH TURNER AND A PARTIAL PAULDRON, CIRCA 1580; A POLEYN AND LOWER END OF A TASSET, EARLY 17TH CENTURY; AND THIRTY-ONE FURTHER PIECES OF ARMOUR, 16TH, 17TH AND 19TH/20TH CENTURIES the first formed in one piece with an outward-flanged lower end, decorated at its main edges with roped inward turns and at is centre with an embossed circle enclosing a cross; the second, from a three-piece vambrace of tubular form, surmounted by a roped turner and the lowest lame of a pauldron, decorated at its lower edge with a single incised line; the third, from a cuirassier’s armour, formed of a winged main plate with two lames above it and another below it, their secondary edges decorated with trios of incised lines (its inner end corroded); and the fourth including the elements of four similar poleyns as well as those of tassets, pauldrons and vambraces (34) Provenance Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, purchased from his estate 28 September 1929 JWHA Inv. Nos. 828, 927, 1189, 1444 and 3084 ‡ £250-400 219 THE MAIN PLATE AND PARTIAL ARTICULATING LAME OF AN ITALIAN COUTER, LATE 15TH CENTURY; THE INNER PLATE OF THE LOWER CANNON OF AN ITALIAN VAMBRACE, LATE 15TH OR EARLY 16TH CENTURY; AND NINE FURTHER PIECES OF ARMOUR OF THE LATE 15TH OR EARLY 16TH CENTURY the first shaped to the point of the elbow and formed with an oval side-wing (heavily corroded with substantial losses); the second of gutter-shaped form with an angular outward turn at its cuff (heavily corroded with substantial losses); and third comprising elements of similar vambraces (heavily corroded with substantial losses) (11) Provenance Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, purchased from his estate 28 September 1929 JWHA Inv. Nos. 828 and 928

220 THE UPPERMOST LAME OF AN ITALIAN RIGHT PAULDRON, CIRCA 1500; THE LOWEST LAME OF AN ITALIAN RIGHT TASSET, CIRCA 1560; THE COMPOSITE LOWER CANNON OF AN ITALIAN LEFT VAMBRACE, LATE 16TH CENTURY; AND TWENTY-SEVEN FURTHER PIECES OF ARMOUR, 15TH, 16TH, 17TH AND 19TH/20TH CENTURIES the first medially-ridged and formed at its upper edge with a plain angular outward turn (its lower edge pierce at the centre with a small rust-perforation and its surface pitted); the second with a nearly straight lower edge formed with a roped inward turn accompanied by a recessed border that divides at its centre to form a pair of adorsed volutes, its upper edge decorated with scallops enclosed by a single incised line (its surface showing a mottled overall patina); the third of tapering tubular form, opening at the front, its main edges formed with fine file-roped inward turns accompanied by gilt recessed borders contrasting with the black-from-the hammer overall finish of the piece; and the fourth including elements of cuirasses, pauldrons and vambraces, and other pieces, one with etched decoration Provenance Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, purchased from his estate 28 September 1929 JWHA Inv. Nos. 230, 828, 912, 927, 928, 929, 937 and 3084 ‡ £250-400 221 AN ARMOURED BELT IN THE ‘ANTIQUE’ STYLE, LATE 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY, POSSIBLY ITALIAN formed of a leather belt fastened at the front by a large elaborately-shaped double-ended iron buckle and overlain with iron scales overlapping outwards from the centre of the back, each decorated at its lateral edges with single incised lines and at its distal edge with V-shaped notches, the lower edge of the belt fitted with pendent pteruges formed of similar scales widening slightly to their lower ends (two scales missing and three incomplete; the whole lightly patinated overall) Provenance Angelo Peyron, Florence, Italy, sold Savoy Art & Auction Galleries, New York, 4 November 1954, sale no. 450, lot no. 634. JWHA Inv. No. 3087 ‡ £30-60

These elements almost certainly derive from the armoury of the Knights of St John at Rhodes which fell to Turkish invaders in 1522 (see W. Karcheski and T. Richardson 2000, passim.) ‡ £200-400

221

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222 222 AN ITALIAN BUCKLER OF IRON, SECOND HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY of slightly convex circular form, covered over at the front with faded crimson silk (replaced, perhaps in early working like), fitted peripherally with a reinforcing-ring, over a circular aperture at its centre with a low rounded boss having a flanged and scalloped edge (perhaps an early working life association), at its lower end with a hook, and at each side with a smaller boss concealing beneath it an iron rivet (replaced) that retains the tapered end of an internal wooden hand-grip, the inside and outside of the buckler finely etched in line in two concentric circles with alternating floral scolls involving on the outside of the boss a representation of Hercules fighting the Nemean lion, and in circular cartouches above and below the hand-grip, mounted warriors on a hatch ground (the etching extensively worn and the iron rivets replaced throughout) 41 cm; 16¼ in diameter Provenance S.J. Whawell, London, 1926 Theodore Offerman, New York, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries, New York, 13 November 1937, lot 96 JWHA Inv. No. 2467 Literature Walter J. Karcheski Jr, Arms and Armor of the Conquistador, Florida Museum of Natural History, Gainsville, Cat. No. 8 (Ill.) Susan Milbrath and Jerald T. Milanich, First Encounters: An Exhibit Guide, Florida Museum of Natural History, Gainsville, p. 31 (Ill.)

114

Exhibited ‘First Encounters’, Florida Museum of Natural History, Gainsville, Florida, 23 August - 15 January 1933 ‘The Pen and the Sword: Martial Arts Manuals in Medieval and Renaissance Europe’ J. W. Higgins Museum, Worcester, Massachusetts, 26 October - 27 May 2007 ‘Now Thrive the Armourers: Arms and Armor in Shakespeare’, Folger Shakespeare Library, Washington, D.C., 5 June - 9 September 2008 What appears to be this buckler is shown in a photograph taken about 1921-4 of the S. J. Whawell Collection, and now forming part of the Carl Otto von Kienbusch archive in the Philadelphia Museum of Art. The inner edge of the reinforcing-ring of the buckler appears originally to have been flanged upwards, presumably to catch the point of an opponent’s weapon. See Norman 1986, A317, p. 95, for a discussion of this type of buckler. As he notes, the Italian writer Giacomo di Grassi, Ragione di Adoprar Sicuramente l’Arme, Venice, 1570, p. 59, called it il brochiero. A buckler of this fashion appears in ‘The Painter with Death’, a self-portrait by Gaspard Masery, dated 1559 (Musée des Beaux-Arts, Cat. No. 379) ‡ £2000-3000


223

223 A RARE SOUTH GERMAN TILTING-TARGET (STECHTARTSCHE) AUGSBURG, CIRCA 1580 of trapezoidal form, shaped to the base of the neck and point of the shoulder, curved forward at its lower end, pierced at the inside of its upper end with three large holes for bolting it to the underlying breastplate and elsewhere with paired smaller holes (perhaps later and for attaching a lining), and struck at its upper edge with three crescent-shaped marks denoting its position within its garniture, and within its inner edge with the pearled ‘A’ mark of the city of Augsburg (pitted overall)

Provenance The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, sold by Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., 15 November 1956, sale no. 1708, lot no. 174 JWHA Inv. No. 3135 Exhibited ‘Now Thrive the Armorers: Arms and Armor in Shakespeare’, Folger Shakespeare Library, Washington, D.C., 5 June - 9 September 2008 See Mann 1962, pp. 52-62, pls 26-30; and Norman 1986, pp. 18-25 for discussions of the group of armours to which this Stechtartsche relates. ‡ £2000-3000

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224

224 A GERMAN SHOT-PROOF STEEL TARGET, PROBABLY NUREMBERG, CIRCA 1600 of convex circular form, fitted at is centre with a robust sixsided pyramidal spike (replaced), decorated around its edge with a series of puckers separated by round-headed liningrivets, fitted with four pairs of similar but larger rivets for the attachment of enarmes (replaced) and struck on its outer surface with a pair of indistinct initials within a shield 55.5 cm ; 21¾ in diameter Provenance Cyril Andrade Ltd, London, 1930 JWHA Inv. No. 1224 Exhibited ‘Gold in the Americas’, Musée de la Civilization, Quebec, 30 April 2008 - 11 January 2009 A large series of similar shields are preserved in the Steiermärkischen Landeszeughaus, Graz, in many cases bearing the quality-control mark of the city of Nuremberg (Krenn 1978, pp. 44-5) ‡ £1500-2000

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225 A GERMAN STEEL TARGET, CIRCA 1600 of convex circular form, divided by boxing into six triangular panels, fitted at is centre with a slender quadrangular spike issuing from a moulded circular base (replaced), formed at its edge with a plain inward turn (patched at two opposing points) accompanied by round-headed lining-rivets, further fitted within them with four pairs of similar rivets for the attachment of leather enarmes (now represented only by fragments ), and pierced at each side with later suspension-holes 61.4 cm; 24¼ in diameter Provenance L. Chobert, Paris, 26 April 1930 JWHA Inv. No. 1238 ‡ £1000-1300


226 A SHIELD FROM THE WORKSHOP OF ERNST SCHMIDT, MUNICH, IN THE WESTERN EUROPEAN STYLE OF THE LATE 15TH CENTURY, EARLY 20TH CENTURY of tall scutiform outline with a bouched upper dexter corner and a gutter-shaped medial ridge, formed of wood covered at the front with brown leather (split and repaired at some points) painted with an image of a knight in armour kneeling before his lady beneath a scroll bearing the inscription, in Lombadic characters, VOVS OV LA MORT (‘You or Death’), and with his helmet and polaxe at his feet, and at the rear with coarse canvas, its upper end fitted with a robust horizontal leather carrying-strap Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 1015 The design of the shield is taken from one forming part of the Burgess Bequest in the British Museum, London (Laking 19202, Vol. II, pp. 229-2, fig. 594) ‡ £1000-1400

226

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227

227 A STEEL TARGET WITH EMBOSSED DECORATION, 19TH CENTURY, AFTER AN ITALIAN ORIGINAL OF THE MID-16TH CENTURY MADE FOR THE EMPEROR CHARLES V of convex circular form with a plain inward turn at its edge accompanied by holes for lining-rivets, fitted to the inside of them with various blind rivets for the attachment of enarmes, and embossed and chased overall in high relief within a border of fruits occupied by puttti with a representation of the apotheosis of the Emperor Charles V, including his devices, the double-headed eagle and the Pillars of Hercules 55.5 cm; 21¾ in diameter

Provenance Spitzer Collection, Paris, 1893, lot 670 Anderson Galleries, New York, 15 December 1931, lot 670 JWHA Inv. No. 700 Exhibited Berkshire Museum, Pittsfield, Massachusetts, 6 January 1965 - 21 February 1966 Hospital Trustees, Providence, Rhode Island, 8 -31 May 1967 Art Gallery of Sunrise, Charleston, West Virginia, January - 1 May 1975 Holy Cross College, Worcester, Massachusetts, 26 - 28 September 1968 Beaumont Art Museum, Texas, 5 December - 23 January 1978 The shield is a copy of one in Real Armeria, Madrid, Cat. No. D63, made for the Emperor Charles V (1499/1500 - 1558). (Calvert 1907, pl. 150, left) ‡ £1500-2000

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228

228 A STEEL TARGET WITH EMBOSSED AND CHASED DECORATION, 19TH CENTURY, AFTER AN ORIGINAL BY THE MILANESE MASTER ‘MP’, CIRCA 1560-5 of convex circular form with a boldly-roped inward turn at its edge accompanied by holes for lining-rivets, pierced to the inside of the latter with four further pairs of holes for the attachment of enarmes and embossed and chased overall in high relief within a rectangular central frame with a representation of the Vestal Virgin Tuccia proving herself innocent of the charge of being unchaste by carrying water in a sieve, and bordered above and below the frame by scrolls involving in each case a grotesque mask and fruits, and at each side of it by a column bearing a male herm and a further grotesque mask 58.5 cm; 23 in diameter

Provenance Giulia P. Morosini, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries Inc., New York, 10-15 October 1932, lot 277 JWHA Inv. No. 1811 Exhibited R. K. White Co., 27 July - 7 August 1961 Holy Cross College, Worcester, Massachusetts, 26-28 September 1968; 26-28 September 1969 Beaumont Art Museum, Texas, 5 December 1977 - 23 January 1978 Monmouth Museum, New Jersey, 27 February - 6 May 1978 The shield is a copy of an original in the State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg, Acc. No. 3. O.6145, signed by the maker ‘MP’, perhaps identifiable as Matteo Piatti, a member of a distinguished Milanese family of armourers (Godoy 2003, No. 28, pp. 158-9 & 437-8). A shield of the same period in the Museo delle Armi Luigi Marzol, Inv. No. 373, signed BP (Rossi & Carpegna 1869, cat. No. 130, p. 59; and Godoy 2003, No. 25, pp. 144-7 & 431-30) could represent the signature of his relation Bartolomeo. ‡ £1200-1600

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229

229 A STEEL TARGET, 19TH CENTURY IN THE GERMAN STYLE OF THE FIRST HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY of convex circular form, rising slightly at its centre to an eightsided pyramidal spike issuing from a three-tiered complex of washers formed as radiating acanthus leaves, decorated at its edge with a boldly-roped inward turn accompanied by a double-recessed border, the outer part occupied by liningrivets and separated from the narrower inner part by a raised rib, fitted to the inside of the border with four large radiallyfluted devices with loose-ring attachments at the rear, and decorated within it with radiating flutes emphasized by pairs of incised lines 57.5 cm; 22¾ in diameter Provenance Louis Joseph, Boston, Massachusetts, 12 July 1927 JWHA Inv. No. 353 ‡ £800-1200

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230

230 A STEEL TARGET WITH ETCHED DECORATION, 19TH CENTURY IN THE NORTH ITALIAN STYLE OF THE LATE 16TH CENTURY of convex circular form, rising slightly at its centre to a slender six-sided pyramidal spike with a moulded circular base, formed at its edge with a boldly roped inward turn accompanied by lining-rivets with fluted conical heads, fitted to the inside with four round-headed rivets decorated with file crosses for the attachment of enarmes, and etched overall, around a central panel of interlace, with radiating bands separated by narrower plain bands and alternately occupied by trophies of arms, and strapwork interlace involving cartouches enclosing 16th century armoured warriors, all on a stippled and blackened ground 60.4 cm; 23¾ in diameter Provenance Fechtenbach Collection, Schloss zu Laudenbach, to 1889 K. Schaefer, Munich, to 1930 Julius Böhler, Munich, 1930 JWHA Inv. No. 1148 ‡ £1200-1800

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231

231 A STEEL TARGET WITH EMBOSSED DECORATION, 19TH CENTURY IN THE ITALIAN STYLE OF THE MID16TH CENTURY of slightly convex circular form with a bold file-roped inward turn at its edge accompanied by a broad recessed border containing round-headed lining-rivets, fitted to the inside of them with four spirally-fluted, baluster-headed devices with loose-ring attachments at the rear, and boldly embossed and chased in high relief at its centre with a lion’s mask 58 cm; 22¾ in diameter

122

Provenance George L. Maxwell, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 28 November 1928, lot 163 JWHA Inv. No. 647 The inspiration for the design of the shield is likely to have come from that in the Real Armeria, Madrid, Cat. No. D2, made for the Emperor Charles V by Filippo Negroli of Milan in 1533 (Pyhrr & Godoy 1998, pp. 125-130). ‡ £800-1200


232

232 A DECORATIVE STEEL TARGET PROBABLY BY ANTONIO CORTALAZZO, VINCENZA, CIRCA 1870 formed of a thick plate of ‘heater-shaped’ outline, etched at is centre with a representation of a knight on foot wearing an etched armour in the Italian style of about 1600, holding in his right hand a sword, and in his left, the shield under discussion, all contained within a border enclosed between two applied strips of iron and consisting of alternating cartouches of etched scrolling foliage and finely chiselled and chased military subjects and trophies-of-arms in high-relief silver, enclosed in each case by lines of writhen and plain silver wire, and the rear fitted with two sturdy iron loops for the attachment of an enarme and, beneath it, a similarly sturdy iron hand-grip (pitted overall)

Provenance Giulio Morosini, sold by the American Art Association, New York, 10-15 October 1932, lot 182 JWHA Inv. no. 1876 Cortelazzo skills were applied to a variety of objects in metal, including caskets, ewers and basins, some of which bear his signature. It was stated in the Art Journal Catalogue of 1872 that ‘Among the art gems of the present exhibition are to be found the productions from the hand of Antonio Cortelazzo of Vincenza, now as well known in England for his skills as a metalworker as he is appreciated among his fellow workers in his native Italy by whom he is recognised as Facile Princeps in the art in the mechanical skill with which he inlays metal upon metal he has his rivals but in the combination of that process with purity of design and artistic fancy of ornamert which distinguishes all his work he stands unrivalled.’ ‡ £1200-1800

123


233 233 AN ENGLISH ELECTROTYPE COPY, CIRCA 1880, OF A NORTH ITALIAN STEEL TARGET WITH EMBOSSED, PUNCHED AND GILT DECORATION, MILANESE, CIRCA 1560 of convex circular form with a turned edge accompanied by star-headed lining-rivets, fitted to the inside of them with various similar and plain rivets for the attachment of a pad for the arm and enarmes, and embossed overall in high relief, within a border of trophies of arms and oval cartouches enclosing nude classical subjects, with representations of Judith and Holofernes, David and Goliath, and the victory of Saul, all enhanced with fine punched detail and extensively gilt against a silvered ground, and fitted at the rear with the oval seal of the Elkington company bearing at its centre the royal cipher VR 57.5 cm; 22¾ in diameter

Provenance Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 15 November 1956, part of lot 166 JWHA Inv. No. 3389 Exhibited Oneida County Jr. Museum, Utica, New York, 11 September 1967 - 8 January 1968 Holy Cross College, Worcester, Massachusetts, 26-28 September 1968; 26-29 September 1975; 25-26 September 1981 Poughkeepsie Junior League, New York, 2 March - 3 May 1969 Children’s Museum, Hartford Connecticut, March - April 1976 Beaumont Art Museum, Texas, 5 December 1977 - 23 January 1978 Schnectady, New York, 4 June - 13 September 1979 The electrotype was made by Elkington and Co Ltd of Birmingham from an original shield that was at that time in the Imperial collections of the Tsarkoe Selo near St Peterburg and is now in the State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg, Acc. No. 3. O.6161 (Gille & Rockstuhl 1835-53, pt, 21, pl. CXXII; and Godoy 2003, No. 22, pp. 134-5 & 428-30). ‡ £1000-1500

124


234 234 AN ENGLISH ELECTROTYPE COPY, CIRCA 1880, OF A NORTH ITALIAN STEEL TARGET WITH EMBOSSED, GILT AND DAMASCENED DECORATION, BY THE MASTER ‘MP’, CIRCA 1560-5 of convex circular form with an elaborately decorated turn at its edge and embossed overall in high relief within a rectangular central frame with a representation of the Vestal Virgin Tuccia proving herself innocent of the charge of being unchaste by carrying water in a sieve, and bordered above and below the frame by scrolls involving in each case a grotesque mask and fruits, and at each side of it by a column bearing a male herm and a further grotesque mask, all partly gilt and enhanced by the chasing and gold-damascening of its fine detail, and fitted at the rear with the oval seal of the Elkington company bearing at its centre the royal cipher VR, and the copyright label of the Museum of Science and Art 54.5 cm; 21¼ in diameter Provenance Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, sold Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 15 November 1956, lot 166 JWHA Inv. No. 3134

Exhibited Forest Grove Junior High School, Worcester, Massachusetts, 13 April - 2 May 1964 Berkshire Museum, Pittsfield, Massachusetts, 6 January - 21 February 1966. Oneida County Junior Museum, New York, 11 September 1967 - 8 January 1968. Holy Cross College, Worcester, Massachusetts, 26-28 September 1968 Poughkeepsie Junior League, New York, 2 March - 3 May 1969 Rensselaer County Junior Museum, Troy, New York, October 1974 - 5 September 1975 Children’s Museum, Hartford Connecticut, March - April 1976 The electrotype was made by Elkington and Co Ltd of Birmingham. It is possibly the Elkington product referred to by the South Kensington Museum (now the Victoria and Albert Museum), London, in its ‘Inventory of Reproductions in Metal’ of about 1901, p. 48, as Acc. No. 1884-59. The electrotype is taken from an original shield in the State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg, Acc. No. 3. O.6145, see footnote to lot 228. ‡ £1000-1500

125


235

235 A STEEL TARGET, 19TH CENTURY IN THE WESTERN EUROPEAN STYLE OF THE MID-16TH CENTURY of slightly convex circular form, rising slightly at its centre to a six-sided pyramidal spike issuing from a squat peripherallydecorated moulding, formed at its edge with a roped inward turn accompanied by a recessed border containing roundheaded lining-rivets with rosette washers of brass externally and plain washers of iron internally, the latter retaining a quilted leather lining (splits and holed at points), fitted within the border with four pairs of similar rivets for the attachment of leather enarmes (one missing), and decorated around the boss with a series of blackened radiating gadroons, alternately narrow and short with rounded ends and broad and long with pointed ends 60 cm; 23¾ in diameter Provenance S. Marachat, Paris, 1926 JWHA Inv. No. 50 ‡ £500-800

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236

237

236 A DECORATIVE HERALDIC SHIELD FROM THE WORKSHOP OF ERNST SCHMIDT, MUNICH, IN THE GERMAN STYLE OF THE MID-17TH CENTURY of circular outline and formed of wood, its front inscribed in a white border enclosed between two lines of rope with the spurious date “Anno Domini 1650’, surrounding a coat-of-arms showing an armoured right arm or holding sword argent on a field azure, the coat-of-arms surmounted by a barred and crested helm with mantling again of azure and or

237 A DECORATIVE HERALDIC SHIELD FROM THE WORKSHOP OF ERNST SCHMIDT, MUNICH, IN THE GERMAN STYLE OF THE MID-17TH CENTURY of circular outline and formed of wood, its front inscribed in a white border enclosed between two lines of rope with the spurious date “Anno Domini 1650’, surrounding a coat-of-arms showing in the first and fourth quarters a fleur-de-lis gules on a field argent, and in the second and third quarters, three flowerheads argent (two missing from the second quarter) on a field gules, the coat-of-arms surmounted by a barred and crested helm with mantling again of gules and argent

Provenance Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 9 November 1929 JWHA Inv. No. 1025 ‡ £400-600

Provenance Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 9 November 1929 JWHA Inv. No. 1026 ‡ £400-600

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239 238

238 AN ITALIAN HALF-SHAFFRON, LATE 16TH CENTURY formed of a medially-ridged main plate boxed to either side of its brow, fitted at its upper corners with a pair of gutter-shaped ear-defences, formed at its lateral edges with outward-flanged semi-circular eye-openings and decorated between their upper ends with a later conical spike riveted through a radially-fluted roundel, the main edges of the shaffron formed with plain inward turns and its main plate fitted with prominent roundheaded brass lining rivets and rosette washers (small holes, one early repair on the right of the nose); together with an associated poll plate (now detached), with roped edge 43.2 cm; 17 in, the main plate (2) Provenance Probably the Armoury of the Dukes of Osuna J. Valenciano, 21 May 1931 JWHA Inv. No. 1507 A similar shaffron, formerly in the collection of the Duke Osuna and the Tower of London, was sold Sotheby’s 18 June 1974, lot 58. ‡ £1200-1800

128

239 AN ETCHED SHAFFRON IN FLEMISH LATE 15TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY formed of a medially-ridged main plate embossed with sprays of flutes in the late gothic style, fitted at its lateral edges with outward-flanged semi-circular eye-openings, a pair of large cheek-pieces and pronounced nose-piece, tapering central spike on a foliate washer and large shaped poll-plate, decorated throughout with deeply etched panels of scrolling tendrils within linear frames, and in ‘aged’ condition 56.5 cm; 22¼ in Provenance Cyril Andrade Ltd, London, 16 May 1930 JWHA Inv. No. 1223 Exhibited Detroit Institute of Arts, 17 March - 6 July 1948 Worcester Free Public Library, Massachusetts, 6 - 27 March 1952. ‡ £800-1200


241

240

240 A SHAFFRON IN THE EARLY 16TH CENTURY GERMAN ‘MAXIMILIAN’ STYLE, 19TH CENTURY formed of a main plate shaped to the brow, flanged outwards over the eyes at its lower corners and fitted between the latter with a spike riveted through a radially fluted plate, a pair of gutter-shaped ear-defences, and an X-shaped face-plate fitted at its its lower end with a medially-ridged nose-plate, the main plate, ear-defences and nose-plate bearing fluted decoration emphasised by pairs of incised lines, the lower edges of the eye-openings scalloped and bordered in each case by an incised line and punched dots, the lower edge of the nose-plate formed with a roped inward turn, and fitted at the top and bottom with buckles 56 cm; 22 in

241 TWO SOUTH GERMAN EAR-DEFENCES FROM A SHAFFRON, AUGSBURG, CIRCA 1520, AND A POLLPLATE, POSSIBLY SOUTH GERMAN, MID-16TH CENTURY the first two each formed of a gutter-shaped plate, flanged outwards at the base for attachment to the mainplate and with a boldly roped turn at the top, etched with vertical bands of candelabrum ornament and foliage on a stippled ground (extensively chipped, small cracks, worn); the poll-plate formed of a single plate embossed with three vertical bands joined by two pairs of crescents, and retaining traces of etched decoration including shields, foliage and pellets (worn) the first: 14.6 cm; 5¾ in high (3)

Provenance Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, purchased from his estate, 28 September 1929

Provenance Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, purchased from his estate, 28 September 1929

JWHA Inv. No. 816

JWHA Inv. No. 910, 911, 909

‡ £800-1200

‡ £300-500

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242

242 A RARE CRUPPER PLATE, 16TH CENTURY, PROBABLY GERMAN for the left side, formed of a gutter-shaped plate tapering at its rear and trimmed at the terminal for the tail (extensively patched on the outside by one plate covering almost half its surface area), the inside lined with a large plate, perhaps an early addition, and the border pierced for a lining 58.5 cm; 23⅛ in long Provenance Fenton and Sons, London, 27 April 1930, No. 916 JWHA Inv. No. 1155 ‡ £800-1200

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243

243 A RARE SOUTH GERMAN PEYTRAL FROM A HORSE ARMOUR, NUREMBURG, CIRCA 1510-20 formed of a rounded trapezoid main plate and two rhomboidal side-plates, the latter connected to the former in each case by a pair of hinges with scalloped edges, the upper and lower edges of all three plates formed with a plain inward turn accompanied by a double-recessed border, the outermost in each case pierced with holes for lining-rivets, the top of the main plate struck with the quality-control mark of the city of Nuremberg, the outer ends of the side-plates pierced with slots for suspension-straps, now occupied by later leather straps, and two serial marks (cleaned, the side-plates each with small brazed repairs) 31 cm; 12¼ in high

Provenance The Armoury of the Princes Radziwill, Schloss Nieswiez, Poland Theodore Offerman, July 1928, $500 JWHA Inv. No. 478.1-3 This peytral forms part of a group deriving from the armoury of the Princes Radziwill. It was almost certainly one of the sixteen peytrals included in the dispersal of the armoury conducted by Christie, Manson & Woods in 1926 and 1927. It would appear that the Radziwill peytrals were intended to be worn in conjunction with a chanfron and saddle each decorated with characteristic fluting. Cruppers and flanchards were not worn with them. Another example, gifted by Prince Albrecht Radziwill in 1927, is in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (Acc. No. 27.183.43). See S. W. Pyhrr, D. J. Larocca and D. H. Breiding 2005, p. 59, no. 27. ‡ £6000-8000

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244 A SADDLE IN SOUTH GERMAN MID-16TH CENTURY STYLE AND ELEMENTS OF OTTOMAN EMBROIDERED VELVET FOR A SADDLE-CLOTH, LATE 17TH CENTURY the first with wooden frame covered with padded red velvet, the flaps padded and decorated en suite, fitted with V-shaped bow and rectangular cantle with rounded corners, the former fitted with a pair of iron plates etched and gilt in mid-16th century style (pommel plate missing, the cantle detached, extensively worn); the second of crimson silk velvet embroidered with arabesques, flowers and foliate motifs, with later gilt border and fringe (extensively worn); together with a quantity of associated straps for equestrian harness the first: 40.5 cm; 16 in high Provenance Fenton and Sons, London, 27 April 1930 JWHA Inv. No. 406 ‡ £600-800

245 A SADDLE IN 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY; A PAIR OF ITALIAN STIRRUPS, LATE 16TH/EARLY 17TH CENTURY; AND A PAIR OF IRON REINS IN 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY the first with wooden frame, the outer surface covered with padded red velvet, fitted with V-shaped bow and rectangular cantle, each applied with large steel plates chased with bold scrolls of foliage against a punched ground at the front, the cantle decorated en suite and including marine monsters and a central palmette (the fabric extensively worn); the second with openwork oval treads, a pair of slender side-bars rising to an integral D-shaped loop for suspension, the principal bars decorated with delicate filed ribs, and retaining traces of early gilding throughout; and the third each formed of an alternating arrangement of links and circular panels the first: 45 cm; 17¾ in high (5) Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 2610 ‡ £300-400

132

246 A SADDLE IN FLEMISH EARLY 16TH CENTURY STYLE with leather-covered wooden frame, steel mounts comprising two faceted bow-plates each pointed at the base, a triangular pommel-plate formed en suite, rectangular cantle with bevelled edges and rounded corners 47 cm; 18½ in high Provenance Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, sold Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 26 October 1950, part of lot 124 JWHA Inv. No. 2884 ‡ £300-400


244

246

245

133


247 AN EMBROIDERED HORSE CAPARISON IN EARLY 17TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY of green velvet embroidered with gold thread, decorated with tulips, carnations, pomegranates and foliate motifs, the lower border scalloped, complete with a saddle-cloth, straps and tassels Provenance Clarence H. Mackay, Long Island, New York, sold Seligman & Co., New York, 9 November 1940 JWHA Inv. No. 2694 ‡ £500-700

247

248 AN EMBROIDERED HORSE CAPARISON IN EARLY 17TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY of yellow velvet embroidered with flowers and foliate motifs, the lower border scalloped, complete with straps Provenance Clarence H. Mackay, Long Island, New York, sold Seligman & Co., New York, 9 November 1940 JWHA Inv. No. 2694 ‡ £300-500

248

134


249 A PAIR OF STIRRUPS IN ITALIAN LATE 16TH CENTURY STYLE for the ‘Italian tilt’ of boot-shaped construction, each with rectangular tread, a pair of side bars rising up and pierced at the top for straps, the front extending into a tapering ‘boot’ reinforced at the base by a scalloped plate also forming the basal plate, and with a wing over the outer face to protect the ankle 22 cm; 8⅝ in high (2) Provenance Bashford Dean, New York, acquired from his estate 15 October 1929 JWHA Inv. No. 1446 ‡ £300-500

250 FOUR EUROPEAN STIRRUPS, 17TH/18TH CENTURY the first with pierced oval tread, a pair of side-bars rising to a loop for suspension, fitted with a pair of additional frontal bars and a tall plate enclosing the front of the foot; the second probably for an outrider, with slender tread, a pair of side-bars rising to a rectangular loop; the third with rectangular tread, a pair of broad side-bars formed with three vertical ribs, and integral loop at the top; and the fourth with pierced oval tread, a pair of two-stage side-bars, and fitted with an oval loop for suspension at the top the first: 14.8 cm; 5¾ in high (4)

249

Provenance the first: George L. Maxwell, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 28 November 1928, lot 208 the second, third and fourth: Louis Bachereau, Paris, 3 September 1933 JWHA Inv. Nos. 658, 2005, 2004 ‡ £150-250

250

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251

252

252 FIVE EUROPEAN ROWEL SPURS, 17TH/19TH CENTURIES the first 17th century, for an outrider, with short neck (incomplete, rowel missing), slender heel-band with pierced figure-of-eight shaped terminals and buckles for straps; the second early 17th century, with ten-point foliate rowel, curved moulded neck, curved heel-band with pierced figure-of-eight shaped terminals and buckles for straps (areas of pitting); the third probably Italian 17th century, with star-shaped rowel (incomplete), short neck and long heel-band each decorated with file roped and spirally fluted designs, and the latter incorporating a pair of large circular terminals pierced for straps; the fourth mid-17th century, with six-point star-shaped rowel, rounded neck, slightly curved heel-band, pierced figure-of-eight shaped terminals, and a pair of large curved buckles for straps; and the fifth 19th century, of brass, with star-shaped rowel, curved neck, and broad heel-band fitted with a buckle on one side the first: 15.8 cm; 6¼ in (5) Provenance The second and fourth: Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, sold American Art Association, New York, 24 November 1928, lots 158 and 156 The third: George L. Maxwell, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 28 November 1928 lot 207 JWHA Inv. No. 235, 616, 657, 614, 649 ‡ £150-250

253 251 THREE PAIRS OF EUROPEAN ROWEL SPURS, 18TH/19TH CENTURY the first pair with twelve-point star-shaped iron rowels, brass heel-bands with slotted terminals, and later leather straps with brass buckles; the second pair with fluted disc-shaped rowels, polished steel heel-bands, and a stud on each side for straps; the third with star-shaped rowels, broad heel-bands engraved with scrolls and stylised flowers, and slotted terminals for straps the first: 15.1 cm; 6 in (6) Provenance The first: George L. Maxwell, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 28 November 1928, lot 4 The second: His Imperial Highness, Archduke Eugen, Veste Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 4 March 1927 JWHA Inv. No. 621, 300 and 203 ‡ £150-250

136

253 FOUR ROWEL SPURS, 17TH/19TH CENTURIES the first Mexican, with star-shaped rowel (chipped), pierced neck incorporating a large pierced foliate washer, and tapering heel-band with round slotted terminals for straps; the second with star-shaped rowel, curved neck, moulded heel-band, and retaining one strap for a buckle; the third probably Italian mid17th century, with multi-spiked rowel, slender heel-band and a large buckle for straps; and the fourth with small spiked rowel, long straight neck, slender heel-band and retaining a buckle for straps the first: 21 cm ; 8¼ in (4) Provenance The first: Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale,New York, sold American Art Association, New York, 24 November 1928, lot 155 The second: George L. Maxwell, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 28 November 1928 lot 4 The third and fourth: His Imperial Highness, Archduke Eugen, Veste Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 4 March 1927 JWHA Inv. Nos. 613, 621, 299, 301 ‡ £150-250


254 A CAVESSON, 18TH CENTURY formed of an arched gutter-shaped main plate, fitted at its terminals with two pierced plates for attaching to the bit, and at the top with two bars with rings for the reins; together with a bit-tickler, probably Spanish 17th century; formed of a pierced mainplate with a hook terminal, decorated with filed mouldings, and fitted with four pendants filed en suite 15.5 cm; 6⅛ in high Provenance The first: Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, sold American Art Association, New York, 24 November 1928, lot 153 The second: Sumner Healy, New York, 20 March 1931 JWHA Inv. nos. 612, 1430 ‡ £120-180 255 A HORSE BIT AND REINS, LATE 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY of steel, including a pair of shaped side-bars with pierced filed details, curved bit, with leather head-stall and a pair of reins (incomplete) 31.5 cm; 12¼ in

254

Provenance Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 1906 JWHA Inv. No. 1008 ‡ £40-60 256 AN ETCHED ARMOURED REIN IN SOUTH GERMAN STYLE OF CIRCA 1520-30 formed of three hinged plates, each embossed with three slender ribs running parallel with the longer edges, with broad recessed borders etched with trophies-of-arms, flowers, foliage and monster-heads on a stippled ground in the manner of Daniel Hopfer of Augsburg, turned roped edges, fitted at the respective ends with an iron hook for the bit and a leather strap 73.2 cm; 28⅞ in Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 2646

255

‡ £80-120

256

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257

258

Miscellanea 257 A GERMAN SPORTING CROSSBOW, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY with robust steel bow struck on the inside with Nuremburg town mark and the maker’s mark, a watchful owl, retained by later cords and fitted with string of twisted cord, iron stirrup, hardwood tiller veneered with staghorn plaques on the top and the bottom, each engraved with scrolling tendrils and the latter with the figure of a hunter, the sides inlaid with small staghorn plaques including a hunter taking aim at a stag (worn, small losses), fitted with later string release, and folding back-sight, and long iron trigger 60 cm; 23⅝ in tiller Provenance Mrs Francis Welch, Boston, Massachusetts, 29 May 1934. JWHA Inv. No. 2152 Exhibited Ringling Museum, Sarasota, Florida, 9 February 1984 - 1 November 1985 The maker’s marks appear to be unrecorded. ‡ £1000-1200

138

258 AN ITALIAN STONEBOW, LATE 17TH CENTURY with slender steel bow retained by a pair of irons, carved wooden tiller of characteristic form (cracked), decorated with raised mouldings, panels of engraved scrollwork and small scallop designs over the forward portion, fitted with moulded steel fore-sight, folding back-sight, curved moulded trigger, later engraved inlays and later turned pommel (chipped)) 106.8 cm; 42 in tiller Provenance William Ockelford Oldman, London, 4 January 1929, no. 18 JWHA Inv. No. 573 ‡ £400-500


259

260

259 A GERMAN STONEBOW (SCHNEPPER), FIRST HALF OF THE 17TH CENTURY with slender steel bow fitted with later string of twisted cord incorporating a pocket for the pellets, a pair of fixed fore-sight pillars, built-in gaffle retained by a spring-catch at the rear, stamped with the maker’s mark, in a shield a prancing stag (Neue Støckel 5143 or 8442), carved fruitwood butt decorated with scrolls and linear frames, inset with an engraved plaque on the left charged with crowned Bavarian ducal arms (chipped) on the left, and with scenes from the chase on the right, steel loop, and trigger-guard 59 cm; 23¼ in tiller

260 A HIGHLY DECORATED STONEBOW (SCHNEPPER) IN 17TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY with slender steel bow fitted with string of twisted cord, a pair of fore-sight pillars, horizontal sight bar, built-in gaffle retained by a spring-catch at the rear, figured walnut bolt-channel and butt each profusely inlaid with scrolling staghorn tendrils enclosing foliage, flowers and pellets, the butt inset with an engraved staghorn plaque charged with a coat-of-arms, and steel trigger-guard 85 cm; 33½ in tiller

Provenance Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 5 June 1930, no. 24 JWHA Inv. No. 1106 ‡ £400-600

Provenance Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 3 December 1931, no 150 JWHA Inv. No. 1701 Exhibited Rockefeller Center, New York, 1 - 30 June 1965 Schenectady Museum, New York, 4 June - 13th September 1979 Lowe Museum, Miami, Florida, 1 December 1979 - 13th January 1980 ‡ £400-600

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261

262

261 A WEST EUROPEAN CRANEQUIN FOR A CROSSBOW, 17TH CENTURY AND LATER with unmarked ratchet-bar formed with a moulded claw finial for attaching to the string at the top and belt-hook at the bottom, closed oval gearbox with bevelled cover, engraved with a classical figure, perhaps Diana the Huntress, on one side, and fitted with a pivoting loop for the tiller on the other, faceted winding-arm, and turned wooden handle 33 cm; 13 in overall

262 A LARGE CRANEQUIN FOR A CROSSBOW, PROBABLY 17TH/18TH CENTURY of robust construction, with unmarked ratchet-bar formed with a moulded claw-finial for attaching to the string, rounded gearbox left open on the underside, the base with a loopshaped bracket fitted with a pair of claws for attaching to tiller-lugs, and curved winding-arm with angular tip for a handle (missing) 45 cm; 17¾ in overall

Provenance Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, sold Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 26 October 1950

Provenance Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, purchased from his estate, 28 September 1929

JWHA Inv. No. 2868

JWHA Inv. No. 821

For a discussion of this distinctive form see D. Breiding 2013, pp. 98-9.

‡ £300-400

‡ £350-450

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264

263

263 TWO NORTH EUROPEAN WINDLASSES FOR CROSSBOWS, 17TH/18TH CENTURY each with a pair of turned wooden handles, writhen arms, pierced pulley-block fitted with two iron pulleys, and a pair of lower pulleys retained in an iron frame with hooked finials for the string (connecting strings missing, the lower blocks each with small cracks) the top blocks 40.5 cm; 16½ in and 49.5 cm; 19½ in (4) Provenance The first: Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, purchased from his estate, 28 September 1929 JWHA Inv. Nos. 820 and 956

264 TWO NORTH EUROPEAN WINDLASSES FOR CROSSBOWS, 17TH/18TH CENTURY each with a pair of writhen arms, one fitted with turned wooden handles, pierced pulley-block fitted with two iron pulleys, and a pair of lower pulleys retained in an iron frame with hooked finials for the string (connecting strings missing), decorated throughout with filed mouldings (small chips) 50.8 cm; 20 in and 44 cm; 17¼ in (4) Provenance The first: Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, purchased from his estate, 28 September 1929 JWHA Inv. Nos. 2779 and 572 ‡ £300-400

‡ £300-400

141


265 A GOAT’S FOOT LEVER FOR A CROSSBOW, POSSIBLY 17TH CENTURY, AND A CROSSBOW STRING the first of iron, formed of a pair of curved bars fitted with a pair of pivoting claws for the tiller-lugs, and long handle with Tshaped finial (pitted); and the second of waxed string bound with twisted cord the first: 44.8 cm; 17⅝ in (2) Provenance The first: Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, sold ParkeBernet Galleries Inc., New York, 26 October 1950 JWHA Inv. No. 2868 and 464 ‡ £150-250

265 266 A U.S. IRON CANNON BALL, SECOND HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY in excavated condition, slightly flattened perhaps from a sprue 10 cm; 4 in diameter Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 2317 ‡ £30-50

267

267 A 120 BORE LIEGOIS FLINTLOCK TRAVELLING PISTOL, CIRCA 1750 with turn-off cannon-barrel, octagonal breech, tang of shaped outline, bevelled lock, walnut three-quarter stock carved about the tang, ‘bird’s-head pommel (repairs), brass mounts comprising side-plate and butt chased with a trophy-of-arms, and no provision for a ramrod 8 cm; 3⅛ in barrel Provenance Milton R. MacIntosh collection, Rhode Island, no. 124 JWHA Inv. No. 3657 ‡ £250-350

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268

268 A .900 CALIBRE MATCHLOCK MUSKET, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY, AUSTRIAN OR GERMAN with tapering sighted barrel formed in three stages, the foreend with a deep lug for resting, fitted with standing back-sight and tall fore-sight, square pan with shaped screw-in fence and pivot-cover, rectangular lock with shaped serpentine and thumb-screw, later blackened full stock, large paddle-shaped butt, steel mounts comprising trigger-guard and butt-cap (restorations), and no provision for a ramrod 120 cm; 47¼ in barrel

Provenance Max Williams, New York, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 7 March 1928, part of lot 98 JWHA Inv. No. 498 The museum records suggest that this was assembled from pieces from the armoury of His Imperial Highness, Archduke Eugen, Veste Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 4 March 1927 ‡ £800-1200

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270

269

269 A FRENCH POLISHED IRON FIGURE OF A STORK, ATELIERS BATAILLARD, PARIS, CIRCA 1930 modelled standing on one leg with wings outstretched, naturalistic base on a cut cornered rectangular plinth, signed in the maquette ‘R. Maignan’ 18.5 cm; 7¼ in high Formerly kept in the personal office of John W. Higgins. Provenance Abel Bataillard, Paris, 2nd June 1931 JWHA Inv. No. 1520 ‡ £120-180

146

270 AN AMERICAN WROUGHT IRON WALL-LAMP BRACKET, AUGUST L. DUNA (1871-1942) OF DUNA LIGHTING EQUIPMENT COMPANY, NEW YORK, EARLY 20TH CENTURY the single scroll-arm, sconce and cartouche shaped wall-panel embellished with acanthus leaves 20.5 cm; 8 in Provenance Alfred L. Duna, Worcester, Massachusetts, 22 May 1967 JWHA Inv. No. 3361 ‡ £50-70


Mr and Mrs Higgins in Venice, 1907

271 AN ITALIAN GONDOLA PROW OR FERRO, PERHAPS 19TH CENTURY both sides of the blade with titled ‘Gritti’ coat-of-arms, one side initialled ZS (or QS), with six forward prongs with three pierced embellishments between 134.5 cm; 53 in high Provenance Gondolier Luigi de Rossi, Venice, 29th July 1933 JWHA Inv. No. 2012 ‡ £500-800

271

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272

272 A STEEL JEWELLER’S ANVIL, FIRST HALF OF THE 20TH CENTURY typical form, underside inscribed: TO J.W. HIGGINS / FROM OTTO I. OBERG / JUNE .30 .1948 13 cm; 5⅛ in long Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 2005 ‡ £30-50

273 A METEORITE FRAGMENT the lower portion left natural and the upper formed into a blade 19 cm; 7½ in Provenance Ward’s Natural Science Establishment, Inc., Rochester, New York, 3 October 1934 JWHA Inv. No. 2197 This was worked into its current form in 1934 by Zacheus Peterson, a Swedish immigrant who worked for Worcester Pressed Steel circa 1925-60 ‡ £20-30

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274-276

274 A VERDUN COMMEMORATIVE SILVER MEDAL, AFTER S.E. VERNIER, 1917 obverse with a helmeted young woman below the legend ON NE PASSE PAS, reverse with a barbican and titled VERDUN / 21 FEVRIER 1916, in original case 3.7 cm; 1½ in diameter Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 280 The Verdun medal was created on 20 November 1916 by the Municipal Council of Verdun to commemorate the heroism of its French defenders. Originally intended to be awarded to those who served on the Verdun front between 21 February 1916 and 2 November 1916, the medal was, in fact, awarded to those who served anywhere on the Argonne and St Mihiel sectors between 31 July 1914 and 11 November 1918, including soldiers of other allied countries. ‡ £10-20

275 TWO BOYS CLUBS OF AMERICA BRONZE MEDALS, MEDALLIC ART CO., NEW YORK, 20TH CENTURY, PRESENTED TO JOHN WOODMAN HIGGINS keystone shaped, the reverse inscribed FOR LONG AND DEVOTED SERVICE TO BOYS, on faded ribbons 5 cm; 2 in long excluding suspension ring (2) JWHA Inv. No. 2005 ‡ £10-20 276 AN AUSTRIAN NECK-BADGE OF THE ORDER OF THE GOLDEN FLEECE, ROTHE & NEFFE, VIENNA, CIRCA 1963 enamelled gilt metal, in original case (damaged) 2 cm; 4¾ in excluding buckle and ribbon Provenance Ordered by J.W. Higgins from C.F. Rothe & Neffe, Vienna, December 1963 JWHA Inv. No. 3520 ‡ £400-600

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277

277 ‘SEE MUSEUM OF 100 STEEL KNIGHTS’ 100 BARBER AVE’ a square aluminium sign-panel, painted in black and red on silver with a white border, and decorated with a visored close helmet 52 cm; 20½ in x 48.8 cm; 19¼ in Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 1992 ‡ £60-90 278 ‘SEE MUSEUM OF 100 STEEL KNIGHTS’ 100 BARBER AVE’ a square steel sign-panel, painted in black highlighted in white on silver with a white border 58.4 cm; 23 in x 45.6 cm; 18 in Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 1992 ‡ £50-80

150

278

279

279 ‘THE MUSEUM OF STEEL & ARMOR IS UP ONE MORE FLIGHT’ a shield-shaped aluminium panel, painted in black script 48.2 cm; 19 in x 35.5 cm; 14 in Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 1992 ‡ £40-60


280

Paintings and Prints 280 NORTH ITALIAN SCHOOL, SECOND HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY PORTRAIT OF ANTONIO TREUS OF UDINE inscribed in Latin c.r ‘ANTONIVS TREVS UTINENSIS BELLI/ARTIBVS CLARVS ETA CAROLO V./ IMPERATORE INVICTISSIMO OB/ EGREGIAM ILLI OPERAM IN BEL./ LICIS ITALIAE AO GERMANIAE EXPEDITIONIBVS NAVATAM/ MULTIS MAGNISO HONORIBVS/ AC PREMIS CVM IOANNE/ BAPTISTA FRATRE/ LIBERALISSIME/ ORNATVS..’ translation: ANTONIO TREUS OF UDINE, NOTED FOR HIS MARTIAL SKILLS AND, ALONG WITH HIS BROTHER JEAN-

BAPTISTE, MOST LAVISHLY DECORATED WITH MANY AND GREAT HONOURS AND REWARDS BY THE MOST INVINCIBLE EMPEROR CHARLES V WITH FOR HIS DISTINGUISHED NAVAL SERVICE TO HIM IN THE ITALIAN AND GERMAN EXPEDITIONS. oil on canvas in a carved and painted Sansovino frame 143.5 cm x 95.5 cm; 56½ in x 37½ in Provenance Parke Bernet Galleries, Inc., New York, 16 March 1939 JWHA Inv. No. 6164 ‡ £4000-6000

151


281

281 AFTER SIR ANTHONY VAN DYCK (1599-1641), 17TH CENTURY PORTRAIT OF CHARLES I, IN ARMOUR, HOLDING A BATON, THE CROWN ON THE TABLE AT THE SIDE oil on canvas 120 cm x 96.5 cm; 47¼ in x 38 in

Provenance Spink & Son, Ltd, London, 4 January 1927 Christie’s, London, 10 July 1926 JWHA Inv. No. 6001 The original is in a private collection (c. 1637-8, canvas, 102.5 cm x 81 cm; 40½ in x 31¾ in, Barnes, de Poorter, Vey and Millar, no. IV.56, London 2004), and a version was formerly at Longford Castle. ‡ £3000-5000

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282

282 FOLLOWER OF PIETER NASON (1612-1688/90), EARLY 18TH CENTURY PORTRAIT OF CHARLES II, IN ARMOUR, A BATON IN HIS RIGHT HAND, THE CROWN ON THE TABLE AT THE SIDE bears later inscription l.r. ‘Charles 2nd from Hamilton sale 1882’ oil on canvas 117 cm x 91 cm; 46 in x 35¾ in

Provenance Cyril Andrade Ltd, London, 16 May 1930 Christie, Manson and Wood, The Hamilton Palace Collection 1882, lot 693 JWHA Inv. No. 6118 ‡ £3000-5000

153


283

283 FOLLOWER OF JUAN PANTOJA DE LA CRUZ, 17TH CENTURY PORTRAIT OF KING PHILIP IV OF SPAIN (1605-1665) oil on canvas 109 cm x 90 cm; 43 in x 35½ in

154

Provenance Parke Bernet Galleries, Inc., New York, 26 October 1950 JWHA Inv. No. 6211 ‡ £1800-2200


284

284 ENGLISH SCHOOL, CIRCA 1710 PORTRAIT OF CAPTAIN ROBERT CHADWICK (1674-1719) inscribed l.r ‘RN / CAPTN ROBERT CHADWICK / of Northfleet, Kent B. 1674 D. 1719/m. Mary dau. …Rand(?) Esq’ oil on canvas 125 cm x 97 cm; 49¼ in x 38¼ in Provenance J. Leger & Son Inc., New York, 7 October 1931 JWHA Inv. No. 6147 Robert Chadwick was made Captain of the frigate Fowey (40 guns) in 1710. He fought in the Battle of Cartagena (1711) in which the Spanish ship San Joaquin was captured. The naval engagement took place off the coast near Cartegena (present day Columbia) during the War of the Spanish Succession. On August 7 the galleon San Joaquin, in company with a smaller

ship, saw a squadron that appeared to be the vessels of the French fleet. However, it transpired that they were the English squadron of Commodore Littleton, who had sailed from Port Royal, Jamaica. Commodore Littleton was accompanied by HMS Salisbury of 50 gun, HMS Jersey of 60 guns, HMS Newcastle of 50 guns, HMS Weymouth of 50 guns, HMS Anglesey 50 guns and the Frigate Fowey of 40 guns under Captain Robert Chadwick. When Villanueva realised his error it was too late and he decided to confront the numerically superior British. The San Joaquin eventually surrendered, but only after Villanueva was killed by a musket-ball. Both ships were captured by the British with a few casualties. In the following years Chadwick was made Captain of the Launceston (40 guns) in 1717 and the Guernsey (50 guns) in the year he died. ‡ £2500-3500

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285

285 FRENCH SCHOOL, CIRCA 1720 PORTRAIT OF JAMES FITZ-JAMES, 1ST DUKE OF BERWICK (1670-1734) oil on canvas 152 cm x 105.5 cm; 59¾ in x 41½ in

and the Royal Horse Guards. He fought with the armies of the Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I, fighting in what is now Hungary and Austria. He served in his father’s campaign in Ireland and fought at the Battle of the Boyne. After his father was deposed from the English throne, Berwick fled into exile and fought with the French and Spanish.

Provenance M. Grieve Co., New York, 8 December 1931

In 1706 Berwick was made a Marshal of France and played an important role in the Spanish War of Succession. After his campaign in Spain, Philip V rewarded Berwick with two Spanish dukedoms (Duke of Liria and Jerica). During the War of the Polish Succession he commanded the French army of the Rhine and he was decapitated by a cannonball at the Siege of Philippsburg in June 1734.

JWHA Inv. No. 6039 James Fitz-James was the illegitimate son of James Duke of York (later King James II) by Arabella Churchill, sister of John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough. Following his father’s accession to the throne, Fitz-James was made Duke of Berwick, and appointed Colonel of the 8th Regiment of Foot

156

‡ £1200-1800


286

286 AUSTRIAN SCHOOL, EARLY 18TH CENTURY PORTRAIT OF A GENTLEMAN IN ARMOUR inscribed on reverse of canvas ‘Originalbild./Titteman Simeon Peter, gennant Schenk pinx./geb. Zu Bremen 1602. Grif. 1670… in Wien sind… 1646 in Prag’ oil on canvas 85 cm x 65.5 cm; 33½ in x 25¾ in Provenance Plaza Curiosity Shop, New York, 1 April 1927 (According to label on reverse) Schloss Hohenwerfen, Austria

287

287 CONTINENTAL SCHOOL, 19TH CENTURY PORTRAIT OF A NOBLEMAN WEARING THE ORDER OF THE GOLDEN FLEECE oil on canvas 82 cm x 66 cm; 32½ in x 26 in Provenance Plaza Curiosity Shop, New York, 21 March 1930 JWHA Inv. No. 6081 ‡ £200-300

JWHA Inv. No. 6003 ‡ £800-1200

157


288 A 20TH(?) CENTURY COPY OF VITORRE CARPACCIO’S ST GEORGE IN COMBAT WITH THE DRAGON oil on panel, together with another oil on panel of a knight within a decorative border the first: 30.5 cm x 81 cm; 12 in x 32 in the second: 56 cm x 24 cm; 22 in x 9½ in (2)

288

Provenance Sumner Healey, New York, 1 February 1933 JWHA Inv. No. 6230 The original is preserved in the Scuola di San Giorgio degli Schiavoni, Venice. ‡ £300-500 289 ROLAND HUBERDAULT, 20TH CENTURY THE GREAT HALL, HIGGINS ARMORY MUSEUM Signed l.l; oil on canvas 60 cm x 90 cm; 23¾ in x 35½ in Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 2004 ‡ £60-80

288

289

158


290 290 KARL W. HIERSEMANN, AFTER HANS BURGKMAIR, 19TH CENTURY TOURNAMENT PROCESSION OF EMPEROR MAXIMILIAN I set of 16 lithographs printed in colour and finished by hand; numbered 1-16, laid down on card, a number with typed description of each subject attached to card at the bottom the first (not including card): 41 cm x 28 cm; 16¼ in x 11 in Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 157 ‡ £2000-3000

159


291

292

291 P. SCHENK AFTER J. CLOSTERMAN, LATE 17TH/ EARLY 18TH CENTURY LUDWIG WILHELM MARKGRAF VON BADEN inscribed lower ‘LUD. WILH. M. BADEN, & HOCHB.EX CAES. GEN. LOCUMTEN./Huic ego non Decios puleros. Pulcros. Fortesque Metellos Proetulerim’ mezzotint, with margins with four further engravings: after van der Werff, Charles II and Robert D’Evreux; Robert Carr, Earl of Somerset and Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, published by Knapton, London, 1748, 1749 the first: 28 cm x 20.5 cm; 11 in x 8 in

292 J. FOLKEMA AFTER LOUIS FABRITIUS DU BOURG, MID-18TH CENTURY BELEGERING VAN DAMIATE (THE SIEGE OF DAMIETTA) inscribed in pencil on reverse ‘Damietta, near Alexandria Turkey’ engraving laid down on card 20.5 cm x 24.5 cm; 8 in x 9¾ in

Provenance JWHA Inv. Nos. 6056, 6202, 6202, 6202, 6202 ‡ £150-250

160

Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 6144 ‡ £60-80


293

294

293 FIVE ENGRAVINGS FROM DENIS DIDEROT’S ‘PICTORIAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF TRADES AND INDUSTRY’, 18TH CENTURY Plate III: ‘Forges, 2e section, Fourneau a Fer, Trompes du Dauphine’ Plate VII: ‘Plombier.’ Plate VIII: ‘Forges, 2.e section, Fourneau a Fer, Faire le Moulle de la Gueuse’ Plate IX: ‘Metallurgie, Travail de Cuwre’ Plate XXIL: ‘Plombier.’ The first: 38.5 cm x 24.5 cm; 15¾ in x 9¾ in

294 J. OGBORNE (ENGRAVER) AFTER J. BOYDELL (17201804) ‘SHAKSPEARE [SIC]. Third Part of King Henry 6th. /ACT II. Scene 5.’ engraving on board, with margins, published by John and Josiah Boydell, Shakespeare Gallery, Pall Mall & No. 90 Cheapside, London, 1794 with another by Ryder after Rigaud, King Henry the Fourth, London, 1796 the first: 71 cm x 56 cm; 28 in x 22 in the second: 68 cm x 53 cm; 26¾ in x 21 in (2)

Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 6224 ‡ £80-120

Provenance JWHA Inv. Nos. 172, 1730 ‡ £40-60

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295 ‘BOOK OF PHILIP V OF SPAIN’, 1745 illustrated frontispiece, with eight further hand coloured and written pages and two further hand-written pages, with bookplate: Ex Libris John Woodman Higgins Worcester, Massachusetts, red tooled gilt end pages, red velvet boards (mounts missing), worn Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 909 ‡ £400-500

296

296 CERTIFICACION DE LAS ARMAS A PEDIMENTO DE DON MIGUEL Y DON JUAN DE LA HERRAN TERAN Y NOGALES, 1782 illustrated frontispiece, with eleven further illustrated vellum pages and illustrated fold-out family tree, with bookplate: Ex Libris John Woodman Higgins Worcester, Massachusetts, marbled end pages, red morocco boards with tooled gilt borders and coat-of-arms, occasional light foxing, worn; together with loose typed English translation Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 929 ‡ £300-400

162


297

297 AN IRON ANVIL, DATED 1763, PROBABLY GERMAN of ‘Church Window’ form, with flat face and square ends, the front decorated with incised hatched border-ornament enclosing a star dividing the date ‘1763’ and the initials ‘E. F. B.’, formed with two pronounced ‘windows’ beneath, the rear incorporating a conical horn, stepped base, and an aperture on each side for lifting (bent in profile) 36 cm; 14¼ in x 45.5 cm; 17¾ in x 28 cm; 11 in

Provenance Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, purchased from his estate 28 September, 1929 JWHA Inv. No. 908 Literature Stephen V. Grancsay, Catalogue of Armor: The John Woodman Higgins Armory, Worcester, 1961, p. 29, illustrated ‡ £1000-1500

163


298 298 A LARGE PAIR OF FRENCH DIVIDERS, LATE 17TH/18TH CENTURY formed of a pair of arms hinged at the top and retained by a pierced scrolling foliate bracket incorporating a heart on each side, incised on the respective faces with linear frames enclosing the inscription ‘Jesus Marie Joseph’ and ‘Fran Coeur Le Pot de Vin’, and a pair of slightly curved faceted terminals 70.5 cm; 27¾ in overall Provenance Ernst Schmidt, Munich, Germany, purchased by the Museum on 5 June, 1930 JWHA Inv. No. 1121 ‡ £150-250 299 A FRENCH OXY-ACETYLENE WELDING-TORCH, BY TRADITION THE FIRST USED IN THE UNITED STATES, IMPORTED 1906 of brass with pierced hollow grip, each gas-pipe with ribbed terminal and fitted with a thumbscrew cast with a stylised fleur-de-lys in low relief, with fabric label attached typed ‘This is the first Oxy-Acetylene Welding Torch used in this country 1906. It was imported from France by the Worcester Pressed Steel Company to weld Pressed steel’ 56 cm; 22 in overall

299 Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 1989 The ‘Oxygen Lance’ was invented by Menne in Germany in 1901 followed by the invention of the oxyacetylene blowpipe in Paris by Charles Picards the following year. The filler metal used was, by accident, sufficiently high in silicon to prevent the formation of excessive hard white iron. In 1903 oxyacetylene welding was applied commercially in Europe. ‡ £60-80 300 A CONTINENTAL SEAL-MATRIX, 18TH/19TH CENTURY, A SMALL ANVIL AND THREE FURTHER STEEL TOOLS the first with a cypher incorporating the letter ‘M’ beneath a coronet, the second with tapering shank to fit into a larger anvil or bench, and with near flat square head; the third probably a presentation piece, with chisel-shaped head and decorated over its surface with gilt flowers and a cornucopia, and the fourth and fifth rudimentary punches the first: 11 cm; 4⅜ in (5) Provenance The first: Sumner Healey, New York, purchased by the Museum 20 March, 1931, his No. 5764 JWHA Inv. No. 1434, 533, 2005 ‡ £70-100

164


302 301

301 A GERMAN HAMMER, 18TH/19TH CENTURY AND AN AMERICAN METAL SAW-FRAME BY MILTON P. HIGGINS with moulded head formed with two near rectangular hammerfaces, one slightly rounded, and hickory handle; the second with faceted frame and retaining the forward thumb-screw (handle missing) and a metal trim fragment, decorated with damascened patterns the first: 32 cm; 12½ in overall (3) Provenance The first: Ernst Schmidt, Munich, Germany, 5 June 1930 The second: made by the grandfather of John Woodman Higgins and presented to the museum in 1944 JWHA Inv. No. 1121, 2744, 2005 ‡ £80-100 302 A COMBINTION TOOL, LATE 17TH/18TH CENTURY AND A TURN-KEY TOOTH-EXTRACTOR, PROBABLY 19TH CENTURY each formed entirely of steel, the first with turn-screw finial, engraved pierced flattened shank formed with a blunt edge,

303

fluted tapering hammer-head hollowed and fitted with an arrow-shaped dropper, perhaps for oil, and pivoting pricker; the second with moulded shank and hinged hook-shaped terminal the first: 9.2 cm; 3⅝ in overall (2) Provenance The first: Sumner Healey, New York, purchased by Museum on 30 March, 1933, his no. 6615. JWHA Inv. No. 1959 and 3209 ‡ £150-250 303 A PAIR OF PERSIAN DECORATED SCISSORS, 19TH CENTURY comprising a pair of hollow-ground blades each grooved on the outer face, pierced pear-shaped handles, and decorated throughout with gold koftgari foliage and flowers within linear frames 27 cm; 10⅝ in overall Provenance J. Zado Noorian, New York, 15 October 1936 JWHA Inv. No. 2375 ‡ £200-300

165


307 306

305

304

304 A RARE SCREW-EXTRACTOR FOR BULLETS, 16TH/17TH CENTURY, PROBABLY GERMAN with long tapering hollow body with a pair of loop-shaped grips with delicate acorn finials, fitted with a long slender bar with threaded terminal and bifurcated grips with moulded terminals 32.5 cm; 12¾ in

306 A VAGINAL SPECULUM, PROBABLY GERMAN 18TH/19TH CENTURY formed of cone divided vertically into three arms, the outer two with file-moulded details, expanded by a thread operated by a canted turned wooden handle 31.7 cm; 12½ in

Provenance Sumner Healey, New York, 20 March 1933, no. 4126

Provenance William Randolph Hearst, San Simeon, California, sold Gimbel Brothers, New York, 8 February 1941

JWHA Inv. No. 1947 ‡ £120-180

JWHA Inv. No. 2620 ‡ £50-80

305 A RETRACTOR, PROBABLY 18TH CENTURY formed of a pair of pivoting arms each extending into a right angle at the base, expanded by a threaded shank with ballshaped terminal, and bifurcated turning-handle 15.1 cm; 6 in

307 AN IRON PADLOCK, 18TH CENTURY of rudimentary construction, with U-shaped bar hinged on a loop, and open tubular base for the key (incomplete, pitted) 12 cm; 4¾ in high

Provenance Sumner Healey, New York, 20 March 1933, no. 41261

Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 254

JWHA Inv. No. 1935

‡ £60-80

‡ £50-80

166


308

European Works of Art 308 AN IRON MISSAL BOX, FRENCH, PROBABLY LATE 15TH CENTURY rectangular, slightly domed lid, pierced ironwork tracery over a wood core, suspension rings to sides, front with decorative hasps and lock, later red cloth lined interior 27.5 cm; 10¾ in wide

Provenance Mrs Aldus C. Higgins, Worcester, Massachusetts, 17 January, 1950 JWHA Inv. No. 2852 Comparative Literature Ewald Berger, Ornamental Caskets, Stuttgart, 1998, plates 29-30 Marian Campbell, Decorative Ironwork, London, 2002, plate 185A. ‡ £2000-3000

168


309

309 A PAINTED LIMESTONE FIGURE OF ST ELIGIUS, PERHAPS LORRAINE EARLY 16TH CENTURY the saint modelled as a blacksmith shoeing the partial leg of a horse, his anvil resting on a pedestal hung with tools, plinth entitled: St Eloi 110 cm; 43¼ in high

Provenance William Randolph Hearst, sold Gimbel Brothers, New York, 31 October 1941, no.1381-8 JWHA Inv. No. 2648 Literature Stephen V. Grancsay, Catalogue of Armor: The John Woodman Higgins Armory, Worcester, 1961, p. 29, illustrated ‡ £3000-4000

169


310 A POLYCHROME AND GILTWOOD FIGURE OF ST FLORIAN, PROBABLY TYROL SECOND HALF 15TH CENTURY the armoured, crowned and cloaked figure pouring a bucket of water on a burning tower at his side, lance missing 72 cm; 28¼ in high Provenance E. & A. Silberman, Vienna, 28 June 1930, 7,000 Austrian Shillings JWHA Inv. No. 1193

COURTESY OF JWHA

‡ £1500-2500

311 A PAINTED METAL ARMORIAL SHIELD, GERMAN, LATE 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY the incised and painted arms below a banner entitled ‘Bubenhoven’ 14 cm; 5½ in high Provenance Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 5 June 1930 JWHA Inv. No. 1118 ‡ £80-120

310

170


312 A PAINTED METAL ARMORIAL SHIELD, GERMAN, LATE 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY the incised and painted arms below a banner entitled ‘Schilling’ 14 cm; 5½ in high Provenance Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 5 June 1930 JWHA Inv. No. 1118 ‡ £80-120 313 A WROUGHT IRON GRAVE-CROSS, PROBABLY GERMAN, 18TH/19TH CENTURY gilded and painted, with scrolls and foliage, centred by a crucifix, with illegible inscribed lower panel beneath three painted ovals, losses 128 cm; 50¼ in

311

Provenance Galerie Fischer, Lucerne, 4 July 1934 JWHA Inv. No. 2206 ‡ £150-200 314 THREE PLASTER CASTS OF MEDIEVAL CARVED IVORIES, 19TH/20TH CENTURY two taken from casket-panels, the third from a mirror-back, all with scenes from ‘The Siege of The Castle of Love’, the panels with jousting scenes, the first 26 cm; 10¼ in; together with four plaster casts of Medieval medallions, 19th/20th century, 9 cm; 3½ in (7)

312

Provenance Panels: Miss Harriet J. Miller, Providence, Rhode Island, 15 November 1929 JWHA Inv. Nos. 6073, 6078, 6079, 918 ‡ £60-100

313 314

171


Stained Glass 315 FOUR SECTIONS OF STAINED GLASS comprising two rectangular fragments of foliage in yellow, red, green and blue with some early glass, 12th/14th century style, 50 cm; 19¾ in long; a memorial roundel depicting a castle surrounded by the inscription: HERRENCHIEMSEE IN PERP MEM 1509, South German, 16th century style, 22 cm; 8½ in diameter; and a quatrefoil in Medieval style, inscribed and dated William H. Burnham, Boston Mass. 1930, 40 cm; 15¾ in wide (3) JWHA Inv. Nos. 587, 597, 987, 988 ‡ £200-300

315

315

172

315

315


316 A STAINED GLASS PANEL OF ST ADRIAN OF NICOMEDIA, PROBABLY FLEMISH OR GERMAN EARLY 16TH CENTURY AND LATER the armoured figure holding an anvil and a sword, a lion at his feet 186.5 cm x 59 cm; 73½ in x 23¼ in Provenance Stoke Poges Manor, Buckinghamshire, to 1799 Saint Giles Church, North Aisle, Stoke Poges Col. Shaw, Stoke Poges Manor; sold, ‘Early Stained Glass, Fine Antique Rugs and Carpets, Woodwork and Carvings, and Valuable Old English and French Furniture, etc.,’ Sotheby & Co., London, 16 May 1929, lot 49, Lionel Harris, Spanish Art Gallery, London; French & Co., New York, 1929 William Randolph Hearst collection (No.66-1); sold Gimbel Brothers, New York, 16 August 1943 Literature George Lipscomb, The History and Antiquities of the County of Buckingham, IV, London, 1857, p.568 Madeline H. Caviness (ed), Medieval and Renaissance Stained Glass from New England Collections, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1978, p.79 See the Detroit Institute of Art, Accession No. 58.111, for what appears to be a companion window to this, depicting St Wencelas. JWHA Inv. No. 2728 ‡ £1000-2000

316

173


318

317

317 A STAINED GLASS PANEL, SOUTH GERMAN OR SWISS, MID-16TH CENTURY STYLE depicting two Landsknechte flanking the double-headed eagle and above the date 1557 51 cm x 35.5 cm; 20 in x 14 in including metal frame Provenance Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 25 March 1930 JWHA Inv. No. 6087 ‡ £300-500

318 A STAINED GLASS PANEL, PROBABLY DUTCH, EARLY 17TH CENTURY STYLE depicting a three-masted ship above a cartouche inscribed: Gerrit van Racsmes / Over man van Schiffers / gilt geworden / Anno 1607 36.5 cm x 31 cm; 14¼ in x 12¼ in Provenance Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 5 June 1930 JWHA Inv. No. 6106 ‡ £150-250

174


320 COURTESY OF JWHA

319

319 A GERMAN STAINED GLASS PANEL, F.X. ZETTLER, MUNICH, 1920-30 composed using mainly medieval fragments, depicting St George and the Dragon 51 cm x 35.5 cm; 20 in x 14 in including metal frame

320 A GERMAN STAINED GLASS PANEL, F.X. ZETTLER, MUNICH, 1920-30 depicting an armoured knight on horseback under a Renaissance arch, inscribed ‘Zettler’ lower right 51 cm x 36 cm; 20 in x 14 in including metal frame

Provenance F. X. Zettler, Munich 20 May 1930

Provenance F. X. Zettler, Munich 20 May 1930

The original invoice states ‘composed from pure and genuine old original glass after original medieval design (about 1360).’

JWHA Inv. No. 6122 ‡ £300-400

JWHA Inv. No. 6130 ‡ £300-400

175


322

COURTESY OF JWHA

321

321 A GERMAN STAINED GLASS PANEL, F.X. ZETTLER, MUNICH, 1920-30 in Swiss 16th century style, depicting an armoured knight beside a coat-of-arms above the date 1556 and inscription: Anthonii ?osshart von Wintherthur, inscribed ‘F.X. Zettler’ lower right 51 cm x 36 cm; 20 in x 14 in including metal fram

322 A GERMAN STAINED GLASS PANEL, F.X. ZETTLER, MUNICH, 1920-30 depicting a kneeling knight 51 cm x 35.5 cm; 20 in x 14 in Provenance F. X. Zettler, Munich 20 May 1930 JWHA Inv. No. 6124

Provenance F. X. Zettler, Munich 20 May 1930 JWHA Inv. No. 6127 ‡ £300-400

176

‡ £200-300


324

COURTESY OF JWHA

323

323 A GERMAN STAINED GLASS PANEL, F.X. ZETTLER, MUNICH, 1920-30 depicting St George and the Dragon, inscribed ‘ZETTLER’ bottom right 80 cm x 42 cm; 31½ in x 16½ in

324 A GERMAN STAINED GLASS PANEL, F.X. ZETTLER, MUNICH, 1920-30 the armoured figure holding a lance and a shield, inscribed ‘F.X. ZETTLER’ bottom right 51 cm x 35.5 cm; 20 in x 14 in

Provenance F. X. Zettler, Munich 20 May 1930

Provenance F. X. Zettler, Munich 20 May 1930

JWHA Inv. No. 6125

JWHA Inv. No. 6126

‡ £200-300

‡ £200-300

177


325

325 A GERMAN STAINED GLASS PANEL, F.X. ZETTLER, MUNICH, 1920-30 depicting a hill with churches and castles 50.5 cm x 35 cm; 19¾ in x 13¾ in Provenance F. X. Zettler, Munich 20 May 1930 JWHA Inv. No. 6128 ‡ £150-250

326

326 A GERMAN STAINED GLASS SLENDER RECTANGULAR PANEL, F.X. ZETTLER, MUNICH, 1920-30 entitled ‘MOYSES’ above the medieval style figure, inscribed ‘ZETTLER’ bottom right 62.5 cm x 16.5 cm; 24½ in x 6¼ in including metal frame Provenance F. X. Zettler, Munich 20 May 1930 JWHA Inv. No. 6121 ‡ £100-200

178


327

327 EDGAR BRANDT (1880-1960) ‘LES FRUITS’: A FRENCH ART DECO WROUGHT IRON RADIATOR GRILLE, PARIS, CIRCA 1930 rectangular, with coppery highlights, centred by a pile of assorted fruits in a basket on a low table against a ground of curved vertical bars with scrolls and buds between, stamped ‘E. BRANDT’ to base front 82.5 cm x 108.5 cm; 32½ in x 42¾ in Provenance Edgar Brandt, Paris, purchased 8 July 1935, previously on loan exhibition to the Museum since 1932. JWHA Inv. No. 2260 ‡ £12000-18000 END OF SALE

179


Sale Results for 4th December 2013 The following prices are the hammer prices GBP/£. Unsold lots are not shown. Thomas Del Mar Ltd is not responsible for typographical errors or omissions 1 2 3 4 5 7 8 9 12 13 14 17 18 20 21 22 24 25 26 27 29 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 46 47 48 49 50 51 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63

£2,400 £1,300 £1,100 £1,800 £600 £14,000 £400 £500 £900 £750 £600 £450 £80 £450 £480 £550 £1,000 £80 £150 £30 £420 £350 £450 £2,000 £1,000 £700 £950 £580 £500 £220 £420 £700 £240 £460 £10,000 £1,300 £1,900 £500 £800 £250 £1,150 £2,400 £450 £1,800 £400 £1,100 £1,000 £600 £220 £150

180

65 66 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 102 103 104 106 107 108 109 110 111 114 115 117 118 119 120 121

£360 £1,100 £200 £200 £150 £30 £230 £5,000 £450 £800 £450 £800 £1,800 £5,500 £450 £1,100 £800 £550 £270 £400 £450 £300 £280 £400 £1,400 £480 £600 £400 £750 £2,400 £450 £520 £750 £650 £200 £100 £2,200 £340 £60 £100 £500 £140 £160 £800 £450 £850 £8,000 £14,000 £1,400 £2,200

123 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 135 136 138 139 140 142 143 144 145 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 179 180 181 182

£2,600 £800 £4,500 £2,200 £3,000 £1,500 £1,000 £600 £520 £700 £1,000 £320 £650 £120 £1,000 £1,400 £200 £200 £260 £7,500 £1,700 £1,200 £800 £300 £800 £1,700 £900 £2,400 £1,600 £1,000 £800 £1,000 £500 £360 £200 £270 £440 £500 £200 £200 £12,000 £5,500 £8,500 £3,000 £1,800 £2,600 £2,500 £1,800 £1,500 £1,200

183 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 199 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236

£1,200 £1,200 £1,100 £1,000 £250 £700 £1,000 £550 £2,400 £2,200 £900 £320 £950 £500 £1,450 £2,300 £1,200 £800 £650 £1,300 £4,200 £700 £350 £180 £250 £1,100 £2,000 £500 £2,500 £200 £250 £260 £400 £1,200 £2,500 £3,800 £4,000 £19,000 £5,000 £4,000 £4,000 £1,500 £2,000 £1,800 £8,500 £2,600 £2,000 £2,000 £720 £8,500

237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 258 259 260 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 274 275 277 278 280 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292

£2,800 £6,200 £12,500 £12,000 £6,000 £2,000 £1,200 £420 £1,100 £4,000 £3,200 £2,600 £16,000 £360 £550 £500 £1,100 £1,500 £5,500 £1,500 £1,400 £1,400 £2,000 £1,050 £1,400 £13,000 £420 £300 £110 £130 £550 £320 £240 £900 £180 £220 £30 £150 £90 £6,500 £3,500 £1,200 £3,000 £90 £450 £200 £550 £300 £650 £300

293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 307 311 312 313 314 315 316 318 319 320 321 322 323 325 326 327 328 329 330 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 349 350

£800 £4,500 £5,000 £8,500 £350 £200 £150 £800 £1,100 £50 £1,300 £1,200 £7,000 £1,700 £1,200 £2,100 £1,000 £1,000 £950 £1,200 £400 £1,500 £400 £350 £600 £380 £400 £650 £3,000 £1,800 £1,150 £180 £380 £95 £220 £220 £320 £130 £400 £190 £40 £600 £75 £40 £1,400 £120 £260 £260 £220 £280

351 352 353 354 355 356 358 359 360 361 362 364 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403

£350 £60 £130 £80 £70 £380 £550 £1,200 £400 £150 £50 £1,200 £180 £4,500 £350 £450 £350 £350 £1,300 £500 £380 £1,500 £50 £800 £3,800 £2,600 £650 £650 £480 £220 £200 £100 £380 £350 £200 £1,600 £2,400 £8,000 £2,800 £2,600 £2,600 £2,200 £4,800 £2,400 £3,400 £3,500 £8,000 £14,000 £3,000 £2,600

404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455

£30,000 £3,600 £3,600 £2,000 £2,000 £1,300 £1,800 £1,300 £1,600 £850 £5,000 £20,000 £3,500 £1,700 £2,000 £1,600 £1,900 £3,800 £2,900 £4,800 £3,200 £1,800 £1,700 £3,200 £58,000 £2,600 £1,900 £320 £200 £950 £550 £1,100 £280 £850 £500 £2,100 £850 £12,000 £2,000 £1,050 £180 £500 £450 £1,300 £620 £400 £700 £280 £6,500 £10,000


Thomas Del Mar Ltd In association with

Antique Arms, Armour & Militaria 25th June 2014


Notes


Conditions of Business for Buyers 1.

Introduction (a) The contractual relationship of Thomas Del Mar Ltd. and Sellers with prospective Buyers is governed by:(i) these Conditions of Business for Buyers; (ii) the Conditions of Business for Sellers displayed in the saleroom and available from Thomas Del Mar Ltd.; (iii) Thomas Del Mar Ltd.’s Authenticity Guarantee; (iv) any additional notices and terms printed in the sale catalogue, in each case as amended by any saleroom notice or auctioneer's announcement. (b) As auctioneer, Thomas Del Mar Ltd. acts as agent for the Seller. Occasionally, Thomas Del Mar Ltd. may own or have a financial interest in a lot.

2. Definitions “Bidder” is any person making, attempting or considering making a bid, including Buyers; “Buyer” is the person who makes the highest bid or offer accepted by the auctioneer, including a Buyer’s principal when bidding as agent; “Seller” is the person offering a lot for sale, including their agent, or executors; “TDM” means Thomas Del Mar Ltd., 25 Blythe Road, London, W14 0PD, company number 5368339. “Buyer’s Expenses” are any costs or expenses due to Thomas Del Mar Ltd. from the Buyer; “Buyer’s Premium” is the commission payable by the Buyer on the Hammer Price at the rates set out in the Guide for Prospective Buyers; “Hammer Price” is the highest bid for the Property accepted by the auctioneer at the auction or the post auction sale price; “Purchase Price” is the Hammer Price plus applicable Buyer’s Premium and Buyer’s Expenses; “Reserve Price” (where applicable) is the minimum Hammer Price at which the Seller has agreed to sell a lot. The Buyer’s Premium, Buyer’s Expenses and Hammer Price are subject to VAT, where applicable. 3. Examination of Lots (a) TTDM’s knowledge of lots is partly dependent on information provided by the Seller and TDM is unable to exercise exhaustive due diligence on each lot. Each lot is available for examination before sale. Bidders are responsible for carrying out examinations and research before sale to satisfy themselves over the condition of lots and accuracy of descriptions. (b) All oral and/or written information provided to Bidders relating to lots, including descriptions in the catalogue, condition reports or elsewhere are statements of TDM’s opinion and not representations of fact. Estimates may not be relied on as a prediction of the selling price or value of the lot and may be revised from time to time at TDM’s absolute discretion. 4. Exclusions and limitations of liability to Buyers (a) TDM shall refund the Purchase Price to the Buyer in circumstances where it deems that the lot is a Counterfeit, subject to the terms of TDM’s Authenticity Guarantee. (b) Subject to Condition 4(a), neither TDM nor the Seller:(i) is liable for any errors or omissions in any oral or written information provided to Bidders by TDM, whether negligent or otherwise; (ii) gives any guarantee or warranty to Bidders and any implied warranties and conditions are excluded (save in so far as such obligations cannot be excluded by English law), other than the express warranties given by the Seller to the Buyer (for which the Seller is solely responsible) under the Conditions of Business for Sellers; (iii) accepts responsibility to Bidders for acts or omissions (whether negligent or otherwise) by TDM in connection with the conduct of auctions or for any matter relating to the sale of any lot. (c) Without prejudice to Condition 4(b), any claim against TDM

and/ or the Seller by a Bidder is limited to the Purchase Price for the relevant lot. Neither TDM nor the Seller shall be liable for any indirect or consequential losses. 5. Bidding at Auction (a) TDM has absolute discretion to refuse admission to the auction. Before sale, Bidders must complete a Registration Form and supply such information and references as TDM requires. Bidders are personally liable for their bid and are jointly and severally liable with their principal, if bidding as agent (in which case TDM’s prior and express consent must be obtained). (b) TDM advises Bidders to attend the auction, but TDM will endeavour to execute absentee written bids provided that they are, in TDM’s opinion, received in sufficient time and in legible form. (c) When available, written and telephone bidding is offered as a free service at the Bidder’s risk and subject to TDM’s other commitments; TDM is therefore not liable for failure to execute such bids. Telephone bidding may be recorded. 6. Import, Export and Copyright Restrictions TDM and the Seller make no representations or warranties as to whether any lot is subject to import, export or copyright restrictions. It is the Buyer's sole responsibility to obtain any copyright clearance or any necessary import, export or other licence required by law, including licenses required under the Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). 7.

Conduct of the Auction (a) The auctioneer has discretion to refuse bids, withdraw or reoffer lots for sale (including after the fall of the hammer) if (s)he believes that there may be an error or dispute, and may also take such other action as (s)he reasonably deems necessary. (b) The auctioneer will commence and advance the bidding in such increments as (s)he considers appropriate and is entitled to place bids on the Seller’s behalf up to the Reserve Price for the lot, where applicable. (c) Subject to Condition 7(a), the contract between the Buyer and the Seller is concluded on the striking of the auctioneer's hammer. (d) Any post-auction sale of lots shall incorporate these Conditions of Business. 8. Payment and Collection (a) Unless otherwise agreed in advance, payment of the Purchase Price is due in pounds sterling immediately after the auction (the "Payment Date"). (b) Title in a lot will not pass to the Buyer until TDM has received the Purchase Price in cleared funds. TDM will generally not release a lot to a Buyer before payment. Earlier release shall not affect passing of title or the Buyer's obligation to pay the Purchase Price, as above. (c) The refusal of any licence or permit required by law, as outlined in Condition 6, shall not affect the Buyer’s obligation to pay for the lot, as per Condition 8(a). (d) The Buyer must arrange collection of lots within 10 working days of the auction. Purchased lots are at the Buyer's risk from the earlier of (i) collection or (ii) 10 working days after the auction. Until risk passes, TDM will compensate the Buyer for any loss or damage to the lot up to a maximum of the Purchase Price actually paid by the Buyer. TDM’s assumption of risk is subject to the exclusions detailed in Condition 5(d) of the Conditions of Business for Sellers. (e) All packing and handling of lots is at the Buyer's risk. TDM will not be liable for any acts or omissions of third party packers or shippers. 9. Remedies for non-payment Without prejudice to any rights that the Seller may have, if the


Buyer without prior agreement fails to make payment for the lot within 5 working days of the auction, TDM may in its sole discretion exercise 1 or more of the following remedies:(a) store the lot at its premises or elsewhere at the Buyer’s sole risk and expense; (b) cancel the sale of the lot; (c) set off any amounts owed to the Buyer by TDM against any amounts owed to TDM by the Buyer for the lot; (d) reject future bids from the Buyer; (e) charge interest at 4% per annum above HSBC Bank plc Base Rate from the Payment Date to the date that the Purchase Price is received in cleared funds; (f) re-sell the lot by auction or privately, with estimates and reserves at TDM’s discretion, in which case the Buyer will be liable for any shortfall between the original Purchase Price and the amount achieved on re-sale, including all costs incurred in such re-sale; (g) Exercise a lien over any Buyer’s Property in TDM’s possession, applying the sale proceeds to any amounts owed by the Buyer to TDM. TDM shall give the Buyer 14 days written notice before exercising such lien; (h) commence legal proceedings to recover the Purchase Price for the lot, plus interest and legal costs; (i) disclose the Buyer’s details to the Seller to enable the Seller to commence legal proceedings 10. Failure to collect purchases (a) If the Buyer pays the Purchase Price but does not collect the lot within 20 working days of the auction, the lot will be stored at the Buyer's expense and risk at TDM’s premises or in independent storage. (b) If a lot is paid for but uncollected within 6 months of the

auction, following 60 days written notice to the Buyer, TDM will re-sell the lot by auction or privately, with estimates and reserves at TDM’s discretion. The sale proceeds, less all TDM’s costs, will be forfeited unless collected by the Buyer within 2 years of the original auction. 11. Data Protection (a) TDM will use information supplied by Bidders or otherwise obtained lawfully by TDM for the provision of auction related services, client administration, marketing and as otherwise required by law. (b) By agreeing to these Conditions of Business, the Bidder agrees to the processing of their personal information and to the disclosure of such information to third parties world-wide for the purposes outlined in Condition 11(a) and to Sellers as per Condition 9(i). 12. Miscellaneous (a) All images of lots, catalogue descriptions and all other materials produced by TDM are the copyright of TDM. (b) These Conditions of Business are not assignable by any Buyer without TDM’s prior written consent, but are binding on Bidders' successors, assigns and representatives. (c) The materials listed in Condition 1(a) set out the entire agreement between the parties. (d) If any part of these Conditions of Business be held unenforceable, the remaining parts shall remain in full force and effect. (e) These Conditions of Business shall be interpreted in accordance with English Law, under the exclusive jurisdiction of the English Courts, in favour of TDM.

Thomas Del Mar Ltd.‘s Authenticity Guarantee If Thomas Del Mar Ltd. sells an item of Property which is later shown to be a “Counterfeit”, subject to the terms below Thomas Del Mar Ltd. will rescind the sale and refund the Buyer the total amount paid by the Buyer to Thomas Del Mar Ltd. for that Property, up to a maximum of the Purchase Price. The Guarantee lasts for one (1) year after the date of the relevant auction, is for the benefit of the Buyer only and is non-transferable. “Counterfeit” means an item of Property that in Thomas Del Mar Ltd.’s reasonable opinion is an imitation created with the intent to deceive over the authorship, origin, date, age, period, culture or source, where the correct description of such matters is not included in the catalogue description for the Property. Property shall not be considered Counterfeit solely because of any damage and/or restoration and/or modification work (including, but not limited to, recolouring, tooling or repatinating). Please note that this Guarantee does not apply if either:(i) the catalogue description was in accordance with the generally accepted opinions of scholars and experts at the date of the sale, or the catalogue description indicated that there was a conflict of such opinions; or reports produced by the Buyer, and reserves the right to seek additional expert advice at its own expense. In the event Thomas Del Mar Ltd. decides to rescind the sale under this Guarantee, it may refund to the Buyer the reasonable costs of up to two mutually approved independent expert reports, provided always that the costs of such reports have been approved in advance and in writing by Thomas Del Mar Ltd. (ii) the only method of establishing at the date of the sale that the item was a Counterfeit would have been by means of

processes not then generally available or accepted, unreasonably expensive or impractical; or likely to have caused damage to or loss in value to the Property (in Thomas Del Mar Ltd.’s reasonable opinion); or (iii) there has been no material loss in value of the Property from its value had it accorded with its catalogue description. To claim under this Guarantee, the Buyer must:(i) notify Thomas Del Mar Ltd. in writing within one (1) month of receiving any informationthat causes the Buyer to question the authenticity or attribution of the Property, specifying the lot number, date of the auction at which it was purchased and the reasons why it is believed to be Counterfeit; and (ii) return the Property to Thomas Del Mar Ltd. in the same condition as at the date of sale and be able to transfer good title in the Property, free from any third party claims arising after the date of the sale. Thomas Del Mar Ltd. has discretion to waive any of the above requirements. Thomas Del Mar Ltd. may require the Buyer to obtain at the Buyer's cost the reports of two independent and recognised experts in the relevant field and acceptable to Thomas Del Mar Ltd. Thomas Del Mar Ltd. shall not be bound by any reports produced by the Buyer, and reserves the right to seek additional expert advice at its own expense. In the event Thomas Del Mar Ltd. decides to rescind the sale under this Guarantee, it may refund to the Buyer the reasonable costs of up to two mutually approved independent expert reports, provided always that the costs of such reports have been approved in advance and in writing by Thomas Del Mar Ltd.


Thomas Del Mar Ltd In association with

Catalogue Subscription Form In order to avoid missing a sale why not subscribe and receive the catalogue directly from the printer’s mailing house. Subscribers receive at least two catalogues per annum and are kept up-to-date to sale-related events at Thomas Del Mar Ltd. Name [Block Capitals] .............................................................................................................................................................. Address ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................................................................................. Post/Zip Code ...................................................................... Telephone Number ............................................................. Signature ............................................................................. Date .................................................................................... E-mail .................................................................................. SUBSCRIPTION COSTS FOR TWO CATALOGUES AND POSTAGE UK

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Please make cheques payable to THOMAS DEL MAR LTD and send to Thomas Del Mar Ltd, 25 Blythe Road, London W14 0PD, United Kingdom, or alternatively fax your details to us on +44 (0) 207 6025973 Credit/Debit Card Information Mastercard Visa Debit/Switch Card Number ...................................................................... Expiry Date ......................................................................... 3-Digit Security Code .......................................................... Please debit my card for the amount shown above SIGNED ...............................................................................


Thomas Del Mar Ltd

Absentee Bid Form (Please print or type)

Sale Title Antique Arms, Armour & Militaria Date 7th May 2014

Name Address

Code: Worcester Please mail, fax, or scan and email to: Thomas Del Mar 25 Blythe Road London W14 0PD Fax +44 (0) 207 602 5973

Important

Postcode Telephone/Home

Business

Fax

Vat No.

Please bid on my behalf at the above sale for the following Lot(s) up to the hammer price(s) mentioned below. These bids are to be executed as cheaply as is permitted by other bids or reserves and in an amount up to but not exceeding the specified amount. The auctioneer may open the bidding on any lot by placing a bid on behalf of the seller. The auctioneer may further bid on behalf of the seller up to the amount of the reserve by placing responsive or consecutive bids for a lot.

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I agree to be bound by Thomas Del Mar Ltd’s Conditions of Business. If any bid is successful, I agree to pay a buyer’s premium on the hammer price at the rate stated in the front of the catalogue and any VAT, or amounts in lieu of VAT, which may be due on the buyer’s premium and the hammer price.

Expiry Date

Methods of Payment Thomas Del Mar Ltd. welcomes the following methods of payment, most of which will facilitate immediate release of your purchases. Wire Transfer to our Bank Electronic transfers may be sent directly to our Bank: HSBC Bank Plc 38 High Street Dartford Kent DA1 1DG IBAN No.: GB78MIDL40190481632140 BIC.: MIDLGB22 Sort Code: 40-19-04 Account No.: 81632140 Account Name: Thomas Del Mar Ltd Credit/Debit Card A 3% surcharge is payable on all credit card transactions; there is no charge for UK debit cards. International debit cards attract a 3% surcharge. By signing this form you are authorizing payment for this sale. Sterling Bankers Draft Drawn on a recognised UK bank Sterling Cash or Cheque Cheques must be drawn on a recognised UK bank. We require seven days to clear a cheque without a letter of guarantee from your bank.

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Lot

Description

£ Bid Price


Lot

Description

£ Bid Price

Lot

Description

£ Bid Price


Thomas Del Mar Ltd In association with

25 Blythe Road London W14 0PD Tel: +44 (0) 207 602 4805 Fax: +44 (0) 207 602 5973 Email: enquiries@thomasdelmar.com www.thomasdelmar.com

Thomas Del Mar Ltd  

John Woodman Higgins Armory Collection May 7th 2014

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