Issuu on Google+

THE HODIAMONT RIGHT-OF-WAY

Jamie Niekamp Independent Study Fall 2013 Kees Lokman


The following quote is an excerpt from a St. Louis Post-Dispatch article entitled, “A Look Back: Hodiamont Line streetcar closed out 107 years of service” published May 23, 2010. “But [streetcar] ridership continued to plunge while complaints rose from motorists about streetcars. Only three lines were left in April 1964, when the new Bi-State agency winnowed the system to the Hodiamont line, which ran from downtown to the Wellston Loop. Along the way through north St. Louis, the Hodiamont had its own right-of-way, like a railroad.” The Hodiamont Streetcar Right-Of-Way


My knowledge of the Hodiamont Right-Of-Way initially came through word of mouth while participating in a landscape architecture and urban design studio at the Sam Fox School of Design and Visual Arts at Washington University in St. Louis in the spring of 2013. Fellow classmates Amanda Garcia, Jeanette Mundy, and Briana Coleman proposed the abandoned streetcar Right-Of-Way become part of a city wide network of land devoted to animal grazing and herding. Another proposal envisioned the corridor as a bike path. When I became interested in studying the Hodiamont R-O-W as a potential site for my own design proposal, I traced the origin of the Right-Of-Way knowledge even further. I assumed that Biana Coleman, a St. Louis native, heard about the corridor at some point in her life in St. Louis. However, a conversation with Briana revealed her source of knowledge, explaining that she found the abandoned streetcar line while browsing Google Maps. Sure enough, when I went to find the Right-Of-Way myself, it was there, highlighted and labeled like all the other streets. Google Maps describes the corridor as beginning at Cole Elementary School at the corner of Vandeventer Avenue and Enright Avenue just a block north of Delmar Boulevard traveling northwest until ending abruptly at Hodiamont Avenue now five blocks north of Delmar Boulevard. I found it curious that the Hodiamont R-O-W continued to be distinguished as a Right-Of-Way even though the corridor had not ran a streetcar in 49 years. And thus my investigation of the Hodiamont Right-Of-Way began. In an attempt to uncover the history and contemporary significance of the corridor, I Google searched a series of varied combinations: hodiamont streetcar right of way, hodiamont streetcar origin, hodiamont streetcar development. The results of these searches consisted primarily of blog posts oftentimes romanticizing the long gone streetcar or documenting the remaining building stock along the decaying corridor. I was surprised by how little easily accessible information existed. I realized I would need to dig deeper to find answers to my initial questions: Where did the Hodiamont Streetcar travel? Why did the Hodiamont Streetcar travel along a Right-Of-Way? The most important question of all, however, is: What is the Hodiamont Streetcar Right-Of-Way? This question includes the past, present, and future. The answer demands a critical look at the RightOf-Way not only as a defined physical and conceptual entity but also as having relationships to the city, its culture, and ultimately to myself. As a design student from Louisville, KY, I see the Hodiamont RightOf-Way as an archaeological discovery. It is a super artifact of the past whose initial energy and conception has been transformed over time to the present where its force and power is being lost. Depopulation, racial conflicts, and deindustrialization after World War II has generated this condition throughout St. Louis leaving contemporary urban agents of change uncovering plenty of artifacts. For those with power these artifacts are seen as resources in the realization of a desire. Joe Edwards/Washington University and the Delmar Loop, immigrants/hipsters and Cherokee Street, LGBT and the Grove, Old North St. Louis Restoration Group/community members and Old North St. Louis, SLU/art culture and Grand Center all provide evidence to this general condition, and the Hodiamont Right-Of-Way is no different.


Where is the Hodiamont Right-Of-Way? Using Internet Sources

Contested Location Known Location 0% - 20% 21% - 40% Below Poverty Below Poverty

Contradiction between existing condition and blog entry

Taylo r

Ave

King

shig

hway Blvd

Vacancy

Dr. Martin Luth

er King Dr

Gran

Delmar Blvd

d Blv d

Vand even te

Skinker Blvd

r Ave

Google Maps: Hodiamont Streetcar Right-Of-Way. www.maps.google.com

Contradiction between Google Map and Blog Entry

Blog entry providing “Hodiamont Car: Route 15� map-- 1965 http://freepages.misc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~welhisco/2011Flashlights/03mar11/

Neighborhood 41% - 60% Below Poverty


THE NARROW GAUGE RAILROAD 1. The St. Louis Guilded Age (1865 - 1890). Economic growth. Major Port City on Mississippi River. Emerging Inustrial economy. Population growth. In 1860 the populaiton of the city of St. Louis was 160,773. This grew to be 451,770 in 1890. City boundary growth. City/County Divide “Gilded Age St. Louisans lived through confusing times of material progress, grinding poverty, and social disarray. Their urge to gild and embellish and dream the impossible was a relfection of their optimism and sense of accomplishment, but also a tacit acknowledgment that surface luster could make grim realities more attractive and easier to bear” 2. Eads Bridge. “the key to economic progress, as James Eads often reminded the members of the Merchants’ Exchange, was cheap transportation.”

3. Pictorial St. Louis 1875. A portrait of St. Louis

4. Erastus Well and the Narrow Guage Railroad


Florissant Taylor Road Graham Road Kinloch

Kent Lake Ramona

1

Normandy Retreat Bridgeton Wells Irving Cook Prendergast Gambleton DeHodiamont

Wes t Ca Hambanne Hoillmton Cab es ann Unio e Ki n Bay ng’s a T rd Pen aylor dlet o Wes t St Bell n . Lou is

Carsonville

1876

1855 1841

4

Olive Street Market Stree t

1839 1822 1809 1764 2

1870

3


SPATIAL TRANSFORMATIONS

Bell Ave

Morga t

n Stree

d Delmar Blv

Vandeventer Ave

1875

1909


Constructed betwee 1919 and 2013 Constructed before 1909 Demolished after 1909

Bell Ave

reet

an St Morg

Delmar Blvd

ter Ave Vandeven


FUNCTIONAL TRANSFORMATIONS

Narrow Gauge Railroad 1878-1893

St. Louis and Suburban Railroad 1893-1909

United Railway Company Right-Of-Way 1909-?

Hodiamont Streetcar Right-Of-Way ?-1965


Narrow Gauge Railroad

Originally called the St. Louis and Florissant Railroad, the line was changed to the Western Narrow Gauge Railroad beginning service on September 1, 1875. The passenger railroad provided service to wealthy St. Louisans with houses outside the city. By 1891 the name had changed once again to St. Louis and Suburban Railroad and was converted from steam to electrified standard engines. By 1909 the line was incorporated into a cohesive public transportation network operated by United Railways Company.

Where is the Hodiamont Right-Of-Way?

FLORISSANT

Sources from the Missouri Historical Society Narrow Gauge Railroad est. 1875 #15 Hodiamont Car est. 1909 Segment abandoned 11/13/1931 with #01 Streetcar running between Kinloch and Kirkwood

#01 Kirkwood Ferguson est. 1909 #15 Hodiamont Bus est. 1966 Major Highways

BERKELEY

KINLOCH Municipalities

#15 Hodiamont Streetcar, the last remaining track, was abandoned on 5/21/1966 Segment abandoned 09/01/1940 with service running between Kirkwood and Welston

Wellston

The remaining #01 Kirkwood Streetcar ends service 08/02/50

#15 Hodiamont Metro Bus Line abandoned in 2009 KIRKWOOD

Segment expanded downtown in late 19th century to increase ridership and profit


Bike Ride #1 October 12, 2013

cing west to facing north ed from fa g n a h c ng buildi

ape uilding sh d by the b r a l angu a tri s i e ther

Fount ain P

s curving! weeee it’

cation along the c orrid or t hat

the ROW. A man approaches me an da

? estroyed een d ve b s ha ding buil lar

hat I am do sks w ing.

ROW

g facin s r o do ent m t par ah s a

this is the only lo

he hat t t s n plai e ex

ice give out tickets. ute. now pol o r s u b ea becam

ion along tersect iest in e bus is th This

how man y tr iang u

H

there i s

a

is that

into the Hodiamont ROW

g. I want to go inside. ment buildin t r a p a nt vaca uh ge

ROW and stre et

along the cor ridor cation o l y tha nl cing oors fa ent d artm s ap t ha

section of the hodia mont inter

This i s the o

?

there is an L shaped building f acing th e corri dor. W hen w as it buil t


park ing lot

a cor ner stor efro nt

trolling through the corrido people s r. is th e r a is sti ht ere ll a t horo

fare? ugh

fag out o arage

es on e typ thes ere ts. w ty lo mp +e

walk

r all fou

I tak e?

wh

me mpact ho o c l a n origi ot + l y t p + em

what is th at b uild ing?

the sp atia la

h me watc and

changed to E have but

whic h pa th d o

orig inal sto refr

+ ont

e hom n a b ur sub

? corners

path rw ong the

the hou ses no longe r fac e No rth a nd S out h

cruisin ’ the c orrid or

beautiful apartment bui ld + large home mily le fa sing ch + hur +c

have I traveled back in time? two men

I too k

the police ar e

not

OW amont R d i o H the g into

the street grid i s chan ging direc tion , bu t th eH W is t RO mon odia

hit!” nd s es a ctur g pi akin oy t

? built t i was hw en

agram #inst

a sign reads, “no trespassin g”. why ?

be s een

and ast

the corridor is much wider th an an a lley

tracks can

ng? buildi that pied ccu at o

the whi te b

built? that church s a w n e wh

ing

a wom an ye lls, “ look at

Park ?Iw ond er w h

t men e g rran

nique. this is powerful. ace is u l p s i at th

ranch style houses built? is re these this an e w attack en on th e

ROW ?

West


The Hodiamont R-O-W only exists when it is perceived as a continuous corridor.


cor路ri路dor : a long, narrow piece of land

: a narrow area of land that is known for something specified

: a long, narrow passage inside a building or train with doors that lead to rooms on each side


“No Tresspassing� signage left after final abandonment of the #15 Metro Bus Route in 2009 aids in sustaining its perceived continuity.


PRIVATE PROPERTY NO TRESPASSING PRIVATE PROPERTY NO TRESPASSING

PRIVATE PROPERTY NO TRESPASSING PRIVATE PROPERTY NO TRESPASSING

PRIVATE PROPERTY NO TRESPASSING PRIVATE PROPERTY PRIVATE PROPERTY NO TRESPASSING NO TRESPASSING PRIVATE PROPERTY NO TRESPASSING PRIVATE PROPERTY PRIVATE PROPERTY NO TRESPASSING NO TRESPASSING PRIVATE PROPERTY PRIVATE PROPERTY KEEP OUT NO TRESPASSING PRIVATE PROPERTY NO TRESPASSING PRIVATE PROPERTY PRIVATE PROPERTY PRIVATE PROPERTY PRIVATE PROPERTY NO TRESPASSING NO TRESPASSING PRIVATE PROPERTY NO TRESPASSING PRIVATE PROPERTY PRIVATE PROPERTY NO TRESPASSING NO TRESPASSING PRIVATE PROPERTYKEEP OUT NO TRESPASSING NO TRESPASSING PRIVATE PROPERTY PRIVATE PROPERTY NO TRESPASSING PRIVATE PROPERTYPRIVATE PROPERTY NO TRESPASSING PRIVATE PROPERTY NO TRESPASSING NO TRESPASSING PRIVATE PROPERTY NO TRESPASSING PRIVATE PROPERTY PRIVATE PROPERTY NO TRESPASSING PRIVATE PROPERTY NO TRESPASSING NO TRESPASSING NO TRESPASSING PRIVATE PROPERTY PRIVATE PROPERTY PRIVATE PROPERTY NO TRESPASSING NO TRESPASSING PRIVATE PROPERTY NO TRESPASSING NO TRESPASSING PRIVATE PROPERTY NO TRESPASSING NO TRESPASSING ON METRO PROPERTY PRIVATE PROPERTY NO TRESPASSING PRIVATE PROPERTY NO TRESPASSING PRIVATE PROPERTY NO TRESPASSING

PRIVATE PROPERTY NO TRESPASSING


Unique characteristics define the Hodiamont R-O-W as its own type different from a street or alley.


CD Banks Avenue

Sanborn Map 1909 From its terminal at Vandeventer Avenue west to Catapla Street where it veers north, the Hodiamont Right-Of-Way anchored 119 businesses at 18 of 20 intersections with perpindicular streets. Commercial footprints

Hodiamont ROW

15’

Alley

75’

West Bell Place

undertaker bakery

64’

Hodiamont Streetcar R-O-W drug store

laundry drug store

80’

Enright Avenue

15’

Alley

Delmar Boulevard


AREAS OF INTEREST

4

3


2

1


1


2


3


4


APPENDIX


GOOGLE :

st louis + development + urban + neighborhood

First 65 Hits

12 10 8 6 4 2

Downtown The Grove

on lst k We Par st k r r re Fo n Pa livie a o nt eb Be er D reet t ink S Sk okee r er tca Ch nd tree E st nt S We mo s dia oui Ho t. L S st Ea rd ula So rove eG e Th t Igo k r uit Pr le Pa ghts l i Sa He La ical tan Bo p aw oo Sh ar L e lm lac De is P ou n .L St tow r wn nte e Do dC an h t Gr or dN

0

Ol

The Trestle The Delmar Loop Old North St. Louis Place Pruitt Igoe

Old North

Pruitt Igoe

Downtown

The Grove

The Delmar Loop

St. Louis Place

Hodiamont Streetcar

The Trestle



The Hodiamont Right-Of-Way